Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《呂太后本紀》Annals of Empress Dowager Lü

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 130 wáng Wang 生趙隱王如意
2 110 a musical note 呂太后本紀
3 80 hóu marquis / lord 及留侯策
4 53 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 呂太后本紀
5 44 yuē to speak / to say 趙相建平侯周昌謂使者曰
6 38 zhào Zhao 生趙隱王如意
7 37 child / son 立戚姬子如意
8 31 desire 常欲廢太子
9 29 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
10 29 to stand 立戚姬子如意
11 27 xiào to be filial 生孝惠帝
12 24 supreme ruler / emperor 生孝惠帝
13 24 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 生孝惠帝
14 24 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 呂產
15 23 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 置太尉官
16 23 bīng soldier / troops 將兵居南北軍
17 22 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃令永巷囚戚夫人
18 22 hòu after / later 呂后為人剛毅
19 21 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 肥為齊王
20 21 rén person / people / a human being 呂后兄二人
21 20 祿 good fortune 呂祿為將
22 20 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使人召趙相
23 19 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 謂丞相曰
24 19 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今王有七十餘城
25 18 to enter 與入宮
26 17 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 幾代太子者數矣
27 16 jūn army / military 將兵居南北軍
28 16 even / equal / uniform 齊悼惠王皆來朝
29 16 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 賴大臣爭之
30 16 nián year 高祖十二年四月甲辰
31 15 zhū vermilion 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
32 15 天下 tiānxià China 乃大赦天下
33 15 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
34 15 liú Liu 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
35 14 shì matter / thing / item 居中用事
36 14 píng flat / level / smooth 問左丞相陳平
37 13 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝屬臣趙王
38 13 female / feminine 女魯元太后
39 13 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 所誅大臣多呂后力
40 13 gāo high / tall 謁高廟
41 12 bēng to rupture / to split apart 崩長樂宮
42 12 zhōng middle 使居廁中
43 12 liáng a bridge 諸姬子子恢為梁王
44 12 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 太后欲殺之
45 12 Shandong 女魯元太后
46 11 younger brother 餘皆孝惠弟
47 11 to reach 及高祖為漢王
48 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 太后遂斷戚夫人手足
49 11 shàng top / a high position 常從上之關東
50 11 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 而召趙王
51 10 residence / dwelling 使居廁中
52 10 wén to hear 竊聞太后怨戚夫人
53 10 to arise / to get up 不能蚤起
54 9 fēng to seal / to close off 封其子呂臺為酈侯
55 9 relative 得定陶戚姬
56 9 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 常欲廢太子
57 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 讒女亂國兮上曾不寤
58 9 gōng a palace 崩長樂宮
59 9 Li 封其子呂臺為酈侯
60 9 luàn chaotic / disorderly 恐其為亂
61 9 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 太后乃恐
62 9 líng mound / hill / mountain 問右丞相王陵
63 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 高祖以為不類我
64 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯來會
65 9 jiàn to see 希見上
66 8 jiàng Jiang 絳侯周勃
67 8 a consort / a concubine 得定陶戚姬
68 8 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang 子友為淮陽王
69 8 qǐng to ask / to inquire 使人請太后曰
70 8 gào to tell / to say / said / told 太后使使告代王
71 8 to go 去眼
72 8 chén minister / statesman / official 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
73 8 shí time / a point or period of time 高祖微時妃也
74 8 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖微時妃也
75 8 常山 chángshān Changshan 子不疑為常山王
76 8 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 常欲廢太子
77 7 shí food / food and drink 而公主乃食數城
78 7 zuǒ left 問左丞相陳平
79 7 yòng to use / to apply 居中用事
80 7 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 王且亦病
81 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
82 7 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 而足下佩趙王印
83 7 běi north 軍北軍
84 7 dào to mourn / to lament 齊悼惠王皆來朝
85 7 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 趙相徵至長安
86 7 to visit 謁高廟
87 7 guàn to pour in 灌等
88 7 xiōng elder brother 呂后兄二人
89 6 Kangxi radical 80 太子得毋廢
90 6 mother 殺其母
91 6 to calculate / to compute / to count 丞相乃如辟彊計
92 6 yǐn to drink 使人持酖飲之
93 6 yīng baby / infant 相國呂產等乃遣潁陰侯灌嬰將兵擊之
94 6 hōng to die 魯元公主薨
95 6 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 常山王朝名為少帝弟
96 6 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 於是乃徙淮陽王友為趙王
97 6 惠王 Huì Wáng King Hui of Zhou 齊悼惠王皆來朝
98 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 高帝屬臣趙王
99 6 夫人 fūren wife 薄夫人子恒為代王
100 6 chéng a city / a town 今王有七十餘城
101 6 hòu after / later 如意立為趙王後
102 6 wèi to call 趙相建平侯周昌謂使者曰
103 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言帝病甚
104 6 yān Yan 子建為燕王
105 6 足下 gé xià you 而足下佩趙王印
106 6 děng et cetera / and so on 太后畏君等
107 6 qiáng strong / powerful 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
108 6 guī to go back / to return 歸齊王
109 6 如意 rúyì satisfactory 生趙隱王如意
110 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend
111 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能奉詔
112 5 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 太尉令朱虛侯監軍門
113 5 jié festival / a special day 襄平侯通尚符節
114 5 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
115 5 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子偃為魯王
116 5 an official residence 乃置酒齊邸
117 5 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 乃拜為帝太傅
118 5 zhì to place / to lay out 置上坐
119 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 齊內史士說王曰
120 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 天下共擊之
121 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 太后稱制
122 5 an elder sister 封呂媭為臨光侯
123 5 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 不能繼嗣奉宗廟祭祀
124 5 shòu old age / long life 令齊王起為壽
125 5 zhī to know 知太后怒
126 5 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
127 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 令衛圍守之
128 5 yīn cloudy / overcast 陰知其謀
129 5 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 及留侯策
130 5 元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou 楚元王
131 5 to give / to bestow favors 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
132 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆頓首言
133 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未到
