Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Liang 《梁書》, 卷五十二 列傳第四十六 止足 Volume 52: The Self-Sufficient

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 18 xiàn constitution / statute / law 顧憲之
2 18 zhí straight 陶季直
3 16 season / period 陶季直
4 14 rén person / people / a human being 殆非其人
5 13 shí time / a period of time 齊時沛國劉瓛
6 12 plain / white 蕭眎素
7 12 qiān to move / to shift 累遷太子舍人
8 11 yuē to speak / to say
9 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 爲建康令
10 11 shì matter / thing / item 時或有致事告老
11 10 zhōng middle 元徽中
12 9 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 郡境連歲疾疫
13 8 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書比部郎
14 8 láng a minister / an official 尚書比部郎
15 8 ancestor / forefather 祖抃之
16 7 jiā house / home / residence 二家辭證等
17 7 xíng to walk / to move 儒行之高者也
18 7 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
19 7 nián year 中興二年
20 7 wáng Wang 王微
21 7 wén writing / text 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
22 7 zhǐ to stop / to halt 知止不殆
23 7 to reach 其後薛廣德及二疏等
24 6 to look after / to attend to 顧憲之
25 6 zhì sign / mark / flag 棲遲養志
26 6 to die 卒不能傷也
27 6 shì to look at / to inspect / to observe / to see 蕭眎素
28 6 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 晉陵太守
29 5 èr two 其後薛廣德及二疏等
30 5 lǐng neck 領步兵校尉
31 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖爲揚州牧
32 5 wén to hear 則當世罔聞
33 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 宋鎮軍將軍
34 5 shì a generation 以康世濟務也
35 5 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 遷給事黃門侍郎
36 5 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭祿懷道
37 5 chuán to transmit
38 5 can / may / permissible 有可稱焉
39 5 to associate with / be near 比於樂毅
40 5 even / equal / uniform 齊時沛國劉瓛
41 4 mother 文度後還葬母
42 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 未拜
43 4 西 The West 遷太尉西曹掾
44 4 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
45 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
46 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山民有病
47 4 bǐng to grasp / to hold 尚書令劉秉領丹陽尹
48 4 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 遷太尉西曹掾
49 4 sufficient / enough 不達乎止足
50 4 liú Liu 齊時沛國劉瓛
51 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 憲之未弱冠
52 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 性又清儉
53 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 定陵三縣界立屯
54 4 chén Chen 陳乎耳目
55 4 father 父景仁
56 4 dào way / road / path 則其道本異
57 4 jiǎn frugal / economical 性又清儉
58 4 yuān a gulf / an abyss 時褚淵爲尚書令
59 4 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭眎素
60 4 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 徵爲廷尉
61 4 sòng Song Dynasty 宋鎮軍將軍
62 4 desire 或有寡志少欲
63 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 風俗遂改
64 4 táo Tao 陶季直
65 4 司徒 sītú Situ 時司徒
66 4 child / son 字子珪
67 4 yún cloud
68 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 知進而不知退
69 4 衡陽 héngyáng Hengyang 除衡陽內史
70 4 mǐn to pity / to sympathize 祖愍祖
71 4 liáng a bridge 梁有天下
72 4 jiàn to build / to construct 齊臺建
73 4 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 時有盜牛者
74 4 zhī to know 知進而不知退
75 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 出爲東中郎長史
76 4 yán to speak / to say / said 亢之爲言也
77 4 dài dangerous / perilous 知止不殆
78 4 cáo Cao 故庸曹之所忌憚
79 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 賢士大夫相招在位
80 3 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County 丹陽秣陵人也
81 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 文孝是司馬道子諡
82 3 thing / matter 入棺之物
83 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 遷給事黃門侍郎
84 3 cháng to taste 其祖覬之嘗爲吏部
85 3 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 知進而不知退
86 3 inside / interior 封山澤數百里
87 3 róng glory / honor 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
88 3 xiào to be filial 事舅姑尤孝
89 3 qíng feeling / emotion 允理愜情
90 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 憲之固陳不可
91 3 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 欲諡爲文孝公
92 3 jìn shanxi 先論晉世文士之避亂者
93 3 明帝 Míngdì Emperor Ming of Han 明帝作相
94 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 時或有致事告老
95 3 hào number 輒號爲
96 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 中散大夫
97 3 níng Nanjing 出爲寧朔將軍
98 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 至於權要請託
99 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 齊時沛國劉瓛
100 3 eight 八年
101 3 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat 爲中書侍郎
102 3 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 州辟議曹從事
103 3 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 撫軍主簿
104 3 clothes / clothing 衣周於身
105 3 dào to rob / to steal 時有盜牛者
106 3 shǎo few 或有寡志少欲
107 3 to go / to visit / to attend 郡縣爭赴弔
108 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便留之
109 3 disease / sickness / ailment 頃之遇疾
110 3 祿 good fortune 辭祿懷道
111 3 wèi to call 謂二家曰
112 3 a man / a male adult 然則不知夫進退
113 3 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 累遷太子舍人
114 3 piào a white horse 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
115 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 顧憲之字士思
116 3 shǐ beginning / start 盜者始伏其辜
117 3 Wu 吳郡吳人也
118 3 齊高帝 qí gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 齊高帝執政
119 3 to think / consider / to ponder 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
120 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 臨終爲制
121 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 苦節艱貞
122 3 to die 夫出生入死
123 3 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監二年
124 3 to criticize 州辟議曹從事
125 3 lèi to be tired 殆辱之累
126 3 建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang 爲建康令
127 3 zuǒ left 領左衛司馬
128 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 死亦安識所往
129 3 an ancestral hall / a temple 蒸嘗之祠
130 3 jìn to enter 古人之進也
131 3 děng et cetera / and so on 其後薛廣德及二疏等
132 3 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 遷給事黃門侍郎
