Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Liang 《梁書》, 卷三十二 列傳第二十六 陳慶之 蘭欽 Volume 32: Chen Qingzhi; Lan Qin

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 54 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 陳慶之
2 32 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
3 25 chéng a city / a town 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
4 25 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以慶之爲武威將軍
5 22 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
6 19 hào bright / white 魏北海王元顥以本朝大亂
7 19 zhòng many / all 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
8 18 wáng Wang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
9 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 魏遣安豊王元延明
10 16 jǐng sunlight 成景儁率諸軍應接
11 16 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 成景儁率諸軍應接
12 16 zhōu a state / a province 奔幷州
13 15 xīn dawn 第五子昕
14 15 yuē to speak / to say 慶之曰
15 14 jūn army / military 除宣猛將軍
16 14 bīng soldier / troops 觀兵近境
17 14 to ride an animal or bicycle 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
18 14 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破其前軍
19 13 rén person / people / a human being 義興國山人也
20 12 jìn to enter 慶之進薄其壘
21 12 wàn ten thousand 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
22 12 lái to come 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
23 11 qīn to respect / to admire 蘭欽
24 11 to enter 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
25 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 幼而隨從高祖
26 10 nián year 普通七年
27 10 běi north 送元顥還北
28 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 慶之欲逆戰
29 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 憲力屈遂降
30 10 hóu marquis / lord 賜爵關中侯
31 10 èr two 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
32 10 zhū vermilion 開朱門而待賓
33 9 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 憲力屈遂降
34 9 jié festival / a special day 除慶之假節
35 9 zhǔ owner 稍爲主書
36 9 zhào an imperial decree 便依明詔
37 9 tiān day 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
38 9 desire 慶之欲逆戰
39 9 child / son 陳慶之字子雲
40 9 chì an imperial decree 慶之別有密敕
41 8 shí time / a point or period of time 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
42 8 extra / surplus / remainder 所餘九城
43 8 gōng to attack / to assault 慶之攻之
44 8 děng et cetera / and so on 等輩皆倦寐
45 8 róng glory / honor 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
46 8 zōng school / sect 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
47 8 míng bright / brilliant 魏遣安豊王元延明
48 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 顥進慶之衛將軍
49 8 Mu 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
50 7 lěi a rampart / a military wall 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
51 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 除奉朝請
52 7 yuán to aid / to assist 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
53 7 one 一鼓便潰
54 7 píng flat / level / smooth 從高祖東下平建鄴
55 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 邑一千五百戶
56 6 horse 慶之乃解鞍秣馬
57 6 meaning / sense 義興國山人也
58 6 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
59 6 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑萬戶
60 6 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
61 6 qián front 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
62 6 西 The West 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
63 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封府庫
64 6 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 成景儁率諸軍應接
65 6 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
66 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 及其未集
67 6 bēn to run fast / to flee 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
68 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏遣安豊王元延明
69 6 big / great / huge / large / major 須虜大合
70 6 lüè plan / strategy 斬獲略盡
71 6 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督緣淮諸軍事
72 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 進拔滎城
73 5 jià vacation 除慶之假節
74 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守備嚴固
75 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 復安陸郡
76 5 shì matter / thing / item 今日之事
77 5 lǐng neck 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
78 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 善克令終
79 5 secret / hidden / confidential 慶之別有密敕
80 5 shǔ to count 數十百戰
81 5 shuǐ water 渦水咽流
82 5 four 陷其四壘
83 5 xuān to declare / to announce 除宣猛將軍
84 5 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 鐘離太守單希寶見害
85 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 授慶之使持節
86 5 shí ten 數十百戰
87 5 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 臣與慶之自能擒討
88 5 night 每從夜達旦不輟
89 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 尒朱世隆棄城走
90 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂圍懸瓠
91 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 魏人震恐
92 5 héng to weigh 都督衡州三郡兵
93 5 to calculate / to compute / to count 仲宗壯其計
94 5 zhī to know 總知軍事
95 5 yòu right / right-hand 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
96 5 liáng a bridge 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
97 5 huái Huai River 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
98 5 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲略盡
99 5 zhí straight 轉東宮直閤
100 5 chén Chen 陳慶之
101 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
102 5 zhōng middle 普通中
103 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷其四壘
104 5 渦陽 wōyáng Guoyang 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
105 5 seven 普通七年
106 5 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 慶之乃斬關夜退
107 5 qiān one thousand 千兵萬馬避白袍
108 5 hào number 勒衆號百萬
109 5 yáng Yang 魏左僕射楊昱
110 5 zhèn town 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
111 5 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 慶之乃斬關夜退
112 5 to supervise 前軍大都督
113 5 yún cloud 陳慶之字子雲
114 5 zhù to build / to construct 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
115 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
116 4 yáng sun 罷義陽鎮兵
117 4 shòu to teach 授慶之使持節
118 4 to go / to visit / to attend 進赴虎牢
119 4 yīn cloudy / overcast 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
120 4 district / county 增邑萬戶
121 4 táo peach 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
122 4 qiú to request 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
123 4 to vomit / to throw up 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
