Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《汲鄭列傳》 Biographies of Ji and Zheng

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 65 àn black 汲黯字長孺
2 35 shàng top / a high position 上使黯往視之
3 26 yuē to speak / to say 報曰
4 20 rén person / people / a human being 濮陽人也
5 18 zhuāng a village 以莊見憚
6 15 zhèng Zheng 汲鄭列傳
7 15 tāng soup 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
8 14 shǔ to count 以數切諫
9 14 yán to speak / to say / said 黯學黃老之言
10 12 chén minister / statesman / official 臣過河南
11 11 hóng liberal / great 丞相弘燕見
12 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 遷為滎陽令
13 11 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能容人之過
14 11 to draw water 汲鄭列傳
15 10 天下 tiānxià China 下不能抑天下之邪心
16 10 shì matter / thing / item 黯前奏事
17 10 jiàn to see 以莊見憚
18 9 desire 上曰吾欲云云
19 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 召以為主爵都尉
20 9 shí time / a period of time 孝景時為太子洗馬
21 9 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治官理民
22 9 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其先有寵於古之衛君
23 8 九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers 列於九卿
24 8 to reach 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
25 8 zhōng middle 乃召拜為中大夫
26 8 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 黯多病
27 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 治官理民
28 7 increase / benefit 及事益多
29 7 a government official / a magistrate 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
30 7 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公為正卿
31 7 residence / dwelling 后來者居上
32 7 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 漢方征匈奴
33 7 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
34 7 guān an office 治官理民
35 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 臣請歸節
36 7 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang 上以為淮陽
37 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 上使黯往視之
38 6 wén to hear 上聞
39 6 hàn Han Chinese 漢方征匈奴
40 6 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
41 6 hair 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
42 6 zhǔ owner 召以為主爵都尉
43 6 one 二者無一焉
44 6 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 大將軍青侍中
45 6 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 病歸田里
46 6 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 請謝賓客
47 6 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 不足以辱天子之使
48 6 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 下不能抑天下之邪心
49 6 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 遷為東海太守
50 5 shì to look at / to see 上使黯往視之
51 5 xián liesure 乘上閒
52 5 hǎo good 好清靜
53 5 to die 七歲而卒
54 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 上愈益貴弘
55 5 hòu after / later 後數月
56 5 shǎo few 少禮
57 5 a man / a male adult 善灌夫
58 5 wén writing / text 湯辯常在文深小苛
59 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 黯姑姊子司馬安亦少與黯為太子洗馬
60 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 乃召拜為中大夫
61 5 jiā house / home / residence 延燒千餘家
62 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 右內史界部中多貴人宗室
63 4 xián virtuous / worthy 上賢而釋之
64 4 suì age 歲餘
65 4 默然 mòrán silent / speechless 上默然
66 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 力不能任郡事
67 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 少禮
68 4 xiè to thank 以謝天下之苦
69 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜為中大夫
70 4 hóu marquis / lord 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
71 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 黯以父任
72 4 xīn heart 下不能抑天下之邪心
73 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士亦以此不附焉
74 4 nèi inside / interior 不得久留內
75 4 horse 從民貰馬
76 4 xíng to walk / to move 非苦就行
77 4 shēn deep 守城深堅
78 4 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 吏民巧弄
79 4 extra / surplus / remainder 延燒千餘家
80 4 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 見高門
81 4 interest 過大行李息
82 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷為滎陽令
83 4 shǐ beginning / start 始黯列為九卿
84 4 lái to come 中二千石來拜謁
85 4 河南 hénán Henan 臣過河南
86 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 天子方招文學儒者
87 4 a kind of pheasant 下邽翟公有言
88 4 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 孝景時為太子洗馬
89 4 to die 守節死義
90 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 伏矯制之罪
91 4 yòu right / right-hand 右內史界部中多貴人宗室
92 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 唯天子亦不說也
93 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 臣過河南
94 4 shǐ history 擇丞史而任之
95 4 jié festival / a special day 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
96 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列於九卿
97 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 上或時不冠
98 3 gōng merit 放析就功
99 3 pín poor / impoverished 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
100 3 hún muddy / turbid 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降
101 3 直諫 zhíjiàn to admonish somebody frankly / direct criticism 好直諫
102 3 to stop / to cease / to suspend 變色而罷朝
103 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守城深堅
104 3 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 欲斬長安令
105 3 yòng to use / to apply 或尊用過之
106 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
107 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 柰辱朝廷何
108 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 漢方征匈奴
109 3 gōng to attack / to assault 東越相攻
110 3 huǐ to destroy 而黯常毀儒
111 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今縱不能
112 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 不苛小
113 3 děng et cetera / and so on 湯等數奏決讞以幸
114 3 主意 zhǔyi plan / idea / decision 專阿主意
115 3 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
116 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 治務在無為而已
117 3 huái bosom / breast 招懷四夷
118 3 chǔ state of Chu 楚地尤甚
119 3 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 公卿皆為黯懼
120 3 fén a mole 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
121 3 wèi to call 謂左右曰
122 3 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 以莊見憚
123 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣或數黯
124 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱愛身
125 3 to give / to bestow favors 上常賜告者數
126 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔數彊予
127 3 shí a rock / a stone 中二千石來拜謁
128 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 中二千石來拜謁
129 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降
