Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Song 宋史, 卷三 本紀第三 太祖三 Volume 3 Annals 3: Taizu 3

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 49 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸教船池習戰
2 39 zhōu a state / a province 罷襄州歲貢魚
3 31 wáng Wang 高麗國王王昭遣使獻方物
4 30 jūn army / military 升密州為安化軍節度
5 30 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
6 29 děng et cetera / and so on 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
7 24 使 shǐ to make / to cause 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
8 24 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
9 21 to give / to bestow favors 因召瓊厚賜之
10 21 zhào an imperial decree 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
11 20 yuē to speak / to say 諡曰恭帝
12 20 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 幸相國寺觀新修塔
13 19 mìng life 命近臣祈晴
14 19 xiàn to offer / to present 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
15 19 bīn ornamental / refined 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
16 19 吳越 wúyuè Wuyue 吳越國進銀裝花舫
17 18 qián money / currency 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
18 18 rén person / people / a human being 省州縣小吏及直力人
19 17 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗江南軍於銅陵
20 17 cáo Cao 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
21 16 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂如其第視之
22 16 Germany 德昭同中書門下平章事
23 16 shuò first day of the lunar month 五年春正月壬辰朔
24 15 jìn to enter 吳越國進銀裝花舫
25 14 國王 guówáng king / monarch 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
26 14 zuò to sit 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
27 14 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 不御殿
28 13 a river / a stream 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
29 13 to reach 禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像
30 13 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 賜予以遣之
31 13 nián year 五年春正月壬辰朔
32 13 martial / military 河決陽武
33 13 jìn shanxi 封光義為晉王
34 12 chí a pool / a pond 幸教船池習戰
35 12 to defend / to resist 不御殿
36 12 zhōng middle 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
37 12 lái to come 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
38 12 jiǎng to speak / to say / to tell 召對講武殿
39 11 己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year 己亥
40 11 zhī to know 知貢舉李昉坐試人失當
41 11 horse 殺右拾遺馬適
42 11 big / great / huge / large / major 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
43 11 方物 fāngwù produced locally / local product (with distinctive native features) 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
44 11 shì matter / thing / item 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
45 10 píng flat / level / smooth 同平章事
46 10 supreme ruler / emperor 諡曰恭帝
47 10 Li 李崇矩以鎮國軍節度使罷
48 10 guó a country / a nation 吳越國進銀裝花舫
49 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 授永鄢陵令
50 9 zhàn war / fighting / battle 幸教船池習戰
51 9 to enter 詔合入令錄者引見後方注
52 9 běi north 北淫雨
53 9 to pray 命近臣祈晴
54 9 měi beautiful 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
55 9 precious 幸玉津園觀刈麥
56 9 one 乞一官以便養
57 9 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
58 9 wàn ten thousand 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
59 9 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
60 9 yín silver 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
61 9 yuán garden / orchard 幸玉津園觀刈麥
62 8 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷襄州歲貢魚
63 8 mín the people / citizen / subjects 沿河民田有為水害者
64 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 杖殺之
65 8 近臣 jìnchén a member of a monarch's inner ministerial circle 命近臣祈晴
66 8 sān three 太祖三
67 8 meaning / sense 開封尹光義暴疾
68 8 guān an office 乞一官以便養
69 8 guāng light 開封尹光義暴疾
70 8 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 庚寅
71 8 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 河決濮陽
72 8 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
73 8 dōng east 登汴隄觀戰艦東下
74 8 chéng a city / a town 趙普罷為河陽三城節度使
75 8 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
76 8 gòng a tribute / a gift 罷襄州歲貢魚
77 8 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹遣使克沙骨慎思以書來講和
78 8 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 李崇矩以鎮國軍節度使罷
79 8 day of the month / a certain day 日有食之
80 8 shǔ Sichuan 蜀轉運使
81 7 shū book 中書吏擅權多姦贓
82 7 shàng top / a high position 上素服發哀
83 7 shì to test / to try / to experiment 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
84 7 tián field / farmland 遣使檢視水災田
85 7 chūn spring 五年春正月壬辰朔
86 7 tóng like / same / similar 同平章事
87 7 乙卯 yǐmǎo fifty-second year B4 of the 60 year cycle 乙卯
88 7 shí a rock / a stone 漕太倉米二萬石振之
89 7 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 九月丁巳朔
90 7 己未 jǐwèi fifty sixth year of the 60 year cycle 秋七月己未
91 7 辛丑 xīnchǒu thirty-eighth year H2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1961 or 2021 辛丑
92 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 同平章事
93 7 shí ten 輟朝十日
94 7 clothes / clothing 御衣
95 7 juàn thick but loosely woven silk 江南進絹數萬
96 7 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
97 7 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 幸玉津園觀刈麥
98 7 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 甲子
99 7 to beg / to request 乞一官以便養
100 7 qiū fall / autumn 秋七月己未
101 7 chǎng sharp 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
102 7 甲申 Jiǎ Shēn Jia Shen year 冬十月甲申
103 7 shì to look at / to see 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
104 7 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 器用數百事
105 7 庚辰 gēngchén seventeenth year G5 of the 60 year cycle 庚辰
106 6 zhì to place / to lay out 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
107 6 secret / hidden / confidential 升密州為安化軍節度
108 6 yòng to use / to apply 兼用流內州縣官
109 6 庚午 gēngwǔ seventh year G7 of the 60 year cycle 三月庚午
110 6 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
111 6 zhǔ owner 山後兩林鬼主
112 6 nèi inside / interior 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
113 6 來朝 láicháo tomorrow (morning) 吳越國王遣使來朝貢
114 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 命還葬慶陵之側
115 6 bīng soldier / troops 將兵十萬出荊南
116 6 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 杖殺之
117 6 yuàn a school 宣徽北院使潘美加特進
118 6 shēng to ascend / to go up 命吳越王錢俶為昇州東南行營招撫制置使
119 6 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 夏四月庚寅朔
120 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 德昭同中書門下平章事
121 6 to fly 幸教船池習戰
122 6 壬寅 rényín thirty-ninth year I3 of the 60 year cycle 壬寅
123 6 zhài a fence / a stockade 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
124 6 庚子 Gēngzǐ thirty seventh year of the 60 year cycle 庚子
125 6 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
126 6 丁亥 DīngHài twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle 丁亥
127 6 shuǐ water 知池州樊若水敗江南軍於州界
128 6 jiàn to see 辰見東方
129 6 xīn new / fresh / modern 詔減湖南新製茶
130 6 壬申 rénshēn ninth year I9 of the 60 year cycle 壬申
131 6 丙子 bǐngzǐ thirteenth year C1 of the 60 year cycle 二月丙子
132 6 己巳 jǐsì sixth year F6 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1989 or 2049 己巳
133 6 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
134 6 乙酉 yǐYǒu twenty-second year B10 of the 60 year cycle 乙酉
135 6 zhāo illustrious 高麗國王王昭遣使獻方物
