Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《荊燕世家》 Houses of Jing and Yan

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 35 wáng Wang 荊王劉賈者
2 20 liú Liu 荊王劉賈者
3 16 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 燕王劉澤者
4 14 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 又親戚太后之重
5 13 qīng minister / high officer 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
6 13 a musical note 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
7 12 jiǎ Jia 荊王劉賈者
8 11 rén person / people / a human being 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
9 11 tián field / farmland 齊人田生游乏資
10 10 shēng to be born / to give birth 齊人田生游乏資
11 10 dìng to decide 還定三秦
12 9 nián year 漢四年
13 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 分其地為二國
14 8 yuē to speak / to say 乃詔曰
15 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使劉賈將二萬人
16 7 jīng brambles / thorns 荊燕世家
17 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 漢王追項籍至固陵
18 6 younger brother 昆弟少
19 6 big / great / huge / large / major 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
20 6 to stand 立劉賈為荊王
21 6 to strike / to hit / to beat 從東擊項籍
22 5 bīng soldier / troops 已而楚兵擊劉賈
23 5 hàn Han Chinese 漢四年
24 5 hóu marquis / lord 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
25 5 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
26 5 láng a kind of white cornelian 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
27 5 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 恐大臣不聽
28 5 child / son 高祖子幼
29 5 desire 欲王同姓以鎮天下
30 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖子幼
31 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 迎武王黥布兵
32 4 chǔ state of Chu 渡白馬津入楚地
33 4 chén minister / statesman / official 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
34 4 shì matter / thing / item 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
35 4 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王元年
36 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 王代
37 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
38 4 Yǐng Ying 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
39 4 yān Yan 荊燕世家
40 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始王昆弟劉氏也
41 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 劉賈為將軍
42 4 èr two 使劉賈將二萬人
43 4 soil / ground / land 定塞地
44 4 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 為營陵侯
45 3 jūn army / military 韓信軍
46 3 even / equal / uniform 齊人田生游乏資
47 3 shí time / a period of time 不知其何屬初起時
48 3 hair 太后又重發之
49 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 親修具
50 3 to reach 及擇子弟可以為王者
51 3 huái Huai River 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
52 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 不知其何屬初起時
53 3 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 太后欲立呂產為
54 3 天下 tiānxià China 欲王同姓以鎮天下
55 3 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 從東擊項籍
56 3 jīn gold 用金二百斤為田生壽
57 3 dōng east 從東擊項籍
58 3 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝三年
59 3 yán to speak / to say / said 今卿言太后
60 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 澤大說之
61 3 zhòng heavy 又親戚太后之重
62 3 西 The West 王淮西三十六城
63 3 sān three 還定三秦
64 3 kūn elder brother 昆弟少
65 2 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
66 2 gāo high / tall 深溝高壘
67 2 wén to hear 何不風大臣以聞太后
68 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 漢王追項籍至固陵
69 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 因立子肥為齊王
70 2 康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou 為康王
71 2 to allow / to permit 張卿許往
72 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐大臣不聽
73 2 十一 shíyī eleven 高祖十一年秋
74 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 諸大臣未大服
75 2 a consort / a concubine 與父康王姬姦
76 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 為布軍所殺
77 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
78 2 shǎo few 昆弟少
79 2 gōng merit 將軍劉賈有功
80 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲誅諸呂
81 2 xián liesure 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
82 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 漢王追項籍至固陵
83 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
84 2 zhào an imperial decree 乃詔曰
85 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 會諸侯於陳
86 2 to cross, ferry over 渡白馬津入楚地
87 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以臨江為南郡
88 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 何不風大臣以聞太后
89 2 huì can / be able to 皆會垓下
90 2 wèi a military officer 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
91 2 féi fat / plump / obese 因立子肥為齊王
92 2 yòng to use / to apply 用金二百斤為田生壽
93 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 田生如長安
94 2 solitary 劉氏孤弱
95 2 chéng a city / a town 王淮東五十二城
96 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
97 2 hurried / worried 不急發
98 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 賈輒壁不肯與戰
99 2 hòu after / later 高后時
100 2 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
101 2 chén Chen 會諸侯於陳
102 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 漢王元年
103 2 ruò weak 諸呂弱
104 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
105 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
