Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 《元史》, 卷二百〇六  列傳第九十三: 叛臣 Volume 206 Biographies 93: Contrary Ministers

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 37 tǎn \N 李璮小字松壽
2 32 wén writing / text 戮中書平章王文統
3 28 tǒng to unify 合臣所統兵
4 20 yuē to speak / to say 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
5 18 bīng soldier / troops 又調其兵赴行在
6 18 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖即位
7 17 chén minister / statesman / official 叛臣
8 16 shū book 呂文德書
9 14 wáng Wang 戮中書平章王文統
10 13 increase / benefit 璮遂襲為益都行省
11 13 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 阿魯輝帖木兒
12 12 child / son 李全子也
13 12 sòng Song dynasty 全叛宋
14 11 shì matter / thing / item 其前後所奏凡數十事
15 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 璮遂襲為益都行省
16 11 rén person / people / a human being 濰州人
17 11 yán to speak / to say / said 璮親詣帝言曰
18 11 děng et cetera / and so on 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
19 10 zhī to know 知宋調兵將攻漣水
20 10 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 璮遂反
21 10 nián year 太祖十六年
22 9 gōng to attack / to assault 全攻宋揚州
23 9 mìng life 命璮歸取漣海數州
24 8 阿魯 alǔ Aru 阿魯輝帖木兒
25 8 huī splendor / brightness 阿魯輝帖木兒
26 8 zhào an imperial decree 詔出金符十
27 7 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 宜即誅之
28 7 jūn army / military 分軍非便
29 7 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 命璮歸取漣海數州
30 7 to reach 及得賈似道
31 7 to take / to get / to fetch 命璮歸取漣海數州
32 7 chéng a city / a town 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
33 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民力凋耗
34 6 zài in / at 又調其兵赴行在
35 6 漣水 Liánshuǐ Lianshui 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
36 6 road / path / way 立十路宣撫司
37 6 lái to come 來攻漣水
38 6 shū hinge 命史樞
39 6 shí ten 詔出金符十
40 6 xíng to walk / to move 又調其兵赴行在
41 6 supreme ruler / emperor 璮親詣帝言曰
42 6 shí time / a period of time 莫甚斯時
43 6 dào way / road / path 及得賈似道
44 6 天下 tiānxià China 詔諭天下
45 6 zhāng a chapter / a section 戮中書平章王文統
46 6 jiā to add 加璮江淮大都督
47 6 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜得并力而東
48 6 zhōng middle 中書議與矢三萬
49 6 lián flowing water / ripples 命璮歸取漣海數州
50 6 desire 勢欲出膠西
51 5 fēng to seal / to close off 邊將惟當固封圉
52 5 píng flat / level / smooth 戮中書平章王文統
53 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請繕城塹以備
54 5 xiū to decorate / to embellish 璮輒發兵修益都城塹
55 5 Li 李璮小字松壽
56 5 to go / to visit / to attend 又調其兵赴行在
57 5 silent 竇默
58 5 shǔ to count 朝廷數徵兵
59 5 tuō to take off 滅里生脫忽
60 5 hair 發府庫以犒其黨
61 5 quán perfect 全蓋養之為子云
62 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 降詔獎諭
63 5 yòng to use / to apply 彥簡遂用私驛逃歸
64 5 inside / interior 由是自益都至臨淄數百里
65 5 sān three 太宗三年
66 5 zōng school / sect 憲宗七年
67 5 wén to hear 民聞璮反
68 5 gōng merit 大張剋捷之功
69 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 亟召用之
70 5 宣撫司 xuānfǔsī Conciliation Commission 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
71 4 禿 bald / bare / stripped 俺都剌生禿滿
72 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 輒詭辭不至
73 4 to die 敗死
74 4 to slash 哈剌拔都
75 4 a period of time / phase / stage 期甲子
76 4 cháng to taste 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
77 4 to join / to combine 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
78 4 to criticize 朝廷方通和議
79 4 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統元年
80 4 ráo fuel / grass 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
81 4 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 舉山東州郡歸附
82 4 詔諭 zhàoyù imperial decree 詔諭天下
83 4 to stand 乃立中書省
84 4 zhòng many / all 璮帥衆出掠輜重
85 4 陛下 bì xià your majesty 賴陛下神武
86 4 a talisman / a charm 詔出金符十
87 4 guān an office 詔以益都官銀分賞之
88 4 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 初以其子彥簡質于朝
89 4 shòu to teach 銀符五授璮
90 4 yín silver 銀符五授璮
91 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 臣當帥先渡淮
92 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷數徵兵
93 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 太宗生七子
94 4 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 丞相史天澤言
95 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
96 4 將士 jiāng shì officers and soldiers 以賞將士有功者
97 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 叛臣
98 4 èr two 海二州
99 4 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
100 4 móu to plan / to scheme 其謀亦深矣
101 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大張剋捷之功
102 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅里大王之裔也
103 4 yàn elegant / handsome 初以其子彥簡質于朝
104 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 以宋人聚兵糧數十萬
105 3 shì to show / to reveal 示以條格
106 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒詭辭不至
107 3 zhōu boat / ship 射陽湖舟艦相望
108 3 huái Huai River 臣當帥先渡淮
109 3 shǐ beginning / start 文統始錯愕駭汗
110 3 zhōu a state / a province 濰州人
111 3 chuán to transmit 禿滿傳曲春
112 3 tīng to listen 咸聽節制
113 3 chāo paper money 交鈔無致阻滯
114 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
115 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
116 3 to bind / to tie 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
117 3 guī to go back / to return 命璮歸取漣海數州
118 3 gài a lid / top / cover 全蓋養之為子云
119 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 猶未靖也
120 3 to give / to bestow favors 且賜銀三百錠
121 3 chì red / scarlet 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
122 3 power / force / strength 民力凋耗
123 3 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 遂與蒙古軍官囊家并誅焉
124 3 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 璮言于行中書省
125 3 huò to reap / to harvest 近獲生口
126 3 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 交鈔無致阻滯
127 3 shuǐ water 自投水中
128 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
129 3 xīn heart 以悅其心
130 3 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 璮盜據濟南
131 3 fán ordinary / common 其前後所奏凡數十事
132 3 private 而潛為私驛
133 3 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 世祖在潛藩
134 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 乞選將益兵
135 3 Xu 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
136 3 to arise / to get up 起由下列
137 3 tōng to go through / to open 朝廷方通和議
138 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
