Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 禮記, 《儒行》 The Conduct of the Scholar

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 25 a scholar 儒行
2 16 有如 yǒurú to be like / similar to / alike 其自立有如此者
3 10 rén a kernel / a pit 戴仁而行
4 7 shàng top / a high position 儒有席上之珍以待聘
5 7 xíng to walk / to move 儒行
6 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 而忠信以為寶
7 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言必先信
8 6 meaning / sense 立義以為土地
9 5 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 魯哀公問於孔子曰
10 5 clothes / dress / garment 夫子之服
11 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 懷忠信以待舉
12 5 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 儒有可親而不可劫也
13 5 easy / simple 其難進而易退也
14 4 yuē to speak / to say 魯哀公問於孔子曰
15 4 shì a generation 適弗逢世
16 4 tóng like / same / similar 同弗與
17 4 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 儒有席上之珍以待聘
18 4 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 而志不可奪也
19 4 祿 good fortune 難得而易祿也
20 4 residence / dwelling 丘少居魯
21 4 wén to hear 丘聞之也
22 4 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 懷忠信以待舉
23 4 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 上答之不敢以疑
24 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 其難進而易退也
25 3 shēn human body / torso 養其身以有為也
26 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 不祈多積
27 3 chéng journey / trip / leg of a journey 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
28 3 to die 愛其死以有待也
29 3 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦難得乎
30 3 xián virtuous / worthy 舉賢而容眾
31 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 淹之以樂好
32 3 qiū Confucius 丘少居魯
33 3 to stand 立義以為土地
34 3 xìn to believe / to trust 言必先信
35 3 clothes / clothing 衣逢掖之衣
36 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 遽數之不能終其物
37 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 其大讓如慢
38 3 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公曰
39 3 gain / advantage / benefit 道涂不爭險易之利
40 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 毀方而瓦合
41 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
42 3 can / may / permissible 可近而不可迫也
43 3 xiān first 言必先信
44 3 wèn to ask 魯哀公問於孔子曰
45 2 mìng life 哀公命席
46 2 shèn cautious 動作慎
47 2 jìn nearby 可近而不可迫也
48 2 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 儒有居處齊難
49 2 jìn to enter 推賢而進達之
50 2 土地 tǔdì territory 不祈土地
51 2 to pray 不祈土地
52 2 shǎo few 丘少居魯
53 2 jiā to add 言加信
54 2 to reply / to answer 上答之不敢以疑
55 2 jiǔ old 久相待也
56 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠章甫之冠
57 2 xué to study / to learn 君子之學也博
58 2 博學 bóxué learned / erudite 儒有博學而不窮
59 2 流言 liúyán rumor / gossip / to spread rumors 流言不極
60 2 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 道涂不爭險易之利
61 2 wēi prestige / majesty 大則如威
62 2 dào way / road / path 道涂不爭險易之利
63 2 shǔ to count 遽數之不能終其物
64 2 yuán to aid / to assist 上弗援
65 2 不臣 bùchén to fail in official duties 儒有上不臣天子
66 2 Henan 其備豫有如此者
67 2 a law / a rule 儒有內稱不辟親
68 2 to raise animals 易祿而難畜也
69 2 tuī to push / to shove 下弗推
70 2 自立 zìlì to be independent / to be self-reliant 其自立有如此者
71 2 a banquet 哀公命席
72 2 qiáng strong / powerful 夙夜強學以待問
73 2 難得 nándé difficult to obtain 難得而易祿也
74 2 shì an official 其仕有如此者
75 2 zhī to know 上弗知也
76 2 對曰 duì yuē to reply 孔子對曰
77 2 jìng still / calm 靜而正之
78 2 jiàn to see 見利不虧其義
79 2 to join / to combine 毀方而瓦合
80 2 néng can / able 其舉賢援能有如此者
81 2 jié take by force / to coerce 劫之以眾
82 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小讓如偽
83 2 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 衣逢掖之衣
84 2 zhòng many / numerous 劫之以眾
85 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 其難進而易退也
86 2 不淫 bù yín Refrain from sexual conduct 其居處不淫
87 2 to prevent / to stop 沮之以兵
88 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 儒有不寶金玉
89 2 寬裕 kuānyù comfortably off / ample / plenty 其寬裕有如此者
90 2 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 不求富貴
91 2 wén writing / text 多文以為富
92 2 big / great / huge / large / major 其大讓如慢
93 2 to store 不祈多積
94 1 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 儒有衣冠中
95 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 下不事諸侯
96 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽居而不淫
97 1 zhòng heavy 引重鼎不程其力
98 1 來者 láizhě future things 來者不豫
