Glossary and Vocabulary for Guanzi 《管子》, 立政九敗解第六十五 Chapter 65: Explanation of the Nine Reasons for Failing Establish Governance

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 15 rén person / people / a human being 人君唯毋聽寢兵
2 13 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 人君唯毋聽寢兵
3 10 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 寢兵之說勝
4 10 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
5 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 寢兵之說勝
6 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 然則內之不知國之治亂
7 8 Kangxi radical 80 人君唯毋聽寢兵
8 8 tīng to listen 人君唯毋聽寢兵
9 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
10 5 bài to defeat / to vanquish 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
11 5 hǎo good 人君唯無好全生
12 5 shàng top / a high position 非世閒上
13 4 不為 bùwéi to not do 然則賢者不為下
14 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
15 4 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
16 4 bīng soldier / troops 人君唯毋聽寢兵
17 4 zài in / at 則不肖者在上位矣
18 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
19 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 人君唯無好金玉貨財
20 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
21 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 人君唯無好全生
22 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 則朋黨者處前
23 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
24 3 朋黨 péngdǎng a clique 則群臣朋黨
25 3 expel / drive away 我以敺眾
26 3 to criticize 人君唯無聽私議自貴
27 3 to visit 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
28 3 zūn to honor / to respect 大官尊位
29 3 jūn army / military 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
30 3 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則不肖者在上位矣
31 3 chén minister / statesman / official 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
32 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 皆姦人也
33 3 quán perfect 人君唯無好全生
34 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 則視天下之民如其民
35 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
36 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 邊竟之士修
37 3 huò goods / products / commodities 人君唯無好金玉貨財
38 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
39 3 to cover 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
40 3 desire 非吾所欲也
41 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 人君唯毋聽寢兵
42 2 to arise / to get up 則爭奪之亂起
43 2 to associate with / be near 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
44 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 然則令不行
45 2 to die 勇者不為死
46 2 móu to plan / to scheme 遼遠之地謀
47 2 private 人君唯無聽私議自貴
48 2 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
49 2 祿 good fortune 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
50 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不予而與戰
51 2 兼愛 jiān'ài universal love / to love two people at the same time 人君唯毋聽兼愛之說
52 2 qián front 則朋黨者處前
53 2 xián virtuous / worthy 賢不肖不分
54 2 a frontier 則守圉之備毀矣
55 2 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 人君唯無好金玉貨財
56 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
57 2 easy / simple 然則必有以易之
58 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 然則內之不知國之治亂
59 2 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 則不肖者在上位矣
60 2 yán to speak / to say / said 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
61 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
62 2 a man / a male adult 夫朋黨者處前
63 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 然則令不行
64 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 然則賢者不為下
65 2 apprentice / disciple 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
66 2 qiú to request 被求地而予之
67 2 zhī to know 奚以知其然也
68 2 zhǔ owner 常使其主不悔其過
69 2 養生 yǎngshēng to keep in good health / to keep fit 而生又養生
70 2 honor / reputation 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
71 2 xīn heart 百姓無圉敵之心
72 2 yòng to use / to apply 群臣務佼而求用
73 2 huǐ to destroy 則守圉之備毀矣
74 2 soil / ground / land 遼遠之地謀
75 2 shì to look at / to see 則視天下之民如其民
76 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
77 2 dǎng political party 寡黨者處後
78 2 shì matter / thing / item 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
