Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《廉頗藺相如列傳》 Biographies of Lian Po and Lin Xiangru

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 129 zhào Zhao 趙之良將也
2 96 wáng Wang 使人遺趙王書
3 88 qín Shaanxi 秦昭王聞之
4 61 yuē to speak / to say 宦者令繆賢曰
5 45 lián upright / honorable / honest 廉頗藺相如列傳
6 31 chén minister / statesman / official 臣舍人藺相如可使
7 29 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人遺趙王書
8 28 a piece of jade with hole in it 願以十五城請易璧
9 26 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君何以知燕王
10 23 shē extravagant / wasteful 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
11 19 a shepherd 趙乃以李牧為將而攻燕
12 19 qǐng to ask / to inquire 願以十五城請易璧
13 18 bīng soldier / troops 即患秦兵之來
14 17 Li 趙乃以李牧為將而攻燕
15 16 lìn soft rush / common rush 廉頗藺相如列傳
16 16 jūn army / military 破其一軍
17 16 rén person / people / a human being 趙人也
18 15 yān Yan 竊計欲亡走燕
19 15 suì to comply with / to follow along 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
20 15 desire 欲予秦
21 15 chéng a city / a town 願以十五城請易璧
22 15 day of the month / a certain day 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
23 13 to break / to ruin / to destroy 大破之
24 13 kuò to enclose / to include 趙王因以括為將
25 13 大王 dàwáng king 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
26 12 nián year 趙惠文王十六年
27 11 qiáng strong / powerful 夫趙彊而燕弱
28 11 yán to speak / to say / said 以空言求璧
29 11 to enter 城入趙而璧留秦
30 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今君乃亡趙走燕
31 11 to strike / to hit / to beat 欲以擊柱
32 10 to give 欲予秦
33 10 big / great / huge / large / major 大破之
34 10 wén to hear 以勇氣聞於諸侯
35 10 gōng to attack / to assault 復攻趙
36 10 shǔ to count 秦數敗趙軍
37 9 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 備匈奴
38 9 can / may / permissible 求人可使報秦者
39 9 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
40 9 to allow / to permit 寧許以負秦曲
41 9 one 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
42 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
43 9 yòng to use / to apply 殺平原君用事者九人
44 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 今殺相如
45 8 hòu after / later 後三年
46 8 wèi Wei Dynasty 廉頗攻魏之防陵
47 8 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為其人勇士
48 8 xián liesure 閒至趙矣
49 8 five 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
50 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 趙王悉召群臣議
51 7 shí time / a period of time 趙惠文王時
52 7 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 其勢必不敢留君
53 7 to go 左右或欲引相如去
54 7 wáng to die 竊計欲亡走燕
55 7 shàng top / a high position 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
56 7 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 傳以示美人及左右
57 7 shì matter / thing / item 臣所以去親戚而事君者
58 7 píng flat / level / smooth 奉公如法則上下平
59 7 guī to go back / to return 歸璧于趙
60 7 lái to come 即患秦兵之來
61 7 zhàn war / fighting / battle 趙軍固壁不戰
62 7 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 秦城恐不可得
63 6 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 誰可使者
64 6 extra / surplus / remainder 秦自繆公以來二十餘君
65 6 residence / dwelling 居二年
66 6 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不可彊奪
67 6 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 乃辭謝固請
68 6 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 法削則國弱
69 6 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代廉頗
70 6 zhù a pillar / a post 倚柱
71 6 chéng to mount / to climb onto 又召樂乘而問焉
72 6 to die 卒廷見相如
73 6 suì age 是歲
74 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔石城
75 6 èr two 均之二策
76 6 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
77 6 to reach 傳以示美人及左右
78 6 shū book 使人遺趙王書
79 6 ruò weak 夫趙彊而燕弱
80 5 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 趙王悉召群臣議
81 5 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 徒見欺
82 5 zài in / at 曲在趙
83 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂解閼與之圍而歸
84 5 even / equal / uniform 廉頗為趙將伐齊
85 5 apprentice / disciple 徒見欺
86 5 fǒu pottery / earthenware 請奏盆缻秦王
87 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 竊計欲亡走燕
88 5 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 又召樂乘而問焉
89 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 秦城恐不可得
90 5 mother 括母問奢其故
91 5 to stand 相如因持璧卻立
92 5 zhī to know 何以知之
93 5 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
94 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 趙王悉召群臣議
95 5 a government official / a magistrate 趙之田部吏也
96 5 wèi to fear / to dread 燕畏趙
97 5 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願以十五城請易璧
98 5 shì power / authority 其勢不俱生
99 5 to bear / to carry 寧許以負秦曲
100 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 軍士許歷請以軍事諫
101 5 jiàn to see 徒見欺
102 5 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 兵去邯鄲三十里
103 5 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 願以十五城請易璧
104 5 趙括 Zhàokuò Zhao Kuo 獨畏馬服君趙奢之子趙括為將耳
105 5 wèn to ask 王問
106 5 gǎn bold / brave 臣乃敢上璧
107 5 奉璧 fèng bì to return the jade annulus [to Zhao] 臣願奉璧往使
108 5 to cut down 廉頗為趙將伐齊
109 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 廉頗之仇郭開多與使者金
110 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 公之視廉將軍孰與秦王
111 5 anger / rage / fury 怒髪上沖冠
112 5 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 以勇氣聞於諸侯
113 5 shì to look at / to see 相如視秦王無意償趙城
114 5 chuán to transmit 傳以示美人及左右
115 4 guest / visitor 故客盡去
116 4 qián front 乃前曰
117 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 引趙使者藺相如
118 4 tíng court / royal court 設九賓於廷
119 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 趙王竊聞秦王善為秦聲
120 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
121 4 chǔ state of Chu 得楚和氏璧
122 4 不肯 bùkěn not willing 秦王不肯擊缻
123 4 a drum 趙王鼓瑟
124 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 終不能得璧也
125 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜可使
126 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難救
127 4 xíng to walk / to move 欲毋行
128 4 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 趙惠文王十六年
129 4 三十 sān shí thirty 不過三十日
130 4 天下 tiānxià China 天下所共傳寶也
131 4 cháng to repay / to recompense 相如視秦王無意償趙城
132 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必敗
133 4 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