99 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 其飲食不溽
100 1 mín the people / citizen / subjects 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
101 1 lèi to be tired 不累長上
102 1 rén person / people / a human being 強毅以與人
103 1 bath 儒有澡身而浴德
104 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 猶將不忘百姓之病也
105 1 baffle (pier) / whetstone 近文章砥厲廉隅
106 1 moist / humid / muggy 其飲食不溽
107 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
108 1 yǒng brave / courageous 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
109 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 篤行而不倦
110 1 chēng to call / to address 儒有內稱不辟親
111 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 儒有聞善以相告也
112 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 不閔有司
113 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 非義不合
114 1 有待 yǒudài to remain / pending 愛其死以有待也
115 1 蓬戶甕牖 pénghù wèng yǒu thatched house, broken urn windows / poor person's house / humble home 蓬戶甕牖
116 1 以和為貴 yǐ hé wèi guì harmony is to be prized 禮之以和為貴
117 1 shēn deep 不臨深而為高
118 1 qīng light / not heavy 世治不輕
119 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往者不悔
120 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 儒有委之以貨財
121 1 rich / wealthy 多文以為富
122 1 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 強毅以與人
123 1 非時 fēishí untimely / at an unusual time / out of season 非時不見
124 1 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 儒有不寶金玉
125 1 ancient weight / one-eighth of a tael 雖分國如錙銖
126 1 詬病 gòubìng to denounce / to castigate 常以儒相詬病
127 1 rough / thick / course 粗而翹之
128 1 kuān wide / broad 慎靜而尚寬
129 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 引重鼎不程其力
130 1 古人 gǔrén people from ancient times / the ancients / person who has passed away 古人與稽
131 1 to associate with / be near 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
132 1 shì to show / to reveal 見善以相示也
133 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 其任舉有如此者
134 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 丘不知儒服
135 1 gōng merit 程功積事
136 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
137 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 其規為有如此者
138 1 guī jade pointed at the top 篳門圭窬
139 1 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 禮義以為干櫓
140 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 養其身以有為也
141 1 pìn to engage / to hire 儒有席上之珍以待聘
142 1 special / unique / distinguished 其特立有如此者
143 1 dài to put on / to wear 戴仁而行
144 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 不更其所
145 1 gāo high / tall 不臨深而為高
146 1 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮之以和為貴
147 1 zǎo bath 儒有澡身而浴德
148 1 a slave / a servant 更仆未可終也
149 1 huò goods / products / commodities 儒有委之以貨財
150 1 今人 jīnrén modern people 儒有今人與居
151 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠相致也
152 1 中正 zhōng zhèng fair and honest 行必中正
153 1 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 相下不厭
154 1 分散 fēnsàn to scatter / to disperse 分散者
155 1 a small door or window / a hole in the wall to cut through a wall 篳門圭窬
156 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 儒有上不臣天子
157 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 可殺而不可辱也
158 1 力行 lìxíng to practice energetically 力行以待取
159 1 見善 jiàn shàn seeing goodness 見善以相示也
160 1 huǐ to destroy 毀方而瓦合
161 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 抱義而處
162 1 zhèng upright / straight 靜而正之
163 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 儒有委之以貨財
164 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 見死不更其守
165 1 未可 wèikě cannot / not able to 更仆未可終也
166 1 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君得其志
167 1 lín to face / to overlook 不臨深而為高
168 1 zuò to do 仁之作也
169 1 a wicker 篳門圭窬
170 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 抱義而處
171 1 剛毅 gāngyì resolute / steadfast / stalwart 其剛毅有如此者
172 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 上答之不敢以疑
173 1 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子之服
174 1 溫良 wēn liáng warm and kind 溫良者
175 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 爵位相先也
176 1 měi beautiful 忠信之美
177 1 shì to attend on 孔子侍曰
178 1 shì room / bedroom 環堵之室
179 1 róng to hold / to contain 舉賢而容眾
180 1 暴政 bàozhèng tyranny / despotic rule 雖有暴政
181 1 Germany 儒有澡身而浴德
182 1 guǎn a house / a residence 哀公館之