130 3 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
131 3 child / son 譬若奉驕子
132 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 常恐不遍
133 3 xiào to be filial 孝景時為太子洗馬
134 3 to take / to get / to fetch 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
135 3 大夫 dàifu doctor 世為卿大夫
136 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 上使黯往視之
137 3 知交 zhījiāo intimate friend 然其游知交皆其大父行
138 3 文法 wénfǎ grammar 不拘文法
139 3 five 會更五銖錢
140 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
141 3 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷主於不義乎
142 3 zuò to sit 上嘗坐武帳中
143 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 天子方招文學儒者
144 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 官事不廢
145 3 seven 至黯七世
146 3 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
147 2 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 然御史大夫張湯智足以拒諫
148 2 apprentice / disciple 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
149 2 luò to fall / to drop 如發蒙振落耳
150 2 shì a city 賈人與市者
151 2 older sister / elder sister 姊為皇后
152 2 zhàng a tent 上嘗坐武帳中
153 2 father 黯以父任
154 2 to admire 常慕傅柏
155 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 上常賜告者數
156 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不愈
157 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 其先有寵於古之衛君
158 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨斬黯
159 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 常引以為賢於己
160 2 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
161 2 zūn to honor / to respect 大將軍青既益尊
162 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘上閒
163 2 small / petty 不苛小
164 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
165 2 wàn ten thousand 漢發車二萬乘
166 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 擇丞史而任之
167 2 shí food / food and drink 或父子相食
168 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 以數切諫
169 2 jié a marking line 內行修絜
170 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 坐當死者五百餘人
171 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 使不得反其真
172 2 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 寧令從諛承意
173 2 zhì to place / to lay out 天子置公卿輔弼之臣
174 2 qīng green 大將軍青侍中
175 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲誅之以事
176 2 róng to hold / to contain 不能容人之過
177 2 soil / ground / land 楚地尤甚
178 2 to lie 臥閨閤內不出
179 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 內行修絜
180 2 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 其先鄭君嘗為項籍將
181 2 shāo to burn 延燒千餘家
182 2 東海 Dōng Hǎi East China Sea 遷為東海太守
183 2 responsibility / duty 責大指而已
184 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不足以辱天子之使
185 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 楚地之郊
186 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臣願為中郎
187 2 zhòng heavy 反不重邪
188 2 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
189 2 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 仰奉賜以給諸公
190 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 夫匈奴攻當路塞
191 2 jiǔ old 不得久居位
192 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 令黯以諸侯相秩居淮陽
193 2 刀筆 dāobǐ writing up of official or judicial documents / pettifoggery 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
194 2 chēng to call / to address 稱之
195 2 wáng Wang 淮南王謀反
196 2 qián money / currency 縣官無錢
197 2 cháng to taste 上嘗坐武帳中
198 2 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang 濮陽人也
199 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 黯為人性倨
200 2 kěn to agree / to consent / to be willing 民乃肯出馬
201 2 to salute / to bow 常揖之
202 2 zhì order 令黯以諸侯相秩居淮陽
203 2 洗馬 xǐmǎ herald to the crown prince 孝景時為太子洗馬
204 2 fèng to offer / to present 譬若奉驕子
205 2 qīng minister / high officer 世為卿大夫
206 2 anger / rage / fury
207 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 以勝為功
208 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 湯辯常在文深小苛
209 2 zhù to help / to assist 莊助為請告
210 2 jǐng sunlight 孝景時為太子洗馬
211 2 báo thin / slight / weak 君薄淮陽邪
212 2 zài in / at 治務在無為而已
213 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 上不冠不見也
214 2 奉詔 fèngzhào to receive an imperial command 然後奉詔
215 2 cháo to face 變色而罷朝
216 2 ěr ear 如發蒙振落耳
217 2 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 湯至御史大夫
218 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 其先有寵於古之衛君
219 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏矯制之罪
220 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 黯姑姊子司馬安亦少與黯為太子洗馬
221 2 zòu to present / to offer 使人可其奏
222 2 四夷 sìyí four barbarians 招懷四夷
223 2 miàn side / surface 面折
224 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 莊廉
225 2 中國 zhōngguó China 罷獘中國而以事夷狄之人乎
226 2 名籍 míngjí household register 高祖令諸故項籍臣名籍
227 2 武安 wǔān Wu'an 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
228 2 shì power / authority 有勢則賓客十倍
229 2 big / great / huge / large / major 東海大治
230 2 to criticize 不得與朝廷議也
231 2 can / may / permissible 使人可其奏
232 2 huì can / be able to 會赦免官
233 2 fèi fee / expenses 而費以巨萬百數
234 2 younger brother 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
235 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 欲斬長安令
236 2 qīn relatives 常言與胡和親
237 2 guest / visitor 夫以大將軍有揖客
238 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 非苦就行
239 2 day of the month / a certain day 每五日洗沐
240 2 列為 lièwéi to be classified as 始黯列為九卿
241 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善灌夫
242 2 shì to attend on 大將軍青侍中
243 2 內行 nèiháng expert / adept / experienced 內行修絜
244 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
245 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 人果不可以無學
246 2 zhèng upright / straight 公為正卿
247 2 黃老 Huánglǎo Huanglao / Daoism / Taoism / Taoist philosophy 黯學黃老之言
248 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延燒千餘家
249 2 大農 dànóng Office of Agricultural Supervision 遷為大農令
250 2 wài outside 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
251 2 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 其慕長者如恐不見
252 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
253 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而刀筆吏專深文巧詆
254 2 gāo high / tall 黯伉厲守高不能屈
255 2 shì a generation 至黯七世
256 2 bào newspaper 報曰
257 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 終不敢言
258 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 其推轂士及官屬丞史
259 2 to give 因予之