134 4 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊計欲亡走燕
135 4 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 示趙弱且怯也
136 4 武安 wǔān Wu'an 秦軍軍武安西
137 4 a type of standing harp 請奏瑟
138 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計未定
139 4 jiā to add 終不能加勝於趙
140 4 to die 有以軍事諫者死
141 4 xián virtuous / worthy 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
142 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 趙惠文王十六年
143 4 easy / simple 願以十五城請易璧
144 4 wèi to call 相如謂臣曰
145 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 於是舍人相與諫曰
146 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 日擊數牛饗士
147 4 inside / interior 度道里會遇之禮畢
148 4 xiān first 今以秦之彊而先割十五都予趙
149 4 hurried / worried 大王必欲急臣
150 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 秦軍解而走
151 4 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 臣知欺大王之罪當誅
152 4 a man / a male adult 夫趙彊而燕弱
153 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 其勢必不敢留君
154 4 平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
155 4 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 武安屋瓦盡振
156 4 jiù to save / to rescue 可救不
157 3 seven 七年
158 3 shí ten 肉十斤
159 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 數十萬之眾遂降秦
160 3 cháng to taste 臣嘗有罪
161 3 bào newspaper 求人可使報秦者
162 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 雖趙邊兵亦以為吾將怯
163 3 to ride an animal or bicycle 習射騎
164 3 zòu to present / to offer 相如奉璧奏秦王
165 3 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
166 3 martial / military 拔武遂
167 3 jiā house / home / residence 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
168 3 趙軍 Zhàojūn army of Zhao 秦數敗趙軍
169 3 to think / consider / to ponder 趙王思復得廉頗
170 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 不如因而厚遇之
171 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬尚御之
172 3 hair 使人發書至趙王
173 3 西 The West 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
174 3 fàn food / a meal 身所奉飯飲而進食者以十數
175 3 shī to lose 失勢之時
176 3 liǎng two 徒以吾兩人在也
177 3 huān a kind of horse 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
178 3 hòu thick 不如因而厚遇之
179 3 wàn ten thousand 趙前後所亡凡四十五萬
180 3 zhōng middle 譬之猶兩鼠鬬於穴中
181 3 sān three 後三年
182 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 大王見臣列觀
183 3 chēng to call / to address 常稱病
184 3 jīn gold 王所賜金帛
185 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
186 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 君於趙為貴公子
187 3 tune / song 曲在趙
188 3 dào way / road / path 度道里會遇之禮畢
189 3 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 不可不許
190 3 zhì to place / to lay out 母置之
191 3 lěi a rampart / a military wall 復益增壘
192 3 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 拜送書於庭
193 3 其父 qí fù his father 括徒能讀其父書傳
194 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
195 3 zuò to sit 秦王坐章臺見相如
196 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
197 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 而君幸於趙王
198 3 王會 Wáng Huì Wang Hui 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
199 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 終不能加勝於趙
200 3 miào Miao 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
201 3 chí to grasp / to hold 相如因持璧卻立
202 3 jiǎ armor 卷甲而趨之
203 3 shì to show / to reveal 傳以示美人及左右
204 3 jiǔ nine 設九賓於廷
205 3 to take / to get / to fetch 取陽晉
206 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為上卿
207 3 yuē approximately 決負約不償城
208 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 王不行
209 3 不予 bùyǔ to withhold / to refuse 不予我城
210 3 child / son 子孝成王立
211 3 zhāi to abstain from meat or wine 遂許齋五日
212 3 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 相如張目叱之
213 3 齋戒 zhāijiè to abstain from eating meat 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
214 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 趙王以為賢大夫使不辱於諸侯
215 3 shè to set up / to establish 設九賓於廷
216 2 和氏璧 Hé Shì bì He Shi Bi 得楚和氏璧
217 2 guō Guo 廉頗之仇郭開多與使者金
218 2 private 燕王私握臣手
219 2 烽火 fēnghuǒ fire beacon 謹烽火
220 2 to give / to bestow favors 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
221 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 不欲與廉頗爭列
222 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒離心
223 2 zhì matter / material / substance 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
224 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 秦自繆公以來二十餘君
225 2 歸趙 guī zhào to return [the jade annulus] to Zhao 而束君歸趙矣
226 2 zhuàng robust 趙壯者盡於長平
227 2 to fly 習射騎
228 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 舍相如廣成傳
229 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 為反閒
230 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 廉將軍雖老
231 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決負約不償城
232 2 cháo to face 相如每朝時
233 2 美人 měirén beauty / belle 傳以示美人及左右
234 2 tián field / farmland 趙之田部吏也
235 2 to arrest / to catch / to seize 有敢捕虜者斬
236 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 秦軍鼓譟勒兵
237 2 fèng to offer / to present 身所奉飯飲而進食者以十數
238 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 數十萬之眾遂降秦
239 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 因賓客至藺相如門謝罪
240 2 method / way 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
241 2 qiú to request 秦以城求璧而趙不許
242 2 shì a city 夫天下以市道交
243 2 to look askance at / to glare at 相如持其璧睨柱
244 2 yǒng brave / courageous 將勇者勝
245 2 shòu old age / long life 請以趙十五城為秦王壽
246 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 既罷歸國
247 2 huì can / be able to 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
248 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
249 2 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 拜為上卿
250 2 to bestow on / to endow with 王用之治國賦
251 2 方城 fāngchéng square castle 方城
252 2 huàn government official 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
253 2 悼襄王 dàoxiāng wáng King Daoxiang of Zhao 子悼襄王立
254 2 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 秦王以十五城請易寡人之璧
255 2 yuǎn far / distant 道遠險狹
256 2 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 客退矣
257 2 rich / wealthy 君安得有此富乎
258 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒入收保
259 2 four 後四年
260 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅襜襤
261 2 chē a vehicle 相如引車避匿
262 2 無意 wúyì to have no intention 相如視秦王無意償趙城
263 2 dōng east 廉頗東攻齊
264 2 wèi position / location / place 位在廉頗之右
265 2 單于 Chányú Chanyu 單于聞之
266 2 ěr ear 獨畏馬服君趙奢之子趙括為將耳
267 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 臣以為布衣之交尚不相欺
268 2 見相 jiàn xiāng perceiving the subject 秦王坐章臺見相如
269 2 qiān one thousand 於是乃具選車得千三百乘
270 2 horse 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
271 2 以軍 yǐjūn Israeli soldiers 有以軍事諫者死
272 2 to capture / to imprison / to seize 有敢捕虜者斬
273 2 shí real / true 實不可得
274 2 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 大王及宗室所賞賜者盡以予軍吏士大夫
275 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 臣嘗有罪
276 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 故欲往
277 2 qiè consort / concubine 始妾事其父
278 2 to leave behind 使人遺趙王書
279 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 願結友
280 2 to assemble / to meet together 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
281 2 to fear 而燕用栗腹之謀
282 2 qiān to move / to shift 趙王遷七年
283 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未得
284 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 大王見臣列觀
285 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 有敢捕虜者斬
286 2 澠池 Shéngchí Mianchi 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
287 2 several 廉頗復伐齊幾
288 2 cōng scallion / green onion 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
289 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 常稱病
290 2 mǎi to buy / to purchase 而日視便利田宅可買者買之
291 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 今兩虎共鬬
292 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 趙王以為賢大夫使不辱於諸侯
293 2 hǎo good 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
294 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹烽火
295 2 fēng to seal / to close off 趙以尉文封廉頗為信平君
296 2 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 奉公如法則上下平
297 2 wèi a military officer 以許歷為國尉
298 2 yáng sun 取陽晉
299 2 gōng merit 以相如功大
300 2 jiǎn to cut down 秦使王翦攻趙
301 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知將軍寬之至此也
302 2 to cut / to divide / to partition 今以秦之彊而先割十五都予趙
303 2 xìn to believe / to trust 趙王信秦之閒
304 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 急入收保
305 2 yǐn to drink 秦王與趙王會飲
306 2 xiū to be ashamed 吾羞
307 2 móu to plan / to scheme 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
308 2 to criticize 趙王悉召群臣議
309 2 xiá narrow / limited 道遠險狹
310 2 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 復益增壘
311 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 殺二萬人
312 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 趙亦盛設兵以待秦
313 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 畢禮而歸之
314 2 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 秦王大喜
315 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
316 2 néng can / able 括徒能讀其父書傳
317 2 to hide / to go into hiding 相如引車避匿
318 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
319 2 Hán Korea / South Korea 秦伐韓
320 2 tuō to take off 則幸得脫矣
321 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 秦御史前書曰
322 2 tīng to listen 趙王不聽
323 2 yán color 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
324 2 王因 Wángyīn Wangyin 秦王因曰
325 2 年月 nián yuè months and year / time 某年月日
326 2 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 於是舍人相與諫曰
327 2 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 未嘗有堅明約束者也
328 2 如故 rúgù like an old friend 李牧如故
329 2 clothes / dress / garment 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
330 2 xiǎn dangerous 道遠險狹
331 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 趙王豈以一璧之故欺秦邪
332 2 孝成王 xiàochéngwáng King Xiaocheng of Zhao 子孝成王立
333 2 奉公 fèng gōng to pursue public affairs 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
334 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 趙王讓李牧
335 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
336 2 wēi power / might / prestige 嚴大國之威以修敬也
337 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 於是乃具選車得千三百乘
338 2 bǎi one hundred 所友者以百數
339 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨畏廉將軍哉
340 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 畢禮而歸之
341 2 肉袒 ròutǎn to make a humble apology 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
342 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 卷甲而趨之
343 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 趙之良將也
344 2 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 況大國乎
345 2 其後 qí hòu after that 其後秦伐趙
346 2 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 趙奢許諾
347 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 而燕用栗腹之謀
348 2 yǒu friend / companion 願結友
349 2 to look after / to attend to 相如顧召趙御史書曰
350 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 臣舍人相如止臣
351 1 離心 líxīn to be at odds with / centrifugal (force) 士卒離心
352 1 人民 rénmín the people 人民滿野
353 1 è to be hungry 軍餓
354 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 數不利
355 1 王度 Wáng Dù Wang Du 秦王度之
356 1 xué to study / to learn 趙括自少時學兵法
357 1 前進 qiánjìn to go forward / to forge ahead / to advance 於是相如前進缻
358 1 to defend / to resist 司馬尚御之
359 1 鄙賤 bǐjiàn lowly / despicable / to despise 鄙賤之人
360 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 臣等不肖
361 1 之一 zhīyī one of 廉頗為之一飯斗米
362 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 五步之內
363 1 戲弄 xìnòng to play tricks on / to make fun of / to tease 以戲弄臣
364 1 以往 yǐwǎng in the past / before 指從此以往十五都予趙
365 1 求人 qiúrén to ask for help / to ask a favor / to recruit talented people 求人可使報秦者
366 1 nán south 南距韓
367 1 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 則請立太子為王
368 1 刎頸 wěnjǐng to behead 為刎頸之交
369 1 suì to break / to smash 臣頭今與璧俱碎於柱矣
370 1 àn case / incident 召有司案圖
371 1 上馬 shàng mǎ to get on a horse / to mount 被甲上馬
372 1 shēng sound 趙王竊聞秦王善為秦聲
373 1 受命 shòumìng ordained or appointed to a post / to benefit from counsel 受命之日
374 1 勇氣 yǒngqì courage / valor 以勇氣聞於諸侯
375 1 xuè blood 相如請得以頸血濺大王矣
376 1 道交 dào jiāo mutual interaction between those cultivating on the path and the Buddha 夫天下以市道交
