Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Zhou 《周書》, Introduction

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 12 shū book 又募天下書
2 11 chuán to transmit 三十三卷俱傳後無論
3 7 fēn a kind of wood used for perfume 其議自德棻發之
4 7 Germany 其議自德棻發之
5 6 juǎn to coil / to roll 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
6 5 zhōu Zhou Dynasty
7 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多取
8 5 wén writing / text 其傳文多同
9 5 shí real / true 實不盡出德棻
10 5 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 北史
11 5 yán to speak / to say / said 不言其自周入隋
12 4 yún cloud 尚不云有所散佚
13 4 shǐ history 隋五史
14 4 to take / to get / to fetch 而取夏竦
15 4 xiào to be filial 韋孝寬傳
16 4 zhōng middle 貞觀中
17 4 shì matter / thing / item 事無根源
18 3 kuān wide / broad 韋孝寬傳
19 3 wéi soft leather 韋孝寬傳
20 3 wáng Wang 王安國上之
21 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今考其書
22 3 supreme ruler / emperor 周孝閔帝
23 3 gǎi to change / to alter 所削改者何篇
24 3 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 所削改者何篇
25 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 又不能悉爲補綴
26 3 令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen 令狐德棻
27 3 to criticize 其議自德棻發之
28 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與德棻原書
29 2 chēng to call / to address 稱宋仁宗時
30 2 àn case / incident 今案其文義
31 2 更易 gèngyì to replace 惟更易
32 2 kǎo to examine / to test 今考其書
33 2 lüè plan / strategy 故致遺略
34 2 qīng clear 出太淸樓本
35 2 martial / military 晁公武
36 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 遂使周氏一代之史
37 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 蓋史臣所記
38 2 chì an imperial decree 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
39 2 popular / common 今俗所行
40 2 Suí Sui Dynasty 隋五史
41 2 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
42 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 紀載從實
43 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 粗尋梗概
44 2 周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script 之稱周文者爲太祖
45 2 idea 是皆率意刊削
46 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遂成疎漏
47 2 hòu after / later 三十三卷俱傳後無論
48 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 讀書志
49 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故致遺略
50 2 chāo to cook by scalding 事由蘇綽
51 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修梁
52 2 tóng like / same / similar 唐儉同修
53 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論仿
54 2 shū to neglect 遂成疎漏
55 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
56 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 讀書志
57 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋名爲德棻之書
58 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 又不能悉爲補綴
59 2 shí time / a period of time 稱宋仁宗時
60 2 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
61 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 周孝閔帝
62 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 晁公武
63 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於遺文脫簡
64 2 chamber / pavilion 合史館祕閣本
65 2 to reach 及帝入關
66 2 zhòng heavy 是北宋重校
67 2 děng et cetera / and so on 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
68 2 xiòng long / faraway 兄夐
69 2 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 皆準
70 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
71 2 meaning / sense 乖乎適俗隨時之義
72 2 duō to collect / gather up / pick up 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
73 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 連書大象元年
74 2 to leave behind 至於遺文脫簡
75 2 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 其詆諆德棻甚力
76 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 之稱周文者爲太祖
77 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 語不可曉
78 2 to move / to shift / to remove 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
79 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 而令狐不能別求他述
80 2 chén Chen
81 2 dialect / language / speech 語不可曉
82 2 yòng to use / to apply 用廣異聞
83 2 cháo morning / dawn 晁公武
84 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭韶
85 1 elegant / graceful / refined 雅而不檢
86 1 事迹 shìjì a deed / a past achievement / an important event of the past 事迹湮沒者
87 1 zhèng upright / straight 下館閣是正其文字
88 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後林希
