Glossary and Vocabulary for Han Feizi 《韓非子》, 詭使第四十五 Chapter 45: Absurd Encouragements

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 28 shàng top / a high position 而民不化上
2 25 wèi to call 世謂之高
3 14 shì a generation 而世一治一亂者
4 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 聖人之所以為治道者三
5 11 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 聖人之所以為治道者三
6 10 private 而不從法令為私善者
7 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 則士之飢餓乏絕者
8 9 xíng to walk / to move 行中適
9 8 wēi prestige / majesty 二曰威
10 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今利非無有也
11 8 gain / advantage / benefit 一曰利
12 7 a man / a male adult 夫利者
13 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 而世一治一亂者
14 7 zūn to honor / to respect 所以為尊也
15 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 所以得民也
16 6 residence / dwelling 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
17 6 私學 sī xué private education / private learning 無二心私學
18 6 yán to speak / to say / said 用心怯言
19 5 yuē to speak / to say 一曰利
20 5 method / way 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
21 5 dào way / road / path 上失其道也
22 5 desire 是故下之所欲
23 5 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令
24 5 rén person / people / a human being 誅姦人
25 5 tīng to listen 今下而聽其上
26 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞祿
27 4 to stand 夫立名號
28 4 rich / wealthy 刻畫為末作者富
29 4 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 而巖居非世者顯
30 4 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
31 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難致
32 4 one 一曰利
33 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聽吏從教者
34 4 sān three 聖人之所以為治道者三
35 4 二心 èr xīn two minds 有二心務私學反逆世者也
36 4 jiàn mean / low / base 今有賤名輕實者
37 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 聽令審
38 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 而不從法令為私善者
39 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble
40 3 gōng merit 大臣左右無功者
41 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣左右無功者
42 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
43 3 qīng light / not heavy 今有賤名輕實者
44 3 shì matter / thing / item 而士卒之逃事伏匿
45 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 而不從法令為私善者
46 3 zhái residence / dwelling / home 夫陳善田利宅
47 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
48 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
49 3 hurried / worried 雖有不急矣
50 3 zhòng heavy 世謂之重
51 3 tián field / farmland 夫陳善田利宅
52 3 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
53 3 yòng to use / to apply 稱而不可用
54 3 zhǔ owner 而主揜障
55 3 名號 mínghào name 夫立名號
56 3 shí real / true 今有賤名輕實者
57 3 to die 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
58 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
59 3 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者有私意
60 3 聽從 tīngcóng to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 而下不聽從
61 3 female / feminine 而女妹有色
62 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 有二心務私學反逆世者也
63 2 無利 wúlì no profit / not profitable / a hindrance / (to lend money) at no interest 而無利輕威者
64 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 姦人賴賞而富
65 2 to avoid / to shun 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
66 2 power / force / strength 所以盡民力易下死也
67 2 to think over / to consider 託伏深慮
68 2 jìn nearby 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
69 2 xiān first 先為人而後自為
70 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 附託有威之門以避傜賦
71 2 fán ordinary / common 凡上之所以治者
72 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 附託有威之門以避傜賦
73 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 用事者過矣
74 2 big / great / huge / large / major 言大本
75 2 yōu excellent / superior 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
76 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 世謂之忠
77 2 Germany 行德
78 2 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 戰士也
79 2 shēn deep 託伏深慮
80 2 威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration 威利
81 2 cún to exist / to survive 威非不存也
82 2 zhī to know 而陂知傾覆者使
83 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠
84 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇宅而受
85 2 mèi younger sister 而女妹有色
86 2 成群 chéngqún to be in a group / to be in a herd 私學成群
87 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰介之士不得職
88 2 láo to toil 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
89 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而惇愨純信
90 2 to fly 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
91 2 wèi position / location / place 位安得無危
92 2 shǔ to count 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
93 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰
94 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 以廢私也
95 2 天下 tiānxià China 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
96 2 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 用心怯言
97 2 yǒng brave / courageous 世謂之勇夫
98 2 huàn government official 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
99 2 飢餓 jī è hungry 則士之飢餓乏絕者
100 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 所以擅威也
101 2 meaning / sense 今有私行義者尊
102 2 xiǎn dangerous 險躁佻反覆
