Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 《元史》, 卷一百七十七 列傳第六十四: 張思明 吳元珪 張昇 臧夢解 陳顥 Volume 177 Biographies 64: Zhang Siming, Wu Yuangui, Zhang Sheng, Zang Mengjie, Chen Hao

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 48 nián year 至元十九年
2 35 yuē to speak / to say
3 32 supreme ruler / emperor 帝聽忘疲
4 30 shì matter / thing / item 乃改湖廣行省都事
5 25 shēng to ascend / to go up 思明請升等以優之
6 23 rén person / people / a human being 其先獲嘉人
7 23 hào bright / white 陳顥
8 22 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
9 21 shū book 拜中書參知政事
10 20 guī silicon 成珪
11 20 zhōng middle 擢為大都路治中
12 20 mín the people / citizen / subjects 陝西饑民
13 17 zuǒ left 左丞相阿合馬既死
14 17 思明 sīmíng Siming 張思明
15 16 yán to speak / to say / said 讀書日記千言
16 15 lián upright / honorable / honest 歷湖北道廉訪使
17 14 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 召右丞何榮祖
18 14 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 臧夢解陸垕
19 14 mèng a dream 臧夢解陸垕
20 13 xíng to walk / to move 丞相恣行殺戮
21 12 dào way / road / path 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
22 12 fǎng to visit 歷湖北道廉訪使
23 12 chén minister / statesman / official 臣自揆才薄
24 12 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜中書參知政事
25 12 zhèng government / administration 勤政如初
26 11 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召右丞何榮祖
27 11 qiān to move / to shift 遷戶部主事
28 11 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 擢為大都路治中
29 11 deputy / assistant / vice- 命授宣政院副使
30 11 shàng top / a high position 未上
31 10 sān three 至大三年
32 10 èr two 二年
33 10 a government official / a magistrate 吏白
34 10 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
35 9 suì age 歲課羨贏
36 9 shì to attend on 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
37 9 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 延祐元年
38 9 fán ordinary / common 凡徵謀治法
39 9 wén to hear 必以聞於樞府
40 9 road / path / way 擢為大都路治中
41 9 zhōu a state / a province 徙居輝州
42 8 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 思明執不可
43 8 mìng life 命尚書簿問遺孽
44 8 zhāng a chapter / a section 特加平章政事
45 8 shí time / a point or period of time 時繕修宮城
46 8 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未上
47 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 治民足國之道
48 8 to die 重紀至元三年卒
49 8 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 仁宗即位
50 8 píng flat / level / smooth 特加平章政事
51 8 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十九年
52 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 左丞相阿合馬既死
53 8 大夫 dàifu doctor 加中奉大夫
54 8 extra / surplus / remainder 收書三萬七千餘卷
55 7 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗即位
56 7 shòu to teach 再授兩浙鹽運使
57 7 one 徑路一開
58 7 jiā excellent 帝嘉嘆之
59 7 to criticize 詔元珪與十六人議時政
60 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 固辭
61 7 御史 yùshǐ a censor 監察御史觀音保
62 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂廢於家
63 7 chén Chen 元珪亟陳其不便
64 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 字士瞻
65 7 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 入參議樞密院事
66 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多役者有罰
67 7 yòng to use / to apply 斯人可用
68 7 method / way 有獻西域秤法
69 7 zài in / at 猶鮒在涸轍
70 7 to lift / to hold up / to raise 乃為萬億庫提舉
71 7 guān an office 敕中書官其弟五品
72 7 to give / to bestow favors 詔賜錢贖之
73 7 zòu to present / to offer 樞密奏裁定官屬
74 7 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 特加平章政事
75 7 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋升樞密院判官
76 6 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 江南既定
77 6 an official institution / a state bureau 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
78 6 lèi to be tired 累表辭
79 6 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator 拜中書參知政事
80 6 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat 召為中書省檢校
81 6 to enter 盡輸其贓以入
82 6 fèng to offer / to present 升應奉翰林文字
83 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 不忍隳祖宗成憲
84 6 residence / dwelling 徙居輝州
85 6 wèn to ask 命尚書簿問遺孽
86 6 to take / to receive / to accept 帝並嘉納
87 6 tián field / farmland 蓋由多匿腴田
88 6 special / unique / distinguished 特加平章政事
89 6 děng et cetera / and so on 思明以超遷逾等
90 6 hòu after / later
91 6 zhuó to pull out 擢為大都路治中
92 6 jiàn to recommend / to elect 用薦者授將仕郎
93 6 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 入參議樞密院事
94 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 思明請升等以優之
95 6 gǎi to change / to alter 乃改湖廣行省都事
96 6 to reach 及拜住為左丞相
97 6 ér son 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
98 5 江浙 Jiāngzhè Jiangzhe 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
99 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 除江浙行中書省左右司郎中
100 5 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 管軍官吏
101 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 天下公器
102 5 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 同列懼
103 5 day of the month / a certain day 日已昏
104 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔元珪二十餘人議政中書
105 5 juǎn to coil / to roll 收書三萬七千餘卷
106 5 zhì to place / to lay out 置屯田
107 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 清河郡公
108 5 to arise / to get up 復起汝
109 5 jīn gold 佩金符
110 5 sound of laughter 會左丞相哈散辭職
111 5 to pay respects 廣西肅政廉訪副使
112 5 service 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
113 5 power / force / strength 丞相乃力言之
114 5 qīng minister / high officer 卿可姑與之
115 5 néng can / able 朕能從汝
116 5 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡貞敏
117 5 jiā house / home / residence 遂廢於家
118 5 集賢 jíxián Jixian 改集賢司直
119 5 letter / symbol / character 字士瞻
120 5 西 The West 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
121 5 can / may / permissible 斯人可用
122 5 文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang 文宗天曆元年
123 5 shǔ to count 僚屬請上增數
124 5 cháng to taste 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
125 5 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 轉吏部郎中
126 5 to make a false accusation / to defame 後竟誣以不支蒙古子女口糧
127 5 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 除江浙行中書省左右司郎中
128 5 zhī to know 元珪與知樞密院事帖木兒不花上軍民之政十餘事
129 5 zhōng loyalty / devotion 賊害忠良
130 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷興文署令
131 5 four 千戶四人
132 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
133 5 father's elder brother / uncle 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
134 4 to read 命讀之
135 4 to starve / to be hungry 兩浙大饑
