Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《魏公子列傳》 Biographiy of the prince of Wei

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 146 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 魏公子列傳
2 56 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏公子列傳
3 42 wáng Wang 魏王及公子患之
4 35 zhào Zhao 趙寇至
5 30 yuē to speak / to say 公子止王曰
6 25 hóu marquis / lord 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
7 23 shēng to be born / to give birth 自迎夷門侯生
8 19 wén to hear 公子聞之
9 18 qín Shaanxi 是時范睢亡魏相秦
10 17 jìn shanxi 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
11 17 rustic / low / base / mean 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
12 16 平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
13 15 rén person / people / a human being 致食客三千人
14 15 bīng soldier / troops 秦兵圍大梁
15 15 guest / visitor 多客
16 15 使 shǐ to make / to cause 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
17 13 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
18 13 desire 欲召大臣謀
19 11 jiù to save / to rescue 請救於魏
20 11 jūn army / military 破魏華陽下軍
21 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今公子故過之
22 11 qǐng to ask / to inquire 往請
23 10 shǔ to count 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
24 10 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯以公子賢
25 10 wǎng to go (in a direction) 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
26 10 a consort / a concubine 而如姬最幸
27 9 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 願枉車騎過之
28 9 xíng to walk / to move 臣修身絜行數十年
29 8 shí time / a point or period of time 是時范睢亡魏相秦
30 8 ěr ear 趙王田獵耳
31 8 shì a gentleman / a knight 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
32 8 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
33 8 yíng to have the surname / to profit / to win / to have a surplus 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
34 8 guī to go back / to return 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
35 8 to die 與趙俱死
36 7 夫人 fūren wife 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
37 7 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 秦兵圍大梁
38 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 侯生遂為上客
39 7 to stand 俾倪故久立
40 7 zhī to know 公子何以知之
41 7 zhū vermilion 侯生下見其客朱亥
42 7 jiàn to see 侯生下見其客朱亥
43 7 hài Twelfth Earthly Branch 侯生下見其客朱亥
44 7 néng can / able 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
45 7 child / son 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
46 7 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 欲以客往赴秦軍
47 6 夷門 yímén Yi Gate 為大梁夷門監者
48 6 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 臣有客在市屠中
49 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留軍壁鄴
50 6 to reach 魏王及公子患之
51 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
52 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 王恐
53 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 計不獨生而令趙亡
54 5 shì a city 臣有客在市屠中
55 5 gào to tell / to say / said / told 秦王使使者告魏王曰
56 5 xián virtuous / worthy 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
57 5 天下 tiānxià China 天下莫不聞
58 5 wèi to call 侯生又謂公子曰
59 5 tīng to listen 終不聽公子
60 5 xiè to thank 朱亥故不復謝
61 5 gōng merit 何功之有哉
62 5 釐王 Lí Wáng King Li of Zhou 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
63 5 zhōng middle 臣有客在市屠中
64 5 wèi to fear / to dread 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
65 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 公子引車入市
66 5 nián year 年七十
67 5 to sob 如姬為公子泣
68 5 shàng top / a high position 直上載公子上坐
69 5 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 待公子舉酒
70 5 a talisman / a charm 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
71 5 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 公子從車騎
72 5 yóu to swim 乃閒步往從此兩人游
73 5 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢以其富貴驕士
74 4 suì age 日夜為樂飲者四歲
75 4 zài in / at 臣有客在市屠中
76 4 hurried / worried 為能急人之困
77 4 wide / broad 公子與魏王博
78 4 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 嬴聞如姬父為人所殺
79 4 cún to exist / to survive 而公子親數存之
80 4 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 魏王及公子患之
81 4 chē a vehicle 公子引車入市
82 4 liǎng two 公子欲見兩人
83 4 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 自迎夷門侯生
84 4 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破魏華陽下軍
85 4 chéng a city / a town 以五城封公子
86 4 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯魏王令代晉鄙
87 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不以監門困故而受公子財
88 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 必移兵先擊之
89 4 běi north 而北境傳舉烽
90 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 物有不可忘
91 4 xìn to believe / to trust 封公子為信陵君
92 4 zuò to sit 直上載公子上坐
93 4 to go 秦軍解去
94 3 dialect / language / speech 侯生乃屏人閒語
95 3 dōng east 從東階上
96 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 終不以監門困故而受公子財
97 3 shǐ beginning / start 始吾聞夫人弟公子天下無雙
98 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 封公子為信陵君
99 3 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 則得虎符奪晉鄙軍
100 3 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
101 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
102 3 Germany 趙孝成王德公子之矯奪晉鄙兵而存趙
103 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 物有不可忘
104 3 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
105 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭決而行
106 3 qiú to request 不求士也
107 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 矯魏王令代晉鄙
108 3 to envy / to be jealous 魏公子無忌者
109 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
110 3 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 又進兵圍邯鄲
111 3 apprentice / disciple 徒豪舉耳
112 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 平原君使者冠蓋相屬於魏
113 3 day of the month / a certain day 請數公子行日
114 3 進兵 jìnbīng to advance troops 又進兵圍邯鄲
115 3 five 以五城封公子
116 3 wáng to die 是時范睢亡魏相秦
117 3 bào newspaper 客輒以報臣
118 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 計不獨生而令趙亡
119 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 公子自度終不能得之於王
120 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 欲以觀公子
121 3 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 從騎皆竊罵侯生
122 3 gōng to attack / to assault 吾攻趙旦暮且下
123 3 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 臣修身絜行數十年
124 3 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 公子執轡愈恭
125 3 younger brother 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
126 3 xián liesure 故隱屠閒耳
127 3 huǐ to destroy 令毀公子於魏王曰
128 3 shì matter / thing / item 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
129 3 an ancestral hall / a temple 常祠公子
130 3 kòu bandit / thieve 趙寇至
131 3 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖始微少時
132 3 to bear / to carry 平原君負
133 3 wèn to ask 問侯生
134 2 bàn half [of] 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
135 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 不讓
136 2 pèi bridle / reins 公子執轡愈恭
137 2 cáng to hide 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
138 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 已拔趙
139 2 漿 jiāng broth / serum / thick liquid 薛公藏於賣漿家
140 2 jiè border / boundary 且入界
141 2 shòu to teach 而晉鄙不授公子兵而復請之
142 2 to go / to visit / to attend 欲以客往赴秦軍
143 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 公子為人仁而下士
144 2 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛左
145 2 jiāo haughty 不敢以其富貴驕士
146 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 封公子為信陵君
147 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 今邯鄲旦暮降秦而魏救不至
148 2 to join / to combine 公子即合符
149 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 獨不憐公子姊邪
150 2 旦暮 dànmù sunrise and sunset 吾攻趙旦暮且下
151 2 臥內 wònèi bedroom 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
152 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 秦兵圍大梁
153 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
154 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
155 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 及賓客辯士說王萬端
156 2 anger / rage / fury 魏王怒公子之盜其兵符
157 2 father 嬴聞如姬父為人所殺
158 2 西 The West 北救趙而西卻秦
159 2 xuē Xue 薛公藏於賣漿家
160 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 如姬果盜晉鄙兵符與公子
161 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 而北境傳舉烽
162 2 歸公 guīgōng to commandeer / to take over for the state 半去平原君歸公子
163 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 侯生笑曰
164 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
165 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具告所以欲死秦軍狀
166 2 二十 èrshí twenty 魏安釐王二十年
167 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 公子止王曰
168 2 hōng to die 昭王薨
169 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 秦王使使者告魏王曰
170 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為小禮無所用
171 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走芒卯
172 2 jiǔ old 俾倪故久立
173 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 臣固知公子之還也
174 2 在外 zài wài outer 將在外
175 2 dào to rob / to steal 如姬果盜晉鄙兵符與公子
176 2 qīn relatives 而公子親枉車騎
177 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨不憐公子姊邪
178 2 xīn heart 心不在博
179 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 而北境傳舉烽
180 2 yán to speak / to say / said
181 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 走蒙驁
182 2 gǎn bold / brave 而諸侯敢救者
183 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 兄弟俱在軍中
184 2 博徒 bótú gambler 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
185 2 下士 Xià Shì an initial disciple / an initial spiritual trainee 公子為人仁而下士
186 2 zhuī spine 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
187 2 fèng to offer / to present 世世歲以四時奉祠公子
188 2 to leave behind 欲厚遺之
189 2 xiān first 必移兵先擊之
190 2 color 侯生視公子色終不變
191 2 to die 語未及卒
192 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多客
193 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願枉車騎過之
194 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 辭決而行
195 2 older sister / elder sister 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
196 2 名聞 míngwèn fame / good reputation 名聞天下
197 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封公子為信陵君
198 2 jǐng to cut the throat 北鄉自剄
199 2 móu to plan / to scheme 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
200 2 xiāng village / township 北鄉自剄
201 2 zhì to place / to lay out 初置東郡
202 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯受
203 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國之重任
204 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 不肯受
205 2 shǎo few 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
206 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 公子執轡愈恭
207 2 wēi small / tiny 微察公子
208 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝所以自附為婚姻者
209 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
210 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
211 2 to cut down 此五霸之伐也
212 2 ào a wild horse / a mustang 走蒙驁
213 2 wǎng useless / in vain 願枉車騎過之
214 2 shì to look at / to see 侯生視公子色終不變
215 2 再拜 zàibài to bow repeatedly 公子再拜
216 2 lái to come 復從北方來傳言曰
217 2 to enter 且入界
218 2 can / may / permissible 臣客屠者朱亥可與俱
219 2 hòu thick 欲厚遺之
220 2 Ye 留軍壁鄴
221 2 zhòng many / numerous 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
222 2 mài to sell 薛公藏於賣漿家
223 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待公子舉酒
224 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 平原君門下聞之
225 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故隱屠閒耳
226 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
227 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 於魏則未為忠臣也
228 2 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 自王以下欲求報其父仇
229 2 jiē stairs / steps 引公子就西階
230 2 yǐn to drink 飲醇酒
231 2 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜出兵東伐魏
232 1 五家 wǔ jiā a five household unit 為公子置守冢五家
233 1 shòu old age / long life 為壽侯生前
234 1 自在 zìzài at ease / at will / as one likes 無忌自在大梁時
235 1 不朝 bùcháo to not be present in the [imperial] court 乃謝病不朝
236 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自王以下欲求報其父仇
237 1 yòng to use / to apply 以為小禮無所用
238 1 顏色 yánsè color 公子顏色愈和
239 1 jié a marking line 臣修身絜行數十年
240 1 a large mound 吾過大梁之墟
241 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
242 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 勝所以自附為婚姻者
243 1 莫不聞 mò bùwén there is no-one who doesn't know that 天下莫不聞
244 1 兵法 bīngfǎ art of war / military strategy and tactics 故世俗稱魏公子兵法
245 1 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 然信陵君之接巖穴隱者
246 1 inside / interior 公子行數里
247 1 食客 shíkè diner (in a restaurant etc) / hanger-on / sponger 致食客三千人
248 1 今日 jīnrì today 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
249 1 宿將 sùjiāng veteran general 晉鄙嚄唶宿將
250 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 公子率五國之兵破秦軍於河外
251 1 客語 Kèyǔ Hakka dialect 與其客語
252 1 威振天下 wēi zhèn tiān xià to inspire awe everywhere 公子威振天下
253 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 公子自度終不能得之於王
254 1 三千 sān qiān three thousand 致食客三千人
255 1 如故 rúgù like an old friend 復博如故
256 1 傳言 chuányán to pass down 復從北方來傳言曰
257 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 自迎嬴於眾人廣坐之中
258 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 酒酣
259 1 坐定 zuòdìng to be seated 坐定
260 1 婦女 fùnǚ woman 多近婦女