79 2 to defend / to resist 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
80 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 然則內之不知國之治亂
81 2 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 賢不肖不分
82 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
83 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
84 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
85 2 gōng to attack / to assault 我能毋攻人可也
86 2 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 然則禮義廉恥不立
87 2 juān to contribute 則敺國而捐之也
88 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
89 2 xíng to walk / to move 然則從欲妄行
90 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 不能令人毋攻我
91 1 gǎn bold / brave 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
92 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 則壅遏賢者而不進也
93 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷國之道也
94 1 攘奪 rǎngduó to seize 則無并兼攘奪之心
95 1 強弱 qiángruò strong or weak / intensity / amount of force or pressure 外之不知諸侯強弱
96 1 hòu after / later 寡黨者處後
97 1 宮室 gōngshì home / dwelling 宮室臺池
98 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 然則從欲妄行
99 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁不止
100 1 大官 dàguān senior official 大官尊位
101 1 fán ordinary / common 凡觀樂者
102 1 guǎ few 寡黨者處後
103 1 an official institution / a state bureau 然則府倉虛
104 1 shī to lose 不更其失者也
105 1 jié to exhaust 蓄積竭
106 1 聲樂 shēnglè vocal music 珠玉聲樂也
107 1 侏儒 zhūrú a dwarf / a pygmy / a small person / a midget 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
108 1 國事 guóshì affairs of the nation / politics 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
109 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 必不勝也
110 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 輕爵祿而賤有司
111 1 自守 zì shǒu to fend for one's self / to have solid moral character 人君無以自守也
112 1 情偽 qíngwěi true or false / what is true or false 然則國之情偽不見於上
113 1 珠玉 zhūyù pearls and jades / jewels / clever remark / beautiful writing / gems of wisdom / genius / outstanding person 珠玉聲樂也
114 1 隱伏 yǐnfú to hide / to lie low 則民退靜隱伏
115 1 遼遠 liáoyuǎn distant / far away / remote 遼遠之地謀
116 1 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊竟之士修
117 1 jìng still / calm 則民退靜隱伏
118 1 fèi fee / expenses 此皆費財盡力
119 1 wèi position / location / place 大官尊位
120 1 jiàn mean / low / base 輕爵祿而賤有司
121 1 clothes / dress / garment 則爵服下流
122 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 則守圉之備毀矣
123 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 莫之築補
124 1 zhèng upright / straight 則繩墨不正
125 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 故主惑而不自知也
126 1 to give 被求地而予之
127 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 必欲得其所好
128 1 dào way / road / path 傷國之道也
129 1 滋味 zīwèi to taste 滋味也
130 1 hòu thick 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
131 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 則巧佞者用
132 1 cave / hole / grotto 窟穴就山
133 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 然則國之情偽不見於上
134 1 guān an office 法制毀於官
135 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 諂讒飾過之說勝
136 1 shì to match 然則國適有患
137 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 則守圉之備毀矣
138 1 zhù to build / to construct 莫之築補
139 1 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
140 1 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 則壅遏賢者而不進也
141 1 毀壞 huǐhuài to damage / to devastate / to vandalize 則城郭毀壞
142 1 xìn to believe / to trust 信者不為約
143 1 在外 zài wài outer 則射御勇力之士出在外矣
144 1 盡力 jìnlì to do one's best / to strive as much as possible 此皆費財盡力
145 1 yōu excellent / superior 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
146 1 修繕 xiūshàn to renovate / to repair 莫之修繕
147 1 下流 xiàliú low-class / mean and lowly / vulgar / obscene 則爵服下流
148 1 diāo to engrave / to carve 甲獘兵彫
149 1 wài outside 外之不知諸侯強弱
150 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 智者不為謀
151 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 則險阻不守
152 1 法制 fǎzhì legal system and institutions 法制毀於官
153 1 禮義廉恥 lǐ yì lián chǐ sense of propriety, justice, integrity and honor 然則禮義廉恥不立
154 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 則城郭毀壞
155 1 chí a pool / a pond 宮室臺池