106 2 nán south 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
107 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 佐劉賈舉九江
108 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 與父康王姬姦
109 2 to enter 渡白馬津入楚地
110 2 生子 shēngzǐ to give birth to a child or children 田生子請張卿臨
111 2 to visit 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
112 2 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 廢楚王信
113 2 xíng to walk / to move 田生勸澤急行
114 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 田生子請張卿臨
115 2 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 迎武王黥布兵
116 1 世家 shì jiā Feudal Houses / Hereditary Houses 荊燕世家
117 1 four 漢四年
118 1 zhèn town 欲王同姓以鎮天下
119 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 及擇子弟可以為王者
120 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
121 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 填江淮之閒
122 1 Lu 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
123 1 to die 共尉已死
124 1 gāo the high land along a river 漢王之敗成皋
125 1 tiào to jump / to hop / to skip (a grade) / to leap / to bounce 遂跳驅至長安
126 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 張卿許往
127 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 不勝
128 1 gěi to give 無以給項王軍食
129 1 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
130 1 xīn heart 太后心欲之
131 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 而假大宅
132 1 qīn relatives 親修具
133 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
134 1 quán authority / power 權激呂氏
135 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐劉賈舉九江
136 1 shǐ beginning / start 始王昆弟劉氏也
137 1 jiè border / boundary 澤還兵備西界
138 1 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 澤為郎中
139 1 qiú to request 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
140 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見澤
141 1 huáng yellow 得王黃
142 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 高祖自擊破布
143 1 ěr ear 得張耳
144 1 人倫 rénlún human relations 亂人倫
145 1 敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou 謚為敬王
146 1 to give 乃復以瑯邪予齊
147 1 residence / dwelling 居數月
148 1 shēn human body / torso 恐禍及身矣
149 1 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎數百
150 1 wall 賈輒壁不肯與戰
151 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 定塞地
152 1 business / industry 以破其業
153 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 用金二百斤為田生壽
154 1 親戚 qīnqi relatives 又親戚太后之重
155 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 太后果使人追止之
156 1 děng et cetera / and so on 郢人等告定國
157 1 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 渡白馬津入楚地
158 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 乃屏人說張卿曰
159 1 合謀 hémóu to conspire / to plot together 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
160 1 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
161 1 péng Peng 而與彭越相保
162 1 相保 xiāngbǎo to guard each other 而與彭越相保
163 1 滅口 mièkǒu to kill somebody to prevent them from divulging a secret / to silence sb 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
164 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 定國自殺
165 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
166 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 酒酣
167 1 tīng to listen 恐大臣不聽
168 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 郢人等告定國
169 1 發覺 fājué to find / to detect / to discover 以此發覺
170 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
171 1 to criticize 皆議曰
172 1 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年
173 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 澤還兵備西界
174 1 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 譬如列侯
175 1 內臣 nèichén chamberlain 而卿為內臣
176 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
177 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 定國禽獸行
178 1 修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu 軍修武
179 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
180 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 恐禍及身矣
181 1 wèi to call 澤使人謂田生曰
182 1 chēng to call / to address 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
183 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎武王黥布兵
184 1 jià vacation 而假大宅
185 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒酣
186 1 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 皆高祖一切功臣
187 1 dialect / language / speech 乃風大臣語太后
188 1 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元朔元年
189 1 five 漢五年
190 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 欲王同姓以鎮天下
191 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 居數月
192 1 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 迎武王黥布兵
193 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 使劉賈將二萬人
194 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
195 1 squares 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
196 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分其地為二國
197 1 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 騎數百
198 1 shòu old age / long life 用金二百斤為田生壽
199 1 to lack 齊人田生游乏資
200 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 以破其業
201 1 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得王
202 1 wèn to ask 因問大臣
203 1 method / way 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
204 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如列侯
