Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Jin 《金史》, 卷十九 本紀第十九: 世紀補 景宣帝宗峻 睿宗宗堯 顯宗允恭 Volume 19 Annals 19: Ancenstral Records - Emperor Jingxuan Zongjun, Ruizong, Zongyao, Xianzong, Yungong

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 60 supreme ruler / emperor 帝別領合紮猛安
2 46 yuē to speak / to say 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
3 35 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗複熙宗廟諡
4 31 nián year 天輔五年
5 31 zōng school / sect 帝與宗翰等擊走之
6 20 sòng Song dynasty 分遣諸將伐宋
7 17 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 在禮貴嫡
8 16 zài in / at 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
9 16 xíng to walk / to move 或使宗弼遂將以行
10 16 wáng Wang 降熙宗為東昏王
11 14 shàng top / a high position 大定上尊諡
12 14 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降熙宗為東昏王
13 13 shì matter / thing / item 松先為同知博州防禦事致仕
14 12 guān an office 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
15 12 road / path / way 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
16 12 to reach 遂取東平及徐州
17 12 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
18 12 prosperous / splendid 熙宗即位
19 12 zhào an imperial decree 詔伐宋
20 12 děng et cetera / and so on 帝與宗翰等擊走之
21 12 zhōng middle 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
22 11 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 耿守忠救西京
23 11 miào temple / shrine 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
24 11 chén minister / statesman / official 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
25 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 上柱國
26 10 jūn army / military 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
27 10 líng mound / hill / mountain 改葬興陵
28 10 to take / to get / to fetch 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
29 9 xiān first 敵先據之
30 9 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 接百官以禮
31 9 to give / to bestow favors 賜名允迪
32 9 to aid / to assist / to help 既而宗弼追宋主
33 9 zhōu a state / a province 降滑州
34 8 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
35 8 zhǔ owner 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
36 8 wàn ten thousand 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
37 8 day of the month / a certain day 日勉學問
38 8 Germany 取開德府
39 8 shì to attend on 不須侍食
40 8 hui to conceal 景宣帝諱宗峻
41 8 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 立為皇太子
42 8 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
43 8 wèn to ask 百官承詔具箋問起居
44 8 èr two 天會二年薨
45 8 liù six 天輔六年
46 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
47 8 zòu to present / to offer 奏曰
48 7 to enter 入於杭州
49 7 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 詔東宮三師對皇太子稱名
50 7 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月
51 7 wǎng to go (in a direction) 帝往閱實之
52 7 to stand 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
53 7 gōng a palace 此與外宮禮上後謁諸神廟無異
54 7 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 帝與宗翰等擊走之
55 7 to go 宋主乃貶去帝號
56 7 rén person / people / a human being 人望而畏之
57 7 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi 或欲先平陝西
58 7 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受金牌
59 7 wén to hear 聞宋主在揚州
60 7 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 宋主奉表請和
61 7 to slash 子合剌
62 7 chéng a city / a town 西京城南有浮圖
63 7 child / son 太祖第二子
64 7 xiè to thank 帝上表謝
65 7 jiàn to see 入見
66 7 to join / to combine 帝別領合紮猛安
67 6 one 希尹中以一人往
68 6 xiǎng to enjoy 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
69 6 wèi to call 世守謂之曰
70 6 big / great / huge / large / major 大定上尊諡
71 6 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月壬寅
72 6 wàng to gaze / to look towards 人望而畏之
73 6 huá Chinese 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
74 6 wèi position / location / place 勿以儲位生驕慢
75 6 zuǒ left 帝為左副元帥
76 6 to criticize 河東諸將議不決
77 6 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 分遣諸將伐宋
78 6 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 太常丞張子羽
79 6 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
80 6 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 耿守忠救西京
81 6 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
82 6 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
83 6 mìng life 非有召命
84 6 yòng to use / to apply 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
85 6 lái to come 而宗翰來會於濮
86 6 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖第二子
87 6 chēng to call / to address 咸稱平允
88 6 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 帝攝行祀事
89 6 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 卿友于兄弟
90 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 宋主奉表請和
91 6 上京 shàngjīng Shangjing 世宗將幸上京
92 6 to help / to assist 天輔五年
93 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 是年十月甲申
94 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使拔高速等襲宋主於揚州
95 5 fán ordinary / common 凡六合戰
96 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 何不屏去左右漢官
97 5 gān dry 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
98 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 追上今諱
99 5 to prevail 既克中京
100 5 desire 或欲先定河北
101 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 移剌古破宋台宗雋
102 5 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 從至中都
103 5 to associate with / be near 比拔高速至揚州
104 5 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 令輔太子讀書
105 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 起為左諭德
106 5 píng flat / level / smooth 咸稱平允
107 5 tǒng to unify 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
108 5 qīng minister / high officer 卿等其戮力焉
109 5 five 天輔五年
110 5 bīng soldier / troops 駐兵燕京
111 5 jīn gold 皇太子鹵簿乘金路
112 5 sān three 帝進兵降甘泉等三堡
113 5 還都 huán dū move the capital 世宗行自西京還都
114 5 to congratulate 百官賀于承華殿
115 5 sōng to loosen / to relax 世宗聞儒者鄭松賢
116 5 qīn relatives 行親迎禮
117 5 起居 qǐjū everyday life 百官承詔具箋問起居
118 5 to sacrifice to / to worship 祭享
119 5 to visit 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
120 5 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 其具前代典禮以聞
121 5 河北 héběi Hebei 帝發自河北
122 4 shì room / bedroom 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
123 4 book / volume 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
124 4 to reply / to answer 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
125 4 明德 míngdé highest virtue / illustrious virtue 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
126 4 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 熙宗即位
127 4 rate / frequency 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
128 4 qián money / currency 錢難最苦
129 4 xuān to declare / to announce 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
