Glossary and Vocabulary for New History of the Five Dynasties 新五代史, 卷三十三 死事傳第二十一: 張源德 夏魯奇 姚洪 王思同 張敬達 翟進宗 沈斌 王清 史彥超 孫晟 Volume 33 Biographies of Martyrs to Service 13: Zhang Yuande, Xia Luqi, Yao Hong, Wang Sitong, Zhang Jingda, Di Jinzong, Shen Bin, Wang Qing, Shi Yanchao, Sun Cheng

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 37 zhōu a state / a province 源德自金吾衛將軍為蔡州刺史
2 35 jūn army / military 懼魏軍不從
3 32 bīng soldier / troops 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
4 30 jìng to respect /to honor 其父敬柔
5 30 jìn shanxi 或曰本晉人也
6 29 rén person / people / a human being 享人之祿
7 26 chéng clear / bright 孫晟
8 24 yuē to speak / to say 或曰本晉人也
9 23 使 shǐ to make / to cause 為衛護指揮使
10 23 to think / consider / to ponder 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
11 20 tóng like / same / similar 王思同
12 18 wáng Wang 然吾取王清
13 17 Germany 張源德
14 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
15 16 to attain / to reach 張敬達
16 16 jìn to enter 翟進宗
17 16 to die 責士以死與必去
18 15 yàn elegant / handsome 史彥超者
19 15 zhèn town 相等六州為兩鎮
20 14 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗遣符彥卿拒之
21 14 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 為衛護指揮使
22 14 shí time / a point or period of time 士之不幸而生其時
23 14 shì matter / thing / item 而終以死人之事者
24 13 guāng light 守光將單廷珪
25 13 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹數犯邊
26 13 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
27 13 zōng school / sect 明宗遣中使往諭之
28 12 yuán source / origin 張源德
29 12 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而反以其得為榮者
30 12 zhòng heavy 圍之數重
31 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂以茍生不去為當然
32 11 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 晉軍塹而圍之
33 11 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 史彥超者
34 11 táng jade 石敬瑭討董璋
35 11 gōng to attack / to assault 攻之難卒下
36 11 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 源德為鄩守貝州
37 11 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 源德自金吾衛將軍為蔡州刺史
38 11 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
39 11 strange / unusual / uncanny 夏魯奇
40 10 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 而貝人聞晉已盡有河北
41 10 qīng clear / pure / clean 然吾取王清
42 10 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 東川董璋反
43 10 chéng a city / a town 貝城小而堅
44 10 jǐng sunlight 李景懼
45 10 nián year 終始五十三年
46 9 táng Tang Dynasty 唐師伐荊南
47 9 yuǎn far / distant 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
48 9 míng bright / brilliant 明宗遣中使往諭之
49 9 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰沒者不得與也
50 9 to enter 晉王入魏
51 9 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
52 9 hóng a flood 姚洪
53 9 shǔ to count 可勝數哉
54 9 liáng a bridge 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
55 9 děng et cetera / and so on 獨思同執十十及從珂所使推官郝詡等送京師
56 8 liú Liu 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
57 8 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 從高行周攻之
58 8 èr two 博二州降晉
59 8 shí food / food and drink 城中食且盡
60 8 bīn ornamental / refined 沈斌
61 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 輒不能解
62 8 gōng merit 無功而還
63 8 an inferior kind of jade 潞王從珂反鳳翔
64 8 martial / military 徙鎮忠武
65 8 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 源德為鄩守貝州
66 8 a scheme / a plan 又遣翰林學士鐘謨
67 8 shí ten 得十有五人焉
68 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 遂見殺
69 8 jiàn to see 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
70 7 shēng to be born / to give birth 士之不幸而生其時
71 7 xiān first 諸將欲先擊貝州
72 7 to go 責士以死與必去
73 7 wēi prestige / majesty 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
74 7 hàn Han Chinese 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
75 7 Shandong 魯奇初事梁為宣武軍校
76 7 wén to hear 而貝人聞晉已盡有河北
77 7 yán to speak / to say / said 人言思同不管事
78 7 wàn ten thousand 馬萬匹
79 7 desire 欲全其節而不二者
80 7 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 南走黎陽
81 7 nán south 南走黎陽
82 6 extra / surplus / remainder 身被二十餘創
83 6 xún Xun 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
84 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為磁州刺史
85 6 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 其後莊宗賜姓名者
86 6 yáng Yang 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
87 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 而衛州刺史來昭
88 6 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 奈何負我邪
89 6 Li 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
90 6 shū book 遣人以書招洪
91 6 inside / interior 聲聞數里
92 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 河陽之人遮留不得行
93 6 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙鎮忠武
94 6 zhōng middle 明宗遣中使往諭之
95 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷河陽節度使
96 6 to take / to get / to fetch 有所取焉
97 5 to enlighten 張萬迪附
98 5 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜將趙延壽留兵急攻之
99 5 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
100 5 shǎo few 少事晉
101 5 xíng to walk / to move 元行欽以驍勇自負
102 5 deputy / assistant / vice- 以魯奇為招討副使
103 5 letter / symbol / character 字邦傑
104 5 zhòng many / numerous 外兵傷死者眾
105 5 zèng to give a present 贈侍中
106 5 can / may / permissible 可勝數哉
107 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 士之不幸而生其時
108 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 斌兵多死
109 5 horse 掃馬糞
110 5 five 得十有五人焉
111 5 guó a country / a nation 任人之國者
112 5 guān an office 葬事官給
113 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 因遣伶奴安十十以五弦謁思同
114 5 alone / independent / single / sole 獨貝一州
115 5 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 範延光等救之
116 5 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 吾欲被甲執兵而降
117 4 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 況死者人之所難乎
118 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 徙鎮忠武
119 4 one 獨貝一州
120 4 chén minister / statesman / official 故吾於死事之臣
121 4 shì to release / to set free 得赦而後釋之
122 4 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公父子誤計
123 4 dǒng Dong 東川董璋反
124 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒不能解
125 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 而終以死人之事者
126 4 soil / ground / land 六鎮數十州之地皆歸晉
127 4 zhī to know 於是始知其材
128 4 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 思同列四十餘柵以禦之
129 4 jiā house / home / residence 而厚恤其家