89 1 Soviet Union 事由蘇綽
90 1 jiā good / auspicious / excellent 罕逢佳句
91 1 敵國 díguó enemy country 至於敵國詆謗
92 1 舊事 jiùshì old affair / former matter 卽其舊事
93 1 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 下館閣是正其文字
94 1 矯枉過正 jiǎo wǎng guò zhèng to overcorrect / to overcompensate 而陷於矯枉過正之失
95 1 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 而陷於矯枉過正之失
96 1 shào to encourage 又議其以王劭
97 1 to stop / to prevent 杜臺卿之書
98 1 yáo a ballad / a folksong 里巷諺謠
99 1 xìn to believe / to trust 於信獨致微辭
100 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 因而勒成
101 1 Lu 盧辯傳
102 1 wáng to die 以補亡
103 1 Li People 中有俚言
104 1 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
105 1 big / great / huge / large / major 蕭大圜
106 1 xùn obedient / mild / compliant 李巽家本
107 1 隨時 suíshí at any time 乖乎適俗隨時之義
108 1 end / final stage / latter part
109 1 宇文 yǔwén Yuwen 尋宇文開國之初
110 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
111 1 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang 貞觀中
112 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而德棻專領周書
113 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 王安國上之
114 1 開皇 Kāi Huáng Kai Huang reign 開皇元年
115 1 xiōng elder brother 兄夐
116 1 a footprint 眞迹甚寡
117 1 fán complicated / complex 客氣尤繁
118 1 extravagant / go with fashion 從風而靡
119 1 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide 周代旣文章爾雅
120 1 several 知幾所云
121 1 宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song 稱宋仁宗時
122 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殘闕殊甚
123 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 以補亡
124 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 之顯證矣
125 1 zhèng proof 之顯證矣
126 1 rate / frequency 是皆率意刊削
127 1 dié to repeat / to duplicate 前後疊出
128 1 péi look of a flowing gown 裴政
129 1 alone / independent / single / sole 於信獨致微辭
130 1 zhī to know 知幾所云
131 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能用是爲譏議哉
132 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 下館閣是正其文字
133 1 to be lost 尚不云有所散佚
134 1 serious / critical 非篤論也
135 1 ci 存茲典實
136 1 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 況德棻旁徵簡牘
137 1 liù six 推論六義源流
138 1 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 又募天下書
139 1 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun 謝靈運傳
140 1 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 爰及牛宏
141 1 lèi to be tired 務累淸言
142 1 jiǎn frugal / economical 唐儉同修
143 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固不可概斥爲疎略
144 1 to join / to combine 合史館祕閣本
145 1 北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty 是北宋重校
146 1 inside / interior 里巷諺謠
147 1 piāo swift / nimble 尤剽取
148 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 至於敵國詆謗
149 1 to attain / to reach 陳叔達
150 1 三十三 sān shí sān thirty three 三十三卷俱傳後無論
151 1 周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty 周代旣文章爾雅
152 1 fēng wind 從風而靡
153 1 客氣 kèqi polite 客氣尤繁
154 1 史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong 史通
155 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 罕逢佳句
156 1 zhuān focused on one thing / special / expert / particular 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
157 1 軍國 jūnguó military affairs and civilian administration 軍國詞令
158 1 推論 tuīlùn deduction / logic 推論六義源流
159 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 故有意於矯時之弊
160 1 liáng a bridge 修梁
161 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 用廣異聞
162 1 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 多非實錄
163 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良以當時儷偶相高
164 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 而取夏竦
165 1 jiā house / home / residence 李巽家本
166 1 jié festival / a special day 删去其曾事節閔帝事
167 1 lòu to leak / to drip 遂成疎漏
168 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後疊出
169 1 柳虬 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu 柳虬之徒
170 1 apprentice / disciple 柳虬之徒
171 1 cún to exist / to survive 存茲典實
172 1 仿 fǎng as if / seemingly 論仿
173 1 even / equal / uniform
174 1 wěi great / robust 元偉傳
175 1 shān to delete / to erase
176 1 潤色 rùnsè to embellish / to decorate in words 重加潤色
177 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 則殘闕殊甚
178 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
