Glossary and Vocabulary for Han Feizi 《韓非子》, 難一第三十六 Chapter 36: Difficulties I

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 58 yuē to speak / to say
2 39 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君其詐之而已矣
3 35 child / son 以子之矛陷子之楯
4 33 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞之
5 23 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 桓公往問之
6 21 管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong 管仲有病
7 18 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今耕漁不爭
8 18 gōng public/ common / state-owned 今文公問
9 18 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 雍季無一為而先賞
10 17 yán to speak / to say / said 夫用其言而後其身
11 17 使 shǐ to make / to cause 將使天下無姦也
12 16 Shùn Emperor Shun 舜往耕焉
13 16 ài to love 所以愛其下也
14 15 rén person / people / a human being 晉文公將與楚人戰
15 15 zhǔ owner 庸主之所易也
16 15 xíng to walk / to move 歸而行爵
17 15 mín the people / citizen / subjects 以詐遇民
18 14 Xi 郄獻子聞之
19 14 fàn to commit crime / to violate 召舅犯問之
20 14 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 召舅犯問之
21 13 to die 身死名息
22 13 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可兩得也
23 13 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 則國安而身定
24 12 one 雍季無一為而先賞
25 12 shī to lose 惟赫子不失君臣之禮
26 12 a man / a male adult 夫用其言而後其身
27 12 shēn human body / torso 夫用其言而後其身
28 11 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 襄子圍於晉陽中
29 11 不知 bùzhī do not know 且文公不知一時之權
30 11 wèn to ask 召舅犯問之
31 10 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 不好仁義
32 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 繁禮君子
33 10 兩用 liǎngyòng dual-use 吾欲兩用公仲
34 10 yáo Yao 堯安在
35 10 season / period 因召雍季而問之
36 10 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed
37 10 dào way / road / path 則雍季乃道其
38 10 yōng harmony 因召雍季而問之
39 10 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 吾敢不分謗乎
40 10 to go 則去堯之明察
41 10 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 文公辭舅犯
42 9 wǎng to go (in a direction) 舜往耕焉
43 9 shàng top / a high position 而姦不用於上
44 9 師曠 Shī Kuàng Shi Kuang 師曠侍坐於前
45 9 gōng merit 以其功耶
46 9 shì matter / thing / item 城濮之事
47 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令曰
48 9 hòu after / later 後必無獸
49 8 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 豎刁自宮以治內
50 8 gain / advantage / benefit 萬世之利也
51 8 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 韓獻子將斬人
52 8 jiù to save / to rescue 所以救敗也
53 7 chǔ state of Chu 晉文公將與楚人戰
54 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 以舅犯之謀與楚人戰以敗之
55 7 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 朞年已一過
56 7 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 萬世之利奚患不至
57 7 nián year 朞年
58 7 jiàn to see 管仲所以見告桓公者
59 7 仲尼 Zhòng Ní Zhong Ni 仲尼聞之
60 7 韓子 Hán Zǐ Han Zi 韓子之所斬也
61 7 wén to hear 臣聞之
62 7 easy / simple 庸主之所易也
63 7 萬世 wàn shì all ages 萬世之利也
64 6 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
65 6 shù straight vertical character stroke 願君去豎刁
66 6 wèi to call 謂詐其敵也
67 6 小臣 xiǎochén a minor official 有處士曰小臣稷
68 6 zhà to cheat / to swindle 君其詐之而已矣
69 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 晉文公將與楚人戰
70 6 desire 適君之欲也
71 6 天下 tiānxià China 將使天下無姦也
72 6 míng bright / brilliant 則臣上塞主明而下成私
73 6 zhī to know 既知一時之權
74 6 máo spear 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
75 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂天下之害
76 6 qīn relatives 非父子之親也
77 6 shù method / tactics 不亦無術乎
78 6 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣之際
79 6 diāo artful / wicked 願君去豎刁
80 6 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang 襄子圍於晉陽中
81 6 píng flat / level / smooth 平公失君道
82 5 xìn to believe / to trust
83 5 zài in / at 在今日之勝
84 5 method / way 上設其法
85 5 shǔn a horizontal railing 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
86 5 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 而對以卑狹
87 5 bright / radiant / shining 高赫為賞首
88 5 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 若罪人
89 5 tīng to listen 善諫不聽
90 5 sān three 三年已三過
91 5 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 安暇待萬世之利
92 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 舜有盡
