Glossary and Vocabulary for Han Feizi 《韓非子》, 詭使第四十五 Chapter 45: Absurd Encouragements

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 28 shàng top / a high position 而民不化上
2 25 wèi to call 世謂之高
3 15 shì a generation 而世一治一亂者
4 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 聖人之所以為治道者三
5 11 private 而不從法令為私善者
6 11 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 聖人之所以為治道者三
7 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 則士之飢餓乏絕者
8 9 xíng to walk / to move 行中適
9 9 gain / advantage / benefit 一曰利
10 8 wēi power / might / prestige 二曰威
11 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今利非無有也
12 7 zūn to honor / to respect 所以為尊也
13 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 而世一治一亂者
14 7 a man / a male adult 夫利者
15 6 residence / dwelling 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
16 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 所以得民也
17 6 私學 sī xué private education / private learning 無二心私學
18 6 yán to speak / to say / said 用心怯言
19 5 tīng to listen 今下而聽其上
20 5 rén person / people / a human being 誅姦人
21 5 yuē to speak / to say 一曰利
22 5 dào way / road / path 上失其道也
23 5 desire 是故下之所欲
24 5 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令
25 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞祿
26 5 method / way 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
27 4 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 而巖居非世者顯
28 4 zhòng heavy 世謂之重
29 4 二心 èr xīn two minds 有二心務私學反逆世者也
30 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聽吏從教者
31 4 one 一曰利
32 4 jiàn mean / low / base 今有賤名輕實者
33 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難致
34 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
35 4 sān three 聖人之所以為治道者三
36 4 to stand 夫立名號
37 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 聽令審
38 4 rich / wealthy 刻畫為末作者富
39 3 shí real / true 今有賤名輕實者
40 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 有二心務私學反逆世者也
41 3 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者有私意
42 3 tián field / farmland 夫陳善田利宅
43 3 hurried / worried 雖有不急矣
44 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
45 3 聽從 tīngcóng to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 而下不聽從
46 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
47 3 female / feminine 而女妹有色
48 3 to die 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
49 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
50 3 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
51 3 gōng merit 大臣左右無功者
52 3 zhái residence / dwelling / home 夫陳善田利宅
53 3 yòng to use / to apply 稱而不可用
54 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 而不從法令為私善者
55 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 而不從法令為私善者
56 3 名號 mínghào name 夫立名號
57 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble
58 3 qīng light / not heavy 今有賤名輕實者
59 3 zhǔ owner 而主揜障
60 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
61 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣左右無功者
62 3 shì matter / thing / item 而士卒之逃事伏匿
63 2 成群 chéngqún to be in a group / to be in a herd 私學成群
64 2 jìn nearby 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
65 2 big / great / huge / large / major 言大本
66 2 威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration 威利
67 2 meaning / sense 今有私行義者尊
68 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 以廢私也
69 2 rén a kernel / a pit 謂之仁
70 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
71 2 fán ordinary / common 凡上之所以治者
72 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 所以擅威也
73 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而惇愨純信
74 2 huàn government official 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
75 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 用事者過矣
76 2 xiǎn dangerous 險躁佻反覆
77 2 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 用心怯言
78 2 qiú to request 而簡上不求見者
79 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 而民不化上
80 2 Germany 行德
81 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 出則不便也
82 2 láo to toil 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
83 2 to avoid / to shun 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
84 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 姦人賴賞而富
85 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 附託有威之門以避傜賦
86 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇宅而受
87 2 to think over / to consider 託伏深慮
88 2 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 戰士也
89 2 shēn deep 託伏深慮
90 2 天下 tiānxià China 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
91 2 cún to exist / to survive 威非不存也
92 2 行令 xínglìng to issue orders 所以行令也
93 2 wèi position / location / place 位安得無危
94 2 xiān first 先為人而後自為
95 2 to fly 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
96 2 jiàn to see 而簡上不求見者
97 2 shēn human body / torso 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
98 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠
99 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 附託有威之門以避傜賦
100 2 power / force / strength 所以盡民力易下死也
101 2 飢餓 jī è hungry 則士之飢餓乏絕者
102 2 guān an office 官非無法也