261 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 秦軍解去
262 1 不以 bùyǐ not because of 終不以監門困故而受公子財
263 1 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 天下諸公子亦有喜士者矣
264 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
265 1 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 譬若以肉投餒虎
266 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 以便國家
267 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 大善
268 1 後魏 òu Wèi Northern Wei Dynasty / Wei of the Northern Dynasties 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
269 1 něi hungry / starving / famished 譬若以肉投餒虎
270 1 xiàn to offer / to present 口不忍獻五城
271 1 my (polite) / poor / ruined / shabby / worn out / defeated 侯生攝敝衣冠
272 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
273 1 zhòng heavy 公子所以重於趙
274 1 賢能 xiánnéng a sage 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
275 1 田獵 tiánliè to hunt 趙王田獵耳
276 1 a river / a stream 公子率五國之兵破秦軍於河外
277 1 chēng to call / to address 以稱平原君
278 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
279 1 妄人 wàngrén presumptuous and ignorant person 公子妄人耳
280 1 róng to hold / to contain 似若無所容者
281 1 chéng to mount / to climb onto 約車騎百餘乘
282 1 dusk / sunset 趙王侍酒至暮
283 1 gāo high / tall 以公子之高義
284 1 欲求 yùqiú to desire / to want 自王以下欲求報其父仇
285 1 zhú to chase / to expel 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
286 1 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 初置東郡
287 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 莫敢勸公子歸
288 1 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 今吾擁十萬之眾
289 1 to congratulate 偽賀公子得立為魏王未也
290 1 修身 xiūshēn to practice self-cultivation / to cultivate 臣修身絜行數十年
291 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 自迎嬴於眾人廣坐之中
292 1 常在 chángzài to be long lasting 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
293 1 jìn to enter 敬進如姬
294 1 四十 sì shí forty 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
295 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 乃妄從博徒賣漿者游
296 1 bèi back [of the body] 賓客皆背魏之趙
297 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 侯生乃屏人閒語
298 1 上載 shàngzài to upload 直上載公子上坐
299 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致食客三千人
300 1 shī to lose 我豈有所失哉
301 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 是時范睢亡魏相秦
302 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
303 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 如姬資之三年
304 1 其父 qí fù his father 自王以下欲求報其父仇
305 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
306 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 十八歲而虜魏王
307 1 wall 留軍壁鄴
308 1 to look after / to attend to 顧未有路耳
309 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽賀公子得立為魏王未也
310 1 hào Hao 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
311 1 三十 sān shí thirty 魏安釐王三十年
312 1 jìn nearby 多近婦女
313 1 sān three 如姬資之三年
314 1 罪過 zuìguò sin / offense 自言罪過
315 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 語未及卒
316 1 four 日夜為樂飲者四歲
317 1 huá Chinese 破魏華陽下軍
318 1 duān to carry 無他端而欲赴秦軍
319 1 北方 běi fāng The North 復從北方來傳言曰
320 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後秦稍蠶食魏
321 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 為公子置守冢五家
322 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 各遣將將兵救魏
323 1 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage / matrimony / wedding 勝所以自附為婚姻者
324 1 interesting 告車趣駕歸救魏
325 1 thing / matter 物有不可忘
326 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 以怨魏齊故
327 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 為大梁夷門監者
328 1 安在 ānzài safe and sound 安在公子能急人之困也
329 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 欲召大臣謀
330 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 求問其所謂夷門
331 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 從擊黥布還
332 1 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 則得虎符奪晉鄙軍
333 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑之
334 1 even / equal / uniform 以怨魏齊故
335 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 不敢任公子以國政
336 1 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 侯生攝敝衣冠
337 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 日夜為樂飲者四歲
338 1 ancient barbarian tribes 使秦破大梁而夷先王之宗廟
339 1 不受 bùshòu to not accept 主令有所不受
340 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 不恥下交
341 1 辯士 biàn shì an orator / a rhetorician 及賓客辯士說王萬端
342 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 嬴乃夷門抱關者也
343 1 guān to close 嬴乃夷門抱關者也
344 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 自古賢人未有及公子者也
345 1 shēn deep 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
346 1 sufficient / enough 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
347 1 wéi dangerous / precarious 事必危矣
348 1 觀望 guānwàng to wait and see / to watch from the sidelines / to look around / to survey 實持兩端以觀望
349 1 不快 bùkuài unhappy / in low spirits / (of a knife) not sharp 心不快
350 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 甚歡
351 1 method / way 諸侯之客進兵法
352 1 zuǒ left 虛左
353 1 蠶食 cánshí to nibble away at (as silkworm consume leaves) / fig. to embezzle progressively 其後秦稍蠶食魏
354 1 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
355 1 後果 hòuguǒ consequences / aftermath 後果使人代公子將
356 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 年七十
357 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 歸養
358 1 idea 意驕矜而有自功之色
359 1 zhí straight 直上載公子上坐
360 1 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
361 1 市井 shìjǐng marketplace / town / the street (urban milieu) / the haunts of the common people 臣乃市井鼓刀屠者
362 1 趙惠文王 zhào huì Wén Wáng King Huiwen of Zhao 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
363 1 meaning / sense 以公子之高義
364 1 qīng light / not heavy 且公子縱輕勝
365 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 世世歲以四時奉祠公子
366 1 醇酒 chúnjiǔ liquor / distilled spirit 飲醇酒
367 1 驕矜 jiāojīn haughty / proud 意驕矜而有自功之色
368 1 shí real / true 實持兩端以觀望
369 1 yuē approximately 約車騎百餘乘
370 1 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 口不忍獻五城
371 1 tāng soup 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
372 1 zhuāng to install / to fix 乃裝為去
373 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 魏公子列傳
374 1 大驚 dàjīng with great alarm 魏王大驚
375 1 jiē to join 然信陵君之接巖穴隱者
376 1 residence / dwelling 居頃
377 1 天下無雙 tiān xià wú shuāng there is only one under heaven / unique 始吾聞夫人弟公子天下無雙
378 1 district / county 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
379 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 使秦破大梁而夷先王之宗廟
380 1 shì to attend on 趙王侍酒至暮
381 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 而以公子為長者能下士也
