Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Zhou 《周書》, 卷39 列傳第31 韋瑱 梁昕 皇甫璠 辛慶之 王子直 杜杲 Volume 39 Biographies 31: Wei Zhen; Liang Xin; Huang Fufan; Xin Qingzhi; Wang Zizhi; Du Gao

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 37 nián year 魏孝昌三年
2 33 zhōu a state / a province 防城州將
3 33 an official institution / a state bureau 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
4 25 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 慶之族子昂
5 25 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 洛州刺史
6 25 zhōng middle 雍州治中
7 25 大夫 dàifu doctor 太中大夫
8 24 gǎo to shine / to be high 杜杲
9 23 xíng to walk / to move 行南雍州事
10 22 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 贈安西將軍
11 22 child / son 進爵為子
12 22 qiān to move / to shift 稍遷直後
13 21 yuē to speak / to say 諡曰惠
14 19 jìn to enter 進爵為子
15 18 tóng like / same / similar 儀同三司
16 17 apparatus 儀同三司
17 17 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 加衛大將軍
18 17 chén Chen 陳人請之
19 16 supreme ruler / emperor 魏恭帝二年
20 16 zhí straight 稍遷直後
21 16 三司 sān sī three offices 儀同三司
22 16 jiā to add 加前將軍
23 16 rén person / people / a human being 京兆杜陵人也
24 15 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜中書侍郎
25 14 shì matter / thing / item 行南雍州事
26 14 district / county 增邑二百戶
27 14 wèi Wei Dynasty 後於襄陽歸魏
28 14 wèi position / location / place 峻後位至車騎大將軍
29 13 èr two 魏恭帝二年
30 13 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 行京兆郡事
31 13 jūn army / military 起家太尉府法曹參軍
32 12 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 以赴國難
33 12 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 尋除蒲州總管府長史
34 12 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋除蒲州總管府長史
35 11 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 尋除蒲州總管府長史
36 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遷使持節
37 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂出兗
38 11 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 辛慶之
39 11 sān three 世為三輔著姓
40 11 wèi to call 謂其父仲略曰
41 11 shòu to teach 進授侍中
42 11 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖為丞相
43 11 děng et cetera / and so on 吏部等諸曹郎中
44 11 kāi to open 開府儀同三司
45 10 shí time / a period of time 時論榮之
46 10 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉丞相府戶曹參軍
47 10 zuǒ left 轉行臺左丞
48 10 bīng soldier / troops 兼領鄉兵
49 10 zhǔ owner 帶中潬城主
50 10 zèng to give a present 贈安西將軍
51 10 chéng a city / a town 防城州將
52 9 líng mound / hill / mountain 京兆杜陵人也
53 9 gōng public/ common / state-owned 又追封為公
54 9 本朝 běncháo our court 本朝親睦九族
55 9 liáng a bridge 梁昕
56 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
57 9 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督南郢州諸軍事
58 9 xīn dawn 梁昕
59 9 xiàn county 封長安縣男
60 9 guān an office 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
61 9 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 略陽郡守
62 8 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 尋除蒲州總管府長史
63 8 xuān to declare / to announce 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
64 8 mín the people / citizen / subjects 吏民戀慕
65 8 to ride an animal or bicycle 驃騎大將軍
66 8 to die
67 8 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 進車騎大將軍
68 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 太祖為丞相
69 8 tōng to go through / to open 通直散騎常侍
70 8 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 徵拜大將軍行臺兵部郎中
71 8 father 父英
72 8 xiào to be filial 孝閔帝踐阼
73 8 tǎo to seek 統兵出討
74 8 to reach 及賀拔嶽為行臺
75 8 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 除度支尚書
76 7 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 歷兵部小府下大夫
77 7 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 行南雍州事
78 7 shì a generation 韋瑱字世珍
79 7 hòu after / later 後於襄陽歸魏
80 7 大統 dàtǒng the head of an order 大統八年
81 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 進爵為子
82 7 to supervise 遷大都督
83 7 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以昕為行臺參軍
84 7 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 通直散騎常侍
85 7 zhèn a gem used as ear plug / a jade earring 韋瑱
86 7 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 徵拜鴻臚卿
87 7 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰沙苑
88 7 kòu bandit / thieve 胡寇犯邊
89 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 有夙成之量
90 7 jǐng sunlight 皇甫璠字景瑜
91 7 cháo to face 朝那縣伯
92 7 píng flat / level / smooth 進爵平齊縣伯
93 7 yuàn to blame / to complain 莫有怨者
94 7 西 The West 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
95 7 even / equal / uniform 齊神武侵汾
96 7 to enter 復入為行臺左丞
97 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封長安縣男
98 6 guāng light 銀青光祿大夫
99 6 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 歷兵部小府下大夫
100 6 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 孰謂非恩
101 6 shǎo few 昕少溫恭
102 6 xìn to believe / to trust 師嚴友信
103 6 letter / symbol / character 韋瑱字世珍
104 6 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 雍州治中
105 6 one 一無所受
106 6 zhèn town 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
107 6 a family clan 慶之族子昂
108 6 dōng east 遷東荊州刺史
109 6 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 司倉
110 6 fán foreign things 蕃夷往來
111 6 lüè plan / strategy 有幹略
112 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 出為洛安郡守
113 6 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 加散騎侍郎
114 6 martial / military 武成三年
115 6 wén to hear 聞孝莊帝暴崩
116 6 nán south 行南雍州事
117 6 father's elder brother / uncle 進爵平齊縣伯
118 6 京兆 jīngzhào Jingzhao / Xi'an 京兆杜陵人也
119 5 lǐng neck 兼領鄉兵
120 5 guī to go back / to return 後於襄陽歸魏
121 5 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 志圖吞噬
122 5 yòu right / right-hand 拜右將軍
123 5 younger brother 峻弟師
124 5 zhòng middle brother 謂其父仲略曰
125 5 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑二百戶
126 5 huá Chinese 亦不尚華侈
127 5 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 保定元年
128 5 to take / to receive / to accept 入為小納言
129 5 gān dry 瑱明察有幹局
130 5 to stop / to prevent 京兆杜陵人也
131 5 zhì sign / mark / flag 篤志好學
132 5 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 多受賂遺
133 5 ancient barbarian tribes 蕃夷往來
134 5 xián salty / briny 閭里咸敬異之
135 5 wáng Wang 令與盧誕等教授諸王
136 5 mìng life 時涼州刺史宇文仲和據州逆命
