Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《黥布列傳》 Biography of Qing Bu

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 66 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 黥布者
2 45 chǔ state of Chu 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
3 42 wáng Wang 當刑而王
4 40 yuē to speak / to say 有客相之曰
5 30 使 shǐ to make / to cause 趙數使人請救
6 29 hàn Han Chinese 漢元年四月
7 27 bīng soldier / troops 聚兵數千人
8 27 rén person / people / a human being 六人也
9 26 shàng top / a high position 及項籍殺宋義於河上
10 23 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 渡淮南
11 18 to strike / to hit / to beat 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
12 17 大王 dàwáng king 是大王所欲聞也
13 13 chén minister / statesman / official 破呂臣軍
14 12 jūn army / military 破呂臣軍
15 12 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 立布為九江王
16 12 to take / to get / to fetch 我之取天下可以百全
17 12 shǔ to count 麗山之徒數十萬人
18 12 bright / radiant / shining 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
19 11 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
20 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂破秦軍
21 11 to calculate / to compute / to count 無足與計天下事
22 10 liáng a bridge 聞項梁定江東會稽
23 10 suí to follow 謁者隨何進曰
24 9 desire 欲親用之
25 9 西 The West 涉江而西
26 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 及項籍殺宋義於河上
27 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 功冠諸侯
28 9 nián year 漢二年
29 9 jiàn to see 布乃見番君
30 8 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 數使使者誚讓召布
31 8 gōng public/ common / state-owned 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
32 8 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王擊楚
33 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 不審陛下所謂
34 8 yīng England 姓英氏
35 8 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 令之發兵倍楚
36 8 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 項籍為次將
37 7 yán to speak / to say / said 言之而是邪
38 7 to stand 迺立楚懷王
39 7 令尹 lìngyǐn chief minister 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
40 7 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 懷王徙都彭城
41 7 to enter 不得入
42 7 guī to go back / to return 臣請與大王提劍而歸漢
43 7 shì matter / thing / item 寡人北鄉而臣事之
44 7 qín Shaanxi 秦時為布衣
45 7 even / equal / uniform 項王往擊齊
46 7 a man / a male adult 夫北面而臣事人者
47 7 天下 tiānxià China 我之取天下可以百全
48 6 xuē Xue 項梁至薛
49 6 yǐn to lead / to guide 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
50 6 dōng east 引兵而東
51 6 soil / ground / land 出梁地
52 6 gōng merit 功冠諸侯
53 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 乃以兵屬項梁
54 6 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 布欲引兵走漢
55 6 běi north 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
56 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 布愈恐
57 6 shēn human body / torso 身負板筑
58 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 趙數使人請救
59 6 děng et cetera / and so on 秦嘉等
60 5 wèi to call 謂左右曰
61 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破呂臣軍
62 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 各就國
63 5 fēng to seal / to close off 項王封諸將
64 5 jiù to save / to rescue 趙數使人請救
65 5 yīn cloudy / overcast 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
66 5 a consort / a concubine 布所幸姬疾
67 5 liù six 六人也
68 5 zhàn war / fighting / battle 夫漢王戰於彭城
69 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 以故未擊
70 5 qiáng strong / powerful 必以楚為彊
71 5 zhào Zhao 秦急圍趙
72 5 wén to hear 人有聞者
73 5 to cross, ferry over 渡淮南
74 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 布乃見番君
75 5 ěr ear 適足以致天下之兵耳
76 5 huái Huai River 項梁涉淮而西
77 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 為天下安用腐儒
78 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留項王於齊數月
79 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 數使使者誚讓召布
80 4 to die 聞陳王定死
81 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 蒲將軍亦以兵屬項梁
82 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 章邯之滅陳勝
83 4 gōng to attack / to assault 進則不得攻
84 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 姓英氏
85 4 jìn to enter 謁者隨何進曰
86 4 zhòng many / numerous 與其眾叛秦
87 4 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂上計
88 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 隨何因說太宰曰
89 4 xián liesure 又使布等先從閒道破關下軍
90 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 分卒守徼乘塞
91 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 項梁敗死定陶
92 4 xiān first 項籍使布先渡河擊秦
93 4 qiān one thousand 聚兵數千人
94 4 tuō to entrust / to rely on 可以託國也
95 4 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 黥布列傳
96 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今乃發四千人以助楚
97 4 二十 èrshí twenty 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
98 4 rotten 謂何為腐儒
99 4 sān three 漢三年
100 4 chén Chen 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
101 4 huái bosom / breast 懷王徙都彭城
102 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 項王方北憂齊
103 4 gāo the high land along a river 還守成皋
104 4 yòng to use / to apply 欲親用之
105 4 bēn energetic 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
106 4 wáng to die 亡之江中為群盜
107 4 a scholar 謂何為腐儒
108 3 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 布已論輸麗山
109 3 big / great / huge / large / major 誘大司馬周殷
110 3 can / may / permissible 可遂殺楚使者
111 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 高后誅淮陰侯
112 3 cháo to face 朝陳
113 3 長沙 Chángshā Changsha 徙都長沙
114 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 西患漢
115 3 數月 shǔyuè several months 留項王於齊數月
116 3 meaning / sense 懷王使宋義為上將
117 3 zhǔ owner 因太宰主之
118 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉屬宋義
119 3 extra / surplus / remainder 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
120 3 to assemble / to meet together 聚兵數千人
121 3 醫家 yījiā healer / physician / medical man / doctor (esp. of TCM) 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
122 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成皋
123 3 néng can / able 孰能為我使淮南
124 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為士卒先
125 3 xíng to walk / to move 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
126 3 wèn to ask 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