139 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 皆入保城郭
140 3 shì power / authority 勢欲出膠西
141 3 jiàn warship 射陽湖舟艦相望
142 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 萊之虛
143 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 遂下詔暴其罪
144 3 wàn ten thousand 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
145 3 xiàn to offer / to present 既而來獻漣水捷
146 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 將無施不可
147 3 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 蒙古
148 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 以賞將士有功者
149 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分軍非便
150 3 zhèng upright / straight 此人學術不正
151 3 shàng top / a high position 璮乃上言
152 3 shī teacher 孫虎臣十餘萬之師
153 3 to go 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
154 3 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 期甲子
155 3 can / may / permissible 則兩淮可定
156 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 而潛為私驛
157 3 gěi to give 仍給金符十七
158 3 to enter 入之
159 3 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 蔡諸軍攻荊山
160 3 調 tiáo to harmonize 又調其兵赴行在
161 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 非不能乘勝取揚
162 3 qiān humble / modest 張文謙為左丞
163 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 豈可易視而不為備哉
164 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 請繕城塹以備
165 3 to attack by surprise 璮遂襲為益都行省
166 3 plain / white 素聞其名
167 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今八載
168 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 知樞密院事老章
169 3 dìng to decide 則兩淮可定
170 3 今日 jīnrì today 且宋人今日西無掣肘
171 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 而遣舟師遵海以北
172 3 seven 憲宗七年
173 2 多言 duōyán wordy / talkative 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
174 2 sound of laughter 哈剌拔都
175 2 阿朮 azhú Aju 詔遣阿朮
176 2 西 The West 勢欲出膠西
177 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 請選精騎
178 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以侵內郡
179 2 節制 jiézhì to control / to restrict / to moderate / to temper 咸聽節制
180 2 降詔 jiàngzhào publish the text of an imperial proclamation 降詔獎諭
181 2 許衡 xǔ héng Xu Heng 許衡
182 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 不可處以相位
183 2 to store 文統積不能平
184 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 請繕城塹以備
185 2 zhèn town 俾鎮北藩
186 2 行省 xíngshěng province 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
187 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 又以宋賈似道誘緫管張元
188 2 letter / symbol / character 李璮小字松壽
189 2 to resemble / to similar to to 及得賈似道
190 2 官軍 guānjūn official army government army 官軍邀擊
191 2 enemy / foe 臣昨追敵至淮安
192 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 汝教璮為逆
193 2 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 加璮江淮大都督
194 2 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 李璮久蓄反心
195 2 jīng essence 請選精騎
196 2 滿 mǎn full 俺都剌生禿滿
197 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉輓未嘗息肩
198 2 nèi inside / interior 知朝廷近有內顧之憂
199 2 yún cloud 全蓋養之為子云
200 2 zhù to build / to construct 且規築堡以臨我
201 2 to allow / to permit 且諜見許浦
202 2 liǎng two 則兩淮可定
203 2 soil / ground / land 仍得專制其地
204 2 róu soft 僧子聰及張柔等至
205 2 史天澤 shǐ tiānzé Shi Tianze 丞相史天澤言
206 2 one 抗一敵國
207 2 水陸 shuǐ lù water and land / by water and land (transport) / amphibian / delicacies from land and sea 若以水陸綴漣
208 2 qián front 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
209 2 suì age 歲上邊功
210 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 委以更張庶務
211 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 中統元年
212 2 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
213 2 明年 míngnián next year 明年二月
214 2 shòu old age / long life 李璮小字松壽
215 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 築環城圍之
216 2 xián salty / briny 咸聽節制
217 2 chà to differ 欲差發辦而民不擾
218 2 shǐ history 命史樞
219 2 tǎo to seek 命諸軍討璮
220 2 敵國 díguó enemy state 抗一敵國
221 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 故臣不敢深入
222 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 世祖即位
223 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 漢軍之在邊者
224 2 běi north 俾鎮北藩
225 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 璮遣人白之中書
226 2 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
227 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 邊將惟當固封圉
228 2 huái bosom / breast 懷二心者必誅
229 2 wèi to call 汝等謂文統當得何罪
230 2 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 首擢文統為平章政事
231 2 jiāo glue / gum / resin / rubber 勢欲出膠西
232 2 bank of river / shore 且諜見許浦
233 2 four 必將肆志於我
234 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 自益都至京師質子營
235 2 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 文統諷世祖授樞為太子太師
236 2 jiān hard / strong / firm 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
237 2 yáng sun 始封陽翟王
238 2 to bear / to carry 何負而為此
239 2 jiàn to see 且諜見許浦
240 2 以北 yǐběi north 而遣舟師遵海以北
241 2 to hand over to 倚付不為不深
242 2 to read 少時讀權謀書
243 2 深入 shēnrù to penetrate deeply / thorough 故臣不敢深入
244 2 zuǒ left 張文謙為左丞
245 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
246 2 hào to consume / to use up 民力凋耗
247 2 shǎo few 少時讀權謀書
248 2 dialect / language / speech 璮與語
249 2 wèi position / location / place 以固其位
250 2 tiger 孫虎臣十餘萬之師
251 2 yán salt 則家賦之鹽
252 2 相位 xiāngwèi phase 不可處以相位
253 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 用官物樹私恩
254 2 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 明年二月
255 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 朝廷方通和議
256 2 qīn relatives 璮親詣帝言曰
257 2 héng to weigh 衡為太子太保
258 2 ér son 屯于木兒古兀徹之地
259 2 to inherit 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
260 2 jiǎng prize / reward 降詔獎諭
261 2 jiā house / home / residence 則家賦之鹽
262 2 huì can / be able to 會璮遣人持文統三書自洺水至
263 2 shì a city 立互市于潁州
264 2 huān a kind of horse 其部將脫驩知其勢窮
265 2 可否 kěfǒu is it possible or not? 未知其可否何若
266 2 chūn spring 禿滿傳曲春
267 2 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 非不能乘勝取揚
268 2 yáo handsome / elegant 時姚樞
269 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 大張剋捷之功
270 2 subject / class / lesson 宣課鹽鐵等事
271 2 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
272 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
273 2 a relay station 而潛為私驛
