Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Zhou 《周書》, 卷4 帝紀第4 明帝 Volume 4 Annals 4: Emperor Ming

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 61 gōng public/ common / state-owned 封寧都郡公
2 25 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 進位柱國
3 18 yuē to speak / to say 母曰姚夫人
4 16 supreme ruler / emperor 生帝於統萬城
5 15 big / great / huge / large / major 以寬仁為大
6 14 zhōu a state / a province 轉岐州諸軍事
7 11 xiàn to offer / to present 長安獻白雀
8 11 to reach 及孝閔帝廢
9 11 zhào an imperial decree 詔曰
10 11 shì matter / thing / item 行華州事
11 11 zhù a pillar / a post 進位柱國
12 10 rén person / people / a human being 宜改稱京兆人
13 10 chéng a city / a town 生帝於統萬城
14 9 zhì to place / to lay out 雍州置十二郡
15 9 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授大將軍
16 9 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 封寧都郡公
17 9 nián year 永熙三年
18 8 wáng Wang 王者之宰民也
19 8 fēng to seal / to close off 封寧都郡公
20 8 chén Chen 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
21 7 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏恭帝三年
22 7 chēng to call / to address 皆稱河南之民
23 7 martial / military 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
24 7 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖長子也
25 7 qún crowd / flock / group 羣臣上表勸進
26 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 謁成陵
27 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead
28 7 天下 tiānxià China 大赦天下
29 7 shí time / a point or period of time 君子以治曆明時
30 7 zhèng government / administration 治有美政
31 7 尉遲 wèichí Yuchi 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
32 6 to help / to assist 輔城公邕為柱國
33 6 Germany 況魏氏以德讓代終
34 6 sān three 永熙三年
35 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 王者之宰民也
36 6 wén to hear 令聞歌
37 6 chén minister / statesman / official 羣臣上表勸進
38 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今周室旣都關中
39 6 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 護猶總焉
40 6 shàng top / a high position 羣臣上表勸進
41 5 proper / suitable / appropriate 並宜放還
42 5 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
43 5 day of the month / a certain day 得實之日
44 5 děng et cetera / and so on 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
45 5 mìng life 鈎命決
46 5 to protect / to guard 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
47 5 yōng Yong / Nanning 輔城公邕為柱國
48 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 宜州刺史
49 5 yán to speak / to say / said 興言及此
50 5 wén writing / text 葭蘆郡置文州
51 5 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 赦長安見囚
52 5 child / son 為父母而子之
53 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使疆埸之間
54 5 zàng to bury the dead 葬敬后
55 5 èr two 二年春正月乙未
56 5 yòng to use / to apply 良用憮然
57 5 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 初改都督諸州軍事為總管
58 5 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 甲午
59 5 one 一遠近
60 5 an ancestral hall / a temple 祠圓丘
61 5 yuǎn far / distant 陽平公李遠賜死
62 5 yáng sun 順陽獻三足烏
63 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 祠方丘
64 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治有美政
65 4 shǐ beginning / start 帝始親覽萬機
66 4 辛未 xīnwèi eight year H8 of the 60 year cycle 辛未
67 4 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 可命有司
68 4 to enter 有被掠入賊者
69 4 jìn shanxi 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
70 4 can / may / permissible 悉可放免
71 4 jìn to enter 進位柱國
72 4 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 朝羣臣於延壽殿
73 4 miào temple / shrine 祠太廟
74 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉宜放免
75 4 to store 分積命時
76 4 yuè month 是月
77 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 況魏氏以德讓代終
78 4 to attain / to reach 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
79 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 謁成陵
80 4 wàn ten thousand 小名統萬突
81 4 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
82 4 jiǒng distant / remote 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
83 4 rén a kernel / a pit 以寬仁為大
84 4 shí real / true 得實之日
85 4 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 雍州置十二郡
86 4 reason / logic / truth 理囚徒
87 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 生帝於統萬城
88 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 羣臣上表勸進
89 4 kuān wide / broad 以寬仁為大
90 4 wide / broad 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
91 4 大赦 dàshè amnesty / general pardon 大赦天下
92 4 dōng winter 冬十月癸酉
93 4 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
94 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 況魏氏以德讓代終
95 4 shì a generation 猶累世獲宥
96 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣柱國
97 4 hōng to die 趙國公李弼薨
98 4 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
99 4 zài in / at 景福在民
100 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 金輿曆舊宮
101 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
102 4 to stop 小斂訖
103 4 qiū fall / autumn 秋九月癸亥
104 4 zhèn town 鎮隴右
105 4 zhòng many / all 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
106 4 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 帝固讓
107 4 zhèng upright / straight 南正無聞
108 4 shòu to teach 授大將軍
109 4 níng peaceful 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
110 3 lái to come 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
111 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 良可哀傷
112 3 zhí straight 豈直日月珠連
113 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 人君至治所有
114 3 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 當有聖人定之
115 3 liáng a bridge 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
116 3 戊子 wùzǐ twenty-fifth year E1 of the 60 year cycle 戊子
117 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 況魏氏以德讓代終
118 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
119 3 a shepherd 改雍州刺史為雍州牧
120 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 予安敢讓宗廟之善
121 3 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月癸酉
122 3 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
123 3 賀蘭 hèlán Helan 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
124 3 miǎn to spare 悉宜放免
125 3 之間 zhījiān between / among 遂使疆埸之間
126 3 癸丑 guǐchǒu fiftieth year J2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1973 or 2033 癸丑
127 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe
128 3 extra / surplus / remainder 餘分盈縮
129 3 quán authority / power 文武百官各權辟衰麻
130 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 以廣業
131 3 dào way / road / path 帝王之道
