Glossary and Vocabulary for Daode Jing 《道德經》

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 480 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反以傷自然
2 161 thing / matter 可以觀其始物之妙
3 154 dào way / road / path 道可道
4 124 yuē to speak / to say 故不可言同名曰玄
5 112 天下 tiānxià China 天下皆知美之為美
6 97 yīn sound / noise 大音希聲
7 97 shàng top / a high position 上篇
8 95 yán to speak / to say / said 言道以無形無名始成萬物
9 95 zuò to do 萬物作焉而不辭
10 93 big / great / huge / large / major 形雖大
11 93 Germany 德不能過其載
12 91 yòng to use / to apply 必以無為用
13 89 zhāng a chapter / a section 一章
14 87 shēng to be born / to give birth 始於無而後生
15 87 néng can / able 猶能也
16 85 desire 故常無欲
17 82 rén person / people / a human being 而人食狗
18 82 zhī to know 天下皆知美之為美
19 74 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故不可道
20 72 yún cloud 而直云絕
21 71 wèi to call 同謂之玄
22 69 mín the people / citizen / subjects 使民不爭
23 65 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 言道以無形無名始成萬物
24 65 shī to lose 而已則是名則失之遠矣
25 64 萬物 wànwù all living things 有名萬物之母
26 63 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 皆知善之為善
27 62 a man / a male adult 夫唯弗居
28 55 a river / a stream 自至河上責之
29 54 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 是以聖人處無為之事
30 51 one 一書最重要的注釋之一
31 50 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 必以無為用
32 50 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴難得之貨
33 47 xíng to walk / to move 行不言之教
34 47 shēn human body / torso 是以聖人後其身而身先
35 47 tóng like / same / similar 同出而異名
36 45 shǐ beginning / start 無名天地之始
37 45 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 是以聖人之治
38 42 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 執一國之量者
39 41 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能全家
40 41 can / may / permissible 道可道
41 41 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 心懷智而腹懷食
42 41 自然 zìrán nature 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
43 37 mother 有名萬物之母
44 37 shì matter / thing / item 是以聖人處無為之事
45 37 jiàn to see 其情不可得見之貌也
46 36 xíng appearance 未形
47 36 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 則不足以備載矣
48 35 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 能無以為乎
49 34 ancient / old / palaeo- 執古之道
50 34 qiú to request 萬物舍此而求主
51 34 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 以始以成而不知其所以
52 33 míng bright / brilliant 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
53 33 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使功在己
54 33 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 是以聖人處無為之事
55 33 residence / dwelling 功成而弗居
56 33 zhí straight 而直云絕
57 32 easy / simple 無以易其身
58 32 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以觀其始物之妙
59 32 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多則惑
60 31 不知 bùzhī do not know 以始以成而不知其所以
61 31 xīn heart 則心無所亂也
62 29 power / force / strength 窮力舉重
63 29 tiān day 不法於天則不能全其寧
64 29 jìng still / calm 守靜不衰
65 29 to take / to get / to fetch 取於不可得而謂之然也
66 28 gōng merit 功成而弗居
67 27 quán perfect 不法於天則不能全其寧
68 26 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 既揣末令尖
69 26 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守其真也
70 26 wén writing / text 此三者以為文不足
71 25 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 所施不可同也
72 25 zài in / at 在首則謂之始
73 25 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 同謂之玄
74 25 zhēn real / true / genuine 守其真也
75 24 不為 bùwéi to not do 使民不為盜
76 24 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 抱一清神
77 24 wáng Wang 侯王若能守
78 24 zhǔ owner 萬物舍此而求主
79 23 gain / advantage / benefit 凡有之為利
80 23 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小不能鎮大
81 23 to go 是以不去
82 22 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 通簡不陽
83 22 老子 lǎozǐ Laozi 老子道德經注
84 22 nán difficult / arduous / hard 言其難也
85 22 to die 谷神不死
86 22 sincere / honest / simple 敦兮其若樸
87 22 soil / ground / land 地雖形魄
88 22 è evil / vice 斯惡已
89 22 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 夫執一家之量者
90 22 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 無名天地之始
91 21 sǔn to injure 銳挫而無損
92 21 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄己任物
93 21 xiān first 象帝之先
94 20 guī to go back / to return 歸終也
95 20 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 歸終也
96 20 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 欲言存邪
97 20 letter / symbol / character 字之曰道
98 20 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 埏埴以為器
99 20 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 為則偽也
100 20 end / final stage / latter part 既揣末令尖
101 20 qiáng strong / powerful 強其骨
102 20 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝而不美
103 20 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 行不言之教
104 20 無名 wúmíng nameless 無名天地之始
105 20 無形 wúxíng formless / invisible 言道以無形無名始成萬物
106 19 apprentice / disciple 故得其違教之徒
107 19 zhòng heavy 重為輕根
108 19 zhù to inject / to pour into 老子道德經注
109 19 bīng soldier / troops 不以兵強天下
110 19 cún to exist / to survive 湛兮似或存
111 19 hǎo good 意無所好欲
112 18 無物 wúwù nothing / empty 無物不成
113 18 shě to give 萬物舍此而求主
114 18 child / son 吾不知誰之子
115 18 yuǎn far / distant 而已則是名則失之遠矣
116 18 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 自生則與物爭
117 18 xiàng figure / image / appearance 象帝之先
118 18 xìng gender 則物全而性得矣
119 18 rèn to bear / to undertake 唯能是任
120 17 měi beautiful 天下皆知美之為美
121 17 zhòng many / numerous 眾妙之門
122 17 luàn chaotic / disorderly 使民心不亂
123 17 sān three 三章
124 17 qīng clear / pure / clean 抱一清神
125 16 to support /to help 扶又反
126 16 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛其心
127 16 hài to injure / to harm to 水火不能害
128 16 shǔ to count 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
129 16 dòng to move / to act 動而愈出