103 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 而士卒之逃事伏匿
104 2 shēn human body / torso 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
105 2 行令 xínglìng to issue orders 所以行令也
106 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 常貴其所以亂
107 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 難禁
108 2 rén a kernel / a pit 謂之仁
109 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 而民不化上
110 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
111 1 fàn to float / to drift 言汎愛天下
112 1 to poison / to bewitch / to drive to insanity / to harm by witchcraft 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
113 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 今利非無有也
114 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 故世之所以不治者
115 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 百官主爵遷人
116 1 a footprint 滅其跡
117 1 to associate with / be near 與下先謀比周
118 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 名號誠信
119 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而陂知傾覆者使
120 1 官非 guānfēi lawsuit (from Cantonese) 官非無法也
121 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 而士卒之逃事伏匿
122 1 自尊 zìzūn self-respect / self-esteem / pride 重厚自尊
123 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 上宜禁其欲
124 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 名之所以成
125 1 xiū to be ashamed 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
126 1 誹謗 fěibàng to slander 勉知詐與誹謗法令
127 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 細者惑下
128 1 私行 sīxíng to travel on private business / to act without official approval / to inspect incognito / to act in one's own interest 今有私行義者尊
129 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
130 1 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 賞賜之
131 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 難致
132 1 fēng to seal / to close off 四封之內所以聽從者
133 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
134 1 zhān to be moistened / to be soaked 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
135 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
136 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 有二心務私學反逆世者也
137 1 miǎn to encourage 勉知詐與誹謗法令
138 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
139 1 chén Chen 夫陳善田利宅
140 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣左右無功者
141 1 ài to love 言汎愛天下
142 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
143 1 xián virtuous / worthy 世謂之賢
144 1 刑戮 xínglù to be executed / to be sentenced for execution 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
145 1 zhú to chase / to expel 損仁逐利
146 1 wilderness 播骨乎平原野者
147 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官主爵遷人
148 1 hǎo good 而好名義不進仕者
149 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 是教下亂上以為治也
150 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 勉知詐與誹謗法令
151 1 為重 wèizhòng to attach most importance to 所以為重也
152 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 上之所以立廉恥者
153 1 敬上 jìngshàng yours truly / yours sincerely (at the end of a letter) 敬上畏罪
154 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 謂之智
155 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
156 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 有二心務私學反逆世者也
157 1 tiāo frivolous 險躁佻反覆
158 1 to hide / to go into hiding 而士卒之逃事伏匿
159 1 以此為 yǐcǐwèi to regard as / to treat as 上以此為教
160 1 道法 dào fǎ the method to attain nirvāṇa 道法者治
161 1 名義 míngyì status 而好名義不進仕者
162 1 thin / slender 細者惑下
163 1 easy / simple 所以盡民力易下死也
164 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 而卜筮
165 1 nóng agriculture / farming 耕農之本務也
166 1 to defend / to resist 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
167 1 tōng to go through / to open 所以通威也
168 1 dǎng political party 不破其群以散其黨
169 1 順意 shùnyì pleasant / agreeable 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
170 1 shè to set up / to establish 設爵位
171 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之所以為治道者三
172 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 類名號
173 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 以求索與世相反者也
174 1 畏罪 wèizuì to dread punishment / afraid of being arrested for a crime 敬上畏罪
175 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 循繩墨
176 1 fèng to offer / to present 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
177 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 所以擅生殺之柄也
178 1 亂民 luànmín rebels 入則亂民
179 1 烈士 lièshì a martyr 世謂之烈士
180 1 to think / consider / to ponder 謂之有思
181 1 náo to scratch 不撓上者
182 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
183 1 zhí office / post 而戰介之士不得職
184 1 xíng punishment / penalty 名刑相當
185 1 zhàng to separate 而主揜障
186 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
187 1 錦繡 jǐnxiù beautiful 錦繡
188 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 行而乖於世者
189 1 to broadcast 播骨乎平原野者
190 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 則智者有私詞
191 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 而戰介之士不得職
192 1 to visit 近習女謁並行
193 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 聖人之所以為治道者三
194 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 閑靜安居
195 1 wàn ten thousand 而上不得者萬數
196 1 顯明 xiǎnmíng to reveal, make known 是以賢者顯明而居