137 5 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 轉行臺左丞
138 5 néng can / able 又莫能禦
139 5 to join / to combine 合等諸州民庶
140 5 zhào an imperial decree 仍詔其子峻襲
141 5 ministry / department 蕃部
142 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 賜姓宇文氏
143 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論榮之
144 5 dìng to decide 詔令衛公直督元定等援之
145 5 to help / to assist 世為三輔著姓
146 5 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 加衛大將軍
147 5 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 曾祖惠度
148 5 four 大統四年
149 5 wēi power / might / prestige 除明威將軍
150 5 魯山 lǔshān Lushan 陳人於是以魯山歸我
151 5 tiān day 天和二年
152 5 níng Nanjing 贈涇寧豳三州刺史
153 5 xìng gender 瑱雅性清儉
154 5 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit 俄除隴右總管府司馬
155 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 老幼追送
156 4 míng bright / brilliant 除明威將軍
157 4 祿 good fortune 銀青光祿大夫
158 4 建德 jiàndé Jiande 建德末
159 4 shǐ history 授安州長史
160 4 precious 出為玉壁總管府長史
161 4 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 吏部等諸曹郎中
162 4 chí to grasp / to hold 遷使持節
163 4 曹參 Cáocān Cao Can 起家太尉府法曹參軍
164 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 復引為外兵參軍
165 4 to defend / to resist 治小御伯
166 4 ěr ear 祖重耳
167 4 shàng top / a high position 昕以三輔望族上謁
168 4 gōng merit 以功
169 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 都督南郢州諸軍事
170 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 加帥都督
171 4 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 增邑二百戶
172 4 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家太尉府法曹參軍
173 4 shī teacher 峻弟師
174 4 河東 hédōng Hedong 行河東郡事
175 4 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen 陳文帝弟安成王頊為質於梁
176 4 meaning / sense 下思繼好之義
177 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 深賞異之
178 4 xìng family name / surname 世為三輔著姓
179 4 to go / to visit / to attend 以赴國難
180 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 迥仍表昂為龍州長史
181 4 jié festival / a special day 遷使持節
182 4 yán to speak / to say / said 入為小納言
183 4 上士 Shàng Shì an advanced disciple 主寢上士
184 4 róng glory / honor 時論榮之
185 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 舊俗生梗
186 4 desire 欲救近溺
187 4 Jīng Jing 贈涇州刺史
188 4 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗嘉之
189 4 suí to follow 隨劉義真過江
190 4 piào a white horse 驃騎大將軍
191 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷兵部小府下大夫
192 4 fán a gem 皇甫璠
193 4 jiǎo white 父皎
194 4 jiā excellent 世宗嘉之
195 4 liù six 六官建
196 4 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰惠
197 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 加撫軍將軍
198 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 起家奉朝請
199 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷嘉其權以濟事
200 4 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 孝閔帝踐阼
201 4 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
202 4 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔昂便於通
203 4 hǎo good 永敦鄰好
204 4 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 兼給事黃門侍郎
205 4 lǒng Gansu 秦隴構亂
206 4 apprentice / disciple 謀結義徒
207 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 子宣禮
208 4 xīn to be tired 辛慶之
209 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖許而未遣
210 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方得出境
211 4 é Russia 俄除隴右總管府司馬
212 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 中散大夫
213 3 gōng to attack / to assault 東魏攻正平郡
214 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 咸從其化
215 3 chén minister / statesman / official 子孝臣忠
216 3 jiǒng distant / remote 及尉遲迥伐蜀
217 3 idea 出其不意
218 3 xiān first 其先因官
219 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 攻圍郡城
220 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 曾祖惠度
221 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 家弟今蒙禮遣
222 3 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率軍赴援
223 3 zhòng heavy 祖重耳
224 3 to open 津啟慶之為行臺左丞
225 3 grieved / anxious 陳文帝弟安成王頊為質於梁
226 3 shí real / true 實是周朝之惠
227 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 深以為然
228 3 to leave behind 多受賂遺
229 3 wéi soft leather 韋瑱
230 3 residence / dwelling 再居左轄
231 3 州長 zhōuzhǎng a governor 授安州長史
232 3 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 世為關中著姓
233 3 to allow / to permit 太祖許而未遣
234 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 歷時未克
235 3 shēn deep 深賞異之
236 3 qīn relatives 昂稍被護親待
237 3 qīng minister / high officer 徵拜鴻臚卿
238 3 xiū to cultivate / to repair 轉脩城郡守
239 3 lèi to be tired 累遷諫議大夫
240 3 nán male 封長安縣男
241 3 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 尋除雍州別駕
242 3 答曰 dá yuē to reply 杲答曰
243 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 計部下大夫
244 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 若待上聞
245 3 channel / canal / drain / ditch 渠等諸州運糧饋之
246 3 hóu marquis / lord 侯景辟為行臺郎中
247 3 to protect / to guard 時晉公護執政
248 3 dūn honest / candid / sincere 永敦鄰好
249 3 Germany 然名德富貴
250 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 贈岐宜二州刺史
251 3 shǔ to count 前後數十戰
252 3 yuán to aid / to assist 孤城無援
253 3 zhù a pillar / a post 柱國府參軍事
254 3 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 食邑三百戶
255 3 qiáo bridge 又從戰河橋
256 3 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 慶之少以文學徵詣洛陽
257 3 簿 a register / an account book / a notebook 丞相府主簿
258 3 gòu frame / building / structure 秦隴構亂
259 3 jiù to save / to rescue 欲救近溺
260 3 liè ardent / intense 郝烈之徒
261 3 big / great / huge / large / major 鎮大塢
262 3 zài in / at 安成之在關中
263 3 láng a minister / an official 蒲州總管府中郎
264 3 a law / a rule 辟州都督
265 3 zéi thief 直趣賊壘
266 3 qián front 加前將軍
267 3 蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji 尋除蒲州總管府長史
268 3 鹽池 yánchí Yanchi 以本官兼鹽池都將
269 3 jùn high / steep / towering 仍詔其子峻襲
270 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬爾朱氏作亂
271 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 景後來附
272 3 yuè pleased 蠻夷悅之
273 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 部內遂無叛者
274 3 lái to come 咸來復業
275 3 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 增邑五百戶
276 3 xīn heart 實啟敵心
277 3 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
278 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 魏恭帝二年
279 3 end / final stage / latter part 建德末
