Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 史記, 《河渠書》 Rivers and canals

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 26 channel / canal / drain / ditch 乃二渠以引其河
2 21 a river / a stream 然河菑衍溢
3 19 shuǐ water 水行載舟
4 14 cáo a canal / a waterway 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
5 13 gài to irrigate / to water / to flood 有餘則用溉浸
6 12 tián field / farmland 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
7 12 tōng to go through / to open 通九道
8 10 rén person / people / a human being 鄭當時興人徒塞之
9 10 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 孝文時河決酸棗
10 9 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 於是天子使汲黯
11 9 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 於是東郡大興卒塞之
12 9 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃二渠以引其河
13 9 穿 chuān to dress / to wear 穿二江成都之中
14 9 to die 卒使就渠
15 9 yuē to speak / to say
16 8 xíng to walk / to move 陸行載車
17 8 dōng east 東下砥柱
18 8 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 於是禹以為河所從來者高
19 8 extra / surplus / remainder 并北山東注洛三百餘里
20 7 inside / interior 并北山東注洛三百餘里
21 7 zuò to do 任土作貢
22 7 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
23 7 soil / ground / land 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
24 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 毋令東伐
25 7 can / may / permissible 度可令三月罷
26 7 xié slanting / inclined 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
27 6 shí a rock / a stone 故道河自積石歷龍門
28 6 xián liesure 溝江淮之閒
29 6 yòng to use / to apply 有餘則用溉浸
30 6 shàng top / a high position 蚡言於上曰
31 6 shí time / a point or period of time 孝文時河決酸棗
32 6 yán to speak / to say / said 蚡言於上曰
33 6 dào way / road / path 通九道
34 6 qín Shaanxi 而韓聞秦之好興事
35 6 jiǔ nine 通九道
36 6 瓠子 hùzi a bottle gourd / a calabash 而河決於瓠子
37 5 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 隨山浚川
38 5 其後 qí hòu after that 其後四十有餘年
39 5 萬餘 wàn yú over ten thousand 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
40 5 hair 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
41 5 huái Huai River
42 5 suì age 三歲而通
43 5 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度九山
44 5 shì matter / thing / item 而韓聞秦之好興事
45 5 tāng soup 下御史大夫張湯
46 4 a field recently opened for cultivation 然河菑衍溢
47 4 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 於是關中為沃野
48 4 xuān to declare / to announce 宣房塞兮萬福來
49 4 fáng a room 宣房塞兮萬福來
50 4 luò Luo 并北山東注洛三百餘里
51 4 desire 欲罷之
52 4 wèi Wei River 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
53 4 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
54 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
55 4 Emperor Yu 禹抑洪水十三年
56 4 to reach 及孟津
57 4 西 The West 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
58 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而渠下民田萬餘頃
59 4 shǔ to count 數為敗
60 4 shǔ Sichuan 於蜀
61 4 Si River 泗會
62 4 zhù a pillar / a post 東下砥柱
63 4 valley / gorge / ravine 得穀
64 4 baffle (pier) / whetstone 東下砥柱
65 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 邑收多
66 3 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 蜀守冰鑿離碓
67 3 běi north 北載之高地
68 3 zhù to inject / to pour into 并北山東注洛三百餘里
69 3 Shū Shu / Xiajin 其奉邑食鄃
70 3 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
71 3 gain / advantage / benefit 百姓饗其利
72 3 wàn ten thousand 歲百餘萬石
73 3 nán south 南到華陰
74 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 而韓聞秦之好興事
75 3 nián year 禹抑洪水十三年
76 3 shí ten 可令畝十石
77 3 to stop / to cease / to suspend 欲罷之
78 3 zhèng [state of] Zheng
79 3 gōng merit 功施于三代
80 3 chǔ state of Chu 于楚
81 3 miǎn inundation / flood 而褒水通沔
82 3 to ferry 與濟
83 3 èr two 乃二渠以引其河
84 3 bǎn a slope / a hillside 蒲阪下
85 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過家不入門
86 3 zhú bamboo 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
87 3 to enter 入于勃海九川既疏
88 3 shǎo few 少阪
89 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 蜀守冰鑿離碓
90 3 chuān Sichuan 隨山浚川
91 3 xīn fuel / firewood 以故薪柴少
92 3 故道 gùdào an old road / old way / the old course of a river 故道河自積石歷龍門
93 3 引河 yǐnhé irrigation channel 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
94 3 fén Fen 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
95 2 jìn nearby 近四百里
96 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 延道弛兮離常流
97 2 gōng a palace 筑宮其上
98 2 jiàn the bar of a door / the bolt of a lock 而下淇園之竹以為楗
99 2 shāo to burn 是時東郡燒草
100 2 duì a pestle 蜀守冰鑿離碓
101 2 sān three 則通渠三江
102 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 陂九澤
103 2 one 收皆畝一鐘
104 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
105 2 rich / wealthy 以富魏之河內
106 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 故名曰龍首渠
107 2 tiān day 江河之決皆天事
108 2 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 并北山東注洛三百餘里
109 2 hào bright / luminous 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
110 2 jǐng a well 往往為井
111 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 而望氣用數者亦以為然
112 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 隨山浚川
113 2 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 有餘則用溉浸
114 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 漕從山東西
115 2 to overflow 然河菑衍溢
116 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 汾陰下
117 2 水工 shuǐ gōng a person who worked on water projects 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
118 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今溉田之
119 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 水行載舟
120 2 之中 zhīzhōng inside 穿二江成都之中
121 2 shōu to receive / to accept 收皆畝一鐘
122 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 其後河東守番系言
123 2 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong 漢中之穀可致
124 2 qiáng strong / powerful 秦以富彊
125 2 朔方 shuòfāng the north 朔方
126 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 於是天子久之不事復塞也
127 2 even / equal / uniform 於齊
128 2 dān to use up 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
129 2 district / county 其奉邑食鄃
130 2 龍門 lóngmén Longmen 故道河自積石歷龍門
131 2 shū to remove obstructions 入于勃海九川既疏
132 2 hài to injure / to harm to 害中國也尤甚
133 2 得以 déyǐ to be able to 又可得以溉田
134 2 shū book 河渠書
135 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未易以人力為彊塞
