Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Liang 《梁書》, 卷三十二 列傳第二十六 陳慶之 蘭欽 Volume 32: Chen Qingzhi; Lan Qin

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 54 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 陳慶之
2 32 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
3 25 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以慶之爲武威將軍
4 23 chéng a city / a town 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
5 22 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
6 19 zhòng many / all 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
7 19 hào bright / white 魏北海王元顥以本朝大亂
8 17 wáng Wang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
9 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 魏遣安豊王元延明
10 16 zhōu a state / a province 奔幷州
11 16 jǐng sunlight 成景儁率諸軍應接
12 16 rate / frequency 成景儁率諸軍應接
13 15 yuē to speak / to say 慶之曰
14 15 xīn dawn 第五子昕
15 14 jūn army / military 除宣猛將軍
16 14 bīng soldier / troops 觀兵近境
17 14 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破其前軍
18 14 to ride an animal or bicycle 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
19 13 rén person / people / a human being 義興國山人也
20 12 wàn ten thousand 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
21 12 jìn to enter 慶之進薄其壘
22 12 lái to come 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
23 11 qīn to respect / to admire 蘭欽
24 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 幼而隨從高祖
25 11 běi north 送元顥還北
26 11 to enter 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
27 10 zhū vermilion 開朱門而待賓
28 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 慶之欲逆戰
29 10 nián year 普通七年
30 10 hóu marquis / lord 賜爵關中侯
31 10 child / son 陳慶之字子雲
32 10 èr two 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
33 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 憲力屈遂降
34 9 zhào an imperial decree 便依明詔
35 9 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 憲力屈遂降
36 9 zhǔ owner 稍爲主書
37 9 tiān day 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
38 9 desire 慶之欲逆戰
39 9 jié festival / a special day 除慶之假節
40 9 chì an imperial decree 慶之別有密敕
41 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 顥進慶之衛將軍
42 8 míng bright / brilliant 魏遣安豊王元延明
43 8 zōng school / sect 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
44 8 Mu 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
45 8 extra / surplus / remainder 所餘九城
46 8 shí time / a period of time 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
47 8 děng et cetera / and so on 等輩皆倦寐
48 8 róng glory / honor 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
49 8 yuán to aid / to assist 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
50 8 gōng to attack / to assault 慶之攻之
51 7 lěi a rampart / a military wall 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
52 7 one 一鼓便潰
53 7 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 自拔來降
54 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 除奉朝請
55 7 yáng sun 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
56 7 zhōng middle 普通中
57 7 píng flat / level / smooth 從高祖東下平建鄴
58 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 邑一千五百戶
59 6 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 成景儁率諸軍應接
60 6 meaning / sense 義興國山人也
61 6 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑萬戶
62 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏遣安豊王元延明
63 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 及其未集
64 6 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
65 6 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
66 6 西 The West 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
67 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封府庫
68 6 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督緣淮諸軍事
69 6 bēn to run fast / to flee 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
70 6 lüè plan / strategy 斬獲略盡
71 6 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
72 6 qián front 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
73 6 horse 慶之乃解鞍秣馬
74 6 big / great / huge / large / major 須虜大合
75 6 eddy / whirlpool 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
76 6 liáng a bridge 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
77 5 four 陷其四壘
78 5 to calculate / to compute / to count 仲宗壯其計
79 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂圍懸瓠
80 5 zhèn town 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
81 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守備嚴固
82 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 諸君若疑惑
83 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改元大赦
84 5 zhī to know 總知軍事
85 5 huái Huai River 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
86 5 to supervise 前軍大都督
87 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 尒朱世隆棄城走
88 5 seven 普通七年
89 5 hào number 勒衆號百萬
90 5 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 慶之乃斬關夜退
91 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 授慶之使持節
92 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷其四壘
93 5 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲略盡
94 5 xuān to declare / to announce 除宣猛將軍
95 5 héng to weigh 都督衡州三郡兵
96 5 lǐng neck 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
97 5 chén Chen 陳慶之
98 5 shǔ to count 數十百戰
99 5 shì matter / thing / item 今日之事
100 5 shuǐ water 渦水咽流
101 5 jià vacation 除慶之假節
102 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 復安陸郡
103 5 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 慶之乃斬關夜退
104 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 善克令終
105 5 shí ten 數十百戰
106 5 night 每從夜達旦不輟
107 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
108 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 魏人震恐
109 5 yòu right / right-hand 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
110 5 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 鐘離太守單希寶見害
111 5 secret / hidden / confidential 慶之別有密敕
112 5 qiān one thousand 千兵萬馬避白袍
113 5 zhù to build / to construct 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
114 5 lín to face / to overlook 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
115 5 yáng Yang 魏左僕射楊昱
116 5 yún cloud 陳慶之字子雲
117 5 chí to grasp / to hold 與魏軍相持
118 5 zhí straight 轉東宮直閤
119 5 nán south 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
120 5 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 臣與慶之自能擒討
121 4 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 魏遣安豊王元延明
122 4 to vomit / to throw up 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
123 4 xiàn county 發自銍縣
124 4 district / county 增邑萬戶
125 4 to open 宜啓天子
126 4 to capture / to imprison / to seize 且聞虜所據營