280 3 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 大軍不利
281 3 瓜州 Guāzhōu Guazhou County 除瓜州諸軍事
282 3 jiàn to see 見稱州里
283 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 仍從寶夤征万俟醜奴
284 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 轉守廟下大夫
285 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 每蒙褒賞
286 3 安定 āndìng stable / quiet 安定烏氏人也
287 3 to break / to ruin / to destroy 太祖令子直率涇州步騎五千討破之
288 3 different / other 閭里咸敬異之
289 3 jiǔ nine 除九曲城主
290 3 huì can / be able to 成都一方之會
291 3 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 孝閔帝踐阼
292 3 府主 fǔzhǔ governor of a prefecture 丞相府主簿
293 3 道行 dàoxíng virtuous deeds 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
294 3 jiàn to build / to construct 六官建
295 3 yǒu friend / companion 師嚴友信
296 3 féng feng 馮翊郡守
297 3 chēng to call / to address 見稱州里
298 3 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 孝閔帝踐阼
299 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 其價豈止一城
300 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老幼追送
301 3 pìn to engage / to hire 卽遣使報聘
302 3 hóng great / large 徵拜鴻臚卿
303 3 suì age 年數歲
304 3 běi north 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
305 3 jīng to go through / to experience 又以其經明行修
306 3 hǎo Hao 郝烈之徒
307 3 保定 Bǎodìng Baoding 保定元年
308 3 ancestor / forefather 祖千雄
309 3 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 皇甫璠
310 3 qià to get along with / to make contact 昂威惠洽著
311 3 大象 dàxiàng elephant 大象中
312 2 shì power / authority 杲率郡兵與昶合勢
313 2 gěng a stem / a stalk 舊俗生梗
314 2 yún cloud 云以尋常之土
315 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 每蒙褒賞
316 2 南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan 漢熾屠各阻兵於南山
317 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 式遏邊壘
318 2 chǔ state of Chu
319 2 周朝 Zhōu Cháo Zhou Dynasty 實是周朝之惠
320 2 to attack by surprise 仍詔其子峻襲
321 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 增邑通前三千戶
322 2 孝昌 xiàochāng Xiaochang 魏孝昌三年
323 2 fèng to offer / to present 起家奉朝請
324 2 yáng sun 順陽太守
325 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 亦多從逆
326 2 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 爾朱天光入關
327 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 都水使者
328 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓安之
329 2 對策 duìcè countermeasure 對策第一
330 2 yòu immature / young 瑱幼聰敏
331 2 a government official / a magistrate 吏民戀慕
332 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專之可也
333 2 huò to reap / to harvest 郡境獲寧
334 2 部下 bùxià subordinate 計部下大夫
335 2 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後刺史
336 2 正中 zhèngzhōng middle / center 乃授杲御正中大夫
337 2 wài outside 復引為外兵參軍
338 2 bào newspaper 卽遣使報聘
339 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 卽遣使報聘
340 2 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
341 2 lín neighbor 永敦鄰好
342 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 璠少忠謹
343 2 shù numerous / various 合等諸州民庶
344 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 慶之守禦有備
345 2 zàn a libation cup 其族父瓚
346 2 beard / mustache 胡寇犯邊
347 2 yín to respoect 蕭寶夤為大都督
348 2 a man / a male adult 壯夫拒戰
349 2 chǎng (of the day) long 尋而開府趙昶諸軍進討
350 2 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 司倉
351 2 正光 zhèngguāng Zhengxing reign 正光五年
352 2 加車 jiāchē extra bus or train 尋加車騎大將軍
353 2 tián field / farmland 尋轉田曹參軍
354 2 lín to face / to overlook 時臨
355 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 隨劉義真過江
356 2 出境 chūjìng to leave a country or region / to emigrate 方得出境
357 2 xià summer 夷夏懷之
358 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時號為善人
359 2 a shepherd 太祖為牧
360 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 篤志好學
361 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 公家雖世載冠冕
362 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 封長安縣男
363 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 領齊王友
364 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 諡曰貞
365 2 sòng Song dynasty 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
366 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 老幼追送
367 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多受賂遺
368 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 有夙成之量
369 2 quán authority / power 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
370 2 a slave / a servant 仍從寶夤征万俟醜奴
371 2 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 遷東荊州刺史
372 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 及賀拔嶽為行臺
373 2 shū book 賜書勞問
374 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢為寇
375 2 guān to close 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
376 2 to reply / to answer 陵乃笑而不答
377 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 郡境獲寧
378 2 shuǐ water 都水使者
379 2 alone / independent / single / sole 慶之獨因鹽池
380 2 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 魏廢帝二年
381 2 zhū vermilion 爾朱天光入關
382 2 earth / soil / dirt 西土悅附
383 2 jīng Beijing 秩滿還京
384 2 普泰 Pǔ Tài Pu Tai 普泰二年
385 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 亦恐未能及此
386 2 yān to flood / to drown / to submerge 志量淹和
387 2 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 州主簿
388 2 冠軍將軍 guānjūn jiāngjūn general commanding the troops 冠軍將軍
389 2 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 大軍不利
390 2 rate / frequency 臨淮王元彧率軍赴援
391 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 軍民之務
392 2 easy / simple 易己骨肉之親
393 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 高祖患之
394 2 to prevail 克成令譽
395 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙居京兆之盩厔焉
396 2 cáo Cao 吏部等諸曹郎中
397 2 shǔ Sichuan 及尉遲迥伐蜀
398 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
399 2 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 徵拜工部中大夫
400 2 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 仍請畫野分疆
401 2 城鎮 chéngzhèn cities and towns / city / town 安置城鎮
402 2 huī bright / radiant 杜杲字子暉
403 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 亮又以昂威信布於宕渠
404 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 蕭寶夤為大都督
405 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 王子直
406 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 秦隴構亂