205 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 田生勸澤急行
206 1 xìn to believe / to trust 廢楚王信
207 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 親修具
208 1 chéng to fill 田生盛帷帳共具
209 1 shí ten 列十餘縣王之
210 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
211 1 wife 奪弟妻為姬
212 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 漢王之敗成皋
213 1 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 復故地
214 1 yóu to swim 齊人田生游乏資
215 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 然以策為王
216 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
217 1 三十六 sān shí liù thirty six 王淮西三十六城
218 1 五十二 wǔshíèr 52 王淮東五十二城
219 1 to give / to bestow favors 太后賜張卿千斤金
220 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 及擇子弟可以為王者
221 1 積聚 jījù to coalesce / to gather together / to amass 燒其積聚
222 1 萬戶侯 wànhùhóu Marquis 萬戶侯亦卿之有
223 1 xián virtuous / worthy 又不賢
224 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其何屬初起時
225 1 xiàn county 列十餘縣王之
226 1 rich / wealthy 走富陵
227 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆曰
228 1 lěi a rampart / a military wall 深溝高壘
229 1 逆天 nìtiān to be in defiance of the natural order 逆天
230 1 guàn to pour in 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
231 1 lín to face / to overlook 田生子請張卿臨
232 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 及太后崩
233 1 liáng a bridge 至梁
234 1 clothes / dress / garment 諸大臣未大服
235 1 bàn half 張卿以其半與田生
236 1 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 太后春秋長
237 1 軍食 jūn shí military supplies 無以給項王軍食
238 1 to gather / to collect 天下未集
239 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列十餘縣王之
240 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 天子乃徙澤為燕王
241 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 亂人倫
242 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢楚王信
243 1 zhàng a tent 田生盛帷帳共具
244 1 Wu 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
245 1 chūn spring 漢六年春
246 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨此尚觖望
247 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
248 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 渡白馬津入楚地
249 1 西南 xīnán southwest 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
250 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪弟妻為姬
251 1 huà painting / picture / drawing 以畫干營陵侯澤
252 1 雅故 yǎgù old friend / correct interpretation 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
253 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
254 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 賈輒壁不肯與戰
255 1 nán male 生子男一人
256 1 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 淮南王黥布反
257 1 jìng to respect /to honor 大臣所敬
258 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 張卿驚
259 1 南面 nánmiàn south 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
260 1 guī to go back / to return 即歸齊
261 1 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
262 1 Bi 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
263 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
264 1 a hub 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
265 1 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信軍
266 1 to urge on / to drive 遂跳驅至長安
267 1 wěi great / robust 豈不為偉乎
268 1 chuán to transmit 傳子嘉
269 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 至元朔元年
270 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
271 1 qín Shaanxi 還定三秦
272 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
273 1 a pig / a hog 澤以將軍擊陳豨
274 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
275 1 cháo to face 太后朝
276 1 sūn Sun 至孫定國
277 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂跳驅至長安
278 1 father 與父康王姬姦
279 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
280 1 hōng to die
281 1 pèi copious / abundant 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
282 1 yuǎn far / distant 諸劉遠屬也
283 1 guān to close 出關
284 1 qiū fall / autumn 高祖十一年秋
285 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 毋留
286 1 王益 wángyì Wangyi 諸呂王益固矣
287 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 田生弗受
288 1 liù six 漢六年春
289 1 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 功至大
290 1 yòu immature / young 高祖子幼
291 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 深溝高壘
292 1 不肯 bùkěn not willing 賈輒壁不肯與戰
293 1 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters 與子女三人姦
294 1 qiān one thousand 太后賜張卿千斤金
295 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 獨此尚觖望
296 1 one 生子男一人
297 1 shū to remove obstructions 故劉賈雖屬疏
298 1 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走富陵
299 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 齊人田生游乏資
300 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 北渡河
301 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 為大將軍
302 1 extra / surplus / remainder 列十餘縣王之
303 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚為敬王
304 1 shàng top / a high position 上許之
305 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 佐劉賈舉九江
306 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 太后果使人追止之
307 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 詔下公卿
308 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 囚之
309 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 今卿最幸