130 16 chēng to call / to address 隆之稱也
131 16 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未形
132 15 xián virtuous / worthy 不尚賢
133 15 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 榮過其任
134 15 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 貴大患若身
135 15 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 專氣致柔
136 15 百姓 bǎixìng common people 以百姓為芻狗
137 15 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 人心之所進樂也
138 15 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 斯不善已
139 15 sufficient / enough 自然已足
140 15 fán ordinary / common 凡有皆始於無
141 14 zhèng upright / straight 正善治
142 14 jìn to enter 人心之所進樂也
143 14 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 得與亡孰病
144 14 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 以御今之有
145 14 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 能無離乎
146 14 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尚好修敬
147 14 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則邪入乎分
148 14 xìn to believe / to trust 信不足焉
149 14 yíng to fill 持而盈之
150 14 róng to hold / to contain 故強為之容
151 14 to lift / to hold up / to raise 故不可得偏舉也
152 14 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見可欲
153 14 xué to study / to learn 絕學無憂
154 14 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 為道者日損
155 13 hòu thick 生之厚
156 13 yàn to dislike / to detest 貪貨無厭
157 13 一本 yīběn one copy 一本作號
158 13 to reach 天地莫能及之
159 13 increase / benefit 然則學求益所能
160 13 qiáng strong / powerful 强為之名曰大
161 13 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 治大國
162 13 róu soft 專氣致柔
163 13 wēi small / tiny 微之極也
164 13 rén a kernel / a pit 與善仁
165 13 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 寵辱若驚
166 12 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 挫其銳
167 12 èr two 二章
168 12 to stand 立善行施
169 12 wáng to die 欲言亡邪
170 12 zūn to honor / to respect 豈足尊哉
171 12 zào tense / excited / irritable 靜為躁君
172 12 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 以觀其妙
173 12 無有 wú yǒu there is not 默然無有也
174 12 shí food / food and drink 心懷智而腹懷食
175 12 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 絕巧棄利
176 12 qīng light / not heavy 重為輕根
177 12 傷人 shāngrén to injure sb 其神不傷人
178 12 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 反以傷自然
179 12 shì style 是以聖人抱一為天下式
180 12 to look after / to attend to 顧作掘
181 12 huò goods / products / commodities 不貴難得之貨
182 12 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 使民不爭
183 12 柔弱 róuruò weak / delicate 柔弱勝剛強
184 12 bài to defeat / to vanquish 為則敗也
185 12 zhì sign / mark / flag 弱其志
186 12 method / way 不能法以正齊民
187 12 Wu 音烏
188 11 hùn to mix / to blend / to mingle 故混而為一
189 11 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 窮力舉重
190 11 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 眾人皆有餘
191 11 hòu after / later 是以聖人後其身而身先
192 11 thin / slender 為大於其細
193 11 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 有孝慈
194 11 clothes / dress / garment 服文綵
195 11 zōng school / sect 淵兮似萬物之宗
196 11 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 滿以造實
197 11 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 必固張之
198 11 to bewitch / to charm / to infatuate 無迷無惑
199 11 a human or animal body 不能累其體
200 11 to join / to combine 聖人與天地合其德
201 11 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 天無以清將恐裂
202 11 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 則物自賓而處自安矣
203 11 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 使夫智者不敢為也
204 11 meaning / sense 絕仁棄義
205 11 wèi to fear / to dread 猶兮若畏四鄰
206 11 bitterness / bitter flavor 陳國苦縣厲鄉人
207 11 shùn to obey 皆順其性也
208 11 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 則乃至於無所不周普也
209 10 to arise / to get up 凡有起於虛
210 10 róng glory / honor 榮過其任
211 10 wén to hear 聽之不足聞
212 10 to enter 必入死之地
213 10 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 木埴壁之所以成三者
214 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 上禮為之而莫之應
215 10 dīng Ding 又丁果反
216 10 to ferry 適道而後濟
217 10 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 德不能過其載
218 10 bào newspaper 小怨則不足以報
219 10 ài to love 愛以身為天下
220 10 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 寵辱若驚
221 10 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 眾妙之門
222 10 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 仁者必造立施化
223 10 shě to give 棄本捨母而適其子
224 10 guǒ a result / a consequence 善有果而已
225 10 strange / unusual / uncanny 以奇用兵
226 10 gēn origin / cause / basis 喜怒同根
227 10 a government official / a magistrate 直吏反
228 10 shǎo few 少私寡欲
229 10 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 以無為為君
230 10 zhǐ to stop / to halt 飂兮若無止
231 10 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 無逆無違
232 9 ruò weak 弱其志
233 9 大道 dàdào main street 大道廢
234 9 tuó a sack / a bag opening at both ends 其猶橐籥乎
235 9 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 競趣穿窬探篋
236 9 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 處眾人之所惡
237 9 Shè She County 將欲歙之
238 9 to die 卒復歸於虛靜
239 9 guāng light 和其光
240 9 jiā to add 物守自然則神無所加
241 9 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 五色令人目盲
242 9 to resemble / to similar to to 淵兮似萬物之宗
243 9 to avoid / to shun 下知避之
244 9 tōng to go through / to open 經通於天下
245 9 shì to rely upon 為而不恃
246 9 lèi to be tired 不能累其體
247 9 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 所謂道常無為
248 9 to allow / to permit 許靳反
249 9 shī teacher 不善人之師
250 9 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故大制不割
251 9 yuàn to blame / to complain 小怨則不足以報
252 9 wide / broad 故有宏普博施仁愛之者
253 9 jiǔ old 則功不可久也
254 9 dài dangerous / perilous 沒身不殆
255 9 shí time / a period of time 之時則為萬物之始
256 9 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 故不可得偏舉也
257 9 jīng essence 天雖精象
258 9 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 治國無以智
259 9 martial / military 勇者可以武使也
260 9 zhāng clear / obvious 不偏不彰
261 9 bǎo to defend / to protect 不法於道則不能保其精
262 9 yuè a woodwind instrument 其猶橐籥乎
263 9 pìn the female of a species 是謂玄牝
264 9 shuǐ water 上善若水
265 9 dào to rob / to steal 使民不為盜
266 9 shí knowledge / understanding 深不可識
267 9 valley / gorge / ravine 谷中央無谷也
268 9 to see / to observe / to witness 其端兆不可覩
269 9 to cry out / to shout 呼報反
270 9 tīng to listen 聽之不聞名曰希
271 9 chǒng to favor 寵辱若驚
272 9 alone / independent / single / sole 我獨泊兮其未兆
273 8 to cut / to divide / to partition 故大制不割
274 8 to raise animals 畜之
275 8 mián silk down 緜緜若存
276 8 dìng to decide 謂之然則不可以定乎一玄
277 8 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 載營魄抱一
278 8 liáng a bridge 梁帝云
279 8 力征 lìzhēng by force / to conquer by force of arms / power 力征反
280 8 qiāng Qiang [people] 羌呂反
281 8 to aid / to assist / to help 予於是知弼本深於老子
282 8 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 其情不可得見之貌也
283 8 a law / a rule 則民不辟而國治之也
284 8 suí to follow 前後相隨
285 8 chǐ salted fermented beans 以豉反
286 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 勇於敢則殺
287 8 wealth / capital / money / expenses 天故資焉
288 8 a musical note 羌呂反
289 8 road / path / way 烏路反
290 8 其中 qízhōng among 其中有象
291 8 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如守中
292 8 chōng to charge at 道沖而用之或不盈
293 8 jīng to go through / to experience 經通於天下
294 8 seven 七章
295 8 mèng first month 下孟反
296 8 無知 wúzhī ignorant 虛有智而實無知也
297 8 yuān a gulf / an abyss 淵兮似萬物之宗
298 8 shì to match 適道而後濟
299 8 jiù to save / to rescue 是以聖人常善救人
300 8 shéng rope / string / cord 繩繩不可名
301 8 shū different / special / unusual 不造進向以殊棄不肖
302 8 liàng a quantity / an amount 夫執一家之量者
303 8 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 是謂無狀之狀
304 8 wēi power / might / prestige 夫恃威網以使物者
305 8 wǎng to go (in a direction) 無所不往
306 8 affairs / business / matter / activity 為始者務欲立功生事
307 8 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 善人之寶
308 8 interesting 競趣穿窬探篋
309 8 sàng to lose / to die 常得而無喪
310 8 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 有恩有為
311 8 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 不塞其原也
312 8 chí to grasp / to hold 持而盈之
313 8 to connect / to relate 無所繫縶
314 8 zhōng middle 不如守中
315 8 several 故幾於道
316 8 a flaw / a defect 能無疵乎
317 8 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 過用貪者
318 8 yuán source / origin 不塞其原也
319 8 reason / logic / truth 則莫不理
320 8 kāi to open 天門開闔
321 8 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 有不信焉
322 8 fāng fragrant 音芳
323 8 miào wonderful / fantastic 以觀其妙
324 7 yuè pleased 應時感悅人心也
325 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 在方而法
326 7 shuǎng invigorating 五味令人口爽
327 7 王弼 wángbì Wang Bi 王弼
328 7 mèi to conceal 其下不昧
329 7 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 榮寵之屬也
330 7 wài outside 外其身而身存
331 7 zhèn town 小不能鎮大
332 7 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 以察姦偽
333 7 悶悶 mēnmēn unhappy / depressed 我獨悶悶
334 7 shēn deep 深不可識
335 7 知者 zhī zhě the wise 知者謂知為也
336 7 shēng sound 若橐籥有意於為聲也
337 7 responsibility / duty 責其字定之所由
338 7 piān chapter / section / essay / article 上篇
339 7 quē be short of / to lack 大成若缺
340 7 不盈 bùyíng to be not full 道沖而用之或不盈
341 7 extensive / full 姦巧彌密
342 7 嬰兒 yīng ér infant / baby 能嬰兒乎
343 7 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 樸散則為器
344 7 ancient barbarian tribes 視之不見名曰夷
345 7 jié to exhaust 竭其聰明以為前識
346 7 even / equal / uniform 不能法以正齊民
347 7 道德經 Dào Dé Jīng Daode Jing / Tao Te Ching 老子道德經注
348 7 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉多轉遠其根
349 7 gas / vapour / fumes 專氣致柔
350 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 功遂身退
351 7 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 妄作凶
352 7 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 載營魄抱一
353 7 a female rhinoceros 用之於心則虎兕無所投其齒角
354 7 zhèng proof 前人已不能證
355 7 to prevail 重積德則無不克
356 7 móu to plan / to scheme 人謀鬼謀
357 7 extra / surplus / remainder 曰餘食贅行
358 7 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 有仁義
359 7 hóu marquis / lord 侯王若能守
360 7 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 無迷無惑
361 7 chén Chen 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
362 7 chún honest / simple / unsophisticated 其民淳淳
363 7 不出 bùchū not transcending 水無所不出於經
364 7 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 高以下為基
365 7 復歸 fùguī to return / to come back 復歸於無物
366 7 jiàn mean / low / base 故貴以賤為本
367 7 female 能為雌乎
368 7 interest 崇本以息末
369 7 to bend / to flex 無為故虛而不得窮屈
370 7 cuò to push down 挫其銳
371 6 cháo to face 故飄風不終朝
372 6 jiè to introduce / to lie between 能不以物介其明
373 6 zuǒ left 君子居則貴左
374 6 jūn equal / even 民莫之令而自均
375 6 ěr bait 樂與餌
376 6 xīng to flourish / to be popular 言暴疾美興不長也
377 6 hái child 如嬰兒之未孩
378 6 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 夫代司殺者殺
379 6 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 禍莫大於不知足
380 6 rēng to throw 則攘臂而扔之
381 6 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 故致數輿無輿
382 6 to lie 子臥反
383 6 yàn plump / voluptuous / beautiful 涉豔反
384 6 shí ten 十章
385 6 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 常有司殺者殺
386 6 zǎo early 是謂早服
387 6 duì to cash 塞其兌
388 6 indistinct 是謂惚恍
389 6 河上公 héshànggōng He Shang Gong 獨得諸河上公
390 6 虛無 xūwú nothingness 則乃至於極虛無也
391 6 chú hay / fodder 以萬物為芻狗
392 6 gōng to attack / to assault 四鄰合攻中央之主
393 6 難得 nándé difficult to obtain 不貴難得之貨
394 6 gǒu dog 以萬物為芻狗
395 6 huái bosom / breast 心懷智而腹懷食
396 6 different / other 何異截鶴之脛
397 6 死地 sǐdì a place of death 入死地
