Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Wei 《魏書》, 卷89 酷吏:于洛侯 胡泥 李洪之 高遵張赦提 羊祉 崔暹 郦道元 Volume 89: Cruel Officals - Yu Luohou, Hu Ni, Li Hongzhi, Gaozun Zhang Sheti, Yang Zhi, Cui Xian, Li Dao Yun

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 28 rén person / people / a human being 代人也
2 27 hóng a flood 李洪之
3 26 zūn to obey / to comply with / to follow 高遵
4 26 zhōu a state / a province 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
5 19 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 以勞舊為秦州刺史
6 17 chuán to transmit 長子神自有傳
7 16 shè to forgive / to pardon 張赦提
8 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 不令在喪位
9 14 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 遷平東將軍
10 14 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與口諍
11 14 to reach 及仁坐事誅
12 14 guān an office 當官以威猛為濟
13 13 wáng Wang 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
14 13 to carry 張赦提
15 13 shí time / a period of time 洪之微時
16 13 strong 猛酷之倫
17 13 zhōng middle 泥率勒禁中
18 12 juǎn to coil / to roll 撰注水經四十卷
19 12 zhǐ happiness / blessings / good luck 羊祉
20 12 zhào an imperial decree 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
21 12 hóu marquis / lord 于洛侯
22 12 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 刑禁多設
23 12 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
24 11 děng et cetera / and so on 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
25 11 hòu after / later 後為懷州刺史
26 11 letter / symbol / character 字世禮
27 11 Li 李洪之
28 10 èr two 王愈二人
29 9 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
30 9 yuē to speak / to say 帝厲聲曰
31 9 gāo high / tall 高遵
32 9 child / son 劉氏四子
33 9 wife 妻張氏助洪之經營資產
34 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司糾劾
35 9 jūn army / military 為狄道護軍
36 8 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 博士劉臺龍議諡曰
37 8 shì matter / thing / item 及仁坐事誅
38 8 miǎn to spare 免喪
39 8 luò Luo 于洛侯
40 8 jiā house / home / residence 遂就家賜自盡
41 8 chēng to call / to address 既資前稱
42 8 zuì crime / sin / vice 依律罪死而已
43 8 method / way 泥以法繩之
44 8 hòu after / later 得元后姊妹二人
45 8 jià vacation 假范陽公
46 8 lín to face / to overlook 高祖臨太華殿引見
47 8 jié festival / a special day 後為使持節
48 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 魏氏以戎馬定王業
49 7 yán to speak / to say / said 因言洪之為兄
50 7 liú Liu 洪之後得劉氏
51 7 qīn relatives 遂便如親
52 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 遂就家賜自盡
53 7 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
54 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 始斬其首
55 7 píng flat / level / smooth 武功平海內
56 7 nán south 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
57 7 qīng minister / high officer 又卿非惟貪惏
58 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
59 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵永城侯
60 7 wén to hear 高祖聞而嘉焉
61 7 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵永城侯
62 7 seven 又為七聘及諸文
63 7 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 歸從祖兄中書令允
64 7 xíng to walk / to move 示以軍行之勢
65 7 shǔ to count 數為劫害
66 7 zuò to do 為將作都將
67 7 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 又以酷暴
68 7 dào way / road / path 為狄道護軍
69 6 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而貪酷安忍
70 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷平東將軍
71 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 所以列之今史
72 6 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 狀者迹之稱
73 6 shū book 歸從祖兄中書令允
74 6 zuò to sit 及仁坐事誅
75 6 zài in / at 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
76 6 xiōng elder brother 因言洪之為兄
77 6 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴設科防
78 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
79 6 qiú to request 求編課調
80 6 gōng public/ common / state-owned 假范陽公
81 6 Xiān Siam / Bangkok 崔暹
82 6 hài to injure / to harm to 數為劫害
83 6 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑禁多設
84 6 道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen 御史中尉李彪以道元秉法清勤
85 6 to die 依律罪死而已
86 6 Germany 邊夷識德
87 6 中尉 zhōngwèi lieutenant (navy) / first lieutenant (army) / subaltern 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
88 6 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 谷楷
89 5 one 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
90 5 mud / paste / pulp 胡泥
91 5 顯祖 xiǎnzǔ ancestors 生顯祖
92 5 four 乃立四柱磔其手足
93 5 cháo to face 朝貴咸識之
94 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
95 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 洪之至郡
96 5 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 洪之善御戎夷
97 5 father 父濟
98 5 zhēn precious thing / treasure 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
99 5 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
100 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃臥而引藥
101 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論責之
102 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 以外戚為河內太守
103 5 wén writing / text 本名文通
104 5 shí ten 廣十餘步
105 5 xìng gender 遵性不廉清
106 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣侍臣宣詔責之
107 5 yún cloud 大使崔光奏霸云
108 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 進爵安昌子
109 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 沙門道登過遵
110 5 lèi to be tired 言祉誠著累朝
111 5 cuī Cui 崔暹
112 5 zhēn real / true / genuine 中散李真香出使幽州
113 5 dōng east 遷平東將軍
114 5 yuè pleased 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
115 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 徵拜內都大官
116 5 diān top / apex 或憂恚顛隕
117 5 wèi to call 謂何如濟陰王
118 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過為酷虐
119 5 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 猛酷之倫
120 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
121 5 tǎo to seek 詔洪之為河西都將討山胡
122 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後為使持節
123 5 jiā to add 洪之則起而加敬
124 4 qiāng Qiang nationality 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
125 4 jié take by force, coerce 數為劫害
126 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 姦黠萌生
127 4 shì to attend on 遣侍臣宣詔責之
128 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不憚豪貴
129 4 shí real / true 實毀朝則
130 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
131 4 jǐng bright
