Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Wei 《魏書》, 卷89 酷吏:于洛侯 胡泥 李洪之 高遵張赦提 羊祉 崔暹 郦道元 Volume 89: Cruel Officals - Yu Luohou, Hu Ni, Li Hongzhi, Gaozun Zhang Sheti, Yang Zhi, Cui Xian, Li Dao Yun

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 28 rén person / people / a human being 代人也
2 27 hóng a flood 李洪之
3 26 zūn to obey / to comply with / to follow 高遵
4 26 zhōu a state / a province 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
5 19 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 以勞舊為秦州刺史
6 17 chuán to transmit 長子神自有傳
7 16 shè to forgive / to pardon 張赦提
8 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 不令在喪位
9 14 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 遷平東將軍
10 14 guān an office 當官以威猛為濟
11 14 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與口諍
12 14 to reach 及仁坐事誅
13 13 wáng Wang 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
14 13 shí time / a period of time 洪之微時
15 13 to carry / to lift / to raise / to mention 張赦提
16 13 zhōng middle 泥率勒禁中
17 13 strong 猛酷之倫
18 12 hóu marquis / lord 于洛侯
19 12 juǎn to coil / to roll 撰注水經四十卷
20 12 zhào an imperial decree 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
21 12 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 刑禁多設
22 12 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
23 12 zhǐ felicity 羊祉
24 11 Li 李洪之
25 11 hòu after / later 後為懷州刺史
26 11 letter / symbol / character 字世禮
27 11 děng et cetera / and so on 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
28 10 èr two 王愈二人
29 9 jūn army / military 為狄道護軍
30 9 yuē to speak / to say 帝厲聲曰
31 9 child / son 劉氏四子
32 9 wife 妻張氏助洪之經營資產
33 9 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
34 9 gāo high / tall 高遵
35 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司糾劾
36 8 hòu after / later 得元后姊妹二人
37 8 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 博士劉臺龍議諡曰
38 8 zuì crime / sin / vice 依律罪死而已
39 8 method / way 泥以法繩之
40 8 jiā house / home / residence 遂就家賜自盡
41 8 shì matter / thing / item 及仁坐事誅
42 8 lín to face / to overlook 高祖臨太華殿引見
43 8 luò Luo 于洛侯
44 8 jià vacation 假范陽公
45 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 魏氏以戎馬定王業
46 8 jié festival / a special day 後為使持節
47 8 chēng to call / to address 既資前稱
48 8 miǎn to spare 免喪
49 7 liú Liu 洪之後得劉氏
50 7 zuò to do 為將作都將
51 7 seven 又為七聘及諸文
52 7 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
53 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 遂就家賜自盡
54 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 始斬其首
55 7 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 歸從祖兄中書令允
56 7 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 遂便如親
57 7 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 又以酷暴
58 7 shǔ to count 數為劫害
59 7 xíng to walk / to move 示以軍行之勢
60 7 dào way / road / path 為狄道護軍
61 7 nán south 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
62 7 píng flat / level / smooth 武功平海內
63 7 wén to hear 高祖聞而嘉焉
64 7 yán to speak / to say / said 因言洪之為兄
65 7 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵永城侯
66 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
67 7 qīng minister / high officer 又卿非惟貪惏
68 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵永城侯
69 6 kǎi model / pattern / regular script 谷楷
70 6 to die 依律罪死而已
71 6 gōng public/ common / state-owned 假范陽公
72 6 zài in / at 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
73 6 hài to injure / to harm to 數為劫害
74 6 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 狀者迹之稱
75 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 所以列之今史
76 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
77 6 zuò to sit 及仁坐事誅
78 6 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴設科防
79 6 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而貪酷安忍
80 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷平東將軍
81 6 shū book 歸從祖兄中書令允
82 6 道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen 御史中尉李彪以道元秉法清勤
83 6 qiú to request 求編課調
84 6 Germany 邊夷識德
85 6 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑禁多設
86 6 Xiān Siam / Bangkok 崔暹
87 6 xiōng elder brother 因言洪之為兄
88 6 中尉 zhōngwèi lieutenant (navy) / first lieutenant (army) / subaltern 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
89 5 wén writing / text 本名文通
90 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論責之
91 5 yuè pleased 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
92 5 diān top / apex 或憂恚顛隕
93 5 dōng east 遷平東將軍
94 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
95 5 顯祖 xiǎnzǔ ancestors 生顯祖
96 5 lèi to be tired 言祉誠著累朝
97 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 進爵安昌子
98 5 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
99 5 mud / paste / pulp 胡泥
100 5 cháo to face 朝貴咸識之
101 5 one 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
102 5 tǎo to seek 詔洪之為河西都將討山胡
103 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 沙門道登過遵
104 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣侍臣宣詔責之
105 5 wèi to call 謂何如濟陰王
106 5 zhēn precious thing / treasure 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
107 5 cuī Cui 崔暹
108 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃臥而引藥
109 5 zhēn real / true / genuine 中散李真香出使幽州
110 5 father 父濟
111 5 shí ten 廣十餘步
112 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後為使持節
113 5 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 洪之善御戎夷
114 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 以外戚為河內太守
115 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 徵拜內都大官
116 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 洪之至郡
117 5 jiā to add 洪之則起而加敬
118 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過為酷虐
119 5 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 猛酷之倫
120 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
121 5 four 乃立四柱磔其手足
122 5 yún cloud 大使崔光奏霸云
123 5 xìng gender 遵性不廉清
124 4 shǎo few 少為沙門
125 4 wealth / capital / money / expenses 因資遺之
126 4 zhēng to march / to journey 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
127 4 xiàn county 規之與魯郡太守崔邪利及其屬縣徐通
128 4 huò goods / products / commodities 受納貨賄
129 4 sàng to lose / to die 淳風既喪
130 4 mìng life 命將絕
131 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫其妻子
132 4 huái bosom / breast 人懷怨憤
133 4 to repair / to patch / to mend 得補樂浪王侍郎
134 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 為司空令輔國長史
135 4 shí real / true 實毀朝則
