Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《樗里子甘茂列傳》 Biographies of Shu Lizi and Gan Mao

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 86 qín Shaanxi 秦惠王之弟也
2 72 yuē to speak / to say 游騰為周說楚王曰
3 64 gān sweet 樗里子甘茂列傳
4 50 mào thick / lush / dense 樗里子甘茂列傳
5 41 wáng Wang 且秦王將觀公之事
6 37 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公之攻蒲
7 34 chǔ state of Chu 助魏章攻楚
8 34 Hán Korea / South Korea 韓女也
9 27 chū Simaroubaceae / Tree-of-heaven 樗里子甘茂列傳
10 27 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使將而伐曲沃
11 25 里子 lǐzǐ lining / (fig.) substance (as opposed to outward appearance) 樗里子甘茂列傳
12 25 wèi Wei Dynasty 助魏章攻楚
13 25 chén minister / statesman / official 臣試為公入言之
14 22 shòu old age / long life 而令向壽輔行
15 21 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今秦
16 19 luó Luo 甘茂有孫曰甘羅
17 19 yān Yan 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
18 18 rén person / people / a human being 秦人號曰
19 18 to cut down 使將而伐曲沃
20 18 zhào Zhao 使樗里子為將伐趙
21 17 hóu marquis / lord 蜀侯煇
22 15 type of rush 樗里子將伐蒲
23 14 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請胡衍
24 14 xìn to believe / to trust 夫以曾參之賢與其母信之也
25 14 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 號為嚴君
26 13 to enter 地入秦
27 12 xíng to walk / to move 而令向壽輔行
28 12 shì matter / thing / item 且秦王將觀公之事
29 12 zhòng middle brother 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
30 12 desire 寡人欲容車通三川
31 12 gōng to attack / to assault 助魏章攻楚
32 11 even / equal / uniform 甘茂欲以魏取齊
33 11 wén writing / text 文侯示之謗書一篋
34 11 qīng minister / high officer 即賜之上卿
35 10 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 昭王立
36 10 wèi to call 胡衍為蒲謂樗里子曰
37 10 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使樗里子以車百乘入周
38 10 child / son 請必言子於衛君
39 10 qiáng strong / powerful 彊弩在後
40 10 shì red 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
41 10 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
42 9 yán to speak / to say / said 臣試為公入言之
43 9 soil / ground / land 地入秦
44 9 cài Cai 齊桓公伐蔡
45 9 wén to hear 楚聞秦之貴向壽
46 9 to die 秦惠王卒
47 9 曾參 Zēng Shēn Zeng Shen 昔曾參之處費
48 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 名曰衛疾
49 8 宜陽 yíyáng Yiyang 拔宜陽
50 8 惠王 Huì Wáng King Hui of Zhou 秦惠王之弟也
51 8 nián year 秦惠王八年
52 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 虎狼之國
53 8 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 王之信臣又不如曾參之母信曾參也
54 8 Táng Tang Dynasty 秦使張唐往相燕
55 8 mother
56 8 to take / to get / to fetch 取其城
57 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 為魏則善矣
58 7 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 韓公仲使蘇代謂向壽曰
59 7 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 還擊皮氏
60 7 sān three 秦武王三年
61 7 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 太子武王立
62 7 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願以請
63 7 to go 於是遂解蒲而去
64 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 仇猶遂亡
65 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 衍能令釋蒲勿攻
66 7 chē a vehicle 使樗里子以車百乘入周
67 7 a man / a male adult 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
68 7 wáng to die 仇猶遂亡
69 6 to stand 太子武王立
70 6 bīng soldier / troops 因隨之以兵
71 6 one 一人又告之曰
72 6 female / feminine 韓女也
73 6 西 The West 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
74 6 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 游騰為周說楚王曰
75 6 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 楚王怒
76 6 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 請胡衍
77 6 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 周以卒迎之
78 6 gōng merit 盡以為子功
79 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔藺
80 6 Soviet Union 韓公仲使蘇代謂向壽曰
81 5 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
82 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 助魏章攻楚
83 5 guī to go back / to return 子歸
84 5 beard / mustache 請胡衍
85 5 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人欲容車通三川
86 5 gain / advantage / benefit 害秦而利魏
87 5 zài in / at 長樂宮在其東
88 5 張儀 zhāng yí Zhang Yi 逐張儀
89 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 故胡衍受金於蒲以自貴於衛
90 5 yuàn to blame / to complain 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
91 5 chéng a city / a town 取其城
92 5 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯救
93 5 zhòng heavy 以其重秦客
94 4 tīng to listen 魏聽臣矣
95 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大縣也
96 4 殺人 shārén to murder 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
97 4 shǐ beginning / start 始張儀西并巴蜀之地
98 4 fēng to seal / to close off 秦封樗里子
99 4 jiù to save / to rescue 楚懷王怨前秦敗楚於丹陽而韓不救
100 4 xián virtuous / worthy 夫以曾參之賢與其母信之也
101 4 to give / to bestow favors 即賜之上卿
102 4 xián liesure 欲與燕共伐趙以廣河閒之地
103 4 gào to tell / to say / said / told 以告王
104 4 廣河 guǎnghé Guanghe 欲與燕共伐趙以廣河閒之地
105 4 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 樗里子滑稽多智
106 4 to join / to combine 秦楚合
107 4 nán south 南取上庸
108 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 盡以為子功
109 4 disease / sickness / ailment 名疾
110 4 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
111 4 yòng to use / to apply 且王前嘗用召滑於越
112 4 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 武遂終不可得也
113 4 shōu to receive / to accept 公仲收國復事秦
114 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard
115 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 蒲守恐
116 4 qiú to request 樗里子而求見秦惠王
117 4 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 甘茂為左右丞相
118 4 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 公孫奭果爭之
119 4 can / may / permissible 曰秦韓之交可合也
120 4 zhī to know 知伯之伐仇猶
121 4 bǎi one hundred 使樗里子以車百乘入周
122 3 Germany 以德衛君
123 3 dōng east 葬于渭南章臺之東
124 3 dǎng political party 公孫奭黨於韓
125 3 zhì to place / to lay out 使彼來則置之鬼谷
126 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 為秦則不為賴矣
127 3 to die 而寡人死不朽矣
128 3 jiàn to see 樗里子而求見秦惠王
129 3 相向 xiāngxiàng to face one another / face-to-face 王必相向壽於秦
130 3 suì age 後百歲
131 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 相壯反
132 3 valley / gorge / ravine 自殽塞及至鬼谷
133 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 昔曾參之處費
134 3 bào newspaper 請為張唐先報趙
135 3 a river / a stream 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
136 3 sūn Sun 甘茂有孫曰甘羅
137 3 skin / hide / fur / feather 還擊皮氏
138 3 燕太子丹 yāntàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan 燕太子丹已入質矣
