Glossary and Vocabulary for Guanzi 《管子》, 樞言第十二 Chapter 12: Pivotal Words

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 30 rén person / people / a human being 其在人者心也
2 25 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 是故先王慎貴在所先所後
3 22 guì expensive / costly / valuable 先貴與驕
4 14 天下 tiānxià China 帝王者用之而天下治矣
5 14 desire 欲也者
6 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 有名則治
7 12 shì matter / thing / item 賤固事貴
8 10 néng can / able 故能為天下生而不死者二
9 10 Germany 德盛義尊
10 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 而不以其國造難生患
11 10 yòng to use / to apply 帝王者用之而天下治矣
12 9 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 凡國有三制
13 9 zài in / at 道之在天者日也
14 9 shēng to be born / to give birth 有氣則生
15 8 zūn to honor / to respect 故人主之卑尊輕重
16 8 gain / advantage / benefit 愛之利之
17 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 為善者非善也故善無以為也
18 7 ài to love 愛之利之
19 7 wèi to call 一日五化之謂周
20 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 法出于禮
21 7 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 眾勝寡
22 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而可以鞭箠使也
23 6 xián virtuous / worthy 慎貴在舉賢
24 6 to store 王主積于民
25 6 dài dangerous / perilous 亡其身失其國者殆
26 6 zhòng heavy 先王重其寶器
27 6 day of the month / a certain day 道之在天者日也
28 6 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故人主之卑尊輕重
29 6 shí food / food and drink 一日不食
30 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 有不能制人
31 6 shèn cautious 是故先王慎貴在所先所後
32 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可不慎
33 6 xīn heart 其在人者心也
34 6 è evil / vice 惡也者
35 5 meaning / sense 德盛義尊
36 5 shí time / a period of time 萬物之時也
37 5 èr two 故能為天下生而不死者二
38 5 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人臣者之廣道也
39 5 zhǔ owner 故人主之卑尊輕重
40 5 one 一龍一蛇
41 5 zēng to hate / to detest / to abhor 憎人甚而不能害也
42 5 萬物 wànwù all living things 萬物之師也
43 5 hǎo good 而好以其國後
44 5 xiān first 審所先所後
45 5 tiān day 道之在天者日也
46 5 qīn relatives 故親不在約束結紐
47 5 sān three 在此三者
48 5 chén minister / statesman / official 為人臣者之廣道也
49 5 to die 無氣則死
50 5 míng bright / brilliant 明其刑而賤其士者殆
51 5 yǒng brave / courageous 欲勇者勇之
52 4 zhòng many / numerous 人不眾
53 4 zhī to know 何以知其然
54 4 jiàn mean / low / base 賤固事貴
55 4 wáng to die 亡主積于婦女珠玉
56 4 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 而賢者寶之
57 4 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 不結紐
58 4 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 而不以其國造難生患
59 4 tǎn flat / smooth 坦坦之利不以功
60 4 qiáng strong / powerful 強之強之
61 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 衰主積于貴人
62 4 hòu after / later 審所先所後
63 4 不慎 bùshèn incautious / inattentive 人主不可以不慎貴
64 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 慎貴在舉賢
65 4 to be lost 人佚亦佚
66 4 dào way / road / path 道之在天者日也
67 4 fán ordinary / common 凡國有三制
68 4 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 國有寶有器有用
69 4 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 不可欺者智也
70 4 soil / ground / land 先民與地
71 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 不可以不慎民
72 4 yuē to speak / to say 管子曰
73 4 rich / wealthy 不可以不慎富
74 3 jiè to quit 戒之戒之
75 3 帝王 dìwáng an emperor / a regent / a monarch 帝王者用之而天下治矣
76 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 益之安之
77 3 disease / sickness / ailment 疾之疾之
78 3 láo to toil 人勞亦勞
79 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 國有寶有器有用
80 3 yáng sun 先王用一陰二陽者霸
81 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 賤固事貴
82 3 功勞 gōngláo contribution / merit / acheivement 非有功勞于國也
83 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 無疇類盡死矣
84 3 不知 bùzhī do not know 久而不知極已者殆
85 3 gas / vapour / fumes 有氣則生
86 3 rén a kernel / a pit 人謂我仁
87 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 斯待以成
88 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
89 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 日益之而患少者惟忠
90 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 先王之所以最重也
91 3 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 人主不可以不慎貴
92 3 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 人主不可以不慎貴
93 3 滿 mǎn full 爵祿滿
94 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此者
95 3 shǎo few 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
96 3 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 有天道勝無天道
97 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 無名則亂
98 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 先王用一陰二陽者霸
99 3 yán to speak / to say / said 樞言曰
100 3 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 先王不約束
101 3 niǔ to tie 不結紐
102 3 shì to rely upon 恃與國
103 3 suì age 比歲歉
104 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 貴周
105 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 先王不以勇猛為邊竟
106 3 shī to lose 則失矣
107 3 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 眾人之用其心也