407 2 liàng bright / brilliant / radiant / light 杞國公亮卽於軍中賞昂奴婢二十口
408 2 弘農 hóngnóng jùn Hongnong prefecture 從復弘農
409 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 以杲奉使稱旨
410 2 belly / skin 徵拜鴻臚卿
411 2 shore / land / continent 陸騰討信州群蠻
412 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可違之
413 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 慶之位遇雖隆
414 2 文學 wénxué literature 慶之少以文學徵詣洛陽
415 2 kuáng insane / mad 凶奴狂悖
416 2 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan 假鎮遠將軍
417 2 zhì order 秩滿還京
418 2 Yǐng Ying 都督南郢州諸軍事
419 2 qín Shaanxi 秦隴構亂
420 2 a lake 長湖公軍人等雖築館處之
421 2 qīng clear / pure / clean 瑱雅性清儉
422 2 望族 wàngzú distinguished or prominent family / influential clan 以望族
423 2 zhān felt 張旃拭玉
424 2 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 乃引軍退
425 2 to assist / to be ready to fly / to respect 馮翊郡守
426 2 宇文 yǔwén Yuwen 賜姓宇文氏
427 2 dialect / language / speech 若不事斯語
428 2 jiā house / home / residence 子孫因家焉
429 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 胡寇犯邊
430 2 to think / consider / to ponder 下思繼好之義
431 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 恒以清白自處
432 2 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 漢熾屠各阻兵於南山
433 2 solitary 孤城無援
434 2 十八 shíbā eighteen 年十八
435 2 jiù old / ancient 安堵如舊
436 2 xiào school
437 2 shì an official 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
438 2 同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan 除同州司會
439 2 yuàn park / garden 戰沙苑
440 2 民部 mín bù Board of the Populace 民部
441 2 báo thin / slight / weak 州主薄
442 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 遷員外散騎侍郎
443 2 dào to rob / to steal 每苦劫盜
444 2 永安 yǒngān Yong'an reign 永安中
445 2 中外 zhōngwài Sino-foreign / Chinese-foreign 起家中外府記室
446 2 to congratulate 及賀拔嶽為行臺
447 2 zhī to support 除度支尚書
448 2 秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou 出為秦州總管府司馬
449 2 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 戰沙苑
450 2 zhī to know 以勤事被知
451 2 zhòng many / all 又令其衆皆作中國歌
452 2 to give / to bestow favors 賜書勞問
453 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 式遏邊壘
454 2 to bribe 多受賂遺
455 2 gain / advantage / benefit 苟利百姓
456 2 to criticize 典參謀議
457 2 hún muddy / turbid 大破渾衆於長寧川
458 2 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 成都一方之會
459 2 day of the month / a certain day 留連十數日
460 2 to defend / to resist 瑱從太祖禦之
461 2 to arise / to get up 尋起復本任
462 2 記室 jìshì Record Keeper / Secretary 起家中外府記室
463 2 can / may / permissible 專之可也
464 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 河北守令棄城走
465 2 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 大小有異
466 2 其父 qí fù his father 謂其父仲略曰
467 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 起家太尉府法曹參軍
468 2 liáng provisions 渠等諸州運糧饋之
469 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 渠等諸州運糧饋之
470 2 a river / a stream 又從戰河橋
471 2 shǎn Shaanxi 出為陝
472 2 dài to carry / to bring 帶中潬城主
473 2 shī to lose 本朝無失
474 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 防城州將
475 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 仍請畫野分疆
476 2 滿 mǎn full 秩滿還京
477 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 昂字進君
478 2 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 給事中
479 2 to bear / to carry 乃令老弱負糧
480 2 wèi to fear / to dread 胡人畏威
481 1 to go to / to arrive / to reach 慶之少以文學徵詣洛陽
482 1 yuàn a general designation of officials 開府掾
483 1 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 命引升殿
484 1 yuè Yue 賀拔岳入關
485 1 節度 jiédù a solar term 節度山東諸軍以討之
486 1 武略 wǔlüè military strategy 兼有武略
487 1 to inherit 下思繼好之義
488 1 加大 jiādà to increase 加大都督
489 1 步騎 bù qí horse and foot [soldiers] 太祖令子直率涇州步騎五千討破之
490 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 亦不尚華侈
491 1 安分 ānfēn content with one's lot / knowing one's place 安分守志
492 1 ài to love 吏民畏而愛之
493 1 一方 yī fāng a party / one side / area / region 成都一方之會
494 1 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 昂撫導荒梗
495 1 山路 shānlù mountain road 遏絕山路
496 1 討平 tǎopíng to put down (an uprising) / to pacify 子直從隴右大都督獨孤信討平之
497 1 huà painting / picture / drawing 仍請畫野分疆
498 1 guàn to pour in 本朝弘灌瓜之義
499 1 ruò weak 乃令老弱負糧
500 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 撫巡州防

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 84 zhī him / her / them / that 有夙成之量
2 55 wèi for / to 世為三輔著姓
3 42 so as to / in order to 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
4 37 nián year 魏孝昌三年
5 33 zhōu a state / a province 防城州將
6 33 an official institution / a state bureau 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
7 25 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 慶之族子昂
8 25 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 洛州刺史
9 25 zhōng middle 雍州治中
10 25 大夫 dàifu doctor 太中大夫
11 24 gǎo to shine / to be high 杜杲
12 23 xíng to walk / to move 行南雍州事
13 22 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 贈安西將軍
14 22 child / son 進爵為子
15 22 qiān to move / to shift 稍遷直後
16 22 yǒu is / are / to exist 有夙成之量
17 21 yuē to speak / to say 諡曰惠
18 20 in / at 後於襄陽歸魏
19 19 chú except / besides 除明威將軍
20 19 jìn to enter 進爵為子
21 18 tóng like / same / similar 儀同三司
22 18 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 孝昌初
23 17 apparatus 儀同三司
24 17 his / hers / its / theirs 仍詔其子峻襲
25 17 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 加衛大將軍
26 17 chén Chen 陳人請之
27 16 supreme ruler / emperor 魏恭帝二年
28 16 zhí straight 稍遷直後
29 16 三司 sān sī three offices 儀同三司
30 16 jiā to add 加前將軍
31 16 rén person / people / a human being 京兆杜陵人也
32 15 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜中書侍郎
33 15 again / more / repeatedly 復入為行臺左丞
34 14 tái unit 轉行臺左丞
35 14 shì matter / thing / item 行南雍州事
36 14 district / county 增邑二百戶
37 14 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 食邑三百戶
38 14 wèi Wei Dynasty 後於襄陽歸魏
39 14 wèi position / location / place 峻後位至車騎大將軍
40 13 èr two 魏恭帝二年
41 13 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 行京兆郡事
42 13 also / too 京兆杜陵人也
43 13 jūn army / military 起家太尉府法曹參軍
44 12 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 以赴國難
45 12 cóng from 從復弘農
46 12 jiān simultaneously 兼善騎射
47 12 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 尋除蒲州總管府長史