398 6 guǎng wide / large / vast 是以天地雖廣
399 6 píng flat / level / smooth 不執平以割物
400 6 tiger 用之於心則虎兕無所投其齒角
401 6 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 故能蔽不新成
402 6 to cut down 不自伐則其功有也
403 6 gāo high / tall 侯王無以貴高將恐蹶
404 6 tuō to take off 魚不可脫於淵
405 6 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 謂之然則不可以定乎一玄
406 6 láo to toil 紛解而不勞
407 6 wàn ten thousand 奈何萬乘之主
408 6 不得已 bù déyǐ have no choice but to 吾見其不得已
409 6 qīn relatives 其次親而譽之
410 6 to separate / to divide 心無所別析
411 6 lèi kind / type / class / category 殊類生
412 6 cuì crisp / fragile / frail / brittle 其脆易泮
413 6 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周無所不窮極
414 6 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 以無名說萬物始也
415 6 yáng sheep / goat 羊朱反
416 6 to seize / to spring upon 搏之不得名曰微
417 6 tǒng to unify 轂所以能統三十輻者
418 6 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於極覽
419 6 zhèng government / administration 其政悶悶
420 6 shí real / true 實其腹
421 6 to agree / to get along well with somebody 不明理其契
422 6 zhào million / mega 其端兆不可覩
423 6 huǎng seemingly 是謂惚恍
424 6 大象 dàxiàng elephant 執大象
425 6 shǒu head 在首則謂之始
426 6 to go through / to experience / to take place 徒歷反
427 6 wood / lumber 木埴壁之所以成三者
428 6 private 故能成其私
429 6 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 故從事於道者
430 6 zhí soil with large clay content 埏埴以為器
431 6 honor / reputation 其次親而譽之
432 6 chén dust / dirt 同其塵
433 6 fàn to commit crime / to violate 無所犯傷
434 6 prosperous / splendid 眾人熙熙
435 6 說文 Shuō Wén Shuo Wen Jie Zi 說文字本或作孩
436 6 jiǔ nine 九章
437 6 an item 是以聖人為腹不為目
438 6 yǒng brave / courageous 勇者可以武使也
439 6 善人 shànrén a wholesome person / a good person 故善人者
440 6 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 企者不立
441 6 ěr ear 聽之不足聞則不足以娛其耳
442 6 此道 cǐdào such matters / things like this / this line of work / this pursuit / this hobby / this endeavor 保此道者不欲盈
443 6 xíng punishment / penalty 何異畏刑
444 6 serious / critical 守靜篤
445 6 shì to look at / to see 視之不見名曰夷
446 6 不害 bù hài non-harm 往而不害
447 6 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 有其事
448 5 kuā to exaggerate 是為盜夸
449 5 guān an office 則為官長
450 5 江海 jiānghǎi Jianghai 猶川谷之於江海
451 5 fèi fee / expenses 是故甚愛必大費
452 5 為主 wèi zhǔ to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to / mainly 所以為主其一之者
453 5 luò a neck-ornament 珞珞如石
454 5 亦作 yì zuò also written as 本亦作滿
455 5 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 萬物各得其所
456 5 shū to remove obstructions 其身必疏
457 5 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 非道之流
458 5 dài to lend 善貸且成
459 5 to inspect / to check 知此兩者亦稽式
460 5 tián field / farmland 故卻走馬以治田糞也
461 5 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 解其紛
462 5 以求 yǐqiú in order to 任術以求成
463 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 何以盡德
464 5 gēng 7th heavenly stem 音庚
465 5 shèn cautious 詳慎也
466 5 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 言能滌除邪飾
467 5 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 非以其無私邪
468 5 beard / mustache 胡老反
469 5 復命 fùmìng to report on completion of a mission / debriefing 是謂復命
470 5 yáo distant / remote 章遙反
471 5 to leave behind 自遺其咎
472 5 a door 天門開闔
473 5 huá Chinese 貴末飾之華
474 5 jiā house / home / residence 修之於家
475 5 shì to pass away / die 大曰逝
476 5 fish 魚相忘於江湖之道
477 5 guǐ a ghost / spirit of dead 人謀鬼謀
478 5 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 視之不見名曰夷
479 5 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 大道廢
480 5 míng dark 冥也
481 5 zhōng clock 鍾會云
482 5 day of the month / a certain day 為道者日損
483 5 zhì matter / material / substance 質真若渝
484 5 gǎi to change / to alter 獨立而不改
485 5 mào countenance / appearance 其情不可得見之貌也
486 5 to think over / to consider 慮雖百而其致一也
487 5 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 果而勿矜
488 5 shì power / authority 勢成之
489 5 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 尚賢顯名
490 5 guǎ few
491 5 無味 wúwèi tasteless / odorless 道之出言淡兮其無味也
492 5 滿 mǎn full 滿以造實
493 5 four 四章
494 5 正治 zhèng zhì Right Effort 以正治國
495 5 to repair / to patch / to mend 據樓宇烈補
496 5 故去 gùqù to die 故去彼取此
497 5 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此乃可以託天下也
498 5 lèi knot 夷道若纇
499 5 shù method / tactics 任術以求成
500 5 hán cold / wintry / chilly 寒鄉之民

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 782 zhī him / her / them / that 可道之道
2 739 also / too 非其常也
3 480 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反以傷自然
4 420 his / hers / its / theirs 非其常也
5 410 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 以始以成而不知其所以
6 334 so as to / in order to 言道以無形無名始成萬物
7 330 not / no 行不言之教
8 314 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故不可道
9 264 otherwise / but / however 之時則為萬物之始
10 231 no 凡有皆始於無
11 218 wèi for / to 之時則為萬物之始
12 191 in / at 凡有皆始於無
13 186 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 妙者
14 165 yǒu is / are / to exist 凡有皆始於無
15 161 thing / matter 可以觀其始物之妙
16 154 dào way / road / path 道可道
17 131 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 欲之所本
18 124 yuē to speak / to say 故不可言同名曰玄
19 112 天下 tiānxià China 天下皆知美之為美
20 109 de potential marker 不可得而名
21 103 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若慧由己樹
22 97 yīn sound / noise 大音希聲
23 97 shàng top / a high position 上篇
24 95 yán to speak / to say / said 言道以無形無名始成萬物
25 95 zuò to do 萬物作焉而不辭
26 93 big / great / huge / large / major 形雖大
27 93 Germany 德不能過其載
28 91 yòng to use / to apply 必以無為用
29 89 zhāng a chapter / a section 一章
30 87 shēng to be born / to give birth 始於無而後生
31 87 běn measure word for books 欲之所本
32 87 néng can / able 猶能也
33 85 desire 故常無欲
34 82 rén person / people / a human being 而人食狗
35 82 zhī to know 天下皆知美之為美