136 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend
137 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
138 2 河北 héběi Hebei 鄃居河北
139 2 píng flat / level / smooth 功無已時兮吾山平
140 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 度可得五千頃
141 2 ráo to forgive 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
142 2 河渠 hé qú rivers and canals / waterways 河渠書
143 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 自是之後
144 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 歲因以數不登
145 2 jiāng a large river 則通渠三江
146 2 負薪 fùxīn to carry firewood 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
147 2 big / great / huge / large / major 至于大邳
148 2 shāng commerce / trade 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
149 2 increase / benefit 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
150 2 a lake 五湖
151 2 四十 sì shí forty 其後四十有餘年
152 2 zhōu boat / ship 水行載舟
153 2 five 五湖
154 2 easy / simple 未易以人力為彊塞
155 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time 鄭當時興人徒塞之
156 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 於是東郡大興卒塞之
157 2 liáng a bridge 而梁楚之地尤甚
158 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈白馬玉璧于河
159 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 九江引淮
160 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 河伯許兮薪不屬
161 2 to draw water 於是天子使汲黯
162 2 jiāo wild rice 民茭牧其中耳
163 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 歲百餘萬石
164 2 níng Nanjing 殫為河兮地不得寧
165 2 rén a kernel / a pit 天子乃使汲仁
166 2 shǐ beginning / start 始臣為閒
167 2 extra / surplus / remainder 余南登廬山
168 2 fén a mole 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
169 2 河伯 hébó name or river God associated with Yellow river 為我謂河伯兮何不仁
170 2 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 天子既封禪巡祭山川
171 2 zhōng middle 中作而覺
172 2 tuān rapid water current / rapids 水湍悍
173 2 Pi 至于大邳
174 2 gàn sunset / evening 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
175 2 yán color 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
176 2 tuí ruined / decayed 水穨以絕商顏
177 2 無水 wúshuǐ anhydrous / waterless / dehydrated 河決而南則鄃無水菑
178 2 child / son 今天子元光之中
179 2 záo to bore / to pierce 蜀守冰鑿離碓
180 2 鉅野 jùyě Juye 東南注鉅野
181 2 ruì a bend 雒汭
182 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜湯子卬為漢中守
183 1 pèi copious / abundant 歸舊川兮神哉沛
184 1 jìng a narrow path
185 1 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 悲瓠子之詩而作河渠書
186 1 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 瓠子決兮將柰何
187 1 to arise / to get up 引渭穿渠起長安
188 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
189 1 rain 乾封少雨
190 1 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
191 1 dào to arrive 南到華陰
192 1 zhōng clock 收皆畝一鐘
193 1 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 以富魏之河內
194 1 東至 dōngzhì Dongzhi 東至山嶺十餘里閒
195 1 fèi to boil 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
196 1 汝南 rǔnán Runan 汝南
197 1 中國 zhōngguó China 害中國也尤甚
198 1 chén Chen
199 1 Ye 西門豹引漳水溉鄴
200 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
201 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 度可得穀二百萬石以上
202 1 quán fountain / spring 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
203 1 qiān to seize / to pull / to hold up the hem of clothes 搴長茭兮沈美玉
204 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓饗其利
205 1 夏書 xiàshū Books of Xia 夏書
206 1 hóu marquis / lord 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
207 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 則田者不能償種
208 1 hàn courageous / brave 水湍悍
209 1 hòu after / later 自河決瓠子後二十餘歲
210 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 井渠之生自此始
211 1 a jade bi 沈白馬玉璧于河
212 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
213 1 to allow / to permit 河伯許兮薪不屬
214 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
215 1 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
216 1 鑿井 záojǐng to dig a well 乃鑿井
217 1 Qi River 而下淇園之竹以為楗
218 1 降水 jiàngshuǐ rain and snow / precipitation 過降水
219 1 xiàn boundary / limit 更砥柱之限
220 1 song / lyrics 乃作歌曰
221 1 wèi to call 為我謂河伯兮何不仁
222 1 to press down 禹抑洪水十三年
223 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
224 1 to cross, ferry over 北渡污兮浚流難
225 1 水利 shuǐlì water conservancy / irrigation works 用事者爭言水利
226 1 xu 令齊人水工徐伯表
227 1 zhù to build / to construct 筑宮其上
228 1 zuì crime / sin / vice 薪不屬兮衛人罪
229 1 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 悼功之不成
230 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
231 1 以東 yǐdōng to the east of (suffix) 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
232 1 gòng a tribute / a gift 任土作貢
233 1 鴻溝 hónggōu gulf / chasm 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
234 1 qiáo bridge 山行即橋
235 1 a shepherd 民茭牧其中耳
236 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延道弛兮離常流
237 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可漕
238 1 wèn to ask 湯問其事
239 1 水道 shuǐdào an aqueduct / a sewer 而漕水道九百餘里
240 1 數歲 shǔ suì a few years 數歲
241 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 以富魏之河內
242 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎河
243 1 異時 yìshí past time 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
244 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 漢中之穀可致
245 1 yuǎn far / distant 回遠
246 1 潺湲 chányuán like the slow movement of a river 河湯湯兮激潺湲
247 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋令東伐
248 1 shěng province 此損漕省卒
249 1 mìng life 因命曰鄭國渠
250 1 河西 Héxī Hexi 河西
251 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 久不反兮水維緩
252 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 久不反兮水維緩
253 1 gāo high / tall 於是禹以為河所從來者高
254 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 北渡污兮浚流難
255 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 用事者爭言水利
256 1 巴蜀 Bāshǔ Bashu 擬於巴蜀
257 1 four 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
258 1 西方 xīfāng the West 西方則通渠漢水
259 1 十三 shísān thirteen 禹抑洪水十三年
260 1 jiā house / home / residence 過家不入門
261 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 任土作貢
262 1 鄭國渠 Zhèngguó Qú Zhengguo Canal 因命曰鄭國渠
263 1 huí to go back / to return 回遠
264 1 shēn deep 深者四十餘丈