108 3 to associate with / be near 比歲歉
109 3 big / great / huge / large / major 為人臣者之大罪也
110 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 萬物待治禮而後定
111 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 惡者美之充也
112 2 shēn human body / torso 亡其身失其國者殆
113 2 大事 dàshì a major event 天下有大事
114 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 先王不貨交
115 2 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 故能為天下生而不死者二
116 2 to leave behind 遺遺乎若有從治
117 2 gōng merit 不擅功
118 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日五化之謂周
119 2 shǐ beginning / start 愛者憎之始也
120 2 鄰國 línguó bordering country / neighboring country 則鄰國親
121 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
122 2 five 一日五化之謂周
123 2 莫如 mò rú nothing is better than 故德莫如先
124 2 有事 yǒushì to be occupied with something / to have something on one's mind / there is something the matter 有事也者
125 2 to join / to combine 先王事以合交
126 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 德者怨之本也
127 2 jìn to enter 人進亦進
128 2 tún a suckling pig 豚豚乎莫得其門
129 2 wèi to fear / to dread 吾畏事
130 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 命屬于食
131 2 非有 fēiyǒu does not exist / is not real 非有功勞于國也
132 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 為善者非善也故善無以為也
133 2 jìng to respect /to honor 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
134 2 cān to take part in / to participate 陰陽兩生而參視
135 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審所先所後
136 2 to take / to get / to fetch 先王取天下
137 2 jiā to add 而不好加名於人
138 2 xíng to walk / to move 則行衰矣
139 2 甚而 shénér even / so much so that 愛人甚而不能利也
140 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 人退亦退
141 2 不滿 bùmǎn to be not full 故先王不滿也
142 2 dìng to decide 萬物待治禮而後定
143 2 end / final stage / latter part 末用也
144 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 士不恃外權
145 2 method / way 故為之法
146 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 為人臣者之大罪也
147 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 不肖固事賢
148 2 ěr ear 餘耳不聰
149 2 榮辱 róngrǔ honor and disgrace / reputation 先王重榮辱
150 2 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 生其事親也
151 2 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有寶有器有用
152 2 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 以其長者也
153 2 dùn confused 沌沌乎博而圜
154 2 珠玉 zhūyù pearls and jades / jewels / clever remark / beautiful writing / gems of wisdom / genius / outstanding person 珠玉
155 2 extra / surplus / remainder 餘目不明
156 2 seven 七日不食
157 2 to die 在卒謀之閒耳
158 2 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 人主操逆人臣操順
159 2 bīng soldier / troops 人眾兵強
160 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 故先王慎其所積
161 2 xiào to be filial 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
162 2 chéng to fill 德盛義尊
163 2 無名 wúmíng nameless 無名則亂
164 2 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 城郭險阻蓄藏
165 2 出于 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 法出于禮
166 2 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 故人主之卑尊輕重
167 2 a human or animal body 近者以體
168 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 而不以其國造難生患
169 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 而不以其國造難生患
170 2 shì to match 應適莫如後
171 2 wáng Wang 王主積于民
172 2 cáng to hide 城郭險阻蓄藏
173 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 天下無私愛也
174 2 xíng punishment / penalty 明其刑而賤其士者殆
175 2 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 先王貴誠信
176 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 為不善者有禍
177 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 是以能繼天子之容
178 1 to think / consider / to ponder 動作必思之
179 1 měi beautiful 惡者美之充也
180 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 無疇類盡死矣
181 1 huò goods / products / commodities 先王不貨交
182 1 cún to exist / to survive 故存國家
183 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 不列地
184 1 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 立而不立者四
185 1 shū different / special / unusual 所以殊天下之際
186 1 a cauldron / a pot / a kettle 釜鼓滿
187 1 shí ten 十日不食
188 1 rotten 蓄藏積陳朽腐
189 1 xiǔ to rot / to decay 蓄藏積陳朽腐
190 1 secret 愛惡天下可祕
191 1 qīng light / not heavy 而輕其末用
192 1 管子 guǎnzi tube / drinking straw 管子曰
193 1 lóng dragon 一龍一蛇
194 1 chūn spring 春不生而夏無得乎
195 1 child / son 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
196 1 shū book 先王之書
197 1 shí knowledge / understanding 無令人識之
198 1 yóu to swim 故善游者死于梁池
199 1 extensive / full 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
200 1 正則 zhèngzé regular 名正則治
201 1 jià vacation 諸侯假之威
202 1 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 明賞不費明刑不暴
203 1 huái bosom / breast 其德不足以懷其民者殆
204 1 國土 guótǔ territory / country 無國土
205 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 為人臣者之廣道也
206 1 chí a pool / a pond 故善游者死于梁池
207 1 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 五者而天下治矣
