Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 元史, 卷一百十七 列傳第四: 別里古台 朮赤 禿剌 牙忽都 寬徹普化 帖木兒不花 Volume 117 Biographies 4: Belgutei, Jochi, Tula, Yahudou, Kuanchepuhua, Tiemu'er Buhua

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 45 wáng Wang 宗王別裏古臺者
2 39 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
3 37 nián year 至大三年
4 24 huā Hua 曰也速不花
5 23 tooth / tusk 命楚王牙忽都
6 23 to give / to bestow favors 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
7 21 ér son 哈撒兒之射
8 19 禿 bald / bare / stripped 子曰罕禿忽
9 18 yuē to speak / to say 別裏古臺曰
10 18 supreme ruler / emperor 帝大怒
11 17 tuō to take off 脫帖木兒等反
12 17 hōng to die 王薨
13 17 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹徹不花往錫命其部屬同時被剽掠者
14 17 child / son 烈祖之第五子
15 16 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 寬徹普化
16 16 to slash 甕吉剌臺
17 15 zhèn town 鎮南王脫歡子也
18 15 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 失列吉叛
19 15 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 寬徹普化
20 15 kuān wide / broad 寬徹普化
21 14 bīng soldier / troops 知兵
22 14 mìng life 命楚王牙忽都
23 12 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 子塔出嗣
24 12 zhōu a state / a province 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
25 12 fēng to seal / to close off 封廣寧王
26 11 Ji 子曰滅裏吉臺
27 11 jūn army / military 王未嘗不在軍中
28 11 děng et cetera / and so on 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
29 11 inside / interior 別裏古臺
30 10 sound of laughter 哈撒兒之射
31 10 to reach 及廣寧路
32 10 zhōng middle 王未嘗不在軍中
33 9 nán south 南接按只臺營地
34 9 luó Luo 曰朵羅不花
35 9 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖俾居於恩
36 9 shī to lose 子西安王阿剌忒納失裏
37 9 èr two 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
38 9 younger brother 太祖之季弟也
39 8 gōng merit 始以推戴功
40 8 zōng school / sect 宗王別裏古臺者
41 8 rén person / people / a human being 勇力絕人
42 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
43 8 sān three 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
44 8 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖之季弟也
45 8 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 怯魯連之地建營以居
46 8 eight 八魯渾拔都兒
47 8 dìng an ingot / a spindle / a slab / a cake / a tablet 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
48 8 bèi a comet 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
49 7 shùn to obey 首已附順
50 7 yán to speak / to say / said 而禿剌言之
51 7 guó a country / a nation 征取諸國
52 7 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十三年
53 7 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo 弟脫脫忙哥嗣
54 7 xíng to walk / to move 居處近太祖行在所
55 7 elder brother 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
56 7 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 別授之印
57 6 currency / coins / legal tender 詔賜鈔幣
58 6 one 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
59 6 chāo paper money 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
60 6 to reply / to answer 弟撒裏答嗣
61 6 a slave / a servant 命其子報恩奴
62 6 horse 掌從馬
63 6 to enter 引禿剌入內
64 6 zhào an imperial decree 詔賜鈔幣
65 6 xuē Xue 生薛必烈傑兒
66 6 京師 jīngshī a capital city 去京師數萬里
67 6 residence / dwelling 怯魯連之地建營以居
68 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 別裏古臺
69 5 to move 祖父撥綽
70 5 Shandong 又長紥魯火赤
71 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請勿治
72 5 hut / cottage 移鎮於廬州
73 5 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 北征欽察有功
74 5 to go 去京師數萬里
75 5 和尚 héshang an abbot / a monk 寬徹普化與湖廣行省平章和尚棄城走
76 5 to stand 嘗立為國相
77 5 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 伯顏帥師討叛
78 5 big / great / huge / large / major 既而大宴萬歲山
79 5 huī splendor / brightness 徐壽輝為亂
80 5 武昌 Wǔchāng Wuchang 鎮武昌
81 5 píng flat / level / smooth 幼從太祖平諸部落
82 5 soil / ground / land 怯魯連之地建營以居
83 5 zhàng a tent 也不堅引兵趨怯綠憐河大帳
84 5 huái Huai River 詔淮王帖木兒不花監國
85 5 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 子拔都嗣
86 5 jìn to enter 進封豫王
87 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 成宗崩
88 5 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗即位
89 5 fēi an imperial concubine 以駙馬都尉都剌哈之女弟弘吉烈氏為楚王妃
90 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 能撫恤其民云
91 5 liǎng two 仍各賜白金五十兩
92 5 suì age 月即別遣使來求分地歲賜
93 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 罕禿忽子曰霍歷極
94 5 míng bright / brilliant 明敏多智略
95 5 five 自至元五年己卯歲始給之
96 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 粘闿與海都通
97 5 十三 shísān thirteen 至元十三年
98 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 引禿剌入內
99 4 shǐ beginning / start 始以推戴功
100 4 to attack by surprise 世祖命襲其祖父統軍
101 4 chéng a city / a town 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
102 4 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰罕禿忽
103 4 hǎn rare 子曰罕禿忽
104 4 zhèng upright / straight 給正三品印
105 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
106 4 road / path / way 及廣寧路
107 4 gěi to give 以賑給軍站
108 4 chén minister / statesman / official 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
109 4 xu 徐壽輝為亂
110 4 speed 曰也速不花
111 4 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 摧鋒陷陣
112 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使失列吉拘系之
113 4 to die 幸不至死
114 4 huān happy / pleased / glad 鎮南王脫歡子也
115 4 五十 wǔshí fifty 仍各賜白金五十兩
116 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 大事遂定
117 4 guī to go back / to return 仁宗歸自懷孟
118 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 失列吉叛
119 4 shì matter / thing / item 事王益忠謹
120 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 平章赤因鐵木兒鞫之
121 4 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 或潛圖害別裏古臺
122 4 liè ardent / intense 烈祖之第五子
123 4 金印 jīnyìn golden seal 賜金印
124 4 chì red / scarlet 又長紥魯火赤
125 4 father's elder brother / uncle 弟伯忽嗣
126 4 huái bosom / breast 仁宗歸自懷孟
127 4 to think / consider / to ponder 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
128 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉以入籍
129 4 hòu thick 天性純厚
130 4 shòu old age / long life 徐壽輝為亂
131 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 明敏多智略
132 4 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大三年
133 4 wood / lumber 平章赤因鐵木兒鞫之
134 4 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 命楚王牙忽都
135 4 sūn Sun 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
136 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 入繼非制
137 4 máng busy / pressed for time / hustling 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
138 4 chāo to cook by scalding 祖父撥綽
139 4 分地 fēndì to distribute land 以為分地
140 4 hóng liberal / great 薛必烈傑兒娶弘吉剌氏
141 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲索而誅之
142 3 to ride an animal or bicycle 驛騎急行二百餘日
143 3 白金 báijīn platinum 仍各賜白金五十兩
144 3 yuè month 弟月即別嗣
145 3 to break / to split / to smash 破其精兵
146 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 或潛圖害別裏古臺
147 3 huǒ fire / flame 又長紥魯火赤
148 3 guān an office 而寬徹普化縱怯薛等官侵奪民利
149 3 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 佛家奴以大船四十餘只水陸並進
150 3 十二 shí èr twelve 至元十二年
151 3 zài in / at 居處近太祖行在所
152 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 禿禿哈亂其陣
153 3 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 得所俘掠軍民而還
154 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
155 3 to take / to receive / to accept 子西安王阿剌忒納失裏
156 3 湖廣行省 húguǎng xíngshěng Huguang province 湖廣行省供億錢糧衣裝
157 3 jīn gold 金那海
158 3 kòu bandit / thieve 海都入寇
159 3 to attain / to reach 方達京師
160 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 至大元年
161 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜以法齊之
162 3 術赤 shùchì Jochi (name) 術赤
163 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌從馬
164 3 to arise / to get up 禿剌醉起
165 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 百兔未得
166 3 jùn talented / capable 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
167 3 zhī to know 知兵
168 3 jiàn to see 其見稱如此
169 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今將舉大事於天下
170 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 世祖皇帝之嫡孫在
171 3 shàng top / a high position 朵兒朵哈上其功
172 3 wén writing / text 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
173 3 dān cinnabar 撥付怯薛丹五百名
174 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分土諸侯王
175 3 bēn to run fast / to flee 獨與十三騎奔還
176 3 西 The West 明宗西出
177 3 gōng to attack / to assault 及攻釣魚山而還
178 3 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 賜蠡州三千三百四十七戶
179 3 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 塗金銀印
180 3 a pagoda / a stupa 子塔出嗣
181 3 jiān hard / strong / firm 也不堅有異圖
182 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 摧鋒陷陣
183 3 běi north 順帝將北奔
184 3 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 子曰滅裏吉臺
185 3 hào number 賜號拔都
186 3 zhuī to pursue / to chase 王遣牙忽都將兵追之
187 3 a river / a stream 其後北安王駐帖木兒河
188 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 王遣牙忽都將兵追之
189 3 chūn spring 大德十一年春
190 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 因得脫走
191 3 shū book 中書請置總管府
192 3 earth / soil / dirt 分土諸侯王
193 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 禿剌前止之
194 3 北安 běiān Bei'an 從北安王北征
195 3 安西 Ānxī Anxi 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
196 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 武宗即位
197 3 female / feminine 以弘吉剌氏女賜之
198 3 cháng to taste 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
199 3 zhuó to cut / to chop / to lop off 以刀斫其臂
200 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
201 3 tiān day 天歷初以推戴功
202 3 hún muddy / turbid 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
203 3 to scatter / to disperse 哈撒兒之射
204 3 shí time / a point or period of time 時怯必禿忽兒霍臺誘蒙古軍二萬從乃顏
205 3 qián front 禿剌前止之
206 3 dào way / road / path 道由河南
207 3 wén to hear 少以勇力聞
208 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
209 3 móu to plan 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
210 3 desire 欲索而誅之
211 2 néng can / able 能撫恤其民云
212 2 to beg / to request 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
213 2 來歸 láiguī to return / to come back 察八兒來歸
214 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 與儒士徐士本謀
215 2 文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang 文宗天歷初
216 2 jiā house / home / residence 以故相桑哥家財分賜之
217 2 zéi thief 廬州境內賊起
218 2 二十七 èrshíqī 27 二十七年
219 2 jiàn to build / to construct 怯魯連之地建營以居
220 2 上都 shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 交結勇士上都馬
221 2 increase / benefit 帝益疑其有異志
222 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延祐中
223 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 其後北安王駐帖木兒河
224 2 shǔ to count 數為帝言之
225 2 to indulge oneself / to be unrestrained 恣行不法
226 2 皇后 huánghòu empress 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
227 2 serious / critical 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
228 2 chuán to transmit 設王傳官屬
229 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 命牙忽都常侍左右
230 2 明理 mínglǐ sensible / reasonable / an obvious reason, truth or fact / to understand the reason or reasoning 明理帖木兒所掠
231 2 tǎo to seek 伯顏帥師討叛
232 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 以統其藩人
233 2 tóng like / same / similar 命與禿禿哈同討海都
234 2 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗歸自懷孟
235 2 無辜 wúgū innocent / not guilty 始明其無辜
236 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 又日給王子諸妃飲膳
237 2 三十 sān shí thirty 幣三十匹
238 2 qiè consort / concubine 且載妃妾以行
239 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 須發盡白
240 2 tǎng state treasury / public funds 牙忽都妻帑輜重駐不思哈剌嶺上
241 2 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統三年
242 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 設王傳官屬
243 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
244 2 接待 jiēdài to receive a visitor / to admit 接待奴
245 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
246 2 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan 賜爵鎮遠王
247 2 左丞 zuǒchéng left chancellor 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
248 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚甚厚
249 2 feeble 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
250 2 報恩 bào'ēn to pay a debt of gratitude 命其子報恩奴
251 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 摧鋒陷陣
252 2 shì to rely upon 有不可恃者焉
253 2 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 北征欽察有功
254 2 qián money / currency 錢三萬二千錠
255 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 伯顏帥師討叛
256 2 wèi position / location / place 其位下舊賜平陽
257 2 xìng gender 性剛猛
258 2 十四 shí sì fourteen 十四年
259 2 zhōu boat / ship 將御舟
260 2 yuē approximately 約木忽兒
261 2 to connect / to relate 使失列吉拘系之
262 2 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德十一年春
263 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
264 2 jiān to supervise / to inspect 詔淮王帖木兒不花監國
265 2 chēng to call / to address 其見稱如此
266 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 歲支米三萬石
267 2 十一 shíyī eleven 大德十一年春
268 2 二十八 èrshíbā 28 / twenty-eight 二十八年
269 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
270 2 cuī to destroy / to break / to injure 摧鋒陷陣
271 2 天下 tiānxià China 今將舉大事於天下
272 2 二十 èrshí twenty 鈔二十錠
273 2 yàng discontented / dispirited / sad 禿剌居常怏怏
274 2 zhì to place / to lay out 中書請置總管府
275 2 kuò wide / broad 王遣闊闊出
276 2 zhòng many / numerous 地大物眾
277 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 牙忽都與王親臣那臺等謀逃歸
278 2 人民 rénmín the people 人民境土
279 2 推戴 tuīdài to endorse (for leader) 始以推戴功
280 2 阿難 Ānán Ānanda / Ananda 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
281 2 huì can / be able to 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
282 2 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 勇力絕人
283 2 huáng yellow
284 2 jié hero 生薛必烈傑兒
285 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 今陛下洪福齊天
286 2 to take / to get / to fetch 此朕之所以取天下也
287 2 a tutor / a teacher 置王傅
288 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 湖北廉訪司糾言
289 2 power / force / strength 有別裏古臺之力
290 2 shǔ Sichuan 侯伯顏答失奉寬徹普化自雲南經蜀轉戰而去
291 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 子老章襲封鎮南王
292 2 shè to set up / to establish 設王傳官屬
293 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 從憲宗征伐
294 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
295 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
296 2 佛家 Fójiā the community of Buddhists / Saṅgha 佛家奴以大船四十餘只水陸並進
297 2 xuān to declare / to announce 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
298 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 壽輝偽將鄒普勝陷武昌
299 2 to cut off the feet 兀魯兀臺
300 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能軍
301 2 廣寧 guǎngníng Guangning 及廣寧路
302 2 extra / surplus / remainder 驛騎急行二百餘日
303 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 中書請置總管府
304 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 廬州境內賊起
305 2 fǎng to visit 湖北廉訪司糾言
306 2 yín silver 賜銀印
307 2 yán color 乃顏
308 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 今將舉大事於天下
309 2 an official institution / a state bureau 中書請置總管府
310 2 silk / plain silk 幣帛九匹
311 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 及攻釣魚山而還
312 2 四十七 sìshíqī 47 賜蠡州三千三百四十七戶
313 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方達京師
314 2 to estimate / to fine 沒入其家貲之半
315 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 太師伯顏矯制召赴京
316 2 祖父 zǔfù paternal grandfather 祖父撥綽
317 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭服
318 2 qiān one thousand 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
319 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷甚
320 2 大事 dàshì a major event 今將舉大事於天下
321 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸不至死
322 2 tǒng to unify 以統其藩人
323 2 to prevail 弗克同堂而燕
324 2 wēn warm / lukewarm 曰口溫不花
325 2 wēi prestige / majesty 封威順王
326 2 lǐng neck 領兵河南
327 2 láo to toil 以其父子勞效忠勤
328 2 jiā excellent 世祖撫慰嘉嘆
329 2 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 顧惟宗室諸王
330 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒八魯渾等以獻
331 2 河南 hénán Henan 道由河南
332 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 成宗崩
333 2 wàn ten thousand 加賜信州路及鉛山州二城戶一萬八千
334 2 神器 shénqì magical object / object symbolic of imperial power / fine weapon 安西王阿難答與明理帖木兒窺望神器
335 2 yòu immature / young 幼從太祖平諸部落
336 2 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
337 2 燕帖木兒 Yāntièmùér El Temür 曰燕帖木兒
338 2 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶之
339 2 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
340 2 zuò to sit 脫列帖木兒坐累
341 2 chamber / pavilion 水淺船閣
342 2 dìng to decide 大事遂定
343 2 yòu to entice / to induce / to coax 遣人誘脅之
344 2 to marry / to take a wife 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
345 2 jiǔ nine 幣帛九匹
346 2 xīn heart 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
347 2 xiōng a torrential rush 中外洶洶
348 2 day of the month / a certain day 驛騎急行二百餘日
349 1 不知所之 bù zhī suǒ zhī whereabouts unknown 不知所之
350 1 沒入 méirù to confiscate 沒入其家貲之半
351 1 轉徙 zhuǎnxǐ to migrate / to move house 其轉徙籍沒
352 1 record / register / list / census 其轉徙籍沒
353 1 一實 yīshí suchness / inherent nature / true nature / bhūtatathatā / tathatā / tathata 撥綽之母曰馬一實
354 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 賜市宅錢四千錠
355 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨與十三騎奔還
356 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 海都敗走
357 1 fàn to commit crime / to violate 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
358 1 李樹 lǐshù plum tree 行至延春閣李樹下
359 1 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen 其位下舊賜平陽
360 1 fán ordinary / common 命其王府官凡班次列於有司之右
361 1 稱兵 chēngbīng to recruit troops 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
362 1 shí ten 時年十有二
363 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
364 1 several 幾獲之
365 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 湖北廉訪司糾言
366 1 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 出鎮揚州
367 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 此朕之所以取天下也
368 1 明年 míngnián next year 明年七月
369 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 及廬州不守
370 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 招來流亡百餘戶
371 1 xiào result / effect 多著勞效
372 1 hài to injure / to harm to 或潛圖害別裏古臺
373 1 xùn to teach / to train 昔我太祖有訓
374 1 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a mass 禿禿哈率眾追之
375 1 混一 hùnyī to amalgamate / to mix together as one 世祖皇帝混一四海
376 1 次子 cìzǐ second son 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
377 1 思齊 sīqí ambitious 李思齊以取蜀為名
378 1 hóu marquis / lord 侯伯顏答失奉寬徹普化自雲南經蜀轉戰而去
379 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 脫帖木兒等反
380 1 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 去京師數萬里
381 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 遂伏誅
382 1 chái a class / a company 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
383 1 to defend / to resist 詔遣牙忽都同力備禦
384 1 珠子 zhūzi pearl 珠子一酒扈
385 1 chén Chen 淮西廉訪使陳思謙言於帖木兒不花曰
386 1 to turn / to rotate 又以斡難
387 1 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 屢討賊立功
388 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 帝閔之
389 1 season / period 太祖之季弟也
390 1 四方 sì fāng all sides 太祖皇帝削平四方
391 1 察合臺 cháhétái Chagatai 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
392 1 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 即命以所部兵及諸王乞塔歹等
393 1 lóng dragon 龍從雲
394 1 一家 yījiā the whole family 悉為一家
395 1 yún cloud 能撫恤其民云
396 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其見稱如此
397 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 珠子一酒扈
398 1 統一 tǒngyī to unify / to unite / to integrate 未遑統一
399 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 有怨望意
400 1 精兵 jīng bīng elite soldiers 破其精兵
401 1 shì to look at / to see 豈宜坐視
402 1 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 歲丁巳
403 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 寬徹普化與湖廣行省平章和尚棄城走
404 1 mother 撥綽之母曰馬一實
405 1 駙馬 fùmǎ emperor's son-in-law 哈只兒駙馬之女孫
406 1 部族 bùzú tribe 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
407 1 阿魯 alǔ Aru 湖廣行省參知政事阿魯輝克復武昌及漢陽
408 1 yuè Yue 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
409 1 jīng Beijing 太師伯顏矯制召赴京
410 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 湖北廉訪司糾言
411 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 其子孫最多
412 1 鴿 pigeon / dove 放鴿鈴為號
413 1 yǐn to drink 又日給王子諸妃飲膳
414 1 四海 sìhǎi the four seas 世祖皇帝混一四海
415 1 xiāo brave / strong 撥綽驍勇善騎射
416 1 hair 須發盡白
417 1 效忠 xiàozhōng to vow loyalty and devotion to 以其父子勞效忠勤
418 1 qiú to request 月即別遣使來求分地歲賜
419 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 不喜華飾
420 1 jìn nearby 居處近太祖行在所
421 1 八千 bā qiān eight thousand 加賜信州路及鉛山州二城戶一萬八千
422 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 詔追奪寬徹普化印
423 1 稱制 chēngzhì for the emperor to exercise his authority 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
424 1 zhí straight 直前沖敵陣
425 1 lái to come 月即別遣使來求分地歲賜
426 1 ministry / department 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
427 1 撫慰 fǔwèi to console / to comfort / to soothe 世祖撫慰嘉嘆
428 1 不避艱險 bù bì jiānxiǎn shrink or flinch from no difficulty or danger / make light of difficulties and dangers 不避艱險
429 1 raft 文俊以火筏盡焚其船
430 1 shēn human body / torso 乃挈身北歸
431 1 永州 yǒngzhōu Yongzhou 永州分地
432 1 分封 fēnfēng [of the emperor] to divide land amongst the feudal lords 以親王分封西北
433 1 different / other 也不堅有異圖
434 1 què a watchtower / a guard tower 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
435 1 luó logic 邏得諜人
436 1 even / equal / uniform 宜以法齊之
437 1 嗣位 sìwèi to succeed to a title / to inherit 列聖嗣位
438 1 Henan 進封豫王
439 1 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 使失列吉拘系之
440 1 gài a lid / top / cover 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
441 1 kǎi open; peaceful 粘闿與海都通
442 1 jìn to be stingy 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
443 1 shòu to teach 別授之印
444 1 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 惟南土未定
445 1 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人誘脅之
446 1 賜爵 cìjué person who makes offerings in a ritual 賜爵鎮遠王
447 1 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 調芍陂屯軍拒之
448 1 Bhiksuni / a nun / a bhikṣuṇī / bhikkhunī 子劄尼別嗣
449 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 恣為淫虐
450 1 shì a generation 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
451 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 所以辨上下
452 1 force / compel / force 大明兵逼京師
453 1 芍陂 sháopí Quepi lake (irrigation project in Han to Tang times on Huai river 淮河 in modern Anhui) 調芍陂屯軍拒之
454 1 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 屢建大功
455 1 one hundred million 湖廣行省供億錢糧衣裝
456 1 clothes / dress / garment 辭服
457 1 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 帝大怒
458 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執別帖木兒
459 1 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 以故其地郡邑風俗皆莫得而詳焉
460 1 虛實 xūshí what is true and what is false / (to get to know) the real situation 知其虛實
461 1 同堂 tóngtáng to live under the same roof (of different generations) 弗克同堂而燕
462 1 漢陽 hànyáng Hanyang 湖廣行省參知政事阿魯輝克復武昌及漢陽
463 1 yuǎn far / distant 其地極遠
464 1 thorn / sting / prick 陰圖刺孛羅帖木兒
465 1 戰功 zhàngōng outstanding military service / military achievements 多立戰功
466 1 xián to hold in mouth 武宗由是銜焉
467 1 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 加封耒陽州五千三百四十七戶
468 1 shì a city 賜市宅錢四千錠
469 1 最多 zuìduō at most / maximum / greatest (amount) / maximal 其子孫最多
470 1 to implore / to pray 起蘄
471 1 dialect / language / speech 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
472 1 yòu divine intervention / protection 延祐中
473 1 安南 Ānnán Annam 世祖第九子脫歡以討安南無成功
474 1 班次 bāncì runs or flights 命其王府官凡班次列於有司之右
475 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 首已附順
476 1 kuì a flooding river 軍未戰而潰
477 1 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces 仍鎮湖廣
478 1 水陸 shuǐ lù water and land / by water and land (transport) / amphibian / delicacies from land and sea 佛家奴以大船四十餘只水陸並進
479 1 部落 bùluò a tribe 幼從太祖平諸部落
480 1 異志 yìzhì to change one's mind 帝益疑其有異志
481 1 yòu right / right-hand 命其王府官凡班次列於有司之右
482 1 popular / common 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
483 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 陰圖刺孛羅帖木兒
484 1 tóng boy / child 而拜慶童中書左丞相輔之
485 1 敵陣 dízhèn the enemy ranks 直前沖敵陣
486 1 部屬 bùshǔ troops under one's command 徹徹不花往錫命其部屬同時被剽掠者
487 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 以故相桑哥家財分賜之
488 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 神器所當屬
489 1 國柄 guóbǐng state power 總握國柄
490 1 力戰 lìzhàn to fight with all one's might 先後力戰
491 1 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命掌大帳
492 1 陜西 xiáxī Shaanxi 寬徹普化走陜西
493 1 治亂 zhìluàn order and chaos 治亂國者
494 1 釣魚 diàoyú to fish 及攻釣魚山而還
495 1 nèi inside / interior 引禿剌入內
496 1 zhǎo claw 也速不花子曰爪都
497 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
498 1 湖北 Húběi Hubei 湖北廉訪司糾言
499 1 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 定民誌
500 1 詳見 xiángjiàn for further details refer to 詳見

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 57 zhī him / her / them / that 烈祖之第五子
2 45 wáng Wang 宗王別裏古臺者
3 44 so as to / in order to 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
4 39 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
5 37 nián year 至大三年
6 37 his / hers / its / theirs 其子孫最多
7 37 suddenly / abruptly 子曰罕禿忽
8 34 dōu all 也速不花子曰爪都
9 33 not / no 幸不至死
10 24 huā Hua 曰也速不花
11 23 tooth / tusk 命楚王牙忽都
12 23 to give / to bestow favors 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
13 21 ér son 哈撒兒之射
14 19 禿 bald / bare / stripped 子曰罕禿忽
15 18 yuē to speak / to say 別裏古臺曰
16 18 supreme ruler / emperor 帝大怒
17 17 tuō to take off 脫帖木兒等反
18 17 hōng to die 王薨
19 17 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹徹不花往錫命其部屬同時被剽掠者
20 17 child / son 烈祖之第五子
21 16 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 寬徹普化
22 16 to slash 甕吉剌臺
23 15 zhèn town 鎮南王脫歡子也
24 15 wèi for / to 嘗立為國相
25 15 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 欲索而誅之
26 15 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 失列吉叛
27 15 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 寬徹普化
28 15 also / too 太祖之季弟也
29 15 tái unit 別裏古臺
30 15 kuān wide / broad 寬徹普化
31 14 bīng soldier / troops 知兵
32 14 mìng life 命楚王牙忽都
33 13 yǒu is / are / to exist 有怨望意
34 12 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 子塔出嗣
35 12 zhōu a state / a province 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
36 12 and 爾與我者
37 12 fēng to seal / to close off 封廣寧王
38 12 zhì to / until 幸不至死
39 11 Ji 子曰滅裏吉臺
40 11 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 今將舉大事於天下
41 11 bié do not / must not 別裏古臺
42 11 jūn army / military 王未嘗不在軍中
43 11 děng et cetera / and so on 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
44 11 inside / interior 別裏古臺
45 11 cóng from 幼從太祖平諸部落
46 10 sound of laughter 哈撒兒之射
47 10 to reach 及廣寧路
48 10 zhōng middle 王未嘗不在軍中
49 10 again / more / repeatedly 復系牙忽都
50 10 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 宗王別裏古臺者
51 9 nán south 南接按只臺營地
52 9 luó Luo 曰朵羅不花
53 9 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖俾居於恩
54 9 hái also / in addition / more 及攻釣魚山而還
55 9 shī to lose 子西安王阿剌忒納失裏
56 9 èr two 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
57 9 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 嘗立為國相
58 9 younger brother 太祖之季弟也
59 8 gōng merit 始以推戴功
60 8 zōng school / sect 宗王別裏古臺者
61 8 rén person / people / a human being 勇力絕人
62 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
63 8 sān three 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
64 8 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖之季弟也
65 8 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 怯魯連之地建營以居
66 8 eight 八魯渾拔都兒
67 8 dìng an ingot / a spindle / a slab / a cake / a tablet 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
68 8 bèi a comet 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
69 7 shùn to obey 首已附順
70 7 yán to speak / to say / said 而禿剌言之
71 7 guó a country / a nation 征取諸國
72 7 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十三年
73 7 naturally / of course / certainly 自至元五年己卯歲始給之
74 7 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo 弟脫脫忙哥嗣
75 7 chū to go out / to leave 子塔出嗣
76 7 xíng to walk / to move 居處近太祖行在所
77 7 elder brother 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
78 7 zhū all / many / various 幼從太祖平諸部落
79 7 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 別授之印
80 7 in / at 今將舉大事於天下
81 6 currency / coins / legal tender 詔賜鈔幣
82 6 one 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
83 6 chāo paper money 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
84 6 to reply / to answer 弟撒裏答嗣
85 6 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 當創業之初
86 6 a slave / a servant 命其子報恩奴
87 6 horse 掌從馬
88 6 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
89 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 以故其地郡邑風俗皆莫得而詳焉
90 6 to enter 引禿剌入內
91 6 zhào an imperial decree 詔賜鈔幣
92 6 xuē Xue 生薛必烈傑兒
93 6 京師 jīngshī a capital city 去京師數萬里
94 6 residence / dwelling 怯魯連之地建營以居
95 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 別裏古臺
96 6 yòu again / also 又長紥魯火赤
97 5 to move 祖父撥綽
98 5 Shandong 又長紥魯火赤
99 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請勿治
100 5 hut / cottage 移鎮於廬州
101 5 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 北征欽察有功
102 5 to go 去京師數萬里
103 5 和尚 héshang an abbot / a monk 寬徹普化與湖廣行省平章和尚棄城走
104 5 to stand 嘗立為國相
105 5 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 伯顏帥師討叛
106 5 big / great / huge / large / major 既而大宴萬歲山
107 5 huī splendor / brightness 徐壽輝為亂
108 5 武昌 Wǔchāng Wuchang 鎮武昌
109 5 píng flat / level / smooth 幼從太祖平諸部落
110 5 this / these 此朕之所以取天下也
111 5 soil / ground / land 怯魯連之地建營以居
112 5 zhàng a tent 也不堅引兵趨怯綠憐河大帳
113 5 huái Huai River 詔淮王帖木兒不花監國
114 5 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 子拔都嗣
115 5 promptly / right away / immediately 弟月即別嗣
116 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃馬真氏
117 5 jìn to enter 進封豫王
118 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 成宗崩
119 5 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗即位
120 5 fēi an imperial concubine 以駙馬都尉都剌哈之女弟弘吉烈氏為楚王妃
121 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 能撫恤其民云
122 5 liǎng two 仍各賜白金五十兩
123 5 suì age 月即別遣使來求分地歲賜
124 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 罕禿忽子曰霍歷極
125 5 míng bright / brilliant 明敏多智略
126 5 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 居處近太祖行在所
127 5 five 自至元五年己卯歲始給之
128 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 粘闿與海都通
129 5 十三 shísān thirteen 至元十三年
130 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 引禿剌入內
131 4 shǐ beginning / start 始以推戴功
132 4 to attack by surprise 世祖命襲其祖父統軍
133 4 chéng a city / a town 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
134 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 以故其地郡邑風俗皆莫得而詳焉
135 4 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰罕禿忽
136 4 that 牙忽都與王親臣那臺等謀逃歸
137 4 hǎn rare 子曰罕禿忽
138 4 zhèng upright / straight 給正三品印
139 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
140 4 road / path / way 及廣寧路
141 4 gěi to give 以賑給軍站
142 4 chén minister / statesman / official 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
143 4 xu 徐壽輝為亂
144 4 speed 曰也速不花
145 4 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 摧鋒陷陣
146 4 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使失列吉拘系之
147 4 de potential marker 以故其地郡邑風俗皆莫得而詳焉
148 4 to die 幸不至死
149 4 huān happy / pleased / glad 鎮南王脫歡子也
150 4 五十 wǔshí fifty 仍各賜白金五十兩
151 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 大事遂定
152 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 生薛必烈傑兒
153 4 guī to go back / to return 仁宗歸自懷孟
154 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 失列吉叛
155 4 shì matter / thing / item 事王益忠謹
156 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 平章赤因鐵木兒鞫之
157 4 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 或潛圖害別裏古臺
158 4 liè ardent / intense 烈祖之第五子
159 4 金印 jīnyìn golden seal 賜金印
160 4 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 幣三十匹
161 4 chì red / scarlet 又長紥魯火赤
162 4 father's elder brother / uncle 弟伯忽嗣
163 4 huái bosom / breast 仁宗歸自懷孟
164 4 to think / consider / to ponder 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
165 4 yān where / how 以故其地郡邑風俗皆莫得而詳焉
166 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉以入籍
167 4 hòu thick 天性純厚
168 4 shòu old age / long life 徐壽輝為亂
169 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 明敏多智略
170 4 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大三年
171 4 wood / lumber 平章赤因鐵木兒鞫之
172 4 wéi only / solely / alone 惟南土未定
173 4 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 命楚王牙忽都
174 4 ā prefix to names of people 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
175 4 sūn Sun 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
176 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 入繼非制
177 4 duǒ measure word for flowers and clouds 朵兒朵哈上其功
178 4 máng busy / pressed for time / hustling 弟忙哥帖木兒嗣
179 4 chāo to cook by scalding 祖父撥綽
180 4 分地 fēndì to distribute land 以為分地
181 4 hóng liberal / great 薛必烈傑兒娶弘吉剌氏
182 4 each 仍各賜白金五十兩
183 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲索而誅之
184 3 to ride an animal or bicycle 驛騎急行二百餘日
185 3 白金 báijīn platinum 仍各賜白金五十兩
186 3 yuè month 弟月即別嗣
187 3 to break / to split / to smash 破其精兵
188 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 或潛圖害別裏古臺
189 3 huǒ fire / flame 又長紥魯火赤
190 3 extremely / very 罕禿忽子曰霍歷極
191 3 guān an office 而寬徹普化縱怯薛等官侵奪民利
192 3 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 南接按只臺營地
193 3 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 佛家奴以大船四十餘只水陸並進
194 3 十二 shí èr twelve 至元十二年
195 3 I / me / my 爾與我者
196 3 zài in / at 居處近太祖行在所
197 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 禿禿哈亂其陣
198 3 qiě moreover / also 且臣雖傷甚
199 3 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 得所俘掠軍民而還
200 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
201 3 to take / to receive / to accept 子西安王阿剌忒納失裏
202 3 湖廣行省 húguǎng xíngshěng Huguang province 湖廣行省供億錢糧衣裝
203 3 jīn gold 金那海
204 3 kòu bandit / thieve 海都入寇
205 3 to attain / to reach 方達京師
206 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 至大元年
207 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜以法齊之
208 3 術赤 shùchì Jochi (name) 術赤
209 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌從馬
210 3 to arise / to get up 禿剌醉起
211 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 百兔未得
212 3 jùn talented / capable 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
213 3 zhī to know 知兵
214 3 jiàn to see 其見稱如此
215 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今將舉大事於天下
216 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 世祖皇帝之嫡孫在
217 3 shàng top / a high position 朵兒朵哈上其功
218 3 wén writing / text 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
219 3 dān cinnabar 撥付怯薛丹五百名
220 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分土諸侯王
221 3 bēn to run fast / to flee 獨與十三騎奔還
222 3 西 The West 明宗西出
223 3 míng measure word for people 撥付怯薛丹五百名
224 3 gōng to attack / to assault 及攻釣魚山而還
225 3 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 賜蠡州三千三百四十七戶
226 3 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 塗金銀印
227 3 a pagoda / a stupa 子塔出嗣
228 3 jiān hard / strong / firm 也不堅有異圖
229 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 摧鋒陷陣
230 3 běi north 順帝將北奔
231 3 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 子曰滅裏吉臺
232 3 hào number 賜號拔都
233 3 zhuī to pursue / to chase 王遣牙忽都將兵追之
234 3 a river / a stream 其後北安王駐帖木兒河
235 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 王遣牙忽都將兵追之
236 3 chūn spring 大德十一年春
237 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 因得脫走
238 3 shū book 中書請置總管府
239 3 earth / soil / dirt 分土諸侯王
240 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 禿剌前止之
241 3 北安 běiān Bei'an 從北安王北征
242 3 安西 Ānxī Anxi 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
243 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
244 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 武宗即位
245 3 female / feminine 以弘吉剌氏女賜之
246 3 cháng to taste 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
247 3 zhuó to cut / to chop / to lop off 以刀斫其臂
248 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
249 3 tiān day 天歷初以推戴功
250 3 hún muddy / turbid 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
251 3 ěr thus / so / like that 爾何如
252 3 to scatter / to disperse 哈撒兒之射
253 3 shí time / a point or period of time 時怯必禿忽兒霍臺誘蒙古軍二萬從乃顏
254 3 shén what 傷甚
255 3 qián front 禿剌前止之
256 3 dào way / road / path 道由河南
257 3 wén to hear 少以勇力聞
258 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
259 3 huò quickly / suddenly 罕禿忽子曰霍歷極
260 3 móu to plan 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
261 3 desire 欲索而誅之
262 2 néng can / able 能撫恤其民云
263 2 to beg / to request 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
264 2 來歸 láiguī to return / to come back 察八兒來歸
265 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 與儒士徐士本謀
266 2 文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang 文宗天歷初
267 2 jiā house / home / residence 以故相桑哥家財分賜之
268 2 zéi thief 廬州境內賊起
269 2 二十七 èrshíqī 27 二十七年
270 2 běn measure word for books 與儒士徐士本謀
271 2 jiàn to build / to construct 怯魯連之地建營以居
272 2 上都 shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 交結勇士上都馬
273 2 increase / benefit 帝益疑其有異志
274 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延祐中
275 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 其後北安王駐帖木兒河
276 2 shǔ to count 數為帝言之
277 2 to indulge oneself / to be unrestrained 恣行不法
278 2 皇后 huánghòu empress 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
279 2 serious / critical 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
280 2 chuán to transmit 設王傳官屬
281 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 命牙忽都常侍左右
282 2 明理 mínglǐ sensible / reasonable / an obvious reason, truth or fact / to understand the reason or reasoning 明理帖木兒所掠
283 2 tǎo to seek 伯顏帥師討叛
284 2 既而 jìér soon after 既而大宴萬歲山
285 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 以統其藩人
286 2 tóng like / same / similar 命與禿禿哈同討海都
287 2 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗歸自懷孟
288 2 無辜 wúgū innocent / not guilty 始明其無辜
289 2 王子 wángzǐ a prince 又日給王子諸妃飲膳
290 2 三十 sān shí thirty 幣三十匹
291 2 qiè consort / concubine 且載妃妾以行
292 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 須發盡白
293 2 tǎng state treasury / public funds 牙忽都妻帑輜重駐不思哈剌嶺上
294 2 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統三年
295 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 設王傳官屬
296 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
297 2 接待 jiēdài to receive a visitor / to admit 接待奴
298 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
299 2 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan 賜爵鎮遠王
300 2 左丞 zuǒchéng left chancellor 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
301 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚甚厚
302 2 feeble 壽輝部將倪文俊敗之
303 2 報恩 bào'ēn to pay a debt of gratitude 命其子報恩奴
304 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 又長紥魯火赤
305 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 摧鋒陷陣
306 2 shì to rely upon 有不可恃者焉
307 2 frequently / often / again and again 屢建大功
308 2 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 北征欽察有功
309 2 qián money / currency 錢三萬二千錠
310 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 伯顏帥師討叛
311 2 wèi position / location / place 其位下舊賜平陽
312 2 xìng gender 性剛猛
313 2 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 牙忽都與其子脫列帖木兒相失
314 2 十四 shí sì fourteen 十四年
315 2 zhōu boat / ship 將御舟
316 2 yuē approximately 約木忽兒
317 2 to connect / to relate 使失列吉拘系之
318 2 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德十一年春
319 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
320 2 jiān to supervise / to inspect 詔淮王帖木兒不花監國
321 2 chēng to call / to address 其見稱如此
322 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 歲支米三萬石
323 2 十一 shíyī eleven 大德十一年春
324 2 二十八 èrshíbā 28 / twenty-eight 二十八年
325 2 未幾 wèijǐ before long / soon 未幾
326 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
327 2 cuī to destroy / to break / to injure 摧鋒陷陣
328 2 天下 tiānxià China 今將舉大事於天下
329 2 xià next 其位下舊賜平陽
330 2 otherwise / but / however 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
331 2 二十 èrshí twenty 鈔二十錠
332 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 曰口溫不花
333 2 yàng discontented / dispirited / sad 禿剌居常怏怏
334 2 zhì to place / to lay out 中書請置總管府
335 2 kuò wide / broad 王遣闊闊出
336 2 zhòng many / numerous 地大物眾
337 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 牙忽都與王親臣那臺等謀逃歸
338 2 人民 rénmín the people 人民境土
339 2 推戴 tuīdài to endorse (for leader) 始以推戴功
340 2 bèi by 那臺等被殺
341 2 阿難 Ānán Ānanda / Ananda 左丞相阿忽臺等潛謀立安西王阿難答
342 2 huì can / be able to 會王帳下遜篤思部兵逃去
343 2 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 勇力絕人
344 2 huáng yellow
345 2 jié hero 生薛必烈傑兒
346 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 今陛下洪福齊天
347 2 to take / to get / to fetch 此朕之所以取天下也
348 2 a tutor / a teacher 置王傅
349 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 湖北廉訪司糾言
350 2 power / force / strength 有別裏古臺之力
351 2 shǔ Sichuan 侯伯顏答失奉寬徹普化自雲南經蜀轉戰而去
352 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 子老章襲封鎮南王
353 2 shè to set up / to establish 設王傳官屬
354 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 從憲宗征伐
355 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 歲賦中統鈔二千四百錠
356 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當創業之初
357 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
358 2 already / afterwards 首已附順
359 2 佛家 Fójiā the community of Buddhists / Saṅgha 佛家奴以大船四十餘只水陸並進
360 2 xuān to declare / to announce 命寬徹普化與宣讓王帖木兒不花以兵鎮遏懷慶
361 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 壽輝偽將鄒普勝陷武昌
362 2 to cut off the feet 兀魯兀臺
363 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能軍
364 2 no 京師元無所領府治
365 2 廣寧 guǎngníng Guangning 及廣寧路
366 2 extra / surplus / remainder 驛騎急行二百餘日
367 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 中書請置總管府
368 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 廬州境內賊起
369 2 fǎng to visit 湖北廉訪司糾言
370 2 yín silver 賜銀印
371 2 yán color 乃顏
372 2 réng yet / still / as ever 仍各賜白金五十兩
373 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 今將舉大事於天下
374 2 an official institution / a state bureau 中書請置總管府
375 2 silk / plain silk 幣帛九匹
376 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 及攻釣魚山而還
377 2 méi not have 其轉徙籍沒
378 2 四十七 sìshíqī 47 賜蠡州三千三百四十七戶
379 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方達京師
380 2 to estimate / to fine 沒入其家貲之半
381 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 太師伯顏矯制召赴京
382 2 祖父 zǔfù paternal grandfather 祖父撥綽
383 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭服
384 2 qiān one thousand 恩州二城戶一萬一千六百三
385 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷甚
386 2 大事 dàshì a major event 今將舉大事於天下
387 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸不至死
388 2 tǒng to unify 以統其藩人
389 2 to prevail 弗克同堂而燕
390 2 wēn warm / lukewarm 曰口溫不花
391 2 wēi prestige / majesty 封威順王
392 2 yīn because 平章赤因鐵木兒鞫之
393 2 lǐng neck 領兵河南
394 2 láo to toil 以其父子勞效忠勤
395 2 I 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
396 2 jiā excellent 世祖撫慰嘉嘆
397 2 zhèn I / we 此朕之所以取天下也
398 2 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 顧惟宗室諸王
399 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒八魯渾等以獻
400 2 河南 hénán Henan 道由河南
401 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 成宗崩
402 2 wàn ten thousand 加賜信州路及鉛山州二城戶一萬八千
403 2 so that / in order that 世祖俾居於恩
404 2 神器 shénqì magical object / object symbolic of imperial power / fine weapon 安西王阿難答與明理帖木兒窺望神器
405 2 yòu immature / young 幼從太祖平諸部落
406 2 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
407 2 燕帖木兒 Yāntièmùér El Temür 曰燕帖木兒
408 2 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶之
409 2 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
410 2 zuò to sit 脫列帖木兒坐累
411 2 chamber / pavilion 水淺船閣
412 2 dìng to decide 大事遂定
413 2 yòu to entice / to induce / to coax 遣人誘脅之
414 2 to marry / to take a wife 撥綽娶察渾滅兒乞氏
415 2 jiǔ nine 幣帛九匹
416 2 xīn heart 常以腹心遇敗則牽從馬
417 2 xiōng a torrential rush 中外洶洶
418 2 day of the month / a certain day 驛騎急行二百餘日
419 1 不知所之 bù zhī suǒ zhī whereabouts unknown 不知所之
420 1 沒入 méirù to confiscate 沒入其家貲之半
421 1 轉徙 zhuǎnxǐ to migrate / to move house 其轉徙籍沒
422 1 record / register / list / census 其轉徙籍沒
423 1 一實 yīshí suchness / inherent nature / true nature / bhūtatathatā / tathatā / tathata 撥綽之母曰馬一實
424 1 zhái residence / dwelling / home 賜市宅錢四千錠
425 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨與十三騎奔還
426 1 necessary / must 須發盡白
427 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 海都敗走
428 1 fàn to commit crime / to violate 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
429 1 李樹 lǐshù plum tree 行至延春閣李樹下
430 1 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen 其位下舊賜平陽
431 1 fán ordinary / common 命其王府官凡班次列於有司之右
432 1 稱兵 chēngbīng to recruit troops 孛羅帖木兒稱兵犯闕
433 1 shí ten 時年十有二
434 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 賜以蒙古百姓三千戶
435 1 several 幾獲之
436 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 湖北廉訪司糾言
437 1 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 出鎮揚州
438 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 此朕之所以取天下也
439 1 明年 míngnián next year 明年七月
440 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 及廬州不守
441 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 招來流亡百餘戶
442 1 xiào result / effect 多著勞效
443 1 hài to injure / to harm to 或潛圖害別裏古臺
444 1 zāi exclamatory particle 其可以臣故而生釁隙哉
445 1 由是 yóushì because of 武宗由是銜焉
446 1 xùn to teach / to train 昔我太祖有訓
447 1 used to indicate order 第功
448 1 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a mass 禿禿哈率眾追之
449 1 混一 hùnyī to amalgamate / to mix together as one 世祖皇帝混一四海
450 1 次子 cìzǐ second son 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
451 1 思齊 sīqí ambitious 李思齊以取蜀為名
452 1 hóu marquis / lord 侯伯顏答失奉寬徹普化自雲南經蜀轉戰而去
453 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 脫帖木兒等反
454 1 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 去京師數萬里
455 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 遂伏誅
456 1 chái a class / a company 此蓋國俗儕輩相靳之語
457 1 to defend / to resist 詔遣牙忽都同力備禦
458 1 珠子 zhūzi pearl 珠子一酒扈
459 1 chén Chen 淮西廉訪使陳思謙言於帖木兒不花曰
460 1 to turn / to rotate 又以斡難
461 1 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 屢討賊立功
462 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 帝閔之
463 1 season / period 太祖之季弟也
464 1 四方 sì fāng all sides 太祖皇帝削平四方
465 1 察合臺 cháhétái Chagatai 太祖次子察合臺四世孫也
466 1 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 即命以所部兵及諸王乞塔歹等
467 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 道由河南
468 1 lóng dragon 龍從雲
469 1 一家 yījiā the whole family 悉為一家
470 1 yún cloud 能撫恤其民云
471 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其見稱如此
472 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 珠子一酒扈
473 1 統一 tǒngyī to unify / to unite / to integrate 未遑統一
474 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 有怨望意
475 1 精兵 jīng bīng elite soldiers 破其精兵
476 1 shì to look at / to see 豈宜坐視
477 1 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 歲丁巳
478 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 寬徹普化與湖廣行省平章和尚棄城走
479 1 mother 撥綽之母曰馬一實
480 1 駙馬 fùmǎ emperor's son-in-law 哈只兒駙馬之女孫
481 1 how can it be that? 豈宜坐視
482 1 部族 bùzú tribe 嘗從太祖宴諸部族
483 1 阿魯 alǔ Aru 湖廣行省參知政事阿魯輝克復武昌及漢陽
484 1 yuè Yue 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
485 1 jīng Beijing 太師伯顏矯制召赴京
486 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 湖北廉訪司糾言
487 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 其子孫最多
488 1 鴿 pigeon / dove 放鴿鈴為號
489 1 yǐn to drink 又日給王子諸妃飲膳
490 1 四海 sìhǎi the four seas 世祖皇帝混一四海
491 1 xiāo brave / strong 撥綽驍勇善騎射
492 1 hair 須發盡白
493 1 效忠 xiàozhōng to vow loyalty and devotion to 以其父子勞效忠勤
494 1 qiú to request 月即別遣使來求分地歲賜
495 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 不喜華飾
496 1 jìn nearby 居處近太祖行在所
497 1 八千 bā qiān eight thousand 加賜信州路及鉛山州二城戶一萬八千
498 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 詔追奪寬徹普化印
499 1 稱制 chēngzhì for the emperor to exercise his authority 而推皇后伯嶽吾氏稱制
500 1 zhí straight 直前沖敵陣

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿鲁 阿魯 alǔ Aru
阿难 阿難 Ānán Ānanda / Ananda
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安西 Ānxī Anxi
拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan
北安 běiān Bei'an
伯颜 伯顏 bóyán Bayan
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
察合台 察合臺 cháhétái Chagatai
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
大明 dàmíng
  1. the sun
  2. the moon
  3. Da Ming
  4. Da Ming reign
  5. Ming dynasty
驸马都尉 駙馬都尉 fùmǎ dūwèi Commandant Escort
广宁 廣寧 guǎngníng Guangning
汉川 漢川 hànchuān Hanchuan
汉阳 漢陽 hànyáng Hanyang
huái Huai River
湖北 Húběi Hubei
湖广 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces
湖广行省 湖廣行省 húguǎng xíngshěng Huguang province
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
晋州 晉州 jìnzhōu
  1. Jinzhou
  2. Jin Prefecture
耒阳 耒陽 lěiyáng Leiyang
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia
漠北 Mòběi Mongolian Steppe
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
铅山 鉛山 qiānshān Yanshan
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
睿宗 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao
上都 shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
芍陂 sháopí Quepi lake (irrigation project in Han to Tang times on Huai river 淮河 in modern Anhui)
绍兴 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
术赤 術赤 shùchì Jochi (name)
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
脱脱 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo
王益 wángyì Wangyi
文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang
武宗 Wǔ Zōng
  1. Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong
  2. Emperor Wuzong of Tang
武昌 Wǔchāng
  1. Wuchang
  2. Wuchang
西安 Xī'ān Xian
锡金 錫金 xījīn Sikkim
信州 xìnzhōu Xinzhou
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
燕帖木儿 燕帖木兒 Yāntièmùér El Temür
永州 yǒngzhōu Yongzhou
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
镇远 鎮遠 zhènyuǎn Zhenyuan
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan
中统 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong
zōu
  1. Zou
  2. Zou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English