127 3 péng Peng 漢誅梁王彭越
128 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 九江王布稱病不往
129 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 布已論輸麗山
130 3 zhōng middle 亡之江中為群盜
131 3 Téng Teng 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
132 3 Hán Han 章邯之滅陳勝
133 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固若是乎
134 3 kēng a pit 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
135 3 biàn to change / to alter 赫言變事
136 3 zuò to sit 坐法黥
137 3 shū book 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
138 3 中計 zhōngjì to fall into a trap / taken in by a stratagem / cheated / ripped off 出於中計
139 3 to reach 及壯
140 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 攻城則力不能
141 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 項王往擊齊
142 3 sòng Song dynasty 懷王使宋義為上將
143 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 王疑其與亂
144 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 章邯之滅陳勝
145 3 shě to give 舍傳舍
146 3 chuán to transmit 黥布列傳
147 3 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
148 3 apprentice / disciple 麗山之徒數十萬人
149 3 Wu 東取吳
150 3 hair 今乃發四千人以助楚
151 3 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 涉江而西
152 3 dìng to decide 聞項梁定江東會稽
153 3 hurried / worried 秦急圍趙
154 3 hóu marquis / lord 高后誅淮陰侯
155 3 ruò weak 以漢為弱
156 3 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 使布出於上計
157 3 lái to come 悔來
158 3 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊怪大王與楚何親也
159 3 太宰 tàizǎi chancellor / prime minster 因太宰主之
160 3 hǎi minced pickled meat / mince 醢之
161 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 楚兵常勝
162 3 義帝 yìdì a fake emperor 項氏立懷王為義帝
163 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 故曰楚兵不足恃也
164 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 我之取天下可以百全
165 3 xiāng village / township 寡人北鄉而臣事之
166 2 a river / a stream 及項籍殺宋義於河上
167 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果如薛公籌之
168 2 xìn to believe / to trust 項梁號為武信君
169 2 child / son 吾方圖子之功
170 2 shì to rely upon 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
171 2 to defend / to resist 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
172 2 alone / independent / single / sole 所與者獨九江王
173 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 騎五千
174 2 anger / rage / fury 王怒曰
175 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡殺布妻子
176 2 unhusked millet 漢之粟
177 2 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 因起兵而擊之耳
178 2 xiàn county 追殺之郴縣
179 2 eight 深入敵國八九百里
180 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 大王宜悉淮南之眾
181 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 何其拔興之暴也
182 2 lóng dragon 龍且攻淮南
183 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
184 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 適足以致天下之兵耳
185 2 步卒 bùzú infantry / foot soldiers 陛下發步卒五萬人
186 2 未可知 wèi kě zhī as yet cannot be known 勝敗之數未可知也
187 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 誘大司馬周殷
188 2 shí time / a period of time 秦時為布衣
189 2 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 誘大司馬周殷
190 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東非漢之有也
191 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 言之而是邪
192 2 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 滎陽
193 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 又多布材
194 2 to carry 大王提空名以鄉楚
195 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老弱轉糧千里之外
196 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
197 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 布欣然笑曰
198 2 xíng punishment / penalty 當刑而王
199 2 皇子 huángzǐ prince 乃立皇子長為淮南王
200 2 jìng to respect /to honor 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
201 2 jiāng a large river 亡之江中為群盜
202 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎五千
203 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 功冠諸侯
204 2 jiǎ Jia 布與劉賈入九江
205 2 shì to attend on 賁赫自以為侍中
206 2 陳勝 Chén Shèng Chen Sheng 陳勝之起也
207 2 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 諸侯戰其地為散地
208 2 shōu to receive / to accept 漢王收諸侯
209 2 one 無一人渡淮者
210 2 liè to split / to crack / to break open 漢王必裂地而封大王
211 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 竊怪大王與楚何親也
212 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 其人有籌筴之計
213 2 zài in / at 英在
214 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 朝長安
215 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 懷王徙都彭城
216 2 shì a generation 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
217 2 to arise / to get up 陳勝之起也
218 2 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 陛下發步卒五萬人
219 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
220 2 安枕 ānzhěn to sleep soundly / (fig.) to rest easy / to be free of worries 陛下安枕而臥矣
221 2 to lie 陛下安枕而臥矣
222 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 分卒守徼乘塞
223 2 liú Liu 布與劉賈入九江
224 2 record / register / list / census 懷王因立籍為上將軍
225 2 yàn to examine / to test / to check 使人微驗淮南王
226 2 pàn boundary path dividing fields 齊王田榮畔楚
227 2 to bear / to carry 身負板筑
228 2 勝敗 shèngbài victory or defeat / result 勝敗之數未可知也
229 2 guest / visitor 有客相之曰
230 2 wàn ten thousand 南面而立萬乘之主
231 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 自疑禍及身
232 2 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 不利
233 2 rate / frequency 乃率其曹偶
234 2 jīng brambles / thorns 東擊荊
235 2 bèi back [of the body] 然而大王不背楚者
236 2 to die 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
237 2 wèi to fear / to dread 餘不足畏也
238 2 yáng sun 故信而隨之番陽
239 2 大戰 dàzhàn war 大戰彭城
240 2 qīn relatives 欲親用之
241 2 chēng to call / to address 九江王布稱病不往
242 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 誘大司馬周殷
243 2 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 適足以致天下之兵耳
244 2 萬全 wànquán completely safe 今大王不與萬全之漢而自託於危亡之楚
245 2 hòu thick 而欲厚自託
246 2 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 語蕭相國
247 2 dialect / language / speech 從容語次
248 2 guān to close 至關
249 2 type of rush 蒲將軍亦以兵屬項梁
250 2 power / force / strength 攻城則力不能
251 2 淮陰 Huáiyīn Huai'an / Huaiyin 高后誅淮陰侯
252 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 臣竊為大王惑之