93 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 物莫能陷也
94 5 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 將使天下無姦也
95 5 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 善諫不聽
96 5 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
97 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣曰
98 5 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 安能愛君
99 5 full year / anniversary 朞年
100 5 big / great / huge / large / major 有因問小大緩急而對也
101 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 然則臣有盡死力以為其主者
102 4 gāo high / tall 高赫為賞首
103 4 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 則明主弗受也
104 4 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是逆上下之位
105 4 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 弗中程者誅
106 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘事而有功則賞
107 4 enemy / foe 在詐於敵
108 4 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 不陳人臣之諫
109 4 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 賞罰使天下必行之
110 4 tooth / tusk 除易牙
111 4 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 為之柰何
112 4 jiāo haughty 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
113 4 仲父 zhòngfù middle uncle / uncle 仲父病
114 4 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 將奚以告寡人
115 4 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 故為爵祿以勸之
116 4 xiān first 先雍季而後舅犯
117 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 韓宣王問於樛留
118 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 故為爵祿以勸之
119 4 zhòng heavy 是臣重也
120 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜哉
121 4 zàng to bury the dead 蟲出戶不葬
122 4 liǎng two 不可兩得也
123 4 power / force / strength 然則臣有盡死力以為其主者
124 4 zhòng many / numerous 彼眾我寡
125 4 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 戰而勝
126 4 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 不厭忠信
127 4 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 管仲以賤為不可以治貴
128 4 shì a city 且臣盡死力以與君市
129 4 yòng to use / to apply 夫用其言而後其身
130 4 qín Chinese lute 援琴撞之
131 4 to fish 河濱之漁者爭坻
132 4 gǎn bold / brave 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
133 4 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 偷取一時
134 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
135 3 guān an office 非舜官也
136 3 qīng minister / high officer 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
137 3 bitterness / bitter flavor 東夷之陶者器苦窳
138 3 gēng to plow / to till 舜往耕焉
139 3 táo Tao 東夷之陶者器苦窳
140 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 非有度者之言也
141 3 詐偽 zhàwěi fake 不厭詐偽
142 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 左右請除之
143 3 qián front 舅犯前有善言
144 3 jiū bending branches / bent limbs 韓宣王問於樛留
145 3 móu to plan / to scheme 以舅犯之謀與楚人戰以敗之
146 3 xùn to be buried with the dead / to die for a cause 以殉
147 3 past / former times 昔者紂為炮烙
148 3 to punish / to penalize 有罰者君知其罪
149 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 河濱之漁者爭坻
150 3 zhòng middle brother 吾欲兩用公仲
151 3 zūn to honor / to respect 非卿相卑而臧獲尊也
152 3 wàn ten thousand 無以易萬乘之主
153 3 xùn to give in to / to be swayed by / to comply with / to follow 胡不以徇
154 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 文公之霸也
155 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 文公之所以先雍季者
156 3 qīng light / not heavy 則輕爵祿以待之
157 3 shū father's younger brother 公叔
158 3 zāng a slave 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
159 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 故君舉功於臣
160 3 to stand 兵強而威立
161 3 wēi prestige / majesty 兵強而威立
162 3 wáng to die 則國亡兵弱
163 3 善言 shànyán good words 以其善言耶
164 3 zhuàng to knock against / to bump into / to collide 援琴撞之
165 3 shè to set up / to establish 設民所欲以求其功
166 3 méng a bud / a sprout 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
167 3 guǎ few 彼眾我寡
168 3 néng can / able 物莫能陷也
169 3 cháo to face 令朝至暮變
170 3 honor / reputation 譽之曰
171 3 shǒu head 易牙烝其子首而進之
172 3 quán authority / power 一時之權也
173 3 今日 jīnrì today 拔拂今日之死不及
174 3 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 襄子曰
175 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 乃躬藉處苦而民從之
176 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 吾聞布衣之士