265 1 澤鹵 zélǔ farmland contaminated with salt 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
266 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
267 1 wài outside 不封禪兮安知外
268 1 滿 mǎn full 泗滿
269 1 美玉 měi yù fine jade 搴長茭兮沈美玉
270 1 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 用注填閼之水
271 1 行船 xíngchuán to sail a boat / to navigate a boat 皆可以行船漕
272 1 precious 沈白馬玉璧于河
273 1 廬山 Lúshān Mount Lu / Lushan 余南登廬山
274 1 a gourd / a calabash 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
275 1 jiǔ old 久不反兮水維緩
276 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠得水
277 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
278 1 lái to come 宣房塞兮萬福來
279 1 Ta river 漯洛渠
280 1 ěr ear 民茭牧其中耳
281 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 唯是為務
282 1 residence / dwelling 鄃居河北
283 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
284 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 是時東郡燒草
285 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
286 1 to defend / to resist 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
287 1 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 佗小渠披山通道者
288 1 山行 shānxíng mountain hike 山行即橋
289 1 三十九 sānshíjiǔ 39 漢興三十九年
290 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
291 1 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 天子既封禪巡祭山川
292 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 以萬億計
293 1 to help / to assist 而關中輔渠
294 1 川谷 chuāngǔ travel expenses 酒泉皆引河及川谷以溉田
295 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 抵蜀從故道
296 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 溝江淮之閒
297 1 sāng mulberry tree 齧桑浮兮淮
298 1 hǎo good 而韓聞秦之好興事
299 1 mud 泥行蹈毳
300 1 郭昌 Guō Chāng Guo Chang 郭昌發卒數萬人塞瓠子決
301 1 四百 sì bǎi four hundred 近四百里
302 1 江河 jiānghé river 江河之決皆天事
303 1 a dike 東潰金隄
304 1 chěng to hasten / to run / to open up 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
305 1 to go through / to experience / to take place 故道河自積石歷龍門
306 1 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 功施于三代
307 1 通渭 tōngWèi Tongwei 斜水通渭
308 1 甚多 shén duō extremely many 敗亡甚多
309 1 to stop up 靈軹引堵水
310 1 cài Cai
311 1 luò a black horse with white mane 雒汭
312 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 天子既封禪巡祭山川
313 1 大陸 dàlù continent / mainland 至于大陸
314 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
315 1 泛濫 fànlàn to overflow the banks / to inundate / to spread unchecked 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
316 1 earth / soil / dirt 任土作貢
317 1 kuì a flooding river 東潰金隄
318 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 輒復壞
319 1 a reservoir 陂九澤
320 1 萬里 wànlǐ far away / ten thousand li 於是天子已用事萬里沙
321 1 相通 xiāngtōng identical 井下相通行水
322 1 jīn gold 東潰金隄
323 1 fèng to offer / to present 其奉邑食鄃
324 1 乾封 qiánfēng Qianfeng 乾封少雨
325 1 cái material / stuff 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
326 1 高地 gāodì highland 北載之高地
327 1 便於 biànyú to be easy / to be convenient 便於砥柱之漕
328 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 用注填閼之水
329 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 河移徙
330 1 to sacrifice to / to worship 天子既封禪巡祭山川
331 1 apprentice / disciple 鄭當時興人徒塞之
332 1 fish 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
333 1 elegant 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
334 1 wéi to preserve / to maintain 久不反兮水維緩
335 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
336 1 華陰 huàyīn Huayin 南到華陰
337 1 無異 wúyì nothing other than / to differ in no way from / the same as / to amount to 與關中無異
338 1 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 發數萬人作褒斜道五百餘里
339 1 huì can / be able to 泗會
340 1 féi fat / plump / obese 而益肥關中之地
341 1 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 而亦煩費
342 1 龍首渠 Lóngshǒu Qú Longshou Canal 故名曰龍首渠
343 1 Wu 於吳
344 1 jué to awake 中作而覺
345 1 wilderness 雲夢之野
346 1 Huáng Huang 遂至于會稽太湟
347 1 fèi fee / expenses 而亦煩費
348 1 Wèn Wen River 泰山下引汶水
349 1 jìn shanxi 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
350 1 zhòng heavy 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
351 1 蛟龍 jiāolóng a dragon with scales 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
352 1 to draft 擬於巴蜀
353 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀禹疏九江
354 1 good fortune / happiness / luck 宣房塞兮萬福來
355 1 Jīng Jing 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
356 1 山下 shānxià Yamashita (Japanese surname) 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
357 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 道果便近
358 1 xià summer 諸夏艾安
359 1 雲夢 yúnmèng Yunmeng 雲夢之野
360 1 wén to hear 而韓聞秦之好興事
361 1 àn black 於是天子使汲黯
362 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 度可令三月罷
363 1 酒泉 Jiǔquán Jiuquan 酒泉皆引河及川谷以溉田
364 1 bǎi cypress / cedar 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
365 1 人力 rénlì manpower / labor 未易以人力為彊塞
366 1 敗亡 bàiwáng to be defeated and dispersed 敗亡甚多
367 1 關東 guāndōng Northeast China / Manchuria 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
368 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒復壞
369 1 其中 qízhōng among 民茭牧其中耳
370 1 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 以車轉
371 1 zhǐ the end of axle outside of hub 靈軹引堵水
372 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 功施于三代
373 1 foam / suds 辟沫水之害
374 1 hán Korea / South Korea 而韓聞秦之好興事
375 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂至于會稽太湟
376 1 dirty / filthy / foul / polluted 北渡污兮浚流難
377 1 àn bank / shore / beach / coast 岸善崩
378 1 jiàn arrow 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
379 1 kuī to peep / to peek 東闚洛汭
380 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天子元光之中
381 1 an official residence 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
382 1 井下 jǐngxià underground / in the pit (mining) 井下相通行水
383 1 平地 píngdì a plain 難以行平地
384 1 shore / land / continent 陸行載車
385 1 南陽 nányáng Nanyang 漕從南陽上沔入褒
386 1 zài in / at 然其著者在宣房
387 1 dǎo to stamp feet 泥行蹈毳
388 1 蕭條 xiāotiáo mournful / desolate 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
389 1 to give 予越人
390 1 chái firewood / faggots / fuel 以故薪柴少
391 1 zhān to look at 西瞻蜀之岷山及離碓
392 1 hàn dry
393 1 gas / vapour / fumes 而望氣用數者亦以為然
394 1 dìng to decide 東海引鉅定
395 1 chén minister / statesman / official 始臣為閒
396 1 cuì crisp / brittle 泥行蹈毳
397 1 姑蘇 gūsū Gusu 上姑蘇
398 1 酸棗 suānzǎo sour date 孝文時河決酸棗
399 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart 岸善崩
400 1 yuán garden / orchard 而下淇園之竹以為楗
401 1 漢水 hànshuǐ Han River 西方則通渠漢水
402 1 chē a vehicle 以車轉
403 1 jìn to immerse / to soak / to steep 有餘則用溉浸
404 1 孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei 孝文時河決酸棗
405 1 hàn Han Chinese 漢興三十九年
406 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 渠不利
407 1 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 於是天子已用事萬里沙
408 1 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 然河菑衍溢
409 1 不可勝言 bù kě shèng yán inexpressible / beyond description 不可勝言
410 1 type of rush 蒲阪下
411 1 wood / lumber 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
412 1 niè to gnaw / to erode 齧桑浮兮淮
413 1 東海 Dōng Hǎi East China Sea 東海引鉅定
414 1 zāi disaster / calamity 無水災
415 1 熊羆 xióngpí a brown bear 其後莊熊羆言
416 1 少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer 令少府以為稍入
417 1 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 穿二江成都之中
418 1 líng agile / nimble 靈軹引堵水
419 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 百姓饗其利
420 1 shí food / food and drink 其奉邑食鄃
421 1 to arouse / to excite / to incite 河湯湯兮激潺湲
422 1 zhāng Zhang 西門豹引漳水溉鄴
423 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 沈白馬玉璧于河
424 1 徵引 zhēngyǐn to call to service / to appoint 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
425 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 卒并諸侯
426 1 大興 dà xīng to do on a large scale 於是東郡大興卒塞之
427 1 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 引渭穿渠起長安
428 1 shī poem / verse 悲瓠子之詩而作河渠書
429 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 秦欲殺鄭國
430 1 武安 wǔān Wu'an 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
431 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 度可得穀二百萬石以上
432 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
433 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 佗小渠披山通道者
434 1 九州 jiǔzhōu Nine Provinces 以別九州
435 1 北山 běishān northern mountain 并北山東注洛三百餘里
436 1 泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai 泰山下引汶水
437 1 遠遊 yuǎnyóu to travel far / distant wanderings 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
438 1 孟津 Mèngjīn Mengjin 及孟津
439 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 數為敗
440 1 tóng like / same / similar 同為逆河
441 1 jiù old / ancient 歸舊川兮神哉沛
442 1 道果 dào guǒ the fruit of the path 道果便近
443 1 臨河 línhé Linhe 天子既臨河決
444 1 dào to mourn / to lament 悼功之不成
445 1 a law / a rule 辟沫水之害
446 1 tián to glance at / to look at 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
447 1 day of the month / a certain day 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
448 1 cháng to repay / to recompense 則田者不能償種
449 1 無限 wúxiàn unlimited / unbounded / infinite / inexhaustible 山東從沔無限
450 1 利害 lìhài pros and cons / advantages and disadvantages 水之為利害也
451 1 山嶺 shānlǐng a chain of mountains 東至山嶺十餘里閒
452 1 明年 míngnián next year 其明年
453 1 chóu to worry about 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
454 1 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 歸舊川兮神哉沛
455 1 to cut down 毋令東伐
456 1 father's elder brother / uncle 令齊人水工徐伯表
457 1 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 湯問其事
458 1 unhusked millet 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
459 1 凶年 xiōng nián year of famine 無凶年
460 1 大便 dàbiàn excrement / feces 大便利
461 1 to connect / to relate 其後河東守番系言
462 1 guān an office 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
463 1 勃海 Bóhǎi Bohai 入于勃海九川既疏
464 1 zhuāng a village 其後莊熊羆言
465 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 然渠成亦秦之利也
466 1 guī to go back / to return 歸舊川兮神哉沛
467 1 cáo Cao
468 1 艾安 yìān peaceful 諸夏艾安
469 1 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 令齊人水工徐伯表
470 1 難處 nánchù trouble / difficulty / problem 時有難處
471 1 to move / to shift / to remove 河移徙
472 1 大農 dànóng Office of Agricultural Supervision 是時鄭當時為大農
473 1 九百 jiǔ bǎi nine hundred 而漕水道九百餘里
474 1 natural salt 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
475 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 不封禪兮安知外
476 1 元光 yuánguāng Yuanguang 今天子元光之中
477 1 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 度六月而罷
478 1 sòng Song dynasty 以通宋
479 1 洛水 Luòshuǐ Luo River 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
480 1 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain 遂至于會稽太湟
481 1 洪水 hóngshuǐ a deluge / a flood 禹抑洪水十三年
482 1 龍骨 lónggǔ keel 穿渠得龍骨
483 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 河東渠田廢
484 1 steel / iron 東海引鉅定
485 1 ruán land on water edge or under wall 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
486 1 hóng great / large
487 1 sufficient / enough 然莫足數也
488 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 岸善崩
489 1 沃野 wòyě fertile land 於是關中為沃野
490 1 to sprinkle / to splash 九澤既灑
491 1 岷山 Mínshān Mount Min 西瞻蜀之岷山及離碓
492 1 sǔn to injure 此損漕省卒
493 1 入門 rùmén a primer / an introductory course 過家不入門
494 1 dōng winter 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
495 1 the gate of a village / a village 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
496 1 chóu class / category 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
497 1 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 下御史大夫張湯
498 1 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
499 1 zhǒng kind / type 則田者不能償種
500 1 萬億 wàn yì one trillion 以萬億計

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 34 zhī him / her / them / that 北載之高地
2 26 channel / canal / drain / ditch 乃二渠以引其河
3 22 expresses affirmation, approval, or consent 瓠子決兮將柰何
4 21 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而韓聞秦之好興事
5 21 a river / a stream 然河菑衍溢
6 19 wèi for / to 唯是為務
7 19 shuǐ water 水行載舟
8 16 so as to / in order to 以別九州
9 14 cáo a canal / a waterway 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
10 13 xià next 東下砥柱
11 13 gài to irrigate / to water / to flood 有餘則用溉浸
12 12 tián field / farmland 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
13 12 tōng to go through / to open 通九道
14 10 rén person / people / a human being 鄭當時興人徒塞之
15 10 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 孝文時河決酸棗
16 9 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 於是天子使汲黯
17 9 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 於是東郡大興卒塞之
18 9 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃二渠以引其河
19 9 rán correct / right / certainly 然河菑衍溢
20 9 cóng from 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
21 9 穿 chuān to dress / to wear 穿二江成都之中
22 9 to die 卒使就渠
23 9 yuē to speak / to say
24 9 naturally / of course / certainly 故道河自積石歷龍門
25 8 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是禹以為河所從來者高
26 8 xíng to walk / to move 陸行載車
27 8 otherwise / but / however 西方則通渠漢水
28 8 his / hers / its / theirs 乃二渠以引其河
29 8 dōng east 東下砥柱
30 8 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 於是禹以為河所從來者高
31 8 extra / surplus / remainder 并北山東注洛三百餘里
32 7 inside / interior 并北山東注洛三百餘里
33 7 zuò to do 任土作貢
34 7 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
35 7 soil / ground / land 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
36 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 毋令東伐
37 7 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 於是禹以為河所從來者高
38 7 in / at 於吳
39 7 can / may / permissible 度可令三月罷
40 7 xié slanting / inclined 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
41 6 shì is / are / am / to be 唯是為務
42 6 shí a rock / a stone 故道河自積石歷龍門
43 6 xián liesure 溝江淮之閒
44 6 yòng to use / to apply 有餘則用溉浸
45 6 de potential marker 得穀
46 6 shàng top / a high position 蚡言於上曰
47 6 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
48 6 shí time / a point or period of time 孝文時河決酸棗
49 6 yán to speak / to say / said 蚡言於上曰
50 6 dào way / road / path 通九道
51 6 qín Shaanxi 而韓聞秦之好興事
52 6 jiǔ nine 通九道
53 6 瓠子 hùzi a bottle gourd / a calabash 而河決於瓠子
54 6 not / no 過家不入門
55 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃二渠以引其河
56 5 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 隨山浚川
57 5 其後 qí hòu after that 其後四十有餘年
58 5 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至于大邳
59 5 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 收皆畝一鐘
60 5 萬餘 wàn yú over ten thousand 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
61 5 again / more / repeatedly 輒復壞
62 5 hair 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
63 5 also / too 害中國也尤甚
64 5 huái Huai River
65 5 suì age 三歲而通
66 5 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度九山
67 5 shì matter / thing / item 而韓聞秦之好興事
68 5 tāng soup 下御史大夫張湯
69 4 a field recently opened for cultivation 然河菑衍溢
70 4 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 於是關中為沃野
71 4 xuān to declare / to announce 宣房塞兮萬福來
72 4 fáng a room 宣房塞兮萬福來
73 4 luò Luo 并北山東注洛三百餘里
74 4 desire 欲罷之
75 4 wèi Wei River 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
76 4 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
77 4 already / since 入于勃海九川既疏
78 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
79 4 Emperor Yu 禹抑洪水十三年
80 4 to reach 及孟津
81 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
82 4 西 The West 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
83 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而渠下民田萬餘頃
84 4 in / at 入于勃海九川既疏
85 4 shǔ to count 數為敗
86 4 shǔ Sichuan 於蜀
87 4 Si River 泗會
88 4 zhù a pillar / a post 東下砥柱
89 4 valley / gorge / ravine 得穀
90 4 baffle (pier) / whetstone 東下砥柱
91 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 邑收多
92 3 zhì to / until 至河三百餘里
93 3 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 蜀守冰鑿離碓
94 3 běi north 北載之高地
95 3 zhù to inject / to pour into 并北山東注洛三百餘里
96 3 Shū Shu / Xiajin 其奉邑食鄃
97 3 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
98 3 gain / advantage / benefit 百姓饗其利
99 3 wàn ten thousand 歲百餘萬石
100 3 nán south 南到華陰
101 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 而韓聞秦之好興事
102 3 nián year 禹抑洪水十三年
103 3 yīn because 因命曰鄭國渠
104 3 shí ten 可令畝十石
105 3 to stop / to cease / to suspend 欲罷之
106 3 zhèng [state of] Zheng
107 3 gōng merit 功施于三代
108 3 chǔ state of Chu 于楚
109 3 miǎn inundation / flood 而褒水通沔
110 3 to ferry 與濟
111 3 èr two 乃二渠以引其河
112 3 bǎn a slope / a hillside 蒲阪下
113 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過家不入門
114 3 zhú bamboo 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
115 3 to enter 入于勃海九川既疏
116 3 shǎo few 少阪
117 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 蜀守冰鑿離碓
118 3 chuān Sichuan 隨山浚川
119 3 xīn fuel / firewood 以故薪柴少
120 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 并北山東注洛三百餘里
121 3 故道 gùdào an old road / old way / the old course of a river 故道河自積石歷龍門
122 3 引河 yǐnhé irrigation channel 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
123 3 fén Fen 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
124 3 also / too 然渠成亦秦之利也
125 2 jìn nearby 近四百里
126 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 延道弛兮離常流
127 2 gōng a palace 筑宮其上
128 2 jiàn the bar of a door / the bolt of a lock 而下淇園之竹以為楗
129 2 shāo to burn 是時東郡燒草
130 2 duì a pestle 蜀守冰鑿離碓
131 2 sān three 則通渠三江
132 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 陂九澤
133 2 one 收皆畝一鐘
134 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
135 2 and 與濟
136 2 rich / wealthy 以富魏之河內
137 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 故名曰龍首渠
138 2 tiān day 江河之決皆天事
139 2 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 并北山東注洛三百餘里
140 2 I 功無已時兮吾山平
141 2 hào bright / luminous 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
142 2 jǐng a well 往往為井
143 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 而望氣用數者亦以為然
144 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 隨山浚川
145 2 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 有餘則用溉浸
146 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 漕從山東西
147 2 already / afterwards 於是天子已用事萬里沙
148 2 to overflow 然河菑衍溢
149 2 no 無凶年
150 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 汾陰下
151 2 水工 shuǐ gōng a person who worked on water projects 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
152 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今溉田之
153 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 水行載舟