197 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 下有私欲
198 1 to give 難予
199 1 bone 播骨乎平原野者
200 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 與下先謀比周
201 1 dàn pit 巖居窞路
202 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 是以上不勝下也
203 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 有功之士貧賤
204 1 平原 píngyuán field / plain 播骨乎平原野者
205 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智成群
206 1 èr two 二曰威
207 1 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 倉廩之所以實者
208 1 本務 běn wù primary duties 耕農之本務也
209 1 clothes / clothing 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
210 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 所以盡民力易下死也
211 1 相當 xiāngdāng similar to 名刑相當
212 1 yǎn cover up 而主揜障
213 1 時節 shíjié season / time 言時節
214 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 以非法措於上
215 1 apprentice / disciple 而便辟優徒超級
216 1 reason / logic / truth 視手理
217 1 to flatter 而譟險讒諛者任
218 1 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 上握度量
219 1 road / path / way 巖居窞路
220 1 to beg / to request 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
221 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅其跡
222 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
223 1 yīng baby / infant 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
224 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 上下之所同道也
225 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 先為人而後自為
226 1 shī to lose 上失其道也
227 1 kuān wide / broad 寬惠
228 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而陂知傾覆者使
229 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 身死田奪
230 1 jiàn to see 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
231 1 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 雖不法行
232 1 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 而惇愨純信
233 1 chēng to call / to address 稱而不可用
234 1 silk 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
235 1 gēng to plow / to till 耕農之本務也
236 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 所以擅生殺之柄也
237 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 據法直言
238 1 to bestow on / to endow with 附託有威之門以避傜賦
239 1 容身 róngshēn to find a place for 無宅容身
240 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 而譟險讒諛者任
241 1 世相 shìxiāng the way the world is 以求索與世相反者也
242 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 城池之所以廣者
243 1 刻畫 kèhuà to portray 刻畫為末作者富
244 1 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 循繩墨
245 1 a government official / a magistrate 聽吏從教者
246 1 jié hero 謂之傑
247 1 guǐ vehicle tracks 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
248 1 安靜 ānjìng peaceful / calm / tranquil 安靜也
249 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 無二心私學
250 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 附託有威之門以避傜賦
251 1 bǐng handle / hilt 所以擅生殺之柄也
252 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 以求索與世相反者也
253 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而治不當名
254 1 前者 qiánzhě the former 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
255 1 酒徒 jiǔtú drunkard 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
256 1 在下 zàixià under 威利在下
257 1 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 上下之所同道也
258 1 用心 yòngxīn diligently / with all one's heart / wholeheartedly / attentively 用心怯言
259 1 zhōng middle 行中適
260 1 móu to plan / to scheme 與下先謀比周
261 1 fox 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
262 1 solitary 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
263 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
264 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不破其群以散其黨
265 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 刻畫為末作者富
266 1 four 四封之內所以聽從者
267 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
268 1 私意 sīyì one's own ideas 賢者有私意
269 1 大人 dàrén adult / grownup 謂之大人
270 1 度量 dùliàng a measure / tolerance / breadth / magnanimity 上握度量
271 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 所以備難充倉府也
272 1 並行 bìngxíng to do things at the same time 近習女謁並行
273 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 不破其群以散其黨
274 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 官爵
275 1 守法 shǒufǎ to abide by the law 守法固
276 1 yáo a minority tribe 附託有威之門以避傜賦
277 1 sǔn to injure 損仁逐利
278 1 a law / a rule 而便辟優徒超級
279 1 lòu crude / coarse 則謂之陋
280 1 shǒu hand 視手理
281 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 所以勸民也
282 1 end / final stage / latter part 刻畫為末作者富
283 1 liè to split / to crack / to break open 而斷頭裂腹
284 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 險躁佻反覆
285 1 shí food / food and drink 擇田而食
286 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 不破其群以散其黨
287 1 chún pure 而惇愨純信
288 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 而斷頭裂腹
289 1 zuò to do 造言作辭
290 1 què honest 而惇愨純信
291 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 聽令審
292 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 而士卒之逃事伏匿
293 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 謂之長者
294 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 而譟險讒諛者任
295 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 而便辟優徒超級
296 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷之所以立者
297 1 法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li 法立
298 1 base / foundation 所以為賤貴基也
299 1 qiú to request 甚其求利也
300 1 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 謂之聖
301 1 求見 qiújiàn to seek to see 而簡上不求見者
302 1 day of the month / a certain day 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
303 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 而簡上不求見者
304 1 jìn to enter 而好名義不進仕者
305 1 to enter 入則亂民
306 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 則謂之愚
307 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 稱而不可用
308 1 a group / a section / a department 而綦組
309 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 夫立法令者
310 1 死亡 sǐwáng to die 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
311 1 lóu poor / impoverished 則謂之窶
312 1 to die 所以戰士卒也
313 1 dark gray 而綦組
314 1 攻取 gōngqǔ to attack and seize 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
315 1 duān duan 所以善剬下也
316 1 不便 bùbiàn inconvenient / inappropriate / unsuitable / short of cash 出則不便也
317 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專民力
318 1 祿 good fortune 賞祿
319 1 xīn heart 無二心私學
320 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 謂之廉
321 1 不待 bù dài not need 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
322 1 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言利辭
323 1 a whetstone 所以厲下也
324 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 設爵位
325 1 zào clamor / noise / din 而譟險讒諛者任
326 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守法固
327 1 even / equal / uniform 謂之齊
328 1 閑靜 xiánjìng calm / tranquil 閑靜安居
329 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 上不禁塞
330 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謂之愿
331 1 gāo high / tall 世謂之高
332 1 an official institution / a state bureau 所以備難充倉府也
333 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則謂之不肖
334 1 shǎo few 少欲
335 1 師徒 shī tú master and disciple 謂之師徒
336 1 超級 chāojí super- / ultra- / hyper- 而便辟優徒超級
337 1 shì to match 行中適
338 1 汙泥 wūní dirt / mud 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
339 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 擇宅而受
340 1 tōu to steal 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
341 1 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
342 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 造言作辭
343 1 xiào to smile / to laugh 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
344 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 賤爵祿
345 1 qiān to move / to shift 百官主爵遷人
346 1 shì an official 而好名義不進仕者
347 1 城池 chéngchí city 城池之所以廣者
348 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 所以備難充倉府也
349 1 租稅 zū shuì land tax 悉租稅
350 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 而不止也
351 1 zhèng upright / straight 謂之正
352 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 四封之內所以聽從者
353 1 shì to look at / to see 視手理
354 1 to give / to bestow favors 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
355 1 chǒu ugly 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
356 1 a word 則智者有私詞
357 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅姦人
358 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 所以備難充倉府也
359 1 爭名 zhēng míng to struggle for fame 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
360 1 guǐ sly / crafty 常與上之所以為治相詭也
361 1 a reservoir 而陂知傾覆者使
362 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉租稅
363 1 cuò to put in order / to arrange 以非法措於上
364 1 to lack 則士之飢餓乏絕者
365 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 而愈疏遠
366 1 tóu head 而斷頭裂腹
367 1 hòu thick 重厚自尊
368 1 shùn to obey 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
369 1 disease / sickness / ailment 謂之疾
370 1 guān an office 大臣官人
371 1 有色 yǒusè colored / non-white / non-ferrous (metals) 而女妹有色
372 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 故世之所以不治者
373 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
374 1 恭儉 gōngjiǎn to bow / to revere 恭儉聽上也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 430

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 53 zhī him / her / them / that 上下之所同道也
2 49 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 夫利者
3 48 also / too 所以得民也
4 47 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而民不化上
5 28 shàng top / a high position 而民不化上
6 25 wèi to call 世謂之高
7 22 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以得民也
8 15 yǒu is / are / to exist 雖有不急矣
9 15 xià next 而下不聽從
10 14 not / no 雖有不急矣
11 14 shì a generation 而世一治一亂者
12 12 so as to / in order to 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
13 12 otherwise / but / however 則士之飢餓乏絕者
14 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 聖人之所以為治道者三
15 12 wèi for / to 聖人之所以為治道者三
16 11 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 聖人之所以為治道者三
17 11 míng measure word for people 三曰名
18 10 private 而不從法令為私善者
19 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 則士之飢餓乏絕者
20 9 his / hers / its / theirs 甚其求利也
21 9 xíng to walk / to move 行中適
22 8 wēi prestige / majesty 二曰威
23 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今利非無有也
24 8 gain / advantage / benefit 一曰利
25 7 a man / a male adult 夫利者
26 7 fēi not / non- / un- 非此三者
27 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 而世一治一亂者
