Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Ming 明史, 卷一百六十三 列傳第五十一 李時勉 陳敬宗 劉鉉 邢讓 林瀚 謝鐸 魯鐸 Volume 163 Biographies 51: Li Shimian, Chen Jingzong, Liu Xuan, Xing Rang, Lin Han, Xie Duo, Lu Duo

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 44 nián year 中永樂二年進士
2 42 shí time / a point or period of time 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
3 29 miǎn to encourage 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
4 26 rén person / people / a human being 安福人
5 26 yuē to speak / to say 謂夏原吉曰
6 25 supreme ruler / emperor 忤帝意
7 22 祭酒 jìjiǔ to offer a libation 六年代貝泰為祭酒
8 22 qǐng to ask / to inquire 時勉請改建國學
9 21 shì matter / thing / item 條上時務十五事
10 21 hàn an ocean 林瀚
11 20 guān an office 復官侍讀
12 20 yán to speak / to say / said 而時勉言營建之非
13 17 to die 卒多施行
14 17 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards 徐呼諸生品第高下
15 16 xiū to decorate / to embellish 與修
16 15 tíng a courtyard 子庭
17 15 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 贈禮部侍郎
18 15 qiān to move / to shift 遷侍讀學士
19 15 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 中永樂二年進士
20 14 letter / symbol / character 以字行
21 14 gǎi to change / to alter 改翰林侍讀
22 14 wén writing / text 進學文淵閣
23 14 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
24 14 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 贈禮部侍郎
25 14 shàng top / a high position 條上時務十五事
26 13 to go through / to experience / to take place 送諸司歷事
27 13 Li 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
28 13 shòu to teach 授刑部主事
29 13 guī to go back / to return 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
30 12 shì to attend on 改翰林侍讀
31 12 duó a bell 謝鐸魯鐸
32 12 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太祖實錄
33 12 敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
34 12 zhōng middle 以衾裹足納桶中
35 12 zhèn to flap 帝命王振往視
36 12 sān three 三殿災
37 12 child / son 子庭
38 12 èr two 中永樂二年進士
39 11 to stand 立赦之
40 11 shī teacher 尤稱人師
41 11 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚文毅
42 11 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 與司業趙琬
43 11 wáng Wang 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
44 11 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 明年轉南京國子監司業
45 11 mìng life 命武士撲以金瓜
46 10 zhuó to pull out 例不得遷擢
47 10 chén Chen 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
48 10 děng et cetera / and so on 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
49 10 庶吉士 shùjíshì title of the temporary position in the Hanlin Academy 選庶吉士
50 10 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 八年乞致仕
51 10 jiǎng to speak / to say / to tell 時勉進講
52 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 進學士
53 10 shū to remove obstructions 疏何語
54 10 jìn to enter 時勉進講
55 9 zèng to give a present 贈禮部侍郎
56 9 zhōng loyalty / devotion 稱時勉忠
57 9 machine 昂庭機孫燫烴
58 9 jiàn to recommend / to elect 楊榮薦復職
59 9 to reach 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
60 8 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 王直為吏部尚書
61 8 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 洪熙元年復上疏言事
62 8 lián \N 昂庭機孫燫烴
63 8 five 宣德五年修
64 8 zhòng heavy 任則重矣
65 8 to enter 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
66 8 chén minister / statesman / official 臣言諒暗中不宜近妃嬪
67 8 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉順天鄉試
68 8 yòu right / right-hand 五年擢禮部右侍郎
69 8 to go 候舟發乃去
70 8 day of the month / a certain day 命日慮一囚
71 8 shū book 書成
72 8 one 命日慮一囚
73 8 使 shǐ to make / to cause 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
74 8 business / industry 與司業趙琬
75 8 liù six 徐數至六事止
76 8 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方招徠遠人
77 8 to arise / to get up 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
78 7 to beg / to request 八年乞致仕
79 7 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 邢讓
80 7 國子監 Guó Zǐ Jiàn Imperial Academy 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
81 7 father 皇太后父也
82 7 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 授刑部主事
83 7 xuàn a stick-like implement inserted into the handles of a ding 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
84 7 guó a country / a nation 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
85 7 shào to continue / to carry on 李紹
86 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 書成
87 6 jiàn to see 毋入見
88 6 liǎng two 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
89 6 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養才
90 6 zōng school / sect 字宗器
91 6 to stop / to cease / to suspend 乞罷
92 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
93 6 jiǔ nine 九年
94 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 振遂言時勉擅伐官樹入家
95 6 xiè to thank 謝鐸魯鐸
96 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 改交阯道御史
97 6 a scholar 師儒之席
98 5 táng main hall / a large room 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
99 5 clothes / dress / garment 服闕
100 5 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 昂庭機孫燫烴
101 5 dào way / road / path 改交阯道御史
102 5 xíng to walk / to move 以字行
103 5 increase / benefit 帝意益解
104 5 huì can / be able to 設饌會食
105 5 成化 chénghuà to cultivate perfect virtue 成化五年
106 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召至便殿
107 5 滿 mǎn full 秩滿
108 5 zhí straight 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
109 5 liú Liu 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
110 5 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎還車駕
111 5 shǎo few 改少詹事
112 5 sūn Sun 昂庭機孫燫烴
113 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多中時病
114 5 suì age 歲餘得釋
115 5 shí real / true 實長奸惰
116 5 天順 Tiānshùn Emperor Tianshun / Emperor Zhengtong 天順三年五月卒
117 5 嘉靖 Jiājìng Emperor Jiajing 嘉靖初
118 5 prison 乃下錦衣衛獄
119 5 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年春乃得請
120 5 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋被讒下獄
121 5 residence / dwelling 師儒免僦居
122 5 nán south 曰南陳北李
123 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今與天下英才終日論議
124 5 to read 改翰林侍讀
125 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔求直言
126 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不往見
127 5 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選庶吉士
128 5 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德五年修
129 5 jiè to introduce / to lie between 鉉性介特
130 5 zhuàn food 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