177 2 德化 déhuà to influence through wholesome conduct 聖人之德化乎
178 2 increase / benefit 益謗也
179 2 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
180 2 xíng punishment / penalty 宜刑
181 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 歷山之農者侵畔
182 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 則國安而身定
183 2 huò to reap / to harvest 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
184 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 執禽而朝名曰臣
185 2 hán Korea / South Korea 韓獻子將斬人
186 2 若非 ruò fēi were it not for / if not for 若非罪人
187 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 舜之所難也
188 2 lüè plan / strategy 霄略曰
189 2 five 賞有功者五人
190 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 百官不敢侵職
191 2 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 是非君人者之言也
192 2 伊尹 yīyǐn Yi Yin 故伊尹以中國為亂道
193 2 bīng soldier / troops 兵強而威立
194 2 安在 ānzài safe and sound 堯安在
195 2 shòu a beast / a quadruped / an animal 偷取多獸
196 2 dusk / sunset 令朝至暮變
197 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 襄子圍於晉陽中
198 2 shì to release / to set free 釋庸主之所易
199 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 矛楯之說也
200 2 wèi position / location / place 是逆上下之位
201 2 wáng Wang 成湯不王也
202 2 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 不厭忠信
203 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 將奚以告寡人
204 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 且民之望於上也甚矣
205 2 yǐn to drink 晉平公與群臣飲
206 2 tōng to go through / to open 臣情不上通
207 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 擅主也
208 2 chóng an invertebrate / a worm 蟲出戶不葬
209 2 Yān Yan 景而亡鄢
210 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 夫人情莫不愛其子
211 2 bad / useless / weak 東夷之陶者器苦窳
212 2 中程 zhōngchéng medium-range 中程者賞
213 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不避卑辱
214 2 can / may / permissible 可乎
215 2 xiàn to offer / to present 韓獻子將斬人
216 2 pín poor / impoverished 然而臣貧
217 2 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 齊桓公時
218 2 shí food / food and drink 減食而死
219 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 法敗則國亂
220 2 yōng ordinary / normal 庸主之所易也
221 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 文公辭舅犯
222 2 fán complicated / complex 繁禮君子
223 2 hài to injure / to harm to 憂天下之害
224 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 舜又何德而化
225 2 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之德化乎
226 2 wài outside 此必將爭事而外市
227 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 衛之間不容數日行
228 2 三歸 sānguī to take refuge in the Triple Gem 使子有三歸之家
229 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 東夷之陶者器苦窳
230 2 成湯 Chéng Tāng Tang of Shang 成湯兩用伊尹
231 2 明察 míngchá to note clearly / to perceive 聖人明察在上位
232 2 gān dry 為宰干湯
233 2 nèi inside / interior 君妬而好內
234 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣不因左右而見
235 2 開方 kāifāng to extract a square root 遠衛公子開方
236 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 有罰者君知其罪
237 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 仲尼之聖堯柰何
238 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 以詐遇民
239 2 shì power / authority 處勢而矯下者
240 2 卑賤 bēijiàn lowly / mean and low 卑賤不待尊貴而進
241 2 è evil / vice 設民所惡以禁其姦
242 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願君去豎刁
243 2 a government official / a magistrate 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
244 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 歸而行爵
245 2 jìn to enter 易牙烝其子首而進之
246 2 尊貴 zūnguì respected / honorable 卑賤不待尊貴而進
247 2 偷取 tōuqǔ to steal / to abstract / to appropriate 偷取多獸
248 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 設民所惡以禁其姦
249 2 a crime / a criminal offense 是重不辜也
250 2 chén Chen 則陳其言
251 2 to avoid / to shun 公披衽而避
252 2 tàn to sigh 仲尼歎曰
253 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 遠衛公子開方
254 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 見小臣之忘民也
255 2 亂道 luàndào to lie / to make irresponsible remarks 故伊尹以中國為亂道
256 2 rich / wealthy 臣富矣
257 2 shū to remove obstructions 然而臣疏
258 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 是將以管仲之不能死公子糾度其不死桓公也