28 7 zūn to honor / to respect 所以為尊也
29 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 所以得民也
30 6 in / at 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
31 6 residence / dwelling 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
32 6 final particle 雖有不急矣
33 6 私學 sī xué private education / private learning 無二心私學
34 6 no 無宅容身
35 6 yán to speak / to say / said 用心怯言
36 5 yuē to speak / to say 一曰利
37 5 method / way 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
38 5 dào way / road / path 上失其道也
39 5 desire 是故下之所欲
40 5 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令
41 5 and 常與上之所以為治相詭也
42 5 rén person / people / a human being 誅姦人
43 5 tīng to listen 今下而聽其上
44 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞祿
45 4 to stand 夫立名號
46 4 rich / wealthy 刻畫為末作者富
47 4 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 而巖居非世者顯
48 4 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
49 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難致
50 4 one 一曰利
51 4 yòu again / also 又從而尊之
52 4 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 聽吏從教者
53 4 sān three 聖人之所以為治道者三
54 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 上下之所同道也
55 4 二心 èr xīn two minds 有二心務私學反逆世者也
56 4 jiàn mean / low / base 今有賤名輕實者
57 4 從而 cóngér thus / thereby 又從而尊之
58 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 聽令審
59 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 而不從法令為私善者
60 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble
61 3 gōng merit 大臣左右無功者
62 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣左右無功者
63 3 shì is / are / am / to be 是教下亂上以為治也
64 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
65 3 qīng light / not heavy 今有賤名輕實者
66 3 shì matter / thing / item 而士卒之逃事伏匿
67 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 而不從法令為私善者
68 3 zhái residence / dwelling / home 夫陳善田利宅
69 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常貴其所以亂
70 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
71 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
72 3 hurried / worried 雖有不急矣
73 3 zhòng heavy 世謂之重
74 3 tián field / farmland 夫陳善田利宅
75 3 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
76 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
77 3 yòng to use / to apply 稱而不可用
78 3 cóng from 聽吏從教者
79 3 不禁 bùjīn cannot help / cannot refrain from 而不禁其行
80 3 zhǔ owner 而主揜障
81 3 名號 mínghào name 夫立名號
82 3 shí real / true 今有賤名輕實者
83 3 to die 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
84 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
85 3 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者有私意
86 3 聽從 tīngcóng to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 而下不聽從
87 3 female / feminine 而女妹有色
88 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 有二心務私學反逆世者也
89 2 無利 wúlì no profit / not profitable / a hindrance / (to lend money) at no interest 而無利輕威者
90 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以賢者顯明而居
91 2 lài to depend on / to rely on 姦人賴賞而富
92 2 to avoid / to shun 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
93 2 yān where / how 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
94 2 power / force / strength 所以盡民力易下死也
95 2 to think over / to consider 託伏深慮
96 2 jìn nearby 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
97 2 xiān first 先為人而後自為
98 2 de potential marker 所以得民也
99 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 附託有威之門以避傜賦
100 2 fán ordinary / common 凡上之所以治者
101 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 附託有威之門以避傜賦
102 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 用事者過矣
103 2 běn measure word for books 言大本
104 2 big / great / huge / large / major 言大本
105 2 yōu excellent / superior 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
106 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 世謂之忠
107 2 chū to go out / to leave 出則不便也
108 2 Germany 行德
109 2 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 戰士也
110 2 shēn deep 託伏深慮
111 2 威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration 威利
112 2 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly
113 2 cún to exist / to survive 威非不存也
114 2 zhī to know 而陂知傾覆者使
115 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠
116 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇宅而受
117 2 安得 ānde how can it be? 名安得
118 2 mèi younger sister 而女妹有色
119 2 成群 chéngqún to be in a group / to be in a herd 私學成群
120 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而戰介之士不得職
121 2 láo to toil 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
122 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而惇愨純信
123 2 to fly 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
124 2 wèi position / location / place 位安得無危
125 2 shǔ to count 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
126 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰
127 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 以廢私也
128 2 天下 tiānxià China 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
129 2 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 用心怯言
130 2 yǒng brave / courageous 世謂之勇夫
131 2 得無 dewú is it or not? 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
132 2 huàn government official 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