127 4 to die 軍人死散
128 4 qiú to request 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
129 4 qīng light / not heavy 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
130 4 soil / ground / land 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
131 4 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 贈散騎常侍
132 4 dān bill / slip of paper / form 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
133 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
134 4 zéi thief 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
135 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其數極多
136 4 láo secure 據虎牢
137 4 wén to hear 聞呼卽至
138 4 xióng manly 豫州刺史堯雄
139 4 yīn cloudy / overcast 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
140 4 zuǒ left 魏左僕射楊昱
141 4 xíng to walk / to move 間行至豫州
142 4 xiān first 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
143 4 zhòng middle brother 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
144 4 shòu to teach 授慶之使持節
145 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
146 4 shì to attend on 顥以慶之爲侍中
147 4 táo peach 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
148 4 ér son 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
149 4 to ferry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
150 4 zhì to place / to lay out 吾聞置兵死地
151 4 tǎo to seek 臣與慶之自能擒討
152 4 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通元年
153 4 sòng Song dynasty
154 4 bàng a stick / a club / a cudgel 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
155 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今遠來至此
156 4 shū book 稍爲主書
157 4 power / force / strength 憲力屈遂降
158 4 néng can / able 諸將莫能制止
159 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 已自難制
160 4 suí to follow 慶之隨方掩襲
161 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
162 4 to go / to visit / to attend 進赴虎牢
163 4 qiáng strong / powerful 兵旣精強
164 4 zhèn wave / spate / burst / spell / short period of time 俄而魏陣外合
165 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
166 3 cháo to face 除奉朝請
167 3 龍牙 lóngyá dragon tooth 與胡龍牙
168 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 乃表高祖曰
169 3 é Russia 俄而魏陣外合
170 3 大千 dà qiān trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu / a great chiliocosm / trichiliocosm / the cosmos 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
171 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃說顥曰
172 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 一鼓悉使登城
173 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
174 3 rén a kernel / a pit 李叔仁又率衆四萬
175 3 to assemble / to meet together 散財聚士
176 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 義興魚天湣逾堞而入
177 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 射不穿札
178 3 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
179 3 dìng to decide 扶危定難
180 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 不如勿擊
181 3 gōng merit 不足爲功
182 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 據滎陽拒顥
183 3 to arise / to get up 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
184 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵關中侯
185 3 yún cloud 揚州刺史是云寶於溱水
186 3 quán perfect 軍士得全
187 3 father 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
188 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 一鼓便潰
189 3 letter / symbol / character 陳慶之字子雲
190 3 xīn heart 諸軍並無鬭心
191 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 絕賓貢之禮
192 3 shǒu hand 賜慶之手詔曰
193 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 慶之欲逆戰
194 3 wài outside 俄而魏陣外合
195 3 lóng dragon 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
196 3 sān three 三日中十有一戰
197 3 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 名師大將莫自牢
198 3 wèi to call 謂君遽取富貴
199 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收滎陽儲實
200 3 yòng to use / to apply 且資慶之之力用
201 3 zhàng weapons 糜費糧仗
202 3 shì a generation 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
203 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 降城中男女三萬餘口
204 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 兄子寶樂
205 3 元子攸 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou 魏主元子攸懼
206 3 攻陷 gōngxiàn to overcome / to take (a fortress) / to fall (to an attack) / to surrender 攻陷其城
207 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善克令終
208 3 to think over / to consider 慮慶之密啓
209 3 lán Lan 蘭欽
210 3 day of the month / a certain day 顥據洛陽六十五日
211 3 to allow / to permit 詔許焉
212 3 bái white 慶之麾下悉著白袍
213 3 jiàn to see 甚見親賞
214 3 huī a signal flag 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
215 3 piào a white horse 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
216 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 慶之渡河守北中郎城
217 3 dōng east 從高祖東下平建鄴
218 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成景儁率諸軍應接
219 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散財聚士
220 3 不出 bùchū not transcending 陳慶之兵不出數千
221 3 wēi power / might / prestige 今將軍威震中原
222 3 qīng minister / high officer 卿可以策制之
223 3 luò Luo 洛下南人不出一萬
224 3 gāo high / tall 功高不賞
225 3 kuì a flooding river 一鼓便潰
226 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 河南一時已定
227 3 to stand 求立爲魏主
228 3 xiàn to offer / to present 張獻攻圍南鄭
229 3 shào to continue / to carry on 魏遣都督董紹
230 3 yuǎn far / distant 魏人遠來
231 3 bèi back [of the body] 仲宗等恐腹背受敵
232 3 a drum 一鼓便潰
233 3 Li 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
234 3 前軍 qián jūn advance army 前軍至駝澗
235 3 tiger 據虎牢
236 3 ministry / department 悉須部送
237 3 sēng a monk 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
238 3 梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou 梁州刺史司馬恭於楚城
239 3 kāi to open 開朱門而待賓
240 3 a ceremonial vessel 魏遣安豊王元延明
241 3 different / other 詣鴻臚卿朱异
242 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
243 3 to go 去渦陽四十里
244 3 suì age 涉歷一歲
245 3 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 魏左僕射楊昱
246 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
247 3 huì can / be able to 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
248 2 móu to plan / to scheme 謀欲退師
249 2 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 奮武將軍
250 2 主帥 zhǔshuài a chief commander 文德主帥
251 2 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
252 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
253 2 guāng light 左光祿大夫
254 2 xiào school 寶樂求單騎校戰
255 2 tune / song 令昕收集部曲
256 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
257 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 傷殺甚衆
258 2 liù six 列傳第二十六
259 2 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及下渚