131 5 jiā to add 時勉待振無加禮
132 5 zòu to present / to offer 及通政司奏大用章
133 5 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 林瀚
134 5 明年 míngnián next year 明年中鄉試
135 5 lèi to be tired 遷延累歲
136 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
137 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 章三上
138 5 yòng to use / to apply 繼不能盡用
139 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
140 5 chēng to call / to address 稱時勉忠
141 4 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 景帝不許
142 4 太平 tàipíng peaceful 人稱為太平盛事
143 4 can / may / permissible 帝可其奏
144 4 xìng gender 性剛鯁
145 4 big / great / huge / large / major 仁宗大漸
146 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣其孫驥詣闕上書
147 4 yáng Yang 楊榮薦復職
148 4 zuò to sit 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
149 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 景泰元年九月與尚書魏驥同引年致仕
150 4 弘治 Hóngzhì Emperor Hongzhi 弘治初
151 4 to die 曳出幾死
152 4 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 遂交譖於劉瑾
153 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 臣惶懼不能悉記
154 4 檢討 jiǎntǎo to self-criticize / to review 授檢討
155 4 zhèng upright / straight 正四號
156 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典國學垂十年
157 4 extra / surplus / remainder 帝乃出余錢賜之
158 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 或遠送至登舟
159 4 shǐ beginning / start
160 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 用善書征入翰林
161 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 取中旨
162 4 jiàn mirror / looking glass 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
163 4 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 不允
164 4 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 太后使人賜忠家
165 4 Shandong 謝鐸魯鐸
166 4 wén to hear 振聞諸生不平
167 4 dialect / language / speech 疏何語
168 4 qiān one thousand 時勉於錦衣千戶某有恩
169 4 正統 zhèngtǒng orthodox 正統三年以
170 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 復詔廷臣雜治
171 4 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 歷工部右侍郎
172 4 xún to inquire into / to ask about 陳詢已為祭酒
173 4 xu 徐數至六事止
174 4 jiā house / home / residence 振遂言時勉擅伐官樹入家
175 4 to associate with / be near 比王指揮詣獄還
176 4 serious / critical 讀書至老彌篤
177 4 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 上章願以身代
178 4 qīn relatives 朕親鞫
179 4 to give / to bestow favors 撒金錢賜諸學士
180 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭旨清朗
181 4 disease / sickness / ailment 刲股療母疾
182 4 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 中永樂二年進士
183 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 原吉慰解之
184 4 zhèng government / administration 及通政司奏大用章
185 4 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 改翰林侍讀
186 4 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 英宗北狩
187 4 編修 biānxiū to compile and edit 授編修
188 4 國子祭酒 guózǐ jìjiǔ Chancellor of the National University 遷國子祭酒
189 4 soil / ground / land 抵之地
190 4 天下 tiānxià China 慨然以天下為己任
191 4 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 三世一堂
192 4 idea 忤帝意
193 4 陛下 bì xià your majesty 上皇於陛下有君之義
194 4 經筵 jīngyán place where the emperor listened to lectures 掌院事兼經筵官
195 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀其他說
196 4 正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde 正德元年四月
197 4 如故 rúgù like an old friend 篋如故
198 4 jìn nearby 臣言諒暗中不宜近妃嬪
199 4 father's elder brother / uncle 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
200 4 家居 jiājū home / residence / to stay at home (unemployed) 家居不輕出
201 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 帝命王振往視
202 4 國學 guóxué national studies / studies of Confucian classics 時勉請改建國學
203 4 hòu after / later 後贈禮部侍郎
204 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 任則重矣
205 4 jià vacation 且令寇假大義以問我
206 4 shì a generation 而胡儼當成祖之世
207 4 shǔ to count 徐數至六事止
208 4 xué to study / to learn 帝視學
209 4 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 寇犯邊
210 4 zuǒ left 歷吏部左
211 4 to visit 而私謁中貴
212 3 mào countenance / appearance 時勉貌稍寢
213 3 jǐn brilliance (of gems) 遂交譖於劉瑾
214 3 desire 王振欲見之
215 3 jīng Beijing 後二人同時為兩京祭酒
216 3 to be slow of speech 太祖以宋訥為祭酒
217 3 to prevail 紹字克述
218 3 災異 zāiyì a misfortune / a disaster 以災異率群僚陳十二事
219 3 kǎo to examine / to test 滿考
220 3 cháo to face 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
221 3 shēng to ascend / to go up 時勉升師席
222 3 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 遷兵部主事
223 3 wèn to ask 且令寇假大義以問我
224 3 varied / complex / not simple 又近有願就雜職之例
225 3 yuán source / origin 謂夏原吉曰
226 3 xiāng village / township 舉於鄉
227 3 人才 réncái a talented person 人才盛於昔時
228 3 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 御史王獻臣自遼東逮下詔獄
229 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 帝幸史館
230 3 tīng hydrocarbon 昂庭機孫燫烴
231 3 huáng royal / imperial 請再遣使迎上皇
232 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
233 3 běi north 英宗北狩
234 3 end / final stage / latter part 天順末
235 3 zhí office / post 又近有願就雜職之例
236 3 subject / class / lesson 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
237 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 魏國公徐鵬舉廢長立幼
238 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 崇廉恥
239 3 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖實錄
240 3 a banquet 時勉升師席
241 3 太子太保 tàizǐtàibǎo tutor to the crown prince 贈太子太保
242 3 to inherit 助教李繼請解於會昌侯孫忠
243 3 xián virtuous / worthy 別賢否
244 3 zhào Zhao 趙永
245 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 帝諭之曰
246 3 qián money / currency 帝乃出余錢賜之
247 3 zài in / at 諸生以在監久近
248 3 to take / to get / to fetch 復取視者再
249 3 shì to release / to set free 歲餘得釋
250 3 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 正祀典
251 3 lián upright / honorable / honest 廉其短
252 3 shǔ to sign 方盛署
253 3 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 僚屬憚其嚴
254 3 to move 至撥送之期始赴
255 3 qián front 而前使者已縛時勉從端東旁門入
256 3 to go to / to arrive / to reach 比王指揮詣獄還
257 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 割關課備振
258 3 xùn to teach / to train 訓勵甚切
259 3 duān to carry 王指揮出端西旁門
260 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 參贊機務
261 3 to criticize 議祔廟禮
262 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 瀚官終副使
263 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌院事兼經筵官
264 3 shì to look at / to see 復取視者再
265 3 sòng Song dynasty 太祖以宋訥為祭酒
266 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 及是名動京師