382 1 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 從擊黥布還
383 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 市人皆以嬴為小人
384 1 謝病 xièbìng to excuse oneself because of illness 乃謝病不朝
385 1 變色 biànsè to change color / to discolor / to change countenance / to become angry 公子立變色
386 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 故世俗稱魏公子兵法
387 1 有喜 yǒuxǐ to be expecting / to be with child 天下諸公子亦有喜士者矣
388 1 jiā to add 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
389 1 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 於魏則未為忠臣也
390 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄之降秦
391 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 而以上將軍印授公子
392 1 to resemble / to similar to to 似若無所容者
393 1 十八 shíbā eighteen 十八歲而虜魏王
394 1 wàn ten thousand 乃行金萬斤於魏
395 1 函谷關 Hángǔ Guān Hangu Pass 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
396 1 lián to pity / to sympathize 獨不憐公子姊邪
397 1 自責 zìzé to blame oneself 於是公子立自責
398 1 十二 shí èr twelve 高祖十二年
399 1 閒步 xiánbù to stroll / to take a walk 乃閒步往從此兩人游
400 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 竟病酒而卒
401 1 tiger 譬若以肉投餒虎
402 1 eight 得選兵八萬人
403 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 賓客皆驚
404 1 長平 zhǎngpíng Changping, place name in Gaoping County 高平縣|高平县, southern Shanxi, the scene of the great battle of 262-260 BC between Qin and Zhao 秦昭王已破趙長平軍
405 1 to bathe / to cleanse / to wash / to shampoo 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
406 1 滿堂 mǎntáng whole audience / a sellout (capacity audience) / jam-packed 魏將相宗室賓客滿堂
407 1 to associate with / be near 平原君不敢自比於人
408 1 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 魏將相宗室賓客滿堂
409 1 shì a generation 世莫能知
410 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 欲召大臣謀
411 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 名為救趙
412 1 生下 shēngxià to give birth to 侯生下見其客朱亥
413 1 road / path / way 顧未有路耳
414 1 miǎn to encourage 公子勉之矣
415 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 勒兵下令軍中曰
416 1 máng mango 走芒卯
417 1 謝客 xièkè to decline to meet a visitor / to express one's gratitude to one's guests 乃謝客就車
418 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 安釐王即位
419 1 隱士 yǐnshì a hermit 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
420 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 吾所以待侯生者備矣
421 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子俱在軍中
422 1 乘勝 chéngshèng to follow up a victory / to pursue retreating enemy 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
423 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 秦數使反閒
424 1 wēi prestige / majesty 諸侯畏公子之威
425 1 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 魏將相宗室賓客滿堂
426 1 復返 fùfǎn to come back / to return 以是知公子恨之復返也
427 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 朱亥故不復謝
428 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 以為小禮無所用
429 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老不能
430 1 jīn gold 乃行金萬斤於魏
431 1 mǎo Fourth Earthly Branch 走芒卯
432 1 不送 bùsòng don't bother to see me out 公子往而臣不送
433 1 不絕 bùjué unending / uninterrupted 高祖每過之而令民奉祠不絕也
434 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 其不足從游
435 1 wài outside 公子率五國之兵破秦軍於河外
436 1 下令 xià lìng to order / to command 勒兵下令軍中曰
437 1 fēng a beacon fire / a fire for signalling 而北境傳舉烽
438 1 liè to hunt 趙王獵耳
439 1 重任 zhòngrèn heavy responsibility 國之重任
440 1 xiōng elder brother 兄歸
441 1 長夜飲 chángyè yǐn all night banquet 與賓客為長夜飲
442 1 to take / to get / to fetch 竊為公子不取也
443 1 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 屯於境上
444 1 主人 zhǔrén master / host 執主人之禮
445 1 xiū to be ashamed 今平原君乃以為羞
446 1 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 告車趣駕歸救魏
447 1 tóu head 公子使客斬其仇頭
448 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 公子自知再以毀廢
449 1 大會 dàhuì general assembly / convention 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
450 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 此子賢者
451 1 to be fond of / to like 公子喜士
452 1 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 公子傾平原君客
453 1 xué cave / cavity / hole 然信陵君之接巖穴隱者
454 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 得選兵八萬人
455 1 五霸 wǔbà the Five Hegemons of the Spring and Autumn Period 此五霸之伐也
456 1 嚄唶 huōzé loud laughter 晉鄙嚄唶宿將
457 1 to hide / to go into hiding 兩人自匿不肯見公子
458 1 to arise / to get up 公子起
459 1 big / great / huge / large / major 大善
460 1 sào a dike 趙王埽除自迎
461 1 to press down 抑秦兵
462 1 one 公子誠一開口請如姬
463 1 過客 guòkè a passing traveler / a ransient guest / a sojourner 過客以觀公子
464 1 舉手 jǔshǒu to raise a hand / to put up one's hand (as signal) 舉手視公子曰
465 1 出兵 chū bīng to send troops 日夜出兵東伐魏
466 1 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 使秦破大梁而夷先王之宗廟
467 1 zhǒng mound / burial mound / senior 為公子置守冢五家
468 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 趙王所為
469 1 國政 guó zhèng national politics 不敢任公子以國政
470 1 不恤 bùxù not to worry / not to show concern 魏急而公子不恤
471 1 不變 bùbiàn unchanging / constant 侯生視公子色終不變
472 1 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 譬若以肉投餒虎
473 1 qiū fall / autumn 此乃臣效命之秋也
474 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
475 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 公子使客斬其仇頭
476 1 jiè to warn / to admonish 乃誡門下
477 1 to move / to shift / to remove 必移兵先擊之
478 1 開口 kāikǒu to start to talk 公子誠一開口請如姬
479 1 單車 dānchē bicycle 今單車來代之
480 1 所在 suǒzài place / location 公子聞所在
481 1 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 相與泣
482 1 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 而以上將軍印授公子
483 1 shí ten 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
484 1 to stop / to cease / to suspend 於是罷酒
485 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 客輒以報臣
486 1 xiù sleeve 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
487 1 不在 bùzài not here 心不在博
488 1 退讓 tuìràng to move aside / to get out of the way / to concede 以公子退讓也
489 1 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 如姬必許諾
490 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 公子誠一開口請如姬
491 1 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 出入王臥內
492 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 今有難
493 1 shè to absorb / to assimilate 侯生攝敝衣冠
494 1 miàn side / surface 公子亦欲因此時定南面而王
495 1 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 得選兵八萬人
496 1 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 且公子縱輕勝
497 1 jìng to respect /to honor 敬進如姬
498 1 power / force / strength 力能竊之
499 1 人力 rénlì manpower / labor 此人力士
500 1 孝成王 xiàochéngwáng King Xiaocheng of Zhao 趙孝成王德公子之矯奪晉鄙兵而存趙