136 6 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 太子中允呂鵠並坐贓
137 6 棄市 qìshì public execution 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
138 6 xiàn county 縣三十九
139 5 zhào Zhao 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
140 5 辛未 xīnwèi eight year H8 of the 60 year cycle 辛未
141 5 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月庚申
142 5 丙寅 bǐngYín third year C3 of the 60 year cycle 丙寅
143 5 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月丙子
144 5 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 五月庚申
145 5 hair 上素服發哀
146 5 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月庚午
147 5 five 五年春正月壬辰朔
148 5 xuě snow 雨雪
149 5 xià summer 夏四月庚寅朔
150 5 chà to differ 賜器幣有差
151 5 dōng winter 冬十月庚子
152 5 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 太子中允呂鵠並坐贓
153 5 jiǎn to check 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
154 5 four 長四丈
155 5 yòu right / right-hand 右拾遺張恂坐贓棄市
156 5 èr two 漕太倉米二萬石振之
157 5 extra / surplus / remainder 兩兄皆八十餘
158 5 an official institution / a state bureau 詔諸州府置司寇參軍
159 5 癸卯 guǐmǎo fortieth year J4 of the 60 year cycle 癸卯
160 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 因召瓊厚賜之
161 5 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 秋七月己未
162 5 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月丁巳朔
163 5 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
164 5 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
165 5 Lu 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
166 5 甲辰 jiǎchén 41st year A5 of the 60 year cycle 甲辰
167 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
168 5 丙午 bǐngwǔ forty-third year C7 of the 60 year cycle 丙午
169 5 sòng Song dynasty 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
170 5 丙戌 bǐngxū twenty-third year C11 of the 60 year cycle 二月丙戌朔
171 5 節度 jiédù a solar term 升密州為安化軍節度
172 5 to inherit 李繼明
173 5 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 五年春正月壬辰朔
174 5 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 癸亥
175 5 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月己丑
176 5 nán south 將兵十萬出荊南
177 5 丁卯 dīngmǎo fourth year D4 of the 60 year cycle 九月丁卯
178 5 liú Liu 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
179 5 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修陽武隄
180 5 jīn gold 金香師子
181 5 習水 xíshuǐ Xishui 幸講武池觀習水戰
182 5 yàn a feast / a banquet 賜宋準等宴錢二十萬
183 5 suì age 罷襄州歲貢魚
184 5 hóu marquis / lord 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
185 5 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月庚寅
186 5 dài to carry / to bring 金帶
187 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月庚子
188 5 wèi to call 謂宰相曰
189 5 fēng to seal / to close off 召開封尹光義
190 4 wén writing / text 太子中允徐昭文坐抑人售物
191 4 prisoner of war 俘其國主煜
192 4 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周鄭王殂於房州
193 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 傳位太宗
194 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 右衛大將軍王仁贍權判留司
195 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 閱在京百司吏
196 4 to record / to copy 詔合入令錄者引見後方注
197 4 戊申 wùshēn forty-fifth year E9 of the 60 year cycle 戊申
198 4 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
199 4 zhái residence / dwelling / home 觀禮賢宅
200 4 bān class / a group / a grade 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
201 4 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
202 4 to congratulate 殿直邢文慶充賀契丹正旦使
203 4 占城 zhànchéng Indrapura / Champa / South Annam 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
204 4 miǎn to spare 免蒲
205 4 北漢 běi hàn Han of the Five dynasties 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
206 4 拾遺 shíyí to pocket a lost article / (fig.) to correct others' errors / to remedy omissions (in a text etc) 右拾遺張恂坐贓棄市
207 4 a dike 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
208 4 xīng to flourish / to be popular 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
209 4 辛巳 xīnsì eighteenth year H6 of the 60 year cycle 辛巳
210 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 進銀絹以萬計
211 4 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 減廣南無名率錢
212 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 齊州野蠶成繭
213 4 liǎng two 兩兄皆八十餘
214 4 qián front 前盧氏縣尉鄢陵許永年七十有五
215 4 rén a kernel / a pit 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
216 4 己丑 jǐchǒu twenty-sixth year F2 of the 60 year cycle 六月己丑
217 4 xùn to yield 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
218 4 to rent 有司具聞除租
219 4 武殿 Wǔ diàn General's Shrine 召對講武殿
220 4 丁酉 Dīngyǒu thirty-fourth year D10 of the 60 year cycle 丁酉
221 4 庚戌 gēngxū forty-seventh year G11 of the 60 year cycle 庚戌
222 4 癸丑 guǐchǒu fiftieth year J2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1973 or 2033 十一月癸丑
223 4 pān water in which rice has been rinsed 山南東道節度使潘美為都監
224 4 丙辰 bǐngchén fifty-third year C5 of the 60 year cycle 六年春正月丙辰朔
225 4 壬戌 rénxū fifty-ninth year I11 of the 60 year cycle 壬戌
226 4 rain 雨雪
227 4 seven 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
228 4 xián virtuous / worthy 觀禮賢宅
229 4 shuì taxes / duties 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
230 4 chén minister / statesman / official 守臣武守琦敗之於洪洞
231 4 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月己未
232 4 increase / benefit 益食邑
233 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 江南寧遠軍及沿江砦並降
234 4 apparatus 不用獻俘儀
235 4 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月乙酉朔
236 4 乙巳 yǐSì forty-second year B6 of the 60 year cycle 乙巳
237 4 薛居正 Xuē Jūzhèng Liu Xu 命參知政事薛居正
238 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 行開寶通禮
239 4 食邑 shíyì a fiefdom 益食邑
240 4 míng bright / brilliant 李繼明
241 4 yuàn park / garden 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
242 4 shì to attend on 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
243 4 己酉 jǐyǒu forty-sixth year F10 of the 60 year cycle 閏月己酉
244 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 追罪兵部郎中董樞
245 4 都監 dūjiàn Executive 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
246 4 to take / to get / to fetch 自宰相以下咸請留俶而取其地
247 4 xíng to walk / to move 行開寶通禮
248 4 responsibility / duty 責授太常少卿
249 4 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
250 4 qíng clear weather 命近臣祈晴
251 4 child / son 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
252 4 jiǎn to deduct / to subtract 減廣南無名率錢
253 4 dīng Ding 交州丁璉遣使貢方物
254 4 to ferry
255 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
256 4 wèi a stone mill 幸東水磑
257 4 a government official / a magistrate 中書吏擅權多姦贓
258 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
259 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像
260 4 shè to forgive / to pardon 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
261 3 壬辰 rénchén twenty-ninth year I5 of the 60 year cycle 五年春正月壬辰朔
262 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
263 3 部署 bùshǔ to dispose / to deploy 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
264 3 嶺南 Lǐngnán Lingnan 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
265 3 jié festival / a special day 吳越國王乞以長春節朝覲
266 3 guō Guo 太子中允郭思齊坐贓棄市
267 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 責授右讚善大夫
268 3 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