267 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 以興問罪之師
268 3 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 三殿災
269 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 字宗器
270 3 景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai 景泰元年得旨褒答
271 3 大用 dàyòng a great use 有石大用者
272 3 dìng to decide 顧僚屬定甲乙
273 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 優詔慰留
274 3 jiǔ old 諸生以在監久近
275 3 zhòng many / numerous 而謗者亦眾
276 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 無玷吾門矣
277 3 學士 xuéshì bachelor degree 遷侍讀學士
278 3 yuǎn far / distant 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
279 3 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 時勉嘗規切之
280 3 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖決計都北京
281 3 róng to hold / to contain 容儀端整
282 3 xiàn constitution / statute / law 憲宗立
283 3 進學 jìnxué to advance one's learning / to enter the prefecture school under the imperial examination system 進學文淵閣
284 3 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 大學士楊士奇臥病
285 3 to bind / to tie 縛以來
286 3 zāi disaster / calamity 三殿災
287 3 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 恤軍民
288 3 guǎn a house / a residence 初不為六館所知
289 3 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗怒甚
290 3 僚屬 liáo shǔ leader and subordinates 顧僚屬定甲乙
291 3 chéng honesty / sincerity
292 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 父憂歸
293 3 cháng to taste 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
294 3 tíng court / royal court 時勉廷辱我
295 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周忱與敬宗善
296 3 xiào to be filial 以孝聞
297 3 a gem / a precious stone / jade 薩琦
298 3 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 授刑部主事
299 3 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
300 3 shě to give 以次營立署舍
301 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 帝令盡陳之
302 3 chéng to punish / to discipline 示勸懲
303 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 周忱與敬宗善
304 2 知府 zhīfǔ prefectural magistrate 撫州知府
305 2 to supervise 督令讀書
306 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 褒表忠節
307 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 督令讀書
308 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey
309 2 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 鹿鳴
310 2 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 官至戶部主事
311 2 zhǐ to point 且述迎復之指
312 2 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 慈懿太后崩
313 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 請再遣使迎上皇
314 2 alone / independent / single / sole 時勉獨正立
315 2 shè to set up / to establish 設酒饌
316 2 chamber / pavilion 進學文淵閣
317 2 xiǎn mill 言官戴銑等以留健
318 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 即令待罪堂下
319 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 盍具疏自理
320 2 insubordinate / stubborn 忤帝意
321 2 sa 薩琦
322 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 或遠送至登舟
323 2 fish 鄉有饋乾魚者
324 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 振知不可屈
325 2 to help / to assist 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
326 2 sàng to lose / to die 未終喪
327 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 宣帝即位已逾年
328 2 詣闕 yìquè to go to the palace to see the emperor 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
329 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
330 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 時勉待振無加禮
331 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 且述迎復之指
332 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 皇太子不宜遠左右
333 2 gain / advantage / benefit 字利瞻
334 2 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄墳墓
335 2 鄉試 xiāngshì the triennial provincial imperial exam during the Ming and Qing 明年中鄉試
336 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 諸生荷教澤久
337 2 tōng to go through / to open 及通政司奏大用章
338 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 字貞恒
339 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 時勉廷辱我
340 2 shì to show / to reveal 示勸懲
341 2 special / unique / distinguished 鉉性介特
342 2 apparatus 容儀端整
343 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 臣惶懼不能悉記
344 2 jiān fish bones 性剛鯁
345 2 to cry out / to shout 徐呼諸生品第高下
346 2 pín poor / impoverished 諸生貧不能婚葬者
347 2 plain / white 瀚素剛方
348 2 先帝 xiāndì ancient emperors 或言時勉得罪先帝狀
349 2 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 典國學垂十年
350 2 shí a rock / a stone 有石大用者
351 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 贈少保
352 2 to press down 抑奔競
353 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 整肅如朝廷
354 2 mother 刲股療母疾
355 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 謚文恭
356 2 shù tree 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
357 2 旁門 pángmén side door 王指揮出端西旁門
358 2 聽講 tīngjiǎng to attend a lecture / to listen to a talk 願偕詣國子監聽講
359 2 yuān a gulf / an abyss 進學文淵閣
360 2 què a watch tower 服闋
361 2 hurried / worried 請急歸
362 2 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 讓率僚屬疏諫
363 2 shēn deep 帝深惜之
364 2 squares 列格
365 2 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 謫瀚浙江參政
366 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 初不為六館所知
367 2 yōu excellent / superior 優詔慰留
368 2 wèi position / location / place 位雖不崇
369 2 官司 guānsi a government office 先生官司成久
370 2 tíng to stop / to halt 不願歸者停其月廩
371 2 jùn talented / capable 言官丘俊
372 2 十三 shísān thirteen 登正統十三年進士
373 2 載籍 zàijí books 而載籍不為無用矣
374 2 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites 禮部尚書傅瀚持之
375 2 乞休 qǐxiū to request permission to resign from an official position 十二年冬乞休
376 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 讓等以為言
377 2 盛事 chéngshì grand occasion 人稱為太平盛事
378 2 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 遣其孫驥詣闕上書
379 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 力學慕古
380 2 jié clean 狷潔不茍合
381 2 科目 kēmù subject 由科目者
382 2 安福 ānfú Anfu 安福人
383 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 褒表忠節
384 2 wàn ten thousand 萬歷九年卒
385 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 草安在
386 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 又因災傷
387 2 xíng Xing 邢讓
388 2 Germany 再遷諭德
389 2 zhōu boat / ship 或遠送至登舟
390 2 xuàn to dazzle / to boast / to show off / to puzzle 時子炫已成進士
391 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 襄陵人
392 2 守備 shǒubèi to garrison / to stand guard / on garrison duty 襄城伯李隆守備南京
