Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《荊燕世家》 Houses of Jing and Yan

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 35 wáng Wang 荊王劉賈者
2 20 liú Liu 荊王劉賈者
3 16 marsh / swamp 燕王劉澤者
4 14 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 又親戚太后之重
5 13 qīng minister / high officer 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
6 13 pitchpipe / pitch standard 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
7 12 Jiǎ Jia 荊王劉賈者
8 11 rén person / people / a human being 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
9 11 tián field / farmland 齊人田生游乏資
10 10 shēng to be born / to give birth 齊人田生游乏資
11 10 dìng to decide 還定三秦
12 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 分其地為二國
13 9 nián year 漢四年
14 8 yuē to speak / to say 乃詔曰
15 7 jīng thorns / brambles 荊燕世家
16 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使劉賈將二萬人
17 6 to stand 立劉賈為荊王
18 6 to strike / to hit / to beat 從東擊項籍
19 6 big / great / huge / large / major 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
20 6 younger brother 昆弟少
21 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 漢王追項籍至固陵
22 5 láng tinkling of pendants 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
23 5 hàn Han Chinese 漢四年
24 5 child / son 高祖子幼
25 5 bīng soldier / troops 已而楚兵擊劉賈
26 5 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
27 5 desire 欲王同姓以鎮天下
28 5 hóu marquis / lord 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
29 5 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 恐大臣不聽
30 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖子幼
31 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
32 4 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 為營陵侯
33 4 èr two 使劉賈將二萬人
34 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 劉賈為將軍
35 4 soil / ground / land 定塞地
36 4 漢王 Hàn Wáng Hanvon 漢王元年
37 4 chén minister / statesman / official 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
38 4 cotton cloth 迎武王黥布兵
39 4 Chǔ state of Chu 渡白馬津入楚地
40 4 Yǐng Ying 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
41 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始王昆弟劉氏也
42 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 王代
43 4 yān Yan 荊燕世家
44 4 shì matter / thing / item 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
45 3 sān three 還定三秦
46 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 不知其何屬初起時
47 3 jūn army / military 韓信軍
48 3 shí time / a period of time 不知其何屬初起時
49 3 huái Huai River 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
50 3 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 從東擊項籍
51 3 jīn gold 用金二百斤為田生壽
52 3 yán to speak / to say / said 今卿言太后
53 3 even / equal / uniform 齊人田生游乏資
54 3 hair 太后又重發之
55 3 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝三年
56 3 to reach 及擇子弟可以為王者
57 3 天下 tiānxià China 欲王同姓以鎮天下
58 3 dōng east 從東擊項籍
59 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 澤大說之
60 3 西 The West 王淮西三十六城
61 3 zhòng heavy 又親戚太后之重
62 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 親修具
63 3 chǎn to reproduce / to give birth 太后欲立呂產為
64 3 kūn elder brother 昆弟少
65 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 漢王追項籍至固陵
66 2 zhàn war / battle / fight 賈輒壁不肯與戰
67 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 何不風大臣以聞太后
68 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 田生子請張卿臨
69 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
70 2 十一 shíyī eleven 高祖十一年秋
71 2 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 與父康王姬姦
72 2 gāo high / tall 深溝高壘
73 2 生子 shēngzǐ to give birth to a child or children 田生子請張卿臨
74 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 漢王元年
75 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以臨江為南郡
76 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 佐劉賈舉九江
77 2 wén to hear 何不風大臣以聞太后
78 2 yīn flourishing 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
79 2 xíng to walk / to move 田生勸澤急行
80 2 康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou 為康王
81 2 to visit 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
82 2 wèi a military officer 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
83 2 chén Chen 會諸侯於陳
84 2 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 迎武王黥布兵
85 2 shǎo few 昆弟少
86 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 為布軍所殺
87 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
88 2 to allow / to permit / to praise 張卿許往
89 2 zhào an imperial decree 乃詔曰
90 2 nán south 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
91 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 因立子肥為齊王
92 2 féi loose-fitting / fat / fertile 因立子肥為齊王
93 2 gōng merit / achievement / result / accomplishment 將軍劉賈有功
94 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
95 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 會諸侯於陳
96 2 huì can / be able to 皆會垓下
97 2 ruò weak 諸呂弱
98 2 yòng to use / to apply 用金二百斤為田生壽
99 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn / to punish 欲誅諸呂
100 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 漢王追項籍至固陵
101 2 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
102 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐大臣不聽
103 2 to cross, ferry over 渡白馬津入楚地
104 2 chéng a city / a town 王淮東五十二城