133 3 zài in / at 在郡號爲清和
134 3 chǒng to favor 光寵夷易
135 3 chēng to call / to address 有可稱焉
136 3 qiú to request 求其親黨
137 3 jié festival / a special day 苦節艱貞
138 3 dān to delay / to prolong 不耽耽於富貴
139 3 four 愍祖嘗以四函銀列置於前
140 3 easy / simple
141 3 xiān first 先論晉世文士之避亂者
142 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 去就以禮
143 3 shǐ history 寡乎前史
144 3 nán south 遷南中郎巴陵王長史
145 3 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 湘州刺史
146 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 病臥卻粒
147 3 guān coffin 皆開塚剖棺
148 3 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 累遷太子舍人
149 3 gāo high / tall 儒行之高者也
150 3 to take / to get / to fetch 令諸孫各取
151 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 知足不辱
152 3 zhèn town 宋鎮軍將軍
153 3 zhí office / post 憲之果爲此職
154 3 měi beautiful 言醑清且美焉
155 3 shàng top / a high position 精氣上歸于天
156 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 甚得民和
157 3 jūn army / military 宋鎮軍將軍
158 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引爲後軍主簿
159 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使綱紀營護之
160 3 residence / dwelling 又屏居十餘載
161 3 to attain / to reach 不達乎止足
162 3 hòu after / later 文度後還葬母
163 3 suì age 郡境連歲疾疫
164 3 shuǐ water 水洗枯骨
165 3 to give / to bestow favors 憲之賜以束帛
166 2 to consult / to confer 轉鎮西諮議參軍
167 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 卽表除之
168 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 漢世張良功成身退
169 2 to go 去就以禮
170 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 乃令解牛
171 2 guǎ few 寡乎前史
172 2 néng can / able 前後令莫能決
173 2 知足 zhīzú to be content 知足不辱
174 2 記室 jìshì Record Keeper / Secretary 遷太尉記室參軍
175 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 知進退存亡而不失其正者
176 2 zǎo early 季直早慧
177 2 zhèng government 強力爲政
178 2 guī to go back / to return 及歸
179 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 不如文簡
180 2 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 又屏居十餘載
181 2 shì to show / to reveal 示不違禮
182 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 憲之固陳不可
183 2 a banquet 悉裹以葦席
184 2 píng to appraise / to evaluate
185 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 或勸季直造門致謝
186 2 永元 Yǒng Yuán Yong Yuan reign 永元初
187 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 時或有致事告老
188 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生旣不知所從來
189 2 reason / logic / truth 理均晝夜
190 2 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 輒云先人爲禍
191 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 父惠明
192 2 王儉 wáng jiǎn Wang Jian 尚書令王儉以淵有至行
193 2 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范蠡至乎顛狽
194 2 gain / advantage / benefit 淡於榮利
195 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 棺木尤貴
196 2 letter / symbol / character 字子珪
197 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 非君無以聞此德音
198 2 zhù to inject / to pour into
199 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 備物難辦
200 2 shū to remove obstructions 其後薛廣德及二疏等
201 2 dìng to decide 定陵三縣界立屯
202 2 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan 臨川內史
203 2 shè to set up / to establish 可止設香燈
204 2 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家桂陽王國侍郎
205 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 以康世濟務也
206 2 xiàn county 分告屬縣
207 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 憲之爲出公祿
208 2 還鄉 huán xiāng to return home / to retire from public life 陳解還鄉里
209 2 號曰 hào yuē to be named / called 時人號曰神明
210 2 to envy / to be jealous 朔望祥忌
211 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯俗者也
212 2 shí ten 數十篇
213 2 alone / independent / single / sole 唯衡陽獨無訟者
214 2 zhǔ owner 被主所認
215 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 分告屬縣
216 2 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 兼尚書吏部郎中
217 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 猶祭以杅水脯糗
218 2 method / way 據法直繩
219 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 邊職上佐
220 2 hán cold / wintry / chilly 不免饑寒
221 2 sūn Sun 令諸孫各取
222 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 盜者始伏其辜
223 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁民樵采
224 2 yǒu friend / companion 晉熙王友
225 2 tóng like / same / similar 勿同於上世也
226 2 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 除衡陽內史
227 2 a period of time / phase / stage 期月而至矣
228 2 qīn relatives 求其親黨
229 2 qián front 寡乎前史
230 2 to protect / to guard 使綱紀營護之
231 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載以輴車
232 2 yào to want / to wish for 至於權要請託
233 2 to cover 覆其狀
234 2 sàng to lose / to die 喪易寧戚
235 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 衣周於身
236 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 吾今豫爲終制
237 2 xìng gender 性又清儉
238 2 wàn ten thousand 有貞婦萬晞者
239 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 兼尚書左丞
240 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 卒不能傷也
241 2 wǎng to deceive 則當世罔聞
242 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 憲之果爲此職
243 2 quán authority / power 至於權要請託
244 2 zhōu a state / a province 湘州刺史
245 2 to enter 夫出生入死
246 2 zhái residence / dwelling / home 牛徑還本主宅
247 2 chē a vehicle 憲之下車
248 2 ěr ear 吾爲憲之種耳
249 2 功曹 gōngcáo police chief 遷車騎功曹
250 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒號爲
251 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多如此類
252 2 yōng ordinary / normal 故庸曹之所忌憚
253 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉裹以葦席
254 2 to help / to assist 改授輔國將軍
255 2 popular / common 以弘道厲俗也
256 2 a government official / a magistrate 長吏貪殘
257 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 示令子孫
258 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 雖禍敗危亡
259 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 出爲征虜長史
260 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 使綱紀營護之
261 2 to stand 於餘姚立邸
262 2 ministry / department 尚書比部郎
263 2 xián salty / briny 咸其流亞
264 2 家人 jiārén family members 其家人絕滅者
265 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 遭母憂