124 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
125 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今遠來至此
126 4 to capture / to imprison / to seize 且聞虜所據營
127 4 nán south 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
128 4 ér son 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
129 4 soil / ground / land 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
130 4 lín to face / to overlook 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
131 4 shū book 稍爲主書
132 4 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通元年
133 4 zuǒ left 魏左僕射楊昱
134 4 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 俄而魏陣外合
135 4 néng can / able 諸將莫能制止
136 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
137 4 dān bill / slip of paper / form 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
138 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 已自難制
139 4 sòng Song dynasty
140 4 zhòng middle brother 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
141 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其數極多
142 4 to open 宜啓天子
143 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
144 4 zéi thief 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
145 4 láo secure 據虎牢
146 4 qīng light / not heavy 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
147 4 to die 軍人死散
148 4 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 贈散騎常侍
149 4 gǎi to change / to alter 宮衛嬪侍無改於常
150 4 power / force / strength 憲力屈遂降
151 4 bàng a stick / a club / a cudgel 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
152 4 tǎo to seek 臣與慶之自能擒討
153 4 qiáng strong / powerful 兵旣精強
154 4 xióng manly 豫州刺史堯雄
155 4 wài outside 俄而魏陣外合
156 4 zhì to place / to lay out 吾聞置兵死地
157 4 xiàn county 發自銍縣
158 4 chí to grasp / to hold 授慶之使持節
159 4 to ferry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
160 4 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 魏遣安豊王元延明
161 4 xíng to walk / to move 間行至豫州
162 4 xiān first 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
163 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 兄子寶樂
164 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵關中侯
165 3 tiger 據虎牢
166 3 to go 去渦陽四十里
167 3 piào a white horse 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
168 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成景儁率諸軍應接
169 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 慶之欲逆戰
170 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收滎陽儲實
171 3 龍牙 lóngyá dragon tooth 與胡龍牙
172 3 letter / symbol / character 陳慶之字子雲
173 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃說顥曰
174 3 different / other 詣鴻臚卿朱异
175 3 攻陷 gōngxiàn to overcome / to take (a fortress) / to fall (to an attack) / to surrender 攻陷其城
176 3 大千 dà qiān trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu / a great chiliocosm / trichiliocosm / the cosmos 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
177 3 bèi back [of the body] 仲宗等恐腹背受敵
178 3 不出 bùchū not transcending 陳慶之兵不出數千
179 3 yún cloud 揚州刺史是云寶於溱水
180 3 to think over / to consider 慮慶之密啓
181 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 乃表高祖曰
182 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散財聚士
183 3 wèi to call 謂君遽取富貴
184 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
185 3 shǒu hand 賜慶之手詔曰
186 3 ministry / department 悉須部送
187 3 huì can / be able to 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
188 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 據滎陽拒顥
189 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
190 3 jiàn to see 甚見親賞
191 3 前軍 qián jūn advance army 前軍至駝澗
192 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 義興魚天湣逾堞而入
193 3 wēi prestige / majesty 今將軍威震中原
194 3 sēng a monk 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
195 3 lóng dragon 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
196 3 to allow / to permit 詔許焉
197 3 day of the month / a certain day 顥據洛陽六十五日
198 3 yuǎn far / distant 魏人遠來
199 3 shào to continue / to carry on 魏遣都督董紹
200 3 wén to hear 聞呼卽至
201 3 suì age 涉歷一歲
202 3 a drum 一鼓便潰
203 3 qīng minister / high officer 卿可以策制之
204 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 不如勿擊
205 3 luò Luo 洛下南人不出一萬
206 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善克令終
207 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 降城中男女三萬餘口
208 3 zhàng weapons 糜費糧仗
209 3 suí to follow 慶之隨方掩襲
210 3 Li 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
211 3 kuì a flooding river 一鼓便潰
212 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 慶之渡河守北中郎城
213 3 sān three 三日中十有一戰
214 3 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 魏左僕射楊昱
215 3 to arise / to get up 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
216 3 xiàn to offer / to present 張獻攻圍南鄭
217 3 xīn heart 諸軍並無鬭心
218 3 shì a generation 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
219 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君等殺人父兄
220 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 一鼓悉使登城
221 3 lán Lan 蘭欽
222 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 絕賓貢之禮
223 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 一鼓便潰
224 3 dōng east 從高祖東下平建鄴
225 3 to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
226 3 yòng to use / to apply 且資慶之之力用
227 3 rén a kernel / a pit 李叔仁又率衆四萬
228 3 cháo to face 除奉朝請
229 3 梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou 梁州刺史司馬恭於楚城
230 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 射不穿札
231 3 dìng to decide 扶危定難
232 3 kāi to open 開朱門而待賓
233 3 a ceremonial vessel 魏遣安豊王元延明
234 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
235 3 quán perfect 軍士得全
236 3 to stand 求立爲魏主
237 3 to assemble / to meet together 散財聚士
238 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 河南一時已定
239 3 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 名師大將莫自牢
240 3 元子攸 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou 魏主元子攸懼
241 3 father 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
242 2 róng to hold / to contain 會衡州刺史元慶和爲桂陽人嚴容所圍
243 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大通元年
244 2 can / may / permissible 乃可求生
245 2 yǒng brave / courageous 飆勇將軍
246 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇賊被擒
247 2 fán ordinary / common 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
248 2 diāo artful / wicked 刁宣
249 2 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 屯據陟
250 2 bright light / sunlight 魏左僕射楊昱
251 2 dàn dawn 每從夜達旦不輟
252 2 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通中