310 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋留
311 1 supreme ruler / emperor 帝少
312 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 高祖弟交為楚王
313 1 wéi a curtain / a screen 田生盛帷帳共具
314 1 to die 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
315 1 běi north 北渡河
316 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 及擇子弟可以為王者
317 1 shāo to burn 燒其積聚
318 1 wǎn to string together / to bind up 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
319 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
320 1 to arise / to get up 不知其何屬初起時
321 1 an official residence 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
322 1 jiā excellent 傳子嘉
323 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 漢王之敗成皋
324 1 shēn deep 深溝高壘
325 1 垓下 Gāixià Gaixia 皆會垓下
326 1 to arouse / to excite / to incite 權激呂氏
327 1 tuī to push / to shove 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
328 1 jué to long for 獨此尚觖望
329 1 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 填江淮之閒
330 1 gān dry 以畫干營陵侯澤
331 1 to go 喜去

Frequencies of all Words

Top 393

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 35 wáng Wang 荊王劉賈者
2 25 wèi for / to 劉賈為將軍
3 20 liú Liu 荊王劉賈者
4 16 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 燕王劉澤者
5 16 zhī him / her / them / that 漢王之敗成皋
6 14 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 又親戚太后之重
7 13 qīng minister / high officer 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
8 13 a musical note 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
9 13 so as to / in order to 以破其業
10 12 jiǎ Jia 荊王劉賈者
11 11 rén person / people / a human being 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
12 11 tián field / farmland 齊人田生游乏資
13 11 and 賈輒壁不肯與戰
14 10 shēng to be born / to give birth 齊人田生游乏資
15 10 dìng to decide 還定三秦
16 10 zhū all / many / various 諸劉
17 10 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 得張耳
18 9 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃詔曰
19 9 nián year 漢四年
20 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 分其地為二國
21 8 yuē to speak / to say 乃詔曰
22 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使劉賈將二萬人
23 7 jīng brambles / thorns 荊燕世家
24 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 漢王追項籍至固陵
25 6 younger brother 昆弟少
26 6 zhì to / until 漢王追項籍至固陵
27 6 his / hers / its / theirs 不知其何屬初起時
28 6 big / great / huge / large / major 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
29 6 to stand 立劉賈為荊王
30 6 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 荊王劉賈者
31 6 to strike / to hit / to beat 從東擊項籍
32 5 bīng soldier / troops 已而楚兵擊劉賈
33 5 hàn Han Chinese 漢四年
34 5 gòng together 共擊項籍
35 5 also / too 當是時也
36 5 hóu marquis / lord 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
37 5 already / afterwards 已而楚兵擊劉賈
38 5 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
39 5 láng a kind of white cornelian 乃以營陵侯劉澤為瑯邪王
40 5 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 恐大臣不聽
41 5 child / son 高祖子幼
42 5 desire 欲王同姓以鎮天下
43 5 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖子幼
44 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 迎武王黥布兵
45 4 rán correct / right / certainly 張卿大然之
46 4 chǔ state of Chu 渡白馬津入楚地
47 4 chén minister / statesman / official 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
48 4 shì matter / thing / item 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
49 4 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王元年
50 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 王代
51 4 hái also / in addition / more 還定三秦
52 4 yīn because 漢王因使劉賈將九江兵
53 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
54 4 Yǐng Ying 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
55 4 yān Yan 荊燕世家
56 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 始王昆弟劉氏也
57 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 劉賈為將軍
58 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆會垓下
59 4 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 已而楚兵擊劉賈
60 4 èr two 使劉賈將二萬人
61 4 soil / ground / land 定塞地
62 4 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 為營陵侯
63 3 jūn army / military 韓信軍
64 3 again / more / repeatedly 乃復以瑯邪予齊
65 3 yòu again / also 又不賢
66 3 even / equal / uniform 齊人田生游乏資
67 3 shí time / a period of time 不知其何屬初起時
68 3 hair 太后又重發之
69 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 親修具
70 3 to reach 及擇子弟可以為王者
71 3 de potential marker 得張耳
72 3 huái Huai River 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
73 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 不知其何屬初起時
74 3 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 太后欲立呂產為
75 3 天下 tiānxià China 欲王同姓以鎮天下
76 3 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 為布軍所殺
77 3 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 從東擊項籍
78 3 jīn gold 用金二百斤為田生壽
79 3 dōng east 從東擊項籍
80 3 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝三年
81 3 yán to speak / to say / said 今卿言太后
82 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 澤大說之
83 3 zhòng heavy 又親戚太后之重
84 3 西 The West 王淮西三十六城
85 3 not / no 又不賢
86 3 final particle 弗與矣
87 3 sān three 還定三秦
88 3 kūn elder brother 昆弟少
89 2 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
90 2 chū to go out / to leave 出關