208 1 mài wheat / barley / oats 能而麥乎
209 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 一日五化之謂周
210 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 故先王不以一過二
211 1 xià summer 春不生而夏無得乎
212 1 富足 fùzú rich / fertile / abundant 家室富足
213 1 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 為不善者有禍
214 1 to rely on / to depend on 名倚則亂
215 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 禽獸以力使
216 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 能隱而伏乎
217 1 有名 yǒumíng famous / well-known 有名則治
218 1 can / may / permissible 愛惡天下可祕
219 1 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽兩生而參視
220 1 to starve / to be hungry 比歲饑
221 1 to shut / to close 愛惡重閉必固
222 1 先民 xiānmín ancestors / predecessors 先民與地
223 1 chuí a horse whip 而可以鞭箠使也
224 1 duǎn short 度之不以短長
225 1 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 勇勝怯
226 1 jiǔ old 久而不知極已者殆
227 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 人主操逆人臣操順
228 1 婦女 fùnǚ woman 亡主積于婦女珠玉
229 1 六十 liùshí sixty 故行年六十而老吃也
230 1 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 進退勞佚
231 1 hàn courageous / brave 人之心悍
232 1 shé snake 一龍一蛇
233 1 chī to eat 故行年六十而老吃也
234 1 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 賞罰明
235 1 to reach 自古及今
236 1 jiāo haughty 先貴與驕
237 1 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 人主操逆人臣操順
238 1 名利 mínglì fame and profit 幸名利
239 1 Shùn Emperor Shun 桀舜是也
240 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 坦坦之備不為用
241 1 guān an office 慎民在置官
242 1 mǐn to pity / to sympathize 人謂我愍
243 1 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 四者道之出
244 1 zhì to place / to lay out 慎民在置官
245 1 堯舜 yáoshùn Emperors Yao and Shun 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
246 1 different / other 微而異之
247 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 明賞不費明刑不暴
248 1 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
249 1 shì to look at / to see 陰陽兩生而參視
250 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 禍福在為
251 1 人眾 rénzhòng many people / crowds of people 人眾兵強
252 1 不擅 bùshàn to not be good at / to not focus on 不擅功
253 1 quán authority / power 士不恃外權
254 1 jìn nearby 近者以體
255 1 中野 zhōngyě Nakano 善射者死于中野
256 1 huāng waste 比歲荒
257 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智
258 1 zōng school / sect 賢大夫不恃宗至
259 1 善事 shànshì something lucky / something good 無善事而有善治者
260 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 妻子具
261 1 得人 dé rén win over the people 義者得人
262 1 nián year 故行年六十而老吃也
263 1 妻子 qīzi wife 妻子具
264 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 春不生而夏無得乎
265 1 愛人 àirén spouse / husband / wife 愛人甚而不能利也
266 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 二者不合
267 1 god of cereals 能而稷乎
268 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
269 1 four 立而不立者四
270 1 shū hinge 樞言曰
271 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 有為人之所制者
272 1 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其事君也
273 1 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 以一陽二陰者削
274 1 wēi small / tiny 微而異之
275 1 silk 紛紛乎若亂絲
276 1 貴人 guìrén nobility / person of high rank 衰主積于貴人
277 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見于色
278 1 chóu class / category 無疇類盡死矣
279 1 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 先王用一陰二陽者霸
280 1 sǔn to injure 日損之而患多者惟欲
281 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 豚豚乎莫得其門
282 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 天下之敗也
283 1 不在 bùzài not here 故親不在約束結紐
284 1 qiàn deficient / insufficient 比歲歉
285 1 liǎng two 陰陽兩生而參視
286 1 gǎi to change / to alter 天下不可改也
287 1 to be fond of / to like 喜也者
288 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人用其心
289 1 zhèng upright / straight 正之察之
290 1 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 用之終身者眾矣
291 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度之不以短長
292 1 wide / broad 沌沌乎博而圜
293 1 jiā house / home / residence 家富而國貧
294 1 anger / rage / fury 怒也者
295 1 有用 yǒuyòng useful 國有寶有器有用
296 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 爵尊而主卑
297 1 power / force / strength 禽獸以力使
298 1 Emperor Yu 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
299 1 fèi fee / expenses 明賞不費明刑不暴
300 1 hài to injure / to harm to 憎人甚而不能害也
301 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 賢大夫不恃宗至
302 1 guǎ few 眾勝寡
303 1 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 霸主積于將戰士
304 1 chì an imperial decree 能敕乎
305 1 家室 jiāshì wife / family / (literary) residence 家室富足
306 1 善勝 shànshèng Skilled in Victory / Uttara 善勝惡
307 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 約束則解
308 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 故存國家
309 1 xián liesure 在卒謀之閒耳
310 1 huán to circle / to encircle 沌沌乎博而圜
311 1 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 不可欺者智也