260 2 南人 nánrén Nanren 有南人沒此者
261 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
262 2 hài to injure / to harm to 鐘離太守單希寶見害
263 2 zèng to give a present 贈散騎常侍
264 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言多忌刻
265 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇賊被擒
266 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 散財聚士
267 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
268 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 慶之率騎三千背城逆戰
269 2 hair 發自銍縣
270 2 shī teacher 師老氣衰
271 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 可深思奇略
272 2 to reach 及未盡至前
273 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 甚見親賞
274 2 羽林 yǔlín an armed escort 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
275 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 須預爲其策
276 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 守備嚴固
277 2 shǒu head 傳其首
278 2 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou 經廣州
279 2 思念 sīniàn to think of / to long for / to miss 別將范思念
280 2 Germany 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
281 2 hǎo good 高祖性好棊
282 2 yòu immature / young 幼而隨從高祖
283 2 jīng to go through / to experience 經南鄭
284 2 qiū Confucius 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
285 2 shù tree 安西將軍元樹出征壽春
286 2 chéng to fill 林木甚盛
287 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 轉東宮直閤
288 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
289 2 luó Luo 破容羅溪
290 2 Shandong 騎將魯安領夏州步騎九千
291 2 jiā to add 不宜更復加兵
292 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 欲往彭城
293 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 開朱門而待賓
294 2 河南 hénán Henan 河南一時已定
295 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉東宮直閤
296 2 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu 遂圍懸瓠
297 2 to join / to combine 轉東宮直閤
298 2 miǎn to spare 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
299 2 to take / to get / to fetch 慶之請獨取之
300 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 屯據陟
301 2 a river / a stream 聲動河塞
302 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 未及述職
303 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 善克令終
304 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 獲租車七千八百兩
305 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 且聞虜所據營
306 2 xià summer 右衛夏侯夔等赴援
307 2 Yi 自貽屠膾
308 2 beard / mustache 與胡龍牙
309 2 zhí office / post 未及述職
310 2 zhèn to shake / to shock 魏人震恐
311 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必無不敗之理
312 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 吾以虜騎不可爭力平原
313 2 老生 lǎoshēng venerable middle-aged or elderly man 王老生
314 2 dàn dawn 每從夜達旦不輟
315 2 bǎi one hundred 數十百戰
316 2 father's elder brother / uncle 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
317 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 主上以洛陽之地全相任委
318 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 降城中男女三萬餘口
319 2 banner / flag 望旗歸款
320 2 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng 據渦陽城
321 2 páo long gown / robe / cloak 慶之麾下悉著白袍
322 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 顥由是致疑
323 2 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 自貽屠膾
324 2 chuán to transmit 傳其首
325 2 martial / military 武都公
326 2 tóng like / same / similar 外同內異
327 2 xiū to rest 壯士東陽宋景休
328 2 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang 討桂陽
329 2 qiáo a drum tower 北譙太守
330 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 侯景圍歷陽
331 2 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通中
332 2 to gather / to collect 及其未集
333 2 zhāo illustrious 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
334 2 shí real / true 實爲不少
335 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 與戰若捷
336 2 hòu after / later 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
337 2 to beg / to request 渦陽城主王緯乞降
338 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 軍士得全
339 2 kòu bandit / thieve 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
340 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 榮親自來追
341 2 xìng gender 高祖性好棊
342 2 yǒng brave / courageous 飆勇將軍
343 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分築九城以相拒
344 2 shí a rock / a stone 濟自硤石
345 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 會衡州刺史元慶和爲桂陽人嚴容所圍
346 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 鼓吹一部
347 2 文德 wéndé Wende 文德主帥
348 2 dòng to move / to act 動轉聽人
349 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 破其大都督劉屬衆二十萬
350 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結陣東反
351 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 敕遣助防義陽
352 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 仍率軍二千
353 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武都公
354 2 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 慶之乃落鬚髮爲沙門
355 2 huī bright / radiant 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
356 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日犯者
357 2 a period of time / phase / stage 猶依期而下
358 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 慶之隨方掩襲
359 2 mán Man people 始興叛蠻
360 2 cáo Cao 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
361 2 zhì matter / material / substance 王質水軍輕弱
362 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵關中侯
363 2 to die
364 2 yáo Yao 豫州刺史堯雄
365 2 to defend / to resist 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
366 2 liǎng two 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
367 2 一部 yībù radical one 鼓吹一部
368 2 猛將 měngjiàng fierce general / valiant military leader 除宣猛將軍
369 2 zhì a sickle 發自銍縣
370 2 fán ordinary / common 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
371 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 必不見疑
372 2 liú Liu 時有劉助者
373 2 disease / sickness / ailment 於路遇疾
374 2 Henan 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
375 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 爲邵陵王常侍
376 2 九城 Jiǔchéng the capital 所餘九城
377 2 to attack by surprise 慶之隨方掩襲
378 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 車騎大將軍
379 2 qín Shaanxi 北秦
380 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
381 2 gǎn bold / brave 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
382 2 zhù to help / to assist 時有劉助者
383 2 bright light / sunlight 魏左僕射楊昱
384 2 valley / gorge / ravine 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
385 2 nèi inside / interior 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
386 2 gōng a palace 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
387 2 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 仍趨大梁
388 2 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同二年