136 4 冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou 冀州刺史
137 4 shì to attend on 遣侍臣宣詔責之
138 4 to enter 元后入宮
139 4 幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 出為幽州刺史
140 4 jǐng bright
141 4 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 為司空令輔國長史
142 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計長幼為昆季
143 4 hǎo good 知赦提有好牛
144 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 吉凶不相往反
145 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
146 4 jìn to enter 進爵任城侯
147 4 cotton cloth 縑布千數
148 4 wèi position / location / place 不令在喪位
149 4 xié to harmonize 今臺使心協前事
150 4 chí to grasp / to hold 後為使持節
151 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為戲笑
152 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官至司衞監
153 4 to stand 乃立四柱磔其手足
154 4 a government official / a magistrate 為吏罕仁恕之誠
155 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後頗存振本屬
156 4 nián year 計年為兄
157 4 sòng to accuse 互相訟詛
158 4 a helper / an assistant 為司空令輔國長史
159 4 qiāng Qiang nationality 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
160 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 自今宜自謹約
161 4 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
162 4 to kill / to massacre 徵還戮之
163 4 to attack / to inherit 賜泥衣服一襲
164 4 to criticize 李沖入議律令
165 4 ancestor / forefather 歸從祖兄中書令允
166 4 supreme ruler / emperor 帝頗聞之
167 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 結為兄弟
168 4 to die 防卒扶持
169 4 lǐng neck / collar 河西羌胡領部落反叛
170 4 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 又虐於刑法
171 4 běi north 河內北連上黨
172 4 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 詔廷尉少卿劉述窮鞫
173 4 zòu to present / to present a memorial 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
174 4 yòu right / right-hand 截其右腕
175 4 shè to set up / to establish 刑禁多設
176 4 responsibility / duty 遣侍臣宣詔責之
177 4 zèng to give a present 贈安東將軍
178 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 為司空令輔國長史
179 4 qīng clear / distinct / complete / pure 洪之素非廉清
180 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 姦黠萌生
181 4 to go 不滿意則詬罵不去
182 4 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui 而北史實本隋書卷七四酷吏傳論
183 4 jié take by force, coerce 數為劫害
184 4 thorn / sting / prick 刺其本
185 4 rén a kernel / a pit 為吏罕仁恕之誠
186 4 huò to reap / to harvest 久弗能獲
187 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不憚豪貴
188 4 àn to press / to push 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
189 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 洪之芟山為道
190 4 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣長安
191 4 àn case / incident 真香驗案其罪
192 4 a statute / a law / a regulation 依律罪死而已
193 4 niàn to read aloud / to recite 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
194 4 martial / military 南接武牢
195 4 dào to steal / to rob / to plunder 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
196 3 wēi power / might / prestige 頗有威惠
197 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
198 3 dialect / language / speech 但卷後無宋人校語
199 3 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling 靈太后令曰
200 3 殿 diàn palace hall / ceremonial hall 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
201 3 shēn deep 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
202 3 bīng soldier / troops 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
203 3 steel / iron 太山鉅平人
204 3 shì a generation 字世禮
205 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 行者患焉
206 3 eight 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
207 3 to defend / to resist 不避強禦
208 3 suí to follow 隨刀戰動
209 3 guest / visitor 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
210 3 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 然君子使人器之義
211 3 zhǔn a standard / a rule 依諡法準狀科上
212 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑有誤
213 3 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 東陽王丕妻
214 3 shǐ history 所以列之今史
215 3 受納 shòunà to accept / to receive (tribute) 受納貨賄
216 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 無不窮糾
217 3 big / great / huge / large / major 洪之乃開以大信
218 3 báo thin / slight / weak 而疏薄張氏
219 3 dìng to decide 東郡王陸定總統諸軍
220 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊夷識德
221 3 tōng to go through / to open 本名文通
222 3 gain / advantage / benefit 爭求貨利
223 3 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan 酈道元
224 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 遂棄宗專附珍之等
225 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 本意未弭
226 3 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 少為沙門
227 3 to take / to receive / to accept 多所取納
228 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 有數德優劣不同
229 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治任刑罰
230 3 even / equal / uniform 齊州刺史
231 3 shí knowledge / understanding 朝貴咸識之
232 3 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 有司糾劾
233 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 字世禮
234 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋即真
235 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 必借備騾馬
236 3 shǒu hand 手以付洪之
237 3 酷吏 kù lì cruel officals 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
238 3 to hand over to 手以付洪之
239 3 zōng school / sect 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
240 3 zàn a libation cup 子瓚
241 3 qián front 既資前稱
242 3 shǒu head 始斬其首
243 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 得補樂浪王侍郎
244 3 shù reciprocity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
245 3 jiàn to see 見之者無不傷楚
246 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 願且寬憂
247 3 to arise / to get up 洪之則起而加敬
248 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 隸大都督李崇討之
249 3 準行 zhǔnxíng to allow / to grant / to permit 定諡準行
250 3 guī to go back / to return 歸從祖兄中書令允
251 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂鎖洪之赴京
252 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 令僧尼因事通請
253 3 què a watchtower 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
254 3 huì can / be able to 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
255 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 尤為忍酷
256 3 valley / gorge / ravine 谷楷
257 3 lóng dragon 龍驤將軍
258 3 shì to rely upon 侯頭恃寵
259 3 zéi thief 募斬賊者便加重賞
260 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 胡人遂降