139 3 shī teacher 秦師不下殽
140 3 武安 wǔān Wu'an 卿之功孰與武安君
141 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 事下蔡史舉先生
142 3 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 太子武王立
143 3 zhì matter / material / substance 三年而燕王喜使太子丹入質於秦
144 3 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 其母懼焉
145 3 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 知伯之伐仇猶
146 3 xiān first 韓氏必先以國從公孫奭而後委國於甘茂
147 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 公仲方有得秦救
148 3 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
149 3 yáng sheep / goat 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
150 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 甘茂不往
151 3 seven 昭王七年
152 3 martial / military 甘茂許公仲以武遂
153 3 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 柰何
154 3 之外 zhīwài outside / excluding 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
155 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 事成
156 3 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 王母宣太后
157 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
158 3 之上 zhīshàng above 即賜之上卿
159 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 孰與文信侯專
160 3 yáo mixed up / confused 秦師不下殽
161 2 yōng harmony 乃以兵圍韓雍氏
162 2 rǎng soil / earth 王迎甘茂於息壤
163 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 王必罪公
164 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 西河之外必危矣
165 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 樗里子滑稽多智
166 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 越國亂
167 2 past / former times 昔曾參之處費
168 2 grave / tomb 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
169 2 zhù the shuttle of a loom 其母投杼下機
170 2 明知 míngzhī to be fully aware of / to know perfectly well 其地形險易皆明知之
171 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 寡人欲容車通三川
172 2 to allow / to permit 甘茂許公仲以武遂
173 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 使樗里子以車百乘入周
174 2 自若 zìruò to be self composed 其母織自若也
175 2 xiǎn dangerous 今王倍數險
176 2 chóu to collate / to proofread 公之讎也
177 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯皆聞之
178 2 dìng to decide 而佐魏章略定漢中地
179 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 名曰衛疾
180 2 inside / interior 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
181 2 shì room / bedroom 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
182 2 cháng to taste 且王前嘗用召滑於越
183 2 inside / interior 得唐者與百里之地
184 2 kuài fast / quick 文信侯不快
185 2 to calculate / to compute / to count 計王之功所以能如此者
186 2 marsh / swamp 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
187 2 shí knowledge / understanding 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
188 2 qián front 故使長戟居前
189 2 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 年少耳
190 2 餘光 yú guāng (out of) the corner of one's eyes / peripheral vision / residual light / light of the setting sun 子可分我餘光
191 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 號曰誅楚
192 2 shǎo few 而與昭王少相長
193 2 xiàn county 大縣也
194 2 píng flat / level / smooth 與秦平
195 2 大王 dàwáng king 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
196 2 shàng top / a high position 南取上庸
197 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 大項橐生七歲為孔子師
198 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗楚將屈丐
199 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 其實郡也
200 2 wèn to ask 王問其故
201 2 residence / dwelling 故使長戟居前
202 2 interest 王迎甘茂於息壤
203 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 於是遂解蒲而去
204 2 five 王不如齎臣五城以廣河閒
205 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 乃以兵圍韓雍氏
206 2 to stop / to prevent 封小令尹以杜陽
207 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 禽困覆車
208 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 三人疑之
209 2 guǐ a ghost / spirit of dead 自殽塞及至鬼谷
210 2 èr two 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
211 2 shǔ Sichuan 蜀侯煇
212 2 ruò weak 兵弱也
213 2 shì to release / to set free 公釋蒲勿攻
214 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 自殽塞及至鬼谷
215 2 yòu right / right-hand 爵樗里子右更
216 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此則無患矣
217 2 襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou 韓襄王使公仲侈入謝
218 2 apprentice / disciple 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
219 2 號曰 hào yuē to be named / called 秦人號曰
220 2 different / other 公何以異之
221 2 pín poor / impoverished 臣聞貧人女與富人女會績
222 2 to be urgent 秦兵茍退
223 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 越國亂而楚治也
224 2 shì a generation 累世重矣
225 2 zhǔ owner 主君之力也
226 2 hòu thick 而厚事向壽
227 2 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 以相印迎之於齊
228 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 故胡衍受金於蒲以自貴於衛
229 2 十二 shí èr twelve 甘羅年十二
230 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其數
231 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 蔡觀焉
232 2 néng can / able 衍能令釋蒲勿攻
233 2 móu to plan / to scheme 公不如與王謀其變也
234 2 to visit 子為壽謁之公仲
235 2 míng bright / brilliant 無損子明而得一斯便焉
236 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 公破韓
237 2 zhī to weave 其母織自若也
238 2 shǐ history 事下蔡史舉先生
239 2 gōng a palace 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
240 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 武王召甘茂
241 2 楚國 Chǔguó the state of Chu (history) 非楚國之利也
242 2 jīn gold 因效金三百斤
243 2 qīn relatives 今二人者皆不得親於秦事
244 2 běi north 北開西河之外
245 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 曰秦韓之交可合也
246 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 因再拜曰
247 2 渭南 Wèinán Weinan 葬于渭南章臺之東
248 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 其母投杼下機
249 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡出其人
250 2 huáng royal / imperial 文信侯乃入言之於始皇曰
251 2 xuān to declare / to announce 王母宣太后
252 2 天下 tiānxià China 天下不以多張子而以賢先王
253 2 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong 取漢中地
254 2 yuē approximately 約以伐韓
255 2 tóng like / same / similar 少與之同衣
256 2 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 文信侯叱曰
257 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 而公徐過楚以收韓
258 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 善韓以備楚
259 2 power / force / strength 力則任鄙
260 2 huái bosom / breast 楚懷王怨前秦敗楚於丹陽而韓不救
261 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 踰墻而走
262 2 罷兵 bàbīng to cease battle 欲罷兵