260 2 失火 shīhuǒ to catch fire 河內失火
261 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 湯等數奏決讞以幸
262 2 idea 寧令從諛承意
263 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足以辱天子之使
264 2 zhèn to flap 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
265 1 kuì an offering of food 然其餽遺人
266 1 明旦 míngdàn dawn 至其明旦
267 1 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子汲偃至諸侯相
268 1 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 忿發罵曰
269 1 chǒng to favor 其先有寵於古之衛君
270 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 上以為老
271 1 守節 shǒujié faithful (to the memory of betrothed) / constant (of widow who remains unmarried) 守節死義
272 1 小吏 xiǎolì a minor official 張湯為小吏
273 1 láng a minister / an official 臣願為中郎
274 1 江都 Jiāngdū Jiangdu 江都相
275 1 a river / a stream 鄭莊使視決河
276 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 無貴賤無留門者
277 1 難治 nán zhì difficult to administer 難治
278 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 孝景帝崩
279 1 popular / common 固其俗然
280 1 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 臣謹以便宜
281 1 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 年少官薄
282 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 抵息罪
283 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 不復見陛下
284 1 深心 shēnxīn determination / resolution / adhyāśaya 湯深心疾黯
285 1 yǎng to look up 仰奉賜以給諸公
286 1 側目 cèmù to raise eyebrows / to cast sidelong glances (expressing fear or indignation) / shocked / surprised 側目而視矣
287 1 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 然好學
288 1 敬禮 jìnglǐ namo / to pay respect to / to take refuge 其見敬禮如此
289 1 良民 liáng mín good people / ordinary people 發良民侍養
290 1 a human or animal body 弘大體
291 1 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 河內失火
292 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 存諸故人
293 1 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 渾邪率數萬之眾來降
294 1 上方 shàng fāng top 上方向儒術
295 1 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖令諸故項籍臣名籍
296 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
297 1 shōu to receive / to accept 不意陛下復收用之
298 1 to hide / to go into hiding 民或匿馬
299 1 qiān one thousand 延燒千餘家
300 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 士亦以此不附焉
301 1 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 上踞廁而視之
302 1 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 無以踰人
303 1 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 而公孫弘
304 1 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 而刀筆吏專深文巧詆
305 1 chí to grasp / to hold 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
306 1 to join / to combine 合己者善待之
307 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 出入禁闥
308 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 安國富民
309 1 愚民 yúmín ignorant masses / to keep the people in ignorance 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
310 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛府庫賞賜
311 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 乃知交情
312 1 táng Tang Dynasty 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
313 1 交情 jiāoqing friendship 交情乃見
314 1 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 皆以為奴婢以賜從軍死事者家
315 1 rate / frequency 渾邪率數萬之眾來降
316 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 汲鄭列傳
317 1 wèi position / location / place 且已在其位
318 1 shēn human body / torso 縱愛身
319 1 任人 rènrén to appoint (sb to a post) 莊任人賓客為大農僦人
320 1 zhān verbose / talkative 貶秩為詹事
321 1 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
322 1 如故 rúgù like an old friend 黯居郡如故治
323 1 滿 mǎn full 病且滿三月
324 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 上退
325 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇丞史而任之
326 1 four 官四至九卿
327 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辯數之辭
328 1 kàng high / proud 然黯與亢禮
329 1 Xu 漢徐以縣次傳之
330 1 gài a lid / top / cover 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
331 1 jiè to warn / to admonish 誡門下
332 1 wǎn evening / night 及晚節
333 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 長安令無罪
334 1 論議 lùnyì a kind of problem / a question and answer discussion / an argument 黯時與湯論議
335 1 拜謁 bàiyè to pay a formal visit / to call to pay respects / to pay homage 中二千石來拜謁
336 1 mǎi to buy / to purchase 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
337 1 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 上不能褒先帝之功業
338 1 赦免 shèmiǎn to pardon / to absolve / to exempt from punishment 會赦免官
339 1 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 黯伏謝不受印
340 1 zéi thief 外挾賊吏以為威重
341 1 產業 chǎnyè an estate / a property 又不治其產業
342 1 唯恐 wéikǒng for fear that / lest 唯恐後
343 1 囹圄 língyù prison 使囹圄空虛
344 1 martial / military 上嘗坐武帳中
345 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 臣自以為填溝壑
346 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 千里不齎糧
347 1 居官 jūguān to secure a position / to take an official appointment 使黯任職居官
348 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不能無少望
349 1 忿 fèn get angry 忿發罵曰
350 1 huī a signal flag 麾之不去
351 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 或父子相食
352 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 不足憂也
353 1 賈人 jiǎrén a merchant 賈人與市者
354 1 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶秩為詹事
355 1 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 孝景帝崩
356 1 fēng to seal / to close off 封為侯
357 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 請徙黯為右內史
358 1 dào to rob / to steal 民多盜鑄錢
359 1 常有 cháng yǒu frequently occurring 臣常有狗馬病
360 1 威重 wēizhòng august / majestic 外挾賊吏以為威重
361 1 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 濟南太守
362 1 常在 chángzài to be long lasting 湯辯常在文深小苛
363 1 leaf / foliage / petal 庇其葉而傷其枝
364 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 且匈奴畔其主而降漢
365 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 死傷者不可勝計
366 1 natural salt 所鹵獲
367 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 公與之俱受其僇矣
368 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 使不得反其真
369 1 游俠 yóuxiá knight-errant 游俠
370 1 liú Liu 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
371 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
372 1 萬餘 wàn yú more than ten thousand 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
373 1 常言 chángyán a common saying 常言與胡和親
374 1 guī Gui 下邽翟公有言
375 1 yóu to swim 然其游知交皆其大父行
376 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 公卿皆為黯懼