183 1 hùn dishonor 不慁君王
184 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 不同而退
185 1 gōng a palace 儒有一畝之宮
186 1 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 粥粥若無能也
187 1 song / lyrics 歌樂者
188 1 Shandong 丘少居魯
189 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 可殺而不可辱也
190 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 悉數之乃留
191 1 láo to toil 先勞而後祿
192 1 shí food / food and drink 并日而食
193 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 上不答不敢以諂
194 1 tōng to go through / to open 上通而不困
195 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 雖分國如錙銖
196 1 容貌 róngmào countenance / personage 其容貌有如此者
197 1 a drama / a play / a show 不敢以儒為戲
198 1 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 不閔有司
199 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 今眾人之命儒也妄
200 1 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 禮節者
201 1 shì matter / thing / item 程功積事
202 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 近文章砥厲廉隅
203 1 even / equal / uniform 儒有居處齊難
204 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 世治不輕
205 1 交友 jiāoyǒu to make friends 其交友有如此者
206 1 wài outside 外舉不辟怨
207 1 粥粥 zhōuzhōu crowing of a cock 粥粥若無能也
208 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 非時不見
209 1 不窮 bùqióng endless / boundless / inexhaustible 儒有博學而不窮
210 1 不倦 bùjuàn tireless / untiring / indefatigable 篤行而不倦
211 1 a whetstone 近文章砥厲廉隅
212 1 長上 zhǎng shàng elders / superiors 不累長上
213 1 huái bosom / breast 懷忠信以待舉
214 1 màn slow 其大讓如慢
215 1 敬慎 jìngshèn to be reverent and catious 敬慎者
216 1 冬夏 dōng xià winter and summer 冬夏不爭陰陽之和
217 1 章甫 zhāngfǔ ritual cap 冠章甫之冠
218 1 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 後世以為楷
219 1 to take / to get / to fetch 力行以待取
220 1 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 久不相見
221 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今眾人之命儒也妄
222 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不望其報
223 1 one 儒有一畝之宮
224 1 ài to love 愛其死以有待也
225 1 chóng an invertebrate / a worm 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
226 1 day of the month / a certain day 并日而食
227 1 shì to match 適弗逢世
228 1 yóu to swim 優游之法
229 1 tile 毀方而瓦合
230 1 yǔn to fall from outer space 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
231 1 to support somebody by the arm / to assist 衣逢掖之衣
232 1 hurried / worried 又不急為也
233 1 shě to give 孔子至舍
234 1 zūn to honor / to respect 其尊讓有如此者
235 1 miàn side / surface 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
236 1 yōu excellent / superior 優游之法
237 1 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營道同術
238 1 夙夜 sùyè morning and night / always / at all times 夙夜強學以待問
239 1 mào countenance / appearance 仁之貌也
240 1 憂思 yōusī to be anxious and worried / to be agitated / to be pensive 其憂思有如此者
241 1 to attain / to reach 推賢而進達之
242 1 qiú to request 不求富貴
243 1 huò to reap / to harvest 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
244 1 君王 jūnwáng a sovereign king 不慁君王
245 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 篳門圭窬
246 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 後世以為楷
247 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 儒有聞善以相告也
248 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 近文章砥厲廉隅
249 1 gǎn bold / brave 敢問儒行
250 1 huán a ring / a hoop 環堵之室
251 1 魯哀公 lǔ āigōng Lu Aigong / Lord Ai 魯哀公問於孔子曰
252 1 móu to plan 不習其謀
253 1 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 不充詘於富貴
254 1 患難 huànnán trials and tribulations 患難相死也
255 1 并立 bìng lì to exist simultaneously 并立則樂
256 1 guó a country / a nation 雖分國如錙銖
257 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 其備豫有如此者
258 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 猶將不忘百姓之病也
259 1 zhū one twenty-fourth of a Chinese ounce 雖分國如錙銖
260 1 soil / ground / land 仁之地也
261 1 bīng soldier / troops 沮之以兵
262 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 猶將不忘百姓之病也
263 1 近人 jìnrén contemporary / modern person 其近人有如此者
264 1 kuī to lose / to reduce / to diminish 見利不虧其義
265 1 今世 jīnshì this life / this age 今世行之
266 1 特立獨行 té lì dúxíng to be unconventional / independence of action 其特立獨行有如此者
267 1 言談 yántán discourse / words / utterance / what one says / manner of speech 言談者
268 1 險易 xiǎnyì danger and security 道涂不爭險易之利
269 1 xiāng village / township 其服也鄉