154 2 之中 zhīzhōng inside 穿二江成都之中
155 2 shōu to receive / to accept 收皆畝一鐘
156 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 其後河東守番系言
157 2 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong 漢中之穀可致
158 2 qiáng strong / powerful 秦以富彊
159 2 朔方 shuòfāng the north 朔方
160 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 於是天子久之不事復塞也
161 2 shāo a little / slightly 其後漕稍多
162 2 this / these 此渠皆可行舟
163 2 jué absolutely 褒之絕水至斜
164 2 even / equal / uniform 於齊
165 2 dān to use up 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
166 2 district / county 其奉邑食鄃
167 2 龍門 lóngmén Longmen 故道河自積石歷龍門
168 2 shū to remove obstructions 入于勃海九川既疏
169 2 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 於是禹以為河所從來者高
170 2 hài to injure / to harm to 害中國也尤甚
171 2 得以 déyǐ to be able to 又可得以溉田
172 2 shū book 河渠書
173 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未易以人力為彊塞
174 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend
175 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
176 2 河北 héběi Hebei 鄃居河北
177 2 píng flat / level / smooth 功無已時兮吾山平
178 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 度可得五千頃
179 2 ráo to forgive 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
180 2 河渠 hé qú rivers and canals / waterways 河渠書
181 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 自是之後
182 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 歲因以數不登
183 2 jiāng a large river 則通渠三江
184 2 往往 wǎngwǎng often / frequently 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
185 2 負薪 fùxīn to carry firewood 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
186 2 big / great / huge / large / major 至于大邳
187 2 yǒu is / are / to exist 時有難處
188 2 shāng commerce / trade 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
189 2 increase / benefit 往往引其水益用溉田疇之渠
190 2 a lake 五湖
191 2 四十 sì shí forty 其後四十有餘年
192 2 zhōu boat / ship 水行載舟
193 2 皆可 jiēkě all acceptable 此渠皆可行舟
194 2 five 五湖
195 2 easy / simple 未易以人力為彊塞
196 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time 鄭當時興人徒塞之
197 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 於是東郡大興卒塞之
198 2 liáng a bridge 而梁楚之地尤甚
199 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈白馬玉璧于河
200 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 九江引淮
201 2 zāi exclamatory particle 歸舊川兮神哉沛
202 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 河伯許兮薪不屬
203 2 unit of area equal to one fifteenth of a hectare 收皆畝一鐘
204 2 to draw water 於是天子使汲黯
205 2 jiāo wild rice 民茭牧其中耳
206 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 歲百餘萬石
207 2 níng Nanjing 殫為河兮地不得寧
208 2 rén a kernel / a pit 天子乃使汲仁
209 2 shǐ beginning / start 始臣為閒
210 2 extra / surplus / remainder 余南登廬山
211 2 fén a mole 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
212 2 河伯 hébó name or river God associated with Yellow river 為我謂河伯兮何不仁
213 2 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 天子既封禪巡祭山川
214 2 zhōng middle 中作而覺
215 2 tuān rapid water current / rapids 水湍悍
216 2 Pi 至于大邳
217 2 gàn sunset / evening 皓皓旰旰兮閭殫為河
218 2 尤甚 yóushén even more 害中國也尤甚
219 2 yán color 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
220 2 tuí ruined / decayed 水穨以絕商顏
221 2 jiù right away 卒使就渠
222 2 slightly / rather / quite 而渠下之民頗得以溉田矣
223 2 無水 wúshuǐ anhydrous / waterless / dehydrated 河決而南則鄃無水菑
224 2 child / son 今天子元光之中
225 2 záo to bore / to pierce 蜀守冰鑿離碓
226 2 鉅野 jùyě Juye 東南注鉅野
227 2 ruì a bend 雒汭
228 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜湯子卬為漢中守
229 1 pèi copious / abundant 歸舊川兮神哉沛
230 1 jìng a narrow path
231 1 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 悲瓠子之詩而作河渠書
232 1 expresses question or doubt 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
233 1 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 瓠子決兮將柰何
234 1 to arise / to get up 引渭穿渠起長安
235 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉發卒數萬人穿漕渠
236 1 rain 乾封少雨
237 1 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
238 1 do not 然莫足數也
239 1 dào to arrive 南到華陰
240 1 zhōng clock 收皆畝一鐘
241 1 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 以富魏之河內
242 1 東至 dōngzhì Dongzhi 東至山嶺十餘里閒
243 1 fèi to boil 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
244 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 延道弛兮離常流
245 1 汝南 rǔnán Runan 汝南
246 1 中國 zhōngguó China 害中國也尤甚
247 1 chén Chen
248 1 Ye 西門豹引漳水溉鄴
249 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
250 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 度可得穀二百萬石以上
251 1 quán fountain / spring 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
252 1 qiān to seize / to pull / to hold up the hem of clothes 搴長茭兮沈美玉
253 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓饗其利
254 1 夏書 xiàshū Books of Xia 夏書
255 1 hóu marquis / lord 是時武安侯田蚡為丞相
256 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 則田者不能償種
257 1 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 下御史大夫張湯
258 1 hàn courageous / brave 水湍悍
259 1 hòu after / later 自河決瓠子後二十餘歲
260 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 井渠之生自此始
261 1 a jade bi 沈白馬玉璧于河
262 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
263 1 to allow / to permit 河伯許兮薪不屬
264 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 其後人有上書欲通褒斜道及漕事
265 1 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
266 1 鑿井 záojǐng to dig a well 乃鑿井
267 1 Qi River 而下淇園之竹以為楗
268 1 無已 wúyǐ endlessly 功無已時兮吾山平
269 1 降水 jiàngshuǐ rain and snow / precipitation 過降水
270 1 xiàn boundary / limit 更砥柱之限
271 1 song / lyrics 乃作歌曰
272 1 wèi to call 為我謂河伯兮何不仁
273 1 to press down 禹抑洪水十三年
274 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 五千頃故盡河壖棄地
275 1 to cross, ferry over 北渡污兮浚流難
276 1 水利 shuǐlì water conservancy / irrigation works 用事者爭言水利
277 1 xu 令齊人水工徐伯表
278 1 zhù to build / to construct 筑宮其上
279 1 zuì crime / sin / vice 薪不屬兮衛人罪
280 1 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 悼功之不成
281 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
282 1 以東 yǐdōng to the east of (suffix) 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
283 1 gòng a tribute / a gift 任土作貢
284 1 鴻溝 hónggōu gulf / chasm 滎陽下引河東南為鴻溝
285 1 qiáo bridge 山行即橋
286 1 a shepherd 民茭牧其中耳