389 2 diāo artful / wicked 刁宣
390 2 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
391 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
392 2 tíng to stop / to halt 高祖遂詔衆軍皆停界首
393 2 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
394 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第三十二
395 2 jiā excellent 高祖嘉焉
396 2 guān an office 以疾不之官
397 2 business / industry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
398 2 can / may / permissible 乃可求生
399 2 guī to go back / to return 望旗歸款
400 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 並勒諸州
401 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大通元年
402 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 已自難制
403 2 to prevail 善克令終
404 2 to join / to combine 須虜大合
405 2 十二 shí èr twelve 梁書卷第三十二
406 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 將背朝恩
407 2 huái bosom / breast 封安懷縣男
408 2 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng 經南鄭
409 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
410 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 斬獲略盡
411 2 gas / vapour / fumes 須挫其氣
412 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 天穆與十餘騎北渡河
413 2 yāo goblin / witch / devil / monster / demon 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
414 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 又破天漆蠻帥晚時得
415 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
416 2 jiù to save / to rescue 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
417 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
418 2 jué he / she / it 仍攻厥固
419 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻擬山城
420 2 an item 魏彭城守將楊目遣子孝邕率輕兵來援
421 2 七千 qī qiān seven thousand 獲租車七千八百兩
422 1 殺人 shārén to murder 君等殺人父兄
423 1 援兵 yuánbīng reinforcement 魏之援兵復欲築壘於軍後
424 1 chén Fifth Earthly Branch 曾未浹辰
425 1 法僧 fǎ sēng a monk who recites mantras 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
426 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 開朱門而待賓
427 1 平原 píngyuán field / plain 吾以虜騎不可爭力平原
428 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 揚聲名於竹帛
429 1 láo to toil 高祖每嘉勞之
430 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 魏北海王元顥以本朝大亂
431 1 四十七 sìshíqī 47 四十七戰
432 1 jiā house / home / residence 又非豪家
433 1 láng a minister / an official 慶之渡河守北中郎城
434 1 如故 rúgù like an old friend 餘並如故
435 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使告急
436 1 liè ardent / intense 光烈將軍
437 1 父兄 fùxiōng father and elder brother(s) / head of the family / patriarch 君等殺人父兄
438 1 to rent 獲租車七千八百兩
439 1 huān happy / pleased / glad 榮長史高歡
440 1 其三 qísān third / number three of the above 陷其三壘
441 1 to drag 魏人掎角作十三城
442 1 陽山 yángshān Yangshan 陽山
443 1 休息 xiūxi to rest 江湖諸州並得休息
444 1 楚州 chǔzhōu Chuzhou 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
445 1 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 顥大敗
446 1 天柱 tiānzhù pillars supporting heaven 魏天柱將軍尒朱榮
447 1 shēn to extend 自旦至申
448 1 人子 rénzǐ son of man 略人子女
449 1 法駕 fǎjià imperial carriage 備法駕
450 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 搖動百姓
451 1 十三 shísān thirteen 魏人掎角作十三城
452 1 zhuàng robust 仲宗壯其計
453 1 shào Shao 爲邵陵王常侍
454 1 yāo to invite / to welcome 景邀得之
455 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 聲動河塞
456 1 高山 gāoshān alpine 值蒿高山水洪溢
457 1 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋改授散騎常侍
458 1 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 前刺史南安侯密遣廚人置藥於食
459 1 a government official / a magistrate 吏民詣闕請立碑頌德
460 1 收集 shōují to gather / to collect 令昕收集部曲
461 1 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 別將曹龍牙數萬衆來援
462 1 nán male 封安懷縣男
463 1 jiàn farewell dinner / preserves 臨餞謂慶之曰
464 1 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 不爲國計
465 1 充實 chōngshí rich / substantial 倉廩充實
466 1 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋頗
467 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
468 1 cún to exist / to survive 義不圖存
469 1 遲疑 chíyí to hesitate 太宗遲疑累日不決
470 1 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 顥心憚之
471 1 xiōng elder brother 兄子寶樂
472 1 鮮卑 Xiānbēi Xianbei People 鮮卑
473 1 軍勢 jūnshì army strength / military prowess or potential 沮我軍勢
474 1 一九七三年 yījiǔqīsān nián 1973 一九七三年五月版
475 1 指麾 zhǐhuī to command 指麾分別
476 1 決戰 juézhàn a decisive battle 不宜決戰
477 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 採石急須重鎮
478 1 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang 壯士東陽宋景休
479 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子雲
480 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 必不見疑
481 1 名師 míngshī famous master / great teacher 名師大將莫自牢
482 1 fish 義興魚天湣逾堞而入
483 1 xuě snow 時大寒雪
484 1 疲倦 píjuàn tired 皆已疲倦
485 1 zhèng upright / straight 正須綏撫
486 1 zhòng heavy 景棄輜重走
487 1 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣鴻臚卿朱异
488 1 yuán source / origin 今將軍威震中原
489 1 kuài minced meat or fish 自貽屠膾
490 1 軍事 jūnshì military / military affairs 總知軍事
491 1 不少 bùshǎo not just a few 實爲不少
492 1 huàn dispersed / scattered 顥于渙水卽魏帝號
493 1 披靡 pīmǐ to be swept by the wind / to be blown about by the wind / to be routed (in battle etc) 所向披靡
494 1 搖動 yáodòng to shake / to sway 搖動百姓
495 1 fèng to offer / to present 除奉朝請
496 1 林木 línmù a forest / woods 林木甚盛
497 1 kuí kui / a one legged dragon 右衛夏侯夔等赴援
498 1 xiān an immortal 宋子仙爲信
499 1 轉運 zhuǎnyùn transportation / a transfer 停水陸轉運
500 1 千載一時 qiānzàiyīshí opportunities arise in rare moments in time 則千載一時也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 92 zhī him / her / them / that 陳慶之
2 54 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 陳慶之
3 32 wèi for / to 稍爲主書
4 32 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
5 28 his / hers / its / theirs 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
6 25 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以慶之爲武威將軍
7 23 chéng a city / a town 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
8 22 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
9 22 zhì to / until 聞呼卽至
10 21 yuán monetary unit / dollar 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
11 20 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
12 19 zhòng many / all 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
13 19 hào bright / white 魏北海王元顥以本朝大亂
14 18 so as to / in order to 以慶之爲武威將軍
15 17 wáng Wang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
16 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 魏遣安豊王元延明
17 17 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 慶之乃斬關夜退
18 16 zhōu a state / a province 奔幷州
19 16 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 幼而隨從高祖
20 16 jǐng sunlight 成景儁率諸軍應接
21 16 rate / frequency 成景儁率諸軍應接
22 15 yuē to speak / to say 慶之曰
23 15 xīn dawn 第五子昕
24 14 jūn army / military 除宣猛將軍
25 14 bīng soldier / troops 觀兵近境
26 14 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破其前軍
27 14 yòu again / also 又非豪家
28 14 to ride an animal or bicycle 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
29 13 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 且聞虜所據營
30 13 rén person / people / a human being 義興國山人也
31 12 réng yet / still / as ever 仍率軍二千
32 12 wàn ten thousand 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
33 12 jìn to enter 慶之進薄其壘
34 12 in / at 魏之援兵復欲築壘於軍後
35 12 lái to come 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
36 11 qīn to respect / to admire 蘭欽
37 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 幼而隨從高祖
38 11 not / no 惟慶之不寢
39 11 běi north 送元顥還北
40 11 yǒu is / are / to exist 慶之別有密敕
41 11 to enter 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
42 11 and 與胡龍牙
43 10 zhū vermilion 開朱門而待賓
44 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 慶之欲逆戰
45 10 nián year 普通七年
46 10 hóu marquis / lord 賜爵關中侯
47 10 child / son 陳慶之字子雲
48 10 èr two 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
49 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 憲力屈遂降
50 9 zhào an imperial decree 便依明詔
51 9 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 憲力屈遂降
52 9 zhǔ owner 稍爲主書
53 9 tiān day 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
54 9 desire 慶之欲逆戰
55 9 naturally / of course / certainly 自春至冬
56 9 jié festival / a special day 除慶之假節
57 9 chú except / besides 除奉朝請
58 9 chì an imperial decree 慶之別有密敕
59 9 according to 屯據陟
60 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 顥進慶之衛將軍
61 8 míng bright / brilliant 魏遣安豊王元延明
62 8 zōng school / sect 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
63 8 Mu 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
64 8 extra / surplus / remainder 所餘九城
65 8 ěr thus / so / like that 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
66 8 shí time / a period of time 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
67 8 děng et cetera / and so on 等輩皆倦寐
68 8 róng glory / honor 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
69 8 yuán to aid / to assist 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
70 8 gōng to attack / to assault 慶之攻之
71 7 lěi a rampart / a military wall 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
72 7 xià next 從高祖東下平建鄴
73 7 necessary / must 須挫其氣
74 7 bìng and / furthermore / also 諸軍並無鬭心
75 7 one 一鼓便潰
76 7 shì is / are / am / to be 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
77 7 again / more / repeatedly 魏之援兵復欲築壘於軍後
78 7 zhū all / many / various 諸將莫能制止
79 7 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 自拔來降
80 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 除奉朝請
81 7 already / de facto / since / then 去我旣遠
82 7 this / these 共來至此
83 7 yáng sun 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
84 7 de potential marker 軍士得全
85 7 zhōng middle 普通中
86 7 píng flat / level / smooth 從高祖東下平建鄴
87 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 等輩皆倦寐
88 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 邑一千五百戶
89 6 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 成景儁率諸軍應接
90 6 meaning / sense 義興國山人也
91 6 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑萬戶
92 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏遣安豊王元延明
93 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 及其未集
94 6 yān where / how 高祖嘉焉
95 6 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
96 6 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
97 6 西 The West 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
98 6 hái also / in addition / more
99 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封府庫
100 6 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督緣淮諸軍事
101 6 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
102 6 méi not have 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
103 6 bēn to run fast / to flee 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
104 6 lüè plan / strategy 斬獲略盡
105 6 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
106 6 bié do not / must not 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
107 6 qián front 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
108 6 horse 慶之乃解鞍秣馬
109 6 big / great / huge / large / major 須虜大合
110 6 eddy / whirlpool 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
111 6 liáng a bridge 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
112 6 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 邑一千五百戶
113 5 four 陷其四壘
114 5 to calculate / to compute / to count 仲宗壯其計
115 5 promptly / right away 聞呼卽至
116 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂圍懸瓠
117 5 zhèn town 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
118 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守備嚴固
119 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 諸君若疑惑
120 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改元大赦
121 5 zhī to know 總知軍事
122 5 gèng more / even more 方更連兵
123 5 huái Huai River 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
124 5 to supervise 前軍大都督
125 5 chū to go out 出其不意
126 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
127 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 尒朱世隆棄城走
128 5 seven 普通七年
129 5 hào number 勒衆號百萬
130 5 no 諸軍並無鬭心
131 5 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 慶之乃斬關夜退
132 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 授慶之使持節
133 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷其四壘
134 5 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲略盡
135 5 xuān to declare / to announce 除宣猛將軍
136 5 héng to weigh 都督衡州三郡兵
137 5 lǐng neck 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
138 5 chén Chen 陳慶之
139 5 shǔ to count 數十百戰
140 5 shì matter / thing / item 今日之事
141 5 shuǐ water 渦水咽流
142 5 jià vacation 除慶之假節
143 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 復安陸郡
144 5 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 慶之乃斬關夜退
145 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 善克令終
146 5 shí ten 數十百戰
147 5 night 每從夜達旦不輟
148 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
149 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 魏人震恐
150 5 yòu right / right-hand 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
151 5 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 鐘離太守單希寶見害
152 5 secret / hidden / confidential 慶之別有密敕
153 5 qiān one thousand 千兵萬馬避白袍
154 5 zhù to build / to construct 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