253 2 yāo goblin / witch / devil / monster / demon 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
254 2 bái white 慶之麾下悉著白袍
255 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉東宮直閤
256 2 é Russia 俄爲臨川太守
257 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 未及述職
258 2 disease / sickness / ailment 於路遇疾
259 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
260 2 xiū to rest 壯士東陽宋景休
261 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 侯景圍歷陽
262 2 father's elder brother / uncle 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
263 2 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 慶之乃落鬚髮爲沙門
264 2 kòu bandit / thieve 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
265 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
266 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
267 2 to join / to combine 轉東宮直閤
268 2 yòu immature / young 幼而隨從高祖
269 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻擬山城
270 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 爲邵陵王常侍
271 2 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng 經南鄭
272 2 qiū Confucius 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
273 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 獲租車七千八百兩
274 2 qín Shaanxi 北秦
275 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必無不敗之理
276 2 tóng like / same / similar 外同內異
277 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 鼓吹一部
278 2 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及下渚
279 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 軍士得全
280 2 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 奮武將軍
281 2 文德 wéndé Wende 文德主帥
282 2 jiā to add 不宜更復加兵
283 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分築九城以相拒
284 2 一部 yībù radical one 鼓吹一部
285 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 善克令終
286 2 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
287 2 xìng gender 高祖性好棊
288 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 須預爲其策
289 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 傷殺甚衆
290 2 十二 shí èr twelve 梁書卷第三十二
291 2 Shandong 騎將魯安領夏州步騎九千
292 2 liù six 列傳第二十六
293 2 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同二年
294 2 gōng a palace 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
295 2 hài to injure / to harm to 鐘離太守單希寶見害
296 2 chuán to transmit 傳其首
297 2 zhí office / post 未及述職
298 2 banner / flag 望旗歸款
299 2 七千 qī qiān seven thousand 獲租車七千八百兩
300 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 天穆與十餘騎北渡河
301 2 猛將 měngjiàng fierce general / valiant military leader 除宣猛將軍
302 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 顥由是致疑
303 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
304 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 可深思奇略
305 2 mán Man people 始興叛蠻
306 2 nèi inside / interior 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
307 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 降城中男女三萬餘口
308 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 必不見疑
309 2 Yi 自貽屠膾
310 2 zhì matter / material / substance 王質水軍輕弱
311 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言多忌刻
312 2 chéng to fill 林木甚盛
313 2 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
314 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 開朱門而待賓
315 2 a river / a stream 聲動河塞
316 2 to gather / to collect 及其未集
317 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 欲往彭城
318 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 且聞虜所據營
319 2 xià summer 右衛夏侯夔等赴援
320 2 business / industry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
321 2 hǎo good 高祖性好棊
322 2 an item 魏彭城守將楊目遣子孝邕率輕兵來援
323 2 九城 Jiǔchéng the capital 所餘九城
324 2 zhù to help / to assist 時有劉助者
325 2 hòu after / later 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
326 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
327 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 轉東宮直閤
328 2 to attack by surprise 慶之隨方掩襲
329 2 miǎn to spare 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
330 2 to die
331 2 qiáo a drum tower 北譙太守
332 2 dòng to move / to act 動轉聽人
333 2 zhì a sickle 發自銍縣
334 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
335 2 guī to go back / to return 望旗歸款
336 2 shí a rock / a stone 濟自硤石
337 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 破其大都督劉屬衆二十萬
338 2 羽林 yǔlín an armed escort 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
339 2 jué he / she / it 仍攻厥固
340 2 to beg / to request 渦陽城主王緯乞降
341 2 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 自貽屠膾
342 2 to reach 及未盡至前
343 2 móu to plan / to scheme 謀欲退師
344 2 shì to attend on 宮衛嬪侍無改於常
345 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 車騎大將軍
346 2 gǎn bold / brave 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
347 2 beard / mustache 與胡龍牙
348 2 jīng to go through / to experience 經南鄭
349 2 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
350 2 a period of time / phase / stage 猶依期而下
351 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 與戰若捷
352 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 慶之隨方掩襲
353 2 valley / gorge / ravine 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
354 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 榮親自來追
355 2 南人 nánrén Nanren 有南人沒此者
356 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 慶之率騎三千背城逆戰
357 2 老生 lǎoshēng venerable middle-aged or elderly man 王老生
358 2 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang 討桂陽
359 2 zèng to give a present 贈散騎常侍
360 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 守備嚴固
361 2 諸君 zhūjūn Gentlemen! (start of a speech) / Ladies and Gentlemen! 諸君若疑惑
362 2 páo long gown / robe / cloak 慶之麾下悉著白袍
363 2 guān an office 以疾不之官
364 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 並勒諸州
365 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第三十二
366 2 Germany 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
367 2 to take / to get / to fetch 慶之請獨取之
368 2 河南 hénán Henan 河南一時已定
369 2 liǎng two 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
370 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 仍率軍二千
371 2 yáo Yao 豫州刺史堯雄
372 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵關中侯
373 2 luó Luo 破容羅溪
374 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
375 2 a song 令昕收集部曲
376 2 gāo high / tall 榮長史高歡
377 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日犯者
378 2 to defend / to resist 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
379 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
380 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武都公