132 4 niàn to read aloud / to recite 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
133 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 吉凶不相往反
134 4 to criticize 李沖入議律令
135 4 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 又虐於刑法
136 4 to enter 元后入宮
137 4 àn case / incident 真香驗案其罪
138 4 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui 而北史實本隋書卷七四酷吏傳論
139 4 a helper / an assistant 為司空令輔國長史
140 4 冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou 冀州刺史
141 4 responsibility / duty 遣侍臣宣詔責之
142 4 rén a kernel / a pit 為吏罕仁恕之誠
143 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為戲笑
144 4 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 為司空令輔國長史
145 4 mìng life 命將絕
146 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 結為兄弟
147 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 為司空令輔國長史
148 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計長幼為昆季
149 4 to kill / to massacre 徵還戮之
150 4 huái bosom / breast 人懷怨憤
151 4 shè to set up / to establish 刑禁多設
152 4 huò goods / products / commodities 受納貨賄
153 4 shǎo few 少為沙門
154 4 to attack / to inherit 賜泥衣服一襲
155 4 chí to grasp / to hold 後為使持節
156 4 sòng to accuse 互相訟詛
157 4 zòu to present / to present a memorial 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
158 4 to die 防卒扶持
159 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官至司衞監
160 4 lǐng neck 河西羌胡領部落反叛
161 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後頗存振本屬
162 4 běi north 河內北連上黨
163 4 to repair / to patch / to mend 得補樂浪王侍郎
164 4 huò to reap / to harvest 久弗能獲
165 4 hǎo good 知赦提有好牛
166 4 wèi position / location / place 不令在喪位
167 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫其妻子
168 4 dào to rob / to steal 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
169 4 supreme ruler / emperor 帝頗聞之
170 4 zèng to give a present 贈安東將軍
171 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 洪之素非廉清
172 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 縑布千數
173 4 wealth / capital / money / expenses 因資遺之
174 4 nián year 計年為兄
175 4 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 詔廷尉少卿劉述窮鞫
176 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 自今宜自謹約
177 4 to stand 乃立四柱磔其手足
178 4 yòu right / right-hand 截其右腕
179 4 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
180 4 thorn / sting / prick 刺其本
181 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 為司空令輔國長史
182 4 zhēng to march / to journey 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
183 4 jìn to enter 進爵任城侯
184 4 àn to press / to push 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
185 4 sàng to lose / to die 淳風既喪
186 4 to go 不滿意則詬罵不去
187 4 a government official / a magistrate 為吏罕仁恕之誠
188 4 ancestor / forefather 歸從祖兄中書令允
189 4 xiàn county 規之與魯郡太守崔邪利及其屬縣徐通
190 4 幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 出為幽州刺史
191 4 xié to harmonize 今臺使心協前事
192 4 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣長安
193 4 a statute / a law / a regulation 依律罪死而已
194 4 martial / military 南接武牢
195 3 wài outside 遷拜尚書外都大官
196 3 shǒu hand 手以付洪之
197 3 dìng to decide 東郡王陸定總統諸軍
198 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 遂棄宗專附珍之等
199 3 a shepherd 採訪牧守政績
200 3 preface / introduction 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
201 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 有數德優劣不同
202 3 gain / advantage / benefit 爭求貨利
203 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 有司糾劾
204 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋即真
205 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治任刑罰
206 3 ancient barbarian tribes 洪之善御戎夷
207 3 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 有司糾劾
208 3 zàn a libation cup 子瓚
209 3 準行 zhǔnxíng to allow / to grant / to permit 定諡準行
210 3 to defend / to resist 不避強禦
211 3 steel / iron 太山鉅平人
212 3 eight 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
213 3 zhèn town 至高平鎮
214 3 to hand over to 手以付洪之
215 3 qián front 既資前稱
216 3 guest / visitor 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
217 3 guī to go back / to return 歸從祖兄中書令允
218 3 valley / gorge / ravine 谷楷
219 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑禁多設
220 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 洪之芟山為道
221 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 行者患焉
222 3 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan 酈道元
223 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 本意未弭
224 3 to arise / to get up 洪之則起而加敬
225 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 得幸於高宗
226 3 tóng like / same / similar 罪與劫同
227 3 to ferry 當官以威猛為濟
228 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
229 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 字世禮
230 3 què a watchtower 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
231 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自今宜自謹約
232 3 shì a generation 字世禮
233 3 shì to rely upon 侯頭恃寵
234 3 big / great / huge / large / major 洪之乃開以大信
235 3 hǎn rare 為吏罕仁恕之誠
236 3 extra / surplus / remainder 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
237 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 胡人遂降
238 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 必借備騾馬
239 3 suí to follow 隨刀戰動
240 3 báo thin / slight / weak 而疏薄張氏
241 3 beard / mustache 胡泥
242 3 even / equal / uniform 齊州刺史
243 3 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling 靈太后令曰
244 3 dialect / language / speech 但卷後無宋人校語
245 3 míng bright / brilliant 後與游明根
246 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 隸大都督李崇討之
247 3 wēi power / might / prestige 頗有威惠
248 3 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 遂號為顯祖親舅
249 3 shǒu head 始斬其首
250 3 bīng soldier / troops 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
251 3 shù reciprocity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
252 3 酷吏 kù lì cruel officals 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
253 3 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
254 3 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 少為沙門
255 3 shǐ history 所以列之今史
256 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 無不窮糾
257 3 a footprint 必當其迹
258 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 願且寬憂
259 3 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 依諡法準狀科上