155 5 lín to face / to overlook 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
156 5 yáng Yang 魏左僕射楊昱
157 5 yún cloud 陳慶之字子雲
158 5 chí to grasp / to hold 與魏軍相持
159 5 zhí straight 轉東宮直閤
160 5 nán south 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
161 5 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 臣與慶之自能擒討
162 4 yīn because 因固求之鎮
163 4 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 魏遣安豊王元延明
164 4 to vomit / to throw up 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
165 4 xiàn county 發自銍縣
166 4 district / county 增邑萬戶
167 4 to open 宜啓天子
168 4 to capture / to imprison / to seize 且聞虜所據營
169 4 to die 軍人死散
170 4 qiú to request 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
171 4 qīng light / not heavy 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
172 4 soil / ground / land 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
173 4 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 贈散騎常侍
174 4 dān bill / slip of paper / form 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
175 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
176 4 shén what 甚見親賞
177 4 zéi thief 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
178 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其數極多
179 4 láo secure 據虎牢
180 4 wén to hear 聞呼卽至
181 4 xióng manly 豫州刺史堯雄
182 4 yīn cloudy / overcast 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
183 4 zuǒ left 魏左僕射楊昱
184 4 xíng to walk / to move 間行至豫州
185 4 in / at 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
186 4 xiān first 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
187 4 already / afterwards 皆已疲倦
188 4 zhòng middle brother 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
189 4 shòu to teach 授慶之使持節
190 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
191 4 shì to attend on 顥以慶之爲侍中
192 4 táo peach 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
193 4 ér son 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
194 4 to ferry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
195 4 zhì to place / to lay out 吾聞置兵死地
196 4 tǎo to seek 臣與慶之自能擒討
197 4 also / too 義興國山人也
198 4 fēi not / non- / un- 本非將種
199 4 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通元年
200 4 sòng Song dynasty
201 4 cóng from 每從夜達旦不輟
202 4 bàng a stick / a club / a cudgel 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
203 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今遠來至此
204 4 shū book 稍爲主書
205 4 power / force / strength 憲力屈遂降
206 4 néng can / able 諸將莫能制止
207 4 大都 dàdōu generally 前軍大都督
208 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 已自難制
209 4 suí to follow 慶之隨方掩襲
210 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
211 4 to go / to visit / to attend 進赴虎牢
212 4 qiáng strong / powerful 兵旣精強
213 4 zhèn wave / spate / burst / spell / short period of time 俄而魏陣外合
214 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
215 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張龍
216 3 cháo to face 除奉朝請
217 3 龍牙 lóngyá dragon tooth 與胡龍牙
218 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 乃表高祖曰
219 3 é Russia 俄而魏陣外合
220 3 大千 dà qiān trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu / a great chiliocosm / trichiliocosm / the cosmos 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
221 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃說顥曰
222 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 一鼓悉使登城
223 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
224 3 rén a kernel / a pit 李叔仁又率衆四萬
225 3 to assemble / to meet together 散財聚士
226 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 義興魚天湣逾堞而入
227 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 射不穿札
228 3 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
229 3 dìng to decide 扶危定難
230 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 不如勿擊
231 3 gōng merit 不足爲功
232 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 據滎陽拒顥
233 3 to arise / to get up 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
234 3 how can it be that? 豈是欲立功名
235 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵關中侯
236 3 yún cloud 揚州刺史是云寶於溱水
237 3 quán perfect 軍士得全
238 3 father 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
239 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 一鼓便潰
240 3 letter / symbol / character 陳慶之字子雲
241 3 xīn heart 諸軍並無鬭心
242 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 絕賓貢之禮
243 3 shǒu hand 賜慶之手詔曰
244 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 慶之欲逆戰
245 3 wài outside 俄而魏陣外合
246 3 lóng dragon 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
247 3 sān three 三日中十有一戰
248 3 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 名師大將莫自牢
249 3 wèi to call 謂君遽取富貴
250 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收滎陽儲實
251 3 yòng to use / to apply 且資慶之之力用
252 3 zhàng weapons 糜費糧仗
253 3 shì a generation 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
254 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 降城中男女三萬餘口
255 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 兄子寶樂
256 3 元子攸 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou 魏主元子攸懼
257 3 攻陷 gōngxiàn to overcome / to take (a fortress) / to fall (to an attack) / to surrender 攻陷其城
258 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善克令終
259 3 to think over / to consider 慮慶之密啓
260 3 lán Lan 蘭欽
261 3 day of the month / a certain day 顥據洛陽六十五日
262 3 to allow / to permit 詔許焉
263 3 bái white 慶之麾下悉著白袍
264 3 jiàn to see 甚見親賞
265 3 huī a signal flag 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
266 3 piào a white horse 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
267 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 慶之渡河守北中郎城
268 3 dōng east 從高祖東下平建鄴
269 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成景儁率諸軍應接
270 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散財聚士
271 3 不出 bùchū not transcending 陳慶之兵不出數千
272 3 wēi power / might / prestige 今將軍威震中原
273 3 qīng minister / high officer 卿可以策制之
274 3 qiě moreover / also 且聞虜所據營
275 3 luò Luo 洛下南人不出一萬
276 3 gāo high / tall 功高不賞
277 3 kuì a flooding river 一鼓便潰
278 3 I 吾聞置兵死地
279 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 間行至豫州
280 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 河南一時已定
281 3 to stand 求立爲魏主
282 3 xiàn to offer / to present 張獻攻圍南鄭
283 3 shào to continue / to carry on 魏遣都督董紹
284 3 yuǎn far / distant 魏人遠來
285 3 bèi back [of the body] 仲宗等恐腹背受敵
286 3 a drum 一鼓便潰
287 3 Li 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
288 3 前軍 qián jūn advance army 前軍至駝澗
289 3 xiàng towards / to 所向披靡
290 3 tiger 據虎牢
291 3 ministry / department 悉須部送