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 146 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 魏公子列傳
2 68 zhī him / her / them / that 魏王及公子患之
3 56 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏公子列傳
4 42 wáng Wang 魏王及公子患之
5 35 zhào Zhao 趙寇至
6 30 yuē to speak / to say 公子止王曰
7 30 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
8 28 so as to / in order to 以怨魏齊故
9 25 hóu marquis / lord 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
10 25 also / too 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
11 24 wèi for / to 封公子為信陵君
12 23 shēng to be born / to give birth 自迎夷門侯生
13 20 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 魏公子無忌者
14 19 wén to hear 公子聞之
15 18 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
16 18 in / at 自迎嬴於眾人廣坐之中
17 18 qín Shaanxi 是時范睢亡魏相秦
18 17 jìn shanxi 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
19 17 yǒu is / are / to exist 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
20 17 rustic / low / base / mean 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
21 16 naturally / of course / certainly 自迎夷門侯生
22 16 not / no 不讓
23 16 平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
24 15 rén person / people / a human being 致食客三千人
25 15 bīng soldier / troops 秦兵圍大梁
26 15 guest / visitor 多客
27 15 使 shǐ to make / to cause 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
28 13 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
29 13 desire 欲召大臣謀
30 12 his / hers / its / theirs 不敢以其富貴驕士
31 12 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
32 12 no 魏公子無忌者
33 11 jiù to save / to rescue 請救於魏
34 11 jūn army / military 破魏華陽下軍
35 11 cóng from 復從北方來傳言曰
36 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今公子故過之
37 11 qǐng to ask / to inquire 往請
38 10 shǔ to count 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
39 10 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯以公子賢
40 10 wǎng to go (in a direction) 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
41 10 a consort / a concubine 而如姬最幸
42 10 such as / for example / for instance 而如姬最幸
43 9 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 願枉車騎過之
44 9 and 公子與魏王博
45 9 xíng to walk / to move 臣修身絜行數十年
46 8 shí time / a point or period of time 是時范睢亡魏相秦
47 8 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
48 8 ěr ear 趙王田獵耳
49 8 zhì to / until 趙寇至
50 8 shì a gentleman / a knight 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
51 8 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
52 8 yíng to have the surname / to profit / to win / to have a surplus 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
53 8 guī to go back / to return 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
54 8 to die 與趙俱死
55 8 I 吾攻趙旦暮且下
56 7 夫人 fūren wife 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
57 7 final particle 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
58 7 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 秦兵圍大梁
59 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 侯生遂為上客
60 7 to stand 俾倪故久立
61 7 zhī to know 公子何以知之
62 7 zhū vermilion 侯生下見其客朱亥
63 7 jiàn to see 侯生下見其客朱亥
64 7 hài Twelfth Earthly Branch 侯生下見其客朱亥
65 7 néng can / able 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
66 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 以怨魏齊故
67 7 child / son 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
68 7 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 欲以客往赴秦軍
69 6 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時
70 6 夷門 yímén Yi Gate 為大梁夷門監者
71 6 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 臣有客在市屠中
72 6 this / these 此子賢者
73 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留軍壁鄴
74 6 to reach 魏王及公子患之
75 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
76 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 王恐
77 6 de potential marker 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
78 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 計不獨生而令趙亡
79 5 shì a city 臣有客在市屠中
80 5 gào to tell / to say / said / told 秦王使使者告魏王曰
81 5 xián virtuous / worthy 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
82 5 天下 tiānxià China 天下莫不聞
83 5 wèi to call 侯生又謂公子曰
84 5 tīng to listen 終不聽公子
85 5 xiè to thank 朱亥故不復謝
86 5 qiě moreover / also 且入界
87 5 gōng merit 何功之有哉
88 5 釐王 Lí Wáng King Li of Zhou 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
89 5 zhōng middle 臣有客在市屠中
90 5 wèi to fear / to dread 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
91 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 公子引車入市
92 5 also / too 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
93 5 nián year 年七十
94 5 xià next 破魏華陽下軍
95 5 to sob 如姬為公子泣
96 5 entirely / without exception 與趙俱死
97 5 shàng top / a high position 直上載公子上坐
98 5 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
99 5 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 待公子舉酒
100 5 a talisman / a charm 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
101 5 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 勝所以自附為婚姻者
102 5 again / more / repeatedly 復博如故
103 5 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 公子從車騎
104 5 yóu to swim 乃閒步往從此兩人游
105 5 shì is / are / am / to be 是時范睢亡魏相秦
106 5 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢以其富貴驕士
107 5 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 臣所過屠者朱亥
108 4 suì age 日夜為樂飲者四歲
109 4 zài in / at 臣有客在市屠中
110 4 hurried / worried 為能急人之困
111 4 wide / broad 公子與魏王博
112 4 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 嬴聞如姬父為人所殺
113 4 cún to exist / to survive 而公子親數存之
114 4 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 魏王及公子患之
115 4 chē a vehicle 公子引車入市
116 4 liǎng two 公子欲見兩人
117 4 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 自迎夷門侯生
118 4 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破魏華陽下軍
119 4 chéng a city / a town 以五城封公子
120 4 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 矯魏王令代晉鄙
121 4 zāi exclamatory particle 我豈有所失哉
122 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不以監門困故而受公子財
123 4 to strike / to hit / to beat 必移兵先擊之
124 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必移兵先擊之
125 4 běi north 而北境傳舉烽
126 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 物有不可忘
127 4 xìn to believe / to trust 封公子為信陵君
128 4 zuò to sit 直上載公子上坐
129 4 to go 秦軍解去
130 3 dialect / language / speech 侯生乃屏人閒語
131 3 otherwise / but / however 則得虎符奪晉鄙軍
132 3 dōng east 從東階上
133 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 終不以監門困故而受公子財
134 3 shǐ beginning / start 始吾聞夫人弟公子天下無雙
135 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 封公子為信陵君
136 3 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 則得虎符奪晉鄙軍
137 3 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
138 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
139 3 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 不宜有所過
140 3 Germany 趙孝成王德公子之矯奪晉鄙兵而存趙
141 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 物有不可忘
142 3 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
143 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭決而行
144 3 qiú to request 不求士也
145 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 矯魏王令代晉鄙
146 3 to envy / to be jealous 魏公子無忌者
147 3 already / afterwards 秦昭王已破趙長平軍
148 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
149 3 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 又進兵圍邯鄲
150 3 apprentice / disciple 徒豪舉耳
151 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 平原君使者冠蓋相屬於魏
152 3 more and more / even more 公子執轡愈恭
153 3 I / me / my 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
154 3 day of the month / a certain day 請數公子行日
155 3 míng measure word for people 然嬴欲就公子之名
156 3 進兵 jìnbīng to advance troops 又進兵圍邯鄲
157 3 five 以五城封公子
158 3 do not 世莫能知
159 3 wáng to die 是時范睢亡魏相秦
160 3 bào newspaper 客輒以報臣
161 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 計不獨生而令趙亡
162 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 公子自度終不能得之於王
163 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 欲以觀公子
164 3 jiù right away 乃謝客就車
165 3 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 從騎皆竊罵侯生
166 3 rán correct / right / certainly 然嬴欲就公子之名
167 3 gōng to attack / to assault 吾攻趙旦暮且下
168 3 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 臣修身絜行數十年
169 3 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 公子執轡愈恭
170 3 younger brother 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
171 3 xián liesure 故隱屠閒耳
172 3 huǐ to destroy 令毀公子於魏王曰
173 3 shì matter / thing / item 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
174 3 an ancestral hall / a temple 常祠公子
175 3 kòu bandit / thieve 趙寇至
176 3 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖始微少時
177 3 what / where / which 何功之有哉
178 3 to bear / to carry 平原君負
179 3 hái also / in addition / more 復引車還
180 3 wèn to ask 問侯生
181 2 bàn half [of] 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
182 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 不讓
183 2 pèi bridle / reins 公子執轡愈恭
184 2 cáng to hide 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
185 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 已拔趙
186 2 漿 jiāng broth / serum / thick liquid 薛公藏於賣漿家
187 2 jiè border / boundary 且入界
188 2 shòu to teach 而晉鄙不授公子兵而復請之
189 2 to go / to visit / to attend 欲以客往赴秦軍
190 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 公子為人仁而下士
191 2 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛左
192 2 jiāo haughty 不敢以其富貴驕士
193 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 封公子為信陵君
194 2 yīn because 侯生因謂公子曰
195 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 今邯鄲旦暮降秦而魏救不至
196 2 to join / to combine 公子即合符
197 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 獨不憐公子姊邪
198 2 旦暮 dànmù sunrise and sunset 吾攻趙旦暮且下
199 2 臥內 wònèi bedroom 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
200 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 秦兵圍大梁
201 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
202 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 士無賢不肖皆謙而禮交之
203 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 及賓客辯士說王萬端
204 2 anger / rage / fury 魏王怒公子之盜其兵符
205 2 father 嬴聞如姬父為人所殺
206 2 西 The West 北救趙而西卻秦
207 2 xuē Xue 薛公藏於賣漿家
208 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 如姬果盜晉鄙兵符與公子
209 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 而北境傳舉烽
210 2 歸公 guīgōng to commandeer / to take over for the state 半去平原君歸公子
211 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 侯生笑曰
212 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
213 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具告所以欲死秦軍狀
214 2 二十 èrshí twenty 魏安釐王二十年
215 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 公子止王曰
216 2 hōng to die 昭王薨
217 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 秦王使使者告魏王曰
218 2 以此 yǐcǐ hence 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
219 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為小禮無所用
220 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走芒卯
221 2 jiǔ old 俾倪故久立
222 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 臣固知公子之還也
223 2 在外 zài wài outer 將在外
224 2 dào to rob / to steal 如姬果盜晉鄙兵符與公子
225 2 qīn relatives 而公子親枉車騎
226 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨不憐公子姊邪
227 2 xīn heart 心不在博
228 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 而北境傳舉烽
229 2 yán to speak / to say / said
230 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 走蒙驁
231 2 gǎn bold / brave 而諸侯敢救者
232 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 兄弟俱在軍中
233 2 博徒 bótú gambler 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
234 2 下士 Xià Shì an initial disciple / an initial spiritual trainee 公子為人仁而下士
235 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 譬若以肉投餒虎
236 2 zhuī spine 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
237 2 shàng still / yet / to value 尚安事客
238 2 fèng to offer / to present 世世歲以四時奉祠公子
239 2 fēi not / non- / un- 非為寇也
240 2 to leave behind 欲厚遺之
241 2 biàn turn / one time 遍贊賓客
242 2 xiān first 必移兵先擊之
243 2 měi each / every 每過大梁
244 2 color 侯生視公子色終不變
245 2 to die 語未及卒
246 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多客
247 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願枉車騎過之
248 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 辭決而行
249 2 older sister / elder sister 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
250 2 名聞 míngwèn fame / good reputation 名聞天下
251 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封公子為信陵君
252 2 jǐng to cut the throat 北鄉自剄
253 2 móu to plan / to scheme 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
254 2 yòu again / also 侯生又謂公子曰
255 2 xiāng village / township 北鄉自剄
256 2 zhì to place / to lay out 初置東郡
257 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯受
258 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國之重任
259 2 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
260 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 不肯受
261 2 shǎo few 魏昭王子少子而魏安釐王異母弟也
262 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 公子執轡愈恭
263 2 wēi small / tiny 微察公子
264 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝所以自附為婚姻者
265 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
266 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
267 2 to cut down 此五霸之伐也
268 2 ào a wild horse / a mustang 走蒙驁
269 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 是時范睢亡魏相秦
270 2 wǎng useless / in vain 願枉車騎過之
271 2 shì to look at / to see 侯生視公子色終不變
272 2 再拜 zàibài to bow repeatedly 公子再拜
273 2 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 顧未有路耳
274 2 lái to come 復從北方來傳言曰
275 2 to enter 且入界
276 2 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 北救趙而西卻秦
277 2 can / may / permissible 臣客屠者朱亥可與俱
278 2 hòu thick 欲厚遺之
279 2 Ye 留軍壁鄴
280 2 jìng actually / in the end 公子竟留趙
281 2 how can it be that? 我豈有所失哉
282 2 zhòng many / numerous 魏王使將軍晉鄙將十萬眾救趙
283 2 mài to sell 薛公藏於賣漿家
284 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待公子舉酒
285 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 平原君門下聞之
286 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故隱屠閒耳
287 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
288 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 於魏則未為忠臣也
289 2 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 自王以下欲求報其父仇
290 2 jiē stairs / steps 引公子就西階
291 2 promptly / right away / immediately 公子即合符
292 2 yǐn to drink 飲醇酒
293 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常聞此兩人賢
294 2 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜出兵東伐魏
295 1 五家 wǔ jiā a five household unit 為公子置守冢五家
296 1 shòu old age / long life 為壽侯生前
297 1 自在 zìzài at ease / at will / as one likes 無忌自在大梁時
298 1 不朝 bùcháo to not be present in the [imperial] court 乃謝病不朝
299 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自王以下欲求報其父仇
300 1 yòng to use / to apply 以為小禮無所用
301 1 gòng together 方欲共立之
302 1 顏色 yánsè color 公子顏色愈和
303 1 jié a marking line 臣修身絜行數十年
304 1 a large mound 吾過大梁之墟
305 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 士以此方數千里爭往歸之
306 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 勝所以自附為婚姻者
307 1 莫不聞 mò bùwén there is no-one who doesn't know that 天下莫不聞
308 1 兵法 bīngfǎ art of war / military strategy and tactics 故世俗稱魏公子兵法
309 1 yán precipice / cliff / rockface 然信陵君之接巖穴隱者
310 1 inside / interior 公子行數里
311 1 食客 shíkè diner (in a restaurant etc) / hanger-on / sponger 致食客三千人
312 1 今日 jīnrì today 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
313 1 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 不宜有所過
314 1 宿將 sùjiāng veteran general 晉鄙嚄唶宿將
315 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 公子率五國之兵破秦軍於河外
316 1 客語 Kèyǔ Hakka dialect 與其客語
317 1 威振天下 wēi zhèn tiān xià to inspire awe everywhere 公子威振天下
318 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 公子自度終不能得之於王
319 1 三千 sān qiān three thousand 致食客三千人
320 1 如故 rúgù like an old friend 復博如故
321 1 傳言 chuányán to pass down 復從北方來傳言曰
322 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 自迎嬴於眾人廣坐之中
323 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 酒酣
324 1 坐定 zuòdìng to be seated 坐定
325 1 婦女 fùnǚ woman 多近婦女
326 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 秦軍解去
327 1 不以 bùyǐ not because of 終不以監門困故而受公子財
328 1 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 天下諸公子亦有喜士者矣
329 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
330 1 and 公子顏色愈和
331 1 he / him 無他端而欲赴秦軍
332 1 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 譬若以肉投餒虎
333 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 以便國家
334 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 大善
335 1 後魏 òu Wèi Northern Wei Dynasty / Wei of the Northern Dynasties 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
336 1 něi hungry / starving / famished 譬若以肉投餒虎
337 1 xiàn to offer / to present 口不忍獻五城
338 1 my (polite) / poor / ruined / shabby / worn out / defeated 侯生攝敝衣冠
339 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 今吾且死而侯生曾無一言半辭送我
340 1 zhòng heavy 公子所以重於趙
341 1 賢能 xiánnéng a sage 是後魏王畏公子之賢能
342 1 田獵 tiánliè to hunt 趙王田獵耳
343 1 a river / a stream 公子率五國之兵破秦軍於河外
344 1 chēng to call / to address 以稱平原君
345 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
346 1 妄人 wàngrén presumptuous and ignorant person 公子妄人耳
347 1 róng to hold / to contain 似若無所容者
348 1 chéng to mount / to climb onto 約車騎百餘乘
349 1 dusk / sunset 趙王侍酒至暮
350 1 gāo high / tall 以公子之高義
351 1 欲求 yùqiú to desire / to want 自王以下欲求報其父仇
352 1 zhú to chase / to expel 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
353 1 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 初置東郡
354 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 莫敢勸公子歸
355 1 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 今吾擁十萬之眾
356 1 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 而如姬最幸
357 1 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 以是知公子恨之復返也
358 1 to congratulate 偽賀公子得立為魏王未也
359 1 修身 xiūshēn to practice self-cultivation / to cultivate 臣修身絜行數十年
360 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 自迎嬴於眾人廣坐之中
361 1 常在 chángzài to be long lasting 嬴聞晉鄙之兵符常在王臥內
362 1 jìn to enter 敬進如姬
363 1 四十 sì shí forty 朱亥袖四十斤鐵椎
364 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 乃妄從博徒賣漿者游
365 1 bèi back [of the body] 賓客皆背魏之趙
366 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 侯生乃屏人閒語
367 1 上載 shàngzài to upload 直上載公子上坐
368 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致食客三千人
369 1 shī to lose 我豈有所失哉
370 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 是時范睢亡魏相秦
371 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
372 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 如姬資之三年
373 1 其父 qí fù his father 自王以下欲求報其父仇
374 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 公子聞趙有處士毛公藏於博徒
375 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 初置東郡
376 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 十八歲而虜魏王
377 1 wall 留軍壁鄴
378 1 to look after / to attend to 顧未有路耳
379 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽賀公子得立為魏王未也
380 1 hào Hao 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
381 1 三十 sān shí thirty 魏安釐王三十年
382 1 jìn nearby 多近婦女
383 1 sān three 如姬資之三年
384 1 expresses question or doubt 公子當何面目立天下乎
385 1 罪過 zuìguò sin / offense 自言罪過
386 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 語未及卒
387 1 four 日夜為樂飲者四歲
388 1 huá Chinese 破魏華陽下軍
389 1 duān to carry 無他端而欲赴秦軍
390 1 北方 běi fāng The North 復從北方來傳言曰
391 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後秦稍蠶食魏
392 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 為公子置守冢五家
393 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 各遣將將兵救魏
394 1 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage / matrimony / wedding 勝所以自附為婚姻者
395 1 interesting 告車趣駕歸救魏
396 1 thing / matter 物有不可忘
397 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 以怨魏齊故
398 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 為大梁夷門監者
399 1 安在 ānzài safe and sound 安在公子能急人之困也