253 1 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 上置酒
254 1 往年 wǎngnián former years 往年殺彭越
255 1 有利 yǒulì advantageous / favorable 布數有利
256 1 千里之外 qiānlǐzhīwài thousand miles distant 老弱轉糧千里之外
257 1 shì power / authority 其勢易見也
258 1 板筑 bǎnzhù to construct a rammed-earth wall 身負板筑
259 1 眾數 zhònghù plural form 將眾數千人歸漢
260 1 a drama / a play / a show 諸侯皆罷戲下
261 1 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 上召諸將問曰
262 1 granary 據敖庾之粟
263 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 齊王田榮畔楚
264 1 zhí straight 隨何直入
265 1 gǎn bold / brave 未敢泄也
266 1 豫章郡 yùzhāng jùn Yuzhang Prefecture 豫章郡皆屬布
267 1 就醫 jiùyī to receive medical treatment 請就醫
268 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 上乃赦賁赫
269 1 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人北鄉而臣事之
270 1 zhí to breed / to spawn 禍之興自愛姬殖
271 1 怒罵 nùmà to curse in rage 上怒罵之
272 1 to allow / to permit 陰許畔楚與漢
273 1 rich / wealthy 荊王劉賈走死富陵
274 1 得數 deshǔ numerical answer / solution 得數縣
275 1 huǐ to regret 悔來
276 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范曾為末將
277 1 method / way 坐法黥
278 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 上乃召見問薛公
279 1 tóng a page / a boy servant 僮閒
280 1 to give / to bestow favors 盛其醢遍賜諸侯
281 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 陰令人部聚兵
282 1 páng side 候伺旁郡警急
283 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 南面而立萬乘之主
284 1 鄉民 xiāngmín villager 番陽人殺布茲鄉民田舍
285 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退則不得解
286 1 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 項王由此怨布
287 1 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 懷王因立籍為上將軍
288 1 zhòng heavy 歸重於越
289 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 不顧後為百姓萬世慮者也
290 1 jǐng sunlight 擊景駒
291 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 退則不得解
292 1 wēi small / tiny 使人微驗淮南王
293 1 攻城 gōngchéng to besiege (a town) 攻城則力不能
294 1 大喜過望 dà xǐ guò wàng great joy beyond expectations 布又大喜過望
295 1 yǐn to drink 從姬飲醫家
296 1 垂拱 chuígǒng Chuigong 垂拱而觀其孰勝
297 1 wall 上乃壁庸城
298 1 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 候伺旁郡警急
299 1 huì can / be able to 會甀
300 1 responsibility / duty 方急責英布發兵
301 1 刑法 xíngfǎ penal laws 身被刑法
302 1 攻下 gōngxià to attack / to take an enemy position 項王留而攻下邑
303 1 廬江 lújiāng Lujiang 廬江
304 1 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 為之柰何
305 1 pái not serious 共俳笑之
306 1 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 人相我當刑而王
307 1 guì to kneel 隨何跪曰
308 1 謀反 móufǎn to plot a rebellion / to conspire against the state 言布謀反有端
309 1 王因 Wángyīn Wangyin 懷王因立籍為上將軍
310 1 ci 番陽人殺布茲鄉民田舍
311 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 深溝壁壘
312 1 jiāo to steal 分卒守徼乘塞
313 1 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 漢堅守而不動
314 1 皋陶 gāo yáo Gao Yao 皋陶之後哉
315 1 交通 jiāotōng transportation / communication 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
316 1 yáo distant / remote 遙謂布曰
317 1 zhù to help / to assist 今乃發四千人以助楚
318 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 數止戰
319 1 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 安能相救
320 1 jīng essence 布兵精甚
321 1 to go to / to arrive / to reach 乘傳詣長安
322 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢往
323 1 shǎo few 以布數以少敗眾也
324 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
325 1 xīn heart 布因心恐
326 1 收兵 shōubīng to retreat / to withdraw troops / to recall troops / fig. to finish work / to wind up / to call it a day / used with negatives: the task is far from over 收兵至成皋
327 1 residence / dwelling 帳御飲食從官如漢王居
328 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 分卒守徼乘塞
329 1 to think over / to consider 不顧後為百姓萬世慮者也
330 1 a musical note 破呂臣軍
331 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 使何等二十人伏斧質淮南市
332 1 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 為楚軍前鋒
333 1 分布 fēnbù to distribute 漢益分布兵而與俱北
334 1 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 其八月
335 1 chéng a city / a town 上乃壁庸城
336 1 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 遂破秦軍
337 1 淮南市 Huáinánshì Huainan 使何等二十人伏斧質淮南市
338 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜會戰彭城下
339 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 疏爵而貴之
340 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 布又稱病不佐楚
341 1 其一 qíyī first / number one of the above 布果破其一軍
342 1 èr two 漢二年
343 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 亡之江中為群盜
344 1 to console / to comfort 大王撫萬人之眾
345 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 妒媢生患
346 1 hán Korea / South Korea 并韓取魏
347 1 兵法 bīngfǎ art of war / military strategy and tactics 且兵法
348 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 與上兵遇蘄西
349 1 supreme ruler / emperor 欲為帝耳
350 1 shū to transport 布已論輸麗山
351 1 sāo to harass / to bother / to annoy / to disturb / to agitate 大王宜騷淮南之兵渡淮
352 1 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 皋陶之後哉
353 1 仇怨 chóuyuàn hatred and desire for revenge 恐仇怨妄誣之
354 1 上方 shàng fāng top 上方踞床洗
355 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 誘大司馬周殷
356 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
357 1 bǎi one hundred 我之取天下可以百全
358 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 吾方圖子之功
359 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 亦不免於身為世大僇
360 1 為首 wéishǒu to be the leader 而布常為首虐
361 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 至咸陽
362 1 liáng provisions 老弱轉糧千里之外
363 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 王疑其與亂
364 1 to implore / to pray 與上兵遇蘄西
365 1 少年 shàonián a juvenile / youngster 少年
366 1 雒陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 朝雒陽
367 1 chuáng bed 上方踞床洗
368 1 gòu to reach 事已搆
369 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 以為士卒先
370 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 疏爵而貴之
371 1 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 四年七月
372 1 cáo Cao 乃率其曹偶
373 1 不動 bùdòng Akshobya 漢堅守而不動
374 1 five 漢五年
375 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 恐仇怨妄誣之
376 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 與百餘人走江南
377 1 前年 qiánnián the year before last 前年殺韓信
378 1 之上 zhīshàng above 滕公言之上曰