270 1 Tu 道涂不爭險易之利
271 1 a sculling oar 禮義以為干櫓
272 1 qīn relatives 儒有內稱不辟親
273 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 陳言而伏
274 1 可親 kěqīn kindly / nice / amiable 儒有可親而不可劫也
275 1 zuò to sit 其坐起恭敬
276 1 恭敬 gōngjìng to bow / to revere / to hold in deferential respect 其坐起恭敬
277 1 zhì a hawk / a vulture 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
278 1 huǐ to regret 往者不悔
279 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 外舉不辟怨
280 1 不再 bù zài no more / no longer 過言不再
281 1 qiào to hold up / to curve up / to turns up / to curve upwards 粗而翹之
282 1 zhōng middle 儒有衣冠中
283 1 gān dry 禮義以為干櫓
284 1 to stop up 環堵之室
285 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 遠相致也
286 1 to coerce / to force / to compel 可近而不可迫也
287 1 to seize / to spring upon 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
288 1 hǎo good 淹之以樂好
289 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 仁之施也
290 1 動作 dòngzuò movement / motion / action 動作慎
291 1 method / way 優游之法
292 1 起居 qǐjū everyday life 雖危起居
293 1 jué to seize / to snatch / to grab 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
294 1 power / force / strength 引重鼎不程其力
295 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 引重鼎不程其力
296 1 chén Chen 陳言而伏
297 1 different / other 異弗非也
298 1 a nook / a corner 近文章砥厲廉隅
299 1 yān to flood / to drown / to submerge 淹之以樂好
300 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 遽數之不能終其物
301 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 今眾人之命儒也妄
302 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 茍利國家
303 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 世亂不沮
304 1 sòng Song dynasty 長居宋
305 1 to arise / to get up 其坐起恭敬
306 1 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 儒有席上之珍以待聘
307 1 to inspect / to check 古人與稽
308 1 nèi inside / interior 儒有內稱不辟親
309 1 不事 bù shì to not do 下不事諸侯
310 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 小讓如偽
311 1 to be swift 遽數之不能終其物
312 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過言不再
313 1 to fly 不習其謀
314 1 可微 kěwēi differentiable 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
315 1 dǎng political party 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
316 1 bào newspaper 不望其報
317 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養其身以有為也
318 1 wide / broad 君子之學也博
319 1 悉數 xīshǔ all / every single one / the entire sum 悉數之乃留
320 1 thing / matter 遽數之不能終其物
321 1 shù method / tactics 營道同術
322 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 而志不可奪也
323 1 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 冬夏不爭陰陽之和
324 1 jiē to join 孫接者
325 1 讒諂 chánchǎn to defame one person while flattering another / to flatter 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
326 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 上通而不困
327 1 sūn Sun 孫接者
328 1 kuì shame / decorum / propriety 小則如愧
329 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 聞流言不信
330 1 過失 guòshī defect / fault 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
331 1 to be urgent 茍利國家
332 1 相待 xiāngdài interdependence / mutual dependence 久相待也
333 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 不充詘於富貴
334 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子之學也博
335 1 甲胄 jiǎzhòu armour 儒有忠信以為甲胄

Frequencies of all Words

Top 384

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 38 zhī him / her / them / that 夫子之服
2 37 also / too 丘聞之也
3 36 his / hers / its / theirs 其儒服與
4 31 not / no 儒有不寶金玉
5 30 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而忠信以為寶
6 27 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 其自立有如此者
7 25 a scholar 儒行
8 19 yǒu is / are / to exist 儒有席上之珍以待聘
9 18 so as to / in order to 儒有席上之珍以待聘
10 18 this / these 其自立有如此者
11 16 有如 yǒurú to be like / similar to / alike 其自立有如此者
12 10 rén a kernel / a pit 戴仁而行
13 7 shàng top / a high position 儒有席上之珍以待聘
14 7 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 儒有聞善以相告也
15 7 xíng to walk / to move 儒行
16 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 而忠信以為寶
17 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言必先信
18 6 no 適弗逢世
19 6 meaning / sense 立義以為土地
20 5 wèi for / to 又不急為也
21 5 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 魯哀公問於孔子曰
22 5 and 其儒服與
23 5 clothes / dress / garment 夫子之服