260 3 to take / to receive / to accept 多所取納
261 3 shàng top / a high position 臺龍上言
262 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑有誤
263 3 zōng school / sect 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
264 3 yǔn to fall from outer space 或憂恚顛隕
265 3 láng a minister / an official 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
266 3 jiàn to see 見之者無不傷楚
267 3 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 東陽王丕妻
268 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 尤為忍酷
269 3 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 然君子使人器之義
270 3 受納 shòunà to accept / to receive (tribute) 受納貨賄
271 3 road / path / way 允為營宦路
272 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂鎖洪之赴京
273 3 lóng dragon 龍驤將軍
274 3 dǎng political party 誅鋤姦黨
275 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊夷識德
276 3 zéi thief 募斬賊者便加重賞
277 3 shēn deep 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
278 3 xīn heart 今臺使心協前事
279 3 tōng to go through / to open 本名文通
280 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強相徵求
281 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 得補樂浪王侍郎
282 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 令僧尼因事通請
283 3 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩紀如親
284 3 huì can / be able to 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
285 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 洛侯輒鞭富熾一百
286 3 shí knowledge / understanding 朝貴咸識之
287 3 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 中散李真香出使幽州
288 3 lǒng Gansu 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
289 3 shǐ beginning / start 始斬其首
290 2 mother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
291 2 ministry / department 各為部帥
292 2 xióng manly 音氣雄暢
293 2 huàn government official 允為營宦路
294 2 安忍 ānrěn tolerance 而貪酷安忍
295 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 位兼尚書右丞
296 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 始洪之託為元后兄
297 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
298 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 募斬賊者便加重賞
299 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結為兄弟
300 2 zhòng heavy 洪之欽重
301 2 néng can / able 久弗能獲
302 2 非理 fēilǐ contrary to common sense 嚴暴非理
303 2 yáng sheep / goat 羊祉
304 2 西 The West 及莅西州
305 2 xiān first 先是
306 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 赦提設防遏追窮之計
307 2 公私 gōng sī public and private (interests, initiative etc) 公私自同外戚
308 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 暮年數延攜之宴飲
309 2 河西 Héxī Hexi 河西羌胡領部落反叛
310 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
311 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 廣十餘步
312 2 guāng light 大使崔光奏霸云
313 2 quān to reform 仍不悛革
314 2 huá Chinese 高祖臨太華殿引見
315 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 各為部帥
316 2 different / other 不為異計
317 2 zhú to chase / to expel 以赦提為逐賊軍將
318 2 zhí straight 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
319 2 jīng to go through / to experience 與相訣經日
320 2 can / may / permissible 弗可妄假
321 2 branch of study / administrative section / division / field / branch / stage directions / rules / laws 嚴設科防
322 2 huì anger / rage 或憂恚顛隕
323 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 法令滋章
324 2 德行 déxíng morality and conduct 布德行剛曰
325 2 qín Shaanxi 秦益二州刺史
326 2 desire 諸將悉欲進攻
327 2 殺害 shāhài to kill / to murder 其中枉見殺害者百數
328 2 è evil / vice 于洛侯等為惡不同
329 2 Li 附卷二七酈範傳
330 2 nèi inside / interior 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
331 2 長幼 zhǎng yòu older and younger / seniority 計長幼為昆季
332 2 huǐ to destroy 而矯等彌妬毀之
333 2 靈丘 Língqiū Lingqiu 於靈丘
334 2 special / unique / distinguished 高祖特恕遠徙
335 2 tiger 初為虎賁中郎
336 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 嚴設科防
337 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 不憚豪貴
338 2 to defend / to resist 洪之善御戎夷
339 2 shēng sound 暴聲屢發
340 2 魏書 Wèi Shū Book of Wei 魏書卷八十九
341 2 lún human relationship / order / coherence 猛酷之倫
342 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 吉凶不相往反
343 2 a slave / a servant 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
344 2 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 沐浴換衣
345 2 shè to shoot / to launch 射其口
346 2 the gate of a village / a village 洪之將數十騎至其里閭
347 2 way / route / road 其途不一
348 2 fēn to divide into parts 分懸道路
349 2 hào number 遂號為顯祖親舅
350 2 sòng Song Dynasty 宋任城令
351 2 láo to toil 以勞舊為秦州刺史
352 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 父規之
353 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 遂表薦之
354 2 duān to carry 太常少卿元端
355 2 plain / white 洪之素非廉清
356 2 temple / monastery / vihāra 然後下寺
357 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封汲郡公
358 2 yóu to swim 後與游明根
359 2 xiào school 但卷後無宋人校語
360 2 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 青州刺史範之子
361 2 to take / to get / to fetch 多所取納
362 2 night 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
363 2 虎子 hǔzǐ tiger cub 虎子
364 2 róng glory / honor 時遵子元榮詣洛訟冤
365 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
366 2 xié to clasp under the arm / to coerce 止挾
367 2 chì to burn / to blaze 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
368 2 wèn to ask 昭太后問其親
369 2 chéng a city / a town 賜爵永城侯
370 2 làn to flood / to overflow 刑罰酷濫
371 2 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 詔暹為都督
372 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 長吏不能禁
373 2 to bear / to carry 遵自陳無負
374 2 任城 rènchéng Rencheng 進爵任城侯
375 2 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
376 2 shī to lose 軍人迷而失路
377 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遵感成益之恩
378 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 隨刀戰動
379 2 to gather / to collect 庭集羣官
380 2 出使 chūshǐ to go abroad as ambassador / to be sent on a diplomatic mission 中散李真香出使幽州
381 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 募斬賊者便加重賞
382 2 zhàng weapons / weaponry 深託仗之
383 2 rào to wind around / to go around 遍遶家庭
384 2 to leave behind 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
385 2 liǎng two 為兩宅別居
386 2 to be fond of / to like 中山安喜人也
387 2 cún to exist / to survive 後頗存振本屬
388 2 反叛 fǎnnì to rebel / to revolt / to disobey 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
