Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Songs 《詩經》, 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧采薇 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Cai Wei

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 13 wēi Osmunda regalis, a species of fern 采薇
2 10 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 采薇
3 8 guī to go back / to return 杕杜以勤歸也
4 6 yuē to speak / to say 曰歸曰歸
5 6 zhǐ to stop / to halt 薇亦作止
6 4 four 四牡業業
7 4 extravagant / go with fashion 靡室靡家
8 4 Yǔn Yun people 北有玁狁之難
9 4 male 四牡業業
10 4 xiǎn a dog with a long snout or muzzle 北有玁狁之難
11 4 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載飢載渴
12 2 mìng life 以天子之命
13 2 to use as servant / to force to do labor 遣戍役也
14 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 六章
15 2 hungry 載飢載渴
16 2 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 憂心孔疚
17 2 遣戍 qiǎnshù to banish 遣戍役也
18 2 xīn heart 心亦憂止
19 2 kuí lively 四牡騤騤
20 2 business / industry 四牡業業
21 2 lái to come 我行不來
22 2 suì age 歲亦莫止
23 2 huáng leisure 不遑啟居
24 2 thirst 載飢載渴
25 2 fēi falling of snow and rain 雨雪霏霏
26 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 戎車既駕
27 2 to open 不遑啟居
28 2 wéi to preserve / to maintain 彼爾維何
29 2 chē a vehicle 出車以勞還
30 2 liè ardent / intense 憂心烈烈
31 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子之車
32 2 nián year
33 2 憂心 yōuxīn concerned / worried / disturbed / anxious 憂心烈烈
34 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 不遑啟處
35 1 wáng Wang 王事靡盬
36 1 遲遲 chíchí late (with a task etc) / slow 行道遲遲
37 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 莫知我哀
38 1 pìn to engage / to hire 靡使歸聘
39 1 ancient barbarian tribes 西有昆夷之患
40 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 以天子之命
41 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 心亦憂止
42 1 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi 毛詩序
43 1 行道 xíng dào to practice the Way 行道遲遲
44 1 féi calf of leg 小人所腓
45 1 běi north 北有玁狁之難
46 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 北有玁狁之難
47 1 yáng sun 歲亦陽止
48 1 to stop / to prevent 杕杜以勤歸也
49 1 to think / consider / to ponder 今我來思
50 1 xuě snow 雨雪霏霏
51 1 song / lyrics 故歌采薇以遣之
52 1 西 The West 西有昆夷之患
53 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 故歌采薇以遣之
54 1 亦作 yì zuò also written as 薇亦作止
55 1 clothes / dress / garment 象弭魚服
56 1 jiù chronic disease / guilt / remorse 憂心孔疚
57 1 road / path / way 彼路斯何
58 1 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 文王之時
59 1 qín diligent 杕杜以勤歸也
60 1 shù a garrison 我戍未定
61 1 preface / introduction 毛詩序
62 1 zhī to know 莫知我哀
63 1 sentence 章八句
64 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep ssafe 以守衞中國
65 1 傷悲 shāngbēi sad / sorrowful 我心傷悲
66 1 jié quick / nimble / prompt 一月三捷
67 1 定居 dìngjū to settle / to fix a place to live 豈敢定居
68 1 一月 yīyuè January / the First Month 一月三捷
69 1 fish 象弭魚服
70 1 sān three 一月三捷
71 1 jiā house / home / residence 靡室靡家
72 1 xíng to walk / to move 我行不來
73 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人所腓
74 1 day of the month / a certain day 豈不日戒
75 1 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 我戍未定
76 1 huá Chinese 維常之華
77 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 昔我往矣
78 1 yuè month
79 1 thorns 玁狁孔棘
80 1 liù six 六章
81 1 kūn elder brother 西有昆夷之患
82 1 to stop / to repress 象弭魚服
83 1 eight 章八句
84 1 shì matter / thing / item 王事靡盬
85 1 shì room / bedroom 靡室靡家
86 1 楊柳 yángliǔ willow 楊柳依依
87 1 rain 雨雪霏霏
88 1 rate / frequency 命將率
89 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 靡使歸聘
90 1 alone 杕杜以勤歸也
91 1 láo to toil 出車以勞還
92 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今我來思
93 1 jiè to quit 豈不日戒
94 1 xiàng figure / image / appearance 象弭魚服
95 1 residence / dwelling 不遑啟居
96 1 shí time / a period of time 文王之時
97 1 róu soft 薇亦柔止
98 1 a covered pot 王事靡盬
99 1 戎車 róngchē military vehicle 戎車既駕
100 1 gǎn bold / brave 豈敢定居
101 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 以守衞中國
102 1 past / former times 昔我往矣
103 1 中國 Zhōngguó China 以守衞中國
104 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 西有昆夷之患
105 1 翼翼 yìyì cautious / prudent 四牡翼翼