24 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 懷忠信以待舉
25 5 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 儒有可親而不可劫也
26 5 such as / for example / for instance 其大讓如慢
27 5 easy / simple 其難進而易退也
28 4 yuē to speak / to say 魯哀公問於孔子曰
29 4 shì a generation 適弗逢世
30 4 tóng like / same / similar 同弗與
31 4 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 儒有席上之珍以待聘
32 4 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 而志不可奪也
33 4 祿 good fortune 難得而易祿也
34 4 residence / dwelling 丘少居魯
35 4 wén to hear 丘聞之也
36 4 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 懷忠信以待舉
37 4 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 上答之不敢以疑
38 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 其難進而易退也
39 3 shēn human body / torso 養其身以有為也
40 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 不祈多積
41 3 chéng journey / trip / leg of a journey 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
42 3 suī although / even though 雖有暴政
43 3 to die 愛其死以有待也
44 3 gèng more / even more 更仆未可終也
45 3 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦難得乎
46 3 xián virtuous / worthy 舉賢而容眾
47 3 in / at 魯哀公問於孔子曰
48 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 淹之以樂好
49 3 qiū Confucius 丘少居魯
50 3 to stand 立義以為土地
51 3 xìn to believe / to trust 言必先信
52 3 xià next 下弗推
53 3 clothes / clothing 衣逢掖之衣
54 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 遽數之不能終其物
55 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 其大讓如慢
56 3 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公曰
57 3 gain / advantage / benefit 道涂不爭險易之利
58 3 expresses question or doubt 不亦難得乎
59 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 毀方而瓦合
60 3 otherwise / but / however 大則如威
61 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
62 3 can / may / permissible 可近而不可迫也
63 3 xiān first 言必先信
64 3 wèn to ask 魯哀公問於孔子曰
65 2 mìng life 哀公命席
66 2 shèn cautious 動作慎
67 2 jìn nearby 可近而不可迫也
68 2 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 儒有居處齊難
69 2 jìn to enter 推賢而進達之
70 2 土地 tǔdì territory 不祈土地
71 2 to pray 不祈土地
72 2 shǎo few 丘少居魯
73 2 jiā to add 言加信
74 2 fēi not / non- / un- 非義不合
75 2 to reply / to answer 上答之不敢以疑
76 2 jiǔ old 久相待也
77 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠章甫之冠
78 2 xué to study / to learn 君子之學也博
79 2 博學 bóxué learned / erudite 儒有博學而不窮
80 2 流言 liúyán rumor / gossip / to spread rumors 流言不極
81 2 běn measure word for books 其行本方立義
82 2 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 道涂不爭險易之利
83 2 wēi prestige / majesty 大則如威
84 2 dào way / road / path 道涂不爭險易之利
85 2 shǔ to count 遽數之不能終其物
86 2 yuán to aid / to assist 上弗援
87 2 and 冬夏不爭陰陽之和
88 2 不臣 bùchén to fail in official duties 儒有上不臣天子
89 2 Henan 其備豫有如此者
90 2 a law / a rule 儒有內稱不辟親
91 2 to raise animals 易祿而難畜也
92 2 tuī to push / to shove 下弗推
93 2 自立 zìlì to be independent / to be self-reliant 其自立有如此者
94 2 a banquet 哀公命席
95 2 qiáng strong / powerful 夙夜強學以待問
96 2 難得 nándé difficult to obtain 難得而易祿也
97 2 shì an official 其仕有如此者
98 2 zhī to know 上弗知也
99 2 對曰 duì yuē to reply 孔子對曰
100 2 jìng still / calm 靜而正之
101 2 jiàn to see 見利不虧其義
102 2 to join / to combine 毀方而瓦合
103 2 néng can / able 其舉賢援能有如此者
104 2 jié take by force / to coerce 劫之以眾
105 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小讓如偽
106 2 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 衣逢掖之衣
107 2 zhòng many / numerous 劫之以眾
108 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 其難進而易退也
109 2 不淫 bù yín Refrain from sexual conduct 其居處不淫
110 2 to prevent / to stop 沮之以兵
111 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 儒有不寶金玉
112 2 寬裕 kuānyù comfortably off / ample / plenty 其寬裕有如此者
113 2 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 不求富貴
114 2 wén writing / text 多文以為富
115 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 言必先信
116 2 big / great / huge / large / major 其大讓如慢
117 2 yóu also / as if / still 猶將不忘百姓之病也
118 2 to store 不祈多積
119 1 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 儒有衣冠中
120 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 下不事諸侯
121 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽居而不淫
122 1 zhòng heavy 引重鼎不程其力
123 1 來者 láizhě future things 來者不豫
124 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 其飲食不溽
125 1 mín the people / citizen / subjects 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