130 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 以魯奇為招討副使
131 4 to break / to split / to smash 乃先襲破德州
132 4 hòu after / later 後奔於晉
133 4 chóng high / dignified / lofty 乃遣禮部尚書王崇質副晟奉表
134 4 jié quick / nimble / prompt 為人勇悍驍捷
135 4 child / son 今天子用爾為節度使
136 4 lái to come 而衛州刺史來昭
137 4 後事 hòushì future events / and what happened next... (in fiction) / funeral arrangements 後事唐為指揮使
138 4 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 屯於魏以虞變
139 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 從珂登城呼外兵而泣曰
140 4 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 延壽屯團柏谷
141 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 諸將欲先擊貝州
142 4 rén a kernel / a pit 娶劉仁恭女
143 4 zhōng clock 又遣翰林學士鐘謨
144 4 jiǔ old 晉圍吾久
145 4 zhì matter / material / substance 乃遣禮部尚書王崇質副晟奉表
146 4 所得 suǒdé what one acquires / one's gains 所得潞王書檄
147 4 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒固嘗從我矣
148 4 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 即以思同為西面行營馬步軍都部署
149 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜鄭州防禦使
150 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
151 4 fèng to offer / to present 後事晉為奉國都虞候
152 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 輒不能解
153 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 魯奇閉城拒之
154 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 思同為人敢勇
155 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 莊宗以百騎覘敵
156 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 非徒不知愧
157 4 jiù to save / to rescue 範延光等救之
158 4 四面 sìmiàn all sides 四面千里
159 4 hòu thick 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
160 4 wèi to call 斌以謂契丹深入晉地而歸兵羸乏可擊
161 3 chéng to fill 而賊勢方盛
162 3 tǎo to seek 以魯奇為招討副使
163 3 zhāng clear / obvious 累遷彰國
164 3 zhāo to encourage / to cut / to strain 興元張虔釗攻城西
165 3 è evil / vice 簡寂宮道士惡晟
166 3 to stand 漢高祖立
167 3 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同軍節度使
168 3 青州 Qīngzhōu Qingzhou 青州人也
169 3 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人以書招洪
170 3 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 拜鄭州防禦使
171 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 娶劉仁恭女
172 3 residence / dwelling 今德州居其中而無備
173 3 guī to go back / to return 六鎮數十州之地皆歸晉
174 3 to reach 獨思同執十十及從珂所使推官郝詡等送京師
175 3 力戰 lìzhàn to fight with all one's might 魯奇力戰
176 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
177 3 concerned about / anxious / worried 屯於魏以虞變
178 3 zàng to bury the dead 遣人收葬之
179 3 二十 èrshí twenty 身被二十餘創
180 3 jié festival / a special day 欲全其節而不二者
181 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引軍自西門入降從珂
182 3 tōng to go through / to open 欲因其歡以通意
183 3 shī teacher 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
184 3 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 手殺百餘人
185 3 shù to guard a border 遣洪將千人戍閬州
186 3 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
187 3 bēn to run fast / to flee 後奔於晉
188 3 enemy / foe 莊宗以百騎覘敵
189 3 先鋒 xiānfēng a pioneer 思同為先鋒指揮使
190 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 末帝分魏
191 3 a slave / a servant 爾昔為李七郎奴
192 3 chén Chen 陳其利害
193 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 得赦而後釋之
194 3 jiǎ armor 吾欲被甲執兵而降
195 3 yòu right / right-hand 以為右武衛上將軍
196 3 quán perfect 欲全其節而不二者
197 3 Si River 始遣泗州牙將王知朗至徐州
198 3 zhāo illustrious 而衛州刺史來昭
199 3 永德 yǒngdé Yongde 張永德等分攻廬
200 3 shōu to receive / to accept 敬達收軍柵晉安
201 3 天下 tiānxià China 而天下五代
202 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 父老詣京師乞留
203 3 wide / broad 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
204 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 我實何罪而見伐乎
205 3 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 西京留守
206 3 to inherit 而後軍不繼
207 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 朱守殷鎮汴州
208 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 敬瑭斬三十餘人以止之
209 3 wèn to ask 明宗問以邊事
210 3 yǒng brave / courageous 元行欽以驍勇自負
211 3 hair 伏發
212 3 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 廢帝以河東節度使石敬瑭兼大同
213 3 攻破 gōng pò to make a breakthrough / to attack and break through 晉軍攻破洺州
214 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 馳檄四鄰
215 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇鄩伏兵
216 3 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 懼魏軍不從
217 3 shòu old age / long life 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
218 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 動搖藩方
219 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗之
220 3 yún skin of bamboo 相州張筠
221 3 qián to act with reverence 興元張虔釗攻城西
222 3 to cut / to divide / to partition 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
223 3 huà painting / picture / drawing 思同指畫山川
224 3 dōng east 從珂引兵東
225 3 liǎng two 相等六州為兩鎮
226 3 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou 拜鄭州防禦使
227 3 Lu River 潞王從珂反鳳翔
228 3 increase / benefit 莊宗益奇之
229 3 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 西京留守
230 3 anger / rage / fury 璋怒
231 3 néng can / able 吾能為國家死
232 3 liù six 相等六州為兩鎮
233 3 to die 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
234 3 to cry out / to shout 從珂登城呼外兵而泣曰
235 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 文理院學士李德明奉表稱臣
236 3 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 乃勸源德出降
237 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 貝城小而堅
238 3 先帝 xiāndì ancient emperors 言奸臣幸先帝疾病
239 3 supreme ruler / emperor 末帝分魏
240 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 城中食且盡
241 3 qiáo bridge 重威軍中渡橋南
242 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
243 3 shì power / authority 貝之勢分而易圖也
244 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今德州居其中而無備
245 3 běi north 其在北者皆死
246 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召晟問江南事
247 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 廢帝疑敬瑭有異志
248 3 hurried / worried 督戰甚急
249 3 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 唐莊宗時
250 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 即以敬達為太原四面招討使
251 3 shǐ history 史彥超者
252 3 zhèn to flap 振武
253 3 jiān hard / strong / firm 貝城小而堅
254 2 lián to pity / to sympathize 皆悲憐之
255 2 yuè month 旬月救兵不至
256 2 shī to lose 亡失甚眾
257 2 háo a moat / a trench / a ditch
258 2 shǐ beginning / start 於是始知其材
259 2 部署 bùshǔ to dispose / to deploy 即以思同為西面行營馬步軍都部署