Frequencies of all Words

Top 129

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 13 wēi Osmunda regalis, a species of fern 采薇
2 10 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 采薇
3 9 zhī him / her / them / that 文王之時
4 8 guī to go back / to return 杕杜以勤歸也
5 6 yuē to speak / to say 曰歸曰歸
6 6 I / me / my 我戍未定
7 6 zhǐ to stop / to halt 薇亦作止
8 5 so as to / in order to 以天子之命
9 5 also / too 歲亦莫止
10 4 four 四牡業業
11 4 extravagant / go with fashion 靡室靡家
12 4 Yǔn Yun people 北有玁狁之難
13 4 male 四牡業業
14 4 xiǎn a dog with a long snout or muzzle 北有玁狁之難
15 4 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載飢載渴
16 3 according to 君子所依
17 3 that / those 彼爾維何
18 3 not / no 不遑啟居
19 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故歌采薇以遣之
20 2 mìng life 以天子之命
21 2 to use as servant / to force to do labor 遣戍役也
22 2 zhāng chapter / seal / section / article 六章
23 2 hungry 載飢載渴
24 2 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 憂心孔疚
25 2 遣戍 qiǎnshù to banish 遣戍役也
26 2 xīn heart 心亦憂止
27 2 kuí lively 四牡騤騤
28 2 business / industry 四牡業業
29 2 lái to come 我行不來
30 2 suì age 歲亦莫止
31 2 huáng leisure 不遑啟居
32 2 thirst 載飢載渴
33 2 do not 歲亦莫止
34 2 fēi falling of snow and rain 雨雪霏霏
35 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 戎車既駕
36 2 to open 不遑啟居
37 2 wéi to preserve / to maintain 彼爾維何
38 2 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 君子所依
39 2 chē a vehicle 出車以勞還
40 2 yǒu is / are / to exist 西有昆夷之患
41 2 liè ardent / intense 憂心烈烈
42 2 also / too 遣戍役也
43 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子之車
44 2 what / where / which 彼爾維何
45 2 nián year
46 2 憂心 yōuxīn concerned / worried / disturbed / anxious 憂心烈烈
47 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 維常之華
48 1 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 不遑啟處
49 1 wáng Wang 王事靡盬
50 1 遲遲 chíchí late (with a task etc) / slow 行道遲遲
51 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 莫知我哀
52 1 pìn to engage / to hire 靡使歸聘
53 1 ancient barbarian tribes 西有昆夷之患
54 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 以天子之命
55 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 心亦憂止
56 1 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi 毛詩序
57 1 行道 xíng dào to practice the Way 行道遲遲
58 1 féi calf of leg 小人所腓
59 1 běi north 北有玁狁之難
60 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 北有玁狁之難
61 1 yáng sun 歲亦陽止
62 1 to stop / to prevent 杕杜以勤歸也
63 1 this / such 彼路斯何
64 1 to think / consider / to ponder 今我來思
65 1 xuě snow 雨雪霏霏
66 1 song / lyrics 故歌采薇以遣之
67 1 西 The West 西有昆夷之患
68 1 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 故歌采薇以遣之
69 1 亦作 yì zuò also written as 薇亦作止
70 1 clothes / dress / garment 象弭魚服
71 1 jiù chronic disease / guilt / remorse 憂心孔疚
72 1 road / path / way 彼路斯何
73 1 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 文王之時
74 1 qín diligent 杕杜以勤歸也
75 1 shù a garrison 我戍未定
76 1 preface / introduction 毛詩序
77 1 zhī to know 莫知我哀
78 1 sentence 章八句
79 1 final particle 昔我往矣
80 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep ssafe 以守衞中國
81 1 傷悲 shāngbēi sad / sorrowful 我心傷悲
82 1 chū to go out 出車以勞還
83 1 jié quick / nimble / prompt 一月三捷
84 1 定居 dìngjū to settle / to fix a place to live 豈敢定居
85 1 一月 yīyuè January / the First Month 一月三捷
86 1 fish 象弭魚服
87 1 sān three 一月三捷
88 1 jiā house / home / residence 靡室靡家
89 1 xíng to walk / to move 我行不來
90 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人所腓
91 1 day of the month / a certain day 豈不日戒
92 1 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 我戍未定
93 1 huá Chinese 維常之華
94 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 昔我往矣
95 1 how can it be that? 豈敢定居
96 1 yuè month
97 1 thorns 玁狁孔棘
98 1 liù six 六章
99 1 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 命將率
100 1 kūn elder brother 西有昆夷之患
101 1 to stop / to repress 象弭魚服
102 1 eight 章八句
103 1 hái also / in addition / more 出車以勞還
104 1 shì matter / thing / item 王事靡盬
105 1 shì room / bedroom 靡室靡家
106 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不日戒
107 1 楊柳 yángliǔ willow 楊柳依依
108 1 rain 雨雪霏霏
109 1 rate / frequency 命將率
110 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 靡使歸聘
111 1 alone 杕杜以勤歸也
112 1 láo to toil 出車以勞還
113 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今我來思
114 1 jiè to quit 豈不日戒
115 1 xiàng figure / image / appearance 象弭魚服
116 1 residence / dwelling 不遑啟居
117 1 shí time / a period of time 文王之時
118 1 róu soft 薇亦柔止
119 1 a covered pot 王事靡盬
120 1 ěr thus / so / like that 彼爾維何
121 1 戎車 róngchē military vehicle 戎車既駕
122 1 already / since 戎車既駕
123 1 gǎn bold / brave 豈敢定居
124 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 以守衞中國
125 1 past / former times 昔我往矣
126 1 中國 Zhōngguó China 以守衞中國
127 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 西有昆夷之患
128 1 翼翼 yìyì cautious / prudent 四牡翼翼
129 1 gāng just / barely / exactly 薇亦剛止

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
毛诗 毛詩 Máojīng Mao Shi
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
Yǔn Yun people
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom