Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Zhou 《周書》, Introduction

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 11 chuán to transmit 三十三卷俱傳後無論
2 10 shū book 又募天下書
3 7 fēn a kind of wood used for perfume 其議自德棻發之
4 7 Germany 其議自德棻發之
5 6 juǎn to coil / to roll 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
6 5 zhōu Zhou Dynasty
7 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多取
8 5 wén writing / text 其傳文多同
9 5 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 北史
10 5 shí real / true 實不盡出德棻
11 4 yán to speak / to say / said 不言其自周入隋
12 4 shǐ history 隋五史
13 4 to take / to get / to fetch 而取夏竦
14 4 zhōng middle 貞觀中
15 4 yún cloud 尚不云有所散佚
16 4 xiào to be filial 韋孝寬傳
17 3 令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen 令狐德棻
18 3 shì matter / thing / item 事無根源
19 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今考其書
20 3 to criticize 其議自德棻發之
21 3 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 所削改者何篇
22 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 又不能悉爲補綴
23 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與德棻原書
24 3 gǎi to change / to alter 所削改者何篇
25 3 kuān wide / broad 韋孝寬傳
26 3 wáng Wang 王安國上之
27 3 wéi soft leather 韋孝寬傳
28 3 supreme ruler / emperor 周孝閔帝
29 2 chén Chen
30 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 而令狐不能別求他述
31 2 to reach 及帝入關
32 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 粗尋梗概
33 2 連書 liánshū to write without lifting one's pen from the paper 連書周文
34 2 martial / military 晁公武
35 2 shū to neglect 遂成疎漏
36 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋名爲德棻之書
37 2 děng et cetera / and so on 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
38 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故致遺略
39 2 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
40 2 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 皆準
41 2 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 讀書志
42 2 chāo to cook by scalding 事由蘇綽
43 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修梁
44 2 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
45 2 idea 是皆率意刊削
46 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
47 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 連書大象元年
48 2 cháo morning / dawn 晁公武
49 2 duō to collect / gather up / pick up 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
50 2 dialect / language / speech 語不可曉
51 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論仿
52 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 晁公武
53 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 周孝閔帝
54 2 popular / common 今俗所行
55 2 更易 gèngyì to replace 惟更易
56 2 to leave behind 至於遺文脫簡
57 2 qīng clear 出太淸樓本
58 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
59 2 Suí Sui Dynasty 隋五史
60 2 kǎo to examine / to test 今考其書
61 2 zhòng heavy 是北宋重校
62 2 yòng to use / to apply 用廣異聞
63 2 chamber / pavilion 合史館祕閣本
64 2 周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script 之稱周文者爲太祖
65 2 chēng to call / to address 稱宋仁宗時
66 2 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 其詆諆德棻甚力
67 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭韶
68 2 shí time / a point or period of time 稱宋仁宗時
69 2 tóng like / same / similar 唐儉同修
70 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遂成疎漏
71 2 to move / to shift / to remove 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
72 2 chì an imperial decree 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
73 2 hòu after / later 三十三卷俱傳後無論
74 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 又不能悉爲補綴
75 2 lüè plan / strategy 故致遺略
76 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 之稱周文者爲太祖
77 2 xiòng long / faraway 兄夐
78 2 meaning / sense 乖乎適俗隨時之義
79 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 讀書志
80 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 蓋史臣所記
81 2 àn case / incident 今案其文義
82 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 紀載從實
83 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 語不可曉
84 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 然文質因時
85 1 舊事 jiùshì old affair / former matter 卽其舊事
86 1 hǎn rare 罕逢佳句
87 1 fán complicated / complex 客氣尤繁
88 1 to ridicule / to jeer / to mock 豈能用是爲譏議哉
89 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 遂使周氏一代之史
90 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 里巷諺謠