287 1 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
288 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延道弛兮離常流
289 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可漕
290 1 wèn to ask 湯問其事
291 1 水道 shuǐdào an aqueduct / a sewer 而漕水道九百餘里
292 1 數歲 shǔ suì a few years 數歲
293 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 以富魏之河內
294 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎河
295 1 異時 yìshí past time 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
296 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 漢中之穀可致
297 1 yuǎn far / distant 回遠
298 1 潺湲 chányuán like the slow movement of a river 河湯湯兮激潺湲
299 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋令東伐
300 1 zhū all / many / various 諸夏艾安
301 1 shěng province 此損漕省卒
302 1 mìng life 因命曰鄭國渠
303 1 河西 Héxī Hexi 河西
304 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 久不反兮水維緩
305 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 久不反兮水維緩
306 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 搴長茭兮沈美玉
307 1 gāo high / tall 於是禹以為河所從來者高
308 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 北渡污兮浚流難
309 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 用事者爭言水利
310 1 巴蜀 Bāshǔ Bashu 擬於巴蜀
311 1 four 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
312 1 西方 xīfāng the West 西方則通渠漢水
313 1 十三 shísān thirteen 禹抑洪水十三年
314 1 jiā house / home / residence 過家不入門
315 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 任土作貢
316 1 鄭國渠 Zhèngguó Qú Zhengguo Canal 因命曰鄭國渠
317 1 bié do not / must not 以別九州
318 1 huí to go back / to return 回遠
319 1 shēn deep 深者四十餘丈
320 1 澤鹵 zélǔ farmland contaminated with salt 溉澤鹵之地四萬餘頃
321 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 令群臣從官自將軍已下皆負薪窴決河
322 1 wài outside 不封禪兮安知外
323 1 滿 mǎn full 泗滿
324 1 美玉 měi yù fine jade 搴長茭兮沈美玉
325 1 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 用注填閼之水
326 1 行船 xíngchuán to sail a boat / to navigate a boat 皆可以行船漕
327 1 precious 沈白馬玉璧于河
328 1 廬山 Lúshān Mount Lu / Lushan 余南登廬山
329 1 a gourd / a calabash 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
330 1 jiǔ old 久不反兮水維緩
331 1 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 殫為河兮地不得寧
332 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠得水
333 1 promptly / right away / immediately 山行即橋
334 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
335 1 lái to come 宣房塞兮萬福來
336 1 Ta river 漯洛渠
337 1 ěr ear 民茭牧其中耳
338 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 唯是為務
339 1 residence / dwelling 鄃居河北
340 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 穿渠引汾溉皮氏
341 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 是時東郡燒草
342 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
343 1 to defend / to resist 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
344 1 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 佗小渠披山通道者
345 1 山行 shānxíng mountain hike 山行即橋
346 1 三十九 sānshíjiǔ 39 漢興三十九年
347 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
348 1 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 天子既封禪巡祭山川
349 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 以萬億計
350 1 to help / to assist 而關中輔渠
351 1 川谷 chuāngǔ travel expenses 酒泉皆引河及川谷以溉田
352 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 抵蜀從故道
353 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 溝江淮之閒
354 1 sāng mulberry tree 齧桑浮兮淮
355 1 hǎo good 而韓聞秦之好興事
356 1 mud 泥行蹈毳
357 1 郭昌 Guō Chāng Guo Chang 郭昌發卒數萬人塞瓠子決
358 1 四百 sì bǎi four hundred 近四百里
359 1 江河 jiānghé river 江河之決皆天事
360 1 a dike 東潰金隄
361 1 chěng to hasten / to run / to open up 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
362 1 to go through / to experience / to take place 故道河自積石歷龍門
363 1 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 功施于三代
364 1 通渭 tōngWèi Tongwei 斜水通渭
365 1 甚多 shén duō extremely many 敗亡甚多
366 1 to stop up 靈軹引堵水
367 1 cài Cai
368 1 luò a black horse with white mane 雒汭
369 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 天子既封禪巡祭山川
370 1 大陸 dàlù continent / mainland 至于大陸
371 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃使水工鄭國閒說秦
372 1 泛濫 fànlàn to overflow the banks / to inundate / to spread unchecked 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
373 1 earth / soil / dirt 任土作貢
374 1 kuì a flooding river 東潰金隄
375 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 輒復壞
376 1 you / thou
377 1 a reservoir 陂九澤
378 1 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 然其著者在宣房
379 1 萬里 wànlǐ far away / ten thousand li 於是天子已用事萬里沙
380 1 相通 xiāngtōng identical 井下相通行水
381 1 jīn gold 東潰金隄
382 1 fèng to offer / to present 其奉邑食鄃
383 1 乾封 qiánfēng Qianfeng 乾封少雨
384 1 cái material / stuff 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
385 1 高地 gāodì highland 北載之高地
386 1 便於 biànyú to be easy / to be convenient 便於砥柱之漕
387 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 用注填閼之水
388 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 河移徙
389 1 從來 cónglái always / at all times / never (if used in a negative sentence) 於是禹以為河所從來者高
390 1 to sacrifice to / to worship 天子既封禪巡祭山川
391 1 apprentice / disciple 鄭當時興人徒塞之
392 1 未必 wèibì not necessarily / may not 塞之未必應天
393 1 fish 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
394 1 elegant 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
395 1 wéi to preserve / to maintain 久不反兮水維緩
396 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
397 1 華陰 huàyīn Huayin 南到華陰
398 1 無異 wúyì nothing other than / to differ in no way from / the same as / to amount to 與關中無異
399 1 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 發數萬人作褒斜道五百餘里
400 1 huì can / be able to 泗會
401 1 何以 héyǐ why 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
402 1 féi fat / plump / obese 而益肥關中之地
403 1 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 而亦煩費
404 1 龍首渠 Lóngshǒu Qú Longshou Canal 故名曰龍首渠
405 1 Wu 於吳
406 1 jué to awake 中作而覺
407 1 wilderness 雲夢之野
408 1 Huáng Huang 遂至于會稽太湟
409 1 wěi yes 唯是為務
410 1 fèi fee / expenses 而亦煩費
411 1 Wèn Wen River 泰山下引汶水
412 1 jìn shanxi 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
413 1 zhòng heavy 臨晉民願穿洛以溉重泉以東萬餘頃故鹵地
414 1 蛟龍 jiāolóng a dragon with scales 蛟龍騁兮方遠遊
415 1 yīng should / ought 塞之未必應天