266 2 rate / frequency 若九郡率然
267 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 好學
268 2 yòng to use / to apply 勿用牲牢
269 2 gǎi to change / to alter 風俗遂改
270 2 què a watch tower 服闋
271 2 shòu to teach 改授輔國將軍
272 2 idea 差可得由吾意
273 2 different / other 則其道本異
274 2 齊武帝 qí wǔdì Emperor Wu of Southern Qi 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
275 2 yǐn to govern 尚書令劉秉領丹陽尹
276 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 勿違吾志也
277 2 天下 tiānxià China 梁有天下
278 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 雖復茫昧難徵
279 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 而輕舉高蹈
280 2 shí a rock / a stone 資無擔石
281 2 huái bosom / breast 辭祿懷道
282 2 diān top / apex 范蠡至乎顛狽
283 2 人間 rénjiān the human world / the world 無爲務人間之事
284 2 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 徵爲廷尉
285 2 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 仍遷太子中庶子
286 2 clothes / dress / garment 服闋
287 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 卒不能傷也
288 1 親友 qīnyǒu friends and relatives 眎素一朝散之親友
289 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 將圖之
290 1 sòng to accuse 唯衡陽獨無訟者
291 1 beard / mustache
292 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 郡縣爭赴弔
293 1 魚豢 yúhuàn Yuhuan 魚豢
294 1 shù tree 於庭植嘉樹
295 1 pōu to slice / to cut 皆開塚剖棺
296 1 執政 zhízhèng to be in power / to be in office 齊高帝執政
297 1 a law / a rule 州辟議曹從事
298 1 臨終 línzhōng approaching one's end / with one foot in the grave 臨終爲制
299 1 喜怒 xǐ nù favor or anger 喜怒不形於色
300 1 存亡 cún wáng to exist or perish 知進退存亡而不失其正者
301 1 風俗 fēngsú social custom 風俗遂改
302 1 zhí a plant / trees 於庭植嘉樹
303 1 to record / to copy 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
304 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時不忘其親耳
305 1 二千 èr qiān two thousand 常稱仕至二千石
306 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 雖禍敗危亡
307 1 apprentice / disciple 家徒四壁
308 1 shì room / bedroom 乃於攝山築室
309 1 to arise / to get up 並不起
310 1 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍主簿
311 1 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 覆其狀
312 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 定陵三縣界立屯
313 1 Henan 吾今豫爲終制
314 1 meaning / sense 義師平建康
315 1 孀居 shuāngjū to live in widowhood 少孀居無子
316 1 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 遷車騎功曹
317 1 mìng life 卽命無禁
318 1 pèi copious / abundant 齊時沛國劉瓛
319 1 female / feminine 太尉王儉女
320 1 Xu 徐於管
321 1 one 一無所須
322 1 竟陵 jìnglíng Jingling 竟陵王於宣城
323 1 中正 zhōng zhèng fair and honest 領吳邑中正
324 1 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 除豫章太守
325 1 dān to carry / to shoulder 資無擔石
326 1 七十四 qīshísì 74 年七十四
327 1 to select / to pick out from / to discard 發姦擿伏
328 1 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain 行會稽郡事
329 1 縣界 xiànjiè county border / county line 定陵三縣界立屯
330 1 一九七三年 yījiǔqīsān nián 1973 一九七三年五月版
331 1 巴陵 bālíng Baling 遷南中郎巴陵王長史
332 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分告屬縣
333 1 yōu excellent / superior 斯爲優矣
334 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 或勸季直造門致謝
335 1 七十五 qīshíwǔ 75 時年七十五
336 1 shǔ to count 數十篇
337 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 可權安小床
338 1 jiān difficult / hard 苦節艱貞
339 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
340 1 huàn government official 蕭眎素則宦情鮮焉
341 1 to nest / to perch / to roost 棲遲養志
342 1 權勢 quánshì power / influence 袁粲以齊高帝權勢日盛
343 1 biàn to applaud 祖抃之
344 1 to lie 病臥卻粒
345 1 rèn to recognize / to know / to understand 被主所認
346 1 qiáo firewood 禁民樵采
347 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 出爲征虜長史
348 1 kāng Kang 以康世濟務也
349 1 節義 jiéyì morality and righteousness 表其節義
350 1 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 誓死不許
351 1 漢明帝 Hàn Míng Dì Emperor Ming of Han 漢明帝天子之尊
352 1 zàng to bury the dead 文度後還葬母
353 1 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 無所阿縱
354 1 shēn deep 文度深銜之
355 1 致謝 zhìxiè expression of gratitude / to give thanks / a thank-you note / acknowledgement 或勸季直造門致謝
356 1 tàn to sigh 乃歎曰
357 1 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 不耽耽於富貴
358 1 全文 quánwén entire text / full text 全文以中華書局
359 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 時刺史王奐新至
360 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 長吏貪殘
361 1 神明 shénmíng deities / gods 時人號曰神明
362 1 中興 zhōngxīng to have a resurgence 中興二年
363 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後令莫能決
364 1 an official residence 於餘姚立邸
365 1 三司 sān sī three offices 宋征西儀同三司
366 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殊間矣
367 1 solitary 眎素早孤貧
368 1 huī a badge / an insignia 元徽中
369 1 miǎn to spare 頃之以病免
370 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 始願畢矣
371 1 dùn to escape 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
372 1 several 暫設幾席
373 1 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 仍遷太子中庶子
374 1 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於權要請託
375 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 死者太半
376 1 jiǔ nine 若九郡率然
377 1 lán Lan 蘭陵人也
378 1 jiā to add 加建威將軍
379 1 誅鋤 zhūchú to uproot / to eradicate (traitors) 誅鋤異己
380 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 不須常施靈筵
381 1 獨居 dújū to live alone / to live a solitary existence 獨居屏事
382 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延陵所云
383 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 與季直素善
384 1 shē extravagant / wasteful 禮奢寧儉
385 1 東莞 dōngguān Dongguan 東莞太守
386 1 清苦 qīngkǔ destitute but honest / poor and simple / spartan / austere 季直素清苦絕倫
387 1 guā melon / gourd / squash 雖菜羹瓜祭
388 1 愚夫 yúfū a fool / a simpleton / bāla 故愚夫之所乾沒
389 1 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 高祖爲揚州牧
390 1 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 頻以爲司空司徒主簿
391 1 bèi distressed / wretched 范蠡至乎顛狽
392 1 jià to marry 父母欲奪而嫁之
393 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 哀若成人
394 1 shī poem / verse 所著詩