260 2 responsibility / duty 責士以死與必去
261 2 a song 追至汾曲
262 2 sān three 得全節之士三人而已
263 2 xiàng to appear / to seem / to resemble 常畫唐詩人賈島像置於屋壁
264 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 輒有大風雨水暴至以壞之
265 2 Sixth Earthly Branch 與馮延巳並為相
266 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 然吾終不負永陵一抷土也
267 2 fán foreign things 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
268 2 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate
269 2 wax 乃以蠟丸書遺重進
270 2 quǎn dog 縱犬往來
271 2 magnet / magnetism 磁州刺史靳昭
272 2 lèi to be tired 累遷鄭州防禦使
273 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 遷河陽節度使
274 2 qīn to respect / to admire 元行欽以驍勇自負
275 2 jīng essence 契丹以精騎劃門
276 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待之甚厚
277 2 ròu meat / muscle 令壯士十人刲其肉而食
278 2 shàng top / a high position 斌從城上罵延壽曰
279 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固鮮矣
280 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 樂成其美而不求其備
281 2 zhē to cover up / to hide / to conceal 河陽之人遮留不得行
282 2 hǎn rare 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
283 2 to bear / to carry 奈何負我邪
284 2 西山 xīshān Western Hills 敬達陣於西山
285 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過祁州
286 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂忿不食者數日
287 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 應順元年二月
288 2 làng high, lofty 遣洪將千人戍閬州
289 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 所為城柵將成
290 2 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 即以敬達為太原四面招討使
291 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
292 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 圍之逾年不可下
293 2 神武 shénwǔ wise and brave 以功遷神武十軍都指揮使
294 2 xiāo brave / strong 元行欽以驍勇自負
295 2 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 洪罵曰
296 2 西 The West 興元張虔釗攻城西
297 2 xiào result / effect 不能效公所為也
298 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 猶豫不肯進
299 2 wood / lumber 革鞭木
300 2 無成 wúchéng achieving nothing 故久無成功
301 2 to cut down 唐師伐荊南
302 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈斌
303 2 夏魯 xiàlǔ Shalu Monastery 夏魯奇
304 2 yáo handsome / elegant 姚洪
305 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 好學
306 2 gǎn bold / brave 思同為人敢勇
307 2 mín heaven / the sky 劉旻攻晉州
308 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 其有旨哉
309 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 以為右武衛上將軍
310 2 a call to arms / a proclaimation of war 馳檄四鄰
311 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪橋開路
312 2 huì can / be able to 會諸鎮兵圍鳳翔
313 2 晉安 jìnān Jin'an 敬達收軍柵晉安
314 2 qián front 然鑊於前
315 2 jīn gold 金瘡滿身
316 2 gōng a palace 居廬山簡寂宮
317 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 前鋒追執思同
318 2 fèn manure / dung / excrement 掃馬糞
319 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 況死者人之所難乎
320 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 晉開運元年
321 2 qiān one thousand 賜絹千疋
322 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 因請先登
323 2 無備 wú bèi not prepared 今德州居其中而無備
324 2 救兵 jiùbīng to rescue troops 旬月救兵不至
325 2 道士 dàoshì a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk / a Confucian scholar 少為道士
326 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 敬瑭斬三十餘人以止之
327 2 abundant / numerous 為祁州刺史
328 2 day of the month / a certain day 憂忿不食者數日
329 2 滄州 Cāngzhōu Cangzhou 然與滄州相首尾
330 2 zài in / at 要在成功
331 2 不對 bù duì incorrect / wrong / amiss / abnormal / queer 晟不對
332 2 五代 Wǔ Dài Five Dynasties 而天下五代
333 2 德州 dézhōu Dezhou 今德州居其中而無備
334 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 前鋒追執思同
335 2 zéi thief 賊殺秦王而立幼嗣
336 2 huǐ to regret 景悔
337 2 to visit 因遣伶奴安十十以五弦謁思同
338 2 to allow / to permit 重威許之
339 2 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 懼魏軍不從
340 2 cháng to taste 洪嘗事璋
341 2 京兆尹 Jīngzhàoyǐn Jingzhao 京兆尹
342 2 to coerce / to force / to compel 迫其節度使賀德倫以魏
343 2 lóng dragon 彥超為漢龍捷都指揮使
344 2 文辭 wéncí language / words 有文辭
345 2 to reply / to answer 世宗不答
346 2 督戰 dūzhàn to observe a battle 督戰甚急
347 2 zhū vermilion 而思同朱知
348 2 賜姓 cìxìng to bestow a surname 賜姓名曰李紹奇
349 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 敬達軍中望之
350 2 班師 bānshī to withdraw troops from the front / to return in triumph 遽班師
351 2 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 漢高祖即位
352 2 五十三 wǔshísān 53 終始五十三年
353 2 shí a rock / a stone 石敬瑭討董璋
354 2 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang 潞王從珂反鳳翔
355 2 ài to love 為政有惠愛
356 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕財重義
357 2 léi weak / feeble 契丹以羸騎三千
358 2 qīng minister / high officer 世宗遣符彥卿拒之
359 2 wài outside 外兵傷死者眾
360 2 bāng nation / country / state 字邦傑
361 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 公父子誤計
362 2 zuò to do
363 2 kāi to open 晉開運元年
364 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者未復命
365 2 dōng winter 開運二年冬
366 2 北面 běimiàn north side 乃以敬達為北面副總管
367 2 耶律德光 Yēlǜ Déguāng Yelu Deguang / Emperor Taizong of Liao 契丹耶律德光自雁門入
368 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 乃告於晉曰
369 2 to be fond of / to like 頗喜為詩
370 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
371 2 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰二年
372 2 tranquil 居廬山簡寂宮
373 2 to be urgent 遂以茍生不去為當然
374 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 大小數百戰
375 2 fèn indignant 彥超勇憤俱發
376 2 to shut / to close 由是閉壁不敢復出
377 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 為河東馬步軍都指揮使
378 2 zhào Zhao 趙等八州刺史
379 2 yòng to use / to apply 今天子用爾為節度使
380 2 fēi to fly 以為飛勝指揮使
381 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 契丹數犯邊
382 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 貝人三千出降
383 2 wall 由是閉壁不敢復出
384 2 tíng pavilion 而秦州無亭障
385 2 jiā to add 加禮歸葬
386 2 qiú to request 樂成其美而不求其備
387 2 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 源德堅守不下
388 2 to sob 明宗聞之泣下
389 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 圍之逾年不可下
390 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 定皆附於晉
391 2 sòng Song dynasty 遣與宋彥筠俱前
392 2 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 感恩不已
393 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 居廬山簡寂宮
394 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 戍於晉州
395 2 其後 qí hòu after that 其後莊宗賜姓名者
396 2 稱臣 chēngchén to become the subject of a ruler 文理院學士李德明奉表稱臣