132 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處必然之理
133 3 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 文考屬天地草昧
134 3 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
135 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
136 3 方物 fāngwù produced locally / local product (with distinctive native features) 獻噠遣使獻方物
137 3 庚子 Gēngzǐ thirty seventh year of the 60 year cycle 十一月庚子
138 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷告六眚
139 3 dìng to decide 九州翕定
140 3 qián money / currency 若有侵盜公家財畜錢粟者
141 3 wèi position / location / place 進位柱國
142 3 father's elder brother / uncle 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
143 3 a fork in the road 轉岐州諸軍事
144 3 sufficient / enough 降斯三足
145 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 二年春正月乙未
146 3 four 昔唐咨四嶽
147 3 shū book 書此懷抱
148 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 今周室旣都關中
149 3 qiū Confucius 祠圓丘
150 3 to stand 立王后獨孤氏
151 3 to cry / to weep / to wail 七日哭
152 3 chà to differ 恤鰥寡孤獨各有差
153 3 qīn relatives 親耕籍田
154 3 liàng a quantity / an amount 量定以聞
155 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月甲午
156 3 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 夏四月己巳
157 3 xiáng good luck / blessing 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
158 3 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 秋九月癸亥
159 3 róng to hold / to contain 豈容不加隱恤
160 3 yáng Yang 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
161 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 秋九月癸亥
162 3 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師
163 3 服從 fúcóng to obey / to comply / to defer 且以素服從事
164 3 jūn army / military 陳六軍
165 3 xīn heart 實無恨於心矣
166 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦長安見囚
167 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分長安為萬年縣
168 3 a law / a rule 文武百官各權辟衰麻
169 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 魏政諸有輕犯未至重罪
170 3 xíng to walk / to move 行華州事
171 3 wing 翼為西陽公
172 3 silk / plain silk 並量賜錢帛
173 3 idea 此雖意在疾惡
174 3 辛酉 xīnyǒu fifty-eighth year H10 of the 60 year cycle 冬十月辛酉
175 3 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月乙未
176 3 jiǔ nine 九疇
177 3 高陽 gāoyáng Gaoyang 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
178 3 chūn spring 二年春正月乙未
179 3 tóng like / same / similar 尋拜開府儀同三司
180 3 gōng a palace 還宮
181 3 liù six 陳六軍
182 3 xiào school 刊校經史
183 3 bái white 長安獻白雀
184 3 xiào to be filial 孝閔帝踐阼
185 3 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗明皇帝諱毓
186 2 天水 Tiānshuǐ Tianshui 天水公廣為梁州總管
187 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 豈容違棄此好
188 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 宜州諸軍事
189 2 jìng to respect /to honor 葬敬后
190 2 蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji 又於河東置蒲州
191 2 hán cold / wintry / chilly 寒井落疏桐
192 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸昆明池
193 2 xià summer 夏四月己巳
194 2 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
195 2 Kangxi radical 177 因革之道已殊
196 2 huáng royal / imperial 皇王之迹不一
197 2 王后 Wánghòu Queen 立王后獨孤氏
198 2 to die 死而近思
199 2 Hebei 通為冀國公
200 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良可哀傷
201 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 故歷之為義大矣
202 2 zǎi to slaughter 以大冢宰
203 2 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo 進封輔城公邕為魯國公
204 2 lǎn to look at / to watch / to view 帝始親覽萬機
205 2 推移 tuīyí to elapse or pass / to develop or evolve 晷度推移
206 2 黎庶 líshù the populace / the masses / the people 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
207 2 zhú a candle 風雨玉燭
208 2 chóng high / dignified / lofty 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
209 2 to give 予安敢讓宗廟之善
210 2 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月甲子
211 2 shǔ Sichuan 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
212 2 以素 yǐ sù to use simplicity 且以素服從事
213 2 jīng to go through / to experience 雖經赦宥
214 2 néng can / able 能弘我周家
215 2 shī to lose 一物失所
216 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 文武官普進二級
217 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月庚子
218 2 京兆 jīngzhào Jingzhao / Xi'an 京兆郡守為京兆尹
219 2 guān an office 所有沒入為官口者
220 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止於舊邸
221 2 zuò to do 作民父母
222 2 to congratulate 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
223 2 夫人 fūren wife 母曰姚夫人
224 2 thing / matter 一物失所
225 2 cháo to face 朝羣臣於延壽殿
226 2 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao 趙國公李弼薨
227 2 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 庚申
228 2 to give / to bestow favors 並量賜錢帛
229 2 xíng punishment / penalty 五歲刑已下皆原之
230 2 huò to reap / to harvest 猶累世獲宥
231 2 shào Shao 邵郡置邵州
232 2 clothes / dress / garment 服大帛之衣
233 2 丁未 Dīngwèi forty-fourth year D8 of the 60 year cycle 丁未
234 2 tuī to push / to shove 博推古今
235 2 zhāo illustrious 葬於昭陵
236 2 dòu bean / pea 武陽公豆盧甯為大司寇
237 2 hóng liberal / great 大弘五法
238 2 fàng to put / to place 悉宜放免
239 2 hair 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
240 2 突厥 Tūjué Tujie / Göktürks / proto-Turkic ethnic group 突厥遣使獻方物
241 2 吐谷渾 Tǔyùhún Tuyuhun people 吐谷渾寇邊
242 2 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
243 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過故宅
244 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
245 2 qín Shaanxi 秦郡公直鎮蒲州
246 2 shī teacher 以太師
247 2 己巳 jǐsì sixth year F6 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1989 or 2049 夏四月己巳
248 2 官司 guānsi a government office 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
249 2 xiān first 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
250 2 qīng minister / high officer 會羣公列將卿大夫及突厥使者于芳林園
251 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 條列以聞
252 2 younger brother 封皇弟儉為譙國公
253 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月癸亥
254 2 táng Tang Dynasty 羲和欽若於唐世
255 2 蜀國 Shǔguó Shu Han Kingdom 甯蜀公尉遲迥為蜀國公
256 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 無忘父城
257 2 tíng a courtyard 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
258 2 yún cloud 云後八百歲
259 2 司寇 sīkòu minister of criminal justice (official rank in imperial China) 大司寇
260 2 tǒng to unify 小名統萬突
261 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 往因時難
262 2 different / other 來茲異趾
263 2 lóng dragon 圖龍躍沼
264 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 魏政諸有輕犯未至重罪
265 2 自新 zìxīn to reform oneself / to mend one's ways and start life anew 令天下自新
266 2 hàn Han Chinese 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
267 2 even / equal / uniform 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
268 2 Li 趙國公李弼薨
269 2 五常 wǔ cháng the five constant regulations / the five constant virtues 稟五常之氣
270 2 jiù old / ancient 止於舊邸
271 2 安敢 ān gǎn how dare [you]? 予安敢讓宗廟之善
272 2 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit 鎮隴右
273 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 備法駕奉迎
274 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 晷度推移
275 2 precious 風雨玉燭
276 2 xuān to declare / to announce 弗宣大惠
277 2 軒轅 xuānyuán Xuanyuan 熒惑入軒轅
278 2 xióng manly 大將軍王雄並為柱國
279 2 yuán won / yuan 祠圓丘
280 2 an official residence 止於舊邸
281 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察風俗
282 2 hóu marquis / lord 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
283 2 九州 jiǔzhōu Nine Provinces 九州翕定
284 2 shěng a cataract 但先王制肆眚之道
285 2 hǎo good 性好典墳
286 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 木德應其運矣
287 2 hòu thick 且厚葬傷生
288 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 興言及此
289 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
290 2 河南 hénán Henan 皆稱河南之民
291 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 自元年以來
292 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 本同大化
293 2 乙丑 yǐchǒu second year 乙丑
294 2 武帝 Wǔ Dì Emperor Wu of Han 是為陳武帝
295 2 nán south 自魏氏南徙
296 2 gǎi to change / to alter 改雍州刺史為雍州牧
297 2 正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign 正平置絳州
298 2 夏州 xiàzhōu Xiazhou 凡是從先王向夏州
299 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往因時難
300 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降死罪一等
301 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 朕為天下守財耳
302 2 hèn to resent / to hate 何足多恨
303 2 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 朝羣臣於延壽殿
304 2 alone / independent / single / sole 立王后獨孤氏
305 2 乙卯 yǐmǎo fifty-second year B4 of the 60 year cycle 乙卯
306 2 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 為父母而子之
307 2 己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year 己亥
308 2 to bear / to carry 此乃上不負太祖
309 2 jiàn to see 赦長安見囚
310 2 a talisman / a charm 遠符千載
311 2 tōng to go through / to open 通為冀國公
312 2 zhǐ toe 來茲異趾
313 2 huǒ fire / flame 澤中有火
314 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 帝固讓
315 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 安城公憲為益州總管
316 2 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
317 2 a family clan 敦睦九族
318 2 大位 dàwèi a high position 朕享大位
319 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
320 2 meaning / sense 故歷之為義大矣
321 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 豈容不加隱恤
322 2 zéi thief 賊之境土
323 2 庚午 gēngwǔ seventh year G7 of the 60 year cycle 十二月庚午
324 2 solitary 立王后獨孤氏
325 2 乙未 yǐwèi thirty-second year B8 of the 60 year cycle 二年春正月乙未
326 2 kǎo to examine / to test 文考至德下覃
327 2 周家 Zhōu jiā the Zhou family 成我周家
328 2 宜州 yízhōu Yizhou 宜州諸軍事
329 2 ci 來茲異趾
330 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 開闢至於獲麟
331 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安城公憲為益州總管
332 2 癸酉 guǐyǒu tenth year J10 of the 60 year cycle 冬十月癸酉
333 2 hòu after / later 以紹魏後
334 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 若以禮不可闕
335 2 Lu 武陽公豆盧甯為大司寇
336 2 guī to go back / to return 晉公護上表歸政
337 2 liǎn to collect 斂以時服
338 2 吳國 Wúguó Wu state 昌平公尉遲綱為吳國公
339 2 fén a grave 性好典墳
340 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 及孝閔帝廢
341 2 chóu class / category 九疇
342 2 a man / a male adult 夫天不愛寶
343 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 圖龍躍沼
344 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 王后獨孤氏崩
345 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月庚午
346 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 若以禮不可闕
347 2 海內 hǎinèi the whole world / throughout the land / everything under the sun 惟庫廄倉廩與海內所共
348 2 chamber / pavilion 莫不威鳳巢閣
349 2 昌平 Chāngpíng Changping 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
350 2 明皇帝 Míng Huángdì Emperor Ming of Han 世宗明皇帝諱毓
351 2 必然 bìrán inevitable / certain 物理之必然
352 2 business / industry 以廣業
353 2 Fu Xi 羲和欽若於唐世
354 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 以大司空
355 2 zhǔ owner 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
356 2 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 甲子
357 2 wǎng to deceive 罔識厥由
358 2 past / former times 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
359 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 龍德猶潛
360 2 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 有司宜即推窮
361 2 gas / vapour / fumes 玉燭調秋氣
362 2 敦睦 dūnmù to promote friendly relations 敦睦九族
363 2 秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou 秦州獻白馬朱鬣
364 2 to open 朕得啟手啟足
365 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 孝閔帝踐阼
366 2 suì age 五歲刑已下皆原之
367 2 to reach 洎于昏墊
368 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂使疆埸之間
369 2 hui to conceal 世宗明皇帝諱毓
370 2 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 猶累世獲宥
371 2 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 丁巳
372 2 bǐng a natural property / endowment 稟五常之氣
373 1 武殿 Wǔ diàn General's Shrine 聽訟於正武殿
374 1 益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou 安城公憲為益州總管
375 1 可恨 kěhèn hateful 所可恨者
376 1 懷恨 huáihèn to nurse hatred / to harbor a grudge / spiteful 顧此懷恨
377 1 七曜 qī yào the seven planets of premodern astronomy 仰觀七曜
378 1 放還 fànghái to release (a hostage) / to put back in place 並宜放還
379 1 壬申 rénshēn ninth year I9 of the 60 year cycle 壬申
380 1 gǎn bold / brave 弗敢怠荒
381 1 shǎo few 封少師元羅為韓國公
382 1 改元 gǎiyuán to change an emperor's or ruler's reign title 大赦改元
383 1 shēn human body / torso 身終之日
384 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 及即位
385 1 yáo handsome / elegant 母曰姚夫人
386 1 永熙 yǒngxī Yongxi reign 永熙三年
387 1 jǐng well / mine shaft / pit 寒井落疏桐
388 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 病困心亂
389 1 盡力 jìnlì to do one's best / to strive as much as possible 賴英賢盡力
390 1 奔赴 bēnfù to rush to / to hurry to 不得輒奔赴闕庭
391 1 dùn to escape 吐谷渾遁走
392 1 luò to fall / to drop 寒井落疏桐
393 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
394 1 歸本 guī běn return capital 將使三方歸本
395 1 丙辰 bǐngchén fifty-third year C5 of the 60 year cycle 丙辰
396 1 七十六 qīshíliù 76 二百七十六萬歲
397 1 Suí Sui Dynasty
398 1 一九七一年 yījiǔqīyī nián 1971 一九七一年十一月版
399 1 堅執 jiānzhí to persist / to continue upholding / to persevere / to stick to something / stubborn 而被堅執銳
400 1 zhū vermilion 秦州獻白馬朱鬣
401 1 傷生 shāngshēng to harm living things / to kill 且厚葬傷生
402 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 軍旅之事
403 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 但先王制肆眚之道
404 1 死事 sǐshì martyrs of service 哀死事生
405 1 sickness / distress 以求民瘼
406 1 亡者 wángzhě the deceased 見在及薨亡者
407 1 nóng agriculture / farming 農以來
408 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 正平公招為趙國公
409 1 琅邪 lángxié Langye 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
410 1 三元 sān yuán heaven, earth, and man 兆三元而為紀
411 1 tuí to crumble / to collapse / to decline / to decay 隤屋漂垣
412 1 rushes / reeds 葭蘆郡置文州
413 1 qiáo a drum tower 封皇弟儉為譙國公
414 1 仁兄 rénxiōng my dear friend 唯冀仁兄冢宰
415 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 文考屬天地草昧
416 1 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 若有侵盜公家財畜錢粟者
417 1 dài idle / remiss / negligent 弗敢怠荒
418 1 suí to follow
419 1 推問 tuīwèn to interrogate 若又推問
420 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 孝閔帝踐阼
421 1 菲薄 fēibáo humble / meager / thin / to despise 非能力行菲薄
422 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 帝因食遇毒
423 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 務從儉約
424 1 文學 wénxué literature 集公卿已下有文學者八十餘人於麟趾殿
425 1 致死 zhìsǐ deadly 其有致死王事
426 1 a scholar 崇尚文儒
427 1 xiǎo xiao 未嘗不以此自曉
428 1 丙戌 bǐngxū twenty-third year C11 of the 60 year cycle 丙戌
429 1 臨夏州 Línxiàzhōu Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture 太祖臨夏州
430 1 to resemble / to similar to to 更似入新豐
431 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 文考屬天地草昧
432 1 自守 zì shǒu to fend for one's self / to have solid moral character 各按部自守
433 1 gōng merit 至若功成名遂
434 1 zhěng to aid / to support / to save / to rescue 拯彼橫流
435 1 世道 shìdào the ways of the world 若克念世道艱難
436 1 調 tiáo to harmonize 玉燭調秋氣
437 1 提挈 tíqiè to hold by the hand / fig. to nurture / to foster / to bring up / to support 提挈後人
438 1 a border 遂使疆埸之間
439 1 可哀 kěāi miserably 良可哀傷
440 1 xiǎng to enjoy 朕享大位
441 1 勸進 quànjìn to persuade (a warlord or minister) to ascend the throne 羣臣上表勸進
442 1 cǎi color 詞彩溫麗
443 1 閏月 rùnyuè intercalary month in the lunar calendar / leap month 閏月庚申
444 1 to give birth to a child 世宗明皇帝諱毓
445 1 to aid / to assist / to help 趙國公李弼薨
446 1 東西 dōngxī east and west 致阻東西
447 1 to leave behind 遺仁爰被
448 1 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 增御正四人
449 1 事蹟 shìjì major events from something / a footprint / a mark / a trace / a vestige / a sign 而事蹟可知者
450 1 yún cloud
451 1 恭儉 gōngjiǎn to bow / to revere 率由恭儉
452 1 xián salty / briny 咸寘時雍
453 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 羣臣上表稱慶
454 1 kāng Kang 脩城二郡置康州
455 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 河北置虞州
456 1 zuǎn continue / carry on / succeed 今朕纘承大業
457 1 博覽 bólǎn to read extensively 博覽羣書
458 1 大度 dàdù magnanimous / generous (in spirit) 寬仁大度
459 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 哀死事生
460 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 每寢大布之被
461 1 囚徒 qiútú a prisoner 理囚徒
462 1 zhǎo a lake / a pool / a fishpond 圖龍躍沼
463 1 周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script 周文翼翼
464 1 extravagant / go with fashion 疇人靡記
465 1 mèi to conceal 文考屬天地草昧
466 1 是日 shìrì (formal) this day / that day 是日
467 1 法駕 fǎjià imperial carriage 備法駕奉迎
468 1 dào to arrive 四方州鎮使到
469 1 聖賢 shèngxián a sage / wise and holy man / virtuous ruler / Buddhist lama 披覽聖賢餘論
470 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 今朕纘承大業
471 1 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 准此以類為斷
472 1 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 京兆郡守為京兆尹
473 1 櫛風沐雨 zhì fēng mù yǔ to comb one's hair in the wind and wash it in the rain 櫛風沐雨
474 1 文帝 Wén Dì Emperor Wen of Han 是謂文帝
475 1 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
476 1 重陽 zhòngyáng Double Ninth / Yang Festival 重陽閣成
477 1 hóng a gate / a barrier 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
478 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 凡是器用
479 1 shuǐ water 其遭水者
480 1 tile 皆令用瓦
481 1 風雨 fēngyǔ wind and rain / the elements / trials and hardships 風雨玉燭
482 1 永昌 Yǒngchāng Yongchang 章武孝公導子亮為永昌公
483 1 yòu immature / young 幼而好學
484 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 賴英賢盡力
485 1 河東 hédōng Hedong 又於河東置蒲州
486 1 州郡 zhōujùn an administrative district 遣使分行州郡
487 1 壬午 rénwǔ nineteenth year I7 of the 60 year cycle 壬午
488 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷無主
489 1 preface / introduction 理乖攸序
490 1 luò Luo 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
491 1 huāng waste 弗敢怠荒
492 1 建國 jiànguó to found a country / nation-building / the foundation of PRC by Mao Zedong in 1949 建國剖符
493 1 安樂 ānlè peaceful and happy / content 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
494 1 成名 chéngmíng to make one's name / to become famous 至若功成名遂
495 1 wēn warm / lukewarm 詞彩溫麗
496 1 end / final stage / latter part 訖於魏末
497 1 purple / violet 大會羣臣於紫極殿
498 1 qín birds / fowl 翔此靈禽
499 1 tǎo to seek 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
500 1 五法 wǔfǎ five dharmas / five categories 大弘五法

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 61 gōng public/ common / state-owned 封寧都郡公
2 54 wèi for / to 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
3 36 zhī him / her / them / that 黎民懷之
4 26 so as to / in order to 因以名焉
5 25 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 進位柱國
6 25 yǒu is / are / to exist 治有美政
7 19 zhèn I / we 朕何讓焉
8 18 yuē to speak / to say 母曰姚夫人
9 16 supreme ruler / emperor 生帝於統萬城
10 16 in / at 生帝於統萬城
11 15 big / great / huge / large / major 以寬仁為大
12 14 zhōu a state / a province 轉岐州諸軍事
13 14 this / these 興言及此
14 13 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 及諸村民一家有犯乃及數家而被遠配者
15 12 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
16 11 xiàn to offer / to present 長安獻白雀
17 11 to reach 及孝閔帝廢
18 11 zhào an imperial decree 詔曰
19 11 shì matter / thing / item 行華州事
20 11 zhù a pillar / a post 進位柱國
21 10 rén person / people / a human being 宜改稱京兆人
22 10 chéng a city / a town 生帝於統萬城
23 9 zhì to place / to lay out 雍州置十二郡
24 9 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授大將軍
25 9 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 封寧都郡公
26 9 nián year 永熙三年
27 8 naturally / of course / certainly 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
28 8 wáng Wang 王者之宰民也
29 8 his / hers / its / theirs 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
30 8 not / no 自冬不雨
31 8 fēng to seal / to close off 封寧都郡公
32 8 chén Chen 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
33 7 do not 有司勿為推究
34 7 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏恭帝三年
35 7 chēng to call / to address 皆稱河南之民
36 7 martial / military 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
37 7 also / too 太祖長子也
38 7 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 一物失所
39 7 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖長子也
40 7 final particle 故歷之為義大矣
41 7 qún crowd / flock / group 羣臣上表勸進
42 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 謁成陵
43 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead
44 7 天下 tiānxià China 大赦天下
45 7 shí time / a point or period of time 君子以治曆明時
46 7 each 恤鰥寡孤獨各有差
47 7 zhèng government / administration 治有美政
48 7 shì is / are / am / to be 是月
49 7 尉遲 wèichí Yuchi 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
50 6 to help / to assist 輔城公邕為柱國
51 6 Germany 況魏氏以德讓代終
52 6 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若納
53 6 what / where / which 何其積謬
54 6 yān where / how 因以名焉
55 6 sān three 永熙三年
56 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 王者之宰民也
57 6 wén to hear 令聞歌
58 6 chén minister / statesman / official 羣臣上表勸進
59 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今周室旣都關中
60 6 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 護猶總焉
61 6 shàng top / a high position 羣臣上表勸進
62 5 proper / suitable / appropriate 並宜放還
63 5 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
64 5 day of the month / a certain day 得實之日
65 5 děng et cetera / and so on 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
66 5 already / afterwards 五歲刑已下皆原之
67 5 mìng life 鈎命決
68 5 to protect / to guard 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
69 5 yōng Yong / Nanning 輔城公邕為柱國
70 5 bèi by 及諸村民一家有犯乃及數家而被遠配者
71 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 宜州刺史
72 5 yán to speak / to say / said 興言及此
73 5 xià next 五歲刑已下皆原之
74 5 wén writing / text 葭蘆郡置文州
75 5 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 赦長安見囚
76 5 child / son 為父母而子之
77 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 遂使疆埸之間
78 5 zàng to bury the dead 葬敬后
79 5 èr two 二年春正月乙未
80 5 yòng to use / to apply 良用憮然
81 5 no 南正無聞
82 5 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 初改都督諸州軍事為總管
83 5 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 甲午
84 5 one 一遠近
85 5 an ancestral hall / a temple 祠圓丘
86 5 yuǎn far / distant 陽平公李遠賜死
87 5 yáng sun 順陽獻三足烏
88 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 祠方丘
89 4 以來 yǐlái since 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
90 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治有美政
91 4 shǐ beginning / start 帝始親覽萬機
92 4 辛未 xīnwèi eight year H8 of the 60 year cycle 辛未
93 4 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 可命有司
94 4 yóu also / as if / still 猶累世獲宥
95 4 such as / for example / for instance 還如過白水
96 4 to enter 有被掠入賊者
97 4 jìn shanxi 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
98 4 can / may / permissible 悉可放免
99 4 jìn to enter 進位柱國
100 4 suī although / even though 此雖意在疾惡
101 4 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 朝羣臣於延壽殿
102 4 miào temple / shrine 祠太廟
103 4 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 悉宜放免
104 4 to store 分積命時
105 4 yuè month 是月
106 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 況魏氏以德讓代終
107 4 to attain / to reach 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
108 4 líng mound / hill / mountain 謁成陵
109 4 wàn ten thousand 小名統萬突
110 4 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
111 4 jiǒng distant / remote 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
112 4 rén a kernel / a pit 以寬仁為大
113 4 bìng and / furthermore / also 並宜放還
114 4 shí real / true 得實之日
115 4 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 雍州置十二郡
116 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆稱河南之民
117 4 reason / logic / truth 理囚徒
118 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 生帝於統萬城
119 4 hái also / in addition / more 還宮
120 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 羣臣上表勸進
121 4 kuān wide / broad 以寬仁為大
122 4 wide / broad 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
123 4 大赦 dàshè amnesty / general pardon 大赦天下
124 4 dōng winter 冬十月癸酉
125 4 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
126 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將使三方歸本
127 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 況魏氏以德讓代終
128 4 shì a generation 猶累世獲宥
129 4 I / me / my 造我周曆
130 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣柱國
131 4 hōng to die 趙國公李弼薨
132 4 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 及諸村民一家有犯乃及數家而被遠配者
133 4 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 晉公護遣使迎帝於岐州
134 4 zài in / at 景福在民
135 4 to go through / to experience / to take place 金輿曆舊宮
136 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
137 4 to stop 小斂訖
138 4 qiū fall / autumn 秋九月癸亥
139 4 zhèn town 鎮隴右
140 4 zhòng many / all 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
141 4 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 帝固讓
142 4 zhèng upright / straight 南正無聞
143 4 shòu to teach 授大將軍
144 4 níng peaceful 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
145 3 lái to come 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
146 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 良可哀傷
147 3 zhí straight 豈直日月珠連
148 3 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 人君至治所有
149 3 wéi only / solely / alone 惟此大體
150 3 otherwise / but / however 王者至孝則出
151 3 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 當有聖人定之
152 3 liáng a bridge 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
153 3 戊子 wùzǐ twenty-fifth year E1 of the 60 year cycle 戊子
154 3 yīn because 因以名焉
155 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 況魏氏以德讓代終
156 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 元氏子女自坐趙貴等事以來
157 3 a shepherd 改雍州刺史為雍州牧
158 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 予安敢讓宗廟之善
159 3 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月癸酉
160 3 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
161 3 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 莫不同四海
162 3 賀蘭 hèlán Helan 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
163 3 miǎn to spare 悉宜放免
164 3 之間 zhījiān between / among 遂使疆埸之間
165 3 癸丑 guǐchǒu fiftieth year J2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1973 or 2033 癸丑
166 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe
167 3 extra / surplus / remainder 餘分盈縮
168 3 quán authority / power 文武百官各權辟衰麻
169 3 extremely / very 象極則差
170 3 already / de facto / since / then 今周室旣都關中
171 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 以廣業
172 3 dào way / road / path 帝王之道
173 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 自新何由哉
174 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處必然之理
175 3 how can it be that? 豈容不加隱恤
176 3 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 文考屬天地草昧
177 3 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以
178 3 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
179 3 yòu again / also 又於河東置蒲州
180 3 zhū all / many / various 魏政諸有輕犯未至重罪
181 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
182 3 方物 fāngwù produced locally / local product (with distinctive native features) 獻噠遣使獻方物
183 3 庚子 Gēngzǐ thirty seventh year of the 60 year cycle 十一月庚子
184 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷告六眚
185 3 dìng to decide 九州翕定
186 3 qián money / currency 若有侵盜公家財畜錢粟者
187 3 wèi position / location / place 進位柱國
188 3 father's elder brother / uncle 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
189 3 a fork in the road 轉岐州諸軍事
190 3 sufficient / enough 降斯三足
191 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 二年春正月乙未
192 3 four 昔唐咨四嶽
193 3 shū book 書此懷抱
194 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 今周室旣都關中
195 3 qiū Confucius 祠圓丘
196 3 to stand 立王后獨孤氏
197 3 to cry / to weep / to wail 七日哭
198 3 chà to differ 恤鰥寡孤獨各有差
199 3 qīn relatives 親耕籍田
200 3 liàng a quantity / an amount 量定以聞
201 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月甲午
202 3 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 夏四月己巳
203 3 xiáng good luck / blessing 博陵公賀蘭祥率衆討之
204 3 tài very / extremely 祠太社
205 3 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 秋九月癸亥
206 3 róng to hold / to contain 豈容不加隱恤
207 3 what? / where? / why? 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
208 3 yáng Yang 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
209 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 秋九月癸亥
210 3 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂四年矣
211 3 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師
212 3 服從 fúcóng to obey / to comply / to defer 且以素服從事
213 3 jūn army / military 陳六軍
214 3 xīn heart 實無恨於心矣
215 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦長安見囚
216 3 in / at
217 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分長安為萬年縣
218 3 a law / a rule 文武百官各權辟衰麻
219 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 武當郡獻赤烏
220 3 dàn but / yet / however 但忽微成象
221 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 魏政諸有輕犯未至重罪
222 3 xíng to walk / to move 行華州事
223 3 wing 翼為西陽公
224 3 silk / plain silk 並量賜錢帛
225 3 idea 此雖意在疾惡
226 3 辛酉 xīnyǒu fifty-eighth year H10 of the 60 year cycle 冬十月辛酉
227 3 promptly / right away / immediately 即天王位
228 3 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月乙未
229 3 jiǔ nine 九疇
230 3 高陽 gāoyáng Gaoyang 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
231 3 chūn spring 二年春正月乙未
232 3 tóng like / same / similar 尋拜開府儀同三司
233 3 gōng a palace 還宮
234 3 liù six 陳六軍
235 3 xiào school 刊校經史
236 3 bái white 長安獻白雀
237 3 xiào to be filial 孝閔帝踐阼
238 3 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 世宗明皇帝諱毓
239 2 天水 Tiānshuǐ Tianshui 天水公廣為梁州總管
240 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 豈容違棄此好
241 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 宜州諸軍事
242 2 jìng to respect /to honor 葬敬后
243 2 蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji 又於河東置蒲州
244 2 hán cold / wintry / chilly 寒井落疏桐
245 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸昆明池
246 2 xià summer 夏四月己巳
247 2 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
248 2 Kangxi radical 177 因革之道已殊
249 2 huáng royal / imperial 皇王之迹不一
250 2 王后 Wánghòu Queen 立王后獨孤氏
251 2 to die 死而近思
252 2 Hebei 通為冀國公
253 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良可哀傷
254 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 故歷之為義大矣
255 2 zǎi to slaughter 以大冢宰
256 2 and 羲和欽若於唐世
257 2 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo 進封輔城公邕為魯國公
258 2 qiě moreover / also 且以素服從事
259 2 lǎn to look at / to watch / to view 帝始親覽萬機
260 2 推移 tuīyí to elapse or pass / to develop or evolve 晷度推移
261 2 黎庶 líshù the populace / the masses / the people 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
262 2 zhú a candle 風雨玉燭
263 2 chóng high / dignified / lofty 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
264 2 to give 予安敢讓宗廟之善
265 2 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月甲子
266 2 shǔ Sichuan 甯蜀公尉遲迥率衆於河南築安樂城
267 2 以素 yǐ sù to use simplicity 且以素服從事
268 2 jīng to go through / to experience 雖經赦宥
269 2 néng can / able 能弘我周家
270 2 shī to lose 一物失所
271 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 文武官普進二級
272 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月庚子
273 2 京兆 jīngzhào Jingzhao / Xi'an 京兆郡守為京兆尹
274 2 no 弗宣大惠
275 2 guān an office 所有沒入為官口者
276 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止於舊邸
277 2 zuò to do 作民父母
278 2 to congratulate 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
279 2 夫人 fūren wife 母曰姚夫人
280 2 thing / matter 一物失所
281 2 zhì to / until 至京師
282 2 cháo to face 朝羣臣於延壽殿
283 2 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao 趙國公李弼薨
284 2 庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle 庚申
285 2 to give / to bestow favors 並量賜錢帛
286 2 xíng punishment / penalty 五歲刑已下皆原之
287 2 凡是 fánshì every / all 凡是從先王向夏州
288 2 huò to reap / to harvest 猶累世獲宥
289 2 shào Shao 邵郡置邵州
290 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 所有沒入為官口者
291 2 clothes / dress / garment 服大帛之衣
292 2 丁未 Dīngwèi forty-fourth year D8 of the 60 year cycle 丁未
293 2 tuī to push / to shove 博推古今
294 2 zhāo illustrious 葬於昭陵
295 2 dòu bean / pea 武陽公豆盧甯為大司寇
296 2 hóng liberal / great 大弘五法
297 2 chū to go out / to leave 王者至孝則出
298 2 fàng to put / to place 悉宜放免
299 2 hair 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
300 2 突厥 Tūjué Tujie / Göktürks / proto-Turkic ethnic group 突厥遣使獻方物
301 2 吐谷渾 Tǔyùhún Tuyuhun people 吐谷渾寇邊
302 2 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
303 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過故宅
304 2 所有 suǒyǒu all 所有沒入為官口者
305 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
306 2 qín Shaanxi 秦郡公直鎮蒲州
307 2 shī teacher 以太師
308 2 己巳 jǐsì sixth year F6 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1989 or 2049 夏四月己巳
309 2 官司 guānsi a government office 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
310 2 xiān first 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
311 2 qīng minister / high officer 會羣公列將卿大夫及突厥使者于芳林園
312 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 條列以聞
313 2 younger brother 封皇弟儉為譙國公
314 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月癸亥
315 2 chú except / besides 待大例除
316 2 táng Tang Dynasty 羲和欽若於唐世
317 2 yuán therefore / then 遺仁爰被
318 2 蜀國 Shǔguó Shu Han Kingdom 甯蜀公尉遲迥為蜀國公
319 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 無忘父城
320 2 tíng a courtyard 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
321 2 yún cloud 云後八百歲
322 2 司寇 sīkòu minister of criminal justice (official rank in imperial China) 大司寇
323 2 從先 cóngxiān before / in the past / previously 凡是從先王向夏州
324 2 tǒng to unify 小名統萬突
325 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 往因時難
326 2 different / other 來茲異趾
327 2 lóng dragon 圖龍躍沼
328 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 魏政諸有輕犯未至重罪
329 2 自新 zìxīn to reform oneself / to mend one's ways and start life anew 令天下自新
330 2 hàn Han Chinese 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
331 2 even / equal / uniform 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
332 2 Li 趙國公李弼薨
333 2 五常 wǔ cháng the five constant regulations / the five constant virtues 稟五常之氣
334 2 jiù old / ancient 止於舊邸
335 2 安敢 ān gǎn how dare [you]? 予安敢讓宗廟之善
336 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元命苞曰
337 2 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit 鎮隴右
338 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 備法駕奉迎
339 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 晷度推移
340 2 precious 風雨玉燭
341 2 xuān to declare / to announce 弗宣大惠
342 2 軒轅 xuānyuán Xuanyuan 熒惑入軒轅
343 2 běn measure word for books 本同大化
344 2 xióng manly 大將軍王雄並為柱國
345 2 yuán won / yuan 祠圓丘
346 2 an official residence 止於舊邸
347 2 公等 gōng děng you all 公等事太祖
348 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 察風俗
349 2 zāi exclamatory particle 自新何由哉
350 2 hóu marquis / lord 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
351 2 九州 jiǔzhōu Nine Provinces 九州翕定
352 2 shěng a cataract 但先王制肆眚之道
353 2 hǎo good 性好典墳
354 2 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 永言疇昔
355 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 木德應其運矣
356 2 hòu thick 且厚葬傷生
357 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 興言及此
358 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 齊北豫州刺史司馬消難舉州來附
359 2 河南 hénán Henan 皆稱河南之民
360 2 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 自元年以來
361 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 本同大化
362 2 乙丑 yǐchǒu second year 乙丑
363 2 武帝 Wǔ Dì Emperor Wu of Han 是為陳武帝
364 2 nán south 自魏氏南徙
365 2 gǎi to change / to alter 改雍州刺史為雍州牧
366 2 正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign 正平置絳州
367 2 夏州 xiàzhōu Xiazhou 凡是從先王向夏州
368 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往因時難
369 2 de potential marker 得實之日
370 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降死罪一等
371 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 朕為天下守財耳
372 2 hèn to resent / to hate 何足多恨
373 2 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou 朝羣臣於延壽殿
374 2 alone / independent / single / sole 立王后獨孤氏
375 2 乙卯 yǐmǎo fifty-second year B4 of the 60 year cycle 乙卯
376 2 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 為父母而子之
377 2 己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year 己亥
378 2 to bear / to carry 此乃上不負太祖
379 2 jiàn to see 赦長安見囚
380 2 a talisman / a charm 遠符千載
381 2 tōng to go through / to open 通為冀國公
382 2 zhǐ toe 來茲異趾
383 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 人安得長在
384 2 huǒ fire / flame 澤中有火
385 2 this 降斯三足
386 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 帝固讓
387 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 安城公憲為益州總管
388 2 甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle 甲戌
389 2 cóng from 潁川從我
390 2 a family clan 敦睦九族
391 2 and 高陽公達奚武與大將軍楊忠率衆迎之
392 2 do not 梁國公侯莫陳崇為大宗伯
393 2 大位 dàwèi a high position 朕享大位
394 2 朕躬 zhèngōng [the emperor] myself personally 下不負朕躬
395 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 公卿大夫士爰及牧守黎庶等
396 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於是月方大雪
397 2 meaning / sense 故歷之為義大矣
398 2 to sympathize / to give relief / to compensate 豈容不加隱恤
399 2 zéi thief 賊之境土
400 2 庚午 gēngwǔ seventh year G7 of the 60 year cycle 十二月庚午
401 2 solitary 立王后獨孤氏
402 2 乙未 yǐwèi thirty-second year B8 of the 60 year cycle 二年春正月乙未
403 2 kǎo to examine / to test 文考至德下覃
404 2 周家 Zhōu jiā the Zhou family 成我周家
405 2 宜州 yízhōu Yizhou 宜州諸軍事
406 2 ci 來茲異趾
407 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 開闢至於獲麟
408 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安城公憲為益州總管
409 2 癸酉 guǐyǒu tenth year J10 of the 60 year cycle 冬十月癸酉
410 2 hòu after / later 以紹魏後
411 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 若以禮不可闕
412 2 Lu 武陽公豆盧甯為大司寇
413 2 guī to go back / to return 晉公護上表歸政
414 2 liǎn to collect 斂以時服
415 2 吳國 Wúguó Wu state 昌平公尉遲綱為吳國公
416 2 fén a grave 性好典墳
417 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 及孝閔帝廢
418 2 chóu class / category 九疇
419 2 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 舉杯延故老
420 2 a man / a male adult 夫天不愛寶
421 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 圖龍躍沼
422 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 王后獨孤氏崩
423 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月庚午
424 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 若以禮不可闕
425 2 海內 hǎinèi the whole world / throughout the land / everything under the sun 惟庫廄倉廩與海內所共
426 2 chamber / pavilion 莫不威鳳巢閣
427 2 昌平 Chāngpíng Changping 昌平公尉遲綱為柱國
428 2 明皇帝 Míng Huángdì Emperor Ming of Han 世宗明皇帝諱毓
429 2 必然 bìrán inevitable / certain 物理之必然
430 2 business / industry 以廣業
431 2 Fu Xi 羲和欽若於唐世
432 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 以大司空
433 2 zhǔ owner 梁相陳霸先廢其主蕭方智而自立
434 2 甲子 jiǎzǐ first year of the sixty-year cycle (where each year is numbered with one of the 10 heavenly stems 天干 and one of the 12 earthly branches 地支 ) / the sixty-year cycle 甲子
435 2 wǎng to deceive 罔識厥由
436 2 past / former times 昔漢世巴郡洛下閎善治歷
437 2 gòng together 惟庫廄倉廩與海內所共
438 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 龍德猶潛
439 2 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 有司宜即推窮
440 2 gas / vapour / fumes 玉燭調秋氣
441 2 敦睦 dūnmù to promote friendly relations 敦睦九族