133 2 飢餓 jī è hungry 則士之飢餓乏絕者
134 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 所以擅威也
135 2 meaning / sense 今有私行義者尊
136 2 xiǎn dangerous 險躁佻反覆
137 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 而士卒之逃事伏匿
138 2 shēn human body / torso 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
139 2 行令 xínglìng to issue orders 所以行令也
140 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 常貴其所以亂
141 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 難禁
142 2 rén a kernel / a pit 謂之仁
143 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 而民不化上
144 2 suī although / even though 雖有不急矣
145 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
146 1 fàn to float / to drift 言汎愛天下
147 1 to poison / to bewitch / to drive to insanity / to harm by witchcraft 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
148 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 今利非無有也
149 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 故世之所以不治者
150 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 百官主爵遷人
151 1 a footprint 滅其跡
152 1 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 而間居之士尊顯
153 1 to associate with / be near 與下先謀比周
154 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 名號誠信
155 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而陂知傾覆者使
156 1 官非 guānfēi lawsuit (from Cantonese) 官非無法也
157 1 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 而士卒之逃事伏匿
158 1 自尊 zìzūn self-respect / self-esteem / pride 重厚自尊
159 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 上宜禁其欲
160 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 名之所以成
161 1 xiū to be ashamed 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
162 1 誹謗 fěibàng to slander 勉知詐與誹謗法令
163 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 細者惑下
164 1 私行 sīxíng to travel on private business / to act without official approval / to inspect incognito / to act in one's own interest 今有私行義者尊
165 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
166 1 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 賞賜之
167 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 難致
168 1 fēng to seal / to close off 四封之內所以聽從者
169 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
170 1 zhān to be moistened / to be soaked 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
171 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
172 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 有二心務私學反逆世者也
173 1 miǎn to encourage 勉知詐與誹謗法令
174 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
175 1 chén Chen 夫陳善田利宅
176 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣左右無功者
177 1 ài to love 言汎愛天下
178 1 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
179 1 xián virtuous / worthy 世謂之賢
180 1 刑戮 xínglù to be executed / to be sentenced for execution 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
181 1 zhú to chase / to expel 損仁逐利
182 1 wilderness 播骨乎平原野者
183 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官主爵遷人
184 1 hǎo good 而好名義不進仕者
185 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 是教下亂上以為治也
186 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 勉知詐與誹謗法令
187 1 為重 wèizhòng to attach most importance to 所以為重也
188 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 上之所以立廉恥者
189 1 敬上 jìngshàng yours truly / yours sincerely (at the end of a letter) 敬上畏罪
190 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 謂之智
191 1 duàn absolutely / decidedly 而斷頭裂腹
192 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
193 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 有二心務私學反逆世者也
194 1 tiāo frivolous 險躁佻反覆
195 1 to hide / to go into hiding 而士卒之逃事伏匿
196 1 以此為 yǐcǐwèi to regard as / to treat as 上以此為教
197 1 道法 dào fǎ the method to attain nirvāṇa 道法者治
198 1 名義 míngyì status 而好名義不進仕者
199 1 thin / slender 細者惑下
200 1 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 下漸行如此
201 1 easy / simple 所以盡民力易下死也
202 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 而卜筮
203 1 nóng agriculture / farming 耕農之本務也
204 1 to defend / to resist 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
205 1 tōng to go through / to open 所以通威也
206 1 dǎng political party 不破其群以散其黨
207 1 this / these 非此三者
208 1 順意 shùnyì pleasant / agreeable 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
209 1 shè to set up / to establish 設爵位
210 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之所以為治道者三
211 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 類名號
212 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 以求索與世相反者也
213 1 畏罪 wèizuì to dread punishment / afraid of being arrested for a crime 敬上畏罪
214 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 循繩墨
215 1 fèng to offer / to present 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
216 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 所以擅生殺之柄也
217 1 亂民 luànmín rebels 入則亂民
218 1 烈士 lièshì a martyr 世謂之烈士
219 1 to think / consider / to ponder 謂之有思
220 1 náo to scratch 不撓上者
221 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
222 1 zhí office / post 而戰介之士不得職
223 1 xíng punishment / penalty 名刑相當
224 1 zhàng to separate 而主揜障
225 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
226 1 錦繡 jǐnxiù beautiful 錦繡
