Glossary and Vocabulary for Guoyu 《國語》, 晉語一 Discourses of Jin I

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 74 yuē to speak / to say 辭曰
2 59 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君食之
3 32 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武公伐翼
4 28 shēng to be born / to give birth 父生之
5 28 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
6 25 a pure black horse 獻公卜伐驪戎
7 22 child / son 吾以子見天子
8 20 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國移心焉
9 19 mín the people / citizen / subjects 攜民
10 18 a consort / a concubine 獲驪姬以歸
11 17 wén to hear 成聞之
12 17 to cut down 武公伐翼
13 17 a man / a male adult 夫驪戎之役
14 16 xíng to walk / to move 流志而行
15 16 to prevail 克之
16 15 néng can / able 能銜骨乎
17 15 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 獻公卜伐驪戎
18 14 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可謂能謀
19 14 shēn to extend 太子出奔申
20 14 can / may / permissible 胡可壅也
21 14 wèi to call 雖謂之挾
22 13 rén person / people / a human being 人之道也
23 13 shì matter / thing / item 事之如一
24 13 yán to speak / to say / said 抑二大夫之言其皆有焉
25 13 desire 雖欲縱惑
26 12 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今晉寡德而安俘女
27 11 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是以讒口之亂
28 11 gain / advantage / benefit 民外不得其利
29 11 zhòng many / numerous 眾以為親
30 11 tribes from northern china 狄之廣莫
31 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 驪姬請使申生主曲沃以速懸
32 10 clothes / clothing 衣之偏裻之衣
33 10 chén minister / statesman / official 臣敢以私利廢人之道
34 10 shàng top / a high position 其上貪以忍
35 10 to stand 立以為夫人
36 10 female / feminine 女曰
37 10 èr two 從君而貳
38 9 zhèng government / administration 制晉國之政
39 9 wáng to die 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
40 9 jūn army / military 公作二軍
41 9 Soviet Union 史蘇占之
42 9 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 且懼有口
43 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝而不吉
44 9 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 以儆無辱之故
45 9 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 子盍圖乎
46 9 xīn heart 國移心焉
47 9 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 重耳處蒲城
48 8 èr two 有二罪焉
49 8 hài to injure / to harm to 備之何害
50 8 nán difficult / arduous / hard 非人不免難
51 8 大夫 dàifu doctor 公飲大夫酒
52 8 zhī to know 且君知成之從也
53 8 xiān first 被羽先升
54 8 qīn relatives 愛親之謂仁
55 8 inside / interior 里克曰
56 8 è evil / vice 而內惡其貪
57 7 meaning / sense 非義不盡齒
58 7 chǒng to favor 有寵
59 7 shǐ history 史蘇占之
60 7 nèi inside / interior 而內惡其貪
61 7 father 父生之
62 7 wéi dangerous / precarious 不亦危乎
63 7 enemy / foe 少族而多敵
64 7 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 偏侯也
65 7 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 縱惑不疚
66 7 to die 茍無死
67 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 非敗而何
68 7 jìn shanxi 若晉以男戎勝戎
69 7 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 國之患也
70 6 zài in / at 唯其所在
71 6 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 昔夏桀伐有施
72 6 jué broken piece of jade 佩之以金玦
73 6 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦可乎
74 6 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄人失謀
75 6 Germany 今晉寡德而安俘女
76 6 even / equal / uniform 生奚齊
77 6 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 其反為物用也
78 6 ài to love 且夫間父之愛而嘉其貺
79 6 wěi surname; place name 士蔿曰
80 6 chǐ tooth / teeth 齒牙為猾
81 6 不知 bùzhī do not know 非教不知生之族也
82 6 móu to plan / to scheme 非謀不卒時
83 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 士蔿曰
84 6 hòu thick 彼得其情以厚其欲
85 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 今晉寡德而安俘女
86 6 hǎo good 不可謂好
87 6 zhòng heavy 重耳處蒲城
88 6 jīn gold 佩之以金玦
89 5 to reach 大罰將及
90 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 有二罪焉
91 5 xié to clasp under the arm 挾以銜骨
92 5 yōu to worry / to be concerned 而祗取憂也
93 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成聞之
94 5 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 口在寡人
95 5 gào to tell / to say / said / told 史蘇告大夫曰
96 5 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 吾觀君夫人也
97 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制晉國之政
98 5 曲沃 qǔwò Quwo 未知其待于曲沃也
99 5 夫人 fūren wife 立以為夫人
100 5 zhào million / mega 遇兆
101 5 百姓 bǎixìng common people 興百姓以為百姓也
102 5 zuò to do 驪姬果作難
103 5 huò to reap / to harvest 獲驪姬以歸
104 5 qiān to move / to shift 受命不遷為敬
105 5 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺哀侯
106 5 clothes / dress / garment 生伯服
107 5 father's elder brother / uncle 生伯服
108 5 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 甚寬惠而慈于民
109 5 yuǎn far / distant 遠于孝矣
110 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂鬭而死
111 5 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人而已
112 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未獲專也
113 5 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 茍可以攜
114 5 tooth / tusk 齒牙為猾
115 5 shēn human body / torso 身之利也
116 4 yōu excellent / superior 公之優曰施
117 4 miǎn to encourage 孺子勉之乎
118 4 easy / simple 雖獲沃田而勤易之
119 4 martial / military 武公伐翼
120 4 rén a kernel / a pit 吾聞申生甚好仁而強
121 4 to arise / to get up 今君起百姓以自封也
122 4 service 夫驪戎之役
123 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 且善否莫不信
124 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子曰
125 4 a kind of pheasant 見翟柤之氛
126 4 shū father's younger brother 郤叔虎朝
127 4 yǒu friend / companion 先友為右
128 4 xìn to believe / to trust 子思報父之恥而信其欲
129 4 to enter 其入也必甘受
130 4 huá crafty / cunning / shrewd 齒牙為猾
131 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 臣聞皋落氏將戰
132 4 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
133 4 to press down 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