274 2 jìn nearby 近獲生口
275 2 執政 zhízhèng to be in power / to be in office 執政得奏
276 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國制有定
277 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 此上策也
278 2 a sacrifice at the beginning of a military campaign 召行中書省事禡禡與文統
279 2 squares 示以條格
280 2 a musical note 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
281 2 zhèn to flap 及振旅還宮
282 2 qiàn moat around a city 請繕城塹以備
283 2 dòu a hole / a burrow 竇默
284 2 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
285 2 wèn to ask 世祖召文統問之曰
286 2 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 人臣無將
287 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師
288 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋詔行中書省造中統元寶交鈔
289 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 或奔竄山谷
290 2 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 則選兵以取江南
291 2 既定 jìdìng already fixed / set / established 兩淮既定
292 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 默為太子太傅
293 2 chǔ state of Chu
294 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 必將肆志於我
295 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
296 2 北方 běi fāng The North 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
297 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗之
298 2 to kill / to massacre 戮中書平章王文統
299 2 dōng east 宜得并力而東
300 2 jiǎ Jia 及得賈似道
301 2 太平 tàipíng peaceful 曲春傳太平
302 2 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗三年
303 2 xiān first 臣當帥先渡淮
304 2 shù numerous / various 委以更張庶務
305 2 què a watchtower 親率各路宣撫使俱赴闕
306 2 a song 禿滿傳曲春
307 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 彥簡遂用私驛逃歸
308 2 jīn gold 詔出金符十
309 2 shǐ arrow / dart 中書議與矢三萬
310 2 加封 jiāfēng to seal up (a door with a paper seal, or a document) / to confer an additional title on a nobleman 悉議加封
311 2 專制 zhuānzhì an autocracy / a dictatorship 仍得專制其地
312 2 shí food / food and drink 且分軍就食民家
313 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 復破夏貴
314 2 zòu to present / to offer 執政得奏
315 2 王鶚 wáng è Wang E 默嘗與王鶚及樞
316 2 zhuó to pull out 首擢文統為平章政事
317 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘舟入大明湖
318 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 無所遇
319 2 shēng sound 寂無人聲
320 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 又以宋賈似道誘緫管張元
321 2 bào newspaper 緩急莫報
322 2 等至 děngzhì samāpatti / meditative attainment 故召文統等至
323 2 文德 wéndé Wende 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
324 2 a kind of pheasant 始封陽翟王
325 1 棗陽 Zǎoyáng Zaoyang 若以棗陽
326 1 法度 fǎdù a law 其規模法度
327 1 急於 jíyú to be anxious / to be impatient 急於用兵
328 1 to give 體予至懷
329 1 鹽課 Yánkè Salt Tax 鹽課不失常額
330 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 第緣陛下加兵北方
331 1 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
332 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 蓋璮專制山東者三十餘年
333 1 敵人 dírén an enemy 然臣豈敢恃此必敵人之不再至哉
334 1 zūn to honor / to respect 外佯尊之
335 1 progeny / descendants / posterity 滅里大王之裔也
336 1 zhuì to link together 若以水陸綴漣
337 1 to vomit / to throw up 玉樞虎兒吐華擒阿魯輝帖木兒送闕下
338 1 lái goosefoot / weed 萊之虛
339 1 以往 yǐwǎng in the past / before 且以往者
340 1 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters 取城中子女賞將士
341 1 用間 yòngjiān using spies 且南人用間
342 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 或奔竄山谷
343 1 螻蟻 lóu yǐ mole cricket and ants 螻蟻之命
344 1 潰散 kuìsàn defeated / routed 人情潰散
345 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 文統乃伏誅
346 1 elder brother 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
347 1 第七 dì qī seventh 而滅里位第七
348 1 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 張文謙為左丞
349 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 汝教璮為逆
350 1 kàng to resist / to oppose / to defy / to reject 抗一敵國
351 1 to bestow on / to endow with 則家賦之鹽
352 1 trip / journey 及振旅還宮
353 1 航海 hánghǎi sailing / navigation / a voyage 益都乃宋航海要津
354 1 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 取城中子女賞將士
355 1 顧問 gùwèn adviser / consultant 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
356 1 yòu right / right-hand 鶚嘗請以右丞相史天澤監修國史
357 1 歸附 guīfù to realign one's allegiance / to submit 舉山東州郡歸附
358 1 徵兵 zhēngbīng to levy troops / recruitment 朝廷數徵兵
359 1 耶律 yélǜ Yelu 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
360 1 四千 sì qiān four thousand 斬首四千級
361 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 世謂出於文統之功為多云
362 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 文謙素以安國利民自負
363 1 vinegar 酒醋
364 1 earth / soil / dirt 土曠人稀
365 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
366 1 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 立互市于潁州
367 1 緩急 huǎnjí a priority 緩急莫報
368 1 復出 fùchū to come back out of retirement / to get involved again after having withdrawn 璮自是不得復出
369 1 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 中書議與矢三萬
370 1 eight 今八載
371 1 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 引麾下具舟艦
372 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 由是軍旅之事
373 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 欲差發辦而民不擾
374 1 xuě snow 以雪慢書之辱
375 1 diluted / sparse 土曠人稀
376 1 bèi a comet 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
377 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 臣欲告陛下縛璮久矣
378 1 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 祖宗以天下付汝
379 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 文統猶枝辭傍說
380 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 憲宗七年
381 1 kuàng extensive / wide / broad 土曠人稀
382 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐一旦水陸道絕
383 1 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增賜將士
384 1 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang 脫驩知遼陽行樞密院事
385 1 音耗 yīnhào message 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
386 1 才智 cáizhì ability and wisdom 訪問才智之士
387 1 to cut off the feet 屯于木兒古兀徹之地
388 1 day of the month / a certain day 已於今月二十三日
389 1 móu to be similar / to be comparable / to be equal 衆寡不侔
390 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 二年正月
391 1 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
392 1 以前 yǐqián before / formerly / previous / ago 示以前書曰
393 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒醋
394 1 shū to transport 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
395 1 民家 mínjiā minka / commoner's house 且分軍就食民家
396 1 bottom / base / end 以底丕平
397 1 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 大喜
398 1 州郡 zhōujùn an administrative district 舉山東州郡歸附
399 1 遼史 Liáo Shǐ History of the Liao 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
400 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 且遣使來言於帝曰
401 1 退保 tuìbǎo to lapse (or terminate) an insurance 璮退保濟南
402 1 shì to attend on 衡俱侍世祖
403 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令以人為食
404 1 deputy / assistant / vice- 而以其兄福為副元帥
405 1 姦邪 jiānxié deceitful 迺蓄姦邪之志
406 1 ài to love 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
407 1 huā Hua 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
408 1 親率 qīn lǜ personally led 親率各路宣撫使俱赴闕
409 1 下詔 xiàzhào to hand down an imperial edict 遂下詔暴其罪
410 1 zhòng heavy 璮帥衆出掠輜重
411 1 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 朕拔汝布衣
412 1 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
413 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 李璮小字松壽
414 1 息肩 xījiān to put down one's burden / to rest / to stay (at an inn etc) 轉輓未嘗息肩
415 1 府庫 fǔkù government treasury 發府庫以犒其黨
416 1 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
417 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗死
418 1 jiǎ armor 將士未嘗釋甲
419 1 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不自言
420 1 非我 fēiwǒ selflessness / non-self / anātman / anattā 則山東非我有矣
421 1 yuè pleased 以悅其心
422 1 shī to lose 汝何故失其太半
423 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 知朝廷近有內顧之憂
424 1 Yi
425 1 yóu to swim 用游顯
426 1 環城 huánchéng encircling the city (of walls, ring road etc) / around the city 築環城圍之
427 1 tài great / exalted / superior 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
428 1 居中 jūzhōng positioned between 以臣居中
429 1 to consult / to confer 咸與諮決
430 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 其詐非一
431 1 cún to exist / to survive 苟能存全
432 1 稅賦 shuìfù tax liability 稅賦並聽收受
433 1 lǐng neck 臣所領益都
434 1 father's elder brother / uncle 各什伯相結
435 1 xiàn boundary / limit 不限年月
436 1 disease / sickness / ailment 柔獨疾聲大言曰
437 1 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大元年
438 1 號衣 hàoyī [military] uniform 皆脫其號衣
439 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 容臣悉書以上
440 1 xié flank / side of the human body 而脅宗王以叛
441 1 cháo to face 初以其子彥簡質于朝
442 1 xián to hold in mouth 監修階銜
443 1 younger brother 且俾阿魯輝帖木兒之弟忽都帖木兒從征軍中
444 1 成效 chéngxiào effect / result 責以成效
445 1 to gather / to collect 璮遂請節制諸道所集兵馬
446 1 clothes / dress / garment 渠亦自服朕前矣
447 1 壬子 rénzǐ forty-ninth year I1 of the 60 year cycle 壬子
448 1 qiǎn shallow 水淺不得死
449 1 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 表裏協攻
450 1 xiān an immortal 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
451 1 xià summer 復破夏貴
452 1 收受 shōushòu to receive / to accept 稅賦並聽收受
453 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 人所共患
454 1 zuó yesterday 臣昨追敵至淮安
455 1 bǎo an earthwork / castle / position of defense / stronghold 且規築堡以臨我
456 1 jìng to pacify 猶未靖也
457 1 guàn to go through 自十文至二貫文
458 1 妄動 wàngdòng to rush indiscriminately into action 毋或妄動
459 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 遂下詔暴其罪
460 1 要津 yàojīn key post 益都乃宋航海要津
461 1 山谷 shāngǔ valley 或奔竄山谷
462 1 to inquire / to consult / to discuss 咨爾有衆
463 1 ào proud / haughty / overbearing 辭甚悖傲
464 1 癸卯 guǐmǎo fortieth year J4 of the 60 year cycle 癸卯
465 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 遍干諸侯
466 1 留置 liúzhì to leave in place / to set aside (for further use) / to retain / to detain / (medicine) indwelling 即留置幕府
467 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 文統為人忌刻
468 1 yào to want / to wish for 挾敵國以要朝廷
469 1 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 面詆文統曰
470 1 收成 shōuchéng a harvest 庶收成效
471 1 to enjoy / to be glad / to be pleased 世祖不懌而罷
472 1 衢州 qúzhōu Quzhou 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
473 1 失常 shīcháng not normal / an aberration 鹽課不失常額
474 1 立國 lìguó to found a country 而元之立國
475 1 軍官 jūnguān military officer 遂與蒙古軍官囊家并誅焉
476 1 liáng provisions 以宋人聚兵糧數十萬
477 1 shì a generation 世謂出於文統之功為多云
478 1 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 未知其可否何若
479 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉山東州郡歸附
480 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足
481 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 尋詔行中書省造中統元寶交鈔
482 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 而一旦驅之使戰
483 1 yǐng a grain husk / the tip of something short and slender
484 1 cáng to hide 發其蓋藏以繼
485 1 a lake 射陽湖舟艦相望
486 1 qiú to request 厲精求治
487 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 事多不暇講究
488 1 xiào result / effect 庶收成效
489 1 不暇 bùxiá have no time / be too busy 事多不暇講究
490 1 建元 Jiàn Yuán Jian Yuan reign 建元為中統
491 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 璮遣人白之中書
492 1 本職 běnzhí one's job 文謙竟以本職行大名等路宣撫司事而去
493 1 yi / an ancient wine vessel / an ancient sacrificial vessel 垂千古之彝訓
494 1 zhù to melt / to cast 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
495 1 自負 zì fù to be self-confident / conceited 文謙素以安國利民自負
496 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 趙良弼
497 1 tiān day 以著滔天之惡
498 1 手刃 shǒurèn to kill with one's own hand 乃手刃愛妾
499 1 揚言 yángyán to put about (a story, plan, threat etc) / to let it be known (esp. of threat or malicious story) / to threaten 璮復揚言
500 1 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 璮帥衆出掠輜重

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 56 so as to / in order to 而以其兄福為副元帥
2 54 zhī him / her / them / that 全蓋養之為子云
3 37 tǎn \N 李璮小字松壽
4 32 wén writing / text 戮中書平章王文統
5 30 his / hers / its / theirs 而以其兄福為副元帥
6 28 tǒng to unify 合臣所統兵
7 26 wèi for / to 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
8 20 yuē to speak / to say 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
9 20 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而以其兄福為副元帥
10 18 bīng soldier / troops 又調其兵赴行在
11 18 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖即位
12 17 chén minister / statesman / official 叛臣