103 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰介之士不得職
104 2 zhī to know 而陂知傾覆者使
105 2 yǒng brave / courageous 世謂之勇夫
106 2 mèi younger sister 而女妹有色
107 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰
108 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 世謂之忠
109 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 而士卒之逃事伏匿
110 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 難禁
111 2 yōu excellent / superior 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
112 2 shǔ to count 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
113 1 在下 zàixià under 威利在下
114 1 to poison / to bewitch / to drive to insanity / to harm by witchcraft 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
115 1 to beg / to request 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
116 1 shǎo few 少欲
117 1 zhú to chase / to expel 損仁逐利
118 1 to think / consider / to ponder 謂之有思
119 1 zào clamor / noise / din 而譟險讒諛者任
120 1 a whetstone 所以厲下也
121 1 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 雖不法行
122 1 畏罪 wèizuì to dread punishment / afraid of being arrested for a crime 敬上畏罪
123 1 chén Chen 夫陳善田利宅
124 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 而簡上不求見者
125 1 yīng baby / infant 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
126 1 zhàng to separate 而主揜障
127 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 細者惑下
128 1 shùn to obey 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
129 1 自尊 zìzūn self-respect / self-esteem / pride 重厚自尊
130 1 easy / simple 所以盡民力易下死也
131 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智成群
132 1 zhōng middle 行中適
133 1 相當 xiāngdāng similar to 名刑相當
134 1 並行 bìngxíng to do things at the same time 近習女謁並行
135 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 則智者有私詞
136 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 所以備難充倉府也
137 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 謂之智
138 1 thin / slender 細者惑下
139 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 與下先謀比周
140 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 而斷頭裂腹
141 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 而不止也
142 1 bǐng handle / hilt 所以擅生殺之柄也
143 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 據法直言
144 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅其跡
145 1 私行 sīxíng to travel on private business / to act without official approval / to inspect incognito / to act in one's own interest 今有私行義者尊
146 1 順意 shùnyì pleasant / agreeable 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
147 1 to flatter 而譟險讒諛者任
148 1 死亡 sǐwáng to die 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
149 1 wilderness 播骨乎平原野者
150 1 zhí office / post 而戰介之士不得職
151 1 apprentice / disciple 而便辟優徒超級
152 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 今利非無有也
153 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守法固
154 1 zuò to do 造言作辭
155 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 有二心務私學反逆世者也
156 1 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 上握度量
157 1 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 循繩墨
158 1 road / path / way 巖居窞路
159 1 fèng to offer / to present 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
160 1 to lack 則士之飢餓乏絕者
161 1 fàn to float / to drift 言汎愛天下
162 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 閑靜安居
163 1 祿 good fortune 賞祿
164 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 勉知詐與誹謗法令
165 1 miǎn to encourage 勉知詐與誹謗法令
166 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 以非法措於上
167 1 tiāo frivolous 險躁佻反覆
168 1 ài to love 言汎愛天下
169 1 disease / sickness / ailment 謂之疾
170 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 官爵
171 1 shì to match 行中適
172 1 chǒu ugly 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
173 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 造言作辭
174 1 nóng agriculture / farming 耕農之本務也
175 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 謂之廉
176 1 法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li 法立
177 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 擇宅而受
178 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉租稅
179 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 不破其群以散其黨
180 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 而譟險讒諛者任
181 1 a reservoir 而陂知傾覆者使
182 1 烈士 lièshì a martyr 世謂之烈士
183 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
184 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 是以上不勝下也
185 1 敬上 jìngshàng yours truly / yours sincerely (at the end of a letter) 敬上畏罪
186 1 a government official / a magistrate 聽吏從教者
187 1 hǎo good 而好名義不進仕者
188 1 本務 běn wù primary duties 耕農之本務也
189 1 an official institution / a state bureau 所以備難充倉府也
190 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
191 1 to bestow on / to endow with 附託有威之門以避傜賦
192 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 以求索與世相反者也
193 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 城池之所以廣者
194 1 four 四封之內所以聽從者
195 1 亂民 luànmín rebels 入則亂民
196 1 xián virtuous / worthy 世謂之賢
197 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 不破其群以散其黨
198 1 超級 chāojí super- / ultra- / hyper- 而便辟優徒超級
199 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 而卜筮