156 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓無圉敵之心
157 1 zhòng heavy 則尊爵重祿也
158 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養何也
159 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 彼以良將
160 1 聲色 shēng sè tone of voice 聲色也
161 1 huǐ to regret 常使其主不悔其過
162 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 然則府倉虛
163 1 jiǎo beautiful / handsome / good-looking 群臣務佼而求用
164 1 qīng light / not heavy 輕爵祿而賤有司
165 1 shì a generation 非世閒上
166 1 nèi inside / interior 然則內之不知國之治亂
167 1 yuē approximately 信者不為約
168 1 è evil / vice 蔽美揚惡
169 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 然則府倉虛
170 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 然則內之不知國之治亂
171 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 外之不知諸侯強弱
172 1 to collapse 甲獘兵彫
173 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能令人毋攻我
174 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反於禽獸
175 1 nìng to flatter / to praise 則巧佞者用
176 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 反於禽獸
177 1 不予 bùyǔ to withhold / to refuse 不予而與戰
178 1 教士 jiāoshì churchman / clergy 被以教士
179 1 can / may / permissible 我能毋攻人可也
180 1 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 則險阻不守
181 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 常使其主不悔其過
182 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 則繩墨不正
183 1 enemy / foe 百姓無圉敵之心
184 1 無祿 wúlù to be unsalaried / to be unfortunate / death 無祿而富
185 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 蔽美揚惡
186 1 chàng to lead 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
187 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 輕爵祿而賤有司
188 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 則民退靜隱伏
189 1 xiāng village / township 黨與成於鄉
190 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 而君在危殆之中矣
191 1 yǒng brave / courageous 勇者不為死
192 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 則士卒不戰
193 1 jìn to enter 則壅遏賢者而不進也
194 1 xué cave / cavity / hole 窟穴就山
195 1 néng can / able 我能毋攻人可也
196 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 則廉恥不立
197 1 爭奪 zhēngduó to fight over / to contest / to compete for 則爭奪之亂起
198 1 天下 tiānxià China 則視天下之民如其民
199 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 禁不止
200 1 jiǎ armor 甲獘兵彫
201 1 危殆 wēidài grave danger / in jeopardy / in a critical condition 而君在危殆之中矣
202 1 謀臣 móuchén imperial strategic adviser / expert on strategy 則謀臣死而諂臣尊矣
203 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 群臣務佼而求用
204 1 měi beautiful 蔽美揚惡
205 1 zhòng many / numerous 我以敺眾
206 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 窟穴就山
207 1 xián liesure 非世閒上
208 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 然則國適有患
209 1 to flatter 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
210 1 rich / wealthy 無祿而富
211 1 蓄積 xùjī to store up / to save up 蓄積竭
212 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 蔽美揚惡
213 1 男女 nán nǚ male and female 男女無別
214 1 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 我以無能
215 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 邊竟之士修
216 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 黨與成於鄉

Frequencies of all Words

Top 271

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 35 zhī him / her / them / that 然則內之不知國之治亂
2 30 otherwise / but / however 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
3 18 also / too 我能毋攻人可也
4 16 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 被求地而予之
5 15 rén person / people / a human being 人君唯毋聽寢兵
6 13 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 人君唯毋聽寢兵
7 12 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則內之不知國之治亂
8 12 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 所以易之者何也
9 10 no 百姓無圉敵之心
10 10 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 寢兵之說勝
11 10 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
12 10 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰
13 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 寢兵之說勝
14 9 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 然則內之不知國之治亂
15 9 如是 rúshì thus / so 如是
16 9 wěi yes 人君唯毋聽寢兵
17 8 Kangxi radical 80 人君唯毋聽寢兵
18 8 tīng to listen 人君唯毋聽寢兵
19 8 not / no 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
20 7 his / hers / its / theirs 則視天下之民如其民