312 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 無令人識之
313 1 to inherit 是以能繼天子之容
314 1 善射 shàn shè a skillful archer 善射者死于中野
315 1 知者 zhī zhě the wise 欲知者知之
316 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 所謂德者
317 1 biān a whip / a lash 而可以鞭箠使也
318 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 能隱而伏乎
319 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 餘目不明
320 1 róng to hold / to contain 是以能繼天子之容
321 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 而不好加名於人
322 1 cái material / stuff 地以材使
323 1 móu to plan / to scheme 在卒謀之閒耳
324 1 成人 chéngrén adult 是謂成人
325 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 而可以鞭箠使也
326 1 to enter 先王因其參而慎所入所出
327 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯假之威
328 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 自古及今
329 1 chēng to call / to address 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
330 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 爵祿滿
331 1 business / industry 有好業
332 1 to stand 立而不立者四
333 1 zhǐ to point 萬物之指也
334 1 a drum 釜鼓滿
335 1 an item 餘目不明
336 1 遠近 yuǎnjìn far and near / distance 遠近者
337 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠者以禮
338 1 cōng intelligent / clever / bright 餘耳不聰
339 1 有福 yǒufú to be blessed 為善者有福
340 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 心之敬執也
341 1 鬼神 guǐshén spirits and devils / a demon 鬼神以祥使
342 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸名利
343 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 正之察之
344 1 mìng life 命屬于食
345 1 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 城郭險阻蓄藏
346 1 wēi power / might / prestige 諸侯假之威
347 1 wài outside 士不恃外權
348 1 凡人 fánrén an ordinary person / a mortal 凡人之名三
349 1 tāng soup 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
350 1 shùn to obey 人主操逆人臣操順
351 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 人謂我恭
352 1 shī teacher 萬物之師也
353 1 動作 dòngzuò movement / motion / action 動作必思之
354 1 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 與人相苟
355 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭險阻蓄藏
356 1 color 不見于色
357 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 二者不合
358 1 霸主 bàzhǔ an overlord / a hegemon 霸主積于將戰士
359 1 pín poor / impoverished 家富而國貧
360 1 不為 bùwéi to not do 坦坦之備不為用
361 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 慎富在務地
362 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 周者不出于口
363 1 xìn to believe / to trust 信之者仁也
364 1 在此 zàicǐ here 在此三者
365 1 來者 láizhě future things 卒來者必備之
366 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 有恥也者
367 1 無義 wúyì without meaning / nonsense / immoral / faithless 有義勝無義
368 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 其德不足以懷其民者殆
369 1 自失 zìshī at a loss 人之自失也
370 1 liáng a bridge 故善游者死于梁池
371 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人主之卑尊輕重
372 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋事亦事也
373 1 xiáng good luck / blessing 鬼神以祥使
374 1 increase / benefit 益之安之
375 1 必備 bìbèi to be essential 卒來者必備之
376 1 Xu 疾勝徐
377 1 chén Chen 蓄藏積陳朽腐
378 1 無成 wúchéng achieving nothing 則無成矣
379 1 Jié Emperor Jie 桀舜是也
380 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 智勝愚
381 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 定社稷
382 1 官職 guānzhí an official position 官職亦然
383 1 勇猛 yǒngměng ardency 先王不以勇猛為邊竟

Frequencies of all Words

Top 453

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 82 zhī him / her / them / that 道之在天者日也
2 73 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 道之在天者日也
3 71 also / too 道之在天者日也
4 33 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 帝王者用之而天下治矣
5 33 so as to / in order to 生者以其氣
6 30 rén person / people / a human being 其在人者心也
7 30 not / no 故能為天下生而不死者二
8 27 his / hers / its / theirs 其在人者心也
9 25 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 是故先王慎貴在所先所後
10 24 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰
11 22 guì expensive / costly / valuable 先貴與驕
12 20 otherwise / but / however 有氣則生
13 16 wèi for / to 故能為天下生而不死者二
14 15 yǒu is / are / to exist 有氣則生
15 14 天下 tiānxià China 帝王者用之而天下治矣
16 14 in / at 王主積于民
17 14 desire 欲也者
18 12 final particle 帝王者用之而天下治矣
19 12 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 有名則治
20 12 shì matter / thing / item 賤固事貴
21 11 no 無氣則死
22 11 expresses question or doubt 沌沌乎博而圜
23 10 néng can / able 故能為天下生而不死者二
24 10 Germany 德盛義尊
25 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 而不以其國造難生患
26 10 yòng to use / to apply 帝王者用之而天下治矣
27 9 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 凡國有三制
28 9 zài in / at 道之在天者日也
29 9 shēng to be born / to give birth 有氣則生
30 9 de potential marker 則得矣
31 8 also / too 人亦不能制者
32 8 zūn to honor / to respect 故人主之卑尊輕重
33 8 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 審所先所後
34 8 míng measure word for people 治者以其名