105 2 hurried / worried 不急發
106 2 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
107 2 xián liesure 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
108 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 田生如長安
109 2 hòu after / later 高后時
110 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
111 2 solitary 劉氏孤弱
112 2 a consort / a concubine 與父康王姬姦
113 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 諸大臣未大服
114 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
115 2 to enter 渡白馬津入楚地
116 2 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 廢楚王信
117 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 北渡河
118 1 residence / dwelling 居數月
119 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 欲王同姓以鎮天下
120 1 xìn to believe / to trust 廢楚王信
121 1 Lu 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
122 1 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元朔元年
123 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 及擇子弟可以為王者
124 1 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 太后春秋長
125 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 田生弗受
126 1 jué to long for 獨此尚觖望
127 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 天子乃徙澤為燕王
128 1 shū to remove obstructions 故劉賈雖屬疏
129 1 gěi to give 無以給項王軍食
130 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
131 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 囚之
132 1 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 譬如列侯
133 1 積聚 jījù to coalesce / to gather together / to amass 燒其積聚
134 1 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年
135 1 a hub 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
136 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 不勝
137 1 xián virtuous / worthy 又不賢
138 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 太后果使人追止之
139 1 tiào to jump / to hop / to skip (a grade) / to leap / to bounce 遂跳驅至長安
140 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 佐劉賈舉九江
141 1 wall 賈輒壁不肯與戰
142 1 敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou 謚為敬王
143 1 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 淮南王黥布反
144 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆曰
145 1 shòu old age / long life 用金二百斤為田生壽
146 1 chēng to call / to address 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
147 1 guàn to pour in 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
148 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 及太后崩
149 1 to give 乃復以瑯邪予齊
150 1 jìng to respect /to honor 大臣所敬
151 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 齊人田生游乏資
152 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 獨此尚觖望
153 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 高祖弟交為楚王
154 1 ěr ear 得張耳
155 1 親戚 qīnqi relatives 又親戚太后之重
156 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
157 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
158 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 定國自殺
159 1 逆天 nìtiān to be in defiance of the natural order 逆天
160 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
161 1 sūn Sun 至孫定國
162 1 zhàng account / debt / credit 田生盛帷帳共具
163 1 clothes / dress / garment 諸大臣未大服
164 1 shí ten 列十餘縣王之
165 1 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 填江淮之閒
166 1 wéi to circle / to surround / to enclose 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
167 1 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 迎武王黥布兵
168 1 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
169 1 dialect / language / speech 乃風大臣語太后
170 1 南面 nánmiàn south side 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
171 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 太后果使人追止之
172 1 三十六 sān shí liù thirty six 王淮西三十六城
173 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 田生勸澤急行
174 1 zhāo to beckon / to summon 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
175 1 chūn spring 漢六年春
176 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 為大將軍
177 1 extra / surplus / remainder 列十餘縣王之
178 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
179 1 sāi to stop up / to squeeze in / to stuff / to block 定塞地
180 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 詔下公卿
181 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 及擇子弟可以為王者
182 1 cháo to face 太后朝
183 1 elegant / graceful / refined 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
184 1 method / way 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
185 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其何屬初起時
186 1 軍食 jūn shí military supplies 無以給項王軍食
187 1 lín to face / to overlook 田生子請張卿臨
188 1 gāo a bank / a marsh 漢王之敗成皋
189 1 yuǎn far / distant 諸劉遠屬也
190 1 guī to go back / to return 即歸齊
191 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 張卿驚
192 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
193 1 hōng to die
194 1 five 漢五年
195 1 垓下 Gāixià Gaixia 皆會垓下
196 1 jià vacation 而假大宅
197 1 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 渡白馬津入楚地
198 1 修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu 軍修武
199 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
200 1 jiā excellent 傳子嘉
201 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 渡白馬津入楚地
202 1 qiū fall / autumn 高祖十一年秋
203 1 xīn heart 太后心欲之