136 4 xiè to thank 哈散再拜謝曰
137 4 xiàn constitution / statute / law 不忍隳祖宗成憲
138 4 yòu right / right-hand 召右丞何榮祖
139 4 míng bright / brilliant 尤明於律
140 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 因著為令
141 4 jūn army / military 上護軍
142 4 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 僚屬請上增數
143 4 cháo to face 敷陳累朝任賢使能
144 4 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 尋升樞密院判官
145 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 欲內之罪
146 4 jiā to add 特加平章政事
147 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固辭
148 4 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 擢樞密都事
149 4 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 元珪簡重
150 4 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 正由舍人選為掾
151 4 huì can / be able to 會左丞相哈散辭職
152 4 tóng like / same / similar 曹鼎新同稱三絕
153 4 liáng provisions 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
154 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 諡貞敏
155 4 hài to injure / to harm to 遺百世之害
156 4 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖追咎其奸欺
157 4 five 五年
158 4 zhòng many / numerous 眾皆危之
159 4 Li 李謙亨強諫
160 4 lùn to comment / to discuss 多元珪所論建
161 4 zhòng heavy 重紀至元三年卒
162 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 當益田畝累萬計
163 4 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 命尚書簿問遺孽
164 4 bēng to rupture / to split apart 帝崩
165 4 jiàn to see 見於道
166 4 to go 即移告去
167 4 wáng Wang 萬一諸王駙馬疑而不至
168 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 除紹興路總管
169 4 shū to transport 盡輸其贓以入
170 4 河南 hénán Henan 僉河南行中書省事
171 4 meaning / sense 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
172 4 hòu thick 臧夢解陸垕
173 4 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 思明以超遷逾等
174 4 祿 good fortune 爭代者祿米
175 4 desire 若必欲任臣
176 4 zèng to give a present 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
177 4 wén writing / text 文宗賜尚醖文幣
178 4 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 元珪與知樞密院事帖木兒不花上軍民之政十餘事
179 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 京師五衛
180 4 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 入覲慈仁殿
181 4 Wu 吳元珪
182 4 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德初
183 4 to take / to get / to fetch 受命取禦藥於大都萬歲山
184 4 liù six 六曹無滯案
185 4 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 盡輸其贓以入
186 4 江浙行省 Jiāngzhè xíngshěng Jiangzhe province 拜江浙行省參知政事
187 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜在舊服
188 4 interest 蓋民力息則生養遂
189 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
190 4 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不與散官
191 3 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master 贈光祿大夫
192 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 飢寒不能存
193 3 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 加以有司頭會箕斂
194 3 zhèng upright / straight 正由舍人選為掾
195 3 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
196 3 xīn heart 帝心然其言
197 3 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋民力息則生養遂
198 3 yān Yan 燕南提刑按察副使
199 3 nán south 燕南提刑按察副使
200 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 延祐元年
201 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷韙之
202 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 以養民為本
203 3 a law / a rule 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
204 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 廷議謂升脫姦軌
205 3 yuè month 往復踰月
206 3 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 元珪以年老致仕
207 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 即移告去
208 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願荐一人為助
209 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 邊境乃安
210 3 qiān one thousand 讀書日記千言
211 3 strange / unusual / uncanny 帝奇之
212 3 bái white 思明白丞相曰
213 3 gōng body 議躬祀禮
214 3 rén a kernel / a pit 入覲慈仁殿
215 3 reason / logic / truth 繕理宮城
216 3 tiān day 文宗天曆元年
217 3 dìng to decide 奏定萬戶用軍士八人
218 3 níng Nanjing 故寧違旨獲戾
219 3 to stand 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
220 3 至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign 至治元年
221 3 hair 首贊發廩賑之
222 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 日誅大臣不附己者
223 3 上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 車駕幸上都
224 3 shěng province 而江浙省臣為尤甚
225 3 zhòng middle brother 與謝仲和
226 3 shì an official 用薦者授將仕郎
227 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 同列欲召屬縣為備禦計
228 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今經理江淮田土
229 3 wàn ten thousand 當益田畝累萬計
230 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 新君未立
231 3 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
232 3 to move / to shift / to remove 即移告去
233 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 帝造壽安山寺
234 3 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 十年
235 3 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 召見切責之
236 3 to attack by surprise 只孫衣四襲
237 3 清州 qīngzhōu Cheongju 子孫徙清州
238 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 已輸京師
239 3 wood / lumber 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
240 3 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 出為工部尚書
241 3 xiān first 卿先朝舊臣
242 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 車駕幸上都
243 3 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 思明諫曰
244 3 zōng school / sect 成宗崩
245 3 disease / sickness / ailment 近臣疾其持法峭直
246 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 河南等處行省平章政事
247 3 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大三年
248 3 軍官 jūnguān military officer 管軍官吏
249 3 chēng to call / to address 曹鼎新同稱三絕
250 3 bǎi one hundred 遺百世之害
251 3 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗即位
252 3 wèi to call 國人皆謂陰有不臣之心
253 3 subject / class / lesson 歲課羨贏
254 3 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 以奎章閣大學士
255 3 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 帝不允
256 3 zuò to sit 吾當坐
257 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 然升備位郡守
258 3 xuān to declare / to announce 命授宣政院副使
259 3 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe 兩浙大饑
260 3 安藏 ān zàng An Zang 安藏之門
261 3 wěi correct / right 朝廷韙之
262 3 陛下 bì xià your majesty 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
263 3 cáo Cao 六曹無滯案
264 3 a man / a male adult 及藤州唐氏婦被誣殺夫罪
265 3 nèi inside / interior 欲內之罪
266 3 yuàn a school 命授宣政院副使
267 3 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