261 3 a footprint 必當其迹
262 3 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩紀如親
263 3 dǎng political party 誅鋤姦黨
264 3 zhèn town 至高平鎮
265 3 hǎn rare 為吏罕仁恕之誠
266 3 míng bright / brilliant 後與游明根
267 3 tóng like / same / similar 罪與劫同
268 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 得幸於高宗
269 3 preface / introduction 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
270 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 洛侯輒鞭富熾一百
271 3 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 中散李真香出使幽州
272 3 beard / mustache 胡泥
273 3 shàng top / a high position 臺龍上言
274 3 road / path / way 允為營宦路
275 3 lǒng Gansu 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
276 3 to impeach 有司糾劾
277 3 a shepherd 採訪牧守政績
278 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑禁多設
279 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自今宜自謹約
280 3 shǐ beginning / start 始斬其首
281 3 xīn heart 今臺使心協前事
282 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強相徵求
283 3 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 遂號為顯祖親舅
284 3 to ferry 當官以威猛為濟
285 3 ancient barbarian tribes 洪之善御戎夷
286 3 yǔn to fall from outer space 或憂恚顛隕
287 3 wài outside 遷拜尚書外都大官
288 3 extra / surplus / remainder 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
289 3 láng a minister / an official 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
290 2 前事 qiánshì past events / antecedent / what has happened 今臺使心協前事
291 2 長幼 zhǎng yòu older and younger / seniority 計長幼為昆季
292 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
293 2 zhú to chase / to expel 以赦提為逐賊軍將
294 2 cái to cut / to trim / to reduce / to diminish 聽在家自裁
295 2 to tell / to complain 皆如所訴
296 2 sān three 分隸三縣
297 2 duān to carry 太常少卿元端
298 2 威猛 wēiměng bold and powerful 當官以威猛為濟
299 2 dān bill / slip of paper / form 單騎至於民村
300 2 祿 good fortune 時高祖始建祿制
301 2 to take / to get / to fetch 多所取納
302 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
303 2 zhàng weapons / weaponry 深託仗之
304 2 xiào school 但卷後無宋人校語
305 2 younger brother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
306 2 night 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
307 2 to be attached to 分隸三縣
308 2 tóu head 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
309 2 安忍 ānrěn tolerance 而貪酷安忍
310 2 ministry / department 各為部帥
311 2 way / route / road 其途不一
312 2 shī to lose 軍人迷而失路
313 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 赦提設防遏追窮之計
314 2 to open 道登屢因言次申啟救遵
315 2 德行 déxíng morality and conduct 布德行剛曰
316 2 district / county 邦邑苦之
317 2 wèn to ask 昭太后問其親
318 2 Xu 徐歸奔赴
319 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 所以列之今史
320 2 自若 zìruò to be self composed 而言笑自若
321 2 畜牧 xùmù livestock 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
322 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 化沾殊類
323 2 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 沐浴換衣
324 2 increase / benefit 秦益二州刺史
325 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結為兄弟
326 2 plain / white 洪之素非廉清
327 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 乃興軍臨其境
328 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 洛侯生拔隴客舌
329 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 元后臨崩
330 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 設禁姦之制
331 2 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 洪之善御戎夷
332 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 謂何如濟陰王
333 2 néng can / able 久弗能獲
334 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 是時雍州刺史蕭寶夤反狀稍露
335 2 branch of study / administrative section / division / field / branch / stage directions / rules / laws 嚴設科防
336 2 to lie 乃臥而引藥
337 2 hào number 遂號為顯祖親舅
338 2 殺害 shāhài to kill / to murder 其中枉見殺害者百數
339 2 婦人 fùrén married woman / wife 井有汲水婦人
340 2 jiē to join 南接武牢
341 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洪之後得劉氏
342 2 zuǒ left 加左軍將軍
343 2 to make a false accusation / to defame 高祖乃稍對百官辨其誣假
344 2 出使 chūshǐ to go abroad as ambassador / to be sent on a diplomatic mission 中散李真香出使幽州
345 2 zhào Zhao 使駕部令趙秦州重往究訊
346 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 輒捉送州
347 2 different / other 不為異計
348 2 to gather / to collect 庭集羣官
349 2 jīng to go through / to experience 與相訣經日
350 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
351 2 魏收 Wèi Shōu Wei Shou 魏收書亡
352 2 wáng to die 及父亡
353 2 司徒 sītú Situ 司徒右長史張烈
354 2 xiān first 先是
355 2 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 以外戚為河內太守
356 2 róng glory / honor 時遵子元榮詣洛訟冤
357 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代人也
358 2 shè to shoot / to launch 射其口
359 2 jiā excellent 高祖聞而嘉焉
360 2 xié to clasp under the arm / to coerce 止挾
361 2 zàn to praise 跪贊禮事
362 2 Chǔ state of Chu 見之者無不傷楚
363 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 暮年數延攜之宴飲
364 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 多止亡命
365 2 to defend / to resist 洪之善御戎夷
366 2 lún human relationship / order / coherence 猛酷之倫
367 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
368 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 法令滋章
369 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 始洪之託為元后兄
370 2 大官 dàguān senior official 徵拜內都大官
371 2 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 後頗存振本屬
372 2 zhī to know 知赦提有好牛
373 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 位兼尚書右丞
374 2 shēng sound 暴聲屢發
375 2 gǒu dog 人號天狗下
376 2 非理 fēilǐ contrary to common sense 嚴暴非理
377 2 residence / dwelling 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
378 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 實稱朝望
379 2 desire 諸將悉欲進攻
380 2 zhāo illustrious 昭太后問其親
381 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 仗節撫藩
382 2 tán to pluck a string / to play 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
383 2 to cover 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
384 2 yáng sheep / goat 羊祉
385 2 to express / to state / to relate / to narrate 敍元后平生故事
386 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺之略盡
387 2 狼藉 láng jí to be strewn about 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
388 2 jīng Beijing 遂鎖洪之赴京
389 2 rào to wind around / to go around 遍遶家庭
390 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 祉志存埋輪
391 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 宣告斬決
392 2 nèi inside / interior 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
393 2 zhí price/ value
394 2 lián incorrupt / inexpensive 洪之素非廉清
395 2 chóu to collate / to proofread 往來如讎
396 2 zāng stolen goods / booty / spoils 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
397 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封汲郡公
398 2 任城 rènchéng Rencheng 進爵任城侯
399 2 huì rage 或憂恚顛隕
400 2 kuān wide / broad 願且寬憂
401 2 special / unique / distinguished 高祖特恕遠徙
402 2 shù numerous / various 釐品庶物
403 2 chéng a city / a town 賜爵永城侯
404 2 chǒng to love / to pamper / to spoil / to favor 侯頭恃寵
405 2 to refute / to contradict 給事黃門侍郎元纂等駁曰
406 2 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 有帶刃行者
407 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 臣聞惟名與器
408 2 xióng manly 音氣雄暢
409 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 募斬賊者便加重賞
410 2 志性 zhìxìng disposition 洪之志性慷慨
411 2 tuō to take off 傳末校語偶脫
412 2 豹子 bàozi leopard 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
413 2 a slave / a servant 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
414 2 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 不憚豪貴
415 2 jiān fine silk 屯逼民家求絲縑
416 2 can / may / permissible 弗可妄假
417 2 fèng to offer / to present 多奉以貨
418 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 而言笑自若
419 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 兄矯等常欺侮之
420 2 mèi younger sister 劉芳從妹
421 2 to carve / to engrave 而刻害之聲聞於朝野
422 2 jué to take leave of / to bid farewell 與相訣經日
423 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 治任刑罰
424 2 qín Shaanxi 秦益二州刺史
425 2 雁門 yànmén Yanmen 雁門間聚為劫害
426 2 làn excessive / indiscriminate 刑罰酷濫
427 2 to think / consider / to ponder 其靈丘羅思祖宗門豪溢
428 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 父規之
429 2 temple / monastery / vihāra 然後下寺
430 2 反叛 fǎnnì to rebel / to revolt / to disobey 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
431 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遵感成益之恩
432 2 yíng sea / ocean 瀛州刺史
433 2 quān to reform 仍不悛革
434 2 chén minister / statesman / official 遣侍臣宣詔責之
435 2 大使 dàshǐ an ambassador / an envoy 大使崔光奏霸云
436 2 relative 以外戚為河內太守
437 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 輿駕至并州
438 2 河西 Héxī Hexi 河西羌胡領部落反叛
439 2 zhēng to march / to journey 徵還戮之
440 2 yóu to swim 後與游明根
441 2 láo to toil 以勞舊為秦州刺史
442 2 目錄 mùlù table of contents / list 諸本目錄注
443 2 huàn government official 允為營宦路
444 2 thing / matter 納之軌物
445 2 zhái residence / dwelling / home 為兩宅別居
446 2 秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou 以勞舊為秦州刺史
447 2 shì to show / to reveal 示之法制
448 2 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 又有華山太守趙霸
449 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 募斬賊者便加重賞
450 2 to leave behind 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
451 2 zhàn war / battle / fight 隨刀戰動
452 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其為暴酷如此
453 2 huá Chinese 高祖臨太華殿引見
454 2 zhòng heavy 洪之欽重
455 2 zhí straight 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
456 2 虎子 hǔzǐ tiger cub 虎子
457 2 the gate of a village / a village 洪之將數十騎至其里閭
458 2 宣告 xuāngào to declare / to proclaim 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
459 2 chì to burn / to blaze 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
460 2 fēn to divide into parts 分懸道路
461 2 shì power / authority 示以軍行之勢
462 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 赦提設防遏追窮之計
463 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 長吏不能禁
464 2 business / industry 魏氏以戎馬定王業
465 2 qīn to respect / to admire 洪之欽重
466 2 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 詔暹為都督
467 2 朝廷 cháo tíng court / imperial household / dynasty 朝廷以為剛斷
468 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 廣十餘步
469 2 dàn to dread / to fear / to dislike 不憚豪貴
470 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 各為部帥
471 2 yuē approximately 自今宜自謹約
472 2 yín to respoect 是時雍州刺史蕭寶夤反狀稍露
473 2 武川 wǔchuān Wuchuan 武川鎮反
474 2 Li 附卷二七酈範傳
475 2 兗州 Yǎnzhōu Yanzhou 兗州刺史
476 2 liǎng two 為兩宅別居
477 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 赦提以此差自解慰
478 2 安南 Ānnán Annam 安南將軍
479 2 tiger 初為虎賁中郎
480 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 吉凶不相往反
481 2 sòng Song Dynasty 宋任城令
482 2 xué to study / to learn 以北平陽尼碩學
483 2 to be fond of / to like 中山安喜人也
484 2 前後 qiánhòu around / from beginning to end 前後禽獲
485 2 sūn Sun 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
486 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 撰注水經四十卷
487 2 公私 gōng sī public and private (interests, initiative etc) 公私自同外戚
488 2 rich / wealthy 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
489 2 unhusked millet 賜粟帛牛馬
490 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 嚴設科防
491 2 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang 假范陽公
492 2 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 青州刺史範之子
493 2 to envy / to be jealous 由是二妻妬競
494 2 qīn to invade / to infringe 侵盜公資
495 2 jiǎn to check / to examine / to inspect 檢祉以母老辭藩
496 2 mother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
497 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 遂表薦之
498 2 魏書 Wèi Shū Book of Wei 魏書卷八十九
499 2 tīng to listen 聽其復業
500 2 huǐ to destroy 而矯等彌妬毀之

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 94 zhī him / her / them / that 李洪之
2 65 wèi for / to 為吏罕仁恕之誠
3 37 so as to / in order to 當官以威猛為濟
4 33 his / hers / its / theirs 截其右腕
5 32 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而貪酷安忍
6 30 yǒu is / are / to exist 有司糾劾
7 28 rén person / people / a human being 代人也
8 27 hóng a flood 李洪之
9 26 zūn to obey / to comply with / to follow 高遵
10 26 zhōu a state / a province 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
11 25 in / at 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
12 23 not / no 見之者無不傷楚
13 19 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 以勞舊為秦州刺史
14 18 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 問所疾苦
15 17 chuán to transmit 長子神自有傳
16 17 and 遂與口諍
17 17 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃立四柱磔其手足
18 16 shè to forgive / to pardon 張赦提
19 16 yuán monetary unit / dollar 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
20 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 不令在喪位
21 15 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 命將絕
22 14 yòu again / also 又以酷暴
23 14 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 遷平東將軍
