Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Songs 《詩經》, 國風‧邶‧谷風 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Gu Feng

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 15 fēng wind 谷風
2 13 valley / gorge / ravine 谷風
3 5 to give 比予于毒
4 4 xīn new / fresh / modern 淫於新昏
5 4 to reach 及爾同死
6 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 六章
7 4 習習 xíxí (of the wind) blowing gently / abundant / flying 習習谷風
8 4 wéi to preserve / to maintain 維風及雨
9 4 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 淫於新昏
10 3 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 昔育恐育鞫
11 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 而棄其舊室
12 3 yàn a feast / a banquet 宴爾新昏
13 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 昔育恐育鞫
14 2 popular / common 國俗傷敗焉
15 2 rain 以陰以雨
16 2 liù six 六章
17 2 preface / introduction 毛詩序
18 2 nián year
19 2 shí clear / pure 湜湜其沚
20 2 黽勉 mǐnmiǎn to strive 黽勉同心
21 2 to die 及爾同死
22 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 采葑采菲
23 2 is exactly 不遠伊邇
24 2 將樂 jiānglè Jiangle 將安將樂
25 2 past / former times 昔育恐育鞫
26 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄送我畿
27 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 將安將樂
28 2 Kangxi radical 80 毋逝我梁
29 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 德音莫違
30 2 夫婦 fūfù a married couple / husband and wife 刺夫婦失道也
31 2 female / feminine 維予與女
32 2 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi 毛詩序
33 2 sentence 章八句
34 2 小雅 Xiǎoyǎ Xiaoya / Smaller Odes 小雅
35 2 to defend / to resist 亦以御冬
36 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 將恐將懼
37 2 thorn / sting / prick 刺夫婦失道也
38 1 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 以我御窮
39 1 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 采葑采菲
40 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衞人化其上
41 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 無草不死
42 1 liáng a bridge 毋逝我梁
43 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 既生既育
44 1 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 我有旨蓄
45 1 顛覆 diānfù to topple / to capsize / to overturn / to undermine / to subvert 及爾顛覆
46 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方之舟之
47 1 anger / rage / fury 不宜有怒
48 1 遲遲 chíchí late (with a task etc) / slow 行道遲遲
49 1 wèi to call 誰謂荼苦
50 1 shòu to sell 賈用不售
51 1 中心 zhōngxīn center 中心有違
52 1 a thistle 誰謂荼苦
53 1 to bring up / to raise 不我能慉
54 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 思我小怨
55 1 gōng body 我躬不閱
56 1 guāng sparkling water 有洸有潰
57 1 yuè month
58 1 yīn sound / noise 德音莫違
59 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 不遠伊邇
60 1 yǒng to swim 泳之游之
61 1 xiōng elder brother 如兄如弟
62 1 to brick a grave / to snuff out 伊余來塈
63 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 以陰以雨
64 1 Jīng Jing 涇以渭濁
65 1 崔嵬 cuīwéi stony mound / rocky mountain 維山崔嵬
66 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 國俗傷敗焉
67 1 zhōu boat / ship 方之舟之
68 1 to leave behind 棄予如遺
69 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 維山崔嵬
70 1 water chestnut 其甘如薺
71 1 to learn / to practice / to study 既詒我肄
72 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反以我為讎
73 1 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 我躬不閱
74 1 zhuó turbid / muddy 涇以渭濁
75 1 shēn deep 就其深矣
76 1 我德 wǒdé the virtue of self 既阻我德
77 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 淫於新昏
78 1 to bequeath / to pass on to future generations 既詒我肄