134 4 móu to plan / to scheme 陰知其謀
135 4 zǎo a flea / a louse 不能蚤起
136 4 four 四年就半
137 4 to send / to transmit / to mail 其子寄與呂祿善
138 4 to die 建成康侯釋之卒
139 4 rén a kernel / a pit 孝惠為人仁弱
140 4 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 如郎中令
141 4 chí to grasp / to hold 使人持酖飲之
142 4 hurried / worried 不急之國守藩
143 4 qián front 孝惠與齊王燕飲太后前
144 4 guān an office 置太尉官
145 4 jiā house / home / residence 呂氏以外家惡而幾危宗廟
146 4 cháo to face 十月朝賀
147 4 bào newspaper 今我破齊還報
148 4 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 趙王年少
149 4 zhǔ owner 尊公主為王太后
150 4 shǔ to count 幾代太子者數矣
151 4 a law / a rule 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
152 4 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 諸君不在邪
153 4 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 太后女弟呂媭有女為營陵侯劉澤妻
154 4 day of the month / a certain day 居數日
155 4 chí to go quickly or swiftly 乃馳告丞相
156 4 martial / military 子武為壺關侯
157 4 zhèn zhen / poisonfeather bird 使人持酖飲之
158 4 chén Chen 問左丞相陳平
159 4 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 以呂王產為相國
160 4 áo to ramble 宣平侯張敖也
161 4 xìng fortunate / lucky 愛幸
162 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 皇太后為天下齊民計所以安宗廟社稷甚深
163 4 è evil / vice 我妃既妒兮誣我以惡
164 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 令衛圍守之
165 4 tōng to go through / to open 立呂肅王子東平侯呂通為燕王
166 4 anger / rage / fury 知太后怒
167 4 yǒu friend / companion 子友為淮陽王
168 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 上有歡心以安百姓
169 4 wèn to ask
170 4 extra / surplus / remainder 餘皆孝惠弟
171 4 chēng to call / to address 太后稱制
172 4 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 太后獨有孝惠與魯元公主
173 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 臣不敢遣王
174 4 zhuàng robust 帝毋壯子
175 4 dialect / language / speech 語在齊王語中
176 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 君知其解乎
177 4 dōng east 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
178 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
179 4 tīng to listen 其相弗聽
180 4 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 七年秋八月戊寅
181 4 xìn to believe / to trust 武信侯呂祿上侯
182 4 wéi dangerous / precarious 諸呂用事兮劉氏危
183 4 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 十月
184 3 lái to come 王來
185 3 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 我無忠臣兮何故棄國
186 3 flourishing / prosperous 勃等對曰
187 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無所不可
188 3 chǔ state of Chu 楚元王
189 3 father 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
190 3 王后 Wánghòu Queen 太后以呂產女為趙王后
191 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
192 3 huī great / expansive 諸姬子子恢為梁王
193 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 如家人之禮
194 3 to ferry 呂曰濟川
195 3 wèi to fear / to dread 太后畏君等
196 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右莫得見
197 3 xíng to walk / to move 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
198 3 zhī wine container / a goblet 乃令酌兩卮酖
199 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 然後乘六乘傳
200 3 to pay respects 謚為肅王
201 3 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 乃幽之永卷中
202 3 liù six 五年六年城就
203 3 sān three 三年
204 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 令其子寄往紿說呂祿曰
205 3 quán authority / power 呂氏權由此起
206 3 shǎo few 趙王少
207 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 乃與太仆汝陰侯滕公入宮
208 3 mìng life 命曰
209 3 zhǐ the end of axle outside of hub 子朝為軹侯
210 3 xiān first 乃先封高祖之功臣郎中令無擇為博城侯
211 3 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 共尊立為天子
212 3 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 立其弟呂祿為胡陵侯
213 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 今皇帝病久不已
214 3 chuān Sichuan 呂曰濟川
215 3 jiàn to build / to construct 子建為燕王
216 3 to arrest / to catch / to seize 輒捕論之
217 3 未央宮 wèiyāng gōng Weiyang Palace 乃入未央宮
218 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬長樂衛尉呂更始
219 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 公卿皆因而決事
220 3 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
221 3 song / lyrics 乃歌曰
222 3 gǎn bold / brave 未敢發
223 3 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 孝惠為人仁弱
224 3 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 欲令發兵西
225 3 yuē approximately 非約也
226 3 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
227 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 以待呂氏變
228 3 shì to release / to set free 次兄呂釋之為建成侯
229 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣平侯張敖也
230 3 zàng to bury the dead
231 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月辛丑
232 3 kāng Kang 建成康侯釋之卒
233 3 èr two 呂后兄二人
234 3 ài to love 愛幸
235 3 tiān day 蓋之如天
236 3 five 五年六年城就
237 3 to allow / to permit 許之
238 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 孝惠元年十二月
239 3 hair 未敢發
240 3 更名 gèngmíng to change name 更名義
241 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 我無忠臣兮何故棄國
242 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 君今請拜呂臺
243 3 biàn to change / to alter 壯即為變
244 3 to cry / to weep / to wail 太后哭
245 3 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
246 3 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 佐高祖定天下
247 3 móu barley 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
248 3 fēi an imperial concubine 高祖微時妃也
249 3 méng oath / pledge / union 高帝刑白馬盟曰
250 3 西 The West 欲令發兵西
251 3 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪之相權
252 3 shě to give 舍代邸
253 3 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 臣不如君
254 3 Téng Teng 乃與太仆汝陰侯滕公入宮
255 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 灌嬰至滎陽
256 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 使使諭齊王及諸侯
257 3 to die 趙王已死
258 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 太后風大臣
259 2 建成 jiànchéng to establish / to build 次兄呂釋之為建成侯
260 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月
261 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 自迎趙王霸上
262 2 東平 Dōngpíng Dongping 立呂肅王子東平侯呂通為燕王
263 2 奉詔 fèngzhào to receive an imperial command 不能奉詔
264 2 外孫 wàisūn daughter's son / grandson / descendant via the female line 高后為外孫魯元王偃年少
265 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 詐奪瑯邪王兵
266 2 平定 píngdìng to pacify 齊丞相壽為平定侯
267 2 皇后 huánghòu empress 宣平侯女為孝惠皇后時
268 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 子不疑為常山王
269 2 suì age 歲餘不能起