381 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結陣東反
382 2 huái bosom / breast 封安懷縣男
383 2 huī bright / radiant 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
384 2 tíng to stop / to halt 高祖遂詔衆軍皆停界首
385 2 to join / to combine 須虜大合
386 2 jiā excellent 高祖嘉焉
387 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 顥以慶之爲侍中
388 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 斬獲略盡
389 2 思念 sīniàn to think of / to long for / to miss 別將范思念
390 2 shí real / true 實爲不少
391 2 xiào school 寶樂求單騎校戰
392 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
393 2 gōng merit 不足爲功
394 2 Henan 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
395 2 zhāo illustrious 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
396 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 已自難制
397 2 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 仍趨大梁
398 2 jiù to save / to rescue 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
399 2 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
400 2 liú Liu 時有劉助者
401 2 to prevail 善克令終
402 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 又破天漆蠻帥晚時得
403 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 將背朝恩
404 2 shī teacher 師老氣衰
405 2 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu 遂圍懸瓠
406 2 cáo Cao 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
407 2 shù tree 安西將軍元樹出征壽春
408 2 shǒu head 傳其首
409 2 zhèn to shake / to shock 魏人震恐
410 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 散財聚士
411 2 bǎi one hundred 數十百戰
412 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 吾以虜騎不可爭力平原
413 2 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou 經廣州
414 2 gas / vapour / fumes 須挫其氣
415 2 主帥 zhǔshuài a chief commander 文德主帥
416 1 chūn spring 自春至冬
417 1 屠城 túchéng to massacre everyone in a captured city 屠城略地
418 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使告急
419 1 xìn to believe / to trust 宋子仙爲信
420 1 lèi to be tired 太宗遲疑累日不決
421 1 南梁 nánliáng Southern Liang 督南梁
422 1 第五 dì wǔ fifth 第五子昕
423 1 奔走 bēnzǒu to run / to rush about / to be on the go 元子攸止單騎奔走
424 1 安於 ānyú to feel contented with 魯安於陣乞降
425 1 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang 魏大將軍上黨王元天穆
426 1 楚州 chǔzhōu Chuzhou 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
427 1 shēng sound 聲動河塞
428 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
429 1 to drag 魏人掎角作十三城
430 1 警悟 jǐngwù details / particulars 慶之警悟
431 1 大丈夫 dà zhàngfu a man of character 豈非大丈夫哉
432 1 四十二 sìshíèr 42 / forty-two 時年四十二
433 1 shàn door panel 更相扇惑
434 1 任所 rènsuǒ one's office / place where one holds a post 旣至任所
435 1 反叛 fǎnnì to rebel / to revolt / to disobey 一時反叛
436 1 發自 fàzì to evolve from 發自銍縣
437 1 shū father's younger brother 李叔仁又率衆四萬
438 1 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan 俄爲臨川太守
439 1 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 等輩皆倦寐
440 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 必不見疑
441 1 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 車騎大將軍
442 1 zuò to do 魏人掎角作十三城
443 1 interesting 昕躍馬直趣寶樂
444 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 揚聲名於竹帛
445 1 deputy / assistant / vice- 軍副馬佛念言於慶之曰
446 1 shào Shao 爲邵陵王常侍
447 1 to float / to drift / to waft 慶之命浮水築壘
448 1 死地 sǐdì a place of death 吾聞置兵死地
449 1 第二十 dì èrshí twentieth 列傳第二十六
450 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足爲功
451 1 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang 壯士東陽宋景休
452 1 dòu to struggle / to fight / to compete / to contend 諸軍並無鬭心
453 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 渦水咽流
454 1 chē a vehicle 獲租車七千八百兩
455 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 師老氣衰
456 1 cài Cai 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
457 1 to starve / to be hungry 豫州饑
458 1 wǎn evening / night 又破天漆蠻帥晚時得
459 1 改元 gǎiyuán to change an emperor's or ruler's reign title 改元大赦
460 1 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 顥大敗
461 1 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
462 1 lín neighbor 請結鄰好
463 1 chái firewood / faggots / fuel 又破其大將柴集及襄城太守高宣
464 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 於斯而滅
465 1 apparatus 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
466 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 乃日夜宴樂
467 1 安南 Ānnán Annam 安南將軍
468 1 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 平西校尉
469 1 果決 guǒjué firm / unwavering 欽幼而果決
470 1 相望 xiāngwàng to look at each other / to face each other 旗鼓相望
471 1 搖動 yáodòng to shake / to sway 搖動百姓
472 1 martial / military 諡曰武
473 1 to avoid / to shun 千兵萬馬避白袍
474 1 prisoner of war 乃陳其俘馘
475 1 to send / to transmit / to mail 忽聞舍此朝寄
476 1 zhèn to provide relief / to aid 慶之開倉賑給
477 1 yóu to swim 仍遣率所領遊防城外
478 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 聲動河塞
479 1 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 宣喻衆曰
480 1 tīng to listen 動轉聽人
481 1 河北 héběi Hebei 河北
482 1 chéng journey / trip 豫州人程道雍等潛送出汝陰
483 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 始興叛蠻
484 1 一千 yī qiān one thousand 邑一千五百戶
485 1 安西 Ānxī Anxi 安西將軍元樹出征壽春
486 1 jìn nearby 觀兵近境
487 1 huī a signal flag 軍功官至雲麾將軍
488 1 to prevent / to stop 沮我軍勢
489 1 已定 yǐdìng already stable 河南一時已定
490 1 跋扈 báhù domineering / bossy 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
491 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 散財聚士
492 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 惟慶之不寢
493 1 南安 nánān Nan'an 前刺史南安侯密遣廚人置藥於食
494 1 不少 bùshǎo not just a few 實爲不少
495 1 不輟 bùchuò incessant / relentless 每從夜達旦不輟
496 1 tài great / exalted / superior 西魏相宇文黑泰致馬二千匹
497 1 穿 chuān to dress / to wear 射不穿札
498 1 襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng 又破其大將柴集及襄城太守高宣
499 1 劉海 liúhǎi bangs or fringes of hair 又破譙州刺史劉海游
500 1 hàn Han Chinese 漢底定

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 91 zhī him / her / them / that 陳慶之
2 54 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 陳慶之
3 32 wèi for / to 稍爲主書
4 32 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
5 27 his / hers / its / theirs 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
6 25 chéng a city / a town 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
7 25 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以慶之爲武威將軍
8 22 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
9 20 yuán monetary unit / dollar 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
10 19 hào bright / white 魏北海王元顥以本朝大亂
11 19 zhòng many / all 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