263 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 臣試為公入言之
264 2 day of the month / a certain day 魏彊之日
265 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 秦人諺曰
266 1 lái to come 使彼來則置之鬼谷
267 1 死後 sǐhòu after death / posthumous 茂既死後
268 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 皮氏未降
269 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 天下不以多張子而以賢先王
270 1 a crossbow / a bow 彊弩在後
271 1 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 願君以餘光振之
272 1 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 乃封甘羅以為上卿
273 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 聲稱後世
274 1 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 因效金三百斤
275 1 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 而子之燭光幸有餘
276 1 private 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
277 1 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 智囊
278 1 致使 zhìshǐ to cause 遂致使於秦
279 1 燭光 zhúguāng candle light / candle-lit (vigil etc) / candela, unit of luminous intensity (cd) 而子之燭光幸有餘
280 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 雖非篤行之君子
281 1 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 皮氏未降
282 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 而實囚之
283 1 亡國 wáng guó a destroyed kingdom 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
284 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 力則任鄙
285 1 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
286 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能得
287 1 祿 good fortune 厚其祿以迎之
288 1 to attack by surprise 其實襲蔡
289 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 文侯示之謗書一篋
290 1 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 其弟立
291 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小不為家室
292 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 故辭而不往
293 1 五乘 wǔ shèng five vehicles 借臣車五乘
294 1 shí time / a period of time 方秦之彊時
295 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 遺之廣車
296 1 shùn to obey 甘茂事之順焉
297 1 小令 xiǎolìng xiaoling 封小令尹以杜陽
298 1 倍數 bèishù multiple 今王倍數險
299 1 百家 bǎi jiā hundred schools 學百家之說
300 1 to arise / to get up 甘茂起下蔡閭閻
301 1 sǔn to injure 無損子明而得一斯便焉
302 1 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 復以始甘茂田宅賜之
303 1 to cut / to divide / to partition 趙王立自割五城以廣河閒
304 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 今王知用諸越而忘用諸秦
305 1 合於 héyú to tally / to accord with / to fit 公叔且以國南合於楚
306 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位之上卿而處之
307 1 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 今王何以禮之
308 1 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 終身勿出
309 1 zhuāng a village 虜趙將軍莊豹
310 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
311 1 xiāng village / township 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
312 1 zàng to bury the dead 葬于渭南章臺之東
313 1 popular / common 故俗謂之樗里子
314 1 人稱 rénchēng a person's name 而秦人稱其智
315 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 讓周
316 1 魏文侯 wèi wénhóu Marquess Wen of Wei 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
317 1 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 秦兵茍退
318 1 reason / logic / truth 固其理
319 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 如此則無患矣
320 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 始皇召見
321 1 yuān a larva of mosquito 楚王問於范蜎曰
322 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
323 1 長樂 Chánglè Changle 長樂宮在其東
324 1 新立 xīnlì Xinli 秦昭王新立
325 1 yáng sun 封小令尹以杜陽
326 1 shū book 文侯示之謗書一篋
327 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 事下蔡史舉先生
328 1 不朽 bùxiǔ immortality 而寡人死不朽矣
329 1 clothes / clothing 少與之同衣
330 1 三十 sān shí thirty 得上谷三十城
331 1 to think over / to consider 願公孰慮之也
332 1 在後 zàihòu behind 彊弩在後
333 1 fèi fee / expenses 昔曾參之處費
334 1 曲沃 qǔwò Quwo 使將而伐曲沃
335 1 還擊 huánjī to hit back / to return fire 還擊皮氏
336 1 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 因大悉起兵
337 1 魯人 Lǔrén person from Shandong / often refers to Confucius / stupid person 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
338 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 彼以齊約韓魏反以圖秦
339 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 韓氏必先以國從公孫奭而後委國於甘茂
340 1 district / county 破城墮邑
341 1 shǔ to count 不知其數
342 1 南面 nánmiàn south side 使子為南面
343 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
344 1 hài to injure / to harm to 害秦而利魏
345 1 rustic / low / base / mean 力則任鄙
346 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐張儀
347 1 shū father's younger brother 公叔且以國南合於楚
348 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 而子之燭光幸有餘
349 1 hào number 號為嚴君
350 1 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月而不拔
351 1 bào a leopard / a panther 虜趙將軍莊豹
352 1 wēi power / might / prestige 北威燕
353 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 故頗采焉
354 1 responsibility / duty 是自為責也
355 1 能行 néngxíng ability to act 女焉能行之
356 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 甘茂同道也
357 1 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 故楚南塞厲門而郡江東
358 1 qiè ratton box / suitcase / case 文侯示之謗書一篋
359 1 呂不韋 Lǚ Bùwéi Lu Buwei 事秦相文信侯呂不韋
360 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 武王之察
361 1 羈旅 jīlǚ to live abroad / to be traveling / traveler 羈旅之臣也
362 1 suí to follow 因隨之以兵
363 1 明年 míngnián next year 明年
364 1 wàn ten thousand 斬首六萬
365 1 不解 bùjiě to not understand 是韓楚之怨不解而交走秦也
366 1 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 虜趙將軍莊豹
367 1 太子丹 tàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan 三年而燕王喜使太子丹入質於秦
368 1 hòu after / later 後百歲
369 1 孺子 rúzǐ a child 請因孺子行
370 1 秦始皇帝 Qínshǐ huángdì the First Emperor 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
371 1 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
372 1 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 趙襄王郊迎甘羅
373 1 不朝 bùcháo to not be present in the [imperial] court 公仲且仰首而不朝
374 1 mǐn mixed / confused 蘇代謂齊湣王曰
375 1 lüè plan / strategy 而佐魏章略定漢中地
376 1 rate / frequency 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
377 1 jīng to go through / to experience 今之燕必經趙
378 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 天下尤趨謀詐哉
379 1 xiè to thank 韓襄王使公仲侈入謝
380 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜趙將軍莊豹
381 1 智能 zhìnéng intellect / intelligence 其智能公也
382 1 mǎi to buy / to purchase 我無以買燭