270 2 諸君 zhūjūn Gentlemen! (start of a speech) / Ladies and Gentlemen! 諸君不在邪
271 2 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 子長為淮南王
272 2 shòu to teach 迫脅王侯兮彊授我妃
273 2 衛尉 wèiwèi Commandant of Guards 令平陽侯告衛尉
274 2 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 高祖十二年四月甲辰
275 2 類我 lèi wǒ be like me 高祖以為不類我
276 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 產走
277 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 自決中野兮蒼天舉直
278 2 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule all under Heaven 終不能治天下
279 2 to congratulate 十月朝賀
280 2 eight 是時高祖八子
281 2 大赦 dàshè amnesty / general pardon 乃大赦天下
282 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 以辟陽侯審食其為左丞相
283 2 擅權 shànquán to arrogate power 擅權
284 2 奉天 fèngtiān Fengtian 奉天子璽上代王
285 2 to envy / to be jealous 諸呂女妒
286 2 féi fat / plump / obese 長男肥
287 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 非真皇后子
288 2 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 使居廁中
289 2 zhì a swine 人彘
290 2 póu to extract 乃顧麾左右執戟者掊兵罷去
291 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 乃悉出珠玉寶器散堂下
292 2 tíng court / royal court 於今面折廷爭
293 2 分部 fēnbù branch / subsection / to subdivide 遂遣人分部悉捕諸呂男女
294 2 one 王誠以一郡上太后
295 2 huàn government official 諸中宦者令丞皆為關內侯
296 2 meaning / sense 更名義
297 2 更始 gèngshǐ to make a new start / to regenerate 呂更始為贅其侯
298 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐高祖定天下
299 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 君等幸得脫禍矣
300 2 wēi small / tiny 高祖微時妃也
301 2 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 呂后大怒
302 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 還過軹道
303 2 to support somebody by the arm / to assist 據高后掖
304 2 不樂 bùlè unhappy 心不樂
305 2 dìng to decide 定劉氏之後
306 2 襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng 子山為襄城侯
307 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 呂后最怨戚夫人及其子趙王
308 2 壺關 húguān Huguan 子武為壺關侯
309 2 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 春秋高
310 2 頓首 dùnshǒu kowtow 群臣皆頓首言
311 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 將兵居南北軍
312 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方筑長安城
313 2 Wu 兄子濞為吳王
314 2 shāng commerce / trade 曲周侯酈商老病
315 2 a government official / a magistrate 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
316 2 to join / to combine 欲待灌嬰兵與齊合而發
317 2 several 幾代太子者數矣
318 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 夫全社稷
319 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 寡人率兵入誅不當為王者
320 2 huì night 晝晦
321 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 朱虛侯則從與載
322 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 子產為交侯
323 2 tuō to take off 自以為不得脫長安
324 2 qiū fall / autumn 七年秋八月戊寅
325 2 長樂 Chánglè Changle 崩長樂宮
326 2 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 乃失惑惛亂
327 2 惠子 Huì Zǐ Hui Zi 皆非真孝惠子也
328 2 典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect 太尉復令酈寄與典客劉揭先說呂祿曰
329 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 哭不悲
330 2 jié take by force / to coerce 劫列侯忠臣
331 2 to take / to get / to fetch 取卮欲俱為壽
332 2 jūn great / your (honorific)
333 2 nán south 呂王產居南軍
334 2 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 諸呂權兵關中
335 2 wife 以呂祿女妻之
336 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 毋入相國產殿門
337 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 臣不敢遣王
338 2 獨有 dú yǒu to personally own / to possess solely / only / solely / there is only 太后獨有孝惠與魯元公主
339 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊聞太后怨戚夫人
340 2 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 讒之於太后
341 2 a team of four horses 亂功臣今齊王母家駟
342 2 zài in / at 語在齊王語中
343 2 to make a false accusation / to defame 誣以罪過
344 2 xīn heart 心不樂
345 2 miǎn to spare 王陵遂病免歸
346 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 恐即崩後劉將軍為害
347 2 zūn to honor / to respect 而諸呂又擅自尊官
348 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 王陵讓陳平
349 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂飲
350 2 láng a kind of white cornelian 乃以劉澤為瑯邪王
351 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄夫人子恒為代王
352 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生孝惠帝
353 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 或以為便
354 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯制以令天下
355 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 太后家薄氏謹良
356 2 後宮 hòu gōng the rear palace / the womens' quarters 先立孝惠後宮子彊為淮陽王
357 2 liǎng two 乃令酌兩卮酖
358 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 長兄周呂侯死事
359 2 追尊 zhuīzūn posthumous honorific name 乃追尊酈侯父為悼武王
360 2 shí ten 有謁者十人持戟衛端門
361 2 to criticize 議欲立諸呂為王
362 2 聽政 tīngzhèng to govern 不聽政
363 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 孝惠帝使留侯良立臣為齊王
364 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 相召平乃反
365 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固恃大臣諸侯
366 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 詳醉去
367 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 賴大臣爭之
368 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 王誠以一郡上太后
369 2 ruò weak 孝惠為人仁弱
370 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 太后聞而患之
371 2 shì to match 今其適子為齊王
372 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 子山為襄城侯
373 2 nèi inside / interior 內憚絳侯
374 2 shī to lose 乃失惑惛亂
375 2 seven 七年秋八月戊寅
376 2 a halberd 乃顧麾左右執戟者掊兵罷去
377 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者三反
378 2 美人 měirén beauty / belle 取美人子名之
379 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 上有歡心以安百姓
380 2 xià summer
381 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 令衛圍守之
382 2 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 諸大臣相與陰謀曰
383 2 左袒 zuǒtǎn to take sides with / to be partial to / to be biased / to favor one side 為劉氏左袒
384 2 猶豫 yóuyù hesitant 猶豫未決
385 2 increase / benefit 益疏
386 2 yòu right / right-hand 問右丞相王陵
387 2 少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer 少府延為梧侯
388 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 凡有天下治為萬民命者
389 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 謁者不肯
390 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 王子弟
391 2 上將 shàngjiāng chief of staff 乃為上將
392 1 a plow 犁明
393 1 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 莫敢鬬