268 3 qiáng strong / powerful 李謙亨強諫
269 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 日誅大臣不附己者
270 3 big / great / huge / large / major 兩浙大饑
271 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙居輝州
272 3 juān bright / clear 白行省蠲之
273 3 zhí straight 改集賢司直
274 3 jiù old / ancient 卿先朝舊臣
275 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 復加推誠佐理功臣
276 3 a scholar 而浙東宣慰司舉夢解才兼儒吏
277 3 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan 皇慶元年
278 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺觀音保
279 3 同知 tóngzhī government sub-prefect 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
280 3 qián front 依前中書左丞
281 3 zhí office / post 御史職也
282 3 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 翰林國史院編修官
283 3 行省 xíngshěng province 行省
284 3 yuàn a general designation of officials 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
285 3 四百 sì bǎi four hundred 餓死四百人
286 3 liǎng two 賜白金二百五十兩
287 3 jiǔ nine 九年
288 3 to carry 乃為萬億庫提舉
289 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
290 3 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
291 3 gěi to give 給醫藥
292 3 shí ten 賜白金二百五十兩
293 3 huái Huai River 出為淮西道廉訪使
294 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 資善大夫
295 3 zhèn to provide relief / to aid 首贊發廩賑之
296 2 record / register / list / census 具籍所交諸公貴人
297 2 十一 shíyī eleven 十一年春
298 2 穎悟 yǐngwù intelligent / bright 思明穎悟過人
299 2 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
300 2 知州 zhīzhōu senior provincial government official in dynastic China 授息州知州
301 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 收書三萬七千餘卷
302 2 魯山 lǔshān Lushan 夢解嘗自號魯山大夫
303 2 kāi to open 徑路一開
304 2 to visit 請謁悉皆謝絕
305 2 zhù to help / to assist 願荐一人為助
306 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 土木之工稍為之息
307 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 惟傳嫡嗣
308 2 鄉人 xiāngrén villager / fellow villager 率其鄉人見之
309 2 二十七 èrshíqī 27 二十七年
310 2 to allow / to permit 而業已許之
311 2 應對 yìngduì to respond / to answer / to reply 元珪應對詳明
312 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 有司請完城以為備
313 2 inside / interior 且記里中大家姓名於上
314 2 觀音 Guānyīn Guanyin Bodhisattva / Avalokiteśvara / Avalokitesvara / Guanyin 監察御史觀音保
315 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 五穀不登
316 2 zhān to look at 字士瞻
317 2 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 廷試進士
318 2 horse 左丞相阿合馬既死
319 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 思明懼禍及
320 2 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi 時繕修宮城
321 2 to make a mistake / to miss 恐誤陛下國事
322 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
323 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 監察御史觀音保
324 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 凡有興作
325 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 具籍所交諸公貴人
326 2 sòng Song dynasty 宋之所由衰也
327 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
328 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 故寧違旨獲戾
329 2 zhè Zhejiang 升浙西廉訪使
330 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 時繕修宮城
331 2 經歷 jīnglì experience 授後衛經歷
332 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延祐元年
333 2 father 父鼎
334 2 shù numerous / various 而支庶不可有所亂
335 2 shí real / true 詔發軍萬人屯田稱海以實邊
336 2 shǔ to sign 歷興文署令
337 2 to leave behind 命尚書簿問遺孽
338 2 jiān a traitor 世祖追咎其奸欺
339 2 jìn to enter 進參議中書省事
340 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 饗宗廟
341 2 guī to go back / to return 以寵其歸
342 2 追封 zhuīfēng to confer a posthumous title 追封趙國公
343 2 zūn to honor / to respect 上尊
344 2 shuò first day of the lunar month 朔黨之興
345 2 tīng to listen 帝聽忘疲
346 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹賞罰
347 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 卿向不負朕注委
348 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 卿向不負朕注委
349 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 張昇
350 2 róng glory / honor 召右丞何榮祖
351 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 安藏乃薦顥入宿衛
352 2 生養 shēngyǎng to bring up (children) / to raise / to bear 蓋民力息則生養遂
353 2 chāo paper money 賜鈔五千緡
354 2 happiness 召見嘉禧殿
355 2 jǐng to alert / to warn 升幼警敏過人
356 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 賦稅鹽課責里胥代納
357 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 賜鈔五千緡
358 2 increase / benefit 帝益奇之
359 2 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 時淮東按察副使王慶之按行至其州
360 2 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 丞相伯顏以師南下
361 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 不畜財
362 2 pán firm / stable 登翰林承旨王磐
363 2 to be fond of / to like 喜曰
364 2 apparatus 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
365 2 年老 niánlǎo aged / old 元珪以年老致仕
366 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 時繕修宮城
367 2 xiōng a torrential rush 中外洶洶
368 2 六十 liùshí sixty 升時年六十有九
369 2 shǒu head 首贊發廩賑之
370 2 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 皆切於世務者
371 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
372 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有也
373 2 mín cord / fishing-line / string of coins 賜鈔五千緡
374 2 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign 元統元年
375 2 several 幾誤吾事
376 2 báo thin / slight / weak 臣自揆才薄
377 2 huáng royal / imperial 皇慶元年
378 2 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat 又辟尚書省掾
379 2 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 李謙亨強諫
380 2 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 轉吏部郎中
381 2 江陰 Jiāngyīn Jiangyin 屬江陰飢
382 2 quán perfect 亦以全臣愚忠
383 2 yán salt 遷兩浙鹽運使
384 2 zàn to praise 首贊發廩賑之
385 2 四十 sì shí forty 幾四十年
386 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 朕任卿未專邪
387 2 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 不忍隳祖宗成憲
388 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 臣恐變生不測
389 2 ministry / department 部使者舉治行為諸郡最
390 2 運使 yùnshǐ commissioner 遷兩浙鹽運使
391 2 yòu immature / young 升幼警敏過人
392 2 to join / to combine 左丞相阿合馬既死
393 2 監察 jiānchá to supervise / to control / to inspect 監察御史觀音保
394 2 屯田 túntián for stationed troops to cultivate land 置屯田
395 2 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 江淮漕臣言
396 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 升據經引古
397 2 御史臺 yùshǐtái a censor 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
398 2 宣撫 xuānfǔ minister to convey imperial commands 宣撫燕南
399 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 執其論固爭
400 2 shǎo few 惟陛下少加意焉
401 2 迷失 míshī to be lost 瑣咬兒哈的迷失
402 2 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 然升備位郡守
403 2 科舉 Kē Jǔ Imperial Examinations 建科舉
404 2 wealth / capital / money / expenses 資善大夫
405 2 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 有司請完城以為備
406 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 海都之亂
407 2 speed 帝奇其速
408 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 帝造壽安山寺
409 2 chéng a city / a town 有司請完城以為備
410 2 cáo a canal / a waterway 江淮漕臣言
411 2 guǐ vehicle tracks 廷議謂升脫姦軌
412 2 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 不忍隳祖宗成憲
413 2 湖南 Húnán Hunan 湖南宣慰副使致仕
414 2 to bestow on / to endow with 有司賦役
415 2 shùn to obey 順帝即位
416 2 to defend / to resist 受命取禦藥於大都萬歲山
417 2 按察 ànchá to investigate / to inspect 燕南提刑按察副使
418 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒能辨字音
419 2 春秋 chūnqiū Spring and Autumn Period 春秋
420 2 經筵 jīngyán place where the emperor listened to lectures 尋兼經筵官
421 2 chí to grasp / to hold 近臣疾其持法峭直
422 2 biàn to change / to alter 相挺為變
423 2 tíng court / royal court 廷議謂升脫姦軌
424 2 clothes / dress / garment 宜在舊服
425 2 yíng to win 歲課羨贏
426 2 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi 會陝西大饑
427 2 documents / books 思明抱牘從
428 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 諡貞敏
429 2 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 留守司主之
430 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐誤陛下國事
431 2 wèi to comfort / to console / to calm / to reassure 而浙東宣慰司舉夢解才兼儒吏
432 2 to punish / to penalize 多役者有罰
433 2 huó alive / living 至鬻子以活
434 2 近臣 jìnchén a member of a monarch's inner ministerial circle 近臣疾其持法峭直
435 2 zhǔ owner 留守司主之
436 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受除者憚涉險
437 2 qiān humble / modest 李謙亨強諫
438 2 榮祿大夫 róng lù dàifu a rank in government service 特加榮祿大夫
439 2 gōng merit 以賞其功
440 2 xiào to be filial 帝特命顥長子孝伯為知州以就養
441 2 zhù a pillar / a post 柱國
442 2 泰定 tàidìng to give a sense of stability 泰定元年
443 2 議政 yìzhèng to discuss politics 詔元珪二十餘人議政中書
444 2 a statute / a law / a regulation 尤明於律
445 2 xīn new / fresh / modern 新君未立
446 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 日已昏
447 2 shè to set up / to establish 萬戶府設官有差
448 2 zāng a slave 臧夢解陸垕
449 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
450 2 child / son 至鬻子以活
451 2 bàn half [of] 民死者殆半
452 2 shore / land / continent 臧夢解陸垕
453 2 àn to press / to push 時淮東按察副使王慶之按行至其州
454 2 miǎn to spare 免冤濫
455 2 chǒng to favor 浮屠妙總統有寵
456 2 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 英宗宅憂
457 2 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 世祖追咎其奸欺
458 2 qīng clear / pure / clean 硃清
459 2 yàng discontented / dispirited / sad 得無怏怏乎
460 2 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang 而浙東宣慰司舉夢解才兼儒吏
461 2 jié to question / to interrogate 帝詰之曰
462 2 xué to study / to learn 學語時
463 2 屬吏 shǔlì subordinate / underling 李謙亨屬吏
464 2 xiàn to offer / to present 有獻西域秤法
465 2 suǒ trivial / trifling / petty / small 瑣咬兒哈的迷失
466 2 huò to reap / to harvest 故寧違旨獲戾
467 2 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 今斥誣訴
468 2 soil / ground / land 皆躬至其地
469 2 不便 bùbiàn inconvenient / inappropriate / unsuitable / short of cash 因疏和林運糧不便事十一條
470 2 téng rattan / cane 藤州兩路達魯花赤
471 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 復加推誠佐理功臣
472 2 chuán to transmit 元珪乘傳
473 2 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing 除紹興路總管
474 2 tuī to push / to shove 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
475 2 yǎo to bite / to gnaw 瑣咬兒哈的迷失
476 2 過人 guòrén to surpass others / outstanding / (basketball, soccer etc) to get past an opponent 思明穎悟過人
477 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 思明執不可
478 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 門無私謁
479 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 仍宿衛禁中
480 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具籍所交諸公貴人
481 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 朕任卿未專邪
482 2 十四 shí sì fourteen 至元十四年
483 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 遷太常博士
484 2 hungry 飢寒不能存
485 2 日記 rìjì diary 讀書日記千言
486 2 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 乃坐奪俸二月
487 2 jiàn to build / to construct 多元珪所論建
488 1 不支 bù zhī to be unable to endure 後竟誣以不支蒙古子女口糧
489 1 怨尤 yuànyóu resentment 上下無有怨尤
490 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 蔽賢誠所不忍
491 1 táng Tang Dynasty 及藤州唐氏婦被誣殺夫罪
492 1 海寧 hǎiníng Haining 改知海寧州
493 1 woman 及藤州唐氏婦被誣殺夫罪
494 1 shù a bale / a bundle / a bunch 民有告寄束書於其家者
495 1 朋黨 péngdǎng a clique 與帖木迭兒各樹朋黨
496 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 大臣承中旨
497 1 yùn to bring together / to collect 以展所蘊
498 1 paternal aunt / father's sister 卿可姑與之
499 1 剴切 kǎiqiē cogent / earnest 其言無不剴切
500 1 shéng rope / string / cord 升既謹於繩吏

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 75 zhī him / her / them / that 命讀之
2 50 so as to / in order to 盡輸其贓以入
3 48 nián year 至元十九年
4 41 wèi for / to 正由舍人選為掾
5 39 his / hers / its / theirs 世祖追咎其奸欺
6 35 yuē to speak / to say
7 32 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 受除者憚涉險
8 32 supreme ruler / emperor 帝聽忘疲
9 30 shì matter / thing / item 乃改湖廣行省都事
10 26 yǒu is / are / to exist 有獻西域秤法
11 25 shēng to ascend / to go up 思明請升等以優之
12 25 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而業已許之
13 23 rén person / people / a human being 其先獲嘉人
14 23 hào bright / white 陳顥
15 22 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
16 21 in / at 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
17 21 shū book 拜中書參知政事
18 20 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元貞元年
19 20 guī silicon 成珪
20 20 zhōng middle 擢為大都路治中
21 20 mín the people / citizen / subjects 陝西饑民
22 17 zuǒ left 左丞相阿合馬既死
23 17 zhì to / until 比召至
24 17 思明 sīmíng Siming 張思明
25 16 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 周歲所入
26 16 not / no 贏縮不常
27 16 yán to speak / to say / said 讀書日記千言
28 15 lián upright / honorable / honest 歷湖北道廉訪使
29 14 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 召右丞何榮祖
30 14 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 臧夢解陸垕
31 14 mèng a dream 臧夢解陸垕
32 13 xíng to walk / to move 丞相恣行殺戮
33 12 dào way / road / path 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
34 12 fǎng to visit 歷湖北道廉訪使
35 12 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃改湖廣行省都事
36 12 and 卿可姑與之
37 12 chén minister / statesman / official 臣自揆才薄