397 2 供奉 gòngfèng to consecrate / to enshrine and worship 以其子仁欽為東頭供奉官
398 2 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 先登陷陣
399 2 lǐng neck 領欽州刺史
400 2 ruò weak 侵弱宗室
401 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 明宗顧左右曰
402 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 而厚恤其家
403 2 wán a pill / a pellet 乃以蠟丸書遺重進
404 2 死事 sǐshì martyrs of service 故吾於死事之臣
405 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 兵入劍門
406 2 幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 從周德威攻劉守光於幽州
407 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 可勝數哉
408 2 a kind of pheasant 翟進宗
409 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 旌旗相屬五十餘里
410 2 xìn to believe / to trust 徙鎮武信
411 2 xīn delightful / joyful / pleasant 出忻
412 2 Míng Ming River 晉軍攻破洺州
413 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 徐州下邳人也
414 2 hòu to wait 後事晉為奉國都虞候
415 2 sūn Sun 孫晟
416 2 shī poem / verse 頗喜為詩
417 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 晉軍危矣
418 2 láng a minister / an official 爾昔為李七郎奴
419 2 to record / to copy 錄其二子
420 2 dào way / road / path 斷晉餉道
421 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 莊宗以晟為著作佐郎
422 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 明宗問以邊事
423 2 píng flat / level / smooth 及光遠平
424 2 趙延壽 Zhào Yánhòu Zhao Yanshou 廢帝遣趙延壽
425 2 高平 gāopíng Gaoping 漢戰高平
426 2 kuì shame / decorum / propriety 非徒不知愧
427 1 zhǔ owner 吾主也
428 1 yín silver 思同事仁恭為銀胡
429 1 kuān wide / broad 願陛下寬臣五日之誅
430 1 醇酒 chúnjiǔ liquor / distilled spirit 召見必飲以醇酒
431 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 殘賊父母之邦
432 1 yān Yan 晉已先下全燕
433 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 及其從者二百餘人皆殺之
434 1 開路 kāilù to open up a path / to make one's way through / to construct a road / (electricity) open circuit 奪橋開路
435 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天子用爾為節度使
436 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 欲因其歡以通意
437 1 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱犬往來
438 1 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒王彥章
439 1 to urge on / to drive 以杖驅出之
440 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 宋之間
441 1 衛尉 wèiwèi Commandant of Guards 召拜鐘謨衛尉少卿
442 1 to defend / to resist 思同列四十餘柵以禦之
443 1 wèi to comfort / to console / to calm / to reassure 雖光遠子孫皆見慰釋
444 1 恬然 tiánrán unperturbed / nonchalant 皆恬然以茍生為得
445 1 猶豫 yóuyù hesitant 猶豫不肯進
446 1 四十 sì shí forty 思同列四十餘柵以禦之
447 1 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 召晟問江南事
448 1 rich / wealthy 家益富驕
449 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 由是閉壁不敢復出
450 1 鎮雄 zhènxióng Zhenxiong 徙鎮雄武
451 1 yǐn to govern 嚴衛指揮使尹暉麾其眾曰
452 1 解甲 jiějiǎ to remove armor / to return to civilian life 士卒解甲棄仗
453 1 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 終始五十三年
454 1 周德威 zhōu déwēi Zhou Dewei 從周德威攻劉守光於幽州
455 1 利害 lìhài pros and cons / advantages and disadvantages 陳其利害
456 1 zhǐ to point 思同指畫山川
457 1 其中 qízhōng among 今德州居其中而無備
458 1 to take / to receive / to accept 西京副留守劉遂雍閉門不納
459 1 a talisman / a charm 世宗遣符彥卿拒之
460 1 欒城 luánchéng Luancheng 南擊欒城
461 1 天成 tiānchéng as if made by heaven 天成中
462 1 huò a boiler / a cauldron 然鑊於前
463 1 劉守光 liúshǒuguāng Liu Shouguang 從周德威攻劉守光於幽州
464 1 to envy / to be jealous 又名忌
465 1 xiāng a wing room 以功遷龍捷右廂都指揮使
466 1 kāng Kang 平康延孝
467 1 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴衛指揮使尹暉麾其眾曰
468 1 shěng province 使班東省官後
469 1 dān bill / slip of paper / form 守光將單廷珪
470 1 李德 lǐdé Otto Braun 文理院學士李德明奉表稱臣
471 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 以杖驅出之
472 1 穹廬 qiónglú yurt 但見穹廬連屬如岡阜
473 1 連屬 liánzhǔ continuous / uninterupted 但見穹廬連屬如岡阜
474 1 zhì to roast / to broil 得一臠殘炙
475 1 kuī cut / slice off 令壯士十人刲其肉而食
476 1 meaning / sense 輕財重義
477 1 達陣 dázhèn touchdown / try 敬達陣於西山
478 1 to make a mistake / to miss 公父子誤計
479 1 xiá a flaw in a gem 字去瑕
480 1 gāng a ridge / a mound 但見穹廬連屬如岡阜
481 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 與莊宗決圍而出
482 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 輒有大風雨水暴至以壞之
483 1 出帝 chūdì the Emperor tht fled 出帝贈進宗左武衛上將軍
484 1 yāo goblin / witch / devil / monster / demon 以為妖
485 1 xīng smelly 陷於腥膻
486 1 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 州無主帥
487 1 求救 qiújiù to cry for help 敬瑭求救於契丹
488 1 教令 jiāolìng to drill / to train 使為教令
489 1 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 以為右僕射
490 1 嗚呼 wūhū alas 嗚呼甚哉
491 1 當是時 dāng shì shí at this time 當是時
492 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 唐軍爭馳之
493 1 賈島 Jiǎ Dǎo Jia Dao 常畫唐詩人賈島像置於屋壁
494 1 大兵 dà bīng ordinary soldier 大兵遠來
495 1 異志 yìzhì to change one's mind 廢帝疑敬瑭有異志
496 1 sǎo to sweep / to clear away 掃馬糞
497 1 xiǎng rations and pay for soldiers 斷晉餉道
498 1 to lack 斌以謂契丹深入晉地而歸兵羸乏可擊
499 1 xiào to be filial 平康延孝
500 1 復合 fùhé complex / compound / hybrid 解而復合者數四

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 78 zhī him / her / them / that 士之不幸而生其時
2 65 so as to / in order to 責士以死與必去
3 60 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而天下五代
4 54 wèi for / to 則天下為無士矣
5 41 his / hers / its / theirs 士之不幸而生其時
6 37 zhōu a state / a province 源德自金吾衛將軍為蔡州刺史
7 35 jūn army / military 懼魏軍不從
8 32 bīng soldier / troops 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
9 30 jìng to respect /to honor 其父敬柔
10 30 jìn shanxi 或曰本晉人也
11 29 rén person / people / a human being 享人之祿
12 26 chéng clear / bright 孫晟
13 25 in / at 自開平訖於顯德
14 24 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆恬然以茍生為得
15 24 yuē to speak / to say 或曰本晉人也
16 23 使 shǐ to make / to cause 為衛護指揮使
17 23 to think / consider / to ponder 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
18 23 also / too 君子之於人也
19 21 cóng from 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
20 20 tóng like / same / similar 王思同
21 18 wáng Wang 然吾取王清
22 17 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 欲全其節而不二者
23 17 Germany 張源德
24 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
25 16 to attain / to reach 張敬達
26 16 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
27 16 jìn to enter 翟進宗
28 16 to die 責士以死與必去
29 15 yàn elegant / handsome 史彥超者
30 15 zhèn town 相等六州為兩鎮
31 15 already / afterwards 已而劉鄩大敗於故元城
32 14 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗遣符彥卿拒之