126 1 jìng actually / in the end 竟信其志
127 1 lèi to be tired 不累長上
128 1 進而 jìn'ér and then 其難進而易退也
129 1 rén person / people / a human being 強毅以與人
130 1 bath 儒有澡身而浴德
131 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 猶將不忘百姓之病也
132 1 baffle (pier) / whetstone 近文章砥厲廉隅
133 1 moist / humid / muggy 其飲食不溽
134 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
135 1 yǒng brave / courageous 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
136 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 篤行而不倦
137 1 chēng to call / to address 儒有內稱不辟親
138 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 儒有聞善以相告也
139 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 不閔有司
140 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 非義不合
141 1 有待 yǒudài to remain / pending 愛其死以有待也
142 1 不加 bùjiā without / not / un- 不加少而為多
143 1 蓬戶甕牖 pénghù wèng yǒu thatched house, broken urn windows / poor person's house / humble home 蓬戶甕牖
144 1 以和為貴 yǐ hé wèi guì harmony is to be prized 禮之以和為貴
145 1 unit of area equal to one fifteenth of a hectare 儒有一畝之宮
146 1 shēn deep 不臨深而為高
147 1 qīng light / not heavy 世治不輕
148 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往者不悔
149 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 儒有委之以貨財
150 1 rich / wealthy 多文以為富
151 1 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 強毅以與人
152 1 非時 fēishí untimely / at an unusual time / out of season 非時不見
153 1 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 儒有不寶金玉
154 1 ancient weight / one-eighth of a tael 雖分國如錙銖
155 1 詬病 gòubìng to denounce / to castigate 常以儒相詬病
156 1 rough / thick / course 粗而翹之
157 1 kuān wide / broad 慎靜而尚寬
158 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 引重鼎不程其力
159 1 古人 gǔrén people from ancient times / the ancients / person who has passed away 古人與稽
160 1 to associate with / be near 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
161 1 shì to show / to reveal 見善以相示也
162 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 其任舉有如此者
163 1 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 儒皆兼此而有之
164 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 丘不知儒服
165 1 gōng merit 程功積事
166 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
167 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 其規為有如此者
168 1 guī jade pointed at the top 篳門圭窬
169 1 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 禮義以為干櫓
170 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 養其身以有為也
171 1 pìn to engage / to hire 儒有席上之珍以待聘
172 1 special / unique / distinguished 其特立有如此者
173 1 dài to put on / to wear 戴仁而行
174 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 不更其所
175 1 gāo high / tall 不臨深而為高
176 1 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮之以和為貴
177 1 zǎo bath 儒有澡身而浴德
178 1 a slave / a servant 更仆未可終也
179 1 huò goods / products / commodities 儒有委之以貨財
180 1 今人 jīnrén modern people 儒有今人與居
181 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠相致也
182 1 中正 zhōng zhèng fair and honest 行必中正
183 1 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 相下不厭
184 1 分散 fēnsàn to scatter / to disperse 分散者
185 1 不斷 bùduàn unceasing / uninterrupted 不斷其威
186 1 a small door or window / a hole in the wall to cut through a wall 篳門圭窬
187 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 儒有上不臣天子
188 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 可殺而不可辱也
189 1 力行 lìxíng to practice energetically 力行以待取
190 1 見善 jiàn shàn seeing goodness 見善以相示也
191 1 huǐ to destroy 毀方而瓦合
192 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 抱義而處
193 1 zhèng upright / straight 靜而正之
194 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 儒有委之以貨財
195 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 先勞而後祿
196 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 見死不更其守
197 1 未可 wèikě cannot / not able to 更仆未可終也
198 1 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君得其志
199 1 lín to face / to overlook 不臨深而為高
200 1 zuò to do 仁之作也
201 1 a wicker 篳門圭窬
202 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 抱義而處
203 1 剛毅 gāngyì resolute / steadfast / stalwart 其剛毅有如此者
204 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 上答之不敢以疑
205 1 ruò to seem / to be like / as 粥粥若無能也
206 1 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子之服
207 1 溫良 wēn liáng warm and kind 溫良者