13 17 not / no 輒詭辭不至
14 16 shū book 呂文德書
15 15 zhì to / until 輒詭辭不至
16 14 wáng Wang 戮中書平章王文統
17 13 dōu all 璮遂襲為益都行省
18 13 increase / benefit 璮遂襲為益都行省
19 13 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 阿魯輝帖木兒
20 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 臣所領益都
21 12 child / son 李全子也
22 12 sòng Song dynasty 全叛宋
23 12 qiě moreover / also 且諜見許浦
24 11 shì matter / thing / item 其前後所奏凡數十事
25 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 璮遂襲為益都行省
26 11 rén person / people / a human being 濰州人
27 11 naturally / of course / certainly 而自為完繕益兵計
28 11 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 益都乃宋航海要津
29 11 yǒu is / are / to exist 以賞將士有功者
30 11 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 以賞將士有功者
31 11 yán to speak / to say / said 璮親詣帝言曰
32 11 děng et cetera / and so on 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
33 10 zhī to know 知宋調兵將攻漣水
34 10 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 璮遂反
35 10 you / thou 汝教璮為逆
36 10 nián year 太祖十六年
37 9 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 知宋調兵將攻漣水
38 9 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆恫疑虛喝
39 9 also / too 李全子也
40 9 gōng to attack / to assault 全攻宋揚州
41 9 mìng life 命璮歸取漣海數州
42 8 阿魯 alǔ Aru 阿魯輝帖木兒
43 8 shì is / are / am / to be 至是
44 8 huī splendor / brightness 阿魯輝帖木兒
45 8 and 中書議與矢三萬
46 8 zhào an imperial decree 詔出金符十
47 8 in / at 璮言于行中書省
48 7 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 宜即誅之
49 7 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 臣當帥先渡淮
50 7 jūn army / military 分軍非便
51 7 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 命璮歸取漣海數州
52 7 to reach 及得賈似道
53 7 to take / to get / to fetch 命璮歸取漣海數州
54 7 chéng a city / a town 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
55 7 no 且宋人今日西無掣肘
56 7 yóu also / as if / still 猶日夜拒守
57 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民力凋耗
58 6 zài in / at 又調其兵赴行在
59 6 漣水 Liánshuǐ Lianshui 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
60 6 road / path / way 立十路宣撫司
61 6 lái to come 來攻漣水
62 6 shū hinge 命史樞
63 6 shí ten 詔出金符十
64 6 xíng to walk / to move 又調其兵赴行在
65 6 supreme ruler / emperor 璮親詣帝言曰
66 6 shí time / a period of time 莫甚斯時
67 6 dào way / road / path 及得賈似道
68 6 in / at 必將肆志於我
69 6 yòu again / also 又調其兵赴行在
70 6 otherwise / but / however 則山東非我有矣
71 6 天下 tiānxià China 詔諭天下
72 6 zhāng a chapter / a section 戮中書平章王文統
73 6 jiā to add 加璮江淮大都督
74 6 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 大張剋捷之功
75 6 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜得并力而東
76 6 zhōng middle 中書議與矢三萬
77 6 lián flowing water / ripples 命璮歸取漣海數州
78 6 desire 勢欲出膠西
79 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 然臣豈敢恃此必敵人之不再至哉
80 5 fēng to seal / to close off 邊將惟當固封圉
81 5 píng flat / level / smooth 戮中書平章王文統
82 5 de potential marker 仍得專制其地
83 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請繕城塹以備
84 5 xiū to decorate / to embellish 璮輒發兵修益都城塹
85 5 Li 李璮小字松壽
86 5 to go / to visit / to attend 又調其兵赴行在
87 5 silent 竇默
88 5 shǔ to count 朝廷數徵兵
89 5 tuō to take off 滅里生脫忽
90 5 hair 發府庫以犒其黨
91 5 quán perfect 全蓋養之為子云
92 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 降詔獎諭
93 5 yòng to use / to apply 彥簡遂用私驛逃歸
94 5 inside / interior 由是自益都至臨淄數百里
95 5 sān three 太宗三年
96 5 zōng school / sect 憲宗七年
97 5 wén to hear 民聞璮反
98 5 gōng merit 大張剋捷之功
99 5 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 亟召用之
100 5 宣撫司 xuānfǔsī Conciliation Commission 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
101 5 chū to go out / to leave 勢欲出膠西
102 5 so that / in order that 俾遵行之
103 5 bìng and / furthermore / also 宜得并力而東
104 4 réng yet / still / as ever 仍得專制其地
105 4 禿 bald / bare / stripped 俺都剌生禿滿
106 4 duì to / toward 默以許衡對
107 4 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 初以其子彥簡質于朝
108 4 each 各什伯相結
109 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 輒詭辭不至
110 4 to die 敗死
111 4 to slash 哈剌拔都
112 4 a period of time / phase / stage 期甲子
113 4 cháng to taste 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
114 4 to join / to combine 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
115 4 to criticize 朝廷方通和議
116 4 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統元年
117 4 ráo fuel / grass 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
118 4 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 舉山東州郡歸附
119 4 詔諭 zhàoyù imperial decree 詔諭天下
120 4 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是自益都至臨淄數百里
121 4 to stand 乃立中書省
122 4 zhòng many / all 璮帥衆出掠輜重
123 4 陛下 bì xià your majesty 賴陛下神武
124 4 a talisman / a charm 詔出金符十
125 4 guān an office 詔以益都官銀分賞之
126 4 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 初以其子彥簡質于朝
127 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故臣不敢深入
128 4 shòu to teach 銀符五授璮
129 4 zhèn I / we 朕今問汝所策云何
130 4 zhū all / many / various 璮遂請節制諸道所集兵馬
131 4 yín silver 銀符五授璮
132 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 臣當帥先渡淮
133 4 suddenly / abruptly 滅里生脫忽
134 4 what / where / which 未知其可否何若
135 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷數徵兵
136 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 太宗生七子
137 4 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 丞相史天澤言
138 4 I / me / my 且規築堡以臨我
139 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
140 4 also / too 其謀亦深矣
141 4 將士 jiāng shì officers and soldiers 以賞將士有功者
142 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 叛臣
143 4 èr two 海二州
144 4 huò or / either / else 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
145 4 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
146 4 again / more / repeatedly 璮復揚言
147 4 móu to plan / to scheme 其謀亦深矣
148 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大張剋捷之功
149 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 滅里大王之裔也
150 4 yàn elegant / handsome 初以其子彥簡質于朝
151 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 以宋人聚兵糧數十萬
152 3 shì to show / to reveal 示以條格
153 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒詭辭不至
154 3 zhōu boat / ship 射陽湖舟艦相望
155 3 huái Huai River 臣當帥先渡淮
156 3 shǐ beginning / start 文統始錯愕駭汗
157 3 jiù right away 且分軍就食民家
158 3 zhōu a state / a province 濰州人
159 3 chuán to transmit 禿滿傳曲春