383 1 out of the way / remote 是外舉不僻讎也
384 1 地形 dìxíng topography / terrain / landform 其地形險易皆明知之
385 1 shí ten 取十官而無罪
386 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 為秦則不為賴矣
387 1 zhuāng to install / to fix 令裝治行
388 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 而佐魏章略定漢中地
389 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 取十官而無罪
390 1 我身 wǒshēn I / myself 我身自請之而不肯
391 1 yán the gate of a village 甘茂起下蔡閭閻
392 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 雖非篤行之君子
393 1 to send / to transmit / to mail 此韓之寄地也
394 1 王臣 wáng chén Wang Chen 好為王臣
395 1 eight 秦惠王八年
396 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
397 1 zhú a candle 我無以買燭
398 1 yōng ordinary / normal 南取上庸
399 1 妻子 qīzi wife 茂之妻子在焉
400 1 huī weld / solder 蜀侯煇
401 1 jìng to respect /to honor 意甚敬
402 1 外族 wàizú mother's clan 宣太后外族也
403 1 yuè pleased 楚王乃悅
404 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
405 1 to store 南陽積之久矣
406 1 hǎo good 好為王臣
407 1 to fly 王之愛習公也
408 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 茂誠賢者也
409 1 huá smooth / slippery 且王前嘗用召滑於越
410 1 zuò to sit 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
411 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
412 1 jiè to lend / to borrow 借臣車五乘
413 1 fǎn to return 樂羊返而論功
414 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固其理
415 1 正直 zhèngzhí upright / upstanding / honest / just and straight 武庫正直其墓
416 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 無損子明而得一斯便焉
417 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 公孫奭果爭之
418 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 至漢興
419 1 jiā to press from either side / to sandwich 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
420 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 楚懷王新與秦合婚而驩
421 1 shǒu head 公仲且仰首而不朝
422 1 利於 lìyú be beneficial / be good for 此利於秦
423 1 論功 lùn gōng to evaluate the merit of sth 樂羊返而論功
424 1 shì a city 秦因復甘茂之家以市於齊
425 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 臣不足以識之
426 1 father's elder brother 知伯之伐仇猶
427 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 因大悉起兵
428 1 骨肉 gǔròu blood relation / kin / flesh and blood 樗里子以骨肉重
429 1 zuǒ left 而以甘茂為左丞相
430 1 to criticize 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
431 1 奈何 nàihé to deal with / to cope 然則奈何
432 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 魏氏不敢不聽
433 1 machine 其母投杼下機
434 1 duò to fall / to sink 破城墮邑
435 1 yóu mail / post 去咸陽七里而立死於杜郵
436 1 to give as a present / to present in both hands 王不如齎臣五城以廣河閒
437 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 樗里子知蒲之病矣
438 1 合婚 héhūn casting a couple's fortune based on their bithdates 楚懷王新與秦合婚而驩
439 1 gōng body 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
440 1 liù six 斬首六萬
441 1 形成 xíngchéng to form / to take shape 然則伐秦之形成矣
442 1 to be swift 何遽叱乎
443 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 爵樗里子右更
444 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 樗里子甘茂列傳
445 1 王母 wángmǔ grandmother 王母宣太后
446 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 楚王問於范蜎曰
447 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 顯名諸侯
448 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 讒甘茂
449 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
450 1 xiào result / effect 因效金三百斤
451 1 téng to fly / to soar / to transcend 游騰為周說楚王曰
452 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 甘茂之亡秦奔齊
453 1 bǎn a slope / a hillside 輟伐魏蒲阪
454 1 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
455 1 huì can / be able to 臣聞貧人女與富人女會績
456 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 非常士也
457 1 láng wolf 虎狼之國
458 1 家室 jiāshì wife / family / (literary) residence 小不為家室
459 1 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 號為嚴君
460 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 齊王曰
461 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 賢人也
462 1 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 踰墻而走
463 1 名家 Míng Jiā Logicians School of Thought / School of Names 然名家之子孫
464 1 gài to beg for alms 敗楚將屈丐
465 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 收楚韓以安之
466 1 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang 上黨
467 1 a whetstone 故楚南塞厲門而郡江東
468 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 然名家之子孫
469 1 to leave behind 遺之廣車
470 1 kuī to peep / to watch / to spy on / to pry 以窺周室
471 1 qín birds / fowl 禽困覆車
472 1 策士 cèshì strategist / counsellor on military strategy 然亦戰國之策士也
473 1 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 天下尤趨謀詐哉
474 1 yǎng to look up 公仲且仰首而不朝
475 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 以茍賤不廉聞於世
476 1 meaning / sense 而內行章義之難
477 1 miào temple / shrine 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
478 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 懼而遯逃
479 1 tiger 虎狼之國
480 1 tōng to go through / to open 寡人欲容車通三川
481 1 xié to clasp under the arm / to coerce 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
482 1 to cover 禽困覆車
483 1 yǐn to govern 封小令尹以杜陽
484 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 故王不信也
485 1 今文 jīn wén New Text Confucianism 今文信侯自請卿相燕而不肯行
486 1 無備 wú bèi unprepared 無備故也
487 1 得罪 dézuì to offend 臣得罪於秦
488 1 南陽 Nányáng Nanyang 南陽積之久矣
489 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 大項橐生七歲為孔子師
490 1 yóu to swim 游騰為周說楚王曰
491 1 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 昭王元年
492 1 章臺 zhāngtái Zhangtai [Street] 葬于渭南章臺之東
493 1 to help / to assist 而令向壽輔行
494 1 biàn to change / to alter 公不如與王謀其變也
495 1 increase / benefit 樗里子又益尊重
496 1 lèi to be tired 累世重矣
497 1 cuò to push down 武安君南挫彊楚
498 1 ci 今臣生十二歲於茲矣
499 1 méng oath / pledge / union 請與子盟
500 1 前秦 Qián Qín Former Qin 楚懷王怨前秦敗楚於丹陽而韓不救

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 121 zhī him / her / them / that 秦惠王之弟也
2 86 qín Shaanxi 秦惠王之弟也
3 72 yuē to speak / to say 游騰為周說楚王曰
4 64 gān sweet 樗里子甘茂列傳
5 62 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 使將而伐曲沃
6 59 so as to / in order to 而以樗里子
7 57 also / too 秦惠王之弟也
8 50 mào thick / lush / dense 樗里子甘茂列傳
9 47 in / at 今伐蒲入於魏
10 41 wáng Wang 且秦王將觀公之事
11 37 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公之攻蒲
12 34 chǔ state of Chu 助魏章攻楚
13 34 Hán Korea / South Korea 韓女也
14 29 his / hers / its / theirs 盡出其人