416 1 to draft 擬於巴蜀
417 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀禹疏九江
418 1 good fortune / happiness / luck 宣房塞兮萬福來
419 1 Jīng Jing 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
420 1 山下 shānxià Yamashita (Japanese surname) 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
421 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 道果便近
422 1 吾人 wúrén me / I 泛濫不止兮愁吾人
423 1 xià summer 諸夏艾安
424 1 fān to take turns / a turn / a time 其後河東守番系言
425 1 雲夢 yúnmèng Yunmeng 雲夢之野
426 1 wén to hear 而韓聞秦之好興事
427 1 àn black 於是天子使汲黯
428 1 zhàng zhang 深者四十餘丈
429 1 tài very / extremely 遂至于會稽太湟
430 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 度可令三月罷
431 1 酒泉 Jiǔquán Jiuquan 酒泉皆引河及川谷以溉田
432 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶未得其饒
433 1 bǎi cypress / cedar 魚沸郁兮柏冬日
434 1 人力 rénlì manpower / labor 未易以人力為彊塞
435 1 敗亡 bàiwáng to be defeated and dispersed 敗亡甚多
436 1 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 瓠子決兮將柰何
437 1 關東 guāndōng Northeast China / Manchuria 異時關東漕粟從渭中上
438 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒復壞
439 1 其中 qízhōng among 民茭牧其中耳
440 1 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 以車轉
441 1 zhǐ the end of axle outside of hub 靈軹引堵水
442 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 功施于三代
443 1 foam / suds 辟沫水之害
444 1 hán Korea / South Korea 而韓聞秦之好興事
445 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂至于會稽太湟
446 1 dirty / filthy / foul / polluted 北渡污兮浚流難
447 1 àn bank / shore / beach / coast 岸善崩
448 1 jiàn arrow 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
449 1 kuī to peep / to peek 東闚洛汭
450 1 shén what 甚哉
451 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天子元光之中
452 1 an official residence 令鑿涇水自中山西邸瓠口為渠
453 1 井下 jǐngxià underground / in the pit (mining) 井下相通行水
454 1 平地 píngdì a plain 難以行平地
455 1 shore / land / continent 陸行載車
456 1 南陽 nányáng Nanyang 漕從南陽上沔入褒
457 1 zài in / at 然其著者在宣房
458 1 dǎo to stamp feet 泥行蹈毳
459 1 each 各萬餘頃
460 1 蕭條 xiāotiáo mournful / desolate 燒蕭條兮噫乎何以御水
461 1 to give 予越人
462 1 chái firewood / faggots / fuel 以故薪柴少
463 1 zhān to look at 西瞻蜀之岷山及離碓
464 1 hàn dry
465 1 gas / vapour / fumes 而望氣用數者亦以為然
466 1 dìng to decide 東海引鉅定
467 1 chén minister / statesman / official 始臣為閒
468 1 cuì crisp / brittle 泥行蹈毳
469 1 姑蘇 gūsū Gusu 上姑蘇
470 1 酸棗 suānzǎo sour date 孝文時河決酸棗
471 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart 岸善崩
472 1 yuán garden / orchard 而下淇園之竹以為楗
473 1 漢水 hànshuǐ Han River 西方則通渠漢水
474 1 chē a vehicle 以車轉
475 1 jìn to immerse / to soak / to steep 有餘則用溉浸
476 1 孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei 孝文時河決酸棗
477 1 hàn Han Chinese 漢興三十九年
478 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 渠不利
479 1 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 於是天子已用事萬里沙
480 1 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 然河菑衍溢
481 1 不可勝言 bù kě shèng yán inexpressible / beyond description 不可勝言
482 1 type of rush 蒲阪下
483 1 wood / lumber 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
484 1 niè to gnaw / to erode 齧桑浮兮淮
485 1 東海 Dōng Hǎi East China Sea 東海引鉅定
486 1 zāi disaster / calamity 無水災
487 1 熊羆 xióngpí a brown bear 其後莊熊羆言
488 1 少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer 令少府以為稍入
489 1 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 穿二江成都之中
490 1 qiě moreover / also 且褒斜材木竹箭之饒
491 1 líng agile / nimble 靈軹引堵水
492 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 百姓饗其利
493 1 shí food / food and drink 其奉邑食鄃
494 1 yòu again / also 又可得以溉田
495 1 to arouse / to excite / to incite 河湯湯兮激潺湲
496 1 zhāng Zhang 西門豹引漳水溉鄴
497 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 沈白馬玉璧于河
498 1 徵引 zhēngyǐn to call to service / to appoint 自徵引洛水至商顏山下
499 1 自此 zìcǐ since then / henceforth 井渠之生自此始
500 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 卒并諸侯

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
巴蜀 Bāshǔ
  1. Bashu
  2. Bashu
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
勃海 Bóhǎi Bohai
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
大农 大農 dànóng Office of Agricultural Supervision
东海 東海 Dōng Hǎi
  1. East China Sea
  2. Donghae
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
东至 東至 dōngzhì Dongzhi
fén Fen
封禅 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan
关东 關東 guāndōng
  1. Northeast China / Manchuria
  2. Kantō
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
郭昌 Guō Chāng Guo Chang
姑苏 姑蘇 gūsū Gusu
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
汉水 漢水 hànshuǐ Han River
汉中 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong
河伯 hébó name or river God associated with Yellow river
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河西 Héxī Hexi
huái Huai River
Huáng Huang
华阴 華陰 huàyīn Huayin
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang
酒泉 Jiǔquán Jiuquan
钜野 鉅野 jùyě Juye
会稽 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
龙门 龍門 lóngmén
  1. Longmen
  2. Longmen
龙首渠 龍首渠 Lóngshǒu Qú Longshou Canal
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛水 Luòshuǐ Luo River
庐山 廬山 Lúshān Mount Lu / Lushan
孟津 Mèngjīn Mengjin
岷山 Mínshān Mount Min
南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan
南阳 南陽 nányáng Nanyang
Qi River
乾封 qiánfēng Qianfeng
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
汝南 rǔnán Runan
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
山下 shānxià Yamashita (Japanese surname)
少府 Shǎofǔ Minor Treasurer
Shū Shu / Xiajin
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
Ta river
泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
通渭 tōngWèi Tongwei
wèi Wei River
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
Wèn Wen River
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武安 wǔān Wu'an
孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei
夏书 夏書 xiàshū Books of Xia
西门豹 西門豹 Xīménbào Xi Menbao
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
  3. a legendary worm
元光 yuánguāng Yuanguang
云梦 雲夢 yúnmèng Yunmeng
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
zhāng Zhang
郑国 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo
郑国渠 鄭國渠 Zhèngguó Qú Zhengguo Canal
中国 中國 zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English