21 7 so as to / in order to 被以教士
22 6 in / at 反於禽獸
23 6 final particle 則守圉之備毀矣
24 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
25 5 bài to defeat / to vanquish 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
26 5 hǎo good 人君唯無好全生
27 5 shàng top / a high position 非世閒上
28 4 不為 bùwéi to not do 然則賢者不為下
29 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
30 4 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
31 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必不勝也
32 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 則群臣皆全其生
33 4 I / me / my 我能毋攻人可也
34 4 bīng soldier / troops 人君唯毋聽寢兵
35 4 zài in / at 則不肖者在上位矣
36 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
37 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
38 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 人君唯無好金玉貨財
39 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
40 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 人君唯無好全生
41 3 de potential marker 必欲得其所好
42 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 則朋黨者處前
43 3 do not 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
44 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
45 3 朋黨 péngdǎng a clique 則群臣朋黨
46 3 expel / drive away 我以敺眾
47 3 to criticize 人君唯無聽私議自貴
48 3 to visit 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
49 3 zūn to honor / to respect 大官尊位
50 3 jūn army / military 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
51 3 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則不肖者在上位矣
52 3 chén minister / statesman / official 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
53 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 皆姦人也
54 3 quán perfect 人君唯無好全生
55 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 則視天下之民如其民
56 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
57 3 naturally / of course / certainly 人君唯無聽私議自貴
58 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 邊竟之士修
59 3 huò goods / products / commodities 人君唯無好金玉貨財
60 3 yǒu is / are / to exist 輕爵祿而賤有司
61 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
62 3 to cover 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
63 3 desire 非吾所欲也
64 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 人君唯毋聽寢兵
65 2 to arise / to get up 則爭奪之亂起
66 2 to associate with / be near 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
67 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 然則令不行
68 2 to die 勇者不為死
69 2 móu to plan / to scheme 遼遠之地謀
70 2 private 人君唯無聽私議自貴
71 2 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
72 2 祿 good fortune 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
73 2 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不予而與戰
74 2 兼愛 jiān'ài universal love / to love two people at the same time 人君唯毋聽兼愛之說
75 2 qián front 則朋黨者處前
76 2 xián virtuous / worthy 賢不肖不分
77 2 a frontier 則守圉之備毀矣
78 2 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 人君唯無好金玉貨財
79 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 覆軍殺將之臣不貴爵
80 2 easy / simple 然則必有以易之
81 2 and 不予而與戰
82 2 bèi by 被求地而予之
83 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 然則內之不知國之治亂
84 2 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 則不肖者在上位矣
85 2 yán to speak / to say / said 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
86 2 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 人君唯毋聽觀樂玩好
87 2 a man / a male adult 夫朋黨者處前
88 2 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 然則令不行
89 2 fēi not / non- / un- 非吾所欲也
90 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 然則賢者不為下
91 2 apprentice / disciple 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
92 2 qiú to request 被求地而予之
93 2 I 視國如吾國
94 2 zhī to know 奚以知其然也
95 2 zhǔ owner 常使其主不悔其過
96 2 養生 yǎngshēng to keep in good health / to keep fit 而生又養生
97 2 honor / reputation 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
98 2 xīn heart 百姓無圉敵之心
99 2 yòng to use / to apply 群臣務佼而求用
100 2 huǐ to destroy 則守圉之備毀矣
101 2 soil / ground / land 遼遠之地謀
102 2 shì to look at / to see 則視天下之民如其民
103 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
104 2 such as / for example / for instance 則視天下之民如其民
105 2 dǎng political party 寡黨者處後
106 2 shì matter / thing / item 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