389 2 畜牧 xùmù livestock 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
390 2 zuǒ left 加左軍將軍
391 2 Xu 徐歸奔赴
392 2 前事 qiánshì past events / antecedent / what has happened 今臺使心協前事
393 2 xué to study / to learn 以北平陽尼碩學
394 2 to be attached to 分隸三縣
395 2 to tell / to complain 皆如所訴
396 2 兗州 Yǎnzhōu Yanzhou 兗州刺史
397 2 朝廷 cháo tíng court / imperial household / dynasty 朝廷以為剛斷
398 2 shì to show / to reveal 示之法制
399 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 赦提設防遏追窮之計
400 2 武川 wǔchuān Wuchuan 武川鎮反
401 2 yín to respoect 是時雍州刺史蕭寶夤反狀稍露
402 2 a whetstone 肅厲為本
403 2 zhēng to march / to journey 徵還戮之
404 2 cái to cut out 聽在家自裁
405 2 chǔ state of Chu 見之者無不傷楚
406 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洪之後得劉氏
407 2 unhusked millet 賜粟帛牛馬
408 2 to express / to state / to relate / to narrate 敍元后平生故事
409 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 旬月之間
410 2 前後 qiánhòu around / from beginning to end 前後禽獲
411 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 赦提以此差自解慰
412 2 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 以外戚為河內太守
413 2 tán to pluck a string / to play 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
414 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 輒捉送州
415 2 shì power / authority 示以軍行之勢
416 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
417 2 yíng sea / ocean 瀛州刺史
418 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 輿駕至并州
419 2 yuē approximately 自今宜自謹約
420 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 其為暴酷如此
421 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 仗節撫藩
422 2 wáng to die 及父亡
423 2 秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou 以勞舊為秦州刺史
424 2 residence / dwelling 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
425 2 魏收 Wèi Shōu Wei Shou 魏收書亡
426 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺之略盡
427 2 sūn Sun 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
428 2 jué to take leave of / to bid farewell 與相訣經日
429 2 thing / matter 納之軌物
430 2 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 給事黃門侍郎元纂等駁曰
431 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 化沾殊類
432 2 豹子 bàozi leopard 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
433 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 洪之素非廉清
434 2 祿 good fortune 時高祖始建祿制
435 2 jiā excellent 高祖聞而嘉焉
436 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 治任刑罰
437 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 臣聞惟名與器
438 2 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 又有華山太守趙霸
439 2 jīng Beijing 遂鎖洪之赴京
440 2 安南 Ānnán Annam 安南將軍
441 2 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 有帶刃行者
442 2 zhí price/ value
443 2 司徒 sītú Situ 司徒右長史張烈
444 2 chǒng to favor 侯頭恃寵
445 2 róng arms / armaments / a military affair 洪之善御戎夷
446 2 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 不憚豪貴
447 2 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 後頗存振本屬
448 2 business / industry 魏氏以戎馬定王業
449 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 謂何如濟陰王
450 2 rich / wealthy 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
451 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 元后臨崩
452 2 increase / benefit 秦益二州刺史
453 2 zhī to know 知赦提有好牛
454 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 設禁姦之制
455 2 mèi younger sister 劉芳從妹
456 2 to envy / to be jealous 由是二妻妬競
457 2 威猛 wēiměng bold and powerful 當官以威猛為濟
458 2 younger brother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
459 2 大使 dàshǐ an ambassador 大使崔光奏霸云
460 2 kuān wide / broad 願且寬憂
461 2 é an error / falsehood / a lie 或有訛脫
462 2 自若 zìruò to be self composed 而言笑自若
463 2 shù numerous / various 釐品庶物
464 2 jiē to join 南接武牢
465 2 志性 zhìxìng disposition 洪之志性慷慨
466 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 撰注水經四十卷
467 2 zàn to praise 跪贊禮事
468 2 to open 道登屢因言次申啟救遵
469 2 zhái residence / dwelling / home 為兩宅別居
470 2 to refute / to contradict 給事黃門侍郎元纂等駁曰
471 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 多止亡命
472 2 dān bill / slip of paper / form 單騎至於民村
473 2 district / county 邦邑苦之
474 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊惟諡者行之迹
475 2 gǒu dog 人號天狗下
476 2 jiān fine silk 屯逼民家求絲縑
477 2 zhāo illustrious 昭太后問其親
478 2 horse 並善弓馬
479 2 雁門 yànmén Yanmen 雁門間聚為劫害
480 2 fèng to offer / to present 多奉以貨
481 2 to lie 乃臥而引藥
482 2 以北 yǐběi north 以北平陽尼碩學
483 2 tuō to take off 傳末校語偶脫
484 2 to cover 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
485 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 祉志存埋輪
486 2 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 兄矯等常欺侮之
487 2 chén minister / statesman / official 遣侍臣宣詔責之
488 2 tīng to listen 聽其復業
489 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 所以列之今史
490 2 jiǔ old 久弗能獲
491 2 大官 dàguān senior official 徵拜內都大官
492 2 狼藉 láng jí to be strewn about 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
493 2 引見 yǐnjiàn bring to visit / to introduce / to grant an interview 高祖臨太華殿引見
494 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 乃興軍臨其境
495 2 chóu to collate / to proofread 往來如讎
496 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 洛侯生拔隴客舌
497 2 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang 假范陽公
498 2 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 詔廷尉少卿劉述窮鞫
499 2 tóu head 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
500 2 relative 以外戚為河內太守

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 94 zhī him / her / them / that 李洪之
2 65 wèi for / to 為吏罕仁恕之誠
3 37 so as to / in order to 當官以威猛為濟
4 33 his / hers / its / theirs 截其右腕
5 32 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而貪酷安忍
6 30 yǒu is / are / to exist 有司糾劾
7 28 rén person / people / a human being 代人也
8 27 hóng a flood 李洪之
9 26 zūn to obey / to comply with / to follow 高遵
10 26 zhōu a state / a province 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
11 25 in / at 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
12 23 not / no 見之者無不傷楚
13 19 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 以勞舊為秦州刺史
14 18 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 問所疾苦
15 17 chuán to transmit 長子神自有傳
16 17 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃立四柱磔其手足
