Glossary and Vocabulary for Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》, 《為政第二》 Commentary on Wei Zheng II

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 41 yuē to speak / to say 程子曰
2 41 yán to speak / to say / said 政之為言正也
3 27 wèi to call 謂先之也
4 25 zhī to know 學者必務知要
5 24 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
6 21 néng can / able 所守者至簡而能御煩
7 21 rén person / people / a human being 善者可以感發人之善心
8 20 child / son 孟懿子問孝
9 19 xiào to be filial 孟懿子問孝
10 19 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 經禮三百
11 18 zhèng government / administration 為政第二
12 18 xīn heart 得於心而不失也
13 16 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 范氏曰
14 15 wèn to ask 孟懿子問孝
15 15 xué to study / to learn 吾十有五而志于學
16 15 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子生而知之也
17 15 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民免而無恥
18 13 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人未必然
19 12 dào way / road / path 道之以政
20 12 shì matter / thing / item 且或各因一事而發
21 12 reason / logic / truth 窮理盡性也
22 11 xíng to walk / to move 安而行之
23 11 gài a lid / top / cover 猶蓋也
24 11 one 且或各因一事而發
25 11 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 故用無不周
26 11 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 居其所而眾星共之
27 11 qīn relatives 而以從親之令為孝
28 11 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善者可以感發人之善心
29 10 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 是謂能養
30 10 Germany 為政以德
31 10 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
32 10 desire 隨其心之所欲
33 9 jìng to respect /to honor 若能養其親而敬不至
34 9 使 shǐ to make / to cause 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
35 8 color 色難
36 8 zhèng upright / straight 政之為言正也
37 8 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 為善者為君子
38 8 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其象如此
39 8 zhí straight 求其直指全體
40 8 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂政者
41 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 夫子以懿子未達而不能問
42 7 meaning / sense 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
43 7 shī to lose 得於心而不失也
44 7 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉大數也
45 7 to think / consider / to ponder 思無邪
46 7 不知 bùzhī do not know 而不知其漸流於不敬
47 7 ěr ear 六十而耳順
48 7 idea 其示人之意亦深切矣
49 7 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者必務知要
50 7 hair 且或各因一事而發
51 7 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 子張學干祿
52 6 不為 bùwéi to not do 得為而不為
53 6 clothes / dress / garment 有事弟子服其勞
54 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 善者可以感發人之善心
55 6 to doubt / to disbelieve 皆無所疑
56 6 shì a generation 十世可知也
57 6 to associate with / be near 比視為詳矣
58 6 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 子告之曰
59 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫子以懿子未達而不能問
60 6 guǎ few 所務者至寡而能服眾
61 6 xià summer 子夏問孝
62 6 horse 至於犬馬
63 6 弟子 dìzi disciple / follower / student 孔子弟子
64 6 zhì sign / mark / flag 惡者可以懲創人之逸志
65 6 jiàn to see 但見其不違如愚人而已
66 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 常以為憂也
67 6 夫子 fūzǐ master 故夫子言詩三百篇
68 6 qiú to request 求其直指全體
69 6 shū book 書曰
70 6 sūn Sun 魯大夫仲孫氏
71 6 fán ordinary / common 凡二十四章
72 5 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 無違
73 5 yōu to worry / to be concerned 父母唯其疾之憂
74 5 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 詩三百
75 5 tiān day 天之樞也
76 5 chē a vehicle 為孔子御車也
77 5 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 父母唯其疾之憂
78 5 mèng first month 孟懿子問孝
79 5 可知 kězhī evidently / clearly / no wonder 又有可知之理乎
80 5 yóu to swim 一以示學者當優游𣹢泳
81 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 所守者至簡而能御煩
82 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 為治之具
83 5 wǎng useless / in vain 舉直錯諸枉
84 5 jìn to enter 所以勉進後人也
85 5 è evil / vice 惡者可以懲創人之逸志
86 5 xìn to believe / to trust 不言而信
87 5 shēn deep 又當深探其本也
88 5 tǒng to unify 謂文質三統
89 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其率天下至於無父無君
90 5 a human or animal body 蓋心即體
91 5 yòng to use / to apply 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
92 5 míng bright / brilliant 則未有若此之明且盡者
93 5 xìng family name / surname 姓言
94 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 則未有若此之明且盡者
95 5 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 孟懿子問孝
96 5 yīn sound / noise 音拱
97 5 tōng to go through / to open 聲入心通
98 4 private 退而省其私
99 4 樊遲 fán chí Fan Chi / Fan Xu 樊遲御
100 4 祿 good fortune 祿
101 4 shī teacher 愚聞之師曰
102 4 quǎn dog 至於犬馬
103 4 can / may / permissible 以其人多可憂之事
104 4 sān three 是時三家僭禮
105 4 a man / a male adult 若夫記問之學
106 4 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 所損益
107 4 天下 tiānxià China 則無為而天下歸之
108 4 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 毋不敬
109 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 孔子生而知之也
110 4 squares 有恥且格
111 4 xíng punishment / penalty 齊之以刑
112 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠以勸
113 4 yuǎn far / distant 然政刑能使民遠罪而已
114 4 to defend / to resist 所守者至簡而能御煩
115 4 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 為治之具
116 4 shāng commerce / trade 商尚質
117 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 彼列反
118 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聖人之教亦多術
119 4 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故治民者不可徒恃其末
120 4 shī poem / verse 詩三百
121 4 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
122 4 shí ten 吾十有五而志于學
123 4 beard / mustache 胡氏曰
124 4 piān chapter / section / essay / article 詩三百十一篇
125 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 忠以勸
126 4 sōu to conceal / to hide 人焉廋哉
127 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之孝者
128 4 to sacrifice to / to worship 祭之以禮
129 4 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 舉直錯諸枉
130 4 zài in / at 在己者能知言窮理
131 4 之間 zhījiān between / among 則其日用之間
132 4 zhòng many / numerous 居其所而眾星共之
133 4 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察其所安
134 4 residence / dwelling 居其所而眾星共之
135 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 聖人之教亦多術
136 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安而行之
137 4 shì to show / to reveal 其示人之意亦深切矣
138 4 dài dangerous / perilous 思而不學則殆
139 4 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
140 3 even / equal / uniform 齊之以刑
141 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 窮理盡性也
142 3 shùn to obey 六十而耳順
143 3 shí time / a period of time 是時三家僭禮
144 3 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 則無為而天下歸之
145 3 shēng sound 聲入心通
146 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 色難
147 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 為惡者為小人
148 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 然政刑能使民遠罪而已
149 3 jīng essence 知此則知極其精
150 3 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 五十而知天命
151 3 huí to go back / to return 吾與回言終日
152 3 father's elder brother / uncle 孟武伯問孝
153 3 無邪 wúxié without guilt 思無邪
154 3 yuè cross-bar at the end of the poles of a cart 小車無軏
155 3 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 惟色為難也
156 3 yán color 姓顏
157 3 shí food / food and drink 犬馬待人而食
158 3 日用 rìyòng of everyday use 則其日用之間
159 3 season / period 季康子問
160 3 female / feminine 誨女知之乎
161 3 dialect / language / speech 故語樊遲以發之
162 3 在其中 zàiqízhōng therein / wherein 祿在其中矣
163 3 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 不踰矩
164 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 法度之器
165 3 guǐ a ghost / spirit of dead 非其鬼而祭之
166 3 Shandong 魯頌駉篇之辭
167 3 the cross-bar at the end of a carriage pole 大車無輗
168 3 bǎi one hundred 雖百世可知也
169 3 yǒng brave / courageous 子路好勇
170 3 yào to want / to wish for 學者必務知要
171 3 huǐ to regret 則寡悔
172 3 yǒu friend / companion 友于兄弟
173 3 wén writing / text 即理之節文也
174 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 而不惑又不足言矣
175 3 jǐng to alert / to warn 故夫子以是警之
176 3 letter / symbol / character 如字
177 3 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 友于兄弟
178 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
179 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 謂制度品節也
180 3 miǎn to encourage 不勉而中也
181 3 shì an official 仕者之奉也
182 3 suí to follow 隨也
183 3 jiàn to build / to construct 夏正建寅為人統
184 3 不惑 bùhuò without doubt 四十而不惑
185 3 zhuāng a village 臨之以莊則敬
186 3 miǎn to spare 民免而無恥
187 3 martial / military 孟武伯問孝
188 3 a set square / a rule / a regulation / a pattern 不踰矩
189 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告懿子
190 3 hài to injure / to harm to 斯害也已
191 3 jiù old / ancient 舊說
192 3 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 此所謂學
193 3 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於一疵不存
194 3 zhòng middle brother 魯大夫仲孫氏
195 3 gōng to attack / to assault 攻乎異端
196 3 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 君為臣綱
197 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀其所由
198 2 láo to toil 有事弟子服其勞
199 2 所聞 suǒwén what one hears 所聞皆通也
200 2 三綱五常 sān gāng wǔ cháng the three guiding principles and the five constant regulations 謂三綱五常
201 2 先行 xiānxíng to precede 先行其言而後從之
202 2 shēn human body / torso 則凡所以守其身者
203 2 本心 běnxīn original intent 然其要使人不失其本心而已
204 2 專治 zhuānzhì (of medicine) to use specifically for the treatment of 專治也
205 2 yuán shafts of cart / yamen 轅端橫木
206 2 shì to rely upon 故治民者不可徒恃其末
207 2 異端 yìduān heresy 攻乎異端
208 2 從心所欲 cóng xīn suǒ yù to follow one's heart's desires 七十而從心所欲
209 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 有恥且格
210 2 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
211 2 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 有酒食先生饌
212 2 preface / introduction 孔子自言其進德之序如此者
213 2 和氣 héqi friendly / polite / amiable / gentle 必有和氣
214 2 sufficient / enough 能養足矣
215 2 wide / broad 守約則足以盡博矣
216 2 北辰 Běi Chén Polaris / North Star 譬如北辰
217 2 hǎo good 子路好勇
218 2 wáng Wang 王者易姓受命為一世
219 2 wén to hear 愚聞之師曰
220 2 gǎi to change / to alter 商不能改乎夏
221 2 一言以蔽之 yīyán yǐ bì zhī one word says it all / to cut a long story short / in a nutshell 一言以蔽之
222 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 而分則有限
223 2 慎言 shèn yán to speak cautiously / to guard one's tongue 慎言其餘
224 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 比視為詳矣
225 2 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 謂飲食供奉也
226 2 yuè month 二以示學者當日就月將
227 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 魯頌駉篇之辭
228 2 發明 fāmíng to invent 謂發明所言之理
229 2 father 其率天下至於無父無君
230 2 to fly 言學能時習舊聞
231 2 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 故不同也
232 2 pleasant / delightful 必有愉色
233 2 ài to love 狎恩恃愛
234 2 jiā house / home / residence 是時三家僭禮
235 2 zàng to bury the dead 葬之以禮
236 2 大車 dàchē a large vehicle 大車無輗
237 2 què a watchtower 多見闕殆
238 2 無恥 wúchǐ shameless 民免而無恥
239 2 人子 rénzǐ son of man 人子體此
240 2 干祿 gànlù to seek after fame and fortune 子張學干祿
241 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨之以莊則敬
242 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 縛軛以駕牛者
243 2 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公問曰
244 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 萬理明盡之後
245 2 zhǐ to point 求其直指全體
246 2 increase / benefit 或不足則當益
247 2 shěng province 退而省其私
248 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐其失指
249 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 若夫記問之學
250 2 法度 fǎdù a law 法度之器
251 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal
252 2 xīn new / fresh / modern 新者
253 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後凡言謙辭之屬
254 2 所知 suǒ zhī known / what one knows 而所知有限
255 2 zhōng middle 不勉而中也
256 2 to attain / to reach 成章而後達耳
257 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
258 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 舊說
259 2 大學 dàxué university / college 古者十五而入大學
260 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 字子路
261 2 jiān difficult / hard 非言之艱而行之艱
262 2 wǎn graceful / tactful 然其言微婉
263 2 rate / frequency 言躬行以率之
264 2 知者 zhī zhě the wise 必有獨覺其進而人不及知者
265 2 black ink / inkstick 如楊墨是也
266 2 文質 wénzhì literary talent 謂文質三統
267 2 gǒng to cup one's hands in salute 音拱
268 2 chén Chen 書周書君陳篇
269 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 雖不可以偏廢
270 2 xīng a star / a planet 居其所而眾星共之
271 2 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂也
272 2 自立 zìlì to be independent / to be self-reliant 有以自立
273 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 所務者至寡而能服眾
274 2 zhuàn food 有酒食先生饌
275 2 sǔn to injure 或太過則當損
276 2 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢問君子
277 2 有限 yǒuxiàn limited / finite 而分則有限
278 2 silent 默識心融
279 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 故可以為人師
280 2 lái to come 蓋欲知來
281 2 to enter 古者十五而入大學
282 2 disease / sickness / ailment 父母唯其疾之憂
283 2 to inherit 其或繼周者
284 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 慎言其餘
285 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 魯大夫仲孫氏
286 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷因於夏禮
287 2 five 吾十有五而志于學
288 2 至理 zhìlǐ an axiom / a supreme principle 莫非至理
289 2 事物 shìwù thing / object 於事物之所當然
290 2 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 孝慈則忠
291 2 yáng Yang 如楊墨是也
292 2 yún cloud 書云
293 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 則守之固而無所事志矣
294 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 修天爵則人爵至
295 2 duān to carry 而別為一端
296 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
297 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 所樂也
298 2 守約 shǒuyuē to keep an appointment / to keep one's word 知要則能守約
299 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自不容於不謹矣
300 2 不動 bùdòng Akshobya 不動也
301 2 小車 xiǎo chē small model car / mini-car 小車無軏
302 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 無為而成
303 2 kāng Kang 季康子問
304 1 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
305 1 橫木 héngmù a horizontal beam / wooden crossbar / thwart 轅端橫木
306 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢其一
307 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 故治木石金玉之工曰攻
308 1 xiào result / effect 德禮之效
309 1 xiá to be familiar with 狎恩恃愛
310 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能久而不變哉
311 1 世俗 shìsú secular / worldly / profane 世俗事親
312 1 時宜 shíyí what is appropriate for the time 與時宜之
313 1 zhì order 天敘天秩
314 1 apprentice / disciple 故治民者不可徒恃其末
315 1 něi hungry / starving / famished 孔子蓋曰耕也餒在其中
316 1 to help / to assist 輔治之法
317 1 普遍 pǔbiàn universal / general / widespread / commonplace 普遍也
318 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 但為學者立法
319 1 已然 yǐrán to be already so / already 而其已然之跡
320 1 děng et cetera / and so on 不可躐等而進
321 1 駸駸 qīnqīn like a horse riding fast 則駸駸然入於其中矣
322 1 端嚴 duānyán dignified / stately 謂容貌端嚴也
323 1 厚薄 hòubáo thickness 而其淺深厚薄之不一者
324 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆之則去
325 1 名師 míngshī famous master / great teacher 名師
326 1 不期然而然 bùqī ránér rán happen unexpectedly / turn out contrary to one's expectations 則其應蓋有不期然而然者矣
327 1 shí real / true 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
328 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 彼列反
329 1 不在 bùzài not here 而心之所樂者不在於是
330 1 識心 shí xīn the controlling function of the mind 默識心融
331 1 多聞闕疑 duō wén què yí although learned also inquisitive 多聞闕疑
332 1 yān Yan 謂燕居獨處
333 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 而所因者不壞
334 1 wǎng to deceive 學而不思則罔
335 1 渾然 húnrán completely / absolutely / undivided / totally mixed up / muddled 然語意渾然
336 1 盡性 jìnxìng displaying fully / developing to the greatest extent 窮理盡性也
337 1 初年 chūnián early years 定公初年
338 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 篤行五者
339 1 興起 xīngqǐ to rise 則民固有所觀感而興起矣
340 1 different / other 則與養犬馬者何異
341 1 獨覺 dújué Pratyeka-Buddha / Pratyekabuddha 必有獨覺其進而人不及知者
342 1 平地 píngdì a plain 謂平地任載之車
343 1 yōu excellent / superior 一以示學者當優游𣹢泳
344 1 不周 bùzhōu not satisfactory / thoughtless / inconsiderate 小人比而不周
345 1 大數 dàshǔ a large number 舉大數也
346 1 zhòng heavy 重言以深明之
347 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 故危而不安
348 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 謂平地任載之車
349 1 美色 měisè charm / loveliness 學者當如淫聲美色以遠之
350 1 術數 shùshǔ a technique for administration 非若後世讖緯術數之學也
351 1 旋繞 xuánrào to circumambulate 言眾星四面旋繞而歸向之也
352 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 車無此二者
353 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 學者當如淫聲美色以遠之
354 1 yín Third Earthly Branch 夏正建寅為人統
355 1 讖緯 chènwěi chenwei / verification of prophecies / writings with mystical interpretations 非若後世讖緯術數之學也
356 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 孔子引之
357 1 jiū to examine / to investigate 然究其所以分
358 1 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 如陰陽晝夜
359 1 歸向 guīxiàng to turn toward 言眾星四面旋繞而歸向之也
360 1 違者 wéizhě violator 不違者
361 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 所以為方者也
362 1 art 非特為一才一藝而已
363 1 三十而立 sānshíérlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 三十而立
364 1 觀感 guāngǎn one's impressions / observations 則民固有所觀感而興起矣
365 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者十五而入大學
366 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 每每相反
367 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 告眾人者也
368 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding
369 1 言行 yán xíng words and actions 君子言行能謹
370 1 不變 bùbiàn unchanging / constant 豈能久而不變哉
371 1 róng to hold / to contain 必有婉容
372 1 gēng to plow / to till 孔子蓋曰耕也餒在其中
373 1 一世 yīshì generation / period of 30 years / one's whole lifetime / lifelong / age / era / times / the whole world / the First (of numbered European kings) 王者易姓受命為一世
374 1 jìng still / calm 所處者至靜而能制動
375 1 liǎng two 欲學者察乎兩閒
376 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 然或無道以照之
377 1 rén a kernel / a pit
378 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 七十而從心所欲
379 1 gān dry
380 1 hòu after / later 後凡言謙辭之屬
381 1 集成 jíchéng integrated 新編諸子集成
382 1 高下 gāoxià high and low / up and down 各因其材之高下
383 1 biàn to change / to alter 皆因之而不能變
384 1 zhì a swine 名彘
385 1 獨處 dúchù to live alone / to be alone with 謂燕居獨處
386 1 北極 běijí north pole 北極
387 1 guī to go back / to return 則無為而天下歸之
388 1 wēn warm / lukewarm
389 1 wife 夫為妻綱
390 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 則不動而化
391 1 在此 zàicǐ here 則念念在此而為之不厭矣
392 1 違逆 wéinì to disobey / to defy an edict / to violate / to go against / to run counter to 無所違逆
393 1 bīng soldier / troops 兵車
394 1 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 音嗣
395 1 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
396 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 而為惡之心未嘗忘也
397 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 施於有政
398 1 待人 dàirén to treat somebody 犬馬待人而食
399 1 酒食 jiǔshí food and drink 有酒食先生饌
400 1 溫潤 wēnrùn gentle / kindly / mild and humid (climate) 子夏能直義而或少溫潤之色
401 1 jiā to add 則又加詳矣
402 1 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 則念念在此而為之不厭矣
403 1 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 狎恩恃愛
404 1 jiù to save / to rescue 言此以救子張之失而進之也
405 1 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 所謂天地之常經也
406 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 所留反
407 1 自勉 zìmiǎn to encourage oneself 欲學者以是為則而自勉
408 1 之前 zhīqián before 行之於未言之前
409 1 mèi to flatter 求媚也
410 1 不害 bù hài non-harm 亦不害其為知矣
411 1 jūn equal / even 均於不孝
412 1 愚人 yúrén stupid person / ignoramus 但見其不違如愚人而已
413 1 xián liesure 欲學者察乎兩閒
414 1 róng to blend / to merge / to harmonize 默識心融
415 1 進德 jìndé diligent development of moral character 孔子自言其進德之序如此者
416 1 安行 ānxíng slow actions / with no restraint 愚謂聖人生知安行
417 1 無所不至 wú suǒ bù zhì to reach everywhere / to stop at nothing / to do one's utmost 無所不至
418 1 成章 chéngzhāng to form a coherent composition 成章而後達耳
419 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 乘車
420 1 躬行 gōngxíng to personally undertake or manage 言躬行以率之
421 1 several 而審其取舍之幾也
422 1 to narrate / to recount 天敘天秩
423 1 cái material / stuff 各因其材之高下
424 1 深愛 shēnài to love dearly 蓋孝子之有深愛者
425 1 尤為 yóu wèi especially 尤為近理
426 1 舊聞 jiùwén old anecdote / stories passed on from former times 言學能時習舊聞
427 1 chà to differ 毫釐之差耳
428 1 要之 yàozhī in brief / in a word 要之至理亦不外是
429 1 正人 zhèngrén an upstanding person 所以正人之不正也
430 1 視為 shìwéi to view as / to see as / to consider to be / to deem 比視為詳矣
431 1 jiǔ old 豈能久而不變哉
432 1 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 則民恥於不善
433 1 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 非進見請問之時
434 1 shě to give 捨置也
435 1 gāo high / tall 子游聖門高弟
436 1 to bestow on / to endow with 即天道之流行而賦於物者
437 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 因往推來
438 1 èr two 二以示學者當日就月將
439 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 子貢之患
440 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
441 1 bèi back [of the body] 謂不背於理
442 1 魯君 Lǔjūn the lord of Lu 魯君
443 1 入心 rùxīn to enter the mind or heart 聲入心通
444 1 zhuān good / honest 姓顓孫
445 1 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 篤行五者
446 1 dòng to move / to act 使定其心而不為利祿動
447 1 liè to step across 不可躐等而進
448 1 三綱 sān gāng the three guiding principles 三綱
449 1 jiǎng Jiang 名蔣
450 1 chén minister / statesman / official 君為臣綱
451 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋不敬
452 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 謂平地任載之車
453 1 利祿 lì lù wealth and official post 使定其心而不為利祿動
454 1 不義 bùyì unjust 人子能使父母不以其陷於不義為憂
455 1 qiān to move / to shift 則有以使民日遷善而不自知
456 1 fàn food / a meal 飯也
457 1 to bind / to tie 縛軛以駕牛者
458 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 不可一日而無禮
459 1 wài outside 罪自外至者也
460 1 younger brother 子游聖門高弟
461 1 四面 sìmiàn all sides 言眾星四面旋繞而歸向之也
462 1 end / final stage / latter part 故治民者不可徒恃其末
463 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 闕疑殆者擇之精
464 1 奉養 fèngyǎng to look after (elderly parents) / to serve / to support 服勞奉養未足為孝也
465 1 to ridicule / to jeer / to mock 故學記譏其
466 1 自有 zìyǒu to possess / to own / to have 自有條理
467 1 to envy / to be jealous 名何忌
468 1 a musical note 呂氏曰
469 1 流於 liúyú to change (for the worse) 而不知其漸流於不敬
470 1 慎行 shèn xíng dignified conduct 慎行其餘
471 1 以往 yǐwǎng in the past / before 則自今以往
472 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 聲為律而身為度矣
473 1 fàng to put / to place 意皆放此
474 1 服眾 fúzhòng to convince the masses 所務者至寡而能服眾
475 1 禁令 jìn lìng a prohibition / a ban 謂法制禁令也
476 1 to unravel or unreel silk 尋繹也
477 1 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 如陰陽晝夜
478 1 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 所守者至簡而能御煩
479 1 huì to instruct / to teach 誨女知之乎
480 1 to stand
481 1 不窮 bùqióng endless / boundless / inexhaustible 而其應不窮
482 1 to go 逆之則去
483 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 而審其取舍之幾也
484 1 惟恐 wéikǒng for fear that / lest 惟恐其有疾病
485 1 受命 shòumìng ordained or appointed to a post / to benefit from counsel 王者易姓受命為一世
486 1 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 不可一日而無禮
487 1 父兄 fùxiōng father and elder brother(s) / head of the family / patriarch 父兄也
488 1 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 不習其事
489 1 五十 wǔshí fifty 五十而知天命
490 1 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 是古今之通義也
491 1 shore / land / continent 陸氏曰
492 1 héng to weigh 鉤衡以駕馬者
493 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 成德之士
494 1 五常 wǔ cháng the five constant regulations / the five constant virtues 五常
495 1 alone / independent / single / sole 而獨以其疾為憂
496 1 a song 轅端上曲
497 1 easy / simple 王者易姓受命為一世
498 1 不苟 bùgǒu not lax / not casual / careful / conscientious 一於禮而不苟
499 1 尊親 zūnqīn (honorific) your parent 其尊親也至矣
500 1 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 158 zhī him / her / them / that 居其所而眾星共之
2 109 also / too 政之為言正也
3 102 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 居其所而眾星共之
4 70 wèi for / to 為政第二
5 66 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 所守者至簡而能御煩
6 63 his / hers / its / theirs 其象如此
7 57 otherwise / but / however 則無為而天下歸之
8 46 so as to / in order to 為政以德
9 41 yuē to speak / to say 程子曰
10 41 yán to speak / to say / said 政之為言正也
11 35 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所守者至簡而能御煩
12 31 not / no 所以正人之不正也
13 29 final particle 其示人之意亦深切矣
14 28 yǒu is / are / to exist 有刑以一之也
15 28 in / at 得於心而不失也
16 27 wèi to call 謂先之也
17 25 zhī to know 學者必務知要
18 24 no 而無所羞愧
19 24 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
20 22 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故夫子言詩三百篇
21 21 néng can / able 所守者至簡而能御煩
22 21 rén person / people / a human being 善者可以感發人之善心
23 20 child / son 孟懿子問孝
24 19 xiào to be filial 孟懿子問孝
25 19 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 經禮三百
26 18 this / these 則未有若此之明且盡者
27 18 expresses question or doubt 志乎此
28 18 zhèng government / administration 為政第二
29 18 xīn heart 得於心而不失也
30 17 also / too 其示人之意亦深切矣
31 16 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 范氏曰
32 15 wèn to ask 孟懿子問孝
33 15 xué to study / to learn 吾十有五而志于學
34 15 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子生而知之也
35 15 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民免而無恥
36 14 huò or / either / else 且或各因一事而發
37 13 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人未必然
38 12 dào way / road / path 道之以政
39 12 shì matter / thing / item 且或各因一事而發
40 12 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以正人之不正也
41 12 rán correct / right / certainly 然其言微婉
42 12 fēi not / non- / un- 格其非心
43 12 de potential marker 德之為言得也
44 12 reason / logic / truth 窮理盡性也
45 11 xíng to walk / to move 安而行之
46 11 gài a lid / top / cover 猶蓋也
47 11 one 且或各因一事而發
48 11 naturally / of course / certainly 則有以使民日遷善而不自知
49 11 shì is / are / am / to be 是其日用之間
50 11 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 故用無不周
51 11 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 居其所而眾星共之
52 11 qīn relatives 而以從親之令為孝
53 11 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善者可以感發人之善心
54 11 yòu again / also 又有禮以一之
55 10 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆無所疑
56 10 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 是謂能養
57 10 zhì to / until 所守者至簡而能御煩
58 10 Germany 為政以德
59 10 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
60 10 desire 隨其心之所欲
61 9 suī although / even though 蓋雖不敢為惡
62 9 而已 éryǐ that is all 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
63 9 yīn because 且或各因一事而發
64 9 jìng to respect /to honor 若能養其親而敬不至
65 9 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 言亦由學而至
66 9 使 shǐ to make / to cause 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
67 8 color 色難
68 8 zhèng upright / straight 政之為言正也
69 8 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 為善者為君子
70 8 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其象如此
71 8 zhí straight 求其直指全體
72 8 ruò to seem / to be like / as 則未有若此之明且盡者
73 8 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂政者
74 8 such as / for example / for instance 如字
75 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 夫子以懿子未達而不能問
76 8 promptly / right away / immediately 即大學之道也
77 7 meaning / sense 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
78 7 shī to lose 得於心而不失也
79 7 míng measure word for people 故因其近似以自名
80 7 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉大數也
81 7 to think / consider / to ponder 思無邪
82 7 不知 bùzhī do not know 而不知其漸流於不敬
83 7 ěr ear 六十而耳順
84 7 idea 其示人之意亦深切矣
85 7 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者必務知要
86 7 hair 且或各因一事而發
87 7 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 又當深探其本也
88 7 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 子張學干祿
89 6 不為 bùwéi to not do 得為而不為
90 6 clothes / dress / garment 有事弟子服其勞
91 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 善者可以感發人之善心
92 6 to doubt / to disbelieve 皆無所疑
93 6 shì a generation 十世可知也
94 6 and 與不得為而為之
95 6 yān where / how 循其序而進焉
96 6 to associate with / be near 比視為詳矣
97 6 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 子告之曰
98 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫子以懿子未達而不能問
99 6 guǎ few 所務者至寡而能服眾
100 6 xià summer 子夏問孝
101 6 horse 至於犬馬
102 6 弟子 dìzi disciple / follower / student 孔子弟子
103 6 zhì sign / mark / flag 惡者可以懲創人之逸志
104 6 jiàn to see 但見其不違如愚人而已
105 6 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 常以為憂也
106 6 夫子 fūzǐ master 故夫子言詩三百篇
107 6 qiú to request 求其直指全體
108 6 wéi only / solely / alone 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
109 6 shū book 書曰
110 6 sūn Sun 魯大夫仲孫氏
111 6 fán ordinary / common 凡二十四章
112 6 cóng from
113 5 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 無違
114 5 yōu to worry / to be concerned 父母唯其疾之憂
115 5 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 詩三百
116 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 學者必務知要
117 5 tiān day 天之樞也
118 5 dàn but / yet / however 但為學者立法
119 5 chē a vehicle 為孔子御車也
120 5 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 父母唯其疾之憂
121 5 mèng first month 孟懿子問孝
122 5 可知 kězhī evidently / clearly / no wonder 又有可知之理乎
123 5 yóu to swim 一以示學者當優游𣹢泳
124 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 所守者至簡而能御煩
125 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 為治之具
126 5 wǎng useless / in vain 舉直錯諸枉
127 5 jìn to enter 所以勉進後人也
128 5 è evil / vice 惡者可以懲創人之逸志
129 5 xìn to believe / to trust 不言而信
130 5 shēn deep 又當深探其本也
131 5 tǒng to unify 謂文質三統
132 5 I / me / my 孟孫問孝於我
133 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其率天下至於無父無君
134 5 a human or animal body 蓋心即體
135 5 yòng to use / to apply 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
136 5 míng bright / brilliant 則未有若此之明且盡者
137 5 xìng family name / surname 姓言
138 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 則未有若此之明且盡者
139 5 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 孟懿子問孝
140 5 yīn sound / noise 音拱
141 5 tōng to go through / to open 聲入心通
142 4 private 退而省其私
143 4 樊遲 fán chí Fan Chi / Fan Xu 樊遲御
144 4 祿 good fortune 祿
145 4 yóu also / as if / still 猶蓋也
146 4 shī teacher 愚聞之師曰
147 4 quǎn dog 至於犬馬
148 4 不過 bùguò but / however 而自不過於法度
149 4 can / may / permissible 以其人多可憂之事
150 4 sān three 是時三家僭禮
151 4 a man / a male adult 若夫記問之學
152 4 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 所損益
153 4 天下 tiānxià China 則無為而天下歸之
154 4 duì to / toward 我對曰
155 4 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 毋不敬
156 4 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃事物所以當然之故也
157 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 孔子生而知之也
158 4 squares 有恥且格
159 4 xíng punishment / penalty 齊之以刑
160 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠以勸
161 4 yuǎn far / distant 然政刑能使民遠罪而已
162 4 to defend / to resist 所守者至簡而能御煩
163 4 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 為治之具
164 4 shāng commerce / trade 商尚質
165 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 彼列反
166 4 gòng together 居其所而眾星共之
167 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聖人之教亦多術
168 4 而後 érhòu after that / then 使之盈科而後進
169 4 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故治民者不可徒恃其末
170 4 shī poem / verse 詩三百
171 4 what / where / which 名何忌
172 4 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 而惟此一言足以盡蓋其義
173 4 zāi exclamatory particle 豈能久而不變哉
174 4 běn measure word for books 德禮則所以出治之本
175 4 zhū all / many / various 不求諸心
176 4 shí ten 吾十有五而志于學
177 4 beard / mustache 胡氏曰
178 4 piān chapter / section / essay / article 詩三百十一篇
179 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 忠以勸
180 4 sōu to conceal / to hide 人焉廋哉
181 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之孝者
182 4 to sacrifice to / to worship 祭之以禮
183 4 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 舉直錯諸枉
184 4 zài in / at 在己者能知言窮理
185 4 之間 zhījiān between / among 則其日用之間
186 4 zhòng many / numerous 居其所而眾星共之
187 4 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察其所安
188 4 residence / dwelling 居其所而眾星共之
189 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 聖人之教亦多術
190 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安而行之
191 4 shì to show / to reveal 其示人之意亦深切矣
192 4 dài dangerous / perilous 思而不學則殆
193 4 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
194 3 even / equal / uniform 齊之以刑
195 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 窮理盡性也
196 3 shùn to obey 六十而耳順
197 3 already / afterwards 然其心未嘗自謂已至此也
198 3 shí time / a period of time 是時三家僭禮
199 3 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 則無為而天下歸之
200 3 shēng sound 聲入心通
201 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 色難
202 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 為惡者為小人
203 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 然政刑能使民遠罪而已
204 3 jīng essence 知此則知極其精
205 3 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 五十而知天命
206 3 huí to go back / to return 吾與回言終日
207 3 father's elder brother / uncle 孟武伯問孝
208 3 無邪 wúxié without guilt 思無邪
209 3 yuè cross-bar at the end of the poles of a cart 小車無軏
210 3 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 惟色為難也
211 3 yán color 姓顏
212 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 與不得為而為之
213 3 shí food / food and drink 犬馬待人而食
214 3 日用 rìyòng of everyday use 則其日用之間
215 3 season / period 季康子問
216 3 female / feminine 誨女知之乎
217 3 dialect / language / speech 故語樊遲以發之
218 3 在其中 zàiqízhōng therein / wherein 祿在其中矣
219 3 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 不踰矩
220 3 shàng still / yet / to value 夏尚忠
221 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 法度之器
222 3 guǐ a ghost / spirit of dead 非其鬼而祭之
223 3 Shandong 魯頌駉篇之辭
224 3 qiě moreover / also 且或各因一事而發
225 3 the cross-bar at the end of a carriage pole 大車無輗
226 3 bǎi one hundred 雖百世可知也
227 3 yǒng brave / courageous 子路好勇
228 3 yào to want / to wish for 學者必務知要
229 3 huǐ to regret 則寡悔
230 3 yǒu friend / companion 友于兄弟
231 3 wén writing / text 即理之節文也
232 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 而不惑又不足言矣
233 3 jǐng to alert / to warn 故夫子以是警之
234 3 letter / symbol / character 如字
235 3 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 友于兄弟
236 3 bié do not / must not 何以別乎
237 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
238 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 謂制度品節也
239 3 miǎn to encourage 不勉而中也
240 3 以此 yǐcǐ hence 則能以此察人如聖人也
241 3 shì an official 仕者之奉也
242 3 之際 zhījì at that moment 謂事親之際
243 3 each 且或各因一事而發
244 3 suí to follow 隨也
245 3 jiàn to build / to construct 夏正建寅為人統
246 3 不惑 bùhuò without doubt 四十而不惑
247 3 zhuāng a village 臨之以莊則敬
248 3 miǎn to spare 民免而無恥
249 3 martial / military 孟武伯問孝
250 3 a set square / a rule / a regulation / a pattern 不踰矩
251 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告懿子
252 3 yóu especially / particularly 則寡尤
253 3 hài to injure / to harm to 斯害也已
254 3 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 欲學者以是為則而自勉
255 3 jiù old / ancient 舊說
256 3 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 此所謂學
257 3 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於一疵不存
258 3 self 在己者能知言窮理
259 3 zhòng middle brother 魯大夫仲孫氏
260 3 gōng to attack / to assault 攻乎異端
261 3 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 君為臣綱
262 2 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 固無積累之漸
263 2 chū to go out / to leave 德禮則所以出治之本
264 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀其所由
265 2 láo to toil 有事弟子服其勞
266 2 所聞 suǒwén what one hears 所聞皆通也
267 2 三綱五常 sān gāng wǔ cháng the three guiding principles and the five constant regulations 謂三綱五常
268 2 先行 xiānxíng to precede 先行其言而後從之
269 2 shēn human body / torso 則凡所以守其身者
270 2 本心 běnxīn original intent 然其要使人不失其本心而已
271 2 專治 zhuānzhì (of medicine) to use specifically for the treatment of 專治也
272 2 yuán shafts of cart / yamen 轅端橫木
273 2 shì to rely upon 故治民者不可徒恃其末
274 2 異端 yìduān heresy 攻乎異端
275 2 從心所欲 cóng xīn suǒ yù to follow one's heart's desires 七十而從心所欲
276 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 有恥且格
277 2 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
278 2 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 有酒食先生饌
279 2 preface / introduction 孔子自言其進德之序如此者
280 2 未必 wèibì not necessarily / may not 聖人未必然
281 2 和氣 héqi friendly / polite / amiable / gentle 必有和氣
282 2 sufficient / enough 能養足矣
283 2 wide / broad 守約則足以盡博矣
284 2 北辰 Běi Chén Polaris / North Star 譬如北辰
285 2 hǎo good 子路好勇
286 2 wáng Wang 王者易姓受命為一世
287 2 wén to hear 愚聞之師曰
288 2 gǎi to change / to alter 商不能改乎夏
289 2 I 吾十有五而志于學
290 2 一言以蔽之 yīyán yǐ bì zhī one word says it all / to cut a long story short / in a nutshell 一言以蔽之
291 2 céng once / already / former / previously 曾是以為孝乎
292 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 而分則有限
293 2 in / at 吾十有五而志于學
294 2 慎言 shèn yán to speak cautiously / to guard one's tongue 慎言其餘
295 2 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 必有獨覺其進而人不及知者
296 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 比視為詳矣
297 2 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 謂飲食供奉也
298 2 yuè month 二以示學者當日就月將
299 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 魯頌駉篇之辭
300 2 發明 fāmíng to invent 謂發明所言之理
301 2 father 其率天下至於無父無君
302 2 to fly 言學能時習舊聞
303 2 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 故不同也
304 2 pleasant / delightful 必有愉色
305 2 ài to love 狎恩恃愛
306 2 jiā house / home / residence 是時三家僭禮
307 2 zàng to bury the dead 葬之以禮
308 2 大車 dàchē a large vehicle 大車無輗
309 2 què a watchtower 多見闕殆
310 2 無恥 wúchǐ shameless 民免而無恥
311 2 人子 rénzǐ son of man 人子體此
312 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後無為
313 2 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 而為惡之心未嘗忘也
314 2 干祿 gànlù to seek after fame and fortune 子張學干祿
315 2 yīng should / ought 而其應不窮
316 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨之以莊則敬
317 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 縛軛以駕牛者
318 2 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公問曰
319 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 萬理明盡之後
320 2 zhǐ to point 求其直指全體
321 2 increase / benefit 或不足則當益
322 2 shěng province 退而省其私
323 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐其失指
324 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 若夫記問之學
325 2 法度 fǎdù a law 法度之器
326 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal
327 2 xīn new / fresh / modern 新者
328 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後凡言謙辭之屬
329 2 所知 suǒ zhī known / what one knows 而所知有限
330 2 zhōng middle 不勉而中也
331 2 to attain / to reach 成章而後達耳
332 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
333 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 舊說
334 2 大學 dàxué university / college 古者十五而入大學
335 2 終日 zhōngrì all day 吾與回言終日
336 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 字子路
337 2 jiān difficult / hard 非言之艱而行之艱
338 2 wǎn graceful / tactful 然其言微婉
339 2 rate / frequency 言躬行以率之
340 2 何以 héyǐ why 何以別乎
341 2 知者 zhī zhě the wise 必有獨覺其進而人不及知者
342 2 black ink / inkstick 如楊墨是也
343 2 文質 wénzhì literary talent 謂文質三統
344 2 以至於 yǐzhì yú down to / up to 而又有以至於善也
345 2 gǒng to cup one's hands in salute 音拱
346 2 chén Chen 書周書君陳篇
347 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 雖不可以偏廢
348 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常以為憂也
349 2 xīng a star / a planet 居其所而眾星共之
350 2 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂也
351 2 自立 zìlì to be independent / to be self-reliant 有以自立
352 2 之至 zhīzhì extremely 知之之至
353 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 所務者至寡而能服眾
354 2 zhuàn food 有酒食先生饌
355 2 sǔn to injure 或太過則當損
356 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 曾是以為孝乎
357 2 what? / where? / why? 子奚不為政
358 2 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢問君子
359 2 有限 yǒuxiàn limited / finite 而分則有限
360 2 silent 默識心融
361 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 體無不具
362 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 故可以為人師
363 2 lái to come 蓋欲知來
364 2 to enter 古者十五而入大學
365 2 disease / sickness / ailment 父母唯其疾之憂
366 2 to inherit 其或繼周者
367 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 慎言其餘
368 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 魯大夫仲孫氏
369 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷因於夏禮
370 2 five 吾十有五而志于學
371 2 至理 zhìlǐ an axiom / a supreme principle 莫非至理
372 2 事物 shìwù thing / object 於事物之所當然
373 2 當然 dāngrán naturally / as it should be / certainly / of course 於事物之所當然
374 2 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 孝慈則忠
375 2 yáng Yang 如楊墨是也
376 2 yún cloud 書云
377 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 則守之固而無所事志矣
378 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 修天爵則人爵至
379 2 duān to carry 而別為一端
380 2 this 能自立於斯道也
381 2 至此 zhìcǐ up until now / so far 然其心未嘗自謂已至此也
382 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
383 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 所樂也
384 2 守約 shǒuyuē to keep an appointment / to keep one's word 知要則能守約
385 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自不容於不謹矣
386 2 shén what 甚言不敬之罪
387 2 不動 bùdòng Akshobya 不動也
388 2 小車 xiǎo chē small model car / mini-car 小車無軏
389 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 無為而成
390 2 kāng Kang 季康子問
391 1 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
392 1 橫木 héngmù a horizontal beam / wooden crossbar / thwart 轅端橫木
393 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢其一
394 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 故治木石金玉之工曰攻
395 1 xiào result / effect 德禮之效
396 1 xiá to be familiar with 狎恩恃愛
397 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能久而不變哉
398 1 世俗 shìsú secular / worldly / profane 世俗事親
399 1 時宜 shíyí what is appropriate for the time 與時宜之
400 1 zhì order 天敘天秩
401 1 cái just now 非特為一才一藝而已
402 1 apprentice / disciple 故治民者不可徒恃其末
403 1 něi hungry / starving / famished 孔子蓋曰耕也餒在其中
404 1 how can it be that? 豈但十世而已乎
405 1 to help / to assist 輔治之法
406 1 普遍 pǔbiàn universal / general / widespread / commonplace 普遍也
407 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 但為學者立法
408 1 已然 yǐrán to be already so / already 而其已然之跡
409 1 děng et cetera / and so on 不可躐等而進
410 1 駸駸 qīnqīn like a horse riding fast 則駸駸然入於其中矣
411 1 端嚴 duānyán dignified / stately 謂容貌端嚴也
412 1 厚薄 hòubáo thickness 而其淺深厚薄之不一者
413 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆之則去
414 1 名師 míngshī famous master / great teacher 名師
415 1 不期然而然 bùqī ránér rán happen unexpectedly / turn out contrary to one's expectations 則其應蓋有不期然而然者矣
416 1 shí real / true 非心實自聖而姑為是退託也
417 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 彼列反
418 1 不在 bùzài not here 而心之所樂者不在於是
419 1 識心 shí xīn the controlling function of the mind 默識心融
420 1 多聞闕疑 duō wén què yí although learned also inquisitive 多聞闕疑
421 1 何必 hébì why 何必居位乃為為政乎
422 1 yān Yan 謂燕居獨處
423 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 而所因者不壞
424 1 wǎng to deceive 學而不思則罔
425 1 渾然 húnrán completely / absolutely / undivided / totally mixed up / muddled 然語意渾然
426 1 盡性 jìnxìng displaying fully / developing to the greatest extent 窮理盡性也
427 1 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 則未有若此之明且盡者
428 1 初年 chūnián early years 定公初年
429 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 篤行五者
430 1 興起 xīngqǐ to rise 則民固有所觀感而興起矣
431 1 different / other 則與養犬馬者何異
432 1 獨覺 dújué Pratyeka-Buddha / Pratyekabuddha 必有獨覺其進而人不及知者
433 1 平地 píngdì a plain 謂平地任載之車
434 1 yōu excellent / superior 一以示學者當優游𣹢泳
435 1 不周 bùzhōu not satisfactory / thoughtless / inconsiderate 小人比而不周
436 1 大數 dàshǔ a large number 舉大數也
437 1 則是 zéshì only 則是亦為政矣
438 1 zhòng heavy 重言以深明之
439 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 故危而不安
440 1 xiàng towards / to 向也
441 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 謂平地任載之車
442 1 美色 měisè charm / loveliness 學者當如淫聲美色以遠之
443 1 術數 shùshǔ a technique for administration 非若後世讖緯術數之學也
444 1 that / those 彼列反
445 1 旋繞 xuánrào to circumambulate 言眾星四面旋繞而歸向之也
446 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 車無此二者
447 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 學者當如淫聲美色以遠之
448 1 yín Third Earthly Branch 夏正建寅為人統
449 1 讖緯 chènwěi chenwei / verification of prophecies / writings with mystical interpretations 非若後世讖緯術數之學也
450 1 極其 jíqí extremely 知此則知極其精
451 1 gǒu in a sordid way 謂苟免刑罰
452 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 孔子引之
453 1 jiū to examine / to investigate 然究其所以分
454 1 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 如陰陽晝夜
455 1 měi each / every 而每有新得
456 1 互相 hùxiāng each other / mutually 正與此意互相發也
457 1 歸向 guīxiàng to turn toward 言眾星四面旋繞而歸向之也
458 1 違者 wéizhě violator 不違者
459 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 所以為方者也
460 1 art 非特為一才一藝而已
461 1 三十而立 sānshíérlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 三十而立
462 1 觀感 guāngǎn one's impressions / observations 則民固有所觀感而興起矣
463 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者十五而入大學
464 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 每每相反
465 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 告眾人者也
466 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding
467 1 言行 yán xíng words and actions 君子言行能謹
468 1 不變 bùbiàn unchanging / constant 豈能久而不變哉
469 1 róng to hold / to contain 必有婉容
470 1 gēng to plow / to till 孔子蓋曰耕也餒在其中
471 1 一世 yīshì generation / period of 30 years / one's whole lifetime / lifelong / age / era / times / the whole world / the First (of numbered European kings) 王者易姓受命為一世
472 1 jìng still / calm 所處者至靜而能制動
473 1 liǎng two 欲學者察乎兩閒
474 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 然或無道以照之
475 1 rén a kernel / a pit
476 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 七十而從心所欲
477 1 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況由此而求之
478 1 難以 nányǐ hard to 有難以語或人者
479 1 gān dry
480 1 hòu after / later 後凡言謙辭之屬
481 1 集成 jíchéng integrated 新編諸子集成
482 1 高下 gāoxià high and low / up and down 各因其材之高下
483 1 biàn to change / to alter 皆因之而不能變
484 1 zhì a swine 名彘
485 1 獨處 dúchù to live alone / to be alone with 謂燕居獨處
486 1 北極 běijí north pole 北極
487 1 guī to go back / to return 則無為而天下歸之
488 1 wēn warm / lukewarm
489 1 wife 夫為妻綱
490 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 則不動而化
491 1 在此 zàicǐ here 則念念在此而為之不厭矣
492 1 違逆 wéinì to disobey / to defy an edict / to violate / to go against / to run counter to 無所違逆
493 1 bīng soldier / troops 兵車
494 1 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 音嗣
495 1 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 其用歸於使人得其情性之正而已
496 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 而為惡之心未嘗忘也
497 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 施於有政
498 1 待人 dàirén to treat somebody 犬馬待人而食
499 1 酒食 jiǔshí food and drink 有酒食先生饌
500 1 相繼 xiāngjì one after another 三代相繼

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀公 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai
北辰 Běi Chén Polaris / North Star
北极 北極 běijí north pole
北京 Běijīng Beijing
定公 dìnggōng Dinggong / Lord Ding
樊迟 樊遲 fán chí Fan Chi / Fan Xu
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁君 魯君 Lǔjūn the lord of Lu
曲礼 曲禮 qǔlǐ Qu Ji
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
四书章句集注 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
子贡 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong
子张 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang
子路 zǐlù Zi Lu

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English