394 1 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 太后女弟呂媭有女為營陵侯劉澤妻
395 1 靈王 Líng Wáng King Ling of Zhou 燕靈王建薨
396 1 zhù to build / to construct 方筑長安城
397 1 辭謝 cíxiè to decline gratefully 代王使人辭謝
398 1 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 詳醉去
399 1 號令 hàolìng an order (especially army) / bugle call expressing military order / verbal command 號令一出太后
400 1 定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao 得定陶戚姬
401 1 孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei 謚為孝文皇帝
402 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 王誠以一郡上太后
403 1 alone / independent / single / sole 所患獨呂產
404 1 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
405 1 zhú \N 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
406 1 大哭 dà kū to wail / to cry 乃大哭
407 1 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 君臣俱欲休息乎無為
408 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 七年正月
409 1 長男 zhǎngnán eldest son 長男肥
410 1 jìn to enter 忠臣進諫
411 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 乃陰令人告其兄齊王
412 1 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 擅廢帝更立
413 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅梁
414 1 shùn to obey 且立長故順
415 1 稼穡 jiàsè sowing and reaping / farm work 民務稼穡
416 1 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 呂氏權由此起
417 1 往來 wǎnglái to come and go / to return 裴回往來
418 1 軍門 jūnmén an entrance to a military camp 太尉將之入軍門
419 1 to leave behind 齊王乃遺諸侯王書曰
420 1 心安 xīnān mind at ease 如此則太后心安
421 1 有身 yǒushēn to be pregnant 詳為有身
422 1 無後 wúhòu to lack male offspring 無後
423 1 寬厚 kuānhòu thick and broad (build) / thick and deep (voice) 仁孝寬厚
424 1 起居 qǐjū everyday life 自挾與趙王起居飲食
425 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月中
426 1 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 后安能殺吾母而名我
427 1 solitary 孤弱
428 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願守代邊
429 1 平昌 Píng Chāng Pyeongchang 立皇子平昌侯太為呂王
430 1 kuì food 其群臣或竊饋
431 1 甚深 shénshēn very profound / what is deep 皇太后為天下齊民計所以安宗廟社稷甚深
432 1 少長 shǎozhǎng young and old 無少長皆斬之
433 1 to bathe / to cleanse / to wash / to shampoo 為公主湯沐邑
434 1 不在 bùzài not here 諸君不在邪
435 1 gain / advantage / benefit 此萬世之利也
436 1 萬民 wànmín all the people 凡有天下治為萬民命者
437 1 長兄 zhǎngxiōng eldest brother 長兄周呂侯死事
438 1 以外 yǐwài exception 呂氏以外家惡而幾危宗廟
439 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 于嗟不可悔兮寧蚤自財
440 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 寡人率兵入誅不當為王者
441 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 公卿皆因而決事
442 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 誅諸呂而立
443 1 lín to face / to overlook 封呂媭為臨光侯
444 1 已定 yǐdìng already stable 高帝已定天下
445 1 liǔ willow 呂平為扶柳侯
446 1 jiā excellent 太子嘉代立為王
447 1 衣食 yī shí clothes and food 衣食滋殖
448 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 黎民得離戰國之苦
449 1 王因 Wángyīn Wangyin 王因殺其相
450 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 其子寄與呂祿善
451 1 jīn gold 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
452 1 罷兵 bàbīng to cease battle 令罷兵
453 1 zhì order 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
454 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒捕論之
455 1 hàn Han Chinese 漢聞之
456 1 yǐng a grain husk / the tip of something short and slender 相國呂產等乃遣潁陰侯灌嬰將兵擊之
457 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 乃先封高祖之功臣郎中令無擇為博城侯
458 1 wèi to comfort / to console / to calm / to reassure 以慰其心
459 1 太仆 tàipú Grand Servant 乃與太仆汝陰侯滕公入宮
460 1 幽王 Yōu Wáng King You of Zhou 立趙幽王子遂為趙王
461 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰罕用
462 1 hǎn rare 刑罰罕用
463 1 出言 chūyán to speak 乃出言曰
464 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 足下高枕而王千里
465 1 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 太后曰呂王嘉居處驕恣
466 1 big / great / huge / large / major 及封中大謁者張釋為建陵侯
467 1 yáng sun 以辟陽侯審食其為左丞相
468 1 thing / matter 見物如蒼犬
469 1 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 襄平侯通尚符節
470 1 bàn half [of] 四年就半
471 1 chē a vehicle 滕公乃召乘輿車載少帝出
472 1 辭去 cíqù to resign / to quit 急歸將印辭去
473 1 城陽 chéngyáng Chengyang 於是齊王乃上城陽之郡
474 1 罪過 zuìguò sin / offense 誣以罪過
475 1 shì to rely upon 固恃大臣諸侯
476 1 xiàng lane / alley 乃令永巷囚戚夫人
477 1 迫脅 pòxié to coerce / fig. narrow 迫脅王侯兮彊授我妃
478 1 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月
479 1 長子 zhǎngzǐ eldest son 齊悼惠王高帝長子
480 1 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 乃令趙王呂祿為上將軍
481 1 監軍 jiànjūn a military overseer 太尉令朱虛侯監軍門
482 1 táng main hall / a large room 乃悉出珠玉寶器散堂下
483 1 樂昌 lèchāng Lechang 壽為樂昌侯
484 1 不下 bùxià to be not less than (a certain quantity, amount etc) 泣不下
485 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 左丞相不治事
486 1 dào to arrive 未到
487 1 子長 zǐzhǎng Zichang 子長為淮南王
488 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 政不出房戶
489 1 yàn late in the day 天下晏然
490 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 高帝刑白馬盟曰
491 1 武侯 wǔhóu Wuhou 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
492 1 a ruler's seal 奉天子璽上代王
493 1 night
494 1 歡欣 huānxīn elated / overjoyed 歡欣交通而天下治
495 1 夷滅 yímiè to massacre / to die out 今皆已夷滅諸呂
496 1 欲歸 yù guī wanted to go home 欲歸將印
497 1 家人 jiārén family members 如家人之禮
498 1 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 諸中宦者令丞皆為關內侯
499 1 自立 zìlì to be independent / to be self-reliant 欲危劉氏而自立
500 1 本紀 Běn Jì Imperial Biographies 呂太后本紀

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 130 wáng Wang 生趙隱王如意
2 121 wèi for / to 及高祖為漢王
3 110 a musical note 呂太后本紀
4 80 hóu marquis / lord 及留侯策
5 67 zhī him / her / them / that 常從上之關東
6 53 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 呂太后本紀
7 52 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃令永巷囚戚夫人
8 44 yuē to speak / to say 趙相建平侯周昌謂使者曰
9 40 so as to / in order to 王誠以一郡上太后
10 38 zhào Zhao 生趙隱王如意
11 37 child / son 立戚姬子如意
12 34 his / hers / its / theirs 欲立其子代太子
13 31 desire 常欲廢太子
14 29 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
15 29 to stand 立戚姬子如意
16 27 xiào to be filial 生孝惠帝
17 27 zhū all / many / various 諸姬子子恢為梁王
18 26 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而召趙王
19 24 supreme ruler / emperor 生孝惠帝
20 24 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 生孝惠帝
21 24 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 呂產
22 23 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 置太尉官