200 1 duān duan 所以善剬下也
201 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 而戰介之士不得職
202 1 a word 則智者有私詞
203 1 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 謂之聖
204 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 上宜禁其欲
205 1 gēng to plow / to till 耕農之本務也
206 1 tōng to go through / to open 所以通威也
207 1 以此為 yǐcǐwèi to regard as / to treat as 上以此為教
208 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專民力
209 1 to broadcast 播骨乎平原野者
210 1 錦繡 jǐnxiù beautiful 錦繡
211 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣左右無功者
212 1 to enter 入則亂民
213 1 to defend / to resist 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
214 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 設爵位
215 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 則謂之愚
216 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 所以備難充倉府也
217 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不破其群以散其黨
218 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 而士卒之逃事伏匿
219 1 shǒu hand 視手理
220 1 fox 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
221 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 險躁佻反覆
222 1 kuān wide / broad 寬惠
223 1 dàn pit 巖居窞路
224 1 汙泥 wūní dirt / mud 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
225 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 謂之長者
226 1 名義 míngyì status 而好名義不進仕者
227 1 èr two 二曰威
228 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 上之所以立廉恥者
229 1 reason / logic / truth 視手理
230 1 cuò to put in order / to arrange 以非法措於上
231 1 平原 píngyuán field / plain 播骨乎平原野者
232 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 聖人之所以為治道者三
233 1 道法 dào fǎ the method to attain nirvāṇa 道法者治
234 1 a law / a rule 而便辟優徒超級
235 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之所以為治道者三
236 1 yǎn cover up 而主揜障
237 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
238 1 顯明 xiǎnmíng to reveal, make known 是以賢者顯明而居
239 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 以求索與世相反者也
240 1 恭儉 gōngjiǎn to bow / to revere 恭儉聽上也
241 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 所以備難充倉府也
242 1 tóu head 而斷頭裂腹
243 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而陂知傾覆者使
244 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 四封之內所以聽從者
245 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 先為人而後自為
246 1 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言利辭
247 1 wàn ten thousand 而上不得者萬數
248 1 shè to set up / to establish 設爵位
249 1 guǐ sly / crafty 常與上之所以為治相詭也
250 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 循繩墨
251 1 lòu crude / coarse 則謂之陋
252 1 chēng to call / to address 稱而不可用
253 1 clothes / clothing 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
254 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 有功之士貧賤
255 1 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 上下之所同道也
256 1 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 而惇愨純信
257 1 solitary 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
258 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 所以勸民也
259 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 而愈疏遠
260 1 xiū to be ashamed 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
261 1 to give 難予
262 1 to visit 近習女謁並行
263 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷之所以立者
264 1 shí food / food and drink 擇田而食
265 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 上下之所同道也
266 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而治不當名
267 1 用心 yòngxīn diligently / with all one's heart / wholeheartedly / attentively 用心怯言
268 1 a footprint 滅其跡
269 1 chún pure 而惇愨純信
270 1 to hide / to go into hiding 而士卒之逃事伏匿
271 1 jìn to enter 而好名義不進仕者
272 1 shī to lose 上失其道也
273 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
274 1 城池 chéngchí city 城池之所以廣者
275 1 酒徒 jiǔtú drunkard 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
276 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 而譟險讒諛者任
277 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 刻畫為末作者富
278 1 shì an official 而好名義不進仕者
279 1 容身 róngshēn to find a place for 無宅容身
280 1 sǔn to injure 損仁逐利
281 1 zhān to be moistened / to be soaked 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
282 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
283 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而陂知傾覆者使
284 1 móu to plan / to scheme 與下先謀比周
285 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 無二心私學
286 1 時節 shíjié season / time 言時節
287 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 賤爵祿
288 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 是教下亂上以為治也
289 1 què honest 而惇愨純信
290 1 a group / a section / a department 而綦組
291 1 租稅 zū shuì land tax 悉租稅
292 1 xīn heart 無二心私學
293 1 jié hero 謂之傑
294 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 上不禁塞
295 1 xiào to smile / to laugh 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
296 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 夫立法令者
297 1 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 倉廩之所以實者
298 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 稱而不可用
299 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 百官主爵遷人