15 27 chū Simaroubaceae / Tree-of-heaven 樗里子甘茂列傳
16 27 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使將而伐曲沃
17 27 wèi for / to 使樗里子為將伐趙
18 25 里子 lǐzǐ lining / (fig.) substance (as opposed to outward appearance) 樗里子甘茂列傳
19 25 wèi Wei Dynasty 助魏章攻楚
20 25 chén minister / statesman / official 臣試為公入言之
21 22 shòu old age / long life 而令向壽輔行
22 21 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今秦
23 21 and 與惠王異母
24 19 luó Luo 甘茂有孫曰甘羅
25 19 not / no 今臣之賢不若曾參
26 19 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 樗里子者
27 19 yān Yan 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
28 18 rén person / people / a human being 秦人號曰
29 18 xiàng towards / to 而令向壽輔行
30 18 to cut down 使將而伐曲沃
31 18 zhào Zhao 使樗里子為將伐趙
32 17 hóu marquis / lord 蜀侯煇
33 17 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 相壯反
34 15 type of rush 樗里子將伐蒲
35 15 final particle 為魏則善矣
36 14 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請胡衍
37 14 xìn to believe / to trust 夫以曾參之賢與其母信之也
38 14 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 號為嚴君
39 13 to enter 地入秦
40 13 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 無備故也
41 13 certainly / must / will / necessarily 衛必折而從之
42 12 xíng to walk / to move 而令向壽輔行
43 12 shì matter / thing / item 且秦王將觀公之事
44 12 zhòng middle brother 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
45 12 desire 寡人欲容車通三川
46 12 gōng to attack / to assault 助魏章攻楚
47 11 even / equal / uniform 甘茂欲以魏取齊
48 11 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 天下不以多張子而以賢先王
49 11 wén writing / text 文侯示之謗書一篋
50 11 qīng minister / high officer 即賜之上卿
51 10 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 昭王立
52 10 wèi to call 胡衍為蒲謂樗里子曰
53 10 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 使樗里子以車百乘入周
54 10 child / son 請必言子於衛君
55 10 qiáng strong / powerful 彊弩在後
56 10 shì red 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
57 10 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
58 10 yǒu is / are / to exist 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
59 9 yán to speak / to say / said 臣試為公入言之
60 9 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 使將而伐曲沃
61 9 soil / ground / land 地入秦
62 9 yīn because 因隨之以兵
63 9 cài Cai 齊桓公伐蔡
64 9 wén to hear 楚聞秦之貴向壽
65 9 otherwise / but / however 何則
66 9 to die 秦惠王卒
67 9 曾參 Zēng Shēn Zeng Shen 昔曾參之處費
68 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 名曰衛疾
69 8 宜陽 yíyáng Yiyang 拔宜陽
70 8 惠王 Huì Wáng King Hui of Zhou 秦惠王之弟也
71 8 nián year 秦惠王八年
72 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 虎狼之國
73 8 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 王之信臣又不如曾參之母信曾參也
74 8 Táng Tang Dynasty 秦使張唐往相燕
75 8 mother
76 8 naturally / of course / certainly 故胡衍受金於蒲以自貴於衛
77 8 to take / to get / to fetch 取其城
78 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 為魏則善矣
79 7 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 韓公仲使蘇代謂向壽曰
80 7 duì to / toward 對曰
81 7 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 還擊皮氏
82 7 sān three 秦武王三年
83 7 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 太子武王立
84 7 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願以請
85 7 yān where / how 蔡觀焉
86 7 xià next 下蔡人也
87 7 de potential marker 公仲方有得秦救
88 7 to go 於是遂解蒲而去
89 7 shì is / are / am / to be 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
90 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 仇猶遂亡
91 7 no 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
92 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 衍能令釋蒲勿攻
93 7 chē a vehicle 使樗里子以車百乘入周
94 7 a man / a male adult 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
95 7 wáng to die 仇猶遂亡
96 6 to stand 太子武王立
97 6 qiě moreover / also 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
98 6 bīng soldier / troops 因隨之以兵
99 6 what / where / which 何則
100 6 fēi not / non- / un- 疑臣者非特三人
101 6 one 一人又告之曰
102 6 female / feminine 韓女也
103 6 西 The West 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
104 6 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 游騰為周說楚王曰
105 6 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 楚王怒
106 6 again / more / repeatedly 公仲收國復事秦
107 6 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 請胡衍
108 6 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 周以卒迎之
109 6 gōng merit 盡以為子功
110 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔藺
111 6 Soviet Union 韓公仲使蘇代謂向壽曰
112 6 rán correct / right / certainly 然願王勿伐
113 5 this / these 此非臣之功也
114 5 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
115 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 助魏章攻楚
116 5 guī to go back / to return 子歸
117 5 beard / mustache 請胡衍
118 5 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人欲容車通三川
119 5 gain / advantage / benefit 害秦而利魏
120 5 zài in / at 長樂宮在其東
121 5 張儀 zhāng yí Zhang Yi 逐張儀
122 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 故胡衍受金於蒲以自貴於衛
123 5 shú which 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
124 5 yuàn to blame / to complain 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
125 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 楚王乃悅
126 5 chéng a city / a town 取其城
127 5 yòu again / also 樗里子又益尊重
128 5 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯救
129 5 zhòng heavy 以其重秦客
130 4 tīng to listen 魏聽臣矣
131 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大縣也
132 4 殺人 shārén to murder 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
133 4 shǐ beginning / start 始張儀西并巴蜀之地
134 4 fēng to seal / to close off 秦封樗里子
135 4 jiù to save / to rescue 楚懷王怨前秦敗楚於丹陽而韓不救
136 4 xián virtuous / worthy 夫以曾參之賢與其母信之也
137 4 to give / to bestow favors 即賜之上卿
138 4 xián liesure 欲與燕共伐趙以廣河閒之地
139 4 gào to tell / to say / said / told 以告王
140 4 shén what 意甚敬
141 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 今二人者皆不得親於秦事
142 4 廣河 guǎnghé Guanghe 欲與燕共伐趙以廣河閒之地
143 4 zhì to / until 至漢興
144 4 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 樗里子滑稽多智
145 4 to join / to combine 秦楚合
146 4 I 吾合秦楚非以當韓也
147 4 nán south 南取上庸
148 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 盡以為子功
149 4 disease / sickness / ailment 名疾
150 4 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
151 4 yòng to use / to apply 且王前嘗用召滑於越
152 4 yuè more 且王前嘗用召滑於越
153 4 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則伐秦之形成矣