48 12 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋除蒲州總管府長史
49 11 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 尋除蒲州總管府長史
50 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遷使持節
51 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂出兗
52 11 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 辛慶之
53 11 sān three 世為三輔著姓
54 11 wèi to call 謂其父仲略曰
55 11 shòu to teach 進授侍中
56 11 and 令與盧誕等教授諸王
57 11 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖為丞相
58 11 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃還洛陽
59 11 děng et cetera / and so on 吏部等諸曹郎中
60 11 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 相繼而至
61 11 hái also / in addition / more 軍還
62 11 kāi to open 開府儀同三司
63 10 shí time / a period of time 時論榮之
64 10 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉丞相府戶曹參軍
65 10 zuǒ left 轉行臺左丞
66 10 bīng soldier / troops 兼領鄉兵
67 10 zhì to / until 峻後位至車騎大將軍
68 10 zhǔ owner 帶中潬城主
69 10 zèng to give a present 贈安西將軍
70 10 chū to go out 統兵出討
71 10 chéng a city / a town 防城州將
72 9 líng mound / hill / mountain 京兆杜陵人也
73 9 gōng public/ common / state-owned 又追封為公
74 9 本朝 běncháo our court 本朝親睦九族
75 9 liáng a bridge 梁昕
76 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
77 9 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督南郢州諸軍事
78 9 xīn dawn 梁昕
79 9 xiàn county 封長安縣男
80 9 guān an office 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
81 9 xià next 歷兵部小府下大夫
82 9 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 略陽郡守
83 8 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 尋除蒲州總管府長史
84 8 xuān to declare / to announce 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
85 8 yòu again / also 又從戰河橋
86 8 mín the people / citizen / subjects 吏民戀慕
87 8 to ride an animal or bicycle 驃騎大將軍
88 8 to die
89 8 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 進車騎大將軍
90 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 太祖為丞相
91 8 tōng to go through / to open 通直散騎常侍
92 8 not / no 亦不尚華侈
93 8 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 徵拜大將軍行臺兵部郎中
94 8 father 父英
95 8 zhū all / many / various 吏部等諸曹郎中
96 8 xiào to be filial 孝閔帝踐阼
97 8 tǎo to seek 統兵出討
98 8 to reach 及賀拔嶽為行臺
99 8 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 除度支尚書
100 7 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若不事斯語
101 7 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 歷兵部小府下大夫
102 7 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 行南雍州事
103 7 shì a generation 韋瑱字世珍
104 7 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 流民歸附者
105 7 hòu after / later 後於襄陽歸魏
106 7 大統 dàtǒng the head of an order 大統八年
107 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 進爵為子
108 7 to supervise 遷大都督
109 7 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以昕為行臺參軍
110 7 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 通直散騎常侍
111 7 yīn because 其先因官
112 7 zhèn a gem used as ear plug / a jade earring 韋瑱
113 7 also / too 亦不尚華侈
114 7 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 徵拜鴻臚卿
115 7 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰沙苑
116 7 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 世為三輔著姓
117 7 kòu bandit / thieve 胡寇犯邊
118 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 有夙成之量
119 7 jǐng sunlight 皇甫璠字景瑜
120 7 cháo to face 朝那縣伯
121 7 píng flat / level / smooth 進爵平齊縣伯
122 7 yuàn to blame / to complain 莫有怨者
123 7 西 The West 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
124 7 even / equal / uniform 齊神武侵汾
125 7 to enter 復入為行臺左丞
126 7 naturally / of course / certainly 恒以清白自處
127 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封長安縣男
128 6 guāng light 銀青光祿大夫
129 6 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 歷兵部小府下大夫
130 6 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 孰謂非恩
131 6 shǎo few 昕少溫恭
132 6 xìn to believe / to trust 師嚴友信
133 6 letter / symbol / character 韋瑱字世珍
134 6 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 雍州治中
135 6 one 一無所受
136 6 zhèn town 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
137 6 a family clan 慶之族子昂
138 6 dōng east 遷東荊州刺史
139 6 no 一無所受
140 6 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 司倉
141 6 fán foreign things 蕃夷往來
142 6 lüè plan / strategy 有幹略
143 6 běn measure word for books 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
144 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 出為洛安郡守
145 6 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 加散騎侍郎
146 6 and 天和二年
147 6 大都 dàdōu generally 遷大都督
148 6 martial / military 武成三年
149 6 yān where / how 徙居京兆之盩厔焉
150 6 yuán monetary unit / dollar 臨淮王元彧率軍赴援
151 6 wén to hear 聞孝莊帝暴崩
152 6 nán south 行南雍州事
153 6 father's elder brother / uncle 進爵平齊縣伯
154 6 京兆 jīngzhào Jingzhao / Xi'an 京兆杜陵人也
155 5 lǐng neck 兼領鄉兵
156 5 guī to go back / to return 後於襄陽歸魏
157 5 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 志圖吞噬
158 5 yòu right / right-hand 拜右將軍
159 5 younger brother 峻弟師
160 5 zhòng middle brother 謂其父仲略曰
161 5 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑二百戶
162 5 huá Chinese 亦不尚華侈
163 5 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 保定元年
164 5 already / de facto / since / then 賊旣不以為虞
165 5 to take / to receive / to accept 入為小納言
166 5 gān dry 瑱明察有幹局
167 5 this / these 莫有及此兒者
168 5 to stop / to prevent 京兆杜陵人也
169 5 de potential marker 方得出境
170 5 zhì sign / mark / flag 篤志好學
171 5 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 多受賂遺
172 5 réng yet / still / as ever 仍詔其子峻襲
173 5 promptly / right away 卽授右府長流參軍
174 5 ancient barbarian tribes 蕃夷往來
175 5 xián salty / briny 閭里咸敬異之
176 5 wáng Wang 令與盧誕等教授諸王
177 5 that / those 然不還彼魯山
178 5 rán correct / right / certainly 然名德富貴
179 5 mìng life 時涼州刺史宇文仲和據州逆命
180 5 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 轉行臺左丞
181 5 néng can / able 又莫能禦
182 5 shì is / are / am / to be 至是
183 5 to join / to combine 合等諸州民庶
184 5 zhào an imperial decree 仍詔其子峻襲
185 5 ministry / department 蕃部
186 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 賜姓宇文氏
187 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論榮之
188 5 dìng to decide 詔令衛公直督元定等援之
189 5 to help / to assist 世為三輔著姓
190 5 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 加衛大將軍