300 1 náo to scratch 不撓上者
301 1 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 賞賜之
302 1 idea 賢者有私意
303 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則謂之不肖
304 1 閑靜 xiánjìng calm / tranquil 閑靜安居
305 1 不待 bù dài not need 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
306 1 安靜 ānjìng peaceful / calm / tranquil 安靜也
307 1 gāo high / tall 世謂之高
308 1 lóu poor / impoverished 則謂之窶
309 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謂之愿
310 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
311 1 base / foundation 所以為賤貴基也
312 1 to die 所以戰士卒也
313 1 liè to split / to crack / to break open 而斷頭裂腹
314 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
315 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
316 1 guǐ vehicle tracks 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
317 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
318 1 tōu to steal 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
319 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 聽令審
320 1 xíng punishment / penalty 名刑相當
321 1 dǎng political party 不破其群以散其黨
322 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 身死田奪
323 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官主爵遷人
324 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 行而乖於世者
325 1 守法 shǒufǎ to abide by the law 守法固
326 1 前者 qiánzhě the former 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
327 1 color 而女妹有色
328 1 dark gray 而綦組
329 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 名之所以成
330 1 世相 shìxiāng the way the world is 以求索與世相反者也
331 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 所以擅生殺之柄也
332 1 even / equal / uniform 謂之齊
333 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅姦人
334 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
335 1 yáo a minority tribe 附託有威之門以避傜賦
336 1 silk 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
337 1 hòu thick 重厚自尊
338 1 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
339 1 to associate with / be near 與下先謀比周
340 1 刑戮 xínglù to be executed / to be sentenced for execution 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
341 1 day of the month / a certain day 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
342 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 名號誠信
343 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 所以盡民力易下死也
344 1 shì to look at / to see 視手理
345 1 度量 dùliàng a measure / tolerance / breadth / magnanimity 上握度量
346 1 攻取 gōngqǔ to attack and seize 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
347 1 zhèng upright / straight 謂之正
348 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 有二心務私學反逆世者也
349 1 師徒 shī tú master and disciple 謂之師徒
350 1 fēng to seal / to close off 四封之內所以聽從者
351 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 而士卒之逃事伏匿
352 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 附託有威之門以避傜賦
353 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
354 1 刻畫 kèhuà to portray 刻畫為末作者富
355 1 大人 dàren adult / grownup 謂之大人
356 1 end / final stage / latter part 刻畫為末作者富
357 1 bone 播骨乎平原野者
358 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
359 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 難致
360 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 類名號
361 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 故世之所以不治者
362 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 下有私欲
363 1 qiān to move / to shift 百官主爵遷人
364 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 所以擅生殺之柄也
365 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
366 1 利於 lìyú be beneficial / be good for 無利於上
367 1 to give / to bestow favors 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
368 1 誹謗 fěibàng to slander 勉知詐與誹謗法令

Frequencies of all Words

Top 424

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 53 zhī him / her / them / that 上下之所同道也
2 49 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 夫利者
3 48 also / too 所以得民也
4 47 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而民不化上
5 28 shàng top / a high position 而民不化上
6 25 wèi to call 世謂之高
7 24 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以得民也
8 16 yǒu is / are / to exist 雖有不急矣
9 15 not / no 雖有不急矣
10 15 shì a generation 而世一治一亂者
11 15 xià next 而下不聽從
12 13 wèi for / to 聖人之所以為治道者三
13 12 míng measure word for people 三曰名
14 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 聖人之所以為治道者三
15 12 otherwise / but / however 則士之飢餓乏絕者
16 11 his / hers / its / theirs 甚其求利也
17 11 private 而不從法令為私善者
18 11 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 聖人之所以為治道者三
19 10 so as to / in order to 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
20 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 則士之飢餓乏絕者
21 9 xíng to walk / to move 行中適
22 9 gain / advantage / benefit 一曰利
23 8 wēi power / might / prestige 二曰威
24 8 fēi not / non- / un- 非此三者
25 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今利非無有也
26 8 no 而無利輕威者
27 7 zūn to honor / to respect 所以為尊也
28 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 而世一治一亂者
29 7 a man / a male adult 夫利者
30 6 residence / dwelling 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