91 1 有意 yǒuyì to intend to / to be interested in 故有意於矯時之弊
92 1 jiàn to see 聽聲之見
93 1 正體 zhèngtǐ traditional characters 史之正體
94 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後疊出
95 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 皆稟其規
96 1 jiā good / auspicious / excellent 罕逢佳句
97 1 梗概 gěnggài synopsis / outline (of story) 粗尋梗概
98 1 to go 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
99 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 至於遺文脫簡
100 1 huán to circle / to encircle 蕭大圜
101 1 連綴 liánzhuì to put together / to link / successive / a cluster 連綴附書
102 1 詞令 cílìng polite speech / diplomatic terms / rhetoric 軍國詞令
103 1 大象 dàxiàng elephant 連書大象元年
104 1 shào to encourage 又議其以王劭
105 1 end / final stage / latter part
106 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固不可概斥爲疎略
107 1 Soviet Union 事由蘇綽
108 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 尚不云有所散佚
109 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殘闕殊甚
110 1 tīng to listen 聽聲之見
111 1 二字 èrzì two characters 二字
112 1 cún to exist / to survive 存茲典實
113 1 shī to lose 而陷於矯枉過正之失
114 1 péi look of a flowing gown 裴政
115 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 其後林希
116 1 zhí to pick up / to gather 意在摭實
117 1 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 太祖敕朝廷
118 1 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 猶考其名位
119 1 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 而陷於矯枉過正之失
120 1 to stop / to prevent 杜臺卿之書
121 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 用廣異聞
122 1 Li 李巽家本
123 1 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji 劉知幾
124 1 jiǎn to check 雅而不檢
125 1 庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin 庾信傳
126 1 湮沒 yīnmò to bury / to submerge 事迹湮沒者
127 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 掩爲己說
128 1 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute 合史館祕閣本
129 1 guǎ few 眞迹甚寡
130 1 Lu 盧辯傳
131 1 混淆 hùnxiáo to obscure / to confuse / to mix up / to blur 混淆莫辨
132 1 hair 其議自德棻發之
133 1 big / great / huge / large / major 蕭大圜
134 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 眞迹甚寡
135 1 隨時 suíshí at any time 乖乎適俗隨時之義
136 1 矯枉過正 jiǎo wǎng guò zhèng to overcorrect / to overcompensate 而陷於矯枉過正之失
137 1 apprentice / disciple 柳虬之徒
138 1 zài in / at 意在摭實
139 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 又多有所竄亂
140 1 三十一 sānshíyī 31 三十一卷
141 1 to cheat 其詆諆德棻甚力
142 1 仿古 fǎnggǔ pseudo-classical / modeled on antique / in the old style 仿古製言
143 1 zhuān focused on one thing / special / expert / particular 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
144 1 史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong 史通
145 1 wáng to die 以補亡
146 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 仿古製言
147 1 gāo high / tall 良以當時儷偶相高
148 1 què a watchtower / a guard tower 則殘闕殊甚
149 1 文義 wényì the meaning of a text 今案其文義
150 1 三十二 sān shí èr thirty two 三十二卷
151 1 píng to lean on 惟憑本書
152 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良以當時儷偶相高
153 1 里巷 lǐxiàng lane / alley 里巷諺謠
154 1 a human or animal body 之體
155 1 lèi to be tired 務累淸言
156 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 用廣異聞
157 1 shān to delete / to erase
158 1 shì to match 乖乎適俗隨時之義
159 1 to attain / to reach 陳叔達
160 1 piān chapter / section / essay / article 所削改者何篇
161 1 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 亦不盡出延壽
162 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 而取夏竦
163 1 wěi great / robust 元偉傳
164 1 岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben 與岑文本
165 1 liù six 推論六義源流
166 1 shēng sound 聽聲之見
167 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 因而勒成
168 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 連綴附書
169 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 王慶傳
170 1 sentence 罕逢佳句
171 1 筆者 bǐzhě author / writer 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
172 1 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi 崔仁師
173 1 xìn to believe / to trust 於信獨致微辭
174 1 extravagant / go with fashion 從風而靡
175 1 客氣 kèqi polite 客氣尤繁
176 1 補綴 bǔzhuì to mend (clothes) / to patch 又不能悉爲補綴
177 1 可見 kějiàn can be understood 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
178 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 周代旣文章爾雅
179 1 元氏 yuánshì Yuanshi 於元氏戚屬