107 2 to defend / to resist 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
108 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 然則內之不知國之治亂
109 2 what / where / which 養何也
110 2 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 賢不肖不分
111 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
112 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 人君唯毋聽群徒比周
113 2 wèi for / to 然後為養生
114 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 人君唯毋聽請謁任譽
115 2 gōng to attack / to assault 我能毋攻人可也
116 2 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 然則禮義廉恥不立
117 2 juān to contribute 則敺國而捐之也
118 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
119 2 xíng to walk / to move 然則從欲妄行
120 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 不能令人毋攻我
121 1 yòu again / also 而生又養生
122 1 gǎn bold / brave 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
123 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 則壅遏賢者而不進也
124 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷國之道也
125 1 攘奪 rǎngduó to seize 則無并兼攘奪之心
126 1 強弱 qiángruò strong or weak / intensity / amount of force or pressure 外之不知諸侯強弱
127 1 qiě moreover / also 且姦人在上
128 1 hòu after / later 寡黨者處後
129 1 宮室 gōngshì home / dwelling 宮室臺池
130 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 然則從欲妄行
131 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁不止
132 1 大官 dàguān senior official 大官尊位
133 1 fán ordinary / common 凡觀樂者
134 1 guǎ few 寡黨者處後
135 1 an official institution / a state bureau 然則府倉虛
136 1 shī to lose 不更其失者也
137 1 jié to exhaust 蓄積竭
138 1 xià next 然則賢者不為下
139 1 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以易之者何也
140 1 tái unit 宮室臺池
141 1 聲樂 shēnglè vocal music 珠玉聲樂也
142 1 侏儒 zhūrú a dwarf / a pygmy / a small person / a midget 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
143 1 國事 guóshì affairs of the nation / politics 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
144 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 必不勝也
145 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 輕爵祿而賤有司
146 1 自守 zì shǒu to fend for one's self / to have solid moral character 人君無以自守也
147 1 情偽 qíngwěi true or false / what is true or false 然則國之情偽不見於上
148 1 珠玉 zhūyù pearls and jades / jewels / clever remark / beautiful writing / gems of wisdom / genius / outstanding person 珠玉聲樂也
149 1 隱伏 yǐnfú to hide / to lie low 則民退靜隱伏
150 1 遼遠 liáoyuǎn distant / far away / remote 遼遠之地謀
151 1 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 邊竟之士修
152 1 jìng still / calm 則民退靜隱伏
153 1 fèi fee / expenses 此皆費財盡力
154 1 wèi position / location / place 大官尊位
155 1 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後為養生
156 1 jiàn mean / low / base 輕爵祿而賤有司
157 1 clothes / dress / garment 則爵服下流
158 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 則守圉之備毀矣
159 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 莫之築補
160 1 yān where / how 焉得毋敗
161 1 zhèng upright / straight 則繩墨不正
162 1 gèng more / even more 不更其失者也
163 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 故主惑而不自知也
164 1 to give 被求地而予之
165 1 cóng from 然則從欲妄行
166 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 必欲得其所好
167 1 dào way / road / path 傷國之道也
168 1 滋味 zīwèi to taste 滋味也
169 1 hòu thick 無覆軍敗將之事然則射御勇力之士不厚祿
170 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 則巧佞者用
171 1 cave / hole / grotto 窟穴就山
172 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 然則國之情偽不見於上
173 1 guān an office 法制毀於官
174 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 諂讒飾過之說勝
175 1 shì to match 然則國適有患
176 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 則守圉之備毀矣
177 1 zhù to build / to construct 莫之築補
178 1 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 則群臣賓客莫敢言兵
179 1 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 則壅遏賢者而不進也
180 1 毀壞 huǐhuài to damage / to devastate / to vandalize 則城郭毀壞
181 1 xìn to believe / to trust 信者不為約
182 1 在外 zài wài outer 則射御勇力之士出在外矣
183 1 盡力 jìnlì to do one's best / to strive as much as possible 此皆費財盡力
184 1 yōu excellent / superior 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
185 1 修繕 xiūshàn to renovate / to repair 莫之修繕
186 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常使其主不悔其過
187 1 what? / where? / why? 奚以知其然也