292 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常思效用
293 3 sēng a monk 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
294 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 與戰若捷
295 3 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 今日犯者
296 3 梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou 梁州刺史司馬恭於楚城
297 3 kāi to open 開朱門而待賓
298 3 a ceremonial vessel 魏遣安豊王元延明
299 3 different / other 詣鴻臚卿朱异
300 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
301 3 I / me / my 沮我軍勢
302 3 to go 去渦陽四十里
303 3 suì age 涉歷一歲
304 3 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 魏左僕射楊昱
305 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
306 3 huì can / be able to 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
307 2 móu to plan / to scheme 謀欲退師
308 2 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 奮武將軍
309 2 主帥 zhǔshuài a chief commander 文德主帥
310 2 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
311 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
312 2 guāng light 左光祿大夫
313 2 xiào school 寶樂求單騎校戰
314 2 according to 便依明詔
315 2 tune / song 令昕收集部曲
316 2 以來 yǐlái since 吾至此以來
317 2 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 不宜更復加兵
318 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
319 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 傷殺甚衆
320 2 liù six 列傳第二十六
321 2 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及下渚
322 2 南人 nánrén Nanren 有南人沒此者
323 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
324 2 hài to injure / to harm to 鐘離太守單希寶見害
325 2 zèng to give a present 贈散騎常侍
326 2 shàng still / yet / to value 未伏尚多
327 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言多忌刻
328 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇賊被擒
329 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 散財聚士
330 2 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 獲馬千餘匹
331 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
332 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 慶之率騎三千背城逆戰
333 2 hair 發自銍縣
334 2 shī teacher 師老氣衰
335 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 可深思奇略
336 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
337 2 to reach 及未盡至前
338 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 甚見親賞
339 2 羽林 yǔlín an armed escort 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
340 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 須預爲其策
341 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 守備嚴固
342 2 in advance / beforehand 須預爲其策
343 2 shǒu head 傳其首
344 2 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou 經廣州
345 2 lián even 慶之乃還與諸將連營而進
346 2 思念 sīniàn to think of / to long for / to miss 別將范思念
347 2 Germany 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
348 2 hǎo good 高祖性好棊
349 2 qín diligently / industriously 妖賊王勤宗起於巴山郡
350 2 yòu immature / young 幼而隨從高祖
351 2 jīng to go through / to experience 經南鄭
352 2 qiū Confucius 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
353 2 shù tree 安西將軍元樹出征壽春
354 2 chéng to fill 林木甚盛
355 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 轉東宮直閤
356 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
357 2 luó Luo 破容羅溪
358 2 Shandong 騎將魯安領夏州步騎九千
359 2 jiā to add 不宜更復加兵
360 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 欲往彭城
361 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 開朱門而待賓
362 2 河南 hénán Henan 河南一時已定
363 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉東宮直閤
364 2 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu 遂圍懸瓠
365 2 to join / to combine 轉東宮直閤
366 2 miǎn to spare 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
367 2 to take / to get / to fetch 慶之請獨取之
368 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 屯據陟
369 2 a river / a stream 聲動河塞
370 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 未及述職
371 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 善克令終
372 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 獲租車七千八百兩
373 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 且聞虜所據營
374 2 xià summer 右衛夏侯夔等赴援
375 2 Yi 自貽屠膾
376 2 beard / mustache 與胡龍牙
377 2 zhí office / post 未及述職
378 2 zhèn to shake / to shock 魏人震恐
379 2 yīng should / ought 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
380 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必無不敗之理
381 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 吾以虜騎不可爭力平原
382 2 老生 lǎoshēng venerable middle-aged or elderly man 王老生
383 2 dàn dawn 每從夜達旦不輟
384 2 bǎi one hundred 數十百戰
385 2 father's elder brother / uncle 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
386 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 主上以洛陽之地全相任委
387 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 降城中男女三萬餘口
388 2 dōu all 武都公
389 2 banner / flag 望旗歸款
390 2 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng 據渦陽城
391 2 páo long gown / robe / cloak 慶之麾下悉著白袍
392 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 顥由是致疑
393 2 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 自貽屠膾
394 2 chuán to transmit 傳其首
395 2 martial / military 武都公
396 2 tóng like / same / similar 外同內異
397 2 extremely / very 其數極多
398 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 大通初
399 2 xiū to rest 壯士東陽宋景休
400 2 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang 討桂陽
401 2 qiáo a drum tower 北譙太守
402 2 and 刺史桓和陷沒
403 2 tái unit 又破行臺孫騰
404 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 侯景圍歷陽
405 2 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通中
406 2 to gather / to collect 及其未集
407 2 zhāo illustrious 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
408 2 shí real / true 實爲不少
409 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 與戰若捷
410 2 hòu after / later 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
411 2 to beg / to request 渦陽城主王緯乞降
412 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 軍士得全
413 2 kòu bandit / thieve 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
414 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 榮親自來追
415 2 xìng gender 高祖性好棊
416 2 yǒng brave / courageous 飆勇將軍
417 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分築九城以相拒
418 2 shí a rock / a stone 濟自硤石
419 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 會衡州刺史元慶和爲桂陽人嚴容所圍
420 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 鼓吹一部
421 2 文德 wéndé Wende 文德主帥
422 2 dòng to move / to act 動轉聽人
423 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 破其大都督劉屬衆二十萬
424 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結陣東反
425 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 敕遣助防義陽
426 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 仍率軍二千