91 2 gāo high / tall 深溝高壘
92 2 promptly / right away / immediately 即歸齊
93 2 wén to hear 何不風大臣以聞太后
94 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 漢王追項籍至固陵
95 2 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 因立子肥為齊王
96 2 such as / for example / for instance 田生如長安
97 2 康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou 為康王
98 2 to allow / to permit 張卿許往
99 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐大臣不聽
100 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時也
101 2 yǒu is / are / to exist 將軍劉賈有功
102 2 十一 shíyī eleven 高祖十一年秋
103 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 諸大臣未大服
104 2 a consort / a concubine 與父康王姬姦
105 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 為布軍所殺
106 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
107 2 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 用金二百斤為田生壽
108 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 不知其何屬初起時
109 2 shǎo few 昆弟少
110 2 gōng merit 將軍劉賈有功
111 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲誅諸呂
112 2 xián liesure 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
113 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 漢王追項籍至固陵
114 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
115 2 zhào an imperial decree 乃詔曰
116 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 會諸侯於陳
117 2 to cross, ferry over 渡白馬津入楚地
118 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以臨江為南郡
119 2 cóng from 從東擊項籍
120 2 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 何不風大臣以聞太后
121 2 huì can / be able to 皆會垓下
122 2 wèi a military officer 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
123 2 féi fat / plump / obese 因立子肥為齊王
124 2 yòng to use / to apply 用金二百斤為田生壽
125 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 田生如長安
126 2 solitary 劉氏孤弱
127 2 chéng a city / a town 王淮東五十二城
128 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
129 2 hurried / worried 不急發
130 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 賈輒壁不肯與戰
131 2 hòu after / later 高后時
132 2 to be fond of / to like 太后必喜
133 2 chén Chen 會諸侯於陳
134 2 no 弗與矣
135 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 漢王元年
136 2 ruò weak 諸呂弱
137 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
138 2 also / too 萬戶侯亦卿之有
139 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
140 2 nán south 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
141 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 使劉賈將二萬人
142 2 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 王故荊地
143 2 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 佐劉賈舉九江
144 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 與父康王姬姦
145 2 to enter 渡白馬津入楚地
146 2 生子 shēngzǐ to give birth to a child or children 田生子請張卿臨
147 2 to visit 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
148 2 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 廢楚王信
149 2 xíng to walk / to move 田生勸澤急行
150 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 田生子請張卿臨
151 2 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 迎武王黥布兵
152 1 世家 shì jiā Feudal Houses / Hereditary Houses 荊燕世家
153 1 four 漢四年
154 1 以此 yǐcǐ hence 以此發覺
155 1 zhèn town 欲王同姓以鎮天下
156 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 及擇子弟可以為王者
157 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
158 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 填江淮之閒
159 1 Lu 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
160 1 to die 共尉已死
161 1 naturally / of course / certainly 高祖自擊破布
162 1 gāo the high land along a river 漢王之敗成皋
163 1 tiào to jump / to hop / to skip (a grade) / to leap / to bounce 遂跳驅至長安
164 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 張卿許往
165 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 不勝
166 1 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 今卿最幸
167 1 gěi to give 無以給項王軍食
168 1 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
169 1 xīn heart 太后心欲之
170 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 而假大宅
171 1 qīn relatives 親修具
172 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
173 1 quán authority / power 權激呂氏
174 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 佐劉賈舉九江
175 1 shǐ beginning / start 始王昆弟劉氏也
176 1 jiè border / boundary 澤還兵備西界
177 1 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 澤為郎中
178 1 qiú to request 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
179 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見澤
180 1 huáng yellow 得王黃
181 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 高祖自擊破布
182 1 ěr ear 得張耳
183 1 人倫 rénlún human relations 亂人倫
184 1 敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou 謚為敬王
185 1 to give 乃復以瑯邪予齊
186 1 residence / dwelling 居數月
187 1 一切 yīqiè all / every / everything 皆高祖一切功臣
188 1 shēn human body / torso 恐禍及身矣
189 1 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎數百
190 1 wall 賈輒壁不肯與戰
191 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 定塞地
192 1 business / industry 以破其業
193 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 用金二百斤為田生壽
194 1 親戚 qīnqi relatives 又親戚太后之重
195 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 太后果使人追止之
196 1 děng et cetera / and so on 郢人等告定國
197 1 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 渡白馬津入楚地
198 1 suī although / even though 故劉賈雖屬疏
199 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 乃屏人說張卿曰
200 1 合謀 hémóu to conspire / to plot together 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
201 1 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 諸將相與瑯邪王共立代王為天子
202 1 péng Peng 而與彭越相保
203 1 相保 xiāngbǎo to guard each other 而與彭越相保
204 1 滅口 mièkǒu to kill somebody to prevent them from divulging a secret / to silence sb 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
205 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 定國自殺
206 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
207 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 酒酣
208 1 tīng to listen 恐大臣不聽
209 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 郢人等告定國
210 1 發覺 fājué to find / to detect / to discover 以此發覺
211 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
212 1 to criticize 皆議曰
213 1 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年
214 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 澤還兵備西界
215 1 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 譬如列侯
216 1 內臣 nèichén chamberlain 而卿為內臣
217 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
218 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 定國禽獸行
219 1 修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu 軍修武
220 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 使劉賈南渡淮圍壽春
221 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 恐禍及身矣
222 1 wèi to call 澤使人謂田生曰
223 1 chēng to call / to address 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
224 1 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎武王黥布兵
225 1 jià vacation 而假大宅
226 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒酣
227 1 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 皆高祖一切功臣
228 1 dialect / language / speech 乃風大臣語太后
229 1 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元朔元年
230 1 five 漢五年
231 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 欲王同姓以鎮天下
232 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 居數月
233 1 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 迎武王黥布兵
234 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 使劉賈將二萬人
235 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
236 1 squares 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
237 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分其地為二國
238 1 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 騎數百
239 1 no 無以給項王軍食
240 1 xiàng an item / a thing / a clause 無以給項王軍食
241 1 shòu old age / long life 用金二百斤為田生壽
242 1 to lack 齊人田生游乏資
243 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 太后春秋長
244 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 以破其業
245 1 彼得 bǐde Peter 彼得王
246 1 wèn to ask 因問大臣
247 1 method / way 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
248 1 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如列侯
249 1 shàng still / yet / to value 獨此尚觖望
250 1 何不 hé bù why not 何不風大臣以聞太后
251 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 田生勸澤急行
252 1 xìn to believe / to trust 廢楚王信
253 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 親修具
254 1 chéng to fill 田生盛帷帳共具
255 1 shí ten 列十餘縣王之
256 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
257 1 wife 奪弟妻為姬
258 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 漢王之敗成皋
259 1 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 復故地
260 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不為偉乎
261 1 yóu to swim 齊人田生游乏資
262 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 然以策為王
263 1 chú except / besides 國除為郡
264 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引兵與齊王合謀西
265 1 三十六 sān shí liù thirty six 王淮西三十六城
266 1 五十二 wǔshíèr 52 王淮東五十二城
267 1 to give / to bestow favors 太后賜張卿千斤金
268 1 jiù right away 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
269 1 this / these 獨此尚觖望
270 1 shì is / are / am / to be 當是時也
271 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 及擇子弟可以為王者
272 1 積聚 jījù to coalesce / to gather together / to amass 燒其積聚
273 1 萬戶侯 wànhùhóu Marquis 萬戶侯亦卿之有
274 1 xián virtuous / worthy 又不賢
275 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其何屬初起時
276 1 xiàn county 列十餘縣王之
277 1 rich / wealthy 走富陵
278 1 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣皆曰
279 1 lěi a rampart / a military wall 深溝高壘
280 1 逆天 nìtiān to be in defiance of the natural order 逆天
281 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由漢初定
282 1 guàn to pour in 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
283 1 lín to face / to overlook 田生子請張卿臨
284 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 及太后崩
285 1 liáng a bridge 至梁
286 1 clothes / dress / garment 諸大臣未大服
287 1 yuè more 而與彭越相保
288 1 bàn half 張卿以其半與田生
289 1 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 太后春秋長
290 1 所幸 suǒxìng fortunately (formal writing) 令其子求事呂后所幸大謁者張子卿
291 1 軍食 jūn shí military supplies 無以給項王軍食
292 1 to gather / to collect 天下未集
293 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列十餘縣王之
294 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 天子乃徙澤為燕王
295 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 亂人倫
296 1 běn measure word for books 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
297 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢楚王信