130 4 gài a lid / top / cover 此蓋出於武后
131 4 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
132 4 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
133 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
134 4 jǐng sunlight 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
135 4 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願罷行
136 4 xiàn to offer / to present 行亞獻禮
137 4 yàn a feast / a banquet 賜宴于仁政殿
138 4 dìng to decide 大定上尊諡
139 4 suì age 皇統六年丙寅歲生
140 4 to cry / to weep / to wail 命婦及侍衛皆會哭
141 4 海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing 海陵弑立
142 4 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 員外郎李山削一階
143 4 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 二年四月己卯
144 4 inside / interior 本諱訛裏朵
145 4 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 睿宗
146 4 miǎn to spare 詔免朝參
147 4 clothes / dress / garment 帝嘗顧松使取服帶
148 4 shī teacher 帝率師擊破之
149 4 sufficient / enough 何足為法
150 4 huáng royal / imperial 皇統六年
151 4 皇后 huánghòu an empress 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
152 4 zūn to honor / to respect 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
153 4 Li 知鎮戎軍李彥琦以城降
154 4 can / may / permissible 則西京可下
155 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分遣諸將伐宋
156 4 to attack by surprise 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
157 4 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
158 4 to take / to receive / to accept 納妃徒單氏
159 4 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月庚子
160 4 猛安 měngān meng'an mouke 帝別領合紮猛安
161 4 liè to hunt 曹王惟功獵於保州
162 4 liáo Liaoning 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
163 4 dōng east 降熙宗為東昏王
164 4 shí food / food and drink 不須侍食
165 4 顯宗 xiǎnzōng Xianzong 顯宗
166 4 apprentice / disciple 納妃徒單氏
167 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
168 4 an official institution / a state bureau 太宗居黃龍府
169 4 shí time / a period of time 時東作方興
170 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
171 4 to attain / to reach 已達上京
172 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令輔太子讀書
173 4 a river / a stream 留大軍夾河屯田而還
174 4 mother 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
175 4 jìn to enter 進冀國王
176 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 燕閑觀書
177 4 shè to absorb / to assimilate 帝攝行祀事
178 4 shū book 密書以誘契丹
179 4 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 下射
180 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
181 4 rén a kernel / a pit 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
182 4 nán south 西京城南有浮圖
183 4 hòu thick 孝友謹厚
184 4 lín to face / to overlook 徙居瓊林苑臨芳殿調治
185 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留大軍夾河屯田而還
186 4 to open 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
187 3 皇族 huángzú the imperial family / royal kin 皇族百官皆與
188 3 cháng to taste 帝嘗顧松使取服帶
189 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 取保川城
190 3 二十 èrshí twenty 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
191 3 liáng cool / cold 獨就涼地
192 3 zàng to bury the dead 比葬
193 3 gǎo to shine / to be high 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
194 3 Luò Luo River 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
195 3 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 太祖崩
196 3 fēng to seal / to close off 改封許王
197 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 員外郎李山削一階
198 3 帝號 dìhào title of an emperor 宋主乃貶去帝號
199 3 fēi an imperial concubine 納妃徒單氏
200 3 gǎi to change / to alter 改封許王
201 3 lóu to wear 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
202 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 耿守忠救西京
203 3 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 帝往閱實之
204 3 yuè month 是月
205 3 meaning / sense 義可見矣
206 3 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 帝問民間何所苦
207 3 shǐ history 右丞蘇保衡雖漢人不通經史
208 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 改葬興陵
209 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
210 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
211 3 yán to speak / to say / said 參政石琚通經史而不言
212 3 shēn deep 深懷謙抑
213 3 juàn be tired of, weary 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
214 3 zàn to praise 贊善及侍從官
215 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 其遣使
216 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 帝為右副元帥
217 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝改容稱善
218 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
219 3 tiān day 天輔五年
220 3 cháo to face 與宗翰俱朝京師
221 3 yòu right / right-hand 帝為右副元帥
222 3 shòu old age / long life 太子太保壽王爽啟曰
223 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
224 3 qián front 前討宋
225 3 a human or animal body 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
226 3 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 諸子皆總戎旅
227 3 bitterness / bitter flavor 帝問民間何所苦
228 3 dān bill / slip of paper / form 納妃徒單氏
229 3 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 將授太子冊寶
230 3 hōng to die 天會二年薨
231 3 追上 zhuīshàng to overtake 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
232 3 tīng to listen 伏望天慈聽臣答拜
233 3 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
234 3 dào to rob / to steal 梁檀兒盜金銀葉
235 3 jiā to add 以此加敬耳
236 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 歲以為常
237 3 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
238 3 zhā to pierce 帝別領合紮猛安
239 3 to drink 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
240 3 to cut down 分遣諸將伐宋
241 3 shí real / true 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
242 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時東作方興
243 3 有事 yǒushì to be occupied with something / to have something on one's mind / there is something the matter 有事於圓丘
244 3 kūn kun / the second of the Eight Trigrams 改葬明德皇后于坤厚陵
245 3 Jīng Jing 遂下涇
246 3 jiǔ old 願事陛下久
247 3 kuò to enclose / to include 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
248 3 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
249 3 hǎo good 好施惠
250 3 to scatter / to disperse 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
251 3 中京 zhōngjīng Zhongjing 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
252 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 移剌古破宋台宗雋
253 3 鹵簿 lǔbù imperial guard 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
254 3 zuò to do 時東作方興
255 3 改葬 gǎizàng to change a burial place 改葬興陵
256 3 jīng Beijing 京朝官遇朔望具朝服問侯
257 3 sūn Sun 詔妃徒單氏及諸皇孫喪服並如漢制
258 3 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
259 3 dào way / road / path 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