393 2 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 尋以母喪歸
394 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 帝崩
395 2 to look after / to attend to 顧僚屬定甲乙
396 2 chì keep in order / to order / to direct 飭官司
397 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 以大答天人之望
398 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 謫瀚浙江參政
399 2 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 授中書舍人
400 2 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 名位相軋者多忌之
401 2 qīng clear / pure / clean 大學士楊一清重其才
402 2 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 景帝立
403 2 chè to pervade / to penetrate 呼聲徹殿庭
404 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 時勉嘗規切之
405 2 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang 以其余詣東陽
406 2 qiè ratton box / suitcase / case 閱其衣篋
407 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 時勉待振無加禮
408 2 mào to be hardworking 名懋
409 2 to take / to receive / to accept 以衾裹足納桶中
410 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
411 2 jiǎn to check 繼不拘檢柙
412 2 zuò to do 西苑相繼興作
413 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 土木之敗
414 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞竭府庫之財
415 2 anger / rage / fury 仁宗怒甚
416 2 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 而汙暴益甚
417 2 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 斥為民
418 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人負才狹中
419 2 interest 帝乃太息
420 2 to envy / to be jealous 名位相軋者多忌之
421 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未終喪
422 2 to give 有因事予告者
423 2 to be urgent 言行不茍
424 2 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充經筵講官
425 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 服闕
426 2 lǐn a government granary 不願歸者停其月廩
427 2 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 條上時務十五事
428 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 上章願以身代
429 2 eight 八年乞致仕
430 2 言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official 言官丘俊
431 2 jǐng sunlight 景恭王就邸
432 2 次子 cìzǐ second son 瀚次子也
433 2 西 The West 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
434 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 為屬草
435 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 則時勉已襲冠帶立階前矣
436 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 十三年拜南京吏部尚書
437 2 shēng sound 吟誦聲不絕
438 2 zhì order 秩滿
439 2 yuè month 不願歸者停其月廩
440 2 jiàn strong / robust 會劉健
441 2 gěi to give 節省餐錢為贍給
442 2 to be fond of / to like 乃喜曰
443 2 chéng to fill 方盛署
444 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 林氏一家而已
445 2 謝病 xièbìng to excuse oneself because of illness 明年謝病去
446 2 to go / to visit / to attend 至撥送之期始赴
447 2 xián to hold in mouth 振銜之
448 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 斥為民
449 2 qiú to request 詔求直言
450 2 nèi inside / interior 振內慚
451 2 power / force / strength 力以師道自任
452 2 precedent / example 又近有願就雜職之例
453 2 to reply / to answer 景泰元年得旨褒答
454 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 時勉於錦衣千戶某有恩
455 2 private 而私謁中貴
456 2 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命王振往視
457 2 zhān verbose / talkative 改少詹事
458 2 學者 xuézhě scholar 乞揀年貌衰而有學者
459 2 jié festival / a special day 褒表忠節
460 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 大學士楊士奇臥病
461 2 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 帝及太子皆賜祭
462 2 Mǐn Fujian 後著籍閩縣
463 2 gòng a tribute / a gift 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
464 2 jiā cangue / bonds / a yoke 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
465 2 miào temple / shrine 議祔廟禮
466 2 wèi Wei Dynasty 景泰元年九月與尚書魏驥同引年致仕
467 2 wèi to call 謂夏原吉曰
468 2 gōng merit 時帝方大興土木功
469 2 to drag 曳出幾死
470 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列格
471 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 命使者
472 2 lái to come 冀其來謝
473 2 以次 yǐcì in the proper order / the following 諸生以次立
474 2 chén sincerity / honesty 周忱與敬宗善
475 2 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics 五經
476 2 dōng winter 冬寒
477 2 wèi to comfort / to console / to calm / to reassure 原吉慰解之
478 2 néng can / able 能守父訓
479 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 時勉貌稍寢
480 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
481 2 měi beautiful 敬宗美須髯
482 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 襄城伯李隆守備南京
483 2 several 曳出幾死
484 2 shí food / food and drink 設饌會食
485 2 bào newspaper 始報可
486 2 a thoroughbred horse 遣其孫驥詣闕上書
487 2 生日 shēngrì birthday 忠生日
488 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 讀書至老彌篤
489 2 成均 chéngjūn college 鐸屢典成均
490 2 Ji 謂夏原吉曰
491 2 kòu bandit / thieve 且令寇假大義以問我
492 2 to strive 訓勵甚切
493 2 chí to grasp / to hold 燫持不可
494 2 hào number 正四號
495 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
496 2 to calculate / to compute / to count 時以國計不足
497 2 調 tiáo to harmonize 調禮部
498 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
499 2 對曰 duì yuē to reply 對曰
500 2 宣宗 xuānzōng Seonjong of Goryeo 宣宗實錄

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 60 zhī him / her / them / that 而時勉言營建之非
2 47 so as to / in order to 以字行
3 44 nián year 中永樂二年進士
4 42 shí time / a point or period of time 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
5 41 wèi for / to 六年代貝泰為祭酒
6 29 miǎn to encourage 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
7 26 rén person / people / a human being 安福人
8 26 yuē to speak / to say 謂夏原吉曰
9 25 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 復取視者再
10 25 supreme ruler / emperor 忤帝意
11 25 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而時勉言營建之非
12 25 his / hers / its / theirs 其夕
13 22 祭酒 jìjiǔ to offer a libation 六年代貝泰為祭酒
14 22 yǒu is / are / to exist 時勉於錦衣千戶某有恩
15 22 qǐng to ask / to inquire 時勉請改建國學
16 21 not / no 不相值
17 21 shì matter / thing / item 條上時務十五事
18 21 hàn an ocean 林瀚
19 20 and 與修
20 20 guān an office 復官侍讀
21 20 yán to speak / to say / said 而時勉言營建之非
22 17 to die 卒多施行
23 17 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards 徐呼諸生品第高下
24 16 xiū to decorate / to embellish 與修
25 15 tíng a courtyard 子庭
26 15 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 贈禮部侍郎
27 15 qiān to move / to shift 遷侍讀學士
28 15 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 中永樂二年進士
29 14 letter / symbol / character 以字行
30 14 gǎi to change / to alter 改翰林侍讀
31 14 wén writing / text 進學文淵閣