377 1 辭行 cíxíng to say goodbye / leave-taking / farewells 黯既辭行
378 1 騷動 sāodòng disturbance / uproar 何至令天下騷動
379 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 後數月
380 1 to leave behind 然其餽遺人
381 1 死傷者 sǐshāngzhě casualty (of an accident) / dead and wounded 死傷者不可勝計
382 1 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 多逋負
383 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 臣謹以便宜
384 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 詔召見黯
385 1 to press down 下不能抑天下之邪心
386 1 前奏 qiánzòu prelude / presage 黯前奏事
387 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 於是黯隱於田園
388 1 聞人 wénrén famous person 聞人之善言
389 1 guī to go back / to return 臣請歸節
390 1 任職 rènzhí to hold an office or post 使黯任職居官
391 1 來者 láizhě future things 后來者居上
392 1 夷狄 yídí foreign countries 罷獘中國而以事夷狄之人乎
393 1 興兵 xīngbīng to send troops 中國興兵誅之
394 1 留門 liúmén to leave the door unlocked for somebody 無貴賤無留門者
395 1 zhū one twenty-fourth of a Chinese ounce 會更五銖錢
396 1 之上 zhīshàng above 進之上
397 1 十倍 shíbèi tenfold / ten times 有勢則賓客十倍
398 1 yān Yan 丞相弘燕見
399 1 zhì matter / material / substance 黯數質責湯於上前
400 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 馬不具
401 1 奴婢 núbì slave servant 皆以為奴婢以賜從軍死事者家
402 1 邊關 biānguān border station / strategic defensive position on frontier 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
403 1 拾遺 shíyí to pocket a lost article / (fig.) to correct others' errors / to remedy omissions (in a text etc) 補過拾遺
404 1 zǎo early 不早言之
405 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 況眾人乎
406 1 bǎi one hundred 而費以巨萬百數
407 1 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 官其弟汲仁至九卿
408 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 今又復妄發矣
409 1 補過 bǔguò to make up for an earlier mistake / to make amends 補過拾遺
410 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
411 1 bān mottled / striped / freckle 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
412 1 文學 wénxué literature 天子方招文學儒者
413 1 定律 dìnglǜ an established law 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
414 1 輔弼 fǔbì to assist a ruler in governing a country 天子置公卿輔弼之臣
415 1 不義 bùyì unjust 陷主於不義乎
416 1 發車 fāchē departure (of a coach or train) / to dispatch a vehicle 漢發車二萬乘
417 1 shuǐ water 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
418 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 請治行者何也
419 1 chù to touch / to feel 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
420 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀黯之言也日益甚
421 1 a child 汲黯字長孺
422 1 honor / reputation 因而譽之
423 1 居位 jūwèi to occupy a high position (in administration) 不得久居位
424 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 謂左右曰
425 1 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a host 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降
426 1 kàng to compare / to match 黯伉厲守高不能屈
427 1 重足而立 zhòng zú érlì rooted to the spot / too terrified to move 令天下重足而立
428 1 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 數請問國家朝廷所疑
429 1 胡人 húrén foreigner 臣愚以為陛下得胡人
430 1 Wu 至吳而還
431 1 尊公 zūngōng (honorific) your father 尊公孫弘
432 1 顏色 yánsè color 數犯主之顏色
433 1 xiān first 上不能褒先帝之功業
434 1 kuì to lack 財用益匱
435 1 鑄錢 zhù qián to coin money 民多盜鑄錢
436 1 shì an official 然衛人仕者皆嚴憚汲黯
437 1 liáng provisions 千里不齎糧
438 1 任俠 rènxiá chivalrous / helping the weak for the sake of justice 鄭莊以任俠自喜
439 1 to visit 黯為謁者
440 1 qīng clear / pure / clean 淮陽政清
441 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 雖自謂賁育亦不能奪之矣
442 1 dialect / language / speech 務巧佞之語
443 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 數請問國家朝廷所疑
444 1 縣官 xiànguān county supervisor 縣官無錢
445 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 遇黯過於平生
446 1 jiù to hire / to rent 莊任人賓客為大農僦人
447 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難惑以非
448 1 xīn fuel / firewood 陛下用群臣如積薪耳
449 1 kūn elder brother 昆弟以安故
450 1 jiāo haughty 譬若奉驕子
451 1 chuán to transmit 漢徐以縣次傳之
452 1 功業 gōngyè achievement 上不能褒先帝之功業
453 1 luó Luo 門外可設雀羅
454 1 gǒu dog 臣常有狗馬病
455 1 to look after / to attend to 顧淮陽吏民不相得
456 1 Shandong 莊稍遷為魯中尉
457 1 貴人 guìrén nobility / person of high rank 右內史界部中多貴人宗室
458 1 富民 fùmín to enrich the people 安國富民
459 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠有味其言之也
460 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 死傷者不可勝計
461 1 thing / matter 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
462 1 zhú to chase / to expel 而逐鄭君
463 1 使不得 shǐ bù dé cannot be used / must not 使不得反其真
464 1 fàn to commit crime / to violate 數犯主之顏色
465 1 guàn to pour in 善灌夫
466 1 to help / to assist 然至其輔少主
467 1 上前 shàngqián to advance / to step forward 黯數質責湯於上前
468 1 a tutor / a teacher 常慕傅柏
469 1 xué to study / to learn 黯學黃老之言
470 1 平生 píngshēng throughout one's life 遇黯過於平生
471 1 字長 zìcháng word length 汲黯字長孺
472 1 beard / mustache 常言與胡和親
473 1 a hub 其推轂士及官屬丞史
474 1 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 難惑以非
475 1 disease / sickness / ailment 湯深心疾黯
476 1 空虛 kōngxū śūnyatā / emptiness / emptiness of inherent existence 使囹圄空虛
477 1 zhuàng stupid / simple / simple-minded 汲黯之戇也
478 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 古有社稷之臣
479 1 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
480 1 shǔ to sign 翟公乃人署其門曰
481 1 shì to borrow / to buy on credit / to rent out 從民貰馬
482 1 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 治務在無為而已
483 1 重臣 zhòngchén important minister / major figure in government 非素重臣不能任
484 1 云云 yúnyún and so on / so and so / many and confused 上曰吾欲云云
485 1 yàn to decide / to judge 湯等數奏決讞以幸
486 1 信任 xìnrèn to trust / to have confidence in 信任宏
487 1 武帝 Wǔ Dì Emperor Wu of Han 武帝立
488 1 hàn dry 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
489 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 遷為滎陽令
490 1 jìn nearby 近之矣
491 1 門外 ménwài outside the door 門外可設雀羅
492 1 to sob 黯為上泣曰
493 1 to defend / to resist 內懷詐以御主心
494 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 又以微文殺無知者五百餘人
495 1 xìn to believe / to trust 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
496 1 road / path / way 夫匈奴攻當路塞
497 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 伏矯制之罪
498 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 黯恥為令
499 1 a room 屋比延燒
500 1 財用 cáiyòng wealth / money / funds 財用益匱

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 65 àn black 汲黯字長孺
2 60 zhī him / her / them / that 其先有寵於古之衛君
3 41 wèi for / to 世為卿大夫
4 35 shàng top / a high position 上使黯往視之
5 34 so as to / in order to 黯以父任
6 26 yuē to speak / to say 報曰
7 23 not / no 不至
8 23 his / hers / its / theirs 固其俗然
9 20 rén person / people / a human being 濮陽人也
10 20 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 至吳而還
11 20 zhì to / until 至黯七世
12 18 zhuāng a village 以莊見憚
13 16 also / too 濮陽人也
14 15 zhèng Zheng 汲鄭列傳
15 15 tāng soup 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
16 14 shǔ to count 以數切諫
17 14 yán to speak / to say / said 黯學黃老之言
18 13 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 黯為謁者
19 12 rán correct / right / certainly 固其俗然
20 12 chén minister / statesman / official 臣過河南
21 11 hóng liberal / great 丞相弘燕見
22 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 遷為滎陽令
23 11 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能容人之過
24 11 to draw water 汲鄭列傳
25 11 and 黯時與湯論議
26 10 天下 tiānxià China 下不能抑天下之邪心
27 10 shì matter / thing / item 黯前奏事
28 10 jiàn to see 以莊見憚
29 9 desire 上曰吾欲云云
30 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 召以為主爵都尉
31 9 shí time / a period of time 孝景時為太子洗馬
32 9 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃召拜為中大夫
33 9 no 無以踰人
34 9 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治官理民
35 9 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其先有寵於古之衛君
36 8 九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers 列於九卿
37 8 to reach 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
38 8 zhōng middle 乃召拜為中大夫
39 8 final particle 甚矣
40 8 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常慕傅柏
41 8 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 黯多病
42 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 治官理民
43 7 increase / benefit 及事益多
44 7 a government official / a magistrate 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
45 7 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公為正卿
46 7 residence / dwelling 后來者居上
47 7 also / too 士亦以此不附焉
48 7 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 漢方征匈奴
49 7 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
50 7 in / at 其先有寵於古之衛君
51 7 guān an office 治官理民
52 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 臣請歸節
53 7 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang 上以為淮陽
54 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 上使黯往視之
55 6 wén to hear 上聞
56 6 hàn Han Chinese 漢方征匈奴
57 6 xià next 下不能抑天下之邪心
58 6 fēi not / non- / un- 非苦就行
59 6 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
60 6 hair 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
61 6 zhǔ owner 召以為主爵都尉
62 6 one 二者無一焉
63 6 yǒu is / are / to exist 其先有寵於古之衛君
64 6 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 大將軍青侍中
65 6 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 病歸田里
66 6 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 請謝賓客
67 6 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 東越相攻
68 6 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 不足以辱天子之使
69 6 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 下不能抑天下之邪心
70 6 such as / for example / for instance 至如黯
71 6 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 遷為東海太守
72 6 huò or / either / else 或父子相食
73 5 shì to look at / to see 上使黯往視之
74 5 xián liesure 乘上閒
75 5 hǎo good 好清靜
76 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故黯時丞相史皆與黯同列
77 5 what / where / which 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
78 5 I 上曰吾欲云云
79 5 naturally / of course / certainly 雖自謂賁育亦不能奪之矣
80 5 to die 七歲而卒
81 5 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
82 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 上愈益貴弘
83 5 expresses question or doubt 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
84 5 hòu after / later 後數月
85 5 shǎo few 少禮
86 5 a man / a male adult 善灌夫
87 5 wén writing / text 湯辯常在文深小苛
88 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 黯姑姊子司馬安亦少與黯為太子洗馬
89 5 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 公卿皆為黯懼
90 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 乃召拜為中大夫
91 5 jiā house / home / residence 延燒千餘家
92 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 右內史界部中多貴人宗室
93 4 xián virtuous / worthy 上賢而釋之
94 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 數請問國家朝廷所疑
95 4 suì age 歲餘
96 4 默然 mòrán silent / speechless 上默然
97 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 力不能任郡事
98 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 少禮
99 4 xiè to thank 以謝天下之苦
100 4 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時
101 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜為中大夫
102 4 hóu marquis / lord 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
103 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 黯以父任
104 4 xīn heart 下不能抑天下之邪心
105 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士亦以此不附焉
106 4 de potential marker 臣愚以為陛下得胡人
107 4 nèi inside / interior 不得久留內
108 4 horse 從民貰馬
109 4 xíng to walk / to move 非苦就行
110 4 shēn deep 守城深堅
111 4 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 吏民巧弄
112 4 extra / surplus / remainder 延燒千餘家
113 4 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 見高門
114 4 interest 過大行李息
115 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷為滎陽令
116 4 shǐ beginning / start 始黯列為九卿
117 4 yòu again / also 黯又非毀弘
118 4 lái to come 中二千石來拜謁
119 4 以此 yǐcǐ hence 士亦以此不附焉
120 4 河南 hénán Henan 臣過河南
121 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 天子方招文學儒者
122 4 a kind of pheasant 下邽翟公有言
123 4 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 孝景時為太子洗馬
124 4 to die 守節死義
125 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 伏矯制之罪
126 4 yòu right / right-hand 右內史界部中多貴人宗室
127 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 唯天子亦不說也
128 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 臣過河南
129 4 shǐ history 擇丞史而任之
130 4 jié festival / a special day 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
131 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列於九卿
132 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 上或時不冠
133 3 gōng merit 放析就功
134 3 yān where / how 士亦以此不附焉
135 3 pín poor / impoverished 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
136 3 hún muddy / turbid 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降
137 3 直諫 zhíjiàn to admonish somebody frankly / direct criticism 好直諫
138 3 to stop / to cease / to suspend 變色而罷朝
139 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守城深堅
140 3 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 欲斬長安令
141 3 yòng to use / to apply 或尊用過之
142 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
143 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 柰辱朝廷何
144 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 漢方征匈奴
145 3 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 然黯見蚡未嘗拜
146 3 shì is / are / am / to be 當是時
147 3 gōng to attack / to assault 東越相攻
148 3 huǐ to destroy 而黯常毀儒
149 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今縱不能
150 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 不苛小
151 3 děng et cetera / and so on 湯等數奏決讞以幸
152 3 主意 zhǔyi plan / idea / decision 專阿主意
153 3 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
154 3 qiě moreover / also 且已在其位
155 3 affairs / business / matter / activity 治務在無為而已
156 3 already / afterwards 且已在其位
157 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得久留內
158 3 huái bosom / breast 招懷四夷
159 3 chǔ state of Chu 楚地尤甚
160 3 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 公卿皆為黯懼
161 3 fén a mole 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
162 3 wèi to call 謂左右曰
163 3 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 以莊見憚
164 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣或數黯
165 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱愛身
166 3 to give / to bestow favors 上常賜告者數
167 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔數彊予
168 3 shí a rock / a stone 中二千石來拜謁
169 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 中二千石來拜謁
170 3 and 常言與胡和親
171 3 already / since 大將軍青既益尊
172 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降
173 3 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
174 3 zhū all / many / various 高祖令諸故項籍臣名籍
175 3 child / son 譬若奉驕子
176 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 常恐不遍
177 3 xiào to be filial 孝景時為太子洗馬
178 3 to take / to get / to fetch 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
179 3 self 合己者善待之
180 3 大夫 dàifu doctor 世為卿大夫
181 3 shén what 甚矣
182 3 gèng more / even more 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
183 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 上使黯往視之
184 3 知交 zhījiāo intimate friend 然其游知交皆其大父行
185 3 again / more / repeatedly 今又復妄發矣
186 3 文法 wénfǎ grammar 不拘文法
187 3 five 會更五銖錢
188 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
189 3 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷主於不義乎
190 3 zuò to sit 上嘗坐武帳中
191 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 天子方招文學儒者
192 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 官事不廢
193 3 seven 至黯七世
194 3 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
195 2 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 然御史大夫張湯智足以拒諫
196 2 apprentice / disciple 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
197 2 因而 yīnér therefore / as a result / thus 因而毀之
198 2 luò to fall / to drop 如發蒙振落耳
199 2 shì a city 賈人與市者
200 2 more and more / even more 終不愈
201 2 cóng from 寧令從諛承意
202 2 其先 qíxiān previously 其先有寵於古之衛君
203 2 older sister / elder sister 姊為皇后
204 2 jiù right away 非苦就行
205 2 zhàng a tent 上嘗坐武帳中
206 2 otherwise / but / however 有勢則賓客十倍
207 2 father 黯以父任
208 2 to admire 常慕傅柏
209 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 上常賜告者數
210 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終不愈
211 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 其先有寵於古之衛君
212 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨斬黯
213 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 常引以為賢於己
214 2 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
215 2 yuè more 東越相攻
216 2 zūn to honor / to respect 大將軍青既益尊
217 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘上閒
218 2 small / petty 不苛小
219 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
220 2 wàn ten thousand 漢發車二萬乘
221 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 擇丞史而任之
222 2 fǒu to negate / to deny 不敢甚引當否
223 2 shí food / food and drink 或父子相食
224 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 以數切諫
225 2 jié a marking line 內行修絜
226 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 坐當死者五百餘人
227 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 使不得反其真
228 2 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 寧令從諛承意
229 2 zhì to place / to lay out 天子置公卿輔弼之臣
230 2 qīng green 大將軍青侍中
231 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 欲誅之以事
232 2 shāo a little / slightly 湯稍益貴
233 2 róng to hold / to contain 不能容人之過
234 2 soil / ground / land 楚地尤甚
235 2 to lie 臥閨閤內不出
236 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 內行修絜
237 2 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji 其先鄭君嘗為項籍將
238 2 shāo to burn 延燒千餘家
239 2 東海 Dōng Hǎi East China Sea 遷為東海太守
240 2 responsibility / duty 責大指而已
241 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不足以辱天子之使
242 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 楚地之郊
243 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臣願為中郎
244 2 zhòng heavy 反不重邪
245 2 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
246 2 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 仰奉賜以給諸公
247 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 夫匈奴攻當路塞
248 2 jiǔ old 不得久居位
249 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 令黯以諸侯相秩居淮陽
250 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 譬若奉驕子
251 2 刀筆 dāobǐ writing up of official or judicial documents / pettifoggery 天下謂刀筆吏不可以為公卿
252 2 chēng to call / to address 稱之
253 2 wáng Wang 淮南王謀反
254 2 qián money / currency 縣官無錢
255 2 cháng to taste 上嘗坐武帳中
256 2 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang 濮陽人也
257 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 黯為人性倨
258 2 kěn to agree / to consent / to be willing 民乃肯出馬
259 2 to salute / to bow 常揖之
260 2 zhì order 令黯以諸侯相秩居淮陽
261 2 洗馬 xǐmǎ herald to the crown prince 孝景時為太子洗馬
262 2 fèng to offer / to present 譬若奉驕子
263 2 qīng minister / high officer 世為卿大夫
264 2 anger / rage / fury
265 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 以勝為功
266 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 湯辯常在文深小苛
267 2 zhù to help / to assist 莊助為請告
268 2 jǐng sunlight 孝景時為太子洗馬
269 2 báo thin / slight / weak 君薄淮陽邪
270 2 zài in / at 治務在無為而已
271 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 上不冠不見也
272 2 奉詔 fèngzhào to receive an imperial command 然後奉詔
273 2 cháo to face 變色而罷朝
274 2 ěr ear 如發蒙振落耳
275 2 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 湯至御史大夫
276 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 其先有寵於古之衛君
277 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏矯制之罪
278 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 黯姑姊子司馬安亦少與黯為太子洗馬
279 2 zòu to present / to offer 使人可其奏
280 2 四夷 sìyí four barbarians 招懷四夷
281 2 miàn side / surface 面折
282 2 lián upright / honorable / honest 莊廉
283 2 中國 zhōngguó China 罷獘中國而以事夷狄之人乎
284 2 名籍 míngjí household register 高祖令諸故項籍臣名籍
285 2 武安 wǔān Wu'an 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
286 2 shì power / authority 有勢則賓客十倍
287 2 big / great / huge / large / major 東海大治
288 2 to criticize 不得與朝廷議也
289 2 can / may / permissible 使人可其奏
290 2 měi each / every 每五日洗沐
291 2 huì can / be able to 會赦免官
292 2 fèi fee / expenses 而費以巨萬百數
293 2 younger brother 太后弟武安侯蚡為丞相
294 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 欲斬長安令
295 2 qīn relatives 常言與胡和親
296 2 guest / visitor 夫以大將軍有揖客
297 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 非苦就行
298 2 day of the month / a certain day 每五日洗沐
299 2 列為 lièwéi to be classified as 始黯列為九卿
300 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善灌夫
301 2 shì to attend on 大將軍青侍中
302 2 內行 nèiháng expert / adept / experienced 內行修絜
303 2 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
304 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 人果不可以無學
305 2 zhèng upright / straight 公為正卿
306 2 黃老 Huánglǎo Huanglao / Daoism / Taoism / Taoist philosophy 黯學黃老之言
307 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延燒千餘家
308 2 大農 dànóng Office of Agricultural Supervision 遷為大農令
309 2 wài outside 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
310 2 ā prefix to names of people 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
311 2 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 其慕長者如恐不見
312 2 hái also / in addition / more 至吳而還
313 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
314 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 而刀筆吏專深文巧詆
315 2 gāo high / tall 黯伉厲守高不能屈
316 2 shì a generation 至黯七世
317 2 bào newspaper 報曰
318 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 終不敢言
319 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 其推轂士及官屬丞史
320 2 to give 因予之
321 2 失火 shīhuǒ to catch fire 河內失火
322 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 湯等數奏決讞以幸
323 2 idea 寧令從諛承意
324 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足以辱天子之使
325 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 責大指而已
326 2 zhèn to flap 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
327 1 kuì an offering of food 然其餽遺人
328 1 明旦 míngdàn dawn 至其明旦
329 1 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子汲偃至諸侯相
330 1 chū to go out / to leave 出其下
331 1 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 忿發罵曰
332 1 chǒng to favor 其先有寵於古之衛君
333 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 上以為老
334 1 守節 shǒujié faithful (to the memory of betrothed) / constant (of widow who remains unmarried) 守節死義
335 1 小吏 xiǎolì a minor official 張湯為小吏
336 1 láng a minister / an official 臣願為中郎
337 1 江都 Jiāngdū Jiangdu 江都相
338 1 a river / a stream 鄭莊使視決河
339 1 頃之 qǐngzhī in a moment / shortly after 頃之
340 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 無貴賤無留門者
341 1 難治 nán zhì difficult to administer 難治
342 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 孝景帝崩
343 1 popular / common 固其俗然
344 1 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 臣謹以便宜
345 1 年少 niánshǎo young / childish / naive 年少官薄
346 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 抵息罪
347 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 不復見陛下
348 1 不過 bùguò but / however 不過算器食
349 1 深心 shēnxīn determination / resolution / adhyāśaya 湯深心疾黯
350 1 yǎng to look up 仰奉賜以給諸公
351 1 bié do not / must not 上分別文法
352 1 側目 cèmù to raise eyebrows / to cast sidelong glances (expressing fear or indignation) / shocked / surprised 側目而視矣
353 1 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 然好學
354 1 愈益 yùyì increasingly / more and more 上愈益貴弘
355 1 敬禮 jìnglǐ namo / to pay respect to / to take refuge 其見敬禮如此
356 1 良民 liáng mín good people / ordinary people 發良民侍養
357 1 a human or animal body 弘大體
358 1 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 河內失火
359 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 存諸故人
360 1 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 渾邪率數萬之眾來降
361 1 上方 shàng fāng top 上方向儒術
362 1 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖令諸故項籍臣名籍
363 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
364 1 shōu to receive / to accept 不意陛下復收用之
365 1 to hide / to go into hiding 民或匿馬
366 1 qiān one thousand 延燒千餘家
367 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 士亦以此不附焉
368 1 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 上踞廁而視之
369 1 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 無以踰人
370 1 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 而公孫弘
371 1 to slander / to comdemn / to reproach 而刀筆吏專深文巧詆
372 1 chí to grasp / to hold 持節發河南倉粟以振貧民
373 1 to join / to combine 合己者善待之
374 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 出入禁闥
375 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 安國富民
376 1 a time 漢徐以縣次傳之
377 1 愚民 yúmín ignorant masses / to keep the people in ignorance 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
378 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛府庫賞賜
379 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 乃知交情
380 1 táng Tang Dynasty 柰何欲效唐虞之治乎
381 1 交情 jiāoqing friendship 交情乃見
382 1 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 皆以為奴婢以賜從軍死事者家
383 1 rate / frequency 渾邪率數萬之眾來降
384 1 尤甚 yóushén even more 楚地尤甚
385 1 duàn paragraph / section / segment 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
386 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 汲鄭列傳
387 1 wèi position / location / place 且已在其位
388 1 shēn human body / torso 縱愛身
389 1 任人 rènrén to appoint (sb to a post) 莊任人賓客為大農僦人
390 1 zhān verbose / talkative 貶秩為詹事
391 1 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
392 1 如故 rúgù like an old friend 黯居郡如故治
393 1 滿 mǎn full 病且滿三月
394 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 上退
395 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 擇丞史而任之
396 1 four 官四至九卿
397 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辯數之辭
398 1 kàng high / proud 然黯與亢禮
399 1 Xu 漢徐以縣次傳之
400 1 gài a lid / top / cover 濮陽段宏始事蓋侯信
401 1 jiè to warn / to admonish 誡門下
402 1 wǎn evening / night 及晚節
403 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 長安令無罪
404 1 論議 lùnyì a kind of problem / a question and answer discussion / an argument 黯時與湯論議
405 1 拜謁 bàiyè to pay a formal visit / to call to pay respects / to pay homage 中二千石來拜謁
406 1 mǎi to buy / to purchase 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
407 1 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 上不能褒先帝之功業
408 1 wěi yes 唯天子亦不說也
409 1 赦免 shèmiǎn to pardon / to absolve / to exempt from punishment 會赦免官
410 1 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 黯伏謝不受印
411 1 zéi thief 外挾賊吏以為威重
412 1 產業 chǎnyè an estate / a property 又不治其產業
413 1 唯恐 wéikǒng for fear that / lest 唯恐後
414 1 囹圄 língyù prison 使囹圄空虛
415 1 martial / military 上嘗坐武帳中
416 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 臣自以為填溝壑
417 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 千里不齎糧
418 1 居官 jūguān to secure a position / to take an official appointment 使黯任職居官
419 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不能無少望
420 1 忿 fèn get angry 忿發罵曰
421 1 huī a signal flag 麾之不去
422 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 或父子相食
423 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 不足憂也
424 1 賈人 jiǎrén a merchant 賈人與市者
425 1 biǎn to diminish / to reduce 貶秩為詹事
426 1 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han 孝景帝崩
427 1 fēng to seal / to close off 封為侯
428 1 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 請徙黯為右內史
429 1 dào to rob / to steal 民多盜鑄錢
430 1 常有 cháng yǒu frequently occurring 臣常有狗馬病
431 1 威重 wēizhòng august / majestic 外挾賊吏以為威重
432 1 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 濟南太守
433 1 常在 chángzài to be long lasting 湯辯常在文深小苛
434 1 leaf / foliage / petal 庇其葉而傷其枝
435 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 且匈奴畔其主而降漢
436 1 to calculate / to compute / to count 死傷者不可勝計
437 1 natural salt 所鹵獲
438 1 to humiliate / to treat with contempt 公與之俱受其僇矣
439 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 使不得反其真
440 1 游俠 yóuxiá knight-errant 游俠
441 1 liú Liu 鄭當時及宗正劉棄
442 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 陛下內多欲而外施仁義
443 1 萬餘 wàn yú more than ten thousand 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
444 1 常言 chángyán a common saying 常言與胡和親
445 1 guī Gui 下邽翟公有言
446 1 yóu to swim 然其游知交皆其大父行
447 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 公卿皆為黯懼
448 1 辭行 cíxíng to say goodbye / leave-taking / farewells 黯既辭行
449 1 騷動 sāodòng disturbance / uproar 何至令天下騷動
450 1 數月 shǔyuè several months 後數月
451 1 to leave behind 然其餽遺人
452 1 不用 búyòng need not 黯之言益不用
453 1 死傷者 sǐshāngzhě casualty (of an accident) / dead and wounded 死傷者不可勝計
454 1 to flee / to run away / to leave a debt unsettled 多逋負
455 1 proper / suitable / appropriate 臣謹以便宜
456 1 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 詔召見黯
457 1 to press down 下不能抑天下之邪心
458 1 何如 hérú what / how 汲黯何如人哉
459 1 前奏 qiánzòu prelude / presage 黯前奏事
460 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 於是黯隱於田園
461 1 聞人 wénrén famous person 聞人之善言
462 1 guī to go back / to return 臣請歸節
463 1 任職 rènzhí to hold an office or post 使黯任職居官
464 1 來者 láizhě future things 后來者居上
465 1 夷狄 yídí foreign countries 罷獘中國而以事夷狄之人乎
466 1 興兵 xīngbīng to send troops 中國興兵誅之
467 1 留門 liúmén to leave the door unlocked for somebody 無貴賤無留門者
468 1 zhū one twenty-fourth of a Chinese ounce 會更五銖錢
469 1 之上 zhīshàng above 進之上
470 1 十倍 shíbèi tenfold / ten times 有勢則賓客十倍
471 1 yān Yan 丞相弘燕見
472 1 zhì matter / material / substance 黯數質責湯於上前
473 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 馬不具
474 1 奴婢 núbì slave servant 皆以為奴婢以賜從軍死事者家
475 1 邊關 biānguān border station / strategic defensive position on frontier 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
476 1 拾遺 shíyí to pocket a lost article / (fig.) to correct others' errors / to remedy omissions (in a text etc) 補過拾遺
477 1 zǎo early 不早言之
478 1 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 況眾人乎
479 1 bǎi one hundred 而費以巨萬百數
480 1 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 官其弟汲仁至九卿
481 1 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 今又復妄發矣
482 1 xiàng towards / to 上方向儒術
483 1 補過 bǔguò to make up for an earlier mistake / to make amends 補過拾遺
484 1 yīn because 因予之
485 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 愚民安知市買長安中物而文吏繩以為闌出財物于邊關乎
486 1 bān mottled / striped / freckle 何乃取斑皇帝約束紛更之為
487 1 文學 wénxué literature 天子方招文學儒者
488 1 定律 dìnglǜ an established law 張湯方以更定律令為廷尉
489 1 輔弼 fǔbì to assist a ruler in governing a country 天子置公卿輔弼之臣
490 1 不義 bùyì unjust 陷主於不義乎
491 1 發車 fāchē departure (of a coach or train) / to dispatch a vehicle 漢發車二萬乘
492 1 shuǐ water 河南貧人傷水旱萬餘家
493 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 請治行者何也
494 1 chù to touch / to feel 面觸弘等徒懷詐飾智以阿人主取容
495 1 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 觀黯之言也日益甚
496 1 a child 汲黯字長孺
497 1 honor / reputation 因而譽之
498 1 居位 jūwèi to occupy a high position (in administration) 不得久居位
499 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 謂左右曰
500 1 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a host 匈奴渾邪王率眾來降

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
bǎi
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
大农 大農 dànóng Office of Agricultural Supervision
东海 東海 Dōng Hǎi
  1. East China Sea
  2. Donghae
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
guī Gui
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
淮阳 淮陽 Huáiyáng Huaiyang
黄老 黃老 Huánglǎo Huanglao / Daoism / Taoism / Taoist philosophy
江都 Jiāngdū Jiangdu
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
汉景 景帝 Jǐng Dì Emperor Jing of Han
九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
濮阳 濮陽 Púyáng Puyang
汝南 rǔnán Runan
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
声闻 聲聞 shēngwén Sravaka Realm / Sravaka / Śrāvaka / a distinguished disciple of the Buddha
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武帝 Wǔ Dì
  1. Emperor Wu of Han
  2. Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Wu of Song
武安 wǔān Wu'an
项籍 項籍 xiàngjí Xiang Ji
孝文 Xiàowén Emperor Xiaowen of Wei
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
于田 於田 yútián Yutian
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English