208 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 爵位相先也
209 1 měi beautiful 忠信之美
210 1 chū to go out / to leave 易衣而出
211 1 shì to attend on 孔子侍曰
212 1 shì room / bedroom 環堵之室
213 1 róng to hold / to contain 舉賢而容眾
214 1 暴政 bàozhèng tyranny / despotic rule 雖有暴政
215 1 Germany 儒有澡身而浴德
216 1 guǎn a house / a residence 哀公館之
217 1 hùn dishonor 不慁君王
218 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 不同而退
219 1 gōng a palace 儒有一畝之宮
220 1 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 粥粥若無能也
221 1 song / lyrics 歌樂者
222 1 qiě moreover / also 猶且不敢言仁也
223 1 Shandong 丘少居魯
224 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 可殺而不可辱也
225 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 悉數之乃留
226 1 láo to toil 先勞而後祿
227 1 shí food / food and drink 并日而食
228 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 上不答不敢以諂
229 1 tōng to go through / to open 上通而不困
230 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 雖分國如錙銖
231 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長居宋
232 1 容貌 róngmào countenance / personage 其容貌有如此者
233 1 a drama / a play / a show 不敢以儒為戲
234 1 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 不閔有司
235 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 今眾人之命儒也妄
236 1 méi not have 終沒吾世
237 1 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 禮節者
238 1 shì matter / thing / item 程功積事
239 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 近文章砥厲廉隅
240 1 even / equal / uniform 儒有居處齊難
241 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 世治不輕
242 1 交友 jiāoyǒu to make friends 其交友有如此者
243 1 I 終沒吾世
244 1 wài outside 外舉不辟怨
245 1 粥粥 zhōuzhōu crowing of a cock 粥粥若無能也
246 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 非時不見
247 1 不窮 bùqióng endless / boundless / inexhaustible 儒有博學而不窮
248 1 不倦 bùjuàn tireless / untiring / indefatigable 篤行而不倦
249 1 a whetstone 近文章砥厲廉隅
250 1 長上 zhǎng shàng elders / superiors 不累長上
251 1 huái bosom / breast 懷忠信以待舉
252 1 màn slow 其大讓如慢
253 1 敬慎 jìngshèn to be reverent and catious 敬慎者
254 1 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 悉數之乃留
255 1 冬夏 dōng xià winter and summer 冬夏不爭陰陽之和
256 1 章甫 zhāngfǔ ritual cap 冠章甫之冠
257 1 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 後世以為楷
258 1 to take / to get / to fetch 力行以待取
259 1 yòu again / also 又不急為也
260 1 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 久不相見
261 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今眾人之命儒也妄
262 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不望其報
263 1 one 儒有一畝之宮
264 1 ài to love 愛其死以有待也
265 1 chóng an invertebrate / a worm 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
266 1 day of the month / a certain day 并日而食
267 1 shì to match 適弗逢世
268 1 yóu to swim 優游之法
269 1 tile 毀方而瓦合
270 1 yǔn to fall from outer space 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
271 1 to support somebody by the arm / to assist 衣逢掖之衣
272 1 hurried / worried 又不急為也
273 1 shě to give 孔子至舍
274 1 zūn to honor / to respect 其尊讓有如此者
275 1 miàn side / surface 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
276 1 yōu excellent / superior 優游之法
277 1 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營道同術
278 1 夙夜 sùyè morning and night / always / at all times 夙夜強學以待問
279 1 mào countenance / appearance 仁之貌也
280 1 憂思 yōusī to be anxious and worried / to be agitated / to be pensive 其憂思有如此者
281 1 to attain / to reach 推賢而進達之
282 1 qiú to request 不求富貴
283 1 huò to reap / to harvest 儒有不隕獲於貧賤
284 1 君王 jūnwáng a sovereign king 不慁君王
285 1 extremely / very 流言不極
286 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 篳門圭窬
287 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 後世以為楷
288 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 儒有聞善以相告也
289 1 zhì to / until 孔子至舍
290 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 近文章砥厲廉隅
291 1 gǎn bold / brave 敢問儒行
292 1 huán a ring / a hoop 環堵之室
293 1 魯哀公 lǔ āigōng Lu Aigong / Lord Ai 魯哀公問於孔子曰
294 1 móu to plan 不習其謀
295 1 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 猶將不忘百姓之病也
296 1 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 不充詘於富貴
297 1 患難 huànnán trials and tribulations 患難相死也
298 1 并立 bìng lì to exist simultaneously 并立則樂
299 1 guó a country / a nation 雖分國如錙銖
300 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 其備豫有如此者
301 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 猶將不忘百姓之病也