379 1 善用 shànyòng to be good at using (something)/to put (something) to good use 布善用兵
380 1 其二 qí èr second / number two of the above 其二軍散走
381 1 疾走 jízǒu to scamper / to scurry 而疾走漢并力
382 1 哀王 Āi Wáng King Ai of Zhou 以故長沙哀王使人紿布
383 1 hào number 項梁號為武信君
384 1 Chēn Chen 追殺之郴縣
385 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 項王方北憂齊
386 1 áo to ramble 據敖庾之粟
387 1 day of the month / a certain day 三日不得見
388 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 布使者頗得故人幸臣
389 1 fēng point of spear / sharp point 布常為軍鋒
390 1 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
391 1 妻子 qīzi wife 盡殺布妻子
392 1 為期 wéiqī by (a certain date) / lasting (a certain time) 封賁赫為期思侯
393 1 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 為三軍
394 1 pōu to slice / to cut 布遂剖符為淮南王
395 1 危亡 wēiwáng at stake / in peril 今大王不與萬全之漢而自託於危亡之楚
396 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 不審陛下所謂
397 1 táo Tao 項梁敗死定陶
398 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 不審陛下所謂
399 1 殺人 shārén to murder 項氏之所阬殺人以千萬數
400 1 jǐng to alert / to warn 候伺旁郡警急
401 1 district / county 項王留而攻下邑
402 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 項王由此怨布
403 1 列為 lièwéi to be classified as 大王與項王俱列為諸侯
404 1 several 幾是乎
405 1 to envy / to be jealous 妒媢生患
406 1 一體 yītǐ one body / an integral whole 同功一體之人也
407 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 欲自殺
408 1 身為 shēnwèi in the capacity of / as 亦不免於身為世大僇
409 1 空名 kōngmíng vacuous reputation / name without substance / in name only / so-called 大王提空名以鄉楚
410 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 帳御飲食從官如漢王居
411 1 九百 jiǔ bǎi nine hundred 深入敵國八九百里
412 1 to read 上讀其書
413 1 four 四年七月
414 1 a talisman / a charm 布遂剖符為淮南王
415 1 to go 楚王未去齊也
416 1 jiǔ nine 九年
417 1 cài Cai 西取下蔡
418 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 此臣之所以為使
419 1 xiào school 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
420 1 qiào to ridicule / to blame 數使使者誚讓召布
421 1 a colt 擊景駒
422 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 遂舉九江兵與漢擊楚
423 1 chéng to fill 盛其醢遍賜諸侯
424 1 zhuàng robust 及壯
425 1 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 其先豈春秋所見楚滅英
426 1 to visit 謁者隨何進曰
427 1 hòu after / later 不顧後為百姓萬世慮者也
428 1 quán perfect 我之取天下可以百全
429 1 道破 dàopò to expose / to reveal 又使布等先從閒道破關下軍
430 1 easy / simple 其勢易見也
431 1 奉命 fèngmìng to receive orders / to follow orders / to act under orders 請奉命
432 1 yōng ordinary / normal 上乃壁庸城
433 1 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 漢元年四月
434 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 何謂廢上中計而出下計
435 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 欲捕赫
436 1 to stop / to cease / to suspend 諸侯皆罷戲下
437 1 jiā house / home / residence 遂族赫家
438 1 shù straight vertical character stroke 阬豎子耳
439 1 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 而布常為首虐
440 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 王之不見何
441 1 田舍 tiánshè farmhouse 番陽人殺布茲鄉民田舍
442 1 同功 tónggōng analogous 同功一體之人也
443 1 jiā excellent 秦嘉等
444 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 與其眾叛秦
445 1 shēn deep 深溝壁壘
446 1 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 老弱轉糧千里之外
447 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 布軍敗走
448 1 shǔ Sichuan 下蜀
449 1 ǒu paired / even [number] 乃率其曹偶
450 1 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 聞項梁定江東會稽
451 1 千萬 qiānwàn ten million 項氏之所阬殺人以千萬數
452 1 to think / consider / to ponder 封賁赫為期思侯
453 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 故漢王敬使使臣進愚計
454 1 to protect / to guard 乃以隨何為護軍中尉
455 1 衡山 héngshān Hengshan / Mount Heng 衡山
456 1 冠軍 guànjūn champion 布常冠軍
457 1 死定 sǐ dìng to be dead / to be toast 項梁敗死定陶
458 1 plain / white 民素畏之
459 1 自愛 zìài self-respect / self-love / self-regard 禍之興自愛姬殖
460 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 其人有籌筴之計
461 1 傳檄 chuánxí to circulate / to promulgate 傳檄燕
462 1 盟約 méngyuē contract of alliance / oath or treaty between allies 以其背盟約而殺義帝也
463 1 天下事 tiānxià shì everything under heaven 無足與計天下事
464 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 譽赫長者也
465 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 并韓取魏
466 1 危懼 wēijù afraid / apprehensive 則諸侯自危懼而相救
467 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 垂拱而觀其孰勝
468 1 strange / unusual / uncanny 欲以相救為奇
469 1 zhì to place / to lay out 望布軍置陳如項籍軍
470 1 undulations 破之清波
471 1 不義 bùyì unjust 天下負之以不義之名
472 1 yīng baby / infant 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
473 1 Shandong 并齊取魯
474 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣將將數千人行
475 1 新安 xīnān Xin'an 項籍之引兵西至新安
476 1 敵國 díguó enemy state 深入敵國八九百里
477 1 當陽 dāngyáng Dangyang 英布為當陽君
478 1 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 何其拔興之暴也
479 1 end / final stage / latter part 范曾為末將
480 1 xiè to let out 未敢泄也
481 1 破布 pòbù rag 破布軍
482 1 mào to be jealous of / to be envious 妒媢生患
483 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 至虞
484 1 jié take by force / to coerce 盡劫其兵
485 1 垓下 Gāixià Gaixia 破之垓下
486 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具說狀
487 1 female / feminine 番君以其女妻之
488 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽與亡
489 1 hūn to marry 布故與番君婚
490 1 shì to match 適足以致天下之兵耳
491 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望布軍置陳如項籍軍
492 1 è evil / vice 上惡之
493 1 kuì an offering of food 乃厚餽遺
494 1 十一 shíyī eleven 十一年
495 1 tīng to listen 不聽
496 1 xián virtuous / worthy 是何之功賢於步卒五萬人騎五千也
497 1 bǎo to defend / to protect 諸將英布亦皆保聚彭城
498 1 北面 běimiàn north side 夫北面而臣事人者
499 1 guān an office 帳御飲食從官如漢王居
500 1 何苦 hékǔ why bother? / is it worth the trouble? 何苦而反

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 74 zhī him / her / them / that 有客相之曰
2 66 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 黥布者
3 45 chǔ state of Chu 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
4 42 wáng Wang 當刑而王
5 40 yuē to speak / to say 有客相之曰
6 37 wèi for / to 秦時為布衣
7 33 also / too 六人也
8 32 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 當刑而王
9 30 使 shǐ to make / to cause 趙數使人請救
10 29 hàn Han Chinese 漢元年四月
11 27 bīng soldier / troops 聚兵數千人
12 27 so as to / in order to 番君以其女妻之
13 27 rén person / people / a human being 六人也