179 1 easy / simple 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
180 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
181 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 又多有所竄亂
182 1 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
183 1 shī to lose 而陷於矯枉過正之失
184 1 miù erroneous 則其謬愈多
185 1 zhí to pick up / to gather 意在摭實
186 1 正體 zhèngtǐ traditional characters 史之正體
187 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 周代旣文章爾雅
188 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 混淆莫辨
189 1 sháo beautiful 蕭韶
190 1 俚語 lǐyǔ slang 改從俚語
191 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 良以當時儷偶相高
192 1 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 爰及牛宏
193 1 qiú to request 而令狐不能別求他述
194 1 to cheat 其詆諆德棻甚力
195 1 to record 紀載從實
196 1 ǒu paired / even [number] 良以當時儷偶相高
197 1 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi 崔仁師
198 1 混淆 hùnxiáo to obscure / to confuse / to mix up / to blur 混淆莫辨
199 1 儒雅 rúyǎ scholarly / refined / cultured / courteous 彌尚儒雅
200 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 二十六卷
201 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
202 1 湮沒 yīnmò to bury / to submerge 事迹湮沒者
203 1 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 亦不盡出延壽
204 1 梗概 gěnggài synopsis / outline (of story) 粗尋梗概
205 1 允恭 yǔngōng Yungong 蔡允恭
206 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
207 1 páng side 況德棻旁徵簡牘
208 1 què a watchtower 則殘闕殊甚
209 1 to enter 不言其自周入隋
210 1 to ridicule / to jeer / to mock 豈能用是爲譏議哉
211 1 shēng sound 聽聲之見
212 1 xiào school 是北宋重校
213 1 shì to match 乖乎適俗隨時之義
214 1 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute 合史館祕閣本
215 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 尚不云有所散佚
216 1 jiǎn to check 雅而不檢
217 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 則二十五卷
218 1 secret 合史館祕閣本
219 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 乖乎適俗隨時之義
220 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 掩爲己說
221 1 qīng minister / high officer 杜臺卿之書
222 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 然文質因時
223 1 zhèng government 裴政
224 1 岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben 與岑文本
225 1 husband and wife 良以當時儷偶相高
226 1 中有 zhōngyǒu an intermediate existence between death and rebirth 中有俚言
227 1 庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin 庾信傳
228 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 連綴附書
229 1 biāo an indication / a sympton 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
230 1 删去 shānqù to delete 删去其曾事節閔帝事
231 1 補綴 bǔzhuì to mend (clothes) / to patch 又不能悉爲補綴
232 1 文質 wénzhì literary talent 然文質因時
233 1 evil / wrong / fraud 故有意於矯時之弊
234 1 hair 其議自德棻發之
235 1 shū father's younger brother 陳叔達
236 1 文義 wényì the meaning of a text 今案其文義
237 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 王慶傳
238 1 yuán source / origin 遂與德棻原書
239 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 眞迹甚寡
240 1 有意 yǒuyì to intend to / to be interested in 故有意於矯時之弊
241 1 令狐 lìnghú Linghu 而令狐不能別求他述
242 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 存茲典實
243 1 tuō to take off 至於遺文脫簡
244 1 xiǎo xiao 語不可曉
245 1 連綴 liánzhuì to put together / to link / successive / a cluster 連綴附書
246 1 所行 suǒxíng actions / practice 今俗所行
247 1 extensive / full 彌尚儒雅
248 1 jiā to add 重加潤色
249 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 仿古製言
250 1 cài Cai 蔡允恭
251 1 詞令 cílìng polite speech / diplomatic terms / rhetoric 軍國詞令
252 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 特大體未改而已
253 1 special / unique / distinguished 特大體未改而已
254 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務累淸言
255 1 power / force / strength 其詆諆德棻甚力
256 1 a human or animal body 之體
257 1 ancestor / forefather 祖述其語
258 1 kān to print / to publish 是皆率意刊削
259 1 piān chapter / section / essay / article 所削改者何篇
260 1 shàng top / a high position 王安國上之
261 1 開國 kāiguó to found a state 尋宇文開國之初
262 1 hǎn rare 罕逢佳句
263 1 sentence 罕逢佳句
264 1 fèng to offer / to present 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
265 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 皆稟其規
266 1 簡牘 jiǎndú a wooden or bamboo tablet 況德棻旁徵簡牘
267 1 zài in / at 意在摭實
268 1 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji 劉知幾