32 14 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
33 14 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃下錦衣衛獄
34 14 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 贈禮部侍郎
35 14 shàng top / a high position 條上時務十五事
36 13 to go through / to experience / to take place 送諸司歷事
37 13 Li 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
38 13 shòu to teach 授刑部主事
39 13 guī to go back / to return 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
40 12 already / afterwards
41 12 shì to attend on 改翰林侍讀
42 12 duó a bell 謝鐸魯鐸
43 12 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太祖實錄
44 12 敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
45 12 zhōng middle 以衾裹足納桶中
46 12 zhèn to flap 帝命王振往視
47 12 sān three 三殿災
48 12 child / son 子庭
49 12 also / too 皇太后父也
50 12 èr two 中永樂二年進士
51 11 in / at 時勉於錦衣千戶某有恩
52 11 to stand 立赦之
53 11 again / more / repeatedly 復與重修
54 11 shī teacher 尤稱人師
55 11 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚文毅
56 11 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 與司業趙琬
57 11 wáng Wang 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
58 11 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 明年轉南京國子監司業
59 11 zhì to / until 召至便殿
60 11 mìng life 命武士撲以金瓜
61 10 zhuó to pull out 例不得遷擢
62 10 chén Chen 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
63 10 děng et cetera / and so on 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
64 10 庶吉士 shùjíshì title of the temporary position in the Hanlin Academy 選庶吉士
65 10 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 八年乞致仕
66 10 jiǎng to speak / to say / to tell 時勉進講
67 10 de potential marker 歲餘得釋
68 10 shì a gentleman / a knight 進學士
69 10 shū to remove obstructions 疏何語
70 10 jìn to enter 時勉進講
71 9 zèng to give a present 贈禮部侍郎
72 9 zhōng loyalty / devotion 稱時勉忠
73 9 machine 昂庭機孫燫烴
74 9 jiàn to recommend / to elect 楊榮薦復職
75 9 zhū all / many / various 撒金錢賜諸學士
76 9 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
77 9 to reach 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
78 8 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 王直為吏部尚書
79 8 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 洪熙元年復上疏言事
80 8 lián \N 昂庭機孫燫烴
81 8 five 宣德五年修
82 8 zhòng heavy 任則重矣
83 8 to enter 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
84 8 chén minister / statesman / official 臣言諒暗中不宜近妃嬪
85 8 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉順天鄉試
86 8 yòu right / right-hand 五年擢禮部右侍郎
87 8 to go 候舟發乃去
88 8 day of the month / a certain day 命日慮一囚
89 8 shū book 書成
90 8 one 命日慮一囚
91 8 使 shǐ to make / to cause 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
92 8 business / industry 與司業趙琬
93 8 liù six 徐數至六事止
94 8 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方招徠遠人
95 8 to arise / to get up 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
96 7 final particle 焚之矣
97 7 otherwise / but / however 則時勉已襲冠帶立階前矣
98 7 to beg / to request 八年乞致仕
99 7 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 邢讓
100 7 hái also / in addition / more 比王指揮詣獄還
101 7 國子監 Guó Zǐ Jiàn Imperial Academy 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
102 7 father 皇太后父也
103 7 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 授刑部主事
104 7 xuàn a stick-like implement inserted into the handles of a ding 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
105 7 guó a country / a nation 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
106 7 shào to continue / to carry on 李紹
107 6 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 不相值
108 6 also / too 事亦竟白
109 6 shāo a little / slightly 色稍霽
110 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 書成
111 6 yòu again / also 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
112 6 jiàn to see 毋入見
113 6 liǎng two 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
114 6 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養才
115 6 zōng school / sect 字宗器
116 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
117 6 naturally / of course / certainly 力以師道自任
118 6 to stop / to cease / to suspend 乞罷
119 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
120 6 bèi by 尋被讒下獄
121 6 jiǔ nine 九年
122 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 振遂言時勉擅伐官樹入家
123 6 xiè to thank 謝鐸魯鐸
124 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 改交阯道御史
125 6 a scholar 師儒之席
126 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆俯取
127 5 táng main hall / a large room 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
128 5 clothes / dress / garment 服闕
129 5 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 昂庭機孫燫烴
130 5 dào way / road / path 改交阯道御史
131 5 xíng to walk / to move 以字行
132 5 increase / benefit 帝意益解
133 5 huì can / be able to 設饌會食
134 5 成化 chénghuà to cultivate perfect virtue 成化五年
135 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召至便殿
136 5 滿 mǎn full 秩滿
137 5 zhí straight 然以直節重望為士類所依歸者
138 5 liú Liu 李時勉陳敬宗劉鉉
139 5 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 迎還車駕
140 5 xià next 乃下錦衣衛獄
141 5 shǎo few 改少詹事
142 5 sūn Sun 昂庭機孫燫烴
143 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多中時病
144 5 suì age 歲餘得釋
145 5 shí real / true 實長奸惰
146 5 天順 Tiānshùn Emperor Tianshun / Emperor Zhengtong 天順三年五月卒
147 5 嘉靖 Jiājìng Emperor Jiajing 嘉靖初
148 5 yīn because 有因事予告者
149 5 prison 乃下錦衣衛獄
150 5 十二 shí èr twelve 十二年春乃得請
151 5 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋被讒下獄
152 5 residence / dwelling 師儒免僦居
153 5 fēi not / non- / un- 而時勉言營建之非
154 5 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 復取視者再
155 5 nán south 曰南陳北李
156 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今與天下英才終日論議
157 5 to read 改翰林侍讀
158 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔求直言
159 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不往見
160 5 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選庶吉士
161 5 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德五年修
162 5 jiè to introduce / to lie between 鉉性介特
163 5 měi each / every 每升堂聽講
164 5 zhuàn food 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
165 5 jiā to add 時勉待振無加禮
166 5 zòu to present / to offer 及通政司奏大用章
167 5 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 林瀚
168 5 no 時勉待振無加禮
169 5 明年 míngnián next year 明年中鄉試
170 5 lèi to be tired 遷延累歲
171 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
172 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 章三上