204 1 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 親修具
205 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
206 1 a pig / a hog 澤以將軍擊陳豨
207 1 人倫 rénlún human relations 亂人倫
208 1 tīng to listen 恐大臣不聽
209 1 gōu ditch / channel / groove / gutter / gully / ravine 深溝高壘
210 1 qiú to request 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
211 1 father 與父康王姬姦
212 1 xiàn county 列十餘縣王之
213 1 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 皆高祖一切功臣
214 1 rich / wealthy 走富陵
215 1 wéi a curtain / a screen 田生盛帷帳共具
216 1 lěi rampart 深溝高壘
217 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列十餘縣王之
218 1 to gather / to collect 天下未集
219 1 to die 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
220 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 漢王之敗成皋
221 1 chéng to fill 田生盛帷帳共具
222 1 shāo to burn 燒其積聚
223 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 毋留
224 1 guān to close 出關
225 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
226 1 發覺 fājué to find / to detect / to discover 以此發覺
227 1 gàn dry / clean 以畫干營陵侯澤
228 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 高祖自擊破布
229 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 以破其業
230 1 tuī to push / to shove 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
231 1 wǎn to bind up / to string together 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
232 1 shēn deep 深溝高壘
233 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 居數月
234 1 子女 zǐnǚ children / sons and daughters 與子女三人姦
235 1 to arise / to get up 不知其何屬初起時
236 1 squares 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
237 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見澤
238 1 to go 喜去
239 1 to die 共尉已死
240 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
241 1 萬戶侯 wànhùhóu Marquis 萬戶侯亦卿之有
242 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪弟妻為姬
243 1 wife 奪弟妻為姬
244 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 然以策為王
245 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 填江淮之閒
246 1 yòu immature / young 高祖子幼
247 1 chuán to transmit 傳子嘉
248 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
249 1 to urge on / to drive 遂跳驅至長安
250 1 shàng top / a high position 上許之
251 1 to arouse / to incite / to excite / to stimulate 權激呂氏
252 1 huà painting / picture / drawing 以畫干營陵侯澤
253 1 Wu 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
254 1 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走富陵
255 1 wěi big / large / great 豈不為偉乎
256 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 恐禍及身矣
257 1 qín Shaanxi 還定三秦
258 1 西南 xīnán southwest 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
259 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎武王黥布兵
260 1 quán authority / power 權激呂氏
261 1 世家 shì jiā Feudal Houses / Hereditary Houses 荊燕世家
262 1 four 漢四年
263 1 one 生子男一人
264 1 shǐ beginning / start 始王昆弟劉氏也
265 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
266 1 五十二 wǔshíèr 52 王淮東五十二城
267 1 wèn to ask 因問大臣
268 1 zhèn town 欲王同姓以鎮天下
269 1 supreme ruler / emperor 帝少
270 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨此尚觖望
271 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 至元朔元年
272 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
273 1 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得王
274 1 běi north 北渡河
275 1 jiè boundary / scope / extent 澤還兵備西界
276 1 péng Peng 而與彭越相保
277 1 qiān one thousand 太后賜張卿千斤金
278 1 內臣 nèichén chamberlain 而卿為內臣
279 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢楚王信
280 1 pèi copious / abundant 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
281 1 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信軍
282 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 郢人等告定國
283 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 親修具
284 1 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 功至大
285 1 to confer / to bestow / to grant 太后賜張卿千斤金
286 1 bàn half 張卿以其半與田生
287 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
288 1 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 騎數百
289 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 定國禽獸行
290 1 hān intoxicated 酒酣
291 1 to lack 齊人田生游乏資
292 1 fēn to divide into parts 分其地為二國
293 1 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 澤為郎中
294 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐劉賈舉九江
295 1 bǎo to defend / to protect 而與彭越相保
296 1 huáng yellow 得王黃
297 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒酣
298 1 děng et cetera / and so on 郢人等告定國
299 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 張卿許往
300 1 business / industry 以破其業
301 1 nán male 生子男一人
302 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
303 1 合謀 hémóu to conspire / to plot together 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
304 1 liáng a bridge 至梁
305 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
306 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 澤還兵備西界
307 1 liù six 漢六年春
308 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚為敬王
309 1 to impeach 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
310 1 to criticize 皆議曰
311 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 及擇子弟可以為王者
312 1 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 復故地
313 1 an official residence 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
314 1 shēn human body / torso 恐禍及身矣
315 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂跳驅至長安
316 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 使劉賈將二萬人
317 1 wèi to call 澤使人謂田生曰
318 1 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎數百
319 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 漢王之敗成皋
320 1 yóu to swim 齊人田生游乏資
321 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如列侯
322 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 而假大宅
323 1 不肯 bùkěn not willing 賈輒壁不肯與戰
324 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 用金二百斤為田生壽
325 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 乃屏人說張卿曰
326 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 亂人倫
327 1 Bi 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
328 1 王益 wángyì Wangyi 諸呂王益固矣

Frequencies of all Words

Top 392

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 35 wáng Wang 荊王劉賈者
2 25 wèi for / to 劉賈為將軍
3 20 liú Liu 荊王劉賈者
4 16 marsh / swamp 燕王劉澤者
5 16 zhī him / her / them / that 漢王之敗成皋
6 14 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 又親戚太后之重
7 13 qīng minister / high officer 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
8 13 so as to / in order to 以破其業
9 13 pitchpipe / pitch standard 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
10 12 Jiǎ Jia 荊王劉賈者
11 11 rén person / people / a human being 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
12 11 tián field / farmland 齊人田生游乏資
13 11 and 賈輒壁不肯與戰
14 10 zhāng sheet 得張耳
15 10 zhū all / many / various 諸劉
16 10 shēng to be born / to give birth 齊人田生游乏資
17 10 dìng to decide 還定三秦
18 9 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃詔曰
19 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 分其地為二國
20 9 nián year 漢四年
21 8 yuē to speak / to say 乃詔曰
22 7 jīng thorns / brambles 荊燕世家
23 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使劉賈將二萬人
24 6 to stand 立劉賈為荊王
25 6 to strike / to hit / to beat 從東擊項籍
26 6 big / great / huge / large / major 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
27 6 younger brother 昆弟少
28 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 漢王追項籍至固陵
29 6 his / hers / its / theirs 不知其何屬初起時
30 6 zhì to / until 漢王追項籍至固陵
31 6 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 荊王劉賈者
32 5 also / too 當是時也
33 5 láng tinkling of pendants 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
34 5 gòng together 共擊項籍
35 5 already / afterwards 已而楚兵擊劉賈
36 5 hàn Han Chinese 漢四年
37 5 child / son 高祖子幼
38 5 bīng soldier / troops 已而楚兵擊劉賈
39 5 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
40 5 desire 欲王同姓以鎮天下
41 5 hóu marquis / lord 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
42 5 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 恐大臣不聽
43 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖子幼
44 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
45 4 hái also / in addition / more 還定三秦
46 4 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 為營陵侯
47 4 yīn because 漢王因使劉賈將九江兵
48 4 èr two 使劉賈將二萬人
49 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 劉賈為將軍
50 4 soil / ground / land 定塞地
51 4 漢王 Hàn Wáng Hanvon 漢王元年
52 4 rán correct / right / certainly 張卿大然之
53 4 chén minister / statesman / official 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
54 4 cotton cloth 迎武王黥布兵
55 4 Chǔ state of Chu 渡白馬津入楚地
56 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 為布軍所殺
57 4 Yǐng Ying 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
58 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始王昆弟劉氏也
59 4 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 已而楚兵擊劉賈
60 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆會垓下
61 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 王代
62 4 yān Yan 荊燕世家
63 4 shì matter / thing / item 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
64 3 sān three 還定三秦
65 3 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 使劉賈將二萬人
66 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 不知其何屬初起時
67 3 jūn army / military 韓信軍
68 3 shí time / a period of time 不知其何屬初起時
69 3 final particle 弗與矣
70 3 huái Huai River 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
71 3 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 從東擊項籍
72 3 yòu again / also 又不賢
73 3 jīn gold 用金二百斤為田生壽
74 3 yán to speak / to say / said 今卿言太后
75 3 even / equal / uniform 齊人田生游乏資
76 3 hair 太后又重發之
77 3 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝三年
78 3 to reach 及擇子弟可以為王者
79 3 天下 tiānxià China 欲王同姓以鎮天下
80 3 dōng east 從東擊項籍
81 3 not / no 又不賢
82 3 again / more / repeatedly 乃復以瑯邪予齊
83 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 澤大說之
84 3 西 The West 王淮西三十六城
85 3 zhòng heavy 又親戚太后之重
86 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 親修具
87 3 chǎn to reproduce / to give birth 太后欲立呂產為
88 3 de potential marker 得張耳
89 3 kūn elder brother 昆弟少
90 3 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 而與彭越相保
91 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 王故荊地
92 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 漢王追項籍至固陵
93 2 promptly / right away / immediately 即歸齊
94 2 zhàn war / battle / fight 賈輒壁不肯與戰
95 2 no 弗與矣
96 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 何不風大臣以聞太后