260 3 jiù old / ancient 詳閱舊典
261 3 liǎng two 兩軍並進
262 3 shuò first day of the lunar month 二十五年正月乙酉朔
263 3 Asia 行亞獻禮
264 3 fèng to offer / to present 宋主奉表請和
265 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 儀注備儀仗告太廟
266 3 to pay respects 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
267 3 zhào Zhao 承詔與趙王惟中
268 3 yuán source / origin 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
269 3 守道 shǒudào to practice 左丞守道曰
270 3 乙酉 yǐYǒu twenty-second year B10 of the 60 year cycle 乙酉
271 3 beard / mustache 本諱胡土瓦
272 3 巡幸 xún xìng to go on an inspection tour 今巡幸或能留一二年
273 3 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 聞宋主在揚州
274 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 士卒多傷
275 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 非有召命
276 3 廟號 miàohào temple name of a deceased emperor 廟號徽宗
277 3 於都 yúdōu Yudu 百官奉辭於都城之北
278 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 謁衍慶宮
279 3 horse 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
280 3 hòu after / later 此與外宮禮上後謁諸神廟無異
281 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 六年正月
282 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 不當輕易如此
283 3 chūn spring 帝如春水
284 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 以八月往陝西
285 3 diàn to pay respect 為位臨奠于行宮之南
286 3 四方 sì fāng all sides 太祖征伐四方
287 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 遼主走陰山
288 3 hóng liberal / great 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
289 3 春節 chūnjié Spring Festival / Chinese New Year 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表賀萬春節
290 3 zhí straight 於是禮部郎中李邦直
291 3 to defend / to resist 世宗禦垂拱殿
292 3 zhèng upright / straight 正隆二年
293 3 xiào to be filial 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
294 3 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
295 3 ruì shrewd / astute / clever / keen / wise 陪葬睿陵
296 3 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
297 3 idea 海陵一時率意行之
298 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 因引
299 3 dialect / language / speech 語在
300 2 五品 wǔpǐn five grades 世宗詔五品職事官謝見皇太子
301 2 responsibility / duty 陛下以明德皇后之故未嘗見責
302 2 liú Liu 而劉豫遂以濟南降
303 2 一月 yīyuè January / the First Month 十年一月丁亥
304 2 左翼 zuǒyì left wing / left-wing politics 婁室為左翼
305 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 願事陛下久
306 2 lǒng Gansu 宋秦鳳路都統制吳玠軍於隴州境上
307 2 eight 八年正月甲戌
308 2 chuān Sichuan 取保川城
309 2 residence / dwelling 太宗居黃龍府
310 2 第二 dì èr second 太祖第二子
311 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 朕留太尉
312 2 田獵 tiánliè to hunt 田獵觀稼
313 2 富平 fùpíng Fuping 步卒十二萬壁富平
314 2 yuán won / yuan 有事於圓丘
315 2 zhī to know 知鎮戎軍李彥琦以城降
316 2 刑名 xíngmíng criminal law 刑名最重
317 2 niè Nirvāṇa / Nibbāna / Nirvana 典食令涅合進粥
318 2 浮圖 fútú Buddha / Buddhist stupa 西京城南有浮圖
319 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇大風雪
320 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
321 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 參政石琚通經史而不言
322 2 甲寅 jiǎyín 51st year A3 of the 60 year cycle 甲寅
323 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 有使者自山東還
324 2 蜘蛛 zhīzhū spider 有蜘蛛在粥碗中
325 2 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人
326 2 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 七月
327 2 kāi to open 取開德府
328 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 置官屬
329 2 guāng light 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
330 2 jùn superior / outstanding / talented 移剌古破宋台宗雋
331 2 委曲 wěiqǔ sinuous / devious / full details of a story / to stoop 召都事委曲折正
332 2 shuǎng invigorating 太子太保壽王爽啟曰
333 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 遂止
334 2 four 四年九月
335 2 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 十一月甲午
336 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 降熙宗為東昏王
337 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 帝與宗翰等擊走之
338 2 to carve / to engrave 及刻座右銘於小玉碑
339 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢奉命
340 2 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 此見宰相師傅之禮也
341 2 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 二月庚申
342 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 並刻其碑陰
343 2 tile 敗宋經略使劉倪軍於瓦亭
344 2 四十 sì shí forty 安隴等城寨及鎮堡蕃漢營部四十餘
345 2 to beg / to request 乞流轉
346 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 冀州人乘夜出兵襲照裏營
347 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 翼日輒以疑字付儒臣校證
348 2 tǎo to seek 前討宋
349 2 hàn Han Chinese 安隴等城寨及鎮堡蕃漢營部四十餘
350 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
351 2 甲申 Jiǎ Shēn Jia Shen year 是年十月甲申
352 2 立德 lìdé establish in virtue 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
353 2 hemp / flax 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
354 2 qiū Confucius 有事於圓丘
355 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨就涼地
356 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 遂取東平及徐州
357 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 勿以儲位生驕慢
358 2 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 咸稱平允
359 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 命婦及侍衛皆會哭
360 2 móu to plan / to scheme 世宗聞德州防禦使胡剌謀叛
361 2 ér son 吾兒相別經夏
362 2 jiē stairs / steps 員外郎李山削一階
363 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 願罷行
364 2 to salute / to bow 臣但答揖
365 2 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 庶惇親親友愛之道
366 2 己卯 jǐmǎo sixteenth year F4 of the 60 year cycle 二年四月己卯
367 2 西 The West 故分西師合於東軍
368 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 謂右丞相良弼
369 2 親王 qīnwáng a prince 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
370 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年正月乙酉朔
371 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自日中至於昏暮
372 2 legal wife 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
373 2 precious 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
374 2 故事 gùshi narrative / story / tale 故事
375 2 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕在路
376 2 友愛 yǒu ài friendly affection 庶惇親親友愛之道
377 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
378 2 xìng gender 性寬恕
379 2 gōng merit 隋王惟功從行
380 2 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 典食令涅合進粥
381 2 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 六品以下官
382 2 Ge 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
383 2 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年
384 2 dōng winter 帝冬獵
385 2 gǎn bold / brave 曷敢輒去
386 2 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 九月庚寅
387 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 錢難最苦
388 2 大房山 dàfáng shān Dafang Shan 改葬於大房山
389 2 孝友 xiàoyǒu filial and brotherly 孝友謹厚
390 2 yǒu friend / companion 卿友于兄弟
391 2 to store 積石等州
392 2 發自 fàzì to evolve from 帝發自河間
393 2 yuán source / origin 宋涇原路統制張中孚
394 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
395 2 xíng punishment / penalty 刑于寡妻
396 2 níng peaceful 甯洮
397 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 皆望投老得力
398 2 a scholar 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
399 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月
400 2 huì can / be able to 而宗翰來會於濮
401 2 乘馬 chéng mǎ to ride a horse 乘馬
402 2 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 諸子皆總戎旅
403 2 學問 xuéwèn learning / knowledge 日勉學問
404 2 gěi to give 其應從行者皆給道路費
405 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 世宗命避暑於草濼
406 2 běi north 百官奉辭於都城之北
407 2 níng Nanjing 禮與其奢也寧儉
408 2 Henan 而劉豫遂以濟南降
409 2 天性 tiānxìng nature / natural ability / innate tendency 帝天性仁厚
410 2 統制 tǒngzhì to control 宋涇原路統制張中孚
411 2 shí a rock / a stone 積石等州
412 2 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 詳閱舊典
413 2 bēi a stone tablet 及刻座右銘於小玉碑
414 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
415 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
416 2 xià summer 吾兒相別經夏
417 2 speed 使拔高速等襲宋主於揚州
418 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 不忍刑殺
419 2 huò to reap / to harvest 獲宗雋
420 2 答拜 dábài to return a visit 伏望天慈聽臣答拜
421 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 右翼都統守弼招撫城邑之未下者
422 2 寬恕 kuānshù to forgive 性寬恕
423 2 自愛 zìài self-respect / self-love / self-regard 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
424 2 殿下 diàn xià your highness 殿下頗未熟本朝語
425 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 皇統六年丙寅歲生
426 2 clothes / clothing 世宗賜以襲衣良馬
427 2 慟哭 tòngkū to grieve and cry 中都百姓市門巷端為位慟哭
428 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 行親迎禮
429 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 世宗或幸東宮
430 2 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
431 2 勃極烈 bójíliè chief 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
432 2 zhèn town 知鎮戎軍李彥琦以城降
433 2 渡江 dù jiāng to cross a river 前夕已渡江矣
434 2 庚子 Gēngzǐ thirty seventh year of the 60 year cycle 九月庚子
435 2 kōng empty / void / hollow 貯之空室
436 2 允恭 yǔngōng Yungong 諱允恭
437 2 táo to cleanse
438 2 十二 shí èr twelve 步卒十二萬壁富平
439 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 豈汝罪哉
440 2 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 且政事無難
441 2 shuǐ water 帝如春水
442 2 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 十年八月
443 2 hair 靈駕發引
444 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 松以友諭自處
445 2 seven 七年
446 2 賀禮 hèlǐ congratulatory gift 東宮賀禮
447 2 bǎo an earthwork / castle / position of defense / stronghold 帝進兵降甘泉等三堡
448 2 zhí price/ value 值坤厚陵禮成
449 2 thing / matter 亡失物者
450 2 jīng to go through / to experience 右丞蘇保衡雖漢人不通經史
451 2 lǐng neck 帝別領合紮猛安
452 2 apparatus 儀注備儀仗告太廟
453 2 親親 qīnqīn dear one / to kiss / friendly 庶惇親親友愛之道
454 2 天會 tiānhuì Tianhui 天會二年薨
455 2 城邑 chéngyì a city / a town 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
456 2 zhài a fence / a stockade 拔安西等二寨
457 2 朔望 shuòwàng the new moon / the first day of the lunar month 京朝官遇朔望具朝服問侯
458 2 啟事 qǐshì a notice / an announcement 每三日一次於集賢殿受尚書省啟事
459 2 拔高 bágāo to raise (one's voice) / to overrate / to build up / to stand out / outstanding 使拔高速等襲宋主於揚州
460 2 soil / ground / land 徇地淄
461 2 to worship ancestors 祔於太廟
462 2 施惠 shīhuì to give charity to somebody / to oblige 好施惠
463 2 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 謁衍慶宮
464 2 騎兵 qíbīng cavalry 張浚騎兵六萬
465 2 府庫 fǔkù government treasury 何必獨在府庫也
466 2 壬寅 rényín thirty-ninth year I3 of the 60 year cycle 五月壬寅
467 2 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月
468 2 愚昧 yúmèi ignorant / uneducated 臣等愚昧
469 2 英文 yīngwén English (language) 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
470 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 乙夜忘倦
471 2 shǎo few 少師以降稱臣
472 2 wǎn to pull 帝徒行挽靈車
473 2 gōng to attack / to assault 既而攻浮圖
474 2 元帥 yuánshuài a general 帝為右副元帥
475 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful
476 2 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
477 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
478 2 jiā excellent 世宗嘉納
479 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 宋張浚兵取陝西
480 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月
481 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 太常少卿武之才
482 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
483 2 night 冀州人乘夜出兵襲照裏營
484 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 與宗翰俱朝京師
485 2 常朝 chángcháo regular court assembly 服常朝服
486 2 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 宋主乃貶去帝號
487 2 追諡 zhuīshì posthumously named 唐高宗追諡太子弘為孝敬皇帝
488 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
489 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 留大軍夾河屯田而還
490 2 右翼 yòuyì the right flank / (politically) right-wing 宗弼為右翼
491 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 勿有廢事
492 2 táng Tang Dynasty 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
493 2 Wu 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
494 2 zhào to illuminate / to shine 冀州人乘夜出兵襲照裏營
495 2 shòu to teach 將授太子冊寶
496 2 宗峻 zōngjùn Zongjun 景宣帝諱宗峻
497 2 景宣帝 jǐngxuāndì Emperor Jingxuan 景宣帝
498 2 天下 tiānxià China 天子富藏天下
499 2 to move / to shift / to remove 移剌古破宋台宗雋
500 1 一次 yīcì one-time / first / first time / once / primary 每三日一次於集賢殿受尚書省啟事

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 60 supreme ruler / emperor 帝別領合紮猛安
2 51 zhī him / her / them / that 帝與宗翰等擊走之
3 46 yuē to speak / to say 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
4 35 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗複熙宗廟諡
5 31 nián year 天輔五年
6 31 zōng school / sect 帝與宗翰等擊走之
7 27 so as to / in order to 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
8 25 wèi for / to 降熙宗為東昏王
9 23 in / at 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
10 20 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 人望而畏之
11 20 sòng Song dynasty 分遣諸將伐宋
12 17 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 在禮貴嫡
13 17 in / at 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
14 17 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 諸子皆總戎旅
15 16 zài in / at 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
16 16 his / hers / its / theirs 太宗兩用其策
17 16 xíng to walk / to move 或使宗弼遂將以行
18 16 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
19 16 wáng Wang 降熙宗為東昏王
20 15 not / no 河東諸將議不決
21 14 shàng top / a high position 大定上尊諡
22 14 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降熙宗為東昏王
23 14 naturally / of course / certainly 自日中至於昏暮
24 13 shì matter / thing / item 松先為同知博州防禦事致仕
25 12 guān an office 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
26 12 road / path / way 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
27 12 to reach 遂取東平及徐州
28 12 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
29 12 prosperous / splendid 熙宗即位
30 12 zhào an imperial decree 詔伐宋
31 12 and 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
32 12 děng et cetera / and so on 帝與宗翰等擊走之
33 12 shì is / are / am / to be 先取是
34 12 zhōng middle 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
35 11 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 耿守忠救西京
36 11 miào temple / shrine 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
37 11 chén minister / statesman / official 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
38 11 yǒu is / are / to exist 西京城南有浮圖
39 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 上柱國
40 10 tài very / extremely 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
41 10 jūn army / military 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
42 10 zhì to / until 比拔高速至揚州
43 10 also / too 禮與其奢也寧儉
44 10 líng mound / hill / mountain 改葬興陵
45 10 to take / to get / to fetch 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
46 9 xiān first 敵先據之
47 9 huò or / either / else 或欲先定河北
48 9 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 接百官以禮
49 9 this / these 此與外宮禮上後謁諸神廟無異
50 9 to give / to bestow favors 賜名允迪
51 9 to aid / to assist / to help 既而宗弼追宋主
52 9 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 宋張浚兵取陝西
53 9 zhōu a state / a province 降滑州
54 8 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
55 8 zhū all / many / various 分遣諸將伐宋
56 8 zhǔ owner 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
57 8 wàn ten thousand 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
58 8 hái also / in addition / more 留大軍夾河屯田而還
59 8 day of the month / a certain day 日勉學問
60 8 Germany 取開德府
61 8 shì to attend on 不須侍食
62 8 hui to conceal 景宣帝諱宗峻
63 8 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 宋主乃貶去帝號
64 8 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 立為皇太子
65 8 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
66 8 wèn to ask 百官承詔具箋問起居
67 8 èr two 天會二年薨
68 8 liù six 天輔六年
69 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
70 8 zòu to present / to offer 奏曰
71 7 to enter 入於杭州
72 7 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 詔東宮三師對皇太子稱名
73 7 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月
74 7 wǎng to go (in a direction) 帝往閱實之
75 7 xià next 下射
76 7 to stand 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
77 7 gōng a palace 此與外宮禮上後謁諸神廟無異
78 7 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 帝與宗翰等擊走之
79 7 to go 宋主乃貶去帝號
80 7 rén person / people / a human being 人望而畏之
81 7 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi 或欲先平陝西
82 7 you / thou 汝體羸弱
83 7 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當並力攻取
84 7 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受金牌
85 7 wén to hear 聞宋主在揚州
86 7 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 宋主奉表請和
87 7 to slash 子合剌
88 7 chéng a city / a town 西京城南有浮圖
89 7 child / son 太祖第二子
90 7 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 分遣諸將伐宋
91 7 xiè to thank 帝上表謝
92 7 jiàn to see 入見
93 7 to join / to combine 帝別領合紮猛安
94 6 one 希尹中以一人往
95 6 xiǎng to enjoy 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
96 6 wèi to call 世守謂之曰
97 6 such as / for example / for instance 百官問起居如前
98 6 big / great / huge / large / major 大定上尊諡
99 6 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月壬寅
100 6 wàng to gaze / to look towards 人望而畏之
101 6 zhèn I / we 朕將擇而處之
102 6 huá Chinese 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
103 6 wèi position / location / place 勿以儲位生驕慢
104 6 zuǒ left 帝為左副元帥
105 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
106 6 to criticize 河東諸將議不決
107 6 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 分遣諸將伐宋
108 6 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 太常丞張子羽
109 6 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
110 6 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 耿守忠救西京
111 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故分西師合於東軍
112 6 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
113 6 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
114 6 mìng life 非有召命
115 6 yòng to use / to apply 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
116 6 lái to come 而宗翰來會於濮
117 6 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖第二子
118 6 chēng to call / to address 咸稱平允
119 6 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 帝攝行祀事
120 6 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 卿友于兄弟
121 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 宋主奉表請和
122 6 上京 shàngjīng Shangjing 世宗將幸上京
123 6 to help / to assist 天輔五年
124 5 cóng from 從至中都
125 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 是年十月甲申
126 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使拔高速等襲宋主於揚州
127 5 fán ordinary / common 凡六合戰
128 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 何不屏去左右漢官
129 5 gān dry 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
130 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 追上今諱
131 5 to prevail 既克中京
132 5 desire 或欲先定河北
133 5 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是
134 5 dōu all 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
135 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 移剌古破宋台宗雋
136 5 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 從至中都
137 5 to associate with / be near 比拔高速至揚州
138 5 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 令輔太子讀書
139 5 otherwise / but / however 則西京可下
140 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 起為左諭德
141 5 píng flat / level / smooth 咸稱平允
142 5 tǒng to unify 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
143 5 qīng minister / high officer 卿等其戮力焉
144 5 five 天輔五年
145 5 bīng soldier / troops 駐兵燕京
146 5 jīn gold 皇太子鹵簿乘金路
147 5 sān three 帝進兵降甘泉等三堡
148 5 duì to / toward 詔東宮三師對皇太子稱名
149 5 還都 huán dū move the capital 世宗行自西京還都
150 5 to congratulate 百官賀于承華殿
151 5 sōng to loosen / to relax 世宗聞儒者鄭松賢
152 5 qīn relatives 行親迎禮
153 5 起居 qǐjū everyday life 百官承詔具箋問起居
154 5 bìng and / furthermore / also 當並力攻取
155 5 no 而民間無錢
156 5 yān where / how 卿等其戮力焉
157 5 to sacrifice to / to worship 祭享
158 5 to visit 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
159 5 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 其具前代典禮以聞
160 5 河北 héběi Hebei 帝發自河北
161 4 final particle 前夕已渡江矣
162 4 shì room / bedroom 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
163 4 book / volume 禮官議受冊謁謝太廟
164 4 míng measure word for people 宋忠軍五萬於大名
165 4 to reply / to answer 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
166 4 明德 míngdé highest virtue / illustrious virtue 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
167 4 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 熙宗即位
168 4 rate / frequency 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
169 4 qián money / currency 錢難最苦
170 4 xuān to declare / to announce 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
171 4 gài a lid / top / cover 此蓋出於武后
172 4 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 朕於親親之道未嘗不篤
173 4 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
174 4 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 大冊與三歲祫享當用古禮為是
175 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
176 4 jǐng sunlight 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
177 4 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願罷行
178 4 xiàn to offer / to present 行亞獻禮
179 4 yàn a feast / a banquet 賜宴于仁政殿
180 4 dìng to decide 大定上尊諡
181 4 suì age 皇統六年丙寅歲生
182 4 to cry / to weep / to wail 命婦及侍衛皆會哭
183 4 海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing 海陵弑立
184 4 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 員外郎李山削一階
185 4 měi each / every 每出獵獲鹿
186 4 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 二年四月己卯
187 4 inside / interior 本諱訛裏朵
188 4 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 睿宗
189 4 miǎn to spare 詔免朝參
190 4 yīn because 因奏曰
191 4 clothes / dress / garment 帝嘗顧松使取服帶
192 4 shī teacher 帝率師擊破之
193 4 sufficient / enough 何足為法
194 4 huáng royal / imperial 皇統六年
195 4 皇后 huánghòu an empress 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
196 4 zūn to honor / to respect 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
197 4 Li 知鎮戎軍李彥琦以城降
198 4 can / may / permissible 則西京可下
199 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分遣諸將伐宋
200 4 to attack by surprise 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
201 4 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
202 4 to take / to receive / to accept 納妃徒單氏
203 4 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月庚子
204 4 de potential marker 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
205 4 猛安 měngān meng'an mouke 帝別領合紮猛安
206 4 liè to hunt 曹王惟功獵於保州
207 4 liáo Liaoning 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
208 4 dōng east 降熙宗為東昏王
209 4 shí food / food and drink 不須侍食
210 4 顯宗 xiǎnzōng Xianzong 顯宗
211 4 apprentice / disciple 納妃徒單氏
212 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
213 4 an official institution / a state bureau 太宗居黃龍府
214 4 shí time / a period of time 時東作方興
215 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
216 4 to attain / to reach 已達上京
217 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令輔太子讀書
218 4 a river / a stream 留大軍夾河屯田而還
219 4 mother 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
220 4 jìn to enter 進冀國王
221 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 燕閑觀書
222 4 shè to absorb / to assimilate 帝攝行祀事
223 4 shū book 密書以誘契丹
224 4 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 下射
225 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 帝與兄宗幹率宗室群臣立太宗
226 4 rén a kernel / a pit 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
227 4 nán south 西京城南有浮圖
228 4 wéi only / solely / alone 隋王惟功從行
229 4 hòu thick 孝友謹厚
230 4 běn measure word for books 本諱繩果
231 4 lín to face / to overlook 徙居瓊林苑臨芳殿調治
232 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留大軍夾河屯田而還
233 4 to open 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
234 3 again / more / repeatedly 世宗複熙宗廟諡
235 3 皇族 huángzú the imperial family / royal kin 皇族百官皆與
236 3 cháng to taste 帝嘗顧松使取服帶
237 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 取保川城
238 3 二十 èrshí twenty 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
239 3 liáng cool / cold 獨就涼地
240 3 zàng to bury the dead 比葬
241 3 gǎo to shine / to be high 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
242 3 Luò Luo River 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
243 3 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 太祖崩
244 3 fēng to seal / to close off 改封許王
245 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 員外郎李山削一階
246 3 帝號 dìhào title of an emperor 宋主乃貶去帝號
247 3 fēi an imperial concubine 納妃徒單氏
248 3 gǎi to change / to alter 改封許王
249 3 lóu to wear 婁室所下陝西城邑輒叛
250 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 耿守忠救西京
251 3 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 帝往閱實之
252 3 yuè month 是月
253 3 meaning / sense 義可見矣
254 3 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 帝問民間何所苦
255 3 shǐ history 右丞蘇保衡雖漢人不通經史
256 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 改葬興陵
257 3 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
258 3 do not 勿以儲位生驕慢
259 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
260 3 yán to speak / to say / said 參政石琚通經史而不言
261 3 shēn deep 深懷謙抑
262 3 juàn be tired of, weary 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
263 3 zàn to praise 贊善及侍從官
264 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 其遣使
265 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 帝為右副元帥
266 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝改容稱善
267 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
268 3 dàn but / yet / however 臣但答揖
269 3 tiān day 天輔五年
270 3 cháo to face 與宗翰俱朝京師
271 3 yòu right / right-hand 帝為右副元帥
272 3 shòu old age / long life 太子太保壽王爽啟曰
273 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
274 3 qián front 前討宋
275 3 a human or animal body 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
276 3 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 諸子皆總戎旅
277 3 bitterness / bitter flavor 帝問民間何所苦
278 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 初諱宗輔
279 3 dān bill / slip of paper / form 納妃徒單氏
280 3 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 將授太子冊寶
281 3 hōng to die 天會二年薨
282 3 追上 zhuīshàng to overtake 追上尊諡曰景宣皇帝
283 3 tīng to listen 伏望天慈聽臣答拜
284 3 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
285 3 dào to rob / to steal 梁檀兒盜金銀葉
286 3 jiā to add 以此加敬耳
287 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 歲以為常
288 3 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 母曰明德皇后烏林答氏
289 3 zhā to pierce 帝別領合紮猛安
290 3 to drink 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
291 3 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 明日再破之
292 3 to cut down 分遣諸將伐宋
293 3 shí real / true 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
294 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時東作方興
295 3 有事 yǒushì to be occupied with something / to have something on one's mind / there is something the matter 有事於圓丘