188 1 this / these 此皆費財盡力
189 1 下流 xiàliú low-class / mean and lowly / vulgar / obscene 則爵服下流
190 1 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 非吾所欲也
191 1 diāo to engrave / to carve 甲獘兵彫
192 1 wài outside 外之不知諸侯強弱
193 1 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 智者不為謀
194 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 則險阻不守
195 1 法制 fǎzhì legal system and institutions 法制毀於官
196 1 禮義廉恥 lǐ yì lián chǐ sense of propriety, justice, integrity and honor 然則禮義廉恥不立
197 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 則城郭毀壞
198 1 bié do not / must not 男女無別
199 1 chí a pool / a pond 宮室臺池
200 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓無圉敵之心
201 1 jiù right away 窟穴就山
202 1 zhòng heavy 則尊爵重祿也
203 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養何也
204 1 jìng actually / in the end 邊竟之士修
205 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 彼以良將
206 1 jiān simultaneously 則無并兼攘奪之心
207 1 聲色 shēng sè tone of voice 聲色也
208 1 huǐ to regret 常使其主不悔其過
209 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 然則府倉虛
210 1 jiǎo beautiful / handsome / good-looking 群臣務佼而求用
211 1 qīng light / not heavy 輕爵祿而賤有司
212 1 shì a generation 非世閒上
213 1 nèi inside / interior 然則內之不知國之治亂
214 1 yuē approximately 信者不為約
215 1 è evil / vice 蔽美揚惡
216 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 然則府倉虛
217 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 然則內之不知國之治亂
218 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 外之不知諸侯強弱
219 1 to collapse 甲獘兵彫
220 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能令人毋攻我
221 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反於禽獸
222 1 nìng to flatter / to praise 則巧佞者用
223 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 反於禽獸
224 1 不予 bùyǔ to withhold / to refuse 不予而與戰
225 1 教士 jiāoshì churchman / clergy 被以教士
226 1 shì is / are / am / to be 是敺國而捐之也
227 1 can / may / permissible 我能毋攻人可也
228 1 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 則險阻不守
229 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 常使其主不悔其過
230 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 則繩墨不正
231 1 enemy / foe 百姓無圉敵之心
232 1 無祿 wúlù to be unsalaried / to be unfortunate / death 無祿而富
233 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 則群臣皆相為請
234 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 蔽美揚惡
235 1 chàng to lead 則優倡侏儒起而議國事矣
236 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 輕爵祿而賤有司
237 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 則民退靜隱伏
238 1 rán correct / right / certainly 奚以知其然也
239 1 xiāng village / township 黨與成於鄉
240 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 而君在危殆之中矣
241 1 yǒng brave / courageous 勇者不為死
242 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 則士卒不戰
243 1 jìn to enter 則壅遏賢者而不進也
244 1 xué cave / cavity / hole 窟穴就山
245 1 néng can / able 我能毋攻人可也
246 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 則廉恥不立
247 1 不然 bùrán or else / otherwise / if not 不然
248 1 爭奪 zhēngduó to fight over / to contest / to compete for 則爭奪之亂起
249 1 天下 tiānxià China 則視天下之民如其民
250 1 不止 bùzhǐ to be incessant / to be without end / to be more than / not to be limited to 禁不止
251 1 jiǎ armor 甲獘兵彫
252 1 危殆 wēidài grave danger / in jeopardy / in a critical condition 而君在危殆之中矣
253 1 謀臣 móuchén imperial strategic adviser / expert on strategy 則謀臣死而諂臣尊矣
254 1 that / those 彼以良將
255 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 群臣務佼而求用
256 1 měi beautiful 蔽美揚惡
257 1 以此 yǐcǐ hence 而以此事君者
258 1 chū to go out / to leave 則射御勇力之士出在外矣
259 1 zhòng many / numerous 我以敺眾
260 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 窟穴就山
261 1 xián liesure 非世閒上
262 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 然則國適有患
263 1 to flatter 人君唯無聽諂諛飾過之言
264 1 rich / wealthy 無祿而富
265 1 蓄積 xùjī to store up / to save up 蓄積竭
266 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 則無并兼攘奪之心
267 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 蔽美揚惡
268 1 男女 nán nǚ male and female 男女無別
269 1 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 我以無能
270 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 邊竟之士修
271 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 黨與成於鄉

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English