191 5 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 曾祖惠度
192 5 four 大統四年
193 5 wēi power / might / prestige 除明威將軍
194 5 魯山 lǔshān Lushan 陳人於是以魯山歸我
195 5 tiān day 天和二年
196 5 níng Nanjing 贈涇寧豳三州刺史
197 5 xìng gender 瑱雅性清儉
198 5 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit 俄除隴右總管府司馬
199 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 老幼追送
200 4 míng bright / brilliant 除明威將軍
201 4 祿 good fortune 銀青光祿大夫
202 4 建德 jiàndé Jiande 建德末
203 4 shǐ history 授安州長史
204 4 precious 出為玉壁總管府長史
205 4 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是井邑肅然
206 4 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 吏部等諸曹郎中
207 4 chí to grasp / to hold 遷使持節
208 4 曹參 Cáocān Cao Can 起家太尉府法曹參軍
209 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 復引為外兵參軍
210 4 to defend / to resist 治小御伯
211 4 ěr ear 祖重耳
212 4 shàng top / a high position 昕以三輔望族上謁
213 4 gōng merit 以功
214 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 都督南郢州諸軍事
215 4 how can it be that? 其價豈止一城
216 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 加帥都督
217 4 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 增邑二百戶
218 4 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家太尉府法曹參軍
219 4 shī teacher 峻弟師
220 4 河東 hédōng Hedong 行河東郡事
221 4 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen 陳文帝弟安成王頊為質於梁
222 4 meaning / sense 下思繼好之義
223 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 深賞異之
224 4 xìng family name / surname 世為三輔著姓
225 4 to go / to visit / to attend 以赴國難
226 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 迥仍表昂為龍州長史
227 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆有功
228 4 suī although / even though 慶之位遇雖隆
229 4 jié festival / a special day 遷使持節
230 4 yán to speak / to say / said 入為小納言
231 4 tài very / extremely 太中大夫
232 4 上士 Shàng Shì an advanced disciple 主寢上士
233 4 róng glory / honor 時論榮之
234 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 舊俗生梗
235 4 bié do not / must not 尋除雍州別駕
236 4 desire 欲救近溺
237 4 Jīng Jing 贈涇州刺史
238 4 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗嘉之
239 4 suí to follow 隨劉義真過江
240 4 piào a white horse 驃騎大將軍
241 4 gòng together 因共歡宴
242 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷兵部小府下大夫
243 4 such as / for example / for instance 如斯而已
244 4 fán a gem 皇甫璠
245 4 jiǎo white 父皎
246 4 jiā excellent 世宗嘉之
247 4 liù six 六官建
248 4 shāo a little / slightly 稍遷直後
249 4 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰惠
250 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 加撫軍將軍
251 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 起家奉朝請
252 4 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 卽授右府長流參軍
253 4 each 各宜自勉
254 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷嘉其權以濟事
255 4 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 孝閔帝踐阼
256 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 相持二年
257 4 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
258 4 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔昂便於通
259 4 hǎo good 永敦鄰好
260 4 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 兼給事黃門侍郎
261 4 lǒng Gansu 秦隴構亂
262 4 apprentice / disciple 謀結義徒
263 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 子宣禮
264 4 xīn to be tired 辛慶之
265 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖許而未遣
266 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方得出境
267 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 防城州將
268 4 é Russia 俄除隴右總管府司馬
269 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 中散大夫
270 3 gōng to attack / to assault 東魏攻正平郡
271 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 咸從其化
272 3 chén minister / statesman / official 子孝臣忠
273 3 fēi not / non- / un- 非慕義而至
274 3 I / me / my 陳人於是以魯山歸我
275 3 jiǒng distant / remote 及尉遲迥伐蜀
276 3 idea 出其不意
277 3 xiān first 其先因官
278 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 攻圍郡城
279 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 曾祖惠度
280 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 家弟今蒙禮遣
281 3 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率軍赴援
282 3 zhòng heavy 祖重耳
283 3 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 一無所受
284 3 to open 津啟慶之為行臺左丞
285 3 grieved / anxious 陳文帝弟安成王頊為質於梁
286 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 固當不貪一鎮
287 3 shí real / true 實是周朝之惠
288 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 深以為然
289 3 to leave behind 多受賂遺
290 3 wéi soft leather 韋瑱
291 3 residence / dwelling 再居左轄
292 3 州長 zhōuzhǎng a governor 授安州長史
293 3 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 世為關中著姓
294 3 to allow / to permit 太祖許而未遣
295 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 歷時未克
296 3 shēn deep 深賞異之
297 3 qīn relatives 昂稍被護親待
298 3 qiě moreover / also 且華皎方州列將
299 3 qīng minister / high officer 徵拜鴻臚卿
300 3 xiū to cultivate / to repair 轉脩城郡守
301 3 yóu also / as if / still 猶聚為盜
302 3 lèi to be tired 累遷諫議大夫
303 3 nán male 封長安縣男
304 3 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 尋除雍州別駕
305 3 答曰 dá yuē to reply 杲答曰
306 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 計部下大夫
307 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 若待上聞
308 3 channel / canal / drain / ditch 渠等諸州運糧饋之
309 3 lián even 留連十數日
310 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 諸生等並深感悟
311 3 hóu marquis / lord 侯景辟為行臺郎中
312 3 to protect / to guard 時晉公護執政
313 3 dūn honest / candid / sincere 永敦鄰好
314 3 Germany 然名德富貴
315 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 贈岐宜二州刺史
316 3 shǔ to count 前後數十戰
317 3 yuán to aid / to assist 孤城無援
318 3 zhù a pillar / a post 柱國府參軍事
319 3 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 食邑三百戶
320 3 qiáo bridge 又從戰河橋
321 3 do not 又莫能禦
322 3 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 慶之少以文學徵詣洛陽
323 3 簿 a register / an account book / a notebook 丞相府主簿
324 3 gòu frame / building / structure 秦隴構亂
325 3 huò or / either / else 或淹旬月
326 3 jiù to save / to rescue 欲救近溺
327 3 liè ardent / intense 郝烈之徒
328 3 big / great / huge / large / major 鎮大塢
329 3 zài in / at 安成之在關中
330 3 láng a minister / an official 蒲州總管府中郎
331 3 dōu all 都水使者
332 3 a law / a rule 辟州都督
333 3 zéi thief 直趣賊壘
334 3 qián front 加前將軍