180 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 故有意於矯時之弊
181 1 to record 紀載從實
182 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而德棻專領周書
183 1 所行 suǒxíng actions / practice 今俗所行
184 1 微辭 wēi cí subtle language 於信獨致微辭
185 1 shàng top / a high position 王安國上之
186 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 則殘闕殊甚
187 1 zhèng upright / straight 下館閣是正其文字
188 1 liáng a bridge 修梁
189 1 戚屬 qīshǔ relative / family member / dependent 於元氏戚屬
190 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 之顯證矣
191 1 xiōng elder brother 兄夐
192 1 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 又募天下書
193 1 xùn obedient / mild / compliant 李巽家本
194 1 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 下館閣是正其文字
195 1 yǎn to cover 掩爲己說
196 1 qīng minister / high officer 杜臺卿之書
197 1 柳虬 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu 柳虬之徒
198 1 power / force / strength 其詆諆德棻甚力
199 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後林希
200 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務累淸言
201 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 罕逢佳句
202 1 令狐 lìnghú Linghu 而令狐不能別求他述
203 1 qiú to request 而令狐不能別求他述
204 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
205 1 敵國 díguó enemy state 至於敵國詆謗
206 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time 良以當時儷偶相高
207 1 sháo beautiful 蕭韶
208 1 中有 zhōngyǒu an intermediate existence between death and rebirth 中有俚言
209 1 俚語 lǐyǔ slang 改從俚語
210 1 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 爰及牛宏
211 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
212 1 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 及帝入關
213 1 to join / to combine 合史館祕閣本
214 1 俚言 lǐyán slang 中有俚言
215 1 rough / thick / course 粗尋梗概
216 1 允恭 yǔngōng Yungong 蔡允恭
217 1 zhèng government / administration 裴政
218 1 serious / critical 非篤論也
219 1 xiǎo xiao 語不可曉
220 1 miù erroneous 則其謬愈多
221 1 宇文 yǔwén Yuwen 尋宇文開國之初
222 1 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun 謝靈運傳
223 1 easy / simple 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
224 1 zhēng to prove / to confirm 況德棻旁徵簡牘
225 1 yuán source / origin 遂與德棻原書
226 1 biāo an indication / a sympton 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
227 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
228 1 jié festival / a special day 删去其曾事節閔帝事
229 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 蓋史臣所記
230 1 事迹 shìjì a deed / a past achievement / an important event of the past 事迹湮沒者
231 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使周氏一代之史
232 1 開國 kāiguó to found a state 尋宇文開國之初
233 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能用是爲譏議哉
234 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
235 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 盧辯傳
236 1 yuē to speak / to say
237 1 一代 yīdài generation 遂使周氏一代之史
238 1 shū father's younger brother 陳叔達
239 1 推論 tuīlùn deduction / logic 推論六義源流
240 1 even / equal / uniform
241 1 jiā house / home / residence 李巽家本
242 1 開皇 Kāi Huáng Kai Huang reign 開皇元年
243 1 to be lost 尚不云有所散佚
244 1 潤色 rùnsè to embellish / to decorate in words 重加潤色
245 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
246 1 fèng to offer / to present 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
247 1 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 爰及牛宏
248 1 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang 貞觀中
249 1 five 隋五史
250 1 several 知幾所云
251 1 删去 shānqù to delete 删去其曾事節閔帝事
252 1 jiā to add 重加潤色
253 1 jiǎn frugal / economical 唐儉同修
254 1 簡牘 jiǎndú a wooden or bamboo tablet 況德棻旁徵簡牘
255 1 horse 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
256 1 cài Cai 蔡允恭
257 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 存茲典實
258 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 乖乎適俗隨時之義
259 1 源流 yuánliú source and direction of flow / origin and development 推論六義源流
260 1 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
261 1 xià summer 而取夏竦
262 1 piāo swift / nimble 尤剽取
263 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 則二十五卷
264 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 特大體未改而已
265 1 文質 wénzhì literary talent 然文質因時
266 1 elegant / graceful / refined 雅而不檢
267 1 dié to repeat / to duplicate 前後疊出
268 1 根源 gēnyuán origin 事無根源
269 1 三十三 sān shí sān thirty three 三十三卷俱傳後無論
270 1 tuō to take off 至於遺文脫簡
271 1 事由 shìyóu main content / matter / work / origin of an incident / cause / purpose 事由蘇綽
272 1 yáo a ballad / a folksong 里巷諺謠
273 1 天下 tiānxià China 又募天下書
274 1 北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty 是北宋重校
275 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 又多有所竄亂
276 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 固不可概斥爲疎略
277 1 special / unique / distinguished 特大體未改而已
278 1 周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty 周代旣文章爾雅
279 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 皆稟其規
280 1 secret 合史館祕閣本
281 1 宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song 稱宋仁宗時
282 1 lóu a storied building 出太淸樓本
283 1 husband and wife 良以當時儷偶相高
284 1 zhī to know 知幾所云
285 1 a footprint 眞迹甚寡
286 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 至於敵國詆謗
287 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
288 1 儒雅 rúyǎ scholarly / refined / cultured / courteous 彌尚儒雅
289 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 下館閣是正其文字
290 1 kān to print / to publish 是皆率意刊削
291 1 ancestor / forefather 祖述其語
292 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 二十六卷
293 1 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
294 1 仿 fǎng as if / seemingly 論仿
295 1 軍國 jūnguó military affairs and civilian administration 軍國詞令
296 1 páng side 況德棻旁徵簡牘
297 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 是皆率意刊削
298 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 則更易尚有未盡
299 1 alone / independent / single / sole 於信獨致微辭
300 1 to enter 不言其自周入隋
301 1 zhèng proof 之顯證矣
302 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 王安國上之
303 1 xiào school 是北宋重校
304 1 ǒu paired / even [number] 良以當時儷偶相高
305 1 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 多非實錄
306 1 shì power / authority 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
307 1 yán beautiful 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
308 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 混淆莫辨
309 1 evil / wrong / fraud 故有意於矯時之弊
310 1 lǐng neck 而德棻專領周書
311 1 ci 存茲典實
312 1 extensive / full 彌尚儒雅
313 1 lòu to leak / to drip 遂成疎漏
314 1 fēng wind 從風而靡
315 1 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide 周代旣文章爾雅
316 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 以補亡

Frequencies of all Words

Top 387

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 16 zhī him / her / them / that 其議自德棻發之
2 16 his / hers / its / theirs 其議自德棻發之
3 11 chuán to transmit 三十三卷俱傳後無論
4 10 shū book 又募天下書
5 9 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而德棻專領周書
6 7 not / no 尚不云有所散佚
7 7 wèi for / to 之稱周文者爲太祖
8 7 fēn a kind of wood used for perfume 其議自德棻發之
9 7 Germany 其議自德棻發之
10 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所削改者何篇
11 6 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
12 6 juǎn to coil / to roll 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
13 6 otherwise / but / however 則殘闕殊甚
14 5 zhōu Zhou Dynasty
15 5 yòu again / also 又募天下書
16 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多取
17 5 wén writing / text 其傳文多同
18 5 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 北史
19 5 shí real / true 實不盡出德棻
20 5 shì is / are / am / to be 下館閣是正其文字
21 4 chū to go out / to leave 出太淸樓本
22 4 shàng still / yet / to value 尚不云有所散佚
23 4 yán to speak / to say / said 不言其自周入隋
24 4 běn measure word for books 出太淸樓本
25 4 shǐ history 隋五史
26 4 to take / to get / to fetch 而取夏竦
27 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
28 4 zhōng middle 貞觀中
29 4 yún cloud 尚不云有所散佚
30 4 xiào to be filial 韋孝寬傳
31 4 in / at 他文悉準於此
32 3 and 與岑文本
33 3 cóng from 從風而靡
34 3 令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen 令狐德棻
35 3 so as to / in order to 以補亡
36 3 shì matter / thing / item 事無根源
37 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今考其書
38 3 shén what 則殘闕殊甚
39 3 to criticize 其議自德棻發之
40 3 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 所削改者何篇
41 3 yóu especially / particularly 尤剽取
42 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 又不能悉爲補綴
43 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故致遺略
44 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與德棻原書
45 3 gǎi to change / to alter 所削改者何篇
46 3 kuān wide / broad 韋孝寬傳
47 3 wáng Wang 王安國上之
48 3 wéi soft leather 韋孝寬傳
49 3 supreme ruler / emperor 周孝閔帝
50 2 chén Chen