154 4 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 武遂終不可得也
155 4 shōu to receive / to accept 公仲收國復事秦
156 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard
157 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 蒲守恐
158 4 qiú to request 樗里子而求見秦惠王
159 4 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 甘茂為左右丞相
160 4 that / those 息壤在彼
161 4 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 公孫奭果爭之
162 4 can / may / permissible 曰秦韓之交可合也
163 4 zhī to know 知伯之伐仇猶
164 4 expresses question or doubt 為秦乎
165 4 bǎi one hundred 使樗里子以車百乘入周
166 4 do not 公釋蒲勿攻
167 3 míng measure word for people 名疾
168 3 Germany 以德衛君
169 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
170 3 I / me / my 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
171 3 jìng actually / in the end 武王竟至周
172 3 dōng east 葬于渭南章臺之東
173 3 dǎng political party 公孫奭黨於韓
174 3 yīng should / ought 應侯之用於秦也
175 3 zhì to place / to lay out 使彼來則置之鬼谷
176 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 為秦則不為賴矣
177 3 to die 而寡人死不朽矣
178 3 jiàn to see 樗里子而求見秦惠王
179 3 相向 xiāngxiàng to face one another / face-to-face 王必相向壽於秦
180 3 suì age 後百歲
181 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 相壯反
182 3 valley / gorge / ravine 自殽塞及至鬼谷
183 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 昔曾參之處費
184 3 bào newspaper 請為張唐先報趙
185 3 a river / a stream 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
186 3 sūn Sun 甘茂有孫曰甘羅
187 3 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 夫衛之所以為衛者
188 3 skin / hide / fur / feather 還擊皮氏
189 3 燕太子丹 yāntàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan 燕太子丹已入質矣
190 3 shī teacher 秦師不下殽
191 3 武安 wǔān Wu'an 卿之功孰與武安君
192 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 事下蔡史舉先生
193 3 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 太子武王立
194 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 故使長戟居前
195 3 zhì matter / material / substance 三年而燕王喜使太子丹入質於秦
196 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 今二人者皆不得親於秦事
197 3 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 其母懼焉
198 3 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 知伯之伐仇猶
199 3 xiān first 韓氏必先以國從公孫奭而後委國於甘茂
200 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 公仲方有得秦救
201 3 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 是王欺魏王而臣受公仲侈之怨也
202 3 yáng sheep / goat 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
203 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 甘茂不往
204 3 seven 昭王七年
205 3 martial / military 甘茂許公仲以武遂
206 3 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 柰何
207 3 之外 zhīwài outside / excluding 魏亡西河之外而無以取者
208 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 事成
209 3 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 王母宣太后
210 3 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是遂解蒲而去
211 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
212 3 之上 zhīshàng above 即賜之上卿
213 3 yóu also / as if / still 知伯之伐仇猶
214 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 今臣之賢不若曾參
215 3 chū to go out 盡出其人
216 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 孰與文信侯專
217 3 yáo mixed up / confused 秦師不下殽
218 2 yōng harmony 乃以兵圍韓雍氏
219 2 rǎng soil / earth 王迎甘茂於息壤
220 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 王必罪公
221 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 西河之外必危矣
222 2 zāi exclamatory particle 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
223 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 樗里子滑稽多智
224 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 越國亂
225 2 past / former times 昔曾參之處費
226 2 grave / tomb 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
227 2 zhù the shuttle of a loom 其母投杼下機
228 2 明知 míngzhī to be fully aware of / to know perfectly well 其地形險易皆明知之
229 2 zhū all / many / various 今王知用諸越而忘用諸秦
230 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 寡人欲容車通三川
231 2 to allow / to permit 甘茂許公仲以武遂
232 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 使樗里子以車百乘入周
233 2 自若 zìruò to be self composed 其母織自若也
234 2 xiǎn dangerous 今王倍數險
235 2 chóu to collate / to proofread 公之讎也
236 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯皆聞之
237 2 dìng to decide 而佐魏章略定漢中地
238 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 名曰衛疾
239 2 inside / interior 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
240 2 shì room / bedroom 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
241 2 cháng to taste 且王前嘗用召滑於越
242 2 hái also / in addition / more
243 2 inside / interior 得唐者與百里之地
244 2 kuài fast / quick 文信侯不快
245 2 to calculate / to compute / to count 計王之功所以能如此者
246 2 marsh / swamp 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
247 2 shí knowledge / understanding 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
248 2 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 無所容跡
249 2 qián front 故使長戟居前
250 2 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 年少耳
251 2 餘光 yú guāng (out of) the corner of one's eyes / peripheral vision / residual light / light of the setting sun 子可分我餘光
252 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 號曰誅楚
253 2 shǎo few 而與昭王少相長
254 2 cóng from 衛必折而從之
255 2 xiàn county 大縣也
256 2 píng flat / level / smooth 與秦平
257 2 大王 dàwáng king 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
258 2 shàng top / a high position 南取上庸
259 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 大項橐生七歲為孔子師
260 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗楚將屈丐
261 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 其實郡也
262 2 wèn to ask 王問其故
263 2 residence / dwelling 故使長戟居前
264 2 interest 王迎甘茂於息壤
265 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 於是遂解蒲而去
266 2 five 王不如齎臣五城以廣河閒
267 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 乃以兵圍韓雍氏
268 2 to stop / to prevent 封小令尹以杜陽
269 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 禽困覆車
270 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 三人疑之
271 2 guǐ a ghost / spirit of dead 自殽塞及至鬼谷
272 2 èr two 公孫奭二人者挾韓而議之
273 2 shǔ Sichuan 蜀侯煇
274 2 ruò weak 兵弱也
275 2 shì to release / to set free 公釋蒲勿攻
276 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 自殽塞及至鬼谷
277 2 yòu right / right-hand 爵樗里子右更
278 2 a final particle 王聞燕太子丹入質秦歟
279 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此則無患矣
280 2 襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou 韓襄王使公仲侈入謝