97 2 such as / for example / for instance 田生如長安
98 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 田生子請張卿臨
99 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
100 2 cóng from 從東擊項籍
101 2 十一 shíyī eleven 高祖十一年秋
102 2 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 與父康王姬姦
103 2 gāo high / tall 深溝高壘
104 2 生子 shēngzǐ to give birth to a child or children 田生子請張卿臨
105 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 漢王元年
106 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以臨江為南郡
107 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 佐劉賈舉九江
108 2 chū to go out 出關
109 2 wén to hear 何不風大臣以聞太后
110 2 yīn flourishing 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
111 2 xíng to walk / to move 田生勸澤急行
112 2 康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou 為康王
113 2 to visit 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
114 2 yǒu is / are / to exist 將軍劉賈有功
115 2 also / too 萬戶侯亦卿之有
116 2 wèi a military officer 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
117 2 chén Chen 會諸侯於陳
118 2 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 迎武王黥布兵
119 2 shǎo few 昆弟少
120 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 為布軍所殺
121 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
122 2 to allow / to permit / to praise 張卿許往
123 2 zhào an imperial decree 乃詔曰
124 2 nán south 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
125 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 因立子肥為齊王
126 2 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 用金二百斤為田生壽
127 2 féi loose-fitting / fat / fertile 因立子肥為齊王
128 2 gōng merit / achievement / result / accomplishment 將軍劉賈有功
129 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
130 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 會諸侯於陳
131 2 huì can / be able to 皆會垓下
132 2 ruò weak 諸呂弱
133 2 yòng to use / to apply 用金二百斤為田生壽
134 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn / to punish 欲誅諸呂
135 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 漢王追項籍至固陵
136 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 不知其何屬初起時
137 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時也
138 2 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
139 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐大臣不聽
140 2 to cross, ferry over 渡白馬津入楚地
141 2 chéng a city / a town 王淮東五十二城
142 2 hurried / worried 不急發
143 2 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
144 2 xián liesure 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
145 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 田生如長安
146 2 hòu after / later 高后時
147 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
148 2 solitary 劉氏孤弱
149 2 a consort / a concubine 與父康王姬姦
150 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 諸大臣未大服
151 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
152 2 to enter 渡白馬津入楚地
153 2 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 廢楚王信
154 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 北渡河
155 1 residence / dwelling 居數月
156 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 欲王同姓以鎮天下
157 1 xìn to believe / to trust 廢楚王信
158 1 Lu 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
159 1 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元朔元年
160 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 及擇子弟可以為王者
161 1 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 太后春秋長
162 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 田生弗受
163 1 jué to long for 獨此尚觖望
164 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 天子乃徙澤為燕王
165 1 shū to remove obstructions 故劉賈雖屬疏
166 1 gěi to give 無以給項王軍食
167 1 chú except / besides 國除為郡
168 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
169 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 囚之
170 1 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 譬如列侯
171 1 積聚 jījù to coalesce / to gather together / to amass 燒其積聚
172 1 xiàng an item / a thing / a clause 無以給項王軍食
173 1 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年
174 1 a hub 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
175 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 不勝
176 1 xián virtuous / worthy 又不賢
177 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 太后果使人追止之
178 1 tiào to jump / to hop / to skip (a grade) / to leap / to bounce 遂跳驅至長安
179 1 yuè more 而與彭越相保
180 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 佐劉賈舉九江
181 1 wall 賈輒壁不肯與戰
182 1 敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou 謚為敬王
183 1 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 淮南王黥布反
184 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆曰
185 1 shòu old age / long life 用金二百斤為田生壽
186 1 chēng to call / to address 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
187 1 guàn to pour in 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
188 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 及太后崩
189 1 to give 乃復以瑯邪予齊
190 1 jìng to respect /to honor 大臣所敬
191 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 齊人田生游乏資
192 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 獨此尚觖望
193 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 高祖弟交為楚王
194 1 ěr ear 得張耳
195 1 親戚 qīnqi relatives 又親戚太后之重
196 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