173 5 yòng to use / to apply 繼不能盡用
174 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
175 5 chēng to call / to address 稱時勉忠
176 4 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 景帝不許
177 4 réng yet / still / as ever 仍供事內廷
178 4 太平 tàipíng peaceful 人稱為太平盛事
179 4 can / may / permissible 帝可其奏
180 4 xìng gender 性剛鯁
181 4 big / great / huge / large / major 仁宗大漸
182 4 cóng from 而前使者已縛時勉從端東旁門入
183 4 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 趙永
184 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣其孫驥詣闕上書
185 4 yáng Yang 楊榮薦復職
186 4 zuò to sit 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
187 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 景泰元年九月與尚書魏驥同引年致仕
188 4 tiáo measure word for long thin things 條上時務十五事
189 4 弘治 Hóngzhì Emperor Hongzhi 弘治初
190 4 to die 曳出幾死
191 4 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 遂交譖於劉瑾
192 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 臣惶懼不能悉記
193 4 rán correct / right / certainly 慨然以天下為己任
194 4 檢討 jiǎntǎo to self-criticize / to review 授檢討
195 4 zhèng upright / straight 正四號
196 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典國學垂十年
197 4 extra / surplus / remainder 帝乃出余錢賜之
198 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 或遠送至登舟
199 4 shǐ beginning / start
200 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 用善書征入翰林
201 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 取中旨
202 4 jiàn mirror / looking glass 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
203 4 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 不允
204 4 太后 Tài Hòu Empress Dowager 太后使人賜忠家
205 4 Shandong 謝鐸魯鐸
206 4 wén to hear 振聞諸生不平
207 4 dialect / language / speech 疏何語
208 4 qiān one thousand 時勉於錦衣千戶某有恩
209 4 正統 zhèngtǒng orthodox 正統三年以
210 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 復詔廷臣雜治
211 4 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 歷工部右侍郎
212 4 xún to inquire into / to ask about 陳詢已為祭酒
213 4 xu 徐數至六事止
214 4 míng measure word for people 名懋
215 4 cái just now 養才
216 4 jiā house / home / residence 振遂言時勉擅伐官樹入家
217 4 to associate with / be near 比王指揮詣獄還
218 4 serious / critical 讀書至老彌篤
219 4 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 上章願以身代
220 4 qīn relatives 朕親鞫
221 4 to give / to bestow favors 撒金錢賜諸學士
222 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭旨清朗
223 4 disease / sickness / ailment 刲股療母疾
224 4 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 中永樂二年進士
225 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 原吉慰解之
226 4 zhèng government / administration 及通政司奏大用章
227 4 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 改翰林侍讀
228 4 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 英宗北狩
229 4 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 其後寧化張顯宗申明學規
230 4 編修 biānxiū to compile and edit 授編修
231 4 he / him 誣以他事
232 4 國子祭酒 guózǐ jìjiǔ Chancellor of the National University 遷國子祭酒
233 4 soil / ground / land 抵之地
234 4 天下 tiānxià China 慨然以天下為己任
235 4 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 三世一堂
236 4 idea 忤帝意
237 4 陛下 bì xià your majesty 上皇於陛下有君之義
238 4 經筵 jīngyán place where the emperor listened to lectures 掌院事兼經筵官
239 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀其他說
240 4 正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde 正德元年四月
241 4 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 實長奸惰
242 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 請選將練兵
243 4 如故 rúgù like an old friend 篋如故
244 4 chū to go out / to leave 曳出幾死
245 4 jìn nearby 臣言諒暗中不宜近妃嬪
246 4 father's elder brother / uncle 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
247 4 家居 jiājū home / residence / to stay at home (unemployed) 家居不輕出
248 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 帝命王振往視
249 4 國學 guóxué national studies / studies of Confucian classics 時勉請改建國學
250 4 hòu after / later 後贈禮部侍郎
251 4 shì is / are / am / to be 是第難言耳
252 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 任則重矣
253 4 jià vacation 且令寇假大義以問我
254 4 shì a generation 而胡儼當成祖之世
255 4 shǔ to count 徐數至六事止
256 4 I / me / my 時勉廷辱我
257 4 xué to study / to learn 帝視學
258 4 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 寇犯邊
259 4 zuǒ left 歷吏部左
260 4 to visit 而私謁中貴
261 3 mào countenance / appearance 時勉貌稍寢
262 3 jǐn brilliance (of gems) 遂交譖於劉瑾
263 3 desire 王振欲見之
264 3 jīng Beijing 後二人同時為兩京祭酒
265 3 to be slow of speech 太祖以宋訥為祭酒
266 3 to prevail 紹字克述
267 3 災異 zāiyì a misfortune / a disaster 以災異率群僚陳十二事
268 3 kǎo to examine / to test 滿考
269 3 extremely / very 因災異極陳礦稅之害
270 3 cháo to face 宣德元年起修兩朝實錄
271 3 shēng to ascend / to go up 時勉升師席
272 3 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 遷兵部主事
273 3 wèn to ask 且令寇假大義以問我
274 3 varied / complex / not simple 又近有願就雜職之例
275 3 yuán source / origin 謂夏原吉曰
276 3 xiāng village / township 舉於鄉
277 3 人才 réncái a talented person 人才盛於昔時
278 3 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 御史王獻臣自遼東逮下詔獄
279 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 帝幸史館
280 3 tīng hydrocarbon 昂庭機孫燫烴
281 3 huáng royal / imperial 請再遣使迎上皇
282 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
283 3 běi north 英宗北狩
284 3 qiě moreover / also 且令寇假大義以問我
285 3 end / final stage / latter part 天順末
286 3 zhí office / post 又近有願就雜職之例
287 3 subject / class / lesson 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
288 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 魏國公徐鵬舉廢長立幼
289 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 崇廉恥
290 3 shén what 仁宗怒甚
291 3 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖實錄
292 3 a banquet 時勉升師席
293 3 太子太保 tàizǐtàibǎo tutor to the crown prince 贈太子太保
294 3 to inherit 助教李繼請解於會昌侯孫忠
295 3 xián virtuous / worthy 別賢否
296 3 zhào Zhao 趙永
297 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 帝諭之曰
298 3 qián money / currency 帝乃出余錢賜之
299 3 zài in / at 諸生以在監久近
300 3 to take / to get / to fetch 復取視者再
301 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 掌饌金鑒並枷國子監前
302 3 shì to release / to set free 歲餘得釋
303 3 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 正祀典
304 3 huò or / either / else 或言時勉得罪先帝狀
305 3 lián upright / honorable / honest 廉其短
306 3 dōu all 朝臣及國子生餞都門外者幾三千人
307 3 shǔ to sign 方盛署
308 3 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 僚屬憚其嚴
309 3 to move 至撥送之期始赴
310 3 qián front 而前使者已縛時勉從端東旁門入
311 3 to go to / to arrive / to reach 比王指揮詣獄還