33 14 and 責士以死與必去
34 14 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 為衛護指揮使
35 14 shí time / a point or period of time 士之不幸而生其時
36 14 I 故吾於死事之臣
37 14 shì matter / thing / item 而終以死人之事者
38 14 not / no 遂以茍生不去為當然
39 13 guāng light 守光將單廷珪
40 13 de potential marker 皆恬然以茍生為得
41 13 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹數犯邊
42 13 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
43 13 zōng school / sect 明宗遣中使往諭之
44 13 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
45 13 yǒu is / are / to exist 得十有五人焉
46 12 yuán source / origin 張源德
47 12 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而反以其得為榮者
48 12 zhòng heavy 圍之數重
49 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂以茍生不去為當然
50 11 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 晉軍塹而圍之
51 11 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 史彥超者
52 11 táng jade 石敬瑭討董璋
53 11 gōng to attack / to assault 攻之難卒下
54 11 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 源德為鄩守貝州
55 11 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 源德自金吾衛將軍為蔡州刺史
56 11 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
57 11 zhì to / until 旬月救兵不至
58 11 strange / unusual / uncanny 夏魯奇
59 10 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 而貝人聞晉已盡有河北
60 10 qīng clear / pure / clean 然吾取王清
61 10 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 東川董璋反
62 10 chéng a city / a town 貝城小而堅
63 10 jǐng sunlight 李景懼
64 10 nián year 終始五十三年
65 9 táng Tang Dynasty 唐師伐荊南
66 9 zhū all / many / various 諸將欲先擊貝州
67 9 yuǎn far / distant 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
68 9 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張源德
69 9 míng bright / brilliant 明宗遣中使往諭之
70 9 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰沒者不得與也
71 9 to enter 晉王入魏
72 9 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
73 9 hóng a flood 姚洪
74 9 shǔ to count 可勝數哉
75 9 dōu all 以功遷神武十軍都指揮使
76 9 liáng a bridge 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
77 9 děng et cetera / and so on 獨思同執十十及從珂所使推官郝詡等送京師
78 8 liú Liu 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
79 8 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 從高行周攻之
80 8 èr two 博二州降晉
81 8 shí food / food and drink 城中食且盡
82 8 bīn ornamental / refined 沈斌
83 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 輒不能解
84 8 gōng merit 無功而還
85 8 an inferior kind of jade 潞王從珂反鳳翔
86 8 martial / military 徙鎮忠武
87 8 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 源德為鄩守貝州
88 8 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 然與滄州相首尾
89 8 naturally / of course / certainly 自開平訖於顯德
90 8 a scheme / a plan 又遣翰林學士鐘謨
91 8 shí ten 得十有五人焉
92 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 遂見殺
93 8 jiàn to see 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
94 7 shēng to be born / to give birth 士之不幸而生其時
95 7 xiān first 諸將欲先擊貝州
96 7 to go 責士以死與必去
97 7 wēi prestige / majesty 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
98 7 hàn Han Chinese 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
99 7 Shandong 魯奇初事梁為宣武軍校
100 7 wén to hear 而貝人聞晉已盡有河北
101 7 yán to speak / to say / said 人言思同不管事
102 7 chū to go out / to leave 乃勸源德出降
103 7 wàn ten thousand 馬萬匹
104 7 desire 欲全其節而不二者
105 7 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 南走黎陽
106 7 nán south 南走黎陽
107 6 yīn because 因遣伶奴安十十以五弦謁思同
108 6 I / me / my 我遇汝厚
109 6 expresses question or doubt 況死者人之所難乎
110 6 extra / surplus / remainder 身被二十餘創
111 6 xún Xun 乃遣劉鄩將兵萬人
112 6 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 其初無卓然之節
113 6 rán correct / right / certainly 然其習俗
114 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為磁州刺史
115 6 shì is / are / am / to be 是時
116 6 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 其後莊宗賜姓名者
117 6 final particle 固鮮矣
118 6 yáng Yang 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
119 6 no 則天下為無士矣
120 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 而衛州刺史來昭
121 6 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 奈何負我邪
122 6 Li 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
123 6 shū book 遣人以書招洪
124 6 hái also / in addition / more 無功而還
125 6 xià next 攻之難卒下
126 6 inside / interior 聲聞數里
127 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 河陽之人遮留不得行
128 6 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙鎮忠武
129 6 zhōng middle 明宗遣中使往諭之
130 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷河陽節度使
131 6 shén what 嗚呼甚哉
132 6 to take / to get / to fetch 有所取焉
133 5 to enlighten 張萬迪附
134 5 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜將趙延壽留兵急攻之
135 5 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 罕之遣源德見梁太祖
136 5 shǎo few 少事晉
137 5 xíng to walk / to move 元行欽以驍勇自負
138 5 deputy / assistant / vice- 以魯奇為招討副使
139 5 letter / symbol / character 字邦傑
140 5 zhòng many / numerous 外兵傷死者眾
141 5 zèng to give a present 贈侍中
142 5 can / may / permissible 可勝數哉
143 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 士之不幸而生其時
144 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 斌兵多死
145 5 horse 掃馬糞
146 5 five 得十有五人焉
147 5 guó a country / a nation 任人之國者
148 5 guān an office 葬事官給
149 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 因遣伶奴安十十以五弦謁思同
150 5 alone / independent / single / sole 獨貝一州
151 5 ěr thus / so / like that 爾為健兒
152 5 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 範延光等救之
153 5 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 吾欲被甲執兵而降
154 4 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 況死者人之所難乎
155 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 徙鎮忠武
156 4 one 獨貝一州
157 4 chén minister / statesman / official 故吾於死事之臣
158 4 shì to release / to set free 得赦而後釋之
159 4 this / these 於此之時
160 4 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公父子誤計
161 4 dǒng Dong 東川董璋反
162 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒不能解
163 4 zāi exclamatory particle 嗚呼甚哉
164 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 而終以死人之事者
165 4 soil / ground / land 六鎮數十州之地皆歸晉
166 4 zhī to know 於是始知其材
167 4 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 思同列四十餘柵以禦之
168 4 jiā house / home / residence 而厚恤其家
169 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 以魯奇為招討副使
170 4 what / where / which 我實何罪而見伐乎
171 4 to break / to split / to smash 乃先襲破德州
172 4 hòu after / later 後奔於晉