442 2 秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou 秦州獻白馬朱鬣
443 2 to open 朕得啟手啟足
444 2 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity 孝閔帝踐阼
445 2 yīng should / ought 木德應其運矣
446 2 suì age 五歲刑已下皆原之
447 2 to reach 洎于昏墊
448 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂使疆埸之間
449 2 hui to conceal 世宗明皇帝諱毓
450 2 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 猶累世獲宥
451 2 丁巳 Dīngsì fifty-fourth year D6 of the 60 year cycle 丁巳
452 2 bǐng a natural property / endowment 稟五常之氣
453 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 初改都督諸州軍事為總管
454 1 武殿 Wǔ diàn General's Shrine 聽訟於正武殿
455 1 益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou 安城公憲為益州總管
456 1 可恨 kěhèn hateful 所可恨者
457 1 懷恨 huáihèn to nurse hatred / to harbor a grudge / spiteful 顧此懷恨
458 1 七曜 qī yào the seven planets of premodern astronomy 仰觀七曜
459 1 放還 fànghái to release (a hostage) / to put back in place 並宜放還
460 1 壬申 rénshēn ninth year I9 of the 60 year cycle 壬申
461 1 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得輒奔赴闕庭
462 1 gǎn bold / brave 弗敢怠荒
463 1 shǎo few 封少師元羅為韓國公
464 1 改元 gǎiyuán to change an emperor's or ruler's reign title 大赦改元
465 1 shēn human body / torso 身終之日
466 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 及即位
467 1 yáo handsome / elegant 母曰姚夫人
468 1 永熙 yǒngxī Yongxi reign 永熙三年
469 1 jǐng well / mine shaft / pit 寒井落疏桐
470 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 病困心亂
471 1 盡力 jìnlì to do one's best / to strive as much as possible 賴英賢盡力
472 1 從來 cónglái always / at all times / never (if used in a negative sentence) 發夏州從來
473 1 奔赴 bēnfù to rush to / to hurry to 不得輒奔赴闕庭
474 1 dùn to escape 吐谷渾遁走
475 1 luò to fall / to drop 寒井落疏桐
476 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 比屢有糾發官司赦前事
477 1 歸本 guī běn return capital 將使三方歸本
478 1 丙辰 bǐngchén fifty-third year C5 of the 60 year cycle 丙辰
479 1 七十六 qīshíliù 76 二百七十六萬歲
480 1 Suí Sui Dynasty
481 1 一九七一年 yījiǔqīyī nián 1971 一九七一年十一月版
482 1 堅執 jiānzhí to persist / to continue upholding / to persevere / to stick to something / stubborn 而被堅執銳
483 1 zhū vermilion 秦州獻白馬朱鬣
484 1 傷生 shāngshēng to harm living things / to kill 且厚葬傷生
485 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 軍旅之事
486 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 但先王制肆眚之道
487 1 死事 sǐshì martyrs of service 哀死事生
488 1 sickness / distress 以求民瘼
489 1 亡者 wángzhě the deceased 見在及薨亡者
490 1 nóng agriculture / farming 農以來
491 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 正平公招為趙國公
492 1 琅邪 lángxié Langye 以功臣琅邪貞獻公賀拔勝等十三人配享太祖廟庭
493 1 三元 sān yuán heaven, earth, and man 兆三元而為紀
494 1 tuí to crumble / to collapse / to decline / to decay 隤屋漂垣
495 1 rushes / reeds 葭蘆郡置文州
496 1 qiáo a drum tower 封皇弟儉為譙國公
497 1 仁兄 rénxiōng my dear friend 唯冀仁兄冢宰
498 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 文考屬天地草昧
499 1 míng measure word for people 因以名焉
500 1 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 若有侵盜公家財畜錢粟者

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安乐 安樂 ānlè
  1. peaceful and happy / content
  2. Anle
  3. Anle district
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
赤烏 赤乌 Chìwū Chiwu reign
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
高昌 Gāochāng Gaochang / Qara-hoja
高阳 高陽 gāoyáng Gaoyang
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
韩国 韓國 hánguó South Korea
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
贺兰 賀蘭 hèlán Helan
弘农 弘農 hóngnóng jùn Hongnong prefecture
华州 華州 huá zhōu Washington state
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
景福 jǐngfú Jingfu
京兆 jīngzhào
  1. Jingzhao / Xi'an
  2. capital municipal area
  3. Capital Region Governor
京兆尹 Jīngzhàoyǐn
  1. Jingzhao
  2. Capital Region Governor
九泉 jiǔ quán the Nine Springs / Hades
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
昆明池 Kūnmíng chí Kunming Lake [Dian Lake]
琅邪 lángxié Langye
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
临夏州 臨夏州 Línxiàzhōu Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture
林园 林園 línyuán Linyuan
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
陇右 隴右 lǒngyòu Longshi Circuit
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
明皇帝 Míng Huángdì Emperor Ming of Han
明仁 míngrén Akihito
宁都 寧都 níngdōu Ningdu
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
蒲州 Púzhōu Puzhou / Yongji
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
三元 sān yuán
  1. heaven, earth, and man
  2. New Year's Day
  3. the three yuan festivals
  4. the top candidates in each of the three imperial exams
  5. the three elements
  6. San Yuan
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
蜀国 蜀國 Shǔguó Shu Han Kingdom
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
Suí Sui Dynasty
太白 Tài Bái Taebaek
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
天水 Tiānshuǐ Tianshui
同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan
突厥 Tūjué Tujie / Göktürks / proto-Turkic ethnic group
吐谷浑 吐谷渾 Tǔyùhún Tuyuhun people
万年县 萬年縣 wànniánxiàn Wannian county
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
尉迟 尉遲 wèichí Yuchi
文帝 文帝 Wén Dì
  1. Emperor Wen of Han
  2. Emperor Wen of Liu Song
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
武帝 Wǔ Dì
  1. Emperor Wu of Han
  2. Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Wu of Song
吴国 吳國 Wúguó
  1. Wu state
  2. Wu state
武威 wǔwēi Wuwei
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
  1. Fu Xi
  2. Xi
夏州 xiàzhōu Xiazhou
辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year
新丰 新豐 xīnfēng Xinfeng
轩辕 軒轅 xuānyuán Xuanyuan
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
颍川 潁川 Yǐngchuān Yingchuan
以太 yǐtài Ether-
宜阳 宜陽 yíyáng Yiyang
宜州 yízhōu Yizhou
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
yōng Yong / Nanning
永昌 Yǒngchāng
  1. Yongchang
  2. Yongchang
永熙 yǒngxī Yongxi reign
雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou
虞舜 yú shùn Yu Shun / Emperor Shun
元氏 yuánshì Yuanshi
越国 越國 yuèguó Yue state / generic term for states in south China or southeast Asia at different historical periods
宇文 yǔwén
  1. Yuwen
  2. Yuwen
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
章武 zhāngwǔ Zhangwu
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵国 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao
郑国 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo
正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
至德 Zhìdé Zhide reign
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English