400 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 欲召大臣謀
401 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 求問其所謂夷門
402 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 從擊黥布還
403 1 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 則得虎符奪晉鄙軍
404 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑之
405 1 even / equal / uniform 以怨魏齊故
406 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 不敢任公子以國政
407 1 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 侯生攝敝衣冠
408 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 日夜為樂飲者四歲
409 1 ancient barbarian tribes 使秦破大梁而夷先王之宗廟
410 1 不受 bùshòu to not accept 主令有所不受
411 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 不恥下交
412 1 辯士 biàn shì an orator / a rhetorician 及賓客辯士說王萬端
413 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 嬴乃夷門抱關者也
414 1 guān to close 嬴乃夷門抱關者也
415 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 自古賢人未有及公子者也
416 1 亦復 yìfù also 魏亦復以信陵奉公子
417 1 shēn deep 臣之客有能深得趙王陰事者
418 1 sufficient / enough 今日嬴之為公子亦足矣
419 1 wéi dangerous / precarious 事必危矣
420 1 觀望 guānwàng to wait and see / to watch from the sidelines / to look around / to survey 實持兩端以觀望
421 1 不快 bùkuài unhappy / in low spirits / (of a knife) not sharp 心不快
422 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 甚歡
423 1 method / way 諸侯之客進兵法
424 1 zuǒ left 虛左
425 1 蠶食 cánshí to nibble away at (as silkworm consume leaves) / fig. to embezzle progressively 其後秦稍蠶食魏
426 1 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
427 1 後果 hòuguǒ consequences / aftermath 後果使人代公子將
428 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 年七十
429 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 歸養
430 1 生前 shēngqián during one's life / while living 為壽侯生前
431 1 idea 意驕矜而有自功之色
432 1 從此 cóngcǐ from now on / since then / henceforth 乃閒步往從此兩人游
433 1 zhí straight 直上載公子上坐
434 1 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 公子於是乃置酒大會賓客
435 1 市井 shìjǐng marketplace / town / the street (urban milieu) / the haunts of the common people 臣乃市井鼓刀屠者
436 1 趙惠文王 zhào huì Wén Wáng King Huiwen of Zhao 公子姊為趙惠文王弟平原君夫人
437 1 meaning / sense 以公子之高義
438 1 qīng light / not heavy 且公子縱輕勝
439 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 世世歲以四時奉祠公子
440 1 醇酒 chúnjiǔ liquor / distilled spirit 飲醇酒
441 1 驕矜 jiāojīn haughty / proud 意驕矜而有自功之色
442 1 shí real / true 實持兩端以觀望
443 1 yuē approximately 約車騎百餘乘
444 1 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 口不忍獻五城
445 1 tāng soup 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
446 1 zhuāng to install / to fix 乃裝為去
447 1 不能不 bùnéngbù have to / cannot but 不能不信
448 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 魏公子列傳
449 1 大驚 dàjīng with great alarm 魏王大驚
450 1 jiē to join 然信陵君之接巖穴隱者
451 1 residence / dwelling 居頃
452 1 天下無雙 tiān xià wú shuāng there is only one under heaven / unique 始吾聞夫人弟公子天下無雙
453 1 district / county 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
454 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 使秦破大梁而夷先王之宗廟
455 1 shì to attend on 趙王侍酒至暮
456 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 而以公子為長者能下士也
457 1 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 從擊黥布還
458 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 市人皆以嬴為小人
459 1 謝病 xièbìng to excuse oneself because of illness 乃謝病不朝
460 1 變色 biànsè to change color / to discolor / to change countenance / to become angry 公子立變色
461 1 故世 gùshì to die / to pass away 故世俗稱魏公子兵法
462 1 有喜 yǒuxǐ to be expecting / to be with child 天下諸公子亦有喜士者矣
463 1 jiā to add 不敢加兵謀魏十餘年
464 1 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 於魏則未為忠臣也
465 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄之降秦
466 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 而以上將軍印授公子
467 1 each 各遣將將兵救魏
468 1 to resemble / to similar to to 似若無所容者
469 1 十八 shíbā eighteen 十八歲而虜魏王
470 1 wàn ten thousand 乃行金萬斤於魏
471 1 函谷關 Hángǔ Guān Hangu Pass 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
472 1 lián to pity / to sympathize 獨不憐公子姊邪
473 1 自責 zìzé to blame oneself 於是公子立自責
474 1 十二 shí èr twelve 高祖十二年
475 1 閒步 xiánbù to stroll / to take a walk 乃閒步往從此兩人游
476 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 竟病酒而卒
477 1 tiger 譬若以肉投餒虎
478 1 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 恐不得見
479 1 eight 得選兵八萬人
480 1 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 賓客皆驚
481 1 長平 zhǎngpíng Changping, place name in Gaoping County 高平縣|高平县, southern Shanxi, the scene of the great battle of 262-260 BC between Qin and Zhao 秦昭王已破趙長平軍
482 1 to bathe / to cleanse / to wash / to shampoo 趙王以鄗為公子湯沐邑
483 1 滿堂 mǎntáng whole audience / a sellout (capacity audience) / jam-packed 魏將相宗室賓客滿堂
484 1 to associate with / be near 平原君不敢自比於人
485 1 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 魏將相宗室賓客滿堂
486 1 shì a generation 世莫能知
487 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 欲召大臣謀
488 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 名為救趙
489 1 生下 shēngxià to give birth to 侯生下見其客朱亥
490 1 road / path / way 顧未有路耳
491 1 miǎn to encourage 公子勉之矣
492 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 勒兵下令軍中曰
493 1 máng mango 走芒卯
494 1 謝客 xièkè to decline to meet a visitor / to express one's gratitude to one's guests 乃謝客就車
495 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 安釐王即位
496 1 隱士 yǐnshì a hermit 魏有隱士曰侯嬴
497 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 吾所以待侯生者備矣
498 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子俱在軍中
499 1 乘勝 chéngshèng to follow up a victory / to pursue retreating enemy 遂乘勝逐秦軍至函谷關
500 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 秦數使反閒

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
北方 běi fāng The North
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
定南 dìngnán Dingnan
东门 東門 Dōng mén East Gate
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
邯郸 邯鄲 Hándān Handan
函谷关 函谷關 Hángǔ Guān Hangu Pass
hào Hao
虎符 Hǔfú Hufu
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
客语 客語 Kèyǔ Hakka dialect
釐王 釐王 Lí Wáng King Li of Zhou
后魏 後魏 òu Wèi Northern Wei Dynasty / Wei of the Northern Dynasties
平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
Wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
孝成王 xiàochéngwáng King Xiaocheng of Zhao
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
夷门 夷門 yímén Yi Gate
长平 長平 zhǎngpíng Changping, place name in Gaoping County 高平縣|高平县, southern Shanxi, the scene of the great battle of 262-260 BC between Qin and Zhao
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵惠文王 趙惠文王 zhào huì Wén Wáng King Huiwen of Zhao
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English