160 3 hái also / in addition / more 還攻益都
161 3 tīng to listen 咸聽節制
162 3 chāo paper money 交鈔無致阻滯
163 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
164 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
165 3 to bind / to tie 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
166 3 guī to go back / to return 命璮歸取漣海數州
167 3 gài a lid / top / cover 全蓋養之為子云
168 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 猶未靖也
169 3 to give / to bestow favors 且賜銀三百錠
170 3 chì red / scarlet 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
171 3 power / force / strength 民力凋耗
172 3 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 遂與蒙古軍官囊家并誅焉
173 3 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 璮言于行中書省
174 3 huò to reap / to harvest 近獲生口
175 3 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 交鈔無致阻滯
176 3 shuǐ water 自投水中
177 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
178 3 xīn heart 以悅其心
179 3 rán correct / right / certainly 帝然之
180 3 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 璮盜據濟南
181 3 fán ordinary / common 其前後所奏凡數十事
182 3 private 而潛為私驛
183 3 promptly / right away / immediately 宜即誅之
184 3 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 世祖在潛藩
185 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 乞選將益兵
186 3 Xu 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
187 3 to arise / to get up 起由下列
188 3 tōng to go through / to open 朝廷方通和議
189 3 already / since 彼既不至
190 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
191 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 皆入保城郭
192 3 shì power / authority 勢欲出膠西
193 3 jiàn warship 射陽湖舟艦相望
194 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 萊之虛
195 3 this / these 然臣豈敢恃此必敵人之不再至哉
196 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 遂下詔暴其罪
197 3 wàn ten thousand 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
198 3 xiàn to offer / to present 既而來獻漣水捷
199 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 將無施不可
200 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若以水陸綴漣
201 3 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 蒙古
202 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 以賞將士有功者
203 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分軍非便
204 3 zhèng upright / straight 此人學術不正
205 3 shàng top / a high position 璮乃上言
206 3 shī teacher 孫虎臣十餘萬之師
207 3 to go 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
208 3 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 期甲子
209 3 can / may / permissible 則兩淮可定
210 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 而潛為私驛
211 3 gěi to give 仍給金符十七
212 3 to enter 入之
213 3 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 蔡諸軍攻荊山
214 3 調 tiáo to harmonize 又調其兵赴行在
215 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 非不能乘勝取揚
216 3 qiān humble / modest 張文謙為左丞
217 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 豈可易視而不為備哉
218 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 請繕城塹以備
219 3 to attack by surprise 璮遂襲為益都行省
220 3 plain / white 素聞其名
221 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今八載
222 3 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 知樞密院事老章
223 3 dìng to decide 則兩淮可定
224 3 final particle 則山東非我有矣
225 3 今日 jīnrì today 且宋人今日西無掣肘
226 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 而遣舟師遵海以北
227 3 seven 憲宗七年
228 2 多言 duōyán wordy / talkative 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
229 2 sound of laughter 哈剌拔都
230 2 阿朮 azhú Aju 詔遣阿朮
231 2 西 The West 勢欲出膠西
232 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 請選精騎
233 2 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 以侵內郡
234 2 節制 jiézhì to control / to restrict / to moderate / to temper 咸聽節制
235 2 降詔 jiàngzhào publish the text of an imperial proclamation 降詔獎諭
236 2 許衡 xǔ héng Xu Heng 許衡
237 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 不可處以相位
238 2 to store 文統積不能平
239 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 請繕城塹以備
240 2 zhèn town 俾鎮北藩
241 2 行省 xíngshěng province 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
242 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 又以宋賈似道誘緫管張元
243 2 letter / symbol / character 李璮小字松壽
244 2 to resemble / to similar to to 及得賈似道
245 2 官軍 guānjūn official army government army 官軍邀擊
246 2 used to indicate order 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
247 2 enemy / foe 臣昨追敵至淮安
248 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 汝教璮為逆
249 2 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 加璮江淮大都督
250 2 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 李璮久蓄反心
251 2 jīng essence 請選精騎
252 2 云何 yúnhé why 朕今問汝所策云何
253 2 滿 mǎn full 俺都剌生禿滿
254 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉輓未嘗息肩
255 2 nèi inside / interior 知朝廷近有內顧之憂
256 2 zāi exclamatory particle 然臣豈敢恃此必敵人之不再至哉
257 2 yún cloud 全蓋養之為子云
258 2 zhù to build / to construct 且規築堡以臨我
259 2 to allow / to permit 且諜見許浦
260 2 liǎng two 則兩淮可定
261 2 soil / ground / land 仍得專制其地
262 2 róu soft 僧子聰及張柔等至
263 2 史天澤 shǐ tiānzé Shi Tianze 丞相史天澤言
264 2 one 抗一敵國
265 2 水陸 shuǐ lù water and land / by water and land (transport) / amphibian / delicacies from land and sea 若以水陸綴漣
266 2 qián front 縛至諸王合必赤帳前
267 2 and 朝廷方通和議
268 2 suì age 歲上邊功
269 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 委以更張庶務
270 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 中統元年
271 2 entirely / without exception 親率各路宣撫使俱赴闕
272 2 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 因上將校馮泰等功第狀
273 2 明年 míngnián next year 明年二月
274 2 shòu old age / long life 李璮小字松壽
275 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是降詔開諭
276 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 築環城圍之
277 2 xián salty / briny 咸聽節制
278 2 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 璮自是不得復出
279 2 chà to differ 欲差發辦而民不擾
280 2 shǐ history 命史樞
281 2 tǎo to seek 命諸軍討璮
282 2 敵國 díguó enemy state 抗一敵國
283 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 故臣不敢深入
284 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 世祖即位
285 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 漢軍之在邊者
286 2 běi north 俾鎮北藩
287 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 璮遣人白之中書
288 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 各什伯相結