24 14 guān an office 當官以威猛為濟
25 14 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與口諍
26 14 naturally / of course / certainly 遂就家賜自盡
27 14 to reach 及仁坐事誅
28 13 wáng Wang 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
29 13 zhū all / many / various 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
30 13 shí time / a period of time 洪之微時
31 13 zhì to / until 歷官至司衞監
32 13 to carry / to lift / to raise / to mention 張赦提
33 13 no 見之者無不傷楚
34 13 zhōng middle 泥率勒禁中
35 13 strong 猛酷之倫
36 12 hóu marquis / lord 于洛侯
37 12 also / too 代人也
38 12 juǎn to coil / to roll 撰注水經四十卷
39 12 zhào an imperial decree 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
40 12 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 刑禁多設
41 12 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
42 12 zhǐ felicity 羊祉
43 11 běn measure word for books 肅厲為本
44 11 Li 李洪之
45 11 hòu after / later 後為懷州刺史
46 11 letter / symbol / character 字世禮
47 11 děng et cetera / and so on 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
48 10 hái also / in addition / more 徵還戮之
49 10 èr two 王愈二人
50 9 jūn army / military 為狄道護軍
51 9 yuē to speak / to say 帝厲聲曰
52 9 child / son 劉氏四子
53 9 wife 妻張氏助洪之經營資產
54 9 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
55 9 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 見之者無不傷楚
56 9 gāo high / tall 高遵
57 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司糾劾
58 8 hòu after / later 得元后姊妹二人
59 8 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 博士劉臺龍議諡曰
60 8 shì is / are / am / to be 由是二妻妬競
61 8 zuì crime / sin / vice 依律罪死而已
62 8 method / way 泥以法繩之
63 8 jiā house / home / residence 遂就家賜自盡
64 8 shì matter / thing / item 及仁坐事誅
65 8 lín to face / to overlook 高祖臨太華殿引見
66 8 luò Luo 于洛侯
67 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當官以威猛為濟
68 8 jià vacation 假范陽公
69 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 魏氏以戎馬定王業
70 8 jié festival / a special day 後為使持節
71 8 chēng to call / to address 既資前稱
72 8 miǎn to spare 免喪
73 7 liú Liu 洪之後得劉氏
74 7 zuò to do 為將作都將
75 7 seven 又為七聘及諸文
76 7 de potential marker 得元后姊妹二人
77 7 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
78 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 遂就家賜自盡
79 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 始斬其首
80 7 zhāng sheet 張赦提
81 7 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 歸從祖兄中書令允
82 7 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 遂便如親
83 7 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 又以酷暴
84 7 shǔ to count 數為劫害
85 7 xíng to walk / to move 示以軍行之勢
86 7 dào way / road / path 為狄道護軍
87 7 nán south 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
88 7 huò or / either / else 攜之時或言及本末
89 7 yīn because 因言洪之為兄
90 7 píng flat / level / smooth 武功平海內
91 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆保險拒戰
92 7 wén to hear 高祖聞而嘉焉
93 7 such as / for example / for instance 遂便如親
94 7 yán to speak / to say / said 因言洪之為兄
95 7 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵永城侯
96 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
97 7 chū to go out 出為幽州刺史
98 7 qīng minister / high officer 又卿非惟貪惏
99 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵永城侯
100 7 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
101 6 kǎi model / pattern / regular script 谷楷
102 6 to die 依律罪死而已
103 6 gōng public/ common / state-owned 假范陽公
104 6 zài in / at 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
105 6 hài to injure / to harm to 數為劫害
106 6 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 狀者迹之稱
107 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 所以列之今史
108 6 gāng just / barely / exactly 祉性剛愎
109 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
110 6 zuò to sit 及仁坐事誅
111 6 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴設科防
112 6 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而貪酷安忍
113 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷平東將軍
114 6 shū book 歸從祖兄中書令允
115 6 míng measure word for people 好刑名
116 6 道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen 御史中尉李彪以道元秉法清勤
117 6 this / these 至此罪後
118 6 qiú to request 求編課調
119 6 Germany 邊夷識德
120 6 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑禁多設
121 6 rather / quite / considerably / oblique / inclined / slanting 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
122 6 Xiān Siam / Bangkok 崔暹
123 6 xiōng elder brother 因言洪之為兄
124 6 中尉 zhōngwèi lieutenant (navy) / first lieutenant (army) / subaltern 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
125 5 wén writing / text 本名文通
126 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論責之
127 5 yuè pleased 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
128 5 dōu all 珍之等兄弟至都
129 5 fēi not / non- / un- 洪之素非廉清
130 5 diān top / apex 或憂恚顛隕
131 5 jiān simultaneously 常兼太祝令
132 5 dōng east 遷平東將軍
133 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
134 5 顯祖 xiǎnzǔ ancestors 生顯祖
135 5 lèi to be tired 言祉誠著累朝
136 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 進爵安昌子
137 5 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
138 5 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長吏不能禁
139 5 according to 依律罪死而已
140 5 mud / paste / pulp 胡泥
141 5 cháo to face 朝貴咸識之
142 5 tài very / extremely 高祖臨太華殿引見
143 5 rán correct / right / certainly 然尚書銓衡是司
144 5 one 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
145 5 tǎo to seek 詔洪之為河西都將討山胡
146 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 沙門道登過遵
147 5 otherwise / but / however 洪之則起而加敬
148 5 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
149 5 xià next 一時俱下
150 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣侍臣宣詔責之
151 5 wèi to call 謂何如濟陰王
152 5 zhēn precious thing / treasure 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
153 5 cuī Cui 崔暹
154 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃臥而引藥
155 5 zhēn real / true / genuine 中散李真香出使幽州
156 5 father 父濟
157 5 shí ten 廣十餘步
158 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後為使持節
159 5 tái unit 為西道行臺
160 5 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 洪之善御戎夷
161 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 以外戚為河內太守
162 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 徵拜內都大官
163 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 洪之至郡
164 5 jiā to add 洪之則起而加敬
165 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過為酷虐