269 1 可見 kějiàn worthy of viewing / it is clear / clear / visible 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
270 1 lóu a storied building 出太淸樓本
271 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 其後林希
272 1 三十一 sānshíyī 31 三十一卷
273 1 筆者 bǐzhě author / writer 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
274 1 píng to lean on / to depend on / to rely on 惟憑本書
275 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 里巷諺謠
276 1 Li 李巽家本
277 1 xià summer 而取夏竦
278 1 lǐng neck 而德棻專領周書
279 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 則更易尚有未盡
280 1 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 及帝入關
281 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使周氏一代之史
282 1 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 猶考其名位
283 1 five 隋五史
284 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 固不可概斥爲疎略
285 1 大象 dàxiàng elephant 連書大象元年
286 1 二字 èrzì two characters 二字
287 1 戚屬 qīshǔ relative / family member / dependent 於元氏戚屬
288 1 gāo high / tall 良以當時儷偶相高
289 1 yǎn to cover 掩爲己說
290 1 yuē to speak / to say
291 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 至於遺文脫簡
292 1 rough / thick / course 粗尋梗概
293 1 仿古 fǎnggǔ pseudo-classical / modeled on antique / in the old style 仿古製言
294 1 根源 gēnyuán origin 事無根源
295 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 盧辯傳
296 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 皆稟其規
297 1 to go 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
298 1 shì power / authority 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
299 1 源流 yuánliú source and direction of flow / origin and development 推論六義源流
300 1 三十二 sān shí èr thirty two 三十二卷
301 1 guǎ few 眞迹甚寡
302 1 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 太祖敕朝廷
303 1 微辭 wēi cí subtle language 於信獨致微辭
304 1 horse 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
305 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 又多有所竄亂
306 1 yán beautiful 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
307 1 tīng to listen 聽聲之見
308 1 jiàn to see 聽聲之見
309 1 huán to circle / to encircle 蕭大圜
310 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 蓋史臣所記
311 1 天下 tiānxià China 又募天下書
312 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 用廣異聞
313 1 一代 yīdài generation 遂使周氏一代之史
314 1 xiàng lane / alley 里巷諺謠

Frequencies of all Words

Top 386

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 17 his / hers / its / theirs 其議自德棻發之
2 16 zhī him / her / them / that 其議自德棻發之
3 12 shū book 又募天下書
4 11 chuán to transmit 三十三卷俱傳後無論
5 9 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而德棻專領周書
6 7 wèi for / to 之稱周文者爲太祖
7 7 fēn a kind of wood used for perfume 其議自德棻發之
8 7 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
9 7 not / no 尚不云有所散佚
10 7 Germany 其議自德棻發之
11 6 otherwise / but / however 則殘闕殊甚
12 6 juǎn to coil / to roll 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
13 6 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
14 5 zhōu Zhou Dynasty
15 5 yòu again / also 又募天下書
16 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多取
17 5 shì is / are / am / to be 下館閣是正其文字
18 5 wén writing / text 其傳文多同
19 5 shí real / true 實不盡出德棻
20 5 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 北史
21 5 yán to speak / to say / said 不言其自周入隋
22 4 yún cloud 尚不云有所散佚
23 4 chū to go out 出太淸樓本
24 4 shǐ history 隋五史
25 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
26 4 in / at 他文悉準於此
27 4 to take / to get / to fetch 而取夏竦
28 4 shàng still / yet / to value 尚不云有所散佚
29 4 xiào to be filial 韋孝寬傳
30 4 zhōng middle 貞觀中
31 4 běn measure word for books 出太淸樓本
32 4 shì matter / thing / item 事無根源
33 3 yóu especially / particularly 尤剽取
34 3 and 與岑文本
35 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故致遺略
36 3 kuān wide / broad 韋孝寬傳
37 3 wéi soft leather 韋孝寬傳
38 3 wáng Wang 王安國上之
39 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今考其書
40 3 cóng from 從風而靡
41 3 so as to / in order to 以補亡
42 3 supreme ruler / emperor 周孝閔帝
43 3 gǎi to change / to alter 所削改者何篇
44 3 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 所削改者何篇
45 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 又不能悉爲補綴
46 3 shén what 則殘闕殊甚
47 3 令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen 令狐德棻