281 2 already / afterwards
282 2 gāng just / barely / exactly 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
283 2 apprentice / disciple 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
284 2 其實 qíshí actually / in fact / really 其實襲蔡
285 2 號曰 hào yuē to be named / called 秦人號曰
286 2 different / other 公何以異之
287 2 pín poor / impoverished 臣聞貧人女與富人女會績
288 2 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 因再拜曰
289 2 to be urgent 秦兵茍退
290 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 越國亂而楚治也
291 2 shì a generation 累世重矣
292 2 zhǔ owner 主君之力也
293 2 hòu thick 而厚事向壽
294 2 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 以相印迎之於齊
295 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 故胡衍受金於蒲以自貴於衛
296 2 十二 shí èr twelve 甘羅年十二
297 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其數
298 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 蔡觀焉
299 2 néng can / able 衍能令釋蒲勿攻
300 2 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 頃之
301 2 móu to plan / to scheme 公不如與王謀其變也
302 2 何以 héyǐ why 公何以異之
303 2 to visit 子為壽謁之公仲
304 2 míng bright / brilliant 無損子明而得一斯便焉
305 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 公破韓
306 2 zhī to weave 其母織自若也
307 2 shǐ history 事下蔡史舉先生
308 2 gōng a palace 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
309 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 武王召甘茂
310 2 楚國 Chǔguó the state of Chu (history) 非楚國之利也
311 2 jīn gold 因效金三百斤
312 2 qīn relatives 今二人者皆不得親於秦事
313 2 běi north 北開西河之外
314 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 曰秦韓之交可合也
315 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 因再拜曰
316 2 渭南 Wèinán Weinan 葬于渭南章臺之東
317 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 其母投杼下機
318 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡出其人
319 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 今并衛於魏
320 2 huáng royal / imperial 文信侯乃入言之於始皇曰
321 2 xuān to declare / to announce 王母宣太后
322 2 天下 tiānxià China 天下不以多張子而以賢先王
323 2 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong 取漢中地
324 2 yuē approximately 約以伐韓
325 2 tóng like / same / similar 少與之同衣
326 2 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 文信侯叱曰
327 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 而公徐過楚以收韓
328 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 善韓以備楚
329 2 power / force / strength 力則任鄙
330 2 huái bosom / breast 楚懷王怨前秦敗楚於丹陽而韓不救
331 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 踰墻而走
332 2 罷兵 bàbīng to cease battle 欲罷兵
333 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 臣試為公入言之
334 2 day of the month / a certain day 魏彊之日
335 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 秦人諺曰
336 1 lái to come 使彼來則置之鬼谷
337 1 死後 sǐhòu after death / posthumous 茂既死後
338 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 皮氏未降
339 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 天下不以多張子而以賢先王
340 1 a crossbow / a bow 彊弩在後
341 1 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 願君以餘光振之
342 1 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 乃封甘羅以為上卿
343 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 聲稱後世
344 1 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 因效金三百斤
345 1 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 而子之燭光幸有餘
346 1 private 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
347 1 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 智囊
348 1 致使 zhìshǐ to cause 遂致使於秦
349 1 燭光 zhúguāng candle light / candle-lit (vigil etc) / candela, unit of luminous intensity (cd) 而子之燭光幸有餘
350 1 篤行 dǔxíng to carry out (obligation) conscientiously / to behave sincerely 雖非篤行之君子
351 1 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 皮氏未降
352 1 qiú a prisoner / a convict 而實囚之
353 1 亡國 wáng guó a destroyed kingdom 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
354 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 力則任鄙
355 1 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
356 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能得
357 1 祿 good fortune 厚其祿以迎之
358 1 to attack by surprise 其實襲蔡
359 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 文侯示之謗書一篋
360 1 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 其弟立
361 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小不為家室
362 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 故辭而不往
363 1 五乘 wǔ shèng five vehicles 借臣車五乘
364 1 shí time / a period of time 方秦之彊時
365 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 遺之廣車
366 1 duàn absolutely / decidedly 而公獨與王主斷於國者何
367 1 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以公孫奭
368 1 shùn to obey 甘茂事之順焉
369 1 小令 xiǎolìng xiaoling 封小令尹以杜陽
370 1 倍數 bèishù multiple 今王倍數險
371 1 百家 bǎi jiā hundred schools 學百家之說
372 1 to arise / to get up 甘茂起下蔡閭閻
373 1 sǔn to injure 無損子明而得一斯便焉
374 1 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 復以始甘茂田宅賜之
375 1 to cut / to divide / to partition 趙王立自割五城以廣河閒
376 1 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 今王知用諸越而忘用諸秦
377 1 合於 héyú to tally / to accord with / to fit 公叔且以國南合於楚
378 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位之上卿而處之
379 1 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 今王何以禮之
380 1 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 終身勿出
381 1 zhuāng a village 虜趙將軍莊豹
382 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
383 1 xiāng village / township 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
384 1 zàng to bury the dead 葬于渭南章臺之東
385 1 popular / common 故俗謂之樗里子
386 1 人稱 rénchēng a person's name 而秦人稱其智
387 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 讓周
388 1 魏文侯 wèi wénhóu Marquess Wen of Wei 魏文侯令樂羊將而攻中山
389 1 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 秦兵茍退
390 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 夫以曾參之賢與其母信之也
391 1 reason / logic / truth 固其理
392 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 如此則無患矣
393 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 始皇召見
394 1 yuān a larva of mosquito 楚王問於范蜎曰
395 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
396 1 長樂 Chánglè Changle 長樂宮在其東
397 1 新立 xīnlì Xinli 秦昭王新立
398 1 yáng sun 封小令尹以杜陽
399 1 shū book 文侯示之謗書一篋
400 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 事下蔡史舉先生
401 1 不朽 bùxiǔ immortality 而寡人死不朽矣
402 1 clothes / clothing 少與之同衣
403 1 三十 sān shí thirty 得上谷三十城