335 3 蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji 尋除蒲州總管府長史
336 3 鹽池 yánchí Yanchi 以本官兼鹽池都將
337 3 jùn high / steep / towering 仍詔其子峻襲
338 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬爾朱氏作亂
339 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 景後來附
340 3 yuè pleased 蠻夷悅之
341 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 部內遂無叛者
342 3 lái to come 咸來復業
343 3 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 增邑五百戶
344 3 xīn heart 實啟敵心
345 3 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
346 3 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 魏恭帝二年
347 3 end / final stage / latter part 建德末
348 3 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 大軍不利
349 3 瓜州 Guāzhōu Guazhou County 除瓜州諸軍事
350 3 jiàn to see 見稱州里
351 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 仍從寶夤征万俟醜奴
352 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 轉守廟下大夫
353 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 每蒙褒賞
354 3 安定 āndìng stable / quiet 安定烏氏人也
355 3 to break / to ruin / to destroy 太祖令子直率涇州步騎五千討破之
356 3 different / other 閭里咸敬異之
357 3 jiǔ nine 除九曲城主
358 3 huì can / be able to 成都一方之會
359 3 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 孝閔帝踐阼
360 3 府主 fǔzhǔ governor of a prefecture 丞相府主簿
361 3 道行 dàoxíng virtuous deeds 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
362 3 jiàn to build / to construct 六官建
363 3 yǒu friend / companion 師嚴友信
364 3 féng feng 馮翊郡守
365 3 chēng to call / to address 見稱州里
366 3 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 孝閔帝踐阼
367 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 其價豈止一城
368 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老幼追送
369 3 pìn to engage / to hire 卽遣使報聘
370 3 hóng great / large 徵拜鴻臚卿
371 3 suì age 年數歲
372 3 běi north 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
373 3 jīng to go through / to experience 又以其經明行修
374 3 hǎo Hao 郝烈之徒
375 3 保定 Bǎodìng Baoding 保定元年
376 3 ancestor / forefather 祖千雄
377 3 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 皇甫璠
378 3 qià to get along with / to make contact 昂威惠洽著
379 3 大象 dàxiàng elephant 大象中
380 2 shì power / authority 杲率郡兵與昶合勢
381 2 gěng a stem / a stalk 舊俗生梗
382 2 yún cloud 云以尋常之土
383 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 每蒙褒賞
384 2 南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan 漢熾屠各阻兵於南山
385 2 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 以功賞布帛二百匹
386 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 式遏邊壘
387 2 chǔ state of Chu
388 2 周朝 Zhōu Cháo Zhou Dynasty 實是周朝之惠
389 2 to attack by surprise 仍詔其子峻襲
390 2 shàng still / yet / to value 亦不尚華侈
391 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 增邑通前三千戶
392 2 孝昌 xiàochāng Xiaochang 魏孝昌三年
393 2 fèng to offer / to present 起家奉朝請
394 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 如斯而已
395 2 yáng sun 順陽太守
396 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 亦多從逆
397 2 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 爾朱天光入關
398 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 增邑幷前二千戶
399 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 都水使者
400 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓安之
401 2 對策 duìcè countermeasure 對策第一
402 2 yòu immature / young 瑱幼聰敏
403 2 a government official / a magistrate 吏民戀慕
404 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專之可也
405 2 huò to reap / to harvest 郡境獲寧
406 2 部下 bùxià subordinate 計部下大夫
407 2 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後刺史
408 2 正中 zhèngzhōng middle / center 乃授杲御正中大夫
409 2 wài outside 復引為外兵參軍
410 2 bào newspaper 卽遣使報聘
411 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 卽遣使報聘
412 2 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
413 2 lín neighbor 永敦鄰好
414 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 璠少忠謹
415 2 shù numerous / various 合等諸州民庶
416 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 慶之守禦有備
417 2 zàn a libation cup 其族父瓚
418 2 beard / mustache 胡寇犯邊
419 2 yín to respoect 蕭寶夤為大都督
420 2 a man / a male adult 壯夫拒戰
421 2 chǎng (of the day) long 尋而開府趙昶諸軍進討
422 2 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 司倉
423 2 正光 zhèngguāng Zhengxing reign 正光五年
424 2 what / where / which 何也
425 2 měi each / every 每蒙褒賞
426 2 加車 jiāchē extra bus or train 尋加車騎大將軍
427 2 tián field / farmland 尋轉田曹參軍
428 2 lín to face / to overlook 時臨
429 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 隨劉義真過江
430 2 出境 chūjìng to leave a country or region / to emigrate 方得出境
431 2 xià summer 夷夏懷之
432 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時號為善人
433 2 a shepherd 太祖為牧
434 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 篤志好學
435 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 公家雖世載冠冕
436 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 封長安縣男
437 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 領齊王友
438 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 諡曰貞
439 2 sòng Song dynasty 仕宋為鎮西府司馬
440 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 老幼追送
441 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多受賂遺
442 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 有夙成之量
443 2 quán authority / power 昂與大將軍權景宣下豫州
444 2 a slave / a servant 仍從寶夤征万俟醜奴
445 2 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 遷東荊州刺史
446 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 及賀拔嶽為行臺
447 2 shū book 賜書勞問
448 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢為寇
449 2 míng measure word for people 然名德富貴
450 2 guān to close 令瑱以本官鎮蒲津關
451 2 to reply / to answer 陵乃笑而不答
452 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 郡境獲寧
453 2 shuǐ water 都水使者
454 2 alone / independent / single / sole 慶之獨因鹽池
455 2 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 魏廢帝二年
456 2 zhū vermilion 爾朱天光入關
457 2 earth / soil / dirt 西土悅附
458 2 jīng Beijing 秩滿還京
459 2 普泰 Pǔ Tài Pu Tai 普泰二年
460 2 gǒu in a sordid way 苟利百姓
461 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 亦恐未能及此
462 2 self 恕己及物
463 2 shén what 甚著誠信
464 2 yān to flood / to drown / to submerge 志量淹和
465 2 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 州主簿
466 2 冠軍將軍 guānjūn jiāngjūn general commanding the troops 冠軍將軍
467 2 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 大軍不利