259 2 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi 將欲憂齊國
260 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 則臣上塞主明而下成私
261 2 zhòu Emperor Zhou 昔者紂為炮烙
262 2 mother 棄其母
263 2 jiǎn to deduct / to subtract 減食而死
264 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 故為刑罰以威之
265 2 智能 zhìnéng intellect / intelligence 使小臣有智能而遁桓公
266 2 to kill / to massacre 宜戮
267 2 chǒng to favor 臣有寵矣
268 2 to die 不幸卒於大命
269 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召舅犯問之
270 2 有失 yǒushī to fail or lose 則是堯有失也
271 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 令不行
272 2 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 所以不欺其民也
273 2 a human or animal body 舉琴而親其體
274 2 a river / a stream 翟而亡西河
275 2 失禮 shīlǐ lacking in manners 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
276 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 不可不察也
277 2 非分 fēifēn improper / presumptuous / assuming / overstepping one's bounds 非分謗也
278 2 xīn heart 而下無姦詐之心
279 2 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官脩通
280 2 day of the month / a certain day 十日而海內畢矣
281 2 thing / matter 物莫能陷也
282 2 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 遠衛公子開方
283 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 舜猶不以此說堯令從己
284 2 biàn to change / to alter 令朝至暮變
285 2 西 The West 翟而亡西河
286 2 之上 zhīshàng above 國之上
287 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 繁禮君子
288 2 Yǐng Ying
289 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 不當文公之問
290 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 臣貴矣
291 2 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 吾聞布衣之士
292 2 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 蓋虛不久
293 2 yuǎn far / distant 遠衛公子開方
294 2 zhí office / post 百官不敢侵職
295 2 xiāo sky 霄略曰
296 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 趨一國之患
297 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 寡人國家危
298 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 臼竈生龜
299 2 guī to go back / to return 歸而行爵
300 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 處勢而矯下者
301 1 善敗 shàn bài success and failure 使善敗不聞
302 1 bào abalone 鮑叔
303 1 束縛 shùfù to bind / to restrict / to tie 桓公解管仲之束縛而相之
304 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 琴壞於壁
305 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 不可同世而立
306 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 出於詐偽
307 1 zǎi to slaughter 為宰干湯
308 1 nóng agriculture / farming 歷山之農者侵畔
309 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 仲父病
310 1 gōng body 乃躬藉處苦而民從之
311 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 則所以勝楚破軍者
312 1 father's elder brother / uncle 雖巷伯信乎卿相
313 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 行之而非法者
314 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 則明主弗受也
315 1 姦臣 jiānchén a treacherous official 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
316 1 shì to murder a superior 一則專制而劫弒
317 1 fén to burn 焚林而田
318 1 度數 dùshǔ number of degrees / reading (on a meter) / strength (alcohol, lenses etc) 管仲非明此度數於桓公也
319 1 dùn to escape 使小臣有智能而遁桓公
320 1 身為 shēnwèi in the capacity of / as 且夫以身為苦而後化民者
321 1 緩急 huǎnjí a priority 有因問小大緩急而對也
322 1 之際 zhījì at that moment / during that time 君臣之際
323 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 則臣盡力而姦不生
324 1 hǎo good 君妬而好內
325 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 飲酣
326 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 操令行禁止之法
327 1 zhōng middle 襄子圍於晉陽中
328 1 tāng soup 為宰干湯
329 1 four 是故四封之內
330 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不因左右而見
331 1 fēng to seal / to close off 是故四封之內
332 1 不辭 bùcí to not avoid / to not retire 不辭卑辱
333 1 民怨 mínyuàn popular grievance / complaints of the people 民怨則國危
334 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 是故四封之內
335 1 zào a furnace 臼竈生龜
336 1 to arise / to get up 民所以起怨者也
337 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 設民所欲以求其功
338 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 則臣上塞主明而下成私
339 1 xiū to cultivate / to repair 百官脩通
340 1 to wear 公披衽而避
341 1 歷山 Lìshān Mount Li 歷山之農者侵畔
342 1 jǐng sunlight 景而亡鄢