134 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 有縱君而無諫臣
135 4 disease / sickness / ailment 民之疾心固皆至矣
136 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 有不忠焉
137 4 tiān day 非天不離數
138 4 xià summer 夏交捽
139 4 fox 狐突御戎
140 4 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 殺太子而逐二公子
141 4 zhā hawthorn 見翟柤之氛
142 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 其土又小
143 4 sān three 民生于三
144 4 于是乎 yúshìhū therefore 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
145 4 chéng a city / a town 郤叔虎將乘城
146 4 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 從政者不可以不戒
147 4 qiǎn a pouch 嗛嗛之德
148 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 民之疾心固皆至矣
149 4 shī to lose 失臣之官
150 4 nián year 十六年
151 4 xiào to be filial 事父以孝
152 4 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 夏交捽
153 4 wēi prestige / majesty 則民不威
154 4 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱惑不疚
155 4 wài outside 民外不得其利
156 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 立以為夫人
157 4 to bend / to flex 夷吾處屈
158 4 to be urgent 茍無死
159 4 jìng to respect /to honor 事君以敬
160 4 to give / to bestow favors 報賜以力
161 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令子為上卿
162 4 zhòu Emperor Zhou 今夫以君為紂
163 4 孺子 rúzǐ a child 孺子懼乎
164 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 不可以無主
165 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多而驟立
166 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 非其任也
167 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
168 3 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 是故先施讒于申生
169 3 xián to hold in mouth 挾以銜骨
170 3 guī to go back / to return 獲驪姬以歸
171 3 不克 bùkè cannot / to not be able (to) / to be unable to 將不克饗
172 3 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 唯其所在
173 3 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅驪子
174 3 qiú to request 不度而迂求
175 3 type of rush 蒲與二屈
176 3 bào newspaper 報生以死
177 3 an opening 郤叔虎朝
178 3 yòng to use / to apply 君焉用之
179 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
180 3 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 則上下既有判矣
181 3 guǒ a result / a consequence 驪姬果作難
182 3 gǎn bold / brave 臣敢以私利廢人之道
183 3 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 飲而無肴
184 3 strange / unusual / uncanny 君賜之奇
185 3 讒言 chányán slander / a false charge 讒言彌興
186 3 shì to release / to set free 惑不釋也
187 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 誰敢興之
188 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 其退者拒違
189 3 day of the month / a certain day 亡無日矣
190 3 five 不過五矣
191 3 bone 挾以銜骨
192 3 quán authority / power 而示之以堅忍之權
193 3 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 是以臨諸侯
194 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 變非聲章
195 3 màn slow 鮮有慢心
196 3 shí food / food and drink 君食之
197 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 流志而行
198 3 earth / soil / dirt 其土又小
199 3 divination / fortune telling 獻公卜伐驪戎
200 3 nán male 有男戎必有女戎
201 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 其上貪以忍
202 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡敵而反
203 3 zhōng middle 危自中起
204 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 以治義也
205 3 dài dangerous / perilous 太子殆哉
206 3 shī teacher 師教之
207 3 zhǔ owner 民之主也
208 3 xiàn to offer / to present 獻公卜伐驪戎
209 3 to punish / to penalize 罰女以無肴
210 3 gōng body 衣躬之偏
211 3 shòu to teach 必授之情
212 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 公說
213 3 gān sweet 其入也必甘受
214 3 dào way / road / path 人之道也
215 3 big / great / huge / large / major 其有吉孰大焉
216 3 qiáng strong / powerful 天強其毒
217 3 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 有蘇氏以妲己女焉
218 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 令司正實爵與史蘇
219 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
220 3 guān an office 失臣之官
221 3 to associate with / be near 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
222 3 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin 制晉國之政
223 2 hóu marquis / lord 殺哀侯
224 2 zhī to respect 而祗取憂也
225 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 歸寢不寐
226 2 gāo the high land along a river 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
227 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 君欲勿恤
228 2 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 而握金玦
229 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 寡人弗受
230 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 而不能喪國
231 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 鄫人召西戎以伐周
232 2 shí real / true 令司正實爵與史蘇
233 2 歿 to end / to die 君未終命而不歿
234 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 子無謀吾父子之間
235 2 side 大國在側
236 2 tōu to steal 其下偷以幸
237 2 心目 xīnmù mind 以相心目
238 2 to raise animals 今君滅其父而畜其子
239 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足就也
240 2 jiù chronic disease / guilt / remorse 縱惑不疚
241 2 beard / mustache 胡可壅也
242 2 無常 wúcháng irregular 怪生無常
243 2 qiāng to kill / to slay 可以小戕
244 2 apprentice / disciple 其徒曰
245 2 to be fond of / to like 有施人以妹喜女焉
246 2 a family clan 非教不知生之族也
247 2 luò to fall / to drop 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
248 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 攜民
249 2 tián field / farmland 雖獲沃田而勤易之
250 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 流志而行
251 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 上貳代舉
252 2 xìn a quarrel 聲章過數則有釁
253 2 yào to want / to wish for 握兵之要
254 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢國而向己
255 2 ancient barbarian tribes 夷吾處屈
256 2 jǐng to warn / to admonish 以儆無辱之故
257 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 驪姬請使申生主曲沃以速懸
258 2 interest 荀息相見