312 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 割關課備振
313 3 xùn to teach / to train 訓勵甚切
314 3 duān to carry 王指揮出端西旁門
315 3 jiù right away 當就諸生列坐
316 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 參贊機務
317 3 to criticize 議祔廟禮
318 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 瀚官終副使
319 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌院事兼經筵官
320 3 I 吾為諸生師表
321 3 shì to look at / to see 復取視者再
322 3 sòng Song dynasty 太祖以宋訥為祭酒
323 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 及是名動京師
324 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 以興問罪之師
325 3 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 三殿災
326 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 字宗器
327 3 景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai 景泰元年得旨褒答
328 3 大用 dàyòng a great use 有石大用者
329 3 dìng to decide 顧僚屬定甲乙
330 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 優詔慰留
331 3 jiǔ old 諸生以在監久近
332 3 zhòng many / numerous 而謗者亦眾
333 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 無玷吾門矣
334 3 學士 xuéshì bachelor degree 遷侍讀學士
335 3 yuǎn far / distant 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
336 3 而已 éryǐ that is all 署名而已
337 3 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 時勉嘗規切之
338 3 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖決計都北京
339 3 duì to / toward 對不屈
340 3 róng to hold / to contain 容儀端整
341 3 xiàn constitution / statute / law 憲宗立
342 3 jìng actually / in the end 至是竟得其助
343 3 frequently / often / again and again 以至修省祈禱之命屢頒
344 3 進學 jìnxué to advance one's learning / to enter the prefecture school under the imperial examination system 進學文淵閣
345 3 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 大學士楊士奇臥病
346 3 to bind / to tie 縛以來
347 3 zāi disaster / calamity 三殿災
348 3 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 恤軍民
349 3 guǎn a house / a residence 初不為六館所知
350 3 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗怒甚
351 3 僚屬 liáo shǔ leader and subordinates 顧僚屬定甲乙
352 3 chéng honesty / sincerity
353 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 父憂歸
354 3 cháng to taste 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
355 3 tíng court / royal court 時勉廷辱我
356 3 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 及遠國入貢人不宜使群居輦下
357 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周忱與敬宗善
358 3 xiào to be filial 以孝聞
359 3 a gem / a precious stone / jade 薩琦
360 3 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 授刑部主事
361 3 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 又令王指揮即縛斬西市
362 3 shě to give 以次營立署舍
363 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 帝令盡陳之
364 3 chéng to punish / to discipline 示勸懲
365 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 周忱與敬宗善
366 2 知府 zhīfǔ prefectural magistrate 撫州知府
367 2 to supervise 督令讀書
368 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 褒表忠節
369 2 讀書 dúshū to study / to read 督令讀書
370 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey
371 2 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 鹿鳴
372 2 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 官至戶部主事
373 2 zhǐ to point 且述迎復之指
374 2 jiān simultaneously 掌院事兼經筵官
375 2 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 慈懿太后崩
376 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 請再遣使迎上皇
377 2 alone / independent / single / sole 時勉獨正立
378 2 shè to set up / to establish 設酒饌
379 2 chamber / pavilion 進學文淵閣
380 2 有加 yǒujiā extremely 賜予有加
381 2 xiǎn mill 言官戴銑等以留健
382 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 即令待罪堂下
383 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 盍具疏自理
384 2 insubordinate / stubborn 忤帝意
385 2 sa 薩琦
386 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 或遠送至登舟
387 2 fish 鄉有饋乾魚者
388 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 振知不可屈
389 2 to help / to assist 英國公張輔暨諸侯伯奏
390 2 sàng to lose / to die 未終喪
391 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 宣帝即位已逾年
392 2 詣闕 yìquè to go to the palace to see the emperor 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
393 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 監生李貴等千余人詣闕乞貸
394 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 時勉待振無加禮
395 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 且述迎復之指
396 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 皇太子不宜遠左右
397 2 gain / advantage / benefit 字利瞻
398 2 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄墳墓
399 2 鄉試 xiāngshì the triennial provincial imperial exam during the Ming and Qing 明年中鄉試
400 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 諸生荷教澤久
401 2 tōng to go through / to open 及通政司奏大用章
402 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 字貞恒
403 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 時勉廷辱我
404 2 shì to show / to reveal 示勸懲
405 2 special / unique / distinguished 鉉性介特
406 2 apparatus 容儀端整
407 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 臣惶懼不能悉記
408 2 jiān fish bones 性剛鯁
409 2 to cry out / to shout 徐呼諸生品第高下
410 2 pín poor / impoverished 諸生貧不能婚葬者
411 2 plain / white 瀚素剛方
412 2 先帝 xiāndì ancient emperors 或言時勉得罪先帝狀
413 2 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 典國學垂十年
414 2 shí a rock / a stone 有石大用者
415 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 贈少保
416 2 to press down 抑奔競
417 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 整肅如朝廷
418 2 mother 刲股療母疾
419 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 謚文恭
420 2 shù tree 時勉嘗芟彜倫堂樹旁枝
421 2 旁門 pángmén side door 王指揮出端西旁門
422 2 聽講 tīngjiǎng to attend a lecture / to listen to a talk 願偕詣國子監聽講
423 2 yuān a gulf / an abyss 進學文淵閣
424 2 què a watch tower 服闋
425 2 hurried / worried 請急歸
426 2 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 讓率僚屬疏諫
427 2 shēn deep 帝深惜之
428 2 squares 列格
429 2 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 謫瀚浙江參政
430 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 初不為六館所知
431 2 yōu excellent / superior 優詔慰留
432 2 wèi position / location / place 位雖不崇
433 2 以此 yǐcǐ hence 時以此見稱
434 2 官司 guānsi a government office 先生官司成久
435 2 tíng to stop / to halt 不願歸者停其月廩
436 2 jùn talented / capable 言官丘俊
437 2 十三 shísān thirteen 登正統十三年進士
438 2 載籍 zàijí books 而載籍不為無用矣
439 2 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites 禮部尚書傅瀚持之
440 2 expresses question or doubt 不亦善乎
441 2 乞休 qǐxiū to request permission to resign from an official position 十二年冬乞休