404 1 gèng more / even more 爵樗里子右更
405 1 to think over / to consider 願公孰慮之也
406 1 在後 zàihòu behind 彊弩在後
407 1 fèi fee / expenses 昔曾參之處費
408 1 曲沃 qǔwò Quwo 使將而伐曲沃
409 1 gòng together 欲與燕共伐趙以廣河閒之地
410 1 還擊 huánjī to hit back / to return fire 還擊皮氏
411 1 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 因大悉起兵
412 1 魯人 Lǔrén person from Shandong / often refers to Confucius / stupid person 魯人有與曾參同姓名者殺人
413 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 彼以齊約韓魏反以圖秦
414 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 韓氏必先以國從公孫奭而後委國於甘茂
415 1 及至 jízhì up until / by the time that 自殽塞及至鬼谷
416 1 district / county 破城墮邑
417 1 shǔ to count 不知其數
418 1 南面 nánmiàn south side 使子為南面
419 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 恐一旦亡國以憂大王
420 1 hài to injure / to harm to 害秦而利魏
421 1 rustic / low / base / mean 力則任鄙
422 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐張儀
423 1 shū father's younger brother 公叔且以國南合於楚
424 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 而子之燭光幸有餘
425 1 hào number 號為嚴君
426 1 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月而不拔
427 1 bào a leopard / a panther 虜趙將軍莊豹
428 1 wēi power / might / prestige 北威燕
429 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 故頗采焉
430 1 responsibility / duty 是自為責也
431 1 能行 néngxíng ability to act 女焉能行之
432 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 甘茂同道也
433 1 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 故楚南塞厲門而郡江東
434 1 qiè ratton box / suitcase / case 文侯示之謗書一篋
435 1 呂不韋 Lǚ Bùwéi Lu Buwei 事秦相文信侯呂不韋
436 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 武王之察
437 1 羈旅 jīlǚ to live abroad / to be traveling / traveler 羈旅之臣也
438 1 suí to follow 因隨之以兵
439 1 明年 míngnián next year 明年
440 1 wàn ten thousand 斬首六萬
441 1 不解 bùjiě to not understand 是韓楚之怨不解而交走秦也
442 1 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 虜趙將軍莊豹
443 1 太子丹 tàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan 三年而燕王喜使太子丹入質於秦
444 1 hòu after / later 後百歲
445 1 孺子 rúzǐ a child 請因孺子行
446 1 秦始皇帝 Qínshǐ huángdì the First Emperor 秦始皇帝使剛成君蔡澤於燕
447 1 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
448 1 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 趙襄王郊迎甘羅
449 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 公孫奭由此怨
450 1 不朝 bùcháo to not be present in the [imperial] court 公仲且仰首而不朝
451 1 mǐn mixed / confused 蘇代謂齊湣王曰
452 1 lüè plan / strategy 而佐魏章略定漢中地
453 1 rate / frequency 公仲且躬率其私徒以閼於秦
454 1 shàng still / yet / to value 其母尚織自若也
455 1 jīng to go through / to experience 今之燕必經趙
456 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 天下尤趨謀詐哉
457 1 xiè to thank 韓襄王使公仲侈入謝
458 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 虜趙將軍莊豹
459 1 what? / where? / why? 公奚不以秦為韓求潁川於楚
460 1 智能 zhìnéng intellect / intelligence 其智能公也
461 1 mǎi to buy / to purchase 我無以買燭
462 1 out of the way / remote 是外舉不僻讎也
463 1 地形 dìxíng topography / terrain / landform 其地形險易皆明知之
464 1 shí ten 取十官而無罪
465 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 為秦則不為賴矣
466 1 zhuāng to install / to fix 令裝治行
467 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 而佐魏章略定漢中地
468 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 取十官而無罪
469 1 我身 wǒshēn I / myself 我身自請之而不肯
470 1 yán the gate of a village 甘茂起下蔡閭閻
471 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 雖非篤行之君子
472 1 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 今公與楚解口地
473 1 to send / to transmit / to mail 此韓之寄地也
474 1 王臣 wáng chén Wang Chen 好為王臣
475 1 eight 秦惠王八年
476 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 且夫周豈能無憂其社稷哉
477 1 zhú a candle 我無以買燭
478 1 yōng ordinary / normal 南取上庸
479 1 久矣 jiǔyǐ already for a long time 南陽積之久矣
480 1 suī although / even though 雖非篤行之君子
481 1 妻子 qīzi wife 茂之妻子在焉
482 1 huī weld / solder 蜀侯煇
483 1 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 因效金三百斤
484 1 jìng to respect /to honor 意甚敬
485 1 外族 wàizú mother's clan 宣太后外族也
486 1 yuè pleased 楚王乃悅
487 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 樗里子疾室在於昭王廟西渭南陰鄉樗裏
488 1 to store 南陽積之久矣
489 1 hǎo good 好為王臣
490 1 to fly 王之愛習公也
491 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 茂誠賢者也
492 1 huá smooth / slippery 且王前嘗用召滑於越
493 1 zuò to sit 不識坐而待伐孰與伐人之利
494 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 是當有天子之宮夾我墓
495 1 jiè to lend / to borrow 借臣車五乘
496 1 fǎn to return 樂羊返而論功
497 1 already / since 茂既死後
498 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固其理
499 1 正直 zhèngzhí upright / upstanding / honest / just and straight 武庫正直其墓
500 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 無損子明而得一斯便焉

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
巴蜀 Bāshǔ
  1. Bashu
  2. Bashu
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
丹阳 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
广河 廣河 guǎnghé Guanghe
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
汉中 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong
惠王 Huì Wáng
  1. King Hui of Zhou
  2. King Hui of Zhou
江东 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
今文 今文 jīn wén New Text Confucianism
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
吕不韦 呂不韋 Lǚ Bùwéi Lu Buwei
名家 Míng Jiā Logicians School of Thought / School of Names
南阳 南陽 Nányáng Nanyang
齐桓公 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
前秦 Qián Qín Former Qin
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦始皇帝 Qínshǐ huángdì the First Emperor
曲沃 qǔwò Quwo
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太子丹 tàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan
王臣 wáng chén Wang Chen
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏文侯 wèi wénhóu Marquess Wen of Wei
渭南 Wèinán Weinan
未央宫 未央宮 wèiyāng gōng Weiyang Palace
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
无忧 無憂 wú yōu No Suffering / Aśoka / Asoka / Ashoka
武安 wǔān Wu'an
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
襄王 Xiāng Wáng King Xiang of Zhou
咸阳 咸陽 Xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
新立 xīnlì Xinli
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
燕太子丹 yāntàizǐdān Prince Dan of Yan
颍川 潁川 Yǐngchuān Yingchuan
宜阳 宜陽 yíyáng Yiyang
曾参 曾參 Zēng Shēn Zeng Shen
战国 戰國 Zhàn Guó
  1. Warring States Period
  2. one of the seven warring states
张仪 張儀 zhāng yí Zhang Yi
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English