17 17 and 遂與口諍
18 16 shè to forgive / to pardon 張赦提
19 16 yuán monetary unit / dollar 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
20 15 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 命將絕
21 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 不令在喪位
22 14 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 遷平東將軍
23 14 naturally / of course / certainly 遂就家賜自盡
24 14 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂與口諍
25 14 yòu again / also 又以酷暴
26 14 to reach 及仁坐事誅
27 14 guān an office 當官以威猛為濟
28 13 wáng Wang 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
29 13 no 見之者無不傷楚
30 13 to carry 張赦提
31 13 shí time / a period of time 洪之微時
32 13 strong 猛酷之倫
33 13 zhì to / until 歷官至司衞監
34 13 zhū all / many / various 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
35 13 zhōng middle 泥率勒禁中
36 12 juǎn to coil / to roll 撰注水經四十卷
37 12 zhǐ happiness / blessings / good luck 羊祉
38 12 zhào an imperial decree 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
39 12 hóu marquis / lord 于洛侯
40 12 also / too 代人也
41 12 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 刑禁多設
42 12 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
43 11 děng et cetera / and so on 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
44 11 běn measure word for books 肅厲為本
45 11 hòu after / later 後為懷州刺史
46 11 letter / symbol / character 字世禮
47 11 Li 李洪之
48 10 hái also / in addition / more 徵還戮之
49 10 èr two 王愈二人
50 9 北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
51 9 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 見之者無不傷楚
52 9 yuē to speak / to say 帝厲聲曰
53 9 gāo high / tall 高遵
54 9 child / son 劉氏四子
55 9 wife 妻張氏助洪之經營資產
56 9 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司糾劾
57 9 jūn army / military 為狄道護軍
58 8 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 博士劉臺龍議諡曰
59 8 shì matter / thing / item 及仁坐事誅
60 8 shì is / are / am / to be 由是二妻妬競
61 8 miǎn to spare 免喪
62 8 luò Luo 于洛侯
63 8 jiā house / home / residence 遂就家賜自盡
64 8 chēng to call / to address 既資前稱
65 8 zuì crime / sin / vice 依律罪死而已
66 8 method / way 泥以法繩之
67 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當官以威猛為濟
68 8 hòu after / later 得元后姊妹二人
69 8 jià vacation 假范陽公
70 8 lín to face / to overlook 高祖臨太華殿引見
71 8 jié festival / a special day 後為使持節
72 8 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 魏氏以戎馬定王業
73 7 yīn because 因言洪之為兄
74 7 yán to speak / to say / said 因言洪之為兄
75 7 chū to go out 出為幽州刺史
76 7 liú Liu 洪之後得劉氏
77 7 qīn relatives 遂便如親
78 7 such as / for example / for instance 遂便如親
79 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 遂就家賜自盡
80 7 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
81 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆保險拒戰
82 7 zhāng sheet 張赦提
83 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 始斬其首
84 7 píng flat / level / smooth 武功平海內
85 7 huò or / either / else 攜之時或言及本末
86 7 nán south 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
87 7 qīng minister / high officer 又卿非惟貪惏
88 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
89 7 jué ancient bronze wine holder 賜爵永城侯
90 7 de potential marker 得元后姊妹二人
91 7 wén to hear 高祖聞而嘉焉
92 7 to give / to bestow favors 賜爵永城侯
93 7 seven 又為七聘及諸文
94 7 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 歸從祖兄中書令允
95 7 xíng to walk / to move 示以軍行之勢
96 7 shǔ to count 數為劫害
97 7 zuò to do 為將作都將
98 7 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
99 7 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 又以酷暴
100 7 dào way / road / path 為狄道護軍
101 6 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 而貪酷安忍
102 6 qiān to move / to shift 遷平東將軍
103 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 所以列之今史
104 6 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 狀者迹之稱
105 6 shū book 歸從祖兄中書令允
106 6 zuò to sit 及仁坐事誅
107 6 this / these 至此罪後
108 6 míng measure word for people 好刑名
109 6 zài in / at 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
110 6 xiōng elder brother 因言洪之為兄
111 6 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴設科防
112 6 御史 yùshǐ a censor 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
113 6 qiú to request 求編課調
114 6 gōng public/ common / state-owned 假范陽公
115 6 Xiān Siam / Bangkok 崔暹
116 6 hài to injure / to harm to 數為劫害
117 6 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑禁多設
118 6 rather / quite / considerably / oblique / inclined / slanting 頗得元后在南兄弟名字
119 6 道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen 御史中尉李彪以道元秉法清勤
120 6 to die 依律罪死而已
121 6 Germany 邊夷識德
122 6 中尉 zhōngwèi lieutenant (navy) / first lieutenant (army) / subaltern 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
123 6 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 谷楷
124 6 gāng just / barely / exactly 祉性剛愎
125 5 one 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
126 5 mud / paste / pulp 胡泥
127 5 顯祖 xiǎnzǔ ancestors 生顯祖
128 5 jiān simultaneously 常兼太祝令
129 5 tái unit 為西道行臺
130 5 xià next 一時俱下
131 5 four 乃立四柱磔其手足
132 5 cháo to face 朝貴咸識之
133 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
134 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 洪之至郡
135 5 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 洪之善御戎夷
136 5 father 父濟
137 5 zhēn precious thing / treasure 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
138 5 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 為御史中尉王顯所彈免
139 5 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃臥而引藥
140 5 rán correct / right / certainly 然尚書銓衡是司
141 5 lùn to comment / to discuss 時論責之
142 5 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 以外戚為河內太守
143 5 wén writing / text 本名文通
144 5 shí ten 廣十餘步
145 5 xìng gender 遵性不廉清
146 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣侍臣宣詔責之
147 5 yún cloud 大使崔光奏霸云
148 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 進爵安昌子
149 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 沙門道登過遵
150 5 fēi not / non- / un- 洪之素非廉清
151 5 lèi to be tired 言祉誠著累朝
152 5 according to 依律罪死而已
153 5 cuī Cui 崔暹
154 5 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長吏不能禁
155 5 zhēn real / true / genuine 中散李真香出使幽州
156 5 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
157 5 otherwise / but / however 洪之則起而加敬
158 5 dōng east 遷平東將軍