48 3 to criticize 其議自德棻發之
49 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與德棻原書
50 2 chēng to call / to address 稱宋仁宗時
51 2 no 事無根源
52 2 àn case / incident 今案其文義
53 2 更易 gèngyì to replace 惟更易
54 2 kǎo to examine / to test 今考其書
55 2 lüè plan / strategy 故致遺略
56 2 naturally / of course / certainly 其議自德棻發之
57 2 qīng clear 出太淸樓本
58 2 martial / military 晁公武
59 2 he / him 他文悉準於此
60 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 遂使周氏一代之史
61 2 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 蓋史臣所記
62 2 chì an imperial decree 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
63 2 popular / common 今俗所行
64 2 Suí Sui Dynasty 隋五史
65 2 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties 周書
66 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 紀載從實
67 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 粗尋梗概
68 2 周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script 之稱周文者爲太祖
69 2 idea 是皆率意刊削
70 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遂成疎漏
71 2 hòu after / later 三十三卷俱傳後無論
72 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 讀書志
73 2 不盡 bùjìn not completely / endlessly 實不盡出德棻
74 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故致遺略
75 2 that / those 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
76 2 chāo to cook by scalding 事由蘇綽
77 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修梁
78 2 tóng like / same / similar 唐儉同修
79 2 fēi not / non- / un- 多非實錄
80 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論仿
81 2 shū to neglect 遂成疎漏
82 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元偉傳
83 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
84 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 讀書志
85 2 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 尚不云有所散佚
86 2 wéi only / solely / alone 惟更易
87 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋名爲德棻之書
88 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 又不能悉爲補綴
89 2 shí time / a period of time 稱宋仁宗時
90 2 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
91 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 周孝閔帝
92 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 晁公武
93 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於遺文脫簡
94 2 chamber / pavilion 合史館祕閣本
95 2 to reach 及帝入關
96 2 zhòng heavy 是北宋重校
97 2 děng et cetera / and so on 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
98 2 xiòng long / faraway 兄夐
99 2 míng measure word for people 蓋名爲德棻之書
100 2 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 皆準
101 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
102 2 meaning / sense 乖乎適俗隨時之義
103 2 duō to collect / gather up / pick up 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
104 2 also / too 亦不盡出延壽
105 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 連書大象元年
106 2 to leave behind 至於遺文脫簡
107 2 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 其詆諆德棻甚力
108 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 之稱周文者爲太祖
109 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 語不可曉
110 2 to move / to shift / to remove 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
111 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 而令狐不能別求他述
112 2 final particle 之顯證矣
113 2 lián even 連書周文
114 2 what / where / which 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
115 2 chén Chen
116 2 dialect / language / speech 語不可曉
117 2 yòng to use / to apply 用廣異聞
118 2 cháo morning / dawn 晁公武
119 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭韶
120 1 elegant / graceful / refined 雅而不檢
121 1 事迹 shìjì a deed / a past achievement / an important event of the past 事迹湮沒者
122 1 zhèng upright / straight 下館閣是正其文字
123 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後林希
124 1 Soviet Union 事由蘇綽
125 1 jiā good / auspicious / excellent 罕逢佳句
126 1 敵國 díguó enemy country 至於敵國詆謗
127 1 舊事 jiùshì old affair / former matter 卽其舊事
128 1 xià next 下館閣是正其文字
129 1 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 下館閣是正其文字
130 1 矯枉過正 jiǎo wǎng guò zhèng to overcorrect / to overcompensate 而陷於矯枉過正之失
131 1 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 而陷於矯枉過正之失
132 1 shào to encourage 又議其以王劭
133 1 to stop / to prevent 杜臺卿之書
134 1 yáo a ballad / a folksong 里巷諺謠
135 1 xìn to believe / to trust 於信獨致微辭
136 1 lēi to tighten / to strangle 因而勒成
137 1 Lu 盧辯傳
138 1 wáng to die 以補亡
139 1 Li People 中有俚言
140 1 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
141 1 big / great / huge / large / major 蕭大圜
142 1 tài very / extremely 出太淸樓本
143 1 xùn obedient / mild / compliant 李巽家本
144 1 隨時 suíshí at any time 乖乎適俗隨時之義
145 1 end / final stage / latter part
146 1 宇文 yǔwén Yuwen 尋宇文開國之初
147 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
148 1 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang 貞觀中
149 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而德棻專領周書
150 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 王安國上之
151 1 開皇 Kāi Huáng Kai Huang reign 開皇元年
152 1 xiōng elder brother 兄夐
153 1 a footprint 眞迹甚寡
154 1 fán complicated / complex 客氣尤繁
155 1 extravagant / go with fashion 從風而靡
156 1 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide 周代旣文章爾雅
157 1 bié do not / must not 而令狐不能別求他述
158 1 several 知幾所云
159 1 宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song 稱宋仁宗時
160 1 gǒu in a sordid way 苟記言若是
161 1 shū different / special / unusual 則殘闕殊甚
162 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 以補亡
163 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 之顯證矣
164 1 zhèng proof 之顯證矣
165 1 rate / frequency 是皆率意刊削
166 1 dié to repeat / to duplicate 前後疊出
167 1 péi look of a flowing gown 裴政
168 1 alone / independent / single / sole 於信獨致微辭
169 1 zhī to know 知幾所云
170 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能用是爲譏議哉
171 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 下館閣是正其文字
172 1 to be lost 尚不云有所散佚
173 1 serious / critical 非篤論也
174 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 尋宇文開國之初
175 1 ci 存茲典實
176 1 因而 yīnér therefore / as a result / thus 因而勒成
177 1 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 況德棻旁徵簡牘
178 1 liù six 推論六義源流
179 1 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 又募天下書
180 1 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun 謝靈運傳
181 1 entirely / without exception 三十三卷俱傳後無論
182 1 this / these 他文悉準於此
183 1 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 爰及牛宏
184 1 lèi to be tired 務累淸言
185 1 jiǎn frugal / economical 唐儉同修
186 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固不可概斥爲疎略
187 1 to join / to combine 合史館祕閣本
188 1 北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty 是北宋重校
189 1 inside / interior 里巷諺謠
190 1 piāo swift / nimble 尤剽取
191 1 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 至於敵國詆謗
192 1 to attain / to reach 陳叔達
193 1 三十三 sān shí sān thirty three 三十三卷俱傳後無論
194 1 周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty 周代旣文章爾雅
195 1 zhì to / until
196 1 fēng wind 從風而靡
197 1 客氣 kèqi polite 客氣尤繁
198 1 史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong 史通
199 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 罕逢佳句
200 1 zhuān focused on one thing / special / expert / particular 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
201 1 軍國 jūnguó military affairs and civilian administration 軍國詞令
202 1 推論 tuīlùn deduction / logic 推論六義源流
203 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 故有意於矯時之弊
204 1 liáng a bridge 修梁
205 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 用廣異聞
206 1 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 多非實錄
207 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良以當時儷偶相高
208 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 而取夏竦
209 1 jiā house / home / residence 李巽家本
210 1 jié festival / a special day 删去其曾事節閔帝事
211 1 lòu to leak / to drip 遂成疎漏
212 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後疊出
213 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 事由蘇綽
214 1 柳虬 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu 柳虬之徒
215 1 apprentice / disciple 柳虬之徒
216 1 cún to exist / to survive 存茲典實
217 1 仿 fǎng as if / seemingly 論仿
218 1 yān where / how 尤無取焉
219 1 even / equal / uniform
220 1 wěi great / robust 元偉傳
221 1 無論 wúlùn no matter what / regardless of whether 三十三卷俱傳後無論
222 1 shān to delete / to erase
223 1 潤色 rùnsè to embellish / to decorate in words 重加潤色
224 1 若是 ruòshì if 苟記言若是
225 1 cán to destroy / to spoil / to ruin / to injure 則殘闕殊甚
226 1 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties 宋書