197 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
198 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 定國自殺
199 1 逆天 nìtiān to be in defiance of the natural order 逆天
200 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
201 1 sūn Sun 至孫定國
202 1 zhàng account / debt / credit 田生盛帷帳共具
203 1 clothes / dress / garment 諸大臣未大服
204 1 shí ten 列十餘縣王之
205 1 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 填江淮之閒
206 1 wéi to circle / to surround / to enclose 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
207 1 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 迎武王黥布兵
208 1 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
209 1 dialect / language / speech 乃風大臣語太后
210 1 南面 nánmiàn south side 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
211 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 太后果使人追止之
212 1 三十六 sān shí liù thirty six 王淮西三十六城
213 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 田生勸澤急行
214 1 zhāo to beckon / to summon 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
215 1 chūn spring 漢六年春
216 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 為大將軍
217 1 extra / surplus / remainder 列十餘縣王之
218 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
219 1 sāi to stop up / to squeeze in / to stuff / to block 定塞地
220 1 expresses question or doubt 豈不為偉乎
221 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 詔下公卿
222 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 及擇子弟可以為王者
223 1 cháo to face 太后朝
224 1 elegant / graceful / refined 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
225 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 太后春秋長
226 1 method / way 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
227 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其何屬初起時
228 1 軍食 jūn shí military supplies 無以給項王軍食
229 1 lín to face / to overlook 田生子請張卿臨
230 1 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 今卿最幸
231 1 gāo a bank / a marsh 漢王之敗成皋
232 1 yuǎn far / distant 諸劉遠屬也
233 1 guī to go back / to return 即歸齊
234 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 張卿驚
235 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
236 1 hōng to die
237 1 five 漢五年
238 1 垓下 Gāixià Gaixia 皆會垓下
239 1 jià vacation 而假大宅
240 1 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 渡白馬津入楚地
241 1 一切 yīqiè all / every / everything 皆高祖一切功臣
242 1 修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu 軍修武
243 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
244 1 jiā excellent 傳子嘉
245 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 渡白馬津入楚地
246 1 qiū fall / autumn 高祖十一年秋
247 1 xīn heart 太后心欲之
248 1 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 親修具
249 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
250 1 a pig / a hog 澤以將軍擊陳豨
251 1 人倫 rénlún human relations 亂人倫
252 1 tīng to listen 恐大臣不聽
253 1 naturally / of course / certainly 高祖自擊破布
254 1 xià next 詔下公卿
255 1 gōu ditch / channel / groove / gutter / gully / ravine 深溝高壘
256 1 qiú to request 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
257 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋留
258 1 father 與父康王姬姦
259 1 xiàn county 列十餘縣王之
260 1 shì is / are / am / to be 當是時也
261 1 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 皆高祖一切功臣
262 1 rich / wealthy 走富陵
263 1 this / these 獨此尚觖望
264 1 wéi a curtain / a screen 田生盛帷帳共具
265 1 lěi rampart 深溝高壘
266 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列十餘縣王之
267 1 to gather / to collect 天下未集
268 1 to die 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
269 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 漢王之敗成皋
270 1 chéng to fill 田生盛帷帳共具
271 1 shāo to burn 燒其積聚
272 1 no 無以給項王軍食
273 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 毋留
274 1 guān to close 出關
275 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
276 1 發覺 fājué to find / to detect / to discover 以此發覺
277 1 gàn dry / clean 以畫干營陵侯澤
278 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 高祖自擊破布
279 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 以破其業
280 1 tuī to push / to shove 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
281 1 wǎn to bind up / to string together 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
282 1 shēn deep 深溝高壘
283 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 居數月
284 1 子女 zǐnǚ children / sons and daughters 與子女三人姦
285 1 to arise / to get up 不知其何屬初起時
286 1 squares 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
287 1 jiù right away 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
288 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見澤
289 1 to go 喜去
290 1 to die 共尉已死
291 1 以此 yǐcǐ hence 以此發覺
292 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
293 1 萬戶侯 wànhùhóu Marquis 萬戶侯亦卿之有
294 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪弟妻為姬
295 1 wife 奪弟妻為姬
296 1 suī although / even though 故劉賈雖屬疏
297 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 然以策為王
298 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 填江淮之閒
299 1 yòu immature / young 高祖子幼
300 1 chuán to transmit 傳子嘉
301 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
302 1 to urge on / to drive 遂跳驅至長安
303 1 shàng top / a high position 上許之
304 1 to arouse / to incite / to excite / to stimulate 權激呂氏