35 8 I / me / my 我貴之
36 8 gain / advantage / benefit 愛之利之
37 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 為善者非善也故善無以為也
38 7 ài to love 愛之利之
39 7 wèi to call 一日五化之謂周
40 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 法出于禮
41 7 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 眾勝寡
42 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而可以鞭箠使也
43 6 xián virtuous / worthy 慎貴在舉賢
44 6 to store 王主積于民
45 6 dài dangerous / perilous 亡其身失其國者殆
46 6 zhòng heavy 先王重其寶器
47 6 day of the month / a certain day 道之在天者日也
48 6 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故人主之卑尊輕重
49 6 shí food / food and drink 一日不食
50 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 有不能制人
51 6 shèn cautious 是故先王慎貴在所先所後
52 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可不慎
53 6 xīn heart 其在人者心也
54 6 è evil / vice 惡也者
55 6 and 先民與地
56 5 meaning / sense 德盛義尊
57 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 得之必生
58 5 shí time / a period of time 萬物之時也
59 5 èr two 故能為天下生而不死者二
60 5 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人臣者之廣道也
61 5 zhǔ owner 故人主之卑尊輕重
62 5 one 一龍一蛇
63 5 zēng to hate / to detest / to abhor 憎人甚而不能害也
64 5 萬物 wànwù all living things 萬物之師也
65 5 hǎo good 而好以其國後
66 5 xiān first 審所先所後
67 5 tiān day 道之在天者日也
68 5 qīn relatives 故親不在約束結紐
69 5 sān three 在此三者
70 5 chén minister / statesman / official 為人臣者之廣道也
71 5 to die 無氣則死
72 5 míng bright / brilliant 明其刑而賤其士者殆
73 5 yǒng brave / courageous 欲勇者勇之
74 4 zhòng many / numerous 人不眾
75 4 zhī to know 何以知其然
76 4 jiàn mean / low / base 賤固事貴
77 4 wáng to die 亡主積于婦女珠玉
78 4 that / those 彼欲貴
79 4 wěi yes 唯無得之
80 4 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 而賢者寶之
81 4 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 不結紐
82 4 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 而不以其國造難生患
83 4 tǎn flat / smooth 坦坦之利不以功
84 4 qiáng strong / powerful 強之強之
85 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 衰主積于貴人
86 4 hòu after / later 審所先所後
87 4 不慎 bùshèn incautious / inattentive 人主不可以不慎貴
88 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 慎貴在舉賢
89 4 to be lost 人佚亦佚
90 4 dào way / road / path 道之在天者日也
91 4 fán ordinary / common 凡國有三制
92 4 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 國有寶有器有用
93 4 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 不可欺者智也
94 4 soil / ground / land 先民與地
95 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 不可以不慎民
96 4 yuē to speak / to say 管子曰
97 4 rich / wealthy 不可以不慎富
98 3 jiè to quit 戒之戒之
99 3 帝王 dìwáng an emperor / a regent / a monarch 帝王者用之而天下治矣
100 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 益之安之
101 3 disease / sickness / ailment 疾之疾之
102 3 láo to toil 人勞亦勞
103 3 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 國有寶有器有用
104 3 chū to go out / to leave 四者道之出
105 3 yáng sun 先王用一陰二陽者霸
106 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 賤固事貴
107 3 功勞 gōngláo contribution / merit / acheivement 非有功勞于國也
108 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 無疇類盡死矣
109 3 不知 bùzhī do not know 久而不知極已者殆
110 3 gas / vapour / fumes 有氣則生
111 3 rén a kernel / a pit 人謂我仁
112 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 斯待以成
113 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
114 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 日益之而患少者惟忠
115 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 先王之所以最重也
116 3 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 人主不可以不慎貴
117 3 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 人主不可以不慎貴
118 3 滿 mǎn full 爵祿滿
119 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此者
120 3 shǎo few 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
121 3 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 有天道勝無天道
122 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 無名則亂
123 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 先王用一陰二陽者霸
124 3 yán to speak / to say / said 樞言曰
125 3 jìng actually / in the end 先王不以勇猛為邊竟
126 3 約束 yuēshù to restrict / to limit / to constrain 先王不約束
127 3 niǔ to tie 不結紐
128 3 shì to rely upon 恃與國
129 3 suì age 比歲歉
130 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 貴周
131 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 先王不以勇猛為邊竟
132 3 shī to lose 則失矣
133 3 眾人 zhòngrén everyone 眾人之用其心也
134 3 to associate with / be near 比歲歉
135 3 big / great / huge / large / major 為人臣者之大罪也
136 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 萬物待治禮而後定
137 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 惡者美之充也
138 2 shēn human body / torso 亡其身失其國者殆
139 2 大事 dàshì a major event 天下有大事
140 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 先王不貨交
141 2 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 故能為天下生而不死者二
142 2 to leave behind 遺遺乎若有從治
143 2 gōng merit 不擅功
144 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以取天下
145 2 不然 bùrán or else / otherwise / if not 唯賢者不然