227 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 行而乖於世者
228 1 to broadcast 播骨乎平原野者
229 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 則智者有私詞
230 1 無法 wúfǎ unable / incapable 官非無法也
231 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 而戰介之士不得職
232 1 to visit 近習女謁並行
233 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 聖人之所以為治道者三
234 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 閑靜安居
235 1 wàn ten thousand 而上不得者萬數
236 1 顯明 xiǎnmíng to reveal, make known 是以賢者顯明而居
237 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 下有私欲
238 1 to give 難予
239 1 bone 播骨乎平原野者
240 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 與下先謀比周
241 1 dàn pit 巖居窞路
242 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 是以上不勝下也
243 1 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 有功之士貧賤
244 1 shén what 甚其求利也
245 1 平原 píngyuán field / plain 播骨乎平原野者
246 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智成群
247 1 èr two 二曰威
248 1 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 倉廩之所以實者
249 1 本務 běn wù primary duties 耕農之本務也
250 1 clothes / clothing 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
251 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 所以盡民力易下死也
252 1 相當 xiāngdāng similar to 名刑相當
253 1 a time 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
254 1 yǎn cover up 而主揜障
255 1 時節 shíjié season / time 言時節
256 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 以非法措於上
257 1 apprentice / disciple 而便辟優徒超級
258 1 reason / logic / truth 視手理
259 1 to flatter 而譟險讒諛者任
260 1 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 上握度量
261 1 road / path / way 巖居窞路
262 1 to beg / to request 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
263 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅其跡
264 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
265 1 yīng baby / infant 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
266 1 同道 tóngdào same principle 上下之所同道也
267 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 先為人而後自為
268 1 shī to lose 上失其道也
269 1 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故下之所欲
270 1 kuān wide / broad 寬惠
271 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而陂知傾覆者使
272 1 zāi exclamatory particle 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
273 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 身死田奪
274 1 jiàn to see 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
275 1 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 雖不法行
276 1 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 而惇愨純信
277 1 chēng to call / to address 稱而不可用
278 1 silk 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
279 1 gēng to plow / to till 耕農之本務也
280 1 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必下之不從法令
281 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 所以擅生殺之柄也
282 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 據法直言
283 1 to bestow on / to endow with 附託有威之門以避傜賦
284 1 容身 róngshēn to find a place for 無宅容身
285 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 而譟險讒諛者任
286 1 世相 shìxiāng the way the world is 以求索與世相反者也
287 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 城池之所以廣者
288 1 刻畫 kèhuà to portray 刻畫為末作者富
289 1 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 循繩墨
290 1 a government official / a magistrate 聽吏從教者
291 1 jié hero 謂之傑
292 1 guǐ vehicle tracks 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
293 1 安靜 ānjìng peaceful / calm / tranquil 安靜也
294 1 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 無二心私學
295 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 附託有威之門以避傜賦
296 1 bǐng handle / hilt 所以擅生殺之柄也
297 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 以求索與世相反者也
298 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而治不當名
299 1 前者 qiánzhě the former 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
300 1 naturally / of course / certainly 先為人而後自為
301 1 酒徒 jiǔtú drunkard 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
302 1 在下 zàixià under 威利在下
303 1 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 上下之所同道也
304 1 用心 yòngxīn diligently / with all one's heart / wholeheartedly / attentively 用心怯言
305 1 zhōng middle 行中適
306 1 móu to plan / to scheme 與下先謀比周
307 1 fox 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
308 1 solitary 今死士之孤飢餓乞於道
309 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 今守度奉量之士欲以忠嬰上而不得見
310 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不破其群以散其黨
311 1 do not 則莫得為私矣
312 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 刻畫為末作者富
313 1 four 四封之內所以聽從者
314 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂施順意從欲以危世者近習
315 1 私意 sīyì one's own ideas 賢者有私意
316 1 大人 dàrén adult / grownup 謂之大人
317 1 度量 dùliàng a measure / tolerance / breadth / magnanimity 上握度量
318 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 所以備難充倉府也
319 1 反覆 fǎnfù repeatedly 險躁佻反覆
320 1 並行 bìngxíng to do things at the same time 近習女謁並行
321 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 不破其群以散其黨
322 1 官爵 guānjué official ranking / titles and honors 官爵
323 1 守法 shǒufǎ to abide by the law 守法固
324 1 yáo a minority tribe 附託有威之門以避傜賦
325 1 sǔn to injure 損仁逐利
326 1 a law / a rule 而便辟優徒超級
327 1 lòu crude / coarse 則謂之陋
328 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 常與上之所以為治相詭也