36 74 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故不可道
37 72 yòu again / also 又復不盈
38 72 yún cloud 而直云絕
39 71 wèi to call 同謂之玄
40 69 mín the people / citizen / subjects 使民不爭
41 66 naturally / of course / certainly 功自彼成
42 65 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 言道以無形無名始成萬物
43 65 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必以無為用
44 65 shī to lose 而已則是名則失之遠矣
45 64 萬物 wànwù all living things 有名萬物之母
46 63 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 皆知善之為善
47 62 a man / a male adult 夫唯弗居
48 61 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 非其常也
49 58 xià next 寵為下
50 57 yān where / how 萬物作焉而不辭
51 57 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 用乃不能窮
52 55 final particle 而已則是名則失之遠矣
53 55 a river / a stream 自至河上責之
54 55 shì is / are / am / to be
55 54 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 是以聖人處無為之事
56 53 míng measure word for people 名可名
57 53 this / these 此兩者
58 51 suī although / even though 故人雖知
59 51 expresses question or doubt 謂之然則不可以定乎一玄
60 51 one 一書最重要的注釋之一
61 50 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 必以無為用
62 50 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴難得之貨
63 48 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以聖人處無為之事
64 47 and 始與母也
65 47 xíng to walk / to move 行不言之教
66 47 shēn human body / torso 是以聖人後其身而身先
67 47 tóng like / same / similar 同出而異名
68 45 shǐ beginning / start 無名天地之始
69 45 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 是以聖人之治
70 45 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 凡有皆始於無
71 45 yóu also / as if / still 猶喜怒也
72 45 also / too 其為無窮亦已極矣
73 44 expresses affirmation, approval, or consent 淵兮似萬物之宗
74 43 wěi yes 夫唯弗居
75 42 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 執一國之量者
76 41 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能全家
77 41 can / may / permissible 道可道
78 41 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 心懷智而腹懷食
79 41 自然 zìrán nature 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
80 38 I 吾不知誰之子
81 37 mother 有名萬物之母
82 37 shì matter / thing / item 是以聖人處無為之事
83 37 jiàn to see 其情不可得見之貌也
84 36 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 渙兮若冰之將釋
85 36 xíng appearance 未形
86 36 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 則不足以備載矣
87 35 extremely / very 微之極也
88 35 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 能無以為乎
89 35 huò or / either / else 道沖而用之或不盈
90 34 I / me / my 更以我耳目體不知為名
91 34 ancient / old / palaeo- 執古之道
92 34 qiú to request 萬物舍此而求主
93 34 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 以始以成而不知其所以
94 34 fēi not / non- / un- 非其常也
95 33 míng bright / brilliant 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
96 33 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使功在己
97 33 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 若慧由己樹
98 33 again / more / repeatedly 又復不盈
99 33 do not 天地莫能及之
100 33 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 是以聖人處無為之事
101 33 residence / dwelling 功成而弗居
102 33 zhí straight 而直云絕
103 32 easy / simple 無以易其身
104 32 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以觀其始物之妙
105 32 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多則惑
106 31 不知 bùzhī do not know 以始以成而不知其所以
107 31 xīn heart 則心無所亂也
108 29 such as / for example / for instance 如享太牢
109 29 power / force / strength 窮力舉重
110 29 tiān day 不法於天則不能全其寧
111 29 jìng still / calm 守靜不衰
112 29 to take / to get / to fetch 取於不可得而謂之然也
113 28 gōng merit 功成而弗居
114 28 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 則長之育之
115 27 quán perfect 不法於天則不能全其寧
116 26 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 既揣末令尖
117 26 what / where / which 何功之有
118 26 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守其真也
119 26 wén writing / text 此三者以為文不足
120 25 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 所施不可同也
121 25 zài in / at 在首則謂之始
122 25 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 同謂之玄
123 25 zhēn real / true / genuine 守其真也
124 24 不為 bùwéi to not do 使民不為盜
125 24 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 抱一清神
126 24 each 無為於萬物而萬物各適其所用
127 24 wáng Wang 侯王若能守
128 24 zhǔ owner 萬物舍此而求主
129 23 gain / advantage / benefit 凡有之為利
130 23 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小不能鎮大
131 23 to go 是以不去
132 23 shén what 甚美之名生於大惡
133 23 shàng still / yet / to value 不尚賢
134 22 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 通簡不陽
135 22 老子 lǎozǐ Laozi 老子道德經注
136 22 nán difficult / arduous / hard 言其難也
137 22 to die 谷神不死
138 22 sincere / honest / simple 敦兮其若樸
139 22 soil / ground / land 地雖形魄
140 22 è evil / vice 斯惡已
141 22 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 夫執一家之量者
142 22 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 無名天地之始
143 21 sǔn to injure 銳挫而無損
144 21 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄己任物
145 21 xiān first 象帝之先
146 20 guī to go back / to return 歸終也
147 20 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 歸終也
148 20 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 欲言存邪
149 20 letter / symbol / character 字之曰道
150 20 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 埏埴以為器
151 20 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 為則偽也
152 20 end / final stage / latter part 既揣末令尖
153 20 self 使功在己
154 20 and 音聲相和
155 20 qiáng strong / powerful 強其骨
156 20 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝而不美
157 20 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 行不言之教
158 20 無名 wúmíng nameless 無名天地之始
159 20 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 高下相傾
160 20 無形 wúxíng formless / invisible 言道以無形無名始成萬物
161 19 apprentice / disciple 故得其違教之徒
162 19 zhòng heavy 重為輕根
163 19 yīng should / ought 言人皆應於治道也