289 2 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
290 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 邊將惟當固封圉
291 2 huái bosom / breast 懷二心者必誅
292 2 wèi to call 汝等謂文統當得何罪
293 2 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 首擢文統為平章政事
294 2 jiāo glue / gum / resin / rubber 勢欲出膠西
295 2 bank of river / shore 且諜見許浦
296 2 four 必將肆志於我
297 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 自益都至京師質子營
298 2 already / afterwards 已於今月二十三日
299 2 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 將士未嘗釋甲
300 2 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 文統諷世祖授樞為太子太師
301 2 jiān hard / strong / firm 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
302 2 yáng sun 始封陽翟王
303 2 to bear / to carry 何負而為此
304 2 jiàn to see 且諜見許浦
305 2 以北 yǐběi north 而遣舟師遵海以北
306 2 to hand over to 倚付不為不深
307 2 to read 少時讀權謀書
308 2 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 凡民間差發
309 2 深入 shēnrù to penetrate deeply / thorough 故臣不敢深入
310 2 zuǒ left 張文謙為左丞
311 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 乃命知樞密院事禿堅帖木兒等擊之
312 2 hào to consume / to use up 民力凋耗
313 2 shǎo few 少時讀權謀書
314 2 dialect / language / speech 璮與語
315 2 wèi position / location / place 以固其位
316 2 do not 莫甚斯時
317 2 tiger 孫虎臣十餘萬之師
318 2 yán salt 則家賦之鹽
319 2 相位 xiāngwèi phase 不可處以相位
320 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 用官物樹私恩
321 2 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 明年二月
322 2 ǎn I 脫忽生俺都剌
323 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 朝廷方通和議
324 2 qīn relatives 璮親詣帝言曰
325 2 héng to weigh 衡為太子太保
326 2 ér son 屯于木兒古兀徹之地
327 2 to inherit 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
328 2 shén what 辭甚悖傲
329 2 jiǎng prize / reward 降詔獎諭
330 2 jiā house / home / residence 則家賦之鹽
331 2 huì can / be able to 會璮遣人持文統三書自洺水至
332 2 shì a city 立互市于潁州
333 2 huān a kind of horse 其部將脫驩知其勢窮
334 2 可否 kěfǒu is it possible or not? 未知其可否何若
335 2 chūn spring 禿滿傳曲春
336 2 tiáo measure word for long thin things 示以條格
337 2 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 非不能乘勝取揚
338 2 yáo handsome / elegant 時姚樞
339 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 大張剋捷之功
340 2 subject / class / lesson 宣課鹽鐵等事
341 2 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
342 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
343 2 一旦 yīdàn in one day 恐一旦水陸道絕
344 2 a relay station 而潛為私驛
345 2 jìn nearby 近獲生口
346 2 執政 zhízhèng to be in power / to be in office 執政得奏
347 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國制有定
348 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 此上策也
349 2 a sacrifice at the beginning of a military campaign 召行中書省事禡禡與文統
350 2 squares 示以條格
351 2 a musical note 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
352 2 zhèn to flap 及振旅還宮
353 2 qiàn moat around a city 請繕城塹以備
354 2 dòu a hole / a burrow 竇默
355 2 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 父嘗為揚州司理參軍
356 2 wèn to ask 世祖召文統問之曰
357 2 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 人臣無將
358 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師
359 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋詔行中書省造中統元寶交鈔
360 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 或奔竄山谷
361 2 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 則選兵以取江南
362 2 既定 jìdìng already fixed / set / established 兩淮既定
363 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 默為太子太傅
364 2 chǔ state of Chu
365 2 zhì sign / mark / flag 必將肆志於我
366 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 璮遂發兵攻拔漣水相連四城
367 2 北方 běi fāng The North 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
368 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗之
369 2 to kill / to massacre 戮中書平章王文統
370 2 dōng east 宜得并力而東
371 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 又以宋賈似道誘緫管張元
372 2 jiǎ Jia 及得賈似道
373 2 太平 tàipíng peaceful 曲春傳太平
374 2 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗三年
375 2 xiān first 臣當帥先渡淮
376 2 shù numerous / various 委以更張庶務
377 2 què a watchtower 親率各路宣撫使俱赴闕
378 2 a song 禿滿傳曲春
379 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 彥簡遂用私驛逃歸
380 2 jīn gold 詔出金符十
381 2 shǐ arrow / dart 中書議與矢三萬
382 2 加封 jiāfēng to seal up (a door with a paper seal, or a document) / to confer an additional title on a nobleman 悉議加封
383 2 專制 zhuānzhì an autocracy / a dictatorship 仍得專制其地
384 2 fēi not / non- / un- 分軍非便
385 2 shí food / food and drink 且分軍就食民家
386 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 復破夏貴
387 2 zòu to present / to offer 執政得奏
388 2 王鶚 wáng è Wang E 默嘗與王鶚及樞
389 2 zhuó to pull out 首擢文統為平章政事
390 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘舟入大明湖
391 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 無所遇
392 2 shēng sound 寂無人聲
393 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 又以宋賈似道誘緫管張元
394 2 bào newspaper 緩急莫報
395 2 míng measure word for people 素聞其名
396 2 等至 děngzhì samāpatti / meditative attainment 故召文統等至
397 2 文德 wéndé Wende 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
398 2 a kind of pheasant 始封陽翟王
399 1 棗陽 Zǎoyáng Zaoyang 若以棗陽
400 1 法度 fǎdù a law 其規模法度
401 1 急於 jíyú to be anxious / to be impatient 急於用兵
402 1 piece / strip 邇者獲親書之數幅
403 1 to give 體予至懷
404 1 鹽課 Yánkè Salt Tax 鹽課不失常額
405 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 第緣陛下加兵北方
406 1 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
407 1 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後帥步騎直指沂
408 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 蓋璮專制山東者三十餘年
409 1 敵人 dírén an enemy 然臣豈敢恃此必敵人之不再至哉
410 1 zūn to honor / to respect 外佯尊之
411 1 progeny / descendants / posterity 滅里大王之裔也
412 1 zhuì to link together 若以水陸綴漣
413 1 to vomit / to throw up 玉樞虎兒吐華擒阿魯輝帖木兒送闕下
414 1 lái goosefoot / weed 萊之虛
415 1 以往 yǐwǎng in the past / before 且以往者
416 1 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters 取城中子女賞將士
417 1 用間 yòngjiān using spies 且南人用間
418 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 或奔竄山谷
419 1 螻蟻 lóu yǐ mole cricket and ants 螻蟻之命
420 1 潰散 kuìsàn defeated / routed 人情潰散
421 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 文統乃伏誅
422 1 elder brother 世祖自去秋親征叛王阿里不哥于北方
423 1 第七 dì qī seventh 而滅里位第七
424 1 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 張文謙為左丞