159 5 yuè pleased 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
160 5 dōu all 珍之等兄弟至都
161 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 徵拜內都大官
162 5 diān top / apex 或憂恚顛隕
163 5 wèi to call 謂何如濟陰王
164 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過為酷虐
165 5 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 猛酷之倫
166 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
167 5 yān where / how 高祖聞而嘉焉
168 5 tǎo to seek 詔洪之為河西都將討山胡
169 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後為使持節
170 5 jiā to add 洪之則起而加敬
171 4 qiāng Qiang nationality 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
172 4 jié take by force, coerce 數為劫害
173 4 jiān traitor / crafty and evil person / villain 姦黠萌生
174 4 shì to attend on 遣侍臣宣詔責之
175 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不憚豪貴
176 4 shí real / true 實毀朝則
177 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
178 4 jǐng bright
179 4 měi each / every 每多受納
180 4 niàn to read aloud / to recite 汝南王悅嬖近左右丘念
181 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 吉凶不相往反
182 4 to criticize 李沖入議律令
183 4 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 又虐於刑法
184 4 to enter 元后入宮
185 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故威逼部下
186 4 àn case / incident 真香驗案其罪
187 4 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui 而北史實本隋書卷七四酷吏傳論
188 4 a helper / an assistant 為司空令輔國長史
189 4 冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou 冀州刺史
190 4 responsibility / duty 遣侍臣宣詔責之
191 4 rén a kernel / a pit 為吏罕仁恕之誠
192 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為戲笑
193 4 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 為司空令輔國長史
194 4 mìng life 命將絕
195 4 shén what 楷眇一目而性甚嚴忍
196 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 結為兄弟
197 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 為司空令輔國長史
198 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必借備騾馬
199 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 計長幼為昆季
200 4 to kill / to massacre 徵還戮之
201 4 huái bosom / breast 人懷怨憤
202 4 shè to set up / to establish 刑禁多設
203 4 huò goods / products / commodities 受納貨賄
204 4 shǎo few 少為沙門
205 4 to attack / to inherit 賜泥衣服一襲
206 4 chí to grasp / to hold 後為使持節
207 4 sòng to accuse 互相訟詛
208 4 zòu to present / to present a memorial 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
209 4 to die 防卒扶持
210 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷官至司衞監
211 4 lǐng neck 河西羌胡領部落反叛
212 4 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 後頗存振本屬
213 4 běi north 河內北連上黨
214 4 to repair / to patch / to mend 得補樂浪王侍郎
215 4 huò to reap / to harvest 久弗能獲
216 4 hǎo good 知赦提有好牛
217 4 wèi position / location / place 不令在喪位
218 4 entirely / without exception 一時俱下
219 4 suī although / even though 雖相羈縻
220 4 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫其妻子
221 4 dào to rob / to steal 時京畿盜魁自稱豹子
222 4 supreme ruler / emperor 帝頗聞之
223 4 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 所入十倍於常
224 4 zèng to give a present 贈安東將軍
225 4 in / at 于洛侯
226 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 洪之素非廉清
227 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 縑布千數
228 4 wealth / capital / money / expenses 因資遺之
229 4 nián year 計年為兄
230 4 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 詔廷尉少卿劉述窮鞫
231 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 自今宜自謹約
232 4 to stand 乃立四柱磔其手足
233 4 yòu right / right-hand 截其右腕
234 4 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
235 4 thorn / sting / prick 刺其本
236 4 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 為司空令輔國長史
237 4 zhēng to march / to journey 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
238 4 lián even 河內北連上黨
239 4 shāo a little / slightly 高祖乃稍對百官辨其誣假
240 4 yóu also / as if / still 而諸李猶善相視
241 4 jìn to enter 進爵任城侯
242 4 cóng from 劉芳從妹
243 4 duì to / toward 洪之築壘於石樓南白鷄原以對之
244 4 àn to press / to push 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
245 4 sàng to lose / to die 淳風既喪
246 4 to go 不滿意則詬罵不去
247 4 a government official / a magistrate 為吏罕仁恕之誠
248 4 ancestor / forefather 歸從祖兄中書令允
249 4 xiàn county 規之與魯郡太守崔邪利及其屬縣徐通
250 4 幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 出為幽州刺史
251 4 xié to harmonize 今臺使心協前事
252 4 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣長安
253 4 a statute / a law / a regulation 依律罪死而已
254 4 martial / military 南接武牢
255 3 wài outside 遷拜尚書外都大官
256 3 shǒu hand 手以付洪之
257 3 dìng to decide 東郡王陸定總統諸軍
258 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 遂棄宗專附珍之等
259 3 a shepherd 採訪牧守政績
260 3 preface / introduction 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
261 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 有數德優劣不同
262 3 gain / advantage / benefit 爭求貨利
263 3 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 有司糾劾
264 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋即真
265 3 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治任刑罰
266 3 ancient barbarian tribes 洪之善御戎夷
267 3 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 有司糾劾
268 3 zàn a libation cup 子瓚
269 3 準行 zhǔnxíng to allow / to grant / to permit 定諡準行
270 3 to defend / to resist 不避強禦
271 3 steel / iron 太山鉅平人
272 3 eight 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
273 3 zhèn town 至高平鎮
274 3 to hand over to 手以付洪之
275 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 並善弓馬
276 3 qián front 既資前稱
277 3 guest / visitor 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
278 3 guī to go back / to return 歸從祖兄中書令允
279 3 valley / gorge / ravine 谷楷
280 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑禁多設
281 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 洪之芟山為道
282 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 行者患焉
283 3 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan 酈道元
284 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 本意未弭
285 3 to arise / to get up 洪之則起而加敬
286 3 tài very / extremely 高祖臨太華殿引見
287 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 得幸於高宗
288 3 tóng like / same / similar 罪與劫同
289 3 to ferry 當官以威猛為濟
290 3 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
291 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 字世禮
292 3 què a watchtower 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