259 2 god of cereals 至于稷桑
260 2 dialect / language / speech 公語之
261 2 residence / dwelling 太子居
262 2 to move / to shift / to remove 國移心焉
263 2 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 丕鄭
264 2 shǐ beginning / start 安始而可
265 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止欒共子曰
266 2 cháo to face 史蘇朝
267 2 zhèng [state of] Zheng 丕鄭
268 2 dòng the main beams supporting a house 國之棟也
269 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 周幽王伐有褒
270 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 上下左右
271 2 其中 qízhōng among 以猾其中
272 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷辛伐有蘇
273 2 to avoid / to shun 無以避罪
274 2 to make a mistake / to miss 惑則誤民
275 2 base / foundation 滅禍不自其基
276 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 狄之廣莫
277 2 shì a generation 非德不及世
278 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 奇生怪
279 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷危
280 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 臣不敢蔽
281 2 Henan 誡莫如豫
282 2 increase / benefit 求必益廣
283 2 zèn to slander 譖在中矣
284 2 zuó to clutch / to grasp 夏交捽
285 2 qiè consort / concubine 無以一妾亂百姓
286 2 mèi younger sister 有施人以妹喜女焉
287 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕其所任
288 2 封疆 fēngjiāng border region / regional general acting as governor 又恐削封疆
289 2 xún Xun 荀息相見
290 2 zhú to chase / to expel 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
291 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 且有令名
292 2 shēng sound 變非聲章
293 2 zàn to praise 天亦不贊
294 2 zhuó profound / brilliant / lofty 其娣生卓子
295 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 滅禍不自其基
296 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 有不貞焉
297 2 褒姒 bāosì Baosi 褒人以褒姒女焉
298 2 yuè pleased 公悅
299 2 邊鄙 biānbǐ remote / border area 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
300 2 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 誰云不從
301 2 jiàn to see 見翟柤之氛
302 2 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得其情以厚其欲
303 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 闕從補之
304 2 one 事之如一
305 2 sàng to lose / to die 而不能喪國
306 2 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君之疆也
307 2 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 又不忍人
308 2 yún cloud 且其兆云
309 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 師教之
310 2 精潔 jīngJié refined and pure 小心精潔
311 2 jiè to quit 從政者不可以不戒
312 2 to happen to / sorrow / suffer from 而祗罹咎也
313 2 其父 qí fù his father 今君滅其父而畜其子
314 2 to die 史蘇卒爵
315 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 床笫之不安邪
316 2 tiger 郤叔虎朝
317 2 shǔ to count 非天不離數
318 2 kuà to straddle / to bestride / to ride 不跨其國
319 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 君未終命而不歿
320 2 妲己 dájǐ Daji 有蘇氏以妲己女焉
321 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 臣不敢蔽
322 2 zōng school / sect 君之宗也
323 2 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 甚精必愚
324 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇兆
325 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 子無謀吾父子之間
326 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 鈞之死也
327 2 Wu 為吳太伯
328 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 若下攝上
329 2 to repair / to patch / to mend 闕從補之
330 2 past / former times 昔夏桀伐有施
331 2 不孝 bù xiào unfilial 作令不孝
332 2 jiè to warn / to admonish 誡莫如豫
333 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 必授之情
334 2 mìng life 棄命不敬
335 2 惡心 èxīn bad habit / vice 必惡心
336 2 bīng soldier / troops 握兵之要
337 2 wing 武公伐翼
338 2 zhèng upright / straight 令司正實爵與史蘇
339 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 離則有之
340 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 肆侈不違
341 2 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 而祗罹咎也
342 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
343 2 jīng essence 甚精必愚
344 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 既無老謀
345 2 周旋 zhōuxuán to mix with others / to socialize / to deal with / to contend 周旋變動
346 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而內惡其貪
347 2 ěr ear 重耳處蒲城
348 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 何敢憚罰
349 2 sāng mulberry tree 至于稷桑
350 2 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 君之倉廩固不實
351 2 mèi to sleep 歸寢不寐
352 2 zāi disaster / calamity 兵要遠災
353 2 不吉 bùjí unlucky / inauspicious / ominous 勝而不吉
354 2 guǎ few 今晉寡德而安俘女
355 2 season / period 雖當三季之王
356 2 東山 dōngshān Dongshan 是故使申生伐東山
357 2 wáng Wang 雖當三季之王
358 2 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 佩之以金玦
359 2 廢人 fèirén handicapped person / useless person 臣敢以私利廢人之道
360 2 在此 zàicǐ here 在此行也
361 2 yǐn to drink 公飲大夫酒
362 2 Ji 其有吉孰大焉
363 2 三五 sānwǔ several / three or five 三五之門也
364 2 a younger sister 其娣生卓子
365 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭曰
366 2 to open 則啟戎心
367 1 miào temple / shrine 奚齊在廟
368 1 sufficient / enough 猛足乃言于太子曰
369 1 kuáng insane / mad 狂夫阻之衣也
370 1 to ferry 雖濟其罪
371 1 gěi to give 豫而後給
372 1 御戎 yùróng chariot driver 狐突御戎
373 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 將不克饗
374 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 未知其待于曲沃也
375 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 不如逃之
376 1 西戎 Xīróng the Xirong 鄫人召西戎以伐周
377 1 small / petty 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
378 1 guī turtle / tortoise 龜往離散以應我
379 1 chù to dismiss 公將黜太子申生而立奚齊
380 1 無祿 wúlù to be unsalaried / to be unfortunate / death 不患無祿
381 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 不度而迂求
382 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 非歡也
383 1 wǎn evening / night 以晚蓋者也
384 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 狂夫阻之衣也