227 1 easy / simple 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
228 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
229 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 又多有所竄亂
230 1 do not 混淆莫辨
231 1 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
232 1 shī to lose 而陷於矯枉過正之失
233 1 miù erroneous 則其謬愈多
234 1 zhí to pick up / to gather 意在摭實
235 1 正體 zhèngtǐ traditional characters 史之正體
236 1 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 周代旣文章爾雅
237 1 already / de facto / since / then 周代旣文章爾雅
238 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 混淆莫辨
239 1 qiě moreover / also 且名爲移掇李延壽之書
240 1 sháo beautiful 蕭韶
241 1 俚語 lǐyǔ slang 改從俚語
242 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 良以當時儷偶相高
243 1 promptly / right away 卽其舊事
244 1 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 爰及牛宏
245 1 suī although / even though 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
246 1 qiú to request 而令狐不能別求他述
247 1 to cheat 其詆諆德棻甚力
248 1 to record 紀載從實
249 1 ǒu paired / even [number] 良以當時儷偶相高
250 1 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi 崔仁師
251 1 混淆 hùnxiáo to obscure / to confuse / to mix up / to blur 混淆莫辨
252 1 儒雅 rúyǎ scholarly / refined / cultured / courteous 彌尚儒雅
253 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 二十六卷
254 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
255 1 湮沒 yīnmò to bury / to submerge 事迹湮沒者
256 1 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 亦不盡出延壽
257 1 梗概 gěnggài synopsis / outline (of story) 粗尋梗概
258 1 yǒu is / are / to exist 則更易尚有未盡
259 1 允恭 yǔngōng Yungong 蔡允恭
260 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
261 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶考其名位
262 1 páng side 況德棻旁徵簡牘
263 1 què a watchtower 則殘闕殊甚
264 1 to enter 不言其自周入隋
265 1 to ridicule / to jeer / to mock 豈能用是爲譏議哉
266 1 shēng sound 聽聲之見
267 1 xiào school 是北宋重校
268 1 shì to match 乖乎適俗隨時之義
269 1 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute 合史館祕閣本
270 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 尚不云有所散佚
271 1 jiǎn to check 雅而不檢
272 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 則二十五卷
273 1 gài generally / approximately 固不可概斥爲疎略
274 1 secret 合史館祕閣本
275 1 guāi obedient / well-behaved 乖乎適俗隨時之義
276 1 expresses question or doubt 乖乎適俗隨時之義
277 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 掩爲己說
278 1 qīng minister / high officer 杜臺卿之書
279 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 然文質因時
280 1 而已 éryǐ that is all 特大體未改而已
281 1 zhèng government 裴政
282 1 岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben 與岑文本
283 1 husband and wife 良以當時儷偶相高
284 1 中有 zhōngyǒu an intermediate existence between death and rebirth 中有俚言
285 1 also / too 非篤論也
286 1 庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin 庾信傳
287 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 連綴附書
288 1 biāo an indication / a sympton 而皆不標其所移掇者何卷
289 1 删去 shānqù to delete 删去其曾事節閔帝事
290 1 補綴 bǔzhuì to mend (clothes) / to patch 又不能悉爲補綴
291 1 文質 wénzhì literary talent 然文質因時
292 1 evil / wrong / fraud 故有意於矯時之弊
293 1 大體 dàtǐ in general / more or less 特大體未改而已
294 1 hair 其議自德棻發之
295 1 shū father's younger brother 陳叔達
296 1 文義 wényì the meaning of a text 今案其文義
297 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 王慶傳
298 1 yuán source / origin 遂與德棻原書
299 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 眞迹甚寡
300 1 有意 yǒuyì to intend to / to be interested in 故有意於矯時之弊
301 1 tái unit 杜臺卿之書
302 1 令狐 lìnghú Linghu 而令狐不能別求他述
303 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 存茲典實
304 1 tuō to take off 至於遺文脫簡
305 1 xiǎo xiao 語不可曉
306 1 連綴 liánzhuì to put together / to link / successive / a cluster 連綴附書
307 1 所行 suǒxíng actions / practice 今俗所行
308 1 extensive / full 彌尚儒雅
309 1 jiā to add 重加潤色
310 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 仿古製言
311 1 cài Cai 蔡允恭
312 1 詞令 cílìng polite speech / diplomatic terms / rhetoric 軍國詞令
313 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 特大體未改而已
314 1 special / unique / distinguished 特大體未改而已
315 1 bìng also / furthermore 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
316 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務累淸言
317 1 power / force / strength 其詆諆德棻甚力
318 1 zāi exclamatory particle 豈能用是爲譏議哉
319 1 a human or animal body 之體
320 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 良以當時儷偶相高
321 1 ancestor / forefather 祖述其語
322 1 kān to print / to publish 是皆率意刊削
323 1 piān chapter / section / essay / article 所削改者何篇
324 1 shàng top / a high position 王安國上之
325 1 céng once / already / former / previously 删去其曾事節閔帝事
326 1 開國 kāiguó to found a state 尋宇文開國之初
327 1 hǎn rare 罕逢佳句
328 1 sentence 罕逢佳句
329 1 self 掩爲己說
330 1 fèng to offer / to present 唐令狐德棻等奉敕撰
331 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 皆稟其規
332 1 rán correct / right / certainly 然文質因時
333 1 簡牘 jiǎndú a wooden or bamboo tablet 況德棻旁徵簡牘
334 1 zài in / at 意在摭實
335 1 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji 劉知幾
336 1 可見 kějiàn worthy of viewing / it is clear / clear / visible 亦可見其不耑尚虛辭矣
337 1 lóu a storied building 出太淸樓本
338 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 其後林希
339 1 三十一 sānshíyī 31 三十一卷
340 1 筆者 bǐzhě author / writer 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
341 1 more and more / even more 則其謬愈多
342 1 píng to lean on / to depend on / to rely on 惟憑本書
343 1 yàn a proverb / maxim 里巷諺謠
344 1 Li 李巽家本
345 1 xià summer 而取夏竦
346 1 lǐng neck 而德棻專領周書
347 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 則更易尚有未盡
348 1 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 及帝入關
349 1 yuán therefore / then 爰及牛宏
350 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使周氏一代之史
351 1 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況德棻旁徵簡牘
352 1 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 猶考其名位
353 1 five 隋五史
354 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 固不可概斥爲疎略
355 1 大象 dàxiàng elephant 連書大象元年
356 1 二字 èrzì two characters 二字
357 1 戚屬 qīshǔ relative / family member / dependent 於元氏戚屬
358 1 gāo high / tall 良以當時儷偶相高
359 1 yǎn to cover 掩爲己說
360 1 yuē to speak / to say
361 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 至於遺文脫簡
362 1 rough / thick / course 粗尋梗概
363 1 仿古 fǎnggǔ pseudo-classical / modeled on antique / in the old style 仿古製言
364 1 根源 gēnyuán origin 事無根源
365 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 盧辯傳
366 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 皆稟其規
367 1 to go 案綽文雖去彼淫麗
368 1 shì power / authority 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
369 1 源流 yuánliú source and direction of flow / origin and development 推論六義源流
370 1 三十二 sān shí èr thirty two 三十二卷
371 1 such as / for example / for instance 又如
372 1 guǎ few 眞迹甚寡
373 1 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 太祖敕朝廷
374 1 微辭 wēi cí subtle language 於信獨致微辭
375 1 horse 中所云與孝寬竝馬者
376 1 rare / infrequent / precious 其後林希
377 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 又多有所竄亂
378 1 yán beautiful 載筆者勢不能易彼妍辭
379 1 tīng to listen 聽聲之見
380 1 jiàn to see 聽聲之見
381 1 huán to circle / to encircle 蕭大圜
382 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 蓋史臣所記
383 1 天下 tiānxià China 又募天下書
384 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 用廣異聞
385 1 一代 yīdài generation 遂使周氏一代之史
386 1 xiàng lane / alley 里巷諺謠

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties
北宋 Běi Sòng Northern Song Dynasty
岑文本 cén wénběn Cen Wenben
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
崔仁师 崔仁師 cuī rénshī Cui Renshi
尔雅 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide
开皇 開皇 Kāi Huáng
  1. Kai Huang reign
  2. Kaihuang
李延寿 李延壽 Lǐ Yánshòu Li Yanshou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
令狐 lìnghú
  1. Linghu
  2. Linghu
令狐德棻 Lìnghú Défēn Linghu Defen
柳虬 柳虯 liǔ qiú Liu Qiu
刘知几 劉知幾 liú zhījǐ Liu Zhiji
史馆 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute
史通 shǐtōng A Comprehensive Study of Historical Writings / Shitong
宋仁宗 Sòng Rénzōng Emperor Renzong of Song
宋书 宋書 Sòng Shū Book of Song / History of Song of the Southern Dynasties
Suí Sui Dynasty
谢灵运 謝靈運 xiè líng yùn Xie Lingyun
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
庾信 Yǔ Xìn Yu Xin
允恭 yǔngōng Yungong
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
贞观 貞觀 Zhēn Guān Zhen Guan Reign / Emperor Taizong of Tang
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周代 Zhōudài Zhou Dynasty
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English