164 19 zhù to inject / to pour into 老子道德經注
165 19 bīng soldier / troops 不以兵強天下
166 19 rán correct / right / certainly 取於不可得而謂之然也
167 19 cún to exist / to survive 湛兮似或存
168 19 yīn because 因物而用
169 19 hǎo good 意無所好欲
170 18 無物 wúwù nothing / empty 無物不成
171 18 shě to give 萬物舍此而求主
172 18 child / son 吾不知誰之子
173 18 yuǎn far / distant 而已則是名則失之遠矣
174 18 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 自生則與物爭
175 18 xiàng figure / image / appearance 象帝之先
176 18 xìng gender 則物全而性得矣
177 18 rèn to bear / to undertake 唯能是任
178 17 měi beautiful 天下皆知美之為美
179 17 zhòng many / numerous 眾妙之門
180 17 zhì to / until 此至物也
181 17 luàn chaotic / disorderly 使民心不亂
182 17 sān three 三章
183 17 而後 érhòu after that / then 萬物始於微而後成
184 17 qīng clear / pure / clean 抱一清神
185 16 to support /to help 扶又反
186 16 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 虛其心
187 16 hài to injure / to harm to 水火不能害
188 16 shǔ to count 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
189 16 dòng to move / to act 動而愈出
190 16 chēng to call / to address 隆之稱也
191 16 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未形
192 15 more and more / even more 動而愈出
193 15 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 華亭張氏原本
194 15 xián virtuous / worthy 不尚賢
195 15 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 榮過其任
196 15 already / since 既不失其德又盈之
197 15 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 貴大患若身
198 15 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 專氣致柔
199 15 百姓 bǎixìng common people 以百姓為芻狗
200 15 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 人心之所進樂也
201 15 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 斯不善已
202 15 sufficient / enough 自然已足
203 15 fán ordinary / common 凡有皆始於無
204 14 zhèng upright / straight 正善治
205 14 jìn to enter 人心之所進樂也
206 14 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 得與亡孰病
207 14 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 不出戶
208 14 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 以御今之有
209 14 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 能無離乎
210 14 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尚好修敬
211 14 而已 éryǐ that is all 而已則是名則失之遠矣
212 14 zāi exclamatory particle 荒兮其未央哉
213 14 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則邪入乎分
214 14 xìn to believe / to trust 信不足焉
215 14 yíng to fill 持而盈之
216 14 róng to hold / to contain 故強為之容
217 14 to lift / to hold up / to raise 故不可得偏舉也
218 14 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見可欲
219 14 xué to study / to learn 絕學無憂
220 14 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 為道者日損
221 14 chū to go out / to leave 同出而異名
222 13 hòu thick 生之厚
223 13 yàn to dislike / to detest 貪貨無厭
224 13 一本 yīběn one copy 一本作號
225 13 to reach 天地莫能及之
226 13 increase / benefit 然則學求益所能
227 13 qiáng strong / powerful 强為之名曰大
228 13 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 治大國
229 13 róu soft 專氣致柔
230 13 wēi small / tiny 微之極也
231 13 rén a kernel / a pit 與善仁
232 13 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 天地所以能長且久者
233 13 rare / infrequent / precious 聽之不聞名曰希
234 13 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 寵辱若驚
235 12 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 夫燕雀有匹
236 12 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 挫其銳
237 12 èr two 二章
238 12 to stand 立善行施
239 12 wáng to die 欲言亡邪
240 12 zūn to honor / to respect 豈足尊哉
241 12 zào tense / excited / irritable 靜為躁君
242 12 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 以觀其妙
243 12 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當其無
244 12 that / those 功自彼成
245 12 無有 wú yǒu there is not 默然無有也
246 12 shí food / food and drink 心懷智而腹懷食
247 12 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 絕巧棄利
248 12 qīng light / not heavy 重為輕根
249 12 傷人 shāngrén to injure sb 其神不傷人
250 12 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 反以傷自然
251 12 shú which 孰能濁以靜之徐清
252 12 shì style 是以聖人抱一為天下式
253 12 to look after / to attend to 顧作掘
254 12 huò goods / products / commodities 不貴難得之貨
255 12 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 使民不爭
256 12 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後乃可以天下付之也
257 12 in / at 于偽反
258 12 already / afterwards 斯惡已
259 12 柔弱 róuruò weak / delicate 柔弱勝剛強
260 12 bài to defeat / to vanquish 為則敗也
261 12 zhì sign / mark / flag 弱其志
262 12 method / way 不能法以正齊民
263 12 Wu 音烏
264 11 hùn to mix / to blend / to mingle 故混而為一
265 11 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 窮力舉重
266 11 有餘 yǒuyú with remainder / sopadhiśesa 眾人皆有餘
267 11 hòu after / later 是以聖人後其身而身先
268 11 thin / slender 為大於其細
269 11 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 有孝慈
270 11 clothes / dress / garment 服文綵
271 11 zōng school / sect 淵兮似萬物之宗
272 11 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 滿以造實
273 11 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 則莫不贍矣
274 11 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 必固張之
275 11 chú except / besides 除其所以迷
276 11 to bewitch / to charm / to infatuate 無迷無惑
277 11 a human or animal body 不能累其體
278 11 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 故令有所屬
279 11 to join / to combine 聖人與天地合其德
280 11 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 天無以清將恐裂
281 11 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 則物自賓而處自安矣
282 11 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 使夫智者不敢為也
283 11 meaning / sense 絕仁棄義
284 11 wèi to fear / to dread 猶兮若畏四鄰
285 11 bitterness / bitter flavor 陳國苦縣厲鄉人
286 11 shùn to obey 皆順其性也
287 11 common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive 則乃至於無所不周普也
288 10 to arise / to get up 凡有起於虛
289 10 róng glory / honor 榮過其任
290 10 wén to hear 聽之不足聞