442 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 讓等以為言
443 2 盛事 chéngshì grand occasion 人稱為太平盛事
444 2 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 遣其孫驥詣闕上書
445 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 力學慕古
446 2 jié clean 狷潔不茍合
447 2 科目 kēmù subject 由科目者
448 2 安福 ānfú Anfu 安福人
449 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 褒表忠節
450 2 wàn ten thousand 萬歷九年卒
451 2 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 草安在
452 2 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 又因災傷
453 2 xíng Xing 邢讓
454 2 不專 bùzhuān not only 不專章句
455 2 Germany 再遷諭德
456 2 zhōu boat / ship 或遠送至登舟
457 2 tài very / extremely 帝乃太息
458 2 xuàn to dazzle / to boast / to show off / to puzzle 時子炫已成進士
459 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 襄陵人
460 2 守備 shǒubèi to garrison / to stand guard / on garrison duty 襄城伯李隆守備南京
461 2 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 尋以母喪歸
462 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 帝崩
463 2 to look after / to attend to 顧僚屬定甲乙
464 2 what / where / which 疏何語
465 2 chì keep in order / to order / to direct 飭官司
466 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 以大答天人之望
467 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 謫瀚浙江參政
468 2 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 授中書舍人
469 2 名位 míngwèi fame and position / official rank 名位相軋者多忌之
470 2 qīng clear / pure / clean 大學士楊一清重其才
471 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由科目者
472 2 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 景帝立
473 2 chè to pervade / to penetrate 呼聲徹殿庭
474 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 時勉嘗規切之
475 2 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang 以其余詣東陽
476 2 qiè ratton box / suitcase / case 閱其衣篋
477 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 時勉待振無加禮
478 2 mào to be hardworking 名懋
479 2 to take / to receive / to accept 以衾裹足納桶中
480 2 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 時勉方坐東堂閱課士卷
481 2 jiǎn to check 繼不拘檢柙
482 2 zuò to do 西苑相繼興作
483 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 土木之敗
484 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞竭府庫之財
485 2 anger / rage / fury 仁宗怒甚
486 2 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 而汙暴益甚
487 2 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 斥為民
488 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人負才狹中
489 2 interest 帝乃太息
490 2 to envy / to be jealous 名位相軋者多忌之
491 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未終喪
492 2 to give 有因事予告者
493 2 to be urgent 言行不茍
494 2 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充經筵講官
495 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 服闕
496 2 lǐn a government granary 不願歸者停其月廩
497 2 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 條上時務十五事
498 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 上章願以身代
499 2 eight 八年乞致仕
500 2 final interogative 得無誑君耶

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安福 ānfú Anfu
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
保定 Bǎodìng
  1. Baoding
  2. Baoding
北京 Běijīng Beijing
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le
慈溪 cíxī Cixi
大学士 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor
典籍 diǎnjí canonical text
东堂 東堂 Dōng Táng Saint Joseph's Church
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东胜 東勝 dōngshèng Dongshend
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
丰润 豐潤 fēngrùn Fengrun
抚州 撫州 fǔzhōu Fuzhou
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
广西 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi
国子监 國子監 Guó Zǐ Jiàn Imperial Academy
国子祭酒 國子祭酒 guózǐ jìjiǔ Chancellor of the National University
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
洪熙 Hóngxī Emperor Hongxi
弘治 Hóngzhì Emperor Hongzhi
huái Huai River
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
湖广 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces
会昌 會昌 huìChāng Huichang
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
嘉靖 Jiājìng Emperor Jiajing
江西 jiāngxī Jiangxi
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
交阯 jiāozhǐ Jiaozhi
锦衣卫 錦衣衛 Jǐn Yī Wèi
  1. Imperial Guards in the Ming Dynasty
  2. Fourteen Blades
汉景 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han
景泰 Jǐngtài Emperor Jingtai
敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
李东阳 李東陽 Lǐ Dōngyáng Li Dongyang
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
礼部尚书 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
Mǐn
  1. Fujian
  2. Min dialect
  3. Min River
  4. Min tribe
明代 Míng Dài Ming Dynasty
明太祖 Míng Tài Zǔ Emperor Taizu of Ming
南城 nánchéng Nancheng
南京 Nánjīng Nanjing
宁化 寧化 nínghuà Ninghua
辟雍 pìyōng Piying
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
史馆 史館 shǐguǎn Historiography Institute
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
四书 四書 Sì Shū Four Books
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
苏州 蘇州 sūzhōu Suzhou
太学 太學 Tài Xué Taixue / Imperial Academy / Grand Academy
太仆 太僕 tàipú Grand Servant
天顺 天順 Tiānshùn Emperor Tianshun / Emperor Zhengtong
通鉴纲目 通鑒綱目 tōngjiàn gāngmù Tongjian Gangmu / Main Lines and Details on the Continuing Mirror
通志 tōngzhì Comprehensive Records / Tongzhi
瓦剌 wǎlá Oirats
晚唐 Wǎn Táng Late Tang
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏国 魏國 Wèiguó
  1. Wei State
  2. Wei State / Cao Wei
文安 Wén'ān Wen'an
文德 wéndé Wende
吴澄 吳澄 wú chéng Wu Cheng
五经 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics
武宗 Wǔ Zōng
  1. Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong
  2. Emperor Wuzong of Tang
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西苑 Xī Yuàn West Park / Xi Yuan
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
显宗 顯宗 xiǎnzōng Xianzong
xíng
  1. Xing
  2. Xing
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande
宣宗 xuānzōng Seonjong of Goryeo
言官 yánguān Imperial Censor / Remonstrance Official
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
永乐 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le
永乐大典 永樂大典 Yǒng Lè Dà Diǎn Yongle Great Encyclopedia
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
浙江 Zhèjiāng
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River / Qiantang River
正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde
终南 終南 zhōngnán Zhongnan
中时 中時 zhōngshí China Times
诸生 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English