173 4 chóng high / dignified / lofty 乃遣禮部尚書王崇質副晟奉表
174 4 jié quick / nimble / prompt 為人勇悍驍捷
175 4 child / son 今天子用爾為節度使
176 4 lái to come 而衛州刺史來昭
177 4 後事 hòushì future events / and what happened next... (in fiction) / funeral arrangements 後事唐為指揮使
178 4 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 屯於魏以虞變
179 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 從珂登城呼外兵而泣曰
180 4 already / since 源德守既堅
181 4 promptly / right away / immediately 即以思同為西面行營馬步軍都部署
182 4 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 延壽屯團柏谷
183 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 諸將欲先擊貝州
184 4 rén a kernel / a pit 娶劉仁恭女
185 4 zhōng clock 又遣翰林學士鐘謨
186 4 jiǔ old 晉圍吾久
187 4 zhì matter / material / substance 乃遣禮部尚書王崇質副晟奉表
188 4 qiě moreover / also 且源德雖恃劉鄩之兵
189 4 also / too 彥筠亦退走
190 4 所得 suǒdé what one acquires / one's gains 所得潞王書檄
191 4 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒固嘗從我矣
192 4 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 即以思同為西面行營馬步軍都部署
193 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜鄭州防禦使
194 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 滄州戴思遠皆棄城走
195 4 fèng to offer / to present 後事晉為奉國都虞候
196 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 輒不能解
197 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 況死者人之所難乎
198 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 魯奇閉城拒之
199 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 思同為人敢勇
200 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 莊宗以百騎覘敵
201 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 非徒不知愧
202 4 jiù to save / to rescue 範延光等救之
203 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故吾於死事之臣
204 4 四面 sìmiàn all sides 四面千里
205 4 hòu thick 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
206 4 wèi to call 斌以謂契丹深入晉地而歸兵羸乏可擊
207 3 chéng to fill 而賊勢方盛
208 3 tǎo to seek 以魯奇為招討副使
209 3 zhāng clear / obvious 累遷彰國
210 3 zhāo to encourage / to cut / to strain 興元張虔釗攻城西
211 3 由是 yóushì because of 由是閉壁不敢復出
212 3 entirely / without exception 遣與宋彥筠俱前
213 3 è evil / vice 簡寂宮道士惡晟
214 3 to stand 漢高祖立
215 3 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同軍節度使
216 3 suī although / even though 且源德雖恃劉鄩之兵
217 3 青州 Qīngzhōu Qingzhou 青州人也
218 3 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人以書招洪
219 3 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 拜鄭州防禦使
220 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 娶劉仁恭女
221 3 residence / dwelling 今德州居其中而無備
222 3 guī to go back / to return 六鎮數十州之地皆歸晉
223 3 to reach 獨思同執十十及從珂所使推官郝詡等送京師
224 3 力戰 lìzhàn to fight with all one's might 魯奇力戰
225 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
226 3 concerned about / anxious / worried 屯於魏以虞變
227 3 zàng to bury the dead 遣人收葬之
228 3 二十 èrshí twenty 身被二十餘創
229 3 jié festival / a special day 欲全其節而不二者
230 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引軍自西門入降從珂
231 3 tōng to go through / to open 欲因其歡以通意
232 3 shī teacher 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
233 3 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 手殺百餘人
234 3 shù to guard a border 遣洪將千人戍閬州
235 3 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
236 3 bēn to run fast / to flee 後奔於晉
237 3 enemy / foe 莊宗以百騎覘敵
238 3 先鋒 xiānfēng a pioneer 思同為先鋒指揮使
239 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 末帝分魏
240 3 a slave / a servant 爾昔為李七郎奴
241 3 chén Chen 陳其利害
242 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 得赦而後釋之
243 3 jiǎ armor 吾欲被甲執兵而降
244 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 責士以死與必去
245 3 yòu right / right-hand 以為右武衛上將軍
246 3 quán perfect 欲全其節而不二者
247 3 Si River 始遣泗州牙將王知朗至徐州
248 3 zhāo illustrious 而衛州刺史來昭
249 3 永德 yǒngdé Yongde 張永德等分攻廬
250 3 shōu to receive / to accept 敬達收軍柵晉安
251 3 天下 tiānxià China 而天下五代
252 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 父老詣京師乞留
253 3 wide / broad 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
254 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 我實何罪而見伐乎
255 3 yān where / how 有所取焉
256 3 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 西京留守
257 3 to inherit 而後軍不繼
258 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 朱守殷鎮汴州
259 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 敬瑭斬三十餘人以止之
260 3 again / more / repeatedly 皆復其故
261 3 wèn to ask 明宗問以邊事
262 3 yǒng brave / courageous 元行欽以驍勇自負
263 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 而戰沒者不得與也
264 3 hair 伏發
265 3 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 廢帝以河東節度使石敬瑭兼大同
266 3 yóu also / as if / still 猶督戰
267 3 攻破 gōng pò to make a breakthrough / to attack and break through 晉軍攻破洺州
268 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 馳檄四鄰
269 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇鄩伏兵
270 3 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 懼魏軍不從
271 3 shòu old age / long life 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
272 3 而後 érhòu after that / then 吾窮而後降
273 3 měi each / every 魯奇每與二將鬥
274 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 動搖藩方
275 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗之
276 3 yún skin of bamboo 相州張筠
277 3 qián to act with reverence 興元張虔釗攻城西
278 3 to cut / to divide / to partition 謨與晟等皆言景願割壽
279 3 huà painting / picture / drawing 思同指畫山川
280 3 dōng east 從珂引兵東
281 3 liǎng two 相等六州為兩鎮
282 3 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou 拜鄭州防禦使
283 3 Lu River 潞王從珂反鳳翔
284 3 increase / benefit 莊宗益奇之
285 3 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 西京留守
286 3 anger / rage / fury 璋怒
287 3 néng can / able 吾能為國家死
288 3 liù six 相等六州為兩鎮
289 3 to die 魏博節度使楊師厚卒
290 3 to cry out / to shout 從珂登城呼外兵而泣曰
291 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 文理院學士李德明奉表稱臣
292 3 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 乃勸源德出降
293 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 貝城小而堅
294 3 先帝 xiāndì ancient emperors 言奸臣幸先帝疾病
295 3 supreme ruler / emperor 末帝分魏
296 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 城中食且盡
297 3 qiáo bridge 重威軍中渡橋南
298 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
299 3 shì power / authority 貝之勢分而易圖也
300 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今德州居其中而無備
301 3 běi north 其在北者皆死
302 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召晟問江南事
303 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 廢帝疑敬瑭有異志