425 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 汝教璮為逆
426 1 kàng to resist / to oppose / to defy / to reject 抗一敵國
427 1 既而 jìér soon after 既而來獻漣水捷
428 1 to bestow on / to endow with 則家賦之鹽
429 1 trip / journey 及振旅還宮
430 1 為此 wèicǐ for this reason / with regards to this / in this respect 何負而為此
431 1 航海 hánghǎi sailing / navigation / a voyage 益都乃宋航海要津
432 1 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 取城中子女賞將士
433 1 顧問 gùwèn adviser / consultant 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
434 1 yòu right / right-hand 鶚嘗請以右丞相史天澤監修國史
435 1 歸附 guīfù to realign one's allegiance / to submit 舉山東州郡歸附
436 1 徵兵 zhēngbīng to levy troops / recruitment 朝廷數徵兵
437 1 耶律 yélǜ Yelu 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
438 1 四千 sì qiān four thousand 斬首四千級
439 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 世謂出於文統之功為多云
440 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 文謙素以安國利民自負
441 1 vinegar 酒醋
442 1 final interogative 汝今日猶欲緩頰於朕耶
443 1 earth / soil / dirt 土曠人稀
444 1 jìng actually / in the end 文謙竟以本職行大名等路宣撫司事而去
445 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
446 1 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 立互市于潁州
447 1 緩急 huǎnjí a priority 緩急莫報
448 1 復出 fùchū to come back out of retirement / to get involved again after having withdrawn 璮自是不得復出
449 1 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 中書議與矢三萬
450 1 eight 今八載
451 1 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 引麾下具舟艦
452 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 由是軍旅之事
453 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 欲差發辦而民不擾
454 1 xuě snow 以雪慢書之辱
455 1 diluted / sparse 土曠人稀
456 1 bèi a comet 國王孛魯承制拜全山東淮南楚州行省
457 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 臣欲告陛下縛璮久矣
458 1 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 祖宗以天下付汝
459 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 文統猶枝辭傍說
460 1 běn measure word for books 或曰璮本衢州徐氏子
461 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 憲宗七年
462 1 kuàng extensive / wide / broad 土曠人稀
463 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐一旦水陸道絕
464 1 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增賜將士
465 1 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang 脫驩知遼陽行樞密院事
466 1 ěr thus / so / like that 咨爾有衆
467 1 音耗 yīnhào message 人多言文統嘗遣子蕘與璮通音耗
468 1 才智 cáizhì ability and wisdom 訪問才智之士
469 1 to cut off the feet 屯于木兒古兀徹之地
470 1 day of the month / a certain day 已於今月二十三日
471 1 móu to be similar / to be comparable / to be equal 衆寡不侔
472 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 二年正月
473 1 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 實不欲使朝夕備顧問於左右也
474 1 以前 yǐqián before / formerly / previous / ago 示以前書曰
475 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 酒醋
476 1 shū to transport 而宣撫司轉輸不繼
477 1 民家 mínjiā minka / commoner's house 且分軍就食民家
478 1 bottom / base / end 以底丕平
479 1 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 大喜
480 1 州郡 zhōujùn an administrative district 舉山東州郡歸附
481 1 焉知 yānzhī how is it known 焉知李璮之同謀
482 1 遼史 Liáo Shǐ History of the Liao 左丞相耶律鑄監修遼史
483 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 且遣使來言於帝曰
484 1 退保 tuìbǎo to lapse (or terminate) an insurance 璮退保濟南
485 1 shì to attend on 衡俱侍世祖
486 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令以人為食
487 1 deputy / assistant / vice- 而以其兄福為副元帥
488 1 姦邪 jiānxié deceitful 迺蓄姦邪之志
489 1 ài to love 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
490 1 huā Hua 愛仙不花等悉兵赴之
491 1 親率 qīn lǜ personally led 親率各路宣撫使俱赴闕
492 1 下詔 xiàzhào to hand down an imperial edict 遂下詔暴其罪
493 1 zhòng heavy 璮帥衆出掠輜重
494 1 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing / the common people 朕拔汝布衣
495 1 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 宋呂文德合淮南兵七萬五千
496 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 李璮小字松壽
497 1 息肩 xījiān to put down one's burden / to rest / to stay (at an inn etc) 轉輓未嘗息肩
498 1 府庫 fǔkù government treasury 發府庫以犒其黨
499 1 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
500 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗死

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿里 Ālǐ Ali
阿鲁 阿魯 alǔ Aru
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
阿朮 azhú Aju
拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan
北方 běi fāng The North
Bo
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
楚州 chǔzhōu Chuzhou
达鲁花赤 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi
大明湖 dàmínghú Daming
dèng Deng
董文炳 Dǒng wénbǐng Dong Wenbing
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
光化 guānghuà Guanghua
海州 hǎizhōu Haizhou
huái Huai River
淮安 Huái'ān Huai'an
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
建元 Jiàn Yuán
  1. Jian Yuan reign
  2. Jian Yuan reign
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
建明 jiànmíng
  1. Jianming
  2. Jianming
  3. Jianming
监修国史 監修國史 jiànxiū guóshǐ Director of National History
甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
金史 Jīn Shǐ History of Jin
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
荆山 荊山 jīngshān Mt Jingshan
开平 Kāipíng
  1. Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
  2. Kaiping
李全 lǐ quán Li Quan
涟水 漣水 Liánshuǐ Lianshui
辽史 遼史 Liáo Shǐ History of the Liao
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
临淄 臨淄 línzī Linzi
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia
Míng Ming River
南人 nánrén Nanren
衢州 qúzhōu Quzhou
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
射阳 射陽 shèyáng Sheyang
史天泽 史天澤 shǐ tiānzé Shi Tianze
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
王鹗 王鶚 wáng è Wang E
wéi Wei River
文德 wéndé Wende
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
行中书省 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
许衡 許衡 xǔ héng Xu Heng
宣抚使 宣撫使 xuānfǔshǐ Commissioner for Pacification
宣抚司 宣撫司 xuānfǔsī Conciliation Commission
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
盐课 鹽課 Yánkè Salt Tax
耶律 yélǜ Yelu
Yi
Yi
颍州 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou
枣阳 棗陽 Zǎoyáng Zaoyang
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
中书省 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat
中统 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English