293 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 自今宜自謹約
294 3 shì a generation 字世禮
295 3 shì to rely upon 侯頭恃寵
296 3 big / great / huge / large / major 洪之乃開以大信
297 3 hǎn rare 為吏罕仁恕之誠
298 3 extra / surplus / remainder 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
299 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 胡人遂降
300 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 必借備騾馬
301 3 yīng should / ought 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
302 3 suí to follow 隨刀戰動
303 3 báo thin / slight / weak 而疏薄張氏
304 3 beard / mustache 胡泥
305 3 even / equal / uniform 齊州刺史
306 3 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling 靈太后令曰
307 3 dialect / language / speech 但卷後無宋人校語
308 3 wéi only / solely / alone 又卿非惟貪惏
309 3 what / where / which 卿何人
310 3 chú except / besides 除冠軍將軍
311 3 míng bright / brilliant 後與游明根
312 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 隸大都督李崇討之
313 3 wēi power / might / prestige 頗有威惠
314 3 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 遂號為顯祖親舅
315 3 shǒu head 始斬其首
316 3 bīng soldier / troops 高祖詔使者於州刑人處宣告兵民
317 3 shù reciprocity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
318 3 酷吏 kù lì cruel officals 今按傳序與北史卷八七酷吏傳序不同
319 3 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
320 3 沙門 shāmén a Buddhist monk / a wandering monk / a shramana / a sramana / renunciant / mendicant 少為沙門
321 3 shǐ history 所以列之今史
322 3 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 無不窮糾
323 3 a footprint 必當其迹
324 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 願且寬憂
325 3 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 依諡法準狀科上
326 3 dàn but / yet / however 但卷後無宋人校語
327 3 to take / to receive / to accept 多所取納
328 3 shàng top / a high position 臺龍上言
329 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑有誤
330 3 zōng school / sect 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
331 3 yǔn to fall from outer space 或憂恚顛隕
332 3 láng a minister / an official 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
333 3 already / since 淳風既喪
334 3 jiàn to see 見之者無不傷楚
335 3 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 東陽王丕妻
336 3 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 尤為忍酷
337 3 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 然君子使人器之義
338 3 受納 shòunà to accept / to receive (tribute) 受納貨賄
339 3 bèi by 遇城翻被害
340 3 road / path / way 允為營宦路
341 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂鎖洪之赴京
342 3 lóng dragon 龍驤將軍
343 3 dǎng political party 誅鋤姦黨
344 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊夷識德
345 3 each 各有條章
346 3 zéi thief 募斬賊者便加重賞
347 3 jiù right away 將就法也
348 3 shēn deep 赤葩渴郎羌深居山谷
349 3 xīn heart 今臺使心協前事
350 3 tōng to go through / to open 本名文通
351 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強相徵求
352 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 得補樂浪王侍郎
353 3 及其 jíqí as well as 豹子及其黨與
354 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 令僧尼因事通請
355 3 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 恩紀如親
356 3 huì can / be able to 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
357 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 洛侯輒鞭富熾一百
358 3 shí knowledge / understanding 朝貴咸識之
359 3 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 中散李真香出使幽州
360 3 lǒng Gansu 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
361 3 shǐ beginning / start 始斬其首
362 3 final particle 必無高遵矣
363 2 mother 母弟舅甥共相憑屬
364 2 ministry / department 各為部帥
365 2 xióng manly 音氣雄暢
366 2 huàn government official 允為營宦路
367 2 安忍 ānrěn tolerance 而貪酷安忍
368 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 位兼尚書右丞
369 2 tuō to entrust / to rely on 始洪之託為元后兄
370 2 chéng honesty / sincerity 為吏罕仁恕之誠
371 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 募斬賊者便加重賞
372 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 結為兄弟
373 2 zhòng heavy 洪之欽重
374 2 néng can / able 久弗能獲
375 2 非理 fēilǐ contrary to common sense 嚴暴非理
376 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是二妻妬競
377 2 yáng sheep / goat 羊祉
378 2 西 The West 及莅西州
379 2 xiān first 先是
380 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 赦提設防遏追窮之計
381 2 公私 gōng sī public and private (interests, initiative etc) 公私自同外戚
382 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 暮年數延攜之宴飲
383 2 何如 hérú what / how 謂何如濟陰王
384 2 河西 Héxī Hexi 河西羌胡領部落反叛
385 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 會永昌王仁隨世祖南征
386 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 廣十餘步
387 2 guāng light 大使崔光奏霸云
388 2 quān to reform 仍不悛革
389 2 huá Chinese 高祖臨太華殿引見
390 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 并刺胸腹二十餘瘡
391 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 各為部帥
392 2 different / other 不為異計
393 2 未幾 wèijǐ before long / soon 未幾而獲虎子
394 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若無遷都赦
395 2 gèng more / even more 更量虛實
396 2 zhú to chase / to expel 以赦提為逐賊軍將
397 2 zhí straight 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
398 2 jīng to go through / to experience 與相訣經日
399 2 used to indicate order 高祖詔賜死於第
400 2 can / may / permissible 弗可妄假
401 2 branch of study / administrative section / division / field / branch / stage directions / rules / laws 嚴設科防
402 2 huì anger / rage 或憂恚顛隕
403 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 法令滋章
404 2 德行 déxíng morality and conduct 布德行剛曰
405 2 tiáo measure word for long thin things 具條列南方諸兄珍之等
406 2 I 貪濁穢吾者卿也
407 2 qín Shaanxi 秦益二州刺史
408 2 desire 諸將悉欲進攻
409 2 殺害 shāhài to kill / to murder 其中枉見殺害者百數
410 2 è evil / vice 于洛侯等為惡不同
411 2 Li 附卷二七酈範傳
412 2 nèi inside / interior 殿中尚書叔孫侯頭應內直而闕於一時
413 2 also / too 亦為德焉
414 2 長幼 zhǎng yòu older and younger / seniority 計長幼為昆季
415 2 huǐ to destroy 而矯等彌妬毀之
416 2 靈丘 Língqiū Lingqiu 於靈丘
417 2 special / unique / distinguished 高祖特恕遠徙
418 2 tiger 初為虎賁中郎
419 2 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 嚴設科防
420 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 不憚豪貴
421 2 to defend / to resist 洪之善御戎夷
422 2 shēng sound 暴聲屢發
423 2 魏書 Wèi Shū Book of Wei 魏書卷八十九
424 2 lún human relationship / order / coherence 猛酷之倫
425 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 吉凶不相往反
426 2 a slave / a servant 百姓王隴客刺殺民王羌奴