166 5 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 猛酷之倫
167 5 yān where / how 高祖聞而嘉焉
168 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
169 5 four 乃立四柱磔其手足
170 5 yún cloud 大使崔光奏霸云
171 5 xìng gender 遵性不廉清
172 4 shǎo few 少為沙門
173 4 wealth / capital / money / expenses 因資遺之
174 4 zhēng to march / to journey 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
175 4 xiàn county 規之與魯郡太守崔邪利及其屬縣徐通
176 4 huò goods / products / commodities 受納貨賄
177 4 sàng to lose / to die 淳風既喪
178 4 mìng life 命將絕
179 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫其妻子
180 4 huái bosom / breast 人懷怨憤
181 4 to repair / to patch / to mend 得補樂浪王侍郎
182 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 為司空令輔國長史
183 4 shí real / true 實毀朝則
184 4 yóu also / as if / still 而諸李猶善相視
185 4 冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou 冀州刺史
186 4 shì to attend on 遣侍臣宣詔責之
187 4 to enter 元后入宮
188 4 幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 出為幽州刺史
189 4 jǐng bright
190 4 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 為司空令輔國長史
191 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計長幼為昆季
192 4 entirely / without exception 一時俱下
193 4 hǎo good 知赦提有好牛
194 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 吉凶不相往反
195 4 shén what 楷眇一目而性甚嚴忍
196 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
197 4 jìn to enter 進爵任城侯
198 4 cotton cloth 縑布千數
199 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故威逼部下
200 4 wèi position / location / place 不令在喪位
201 4 xié to harmonize 今臺使心協前事
202 4 chí to grasp / to hold 後為使持節
203 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為戲笑
204 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官至司衞監
205 4 to stand 乃立四柱磔其手足
206 4 a government official / a magistrate 為吏罕仁恕之誠
207 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後頗存振本屬
208 4 nián year 計年為兄
209 4 sòng to accuse 互相訟詛
210 4 a helper / an assistant 為司空令輔國長史
211 4 qiāng Qiang nationality 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
212 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 自今宜自謹約
213 4 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
214 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必借備騾馬
215 4 to kill / to massacre 徵還戮之
216 4 to attack / to inherit 賜泥衣服一襲
217 4 to criticize 李沖入議律令
218 4 in / at 于洛侯
219 4 ancestor / forefather 歸從祖兄中書令允
220 4 supreme ruler / emperor 帝頗聞之
221 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 結為兄弟
222 4 to die 防卒扶持
223 4 lǐng neck / collar 河西羌胡領部落反叛
224 4 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 又虐於刑法
225 4 duì to / toward 洪之築壘於石樓南白鷄原以對之
226 4 běi north 河內北連上黨
227 4 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 詔廷尉少卿劉述窮鞫
228 4 zòu to present / to present a memorial 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
229 4 yòu right / right-hand 截其右腕
230 4 shè to set up / to establish 刑禁多設
231 4 responsibility / duty 遣侍臣宣詔責之
232 4 zèng to give a present 贈安東將軍
233 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 為司空令輔國長史
234 4 qīng clear / distinct / complete / pure 洪之素非廉清
235 4 shāo a little / slightly 高祖乃稍對百官辨其誣假
236 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 姦黠萌生
237 4 to go 不滿意則詬罵不去
238 4 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui 而北史實本隋書卷七四酷吏傳論
239 4 jié take by force, coerce 數為劫害
240 4 thorn / sting / prick 刺其本
241 4 rén a kernel / a pit 為吏罕仁恕之誠
242 4 huò to reap / to harvest 久弗能獲
243 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不憚豪貴
244 4 àn to press / to push 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
245 4 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 洪之芟山為道
246 4 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣長安
247 4 suī although / even though 雖相羈縻
248 4 àn case / incident 真香驗案其罪
249 4 a statute / a law / a regulation 依律罪死而已
250 4 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 所入十倍於常
251 4 cóng from 劉芳從妹
252 4 niàn to read aloud / to recite 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
253 4 martial / military 南接武牢
254 4 dào to steal / to rob / to plunder 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
255 4 měi each / every 每多受納
256 4 lián even 河內北連上黨
257 3 wēi power / might / prestige 頗有威惠
258 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
259 3 bèi by 遇城翻被害
260 3 dialect / language / speech 但卷後無宋人校語
261 3 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling 靈太后令曰
262 3 殿 diàn palace hall / ceremonial hall 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
263 3 shēn deep 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
264 3 bīng soldier / troops 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
265 3 steel / iron 太山鉅平人
266 3 shì a generation 字世禮
267 3 already / since 淳風既喪
268 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 行者患焉
269 3 eight 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
270 3 to defend / to resist 不避強禦
271 3 suí to follow 隨刀戰動
272 3 final particle 必無高遵矣
273 3 guest / visitor 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
274 3 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 然君子使人器之義
275 3 zhǔn a standard / a rule 依諡法準狀科上
276 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑有誤
277 3 jiù right away 將就法也
278 3 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 東陽王丕妻
279 3 shǐ history 所以列之今史
280 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 並善弓馬
281 3 受納 shòunà to accept / to receive (tribute) 受納貨賄
282 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 無不窮糾
283 3 big / great / huge / large / major 洪之乃開以大信
284 3 báo thin / slight / weak 而疏薄張氏
285 3 dìng to decide 東郡王陸定總統諸軍
286 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊夷識德
287 3 tōng to go through / to open 本名文通
288 3 gain / advantage / benefit 爭求貨利
289 3 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan 酈道元
290 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 遂棄宗專附珍之等
291 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 本意未弭
292 3 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 少為沙門
293 3 chú except / besides 除冠軍將軍
294 3 to take / to receive / to accept 多所取納
295 3 what / where / which 卿何人
296 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 有數德優劣不同
297 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治任刑罰
298 3 even / equal / uniform 齊州刺史
299 3 shí knowledge / understanding 朝貴咸識之
300 3 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 有司糾劾
301 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 字世禮
302 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋即真
303 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 必借備騾馬
304 3 shǒu hand 手以付洪之
305 3 酷吏 kù lì cruel officals 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
306 3 to hand over to 手以付洪之
307 3 zōng school / sect 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
308 3 zàn a libation cup 子瓚
309 3 qián front 既資前稱
310 3 shǒu head 始斬其首
311 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 得補樂浪王侍郎
312 3 shù reciprocity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
313 3 jiàn to see 見之者無不傷楚
314 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 願且寬憂
315 3 to arise / to get up 洪之則起而加敬
316 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 隸大都督李崇討之
317 3 準行 zhǔnxíng to allow / to grant / to permit 定諡準行
318 3 guī to go back / to return 歸從祖兄中書令允
319 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂鎖洪之赴京
320 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 令僧尼因事通請
321 3 yīng should / ought 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
322 3 què a watchtower 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
323 3 huì can / be able to 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
324 3 wéi only / solely / alone 又卿非惟貪惏
325 3 dàn but / yet / however 但卷後無宋人校語
326 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 尤為忍酷
327 3 valley / gorge / ravine 谷楷
328 3 lóng dragon 龍驤將軍
329 3 shì to rely upon 侯頭恃寵
330 3 zéi thief 募斬賊者便加重賞
331 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 胡人遂降
332 3 a footprint 必當其迹
333 3 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩紀如親
334 3 dǎng political party 誅鋤姦黨
335 3 zhèn town 至高平鎮
336 3 hǎn rare 為吏罕仁恕之誠
337 3 each 各有條章
338 3 míng bright / brilliant 後與游明根
339 3 tóng like / same / similar 罪與劫同
340 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 得幸於高宗
341 3 preface / introduction 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
342 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 洛侯輒鞭富熾一百
343 3 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 中散李真香出使幽州
344 3 beard / mustache 胡泥
345 3 shàng top / a high position 臺龍上言
346 3 road / path / way 允為營宦路
347 3 lǒng Gansu 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
348 3 及其 jíqí as well as 豹子及其黨與
349 3 to impeach 有司糾劾
350 3 a shepherd 採訪牧守政績
351 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑禁多設
352 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自今宜自謹約
353 3 shǐ beginning / start 始斬其首
354 3 xīn heart 今臺使心協前事
355 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強相徵求
356 3 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 遂號為顯祖親舅
357 3 to ferry 當官以威猛為濟
358 3 ancient barbarian tribes 洪之善御戎夷
359 3 yǔn to fall from outer space 或憂恚顛隕
360 3 wài outside 遷拜尚書外都大官
361 3 extra / surplus / remainder 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
362 3 láng a minister / an official 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
363 2 前事 qiánshì past events / antecedent / what has happened 今臺使心協前事
364 2 長幼 zhǎng yòu older and younger / seniority 計長幼為昆季
365 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
366 2 zhú to chase / to expel 以赦提為逐賊軍將
367 2 cái to cut / to trim / to reduce / to diminish 聽在家自裁
368 2 to tell / to complain 皆如所訴
369 2 sān three 分隸三縣
370 2 duān to carry 太常少卿元端
371 2 威猛 wēiměng bold and powerful 當官以威猛為濟
372 2 dān bill / slip of paper / form 單騎至於民村
373 2 祿 good fortune 時高祖始建祿制
374 2 to take / to get / to fetch 多所取納
375 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
376 2 zhàng weapons / weaponry 深託仗之
377 2 xiào school 但卷後無宋人校語
378 2 younger brother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
379 2 night 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
380 2 to be attached to 分隸三縣
381 2 tóu head 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
382 2 安忍 ānrěn tolerance 而貪酷安忍
383 2 ministry / department 各為部帥
384 2 way / route / road 其途不一
385 2 shī to lose 軍人迷而失路
386 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 赦提設防遏追窮之計
387 2 to open 道登屢因言次申啟救遵
388 2 德行 déxíng morality and conduct 布德行剛曰
389 2 district / county 邦邑苦之
390 2 wèn to ask 昭太后問其親
391 2 Xu 徐歸奔赴
392 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後斬洛侯以謝百姓
393 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 所以列之今史
394 2 自若 zìruò to be self composed 而言笑自若
395 2 畜牧 xùmù livestock 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
396 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 化沾殊類
397 2 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 沐浴換衣
398 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是二妻妬競
399 2 increase / benefit 秦益二州刺史
400 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結為兄弟
401 2 plain / white 洪之素非廉清
402 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 乃興軍臨其境
403 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 洛侯生拔隴客舌
404 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 元后臨崩
405 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 設禁姦之制
406 2 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 洪之善御戎夷
407 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 謂何如濟陰王
408 2 néng can / able 久弗能獲
409 2 cháng already / formerly / already / ever / once 段乃陳列真香昔嘗因假而過幽州
410 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 是時雍州刺史蕭寶夤反狀稍露
411 2 branch of study / administrative section / division / field / branch / stage directions / rules / laws 嚴設科防
412 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若無遷都赦
413 2 to lie 乃臥而引藥
414 2 hào number 遂號為顯祖親舅
415 2 殺害 shāhài to kill / to murder 其中枉見殺害者百數
416 2 婦人 fùrén married woman / wife 井有汲水婦人
417 2 jiē to join 南接武牢
418 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洪之後得劉氏
419 2 zuǒ left 加左軍將軍
420 2 to make a false accusation / to defame 高祖乃稍對百官辨其誣假
421 2 出使 chūshǐ to go abroad as ambassador / to be sent on a diplomatic mission 中散李真香出使幽州
422 2 zhào Zhao 使駕部令趙秦州重往究訊
423 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 輒捉送州
424 2 different / other 不為異計
425 2 to gather / to collect 庭集羣官
426 2 jīng to go through / to experience 與相訣經日
427 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
428 2 魏收 Wèi Shōu Wei Shou 魏收書亡
429 2 wáng to die 及父亡
430 2 司徒 sītú Situ 司徒右長史張烈
431 2 xiān first 先是
432 2 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 以外戚為河內太守
433 2 róng glory / honor 時遵子元榮詣洛訟冤
434 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代人也
435 2 shè to shoot / to launch 射其口
436 2 jiā excellent 高祖聞而嘉焉
437 2 xié to clasp under the arm / to coerce 止挾
438 2 zàn to praise 跪贊禮事
439 2 Chǔ state of Chu 見之者無不傷楚
440 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 暮年數延攜之宴飲
441 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 多止亡命
442 2 to defend / to resist 洪之善御戎夷
443 2 lún human relationship / order / coherence 猛酷之倫
444 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
445 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 法令滋章
446 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 始洪之託為元后兄
447 2 大官 dàguān senior official 徵拜內都大官
448 2 a time 道登屢因言次申啟救遵
449 2 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 後頗存振本屬
450 2 zhī to know 知赦提有好牛
451 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 位兼尚書右丞
452 2 shēng sound 暴聲屢發
453 2 gǒu dog 人號天狗下
454 2 非理 fēilǐ contrary to common sense 嚴暴非理
455 2 residence / dwelling 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
456 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 實稱朝望
457 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 依律罪死而已
458 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
459 2 desire 諸將悉欲進攻
460 2 zhāo illustrious 昭太后問其親
461 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 仗節撫藩
462 2 tán to pluck a string / to play 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
463 2 to cover 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
464 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 遂與口諍
465 2 yáng sheep / goat 羊祉
466 2 to express / to state / to relate / to narrate 敍元后平生故事
467 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺之略盡
468 2 狼藉 láng jí to be strewn about 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
469 2 jīng Beijing 遂鎖洪之赴京
470 2 rào to wind around / to go around 遍遶家庭
471 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 祉志存埋輪
472 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 宣告斬決
473 2 nèi inside / interior 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
474 2 zhí price/ value
475 2 lián incorrupt / inexpensive 洪之素非廉清
476 2 chóu to collate / to proofread 往來如讎
477 2 zāng stolen goods / booty / spoils 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
478 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封汲郡公
479 2 任城 rènchéng Rencheng 進爵任城侯
480 2 huì rage 或憂恚顛隕
481 2 kuān wide / broad 願且寬憂
482 2 special / unique / distinguished 高祖特恕遠徙
483 2 shù numerous / various 釐品庶物
484 2 chéng a city / a town 賜爵永城侯
485 2 chǒng to love / to pamper / to spoil / to favor 侯頭恃寵
486 2 to refute / to contradict 給事黃門侍郎元纂等駁曰
487 2 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 有帶刃行者
488 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 臣聞惟名與器
489 2 duàn paragraph / section / segment 後頗縱妻段氏
490 2 xióng manly 音氣雄暢
491 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 募斬賊者便加重賞
492 2 志性 zhìxìng disposition 洪之志性慷慨
493 2 tuō to take off 傳末校語偶脫
494 2 豹子 bàozi leopard 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
495 2 a slave / a servant 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
496 2 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 不憚豪貴
497 2 jiān fine silk 屯逼民家求絲縑
498 2 can / may / permissible 弗可妄假
499 2 fèng to offer / to present 多奉以貨
500 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 而言笑自若

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
勃海 Bóhǎi Bohai
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
昌黎 chānglí Changli
道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen
定王 Dìng Wáng King Ding of Zhou
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
范阳 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang
涪江 Fú Jiāng Fu River / Fujiang
高宗 Gāozōng
  1. Emperor Gaozong of Song
  2. Emperor Gaozong of Tang
  3. Gaozong
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
豪杰 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河西 Héxī Hexi
河阴 河陰 Héyīn Heyin
怀仁 懷仁 huáirén Huairen
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
华山 華山 huàshān
  1. Huashan
  2. Huashan
剑阁 劍閣 jiàngé Jiange
建义 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign
jìn
  1. Shanxi
  2. Jin Dynasty
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
景明 jǐngmíng Jingming reign
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
乐浪 樂浪 Lèlàng Lelang
Li
郦道元 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
灵太后 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling
灵丘 靈丘 Língqiū Lingqiu
lǒng Gansu
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
Mín Min
平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng
平南 píngnán Pingnan
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
濮阳 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang
qiāng
  1. Qiang nationality
  2. Qiang
Qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
清河 qīnghé Qinghe
青州 Qīngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Qingzhou
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
任城 rènchéng Rencheng
汝南 rǔnán Runan
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
山胡 shānhú Jihu peoples
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
石楼 石樓 shílóu Shilou
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
水经 水經 Shuǐ Jīng Water Classic
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
肃宗 肅宗 Sù Zōng
  1. Emperor Suzong of Tang
  2. Suzong
隋书 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui
太安 tài'ān Tai'an reign
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太和 tàihé
  1. Taihe reign
  2. Taihe reign
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏收 Wèi Shōu Wei Shou
魏书 魏書 Wèi Shū Book of Wei
文才 Wén Cái Wen Cai
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
武川 wǔchuān Wuchuan
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou
雁门 雁門 yànmén Yanmen
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
颍川 潁川 Yǐngchuān Yingchuan
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
永昌王 Yǒngchāng wáng Prince of Yongchang
幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
正始 zhèngshǐ Zhengshi reign
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
庄帝 莊帝 Zhuāng Dì Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China
邹山 鄒山 zōushān Zoushan