31 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 所以得民也
32 6 私學 sī xué private education / private learning 無二心私學
33 6 final particle 雖有不急矣
34 6 yán to speak / to say / said 用心怯言
35 5 tīng to listen 今下而聽其上
36 5 rén person / people / a human being 誅姦人
37 5 yuē to speak / to say 一曰利
38 5 in / at 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
39 5 dào way / road / path 上失其道也
40 5 desire 是故下之所欲
41 5 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令
42 5 and 常與上之所以為治相詭也
43 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞祿
44 5 method / way 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
45 4 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 而巖居非世者顯
46 4 zhòng heavy 世謂之重
47 4 二心 èr xīn two minds 有二心務私學反逆世者也
48 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聽吏從教者
49 4 one 一曰利
50 4 從而 cóngér thus / thereby 又從而尊之
51 4 jiàn mean / low / base 今有賤名輕實者
52 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難致
53 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
54 4 yòu again / also 又從而尊之
55 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 上下之所同道也
56 4 sān three 聖人之所以為治道者三
57 4 to stand 夫立名號
58 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 聽令審
59 4 rich / wealthy 刻畫為末作者富
60 3 shí real / true 今有賤名輕實者
61 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常貴其所以亂
62 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 有二心務私學反逆世者也
63 3 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者有私意
64 3 tián field / farmland 夫陳善田利宅
65 3 hurried / worried 雖有不急矣
66 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
67 3 聽從 tīngcóng to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 而下不聽從
68 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
69 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
70 3 female / feminine 而女妹有色
71 3 to die 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
72 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
73 3 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
74 3 gōng merit 大臣左右無功者
75 3 zhái residence / dwelling / home 夫陳善田利宅
76 3 shì is / are / am / to be 是教下亂上以為治也
77 3 yòng to use / to apply 稱而不可用
78 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 而不從法令為私善者
79 3 不禁 bùjīn cannot help / cannot refrain from 而不禁其行
80 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 而不從法令為私善者
81 3 名號 mínghào name 夫立名號
82 3 cóng from 聽吏從教者
83 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble
84 3 qīng light / not heavy 今有賤名輕實者
85 3 zhǔ owner 而主揜障
86 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故世之所以不治者
87 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
88 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣左右無功者
89 3 shì matter / thing / item 而士卒之逃事伏匿
90 2 成群 chéngqún to be in a group / to be in a herd 私學成群
91 2 jìn nearby 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
92 2 big / great / huge / large / major 言大本
93 2 威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration 威利
94 2 meaning / sense 今有私行義者尊
95 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 以廢私也
96 2 rén a kernel / a pit 謂之仁
97 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
98 2 fán ordinary / common 凡上之所以治者
99 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 所以擅威也
100 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而惇愨純信
101 2 huàn government official 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
102 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 用事者過矣
103 2 xiǎn dangerous 險躁佻反覆
104 2 běn measure word for books 言大本
105 2 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 用心怯言
106 2 qiú to request 而簡上不求見者
107 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 而民不化上
108 2 Germany 行德
109 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 出則不便也
110 2 láo to toil 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
111 2 to avoid / to shun 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
112 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以賢者顯明而居
113 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 姦人賴賞而富
114 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 附託有威之門以避傜賦
115 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇宅而受
116 2 to think over / to consider 託伏深慮
117 2 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 戰士也
118 2 shēn deep 託伏深慮
119 2 chū to go out 出則不便也
120 2 天下 tiānxià China 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
121 2 cún to exist / to survive 威非不存也
122 2 行令 xínglìng to issue orders 所以行令也
123 2 wèi position / location / place 位安得無危
124 2 xiān first 先為人而後自為
125 2 to fly 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
126 2 得無 dewú is it or not? 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
127 2 jiàn to see 而簡上不求見者
128 2 shēn human body / torso 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
129 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠
130 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 附託有威之門以避傜賦
131 2 power / force / strength 所以盡民力易下死也
132 2 飢餓 jī è hungry 則士之飢餓乏絕者
133 2 guān an office 官非無法也
134 2 de potential marker 所以得民也
135 2 yān where / how 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