302 1 zhū one twenty-fourth of a Chinese ounce 雖分國如錙銖
303 1 soil / ground / land 仁之地也
304 1 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰儒
305 1 bīng soldier / troops 沮之以兵
306 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 猶將不忘百姓之病也
307 1 近人 jìnrén contemporary / modern person 其近人有如此者
308 1 kuī to lose / to reduce / to diminish 見利不虧其義
309 1 今世 jīnshì this life / this age 今世行之
310 1 特立獨行 té lì dúxíng to be unconventional / independence of action 其特立獨行有如此者
311 1 言談 yántán discourse / words / utterance / what one says / manner of speech 言談者
312 1 險易 xiǎnyì danger and security 道涂不爭險易之利
313 1 xiāng village / township 其服也鄉
314 1 Tu 道涂不爭險易之利
315 1 a sculling oar 禮義以為干櫓
316 1 qīn relatives 儒有內稱不辟親
317 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 陳言而伏
318 1 可親 kěqīn kindly / nice / amiable 儒有可親而不可劫也
319 1 zuò to sit 其坐起恭敬
320 1 恭敬 gōngjìng to bow / to revere / to hold in deferential respect 其坐起恭敬
321 1 zhì a hawk / a vulture 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
322 1 huǐ to regret 往者不悔
323 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 外舉不辟怨
324 1 不再 bù zài no more / no longer 過言不再
325 1 qiào to hold up / to curve up / to turns up / to curve upwards 粗而翹之
326 1 zhōng middle 儒有衣冠中
327 1 jiān simultaneously 儒皆兼此而有之
328 1 shàng still / yet / to value 慎靜而尚寬
329 1 gān dry 禮義以為干櫓
330 1 to stop up 環堵之室
331 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 并日而食
332 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 遠相致也
333 1 to coerce / to force / to compel 可近而不可迫也
334 1 to seize / to spring upon 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
335 1 hǎo good 淹之以樂好
336 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 仁之施也
337 1 動作 dòngzuò movement / motion / action 動作慎
338 1 method / way 優游之法
339 1 起居 qǐjū everyday life 雖危起居
340 1 jué to seize / to snatch / to grab 鷙蟲攫搏不程勇者
341 1 power / force / strength 引重鼎不程其力
342 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 引重鼎不程其力
343 1 chén Chen 陳言而伏
344 1 different / other 異弗非也
345 1 a nook / a corner 近文章砥厲廉隅
346 1 yān to flood / to drown / to submerge 淹之以樂好
347 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 遽數之不能終其物
348 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 今眾人之命儒也妄
349 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 茍利國家
350 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 世亂不沮
351 1 sòng Song dynasty 長居宋
352 1 to arise / to get up 其坐起恭敬
353 1 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 儒有席上之珍以待聘
354 1 to inspect / to check 古人與稽
355 1 nèi inside / interior 儒有內稱不辟親
356 1 不事 bù shì to not do 下不事諸侯
357 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 小讓如偽
358 1 to be swift 遽數之不能終其物
359 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過言不再
360 1 to fly 不習其謀
361 1 可微 kěwēi differentiable 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
362 1 dǎng political party 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
363 1 bào newspaper 不望其報
364 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養其身以有為也
365 1 wide / broad 君子之學也博
366 1 de potential marker 君得其志
367 1 悉數 xīshǔ all / every single one / the entire sum 悉數之乃留
368 1 thing / matter 遽數之不能終其物
369 1 shù method / tactics 營道同術
370 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常以儒相詬病
371 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 而志不可奪也
372 1 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 冬夏不爭陰陽之和
373 1 jiē to join 孫接者
374 1 讒諂 chánchǎn to defame one person while flattering another / to flatter 讒諂之民有比黨而危之者
375 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 上通而不困
376 1 sūn Sun 孫接者
377 1 kuì shame / decorum / propriety 小則如愧
378 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 聞流言不信
379 1 過失 guòshī defect / fault 其過失可微辨而不可面數也
380 1 to be urgent 茍利國家
381 1 相待 xiāngdài interdependence / mutual dependence 久相待也
382 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 不充詘於富貴
383 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子之學也博
384 1 甲胄 jiǎzhòu armour 儒有忠信以為甲胄

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀公 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai
爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁哀公 魯哀公 lǔ āigōng Lu Aigong / Lord Ai
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English