269 3 宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou 宋州觀察判官崔絢
270 3 太平 tàipíng peaceful 太平興國二年四月乙卯
271 3 pèi to blend 杖配沙門島
272 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
273 3 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 甲午
274 3 to die 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
275 3 shī teacher 周惟簡來乞緩師
276 3 州縣 zhōuxiàn a county in a prefecture 省州縣小吏及直力人
277 3 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 奇材異行或文武可用者遣詣闕
278 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 命修先代帝王及五嶽四瀆祠廟
279 3 三佛齊 Sānfóqí Srivijaya 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
280 3 xuān to declare / to announce 命宣徽南院使
281 3 zuǒ left 左拾遺秦亶
282 3 zhòng heavy 人命至重
283 3 潤州 Rùnzhōu Runzhou 丁德裕敗潤州兵於城下
284 3 quán authority / power 詔權停今年貢舉
285 3 bǎi one hundred 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
286 3 to cut down 諭吳越伐江南
287 3 yán to speak / to say / said 自言父瓊年九十九
288 3 tōng to go through / to open 行開寶通禮
289 3 power / force / strength 省州縣小吏及直力人
290 3 lún human relationships 樞密副使沈義倫為中書侍郎
291 3 除名 chúmíng to expell 除名
292 3 戊寅 wùyín fifteenth year E3 of the 60 year cycle 八月戊寅
293 3 乙丑 yǐchǒu second year 乙丑
294 3 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 藥繼清大破獠賊於英州
295 3 jiàng Jiang
296 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 知貢舉李昉坐試人失當
297 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 殿中丞趙象坐擅稅
298 3 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
299 3 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 幸教船池習戰
300 3 cháo to face 吳越國王錢俶偕子惟濬等朝於崇德殿
301 3 jiè to quit 戒之曰
302 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒兵馬部署楊收
303 3 dǎng political party 遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使党進
304 3 liù six 濮六州大水
305 3 shòu to teach 授永鄢陵令
306 3 Mu 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
307 3 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 周惟簡來乞緩師
308 3 to cover 覆試進士於講武殿
309 3 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
310 3 cháng to taste 嘗讀二典
311 3 李煜 Lǐ Yù Li Yu 則李煜一門
312 3 hàn Han Chinese 晉州以北漢嵐
313 3 disease / sickness / ailment 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
314 3 to break / to split / to smash 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
315 3 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
316 3 五十 wǔshí fifty 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
317 3 gain / advantage / benefit 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
318 3 zhuāng to install / to fix 吳越國進銀裝花舫
319 3 辛卯 xīnmǎo twenty-eighth year H4 of the 60 year cycle 六月辛卯
320 3 chá tea 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
321 3 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 帝酌卮酒賜鋹
322 3 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 解六州逋賦
323 3 今年 jīnnián this year 詔權停今年貢舉
324 3 fén to burn 江南昭武軍節度使留後盧絳焚掠州縣
325 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 遣使率兵分五道入太原
326 3 zéi thief 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
327 3 zuò to do 命作機輪
328 3 開寶 kāibǎo Kaibao Reign of Emperor Taizu of Song 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
329 3 戊辰 wùchén fifth year E5 of the 60 year cycle 戊辰
330 3 a branch of study 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
331 3 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 試道流
332 3 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 不事矯飾
333 3 癸未 guǐwèi twentieth year J8 of the 60 year cycle 癸未
334 3 Biàn Bian River 汴決穀熟
335 3 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
336 3 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
337 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 幸迎春苑
338 3 及第 jídì to pass an examination 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
339 3 shēng to ascend / to go up 升密州為安化軍節度
340 3 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
341 3 龍興寺 Lóng Xīng Sì Long Xing Temple 臨視新龍興寺
342 3 zàng to bury the dead 命還葬慶陵之側
343 3 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 修西京宮闕
344 3 長春 chángchūn Changchun 御長春殿
345 3 to starve / to be hungry 大饑
346 3 shěng province 省州縣小吏及直力人
347 3 chuán to transmit 三傳資敘入官
348 3 to prevail 克池州
349 3 fáng a room 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
350 3 chén to sink / to submerge 樞密副使沈義倫為中書侍郎
351 3 huī a badge / an insignia 命宣徽南院使
352 3 tíng pavilion 幸都亭驛
353 3 zài in / at 閱在京百司吏
354 3 shèn cautious 慎無殺戮
355 3 shì a generation 亦惟責其濟斯世而已
356 3 jiā to add 德昭並加開府儀同三司
357 3 癸酉 guǐyǒu tenth year J10 of the 60 year cycle 癸酉
358 3 a musical note 呂餘慶兼淮
359 3 兵馬 bīngmǎ troops and horses / military forces 棣州兵馬監押
360 3 常州 chángzhōu Changzhou 吳越王帥兵圍常州
361 3 耶律 yélǜ Yelu 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
362 3 zòu to present / to offer 詔參知政事與宰相趙普分知印押班奏事
363 3 liáo to hunt at night by torches 容等州獠人作亂
364 3 西 The West 幸西水磑
365 3 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 賜布衣王澤方同學究出身
366 3 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰恭帝
367 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 詔參知政事與宰相趙普分知印押班奏事
368 3 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
369 3 zàn to praise 責授右讚善大夫
370 3 beard / mustache 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
371 2 xián salty / briny 內外文武臣僚咸進階封
372 2 jìng still / calm 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
373 2 hóng a flood 南丹州溪洞酋帥莫洪燕內附
374 2 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 詔諸州府置司寇參軍
375 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 中書吏擅權多姦贓
376 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 詔郡國令佐察民有孝悌力田
377 2 abundant / rich / plentiful 丁德裕敗潤州兵於城下
378 2 丙申 bǐngshēn thirty-third year C9 of the 60 year cycle 丙申
379 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 詔郡國令佐察民有孝悌力田
380 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
381 2 zàn to praise 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
382 2 xīn heart 此如我心
383 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 詔市二價者以枉法論
384 2 壬子 rénzǐ forty-ninth year I1 of the 60 year cycle 秋七月壬子朔
385 2 to leave behind 殿中侍御史李瑩坐受南唐饋遺
386 2 出身 chūshēn to come from 賜進士出身
387 2 pàn to judge 泗州推官侯濟坐試判假手
388 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
389 2 to narrate / to recount 三傳資敘入官
390 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 陛下既待臣以不死
391 2 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 盧多遜中書舍人
392 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 北漢寇晉州
393 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 江南主遣徐鉉等再奉表乞緩師
394 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 兵馬監押馬繼恩率兵入河東界
395 2 乙亥 yǐhài twelfth year B12 of the 60 year cycle 乙亥
396 2 大雨 dà yǔ heavy rain 大雨雪
397 2 劉熙 liúxī Liu Xi 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
398 2 jià to sow grain 幸玉津園觀稼
399 2 漢軍 hàn jūn Han army 党進敗北漢軍於太原城北
400 2 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 黥李從善部下及江南水軍一千三百九十人為歸化軍
401 2 西南 xīnán southwest 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
402 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 南丹州溪洞酋帥莫洪燕內附
403 2 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 江南主貢銀五萬兩
404 2 國主 guózhǔ monarch / emperor 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
405 2 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 嘗讀二典
406 2 lóng dragon 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
407 2 英武 yīngwǔ soldierly bearing 諡曰英武聖文神德皇帝
408 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 駐軍采石
409 2 徐鉉 xúxuàn Xu Xuan 江南主遣徐鉉
410 2 dào way / road / path 試道流
411 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
412 2 shǔ to count 既而微行愈數
413 2 unhusked millet 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
414 2 qiān to move / to shift 遷屯田員外郎
415 2 zhuó to pour wine 帝酌卮酒賜鋹
416 2 zhào oar / scull / paddle 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
417 2 信使 xìnshǐ messenger / courier 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
418 2 to arise / to get up 參知政事多遜起復視事
419 2 currency / coins / legal tender 賜器幣有差
420 2 鞍馬 ān mǎ pommel horse 賜俶衣帶鞍馬
421 2 fish 罷襄州歲貢魚
422 2 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 自有天命
423 2 閏月 rùnyuè intercalary month in the lunar calendar / leap month 閏月壬辰
424 2 kǎn upright and strong 知桂陽監張侃發前官隱沒羨銀
425 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
426 2 earth / soil / dirt 西天東印土王子穰結說囉來朝獻
427 2 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
428 2 水軍 shuǐjūn navy 黥李從善部下及江南水軍一千三百九十人為歸化軍
429 2 xióng manly 命知雄州孫全興答涿州修好書
430 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 兼侍中
431 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 爾謂為天子容易耶
432 2 láng a minister / an official 遷屯田員外郎
433 2 jiè border / boundary 吳越王敗江南軍於常州北界
434 2 a relay station 幸都亭驛
435 2 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶房州刺史
436 2 zhèn to flap 漕太倉米二萬石振之
437 2 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 金香師子
438 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 左右請其故
439 2 sharp 犀象
440 2 shě to give 太子中舍胡德沖坐隱官錢
441 2 yǐn to drink 未敢飲此酒
442 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
443 2 easy / simple 易三經學究
444 2 ěr ear 周世宗見諸將方面大耳者皆殺之
445 2 天下 tiānxià China 吾為天下主
446 2 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 罷成都府偽蜀嫁裝稅
447 2 xu 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
448 2 祠廟 címiào ancestral hall / temple to one's forebears 分命近臣詣諸祠廟祈晴
449 2 bàn half [of] 關西諸州免其半
450 2 hòu after / later 山後兩林鬼主
451 2 different / other 奇材異行或文武可用者遣詣闕
452 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
453 2 sūn Sun 都監孫震等千人
454 2 xiào school 列校襲衣
455 2 black 黎州保塞蠻來歸
456 2 chéng to assist / to aid 殿中丞趙象坐擅稅
457 2 low / marshy land 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
458 2 辛酉 xīnyǒu fifty-eighth year H10 of the 60 year cycle 辛酉
459 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 詔郊西京
460 2 zhèn town 知揚州侯陟敗江南軍於宣化鎮
461 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
462 2 廣南 Guǎngnán Guangnan 併廣南州十三
463 2 side 命還葬慶陵之側
464 2 huò to reap / to harvest 獲指揮使王仁震
465 2 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 諡曰英武聖文神德皇帝
466 2 huā Hua 吳越國進銀裝花舫
467 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 五季亂極
468 2 丁未 Dīngwèi forty-fourth year D8 of the 60 year cycle 丁未
469 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 質任自然
470 2 method / way 限度僧法
471 2 fāng fragrant 以皇子德芳為檢校太保
472 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 吳越王奏內客省使丁德裕貪很
473 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖三
474 2 fèng to offer / to present 江南主遣徐鉉等再奉表乞緩師
475 2 hào number 號慟隕絕者久之
476 2 乳香 rǔxiāng frankincense 乳香
477 2 chán still / placid / tranquil
478 2 戊子 wùzǐ twenty-fifth year E1 of the 60 year cycle 戊子
479 2 戊午 wùwǔ fifty-fifth year E7 of the 60 year cycle 戊午
480 2 an official residence 步至晉王邸
481 2 jiāng a large river 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
482 2 二十 èrshí twenty 賜宋準等宴錢二十萬
483 2 tǒng to unify 斬其都統使李雄
484 2 huái Huai River 呂餘慶兼淮
485 2 殿直 diànzhí Duty Attendant 殿直傅延翰謀反
486 2 水陸 shuǐ lù water and land / by water and land (transport) / amphibian / delicacies from land and sea 置蜀水陸轉運計度使
487 2 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat 樞密副使沈義倫為中書侍郎
488 2 不樂 bùlè unhappy 不樂者久之
489 2 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 諡曰英武聖文神德皇帝
490 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 諡曰恭帝
491 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 升宿州為保靜軍節度
492 2 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 殿直邢文慶充賀契丹正旦使
493 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
494 2 金水 jīnshuǐ Jinshui 觀漁金水河
495 2 róng to hold / to contain 容等州獠人作亂
496 2 qióng Hainan 自言父瓊年九十九
497 2 ài Ai 親為灼艾
498 2 zhèn to shake / to shock 獲指揮使王仁震
499 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕事畋獵
500 2 thing / matter 太子中允徐昭文坐抑人售物

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 51 zhī him / her / them / that 因召瓊厚賜之
2 49 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸教船池習戰
3 39 so as to / in order to 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
4 39 zhōu a state / a province 罷襄州歲貢魚
5 38 wèi for / to 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
6 36 in / at 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
7 31 wáng Wang 高麗國王王昭遣使獻方物
8 30 jūn army / military 升密州為安化軍節度
9 30 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
10 29 děng et cetera / and so on 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
11 24 使 shǐ to make / to cause 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
12 24 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
13 24 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 沿河民田有為水害者
14 22 yǒu is / are / to exist 前盧氏縣尉鄢陵許永年七十有五
15 21 to give / to bestow favors 因召瓊厚賜之
16 21 zhào an imperial decree 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
17 20 yuē to speak / to say 諡曰恭帝
18 20 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 幸相國寺觀新修塔
19 19 mìng life 命近臣祈晴
20 19 xiàn to offer / to present 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
21 19 bīn ornamental / refined 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
22 19 吳越 wúyuè Wuyue 吳越國進銀裝花舫
23 18 qián money / currency 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
24 18 his / hers / its / theirs 遂如其第視之
25 18 rén person / people / a human being 省州縣小吏及直力人
26 18 chù beginning 命吳越王錢俶為昇州東南行營招撫制置使
27 17 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗江南軍於銅陵
28 17 cáo Cao 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
29 16 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂如其第視之
30 16 not / no 不御殿
31 16 Germany 德昭同中書門下平章事
32 16 shuò first day of the lunar month 五年春正月壬辰朔
33 16 zhū all / many / various 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
34 15 jìn to enter 吳越國進銀裝花舫
35 14 國王 guówáng king / monarch 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
36 14 zuò to sit 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
37 14 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 不御殿
38 13 a river / a stream 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
39 13 to reach 禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像
40 13 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 賜予以遣之
41 13 nián year 五年春正月壬辰朔
42 13 martial / military 河決陽武
43 13 jìn shanxi 封光義為晉王
44 12 chí a pool / a pond 幸教船池習戰
45 12 to defend / to resist 不御殿
46 12 zhōng middle 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
47 12 lái to come 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
48 12 jiǎng to speak / to say / to tell 召對講武殿
49 11 己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year 己亥
50 11 zhī to know 知貢舉李昉坐試人失當
51 11 naturally / of course / certainly 自言父瓊年九十九
52 11 horse 殺右拾遺馬適
53 11 big / great / huge / large / major 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
54 11 方物 fāngwù produced locally / local product (with distinctive native features) 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
55 11 shì matter / thing / item 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
56 10 píng flat / level / smooth 同平章事
57 10 supreme ruler / emperor 諡曰恭帝
58 10 Li 李崇矩以鎮國軍節度使罷
59 10 guó a country / a nation 吳越國進銀裝花舫
60 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 授永鄢陵令
61 9 zhàn war / fighting / battle 幸教船池習戰
62 9 to enter 詔合入令錄者引見後方注
63 9 běi north 北淫雨
64 9 to pray 命近臣祈晴
65 9 měi beautiful 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
66 9 precious 幸玉津園觀刈麥
67 9 one 乞一官以便養
68 9 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
69 9 wàn ten thousand 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
70 9 dōu all 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
71 9 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
72 9 xià next 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
73 9 yín silver 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
74 9 yuán garden / orchard 幸玉津園觀刈麥
75 8 used to indicate order 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
76 8 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷襄州歲貢魚
77 8 mín the people / citizen / subjects 沿河民田有為水害者
78 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 杖殺之
79 8 近臣 jìnchén a member of a monarch's inner ministerial circle 命近臣祈晴
80 8 sān three 太祖三
81 8 meaning / sense 開封尹光義暴疾
82 8 guān an office 乞一官以便養
83 8 guāng light 開封尹光義暴疾
84 8 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 庚寅
85 8 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 河決濮陽
86 8 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
87 8 dōng east 登汴隄觀戰艦東下
88 8 chéng a city / a town 趙普罷為河陽三城節度使
89 8 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
90 8 gòng a tribute / a gift 罷襄州歲貢魚
91 8 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹遣使克沙骨慎思以書來講和
92 8 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 李崇矩以鎮國軍節度使罷
93 8 day of the month / a certain day 日有食之
94 8 shǔ Sichuan 蜀轉運使
95 8 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 豈忠孝薄而無以享厚福耶
96 7 shū book 中書吏擅權多姦贓
97 7 shàng top / a high position 上素服發哀
98 7 shì to test / to try / to experiment 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
99 7 tián field / farmland 遣使檢視水災田
100 7 zhì to / until 至洛陽
101 7 chūn spring 五年春正月壬辰朔
102 7 tóng like / same / similar 同平章事
103 7 乙卯 yǐmǎo fifty-second year B4 of the 60 year cycle 乙卯
104 7 shí a rock / a stone 漕太倉米二萬石振之
105 7 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 九月丁巳朔
106 7 己未 jǐwèi fifty sixth year of the 60 year cycle 秋七月己未
107 7 yòu again / also 又幸講武池
108 7 辛丑 xīnchǒu thirty-eighth year H2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1961 or 2021 辛丑
109 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 同平章事
110 7 shí ten 輟朝十日
111 7 clothes / clothing 御衣
112 7 juàn thick but loosely woven silk 江南進絹數萬
113 7 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
114 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 兩兄皆八十餘
115 7 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 幸玉津園觀刈麥
116 7 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 甲子
117 7 to beg / to request 乞一官以便養
118 7 qiū fall / autumn 秋七月己未
119 7 chǎng sharp 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
120 7 甲申 Jiǎ Shēn Jia Shen year 冬十月甲申
121 7 shì to look at / to see 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
122 7 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 器用數百事
123 7 庚辰 gēngchén seventeenth year G5 of the 60 year cycle 庚辰
124 6 zhì to place / to lay out 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
125 6 secret / hidden / confidential 升密州為安化軍節度
126 6 also / too 不能害也
127 6 yòng to use / to apply 兼用流內州縣官
128 6 庚午 gēngwǔ seventh year G7 of the 60 year cycle 三月庚午
129 6 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
130 6 zhǔ owner 山後兩林鬼主
131 6 again / more / repeatedly 復密州為安化軍節度
132 6 nèi inside / interior 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
133 6 來朝 láicháo tomorrow (morning) 吳越國王遣使來朝貢
134 6 líng mound / hill / mountain 命還葬慶陵之側
135 6 bīng soldier / troops 將兵十萬出荊南
136 6 this / these 此如我心
137 6 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 杖殺之
138 6 yuàn a school 宣徽北院使潘美加特進
139 6 shēng to ascend / to go up 命吳越王錢俶為昇州東南行營招撫制置使
140 6 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 夏四月庚寅朔
141 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 德昭同中書門下平章事
142 6 to fly 幸教船池習戰
143 6 壬寅 rényín thirty-ninth year I3 of the 60 year cycle 壬寅
144 6 zhài a fence / a stockade 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
145 6 庚子 Gēngzǐ thirty seventh year of the 60 year cycle 庚子
146 6 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
147 6 丁亥 DīngHài twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle 丁亥
148 6 shuǐ water 知池州樊若水敗江南軍於州界
149 6 jiàn to see 辰見東方
150 6 xīn new / fresh / modern 詔減湖南新製茶
151 6 壬申 rénshēn ninth year I9 of the 60 year cycle 壬申
152 6 丙子 bǐngzǐ thirteenth year C1 of the 60 year cycle 二月丙子
153 6 己巳 jǐsì sixth year F6 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1989 or 2049 己巳
154 6 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
155 6 乙酉 yǐYǒu twenty-second year B10 of the 60 year cycle 乙酉
156 6 zhāo illustrious 高麗國王王昭遣使獻方物
157 6 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 太子中允呂鵠並坐贓
158 6 棄市 qìshì public execution 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
159 6 xiàn county 縣三十九
160 5 míng measure word for people 名馬
161 5 zhào Zhao 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
162 5 辛未 xīnwèi eight year H8 of the 60 year cycle 辛未
163 5 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月庚申
164 5 丙寅 bǐngYín third year C3 of the 60 year cycle 丙寅
165 5 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月丙子
166 5 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 五月庚申
167 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將兵十萬出荊南
168 5 hair 上素服發哀
169 5 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月庚午
170 5 final interogative 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
171 5 five 五年春正月壬辰朔
172 5 xuě snow 雨雪
173 5 xià summer 夏四月庚寅朔
174 5 chà to differ 賜器幣有差
175 5 dōng winter 冬十月庚子
176 5 jiān simultaneously 呂餘慶兼淮
177 5 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 太子中允呂鵠並坐贓
178 5 jiǎn to check 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
179 5 four 長四丈
180 5 yòu right / right-hand 右拾遺張恂坐贓棄市
181 5 èr two 漕太倉米二萬石振之
182 5 extra / surplus / remainder 兩兄皆八十餘
183 5 an official institution / a state bureau 詔諸州府置司寇參軍
184 5 癸卯 guǐmǎo fortieth year J4 of the 60 year cycle 癸卯
185 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 因召瓊厚賜之
186 5 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 秋七月己未
187 5 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月丁巳朔
188 5 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
189 5 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當塗兩縣
190 5 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
191 5 Lu 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
192 5 甲辰 jiǎchén 41st year A5 of the 60 year cycle 甲辰
193 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
194 5 丙午 bǐngwǔ forty-third year C7 of the 60 year cycle 丙午
195 5 sòng Song dynasty 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
196 5 丙戌 bǐngxū twenty-third year C11 of the 60 year cycle 二月丙戌朔
197 5 節度 jiédù a solar term 升密州為安化軍節度
198 5 to inherit 李繼明
199 5 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 五年春正月壬辰朔
200 5 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 癸亥
201 5 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月己丑
202 5 nán south 將兵十萬出荊南
203 5 chū to go out / to leave 出後宮五十餘人
204 5 丁卯 dīngmǎo fourth year D4 of the 60 year cycle 九月丁卯
205 5 liú Liu 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
206 5 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修陽武隄
207 5 jīn gold 金香師子
208 5 習水 xíshuǐ Xishui 幸講武池觀習水戰
209 5 yàn a feast / a banquet 賜宋準等宴錢二十萬
210 5 suì age 罷襄州歲貢魚
211 5 hóu marquis / lord 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
212 5 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月庚寅
213 5 dài to carry / to bring 金帶
214 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月庚子
215 5 wèi to call 謂宰相曰
216 5 fēng to seal / to close off 召開封尹光義
217 4 wén writing / text 太子中允徐昭文坐抑人售物
218 4 prisoner of war 俘其國主煜
219 4 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周鄭王殂於房州
220 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 傳位太宗
221 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 右衛大將軍王仁贍權判留司
222 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 閱在京百司吏
223 4 to record / to copy 詔合入令錄者引見後方注
224 4 戊申 wùshēn forty-fifth year E9 of the 60 year cycle 戊申
225 4 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
226 4 zhái residence / dwelling / home 觀禮賢宅
227 4 bān class / a group / a grade 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
228 4 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
229 4 to congratulate 殿直邢文慶充賀契丹正旦使
230 4 占城 zhànchéng Indrapura / Champa / South Annam 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
231 4 miǎn to spare 免蒲
232 4 北漢 běi hàn Han of the Five dynasties 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
233 4 拾遺 shíyí to pocket a lost article / (fig.) to correct others' errors / to remedy omissions (in a text etc) 右拾遺張恂坐贓棄市
234 4 a dike 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
235 4 xīng to flourish / to be popular 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
236 4 辛巳 xīnsì eighteenth year H6 of the 60 year cycle 辛巳
237 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 進銀絹以萬計
238 4 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 減廣南無名率錢
239 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 兵戈所經
240 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 齊州野蠶成繭
241 4 liǎng two 兩兄皆八十餘
242 4 qián front 前盧氏縣尉鄢陵許永年七十有五
243 4 rén a kernel / a pit 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
244 4 己丑 jǐchǒu twenty-sixth year F2 of the 60 year cycle 六月己丑
245 4 xùn to yield 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
246 4 to rent 有司具聞除租
247 4 武殿 Wǔ diàn General's Shrine 召對講武殿
248 4 丁酉 Dīngyǒu thirty-fourth year D10 of the 60 year cycle 丁酉
249 4 庚戌 gēngxū forty-seventh year G11 of the 60 year cycle 庚戌
250 4 癸丑 guǐchǒu fiftieth year J2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1973 or 2033 十一月癸丑
251 4 pān water in which rice has been rinsed 山南東道節度使潘美為都監
252 4 丙辰 bǐngchén fifty-third year C5 of the 60 year cycle 六年春正月丙辰朔
253 4 壬戌 rénxū fifty-ninth year I11 of the 60 year cycle 壬戌
254 4 rain 雨雪
255 4 seven 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
256 4 xián virtuous / worthy 觀禮賢宅
257 4 shuì taxes / duties 占城國王波美稅遣使來獻方物
258 4 chén minister / statesman / official 守臣武守琦敗之於洪洞
259 4 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月己未
260 4 also / too 帝亦取艾自灸
261 4 increase / benefit 益食邑
262 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 江南寧遠軍及沿江砦並降
263 4 apparatus 不用獻俘儀
264 4 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月乙酉朔
265 4 乙巳 yǐSì forty-second year B6 of the 60 year cycle 乙巳
266 4 薛居正 Xuē Jūzhèng Liu Xu 命參知政事薛居正
267 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 行開寶通禮
268 4 食邑 shíyì a fiefdom 益食邑
269 4 míng bright / brilliant 李繼明
270 4 yuàn park / garden 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
271 4 shì to attend on 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
272 4 己酉 jǐyǒu forty-sixth year F10 of the 60 year cycle 閏月己酉
273 4 what / where / which 又何罪馬哉
274 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 追罪兵部郎中董樞
275 4 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
276 4 cóng from 黥李從善部下及江南水軍一千三百九十人為歸化軍
277 4 都監 dūjiàn Executive 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
278 4 to take / to get / to fetch 自宰相以下咸請留俶而取其地
279 4 otherwise / but / however 則李煜一門
280 4 xíng to walk / to move 行開寶通禮
281 4 responsibility / duty 責授太常少卿
282 4 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 隰州巡檢使李謙溥拔北漢七砦
283 4 qíng clear weather 命近臣祈晴
284 4 no 慎無殺戮
285 4 child / son 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
286 4 jiǎn to deduct / to subtract 減廣南無名率錢
287 4 dīng Ding 交州丁璉遣使貢方物
288 4 to ferry
289 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
290 4 wèi a stone mill 幸東水磑
291 4 bìng and / furthermore / also 贊及李可度並杖
292 4 a government official / a magistrate 中書吏擅權多姦贓
293 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
294 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁鐵鑄浮屠及佛像
295 4 shè to forgive / to pardon 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
296 3 壬辰 rénchén twenty-ninth year I5 of the 60 year cycle 五年春正月壬辰朔
297 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
298 3 réng yet / still / as ever 罷密州仍為防禦
299 3 部署 bùshǔ to dispose / to deploy 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
300 3 嶺南 Lǐngnán Lingnan 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
301 3 jié festival / a special day 吳越國王乞以長春節朝覲
302 3 guō Guo 太子中允郭思齊坐贓棄市
303 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 責授右讚善大夫
304 3 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
305 3 宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou 宋州觀察判官崔絢
306 3 太平 tàipíng peaceful 太平興國二年四月乙卯
307 3 pèi to blend 杖配沙門島
308 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
309 3 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 甲午
310 3 to die 試朝臣死王事者子陸坦等
311 3 shī teacher 周惟簡來乞緩師
312 3 州縣 zhōuxiàn a county in a prefecture 省州縣小吏及直力人
313 3 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 奇材異行或文武可用者遣詣闕
314 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 命修先代帝王及五嶽四瀆祠廟
315 3 三佛齊 Sānfóqí Srivijaya 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
316 3 xuān to declare / to announce 命宣徽南院使
317 3 zuǒ left 左拾遺秦亶
318 3 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 江南主遣徐鉉等再奉表乞緩師
319 3 zhòng heavy 人命至重
320 3 潤州 Rùnzhōu Runzhou 丁德裕敗潤州兵於城下
321 3 quán authority / power 詔權停今年貢舉
322 3 bǎi one hundred 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
323 3 to cut down 諭吳越伐江南
324 3 yán to speak / to say / said 自言父瓊年九十九
325 3 tōng to go through / to open 行開寶通禮
326 3 power / force / strength 省州縣小吏及直力人
327 3 lún human relationships 樞密副使沈義倫為中書侍郎
328 3 除名 chúmíng to expell 除名
329 3 戊寅 wùyín fifteenth year E3 of the 60 year cycle 八月戊寅
330 3 乙丑 yǐchǒu second year 乙丑
331 3 wéi only / solely / alone 周惟簡來乞緩師
332 3 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 藥繼清大破獠賊於英州
333 3 jiàng Jiang
334 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 知貢舉李昉坐試人失當
335 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 殿中丞趙象坐擅稅
336 3 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
337 3 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 幸教船池習戰
338 3 cháo to face 吳越國王錢俶偕子惟濬等朝於崇德殿
339 3 and 詔參知政事與宰相趙普分知印押班奏事
340 3 jiè to quit 戒之曰
341 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒兵馬部署楊收
342 3 dǎng political party 遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使党進
343 3 liù six 濮六州大水
344 3 shòu to teach 授永鄢陵令
345 3 Mu 殿中侍御史張穆坐贓棄市
346 3 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 周惟簡來乞緩師
347 3 to cover 覆試進士於講武殿
348 3 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
349 3 cháng to taste 嘗讀二典
350 3 李煜 Lǐ Yù Li Yu 則李煜一門
351 3 hàn Han Chinese 晉州以北漢嵐
352 3 disease / sickness / ailment 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
353 3 to break / to split / to smash 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
354 3 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
355 3 五十 wǔshí fifty 賜恩赦侯劉鋹錢一百五十萬
356 3 gain / advantage / benefit 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
357 3 zhuāng to install / to fix 吳越國進銀裝花舫
358 3 辛卯 xīnmǎo twenty-eighth year H4 of the 60 year cycle 六月辛卯
359 3 chá tea 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
360 3 you / thou 不汝禁也
361 3 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 帝酌卮酒賜鋹
362 3 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 解六州逋賦
363 3 de potential marker 以布衣齊得一為章丘主簿
364 3 今年 jīnnián this year 詔權停今年貢舉
365 3 fén to burn 江南昭武軍節度使留後盧絳焚掠州縣
366 3 shì is / are / am / to be 是歲
367 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 遣使率兵分五道入太原
368 3 zéi thief 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
369 3 zuò to do 命作機輪
370 3 開寶 kāibǎo Kaibao Reign of Emperor Taizu of Song 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
371 3 戊辰 wùchén fifth year E5 of the 60 year cycle 戊辰
372 3 a branch of study 禮部試進士安守亮等諸科共三十八人
373 3 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 試道流
374 3 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 不事矯飾
375 3 癸未 guǐwèi twentieth year J8 of the 60 year cycle 癸未
376 3 Biàn Bian River 汴決穀熟
377 3 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
378 3 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
379 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 幸迎春苑
380 3 及第 jídì to pass an examination 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
381 3 shēng to ascend / to go up 升密州為安化軍節度
382 3 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 廣州行營都監朱憲大破獠賊於容州
383 3 龍興寺 Lóng Xīng Sì Long Xing Temple 臨視新龍興寺
384 3 zàng to bury the dead 命還葬慶陵之側
385 3 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 修西京宮闕
386 3 長春 chángchūn Changchun 御長春殿
387 3 to starve / to be hungry 大饑
388 3 shěng province 省州縣小吏及直力人
389 3 chuán to transmit 三傳資敘入官
390 3 to prevail 克池州
391 3 fáng a room 以鳳州七房銀冶為開寶監
392 3 chén to sink / to submerge 樞密副使沈義倫為中書侍郎
393 3 huī a badge / an insignia 命宣徽南院使
394 3 tíng pavilion 幸都亭驛
395 3 zài in / at 閱在京百司吏
396 3 shèn cautious 慎無殺戮
397 3 shì a generation 亦惟責其濟斯世而已
398 3 jiā to add 德昭並加開府儀同三司
399 3 癸酉 guǐyǒu tenth year J10 of the 60 year cycle 癸酉
400 3 a musical note 呂餘慶兼淮
401 3 兵馬 bīngmǎ troops and horses / military forces 棣州兵馬監押
402 3 常州 chángzhōu Changzhou 吳越王帥兵圍常州
403 3 耶律 yélǜ Yelu 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
404 3 zòu to present / to offer 詔參知政事與宰相趙普分知印押班奏事
405 3 liáo to hunt at night by torches 容等州獠人作亂
406 3 西 The West 幸西水磑
407 3 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 賜布衣王澤方同學究出身
408 3 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰恭帝
409 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 詔參知政事與宰相趙普分知印押班奏事
410 3 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 占城國王悉利陀盤印茶遣使來獻方物
411 3 zàn to praise 責授右讚善大夫
412 3 beard / mustache 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
413 2 I / me / my 我終日侍側
414 2 xián salty / briny 內外文武臣僚咸進階封
415 2 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 賜俶金器及銀絹倍萬
416 2 jìng still / calm 罷嶺南採珠媚川都卒為靜江軍
417 2 hóng a flood 南丹州溪洞酋帥莫洪燕內附
418 2 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 詔諸州府置司寇參軍
419 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 中書吏擅權多姦贓
420 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 詔郡國令佐察民有孝悌力田
421 2 abundant / rich / plentiful 丁德裕敗潤州兵於城下
422 2 丙申 bǐngshēn thirty-third year C9 of the 60 year cycle 丙申
423 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 詔郡國令佐察民有孝悌力田
424 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
425 2 zàn to praise 雷有鄰告宰相趙普黨堂吏胡贊等不法
426 2 xīn heart 此如我心
427 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 詔市二價者以枉法論
428 2 necessary / must 年號須擇前代所未有者
429 2 壬子 rénzǐ forty-ninth year I1 of the 60 year cycle 秋七月壬子朔
430 2 to leave behind 殿中侍御史李瑩坐受南唐饋遺
431 2 such as / for example / for instance 遂如其第視之
432 2 出身 chūshēn to come from 賜進士出身
433 2 pàn to judge 泗州推官侯濟坐試判假手
434 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 天平軍節度使石守信等賞花習射於苑中
435 2 to narrate / to recount 三傳資敘入官
436 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 陛下既待臣以不死
437 2 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 盧多遜中書舍人
438 2 I 吾為天下主
439 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 北漢寇晉州
440 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 江南主遣徐鉉等再奉表乞緩師
441 2 河東 hédōng Hedong 兵馬監押馬繼恩率兵入河東界
442 2 乙亥 yǐhài twelfth year B12 of the 60 year cycle 乙亥
443 2 大雨 dà yǔ heavy rain 大雨雪
444 2 劉熙 liúxī Liu Xi 以兵部侍郎劉熙古參知政事
445 2 jià to sow grain 幸玉津園觀稼
446 2 漢軍 hàn jūn Han army 党進敗北漢軍於太原城北
447 2 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 黥李從善部下及江南水軍一千三百九十人為歸化軍
448 2 西南 xīnán southwest 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
449 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 南丹州溪洞酋帥莫洪燕內附
450 2 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 江南主貢銀五萬兩
451 2 國主 guózhǔ monarch / emperor 三佛齊國主釋利烏耶遣使來獻方物
452 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 曹彬收下峽口
453 2 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 嘗讀二典
454 2 lóng dragon 賜潁州龍騎指揮使仇興及兵士錢
455 2 英武 yīngwǔ soldierly bearing 諡曰英武聖文神德皇帝
456 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 駐軍采石
457 2 徐鉉 xúxuàn Xu Xuan 江南主遣徐鉉
458 2 dào way / road / path 試道流
459 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 幸河陽節度使張仁超第視疾
460 2 shǔ to count 既而微行愈數
461 2 unhusked millet 內班董延諤坐監務盜芻粟
462 2 qiān to move / to shift 遷屯田員外郎
463 2 zhuó to pour wine 帝酌卮酒賜鋹
464 2 zhào oar / scull / paddle 義成軍節度使曹彬為西南路行營馬步軍戰櫂都部署
465 2 信使 xìnshǐ messenger / courier 遣盧多遜為江南國信使
466 2 to arise / to get up 參知政事多遜起復視事
467 2 currency / coins / legal tender 賜器幣有差
468 2 鞍馬 ān mǎ pommel horse 賜俶衣帶鞍馬
469 2 fish 罷襄州歲貢魚
470 2 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 自有天命
471 2 閏月 rùnyuè intercalary month in the lunar calendar / leap month 閏月壬辰
472 2 kǎn upright and strong 知桂陽監張侃發前官隱沒羨銀
473 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 契丹遣左衛大將軍耶律霸德等致御衣
474 2 earth / soil / dirt 西天東印土王子穰結說囉來朝獻
475 2 do not 懷化將軍勿尼等來朝獻
476 2 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 命潁州團練使曹翰往塞之
477 2 水軍 shuǐjūn navy 黥李從善部下及江南水軍一千三百九十人為歸化軍
478 2 xióng manly 命知雄州孫全興答涿州修好書
479 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 兼侍中
480 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 爾謂為天子容易耶
481 2 láng a minister / an official 遷屯田員外郎
482 2 jiè border / boundary 吳越王敗江南軍於常州北界
483 2 a relay station 幸都亭驛
484 2 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶房州刺史
485 2 zhèn to flap 漕太倉米二萬石振之
486 2 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 金香師子
487 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 左右請其故
488 2 sharp 犀象
489 2 shě to give 太子中舍胡德沖坐隱官錢
490 2 yǐn to drink 未敢飲此酒
491 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 詔沿河十七州各置河隄判官一員
492 2 easy / simple 易三經學究
493 2 ěr ear 周世宗見諸將方面大耳者皆殺之
494 2 天下 tiānxià China 吾為天下主
495 2 and 契丹遣使克沙骨慎思以書來講和
496 2 jué absolutely 號慟隕絕者久之
497 2 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 罷成都府偽蜀嫁裝稅
498 2 xu 賜宋準及下第徐士廉等諸科百二十七人及第
499 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 作相須讀書人
500 2 祠廟 címiào ancestral hall / temple to one's forebears 分命近臣詣諸祠廟祈晴

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安化 ānhuà Anhua
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
北汉 北漢 běi hàn Han of the Five dynasties
北斗 běidòu Great Bear / Big Dipper / Peitou
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
汴京 Biànjīng Kaifeng / Bianjing
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长春 長春 chángchūn Changchun
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
常州 chángzhōu Changzhou
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
池州 chízhōu Chizhou
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
大内 大內 Dà Nèi Main Imperial Palace
大中 Dà Zhōng Da Zhong reign
等觉 等覺 Děngjué Samyak-sambodhi / Absolute enlightenment
殿直 diànzhí Duty Attendant
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
都监 都監 dūjiàn Executive
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
浮屠 Fú tú Buddha stupa
浮梁 Fúliáng Fuliang
高丽 高麗 Gāolì Korean Goryeo Dynasty
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
宫人 宮人 gōng rén
  1. imperial concubine / palace maid
  2. imperial secretary
巩县 鞏縣 gǒngxiàn Gong county
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广南 廣南 Guǎngnán Guangnan
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
关西 關西 guānxī
  1. Guanxi / Kuanhsi
  2. Kansai
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
贵州 貴州 Guìzhōu Guizhou
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉阳 漢陽 hànyáng Hanyang
hǎo
  1. Hao
  2. Hao
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河南府 Hénán Fǔ Hennan Provincial Capital
河中 hézhōng Hezhong
洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming
洪洞 Hóngdòng Hongdong
huái Huai River
怀化 懷化 huáihuà Huaihua
皇天 huáng tiān Emperor of Heaven
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
户部尚书 戶部尚書 hùbù Shàng Shū Minister of Revenue (from the Han dynasty onwards)
湖南 Húnán Hunan
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江陵 Jiānglíng
  1. Jiangling
  2. Gangneung
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
江南路 jiāngnán lù Jiangnan Circuit
江州 jiāngzhōu
  1. Jiangzhou
  2. Jiuzhou
剑南 劍南 jiànnán Jiannan
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
交州 Jiāozhōu Jiaozhou
甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
京兆尹 Jīngzhàoyǐn
  1. Jingzhao
  2. Capital Region Governor
金水 jīnshuǐ Jinshui
晋州 晉州 jìnzhōu
  1. Jinzhou
  2. Jin Prefecture
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
开宝 開寶 kāibǎo Kaibao Reign of Emperor Taizu of Song
开封 開封 Kāifēng Kaifeng
开封府 開封府 kāifēngfǔ Kaifeng
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
溧水 Lì Shuǐ Li River
李煜 Lǐ Yù Li Yu
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
李昉 lǐfǎng Li Fang
岭南 嶺南 Lǐngnán Lingnan
留后 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor
刘熙 劉熙 liúxī Liu Xi
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
龙兴寺 龍興寺 Lóng Xīng Sì Long Xing Temple
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
卢氏县 盧氏縣 lúshìxiàn Lushi
潞州 Lùzhōu Luzhou
南唐 Nán Táng Tang of the Five Southern Dynasties
南丹 nándān Nandan
南院 nányuàn Nanyuan
宁远 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan
pān
  1. water in which rice has been rinsed
  2. Pan River
  3. Pan
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
  1. Pu River
  2. Pu
濮阳 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang
七宝 七寶 qī bǎo the Seven Treasures / the Seven Precious Jewels
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦淮 qínhuái Qinhuai
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
泉州 quánzhōu Quanzhou
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
润州 潤州 Rùnzhōu Runzhou
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
三藏 Sān Zàng
  1. Tripitaka
  2. Tripitaka / Tripiṭaka / Tipitaka
  3. Buddhist Canon
三佛齐 三佛齊 Sānfóqí Srivijaya
沙门岛 沙門島 Shāmén Dǎo Shamen Island / Chang Island
山南 shānnán Lhokha
山南东道 山南東道 shānnándōng dào Shannandong Circuit
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
寿阳县 壽陽縣 shòuyángxiàn Shouyang
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
枢密使 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs
Shùn Emperor Shun
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋太祖 Sòng Tàizǔ Emperor Taizu of Song
宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou
宿州 Sùzhōu Suzhou
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太仓 太倉 tàicāng Taicang
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
天平 Tiān Píng Tian Ping
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
铜陵 銅陵 tónglíng Tongling
wǎn
  1. Anhui
  2. Wan
魏国 魏國 Wèiguó
  1. Wei State
  2. Wei State / Cao Wei
魏县 魏縣 wèixiàn Wei county
文昌 wénchāng Wenchang
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
五代 Wǔ Dài Five Dynasties
五代史 Wǔ Dài Shǐ History of the Five Dynasties (between Tang and Song)
五道 Wǔ Dào Five Realms
五岳 五嶽 Wǔ Yuè Five Sacred Mountains
武冈 武岡 wǔgāng Wugang
芜湖 蕪湖 wúhú Wuhu
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
吴越 吳越 wúyuè
  1. Wuyue
  2. Wu and Yue
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
相国寺 相國寺 xiāngguó Sì
  1. Xiangguo Temple
  2. Shokokuji
校书郎 校書郎 xiàoshūláng Secretary / Clerk / Collator
辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year
xíng
  1. Xing
  2. Xing
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
新林 xīnlín Xinlin
习水 習水 xíshuǐ Xishui
西天 Xītiān India / Indian continent
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣化 xuānhuà
  1. Xuanhua
  2. Xuanhua
薛居正 Xuē Jūzhèng Liu Xu
徐铉 徐鉉 xúxuàn Xu Xuan
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
鄢陵 Yānlíng Yanling
yáo Yao
耶律 yélǜ Yelu
颍州 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou
yōng Yong / Nanning
永昌 Yǒngchāng
  1. Yongchang
  2. Yongchang
Yùn Yun
余庆 餘慶 yúqìng Yuqing
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
占城 zhànchéng
  1. Indrapura / Champa / South Annam
  2. Champa
章丘 zhāngqiū Zhangqiu
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
鄭王 郑王 Zhèng Wáng King Taksin
镇国 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
镇海 鎮海 zhènhǎi Zhenhai
镇江 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
周世宗 Zhōu Shìzōng Emperor Shizong
转运使 轉運使 Zhuǎnyùn Shǐ Shipping Administrator
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China
涿州 Zhuōzhōu Zhuozhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English