305 1 huà painting / picture / drawing 以畫干營陵侯澤
306 1 Wu 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
307 1 in / at 會諸侯於陳
308 1 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走富陵
309 1 wěi big / large / great 豈不為偉乎
310 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 恐禍及身矣
311 1 qín Shaanxi 還定三秦
312 1 西南 xīnán southwest 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
313 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎武王黥布兵
314 1 quán authority / power 權激呂氏
315 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不為偉乎
316 1 世家 shì jiā Feudal Houses / Hereditary Houses 荊燕世家
317 1 four 漢四年
318 1 one 生子男一人
319 1 shǐ beginning / start 始王昆弟劉氏也
320 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
321 1 五十二 wǔshíèr 52 王淮東五十二城
322 1 wèn to ask 因問大臣
323 1 what / where / which 不知其何屬初起時
324 1 zhèn town 欲王同姓以鎮天下
325 1 supreme ruler / emperor 帝少
326 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨此尚觖望
327 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 至元朔元年
328 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
329 1 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得王
330 1 běi north 北渡河
331 1 jiè boundary / scope / extent 澤還兵備西界
332 1 péng Peng 而與彭越相保
333 1 qiān one thousand 太后賜張卿千斤金
334 1 內臣 nèichén chamberlain 而卿為內臣
335 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢楚王信
336 1 certainly / must / will / necessarily 太后必喜
337 1 pèi copious / abundant 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
338 1 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信軍
339 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 郢人等告定國
340 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 親修具
341 1 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 功至大
342 1 to confer / to bestow / to grant 太后賜張卿千斤金
343 1 bàn half 張卿以其半與田生
344 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
345 1 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 騎數百
346 1 zhé often / regularly 賈輒壁不肯與戰
347 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 定國禽獸行
348 1 hān intoxicated 酒酣
349 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由漢初定
350 1 to lack 齊人田生游乏資
351 1 fēn to divide into parts 分其地為二國
352 1 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 澤為郎中
353 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐劉賈舉九江
354 1 bǎo to defend / to protect 而與彭越相保
355 1 huáng yellow 得王黃
356 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒酣
357 1 děng et cetera / and so on 郢人等告定國
358 1 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
359 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 張卿許往
360 1 business / industry 以破其業
361 1 nán male 生子男一人
362 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
363 1 合謀 hémóu to conspire / to plot together 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
364 1 liáng a bridge 至梁
365 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
366 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 澤還兵備西界
367 1 liù six 漢六年春
368 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚為敬王
369 1 he / him 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
370 1 to impeach 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
371 1 何不 hé bù why not 何不風大臣以聞太后
372 1 to criticize 皆議曰
373 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 及擇子弟可以為王者
374 1 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 復故地
375 1 an official residence 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
376 1 shēn human body / torso 恐禍及身矣
377 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂跳驅至長安
378 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 使劉賈將二萬人
379 1 wèi to call 澤使人謂田生曰
380 1 běn measure word for books 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
381 1 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎數百
382 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 漢王之敗成皋
383 1 yóu to swim 齊人田生游乏資
384 1 shàng still / yet / to value 獨此尚觖望
385 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如列侯
386 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 而假大宅
387 1 不肯 bùkěn not willing 賈輒壁不肯與戰
388 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 用金二百斤為田生壽
389 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 乃屏人說張卿曰
390 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 亂人倫
391 1 Bi 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
392 1 王益 wángyì Wangyi 諸呂王益固矣

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
Bi
彼得 bǐde Peter
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
垓下 Gāixià Gaixia
高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Hanvon
韩信 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
jīng
  1. thorns / brambles
  2. the state of Chu / Jing
  3. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou
九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang
康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
临江 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang
péng
  1. Peng
  2. Peng
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
王益 wángyì Wangyi
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
项籍 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu
Yǐng Ying
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan