Glossary and Vocabulary for Old History of the Five Dynasties 《舊五代史》, 卷五十七 唐書33: 列傳九 郭崇韜 Volume 57 Book of Later Tang 33: Biographies 9 - Gao Chongtao

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 71 chóng high / dignified / lofty 郭崇韜
2 70 tāo a bow case / a scabbard / a military strategy 郭崇韜
3 41 yuē to speak / to say 莊宗謂知祥曰
4 36 wáng Wang 王師大恐
5 31 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗嗣位
6 22 shǔ Sichuan 進討蜀川
7 21 rén person / people / a human being 代州雁門人也
8 20 jūn army / military 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
9 18 perilous / lofty 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
10 17 to inherit 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
11 17 wèi Wei Dynasty 諸將鹹請退還魏州
12 17 shì matter / thing / item 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
13 16 使 shǐ to make / to cause 署教練使
14 16 qǐng to ask / to inquire 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
15 15 zhī to know 與孟知祥
16 15 zhōng middle 用為中門副使
17 14 zhōu a state / a province 從征張文禮於鎮州
18 13 zài in / at 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
19 13 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令崇韜權行中書事
20 13 wèi to call 莊宗謂知祥曰
21 12 qīng minister / high officer 不及舊時長安卿相之家
22 12 Li 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
23 12 Biàn Bian River 況我新破汴寇
24 12 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今纂崇大號
25 12 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 父宏正
26 12 zòu to present / to offer 崇韜奏請出內庫之財以助
27 11 tíng court / royal court 其子廷說等曰
28 11 to reach 乃留李紹宏及租庸使張憲守魏州
29 11 day of the month / a certain day 日以挑戰
30 11 a river / a stream 以河為界
31 10 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 汴將康延孝來奔
32 10 chén minister / statesman / official 臣請於博州東岸立柵
33 10 shào to continue / to carry on 李紹宏俱參機要
34 10 chéng a city / a town 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
35 9 móu to plan / to scheme 召諸將謀進取之策
36 9 wèi Eighth earthly branch 賊軍未至
37 9 shí time / a point or period of time 字安時
38 9 xiáng good luck / blessing 與孟知祥
39 9 zōng school / sect 明宗在鄆
40 9 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 雌雄必決
41 9 陛下 bì xià your majesty 請陛下募敢死之士
42 8 zhèn town 克修鎮昭義
43 8 liáng a bridge 衛州陷於梁
44 8 nèi inside / interior 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
45 8 quán authority / power 令崇韜權行中書事
46 8 yán to speak / to say / said 請以時事言之
47 8 nián year 天祐十四年
48 8 皇后 huánghòu empress 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
49 8 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公欲避路
50 8 yàn elegant / handsome 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
51 7 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群情恟恟
52 7 jiā house / home / residence 為雪家讎國恥
53 7 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
54 7 extra / surplus / remainder 餘備位將相
55 7 liú Liu 汴人急攻楊劉城
56 7 sān three 如三四日間
57 7 to bribe 或以珍貨賂遺
58 7 horse 介馬戰賊
59 7 xiān first 先是
60 7 xíng to walk / to move 行計決矣
61 7 proper / suitable / appropriate 尤宜深察
62 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 不謀同辭
63 7 hair 崇韜將發
64 7 wàn ten thousand 祿賜巨萬
65 7 wén to hear 吾聞火出兵刃
66 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 則柵壘成矣
67 7 to calculate / to compute / to count 計無所出
68 6 shōu to receive / to accept 李存審收鎮州
69 6 to ferry 且事之濟否
70 6 西 The West 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
71 6 xīn heart 心在戰陣
72 6 jiù old / ancient 多梁之舊將
73 6 děng et cetera / and so on 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
74 6 guō Guo 郭崇韜
75 6 jiàn to see 不決則坐見不濟
76 6 shī teacher 王師果捷
77 6 soil / ground / land 威振北地
78 6 to attack by surprise 李從襲
79 6 shàng top / a high position 朕頃在河上
80 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
81 6 dào way / road / path 汴人將四道齊舉
82 6 child / son 其子廷說等曰
83 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為霸業終不能就
84 6 desire 公欲避路
85 6 to enter 興師入不測之地
86 6 kòu bandit / thieve 況我新破汴寇
87 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 堅拒其請
88 6 píng flat / level / smooth 日望蕩平
89 6 zéi thief 賊軍未至
90 6 to aid / to assist / to help 及六軍使王宗弼歸款
91 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 況盡有中原乎
92 5 jìn to enter 進封趙郡公
93 5 one 一無所取
94 5 chuān Sichuan 會客省使李嚴使西川回
95 5 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 陛下擇帥
96 5 jié quick / nimble / prompt 焉往不捷
97 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
98 5 tóng like / same / similar 不謀同辭
99 5 shǔ to count 樓觀百數
100 5 to go 便是神龍去水
101 5 guǒ a result / a consequence 王師果捷
102 5 chēng to call / to address 以廉幹稱
103 5 gōng a palace 宮宇深邃
104 5 machine 李紹宏俱參機要
105 5 four 莊宗登城四望
106 5 zhēng to prove / to confirm 從征張文禮於鎮州
107 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 誅梁氏
108 5 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 言王衍可圖之狀
109 5 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅梁氏
110 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降段凝
111 5 to sob 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
112 5 thing / matter 物議谘怨
113 5 huì to instruct / to teach 又與崇韜子廷誨謀
114 5 to leave behind 或以珍貨賂遺
115 5 to avoid / to shun 公欲避路
116 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 字安時
117 5 liù six 陛下親禦六軍
118 5 to criticize 物議谘怨
119 5 guī to go back / to return 歸鎮常山
120 4 yáng sun 才得汶陽尺寸之地
121 4 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 王師大恐
122 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 艱難戰伐
123 4 yáng Yang 汴人急攻楊劉城
124 4 to defend / to resist 陛下親禦六軍
125 4 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
126 4 residence / dwelling 居三日
127 4 guī silicon 即令中官馬彥珪馳入蜀視崇韜去就
128 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 莊宗登城四望
129 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 本利貨財
130 4 guān an office 雖群官側目
131 4 zhòng heavy 常處重難
132 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 求為外任
133 4 yòng to use / to apply 武皇用為典謁
134 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 從征張文禮於鎮州
135 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 舊人難製
136 4 xiào to be filial 汴將康延孝來奔
137 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 當舉其代
138 4 zhèng upright / straight 父宏正
139 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 當舉其代
140 4 bīng soldier / troops 臣但請留兵守鄴
141 4 to die 請陛下募敢死之士
142 4 huò goods / products / commodities 本利貨財
143 4 to prevail 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
144 4 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 彼既以大軍臨我南鄙
145 4 bǎi one hundred 樓觀百數
146 4 zhòng many / numerous 契丹引眾至新樂
147 4 shū book 臣不知書
148 4 zàn to praise 皆崇韜讚成其謀也
149 4 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 莊宗令中官向延嗣齎詔至蜀
150 4 lóu a storied building 今大內樓觀
151 4 míng bright / brilliant 明宗在鄆
152 4 Kangxi radical 177 宰相豆盧革在魏州
153 4 mìng life 偽命屯駐指揮使唐景思亦以城降
154 4 lǐng neck 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
155 4 gōng merit 儻不成功
156 4 to take / to get / to fetch 一無所取
157 4 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 權傾內外
158 4 天下 tiānxià China 天下必定
159 4 xiàn to offer / to present 謀猷獻納
160 4 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 俄拜侍中兼樞密使
161 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 臣不知書
162 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬當災饉
163 4 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 禍機之發
164 4 idea 正合吾意
165 4 níng to coagulate / to congeal 段凝阻絕津路
166 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 崇韜累典事務
167 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 以諭偽鳳州節度使王承捷
168 4 wàng to gaze / to look towards 莊宗登城四望
169 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多梁之舊將
170 4 宦官 huànguān an imperial official / a court eunuch 宦官阿意順旨
171 4 to think over / to consider 但慮汴人偵知
172 4 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 自陛下十五年起義圖霸
173 4 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 軍儲不給
174 4 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 若使偽主授首
175 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 舊人難製
176 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 張虔厚忠而獲罪
177 3 nán south 苟王師不南
178 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 崇韜再表辭鎮
179 3 a prostitute 宗弼選王衍之妓妾珍玩以奉崇韜
180 3 shì to look at / to see 視矛戟之端有光
181 3 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 亦有天命
182 3 an official institution / a state bureau 呂知柔為都統府紀綱
183 3 Yùn Yun 明宗在鄆
184 3 zhào an imperial decree 優詔不從
185 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 用為中門副使
186 3 wēi prestige / majesty 威振北地
187 3 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 吾聞火出兵刃
188 3 can / may / permissible 言王衍可圖之狀
189 3 precious 犀玉帶百
190 3 lái to come 徑來薄我
191 3 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 崇韜自以有大功
192 3 大內 Dà Nèi Main Imperial Palace 洛陽大內宏敞
193 3 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
194 3 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 奉使鳳翔稱旨
195 3 主上 zhǔshàng Your Majesty 吾佐主上
196 3 qián front 不能征比前古
197 3 wài outside 求為外任
198 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 誰為陛下守之
199 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 莊宗蹶然而興曰
200 3 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 及郊禮畢
201 3 gān dry 以廉幹稱
202 3 mèng first month 與孟知祥
203 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 天命不可違
204 3 power / force / strength 其忘疲勵力也如是
205 3 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 段凝阻絕津路
206 3 to beg / to request 且乞權停
207 3 shī to lose 失則為擄
208 3 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 冀州節度使
209 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
210 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 以助賞給
211 3 suì age 將來歲賦不充
212 3 shí real / true 實異等倫
213 3 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 或以珍貨賂遺
214 3 tǒng to unify 乃以繼岌為都統
215 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴全名節
216 3 jié festival / a special day 堅乞罷兼領節鉞
217 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 自是崇韜專典機務
218 3 yún cloud 幹雲蔽日
219 3 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 民流地削
220 3 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 洛陽大內宏敞
221 3 néng can / able 豈不能辦一樓
222 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充樞密使
223 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 臣謂段凝保據河壖
224 3 shēn human body / torso 崇韜身先督眾
225 3 hurried / worried 汴人急攻楊劉城
226 3 huá Chinese 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
227 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 莊宗即位於魏州
228 3 wide / broad 臣請於博州東岸立柵
229 3 Wèn Wen River 才得汶陽尺寸之地
230 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 莊宗憂之
231 3 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 王衍以成都降
232 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 令殺崇韜
233 3 to take / to receive / to accept 謀猷獻納
234 3 wèi position / location / place 餘備位將相
235 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方擇大將
236 3 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 言王衍可圖之狀
237 3 shǔ scorching / hot 不耐暑毒
238 3 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 晝夜不息
239 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 吾佐主上
240 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召諸將謀進取之策
241 3 tiān day 天祐十四年
242 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 請陛下募敢死之士
243 3 zhù to help / to assist 以助賞給
244 3 成敗 chéng bài success or failure 決則成敗未知
245 3 ministry / department 守兵部尚書
246 3 士族 shì zú land-owning class 士族朝倫
247 3 different / other 莊宗駭異其事
248 3 shēn deep 今晏然深宮
249 3 fèng to offer / to present 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
250 3 to stand 臣請於博州東岸立柵
251 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢保守
252 3 quán perfect 全倚總管鎮禦
253 3 apprentice / disciple 郭廷誨擁徒出入
254 3 liǎng two 興慶兩宮
255 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 其再讓汴州
256 3 zhì to place / to lay out 崇韜乃置內勾使
257 3 tīng to listen 不聽
258 3 班師 bānshī to withdraw troops from the front / to return in triumph 促班師
259 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜鐵券
260 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 臣聞作舍道邊
261 2 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 紹宏怏悵不已
262 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 以困我軍
263 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 珍貨山積
264 2 gěi to give 軍儲不給
265 2 even / equal / uniform 汴人將四道齊舉
266 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
267 2 jiǔ nine 廣殿九筵
268 2 dǎng political party 群黨窺陵
269 2 shì a city 但市書籍而已
270 2 宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner 宣徽使李紹宏請棄鄆州
271 2 shī moist / wet 行宮卑濕
272 2 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 三年不成
273 2 已定 yǐdìng already stable 是時天下已定
274 2 shòu to teach 若使偽主授首
275 2 wèn to ask 且問其故
276 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子如此
277 2 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 沙土散惡
278 2 road / path / way 公欲避路
279 2 清涼 qīngliáng cool / refreshing 恒若清涼
280 2 zhǐ to point 崇韜以馬箠指山險謂魏王曰
281 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 常處重難
282 2 báo thin / slight / weak 徑來薄我
283 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 功不可以不圖
284 2 shǔ to sign 署教練使
285 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 冀塞其心
286 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 今諸軍將校
287 2 fèng phoenix 必須先取鳳州
288 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 李存審收鎮州
289 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 甲胄生蟣虱
290 2 shǐ beginning / start 始顯殊庸
291 2 Germany 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
292 2 四十 sì shí forty 軍儲四十萬
293 2 a halberd 視矛戟之端有光
294 2 平等 píngděng be equal in social status 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
295 2 běi north 威振北地
296 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
297 2 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 舊僚有幹進者
298 2 to think / consider / to ponder 願陛下思艱難創業之際
299 2 夫人 fūren wife 魏國夫人劉氏有寵
300 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 朝廷興師十萬
301 2 cháo to face 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
302 2 珍玩 zhēnwán an expensive toy 宗弼選王衍之妓妾珍玩以奉崇韜
303 2 興聖宮 Xīngshèng Gōng Xingsheng Palace 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
304 2 zhí straight 直指大梁
305 2 secret / hidden / confidential 崇韜乃密奏請立魏國夫人為皇后
306 2 yàn late in the day 杜晏球率眾攻擊
307 2 zuò to sit 不決則坐見不濟
308 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 恐為人所傾奪
309 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 今大內樓觀
310 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 則柵壘成矣
311 2 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹引眾至新樂
312 2 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 貴太子也
313 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 俄拜侍中兼樞密使
314 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 乃謂諸子曰
315 2 妓樂 jìlè music 晝夜妓樂歡宴
316 2 xià summer 三年夏
317 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 縱耳目之玩
318 2 shǒu hand 神器在手
319 2 shuǐ water 便是神龍去水
320 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 皆吾君射鉤斬祛之人也
321 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 事勢危蹙
322 2 jiè to introduce / to lie between 介馬戰賊
323 2 deputy / assistant / vice- 用為中門副使
324 2 shì a generation 侍中世在雁門
325 2 dìng to decide 雖雲先定
326 2 wén writing / text 從征張文禮於鎮州
327 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 艱難戰伐
328 2 內外 nèiwài inside and outside 權傾內外
329 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 梁軍聞之退走
330 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 四面拒戰
331 2 sharp 犀玉帶百
332 2 five 五六月中
333 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 遁走必矣
334 2 戰陣 zhàn zhèn battle array 心在戰陣
335 2 hòu thick 張虔厚忠而獲罪
336 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 即奏澤潞監軍張居翰同掌樞密
337 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 其子廷說等曰
338 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 見本朝長安大內
339 2 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 算賊事機
340 2 yān to castrate 群閹其如餘何
341 2 平定 píngdìng to pacify 洛平定之後
342 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 其忘疲勵力也如是
343 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 皆吾君射鉤斬祛之人也
344 2 è evil / vice 沙土散惡
345 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 晝夜籌度
346 2 to give as a present / to present in both hands 令其子承班齎衍玩用直百萬
347 2 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 臣請於博州東岸立柵
348 2 jìn to be stingy 莊宗沉吟有靳惜之意
349 2 to rely on / to depend on 全倚總管鎮禦
350 2 níng Nanjing 他人寧表
351 2 必須 bìxū to have to / must 唐祚必須復
352 2 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣崇韜閱其府庫
353 2 chí to go quickly or swiftly 康延孝先馳書檄
354 2 寶貨 bǎohuò precious object / treasure 盡輦內藏之寶貨
355 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 各歸本司
356 2 事機 shìjī confidential aspects of a matter / secrets / key moment for action 崇韜臨事機警
357 2 jiè border / boundary 以河為界
358 2 tǎo to seek 進討蜀川
359 2 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
360 2 yōu excellent / superior 優詔不從
361 2 lún human relationships 士族朝倫
362 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 時明宗為諸道兵馬總管當行
363 2 興師 xīngshī to dispatch troops / to send an army / to mobilize forces 興師入不測之地
364 2 pǐn product / goods / thing 漸別流品
365 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨臥帳中
366 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 以為霸業終不能就
367 2 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 城垂陷
368 2 汾陽 Fényáng Fenyang 汾陽王代北人
369 2 cáng to hide 藏餘私室
370 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 崇韜悉獻家財
371 2 luò Luo
372 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 必盡忠規
373 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 如宰輔闕人
374 2 十八 shíbā eighteen 十八年
375 2 討伐 tǎofá to suppress by armed force 莊宗與崇韜議討伐之謀
376 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 尤宜深察
377 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洛平定之後
378 2 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs 充樞密使
379 2 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 決則成敗未知
380 2 cháng to taste 先人嘗雲去汾陽王四世
381 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 遣崇韜閱其府庫
382 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 又請罷樞密院事
383 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 皆雕楹畫栱
384 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 不擇良賤
385 2 zhī to support 軍糧才支數月
386 2 wǎn to pull 黎人困輸挽
387 2 to allow / to permit 許之
388 2 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 方擇大將
389 2 big / great / huge / large / major 十月十九日入大散關
390 2 Lu 宰相豆盧革在魏州
391 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 詎可便令果決
392 2 xiōng scared, nervous 群情恟恟
393 2 kāng Kang 汴將康延孝來奔
394 2 to store 珍貨山積
395 2 gòu to hook / to join / to connect 崇韜乃置內勾使
396 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 相之間
397 2 祖德 zǔ dé virtue of my ancestors 得非祖德歟
398 2 lǎn to look at / to watch / to view 既覽堅辭
399 2 常山 chángshān Changshan 歸鎮常山
400 2 é Russia 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
401 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
402 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 汴將康延孝來奔
403 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 令蜀人列狀見魏王
404 2 lín to face / to overlook 崇韜臨事機警
405 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
406 2 gòng a tribute / a gift 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
407 2 huán to circle / to encircle 崇韜令任圜
408 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘此驅攘
409 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 群情恟恟
410 2 富有 fùyǒu rich 餘富有天下
411 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此周身
412 2 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 即奏澤潞監軍張居翰同掌樞密
413 2 魏國 Wèiguó Wei State 魏國夫人劉氏有寵
414 2 record / register / list / census 家產籍沒
415 2 樂工 yuègōng a musician 樂工百
416 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 傍采浮譚
417 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 廣殿九筵
418 2 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture 鄆州安能保守
419 2 zhāo to beckon / to hail 其招懷製置
420 2 今日 jīnrì today 未能忘熱於今日也
421 2 xūn a meritorious deed 侍中勳業第一
422 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 況我新破汴寇
423 2 shěng province 會客省使李嚴使西川回
424 2 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 宣徽使李紹宏請棄鄆州
425 2 汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng 莊宗至汴州
426 2 night 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
427 2 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 藝色絕妓七十
428 2 hot 今年惡熱
429 2 wife 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
430 2 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
431 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 知祥懼
432 2 father 父宏正
433 2 中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China 況盡有中原乎
434 2 今年 jīnnián this year 不出今年
435 2 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 人言蜀中珠玉金銀
436 2 huái bosom / breast 不介聖懷
437 2 huàn government official 宦者曰
438 2 jiā to add 崇韜加檢校太保
439 2 jǐng sunlight 由是景進
440 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
441 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 乃留李紹宏及租庸使張憲守魏州
442 2 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 崇韜為招討使
443 2 dòu bean / pea 宰相豆盧革在魏州
444 2 jiǔ old 朕以卿久司樞要
445 2 yuàn park / garden 即令宮苑使經營之
446 2 tōng to go through / to open 以固通津
447 2 shì power / authority 敵勢滋蔓
448 2 保守 bǎoshǒu conservative 鄆州安能保守
449 2 to associate with / be near 不能征比前古
450 2 to urge on / to drive 乘此驅攘
451 2 雁門 yànmén Yanmen 代州雁門人也
452 2 zhèn to flap 威振北地
453 2 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 鄆州安能保守
454 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 然宦官造謗不已
455 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 自是崇韜專典機務
456 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能忘熱於今日也
457 2 dài to carry / to bring 犀玉帶百
458 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 會客省使李嚴使西川回
459 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐祚必須復
460 2 huáng royal / imperial 武皇用為典謁
461 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 苟前鋒小衄
462 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 皇后乃自為教與繼岌
463 2 營造 yíngzào to build / to construct / to make 王允平等竟加營造
464 2 to cut down 艱難戰伐
465 2 xìn to believe / to trust 如信厚善謀
466 2 to visit 武皇用為典謁
467 2 guāng light 視矛戟之端有光
468 2 qiú to request 求為外任
469 2 nasal mucus 泣涕憤鬱
470 2 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 靡所不從
471 2 anger / rage / fury 魏王甚怒
472 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 時明宗為諸道兵馬總管當行
473 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右視之
474 2 Wu 中門使吳珙
475 2 未決 wèijué as yet undecided / unsolved / still outstanding 莊宗猶豫未決
476 1 應運 yìngyùn to conform with destiny / as the occasion demands 帝王應運
477 1 niǎn a hand-cart 盡輦內藏之寶貨
478 1 to draft 貴擬王者
479 1 負心 fùxīn ungrateful / heartless / to fail to be loyal to one's love 安得為此負心事
480 1 shé snake 乃蛇也
481 1 to go / to visit / to attend 決取十二日發成都赴闕
482 1 援引 yuányǐn to quote / to cite 援引薄徒
483 1 明年 míngnián next year 明年
484 1 版築 bǎn zhù rammed earth 渡河版築
485 1 a period of time / phase / stage 故歸期稍緩
486 1 chuí a horse whip 崇韜以馬箠指山險謂魏王曰
487 1 a government official / a magistrate 將吏輻輳
488 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 不唯疏斥閹寺
489 1 事務 shìwù affairs / work 崇韜累典事務
490 1 fèn indignant 泣涕憤鬱
491 1 家口 jiākǒu family members 家口並還魏州
492 1 to urge / to press / to hurry 促班師
493 1 zhào million / mega 破賊之兆也
494 1 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 渡河版築
495 1 yòu immature / young 廷讓各有幼子一人
496 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 士人諂奉
497 1 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 因解楊劉之圍
498 1 名流 míngliú a celebrity / a public figure 慮名流嗤餘故也
499 1 納涼 nàliáng to enjoy the cool air 今官家納涼無可禦者
500 1 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 郭廷誨擁徒出入

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 95 zhī him / her / them / that 尤器重之
2 71 chóng high / dignified / lofty 郭崇韜
3 70 tāo a bow case / a scabbard / a military strategy 郭崇韜
4 42 so as to / in order to 以廉幹稱
5 41 yuē to speak / to say 莊宗謂知祥曰
6 36 wáng Wang 王師大恐
7 34 wèi for / to 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
8 31 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗嗣位
9 29 his / hers / its / theirs 當舉其代
10 22 in / at 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
11 22 not / no 焉往不捷
12 22 shǔ Sichuan 進討蜀川
13 21 rén person / people / a human being 代州雁門人也
14 20 jūn army / military 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
15 18 perilous / lofty 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
16 18 also / too 代州雁門人也
17 17 yǒu is / are / to exist 亦有天命
18 17 to inherit 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
19 17 wèi Wei Dynasty 諸將鹹請退還魏州
20 17 shì matter / thing / item 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
21 16 使 shǐ to make / to cause 署教練使
22 16 qǐng to ask / to inquire 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
23 15 zhī to know 與孟知祥
24 15 zhōng middle 用為中門副使
25 14 zhì to / until 契丹引眾至新樂
26 14 zhōu a state / a province 從征張文禮於鎮州
27 13 zài in / at 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
28 13 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令崇韜權行中書事
29 13 wèi to call 莊宗謂知祥曰
30 13 shì is / are / am / to be 先是
31 13 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 諸將鹹請退還魏州
32 12 qīng minister / high officer 不及舊時長安卿相之家
33 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 靡所不從
34 12 Li 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
35 12 otherwise / but / however 則柵壘成矣
36 12 Biàn Bian River 況我新破汴寇
37 12 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今纂崇大號
38 12 naturally / of course / certainly 自是崇韜專典機務
39 12 no 一無所取
40 12 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 父宏正
41 12 zòu to present / to offer 崇韜奏請出內庫之財以助
42 11 tíng court / royal court 其子廷說等曰
43 11 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
44 11 and 與孟知祥
45 11 to reach 乃留李紹宏及租庸使張憲守魏州
46 11 again / more / repeatedly 無復相見
47 11 day of the month / a certain day 日以挑戰
48 11 a river / a stream 以河為界
49 10 cóng from 從征張文禮於鎮州
50 10 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 汴將康延孝來奔
51 10 chén minister / statesman / official 臣請於博州東岸立柵
52 10 shào to continue / to carry on 李紹宏俱參機要
53 10 certainly / must / will / necessarily 遁走必矣
54 10 chéng a city / a town 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
55 9 móu to plan / to scheme 召諸將謀進取之策
56 9 wèi Eighth earthly branch 賊軍未至
57 9 shí time / a point or period of time 字安時
58 9 xiáng good luck / blessing 與孟知祥
59 9 zōng school / sect 明宗在鄆
60 9 de potential marker 才得汶陽尺寸之地
61 9 I 吾聞火出兵刃
62 9 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 雌雄必決
63 9 陛下 bì xià your majesty 請陛下募敢死之士
64 8 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 宦者曰
65 8 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆崇韜讚成其謀也
66 8 zhèn town 克修鎮昭義
67 8 liáng a bridge 衛州陷於梁
68 8 nèi inside / interior 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
69 8 quán authority / power 令崇韜權行中書事
70 8 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 張虔厚忠而獲罪
71 8 yán to speak / to say / said 請以時事言之
72 8 yòu again / also 又聞精兵盡在段凝麾下
73 8 nián year 天祐十四年
74 8 皇后 huánghòu empress 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
75 8 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公欲避路
76 8 yàn elegant / handsome 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
77 8 such as / for example / for instance 如三四日間
78 7 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群情恟恟
79 7 jiā house / home / residence 為雪家讎國恥
80 7 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
81 7 extra / surplus / remainder 餘備位將相
82 7 liú Liu 汴人急攻楊劉城
83 7 sān three 如三四日間
84 7 to bribe 或以珍貨賂遺
85 7 horse 介馬戰賊
86 7 xiān first 先是
87 7 xíng to walk / to move 行計決矣
88 7 proper / suitable / appropriate 尤宜深察
89 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 不謀同辭
90 7 this / these 乘此驅攘
91 7 hair 崇韜將發
92 7 wàn ten thousand 祿賜巨萬
93 7 wén to hear 吾聞火出兵刃
94 7 I / me / my 況我新破汴寇
95 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 則柵壘成矣
96 7 to calculate / to compute / to count 計無所出
97 6 shōu to receive / to accept 李存審收鎮州
98 6 to ferry 且事之濟否
99 6 西 The West 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
100 6 already / since 彼既以大軍臨我南鄙
101 6 xīn heart 心在戰陣
102 6 jiù old / ancient 多梁之舊將
103 6 děng et cetera / and so on 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
104 6 guō Guo 郭崇韜
105 6 jiàn to see 不決則坐見不濟
106 6 shī teacher 王師果捷
107 6 soil / ground / land 威振北地
108 6 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當舉其代
109 6 to attack by surprise 李從襲
110 6 zhū all / many / various 諸將鹹請退還魏州
111 6 shàng top / a high position 朕頃在河上
112 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
113 6 gǒu in a sordid way 苟前鋒小衄
114 6 dào way / road / path 汴人將四道齊舉
115 6 child / son 其子廷說等曰
116 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為霸業終不能就
117 6 desire 公欲避路
118 6 rán correct / right / certainly 內外翕然稱之
119 6 zhèn I / we 朕頃在河上
120 6 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張虔厚忠而獲罪
121 6 to enter 興師入不測之地
122 6 kòu bandit / thieve 況我新破汴寇
123 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 堅拒其請
124 6 fēi not / non- / un- 非敦鄰好
125 6 píng flat / level / smooth 日望蕩平
126 6 suī although / even though 雖層台百尺
127 6 zéi thief 賊軍未至
128 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 且問其故
129 6 to aid / to assist / to help 及六軍使王宗弼歸款
130 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 況盡有中原乎
131 5 jìn to enter 進封趙郡公
132 5 one 一無所取
133 5 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
134 5 cái just now 才得汶陽尺寸之地
135 5 chuān Sichuan 會客省使李嚴使西川回
136 5 final particle 遁走必矣
137 5 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 陛下擇帥
138 5 jié quick / nimble / prompt 焉往不捷
139 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
140 5 tóng like / same / similar 不謀同辭
141 5 also / too 亦有天命
142 5 shǔ to count 樓觀百數
143 5 to go 便是神龍去水
144 5 guǒ a result / a consequence 王師果捷
145 5 chēng to call / to address 以廉幹稱
146 5 chū to go out / to leave 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
147 5 gōng a palace 宮宇深邃
148 5 machine 李紹宏俱參機要
149 5 four 莊宗登城四望
150 5 zhēng to prove / to confirm 從征張文禮於鎮州
151 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 誅梁氏
152 5 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 言王衍可圖之狀
153 5 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅梁氏
154 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降段凝
155 5 to sob 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
156 5 thing / matter 物議谘怨
157 5 dōu all 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
158 5 huì to instruct / to teach 又與崇韜子廷誨謀
159 5 to leave behind 或以珍貨賂遺
160 5 to avoid / to shun 公欲避路
161 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 字安時
162 5 liù six 陛下親禦六軍
163 5 jiān simultaneously 俄拜侍中兼樞密使
164 5 to criticize 物議谘怨
165 5 guī to go back / to return 歸鎮常山
166 4 yáng sun 才得汶陽尺寸之地
167 4 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 王師大恐
168 4 self 以逞己欲
169 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 艱難戰伐
170 4 yáng Yang 汴人急攻楊劉城
171 4 to defend / to resist 陛下親禦六軍
172 4 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
173 4 residence / dwelling 居三日
174 4 míng measure word for people 是有辭避之名
175 4 guī silicon 即令中官馬彥珪馳入蜀視崇韜去就
176 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 莊宗登城四望
177 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 本利貨財
178 4 dàn but / yet / however 但市書籍而已
179 4 guān an office 雖群官側目
180 4 zhòng heavy 常處重難
181 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 求為外任
182 4 yòng to use / to apply 武皇用為典謁
183 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 從征張文禮於鎮州
184 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 舊人難製
185 4 xiào to be filial 汴將康延孝來奔
186 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 當舉其代
187 4 zhèng upright / straight 父宏正
188 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 當舉其代
189 4 bīng soldier / troops 臣但請留兵守鄴
190 4 to die 請陛下募敢死之士
191 4 huò goods / products / commodities 本利貨財
192 4 to prevail 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
193 4 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若使偽主授首
194 4 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 彼既以大軍臨我南鄙
195 4 bǎi one hundred 樓觀百數
196 4 zhòng many / numerous 契丹引眾至新樂
197 4 shū book 臣不知書
198 4 zàn to praise 皆崇韜讚成其謀也
199 4 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 莊宗令中官向延嗣齎詔至蜀
200 4 lóu a storied building 今大內樓觀
201 4 míng bright / brilliant 明宗在鄆
202 4 Kangxi radical 177 宰相豆盧革在魏州
203 4 mìng life 偽命屯駐指揮使唐景思亦以城降
204 4 lǐng neck 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
205 4 gōng merit 儻不成功
206 4 to take / to get / to fetch 一無所取
207 4 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況我新破汴寇
208 4 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 權傾內外
209 4 天下 tiānxià China 天下必定
210 4 xiàn to offer / to present 謀猷獻納
211 4 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 俄拜侍中兼樞密使
212 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 臣不知書
213 4 hái also / in addition / more 家口並還魏州
214 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬當災饉
215 4 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 禍機之發
216 4 idea 正合吾意
217 4 huò or / either / else 或以珍貨賂遺
218 4 níng to coagulate / to congeal 段凝阻絕津路
219 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 崇韜累典事務
220 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 以諭偽鳳州節度使王承捷
221 4 wàng to gaze / to look towards 莊宗登城四望
222 4 duàn paragraph / section / segment 段凝阻絕津路
223 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多梁之舊將
224 4 宦官 huànguān an imperial official / a court eunuch 宦官阿意順旨
225 4 to think over / to consider 但慮汴人偵知
226 4 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 自陛下十五年起義圖霸
227 4 promptly / right away / immediately 有急即應
228 4 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 軍儲不給
229 4 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 若使偽主授首
230 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 舊人難製
231 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 張虔厚忠而獲罪
232 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 崇韜於葭葦間據胡床假寢
233 3 nán south 苟王師不南
234 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 崇韜再表辭鎮
235 3 a prostitute 宗弼選王衍之妓妾珍玩以奉崇韜
236 3 shì to look at / to see 視矛戟之端有光
237 3 由是 yóushì because of 由是景進
238 3 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 亦有天命
239 3 what / where / which 何也
240 3 an official institution / a state bureau 呂知柔為都統府紀綱
241 3 Yùn Yun 明宗在鄆
242 3 zhào an imperial decree 優詔不從
243 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 家口並還魏州
244 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 用為中門副使
245 3 wēi prestige / majesty 威振北地
246 3 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 吾聞火出兵刃
247 3 can / may / permissible 言王衍可圖之狀
248 3 precious 犀玉帶百
249 3 lái to come 徑來薄我
250 3 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 相之間
251 3 xià next 今岐下飛挽
252 3 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 崇韜自以有大功
253 3 大內 Dà Nèi Main Imperial Palace 洛陽大內宏敞
254 3 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
255 3 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 奉使鳳翔稱旨
256 3 主上 zhǔshàng Your Majesty 吾佐主上
257 3 qián front 不能征比前古
258 3 wài outside 求為外任
259 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 誰為陛下守之
260 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 莊宗蹶然而興曰
261 3 yān where / how 焉往不捷
262 3 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 及郊禮畢
263 3 gān dry 以廉幹稱
264 3 mèng first month 與孟知祥
265 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 天命不可違
266 3 power / force / strength 其忘疲勵力也如是
267 3 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 段凝阻絕津路
268 3 to beg / to request 且乞權停
269 3 already / afterwards 已入此中
270 3 bié do not / must not 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
271 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 莊宗常擇高樓避暑
272 3 shī to lose 失則為擄
273 3 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 冀州節度使
274 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 崇韜初為李克修帳下親信
275 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 以助賞給
276 3 suì age 將來歲賦不充
277 3 shí real / true 實異等倫
278 3 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 或以珍貨賂遺
279 3 tǒng to unify 乃以繼岌為都統
280 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴全名節
281 3 jié festival / a special day 堅乞罷兼領節鉞
282 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 自是崇韜專典機務
283 3 yún cloud 幹雲蔽日
284 3 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 民流地削
285 3 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 洛陽大內宏敞
286 3 néng can / able 豈不能辦一樓
287 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充樞密使
288 3 yīng should / ought 有急即應
289 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 臣謂段凝保據河壖
290 3 shēn human body / torso 崇韜身先督眾
291 3 而已 éryǐ that is all 但市書籍而已
292 3 hurried / worried 汴人急攻楊劉城
293 3 huá Chinese 妻矞華公主泣請於貞簡太后
294 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 莊宗即位於魏州
295 3 shàng still / yet / to value 鬼神尚幽
296 3 wide / broad 臣請於博州東岸立柵
297 3 Wèn Wen River 才得汶陽尺寸之地
298 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 莊宗憂之
299 3 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 崇韜再表辭鎮
300 3 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 王衍以成都降
301 3 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 塞其讒慝之口
302 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 令殺崇韜
303 3 to take / to receive / to accept 謀猷獻納
304 3 wèi position / location / place 餘備位將相
305 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方擇大將
306 3 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 言王衍可圖之狀
307 3 shǔ scorching / hot 不耐暑毒
308 3 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 晝夜不息
309 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 吾佐主上
310 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召諸將謀進取之策
311 3 tiān day 天祐十四年
312 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 請陛下募敢死之士
313 3 zhù to help / to assist 以助賞給
314 3 成敗 chéng bài success or failure 決則成敗未知
315 3 ministry / department 守兵部尚書
316 3 士族 shì zú land-owning class 士族朝倫
317 3 qiě moreover / also 且事之濟否
318 3 different / other 莊宗駭異其事
319 3 shēn deep 今晏然深宮
320 3 fèng to offer / to present 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
321 3 to stand 臣請於博州東岸立柵
322 3 yīn because 知祥因舉崇韜
323 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢保守
324 3 quán perfect 全倚總管鎮禦
325 3 apprentice / disciple 郭廷誨擁徒出入
326 3 liǎng two 興慶兩宮
327 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 其再讓汴州
328 3 zhì to place / to lay out 崇韜乃置內勾使
329 3 tīng to listen 不聽
330 3 班師 bānshī to withdraw troops from the front / to return in triumph 促班師
331 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜鐵券
332 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 臣聞作舍道邊
333 2 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 紹宏怏悵不已
334 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 以困我軍
335 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 珍貨山積
336 2 gěi to give 軍儲不給
337 2 even / equal / uniform 汴人將四道齊舉
338 2 wěi yes 都統府唯大將省謁
339 2 according to 崇韜於葭葦間據胡床假寢
340 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
341 2 jiǔ nine 廣殿九筵
342 2 kuǎn section / paragraph / clause 及六軍使王宗弼歸款
343 2 dǎng political party 群黨窺陵
344 2 shì a city 但市書籍而已
345 2 宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner 宣徽使李紹宏請棄鄆州
346 2 shī moist / wet 行宮卑濕
347 2 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 三年不成
348 2 已定 yǐdìng already stable 是時天下已定
349 2 shòu to teach 若使偽主授首
350 2 wèn to ask 且問其故
351 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子如此
352 2 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 沙土散惡
353 2 road / path / way 公欲避路
354 2 清涼 qīngliáng cool / refreshing 恒若清涼
355 2 zhǐ to point 崇韜以馬箠指山險謂魏王曰
356 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是三上章堅辭樞密之位
357 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 常處重難
358 2 báo thin / slight / weak 徑來薄我
359 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 功不可以不圖
360 2 shǔ to sign 署教練使
361 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 冀塞其心
362 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 今諸軍將校
363 2 fèng phoenix 必須先取鳳州
364 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 李存審收鎮州
365 2 expresses question or doubt 況盡有中原乎
366 2 he / him 他財稱是
367 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 甲胄生蟣虱
368 2 shǐ beginning / start 始顯殊庸
369 2 each 各歸本司
370 2 Germany 俄而王彥章陷德勝南城
371 2 四十 sì shí forty 軍儲四十萬
372 2 a halberd 視矛戟之端有光
373 2 平等 píngděng be equal in social status 王允平等於諸道采擇宮人
374 2 běi north 威振北地
375 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 崇韜率毛璋等萬人夜趨博州
376 2 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 舊僚有幹進者
377 2 to think / consider / to ponder 願陛下思艱難創業之際
378 2 夫人 fūren wife 魏國夫人劉氏有寵
379 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 朝廷興師十萬
380 2 cháo to face 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
381 2 珍玩 zhēnwán an expensive toy 宗弼選王衍之妓妾珍玩以奉崇韜
382 2 興聖宮 Xīngshèng Gōng Xingsheng Palace 莊宗送劉皇后與興聖宮使繼岌至朝城西野亭泣別
383 2 zhí straight 直指大梁
384 2 secret / hidden / confidential 崇韜乃密奏請立魏國夫人為皇后
385 2 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 朕頃在河上
386 2 yàn late in the day 杜晏球率眾攻擊
387 2 zuò to sit 不決則坐見不濟
388 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 恐為人所傾奪
389 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 今大內樓觀
390 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 則柵壘成矣
391 2 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹引眾至新樂
392 2 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 貴太子也
393 2 安得 ānde how can it be? 安得為此負心事
394 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 俄拜侍中兼樞密使
395 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 乃謂諸子曰
396 2 妓樂 jìlè music 晝夜妓樂歡宴
397 2 xià summer 三年夏
398 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 縱耳目之玩
399 2 shǒu hand 神器在手
400 2 shuǐ water 便是神龍去水
401 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 皆吾君射鉤斬祛之人也
402 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 事勢危蹙
403 2 jiè to introduce / to lie between 介馬戰賊
404 2 deputy / assistant / vice- 用為中門副使
405 2 shì a generation 侍中世在雁門
406 2 dìng to decide 雖雲先定
407 2 wén writing / text 從征張文禮於鎮州
408 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 艱難戰伐
409 2 內外 nèiwài inside and outside 權傾內外
410 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 梁軍聞之退走
411 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 四面拒戰
412 2 sharp 犀玉帶百
413 2 five 五六月中
414 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 遁走必矣
415 2 戰陣 zhàn zhèn battle array 心在戰陣
416 2 fǒu to negate / to deny 且事之濟否
417 2 hòu thick 張虔厚忠而獲罪
418 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 即奏澤潞監軍張居翰同掌樞密
419 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 其子廷說等曰
420 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 見本朝長安大內
421 2 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 算賊事機
422 2 méi not have 家產籍沒
423 2 yān to castrate 群閹其如餘何
424 2 平定 píngdìng to pacify 洛平定之後
425 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 其忘疲勵力也如是
426 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 皆吾君射鉤斬祛之人也
427 2 è evil / vice 沙土散惡
428 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 晝夜籌度
429 2 to give as a present / to present in both hands 令其子承班齎衍玩用直百萬
430 2 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 臣請於博州東岸立柵
431 2 jìn to be stingy 莊宗沉吟有靳惜之意
432 2 to rely on / to depend on 全倚總管鎮禦
433 2 níng Nanjing 他人寧表
434 2 必須 bìxū to have to / must 唐祚必須復
435 2 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣崇韜閱其府庫
436 2 chí to go quickly or swiftly 康延孝先馳書檄
437 2 寶貨 bǎohuò precious object / treasure 盡輦內藏之寶貨
438 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 各歸本司
439 2 事機 shìjī confidential aspects of a matter / secrets / key moment for action 崇韜臨事機警
440 2 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 莊宗漸務華侈
441 2 jiè border / boundary 以河為界
442 2 tǎo to seek 進討蜀川
443 2 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
444 2 yōu excellent / superior 優詔不從
445 2 lún human relationships 士族朝倫
446 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 時明宗為諸道兵馬總管當行
447 2 興師 xīngshī to dispatch troops / to send an army / to mobilize forces 興師入不測之地
448 2 pǐn product / goods / thing 漸別流品
449 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨臥帳中
450 2 即令 jílìng even if / even though 即令宮苑使經營之
451 2 俄而 éér very soon / before long 俄而紹宏出典幽州留事
452 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 以為霸業終不能就
453 2 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 城垂陷
454 2 汾陽 Fényáng Fenyang 汾陽王代北人
455 2 necessary / must 今須一決
456 2 cáng to hide 藏餘私室
457 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 崇韜悉獻家財
458 2 luò Luo
459 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 必盡忠規
460 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 如宰輔闕人
461 2 不濟 bùjì not good / of no use 不決則坐見不濟
462 2 十八 shíbā eighteen 十八年
463 2 討伐 tǎofá to suppress by armed force 莊宗與崇韜議討伐之謀
464 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 尤宜深察
465 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洛平定之後
466 2 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs 充樞密使
467 2 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 決則成敗未知
468 2 cháng to taste 先人嘗雲去汾陽王四世
469 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 遣崇韜閱其府庫
470 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 又請罷樞密院事
471 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 皆雕楹畫栱
472 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 不擇良賤
473 2 a time 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
474 2 zhī to support 軍糧才支數月
475 2 wǎn to pull 黎人困輸挽
476 2 to allow / to permit 許之
477 2 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 方擇大將
478 2 big / great / huge / large / major 十月十九日入大散關
479 2 Lu 宰相豆盧革在魏州
480 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 詎可便令果決
481 2 xiōng scared, nervous 群情恟恟
482 2 kāng Kang 汴將康延孝來奔
483 2 to store 珍貨山積
484 2 gòu to hook / to join / to connect 崇韜乃置內勾使
485 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 相之間
486 2 祖德 zǔ dé virtue of my ancestors 得非祖德歟
487 2 lǎn to look at / to watch / to view 既覽堅辭
488 2 常山 chángshān Changshan 歸鎮常山
489 2 é Russia 俄報莊宗領親軍次西岸
490 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 乃署知祥為太原軍在城都虞候
491 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 汴將康延孝來奔
492 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 令蜀人列狀見魏王
493 2 lín to face / to overlook 崇韜臨事機警
494 2 according to 所宜依允
495 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
496 2 gòng a tribute / a gift 時近臣勸莊宗以貢奉物為內庫
497 2 huán to circle / to encircle 崇韜令任圜
498 2 為此 wèicǐ for this reason / with regards to this / in this respect 安得為此負心事
499 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘此驅攘
500 2 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 名馬千匹

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿保机 阿保機 Ābǎojī Abaoji / Emperor Taizu of Liao
巴蜀 Bāshǔ
  1. Bashu
  2. Bashu
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng
册府元龟 冊府元龜 cè fǔ yuán guī Prime tortoise of the record bureau
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
常山 chángshān Changshan
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
大内 大內 Dà Nèi Main Imperial Palace
大宝 大寶 dàbǎo mahāratna / a precious jewel
代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture
大明 dàmíng
  1. the sun
  2. the moon
  3. Da Ming
  4. Da Ming reign
  5. Ming dynasty
东岸 東岸 dōng àn East Bank / East Coast
范蠡 fànlí Fan Li
凤翔 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang
汾阳 汾陽 Fényáng Fenyang
宫人 宮人 gōng rén
  1. imperial concubine / palace maid
  2. imperial secretary
华阴 華陰 huàyīn Huayin
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
Lu River
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
南城 nánchéng Nancheng
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
圣上 聖上 shèngshàng courtier's or minister's form of address for the current Emperor
神龙 神龍 shénlóng Shenlong
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
枢密使 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs
泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
天津 Tiānjīn Tianjin
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
通河 tōnghé Tonghe
Wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏国 魏國 Wèiguó
  1. Wei State
  2. Wei State / Cao Wei
Wèn Wen River
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
兴平 興平 xīngpíng Xingping
兴圣宫 興聖宮 Xīngshèng Gōng Xingsheng Palace
新乐 新樂 xīnlè Xinle
西平 Xīpíng Xiping
宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner
雁门 雁門 yànmén Yanmen
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
Yùn Yun
郓州 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
招讨使 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
庄宗 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English