146 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日五化之謂周
147 2 shǐ beginning / start 愛者憎之始也
148 2 鄰國 línguó bordering country / neighboring country 則鄰國親
149 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
150 2 five 一日五化之謂周
151 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 紛紛乎若亂絲
152 2 莫如 mò rú nothing is better than 故德莫如先
153 2 有事 yǒushì to be occupied with something / to have something on one's mind / there is something the matter 有事也者
154 2 to join / to combine 先王事以合交
155 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 德者怨之本也
156 2 jìn to enter 人進亦進
157 2 tún a suckling pig 豚豚乎莫得其門
158 2 qiě moreover / also 既時且義
159 2 wèi to fear / to dread 吾畏事
160 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 命屬于食
161 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 故先王貴當
162 2 非有 fēiyǒu does not exist / is not real 非有功勞于國也
163 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 為善者非善也故善無以為也
164 2 jìng to respect /to honor 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
165 2 cān to take part in / to participate 陰陽兩生而參視
166 2 wéi only / solely / alone 日益之而患少者惟忠
167 2 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審所先所後
168 2 to take / to get / to fetch 先王取天下
169 2 jiā to add 而不好加名於人
170 2 xíng to walk / to move 則行衰矣
171 2 甚而 shénér even / so much so that 愛人甚而不能利也
172 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 人退亦退
173 2 不滿 bùmǎn to be not full 故先王不滿也
174 2 dìng to decide 萬物待治禮而後定
175 2 end / final stage / latter part 末用也
176 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 士不恃外權
177 2 rán correct / right / certainly 何以知其然
178 2 method / way 故為之法
179 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 為人臣者之大罪也
180 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 不肖固事賢
181 2 ěr ear 餘耳不聰
182 2 榮辱 róngrǔ honor and disgrace / reputation 先王重榮辱
183 2 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 生其事親也
184 2 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有寶有器有用
185 2 běn measure word for books 德者怨之本也
186 2 I 吾畏事
187 2 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 以其長者也
188 2 shì is / are / am / to be 桀舜是也
189 2 dùn confused 沌沌乎博而圜
190 2 珠玉 zhūyù pearls and jades / jewels / clever remark / beautiful writing / gems of wisdom / genius / outstanding person 珠玉
191 2 extra / surplus / remainder 餘目不明
192 2 seven 七日不食
193 2 to die 在卒謀之閒耳
194 2 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 人主操逆人臣操順
195 2 bīng soldier / troops 人眾兵強
196 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 故先王慎其所積
197 2 xiào to be filial 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
198 2 chéng to fill 德盛義尊
199 2 already / since 既時且義
200 2 無名 wúmíng nameless 無名則亂
201 2 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 城郭險阻蓄藏
202 2 出于 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 法出于禮
203 2 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 故人主之卑尊輕重
204 2 this / these 不審此三者
205 2 a human or animal body 近者以體
206 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 而不以其國造難生患
207 2 gài generally / approximately 則人概之
208 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 而不以其國造難生患
209 2 shì to match 應適莫如後
210 2 wáng Wang 王主積于民
211 2 cáng to hide 城郭險阻蓄藏
212 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 天下無私愛也
213 2 xíng punishment / penalty 明其刑而賤其士者殆
214 2 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 先王貴誠信
215 1 jué absolutely 結紐則絕
216 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 為不善者有禍
217 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 是以能繼天子之容
218 1 to think / consider / to ponder 動作必思之
219 1 měi beautiful 惡者美之充也
220 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 無疇類盡死矣
221 1 huò goods / products / commodities 先王不貨交
222 1 cún to exist / to survive 故存國家
223 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 不列地
224 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 萬物待治禮而後定
225 1 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 立而不立者四
226 1 shū different / special / unusual 所以殊天下之際
227 1 a cauldron / a pot / a kettle 釜鼓滿
228 1 shí ten 十日不食
229 1 rotten 蓄藏積陳朽腐
230 1 xiǔ to rot / to decay 蓄藏積陳朽腐
231 1 secret 愛惡天下可祕
232 1 qīng light / not heavy 而輕其末用
233 1 管子 guǎnzi tube / drinking straw 管子曰
234 1 lóng dragon 一龍一蛇
235 1 自古 zìgǔ since ancient times 自古及今
236 1 chūn spring 春不生而夏無得乎
237 1 child / son 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
238 1 shū book 先王之書
239 1 shí knowledge / understanding 無令人識之
240 1 yóu to swim 故善游者死于梁池
241 1 extensive / full 身彌老不知敬其適子者殆
242 1 正則 zhèngzé regular 名正則治
243 1 jià vacation 諸侯假之威
244 1 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 明賞不費明刑不暴
245 1 huái bosom / breast 其德不足以懷其民者殆
246 1 cóng from 遺遺乎若有從治
247 1 國土 guótǔ territory / country 無國土
248 1 guǎng wide / large / vast 為人臣者之廣道也
249 1 chí a pool / a pond 故善游者死于梁池
250 1 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 五者而天下治矣
251 1 mài wheat / barley / oats 能而麥乎
252 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 一日五化之謂周
253 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 故先王不以一過二
254 1 xià summer 春不生而夏無得乎
255 1 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 未嘗之有也
256 1 富足 fùzú rich / fertile / abundant 家室富足
257 1 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 為不善者有禍
258 1 to rely on / to depend on 名倚則亂
259 1 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 禽獸以力使
260 1 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 能隱而伏乎
261 1 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 先王之所以最重也
262 1 有名 yǒumíng famous / well-known 有名則治
263 1 can / may / permissible 愛惡天下可祕
264 1 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽兩生而參視
265 1 to starve / to be hungry 比歲饑
266 1 to shut / to close 愛惡重閉必固
267 1 先民 xiānmín ancestors / predecessors 先民與地
268 1 chuí a horse whip 而可以鞭箠使也
269 1 duǎn short 度之不以短長
270 1 qiè lacking in courage / afraid 勇勝怯
271 1 jiǔ old 久而不知極已者殆
272 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 人主操逆人臣操順
273 1 婦女 fùnǚ woman 亡主積于婦女珠玉
274 1 六十 liùshí sixty 故行年六十而老吃也
275 1 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 進退勞佚
276 1 hàn courageous / brave 人之心悍
277 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 度之不以短長
278 1 shé snake 一龍一蛇
279 1 fēi not / non- / un- 為善者非善也故善無以為也
280 1 in / at 而不好加名於人
281 1 chī to eat 故行年六十而老吃也
282 1 日益 rìyì day by day / more and more / increasingly 日益之而患少者惟忠
283 1 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 賞罰明
284 1 to reach 自古及今
285 1 jiāo haughty 先貴與驕
286 1 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 人主操逆人臣操順
287 1 名利 mínglì fame and profit 幸名利
288 1 Shùn Emperor Shun 桀舜是也
289 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 坦坦之備不為用
290 1 guān an office 慎民在置官
291 1 mǐn to pity / to sympathize 人謂我愍
292 1 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 四者道之出
293 1 zhì to place / to lay out 慎民在置官
294 1 堯舜 yáoshùn Emperors Yao and Shun 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
295 1 different / other 微而異之
296 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 明賞不費明刑不暴
297 1 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
298 1 shì to look at / to see 陰陽兩生而參視
299 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 禍福在為
300 1 人眾 rénzhòng many people / crowds of people 人眾兵強
301 1 不擅 bùshàn to not be good at / to not focus on 不擅功
302 1 quán authority / power 士不恃外權
303 1 jìn nearby 近者以體
304 1 之至 zhīzhì extremely 則德之至者也
305 1 中野 zhōngyě Nakano 善射者死于中野
306 1 huāng waste 比歲荒
307 1 聖智 shèngzhì intelligent and wise 聖智
308 1 zōng school / sect 賢大夫不恃宗至
309 1 善事 shànshì something lucky / something good 無善事而有善治者
310 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 妻子具
311 1 得人 dé rén win over the people 義者得人
312 1 nián year 故行年六十而老吃也
313 1 妻子 qīzi wife 妻子具
314 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 春不生而夏無得乎
315 1 愛人 àirén spouse / husband / wife 愛人甚而不能利也
316 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 二者不合
317 1 god of cereals 能而稷乎
318 1 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故先王慎貴在所先所後
319 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
320 1 four 立而不立者四
321 1 shū hinge 樞言曰
322 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 有為人之所制者
323 1 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 其事君也
324 1 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 以一陽二陰者削
325 1 wēi small / tiny 微而異之
326 1 silk 紛紛乎若亂絲
327 1 貴人 guìrén nobility / person of high rank 衰主積于貴人
328 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見于色
329 1 self 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
330 1 chóu class / category 無疇類盡死矣
331 1 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 先王用一陰二陽者霸
332 1 sǔn to injure 日損之而患多者惟欲
333 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 豚豚乎莫得其門
334 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 天下之敗也
335 1 不在 bùzài not here 故親不在約束結紐
336 1 qiàn deficient / insufficient 比歲歉
337 1 do not 豚豚乎莫得其門
338 1 liǎng two 陰陽兩生而參視
339 1 gǎi to change / to alter 天下不可改也
340 1 to be fond of / to like 喜也者
341 1 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人用其心
342 1 zhèng upright / straight 正之察之
343 1 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 用之終身者眾矣
344 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度之不以短長
345 1 wide / broad 沌沌乎博而圜
346 1 jiā house / home / residence 家富而國貧
347 1 anger / rage / fury 怒也者
348 1 有用 yǒuyòng useful 國有寶有器有用
349 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 爵尊而主卑
350 1 power / force / strength 禽獸以力使
351 1 Emperor Yu 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
352 1 fèi fee / expenses 明賞不費明刑不暴
353 1 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 周者不出于口
354 1 hài to injure / to harm to 憎人甚而不能害也
355 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 賢大夫不恃宗至
356 1 guǎ few 眾勝寡
357 1 戰士 zhànshì fighter / soldier / warrior 霸主積于將戰士
358 1 chì an imperial decree 能敕乎
359 1 家室 jiāshì wife / family / (literary) residence 家室富足
360 1 善勝 shànshèng Skilled in Victory / Uttara 善勝惡
361 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 約束則解
362 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 故存國家
363 1 xián liesure 在卒謀之閒耳
364 1 huán to circle / to encircle 沌沌乎博而圜
365 1 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 不可欺者智也
366 1 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 無令人識之
367 1 to inherit 是以能繼天子之容
368 1 善射 shàn shè a skillful archer 善射者死于中野
369 1 知者 zhī zhě the wise 欲知者知之
370 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 所謂德者
371 1 biān a whip / a lash 而可以鞭箠使也
372 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 能隱而伏乎
373 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 餘目不明
374 1 róng to hold / to contain 是以能繼天子之容
375 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 而不好加名於人
376 1 cái material / stuff 地以材使
377 1 móu to plan / to scheme 在卒謀之閒耳
378 1 成人 chéngrén adult 是謂成人
379 1 gǒu in a sordid way 與人相苟
380 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 而可以鞭箠使也
381 1 to enter 先王因其參而慎所入所出
382 1 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯假之威
383 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 自古及今
384 1 chēng to call / to address 量之不以少多稱之不以輕重
385 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 爵祿滿
386 1 business / industry 有好業
387 1 to stand 立而不立者四
388 1 zhǐ to point 萬物之指也
389 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 人故相憎也
390 1 already / afterwards 久而不知極已者殆
391 1 a drum 釜鼓滿
392 1 shàng still / yet / to value 其唯尚賢乎
393 1 an item 餘目不明
394 1 遠近 yuǎnjìn far and near / distance 遠近者
395 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠者以禮
396 1 cōng intelligent / clever / bright 餘耳不聰
397 1 what / where / which 何也
398 1 有福 yǒufú to be blessed 為善者有福
399 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 心之敬執也
400 1 鬼神 guǐshén spirits and devils / a demon 鬼神以祥使
401 1 yīn because 先王因其參而慎所入所出
402 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸名利
403 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 正之察之
404 1 mìng life 命屬于食
405 1 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 城郭險阻蓄藏
406 1 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以能繼天子之容
407 1 wēi power / might / prestige 諸侯假之威
408 1 wài outside 士不恃外權
409 1 凡人 fánrén an ordinary person / a mortal 凡人之名三
410 1 紛紛 fēnfēn one after another / in succession / one by one 紛紛乎若亂絲
411 1 tāng soup 堯舜禹湯文武孝己
412 1 shùn to obey 人主操逆人臣操順
413 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 人謂我恭
414 1 shī teacher 萬物之師也
415 1 zhì to / until 賢大夫不恃宗至
416 1 動作 dòngzuò movement / motion / action 動作必思之
417 1 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 與人相苟
418 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭險阻蓄藏
419 1 color 不見于色
420 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 二者不合
421 1 霸主 bàzhǔ an overlord / a hegemon 霸主積于將戰士
422 1 pín poor / impoverished 家富而國貧
423 1 不為 bùwéi to not do 坦坦之備不為用
424 1 extremely / very 久而不知極已者殆
425 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 慎富在務地
426 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 周者不出于口
427 1 xìn to believe / to trust 信之者仁也
428 1 在此 zàicǐ here 在此三者
429 1 來者 láizhě future things 卒來者必備之
430 1 this 斯待以成
431 1 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 有恥也者
432 1 無義 wúyì without meaning / nonsense / immoral / faithless 有義勝無義
433 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 其德不足以懷其民者殆
434 1 自失 zìshī at a loss 人之自失也
435 1 liáng a bridge 故善游者死于梁池
436 1 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 霸主積于將戰士
437 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人主之卑尊輕重
438 1 Kangxi radical 80 毋事亦事也
439 1 xiáng good luck / blessing 鬼神以祥使
440 1 increase / benefit 益之安之
441 1 何以 héyǐ why 何以知其然
442 1 必備 bìbèi to be essential 卒來者必備之
443 1 Xu 疾勝徐
444 1 chén Chen 蓄藏積陳朽腐
445 1 無成 wúchéng achieving nothing 則無成矣
446 1 yīng should / ought 應適莫如後
447 1 之際 zhījì at that moment 所以殊天下之際
448 1 Jié Emperor Jie 桀舜是也
449 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 智勝愚
450 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 定社稷
451 1 不獨 bùdú not only 先王不獨舉
452 1 官職 guānzhí an official position 官職亦然
453 1 勇猛 yǒngměng ardency 先王不以勇猛為邊竟

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
传习录 傳習錄 chuán xí lù Chuan Xi Lu
Jié Emperor Jie
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
善胜 善勝 shànshèng Skilled in Victory / Uttara
Shùn Emperor Shun
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
中野 zhōngyě Nakano

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English