136 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰介之士不得職
137 2 zhī to know 而陂知傾覆者使
138 2 yǒng brave / courageous 世謂之勇夫
139 2 mèi younger sister 而女妹有色
140 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰
141 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 世謂之忠
142 2 安得 ānde how can it be? 名安得
143 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 而士卒之逃事伏匿
144 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 難禁
145 2 suī although / even though 雖有不急矣
146 2 yōu excellent / superior 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
147 2 shǔ to count 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
148 1 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必下之不從法令
149 1 在下 zàixià under 威利在下
150 1 to poison / to bewitch / to drive to insanity / to harm by witchcraft 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
151 1 to beg / to request 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
152 1 shǎo few 少欲
153 1 zhú to chase / to expel 損仁逐利
154 1 to think / consider / to ponder 謂之有思
155 1 zào clamor / noise / din 而譟險讒諛者任
156 1 a whetstone 所以厲下也
157 1 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 雖不法行
158 1 畏罪 wèizuì to dread punishment / afraid of being arrested for a crime 敬上畏罪
159 1 chén Chen 夫陳善田利宅
160 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 而簡上不求見者
161 1 yīng baby / infant 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
162 1 zhàng to separate 而主揜障
163 1 jué absolutely 則士之飢餓乏絕者
164 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 細者惑下
165 1 shùn to obey 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
166 1 自尊 zìzūn self-respect / self-esteem / pride 重厚自尊
167 1 easy / simple 所以盡民力易下死也
168 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智成群
169 1 zhōng middle 行中適
170 1 相當 xiāngdāng similar to 名刑相當
171 1 並行 bìngxíng to do things at the same time 近習女謁並行
172 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 則智者有私詞
173 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 所以備難充倉府也
174 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 謂之智
175 1 thin / slender 細者惑下
176 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 與下先謀比周
177 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 而斷頭裂腹
178 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 而不止也
179 1 bǐng handle / hilt 所以擅生殺之柄也
180 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 據法直言
181 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅其跡
182 1 私行 sīxíng to travel on private business / to act without official approval / to inspect incognito / to act in one's own interest 今有私行義者尊
183 1 順意 shùnyì pleasant / agreeable 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
184 1 to flatter 而譟險讒諛者任
185 1 死亡 sǐwáng to die 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
186 1 wilderness 播骨乎平原野者
187 1 zhí office / post 而戰介之士不得職
188 1 apprentice / disciple 而便辟優徒超級
189 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 今利非無有也
190 1 無法 wúfǎ unable / incapable 官非無法也
191 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守法固
192 1 zuò to do 造言作辭
193 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 有二心務私學反逆世者也
194 1 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 上握度量
195 1 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 循繩墨
196 1 road / path / way 巖居窞路
197 1 fèng to offer / to present 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
198 1 to lack 則士之飢餓乏絕者
199 1 fàn to float / to drift 言汎愛天下
200 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 閑靜安居
201 1 祿 good fortune 賞祿
202 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 勉知詐與誹謗法令
203 1 miǎn to encourage 勉知詐與誹謗法令
204 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 以非法措於上
205 1 tiāo frivolous 險躁佻反覆
206 1 ài to love 言汎愛天下
207 1 disease / sickness / ailment 謂之疾
208 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 官爵
209 1 shì to match 行中適
210 1 chǒu ugly 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
211 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 造言作辭
212 1 nóng agriculture / farming 耕農之本務也
213 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 謂之廉
214 1 法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li 法立
215 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 擇宅而受
216 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉租稅
217 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 不破其群以散其黨
218 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 而譟險讒諛者任
219 1 a reservoir 而陂知傾覆者使
220 1 烈士 lièshì a martyr 世謂之烈士
221 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
222 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 是以上不勝下也
223 1 敬上 jìngshàng yours truly / yours sincerely (at the end of a letter) 敬上畏罪
224 1 a government official / a magistrate 聽吏從教者
225 1 hǎo good 而好名義不進仕者
226 1 本務 běn wù primary duties 耕農之本務也
227 1 an official institution / a state bureau 所以備難充倉府也
228 1 shén what 甚其求利也
229 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
230 1 to bestow on / to endow with 附託有威之門以避傜賦
231 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 以求索與世相反者也
232 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 城池之所以廣者
233 1 four 四封之內所以聽從者
234 1 反覆 fǎnfù repeatedly 險躁佻反覆
235 1 亂民 luànmín rebels 入則亂民
236 1 xián virtuous / worthy 世謂之賢
237 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 不破其群以散其黨
238 1 超級 chāojí super- / ultra- / hyper- 而便辟優徒超級
239 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 而卜筮
240 1 duān duan 所以善剬下也
241 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 而戰介之士不得職
242 1 a word 則智者有私詞
243 1 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 謂之聖
244 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 上宜禁其欲
245 1 gēng to plow / to till 耕農之本務也
246 1 tōng to go through / to open 所以通威也
247 1 以此為 yǐcǐwèi to regard as / to treat as 上以此為教
248 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專民力
249 1 to broadcast 播骨乎平原野者
250 1 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 而間居之士尊顯
251 1 錦繡 jǐnxiù beautiful 錦繡
252 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣左右無功者
253 1 to enter 入則亂民
254 1 to defend / to resist 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
255 1 this / these 非此三者
256 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 設爵位
257 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 則謂之愚
258 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 所以備難充倉府也
259 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不破其群以散其黨
260 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 而士卒之逃事伏匿
261 1 shǒu hand 視手理
262 1 fox 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
263 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 險躁佻反覆
264 1 kuān wide / broad 寬惠
265 1 dàn pit 巖居窞路
266 1 汙泥 wūní dirt / mud 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
267 1 zāi exclamatory particle 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
268 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 謂之長者
269 1 名義 míngyì status 而好名義不進仕者
270 1 èr two 二曰威
271 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 上之所以立廉恥者
272 1 reason / logic / truth 視手理
273 1 cuò to put in order / to arrange 以非法措於上
274 1 平原 píngyuán field / plain 播骨乎平原野者
275 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 聖人之所以為治道者三
276 1 道法 dào fǎ the method to attain nirvāṇa 道法者治
277 1 a law / a rule 而便辟優徒超級
278 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之所以為治道者三
279 1 yǎn cover up 而主揜障
280 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
281 1 顯明 xiǎnmíng to reveal, make known 是以賢者顯明而居
282 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 以求索與世相反者也
283 1 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故下之所欲
284 1 恭儉 gōngjiǎn to bow / to revere 恭儉聽上也
285 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 所以備難充倉府也
286 1 tóu head 而斷頭裂腹
287 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而陂知傾覆者使
288 1 do not 則莫得為私矣
289 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 四封之內所以聽從者
290 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 先為人而後自為
291 1 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言利辭
292 1 wàn ten thousand 而上不得者萬數
293 1 shè to set up / to establish 設爵位
294 1 guǐ sly / crafty 常與上之所以為治相詭也
295 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 循繩墨
296 1 lòu crude / coarse 則謂之陋
297 1 chēng to call / to address 稱而不可用
298 1 clothes / clothing 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
299 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 有功之士貧賤
300 1 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 上下之所同道也
301 1 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 而惇愨純信
302 1 solitary 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
303 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 所以勸民也
304 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 而愈疏遠
305 1 xiū to be ashamed 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
306 1 to give 難予
307 1 to visit 近習女謁並行
308 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷之所以立者
309 1 shí food / food and drink 擇田而食
310 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 上下之所同道也
311 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而治不當名
312 1 用心 yòngxīn diligently / with all one's heart / wholeheartedly / attentively 用心怯言
313 1 a footprint 滅其跡
314 1 chún pure 而惇愨純信
315 1 to hide / to go into hiding 而士卒之逃事伏匿
316 1 jìn to enter 而好名義不進仕者
317 1 shī to lose 上失其道也
318 1 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 下漸行如此
319 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
320 1 城池 chéngchí city 城池之所以廣者
321 1 酒徒 jiǔtú drunkard 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
322 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 而譟險讒諛者任
323 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 刻畫為末作者富
324 1 shì an official 而好名義不進仕者
325 1 容身 róngshēn to find a place for 無宅容身
326 1 sǔn to injure 損仁逐利
327 1 zhān to be moistened / to be soaked 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
328 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
329 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而陂知傾覆者使
330 1 móu to plan / to scheme 與下先謀比周
331 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 無二心私學
332 1 時節 shíjié season / time 言時節
333 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 賤爵祿