385 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 胡可壅也
386 1 終年 zhōngnián entire year 非禮不終年
387 1 shēng to ascend / to go up 被羽先升
388 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 聲章過數則有釁
389 1 gāo grease / fat 不能為膏
390 1 to take / to get / to fetch 而祗取憂也
391 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 三五之門也
392 1 輯睦 jímù tranquil / harmonious 與眾之信輯睦焉
393 1 從戎 cóngróng to enlist / to be in the army 諸夏從戎
394 1 qín Shaanxi 晉正于秦
395 1 tài manner / attitude / posture 民疾其態
396 1 大志 dàzhì high aims 而大志重
397 1 guō Guo 郭偃曰
398 1 xùn to teach / to train 君何以訓矣
399 1 jiàng Jiang 奚齊處絳
400 1 měi beautiful 彼將惡始而美終
401 1 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 荀息相見
402 1 在下 zàixià under 申生在下
403 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭以俟嗣
404 1 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
405 1 ài Ai 國君好艾
406 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 若不勝狄
407 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 子思報父之恥而信其欲
408 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 為仁與為國不同
409 1 凡民 fánmín common people 凡民利是生
410 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 愛疑決之以卜
411 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 君得其賴
412 1 to sob 優施教驪姬夜半而泣謂公曰
413 1 mào to emit / to give off / to send out 有冒上而無忠下
414 1 小心 xiǎoxīn to be careful / to be cautious 小心精潔
415 1 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 猛足乃言于太子曰
416 1 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 大國在側
417 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 其臣競諂以求媚
418 1 nóng agriculture / farming 其猶隸農也
419 1 yàn to be satiated / to eat one's full 君臣上下各饜其私
420 1 píng flat / level / smooth 五立而後平
421 1 huí to go back / to return 以縱其回
422 1 zēng Zeng 鄫人召西戎以伐周
423 1 shí a rock / a stone 于是乎與虢石甫比
424 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 兇之無有
425 1 yíng to fill 倉廩盈
426 1 分之 fēnzhī indicates a fraction 今君分之土而官之
427 1 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 無必假手于武王
428 1 得寵 dechǒng to be a favorite 茍交利而得寵
429 1 wēi small / tiny 知微
430 1 chún pure 以庬衣純
431 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 又恐削封疆
432 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 以寵賈怨
433 1 大事 dàshì a major event 吾欲作大事
434 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 非吾宅也
435 1 zǎo early 早處之
436 1 生主 Shēng Zhǔ Prajapati 驪姬請使申生主曲沃以速懸
437 1 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 不可以矜
438 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 令司正實爵與史蘇
439 1 三大 sān dà the three greatnesses / triple significance 三大夫乃別
440 1 bǐng to grasp / to hold 亦必不知固秉常矣
441 1 jīng a banner 且旌君伐
442 1 fēng abundant / rich / lush / bountiful 利以豐民
443 1 善用 shànyòng to be good at using (something)/to put (something) to good use 則善用眾矣
444 1 好好 hǎo hǎo in good condition / perfectly good / carefully / well / thoroughly 吾聞君之好好而惡惡
445 1 得人 dé rén win over the people 不可謂得人
446 1 再拜 zàibài to bow repeatedly 再拜稽首曰
447 1 type of cauldron with three hollow legs 于是乎與膠鬲比而亡殷
448 1 夜半 bànyè midnight / the middle of the night 優施教驪姬夜半而泣謂公曰
449 1 非禮 fēilǐ rudeness / insolence / impropriety / harassment / molestation / indecent assault 非禮不終年
450 1 láo to toil 故莫不盡忠極勞以致死也
451 1 to record 蔽兆之紀
452 1 shé tongue 吾聞之羊舌大夫曰
453 1 tóng like / same / similar 年同以愛
454 1 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 祀至于今
455 1 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
456 1 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 其猶隸農也
457 1 to ward off with hand / to defend 其退者拒違
458 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 未獲專也
459 1 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 故賞女以爵
460 1 當之 dāng zhī handle the matter 當之者戕焉
461 1 既有 jìyǒu to exist 則上下既有判矣
462 1 周幽王 Zhōuyōuwáng King You of Zhou 周幽王伐有褒
463 1 a human or animal body 貳若體焉
464 1 xiǎn mill 而玦之以金銑者
465 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 伯氏不出
466 1 杜門不出 dùmén bùchū to shut the door and remain inside / to cut off contact 狐突杜門不出
467 1 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 令子為上卿
468 1 chěng to show off / to flaunt / to carry out or succeed in a scheme / to indulge / to give free rein to 逞而不知
469 1 善處 shàn chù a happy state 善處父子之間矣
470 1 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 吾欲為難
471 1 máng abundant 以庬衣純
472 1 jiāo glue / gum / resin / rubber 于是乎與膠鬲比而亡殷
473 1 yòu right / right-hand 先友為右
474 1 不惑 bùhuò without doubt 孰不惑焉
475 1 田野 tiányě field / open land 使無日以牧田野
476 1 to console / to comfort 以撫軍也
477 1 biàn to change / to alter 變非聲章
478 1 復生 fùshēng to be reborn / to recover / to come back to life / to regenerate 必復生
479 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 殺哀侯
480 1 jìn to enter 其進者壅塞
481 1 驚懼 jīngjù panic / fright 諸侯驚懼
482 1 皆然 jiērán to be all the same way 三代皆然
483 1 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 三代皆然
484 1 jiǎ Jia 以寵賈怨
485 1 yǎn to lie / to lay down 郭偃曰
486 1 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 又增其寵
487 1 hán cold / wintry / chilly 寒之甚矣
488 1 good fortune / happiness / luck 國之福也
489 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 故古之為軍也
490 1 之外 zhīwài outside / excluding 吾聞之外人之言曰
491 1 líng mound / hill / mountain 可以陵小
492 1 四鄰 sì lín one's nearest neighbors 四鄰服
493 1 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 甚寬惠而慈于民
494 1 zhuàng robust 而又無壯事
495 1 to gather / to collect 不其集亡
496 1 pàn to judge 則上下既有判矣
497 1 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 其臣競諂以求媚
498 1 prisoner of war 今晉寡德而安俘女
499 1 假手 jiàshǒu to use somebody for one's own ends 無必假手于武王
500 1 敬賢 jìngxián Jingxian 敬賢于請

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 164 zhī him / her / them / that 制晉國之政
2 97 his / hers / its / theirs 未知其待于曲沃也
3 92 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 從君而貳
4 86 also / too 非教不知生之族也
5 74 yuē to speak / to say 辭曰
6 71 so as to / in order to 吾以子見天子
7 59 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君食之
8 48 not / no 非食不長
9 39 yǒu is / are / to exist 且懼有口
10 32 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武公伐翼
11 30 in / at 民生于三
12 29 yān where / how 則致死焉
13 28 shēng to be born / to give birth 父生之
14 28 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
15 27 no 茍無死
16 27 I 吾以子見天子
17 26 certainly / must / will / necessarily 其入也必甘受
18 25 final particle 君何以訓矣
19 25 a pure black horse 獻公卜伐驪戎
20 23 what / where / which 何口之有
21 23 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若其有兇
22 22 child / son 吾以子見天子
23 22 wèi for / to 令子為上卿
24 21 expresses question or doubt 不亦可乎
25 20 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國移心焉
26 19 mín the people / citizen / subjects 攜民
27 19 I / me / my 我卜伐驪
28 18 a consort / a concubine 獲驪姬以歸
29 18 suī although / even though 雖當三季之王
30 17 wén to hear 成聞之
31 17 to cut down 武公伐翼
32 17 a man / a male adult 夫驪戎之役
33 16 xíng to walk / to move 流志而行
34 16 to prevail 克之
35 16 and 令司正實爵與史蘇
36 15 yòu again / also 又增其寵
37 15 néng can / able 能銜骨乎
38 15 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 獻公卜伐驪戎
39 15 qiě moreover / also 且君知成之從也
40 15 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 從政者不可以不戒
41 15 fēi not / non- / un- 非父不生
42 14 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可謂能謀
43 14 shēn to extend 太子出奔申
44 14 can / may / permissible 胡可壅也
45 14 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 三大夫乃別
46 14 wèi to call 雖謂之挾
47 13 rén person / people / a human being 人之道也
48 13 shì matter / thing / item 事之如一
49 13 yán to speak / to say / said 抑二大夫之言其皆有焉
50 13 desire 雖欲縱惑
51 12 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故壹事之
52 12 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 大罰將及
53 12 otherwise / but / however 則致死焉
54 12 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今晉寡德而安俘女
55 11 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是以讒口之亂
56 11 gain / advantage / benefit 民外不得其利
57 11 zhòng many / numerous 眾以為親
58 11 tribes from northern china 狄之廣莫
59 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 驪姬請使申生主曲沃以速懸
60 10 clothes / clothing 衣之偏裻之衣
61 10 chén minister / statesman / official 臣敢以私利廢人之道
62 10 shàng top / a high position 其上貪以忍
63 10 to stand 立以為夫人
64 10 female / feminine 女曰
65 10 èr two 從君而貳
66 9 zhèng government / administration 制晉國之政
67 9 wáng to die 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
68 9 naturally / of course / certainly 今君起百姓以自封也
69 9 jūn army / military 公作二軍
70 9 Soviet Union 史蘇占之
71 9 xià next 其下偷以幸
72 9 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 且懼有口
73 9 de potential marker 克國得妃
74 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝而不吉
75 9 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 以儆無辱之故
76 9 cóng from 且君知成之從也
77 9 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 子盍圖乎
78 9 xīn heart 國移心焉
79 9 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 重耳處蒲城
80 8 èr two 有二罪焉
81 8 hài to injure / to harm to 備之何害
82 8 nán difficult / arduous / hard 非人不免難
83 8 大夫 dàifu doctor 公飲大夫酒
84 8 zhī to know 且君知成之從也
85 8 xiān first 被羽先升
86 8 qīn relatives 愛親之謂仁
87 8 duì to / toward 對曰
88 8 inside / interior 里克曰
89 8 è evil / vice 而內惡其貪
90 7 meaning / sense 非義不盡齒
91 7 chǒng to favor 有寵
92 7 shǐ history 史蘇占之
93 7 nèi inside / interior 而內惡其貪
94 7 father 父生之
95 7 wéi dangerous / precarious 不亦危乎
96 7 enemy / foe 少族而多敵
97 7 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 偏侯也
98 7 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 縱惑不疚
99 7 to die 茍無死
100 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 非敗而何
101 7 jìn shanxi 若晉以男戎勝戎
102 7 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 國之患也
103 6 shén what 晉國懼則甚矣
104 6 zài in / at 唯其所在
105 6 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以及亡而不獲追鑒
106 6 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 昔夏桀伐有施
107 6 jué broken piece of jade 佩之以金玦
108 6 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦可乎
109 6 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄人失謀
110 6 Germany 今晉寡德而安俘女
111 6 even / equal / uniform 生奚齊
112 6 also / too 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
113 6 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 其反為物用也
114 6 ài to love 且夫間父之愛而嘉其貺
115 6 what? / where? / why? 生奚齊
116 6 no 寡人弗受
117 6 wěi surname; place name 士蔿曰
118 6 chǐ tooth / teeth 齒牙為猾
119 6 不知 bùzhī do not know 非教不知生之族也
120 6 móu to plan / to scheme 非謀不卒時
121 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 士蔿曰
122 6 hòu thick 彼得其情以厚其欲
123 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 今晉寡德而安俘女
124 6 hǎo good 不可謂好
125 6 zhòng heavy 重耳處蒲城
126 6 chū to go out / to leave 飲酒出
127 6 jīn gold 佩之以金玦
128 5 to reach 大罰將及
129 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 有二罪焉
130 5 xié to clasp under the arm 挾以銜骨
131 5 yōu to worry / to be concerned 而祗取憂也
132 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成聞之
133 5 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 口在寡人
134 5 gào to tell / to say / said / told 史蘇告大夫曰
135 5 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 吾觀君夫人也
136 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制晉國之政
137 5 shú which 其有吉孰大焉
138 5 曲沃 qǔwò Quwo 未知其待于曲沃也
139 5 夫人 fūren wife 立以為夫人
140 5 zhào million / mega 遇兆
141 5 百姓 bǎixìng common people 興百姓以為百姓也
142 5 suddenly / abruptly / unexpectedly 狐突御戎
143 5 zuò to do 驪姬果作難
144 5 huò to reap / to harvest 獲驪姬以歸
145 5 qiān to move / to shift 受命不遷為敬
146 5 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺哀侯
147 5 clothes / dress / garment 生伯服
148 5 father's elder brother / uncle 生伯服
149 5 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 甚寬惠而慈于民
150 5 yuǎn far / distant 遠于孝矣
151 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂鬭而死
152 5 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人而已
153 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未獲專也
154 5 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 茍可以攜
155 5 tooth / tusk 齒牙為猾
156 5 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 且懼有口
157 5 shēn human body / torso 身之利也
158 5 shì is / are / am / to be 是交勝也
159 4 yōu excellent / superior 公之優曰施
160 4 miǎn to encourage 孺子勉之乎
161 4 easy / simple 雖獲沃田而勤易之
162 4 martial / military 武公伐翼
163 4 rén a kernel / a pit 吾聞申生甚好仁而強
164 4 to arise / to get up 今君起百姓以自封也
165 4 service 夫驪戎之役
166 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 且善否莫不信
167 4 why not? 子盍圖乎
168 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子曰
169 4 a kind of pheasant 見翟柤之氛
170 4 shū father's younger brother 郤叔虎朝
171 4 yǒu friend / companion 先友為右
172 4 xìn to believe / to trust 子思報父之恥而信其欲
173 4 to enter 其入也必甘受
174 4 huá crafty / cunning / shrewd 齒牙為猾
175 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 臣聞皋落氏將戰
176 4 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
177 4 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得其君
178 4 to press down 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
179 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 有縱君而無諫臣
180 4 disease / sickness / ailment 民之疾心固皆至矣
181 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 有不忠焉
182 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 無所不疚
183 4 tiān day 非天不離數
184 4 xià summer 夏交捽
185 4 fox 狐突御戎
186 4 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 殺太子而逐二公子
187 4 zhā hawthorn 見翟柤之氛
188 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 其土又小
189 4 sān three 民生于三
190 4 于是乎 yúshìhū therefore 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
191 4 chéng a city / a town 郤叔虎將乘城
192 4 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 從政者不可以不戒
193 4 qiǎn a pouch 嗛嗛之德
194 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 民之疾心固皆至矣
195 4 shī to lose 失臣之官
196 4 nián year 十六年
197 4 xiào to be filial 事父以孝
198 4 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 夏交捽
199 4 wēi prestige / majesty 則民不威
200 4 zāi exclamatory particle 其亂生哉
201 4 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱惑不疚
202 4 wài outside 民外不得其利
203 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 立以為夫人
204 4 qín diligently / industriously 雖獲沃田而勤易之
205 4 to bend / to flex 夷吾處屈
206 4 to be urgent 茍無死
207 4 jìng to respect /to honor 事君以敬
208 4 to give / to bestow favors 報賜以力
209 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令子為上卿
210 4 zhòu Emperor Zhou 今夫以君為紂
211 4 孺子 rúzǐ a child 孺子懼乎
212 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 不可以無主
213 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多而驟立
214 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 非其任也
215 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
216 3 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 是故先施讒于申生
217 3 xián to hold in mouth 挾以銜骨
218 3 guī to go back / to return 獲驪姬以歸
219 3 extremely / very 故莫不盡忠極勞以致死也
220 3 不克 bùkè cannot / to not be able (to) / to be unable to 將不克饗
221 3 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 唯其所在
222 3 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅驪子
223 3 qiú to request 不度而迂求
224 3 type of rush 蒲與二屈
225 3 bào newspaper 報生以死
226 3 an opening 郤叔虎朝
227 3 yòng to use / to apply 君焉用之
228 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 抑君亦樂其吉而備其兇
229 3 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 則上下既有判矣
230 3 guǒ a result / a consequence 驪姬果作難
231 3 gǎn bold / brave 臣敢以私利廢人之道
232 3 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 飲而無肴
233 3 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故先施讒于申生
234 3 yóu also / as if / still 亡猶未也
235 3 strange / unusual / uncanny 君賜之奇
236 3 already / since
237 3 讒言 chányán slander / a false charge 讒言彌興
238 3 shì to release / to set free 惑不釋也
239 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 誰敢興之
240 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 其退者拒違
241 3 day of the month / a certain day 亡無日矣
242 3 five 不過五矣
243 3 而已 éryǐ that is all 其罹咎而已
244 3 bone 挾以銜骨
245 3 quán authority / power 而示之以堅忍之權
246 3 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 是以臨諸侯
247 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 變非聲章
248 3 màn slow 鮮有慢心
249 3 shí food / food and drink 君食之
250 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 流志而行
251 3 earth / soil / dirt 其土又小
252 3 divination / fortune telling 獻公卜伐驪戎
253 3 nán male 有男戎必有女戎
254 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 其上貪以忍
255 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡敵而反
256 3 zhōng middle 危自中起
257 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 以治義也
258 3 dài dangerous / perilous 太子殆哉
259 3 shī teacher 師教之
260 3 zhǔ owner 民之主也
261 3 xiàn to offer / to present 獻公卜伐驪戎
262 3 shéi who / whoever 誰敢興之
263 3 何以 héyǐ why 君何以訓矣
264 3 to punish / to penalize 罰女以無肴
265 3 gōng body 衣躬之偏
266 3 shòu to teach 必授之情
267 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 公說
268 3 gān sweet 其入也必甘受
269 3 dào way / road / path 人之道也
270 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 抑二大夫之言其皆有焉
271 3 big / great / huge / large / major 其有吉孰大焉
272 3 wěi yes 唯其所在
273 3 qiáng strong / powerful 天強其毒
274 3 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 有蘇氏以妲己女焉
275 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 令司正實爵與史蘇
276 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
277 3 guān an office 失臣之官
278 3 to associate with / be near 于是乎與伊尹比而亡夏
279 3 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin 制晉國之政
280 2 hóu marquis / lord 殺哀侯
281 2 běn measure word for books 伐木不自其本
282 2 zhī to respect 而祗取憂也
283 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 歸寢不寐
284 2 gāo the high land along a river 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
285 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 君欲勿恤
286 2 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 而握金玦
287 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 寡人弗受
288 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 而不能喪國
289 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 鄫人召西戎以伐周
290 2 shí real / true 令司正實爵與史蘇
291 2 歿 to end / to die 君未終命而不歿
292 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 子無謀吾父子之間
293 2 side 大國在側
294 2 tōu to steal 其下偷以幸
295 2 心目 xīnmù mind 以相心目
296 2 to raise animals 今君滅其父而畜其子
297 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足就也
298 2 jiù chronic disease / guilt / remorse 縱惑不疚
299 2 beard / mustache 胡可壅也
300 2 無常 wúcháng irregular 怪生無常
301 2 qiāng to kill / to slay 可以小戕
302 2 fǒu to negate / to deny 且善否莫不信
303 2 apprentice / disciple 其徒曰
304 2 to be fond of / to like 有施人以妹喜女焉
305 2 a family clan 非教不知生之族也
306 2 luò to fall / to drop 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
307 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 攜民
308 2 tián field / farmland 雖獲沃田而勤易之
309 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 流志而行
310 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 上貳代舉
311 2 xìn a quarrel 聲章過數則有釁
312 2 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 祀至于今
313 2 yào to want / to wish for 握兵之要
314 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢國而向己
315 2 ancient barbarian tribes 夷吾處屈
316 2 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 故莫不盡忠極勞以致死也
317 2 huò quickly / suddenly 太子申生將下軍以伐霍
318 2 jǐng to warn / to admonish 以儆無辱之故
319 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 驪姬請使申生主曲沃以速懸
320 2 interest 荀息相見
321 2 god of cereals 至于稷桑
322 2 dialect / language / speech 公語之
323 2 residence / dwelling 太子居
324 2 to move / to shift / to remove 國移心焉
325 2 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 丕鄭
326 2 shǐ beginning / start 安始而可
327 2 according to 今不據其安
328 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止欒共子曰
329 2 cháo to face 史蘇朝
330 2 zhèng [state of] Zheng 丕鄭
331 2 dòng the main beams supporting a house 國之棟也
332 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 周幽王伐有褒
333 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 上下左右
334 2 其中 qízhōng among 以猾其中
335 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷辛伐有蘇
336 2 to avoid / to shun 無以避罪
337 2 to make a mistake / to miss 惑則誤民
338 2 base / foundation 滅禍不自其基
339 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 狄之廣莫
340 2 shì a generation 非德不及世
341 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 奇生怪
342 2 zhì to / until 民之疾心固皆至矣
343 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷危
344 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 臣不敢蔽
345 2 Henan 誡莫如豫
346 2 increase / benefit 求必益廣
347 2 zèn to slander 譖在中矣
348 2 zuó to clutch / to grasp 夏交捽
349 2 qiè consort / concubine 無以一妾亂百姓
350 2 mèi younger sister 有施人以妹喜女焉
351 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕其所任
352 2 封疆 fēngjiāng border region / regional general acting as governor 又恐削封疆
353 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 是以能有常
354 2 xún Xun 荀息相見
355 2 zhú to chase / to expel 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
356 2 不過 bùguò but / however 不過五矣
357 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 且有令名
358 2 shēng sound 變非聲章
359 2 zàn to praise 天亦不贊
360 2 zhuó profound / brilliant / lofty 其娣生卓子
361 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 滅禍不自其基
362 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 有不貞焉
363 2 褒姒 bāosì Baosi 褒人以褒姒女焉
364 2 yuè pleased 公悅
365 2 邊鄙 biānbǐ remote / border area 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
366 2 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 誰云不從
367 2 jiàn to see 見翟柤之氛
368 2 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得其情以厚其欲
369 2 tài very / extremely 為吳太伯
370 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 闕從補之
371 2 one 事之如一
372 2 sàng to lose / to die 而不能喪國
373 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 非食不長
374 2 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君之疆也
375 2 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 又不忍人
376 2 yún cloud 且其兆云
377 2 而後 érhòu after that / then 豫而後給
378 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 師教之
379 2 精潔 jīngJié refined and pure 小心精潔
380 2 jiè to quit 從政者不可以不戒
381 2 how can it be that? 夫豈惠其民而不惠于其父乎
382 2 to happen to / sorrow / suffer from 而祗罹咎也
383 2 其父 qí fù his father 今君滅其父而畜其子
384 2 zhòu suddenly 多而驟立
385 2 zhū all / many / various 諸夏從戎
386 2 to die 史蘇卒爵
387 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 床笫之不安邪
388 2 tiger 郤叔虎朝
389 2 shǔ to count 非天不離數
390 2 kuà to straddle / to bestride / to ride 不跨其國
391 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 君未終命而不歿
392 2 妲己 dájǐ Daji 有蘇氏以妲己女焉
393 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 臣不敢蔽
394 2 zōng school / sect 君之宗也
395 2 again / more / repeatedly 必復流
396 2 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 甚精必愚
397 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇兆
398 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 子無謀吾父子之間
399 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 鈞之死也
400 2 each 君臣上下各饜其私
401 2 Wu 為吳太伯
402 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 若下攝上
403 2 ā prefix to names of people 不阿其惑
404 2 to repair / to patch / to mend 闕從補之
405 2 such as / for example / for instance 事之如一
406 2 past / former times 昔夏桀伐有施
407 2 不孝 bù xiào unfilial 作令不孝
408 2 jiè to warn / to admonish 誡莫如豫
409 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 必授之情
410 2 mìng life 棄命不敬
411 2 惡心 èxīn bad habit / vice 必惡心
412 2 kuàng moreover / how much the more 眾況厚之
413 2 bīng soldier / troops 握兵之要
414 2 wing 武公伐翼
415 2 zhèng upright / straight 令司正實爵與史蘇
416 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 離則有之
417 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 肆侈不違
418 2 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 而祗罹咎也
419 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 逐太子宜臼而立伯服
420 2 jīng essence 甚精必愚
421 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 既無老謀
422 2 周旋 zhōuxuán to mix with others / to socialize / to deal with / to contend 周旋變動
423 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而內惡其貪
424 2 ěr ear 重耳處蒲城
425 2 this / these 未有此也
426 2 do not 君欲勿恤
427 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 何敢憚罰
428 2 sāng mulberry tree 至于稷桑
429 2 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 君之倉廩固不實
430 2 mèi to sleep 歸寢不寐
431 2 zāi disaster / calamity 兵要遠災
432 2 不吉 bùjí unlucky / inauspicious / ominous 勝而不吉
433 2 jué absolutely 諸侯必絕
434 2 guǎ few 今晉寡德而安俘女
435 2 season / period 雖當三季之王
436 2 東山 dōngshān Dongshan 是故使申生伐東山
437 2 wáng Wang 雖當三季之王
438 2 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 佩之以金玦
439 2 廢人 fèirén handicapped person / useless person 臣敢以私利廢人之道
440 2 在此 zàicǐ here 在此行也
441 2 yǐn to drink 公飲大夫酒
442 2 Ji 其有吉孰大焉
443 2 三五 sānwǔ several / three or five 三五之門也
444 2 a younger sister 其娣生卓子
445 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭曰
446 2 to open 則啟戎心
447 1 miào temple / shrine 奚齊在廟
448 1 sufficient / enough 猛足乃言于太子曰
449 1 kuáng insane / mad 狂夫阻之衣也
450 1 to ferry 雖濟其罪
451 1 gěi to give 豫而後給
452 1 御戎 yùróng chariot driver 狐突御戎
453 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 將不克饗
454 1 由是 yóushì because of 太子由是得罪
455 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 未知其待于曲沃也
456 1 ěr thus / so / like that 爾勿憂
457 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 不如逃之
458 1 西戎 Xīróng the Xirong 鄫人召西戎以伐周
459 1 small / petty 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
460 1 guī turtle / tortoise 龜往離散以應我
461 1 xiàng towards / to 廢國而向己
462 1 chù to dismiss 公將黜太子申生而立奚齊
463 1 無祿 wúlù to be unsalaried / to be unfortunate / death 不患無祿
464 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 不度而迂求
465 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 非歡也
466 1 rán correct / right / certainly 然吾聞之
467 1 wǎn evening / night 以晚蓋者也
468 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 狂夫阻之衣也
469 1 yīng should / ought 龜往離散以應我
470 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 胡可壅也
471 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 以相心目
472 1 終年 zhōngnián entire year 非禮不終年
473 1 shēng to ascend / to go up 被羽先升
474 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 聲章過數則有釁
475 1 無不 wúbù not lacking 無不遷矣
476 1 gāo grease / fat 不能為膏
477 1 to take / to get / to fetch 而祗取憂也
478 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 三五之門也
479 1 輯睦 jímù tranquil / harmonious 與眾之信輯睦焉
480 1 從戎 cóngróng to enlist / to be in the army 諸夏從戎
481 1 qín Shaanxi 晉正于秦
482 1 tài manner / attitude / posture 民疾其態
483 1 大志 dàzhì high aims 而大志重
484 1 guō Guo 郭偃曰
485 1 xùn to teach / to train 君何以訓矣
486 1 jiàng Jiang 奚齊處絳
487 1 měi beautiful 彼將惡始而美終
488 1 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 荀息相見
489 1 在下 zàixià under 申生在下
490 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭以俟嗣
491 1 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 以皋落狄之朝夕苛我邊鄙
492 1 不盡 bùjìn not completely / endlessly 非義不盡齒
493 1 不免 bùmiǎn unavoidablly / inevitably 非人不免難
494 1 ài Ai 國君好艾
495 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 若不勝狄
496 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 子思報父之恥而信其欲
497 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 為仁與為國不同
498 1 凡民 fánmín common people 凡民利是生
499 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 愛疑決之以卜
500 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 君得其賴

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
褒姒 bāosì Baosi
彼得 bǐde Peter
妲己 dájǐ Daji
东山 東山 dōngshān Dongshan
公使 gōngshǐ minister / diplomat performing ambassadorial role in Qing times, before regular diplomatic relations
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
guó
  1. Guo
  2. Guo
Jié Emperor Jie
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋国 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin
敬贤 敬賢 jìngxián Jingxian
蒲城 púchéng Pucheng
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
曲沃 qǔwò Quwo
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister
生主 Shēng Zhǔ Prajapati
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西戎 Xīróng the Xirong
xún
  1. Xun
  2. Xun [state]
  3. a kind of plant
伊尹 yīyǐn Yi Yin
zēng Zeng
zhòu Emperor Zhou
周幽王 Zhōuyōuwáng King You of Zhou
子思 Zǐ Sī Zi Si

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English