79 1 wèi Wei River 涇以渭濁
80 1 wáng to die 何有何亡
81 1 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 女轉棄予
82 1 gān sweet 其甘如薺
83 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 國俗傷敗焉
84 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 夫婦離絕
85 1 tuí to crumble / to collapse / to decline / to decay 維風及頹
86 1 néng can / able 不我能慉
87 1 幽王 Yōu Wáng King You of Zhou 刺幽王也
88 1 wood / lumber 無木不萎
89 1 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 遑恤我後
90 1 huáng leisure 遑恤我後
91 1 qiǎn shallow 就其淺矣
92 1 extra / surplus / remainder 伊余來塈
93 1 gǒu a basket trap for fish 毋發我笱
94 1 wěi to wither / to wilt 無木不萎
95 1 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國俗傷敗焉
96 1 area near capital / imperial domain 薄送我畿
97 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 誰謂荼苦
98 1 yòng to use / to apply 賈用不售
99 1 sān three 三章
100 1 大德 dàdé most virtuous 忘我大德
101 1 poison / venom 比予于毒
102 1 hòu after / later 遑恤我後
103 1 yóu to swim 泳之游之
104 1 to interrogate / to question 昔育恐育鞫
105 1 shàng top / a high position 衞人化其上
106 1 tóng like / same / similar 及爾同死
107 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 我有旨蓄
108 1 niàn to read aloud 不念昔者
109 1 lái to come 伊余來塈
110 1 kuì a flooding river 有洸有潰
111 1 dōng winter 亦以御冬
112 1 行道 xíng dào to practice the Way 行道遲遲
113 1 朋友 péngyou friend 朋友道絕焉
114 1 dào way / road / path 朋友道絕焉
115 1 fēng the rape-turnip 采葑采菲
116 1 to associate with / be near 比予于毒
117 1 zhì to put aside / to put down 寘予于懷
118 1 Germany 德音莫違
119 1 zhǐ islet in stream / small sandbar 湜湜其沚
120 1 國風 Guófēng Guofeng / Tunes from the States 國風
121 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 薄送我畿
122 1 younger brother 如兄如弟
123 1 jiù to save / to rescue 匍匐救之
124 1 shì room / bedroom 而棄其舊室
125 1 jiǎ Jia 賈用不售
126 1 同心 tóngxīn of one mind / with common wishes 黽勉同心
127 1 失道 shīdào to lose the way / unjust / moral failing 刺夫婦失道也
128 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 反以我為讎
129 1 rén person / people / a human being 衞人化其上
130 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 無以下體
131 1 xiè scraps / fragments 不我屑以
132 1 匍匐 púfú to crawl / to creep 匍匐救之
133 1 to think / consider / to ponder 思我小怨
134 1 huái bosom / breast 寘予于懷
135 1 jiù old / ancient 而棄其舊室
136 1 shì to pass away / die 毋逝我梁
137 1 hair 毋發我笱
138 1 sàng to lose / to die 凡民有喪
139 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 既阻我德
140 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下俗薄
141 1 eight 章八句
142 1 bèi Bei
143 1 a human or animal body 無以下體
144 1 詩經 Shījīng Shijing / Book of Odes / Book of Songs 詩經
145 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 衞人化其上
146 1 凡民 fánmín common people 凡民有喪
147 1 qiú to request 黽勉求之
148 1 忘我 wàngwǒ selflessness / altruism 忘我大德
149 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 思我小怨

Frequencies of all Words

Top 178

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 15 fēng wind 谷風
2 13 valley / gorge / ravine 谷風
3 12 I / me / my 薄送我畿
4 8 zhī him / her / them / that 方之舟之
5 7 yǒu is / are / to exist 不宜有怒
6 7 not / no 不我屑以
7 7 so as to / in order to 以陰以雨
8 6 his / hers / its / theirs 衞人化其上
9 6 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將恐將懼
10 5 ěr thus / so / like that 及爾同死
11 5 to give 比予于毒
12 4 already / since 既阻我德
13 4 xīn new / fresh / modern 淫於新昏
14 4 to reach 及爾同死
15 4 such as / for example / for instance 其甘如薺
16 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 六章
17 4 習習 xíxí (of the wind) blowing gently / abundant / flying 習習谷風
18 4 wéi to preserve / to maintain 維風及雨
19 4 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 淫於新昏
20 3 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 昔育恐育鞫
21 3 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 而棄其舊室
22 3 no 無以下體
23 3 yàn a feast / a banquet 宴爾新昏
24 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 昔育恐育鞫
25 2 popular / common 國俗傷敗焉
26 2 rain 以陰以雨
27 2 yān where / how 國俗傷敗焉
28 2 liù six 六章
29 2 what / where / which 何有何亡
30 2 shén what 谷風之什
31 2 preface / introduction 毛詩序
32 2 also / too 刺夫婦失道也
33 2 jué absolutely 夫婦離絕
34 2 nián year
35 2 shí clear / pure 湜湜其沚
36 2 黽勉 mǐnmiǎn to strive 黽勉同心
37 2 to die 及爾同死
38 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 采葑采菲
39 2 is exactly 不遠伊邇
40 2 將樂 jiānglè Jiangle 將安將樂
41 2 past / former times 昔育恐育鞫
42 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄送我畿
43 2 jiù right away 就其深矣
44 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 將安將樂
45 2 Kangxi radical 80 毋逝我梁
46 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 德音莫違
47 2 夫婦 fūfù a married couple / husband and wife 刺夫婦失道也
48 2 female / feminine 維予與女
49 2 in / at 比予于毒
50 2 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi 毛詩序
51 2 sentence 章八句
52 2 小雅 Xiǎoyǎ Xiaoya / Smaller Odes 小雅
53 2 to defend / to resist 亦以御冬
54 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 將恐將懼
55 2 thorn / sting / prick 刺夫婦失道也
56 2 final particle 就其深矣
57 1 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 以我御窮
58 1 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 采葑采菲
59 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衞人化其上
60 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 無草不死
61 1 liáng a bridge 毋逝我梁
62 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 既生既育
63 1 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 我有旨蓄
64 1 顛覆 diānfù to topple / to capsize / to overturn / to undermine / to subvert 及爾顛覆
65 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方之舟之
66 1 anger / rage / fury 不宜有怒
67 1 遲遲 chíchí late (with a task etc) / slow 行道遲遲
68 1 wèi to call 誰謂荼苦
69 1 shòu to sell 賈用不售
70 1 中心 zhōngxīn center 中心有違
71 1 a thistle 誰謂荼苦
72 1 to bring up / to raise 不我能慉
73 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 思我小怨
74 1 gōng body 我躬不閱
75 1 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 不宜有怒
76 1 guāng sparkling water 有洸有潰
77 1 yuè month
78 1 wèi for / to 反以我為讎
79 1 yīn sound / noise 德音莫違
80 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 不遠伊邇
81 1 yǒng to swim 泳之游之
82 1 xiōng elder brother 如兄如弟
83 1 to brick a grave / to snuff out 伊余來塈
84 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 以陰以雨
85 1 Jīng Jing 涇以渭濁
86 1 in / at 淫於新昏
87 1 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而棄其舊室
88 1 崔嵬 cuīwéi stony mound / rocky mountain 維山崔嵬
89 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 國俗傷敗焉
90 1 zhōu boat / ship 方之舟之
91 1 to leave behind 棄予如遺
92 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 維山崔嵬
93 1 water chestnut 其甘如薺
94 1 to learn / to practice / to study 既詒我肄
95 1 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 不念昔者
96 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反以我為讎
97 1 yuè to peruse / to review / to inspect 我躬不閱
98 1 shéi who / whoever 誰謂荼苦
99 1 zhuó turbid / muddy 涇以渭濁
100 1 shēn deep 就其深矣
101 1 我德 wǒdé the virtue of self 既阻我德
102 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 淫於新昏
103 1 to bequeath / to pass on to future generations 既詒我肄
104 1 wèi Wei River 涇以渭濁
105 1 wáng to die 何有何亡
106 1 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 女轉棄予
107 1 gān sweet 其甘如薺
108 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 國俗傷敗焉
109 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 夫婦離絕
110 1 tuí to crumble / to collapse / to decline / to decay 維風及頹
111 1 néng can / able 不我能慉
112 1 幽王 Yōu Wáng King You of Zhou 刺幽王也
113 1 wood / lumber 無木不萎
114 1 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 遑恤我後
115 1 huáng leisure 遑恤我後
116 1 qiǎn shallow 就其淺矣
117 1 extra / surplus / remainder 伊余來塈
118 1 gǒu a basket trap for fish 毋發我笱
119 1 wěi to wither / to wilt 無木不萎
120 1 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國俗傷敗焉
121 1 do not 德音莫違
122 1 area near capital / imperial domain 薄送我畿
123 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 誰謂荼苦
124 1 yòng to use / to apply 賈用不售
125 1 sān three 三章
126 1 大德 dàdé most virtuous 忘我大德
127 1 poison / venom 比予于毒
128 1 不遠 bùyuǎn not far / not long ago 不遠伊邇
129 1 hòu after / later 遑恤我後
130 1 yóu to swim 泳之游之
131 1 to interrogate / to question 昔育恐育鞫
132 1 shàng top / a high position 衞人化其上
133 1 tóng like / same / similar 及爾同死
134 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 我有旨蓄
135 1 niàn to read aloud 不念昔者
136 1 lái to come 伊余來塈
137 1 kuì a flooding river 有洸有潰
138 1 dōng winter 亦以御冬
139 1 行道 xíng dào to practice the Way 行道遲遲
140 1 朋友 péngyou friend 朋友道絕焉
141 1 dào way / road / path 朋友道絕焉
142 1 fēng the rape-turnip 采葑采菲
143 1 to associate with / be near 比予于毒
144 1 zhì to put aside / to put down 寘予于懷
145 1 Germany 德音莫違
146 1 zhǐ islet in stream / small sandbar 湜湜其沚
147 1 also / too 亦以御冬
148 1 國風 Guófēng Guofeng / Tunes from the States 國風
149 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 薄送我畿
150 1 younger brother 如兄如弟
151 1 jiù to save / to rescue 匍匐救之
152 1 shì room / bedroom 而棄其舊室
153 1 jiǎ Jia 賈用不售
154 1 同心 tóngxīn of one mind / with common wishes 黽勉同心
155 1 失道 shīdào to lose the way / unjust / moral failing 刺夫婦失道也
156 1 and 維予與女
157 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 反以我為讎
158 1 rén person / people / a human being 衞人化其上
159 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 無以下體
160 1 xiè scraps / fragments 不我屑以
161 1 匍匐 púfú to crawl / to creep 匍匐救之
162 1 to think / consider / to ponder 思我小怨
163 1 huái bosom / breast 寘予于懷
164 1 jiù old / ancient 而棄其舊室
165 1 shì to pass away / die 毋逝我梁
166 1 hair 毋發我笱
167 1 sàng to lose / to die 凡民有喪
168 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 既阻我德
169 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下俗薄
170 1 eight 章八句
171 1 bèi Bei
172 1 a human or animal body 無以下體
173 1 詩經 Shījīng Shijing / Book of Odes / Book of Songs 詩經
174 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 衞人化其上
175 1 凡民 fánmín common people 凡民有喪
176 1 qiú to request 黽勉求之
177 1 忘我 wàngwǒ selflessness / altruism 忘我大德
178 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 思我小怨

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
bèi Bei
国风 國風 Guófēng Guofeng / Tunes from the States
将乐 將樂 jiānglè Jiangle
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
毛诗 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi
诗经 詩經 Shījīng Shijing / Book of Odes / Book of Songs
wèi Wei River
小雅 Xiǎoyǎ Xiaoya / Smaller Odes
幽王 Yōu Wáng King You of Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English