377 1 nèi inside / interior 內之
378 1 ministry / department 趙之田部吏也
379 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 李牧擊破秦軍
380 1 家事 jiāshì family matters / domestic affairs / housework 不問家事
381 1 輸入 shūrù to input 市租皆輸入莫府
382 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 請以秦之咸陽為趙王壽
383 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 其處智勇
384 1 tóu head 臣頭今與璧俱碎於柱矣
385 1 wài outside 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
386 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 詳北不勝
387 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 請受令
388 1 liù six 居六年
389 1 完璧歸趙 wán bì guī zhào to return the intact jade annulus to Zhao 臣請完璧歸趙
390 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 終不可彊奪
391 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 臣誠恐見欺於王而負趙
392 1 wide / broad 趙括出銳卒自博戰
393 1 相距 xiàngjù distance apart / separated by a given distance 秦與趙兵相距長平
394 1 怯懦 qiènuò timid / gutless / weakling 然士或怯懦而不敢發
395 1 láo to toil 而藺相如徒以口舌為勞
396 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 廉頗卒死于壽春
397 1 qīng light / not heavy 豈輕於天下邪
398 1 hào number 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
399 1 宣言 xuānyán declaration / manifesto 宣言曰
400 1 法則 fǎzé law / rule / code 奉公如法則上下平
401 1 lìn \N 而藺相如病甐
402 1 奢縱 shē zōng extravagant and undisciplined 趙奢縱兵擊之
403 1 chān to flutter / to shake / to vibrate 滅襜襤
404 1 請辭 qǐngcí to ask sb to resign from a post 請辭去
405 1 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 大王及宗室所賞賜者盡以予軍吏士大夫
406 1 xiàn to offer / to present 不敢不獻
407 1 miǎn to spare 廉頗之免長平歸也
408 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 詳敗走
409 1 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 趙括出銳卒自博戰
410 1 如同 rútóng to be like 藺相如同位
411 1 gòu enough 彀者十萬人
412 1 děng et cetera / and so on 臣等不肖
413 1 恐懼 kǒngjù fear / dread 恐懼殊甚
414 1 district / county 臣觀大王無意償趙王城邑
415 1 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴大國之威以修敬也
416 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 廉頗攻魏之防陵
417 1 Hu 秦破殺趙將扈輒於武遂
418 1 disease / sickness / ailment 固稱疾
419 1 zhòng many / numerous 數十萬之眾遂降秦
420 1 jīng brambles / thorns 肉袒負荊
421 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
422 1 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民富而府庫實
423 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 非死者難也
424 1 勇士 yǒngshì a warrior / a brave person 臣竊以為其人勇士
425 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 彊秦之所以不敢加兵於趙者
426 1 shòu to teach 王授璧
427 1 chéng to fill 趙亦盛設兵以待秦
428 1 不受 bùshòu to not accept 李牧不受命
429 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
430 1 beard / mustache 降林胡
431 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 以先國家之急而後私讎也
432 1 zhèn wave / spate / burst / spell / short period of time 將軍必厚集其陣以待之
433 1 射殺 shèshā to shoot and kill / to gun down 秦軍射殺趙括
434 1 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 而日視便利田宅可買者買之
435 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 大王亦幸赦臣
436 1 辭謝 cíxiè to decline gratefully 乃辭謝固請
437 1 惡言 èyán foul language / malicious talk 廉君宣惡言而君畏匿之
438 1 急救 jíjiù first aid 軍中候有一人言急救武安
439 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢司馬尚
440 1 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 厚遇戰士
441 1 指示 zhǐshì to point out / to indicate 請指示王
442 1 idea 秦人不意趙師至此
443 1 位居 wèijū to be located at 而位居我上
444 1 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 其母上書言於王曰
445 1 tiger 今兩虎共鬬
446 1 yòu right / right-hand 位在廉頗之右
447 1 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 王召廉頗而問曰
448 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方藺相如引璧睨柱
449 1 shǔ a rat / a mouse 譬之猶兩鼠鬬於穴中
450 1 fèn to strive / to exert effort 相如一奮其氣
451 1 敵國 díguó enemy country 威信敵國
452 1 滿 mǎn full 人民滿野
453 1 昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou 秦昭王聞之
454 1 a river / a stream 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
455 1 suí to follow 妾得無隨坐乎
456 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 廉頗遂奔魏之大梁
457 1 王城 Wáng chéng Angkor Thom 臣觀大王無意償趙王城邑
458 1 奇兵 qíbīng troops appearing suddenly (in a raid or ambush) 縱奇兵
459 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 擊秦軍於宜安
460 1 lán ragged garments 滅襜襤
461 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 後三月
462 1 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 廉頗遂奔魏之大梁
463 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 趙以數困於秦兵
464 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 廉頗藺相如列傳
465 1 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 軍士許歷請以軍事諫
466 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 賴楚
467 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 秦王飲酒酣
468 1 special / unique / distinguished 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
469 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
470 1 tāng soup 臣請就湯鑊
471 1 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 因賓客至藺相如門謝罪
472 1 wilderness 人民滿野
473 1 法治 fǎzhì rule by law 奢以法治之
474 1 日後 rìhòu someday / sometime 秦王齋五日後
475 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分斷其軍為二
476 1 wing 張左右翼擊之
477 1 biàn to change / to alter 不知合變也
478 1 不問 bù wèn to pay no attention to / to disregard / to ignore / to let go unpunished / to let off 不問家事
479 1 huái bosom / breast 懷其璧
480 1 a sigh for surprise, grief, or laughing 秦王與群臣相視而嘻
481 1 shī teacher 秦人不意趙師至此
482 1 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 廉頗之仇郭開多與使者金
483 1 太山 tàishān Taishan 名重太山
484 1 to arise / to get up 趙王乃復彊起使將兵
485 1 fèi fee / expenses 為士卒費
486 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 舍相如廣成傳
487 1 huǐ to destroy 令毀之
488 1 cáng to hide 歸藏於家
489 1 nuǎn warm 龐煖破燕軍
490 1 night 二日一夜至
491 1 wén writing / text 趙以尉文封廉頗為信平君
492 1 juǎn to coil / to roll 卷甲而趨之
493 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 陰使人迎之
494 1 北山 běishān northern mountain 先據北山上者勝
495 1 shǎo few 趙括自少時學兵法
496 1 to join / to combine 不知合變也
497 1 shǒu hand 燕王私握臣手
498 1 to avoid / to shun 相如引車避匿
499 1 to hold / to grasp / to shake hands 燕王私握臣手
500 1 wǎn evening / night 君何見之晚也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 129 zhào Zhao 趙之良將也
2 100 zhī him / her / them / that 趙之良將也