343 1 晉平公 Jìn Píng Gōng Duke Ping of Jin 晉平公與群臣飲
344 1 shǔ to count 衛之間不容數日行
345 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 見知不悖於前
346 1 安有 ān yǒu how can thre be? 安有不葬之患
347 1 流出 liúchū to flow out 且桓公所以身死蟲流出戶不葬者
348 1 善於 shànyú to be good at / to be adept in 言孰善於此
349 1 國危 guó wēi the state will be in danger 民怨則國危
350 1 高大 gāodà tall and lofty 所問高大
351 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 朞年而讓長
352 1 Germany 舜又何德而化
353 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 不好仁義
354 1 宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou 韓宣王問於樛留
355 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 是誣也
356 1 jiǔ old 久宦不歸
357 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 不緣桓公
358 1 炮烙 pàolào the hot pillar (ancient Chinese torture instrument) 昔者紂為炮烙
359 1 不下 bùxià to be not less than (a certain quantity, amount etc) 則君令不下究
360 1 to be fond of / to like 平公喜而聽之
361 1 beard / mustache 胡不以徇
362 1 非有 fēiyǒu does not exist / is not real 非有度者之言也
363 1 xián liesure 戰陣之閒
364 1 當世 dāngshì the present age / the contemporary era 當世之行事
365 1 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師誰撞
366 1 rén a kernel / a pit 舜其信仁乎
367 1 zhèn drain between fields 甽畝正
368 1 匹夫 pǐfū a common person 下匹夫之士
369 1 自宮 zìgōng to castrate oneself 豎刁自宮以治內
370 1 to envy / to be jealous 君妬而好內
371 1 hóu marquis / lord 崇侯
372 1 extravagant / go with fashion 靡笄之役
373 1 to brush away 拔拂今日之死不及
374 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而民無反心
375 1 lǐng neck 桓公不能領臣主之理
376 1 yuán to aid / to assist 援琴撞之
377 1 qiáng strong / powerful 兵強而威立
378 1 a footprint 故平公之迹不可明也
379 1 to associate with / be near 比至
380 1 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 惡來又曰斬涉者之脛也
381 1 zhāo illustrious 楚兩用昭
382 1 zhēng to steam 易牙烝其子首而進之
383 1 有病 yǒubìng to be sick 管仲有病
384 1 wēi small / tiny 微君言
385 1 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 今耕漁不爭
386 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 民所以起怨者也
387 1 dìng to decide 則國安而身定
388 1 shì to match 適君之欲也
389 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 是將以管仲之不能死公子糾度其不死桓公也
390 1 shí real / true 臣重之實
391 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方此時也
392 1 君主 jūnzhǔ a monarch / a sovereign 易牙為君主味
393 1 rèn lapel / the overlapping part of Chinese gown 公披衽而避
394 1 戰陣 zhàn zhèn battle array 戰陣之閒
395 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 亦無以下布衣之士
396 1 躬親 gōngqīn to attend to personally / in person 乃躬親
397 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執禽而朝名曰臣
398 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 有處士曰小臣稷
399 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
400 1 guàn to pour in 知氏灌之
401 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 寡人國家危
402 1 service 靡笄之役
403 1 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 吾敢不分謗乎
404 1 jìng lower leg 惡來又曰斬涉者之脛也
405 1 中國 zhōngguó China 故伊尹以中國為亂道
406 1 行人 xíngrén pedestrian 而行人主之誅
407 1 jiù mortar 臼竈生龜
408 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 知氏灌之
409 1 to sell 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
410 1 今文 jīn wén New Text Confucianism 今文公問
411 1 dumb / mute
412 1 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule all under Heaven 將治天下
413 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 堯為天子
414 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
415 1 計數 jìshǔ to total 計數之所出也
416 1 zhōng loyalty / devotion
417 1 無度 wúdù excessive 管仲無度矣
418 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 戰而不勝
419 1 èr two 故舅犯有二功而後論
420 1 河濱 hébīn brook / rivulet 河濱之漁者爭坻
421 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 是隱也
422 1 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 開方事君十五年
423 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 棄其母
424 1 lái to come 惡來又曰斬涉者之脛也
425 1 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 聖人明察在上位
426 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 昔魏兩用樓
427 1 to visit 臣故將謁之
428 1 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 君有道
429 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 吾楯之堅