38 12 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜中書參知政事
39 12 zhèng government / administration 勤政如初
40 11 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召右丞何榮祖
41 11 qiān to move / to shift 遷戶部主事
42 11 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 國人皆謂陰有不臣之心
43 11 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 擢為大都路治中
44 11 deputy / assistant / vice- 命授宣政院副使
45 11 shàng top / a high position 未上
46 10 sān three 至大三年
47 10 èr two 二年
48 10 a government official / a magistrate 吏白
49 10 chú except / besides 受除者憚涉險
50 10 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
51 9 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 大德初
52 9 suì age 歲課羨贏
53 9 shì to attend on 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
54 9 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 延祐元年
55 9 fán ordinary / common 凡徵謀治法
56 9 wén to hear 必以聞於樞府
57 9 road / path / way 擢為大都路治中
58 9 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當論法
59 9 shì is / are / am / to be 是我希一己之榮
60 9 zhōu a state / a province 徙居輝州
61 8 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 思明執不可
62 8 mìng life 命尚書簿問遺孽
63 8 zhāng a chapter / a section 特加平章政事
64 8 shí time / a point or period of time 時繕修宮城
65 8 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未上
66 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 治民足國之道
67 8 to die 重紀至元三年卒
68 8 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 仁宗即位
69 8 píng flat / level / smooth 特加平章政事
70 8 no 六曹無滯案
71 8 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十九年
72 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 左丞相阿合馬既死
73 8 大夫 dàifu doctor 加中奉大夫
74 8 extra / surplus / remainder 收書三萬七千餘卷
75 8 also / too 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
76 7 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗即位
77 7 shòu to teach 再授兩浙鹽運使
78 7 one 徑路一開
79 7 jiā excellent 帝嘉嘆之
80 7 to criticize 詔元珪與十六人議時政
81 7 chū to go out / to leave 出為工部尚書
82 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 固辭
83 7 de potential marker 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
84 7 御史 yùshǐ a censor 監察御史觀音保
85 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂廢於家
86 7 chén Chen 元珪亟陳其不便
87 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 字士瞻
88 7 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 入參議樞密院事
89 7 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張思明
90 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多役者有罰
91 7 yòng to use / to apply 斯人可用
92 7 method / way 有獻西域秤法
93 7 cóng from 思明抱牘從
94 7 zài in / at 猶鮒在涸轍
95 7 to lift / to hold up / to raise 乃為萬億庫提舉
96 7 again / more / repeatedly 復起汝
97 7 guān an office 敕中書官其弟五品
98 7 to give / to bestow favors 詔賜錢贖之
99 7 zòu to present / to offer 樞密奏裁定官屬
100 7 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 特加平章政事
101 7 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋升樞密院判官
102 6 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 江南既定
103 6 dōu all 乃改湖廣行省都事
104 6 an official institution / a state bureau 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
105 6 lèi to be tired 累表辭
106 6 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator 拜中書參知政事
107 6 yòu again / also 又辟尚書省掾
108 6 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat 召為中書省檢校
109 6 to enter 盡輸其贓以入
110 6 fèng to offer / to present 升應奉翰林文字
111 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 不忍隳祖宗成憲
112 6 duì to / toward 右丞對曰
113 6 residence / dwelling 徙居輝州
114 6 certainly / must / will / necessarily 若必欲任臣
115 6 qiě moreover / also 且記里中大家姓名於上
116 6 wèn to ask 命尚書簿問遺孽
117 6 to take / to receive / to accept 帝並嘉納
118 6 tián field / farmland 蓋由多匿腴田
119 6 zhū all / many / various 萬一諸王駙馬疑而不至
120 6 special / unique / distinguished 特加平章政事
121 6 děng et cetera / and so on 思明以超遷逾等
122 6 hòu after / later
123 6 zhuó to pull out 擢為大都路治中
124 6 jiàn to recommend / to elect 用薦者授將仕郎
125 6 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 入參議樞密院事
126 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 思明請升等以優之
127 6 gǎi to change / to alter 乃改湖廣行省都事
128 6 to reach 及拜住為左丞相
129 6 ér son 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
130 5 江浙 Jiāngzhè Jiangzhe 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
131 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 除江浙行中書省左右司郎中
132 5 naturally / of course / certainly 自昏達曙
133 5 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 管軍官吏
134 5 already / afterwards 日已昏
135 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 天下公器
136 5 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 同列懼
137 5 day of the month / a certain day 日已昏
138 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔元珪二十餘人議政中書
139 5 already / since 左丞相阿合馬既死
140 5 juǎn to coil / to roll 收書三萬七千餘卷
141 5 zhì to place / to lay out 置屯田
142 5 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 清河郡公
143 5 to arise / to get up 復起汝
144 5 jīn gold 佩金符
145 5 final particle 且再更赦矣
146 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將奈之何
147 5 sound of laughter 會左丞相哈散辭職
148 5 to pay respects 廣西肅政廉訪副使
149 5 service 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
150 5 power / force / strength 丞相乃力言之
151 5 qīng minister / high officer 卿可姑與之
152 5 néng can / able 朕能從汝
153 5 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡貞敏
154 5 jiā house / home / residence 遂廢於家
155 5 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
156 5 集賢 jíxián Jixian 改集賢司直
157 5 letter / symbol / character 字士瞻
158 5 西 The West 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
159 5 can / may / permissible 斯人可用
160 5 文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang 文宗天曆元年
161 5 shǔ to count 僚屬請上增數
162 5 jiān simultaneously 以留守段天祐兼都指揮使
163 5 cháng to taste 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
164 5 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 轉吏部郎中
165 5 to make a false accusation / to defame 後竟誣以不支蒙古子女口糧
166 5 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat 除江浙行中書省左右司郎中
167 5 zhī to know 元珪與知樞密院事帖木兒不花上軍民之政十餘事
168 5 zhōng loyalty / devotion 賊害忠良
169 5 promptly / right away / immediately 即移告去
170 5 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷興文署令
171 5 four 千戶四人
172 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
173 5 father's elder brother / uncle 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