51 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 而令狐不能別求他述
52 2 to reach 及帝入關
53 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 粗尋梗概
54 2 連書 liánshū to write without lifting one's pen from the paper 連書周文
55 2 martial / military 晁公武
56 2 shū to neglect 遂成疎漏
57 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋名爲德棻之書
58 2 děng et cetera / and so on 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
59 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故致遺略
60 2 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
61 2 that / those 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
62 2 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 皆準
63 2 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 讀書志
64 2 chāo to cook by scalding 事由蘇綽
65 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修梁
66 2 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
67 2 idea 是皆率意刊削
68 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
69 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 連書大象元年
70 2 cháo morning / dawn 晁公武
71 2 duō to collect / gather up / pick up 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
72 2 dialect / language / speech 語不可曉
73 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論仿
74 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 晁公武
75 2 he / him 他文悉準於此
76 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 周孝閔帝
77 2 popular / common 今俗所行
78 2 更易 gèngyì to replace 惟更易
79 2 to leave behind 至於遺文脫簡
80 2 qīng clear 出太淸樓本
81 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
82 2 Suí Sui Dynasty 隋五史
83 2 kǎo to examine / to test 今考其書
84 2 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 尚不云有所散佚
85 2 also / too 亦不盡出延壽
86 2 zhòng heavy 是北宋重校
87 2 yòng to use / to apply 用廣異聞
88 2 chamber / pavilion 合史館祕閣本
89 2 周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script 之稱周文者爲太祖
90 2 chēng to call / to address 稱宋仁宗時
91 2 fēi not / non- / un- 多非實錄
92 2 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 其詆諆德棻甚力
93 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭韶
94 2 míng measure word for people 蓋名爲德棻之書
95 2 shí time / a point or period of time 稱宋仁宗時
96 2 tóng like / same / similar 唐儉同修
97 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於遺文脫簡
98 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遂成疎漏
99 2 no 事無根源
100 2 wéi only / solely / alone 惟更易
101 2 naturally / of course / certainly 其議自德棻發之
102 2 不盡 bùjìn not completely / endlessly 實不盡出德棻
103 2 to move / to shift / to remove 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
104 2 chì an imperial decree 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
105 2 hòu after / later 三十三卷俱傳後無論
106 2 what / where / which 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
107 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 又不能悉爲補綴
108 2 lüè plan / strategy 故致遺略
109 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 之稱周文者爲太祖
110 2 xiòng long / faraway 兄夐
111 2 meaning / sense 乖乎適俗隨時之義
112 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 讀書志
113 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 蓋史臣所記
114 2 àn case / incident 今案其文義
115 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 紀載從實
116 2 final particle 之顯證矣
117 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 語不可曉
118 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 然文質因時
119 1 gǒu in a sordid way 苟記言若是
120 1 舊事 jiùshì old affair / former matter 卽其舊事
121 1 hǎn rare 罕逢佳句
122 1 expresses question or doubt 乖乎適俗隨時之義
123 1 zāi exclamatory particle 豈能用是爲譏議哉
124 1 fán complicated / complex 客氣尤繁
125 1 suī although / even though 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
126 1 to ridicule / to jeer / to mock 豈能用是爲譏議哉
127 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 遂使周氏一代之史
128 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 里巷諺謠
129 1 有意 yǒuyì to intend to / to be interested in 故有意於矯時之弊
130 1 jiàn to see 聽聲之見
131 1 rare / infrequent / precious 其後林希
132 1 正體 zhèngtǐ traditional characters 史之正體
133 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後疊出
134 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 皆稟其規
135 1 jiā good / auspicious / excellent 罕逢佳句
136 1 梗概 gěnggài synopsis / outline (of story) 粗尋梗概
137 1 to go 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
138 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 至於遺文脫簡
139 1 huán to circle / to encircle 蕭大圜
140 1 連綴 liánzhuì to put together / to link / successive / a cluster 連綴附書
141 1 詞令 cílìng polite speech / diplomatic terms / rhetoric 軍國詞令
142 1 大象 dàxiàng elephant 連書大象元年
143 1 shào to encourage 又議其以王劭
144 1 end / final stage / latter part
145 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固不可概斥爲疎略
146 1 Soviet Union 事由蘇綽
147 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 尚不云有所散佚
148 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殘闕殊甚
149 1 tīng to listen 聽聲之見
150 1 二字 èrzì two characters 二字
151 1 cún to exist / to survive 存茲典實
152 1 shī to lose 而陷於矯枉過正之失
153 1 péi look of a flowing gown 裴政
154 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 其後林希
155 1 zhí to pick up / to gather 意在摭實
156 1 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 太祖敕朝廷
157 1 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 猶考其名位
158 1 yuán therefore / then 爰及牛宏
159 1 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 而陷於矯枉過正之失
160 1 to stop / to prevent 杜臺卿之書
161 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 用廣異聞
162 1 Li 李巽家本
163 1 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji 劉知幾
164 1 jiǎn to check 雅而不檢
165 1 庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin 庾信傳
166 1 湮沒 yīnmò to bury / to submerge 事迹湮沒者
167 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 掩爲己說
168 1 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute 合史館祕閣本
169 1 guǎ few 眞迹甚寡
170 1 Lu 盧辯傳
171 1 混淆 hùnxiáo to obscure / to confuse / to mix up / to blur 混淆莫辨
172 1 hair 其議自德棻發之
173 1 big / great / huge / large / major 蕭大圜
174 1 promptly / right away 卽其舊事
175 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 眞迹甚寡
176 1 隨時 suíshí at any time 乖乎適俗隨時之義
177 1 矯枉過正 jiǎo wǎng guò zhèng to overcorrect / to overcompensate 而陷於矯枉過正之失
178 1 apprentice / disciple 柳虬之徒
179 1 xià next 下館閣是正其文字
180 1 zài in / at 意在摭實
181 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 又多有所竄亂
182 1 三十一 sānshíyī 31 三十一卷
183 1 to cheat 其詆諆德棻甚力
184 1 仿古 fǎnggǔ pseudo-classical / modeled on antique / in the old style 仿古製言
185 1 zhuān focused on one thing / special / expert / particular 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
186 1 史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong 史通
187 1 wáng to die 以補亡
188 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 仿古製言
189 1 gāo high / tall 良以當時儷偶相高
190 1 què a watchtower / a guard tower 則殘闕殊甚
191 1 文義 wényì the meaning of a text 今案其文義
192 1 三十二 sān shí èr thirty two 三十二卷
193 1 píng to lean on 惟憑本書
194 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良以當時儷偶相高
195 1 里巷 lǐxiàng lane / alley 里巷諺謠
196 1 a human or animal body 之體
197 1 lèi to be tired 務累淸言
198 1 céng once / already / former / previously 删去其曾事節閔帝事
199 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 用廣異聞
200 1 shān to delete / to erase
201 1 shì to match 乖乎適俗隨時之義
202 1 to attain / to reach 陳叔達
203 1 piān chapter / section / essay / article 所削改者何篇
204 1 such as / for example / for instance 又如
205 1 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 亦不盡出延壽
206 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 而取夏竦
207 1 wěi great / robust 元偉傳
208 1 大體 dàtǐ in general / more or less 特大體未改而已
209 1 岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben 與岑文本
210 1 liù six 推論六義源流
211 1 shēng sound 聽聲之見
212 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 因而勒成
213 1 bié do not / must not 而令狐不能別求他述
214 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 連綴附書
215 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 王慶傳
216 1 sentence 罕逢佳句
217 1 筆者 bǐzhě author / writer 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
218 1 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi 崔仁師
219 1 xìn to believe / to trust 於信獨致微辭
220 1 extravagant / go with fashion 從風而靡
221 1 客氣 kèqi polite 客氣尤繁
222 1 補綴 bǔzhuì to mend (clothes) / to patch 又不能悉爲補綴
223 1 無論 wúlùn no matter what / regardless of whether 三十三卷俱傳後無論
224 1 可見 kějiàn can be understood 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
225 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 周代旣文章爾雅
226 1 元氏 yuánshì Yuanshi 於元氏戚屬
227 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 故有意於矯時之弊
228 1 to record 紀載從實