3 96 wáng Wang 使人遺趙王書
4 88 qín Shaanxi 秦昭王聞之
5 61 yuē to speak / to say 宦者令繆賢曰
6 57 such as / for example / for instance 廉頗藺相如列傳
7 55 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 廉頗藺相如列傳
8 48 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 夫趙彊而燕弱
9 45 so as to / in order to 以勇氣聞於諸侯
10 45 lián upright / honorable / honest 廉頗藺相如列傳
11 39 slightly / rather / quite 廉頗藺相如列傳
12 36 wèi for / to 拜為上卿
13 32 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 趙之良將也
14 31 chén minister / statesman / official 臣舍人藺相如可使
15 29 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人遺趙王書
16 28 a piece of jade with hole in it 願以十五城請易璧
17 28 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 廉頗者
18 27 in / at 以勇氣聞於諸侯
19 26 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君何以知燕王
20 24 also / too 趙之良將也
21 23 not / no 可予不
22 23 his / hers / its / theirs 其勢必不敢留君
23 23 shē extravagant / wasteful 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
24 22 and 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
25 19 a shepherd 趙乃以李牧為將而攻燕
26 19 qǐng to ask / to inquire 願以十五城請易璧
27 18 bīng soldier / troops 即患秦兵之來
28 18 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 今君乃亡趙走燕
29 17 Li 趙乃以李牧為將而攻燕
30 16 lìn soft rush / common rush 廉頗藺相如列傳
31 16 jūn army / military 破其一軍
32 16 rén person / people / a human being 趙人也
33 15 yān Yan 竊計欲亡走燕
34 15 suì to comply with / to follow along 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
35 15 desire 欲予秦
36 15 zhì to / until 使人發書至趙王
37 15 de potential marker 得楚和氏璧
38 15 chéng a city / a town 願以十五城請易璧
39 15 day of the month / a certain day 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
40 13 to break / to ruin / to destroy 大破之
41 13 yǒu is / are / to exist 臣嘗有罪
42 13 kuò to enclose / to include 趙王因以括為將
43 13 大王 dàwáng king 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
44 12 nián year 趙惠文王十六年
45 11 again / more / repeatedly 故臣復取璧
46 11 qiáng strong / powerful 夫趙彊而燕弱
47 11 yán to speak / to say / said 以空言求璧
48 11 to enter 城入趙而璧留秦
49 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今君乃亡趙走燕
50 11 to strike / to hit / to beat 欲以擊柱
51 10 to give 欲予秦
52 10 big / great / huge / large / major 大破之
53 10 wén to hear 以勇氣聞於諸侯
54 10 also / too 大王亦幸赦臣
55 10 gōng to attack / to assault 復攻趙
56 10 shǔ to count 秦數敗趙軍
57 9 final particle 而束君歸趙矣
58 9 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 備匈奴
59 9 otherwise / but / however 則幸得脫矣
60 9 can / may / permissible 求人可使報秦者
61 9 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
62 9 to allow / to permit 寧許以負秦曲
63 9 one 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
64 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
65 9 yòng to use / to apply 殺平原君用事者九人
66 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 今殺相如
67 8 hòu after / later 後三年
68 8 wèi Wei Dynasty 廉頗攻魏之防陵
69 8 I 取吾璧
70 8 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為其人勇士
71 8 shàng still / yet / to value 臣以為布衣之交尚不相欺
72 8 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是王召見
73 8 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故欲往
74 8 xián liesure 閒至趙矣
75 8 five 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
76 8 certainly / must / will / necessarily 王必無人
77 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 趙王悉召群臣議
78 7 shí time / a period of time 趙惠文王時
79 7 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 其勢必不敢留君
80 7 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 天下所共傳寶也
81 7 to go 左右或欲引相如去
82 7 wáng to die 竊計欲亡走燕
83 7 shàng top / a high position 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
84 7 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 傳以示美人及左右
85 7 shì matter / thing / item 臣所以去親戚而事君者
86 7 píng flat / level / smooth 奉公如法則上下平
87 7 guī to go back / to return 歸璧于趙
88 7 lái to come 即患秦兵之來
89 7 zhàn war / fighting / battle 趙軍固壁不戰
90 7 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 秦城恐不可得
91 6 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 誰可使者
92 6 extra / surplus / remainder 秦自繆公以來二十餘君
93 6 expresses question or doubt 況大國乎
94 6 residence / dwelling 居二年
95 6 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不可彊奪
96 6 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 乃辭謝固請
97 6 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 法削則國弱
98 6 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代廉頗
99 6 zhù a pillar / a post 倚柱
100 6 chéng to mount / to climb onto 又召樂乘而問焉
101 6 cóng from 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
102 6 to die 卒廷見相如
103 6 suì age 是歲
104 6 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔石城
105 6 èr two 均之二策
106 6 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
107 6 to reach 傳以示美人及左右
108 6 already / since 相如既歸
109 6 shū book 使人遺趙王書
110 6 yīn because 相如因持璧卻立
111 6 ruò weak 夫趙彊而燕弱
112 5 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 趙王悉召群臣議
113 5 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 徒見欺
114 5 zài in / at 曲在趙
115 5 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 遂解閼與之圍而歸
116 5 duì to / toward 對曰
117 5 even / equal / uniform 廉頗為趙將伐齊
118 5 apprentice / disciple 徒見欺
119 5 fǒu pottery / earthenware 請奏盆缻秦王
120 5 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 竊計欲亡走燕
121 5 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 又召樂乘而問焉
122 5 already / afterwards 已而相如出
123 5 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 秦城恐不可得
124 5 mother 括母問奢其故
125 5 qiě moreover / also 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
126 5 to stand 相如因持璧卻立
127 5 zhī to know 何以知之
128 5 è to block / to obstruct / to stop up / to conceal 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
129 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 趙王悉召群臣議
130 5 a government official / a magistrate 趙之田部吏也
131 5 wèi to fear / to dread 燕畏趙
132 5 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願以十五城請易璧
133 5 shì power / authority 其勢不俱生
134 5 to bear / to carry 寧許以負秦曲
135 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 軍士許歷請以軍事諫
136 5 I / me / my 不予我城
137 5 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 左右皆呼萬歲
138 5 jiàn to see 徒見欺
139 5 promptly / right away / immediately 即患秦兵之來
140 5 no 諸侯加兵是無趙也
141 5 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 兵去邯鄲三十里
142 5 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 願以十五城請易璧
143 5 趙括 Zhàokuò Zhao Kuo 獨畏馬服君趙奢之子趙括為將耳
144 5 wèn to ask 王問
145 5 gǎn bold / brave 臣乃敢上璧
146 5 奉璧 fèng bì to return the jade annulus [to Zhao] 臣願奉璧往使
147 5 to cut down 廉頗為趙將伐齊
148 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 廉頗之仇郭開多與使者金
149 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 公之視廉將軍孰與秦王
150 5 anger / rage / fury 怒髪上沖冠
151 5 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 以勇氣聞於諸侯
152 5 shì to look at / to see 相如視秦王無意償趙城
153 5 chuán to transmit 傳以示美人及左右
154 5 chū to go out 已而相如出
155 4 guest / visitor 故客盡去
156 4 qián front 乃前曰
157 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 引趙使者藺相如
158 4 tíng court / royal court 設九賓於廷
159 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 趙王竊聞秦王善為秦聲
160 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
161 4 chǔ state of Chu 得楚和氏璧
162 4 suī although / even though 相如度秦王雖齋
163 4 不肯 bùkěn not willing 秦王不肯擊缻
164 4 a drum 趙王鼓瑟
165 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 終不能得璧也
166 4 rán correct / right / certainly 然不謂善
167 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜可使
168 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難救
169 4 xíng to walk / to move 欲毋行
170 4 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 趙惠文王十六年
171 4 三十 sān shí thirty 不過三十日
172 4 天下 tiānxià China 天下所共傳寶也
173 4 cháng to repay / to recompense 相如視秦王無意償趙城
174 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 必敗
175 4 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
176 4 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊計欲亡走燕
177 4 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 示趙弱且怯也
178 4 武安 wǔān Wu'an 秦軍軍武安西
179 4 a type of standing harp 請奏瑟
180 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計未定
181 4 jiā to add 終不能加勝於趙
182 4 to die 有以軍事諫者死
183 4 xián virtuous / worthy 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
184 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 趙惠文王十六年
185 4 easy / simple 願以十五城請易璧
186 4 wèi to call 相如謂臣曰
187 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 於是舍人相與諫曰
188 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 日擊數牛饗士
189 4 inside / interior 度道里會遇之禮畢
190 4 xiān first 今以秦之彊而先割十五都予趙
191 4 naturally / of course / certainly 秦自繆公以來二十餘君
192 4 hurried / worried 大王必欲急臣
193 4 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 秦軍解而走
194 4 this / these 不知將軍寬之至此也
195 4 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 臣知欺大王之罪當誅
196 4 a man / a male adult 夫趙彊而燕弱
197 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 其勢必不敢留君
198 4 平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
199 4 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 武安屋瓦盡振
200 4 jiù to save / to rescue 可救不
201 3 seven 七年
202 3 jué absolutely 而絕秦趙之驩
203 3 shí ten 肉十斤
204 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 數十萬之眾遂降秦
205 3 cháng to taste 臣嘗有罪
206 3 bào newspaper 求人可使報秦者
207 3 頗為 pōwèi rather / quite 廉頗為趙將伐齊
208 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 雖趙邊兵亦以為吾將怯
209 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 不若也
210 3 to ride an animal or bicycle 習射騎
211 3 zòu to present / to offer 相如奉璧奏秦王
212 3 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
213 3 martial / military 拔武遂
214 3 yòu again / also 又召樂乘而問焉
215 3 jiā house / home / residence 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
216 3 趙軍 Zhàojūn army of Zhao 秦數敗趙軍
217 3 to think / consider / to ponder 趙王思復得廉頗
218 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 爭山不得上
219 3 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 不如因而厚遇之
220 3 what / where / which 柰何
221 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬尚御之
222 3 hair 使人發書至趙王
223 3 何以 héyǐ why 何以知之
224 3 hái also / in addition / more
225 3 西 The West 趙王於是遂遣相如奉璧西入秦
226 3 fàn food / a meal 身所奉飯飲而進食者以十數
227 3 shī to lose 失勢之時
228 3 liǎng two 徒以吾兩人在也
229 3 huān a kind of horse 且以一璧之故逆彊秦之驩
230 3 hòu thick 不如因而厚遇之
231 3 wàn ten thousand 趙前後所亡凡四十五萬
232 3 zhōng middle 譬之猶兩鼠鬬於穴中
233 3 sān three 後三年
234 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 大王見臣列觀
235 3 how can it be that? 趙豈敢留璧而得罪於大王乎
236 3 chēng to call / to address 常稱病
237 3 jīn gold 王所賜金帛
238 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 相如度秦王特以詐詳為予趙城
239 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 君於趙為貴公子
240 3 tune / song 曲在趙
241 3 dào way / road / path 度道里會遇之禮畢
242 3 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 不可不許
243 3 zhì to place / to lay out 母置之
244 3 lěi a rampart / a military wall 復益增壘
245 3 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 拜送書於庭
246 3 měi each / every 相如每朝時
247 3 其父 qí fù his father 括徒能讀其父書傳
248 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收租稅而平原君家不肯出趙
249 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 秦與趙兵相距長平
250 3 zuò to sit 秦王坐章臺見相如
251 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
252 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 而君幸於趙王
253 3 王會 Wáng Huì Wang Hui 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
254 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 終不能加勝於趙
255 3 miào Miao 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
256 3 chí to grasp / to hold 相如因持璧卻立
257 3 jiǎ armor 卷甲而趨之
258 3 shì to show / to reveal 傳以示美人及左右
259 3 jiǔ nine 設九賓於廷
260 3 to take / to get / to fetch 取陽晉
261 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為上卿
262 3 yuē approximately 決負約不償城
263 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 王不行
264 3 不予 bùyǔ to withhold / to refuse 不予我城
265 3 child / son 子孝成王立
266 3 zhāi to abstain from meat or wine 遂許齋五日
267 3 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 相如張目叱之
268 3 齋戒 zhāijiè to abstain from eating meat 於是趙王乃齋戒五日
269 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 趙王以為賢大夫使不辱於諸侯
270 3 shè to set up / to establish 設九賓於廷
271 2 和氏璧 Hé Shì bì He Shi Bi 得楚和氏璧
272 2 gòng together 天下所共傳寶也
273 2 guō Guo 廉頗之仇郭開多與使者金
274 2 private 燕王私握臣手
275 2 烽火 fēnghuǒ fire beacon 謹烽火
276 2 to give / to bestow favors 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
277 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 不欲與廉頗爭列
278 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒離心
279 2 zhì matter / material / substance 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
280 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 秦自繆公以來二十餘君
281 2 mǒu some / certain 某年月日
282 2 歸趙 guī zhào to return [the jade annulus] to Zhao 而束君歸趙矣
283 2 dōu all 指從此以往十五都予趙
284 2 zhuàng robust 趙壯者盡於長平
285 2 to fly 習射騎
286 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 舍相如廣成傳
287 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 為反閒
288 2 fēi not / non- / un- 閼與非趙地也
289 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 廉將軍雖老
290 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決負約不償城
291 2 huò or / either / else 左右或欲引相如去
292 2 cháo to face 相如每朝時
293 2 美人 měirén beauty / belle 傳以示美人及左右
294 2 tián field / farmland 趙之田部吏也
295 2 do not 欲勿予
296 2 to arrest / to catch / to seize 有敢捕虜者斬
297 2 lēi to tighten / to strangle 秦軍鼓譟勒兵
298 2 fèng to offer / to present 身所奉飯飲而進食者以十數
299 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 數十萬之眾遂降秦
300 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常稱病
301 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 因賓客至藺相如門謝罪
302 2 method / way 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
303 2 qiú to request 秦以城求璧而趙不許
304 2 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 相如張目叱之
305 2 shì a city 夫天下以市道交
306 2 to look askance at / to glare at 相如持其璧睨柱
307 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 臣所以去親戚而事君者
308 2 yǒng brave / courageous 將勇者勝
309 2 shòu old age / long life 請以趙十五城為秦王壽
310 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 既罷歸國
311 2 huì can / be able to 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
312 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
313 2 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 拜為上卿
314 2 jìng actually / in the end 秦王竟酒
315 2 to bestow on / to endow with 王用之治國賦
316 2 方城 fāngchéng square castle 方城
317 2 huàn government official 為趙宦者令繆賢舍人
318 2 shú which 唯大王與群臣孰計議之
319 2 悼襄王 dàoxiāng wáng King Daoxiang of Zhao 子悼襄王立
320 2 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 秦王以十五城請易寡人之璧
321 2 yuǎn far / distant 道遠險狹
322 2 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 客退矣
323 2 rich / wealthy 君安得有此富乎
324 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒入收保
325 2 four 後四年
326 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅襜襤
327 2 chē a vehicle 相如引車避匿
328 2 無意 wúyì to have no intention 相如視秦王無意償趙城
329 2 dōng east 廉頗東攻齊
330 2 wèi position / location / place 位在廉頗之右
331 2 單于 Chányú Chanyu 單于聞之
332 2 ěr ear 獨畏馬服君趙奢之子趙括為將耳
333 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 臣以為布衣之交尚不相欺
334 2 見相 jiàn xiāng perceiving the subject 秦王坐章臺見相如
335 2 qiān one thousand 於是乃具選車得千三百乘
336 2 horse 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
337 2 entirely / without exception 臣頭今與璧俱碎於柱矣
338 2 以軍 yǐjūn Israeli soldiers 有以軍事諫者死
339 2 shén what 禮節甚倨
340 2 to capture / to imprison / to seize 有敢捕虜者斬
341 2 shí real / true 實不可得
342 2 賞賜 shǎngcì to bestow / to confer (a reward for service) / a reward 大王及宗室所賞賜者盡以予軍吏士大夫
343 2 in / at 歸璧于趙
344 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 臣嘗有罪
345 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 故欲往
346 2 qiè consort / concubine 始妾事其父
347 2 to leave behind 使人遺趙王書
348 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 願結友
349 2 to assemble / to meet together 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
350 2 to fear 而燕用栗腹之謀
351 2 qiān to move / to shift 趙王遷七年
352 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未得
353 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 大王見臣列觀
354 2 míng measure word for people 王以名使括
355 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 有敢捕虜者斬
356 2 澠池 Shéngchí Mianchi 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
357 2 several 廉頗復伐齊幾
358 2 cōng scallion / green onion 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
359 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 常稱病
360 2 mǎi to buy / to purchase 而日視便利田宅可買者買之
361 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 今兩虎共鬬
362 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 趙王以為賢大夫使不辱於諸侯
363 2 hǎo good 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
364 2 jiù right away 臣請就湯鑊
365 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹烽火
366 2 fēng to seal / to close off 趙以尉文封廉頗為信平君
367 2 shì is / are / am / to be 是歲
368 2 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 奉公如法則上下平
369 2 wèi a military officer 以許歷為國尉
370 2 yáng sun 取陽晉
371 2 gōng merit 以相如功大
372 2 jiǎn to cut down 秦使王翦攻趙
373 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知將軍寬之至此也
374 2 to cut / to divide / to partition 今以秦之彊而先割十五都予趙
375 2 xìn to believe / to trust 趙王信秦之閒
376 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 急入收保
377 2 yǐn to drink 秦王與趙王會飲
378 2 do not 以天下莫能當
379 2 xiū to be ashamed 吾羞
380 2 móu to plan / to scheme 趙王與大將軍廉頗諸大臣謀
381 2 to criticize 趙王悉召群臣議
382 2 xiá narrow / limited 道遠險狹
383 2 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 復益增壘
384 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 殺二萬人
385 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 趙亦盛設兵以待秦
386 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 畢禮而歸之
387 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 臣知欺大王之罪當誅
388 2 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 秦王大喜
389 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
390 2 néng can / able 括徒能讀其父書傳
391 2 to hide / to go into hiding 相如引車避匿
392 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
393 2 Hán Korea / South Korea 秦伐韓
394 2 tuō to take off 則幸得脫矣
395 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 秦御史前書曰
396 2 tīng to listen 趙王不聽
397 2 yán color 趙王乃使趙蔥及齊將顏聚代李牧
398 2 王因 Wángyīn Wangyin 秦王因曰
399 2 年月 nián yuè months and year / time 某年月日
400 2 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 於是舍人相與諫曰
401 2 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 未嘗有堅明約束者也
402 2 如故 rúgù like an old friend 李牧如故
403 2 clothes / dress / garment 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
404 2 xiǎn dangerous 道遠險狹
405 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 趙王豈以一璧之故欺秦邪
406 2 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況大國乎
407 2 孝成王 xiàochéngwáng King Xiaocheng of Zhao 子孝成王立
408 2 奉公 fèng gōng to pursue public affairs 今縱君家而不奉公則法削
409 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 趙王讓李牧
410 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 臣嘗從大王與燕王會境上
411 2 wēi power / might / prestige 嚴大國之威以修敬也
412 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 於是乃具選車得千三百乘
413 2 bǎi one hundred 所友者以百數
414 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨畏廉將軍哉
415 2 不過 bùguò but / however 不過三十日
416 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 畢禮而歸之
417 2 肉袒 ròutǎn to make a humble apology 君不如肉袒伏斧質請罪
418 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 卷甲而趨之
419 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 趙之良將也
420 2 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 況大國乎
421 2 其後 qí hòu after that 其後秦伐趙
422 2 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 趙奢許諾
423 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 而燕用栗腹之謀
424 2 yǒu friend / companion 願結友
425 2 to look after / to attend to 相如顧召趙御史書曰
426 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 臣舍人相如止臣
427 1 離心 líxīn to be at odds with / centrifugal (force) 士卒離心
428 1 人民 rénmín the people 人民滿野
429 1 è to be hungry 軍餓
430 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 數不利
431 1 安得 ānde how can it be? 君安得有此富乎
432 1 王度 Wáng Dù Wang Du 秦王度之
433 1 xué to study / to learn 趙括自少時學兵法
434 1 前進 qiánjìn to go forward / to forge ahead / to advance 於是相如前進缻
435 1 to defend / to resist 司馬尚御之
436 1 鄙賤 bǐjiàn lowly / despicable / to despise 鄙賤之人
437 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 臣等不肖
438 1 之一 zhīyī one of 廉頗為之一飯斗米
439 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 五步之內
440 1 戲弄 xìnòng to play tricks on / to make fun of / to tease 以戲弄臣
441 1 以往 yǐwǎng in the past / before 指從此以往十五都予趙
442 1 求人 qiúrén to ask for help / to ask a favor / to recruit talented people 求人可使報秦者
443 1 nán south 南距韓
444 1 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 則請立太子為王
445 1 刎頸 wěnjǐng to behead 為刎頸之交
446 1 suì to break / to smash 臣頭今與璧俱碎於柱矣
447 1 àn case / incident 召有司案圖
448 1 上馬 shàng mǎ to get on a horse / to mount 被甲上馬
449 1 shēng sound 趙王竊聞秦王善為秦聲
450 1 受命 shòumìng ordained or appointed to a post / to benefit from counsel 受命之日
451 1 勇氣 yǒngqì courage / valor 以勇氣聞於諸侯
452 1 xuè blood 相如請得以頸血濺大王矣
453 1 道交 dào jiāo mutual interaction between those cultivating on the path and the Buddha 夫天下以市道交
454 1 nèi inside / interior 內之
455 1 ministry / department 趙之田部吏也
456 1 擊破 jīpò to attack and defeat 李牧擊破秦軍
457 1 家事 jiāshì family matters / domestic affairs / housework 不問家事
458 1 輸入 shūrù to input 市租皆輸入莫府
459 1 咸陽 xiányáng Xianyang 請以秦之咸陽為趙王壽
460 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 其處智勇
461 1 tóu head 臣頭今與璧俱碎於柱矣
462 1 wài outside 欲與王為好會於西河外澠池
463 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 詳北不勝
464 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 請受令
465 1 liù six 居六年
466 1 shéi who / whoever 誰可使者
467 1 完璧歸趙 wán bì guī zhào to return the intact jade annulus to Zhao 臣請完璧歸趙
468 1 zāi exclamatory particle 獨畏廉將軍哉
469 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 終不可彊奪
470 1 fǒu to negate / to deny 趙王使使者視廉頗尚可用否
471 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 臣誠恐見欺於王而負趙
472 1 wide / broad 趙括出銳卒自博戰
473 1 相距 xiàngjù distance apart / separated by a given distance 秦與趙兵相距長平
474 1 怯懦 qiènuò timid / gutless / weakling 然士或怯懦而不敢發
475 1 láo to toil 而藺相如徒以口舌為勞
476 1 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun 廉頗卒死于壽春
477 1 qīng light / not heavy 豈輕於天下邪
478 1 hào number 趙惠文王賜奢號為馬服君
479 1 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 肉十斤
480 1 宣言 xuānyán declaration / manifesto 宣言曰
481 1 法則 fǎzé law / rule / code 奉公如法則上下平
482 1 lìn \N 而藺相如病甐
483 1 奢縱 shē zōng extravagant and undisciplined 趙奢縱兵擊之
484 1 chān to flutter / to shake / to vibrate 滅襜襤
485 1 請辭 qǐngcí to ask sb to resign from a post 請辭去
486 1 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 大王及宗室所賞賜者盡以予軍吏士大夫
487 1 xiàn to offer / to present 不敢不獻
488 1 miǎn to spare 廉頗之免長平歸也
489 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 詳敗走
490 1 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 趙括出銳卒自博戰
491 1 according to 先據北山上者勝
492 1 xià next 趙奢破秦軍閼與下
493 1 如同 rútóng to be like 藺相如同位
494 1 gòu enough 彀者十萬人
495 1 děng et cetera / and so on 臣等不肖
496 1 恐懼 kǒngjù fear / dread 恐懼殊甚
497 1 district / county 臣觀大王無意償趙王城邑
498 1 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴大國之威以修敬也
499 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 廉頗攻魏之防陵
500 1 Hu 秦破殺趙將扈輒於武遂

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
白起 báiqǐ Bai Qi
单于 單于 Chányú Chanyu
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
宠臣 寵臣 chǒngchén favored minister
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
悼襄王 dàoxiāng wáng King Daoxiang of Zhao
东胡 東胡 Dōnghú Eastern barbarians
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
邯郸 邯鄲 Hándān Handan
hào Hao
和氏璧 Hé Shì bì He Shi Bi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
平邑 píngyì Pingyi
平原君 píngyuán jūn Lord Pingyuan
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister
渑池 澠池 Shéngchí Mianchi
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
石城 shíchéng Shicheng
寿春 壽春 shòuchūn Shoucun
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太山 tàishān Taishan
王度 Wáng Dù Wang Du
王会 王會 Wáng Huì Wang Hui
王因 Wángyīn Wangyin
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
武安 wǔān Wu'an
相国 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State
咸阳 咸陽 xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
孝成王 xiàochéngwáng King Xiaocheng of Zhao
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
昭王 Zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Zhou
赵括 趙括 Zhàokuò Zhao Kuo

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English