427 2 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 沐浴換衣
428 2 according to 乃據目錄而言
429 2 shè to shoot / to launch 射其口
430 2 the gate of a village / a village 洪之將數十騎至其里閭
431 2 way / route / road 其途不一
432 2 fēn to divide into parts 分懸道路
433 2 hào number 遂號為顯祖親舅
434 2 sòng Song Dynasty 宋任城令
435 2 láo to toil 以勞舊為秦州刺史
436 2 cháng already / formerly / already / ever / once 段乃陳列真香昔嘗因假而過幽州
437 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 父規之
438 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 遂表薦之
439 2 duān to carry 太常少卿元端
440 2 plain / white 洪之素非廉清
441 2 temple / monastery / vihāra 然後下寺
442 2 fēng to seal / to close off 封汲郡公
443 2 yóu to swim 後與游明根
444 2 xiào school 但卷後無宋人校語
445 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後斬洛侯以謝百姓
446 2 again / more / repeatedly 聽其復業
447 2 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 青州刺史範之子
448 2 to take / to get / to fetch 多所取納
449 2 night 乃夜密遣騎分部覆諸要路
450 2 虎子 hǔzǐ tiger cub 虎子
451 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 遂與口諍
452 2 róng glory / honor 時遵子元榮詣洛訟冤
453 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
454 2 xié to clasp under the arm / to coerce 止挾
455 2 chì to burn / to blaze 州人富熾奪民呂勝脛纏一具
456 2 wèn to ask 昭太后問其親
457 2 chéng a city / a town 賜爵永城侯
458 2 làn to flood / to overflow 刑罰酷濫
459 2 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 詔暹為都督
460 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 長吏不能禁
461 2 to bear / to carry 遵自陳無負
462 2 任城 rènchéng Rencheng 進爵任城侯
463 2 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 有司奏洪之受贓狼藉
464 2 shī to lose 軍人迷而失路
465 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 遵感成益之恩
466 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 隨刀戰動
467 2 frequently / often / again and again 道登屢因言次申啟救遵
468 2 to gather / to collect 庭集羣官
469 2 出使 chūshǐ to go abroad as ambassador / to be sent on a diplomatic mission 中散李真香出使幽州
470 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 募斬賊者便加重賞
471 2 no 久弗能獲
472 2 zhàng weapons / weaponry 深託仗之
473 2 rào to wind around / to go around 遍遶家庭
474 2 to leave behind 洪之以宗人潛相餉遺
475 2 liǎng two 為兩宅別居
476 2 to be fond of / to like 中山安喜人也
477 2 cún to exist / to survive 後頗存振本屬
478 2 反叛 fǎnnì to rebel / to revolt / to disobey 百姓王元壽等一時反叛
479 2 畜牧 xùmù livestock 遂領逃連及諸畜牧者
480 2 zuǒ left 加左軍將軍
481 2 Xu 徐歸奔赴
482 2 前事 qiánshì past events / antecedent / what has happened 今臺使心協前事
483 2 xué to study / to learn 以北平陽尼碩學
484 2 to be attached to 分隸三縣
485 2 to tell / to complain 皆如所訴
486 2 兗州 Yǎnzhōu Yanzhou 兗州刺史
487 2 朝廷 cháo tíng court / imperial household / dynasty 朝廷以為剛斷
488 2 shì to show / to reveal 示之法制
489 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 赦提設防遏追窮之計
490 2 武川 wǔchuān Wuchuan 武川鎮反
491 2 yín to respoect 是時雍州刺史蕭寶夤反狀稍露
492 2 a whetstone 肅厲為本
493 2 zhēng to march / to journey 徵還戮之
494 2 cái to cut out 聽在家自裁
495 2 chǔ state of Chu 見之者無不傷楚
496 2 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 洪之後得劉氏
497 2 unhusked millet 賜粟帛牛馬
498 2 to express / to state / to relate / to narrate 敍元后平生故事
499 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 旬月之間
500 2 前後 qiánhòu around / from beginning to end 前後禽獲

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
北史 Běi Shǐ History of the Northern Dynasties
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
勃海 Bóhǎi Bohai
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
昌黎 chānglí Changli
道元 Dào Yuán Dōgen
定王 Dìng Wáng King Ding of Zhou
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
范阳 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang
Fu River
高宗 Gāozōng
  1. Emperor Gaozong of Song
  2. Emperor Gaozong of Tang
  3. Gaozong
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
豪杰 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河西 Héxī Hexi
河阴 河陰 Héyīn Heyin
怀仁 懷仁 huáirén Huairen
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
华山 華山 huàshān
  1. Huashan
  2. Huashan
剑阁 劍閣 jiàngé Jiange
建义 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign
jìn
  1. Shanxi
  2. Jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
景明 jǐngmíng Jingming reign
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
乐浪 樂浪 Lèlàng Lelang
Li
郦道元 酈道元 Lì Dào Yuán Li Dao Yuan
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
灵太后 靈太后 líng tàihòu Empress Ling
灵丘 靈丘 Língqiū Lingqiu
lǒng Gansu
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
Mín Min
平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng
平南 píngnán Pingnan
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
濮阳 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang
qiāng
  1. Qiang nationality
  2. Qiang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
清河 qīnghé Qinghe
青州 Qīngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Qingzhou
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
任城 rènchéng Rencheng
汝南 rǔnán Runan
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
山胡 shānhú Jihu peoples
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
石楼 石樓 shílóu Shilou
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
水经 水經 Shuǐ Jīng Water Classic
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
肃宗 肅宗 Sù Zōng
  1. Emperor Suzong of Tang
  2. Suzong
隋书 隋書 Suí Shū Book of Sui
太安 tài'ān Tai'an reign
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太和 tàihé
  1. Taihe reign
  2. Taihe reign
太仆 太僕 tàipú Grand Servant
太山 tàishān Taishan
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏收 Wèi Shōu Wei Shou
魏书 魏書 Wèi Shū Book of Wei
文才 Wén Cái Wen Cai
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
武川 wǔchuān Wuchuan
襄城 xiāngchéng Xiangcheng
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou
雁门 雁門 yànmén Yanmen
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
颍川 潁川 Yǐngchuān Yingchuan
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
永昌王 Yǒngchāng wáng Prince of Yongchang
幽州 Yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
正始 zhèngshǐ Zhengshi reign
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
庄帝 莊帝 Zhuāng Dì Emperor Xiaozhuang of Wei / Yuan Ziyou
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China
邹山 鄒山 zōushān Zoushan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English