395 1 綱紀 gāngjì laws 使綱紀營護之
396 1 古人 gǔrén people from ancient times / the ancients / person who has passed away 古人之進也
397 1 忌憚 jìdàn to be afraid of the consequences / restraining fear 故庸曹之所忌憚
398 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 欲與之定策
399 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 爲叔父惠休所收卹
400 1 hǎo good 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
401 1 莊周 Zhuāng Zhōu Zhuang Zi / Zhuang Zhou 莊周
402 1 yín silver 愍祖嘗以四函銀列置於前
403 1 é Russia 俄而秉等伏誅
404 1 任情 rènqíng to let oneself go / to do as much as one pleases 並任情通率
405 1 強力 qiánglì powerful 強力爲政
406 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 迅若馳隙
407 1 shí knowledge / understanding 死亦安識所往
408 1 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 領步兵校尉
409 1 end / final stage / latter part 永元末
410 1 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 爲叔父惠休所收卹
411 1 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如文簡
412 1 guǒ to bind / to wrap 悉裹以葦席
413 1 withered / dried up 水洗枯骨
414 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭母憂
415 1 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 以敕其子曰
416 1 zhèng proof 二家辭證等
417 1 dàn calm / quiet / tranquil 澹臺
418 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子云
419 1 ài to love 愍祖甚愛異之
420 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 俄而秉等伏誅
421 1 chún rich / pure 故京師飲酒者得醇旨
422 1 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 常謂中都之制
423 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 咸其流亞
424 1 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 況吾卑庸之人
425 1 míng an inscription
426 1 hún soul / spirit 魂氣則無所不之
427 1 to starve / to be hungry 不免饑寒
428 1 gān dry 故愚夫之所乾沒
429 1 qiè to be satisfied / to be satisfied 允理愜情
430 1 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 言甚切直
431 1 chì an imperial decree 以敕其子曰
432 1 lún human relationship / order / coherence 季直素清苦絕倫
433 1 gas / vapour / fumes 魂氣則無所不之
434 1 dōng east 出爲東中郎長史
435 1 five 五歲喪母
436 1 silk / plain silk 憲之賜以束帛
437 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方田
438 1 賢士 xiánshì virtuous person / a man of merit 賢士大夫相招在位
439 1 chòu to smell / to stink / to emit a foul odor 足以蔽臭
440 1 liǎn to collect 子孫無以殯斂
441 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 多如此類
442 1 形於色 xíng yú sè to show one's feelings / to show it in one's face 喜怒不形於色
443 1 hǎn rare 素士罕爲之者
444 1 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 徐於管
445 1 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書
446 1 guān cap / crown / headgear 憲之未弱冠
447 1 曉喻 xiǎoyù to inform / to convince 憲之曉喻
448 1 marsh / swamp 封山澤數百里
449 1 zàn to praise 贊幷
450 1 tòng to wail / to cry 季直抱之號慟
451 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠殆辱矣
452 1 親戚 qīnqi relatives 非親戚不得至其籬門
453 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 父母欲奪而嫁之
454 1 殯葬 bìnzàng funeral and interment 悉令殯葬
455 1 zuò to do 明帝作相
456 1 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang 起家桂陽王國侍郎
457 1 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 終始營護
458 1 xiāo to vanish / to die out / to eliminate 小人道消
459 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 比於樂毅
460 1 district / county 領吳邑中正
461 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 或勸季直造門致謝
462 1 土俗 tǔ sú local customs 又土俗
463 1 an official institution / a state bureau 委以府事
464 1 xiào school 爲本校
465 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 漢明帝天子之尊
466 1 目录 mùlù table of contents / list 目录
467 1 朔望 shuòwàng the new moon / the first day of the lunar month 朔望祥忌
468 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 貴賤罔替
469 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 先論晉世文士之避亂者
470 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 便留之
471 1 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 衡陽郡記
472 1 wèi position / location / place 齊高帝卽位
473 1 to strain spirits 言醑清且美焉
474 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 愍祖嘗以四函銀列置於前
475 1 建安 jiàn'ān Jianan 仍遷建安太守
476 1 yǔn to perish / to die 必致顛殞
477 1 a footprint 親故迹其事行
478 1 to bestow on / to endow with
479 1 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 允理愜情
480 1 extra / surplus / remainder 又屏居十餘載
481 1 魏略 Wèi Lüè A Brief Account of the Wei Dynasty 魏略
482 1 a wood-boring insect 范蠡至乎顛狽
483 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 四時不忘其親耳
484 1 jǐng sunlight 父景仁
485 1 wèn to ask 人問其故
486 1 天然 tiānrán natural 天然簡素
487 1 qīng light / not heavy 而輕舉高蹈
488 1 秀才 xiùcái a talented person 舉秀才
489 1 立碑 lì bēi errect a stele 季直又請儉爲淵立碑
490 1 suān tart / sour 聞者莫不酸感
491 1 餘姚 yúyáo Yuyao 於餘姚立邸
492 1 hair 發姦擿伏
493 1 father's elder brother 當先父伯
494 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 領左衛司馬
495 1 zhǒng mound / burial mound / senior 皆開塚剖棺
496 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 苦節艱貞
497 1 shēng domestic animal 勿用牲牢
498 1 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 一九七三年五月版
499 1 to ferry 以康世濟務也
500 1 多言 duōyán wordy / talkative 無爲多言

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 62 zhī him / her / them / that 亢之爲言也
2 48 wèi for / to 亢之爲言也
3 24 so as to / in order to 以康世濟務也
4 22 not / no 知進退存亡而不失其正者
5 22 his / hers / its / theirs 知進退存亡而不失其正者
6 20 also / too 亢之爲言也
7 18 xiàn constitution / statute / law 顧憲之
8 18 yǒu is / are / to exist 有可稱焉
9 18 zhí straight 陶季直
10 17 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 知進退存亡而不失其正者
11 16 in / at 比於樂毅
12 16 season / period 陶季直
13 14 rén person / people / a human being 殆非其人
14 13 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 故愚夫之所乾沒
15 13 shí time / a period of time 齊時沛國劉瓛
16 13 no 無爲多言
17 12 plain / white 蕭眎素
18 12 qiān to move / to shift 累遷太子舍人
19 11 yuē to speak / to say
20 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 爲建康令
21 11 shì matter / thing / item 時或有致事告老
22 11 zhì to / until 期月而至矣
23 10 zhōng middle 元徽中
24 9 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 郡境連歲疾疫