229 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而德棻專領周書
230 1 zhì to / until
231 1 所行 suǒxíng actions / practice 今俗所行
232 1 tái unit 杜臺卿之書
233 1 微辭 wēi cí subtle language 於信獨致微辭
234 1 shàng top / a high position 王安國上之
235 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 則殘闕殊甚
236 1 zhèng upright / straight 下館閣是正其文字
237 1 liáng a bridge 修梁
238 1 also / too 非篤論也
239 1 戚屬 qīshǔ relative / family member / dependent 於元氏戚屬
240 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 之顯證矣
241 1 xiōng elder brother 兄夐
242 1 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 又募天下書
243 1 xùn obedient / mild / compliant 李巽家本
244 1 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 下館閣是正其文字
245 1 bìng also / furthermore 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
246 1 yǎn to cover 掩爲己說
247 1 self 掩爲己說
248 1 qīng minister / high officer 杜臺卿之書
249 1 柳虬 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu 柳虬之徒
250 1 power / force / strength 其詆諆德棻甚力
251 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後林希
252 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務累淸言
253 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 罕逢佳句
254 1 令狐 lìnghú Linghu 而令狐不能別求他述
255 1 qiú to request 而令狐不能別求他述
256 1 tài very / extremely 出太淸樓本
257 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
258 1 敵國 díguó enemy state 至於敵國詆謗
259 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time 良以當時儷偶相高
260 1 yān where / how 尤無取焉
261 1 sháo beautiful 蕭韶
262 1 中有 zhōngyǒu an intermediate existence between death and rebirth 中有俚言
263 1 俚語 lǐyǔ slang 改從俚語
264 1 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 爰及牛宏
265 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
266 1 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 及帝入關
267 1 to join / to combine 合史館祕閣本
268 1 俚言 lǐyán slang 中有俚言
269 1 rough / thick / course 粗尋梗概
270 1 允恭 yǔngōng Yungong 蔡允恭
271 1 zhèng government / administration 裴政
272 1 more and more / even more 則其謬愈多
273 1 serious / critical 非篤論也
274 1 xiǎo xiao 語不可曉
275 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 尋宇文開國之初
276 1 miù erroneous 則其謬愈多
277 1 宇文 yǔwén Yuwen 尋宇文開國之初
278 1 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun 謝靈運傳
279 1 easy / simple 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
280 1 zhēng to prove / to confirm 況德棻旁徵簡牘
281 1 yuán source / origin 遂與德棻原書
282 1 biāo an indication / a sympton 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
283 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
284 1 jié festival / a special day 删去其曾事節閔帝事
285 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 蓋史臣所記
286 1 事迹 shìjì a deed / a past achievement / an important event of the past 事迹湮沒者
287 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使周氏一代之史
288 1 開國 kāiguó to found a state 尋宇文開國之初
289 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能用是爲譏議哉
290 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
291 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 盧辯傳
292 1 yuē to speak / to say
293 1 一代 yīdài generation 遂使周氏一代之史
294 1 shū father's younger brother 陳叔達
295 1 推論 tuīlùn deduction / logic 推論六義源流
296 1 even / equal / uniform
297 1 jiā house / home / residence 李巽家本
298 1 開皇 Kāi Huáng Kai Huang reign 開皇元年
299 1 to be lost 尚不云有所散佚
300 1 潤色 rùnsè to embellish / to decorate in words 重加潤色
301 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
302 1 fèng to offer / to present 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
303 1 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 爰及牛宏
304 1 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang 貞觀中
305 1 five 隋五史
306 1 several 知幾所云
307 1 而已 éryǐ that is all 特大體未改而已
308 1 删去 shānqù to delete 删去其曾事節閔帝事
309 1 jiā to add 重加潤色
310 1 rán correct / right / certainly 然文質因時
311 1 jiǎn frugal / economical 唐儉同修
312 1 簡牘 jiǎndú a wooden or bamboo tablet 況德棻旁徵簡牘
313 1 horse 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
314 1 cài Cai 蔡允恭
315 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 存茲典實
316 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 乖乎適俗隨時之義
317 1 因而 yīnér therefore / as a result / thus 因而勒成
318 1 源流 yuánliú source and direction of flow / origin and development 推論六義源流
319 1 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
320 1 xià summer 而取夏竦
321 1 piāo swift / nimble 尤剽取
322 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 則二十五卷
323 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 特大體未改而已
324 1 文質 wénzhì literary talent 然文質因時
325 1 elegant / graceful / refined 雅而不檢
326 1 dié to repeat / to duplicate 前後疊出
327 1 根源 gēnyuán origin 事無根源
328 1 三十三 sān shí sān thirty three 三十三卷俱傳後無論
329 1 tuō to take off 至於遺文脫簡
330 1 事由 shìyóu main content / matter / work / origin of an incident / cause / purpose 事由蘇綽
331 1 yáo a ballad / a folksong 里巷諺謠
332 1 天下 tiānxià China 又募天下書
333 1 北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty 是北宋重校
334 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 又多有所竄亂
335 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 固不可概斥爲疎略
336 1 gài generally / approximately 固不可概斥爲疎略
337 1 special / unique / distinguished 特大體未改而已
338 1 周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty 周代旣文章爾雅
339 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 皆稟其規
340 1 secret 合史館祕閣本
341 1 宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song 稱宋仁宗時
342 1 lóu a storied building 出太淸樓本
343 1 husband and wife 良以當時儷偶相高
344 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 良以當時儷偶相高
345 1 zhī to know 知幾所云
346 1 a footprint 眞迹甚寡
347 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 至於敵國詆謗
348 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
349 1 儒雅 rúyǎ scholarly / refined / cultured / courteous 彌尚儒雅
350 1 this / these 他文悉準於此
351 1 qiě moreover / also 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
352 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 下館閣是正其文字
353 1 kān to print / to publish 是皆率意刊削
354 1 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元偉傳
355 1 ancestor / forefather 祖述其語
356 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 二十六卷
357 1 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
358 1 仿 fǎng as if / seemingly 論仿
359 1 軍國 jūnguó military affairs and civilian administration 軍國詞令
360 1 already / de facto / since / then 周代旣文章爾雅
361 1 páng side 況德棻旁徵簡牘
362 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 是皆率意刊削
363 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 則更易尚有未盡
364 1 alone / independent / single / sole 於信獨致微辭
365 1 to enter 不言其自周入隋
366 1 zhèng proof 之顯證矣
367 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 王安國上之
368 1 xiào school 是北宋重校
369 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶考其名位
370 1 ǒu paired / even [number] 良以當時儷偶相高
371 1 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 多非實錄
372 1 shì power / authority 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
373 1 yán beautiful 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
374 1 若是 ruòshì if 苟記言若是
375 1 do not 混淆莫辨
376 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 混淆莫辨
377 1 yǒu is / are / to exist 則更易尚有未盡
378 1 evil / wrong / fraud 故有意於矯時之弊
379 1 lǐng neck 而德棻專領周書
380 1 ci 存茲典實
381 1 extensive / full 彌尚儒雅
382 1 lòu to leak / to drip 遂成疎漏
383 1 fēng wind 從風而靡
384 1 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide 周代旣文章爾雅
385 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 以補亡
386 1 entirely / without exception 三十三卷俱傳後無論
387 1 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況德棻旁徵簡牘

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties
北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty
岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben
崔仁师 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi
尔雅 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide
开皇 開皇 Kāi Huáng
  1. Kai Huang reign
  2. Kaihuang
李延寿 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
令狐 lìnghú
  1. Linghu
  2. Linghu
令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen
柳虬 柳虯 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu
刘知几 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji
史馆 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute
史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong
宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song
宋书 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties
Suí Sui Dynasty
谢灵运 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin
元氏 yuánshì Yuanshi
允恭 yǔngōng Yungong
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
贞观 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English