334 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 是教下亂上以為治也
335 1 què honest 而惇愨純信
336 1 according to 據法直言
337 1 a group / a section / a department 而綦組
338 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 先為人而後自為
339 1 租稅 zū shuì land tax 悉租稅
340 1 xīn heart 無二心私學
341 1 jié hero 謂之傑
342 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 上不禁塞
343 1 xiào to smile / to laugh 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
344 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 夫立法令者
345 1 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 倉廩之所以實者
346 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 常與上之所以為治相詭也
347 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 稱而不可用
348 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 百官主爵遷人
349 1 náo to scratch 不撓上者
350 1 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 賞賜之
351 1 idea 賢者有私意
352 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則謂之不肖
353 1 閑靜 xiánjìng calm / tranquil 閑靜安居
354 1 不待 bù dài not need 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
355 1 安靜 ānjìng peaceful / calm / tranquil 安靜也
356 1 gāo high / tall 世謂之高
357 1 lóu poor / impoverished 則謂之窶
358 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謂之愿
359 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
360 1 base / foundation 所以為賤貴基也
361 1 duàn absolutely / decidedly 而斷頭裂腹
362 1 to die 所以戰士卒也
363 1 liè to split / to crack / to break open 而斷頭裂腹
364 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
365 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
366 1 guǐ vehicle tracks 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
367 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
368 1 tōu to steal 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
369 1 what / where / which 何也
370 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 聽令審
371 1 naturally / of course / certainly 先為人而後自為
372 1 xíng punishment / penalty 名刑相當
373 1 dǎng political party 不破其群以散其黨
374 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 身死田奪
375 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官主爵遷人
376 1 more and more / even more 而愈疏遠
377 1 a time 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
378 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 行而乖於世者
379 1 守法 shǒufǎ to abide by the law 守法固
380 1 前者 qiánzhě the former 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
381 1 color 而女妹有色
382 1 dark gray 而綦組
383 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 名之所以成
384 1 世相 shìxiāng the way the world is 以求索與世相反者也
385 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 所以擅生殺之柄也
386 1 even / equal / uniform 謂之齊
387 1 expresses question or doubt 播骨乎平原野者
388 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅姦人
389 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
390 1 yáo a minority tribe 附託有威之門以避傜賦
391 1 silk 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
392 1 hòu thick 重厚自尊
393 1 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
394 1 to associate with / be near 與下先謀比周
395 1 刑戮 xínglù to be executed / to be sentenced for execution 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
396 1 day of the month / a certain day 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
397 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 名號誠信
398 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 所以盡民力易下死也
399 1 shì to look at / to see 視手理
400 1 度量 dùliàng a measure / tolerance / breadth / magnanimity 上握度量
401 1 攻取 gōngqǔ to attack and seize 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
402 1 zhèng upright / straight 謂之正
403 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 有二心務私學反逆世者也
404 1 師徒 shī tú master and disciple 謂之師徒
405 1 fēng to seal / to close off 四封之內所以聽從者
406 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 而士卒之逃事伏匿
407 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 附託有威之門以避傜賦
408 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
409 1 刻畫 kèhuà to portray 刻畫為末作者富
410 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
411 1 大人 dàren adult / grownup 謂之大人
412 1 end / final stage / latter part 刻畫為末作者富
413 1 bone 播骨乎平原野者
414 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
415 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 難致
416 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 類名號
417 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 故世之所以不治者
418 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 下有私欲
419 1 qiān to move / to shift 百官主爵遷人
420 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 所以擅生殺之柄也
421 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
422 1 利於 lìyú be beneficial / be good for 無利於上
423 1 to give / to bestow favors 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
424 1 誹謗 fěibàng to slander 勉知詐與誹謗法令

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安居 ānjū
  1. to settle down / to live peacefully
  2. Varsa / Varsā / Vassa / Rains Retreat / Summer Retreat
  3. Anju
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li
爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English