298 1 zhàng a tent 田生盛帷帳共具
299 1 Wu 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
300 1 chūn spring 漢六年春
301 1 in / at 會諸侯於陳
302 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨此尚觖望
303 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
304 1 白馬 báimǎ white horse 渡白馬津入楚地
305 1 西南 xīnán southwest 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
306 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪弟妻為姬
307 1 huà painting / picture / drawing 以畫干營陵侯澤
308 1 雅故 yǎgù old friend / correct interpretation 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
309 1 誅殺 zhūshā to kill / to murder 定國有所欲誅殺臣肥如令郢人
310 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 賈輒壁不肯與戰
311 1 nán male 生子男一人
312 1 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 淮南王黥布反
313 1 jìng to respect /to honor 大臣所敬
314 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 張卿驚
315 1 南面 nánmiàn south 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
316 1 guī to go back / to return 即歸齊
317 1 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
318 1 Bi 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
319 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
320 1 a hub 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
321 1 certainly / must / will / necessarily 太后必喜
322 1 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信軍
323 1 to urge on / to drive 遂跳驅至長安
324 1 wěi great / robust 豈不為偉乎
325 1 chuán to transmit 傳子嘉
326 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 至元朔元年
327 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 郢人昆弟復上書具言定國陰事
328 1 qín Shaanxi 還定三秦
329 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
330 1 a pig / a hog 澤以將軍擊陳豨
331 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
332 1 cháo to face 太后朝
333 1 sūn Sun 至孫定國
334 1 what / where / which 不知其何屬初起時
335 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂跳驅至長安
336 1 father 與父康王姬姦
337 1 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 聞漢遣灌將軍屯滎陽
338 1 hōng to die
339 1 pèi copious / abundant 立沛侯劉濞為吳王
340 1 yuǎn far / distant 諸劉遠屬也
341 1 guān to close 出關
342 1 qiū fall / autumn 高祖十一年秋
343 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 毋留
344 1 王益 wángyì Wangyi 諸呂王益固矣
345 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 田生弗受
346 1 liù six 漢六年春
347 1 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 功至大
348 1 yòu immature / young 高祖子幼
349 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 深溝高壘
350 1 不肯 bùkěn not willing 賈輒壁不肯與戰
351 1 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters 與子女三人姦
352 1 qiān one thousand 太后賜張卿千斤金
353 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 獨此尚觖望
354 1 one 生子男一人
355 1 he / him 定國使謁者以他法劾捕格殺郢人以滅口
356 1 shū to remove obstructions 故劉賈雖屬疏
357 1 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走富陵
358 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 齊人田生游乏資
359 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 北渡河
360 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 為大將軍
361 1 extra / surplus / remainder 列十餘縣王之
362 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚為敬王
363 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 事發相重
364 1 shàng top / a high position 上許之
365 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 佐劉賈舉九江
366 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 太后果使人追止之
367 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 詔下公卿
368 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 囚之
369 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 今卿最幸
370 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋留
371 1 supreme ruler / emperor 帝少
372 1 xià next 詔下公卿
373 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 高祖弟交為楚王
374 1 wéi a curtain / a screen 田生盛帷帳共具
375 1 to die 然劉澤卒南面稱孤者三世
376 1 běi north 北渡河
377 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 及擇子弟可以為王者
378 1 shāo to burn 燒其積聚
379 1 wǎn to string together / to bind up 與太尉盧綰西南擊臨江王共尉
380 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 使人閒招楚大司馬周殷
381 1 to arise / to get up 不知其何屬初起時
382 1 an official residence 臣觀諸侯王邸弟百餘
383 1 jiā excellent 傳子嘉
384 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 漢王之敗成皋
385 1 shēn deep 深溝高壘
386 1 垓下 Gāixià Gaixia 皆會垓下
387 1 expresses question or doubt 豈不為偉乎
388 1 to arouse / to excite / to incite 權激呂氏
389 1 tuī to push / to shove 今呂氏雅故本推轂高帝就天下
390 1 jué to long for 獨此尚觖望
391 1 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 填江淮之閒
392 1 gān dry 以畫干營陵侯澤
393 1 to go 喜去

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
Bi
彼得 bǐde Peter
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
垓下 Gāixià Gaixia
高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
韩信 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou
九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang
康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
临江 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang
péng
  1. Peng
  2. Peng
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
王益 wángyì Wangyi
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
项籍 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
修武 xiūwǔ Xiuwu
Yǐng Ying
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English