23 23 bīng soldier / troops 將兵居南北軍
24 22 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃令永巷囚戚夫人
25 22 hòu after / later 呂后為人剛毅
26 21 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 肥為齊王
27 21 rén person / people / a human being 呂后兄二人
28 20 祿 good fortune 呂祿為將
29 20 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆為將
30 20 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使人召趙相
31 19 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 謂丞相曰
32 19 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今王有七十餘城
33 19 and 與入宮
34 18 to enter 與入宮
35 17 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 幾代太子者數矣
36 16 jūn army / military 將兵居南北軍
37 16 even / equal / uniform 齊悼惠王皆來朝
38 16 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 賴大臣爭之
39 16 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 呂太后者
40 16 nián year 高祖十二年四月甲辰
41 15 zhū vermilion 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
42 15 天下 tiānxià China 乃大赦天下
43 15 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
44 15 also / too 高祖微時妃也
45 15 liú Liu 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
46 14 shì matter / thing / item 居中用事
47 14 píng flat / level / smooth 問左丞相陳平
48 13 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝屬臣趙王
49 13 female / feminine 女魯元太后
50 13 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 皆為將
51 13 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 所誅大臣多呂后力
52 13 gāo high / tall 謁高廟
53 12 bēng to rupture / to split apart 崩長樂宮
54 12 zhōng middle 使居廁中
55 12 liáng a bridge 諸姬子子恢為梁王
56 12 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 太后欲殺之
57 12 Shandong 女魯元太后
58 11 younger brother 餘皆孝惠弟
59 11 to reach 及高祖為漢王
60 11 not / no 高祖以為不類我
61 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 太后遂斷戚夫人手足
62 11 shàng top / a high position 常從上之關東
63 11 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 而召趙王
64 10 residence / dwelling 使居廁中
65 10 de potential marker 得定陶戚姬
66 10 wén to hear 竊聞太后怨戚夫人
67 10 to arise / to get up 不能蚤起
68 10 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所誅大臣多呂后力
69 10 I / me / my 后安能殺吾母而名我
70 9 fēng to seal / to close off 封其子呂臺為酈侯
71 9 relative 得定陶戚姬
72 9 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 常欲廢太子
73 9 no 無所不可
74 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 讒女亂國兮上曾不寤
75 9 gōng a palace 崩長樂宮
76 9 expresses affirmation, approval, or consent 諸呂用事兮劉氏危
77 9 Li 封其子呂臺為酈侯
78 9 luàn chaotic / disorderly 恐其為亂
79 9 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 太后乃恐
80 9 líng mound / hill / mountain 問右丞相王陵
81 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 高祖以為不類我
82 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯來會
83 9 jiàn to see 希見上
84 9 yǒu is / are / to exist 今王有七十餘城
85 8 jiàng Jiang 絳侯周勃
86 8 a consort / a concubine 得定陶戚姬
87 8 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang 子友為淮陽王
88 8 qǐng to ask / to inquire 使人請太后曰
89 8 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 趙相建平侯周昌謂使者曰
90 8 gào to tell / to say / said / told 太后使使告代王
91 8 to go 去眼
92 8 chén minister / statesman / official 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
93 8 shí time / a point or period of time 高祖微時妃也
94 8 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖微時妃也
95 8 常山 chángshān Changshan 子不疑為常山王
96 8 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 常欲廢太子
97 7 shí food / food and drink 而公主乃食數城
98 7 zuǒ left 問左丞相陳平
99 7 naturally / of course / certainly 自迎趙王霸上
100 7 yòng to use / to apply 居中用事
101 7 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 王且亦病
102 7 no 弗與食
103 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
104 7 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 而足下佩趙王印
105 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故有病也
106 7 fēi not / non- / un- 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
107 7 běi north 軍北軍
108 7 dào to mourn / to lament 齊悼惠王皆來朝
109 7 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 趙相徵至長安
110 7 to visit 謁高廟
111 7 already / afterwards 趙王已死
112 7 guàn to pour in 灌等
113 7 xiōng elder brother 呂后兄二人
114 7 cóng from 常從上之關東
115 6 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 宣平侯張敖也
116 6 Kangxi radical 80 太子得毋廢
117 6 also / too 王且亦病
118 6 mother 殺其母
119 6 such as / for example / for instance 如家人之禮
120 6 to calculate / to compute / to count 丞相乃如辟彊計
121 6 yǐn to drink 使人持酖飲之
122 6 yīng baby / infant 相國呂產等乃遣潁陰侯灌嬰將兵擊之
123 6 hōng to die 魯元公主薨
124 6 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 常山王朝名為少帝弟
125 6 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 於是乃徙淮陽王友為趙王
126 6 惠王 Huì Wáng King Hui of Zhou 齊悼惠王皆來朝
127 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 高帝屬臣趙王
128 6 夫人 fūren wife 薄夫人子恒為代王
129 6 chéng a city / a town 今王有七十餘城
130 6 hòu after / later 如意立為趙王後
131 6 wèi to call 趙相建平侯周昌謂使者曰
132 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言帝病甚
133 6 yān Yan 子建為燕王
134 6 足下 gé xià you 而足下佩趙王印
135 6 děng et cetera / and so on 太后畏君等
136 6 qiáng strong / powerful 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
137 6 guī to go back / to return 歸齊王
138 6 promptly / right away / immediately 恐即崩後劉將軍為害
139 6 gòng together 天下共擊之
140 6 如意 rúyì satisfactory 生趙隱王如意
141 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend
142 5 tái unit 封其子呂臺為酈侯
143 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能奉詔
144 5 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 太尉令朱虛侯監軍門
145 5 jié festival / a special day 襄平侯通尚符節
146 5 zhì to / until 趙相徵至長安
147 5 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
148 5 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子偃為魯王
149 5 in / at 於今面折廷爭
150 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 太后必喜
151 5 an official residence 乃置酒齊邸
152 5 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 乃拜為帝太傅
153 5 zhì to place / to lay out 置上坐
154 5 this / these 此非人所為
155 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 齊內史士說王曰
156 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 天下共擊之
157 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 太后稱制
158 5 an elder sister 封呂媭為臨光侯
159 5 chū to go out / to leave 帝晨出射
160 5 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 不能繼嗣奉宗廟祭祀
161 5 again / more / repeatedly 乃使人復召趙王
162 5 shòu old age / long life 令齊王起為壽
163 5 zhī to know 知太后怒
164 5 hái also / in addition / more 孝惠還
165 5 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
166 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 令衛圍守之
167 5 yīn cloudy / overcast 陰知其謀
168 5 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 及留侯策
169 5 final particle 幾代太子者數矣
170 5 元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou 楚元王
171 5 huò or / either / else 或聞其母死
172 5 to give / to bestow favors 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
173 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆頓首言
174 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未到
175 5 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得閒
176 4 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 呂后年長
177 4 móu to plan / to scheme 陰知其謀
178 4 zǎo a flea / a louse 不能蚤起
179 4 four 四年就半
180 4 to send / to transmit / to mail 其子寄與呂祿善
181 4 to die 建成康侯釋之卒
182 4 rén a kernel / a pit 孝惠為人仁弱
183 4 I 后安能殺吾母而名我
184 4 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 如郎中令
185 4 chí to grasp / to hold 使人持酖飲之
186 4 hurried / worried 不急之國守藩
187 4 qián front 孝惠與齊王燕飲太后前
188 4 guān an office 置太尉官
189 4 jiā house / home / residence 呂氏以外家惡而幾危宗廟
190 4 cháo to face 十月朝賀
191 4 bào newspaper 今我破齊還報
192 4 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 趙王年少
193 4 zhǔ owner 尊公主為王太后
194 4 shǔ to count 幾代太子者數矣
195 4 a law / a rule 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
196 4 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 諸君不在邪
197 4 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 太后女弟呂媭有女為營陵侯劉澤妻
198 4 day of the month / a certain day 居數日
199 4 chí to go quickly or swiftly 乃馳告丞相
200 4 martial / military 子武為壺關侯
201 4 zhèn zhen / poisonfeather bird 使人持酖飲之
202 4 chén Chen 問左丞相陳平
203 4 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 以呂王產為相國
204 4 áo to ramble 宣平侯張敖也
205 4 xìng fortunate / lucky 愛幸
206 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 皇太后為天下齊民計所以安宗廟社稷甚深
207 4 shì is / are / am / to be 是時高祖八子
208 4 è evil / vice 我妃既妒兮誣我以惡
209 4 yòu again / also 又比殺三趙王
210 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 令衛圍守之
211 4 tōng to go through / to open 立呂肅王子東平侯呂通為燕王
212 4 anger / rage / fury 知太后怒
213 4 yǒu friend / companion 子友為淮陽王
214 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 上有歡心以安百姓
215 4 wèn to ask
216 4 extra / surplus / remainder 餘皆孝惠弟
217 4 chēng to call / to address 太后稱制
218 4 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 太后獨有孝惠與魯元公主
219 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 臣不敢遣王
220 4 zhuàng robust 帝毋壯子
221 4 dialect / language / speech 語在齊王語中
222 4 míng measure word for people 取美人子名之
223 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 君知其解乎
224 4 yuán monetary unit / dollar 女魯元太后
225 4 dōng east 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
226 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 封齊悼惠王子章為朱虛侯
227 4 tīng to listen 其相弗聽
228 4 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 七年秋八月戊寅
229 4 xìn to believe / to trust 武信侯呂祿上侯
230 4 wéi dangerous / precarious 諸呂用事兮劉氏危
231 4 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 十月
232 3 lái to come 王來
233 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常欲廢太子
234 3 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 我無忠臣兮何故棄國
235 3 flourishing / prosperous 勃等對曰
236 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無所不可
237 3 chǔ state of Chu 楚元王
238 3 father 詔賜酈侯父追謚為令武侯
239 3 王后 Wánghòu Queen 太后以呂產女為趙王后
240 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
241 3 huī great / expansive 諸姬子子恢為梁王
242 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 如家人之禮
243 3 to ferry 呂曰濟川
244 3 wèi to fear / to dread 太后畏君等
245 3 chú except / besides 國除
246 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右莫得見
247 3 xíng to walk / to move 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
248 3 expresses question or doubt 君知其解乎
249 3 zhī wine container / a goblet 乃令酌兩卮酖
250 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 然後乘六乘傳
251 3 to pay respects 謚為肅王
252 3 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 乃幽之永卷中
253 3 liù six 五年六年城就
254 3 sān three 三年
255 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 令其子寄往紿說呂祿曰
256 3 quán authority / power 呂氏權由此起
257 3 shǎo few 趙王少
258 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 乃與太仆汝陰侯滕公入宮
259 3 mìng life 命曰
260 3 zhǐ the end of axle outside of hub 子朝為軹侯
261 3 xiān first 乃先封高祖之功臣郎中令無擇為博城侯
262 3 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 共尊立為天子
263 3 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 立其弟呂祿為胡陵侯
264 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 今皇帝病久不已
265 3 chuān Sichuan 呂曰濟川
266 3 jiàn to build / to construct 子建為燕王
267 3 to arrest / to catch / to seize 輒捕論之
268 3 未央宮 wèiyāng gōng Weiyang Palace 乃入未央宮
269 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬長樂衛尉呂更始
270 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 公卿皆因而決事
271 3 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 非劉氏功臣番君吳芮子臣為長沙王
272 3 song / lyrics 乃歌曰
273 3 gǎn bold / brave 未敢發
274 3 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 孝惠為人仁弱
275 3 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 欲令發兵西
276 3 yuē approximately 非約也
277 3 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
278 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 以待呂氏變
279 3 qiě moreover / also 王且亦病
280 3 shì to release / to set free 次兄呂釋之為建成侯
281 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣平侯張敖也
282 3 jiù right away 四年就半
283 3 zàng to bury the dead
284 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月辛丑
285 3 kāng Kang 建成康侯釋之卒
286 3 èr two 呂后兄二人
287 3 ài to love 愛幸
288 3 tiān day 蓋之如天
289 3 five 五年六年城就
290 3 to allow / to permit 許之
291 3 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 呂后最怨戚夫人及其子趙王
292 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 孝惠元年十二月
293 3 hair 未敢發
294 3 do not 左右莫得見
295 3 更名 gèngmíng to change name 更名義
296 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 我無忠臣兮何故棄國
297 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 君今請拜呂臺
298 3 biàn to change / to alter 壯即為變
299 3 to cry / to weep / to wail 太后哭
300 3 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
301 3 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 佐高祖定天下
302 3 móu barley 封齊悼惠王子興居為東牟侯
303 3 fēi an imperial concubine 高祖微時妃也
304 3 otherwise / but / however 如此則太后心安
305 3 méng oath / pledge / union 高帝刑白馬盟曰
306 3 西 The West 欲令發兵西
307 3 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪之相權
308 3 shě to give 舍代邸
309 3 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 臣不如君
310 3 Téng Teng 乃與太仆汝陰侯滕公入宮
311 3 yīn because 因病
312 3 shàng still / yet / to value 襄平侯通尚符節
313 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 灌嬰至滎陽
314 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 使使諭齊王及諸侯
315 3 to die 趙王已死
316 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 太后風大臣
317 2 建成 jiànchéng to establish / to build 次兄呂釋之為建成侯
318 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月
319 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 自迎趙王霸上
320 2 東平 Dōngpíng Dongping 立呂肅王子東平侯呂通為燕王
321 2 奉詔 fèngzhào to receive an imperial command 不能奉詔
322 2 外孫 wàisūn daughter's son / grandson / descendant via the female line 高后為外孫魯元王偃年少
323 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 詐奪瑯邪王兵
324 2 平定 píngdìng to pacify 齊丞相壽為平定侯
325 2 皇后 huánghòu empress 宣平侯女為孝惠皇后時
326 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 子不疑為常山王
327 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時
328 2 suì age 歲餘不能起
329 2 諸君 zhūjūn Gentlemen! (start of a speech) / Ladies and Gentlemen! 諸君不在邪
330 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 皇太后為天下齊民計所以安宗廟社稷甚深
331 2 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 子長為淮南王
332 2 rán correct / right / certainly 然尚有南軍
333 2 shòu to teach 迫脅王侯兮彊授我妃
334 2 衛尉 wèiwèi Commandant of Guards 令平陽侯告衛尉
335 2 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 高祖十二年四月甲辰
336 2 類我 lèi wǒ be like me 高祖以為不類我
337 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 產走
338 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 自決中野兮蒼天舉直
339 2 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule all under Heaven 終不能治天下
340 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是乃徙淮陽王友為趙王
341 2 to congratulate 十月朝賀
342 2 eight 是時高祖八子
343 2 大赦 dàshè amnesty / general pardon 乃大赦天下
344 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 以辟陽侯審食其為左丞相
345 2 擅權 shànquán to arrogate power 擅權
346 2 奉天 fèngtiān Fengtian 奉天子璽上代王
347 2 rare / infrequent / precious 希見上
348 2 entirely / without exception 取卮欲俱為壽
349 2 to envy / to be jealous 諸呂女妒
350 2 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 乃令永巷囚戚夫人
351 2 féi fat / plump / obese 長男肥
352 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 非真皇后子
353 2 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 使居廁中
354 2 zhì a swine 人彘
355 2 póu to extract 乃顧麾左右執戟者掊兵罷去
356 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 乃悉出珠玉寶器散堂下
357 2 tíng court / royal court 於今面折廷爭
358 2 分部 fēnbù branch / subsection / to subdivide 遂遣人分部悉捕諸呂男女
359 2 one 王誠以一郡上太后
360 2 huàn government official 諸中宦者令丞皆為關內侯
361 2 meaning / sense 更名義
362 2 更始 gèngshǐ to make a new start / to regenerate 呂更始為贅其侯
363 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐高祖定天下
364 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 君等幸得脫禍矣
365 2 wēi small / tiny 高祖微時妃也
366 2 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 呂后大怒
367 2 yīng should / ought 王陵無以應之
368 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 還過軹道
369 2 to support somebody by the arm / to assist 據高后掖
370 2 不樂 bùlè unhappy 心不樂
371 2 dìng to decide 定劉氏之後
372 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 欲召趙王并誅之
373 2 襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng 子山為襄城侯
374 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 呂后最怨戚夫人及其子趙王
375 2 壺關 húguān Huguan 子武為壺關侯
376 2 he / him 呂他為俞侯
377 2 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 春秋高
378 2 頓首 dùnshǒu kowtow 群臣皆頓首言
379 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 將兵居南北軍
380 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方筑長安城
381 2 Wu 兄子濞為吳王
382 2 shāng commerce / trade 曲周侯酈商老病
383 2 a government official / a magistrate 將相列侯郎吏皆以秩賜金
384 2 to join / to combine 欲待灌嬰兵與齊合而發
385 2 several 幾代太子者數矣
386 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 夫全社稷
387 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 寡人率兵入誅不當為王者
388 2 huì night 晝晦
389 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 朱虛侯則從與載
390 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 子產為交侯
391 2 tuō to take off 自以為不得脫長安
392 2 qiū fall / autumn 七年秋八月戊寅
393 2 長樂 Chánglè Changle 崩長樂宮
394 2 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 乃失惑惛亂
395 2 惠子 Huì Zǐ Hui Zi 皆非真孝惠子也
396 2 典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect 太尉復令酈寄與典客劉揭先說呂祿曰
397 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 哭不悲
398 2 jié take by force / to coerce 劫列侯忠臣
399 2 to take / to get / to fetch 取卮欲俱為壽
400 2 jūn great / your (honorific)
401 2 nán south 呂王產居南軍
402 2 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 諸呂權兵關中
403 2 wife 以呂祿女妻之
404 2 a time 次兄呂釋之為建成侯
405 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 毋入相國產殿門
406 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 臣不敢遣王
407 2 shén what 言帝病甚
408 2 獨有 dú yǒu to personally own / to possess solely / only / solely / there is only 太后獨有孝惠與魯元公主
409 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊聞太后怨戚夫人
410 2 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 讒之於太后
411 2 a team of four horses 亂功臣今齊王母家駟
412 2 zài in / at 語在齊王語中
413 2 to make a false accusation / to defame 誣以罪過
414 2 xīn heart 心不樂
415 2 miǎn to spare 王陵遂病免歸
416 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 恐即崩後劉將軍為害
417 2 zūn to honor / to respect 而諸呂又擅自尊官
418 2 according to 據高后掖
419 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 王陵讓陳平
420 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂飲
421 2 láng a kind of white cornelian 乃以劉澤為瑯邪王
422 2 each 遺詔賜諸侯王各千金
423 2 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 食邑五百戶
424 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄夫人子恒為代王
425 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生孝惠帝
426 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 或以為便
427 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯制以令天下
428 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 太后家薄氏謹良
429 2 後宮 hòu gōng the rear palace / the womens' quarters 先立孝惠後宮子彊為淮陽王
430 2 liǎng two 乃令酌兩卮酖
431 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 長兄周呂侯死事
432 2 追尊 zhuīzūn posthumous honorific name 乃追尊酈侯父為悼武王
433 2 shí ten 有謁者十人持戟衛端門
434 2 to criticize 議欲立諸呂為王
435 2 聽政 tīngzhèng to govern 不聽政
436 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 孝惠帝使留侯良立臣為齊王
437 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 相召平乃反
438 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固恃大臣諸侯
439 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後乘六乘傳
440 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 詳醉去
441 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 賴大臣爭之
442 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 王誠以一郡上太后
443 2 ruò weak 孝惠為人仁弱
444 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 太后聞而患之
445 2 shì to match 今其適子為齊王
446 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 子山為襄城侯
447 2 nèi inside / interior 內憚絳侯
448 2 shī to lose 乃失惑惛亂
449 2 seven 七年秋八月戊寅
450 2 tài very / extremely 立皇子平昌侯太為呂王
451 2 a halberd 乃顧麾左右執戟者掊兵罷去
452 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者三反
453 2 美人 měirén beauty / belle 取美人子名之
454 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 上有歡心以安百姓
455 2 xià summer
456 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 令衛圍守之
457 2 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 諸大臣相與陰謀曰
458 2 左袒 zuǒtǎn to take sides with / to be partial to / to be biased / to favor one side 為劉氏左袒
459 2 猶豫 yóuyù hesitant 猶豫未決
460 2 increase / benefit 益疏
461 2 他人 tārén someone else / other people 毋為他人守也
462 2 yòu right / right-hand 問右丞相王陵
463 2 少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer 少府延為梧侯
464 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 凡有天下治為萬民命者
465 2 what / where / which 何解
466 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 謁者不肯
467 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 王子弟
468 2 上將 shàngjiāng chief of staff 乃為上將
469 1 a plow 犁明
470 1 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 莫敢鬬
471 1 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 太后女弟呂媭有女為營陵侯劉澤妻
472 1 靈王 Líng Wáng King Ling of Zhou 燕靈王建薨
473 1 zhù to build / to construct 方筑長安城
474 1 suddenly / abruptly 忽弗復見
475 1 辭謝 cíxiè to decline gratefully 代王使人辭謝
476 1 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 詳醉去
477 1 號令 hàolìng an order (especially army) / bugle call expressing military order / verbal command 號令一出太后
478 1 定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao 得定陶戚姬
479 1 孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei 謚為孝文皇帝
480 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 王誠以一郡上太后
481 1 alone / independent / single / sole 所患獨呂產
482 1 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 留侯子張辟彊為侍中
483 1 zhú \N 平陽侯窋行御史大夫事
484 1 大哭 dà kū to wail / to cry 乃大哭
485 1 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 君臣俱欲休息乎無為
486 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 七年正月
487 1 長男 zhǎngnán eldest son 長男肥
488 1 jìn to enter 忠臣進諫
489 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 乃陰令人告其兄齊王
490 1 廢帝 fèidì deposed emperor 擅廢帝更立
491 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅梁
492 1 already / since 我妃既妒兮誣我以惡
493 1 shùn to obey 且立長故順
494 1 稼穡 jiàsè sowing and reaping / farm work 民務稼穡
495 1 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 呂氏權由此起
496 1 往來 wǎnglái to come and go / to return 裴回往來
497 1 軍門 jūnmén an entrance to a military camp 太尉將之入軍門
498 1 to leave behind 齊王乃遺諸侯王書曰
499 1 心安 xīnān mind at ease 如此則太后心安
500 1 有身 yǒushēn to be pregnant 詳為有身

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
自恣 zì zì pravāraṇā / ceremony of repentance
哀王 Āi Wáng King Ai of Zhou
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
本纪 本紀 Běn Jì Imperial Biographies
Bi
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
常山 chángshān Changshan
城阳 城陽 chéngyáng Chengyang
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
垂拱 chuígǒng Chuigong
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect
定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao
东平 東平 Dōngpíng Dongping
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
奉天 fèngtiān Fengtian
高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
关东 關東 guāndōng
  1. Northeast China / Manchuria
  2. Kantō
关内 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
淮阳 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang
壶关 壺關 húguān Huguan
惠王 Huì Wáng
  1. King Hui of Zhou
  2. King Hui of Zhou
惠子 Huì Zǐ Hui Zi
建平 jiànpíng Jianping
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
乐昌 樂昌 lèchāng Lechang
Li
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
灵王 靈王 Líng Wáng King Ling of Zhou
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
南宫 南宮 nángōng Nangong
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
平昌 Píng Chāng Pyeongchang
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
前废帝 前廢帝 qiánfèi dì Emperor Qianfei
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
曲周 qǔZhōu Quzhou
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao
少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太仆 太僕 tàipú Grand Servant
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
王嘉 wáng jiā Wang Jia
王因 Wángyīn Wangyin
未央宫 未央宮 wèiyāng gōng Weiyang Palace
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
无忧 無憂 wú yōu No Suffering / Aśoka / Asoka / Ashoka
武侯 wǔhóu Wuhou
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
相国 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State
孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei
新都 xīndōu Xindu or Newtown
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
以太 yǐtài Ether-
幽王 Yōu Wáng King You of Zhou
元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
战国 戰國 Zhàn Guó
  1. Warring States Period
  2. one of the seven warring states
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
中野 zhōngyě Nakano
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
周勃 Zhōubó Zhou Bo
子张 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang
子产 子產 zǐchǎn Zi Chan
子长 子長 zǐzhǎng Zichang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English