174 5 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 千戶四人
175 4 to read 命讀之
176 4 to starve / to be hungry 兩浙大饑
177 4 xiè to thank 哈散再拜謝曰
178 4 xiàn constitution / statute / law 不忍隳祖宗成憲
179 4 yòu right / right-hand 召右丞何榮祖
180 4 míng bright / brilliant 尤明於律
181 4 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 因著為令
182 4 zhèn I / we 朕任卿未專邪
183 4 jūn army / military 上護軍
184 4 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 僚屬請上增數
185 4 cháo to face 敷陳累朝任賢使能
186 4 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 尋升樞密院判官
187 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 欲內之罪
188 4 fēi not / non- / un-
189 4 jiā to add 特加平章政事
190 4 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固辭
191 4 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 擢樞密都事
192 4 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 元珪簡重
193 4 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 正由舍人選為掾
194 4 huì can / be able to 會左丞相哈散辭職
195 4 tái unit 江南行台治書侍御史
196 4 tóng like / same / similar 曹鼎新同稱三絕
197 4 liáng provisions 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
198 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 諡貞敏
199 4 I 幾誤吾事
200 4 hài to injure / to harm to 遺百世之害
201 4 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖追咎其奸欺
202 4 five 五年
203 4 zhòng many / numerous 眾皆危之
204 4 Li 李謙亨強諫
205 4 lùn to comment / to discuss 多元珪所論建
206 4 zhòng heavy 重紀至元三年卒
207 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 當益田畝累萬計
208 4 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 命尚書簿問遺孽
209 4 bēng to rupture / to split apart 帝崩
210 4 jiàn to see 見於道
211 4 to go 即移告去
212 4 wáng Wang 萬一諸王駙馬疑而不至
213 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 除紹興路總管
214 4 shū to transport 盡輸其贓以入
215 4 河南 hénán Henan 僉河南行中書省事
216 4 meaning / sense 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
217 4 hòu thick 臧夢解陸垕
218 4 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 思明以超遷逾等
219 4 祿 good fortune 爭代者祿米
220 4 desire 若必欲任臣
221 4 yīn because 因著為令
222 4 zèng to give a present 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
223 4 wén writing / text 文宗賜尚醖文幣
224 4 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 元珪與知樞密院事帖木兒不花上軍民之政十餘事
225 4 bìng and / furthermore / also 並遵舊制
226 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 京師五衛
227 4 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 入覲慈仁殿
228 4 Wu 吳元珪
229 4 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德初
230 4 to take / to get / to fetch 受命取禦藥於大都萬歲山
231 4 liù six 六曹無滯案
232 4 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 盡輸其贓以入
233 4 江浙行省 Jiāngzhè xíngshěng Jiangzhe province 拜江浙行省參知政事
234 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜在舊服
235 4 interest 蓋民力息則生養遂
236 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
237 4 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 不與散官
238 3 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master 贈光祿大夫
239 3 dié repeatedly / frequently 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
240 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 飢寒不能存
241 3 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 加以有司頭會箕斂
242 3 zhèng upright / straight 正由舍人選為掾
243 3 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
244 3 xīn heart 帝心然其言
245 3 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋民力息則生養遂
246 3 yān Yan 燕南提刑按察副使
247 3 nán south 燕南提刑按察副使
248 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 延祐元年
249 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷韙之
250 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 以養民為本
251 3 a law / a rule 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
252 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 廷議謂升脫姦軌
253 3 yuè month 往復踰月
254 3 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 元珪以年老致仕
255 3 měi each / every 每見嘉納
256 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 即移告去
257 3 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願荐一人為助
258 3 wéi only / solely / alone 惟元珪一無所污
259 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 邊境乃安
260 3 qiān one thousand 讀書日記千言
261 3 strange / unusual / uncanny 帝奇之
262 3 bái white 思明白丞相曰
263 3 gōng body 議躬祀禮
264 3 so that / in order that 俾宣撫遼陽諸郡
265 3 rán correct / right / certainly 帝心然其言
266 3 yān where / how 惟陛下少加意焉
267 3 rén a kernel / a pit 入覲慈仁殿
268 3 reason / logic / truth 繕理宮城
269 3 tiān day 文宗天曆元年
270 3 míng measure word for people 即聞元珪名
271 3 dìng to decide 奏定萬戶用軍士八人
272 3 níng Nanjing 故寧違旨獲戾
273 3 to stand 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
274 3 至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign 至治元年
275 3 hair 首贊發廩賑之
276 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 日誅大臣不附己者
277 3 上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 車駕幸上都
278 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 此風不可長
279 3 shěng province 而江浙省臣為尤甚
280 3 zhòng middle brother 與謝仲和
281 3 shì an official 用薦者授將仕郎
282 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 同列欲召屬縣為備禦計
283 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若必欲任臣
284 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今經理江淮田土
285 3 wàn ten thousand 當益田畝累萬計
286 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 新君未立
287 3 what / where / which 召右丞何榮祖
288 3 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
289 3 to move / to shift / to remove 即移告去
290 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 帝造壽安山寺
291 3 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 十年
292 3 召見 zhào jiàn to call in / to summon to an interview 召見切責之
293 3 to attack by surprise 只孫衣四襲
294 3 清州 qīngzhōu Cheongju 子孫徙清州
295 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 已輸京師
296 3 wood / lumber 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
297 3 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 出為工部尚書
298 3 xiān first 卿先朝舊臣
299 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 車駕幸上都
300 3 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 思明諫曰
301 3 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 再授兩浙鹽運使
302 3 zōng school / sect 成宗崩
303 3 disease / sickness / ailment 近臣疾其持法峭直
304 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 河南等處行省平章政事
305 3 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大三年
306 3 軍官 jūnguān military officer 管軍官吏
307 3 chēng to call / to address 曹鼎新同稱三絕
308 3 其先 qíxiān previously 其先獲嘉人
309 3 bǎi one hundred 遺百世之害
310 3 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗即位
311 3 wèi to call 國人皆謂陰有不臣之心
312 3 subject / class / lesson 歲課羨贏
313 3 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 以奎章閣大學士
314 3 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 帝不允
315 3 zuò to sit 吾當坐
316 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 然升備位郡守
317 3 xuān to declare / to announce 命授宣政院副使
318 3 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe 兩浙大饑
319 3 安藏 ān zàng An Zang 安藏之門
320 3 wěi correct / right 朝廷韙之
321 3 this / these 此風不可長
322 3 陛下 bì xià your majesty 使四方得窺陛下淺深也
323 3 cáo Cao 六曹無滯案
324 3 a man / a male adult 及藤州唐氏婦被誣殺夫罪
325 3 萬一 wànyī just in case / if by any chance 萬一以增為額
326 3 nèi inside / interior 欲內之罪
327 3 yuàn a school 命授宣政院副使
328 3 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 右丞相帖木迭兒用事
329 3 qiáng strong / powerful 李謙亨強諫
330 3 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 日誅大臣不附己者
331 3 big / great / huge / large / major 兩浙大饑
332 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 日構讒間
333 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙居輝州
334 3 juān bright / clear 白行省蠲之
335 3 zhí straight 改集賢司直
336 3 jiù old / ancient 卿先朝舊臣
337 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 復加推誠佐理功臣
338 3 a scholar 而浙東宣慰司舉夢解才兼儒吏
339 3 gèng more / even more 且再更赦矣
340 3 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan 皇慶元年
341 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺觀音保
342 3 yuè more 越大饑
343 3 you / thou 朕能從汝
344 3 同知 tóngzhī government sub-prefect 嘗從同知樞密院事俺伯進西蕃鎧甲
345 3 qián front 依前中書左丞
346 3 zhí office / post 御史職也
347 3 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 翰林國史院編修官
348 3 行省 xíngshěng province 行省
349 3 yuàn a general designation of officials 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
350 3 四百 sì bǎi four hundred 餓死四百人
351 3 liǎng two 賜白金二百五十兩
352 3 jiǔ nine 九年
353 3 to carry 乃為萬億庫提舉
354 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 贈推忠翊治守義功臣
355 3 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
356 3 gěi to give 給醫藥
357 3 shí ten 賜白金二百五十兩
358 3 huái Huai River 出為淮西道廉訪使
359 3 bèi by 被俘者眾
360 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 資善大夫
361 3 zhèn to provide relief / to aid 首贊發廩賑之
362 2 record / register / list / census 具籍所交諸公貴人
363 2 such as / for example / for instance 其以下年未輸者如數與之
364 2 十一 shíyī eleven 十一年春
365 2 穎悟 yǐngwù intelligent / bright 思明穎悟過人
366 2 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
367 2 知州 zhīzhōu senior provincial government official in dynastic China 授息州知州
368 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 收書三萬七千餘卷
369 2 魯山 lǔshān Lushan 夢解嘗自號魯山大夫
370 2 kāi to open 徑路一開
371 2 to visit 請謁悉皆謝絕
372 2 shén what 困苦日甚
373 2 zhù to help / to assist 願荐一人為助
374 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 土木之工稍為之息
375 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 惟傳嫡嗣
376 2 鄉人 xiāngrén villager / fellow villager 率其鄉人見之
377 2 二十七 èrshíqī 27 二十七年
378 2 to allow / to permit 而業已許之
379 2 應對 yìngduì to respond / to answer / to reply 元珪應對詳明
380 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 有司請完城以為備
381 2 cái just now 臣自揆才薄
382 2 otherwise / but / however 蓋民力息則生養遂
383 2 de possessive particle 瑣咬兒哈的迷失
384 2 inside / interior 且記里中大家姓名於上
385 2 觀音 Guānyīn Guanyin Bodhisattva / Avalokiteśvara / Avalokitesvara / Guanyin 監察御史觀音保
386 2 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 五穀不登
387 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是民以戶計者
388 2 zhān to look at 字士瞻
389 2 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 廷試進士
390 2 horse 左丞相阿合馬既死
391 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 思明懼禍及
392 2 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi 時繕修宮城
393 2 to make a mistake / to miss 恐誤陛下國事
394 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 初立海道運糧萬戶府於江浙
395 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 監察御史觀音保
396 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 凡有興作
397 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 具籍所交諸公貴人
398 2 sòng Song dynasty 宋之所由衰也
399 2 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
400 2 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 故寧違旨獲戾
401 2 zhè Zhejiang 升浙西廉訪使
402 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 時繕修宮城
403 2 經歷 jīnglì experience 授後衛經歷
404 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延祐元年
405 2 yīng should / ought 升應奉翰林文字
406 2 father 父鼎
407 2 shù numerous / various 而支庶不可有所亂
408 2 shí real / true 詔發軍萬人屯田稱海以實邊
409 2 shǔ to sign 歷興文署令
410 2 to leave behind 命尚書簿問遺孽
411 2 jiān a traitor 世祖追咎其奸欺
412 2 jìn to enter 進參議中書省事
413 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 饗宗廟
414 2 guī to go back / to return 以寵其歸
415 2 追封 zhuīfēng to confer a posthumous title 追封趙國公
416 2 zūn to honor / to respect 上尊
417 2 shuò first day of the lunar month 朔黨之興
418 2 tīng to listen 帝聽忘疲
419 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹賞罰
420 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 卿向不負朕注委
421 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 卿向不負朕注委
422 2 běn measure word for books 以養民為本
423 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 張昇
424 2 róng glory / honor 召右丞何榮祖
425 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 安藏乃薦顥入宿衛
426 2 生養 shēngyǎng to bring up (children) / to raise / to bear 蓋民力息則生養遂
427 2 chāo paper money 賜鈔五千緡
428 2 happiness 召見嘉禧殿
429 2 jǐng to alert / to warn 升幼警敏過人
430 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 賦稅鹽課責里胥代納
431 2 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 部使者舉治行為諸郡最
432 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 賜鈔五千緡
433 2 increase / benefit 帝益奇之
434 2 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 時淮東按察副使王慶之按行至其州
435 2 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 丞相伯顏以師南下
436 2 and 因疏和林運糧不便事十一條
437 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 不畜財
438 2 pán firm / stable 登翰林承旨王磐
439 2 in advance / beforehand 預修
440 2 to be fond of / to like 喜曰
441 2 apparatus 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
442 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 贏縮不常
443 2 年老 niánlǎo aged / old 元珪以年老致仕
444 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 時繕修宮城
445 2 shāo a little / slightly 土木之工稍為之息
446 2 xiōng a torrential rush 中外洶洶
447 2 六十 liùshí sixty 升時年六十有九