14 26 shàng top / a high position 及項籍殺宋義於河上
15 23 and 所與者獨九江王
16 23 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 渡淮南
17 22 what / where / which 謁者隨何進曰
18 22 xiàng an item / a thing / a clause 聞項梁定江東會稽
19 19 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
20 18 to strike / to hit / to beat 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
21 17 大王 dàwáng king 是大王所欲聞也
22 16 his / hers / its / theirs 乃率其曹偶
23 16 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 黥布者
24 15 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃率其曹偶
25 14 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 以故未擊
26 13 chén minister / statesman / official 破呂臣軍
27 12 jūn army / military 破呂臣軍
28 12 九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang 立布為九江王
29 12 to take / to get / to fetch 我之取天下可以百全
30 12 shǔ to count 麗山之徒數十萬人
31 12 zhì to / until 項梁至薛
32 12 bright / radiant / shining 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
33 11 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 周殷反楚
34 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂破秦軍
35 11 to calculate / to compute / to count 無足與計天下事
36 11 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
37 10 liáng a bridge 聞項梁定江東會稽
38 10 suí to follow 謁者隨何進曰
39 10 xià next 又使布等先從閒道破關下軍
40 9 desire 欲親用之
41 9 naturally / of course / certainly 身自將之
42 9 西 The West 涉江而西
43 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 及項籍殺宋義於河上
44 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 功冠諸侯
45 9 nián year 漢二年
46 9 jiàn to see 布乃見番君
47 8 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 數使使者誚讓召布
48 8 gōng public/ common / state-owned 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
49 8 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王擊楚
50 8 yǒu is / are / to exist 有客相之曰
51 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 不審陛下所謂
52 8 yīng England 姓英氏
53 8 in / at 及項籍殺宋義於河上
54 8 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 令之發兵倍楚
55 8 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 項籍為次將
56 7 yán to speak / to say / said 言之而是邪
57 7 to stand 迺立楚懷王
58 7 令尹 lìngyǐn chief minister 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
59 7 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 懷王徙都彭城
60 7 zhū all / many / various 諸將英布亦皆保聚彭城
61 7 to enter 不得入
62 7 guī to go back / to return 臣請與大王提劍而歸漢
63 7 shì matter / thing / item 寡人北鄉而臣事之
64 7 such as / for example / for instance 如彼等者
65 7 qín Shaanxi 秦時為布衣
66 7 even / equal / uniform 項王往擊齊
67 7 a man / a male adult 夫北面而臣事人者
68 7 yīn because 因太宰主之
69 7 not / no 九江王布稱病不往
70 7 天下 tiānxià China 我之取天下可以百全
71 7 chū to go out / to leave 出梁地
72 6 xuē Xue 項梁至薛
73 6 yǐn to lead / to guide 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
74 6 dōng east 引兵而東
75 6 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必以楚為彊
76 6 soil / ground / land 出梁地
77 6 gōng merit 功冠諸侯
78 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 乃以兵屬項梁
79 6 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 布欲引兵走漢
80 6 běi north 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
81 6 yòu again / also 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
82 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 布愈恐
83 6 shēn human body / torso 身負板筑
84 6 already / afterwards 布已論輸麗山
85 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 趙數使人請救
86 6 děng et cetera / and so on 秦嘉等
87 5 wèi to call 謂左右曰
88 5 expresses question or doubt 幾是乎
89 5 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得入
90 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破呂臣軍
91 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 各就國
92 5 fān to take turns / a turn / a time 布乃見番君
93 5 fēng to seal / to close off 項王封諸將
94 5 otherwise / but / however 欲戰則不得
95 5 jiù to save / to rescue 趙數使人請救
96 5 yīn cloudy / overcast 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
97 5 a consort / a concubine 布所幸姬疾
98 5 liù six 六人也
99 5 zhàn war / fighting / battle 夫漢王戰於彭城
100 5 de potential marker 遂得入
101 5 yuè more 漢誅梁王彭越
102 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 以故未擊
103 5 qiáng strong / powerful 必以楚為彊
104 5 shì is / are / am / to be 幾是乎
105 5 zhào Zhao 秦急圍趙
106 5 cóng from 籍迺悉引兵涉河從之
107 5 wén to hear 人有聞者
108 5 this / these 此臣之所以為使
109 5 to cross, ferry over 渡淮南
110 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 布乃見番君
111 5 ěr ear 適足以致天下之兵耳
112 5 huái Huai River 項梁涉淮而西
113 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 為天下安用腐儒
114 4 dōu all 懷王徙都彭城
115 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留項王於齊數月
116 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 數使使者誚讓召布
117 4 to die 聞陳王定死
118 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 蒲將軍亦以兵屬項梁
119 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 章邯之滅陳勝
120 4 gōng to attack / to assault 進則不得攻
121 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 姓英氏
122 4 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當刑而王
123 4 jìn to enter 謁者隨何進曰
124 4 zhòng many / numerous 與其眾叛秦
125 4 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂上計
126 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 隨何因說太宰曰
127 4 xián liesure 又使布等先從閒道破關下軍
128 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 分卒守徼乘塞
129 4 fēi not / non- / un- 言之而非邪
130 4 no 無足與計天下事
131 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 項梁敗死定陶
132 4 xiān first 項籍使布先渡河擊秦
133 4 qiān one thousand 聚兵數千人
134 4 tuō to entrust / to rely on 可以託國也
135 4 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 黥布列傳
136 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今乃發四千人以助楚
137 4 entirely / without exception 乃與二十人俱
138 4 二十 èrshí twenty 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
139 4 rotten 謂何為腐儒
140 4 sān three 漢三年
141 4 chén Chen 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
142 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 有客相之曰
143 4 huái bosom / breast 懷王徙都彭城
144 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 項王方北憂齊
145 4 gāo the high land along a river 還守成皋
146 4 yòng to use / to apply 欲親用之
147 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所與者獨九江王
148 4 bēn energetic 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
149 4 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 布常冠軍
150 4 wáng to die 亡之江中為群盜
151 4 a scholar 謂何為腐儒
152 3 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 布已論輸麗山
153 3 big / great / huge / large / major 誘大司馬周殷
154 3 can / may / permissible 可遂殺楚使者
155 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 高后誅淮陰侯
156 3 cháo to face 朝陳
157 3 長沙 Chángshā Changsha 徙都長沙
158 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 西患漢
159 3 數月 shǔyuè several months 留項王於齊數月
160 3 meaning / sense 懷王使宋義為上將
161 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
162 3 zhǔ owner 因太宰主之
163 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉屬宋義
164 3 extra / surplus / remainder 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
165 3 to assemble / to meet together 聚兵數千人
166 3 醫家 yījiā healer / physician / medical man / doctor (esp. of TCM) 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
167 3 also / too 蒲將軍亦以兵屬項梁
168 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成皋
169 3 néng can / able 孰能為我使淮南
170 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為士卒先
171 3 xíng to walk / to move 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
172 3 wèn to ask 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
173 3 péng Peng 漢誅梁王彭越
174 3 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 九江王布稱病不往
175 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 布已論輸麗山
176 3 zhōng middle 亡之江中為群盜
177 3 Téng Teng 汝陰侯滕公召故楚令尹問之
178 3 Hán Han 章邯之滅陳勝
179 3 qiě moreover / also 龍且攻淮南
180 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固若是乎
181 3 kēng a pit 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
182 3 biàn to change / to alter 赫言變事
183 3 zuò to sit 坐法黥
184 3 shū book 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
185 3 中計 zhōngjì to fall into a trap / taken in by a stratagem / cheated / ripped off 出於中計
186 3 to reach 及壯
187 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 攻城則力不能
188 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 項王往擊齊
189 3 sòng Song dynasty 懷王使宋義為上將
190 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 王疑其與亂
191 3 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 令之發兵倍楚
192 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 章邯之滅陳勝
193 3 shě to give 舍傳舍
194 3 chuán to transmit 黥布列傳
195 3 楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
196 3 apprentice / disciple 麗山之徒數十萬人
197 3 Wu 東取吳
198 3 hair 今乃發四千人以助楚
199 3 duì to / toward 薛公對曰
200 3 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 涉江而西
201 3 dìng to decide 聞項梁定江東會稽
202 3 hurried / worried 秦急圍趙
203 3 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而大王不背楚者
204 3 hóu marquis / lord 高后誅淮陰侯
205 3 ruò weak 以漢為弱
206 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 而疾走漢并力
207 3 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 使布出於上計
208 3 lái to come 悔來
209 3 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊怪大王與楚何親也
210 3 太宰 tàizǎi chancellor / prime minster 因太宰主之
211 3 hǎi minced pickled meat / mince 醢之
212 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 楚兵常勝
213 3 I / me / my 人相我當刑而王
214 3 義帝 yìdì a fake emperor 項氏立懷王為義帝
215 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 故曰楚兵不足恃也
216 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 我之取天下可以百全
217 3 xiāng village / township 寡人北鄉而臣事之
218 3 final particle 陛下安枕而臥矣
219 2 a river / a stream 及項籍殺宋義於河上
220 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果如薛公籌之
221 2 xìn to believe / to trust 項梁號為武信君
222 2 child / son 吾方圖子之功
223 2 shì to rely upon 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
224 2 to defend / to resist 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
225 2 alone / independent / single / sole 所與者獨九江王
226 2 I 吾方圖子之功
227 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 騎五千
228 2 that / those 如彼等者
229 2 anger / rage / fury 王怒曰
230 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡殺布妻子
231 2 unhusked millet 漢之粟
232 2 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 因起兵而擊之耳
233 2 xiàn county 追殺之郴縣
234 2 eight 深入敵國八九百里
235 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 大王宜悉淮南之眾
236 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 何其拔興之暴也
237 2 lóng dragon 龍且攻淮南
238 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
239 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 適足以致天下之兵耳
240 2 步卒 bùzú infantry / foot soldiers 陛下發步卒五萬人
241 2 未可知 wèi kě zhī as yet cannot be known 勝敗之數未可知也
242 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 誘大司馬周殷
243 2 shí time / a period of time 秦時為布衣
244 2 a time 項籍為次將
245 2 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 誘大司馬周殷
246 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東非漢之有也
247 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 言之而是邪
248 2 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 滎陽
249 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是殺使者
250 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 又多布材
251 2 to carry 大王提空名以鄉楚
252 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老弱轉糧千里之外
253 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃陰令九江王布等行擊之
254 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 布欣然笑曰
255 2 xíng punishment / penalty 當刑而王
256 2 皇子 huángzǐ prince 乃立皇子長為淮南王
257 2 jìng to respect /to honor 漢王使臣敬進書大王御者
258 2 jiāng a large river 亡之江中為群盜
259 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 騎五千
260 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 功冠諸侯
261 2 jiǎ Jia 布與劉賈入九江
262 2 shì to attend on 賁赫自以為侍中
263 2 陳勝 Chén Shèng Chen Sheng 陳勝之起也
264 2 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 諸侯戰其地為散地
265 2 shōu to receive / to accept 漢王收諸侯
266 2 one 無一人渡淮者
267 2 liè to split / to crack / to break open 漢王必裂地而封大王
268 2 shú which 孰能為我使淮南
269 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 竊怪大王與楚何親也
270 2 若是 ruòshì if 固若是乎
271 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 其人有籌筴之計
272 2 zài in / at 英在
273 2 you / thou 汝安從知之
274 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 朝長安
275 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 懷王徙都彭城
276 2 shì a generation 陳嬰以項氏世為楚將
277 2 to arise / to get up 陳勝之起也
278 2 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 陛下發步卒五萬人
279 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 布乃引兵北擊秦左右校
280 2 安枕 ānzhěn to sleep soundly / (fig.) to rest easy / to be free of worries 陛下安枕而臥矣
281 2 to lie 陛下安枕而臥矣
282 2 何為 héwéi what are you doing? 謂何為腐儒
283 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 分卒守徼乘塞
284 2 liú Liu 布與劉賈入九江
285 2 record / register / list / census 懷王因立籍為上將軍
286 2 hái also / in addition / more 還守成皋
287 2 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 迺立楚懷王
288 2 yàn to examine / to test / to check 使人微驗淮南王
289 2 pàn boundary path dividing fields 齊王田榮畔楚
290 2 to bear / to carry 身負板筑
291 2 勝敗 shèngbài victory or defeat / result 勝敗之數未可知也
292 2 guest / visitor 有客相之曰
293 2 wàn ten thousand 南面而立萬乘之主
294 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 自疑禍及身
295 2 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 不利
296 2 rate / frequency 乃率其曹偶
297 2 more and more / even more 布愈恐
298 2 jīng brambles / thorns 東擊荊
299 2 bèi back [of the body] 然而大王不背楚者
300 2 to die 又使布等夜擊阬章邯秦卒二十餘萬人
301 2 shén what
302 2 wèi to fear / to dread 餘不足畏也
303 2 yáng sun 故信而隨之番陽
304 2 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
305 2 大戰 dàzhàn war 大戰彭城
306 2 qīn relatives 欲親用之
307 2 chēng to call / to address 九江王布稱病不往
308 2 jiù right away 各就國
309 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 誘大司馬周殷
310 2 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 適足以致天下之兵耳
311 2 萬全 wànquán completely safe 今大王不與萬全之漢而自託於危亡之楚
312 2 hòu thick 而欲厚自託
313 2 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 語蕭相國
314 2 dialect / language / speech 從容語次
315 2 guān to close 至關
316 2 type of rush 蒲將軍亦以兵屬項梁
317 2 power / force / strength 攻城則力不能
318 2 淮陰 Huáiyīn Huai'an / Huaiyin 高后誅淮陰侯
319 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 臣竊為大王惑之
320 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 不及
321 1 欣然 xīnrán gladly / cheerfully 布欣然笑曰
322 1 jìng actually / in the end 竟以滅國
323 1 其先 qíxiān previously 其先豈春秋所見楚滅英
324 1 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 上置酒
325 1 往年 wǎngnián former years 往年殺彭越
326 1 有利 yǒulì advantageous / favorable 布數有利
327 1 千里之外 qiānlǐzhīwài thousand miles distant 老弱轉糧千里之外
328 1 shì power / authority 其勢易見也
329 1 板筑 bǎnzhù to construct a rammed-earth wall 身負板筑
330 1 眾數 zhònghù plural form 將眾數千人歸漢
331 1 a drama / a play / a show 諸侯皆罷戲下
332 1 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 塞成皋之口
333 1 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 上召諸將問曰
334 1 granary 據敖庾之粟
335 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 齊王田榮畔楚
336 1 zhí straight 隨何直入
337 1 gǎn bold / brave 未敢泄也
338 1 豫章郡 yùzhāng jùn Yuzhang Prefecture 豫章郡皆屬布
339 1 就醫 jiùyī to receive medical treatment 請就醫
340 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 上乃赦賁赫
341 1 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人北鄉而臣事之
342 1 zhí to breed / to spawn 禍之興自愛姬殖
343 1 怒罵 nùmà to curse in rage 上怒罵之
344 1 to allow / to permit 陰許畔楚與漢
345 1 rich / wealthy 荊王劉賈走死富陵
346 1 得數 deshǔ numerical answer / solution 得數縣
347 1 huǐ to regret 悔來
348 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范曾為末將
349 1 method / way 坐法黥
350 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 上乃召見問薛公
351 1 zāi exclamatory particle 皋陶之後哉
352 1 tóng a page / a boy servant 僮閒
353 1 to give / to bestow favors 盛其醢遍賜諸侯
354 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 陰令人部聚兵
355 1 páng side 候伺旁郡警急
356 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 南面而立萬乘之主
357 1 鄉民 xiāngmín villager 番陽人殺布茲鄉民田舍
358 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退則不得解
359 1 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 項王由此怨布
360 1 而是 érshì rather 言之而是邪
361 1 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 懷王因立籍為上將軍
362 1 zhòng heavy 歸重於越
363 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 不顧後為百姓萬世慮者也
364 1 jǐng sunlight 擊景駒
365 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 退則不得解
366 1 wēi small / tiny 使人微驗淮南王
367 1 攻城 gōngchéng to besiege (a town) 攻城則力不能
368 1 大喜過望 dà xǐ guò wàng great joy beyond expectations 布又大喜過望
369 1 yǐn to drink 從姬飲醫家
370 1 垂拱 chuígǒng Chuigong 垂拱而觀其孰勝
371 1 wall 上乃壁庸城
372 1 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 候伺旁郡警急
373 1 huì can / be able to 會甀
374 1 responsibility / duty 方急責英布發兵
375 1 刑法 xíngfǎ penal laws 身被刑法
376 1 攻下 gōngxià to attack / to take an enemy position 項王留而攻下邑
377 1 何以 héyǐ why 楚何以得發兵
378 1 廬江 lújiāng Lujiang 廬江
379 1 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 為之柰何
380 1 pái not serious 共俳笑之
381 1 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 人相我當刑而王
382 1 guì to kneel 隨何跪曰
383 1 謀反 móufǎn to plot a rebellion / to conspire against the state 言布謀反有端
384 1 王因 Wángyīn Wangyin 懷王因立籍為上將軍
385 1 ci 番陽人殺布茲鄉民田舍
386 1 suī although / even though 夫楚兵雖彊
387 1 gòng together 共俳笑之
388 1 何等 héděng which? / what? / how? / what? 使何等二十人伏斧質淮南市
389 1 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 深溝壁壘
390 1 jiāo to steal 分卒守徼乘塞
391 1 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 漢堅守而不動
392 1 皋陶 gāo yáo Gao Yao 皋陶之後哉
393 1 交通 jiāotōng transportation / communication 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
394 1 yáo distant / remote 遙謂布曰
395 1 zhù to help / to assist 今乃發四千人以助楚
396 1 bié do not / must not 今別為三
397 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 數止戰
398 1 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 安能相救
399 1 jīng essence 布兵精甚
400 1 不免 bùmiǎn unavoidablly / inevitably 亦不免於身為世大僇
401 1 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 布不宜有此
402 1 to go to / to arrive / to reach 乘傳詣長安
403 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢往
404 1 shǎo few 以布數以少敗眾也
405 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 然而楚王恃戰勝自彊
406 1 xīn heart 布因心恐
407 1 收兵 shōubīng to retreat / to withdraw troops / to recall troops / fig. to finish work / to wind up / to call it a day / used with negatives: the task is far from over 收兵至成皋
408 1 kuàng moreover / how much the more 又況淮南
409 1 residence / dwelling 帳御飲食從官如漢王居
410 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 分卒守徼乘塞
411 1 to think over / to consider 不顧後為百姓萬世慮者也
412 1 a musical note 破呂臣軍
413 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 使何等二十人伏斧質淮南市
414 1 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 為楚軍前鋒
415 1 分布 fēnbù to distribute 漢益分布兵而與俱北
416 1 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 其八月
417 1 chéng a city / a town 上乃壁庸城
418 1 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 遂破秦軍
419 1 淮南市 Huáinánshì Huainan 使何等二十人伏斧質淮南市
420 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜會戰彭城下
421 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 疏爵而貴之
422 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 布又稱病不佐楚
423 1 其一 qíyī first / number one of the above 布果破其一軍
424 1 èr two 漢二年
425 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 亡之江中為群盜
426 1 to console / to comfort 大王撫萬人之眾
427 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 妒媢生患
428 1 hán Korea / South Korea 并韓取魏
429 1 兵法 bīngfǎ art of war / military strategy and tactics 且兵法
430 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 與上兵遇蘄西
431 1 supreme ruler / emperor 欲為帝耳
432 1 shū to transport 布已論輸麗山
433 1 sāo to harass / to bother / to annoy / to disturb / to agitate 大王宜騷淮南之兵渡淮
434 1 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 皋陶之後哉
435 1 仇怨 chóuyuàn hatred and desire for revenge 恐仇怨妄誣之
436 1 上方 shàng fāng top 上方踞床洗
437 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 誘大司馬周殷
438 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 醫家與中大夫賁赫對門
439 1 bǎi one hundred 我之取天下可以百全
440 1 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 吾方圖子之功
441 1 隨之 suízhī thereupon / subsequently / accordingly 故信而隨之番陽
442 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 亦不免於身為世大僇
443 1 為首 wéishǒu to be the leader 而布常為首虐
444 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 至咸陽
445 1 liáng provisions 老弱轉糧千里之外
446 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 王疑其與亂
447 1 to implore / to pray 與上兵遇蘄西
448 1 少年 shàonián a juvenile / youngster 少年
449 1 slightly / rather / quite 布使者頗得故人幸臣
450 1 雒陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 朝雒陽
451 1 chuáng bed 上方踞床洗
452 1 gòu to reach 事已搆
453 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 以為士卒先
454 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 疏爵而貴之
455 1 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 四年七月
456 1 cáo Cao 乃率其曹偶
457 1 不動 bùdòng Akshobya 漢堅守而不動
458 1 five 漢五年
459 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 恐仇怨妄誣之
460 1 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 與百餘人走江南
461 1 前年 qiánnián the year before last 前年殺韓信
462 1 之上 zhīshàng above 滕公言之上曰
463 1 善用 shànyòng to be good at using (something)/to put (something) to good use 布善用兵
464 1 其二 qí èr second / number two of the above 其二軍散走
465 1 疾走 jízǒu to scamper / to scurry 而疾走漢并力
466 1 how can it be that? 其先豈春秋所見楚滅英
467 1 哀王 Āi Wáng King Ai of Zhou 以故長沙哀王使人紿布
468 1 hào number 項梁號為武信君
469 1 Chēn Chen 追殺之郴縣
470 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 項王方北憂齊
471 1 áo to ramble 據敖庾之粟
472 1 day of the month / a certain day 三日不得見
473 1 頗有 pǒyǒu very 頗有所驗
474 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 布使者頗得故人幸臣
475 1 fēng point of spear / sharp point 布常為軍鋒
476 1 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 布皆與其徒長豪桀交通
477 1 妻子 qīzi wife 盡殺布妻子
478 1 為期 wéiqī by (a certain date) / lasting (a certain time) 封賁赫為期思侯
479 1 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 為三軍
480 1 pōu to slice / to cut 布遂剖符為淮南王
481 1 危亡 wēiwáng at stake / in peril 今大王不與萬全之漢而自託於危亡之楚
482 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 不審陛下所謂
483 1 táo Tao 項梁敗死定陶
484 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 不審陛下所謂
485 1 殺人 shārén to murder 項氏之所阬殺人以千萬數
486 1 jǐng to alert / to warn 候伺旁郡警急
487 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 布之初反
488 1 district / county 項王留而攻下邑
489 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 項王由此怨布
490 1 列為 lièwéi to be classified as 大王與項王俱列為諸侯
491 1 several 幾是乎
492 1 to envy / to be jealous 妒媢生患
493 1 一體 yītǐ one body / an integral whole 同功一體之人也
494 1 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 欲自殺
495 1 身為 shēnwèi in the capacity of / as 亦不免於身為世大僇
496 1 空名 kōngmíng vacuous reputation / name without substance / in name only / so-called 大王提空名以鄉楚
497 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 帳御飲食從官如漢王居
498 1 九百 jiǔ bǎi nine hundred 深入敵國八九百里
499 1 to read 上讀其書
500 1 four 四年七月

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀王 Āi Wáng King Ai of Zhou
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
Chēn Chen
陈胜 陳勝 Chén Shèng Chen Sheng
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
楚怀王 楚懷王 chǔhuáiwáng King Huai of Chu
垂拱 chuígǒng Chuigong
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
当阳 當陽 dāngyáng
  1. Dangyang
  2. Dangyang
垓下 Gāixià Gaixia
皋陶 gāo yáo Gao Yao
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
Hán Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
韩信 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin
衡山 héngshān Hengshan / Mount Heng
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
淮南市 Huáinánshì Huainan
淮阴 淮陰 Huáiyīn Huai'an / Huaiyin
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江东 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
Jié Emperor Jie
九江 Jiǔjiāng Jiujiang
会稽 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
庐江 廬江 lújiāng Lujiang
雒阳 雒陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
明王 Míng Wáng Vidyaraja / Wisdom King
péng
  1. Peng
  2. Peng
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
王因 Wángyīn Wangyin
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
相国 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State
项籍 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji
咸阳 咸陽 xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
新安 xīnān Xin'an
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
豫章郡 yùzhāng jùn Yuzhang Prefecture
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English