296 3 kūn kun / the second of the Eight Trigrams 改葬明德皇后于坤厚陵
297 3 Jīng Jing 遂下涇
298 3 jiǔ old 願事陛下久
299 3 kuò to enclose / to include 母曰聖穆皇后唐括氏
300 3 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
301 3 hǎo good 好施惠
302 3 what / where / which 何足為法
303 3 to scatter / to disperse 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
304 3 中京 zhōngjīng Zhongjing 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
305 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 移剌古破宋台宗雋
306 3 鹵簿 lǔbù imperial guard 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
307 3 zuò to do 時東作方興
308 3 改葬 gǎizàng to change a burial place 改葬興陵
309 3 jīng Beijing 京朝官遇朔望具朝服問侯
310 3 sūn Sun 詔妃徒單氏及諸皇孫喪服並如漢制
311 3 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 撒離喝破德順軍靜邊寨
312 3 dào way / road / path 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
313 3 jiù old / ancient 詳閱舊典
314 3 liǎng two 兩軍並進
315 3 shuò first day of the lunar month 二十五年正月乙酉朔
316 3 Asia 行亞獻禮
317 3 fèng to offer / to present 宋主奉表請和
318 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 儀注備儀仗告太廟
319 3 shén what 甚無謂也
320 3 to pay respects 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
321 3 zhào Zhao 承詔與趙王惟中
322 3 yuán source / origin 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
323 3 守道 shǒudào to practice 左丞守道曰
324 3 乙酉 yǐYǒu twenty-second year B10 of the 60 year cycle 乙酉
325 3 beard / mustache 本諱胡土瓦
326 3 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
327 3 巡幸 xún xìng to go on an inspection tour 今巡幸或能留一二年
328 3 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 聞宋主在揚州
329 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 士卒多傷
330 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 非有召命
331 3 suī although / even though 右丞蘇保衡雖漢人不通經史
332 3 廟號 miàohào temple name of a deceased emperor 廟號徽宗
333 3 於都 yúdōu Yudu 百官奉辭於都城之北
334 3 zāi exclamatory particle 甚哉
335 3 and 宋主奉表請和
336 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常勝
337 3 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 謁衍慶宮
338 3 horse 宋馬括兵二十萬至樂安
339 3 hòu after / later 此與外宮禮上後謁諸神廟無異
340 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 六年正月
341 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 不當輕易如此
342 3 chūn spring 帝如春水
343 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 以八月往陝西
344 3 diàn to pay respect 為位臨奠于行宮之南
345 3 bié do not / must not 帝別領合紮猛安
346 3 四方 sì fāng all sides 太祖征伐四方
347 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 遼主走陰山
348 3 hóng liberal / great 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
349 3 春節 chūnjié Spring Festival / Chinese New Year 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表賀萬春節
350 3 zhí straight 於是禮部郎中李邦直
351 3 to defend / to resist 世宗禦垂拱殿
352 3 zhèng upright / straight 正隆二年
353 3 xiào to be filial 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
354 3 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
355 3 ruì shrewd / astute / clever / keen / wise 陪葬睿陵
356 3 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
357 3 suddenly / abruptly 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
358 3 idea 海陵一時率意行之
359 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 因引
360 3 dialect / language / speech 語在
361 2 五品 wǔpǐn five grades 世宗詔五品職事官謝見皇太子
362 2 responsibility / duty 陛下以明德皇后之故未嘗見責
363 2 liú Liu 而劉豫遂以濟南降
364 2 I / me / my 我向在東宮
365 2 一月 yīyuè January / the First Month 十年一月丁亥
366 2 左翼 zuǒyì left wing / left-wing politics 婁室為左翼
367 2 陛下 bì xià your majesty 願事陛下久
368 2 lǒng Gansu 宋秦鳳路都統制吳玠軍於隴州境上
369 2 eight 八年正月甲戌
370 2 chuān Sichuan 取保川城
371 2 residence / dwelling 太宗居黃龍府
372 2 第二 dì èr second 太祖第二子
373 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 朕留太尉
374 2 田獵 tiánliè to hunt 田獵觀稼
375 2 富平 fùpíng Fuping 步卒十二萬壁富平
376 2 yuán won / yuan 有事於圓丘
377 2 zhī to know 知鎮戎軍李彥琦以城降
378 2 刑名 xíngmíng criminal law 刑名最重
379 2 niè Nirvāṇa / Nibbāna / Nirvana 典食令涅合進粥
380 2 浮圖 fútú Buddha / Buddhist stupa 西京城南有浮圖
381 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇大風雪
382 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 盡得宋人江淮運致金幣在徐州官庫者
383 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 參政石琚通經史而不言
384 2 甲寅 jiǎyín 51st year A3 of the 60 year cycle 甲寅
385 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 有使者自山東還
386 2 蜘蛛 zhīzhū spider 有蜘蛛在粥碗中
387 2 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人
388 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 吾兒相別經夏
389 2 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 七月
390 2 kāi to open 取開德府
391 2 entirely / without exception 遂與杲俱襲遼主於鴛鴦濼
392 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 置官屬
393 2 guāng light 顯宗體道弘仁英文睿德光孝皇帝
394 2 jùn superior / outstanding / talented 移剌古破宋台宗雋
395 2 委曲 wěiqǔ sinuous / devious / full details of a story / to stoop 召都事委曲折正
396 2 shuǎng invigorating 太子太保壽王爽啟曰
397 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 遂止
398 2 four 四年九月
399 2 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 十一月甲午
400 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 降熙宗為東昏王
401 2 promptly / right away / immediately 今即守國
402 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 帝與宗翰等擊走之
403 2 to carve / to engrave 及刻座右銘於小玉碑
404 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢奉命
405 2 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 此見宰相師傅之禮也
406 2 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 二月庚申
407 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 並刻其碑陰
408 2 tile 敗宋經略使劉倪軍於瓦亭
409 2 四十 sì shí forty 安隴等城寨及鎮堡蕃漢營部四十餘
410 2 to beg / to request 乞流轉
411 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 冀州人乘夜出兵襲照裏營
412 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 翼日輒以疑字付儒臣校證
413 2 tǎo to seek 前討宋
414 2 hàn Han Chinese 安隴等城寨及鎮堡蕃漢營部四十餘
415 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 安福哥誘新降之民以叛
416 2 甲申 Jiǎ Shēn Jia Shen year 是年十月甲申
417 2 立德 lìdé establish in virtue 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
418 2 hemp / flax 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
419 2 qiū Confucius 有事於圓丘
420 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨就涼地
421 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 遂取東平及徐州
422 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 勿以儲位生驕慢
423 2 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 咸稱平允
424 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 命婦及侍衛皆會哭
425 2 móu to plan / to scheme 世宗聞德州防禦使胡剌謀叛
426 2 既而 jìér soon after 既而攻浮圖
427 2 ér son 吾兒相別經夏
428 2 jiē stairs / steps 員外郎李山削一階
429 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 願罷行
430 2 to salute / to bow 臣但答揖
431 2 dūn to be kind / to be cordial / to be sincere 庶惇親親友愛之道
432 2 己卯 jǐmǎo sixteenth year F4 of the 60 year cycle 二年四月己卯
433 2 西 The West 故分西師合於東軍
434 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 謂右丞相良弼
435 2 親王 qīnwáng a prince 親王及一品皇族皆北面拜伏
436 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年正月乙酉朔
437 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自日中至於昏暮
438 2 legal wife 宗峻在諸子中最嫡
439 2 precious 大賀鹵簿天子乘玉路
440 2 故事 gùshi narrative / story / tale 故事
441 2 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕在路
442 2 友愛 yǒu ài friendly affection 庶惇親親友愛之道
443 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
444 2 xìng gender 性寬恕
445 2 gōng merit 隋王惟功從行
446 2 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 典食令涅合進粥
447 2 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 六品以下官
448 2 Ge 遣子金源郡王麻達葛奉表問起居
449 2 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年
450 2 dōng winter 帝冬獵
451 2 gǎn bold / brave 曷敢輒去
452 2 以此 yǐcǐ hence 以此苦之
453 2 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 九月庚寅
454 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 錢難最苦
455 2 大房山 dàfáng shān Dafang Shan 改葬於大房山
456 2 already / since 既克中京
457 2 孝友 xiàoyǒu filial and brotherly 孝友謹厚
458 2 yǒu friend / companion 卿友于兄弟
459 2 to store 積石等州
460 2 發自 fàzì to evolve from 帝發自河間
461 2 yuán source / origin 宋涇原路統制張中孚
462 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
463 2 xíng punishment / penalty 刑于寡妻
464 2 níng peaceful 甯洮
465 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 皆望投老得力
466 2 a scholar 與諸儒臣講議于承華殿
467 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月
468 2 huì can / be able to 而宗翰來會於濮
469 2 乘馬 chéng mǎ to ride a horse 乘馬
470 2 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 諸子皆總戎旅
471 2 學問 xuéwèn learning / knowledge 日勉學問
472 2 gěi to give 其應從行者皆給道路費
473 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 世宗命避暑於草濼
474 2 běi north 百官奉辭於都城之北
475 2 níng Nanjing 禮與其奢也寧儉
476 2 Henan 而劉豫遂以濟南降
477 2 天性 tiānxìng nature / natural ability / innate tendency 帝天性仁厚
478 2 統制 tǒngzhì to control 宋涇原路統制張中孚
479 2 shí a rock / a stone 積石等州
480 2 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 詳閱舊典
481 2 bēi a stone tablet 及刻座右銘於小玉碑
482 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 南路軍帥鶻實答以贓敗
483 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
484 2 xià summer 吾兒相別經夏
485 2 speed 使拔高速等襲宋主於揚州
486 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 不忍刑殺
487 2 huò to reap / to harvest 獲宗雋
488 2 答拜 dábài to return a visit 伏望天慈聽臣答拜
489 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 右翼都統守弼招撫城邑之未下者
490 2 寬恕 kuānshù to forgive 性寬恕
491 2 自愛 zìài self-respect / self-love / self-regard 豈倦于兵而自愛邪
492 2 殿下 diàn xià your highness 殿下頗未熟本朝語
493 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 皇統六年丙寅歲生
494 2 clothes / clothing 世宗賜以襲衣良馬
495 2 慟哭 tòngkū to grieve and cry 中都百姓市門巷端為位慟哭
496 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 行親迎禮
497 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 世宗或幸東宮
498 2 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 睿宗立德顯仁啟聖廣運文武簡肅皇帝諱宗堯
499 2 勃極烈 bójíliè chief 忽魯勃極烈杲都統諸軍取中京
500 2 shàng still / yet / to value 尚誠實

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安福 ānfú Anfu
安西 Ānxī Anxi
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
Bīn Bin county
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
垂拱 chuígǒng Chuigong
春节 春節 chūnjié Spring Festival / Chinese New Year
大房山 dàfáng shān Dafang Shan
大名府 dàmíng fǔ Da Ming Prefecture
德州 dézhōu
  1. Dezhou
  2. Texas
定远 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东京 東京 Dōngjīng
  1. Tokyo
  2. Luoyang
  3. Dongjing Circuit
东平 東平 Dōngpíng Dongping
都监 都監 dūjiàn Executive
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
芳苑 fāngyuàn Fangyuan
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
凤翔 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang
富平 fùpíng Fuping
福兴 福興 fúxīng Fuhsing
甘泉 gānquán Ganquan
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
guī Gui
海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉人 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people
杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河间 河間 Héjiān Hejian
和政 hézhèng Hezheng
获鹿 獲鹿 huáilù Huolu
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
黄龙 黃龍 huánglóng
  1. Huanglong School
  2. yellow dragon
  3. Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
江北 jiāngběi
  1. Jiangbei
  2. Jiangbei airport
  3. Jiangbei
甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
经略使 經略使 jīnglüèshǐ Commissioner for Pacification
景宣帝 jǐngxuāndì Emperor Jingxuan
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
集贤 集賢 jíxián Jixian
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
lǒng Gansu
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
Lu River
Luò Luo River
洛水 Luòshuǐ Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
穆皇后 mù huánghòu Empress Mu / Empress Wu / Zhaolie
  1. Pu River
  2. Pu
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
秦凤路 秦鳳路 qínfèng lù Qinfeng Circuit
庆阳 慶陽 qìngyáng Qingyang
庆元 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
人乘 Rén Shèng The Human Vehicle
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
睿宗 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上京 shàngjīng Shangjing
尚书省 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
少府监 少府監 shǎofǔjiàn Directorate for Imperial Manufacturers
圣上 聖上 shèngshàng courtier's or minister's form of address for the current Emperor
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋真宗 Sòng Zhēnzōng Emperor Zhenzong of Song
Suí Sui Dynasty
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
唐高宗 Táng Gāo Zōng Emperor Gaozong of Tang
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
天平 Tiān Píng Tian Ping
天会 天會 tiānhuì
  1. Tianhui
  2. Tianhui
完颜 完顏 Wányán Wanyan clan
宗尧 宗堯 Wányán zōngyáo Wanyan Zongyao
wěi Wei
wèi Wei River
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武后 Wǔ Hòu Wu Zetian / Empress Wu / Wu Hou / Wu Zhao
乌古乃 烏古乃 wūgǔnǎi Wugunai
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
显宗 顯宗 xiǎnzōng Xianzong
辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year
西宁 西寧 Xīníng Xining
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
燕京 YānJīng Yanjing
瑤池 瑤池 Yáo Chí Jade Lake on Mount Kunlun
耀州 yàozhōu Yaozhou
阴山 陰山 yīnshān Yin mountains
原州 Yuán Zhōu Wonju
于都 於都 yúdōu Yudu
月支 Yuè Zhī Yuezhi / Rouzhi / Tokhara / Tokharian
允恭 yǔngōng Yungong
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
中京 zhōngjīng Zhongjing
宗峻 zōngjùn Zongjun

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English