291 10 to enter 必入死之地
292 10 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 木埴壁之所以成三者
293 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 上禮為之而莫之應
294 10 dīng Ding 又丁果反
295 10 to ferry 適道而後濟
296 10 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 德不能過其載
297 10 bào newspaper 小怨則不足以報
298 10 ài to love 愛以身為天下
299 10 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 寵辱若驚
300 10 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 眾妙之門
301 10 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 仁者必造立施化
302 10 shě to give 棄本捨母而適其子
303 10 guǒ a result / a consequence 善有果而已
304 10 無不 wúbù not lacking 則無不治
305 10 strange / unusual / uncanny 以奇用兵
306 10 gēn origin / cause / basis 喜怒同根
307 10 a government official / a magistrate 直吏反
308 10 zhàng zhang 丁丈反
309 10 shǎo few 少私寡欲
310 10 biàn turn / one time 賢遍反
311 10 cóng from 眾妙皆從同而出
312 10 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 以無為為君
313 10 zhǐ to stop / to halt 飂兮若無止
314 10 kuàng moreover / how much the more 而況於人乎
315 10 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 無逆無違
316 9 ruò weak 弱其志
317 9 大道 dàdào main street 大道廢
318 9 tuó a sack / a bag opening at both ends 其猶橐籥乎
319 9 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 競趣穿窬探篋
320 9 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 處眾人之所惡
321 9 Shè She County 將欲歙之
322 9 to die 卒復歸於虛靜
323 9 guāng light 和其光
324 9 gèng more / even more 謂乃更不如無德無功者也
325 9 jiā to add 物守自然則神無所加
326 9 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 五色令人目盲
327 9 to resemble / to similar to to 淵兮似萬物之宗
328 9 to avoid / to shun 下知避之
329 9 tōng to go through / to open 經通於天下
330 9 shì to rely upon 為而不恃
331 9 lèi to be tired 不能累其體
332 9 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 所謂道常無為
333 9 to allow / to permit 許靳反
334 9 shī teacher 不善人之師
335 9 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故大制不割
336 9 yuàn to blame / to complain 小怨則不足以報
337 9 wide / broad 故有宏普博施仁愛之者
338 9 jiǔ old 則功不可久也
339 9 dài dangerous / perilous 沒身不殆
340 9 bié do not / must not 心無所別析
341 9 shí time / a period of time 之時則為萬物之始
342 9 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 故不可得偏舉也
343 9 jīng essence 天雖精象
344 9 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 治國無以智
345 9 martial / military 勇者可以武使也
346 9 zhāng clear / obvious 不偏不彰
347 9 bǎo to defend / to protect 不法於道則不能保其精
348 9 yuè a woodwind instrument 其猶橐籥乎
349 9 pìn the female of a species 是謂玄牝
350 9 shuǐ water 上善若水
351 9 dào to rob / to steal 使民不為盜
352 9 shí knowledge / understanding 深不可識
353 9 valley / gorge / ravine 谷中央無谷也
354 9 to see / to observe / to witness 其端兆不可覩
355 9 to cry out / to shout 呼報反
356 9 tīng to listen 聽之不聞名曰希
357 9 chǒng to favor 寵辱若驚
358 9 alone / independent / single / sole 我獨泊兮其未兆
359 8 to cut / to divide / to partition 故大制不割
360 8 to raise animals 畜之
361 8 mián silk down 緜緜若存
362 8 qín diligently / industriously 用之不勤
363 8 dìng to decide 謂之然則不可以定乎一玄
364 8 jiǎo unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan 用之於心則虎兕無所投其齒角
365 8 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 載營魄抱一
366 8 liáng a bridge 梁帝云
367 8 力征 lìzhēng by force / to conquer by force of arms / power 力征反
368 8 qiāng Qiang [people] 羌呂反
369 8 to aid / to assist / to help 予於是知弼本深於老子
370 8 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 其情不可得見之貌也
371 8 a law / a rule 則民不辟而國治之也
372 8 suí to follow 前後相隨
373 8 chǐ salted fermented beans 以豉反
374 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 勇於敢則殺
375 8 wealth / capital / money / expenses 天故資焉
376 8 a musical note 羌呂反
377 8 road / path / way 烏路反
378 8 其中 qízhōng among 其中有象
379 8 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如守中
380 8 chōng to charge at 道沖而用之或不盈
381 8 jīng to go through / to experience 經通於天下
382 8 seven 七章
383 8 mèng first month 下孟反
384 8 無知 wúzhī ignorant 虛有智而實無知也
385 8 yuān a gulf / an abyss 淵兮似萬物之宗
386 8 shì to match 適道而後濟
387 8 jiù to save / to rescue 是以聖人常善救人
388 8 shéng rope / string / cord 繩繩不可名
389 8 shū different / special / unusual 不造進向以殊棄不肖
390 8 liàng a quantity / an amount 夫執一家之量者
391 8 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 是謂無狀之狀
392 8 wēi power / might / prestige 夫恃威網以使物者
393 8 wǎng to go (in a direction) 無所不往
394 8 affairs / business / matter / activity 為始者務欲立功生事
395 8 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 善人之寶
396 8 interesting 競趣穿窬探篋
397 8 sàng to lose / to die 常得而無喪
398 8 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 有恩有為
399 8 chǐ chi / a Chinese foot / a foot 不敢進寸而退尺
400 8 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 不塞其原也
401 8 chí to grasp / to hold 持而盈之
402 8 to connect / to relate 無所繫縶
403 8 zhōng middle 不如守中
404 8 several 故幾於道
405 8 a flaw / a defect 能無疵乎
406 8 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 過用貪者
407 8 yuán source / origin 不塞其原也
408 8 reason / logic / truth 則莫不理
409 8 kāi to open 天門開闔
410 8 之至 zhīzhì extremely 乃是自然之至言也
411 8 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 有不信焉
412 8 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 無為故虛而不得窮屈
413 8 fāng fragrant 音芳
414 8 miào wonderful / fantastic 以觀其妙
415 7 yuè pleased 應時感悅人心也
416 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 在方而法
417 7 shuǎng invigorating 五味令人口爽
418 7 乃至 nǎizhì and even 則乃至於蕩然公平也
419 7 王弼 wángbì Wang Bi 王弼
420 7 mèi to conceal 其下不昧
421 7 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 榮寵之屬也
422 7 wài outside 外其身而身存
423 7 zhèn town 小不能鎮大
424 7 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 以察姦偽
425 7 悶悶 mēnmēn unhappy / depressed 我獨悶悶
426 7 shēn deep 深不可識
427 7 知者 zhī zhě the wise 知者謂知為也
428 7 zhū all / many / various 凡此諸若
429 7 shēng sound 若橐籥有意於為聲也