448 2 shǒu head 首贊發廩賑之
449 2 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 皆切於世務者
450 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 尚書省奏役軍士萬人
451 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有也
452 2 yóu especially / particularly 尤明於律
453 2 mín cord / fishing-line / string of coins 賜鈔五千緡
454 2 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign 元統元年
455 2 several 幾誤吾事
456 2 báo thin / slight / weak 臣自揆才薄
457 2 huáng royal / imperial 皇慶元年
458 2 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat 又辟尚書省掾
459 2 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 李謙亨強諫
460 2 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 轉吏部郎中
461 2 江陰 Jiāngyīn Jiangyin 屬江陰飢
462 2 quán perfect 亦以全臣愚忠
463 2 yán salt 遷兩浙鹽運使
464 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 政事無不與聞
465 2 zàn to praise 首贊發廩賑之
466 2 四十 sì shí forty 幾四十年
467 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 朕任卿未專邪
468 2 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 不忍隳祖宗成憲
469 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 臣恐變生不測
470 2 ministry / department 部使者舉治行為諸郡最
471 2 運使 yùnshǐ commissioner 遷兩浙鹽運使
472 2 yòu immature / young 升幼警敏過人
473 2 to join / to combine 左丞相阿合馬既死
474 2 監察 jiānchá to supervise / to control / to inspect 監察御史觀音保
475 2 屯田 túntián for stationed troops to cultivate land 置屯田
476 2 江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area 江淮漕臣言
477 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 升據經引古
478 2 御史臺 yùshǐtái a censor 由侍儀司舍人辟御史臺掾
479 2 宣撫 xuānfǔ minister to convey imperial commands 宣撫燕南
480 2 do not 後勿為例
481 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 執其論固爭
482 2 urgently / immediately / extremely 元珪亟陳其不便
483 2 shǎo few 惟陛下少加意焉
484 2 迷失 míshī to be lost 瑣咬兒哈的迷失
485 2 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 然升備位郡守
486 2 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 而軍民不可有所偏
487 2 科舉 Kē Jǔ Imperial Examinations 建科舉
488 2 wealth / capital / money / expenses 資善大夫
489 2 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 有司請完城以為備
490 2 qiān all / unanimous 僉河南行中書省事
491 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 海都之亂
492 2 speed 帝奇其速
493 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 帝造壽安山寺
494 2 chéng a city / a town 有司請完城以為備
495 2 cáo a canal / a waterway 江淮漕臣言
496 2 guǐ vehicle tracks 廷議謂升脫姦軌
497 2 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 不忍隳祖宗成憲
498 2 湖南 Húnán Hunan 湖南宣慰副使致仕
499 2 to bestow on / to endow with 有司賦役
500 2 大都 dàdōu generally 擢為大都路治中

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安藏 ān zàng An Zang
宾州 賓州 bīnzhōu Pennsylvania
伯颜 伯顏 bóyán Bayan
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
川党 川黨 chuāndǎng Sichuan codonopsis (Codonopsis pilosula, root used in TCM)
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
大经 大經 Dà Jīng The Mahāpirvāṇa Sūtra / The Nirvāṇa Sūtra
达鲁花赤 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi
大学士 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
浮屠 Fú tú Buddha stupa
甘肃行省 甘肅行省 Gānsù xíngshěng Gansu province
宫城 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广东 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong
广平 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping
广西 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi
观音 觀音 Guānyīn Guanyin Bodhisattva / Avalokiteśvara / Avalokitesvara / Guanyin
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
国史院 國史院 guóshǐ yuàn History Office
国子祭酒 國子祭酒 guózǐ jìjiǔ Chancellor of the National University
海宁 海寧 hǎiníng Haining
杭州 Hángzhōu Hangzhou
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
河东道 河東道 Hédōng Dào Hedong Province
河南省 hénánshěng Henan province
huái Huai River
湖北 Húběi Hubei
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
户部尚书 戶部尚書 hùbù Shàng Shū Minister of Revenue (from the Han dynasty onwards)
湖广行省 湖廣行省 húguǎng xíngshěng Huguang province
徽州 Huīzhōu Huizhou dialect
湖南 Húnán Hunan
获嘉 獲嘉 huòjiā Huojia
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
江北 jiāngběi
  1. Jiangbei
  2. Jiangbei airport
  3. Jiangbei
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
江西行省 Jiāngxī xíngshěng Jiangxi province
江阴 江陰 Jiāngyīn Jiangyin
江浙 Jiāngzhè Jiangzhe
江浙行省 Jiāngzhè xíngshěng Jiangzhe province
集贤 集賢 jíxián Jixian
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
科举 科舉 Kē Jǔ Imperial Examinations
两浙 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
临江 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
卢龙 盧龍 lúlóng Lulong
鲁山 魯山 lǔshān Lushan
蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia
欧阳玄 歐陽玄 Ōuyáng xuán Ouyang Xuan
平江 píngjiāng
  1. Pingjiang
  2. Pingjiang
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
清河 qīnghé Qinghe
庆元 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan
清州 qīngzhōu Cheongju
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
尚书省 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
陕西行省 陝西行省 shǎnxī xíngshěng Shaanxi province
绍兴 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
思明 sīmíng Siming
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太常寺 Tàichángsì Court of Imperial Sacrifices
太虚法师 太虛法師 tàixū fǎshī Taixu
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武宗 Wǔ Zōng
  1. Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong
  2. Emperor Wuzong of Tang
吴郡 吳郡 Wújùn Wujun
婺州 Wùzhōu Wuzhou
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
西域 xī yù Western Regions
行中书省 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat
兴文 興文 xīngwén Xingwen
宣慰使 xuānwèishǐ Commissioner for Pacification
盐运司 鹽運司 Yán Yùn Sī Salt Transportation Bureau
盐课 鹽課 Yánkè Salt Tax
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
yōng Yong / Nanning
永平 Yǒngpíng
  1. Yong Ping reign
  2. Yong Ping reign
元统 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
赵国 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao
zhè
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River
浙东 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang
贞元 貞元 zhēnyuán Zhenyuan
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至顺 至順 Zhìshùn Zhishun reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中书省 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat
周官 Zhōu Guān
  1. Zhou Li / Zhou Guan / Rites of Zhou
  2. Zhou Guan / Officers of Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English