427 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武都公
428 2 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 慶之乃落鬚髮爲沙門
429 2 huī bright / radiant 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
430 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日犯者
431 2 slightly / rather / quite 僧強頗知幻術
432 2 kuǎn section / paragraph / clause 望旗歸款
433 2 shāo a little / slightly 稍爲主書
434 2 a period of time / phase / stage 猶依期而下
435 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 慶之隨方掩襲
436 2 mán Man people 始興叛蠻
437 2 cáo Cao 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
438 2 zhì matter / material / substance 王質水軍輕弱
439 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵關中侯
440 2 to die
441 2 yáo Yao 豫州刺史堯雄
442 2 to defend / to resist 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
443 2 liǎng two 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
444 2 一部 yībù radical one 鼓吹一部
445 2 猛將 měngjiàng fierce general / valiant military leader 除宣猛將軍
446 2 zhì a sickle 發自銍縣
447 2 fán ordinary / common 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
448 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 必不見疑
449 2 liú Liu 時有劉助者
450 2 disease / sickness / ailment 於路遇疾
451 2 Henan 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
452 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 爲邵陵王常侍
453 2 九城 Jiǔchéng the capital 所餘九城
454 2 to attack by surprise 慶之隨方掩襲
455 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 車騎大將軍
456 2 qín Shaanxi 北秦
457 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
458 2 gǎn bold / brave 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
459 2 zhù to help / to assist 時有劉助者
460 2 bright light / sunlight 魏左僕射楊昱
461 2 valley / gorge / ravine 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
462 2 měi each / every 每從夜達旦不輟
463 2 nèi inside / interior 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
464 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 降城中男女三萬餘口
465 2 gōng a palace 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
466 2 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 仍趨大梁
467 2 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同二年
468 2 diāo artful / wicked 刁宣
469 2 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
470 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
471 2 tíng to stop / to halt 高祖遂詔衆軍皆停界首
472 2 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
473 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第三十二
474 2 jiā excellent 高祖嘉焉
475 2 gòng together 共來至此
476 2 guān an office 以疾不之官
477 2 business / industry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
478 2 can / may / permissible 乃可求生
479 2 guī to go back / to return 望旗歸款
480 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 並勒諸州
481 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大通元年
482 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 已自難制
483 2 yóu also / as if / still 兵甲猶盛
484 2 to prevail 善克令終
485 2 to join / to combine 須虜大合
486 2 十二 shí èr twelve 梁書卷第三十二
487 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 將背朝恩
488 2 huái bosom / breast 封安懷縣男
489 2 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng 經南鄭
490 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
491 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 斬獲略盡
492 2 gas / vapour / fumes 須挫其氣
493 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 天穆與十餘騎北渡河
494 2 yāo goblin / witch / devil / monster / demon 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
495 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 又破天漆蠻帥晚時得
496 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
497 2 jiù to save / to rescue 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
498 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
499 2 běn measure word for books 本非將種
500 2 jué he / she / it 仍攻厥固

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安陆 安陸 ānlù Anlu
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安西 Ānxī Anxi
巴山 bāshān Mt Ba
北海 Běi Hǎi Bohai Sea
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
陈文 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
楚州 chǔzhōu Chuzhou
大寒 Dà Hán Great Cold, 24th solar term
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
高桥 高橋 gāoqiáo Takahashi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
公事 gōngshì public affairs / official (matters, duties etc)
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
guì
  1. Guangxi
  2. cassia / cinnamon
  3. Gui
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
huái Huai River
淮上 Huáishàng Huaishang
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
建邺 建鄴 Jiànyè
  1. Jianye
  2. Jianye District
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
界首 jièshǒu Jieshou
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁书 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
临川 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
南安 nánān Nan'an
南人 nánrén Nanren
南郑 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
平南 píngnán Pingnan
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
qiāng
  1. Qiang [people]
  2. Qiang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
曲江 qǔjiāng Qujiang
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
芮芮 ruìruì Rouran
山城 shānchéng Shancheng
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
始兴 始興 shǐxīng Shixing
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
睢阳 睢陽 suīyáng Suiyang
太宗 Tài Zōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
托跋 tuōbá Tuoba
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏征 魏徵 Wèi Zhēng Wei Zheng
威远 威遠 wēiyuǎn Weiyuan
文德 wéndé Wende
武威 wǔwēi Wuwei
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
西魏 東魏 Xī Wèi Western Wei Dynasty / Western Wei of the Northern Dynasties
鲜卑 鮮卑 Xiānbēi Xianbei People
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
湘潭 xiāngtán Xiangtan
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
萧城 蕭城 xiāochéng Xiaocheng
夏州 xiàzhōu Xiazhou
兴县 興縣 xīngxiàn Xing county
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
悬瓠 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
阳山 陽山 yángshān Yangshan
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
yáo Yao
颍州 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou
yōng Yong / Nanning
元子攸 莊帝 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
zhēn Zhen River
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
溱水 zhēnshuǐ zhen river
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
钟离 鐘離 zhōnglí Zhongli
中卫 中衛 zhōngwèi Zhongwei

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English