430 7 this 斯惡已
431 7 responsibility / duty 責其字定之所由
432 7 piān chapter / section / essay / article 上篇
433 7 quē be short of / to lack 大成若缺
434 7 不盈 bùyíng to be not full 道沖而用之或不盈
435 7 extensive / full 姦巧彌密
436 7 嬰兒 yīng ér infant / baby 能嬰兒乎
437 7 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 樸散則為器
438 7 ancient barbarian tribes 視之不見名曰夷
439 7 jié to exhaust 竭其聰明以為前識
440 7 jué absolutely 猶絕聖也
441 7 even / equal / uniform 不能法以正齊民
442 7 道德經 Dào Dé Jīng Daode Jing / Tao Te Ching 老子道德經注
443 7 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉多轉遠其根
444 7 gas / vapour / fumes 專氣致柔
445 7 suì to comply with / to follow along 功遂身退
446 7 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 妄作凶
447 7 何以 héyǐ why 吾何以知眾甫之狀哉
448 7 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 載營魄抱一
449 7 a female rhinoceros 用之於心則虎兕無所投其齒角
450 7 zhèng proof 前人已不能證
451 7 to prevail 重積德則無不克
452 7 móu to plan / to scheme 人謀鬼謀
453 7 extra / surplus / remainder 曰餘食贅行
454 7 how can it be that? 豈虛言哉
455 7 qiě moreover / also 天地所以能長且久者
456 7 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 有仁義
457 7 hóu marquis / lord 侯王若能守
458 7 以此 yǐcǐ hence 以此
459 7 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 無迷無惑
460 7 chén Chen 此六者皆陳自然不可偏舉之明數也
461 7 chún honest / simple / unsophisticated 其民淳淳
462 7 不出 bùchū not transcending 水無所不出於經
463 7 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 高以下為基
464 7 復歸 fùguī to return / to come back 復歸於無物
465 7 jiàn mean / low / base 故貴以賤為本
466 7 female 能為雌乎
467 7 interest 崇本以息末
468 7 wéi only / solely / alone 惟道是從
469 7 to bend / to flex 無為故虛而不得窮屈
470 7 cuò to push down 挫其銳
471 6 cháo to face 故飄風不終朝
472 6 jiè to introduce / to lie between 能不以物介其明
473 6 zuǒ left 君子居則貴左
474 6 jūn equal / even 民莫之令而自均
475 6 ěr bait 樂與餌
476 6 xīng to flourish / to be popular 言暴疾美興不長也
477 6 hái child 如嬰兒之未孩
478 6 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 夫代司殺者殺
479 6 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 禍莫大於不知足
480 6 rēng to throw 則攘臂而扔之
481 6 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 故致數輿無輿
482 6 bèi by 入軍不被甲兵
483 6 to lie 子臥反
484 6 yàn plump / voluptuous / beautiful 涉豔反
485 6 shí ten 十章
486 6 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 常有司殺者殺
487 6 zǎo early 是謂早服
488 6 duì to cash 塞其兌
489 6 indistinct 是謂惚恍
490 6 河上公 héshànggōng He Shang Gong 獨得諸河上公
491 6 虛無 xūwú nothingness 則乃至於極虛無也
492 6 chú hay / fodder 以萬物為芻狗
493 6 gōng to attack / to assault 四鄰合攻中央之主
494 6 難得 nándé difficult to obtain 不貴難得之貨
495 6 gǒu dog 以萬物為芻狗
496 6 huái bosom / breast 心懷智而腹懷食
497 6 different / other 何異截鶴之脛
498 6 死地 sǐdì a place of death 入死地
499 6 guǎng wide / large / vast 是以天地雖廣
500 6 píng flat / level / smooth 不執平以割物

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安平 ānpíng Anping
才良 Cái Liáng Cai Liang
成公 chénggōng Chenggong / Lord Cheng
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
大匠 dàjiàng master craftsman / Han dynasty official title
道德经 道德經 Dào Dé Jīng Daode Jing / Tao Te Ching
大顺 大順 dàshùn Dashun
德经 德經 dé jīng De Jing
杜预 杜預 Dù Yù Du Yu
多利 duōlì Dolly
尔雅 爾雅 Ěryǎ Erya / Er Ya / Ready Guide
法天 Fǎ Tiān Fa Tian
奉天 fèngtiān Fengtian
Fu
gēng 7th heavenly stem
广德 廣德 guǎngdé Guangde
guǐ tenth heavenly stem / tenth in order
谷梁 穀梁 gǔliáng
  1. Guliang
  2. Guliang Annals
郭璞 Guō Pú Guo Pu
国大 國大 guódà National Assembly of the Republic of China
谷神 穀神 gǔshén Harvest God
汉文 漢文 Hànwén written Chinese language
河上公 héshànggōng He Shang Gong
华亭 華亭 huàtíng Huating
慧立 Huì Lì Hui Li
建德 jiàndé Jiande
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江海 jiānghǎi Jianghai
建宁 建寧 Jiànníng Jianning
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
敬王 Jìng Wáng King Jing of Zhou
京口 jīngkǒu Jingkou
孔德 kǒngdé Auguste Comte
空也 kōngyě Kūya
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
列仙传 列仙轉 Lièxiān Zhuàn
  1. Liexian Zhuan / Biographies of Immortals
  2. Biographies of Immortals / Biographies of Transcendents / Liexian Zhuan
列子 Lièzǐ
  1. Liezi
  2. Liezi / Lie Yukou
刘向 劉向 Liú Xiàng Liu Xiang
陆德明 陸德明 Lù Démíng Lu Deming
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
毛苌 毛萇 máo cháng Mao Chang
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
qiāng
  1. Qiang [people]
  2. Qiang
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
善胜 善勝 shànshèng Skilled in Victory / Uttara
Shè She County
声类 聲類 Shēnglèi Shenglei
世行 shì háng World Bank
释名 釋名 Shì Míng Shi Ming
史记 史記 Shǐjì Records of the Historian
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
说文 說文 Shuō Wén Shuo Wen Jie Zi
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
嵩山 Sōng Shān Mount Song
太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian
唐国 唐國 tángguó Tangguo
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
天帝 Tiān Dì Heavenly Emperor / God
天门 天門 tiānmén Tianmen
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
王弼 wángbì Wang Bi
文帝 文帝 Wén Dì
  1. Emperor Wen of Han
  2. Emperor Wen of Liu Song
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
无忧 無憂 wú yōu No Suffering / Aśoka / Asoka / Ashoka
吴县 吳縣 Wúxiàn Wu County
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
咸平 鹹平 xiánpíng Xianping
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
严君平 嚴君平 yán jūnpíng Yan Junping
严遵 嚴遵 yán zūn Yan Zun
yáo Yao
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
正治 zhèng zhì Right Effort
政和 zhènghé Zhenghe
正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign
镇江 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang
道生 Zhú Dàoshēng Zhu Daosheng / Daosheng
庄子 莊子 Zhuāng Zǐ Zhuang Zi
字林 zìlín Zilin
左传 左傳 Zuǒ Zhuàn Zuo Zhuan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English