25 9 I 吾得之矣
26 8 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書比部郎
27 8 láng a minister / an official 尚書比部郎
28 8 ancestor / forefather 祖抃之
29 7 jiā house / home / residence 二家辭證等
30 7 final particle 期月而至矣
31 7 xíng to walk / to move 儒行之高者也
32 7 hái also / in addition / more 牛徑還本主宅
33 7 chū to go out 憲之爲出公祿
34 7 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
35 7 nián year 中興二年
36 7 wáng Wang 王微
37 7 wén writing / text 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
38 7 zhǐ to stop / to halt 知止不殆
39 7 to reach 其後薛廣德及二疏等
40 6 to look after / to attend to 顧憲之
41 6 zhì sign / mark / flag 棲遲養志
42 6 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 知存而不知亡
43 6 to die 卒不能傷也
44 6 chú except / besides 除衡陽內史
45 6 shì to look at / to inspect / to observe / to see 蕭眎素
46 6 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 永元初
47 6 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 晉陵太守
48 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃令解牛
49 5 èr two 其後薛廣德及二疏等
50 5 otherwise / but / however 則其道本異
51 5 lǐng neck 領步兵校尉
52 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖爲揚州牧
53 5 wén to hear 則當世罔聞
54 5 yòu again / also 性又清儉
55 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 宋鎮軍將軍
56 5 shì a generation 以康世濟務也
57 5 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 遷給事黃門侍郎
58 5 expresses question or doubt 其唯聖人乎
59 5 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭祿懷道
60 5 yān where / how 有可稱焉
61 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故愚夫之所乾沒
62 5 chuán to transmit
63 5 can / may / permissible 有可稱焉
64 5 to associate with / be near 比於樂毅
65 5 even / equal / uniform 齊時沛國劉瓛
66 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 賢士大夫相招在位
67 4 mother 文度後還葬母
68 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 未拜
69 4 de potential marker 吾得之矣
70 4 西 The West 遷太尉西曹掾
71 4 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
72 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
73 4 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若九郡率然
74 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山民有病
75 4 suī although / even though 雖禍敗危亡
76 4 shì is / are / am / to be 先是
77 4 bǐng to grasp / to hold 尚書令劉秉領丹陽尹
78 4 běn measure word for books 則其道本異
79 4 tái unit 齊臺建
80 4 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 遷太尉西曹掾
81 4 sufficient / enough 不達乎止足
82 4 liú Liu 齊時沛國劉瓛
83 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 憲之未弱冠
84 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 性又清儉
85 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 定陵三縣界立屯
86 4 chén Chen 陳乎耳目
87 4 father 父景仁
88 4 dào way / road / path 則其道本異
89 4 jiǎn frugal / economical 性又清儉
90 4 yuān a gulf / an abyss 時褚淵爲尚書令
91 4 do not 勿違吾志也
92 4 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭眎素
93 4 and 憲之不與相聞
94 4 shén what 甚得民和
95 4 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 徵爲廷尉
96 4 also / too 亦以爲
97 4 sòng Song Dynasty 宋鎮軍將軍
98 4 naturally / of course / certainly 自是親親之情
99 4 desire 或有寡志少欲
100 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 風俗遂改
101 4 táo Tao 陶季直
102 4 司徒 sītú Situ 時司徒
103 4 child / son 字子珪
104 4 yún cloud
105 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 知進而不知退
106 4 jiù right away 去就以禮
107 4 衡陽 héngyáng Hengyang 除衡陽內史
108 4 mǐn to pity / to sympathize 祖愍祖
109 4 liáng a bridge 梁有天下
110 4 jiàn to build / to construct 齊臺建
111 4 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 時有盜牛者
112 4 zhī to know 知進而不知退
113 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 出爲東中郎長史
114 4 fēi not / non- / un- 殆非其人
115 4 wěi yes 其唯聖人乎
116 4 yán to speak / to say / said 亢之爲言也
117 4 dài dangerous / perilous 知止不殆
118 4 cáo Cao 故庸曹之所忌憚
119 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 賢士大夫相招在位
120 3 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County 丹陽秣陵人也
121 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常謂中都之制
122 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 文孝是司馬道子諡
123 3 thing / matter 入棺之物
124 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 遷給事黃門侍郎
125 3 cháng to taste 其祖覬之嘗爲吏部
126 3 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 知進而不知退
127 3 inside / interior 封山澤數百里
128 3 róng glory / honor 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
129 3 xiào to be filial 事舅姑尤孝
130 3 qíng feeling / emotion 允理愜情
131 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 憲之固陳不可
132 3 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 欲諡爲文孝公
133 3 jìn shanxi 先論晉世文士之避亂者
134 3 明帝 Míngdì Emperor Ming of Han 明帝作相
135 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 時或有致事告老
136 3 hào number 輒號爲
137 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 中散大夫
138 3 níng Nanjing 出爲寧朔將軍
139 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 至於權要請託
140 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 齊時沛國劉瓛
141 3 eight 八年
142 3 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat 爲中書侍郎
143 3 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 州辟議曹從事
144 3 jiān simultaneously 兼尚書吏部郎中
145 3 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 撫軍主簿
146 3 clothes / clothing 衣周於身
147 3 dào to rob / to steal 時有盜牛者
148 3 shǎo few 或有寡志少欲
149 3 to go / to visit / to attend 郡縣爭赴弔
150 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便留之
151 3 disease / sickness / ailment 頃之遇疾
152 3 祿 good fortune 辭祿懷道
153 3 wèi to call 謂二家曰
154 3 a man / a male adult 然則不知夫進退
155 3 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 累遷太子舍人
156 3 piào a white horse 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
157 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 顧憲之字士思
158 3 shǐ beginning / start 盜者始伏其辜
159 3 huò or / either / else 時或有致事告老
160 3 Wu 吳郡吳人也
161 3 齊高帝 qí gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 齊高帝執政
162 3 to think / consider / to ponder 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
163 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 臨終爲制
164 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 苦節艱貞
165 3 to die 夫出生入死
166 3 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監二年
167 3 to criticize 州辟議曹從事
168 3 lèi to be tired 殆辱之累
169 3 建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang 爲建康令
170 3 zuǒ left 領左衛司馬
171 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 念並遵行
172 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 死亦安識所往
173 3 an ancestral hall / a temple 蒸嘗之祠
174 3 jìn to enter 古人之進也
175 3 děng et cetera / and so on 其後薛廣德及二疏等
176 3 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 遷給事黃門侍郎
177 3 zài in / at 在郡號爲清和
178 3 chǒng to favor 光寵夷易
179 3 chēng to call / to address 有可稱焉
180 3 qiú to request 求其親黨
181 3 jié festival / a special day 苦節艱貞
182 3 dān to delay / to prolong 不耽耽於富貴
183 3 four 愍祖嘗以四函銀列置於前
184 3 easy / simple
185 3 xiān first 先論晉世文士之避亂者
186 3 promptly / right away 齊高帝卽位
187 3 this / these 非君無以聞此德音
188 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 去就以禮
189 3 shǐ history 寡乎前史
190 3 nán south 遷南中郎巴陵王長史
191 3 bié do not / must not 爲陳生死之別
192 3 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 湘州刺史
193 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 病臥卻粒
194 3 guān coffin 皆開塚剖棺
195 3 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 累遷太子舍人
196 3 gāo high / tall 儒行之高者也
197 3 to take / to get / to fetch 令諸孫各取
198 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 知足不辱
199 3 zhèn town 宋鎮軍將軍
200 3 zhí office / post 憲之果爲此職
201 3 měi beautiful 言醑清且美焉
202 3 shàng top / a high position 精氣上歸于天
203 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 甚得民和
204 3 jūn army / military 宋鎮軍將軍
205 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引爲後軍主簿
206 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使綱紀營護之
207 3 residence / dwelling 又屏居十餘載
208 3 to attain / to reach 不達乎止足
209 3 tài very / extremely 死者太半
210 3 hòu after / later 文度後還葬母
211 3 suì age 郡境連歲疾疫
212 3 shuǐ water 水洗枯骨
213 3 to give / to bestow favors 憲之賜以束帛
214 3 again / more / repeatedly 復除給事黃門侍郎
215 2 to consult / to confer 轉鎮西諮議參軍
216 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 卽表除之
217 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 漢世張良功成身退
218 2 to go 去就以禮
219 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 乃令解牛
220 2 guǎ few 寡乎前史
221 2 néng can / able 前後令莫能決
222 2 知足 zhīzú to be content 知足不辱
223 2 記室 jìshì Record Keeper / Secretary 遷太尉記室參軍
224 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 知進退存亡而不失其正者
225 2 zǎo early 季直早慧
226 2 zhèng government 強力爲政
227 2 guī to go back / to return 及歸
228 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 不如文簡
229 2 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 又屏居十餘載
230 2 shì to show / to reveal 示不違禮
231 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 憲之固陳不可
232 2 a banquet 悉裹以葦席
233 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 榮利不關於口
234 2 píng to appraise / to evaluate
235 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 或勸季直造門致謝
236 2 永元 Yǒng Yuán Yong Yuan reign 永元初
237 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 時或有致事告老
238 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生旣不知所從來
239 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 事不相由
240 2 reason / logic / truth 理均晝夜
241 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 吾將何事
242 2 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 輒云先人爲禍
243 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 父惠明
244 2 王儉 wáng jiǎn Wang Jian 尚書令王儉以淵有至行
245 2 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范蠡至乎顛狽
246 2 gain / advantage / benefit 淡於榮利
247 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 棺木尤貴
248 2 letter / symbol / character 字子珪
249 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 非君無以聞此德音
250 2 zhù to inject / to pour into
251 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 備物難辦
252 2 shū to remove obstructions 其後薛廣德及二疏等
253 2 dìng to decide 定陵三縣界立屯
254 2 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan 臨川內史
255 2 shè to set up / to establish 可止設香燈
256 2 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家桂陽王國侍郎
257 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 以康世濟務也
258 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必齊如也
259 2 xiàn county 分告屬縣
260 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 憲之爲出公祿
261 2 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆開塚剖棺
262 2 還鄉 huán xiāng to return home / to retire from public life 陳解還鄉里
263 2 號曰 hào yuē to be named / called 時人號曰神明
264 2 to envy / to be jealous 朔望祥忌
265 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯俗者也
266 2 shí ten 數十篇
267 2 alone / independent / single / sole 唯衡陽獨無訟者
268 2 zhǔ owner 被主所認
269 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 分告屬縣
270 2 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 兼尚書吏部郎中
271 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 猶祭以杅水脯糗
272 2 method / way 據法直繩
273 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 邊職上佐
274 2 hán cold / wintry / chilly 不免饑寒
275 2 sūn Sun 令諸孫各取
276 2 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 頃之遇疾
277 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 盜者始伏其辜
278 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁民樵采
279 2 yǒu friend / companion 晉熙王友
280 2 rán correct / right / certainly 然其進也
281 2 tóng like / same / similar 勿同於上世也
282 2 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 除衡陽內史
283 2 a period of time / phase / stage 期月而至矣
284 2 qīn relatives 求其親黨
285 2 qián front 寡乎前史
286 2 to protect / to guard 使綱紀營護之
287 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載以輴車
288 2 yào to want / to wish for 至於權要請託
289 2 to cover 覆其狀
290 2 sàng to lose / to die 喪易寧戚
291 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 衣周於身
292 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 吾今豫爲終制
293 2 xìng gender 性又清儉
294 2 wàn ten thousand 有貞婦萬晞者
295 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 兼尚書左丞
296 2 already / de facto / since / then 生旣不知所從來
297 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 卒不能傷也
298 2 wǎng to deceive 則當世罔聞
299 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 憲之果爲此職
300 2 zhū all / many / various 令諸孫各取
301 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長吏貪殘
302 2 quán authority / power 至於權要請託
303 2 zhōu a state / a province 湘州刺史
304 2 to enter 夫出生入死
305 2 zhái residence / dwelling / home 牛徑還本主宅
306 2 chē a vehicle 憲之下車
307 2 and 甚得民和
308 2 ěr ear 吾爲憲之種耳
309 2 功曹 gōngcáo police chief 遷車騎功曹
310 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒號爲
311 2 ā prefix to names of people 無所阿縱
312 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多如此類
313 2 yōng ordinary / normal 故庸曹之所忌憚
314 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉裹以葦席
315 2 to help / to assist 改授輔國將軍
316 2 popular / common 以弘道厲俗也
317 2 a government official / a magistrate 長吏貪殘
318 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 示令子孫
319 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 雖禍敗危亡
320 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 出爲征虜長史
321 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 使綱紀營護之
322 2 to stand 於餘姚立邸
323 2 ministry / department 尚書比部郎
324 2 xián salty / briny 咸其流亞
325 2 slightly / rather / quite 頗縱橫
326 2 xià next 骨肉下歸於地
327 2 家人 jiārén family members 其家人絕滅者
328 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 遭母憂
329 2 rate / frequency 若九郡率然
330 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 好學
331 2 yòng to use / to apply 勿用牲牢
332 2 gǎi to change / to alter 風俗遂改
333 2 què a watch tower 服闋
334 2 shòu to teach 改授輔國將軍
335 2 idea 差可得由吾意
336 2 different / other 則其道本異
337 2 齊武帝 qí wǔdì Emperor Wu of Southern Qi 山陰人呂文度有寵於齊武帝
338 2 yǐn to govern 尚書令劉秉領丹陽尹
339 2 yóu especially / particularly 棺木尤貴
340 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 勿違吾志也
341 2 天下 tiānxià China 梁有天下
342 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 雖復茫昧難徵
343 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 而輕舉高蹈
344 2 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 聞者莫不酸感
345 2 shí a rock / a stone 資無擔石
346 2 huái bosom / breast 辭祿懷道
347 2 diān top / apex 范蠡至乎顛狽
348 2 réng yet / still / as ever 仍遷太子中庶子
349 2 人間 rénjiān the human world / the world 無爲務人間之事
350 2 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 徵爲廷尉
351 2 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 仍遷太子中庶子
352 2 clothes / dress / garment 服闋
353 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 卒不能傷也
354 1 親友 qīnyǒu friends and relatives 眎素一朝散之親友
355 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 將圖之
356 1 sòng to accuse 唯衡陽獨無訟者
357 1 beard / mustache
358 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 郡縣爭赴弔
359 1 魚豢 yúhuàn Yuhuan 魚豢
360 1 shù tree 於庭植嘉樹
361 1 pōu to slice / to cut 皆開塚剖棺
362 1 bèi by 被主所認
363 1 執政 zhízhèng to be in power / to be in office 齊高帝執政
364 1 a law / a rule 州辟議曹從事
365 1 臨終 línzhōng approaching one's end / with one foot in the grave 臨終爲制
366 1 喜怒 xǐ nù favor or anger 喜怒不形於色
367 1 存亡 cún wáng to exist or perish 知進退存亡而不失其正者
368 1 風俗 fēngsú social custom 風俗遂改
369 1 zhí a plant / trees 於庭植嘉樹
370 1 to record / to copy 以爲驃騎錄事參軍
371 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時不忘其親耳
372 1 二千 èr qiān two thousand 常稱仕至二千石
373 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 雖禍敗危亡
374 1 already / afterwards 高祖已受禪
375 1 apprentice / disciple 家徒四壁
376 1 shì room / bedroom 乃於攝山築室
377 1 to arise / to get up 並不起
378 1 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍主簿
379 1 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 覆其狀
380 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 定陵三縣界立屯
381 1 Henan 吾今豫爲終制
382 1 meaning / sense 義師平建康
383 1 孀居 shuāngjū to live in widowhood 少孀居無子
384 1 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 遷車騎功曹
385 1 mìng life 卽命無禁
386 1 pèi copious / abundant 齊時沛國劉瓛
387 1 female / feminine 太尉王儉女
388 1 Xu 徐於管
389 1 one 一無所須
390 1 竟陵 jìnglíng Jingling 竟陵王於宣城
391 1 中正 zhōng zhèng fair and honest 領吳邑中正
392 1 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 除豫章太守
393 1 dān to carry / to shoulder 資無擔石
394 1 七十四 qīshísì 74 年七十四
395 1 日盛 rìchéng more flourishing by the day 袁粲以齊高帝權勢日盛
396 1 to select / to pick out from / to discard 發姦擿伏
397 1 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain 行會稽郡事
398 1 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 病臥卻粒
399 1 縣界 xiànjiè county border / county line 定陵三縣界立屯
400 1 一九七三年 yījiǔqīsān nián 1973 一九七三年五月版
401 1 巴陵 bālíng Baling 遷南中郎巴陵王長史
402 1 cóng from 儉從之
403 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分告屬縣
404 1 yōu excellent / superior 斯爲優矣
405 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 或勸季直造門致謝
406 1 七十五 qīshíwǔ 75 時年七十五
407 1 shǔ to count 數十篇
408 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 可權安小床
409 1 jiān difficult / hard 苦節艱貞
410 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
411 1 huàn government official 蕭眎素則宦情鮮焉
412 1 to nest / to perch / to roost 棲遲養志
413 1 權勢 quánshì power / influence 袁粲以齊高帝權勢日盛
414 1 biàn to applaud 祖抃之
415 1 to lie 病臥卻粒
416 1 rèn to recognize / to know / to understand 被主所認
417 1 qiáo firewood 禁民樵采
418 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 出爲征虜長史
419 1 shàng still / yet / to value 政尚清靜
420 1 kāng Kang 以康世濟務也
421 1 節義 jiéyì morality and righteousness 表其節義
422 1 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 誓死不許
423 1 漢明帝 Hàn Míng Dì Emperor Ming of Han 漢明帝天子之尊
424 1 zàng to bury the dead 文度後還葬母
425 1 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 無所阿縱
426 1 shēn deep 文度深銜之
427 1 致謝 zhìxiè expression of gratitude / to give thanks / a thank-you note / acknowledgement 或勸季直造門致謝
428 1 tàn to sigh 乃歎曰
429 1 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 不耽耽於富貴
430 1 全文 quánwén entire text / full text 全文以中華書局
431 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 時刺史王奐新至
432 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 長吏貪殘
433 1 神明 shénmíng deities / gods 時人號曰神明
434 1 中興 zhōngxīng to have a resurgence 中興二年
435 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後令莫能決
436 1 an official residence 於餘姚立邸
437 1 三司 sān sī three offices 宋征西儀同三司
438 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殊間矣
439 1 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 漢世張良功成身退
440 1 solitary 眎素早孤貧
441 1 huī a badge / an insignia 元徽中
442 1 miǎn to spare 頃之以病免
443 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 始願畢矣
444 1 dùn to escape 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
445 1 several 暫設幾席
446 1 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 仍遷太子中庶子
447 1 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於權要請託
448 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 死者太半
449 1 jiǔ nine 若九郡率然
450 1 each 令諸孫各取
451 1 lán Lan 蘭陵人也
452 1 jiā to add 加建威將軍
453 1 誅鋤 zhūchú to uproot / to eradicate (traitors) 誅鋤異己
454 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 不須常施靈筵
455 1 獨居 dújū to live alone / to live a solitary existence 獨居屏事
456 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延陵所云
457 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 與季直素善
458 1 shē extravagant / wasteful 禮奢寧儉
459 1 東莞 dōngguān Dongguan 東莞太守
460 1 清苦 qīngkǔ destitute but honest / poor and simple / spartan / austere 季直素清苦絕倫
461 1 guā melon / gourd / squash 雖菜羹瓜祭
462 1 愚夫 yúfū a fool / a simpleton / bāla 故愚夫之所乾沒
463 1 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 高祖爲揚州牧
464 1 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 頻以爲司空司徒主簿
465 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶祭以杅水脯糗
466 1 bèi distressed / wretched 范蠡至乎顛狽
467 1 jià to marry 父母欲奪而嫁之
468 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 哀若成人
469 1 shī poem / verse 所著詩
470 1 綱紀 gāngjì laws 使綱紀營護之
471 1 古人 gǔrén people from ancient times / the ancients / person who has passed away 古人之進也
472 1 忌憚 jìdàn to be afraid of the consequences / restraining fear 故庸曹之所忌憚
473 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 欲與之定策
474 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 爲叔父惠休所收卹
475 1 hǎo good 唯阮思曠遺榮好遁
476 1 莊周 Zhuāng Zhōu Zhuang Zi / Zhuang Zhou 莊周
477 1 yín silver 愍祖嘗以四函銀列置於前
478 1 é Russia 俄而秉等伏誅
479 1 任情 rènqíng to let oneself go / to do as much as one pleases 並任情通率
480 1 強力 qiánglì powerful 強力爲政
481 1 in / at 精氣上歸于天
482 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 迅若馳隙
483 1 shí knowledge / understanding 死亦安識所往
484 1 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 領步兵校尉
485 1 end / final stage / latter part 永元末
486 1 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 爲叔父惠休所收卹
487 1 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如文簡
488 1 guǒ to bind / to wrap 悉裹以葦席
489 1 withered / dried up 水洗枯骨
490 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭母憂
491 1 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 以敕其子曰
492 1 jué absolutely 季直素清苦絕倫
493 1 zhèng proof 二家辭證等
494 1 dàn calm / quiet / tranquil 澹臺
495 1 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 所著詩
496 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子云
497 1 ài to love 愍祖甚愛異之
498 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 俄而秉等伏誅
499 1 chún rich / pure 故京師飲酒者得醇旨
500 1 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 常謂中都之制

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
巴陵 bālíng
  1. Baling
  2. Master Baling
北海 Běi Hǎi Bohai Sea
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
丹阳 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County
东莞 東莞 dōngguān Dongguan
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
广德 廣德 guǎngdé Guangde
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉明帝 漢明帝 Hàn Míng Dì Emperor Ming of Han
衡阳 衡陽 héngyáng Hengyang
弘道 hóngdào Hongdao
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
建安 jiàn'ān Jianan
建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang
建武 Jiànwǔ Jianwu reign
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋书 晉書 Jìn Shū Book of Jin / History of the Jin Dynasty
竟陵 jìnglíng Jingling
精气 精氣 jīngqì essential qi / spirit
记室 記室 jìshì Record Keeper / Secretary
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
会稽 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁书 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang
临川 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan
明帝 Míngdì
  1. Emperor Ming of Han
  2. Emperor Ming of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Ming of Liu Song
秣陵 mòlíng Moling
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
齐高帝 齊高帝 qí gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
齐武帝 齊武帝 qí wǔdì Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
ruǎn
  1. Ruan
  2. Nguyen
  3. an ancient musical instrument
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
山阴 山陰 shānyīn Shanyin
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋书 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
王俭 王儉 wáng jiǎn Wang Jian
魏略 Wèi Lüè A Brief Account of the Wei Dynasty
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
吴郡 吳郡 Wújùn Wujun
吴兴 吳興 Wúxīng Wuxing
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
婺州 Wùzhōu Wuzhou
xiāng
  1. Hunan
  2. Xiang dialect
香灯 香燈 xiāng dēng Shrine Attendant
谢灵运 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣城 xuānchéng Xuancheng
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
扬州 揚洲 Yángzhōu
  1. Yangzhou
  2. Yangzhou
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
永元 Yǒng Yuán Yong Yuan reign
袁粲 Yuán càn Yuan Can
鱼豢 魚豢 yúhuàn Yuhuan
余姚 餘姚 yúyáo Yuyao
豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
庄周 莊周 Zhuāng Zhōu Zhuang Zi / Zhuang Zhou
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English