12 18 so as to / in order to 以慶之爲武威將軍
13 18 wáng Wang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
14 18 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
15 17 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 魏遣安豊王元延明
16 17 zhì to / until 聞呼卽至
17 17 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 慶之乃斬關夜退
18 16 jǐng sunlight 成景儁率諸軍應接
19 16 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 成景儁率諸軍應接
20 16 zhōu a state / a province 奔幷州
21 15 xīn dawn 第五子昕
22 15 yuē to speak / to say 慶之曰
23 15 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 幼而隨從高祖
24 14 jūn army / military 除宣猛將軍
25 14 bīng soldier / troops 觀兵近境
26 14 yòu again / also 又非豪家
27 14 to ride an animal or bicycle 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
28 14 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破其前軍
29 13 rén person / people / a human being 義興國山人也
30 12 jìn to enter 慶之進薄其壘
31 12 in / at 魏之援兵復欲築壘於軍後
32 12 wàn ten thousand 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
33 12 lái to come 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
34 11 qīn to respect / to admire 蘭欽
35 11 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 且聞虜所據營
36 11 and 與胡龍牙
37 11 to enter 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
38 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 幼而隨從高祖
39 11 réng yet / still / as ever 仍率軍二千
40 10 yǒu is / are / to exist 魏將丘大千有衆七萬
41 10 nián year 普通七年
42 10 běi north 送元顥還北
43 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 慶之欲逆戰
44 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 憲力屈遂降
45 10 hóu marquis / lord 賜爵關中侯
46 10 èr two 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
47 10 zhū vermilion 開朱門而待賓
48 9 according to 屯據陟
49 9 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 憲力屈遂降
50 9 jié festival / a special day 除慶之假節
51 9 zhǔ owner 稍爲主書
52 9 chú except / besides 除奉朝請
53 9 not / no 惟慶之不寢
54 9 zhào an imperial decree 便依明詔
55 9 tiān day 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
56 9 desire 慶之欲逆戰
57 9 child / son 陳慶之字子雲
58 9 chì an imperial decree 慶之別有密敕
59 8 shí time / a point or period of time 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
60 8 extra / surplus / remainder 所餘九城
61 8 gōng to attack / to assault 慶之攻之
62 8 děng et cetera / and so on 等輩皆倦寐
63 8 róng glory / honor 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
64 8 ěr thus / so / like that 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
65 8 zōng school / sect 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
66 8 míng bright / brilliant 魏遣安豊王元延明
67 8 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 顥進慶之衛將軍
68 8 Mu 魏將元天穆大軍復將至
69 7 de potential marker 軍士得全
70 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 等輩皆倦寐
71 7 already / de facto / since / then 去我旣遠
72 7 lěi a rampart / a military wall 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
73 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 除奉朝請
74 7 naturally / of course / certainly 自春至冬
75 7 yuán to aid / to assist 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
76 7 necessary / must 須挫其氣
77 7 again / more / repeatedly 魏之援兵復欲築壘於軍後
78 7 bìng and / furthermore / also 諸軍並無鬭心
79 7 one 一鼓便潰
80 7 píng flat / level / smooth 從高祖東下平建鄴
81 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 邑一千五百戶
82 6 horse 慶之乃解鞍秣馬
83 6 meaning / sense 義興國山人也
84 6 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
85 6 shì is / are / am / to be 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
86 6 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增邑萬戶
87 6 hái also / in addition / more
88 6 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
89 6 qián front 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
90 6 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 邑一千五百戶
91 6 西 The West 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
92 6 fēng to seal / to close off 封府庫
93 6 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 成景儁率諸軍應接
94 6 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
95 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 及其未集
96 6 méi not have 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
97 6 yān where / how 高祖嘉焉
98 6 bēn to run fast / to flee 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
99 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 魏遣安豊王元延明
100 6 big / great / huge / large / major 須虜大合
101 6 lüè plan / strategy 斬獲略盡
102 6 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督緣淮諸軍事
103 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 進拔滎城
104 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
105 5 promptly / right away 聞呼卽至
106 5 jià vacation 除慶之假節
107 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守備嚴固
108 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 復安陸郡
109 5 gèng more / even more 方更連兵
110 5 shì matter / thing / item 今日之事
111 5 lǐng neck 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
112 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 善克令終
113 5 secret / hidden / confidential 慶之別有密敕
114 5 shǔ to count 數十百戰
115 5 shuǐ water 渦水咽流
116 5 four 陷其四壘
117 5 xuān to declare / to announce 除宣猛將軍
118 5 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 鐘離太守單希寶見害
119 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 授慶之使持節
120 5 bié do not / must not 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
121 5 shí ten 數十百戰
122 5 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 臣與慶之自能擒討
123 5 night 每從夜達旦不輟
124 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 尒朱世隆棄城走
125 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂圍懸瓠
126 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 魏人震恐
127 5 héng to weigh 都督衡州三郡兵
128 5 zhū all / many / various 諸將莫能制止
129 5 to calculate / to compute / to count 仲宗壯其計
130 5 zhī to know 總知軍事
131 5 yòu right / right-hand 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
132 5 liáng a bridge 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
133 5 huái Huai River 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
134 5 huò to reap / to harvest 斬獲略盡
135 5 zhí straight 轉東宮直閤
136 5 chén Chen 陳慶之
137 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
138 5 zhōng middle 普通中
139 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷其四壘
140 5 渦陽 wōyáng Guoyang 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
141 5 no 諸軍並無鬭心
142 5 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
143 5 seven 普通七年
144 5 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 慶之乃斬關夜退
145 5 qiān one thousand 千兵萬馬避白袍
146 5 hào number 勒衆號百萬
147 5 yáng Yang 魏左僕射楊昱
148 5 zhèn town 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
149 5 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 慶之乃斬關夜退
150 5 to supervise 前軍大都督
151 5 yún cloud 陳慶之字子雲
152 5 zhù to build / to construct 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
153 4 also / too 義興國山人也
154 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
155 4 yáng sun 罷義陽鎮兵
156 4 shòu to teach 授慶之使持節
157 4 to go / to visit / to attend 進赴虎牢
158 4 chū to go out / to leave 必不夜出
159 4 yīn cloudy / overcast 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
160 4 cóng from 每從夜達旦不輟
161 4 district / county 增邑萬戶
162 4 táo peach 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
163 4 至此 zhìcǐ up until now / so far 共來至此
164 4 in / at 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
165 4 大都 dàdōu generally 前軍大都督
166 4 xià next 從高祖東下平建鄴
167 4 qiú to request 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
168 4 to vomit / to throw up 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
169 4 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
170 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今遠來至此
171 4 to capture / to imprison / to seize 且聞虜所據營
172 4 nán south 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
173 4 ér son 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
174 4 soil / ground / land 詔以渦陽之地置西徐州
175 4 lín to face / to overlook 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
176 4 shū book 稍爲主書
177 4 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通元年
178 4 zuǒ left 魏左僕射楊昱
179 4 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 俄而魏陣外合
180 4 néng can / able 諸將莫能制止
181 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
182 4 dān bill / slip of paper / form 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
183 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 已自難制
184 4 sòng Song dynasty
185 4 zhòng middle brother 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
186 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其數極多
187 4 to open 宜啓天子
188 4 yīn because 因固求之鎮
189 4 to ward off with hand / to defend 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
190 4 zéi thief 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
191 4 láo secure 據虎牢
192 4 qīng light / not heavy 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
193 4 to die 軍人死散
194 4 already / afterwards 皆已疲倦
195 4 shén what 甚見親賞
196 4 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 贈散騎常侍
197 4 gǎi to change / to alter 宮衛嬪侍無改於常
198 4 power / force / strength 憲力屈遂降
199 4 bàng a stick / a club / a cudgel 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
200 4 tǎo to seek 臣與慶之自能擒討
201 4 qiáng strong / powerful 兵旣精強
202 4 xióng manly 豫州刺史堯雄
203 4 wài outside 俄而魏陣外合
204 4 zhì to place / to lay out 吾聞置兵死地
205 4 xiàn county 發自銍縣
206 4 chí to grasp / to hold 授慶之使持節
207 4 to ferry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
208 4 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 魏遣安豊王元延明
209 4 xíng to walk / to move 間行至豫州
210 4 xiān first 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
211 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 兄子寶樂
212 3 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵關中侯
213 3 tiger 據虎牢
214 3 to go 去渦陽四十里
215 3 piào a white horse 先遣其驃騎將軍尒朱吐沒兒領胡騎五千
216 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成景儁率諸軍應接
217 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 慶之欲逆戰
218 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收滎陽儲實
219 3 龍牙 lóngyá dragon tooth 與胡龍牙
220 3 letter / symbol / character 陳慶之字子雲
221 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張龍
222 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 間行至豫州
223 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃說顥曰
224 3 different / other 詣鴻臚卿朱异
225 3 攻陷 gōngxiàn to overcome / to take (a fortress) / to fall (to an attack) / to surrender 攻陷其城
226 3 大千 dà qiān trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu / a great chiliocosm / trichiliocosm / the cosmos 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
227 3 bèi back [of the body] 仲宗等恐腹背受敵
228 3 不出 bùchū not transcending 陳慶之兵不出數千
229 3 yún cloud 揚州刺史是云寶於溱水
230 3 to think over / to consider 慮慶之密啓
231 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 乃表高祖曰
232 3 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散財聚士
233 3 wèi to call 謂君遽取富貴
234 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 景使其儀同范桃棒嚴禁之
235 3 qiě moreover / also 且聞虜所據營
236 3 shǒu hand 賜慶之手詔曰
237 3 ministry / department 悉須部送
238 3 huì can / be able to 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
239 3 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 據滎陽拒顥
240 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
241 3 jiàn to see 甚見親賞
242 3 fēi not / non- / un- 本非將種
243 3 前軍 qián jūn advance army 前軍至駝澗
244 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 義興魚天湣逾堞而入
245 3 this / these 以至於此
246 3 wēi prestige / majesty 今將軍威震中原
247 3 sēng a monk 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
248 3 lóng dragon 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
249 3 to allow / to permit 詔許焉
250 3 day of the month / a certain day 顥據洛陽六十五日
251 3 yuǎn far / distant 魏人遠來
252 3 shào to continue / to carry on 魏遣都督董紹
253 3 wén to hear 聞呼卽至
254 3 suì age 涉歷一歲
255 3 a drum 一鼓便潰
256 3 qīng minister / high officer 卿可以策制之
257 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 不如勿擊
258 3 luò Luo 洛下南人不出一萬
259 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善克令終
260 3 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 降城中男女三萬餘口
261 3 zhàng weapons 糜費糧仗
262 3 I 吾聞置兵死地
263 3 suí to follow 慶之隨方掩襲
264 3 Li 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
265 3 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 今日犯者
266 3 kuì a flooding river 一鼓便潰
267 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 慶之渡河守北中郎城
268 3 sān three 三日中十有一戰
269 3 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 魏左僕射楊昱
270 3 to arise / to get up 濟陰太守楊起文棄城走
271 3 xiàn to offer / to present 張獻攻圍南鄭
272 3 xīn heart 諸軍並無鬭心
273 3 shì a generation 又遣右僕射尒朱世隆
274 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君等殺人父兄
275 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 一鼓悉使登城
276 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 與戰若捷
277 3 lán Lan 蘭欽
278 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 絕賓貢之禮
279 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 一鼓便潰
280 3 dōng east 從高祖東下平建鄴
281 3 to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
282 3 yòng to use / to apply 且資慶之之力用
283 3 rén a kernel / a pit 李叔仁又率衆四萬
284 3 cháo to face 除奉朝請
285 3 梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou 梁州刺史司馬恭於楚城
286 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 射不穿札
287 3 dìng to decide 扶危定難
288 3 kāi to open 開朱門而待賓
289 3 a ceremonial vessel 魏遣安豊王元延明
290 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
291 3 quán perfect 軍士得全
292 3 to stand 求立爲魏主
293 3 to assemble / to meet together 散財聚士
294 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 河南一時已定
295 3 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 名師大將莫自牢
296 3 I / me / my 沮我軍勢
297 3 元子攸 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou 魏主元子攸懼
298 3 father 衆軍乘勝前頓城父
299 2 róng to hold / to contain 會衡州刺史元慶和爲桂陽人嚴容所圍
300 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大通元年
301 2 slightly / rather / quite 僧強頗知幻術
302 2 can / may / permissible 乃可求生
303 2 yǒng brave / courageous 飆勇將軍
304 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇賊被擒
305 2 fán ordinary / common 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
306 2 diāo artful / wicked 刁宣
307 2 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 屯據陟
308 2 bright light / sunlight 魏左僕射楊昱
309 2 dàn dawn 每從夜達旦不輟
310 2 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通中
311 2 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 不宜更復加兵
312 2 yāo goblin / witch / devil / monster / demon 會有妖賊沙門僧強自稱爲帝
313 2 bái white 慶之麾下悉著白袍
314 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉東宮直閤
315 2 é Russia 俄爲臨川太守
316 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 未及述職
317 2 disease / sickness / ailment 於路遇疾
318 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 送豫章王綜入鎮徐州
319 2 in advance / beforehand 須預爲其策
320 2 xiū to rest 壯士東陽宋景休
321 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 侯景圍歷陽
322 2 and 刺史桓和陷沒
323 2 father's elder brother / uncle 土豪蔡伯龍起兵應之
324 2 shàng still / yet / to value 未伏尚多
325 2 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 慶之乃落鬚髮爲沙門
326 2 kòu bandit / thieve 魏遣將侯景率衆七萬寇楚州
327 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
328 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
329 2 to join / to combine 轉東宮直閤
330 2 yòu immature / young 幼而隨從高祖
331 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻擬山城
332 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 爲邵陵王常侍
333 2 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng 經南鄭
334 2 qiū Confucius 延明先遣其別將丘大千築壘潯梁
335 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 獲租車七千八百兩
336 2 qín Shaanxi 北秦
337 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常思效用
338 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必無不敗之理
339 2 tóng like / same / similar 外同內異
340 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 鼓吹一部
341 2 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及下渚
342 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 軍士得全
343 2 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 奮武將軍
344 2 shāo a little / slightly 稍爲主書
345 2 according to 便依明詔
346 2 kuǎn section / paragraph / clause 望旗歸款
347 2 文德 wéndé Wende 文德主帥
348 2 jiā to add 不宜更復加兵
349 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分築九城以相拒
350 2 一部 yībù radical one 鼓吹一部
351 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 善克令終
352 2 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
353 2 xìng gender 高祖性好棊
354 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 須預爲其策
355 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 傷殺甚衆
356 2 十二 shí èr twelve 梁書卷第三十二
357 2 Shandong 騎將魯安領夏州步騎九千
358 2 liù six 列傳第二十六
359 2 大同 Dàtóng Datong 大同二年
360 2 gòng together 共來至此
361 2 gōng a palace 奉迎顥入洛陽宮
362 2 hài to injure / to harm to 鐘離太守單希寶見害
363 2 chuán to transmit 傳其首
364 2 yóu also / as if / still 兵甲猶盛
365 2 zhí office / post 未及述職
366 2 banner / flag 望旗歸款
367 2 七千 qī qiān seven thousand 獲租車七千八百兩
368 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 天穆與十餘騎北渡河
369 2 猛將 měngjiàng fierce general / valiant military leader 除宣猛將軍
370 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 顥由是致疑
371 2 南北 nán běi north and south / north to south 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
372 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 可深思奇略
373 2 mán Man people 始興叛蠻
374 2 nèi inside / interior 魏徐州刺史元法僧于彭城求入內附
375 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 降城中男女三萬餘口
376 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 必不見疑
377 2 Yi 自貽屠膾
378 2 zhì matter / material / substance 王質水軍輕弱
379 2 běn measure word for books 本非將種
380 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言多忌刻
381 2 chéng to fill 林木甚盛
382 2 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
383 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 開朱門而待賓
384 2 xiàng towards / to 所向無前
385 2 a river / a stream 聲動河塞
386 2 to gather / to collect 及其未集
387 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 欲往彭城
388 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 且聞虜所據營
389 2 xià summer 右衛夏侯夔等赴援
390 2 business / industry 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
391 2 hǎo good 高祖性好棊
392 2 an item 魏彭城守將楊目遣子孝邕率輕兵來援
393 2 九城 Jiǔchéng the capital 所餘九城
394 2 zhù to help / to assist 時有劉助者
395 2 hòu after / later 後豫章王棄軍奔魏
396 2 do not 諸將莫能制止
397 2 měi each / every 每從夜達旦不輟
398 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
399 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 轉東宮直閤
400 2 to attack by surprise 慶之隨方掩襲
401 2 miǎn to spare 尒朱吐沒兒單騎獲免
402 2 to die
403 2 qiáo a drum tower 北譙太守
404 2 dòng to move / to act 動轉聽人
405 2 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 獲馬千餘匹
406 2 lián even 慶之乃還與諸將連營而進
407 2 zhì a sickle 發自銍縣
408 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
409 2 guī to go back / to return 望旗歸款
410 2 shí a rock / a stone 濟自硤石
411 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 破其大都督劉屬衆二十萬
412 2 羽林 yǔlín an armed escort 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
413 2 jué he / she / it 仍攻厥固
414 2 to beg / to request 渦陽城主王緯乞降
415 2 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 自貽屠膾
416 2 to reach 及未盡至前
417 2 móu to plan / to scheme 謀欲退師
418 2 shì to attend on 宮衛嬪侍無改於常
419 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 車騎大將軍
420 2 gǎn bold / brave 唯尒朱榮尚敢跋扈
421 2 beard / mustache 與胡龍牙
422 2 jīng to go through / to experience 經南鄭
423 2 extremely / very 其數極多
424 2 accomplished / elegant 臨淮王元彧率衆二萬來拒
425 2 a period of time / phase / stage 猶依期而下
426 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 與戰若捷
427 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 慶之隨方掩襲
428 2 valley / gorge / ravine 牛馬穀帛不可勝計
429 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 榮親自來追
430 2 南人 nánrén Nanren 有南人沒此者
431 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 慶之率騎三千背城逆戰
432 2 老生 lǎoshēng venerable middle-aged or elderly man 王老生
433 2 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang 討桂陽
434 2 zèng to give a present 贈散騎常侍
435 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 守備嚴固
436 2 諸君 zhūjūn Gentlemen! (start of a speech) / Ladies and Gentlemen! 諸君若疑惑
437 2 páo long gown / robe / cloak 慶之麾下悉著白袍
438 2 guān an office 以疾不之官
439 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 並勒諸州
440 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第三十二
441 2 Germany 州民李升等八百人表請樹碑頌德
442 2 to take / to get / to fetch 慶之請獨取之
443 2 河南 hénán Henan 河南一時已定
444 2 liǎng two 魏豫州刺史李憲遣其子長鈞別築兩城相拒
445 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 仍率軍二千
446 2 yáo Yao 豫州刺史堯雄
447 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵關中侯
448 2 luó Luo 破容羅溪
449 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
450 2 a song 令昕收集部曲
451 2 gāo high / tall 榮長史高歡
452 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日犯者
453 2 to defend / to resist 撫軍將軍元顯恭率御仗羽林宗子庶子衆凡七萬
454 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 還京師
455 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 武都公
456 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結陣東反
457 2 huái bosom / breast 封安懷縣男
458 2 huī bright / radiant 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
459 2 tíng to stop / to halt 高祖遂詔衆軍皆停界首
460 2 to join / to combine 須虜大合
461 2 jiā excellent 高祖嘉焉
462 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 顥以慶之爲侍中
463 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 斬獲略盡
464 2 思念 sīniàn to think of / to long for / to miss 別將范思念
465 2 shí real / true 實爲不少
466 2 xiào school 寶樂求單騎校戰
467 2 fēng point of spear / sharp point 韋放以賊之前鋒必是輕銳
468 2 gōng merit 不足爲功
469 2 tái unit 又破行臺孫騰
470 2 Henan 除都督南北司西豫豫四州諸軍事
471 2 zhāo illustrious 魏遣征南將軍常山王元昭等率馬步十五萬來援
472 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 已自難制
473 2 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 仍趨大梁
474 2 jiù to save / to rescue 時魏征東將軍濟陰王元暉業率羽林庶子二萬人來救梁
475 2 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
476 2 liú Liu 時有劉助者
477 2 to prevail 善克令終
478 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 又破天漆蠻帥晚時得
479 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 將背朝恩
480 2 shī teacher 師老氣衰
481 2 qín diligently / industriously 妖賊王勤宗起於巴山郡
482 2 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu 遂圍懸瓠
483 2 cáo Cao 隸領軍曹仲宗伐渦陽
484 2 shù tree 安西將軍元樹出征壽春
485 2 shǒu head 傳其首
486 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 大通初
487 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是與麾下二百騎奔擊
488 2 zhèn to shake / to shock 魏人震恐
489 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 散財聚士
490 2 bǎi one hundred 數十百戰
491 2 also / too 亦密爲其計
492 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 吾以虜騎不可爭力平原
493 2 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou 經廣州
494 2 gas / vapour / fumes 須挫其氣
495 2 主帥 zhǔshuài a chief commander 文德主帥
496 2 how can it be that? 豈是欲立功名
497 1 chūn spring 自春至冬
498 1 屠城 túchéng to massacre everyone in a captured city 屠城略地
499 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使告急
500 1 xìn to believe / to trust 宋子仙爲信

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安陆 安陸 ānlù Anlu
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安西 Ānxī Anxi
白下 báixià Baixia
巴山 bāshān Mt Ba
北海 Běi Hǎi Bohai Sea
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
常山 chángshān Changshan
陈文 陳文 chén wén Chen Wen
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
楚州 chǔzhōu Chuzhou
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
防城 fángchéng Fangcheng
高桥 高橋 gāoqiáo Takahashi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
公事 gōngshì public affairs / official (matters, duties etc)
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
guì
  1. Guangxi
  2. cassia / cinnamon
  3. Gui
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
huái Huai River
淮上 Huáishàng Huaishang
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
建邺 建鄴 Jiànyè
  1. Jianye
  2. Jianye District
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
界首 jièshǒu Jieshou
京口 jīngkǒu Jingkou
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁书 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
临川 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan
临颍 臨潁 línyǐng Lingying
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
南安 nánān Nan'an
南梁 nánliáng Southern Liang
南人 nánrén Nanren
南郑 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
平南 píngnán Pingnan
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
qiāng
  1. Qiang [people]
  2. Qiang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
曲江 qǔjiāng Qujiang
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
芮芮 ruìruì Rouran
山城 shānchéng Shancheng
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
始兴 始興 shǐxīng Shixing
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
睢阳 睢陽 suīyáng Suiyang
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
托跋 tuōbá Tuoba
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏征 魏徵 Wèi Zhēng Wei Zheng
威远 威遠 wēiyuǎn Weiyuan
文德 wéndé Wende
涡阳 渦陽 wōyáng Guoyang
武都 wǔdōu Wudu
武威 wǔwēi Wuwei
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
西魏 東魏 Xī Wèi Western Wei Dynasty / Western Wei of the Northern Dynasties
鲜卑 鮮卑 Xiānbēi Xianbei People
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
湘潭 xiāngtán Xiangtan
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
萧城 蕭城 xiāochéng Xiaocheng
夏州 xiàzhōu Xiazhou
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
悬瓠 懸瓠 xuánhù Xuanhu
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
阳山 陽山 yángshān Yangshan
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
yáo Yao
颍州 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou
yōng Yong / Nanning
永兴县 永興縣 yǒngxīngxiàn Yongxing
元子攸 莊帝 Yuánzǐ Yōu Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
zhēn Zhen River
溱水 zhēnshuǐ zhen river
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
钟离 鐘離 zhōnglí Zhongli
中卫 中衛 zhōngwèi Zhongwei
子长 子長 zǐzhǎng Zichang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English