304 3 hurried / worried 督戰甚急
305 3 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 唐莊宗時
306 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 即以敬達為太原四面招討使
307 3 shǐ history 史彥超者
308 3 zhèn to flap 振武
309 3 fēi not / non- / un- 非徒不知愧
310 3 jiān hard / strong / firm 貝城小而堅
311 2 lián to pity / to sympathize 皆悲憐之
312 2 yuè month 旬月救兵不至
313 2 shī to lose 亡失甚眾
314 2 háo a moat / a trench / a ditch
315 2 shǐ beginning / start 於是始知其材
316 2 部署 bùshǔ to dispose / to deploy 即以思同為西面行營馬步軍都部署
317 2 responsibility / duty 責士以死與必去
318 2 a song 追至汾曲
319 2 sān three 得全節之士三人而已
320 2 xiàng to appear / to seem / to resemble 常畫唐詩人賈島像置於屋壁
321 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 輒有大風雨水暴至以壞之
322 2 bèi by 吾欲被甲執兵而降
323 2 Sixth Earthly Branch 與馮延巳並為相
324 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 然吾終不負永陵一抷土也
325 2 fán foreign things 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
326 2 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate
327 2 wax 乃以蠟丸書遺重進
328 2 quǎn dog 縱犬往來
329 2 magnet / magnetism 磁州刺史靳昭
330 2 lèi to be tired 累遷鄭州防禦使
331 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 遷河陽節度使
332 2 qīn to respect / to admire 元行欽以驍勇自負
333 2 jīng essence 契丹以精騎劃門
334 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待之甚厚
335 2 ròu meat / muscle 令壯士十人刲其肉而食
336 2 otherwise / but / however 則天下為無士矣
337 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 而虜以精騎並西山出晉軍後
338 2 shàng top / a high position 斌從城上罵延壽曰
339 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固鮮矣
340 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 樂成其美而不求其備
341 2 zhē to cover up / to hide / to conceal 河陽之人遮留不得行
342 2 hǎn rare 從李罕之以潞州叛晉降梁
343 2 to bear / to carry 奈何負我邪
344 2 西山 xīshān Western Hills 敬達陣於西山
345 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過祁州
346 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂忿不食者數日
347 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 應順元年二月
348 2 làng high, lofty 遣洪將千人戍閬州
349 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 所為城柵將成
350 2 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 即以敬達為太原四面招討使
351 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
352 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 圍之逾年不可下
353 2 神武 shénwǔ wise and brave 以功遷神武十軍都指揮使
354 2 xiāo brave / strong 元行欽以驍勇自負
355 2 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 洪罵曰
356 2 西 The West 興元張虔釗攻城西
357 2 xiào result / effect 不能效公所為也
358 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 猶豫不肯進
359 2 wood / lumber 革鞭木
360 2 無成 wúchéng achieving nothing 故久無成功
361 2 to cut down 唐師伐荊南
362 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈斌
363 2 夏魯 xiàlǔ Shalu Monastery 夏魯奇
364 2 yáo handsome / elegant 姚洪
365 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 好學
366 2 gǎn bold / brave 思同為人敢勇
367 2 mín heaven / the sky 劉旻攻晉州
368 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 其有旨哉
369 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 以為右武衛上將軍
370 2 a call to arms / a proclaimation of war 馳檄四鄰
371 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪橋開路
372 2 huì can / be able to 會諸鎮兵圍鳳翔
373 2 晉安 jìnān Jin'an 敬達收軍柵晉安
374 2 qián front 然鑊於前
375 2 jīn gold 金瘡滿身
376 2 gōng a palace 居廬山簡寂宮
377 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 前鋒追執思同
378 2 fèn manure / dung / excrement 掃馬糞
379 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 況死者人之所難乎
380 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 晉開運元年
381 2 qiān one thousand 賜絹千疋
382 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 因請先登
383 2 無備 wú bèi not prepared 今德州居其中而無備
384 2 救兵 jiùbīng to rescue troops 旬月救兵不至
385 2 道士 dàoshì a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk / a Confucian scholar 少為道士
386 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 敬瑭斬三十餘人以止之
387 2 abundant / numerous 為祁州刺史
388 2 day of the month / a certain day 憂忿不食者數日
389 2 滄州 Cāngzhōu Cangzhou 然與滄州相首尾
390 2 duàn absolutely / decidedly 斷唐軍為二
391 2 zài in / at 要在成功
392 2 不對 bù duì incorrect / wrong / amiss / abnormal / queer 晟不對
393 2 五代 Wǔ Dài Five Dynasties 而天下五代
394 2 德州 dézhōu Dezhou 今德州居其中而無備
395 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 前鋒追執思同
396 2 zéi thief 賊殺秦王而立幼嗣
397 2 huǐ to regret 景悔
398 2 to visit 因遣伶奴安十十以五弦謁思同
399 2 to allow / to permit 重威許之
400 2 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 懼魏軍不從
401 2 cháng to taste 洪嘗事璋
402 2 京兆尹 Jīngzhàoyǐn Jingzhao 京兆尹
403 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常畫唐詩人賈島像置於屋壁
404 2 to coerce / to force / to compel 迫其節度使賀德倫以魏
405 2 lóng dragon 彥超為漢龍捷都指揮使
406 2 méi not have 而戰沒者不得與也
407 2 文辭 wéncí language / words 有文辭
408 2 to reply / to answer 世宗不答
409 2 督戰 dūzhàn to observe a battle 督戰甚急
410 2 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 然吾終不負永陵一抷土也
411 2 zhū vermilion 而思同朱知
412 2 賜姓 cìxìng to bestow a surname 賜姓名曰李紹奇
413 2 běn measure word for books 或曰本晉人也
414 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 敬達軍中望之
415 2 班師 bānshī to withdraw troops from the front / to return in triumph 遽班師
416 2 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 漢高祖即位
417 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於儒者
418 2 五十三 wǔshísān 53 終始五十三年
419 2 shí a rock / a stone 石敬瑭討董璋
420 2 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang 潞王從珂反鳳翔
421 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 已而劉鄩大敗於故元城
422 2 ài to love 為政有惠愛
423 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕財重義
424 2 léi weak / feeble 契丹以羸騎三千
425 2 不免 bùmiǎn unavoidablly / inevitably 懼皆不免也
426 2 qīng minister / high officer 世宗遣符彥卿拒之
427 2 wài outside 外兵傷死者眾
428 2 bāng nation / country / state 字邦傑
429 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 公父子誤計
430 2 zuò to do
431 2 kāi to open 晉開運元年
432 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者未復命
433 2 dōng winter 開運二年冬
434 2 北面 běimiàn north side 乃以敬達為北面副總管
435 2 耶律德光 Yēlǜ Déguāng Yelu Deguang / Emperor Taizong of Liao 契丹耶律德光自雁門入
436 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 乃告於晉曰
437 2 to be fond of / to like 頗喜為詩
438 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 威塞等軍蕃漢馬步軍都總管
439 2 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰二年
440 2 tranquil 居廬山簡寂宮
441 2 to be urgent 遂以茍生不去為當然
442 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 大小數百戰
443 2 fèn indignant 彥超勇憤俱發
444 2 to shut / to close 由是閉壁不敢復出
445 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 為河東馬步軍都指揮使
446 2 zhào Zhao 趙等八州刺史
447 2 yòng to use / to apply 今天子用爾為節度使
448 2 fēi to fly 以為飛勝指揮使
449 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 契丹數犯邊
450 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 貝人三千出降
451 2 wall 由是閉壁不敢復出
452 2 tíng pavilion 而秦州無亭障
453 2 jiā to add 加禮歸葬
454 2 qiú to request 樂成其美而不求其備
455 2 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 源德堅守不下
456 2 to sob 明宗聞之泣下
457 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 圍之逾年不可下
458 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 定皆附於晉
459 2 sòng Song dynasty 遣與宋彥筠俱前
460 2 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 感恩不已
461 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 居廬山簡寂宮
462 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 戍於晉州
463 2 其後 qí hòu after that 其後莊宗賜姓名者
464 2 稱臣 chēngchén to become the subject of a ruler 文理院學士李德明奉表稱臣
465 2 供奉 gòngfèng to consecrate / to enshrine and worship 以其子仁欽為東頭供奉官
466 2 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 先登陷陣
467 2 lǐng neck 領欽州刺史
468 2 ruò weak 侵弱宗室
469 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 明宗顧左右曰
470 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 而厚恤其家
471 2 yóu especially / particularly 尤長於詩
472 2 wán a pill / a pellet 乃以蠟丸書遺重進
473 2 死事 sǐshì martyrs of service 故吾於死事之臣
474 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 兵入劍門
475 2 幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 從周德威攻劉守光於幽州
476 2 míng measure word for people 其後莊宗賜姓名者
477 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 可勝數哉
478 2 a kind of pheasant 翟進宗
479 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 旌旗相屬五十餘里
480 2 xìn to believe / to trust 徙鎮武信
481 2 xīn delightful / joyful / pleasant 出忻
482 2 Míng Ming River 晉軍攻破洺州
483 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 徐州下邳人也
484 2 hòu to wait 後事晉為奉國都虞候
485 2 sūn Sun 孫晟
486 2 shī poem / verse 頗喜為詩
487 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 晉軍危矣
488 2 láng a minister / an official 爾昔為李七郎奴
489 2 to record / to copy 錄其二子
490 2 dào way / road / path 斷晉餉道
491 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 莊宗以晟為著作佐郎
492 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 明宗問以邊事
493 2 píng flat / level / smooth 及光遠平
494 2 趙延壽 Zhào Yánhòu Zhao Yanshou 廢帝遣趙延壽
495 2 高平 gāopíng Gaoping 漢戰高平
496 2 kuì shame / decorum / propriety 非徒不知愧
497 1 zhǔ owner 吾主也
498 1 yín silver 思同事仁恭為銀胡
499 1 kuān wide / broad 願陛下寬臣五日之誅
500 1 醇酒 chúnjiǔ liquor / distilled spirit 召見必飲以醇酒

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
沧州 滄州 Cāngzhōu Cangzhou
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长城 長城 chángchéng Great Wall
长兴 長興 Chángxīng Changxing
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
Chú Chu River
出帝 chūdì the Emperor tht fled
代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
登州 Dēngzhōu Dengzhou / Penglai
德州 dézhōu
  1. Dezhou
  2. Texas
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东川 東川 dōngchuān Dongchuan
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
fén Fen
凤翔 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang
guó
  1. Guo
  2. Guo
国军 國軍 guó jūn National Revolutionary Army
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
汉高祖 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
hǎo
  1. Hao
  2. Hao
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
弘道 hóngdào Hongdao
huái Huai River
淮北 Huáiběi Huaibei
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
huán Huan river
贾岛 賈島 Jiǎ Dǎo Jia Dao
江北 jiāngběi
  1. Jiangbei
  2. Jiangbei airport
  3. Jiangbei
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋安 晉安 jìnān Jin'an
京兆尹 Jīngzhàoyǐn
  1. Jingzhao
  2. Capital Region Governor
金吾卫 金吾衛 jīnwúwèi Imperial Insignia Guard
晋州 晉州 jìnzhōu
  1. Jinzhou
  2. Jin Prefecture
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
开平 Kāipíng
  1. Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
  2. Kaiping
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
礼部尚书 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites
李德 lǐdé Otto Braun
刘守光 劉守光 liúshǒuguāng Liu Shouguang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
Lu River
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
栾城 欒城 luánchéng Luancheng
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
庐山 廬山 Lúshān Mount Lu / Lushan
潞州 Lùzhōu Luzhou
Míng Ming River
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
前废帝 前廢帝 qiánfèi dì Emperor Qianfei
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
青州 Qīngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Qingzhou
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
钦州 欽州 qīnzhōu Qinzhou
曲周 qǔZhōu Quzhou
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
山南西道 shānnánxī dào Shannanxi Circuit
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
唐庄宗 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang
天平 Tiān Píng Tian Ping
潼关 潼關 Tóngguān Tongguan
吐蕃 Tǔbō Tibetan Empire / Tubo
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
五代 Wǔ Dài Five Dynasties
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
西门 西門 Xī mén West Gate
夏鲁 夏魯 xiàlǔ Shalu Monastery
显德 顯德 xiǎndé Xiande
下邳 Xiàpī Xiapi
兴元 興元 xīngyuán Xingyuan
邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou
忻州 Xīnzhōu Xinzhou
西山 xīshān
  1. Western Hills
  2. Aparaśaila
宣武 xuānwǔ Xuanwu / Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
雁门 雁門 yànmén Yanmen
耀州 yàozhōu Yaozhou
耶律德光 Yēlǜ Déguāng Yelu Deguang / Emperor Taizong of Liao
应顺 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun
永德 yǒngdé Yongde
幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
于都 於都 yúdōu Yudu
榆林 yúlín Yulin
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵延寿 趙延壽 Zhào Yánhòu Zhao Yanshou
招讨使 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner
郑州 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou
镇雄 鎮雄 zhènxióng Zhenxiong
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
周德威 zhōu déwēi Zhou Dewei
周世宗 Zhōu Shìzōng Emperor Shizong
庄宗 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English