468 2 rate / frequency 臨淮王元彧率軍赴援
469 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 軍民之務
470 2 easy / simple 易己骨肉之親
471 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 高祖患之
472 2 to prevail 克成令譽
473 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙居京兆之盩厔焉
474 2 cáo Cao 吏部等諸曹郎中
475 2 shǔ Sichuan 及尉遲迥伐蜀
476 2 this / such 如斯而已
477 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 魏孝莊帝令司空楊津為北道行臺
478 2 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 徵拜工部中大夫
479 2 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 仍請畫野分疆
480 2 城鎮 chéngzhèn cities and towns / city / town 安置城鎮
481 2 slightly / rather / quite 頗得寧靜
482 2 huī bright / radiant 杜杲字子暉
483 2 final particle 則彼此危矣
484 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 亮又以昂威信布於宕渠
485 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 蕭寶夤為大都督
486 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 王子直
487 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常曰
488 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 秦隴構亂
489 2 liàng bright / brilliant / radiant / light 杞國公亮卽於軍中賞昂奴婢二十口
490 2 弘農 hóngnóng jùn Hongnong prefecture 從復弘農
491 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 以杲奉使稱旨
492 2 shú which 孰謂非恩
493 2 belly / skin 徵拜鴻臚卿
494 2 shore / land / continent 陸騰討信州群蠻
495 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可違之
496 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 慶之位遇雖隆
497 2 文學 wénxué literature 慶之少以文學徵詣洛陽
498 2 kuáng insane / mad 凶奴狂悖
499 2 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan 假鎮遠將軍
500 2 zhì order 秩滿還京

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安西 Ānxī Anxi
保定 Bǎodìng
  1. Baoding
  2. Baoding
巴州 bāzhōu
  1. East Sichuan and Chongqing
  2. Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
北县 北縣 běixiàn Taipei county
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
Bīn Bin county
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
曹参 曹參 Cáocān Cao Can
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
陈文 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen
成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
dèng Deng
东魏 東魏 Dōng Wèi Eastern Wei Dynasty / Eastern Wei of the Northern Dynasties
繁昌 fánchāng Fanchang
fén Fen
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
冠冕 guānmiǎn royal crown / official hat / official / leader / chief / elegant and stately
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
瓜州 Guāzhōu Guazhou County
国大 國大 guódà National Assembly of the Republic of China
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉南 漢南 hànnán Hannan
汉阳 漢陽 hànyáng Hanyang
hǎo
  1. Hao
  2. Hao
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
合肥 Héféi Hefei
弘农 弘農 hóngnóng jùn Hongnong prefecture
后赵 後趙 Hòu Zhào Later Zhao Kingdom
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
建德 jiàndé Jiande
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江陵 Jiānglíng
  1. Jiangling
  2. Gangneung
谏议大夫 諫議大夫 jiànyì dàifu Remonstrance Official
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
泾河 經河 Jīng Hé Jing River
京兆 jīngzhào
  1. Jingzhao / Xi'an
  2. capital municipal area
  3. Capital Region Governor
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
记室 記室 jìshì Record Keeper / Secretary
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
开皇 開皇 Kāi Huáng
  1. Kai Huang reign
  2. Kaihuang
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
涼州 Liángzhōu
  1. Liangzhou
  2. Liangzhou
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
lǒng Gansu
龙安 龍安 lóngān Longan
陇西 隴西 LǒngXī Longxi
陇右 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit
龙州 龍州 lóngzhōu Longzhou
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
洛州 Luòzhōu Luozhou
鲁山 魯山 lǔshān Lushan
略阳 略陽 lüèyáng Lüeyang
秘书监 秘書監 mìshū jiàn Director of the Palace Library
南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
普泰 Pǔ Tài
  1. Pu Tai
  2. Pu Tai
  3. Putai reign
蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji
  1. wolfberry tree
  2. Qi
  3. Qi
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
黔中 qiánzhōng Qianzhong
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
三水 sānshuǐ Sanshui
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
尚书郎 尚書郎 shàngshūláng
  1. ancient official title
  2. Secretarial Court Gentleman
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
Suí Sui Dynasty
随州 隨州 suízhōu Suizhou
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian
通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District
同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan
吐谷浑 吐谷渾 Tǔyùhún Tuyuhun people
万俟 wànsì Moqi
wèi Wei River
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏孝庄帝 魏孝莊帝 wèi xiàozhuāng dì Emperor Xiaozhuang of Northern Wei
尉迟 尉遲 wèichí Yuchi
温州 溫州 Wēnzhōu Wenzhou
武帝 Wǔ Dì
  1. Emperor Wu of Han
  2. Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Wu of Song
西域 Xī Yù Western Regions
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
咸阳 咸陽 xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
孝昌 xiàochāng
  1. Xiaochang
  2. Xiaochang reign
孝庄帝 孝莊帝 Xiàozhuāng Dì Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou
新丰 新豐 xīnfēng Xinfeng
兴县 興縣 xīngxiàn Xing county
信州 xìnzhōu Xinzhou
西平 Xīpíng Xiping
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
盐池 鹽池 yánchí Yanchi
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
Yǐng Ying
义真 義真 yìzhēn Gishin
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
永安 yǒngān Yong'an reign
永熙 yǒngxī Yongxi reign
雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou
庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
zhāng Zhang
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
正光 zhèngguāng Zhengxing reign
正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign
镇远 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan
中国 中國 zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
周朝 Zhōu Cháo Zhou Dynasty
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
盩厔 Zhōuzhì Zhouzhi
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China
梓潼 zǐtóng Zitong

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English