329 1 shǒu hand 視手理
330 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 所以勸民也
331 1 jué absolutely 則士之飢餓乏絕者
332 1 end / final stage / latter part 刻畫為末作者富
333 1 more and more / even more 而愈疏遠
334 1 liè to split / to crack / to break open 而斷頭裂腹
335 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 險躁佻反覆
336 1 shí food / food and drink 擇田而食
337 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 不破其群以散其黨
338 1 chún pure 而惇愨純信
339 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 而斷頭裂腹
340 1 zuò to do 造言作辭
341 1 què honest 而惇愨純信
342 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 聽令審
343 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 而士卒之逃事伏匿
344 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 謂之長者
345 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 而譟險讒諛者任
346 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 而便辟優徒超級
347 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷之所以立者
348 1 法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li 法立
349 1 base / foundation 所以為賤貴基也
350 1 qiú to request 甚其求利也
351 1 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 謂之聖
352 1 求見 qiújiàn to seek to see 而簡上不求見者
353 1 day of the month / a certain day 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
354 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 而簡上不求見者
355 1 jìn to enter 而好名義不進仕者
356 1 to enter 入則亂民
357 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 則謂之愚
358 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 稱而不可用
359 1 a group / a section / a department 而綦組
360 1 立法 lìfǎ to legislate 夫立法令者
361 1 死亡 sǐwáng to die 而輕法不避刑戮死亡之罪者
362 1 lóu poor / impoverished 則謂之窶
363 1 to die 所以戰士卒也
364 1 dark gray 而綦組
365 1 攻取 gōngqǔ to attack and seize 今戰勝攻取之士勞而賞不霑
366 1 duān duan 所以善剬下也
367 1 不便 bùbiàn inconvenient / inappropriate / unsuitable / short of cash 出則不便也
368 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專民力
369 1 祿 good fortune 賞祿
370 1 xīn heart 無二心私學
371 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 謂之廉
372 1 不待 bù dài not need 女妹私義之門不待次而宦
373 1 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言利辭
374 1 a whetstone 所以厲下也
375 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 設爵位
376 1 zào clamor / noise / din 而譟險讒諛者任
377 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守法固
378 1 even / equal / uniform 謂之齊
379 1 閑靜 xiánjìng calm / tranquil 閑靜安居
380 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 上不禁塞
381 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 謂之愿
382 1 gāo high / tall 世謂之高
383 1 an official institution / a state bureau 所以備難充倉府也
384 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則謂之不肖
385 1 shǎo few 少欲
386 1 師徒 shī tú master and disciple 謂之師徒
387 1 超級 chāojí super- / ultra- / hyper- 而便辟優徒超級
388 1 what / where / which 何也
389 1 shì to match 行中適
390 1 汙泥 wūní dirt / mud 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
391 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 擇宅而受
392 1 tōu to steal 行姦軌以倖偷世者數御
393 1 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
394 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 造言作辭
395 1 xiào to smile / to laugh 而優笑酒徒之屬乘車衣絲
396 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 賤爵祿
397 1 qiān to move / to shift 百官主爵遷人
398 1 shì an official 而好名義不進仕者
399 1 城池 chéngchí city 城池之所以廣者
400 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 所以備難充倉府也
401 1 租稅 zū shuì land tax 悉租稅
402 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 而不止也
403 1 according to 據法直言
404 1 expresses question or doubt 播骨乎平原野者
405 1 zhèng upright / straight 謂之正
406 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 四封之內所以聽從者
407 1 shì to look at / to see 視手理
408 1 to give / to bestow favors 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
409 1 chǒu ugly 今士大夫不羞汙泥醜辱而宦
410 1 a word 則智者有私詞
411 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 先為人而後自為
412 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅姦人
413 1 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 所以備難充倉府也
414 1 爭名 zhēng míng to struggle for fame 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
415 1 guǐ sly / crafty 常與上之所以為治相詭也
416 1 a reservoir 而陂知傾覆者使
417 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉租稅
418 1 cuò to put in order / to arrange 以非法措於上
419 1 to lack 則士之飢餓乏絕者
420 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 而愈疏遠
421 1 tóu head 而斷頭裂腹
422 1 hòu thick 重厚自尊
423 1 shùn to obey 狐蠱為順辭於前者日賜
424 1 disease / sickness / ailment 謂之疾
425 1 guān an office 大臣官人
426 1 有色 yǒusè colored / non-white / non-ferrous (metals) 而女妹有色
427 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 故世之所以不治者
428 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 夫上之所貴與其所以為治相反也
429 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 焉得無巖居苦身以爭名於天下哉
430 1 恭儉 gōngjiǎn to bow / to revere 恭儉聽上也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安居 ānjū
  1. to settle down / to live peacefully
  2. Varsa / Varsā / Vassa / Rains Retreat / Summer Retreat
  3. Anju
法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li
爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
威利 Wēilì Wylie transliteration

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English