430 1 chǐ tooth / teeth 湣王一用淖齒而身死乎東廟
431 1 tián field / farmland 焚林而田
432 1 ruò weak 則國亡兵弱
433 1 shòu old age / long life 壽有盡
434 1 shǎo few 以少遇眾
435 1 zuò to sit 師曠侍坐於前
436 1 qín Shaanxi 百里奚以秦為亂道
437 1 father 主父一用李兌
438 1 dōng east 湣王一用淖齒而身死乎東廟
439 1 所知 suǒ zhī known / what one knows 此非若所知也
440 1 弗愛 fúài phi 今弗愛其子
441 1 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔拂今日之死不及
442 1 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋虛不久
443 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 無道
444 1 a spoke 群臣輻湊
445 1 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 赫無大功
446 1 jiā house / home / residence 使子有三歸之家
447 1 mǐn mixed / confused 湣王一用淖齒而身死乎東廟
448 1 jiàn mean / low / base 管仲以賤為不可以治貴
449 1 之下 zhīxià below / under 都丞之下徵令者
450 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 莫樂為人君
451 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 有因問小大緩急而對也
452 1 不待 bù dài not need 卑賤不待尊貴而進
453 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 故舅犯有二功而後論
454 1 fán ordinary / common 凡對問者
455 1 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 管仲非貪
456 1 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 雖大吏詘乎民萌
457 1 miào temple / shrine 湣王一用淖齒而身死乎東廟
458 1 tán to speak / to talk / to converse / to chat / to discuss 張孟談曰
459 1 人肉 rénròu human flesh 君惟人肉未嘗
460 1 不通 bùtōng illogical 禍福不通
461 1 zhú to chase / to expel 以有盡逐無已
462 1 jiā to add 主令所加
463 1 xiá leisure / relaxation / spare time 安暇待萬世之利
464 1 儒者 rúzhě Confucian 或問儒者曰
465 1 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 是欲君去忠臣也
466 1 jiū to examine / to investigate 則君令不下究
467 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足以分斬人之謗
468 1 xián virtuous / worthy 賢舜
469 1 Pu River 城濮之事
470 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 偷取多獸
471 1 陶器 táoqì pottery 陶器不窳
472 1 zhào an imperial decree 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
473 1 a hairpin 靡笄之役
474 1 絕望 juéwàng desperate / forlorn / hopeless 則民絕望於上矣
475 1 Mu 為虜干穆公
476 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 禍福不通
477 1 duì to cash 主父一用李兌
478 1 驕矜 jiāojīn haughty / proud 若無智能而虛驕矜桓公
479 1 to cut down 所伐之國也
480 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 軍旅之計也
481 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 歷山之農者侵畔
482 1 mìng life 不幸卒於大命
483 1 海內 hǎinèi the whole world / throughout the land / everything under the sun 十日而海內畢矣
484 1 tóng like / same / similar 不可同世而立
485 1 jiè to quit 以為寡人戒
486 1 xiàng lane / alley 雖巷伯信乎卿相
487 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 今留無術以規上
488 1 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 是非管仲貪欲富貴
489 1 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 使人主過於聽而不悟其失
490 1 interest 身死名息
491 1 不上 bùshàng not reaching / to fall short of 臣情不上通
492 1 kuì to sigh 乃喟然歎曰
493 1 弒君 shìjūn regicide / to commit regicide 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
494 1 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 慶賞信而刑罰必
495 1 to apprehend / to realize / to become aware 使人主過於聽而不悟其失
496 1 shí ten 十日而海內畢矣
497 1 evil / wrong / fraud 賞罰不弊於後
498 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
499 1 令行禁止 lìng xíng jìnzhǐ if he orders you go, he forbids you stop / to demand exact compliance with instructions 操令行禁止之法
500 1 不為 bùwéi to not do 兩用不為患

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 175 zhī him / her / them / that 召舅犯問之
2 95 also / too 舅犯謀也
3 69 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 因召雍季而問之
4 58 yuē to speak / to say
5 50 not / no 萬世之利奚患不至
6 48 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 凡對問者
7 48 his / hers / its / theirs 君其詐之而已矣
8 40 so as to / in order to 以詐遇民
9 39 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君其詐之而已矣
10 35 child / son 以子之矛陷子之楯
11 33 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞之
12 29 otherwise / but / however 則明主弗受也
13 28 in / at 莫大於此
14 28 yǒu is / are / to exist 有因問小大緩急而對也
15 23 wèi for / to 為之柰何
16 23 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 桓公往問之
17 23 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰
18 23 no 後必無獸
19 21 shì is / are / am / to be 是欲君去忠臣也
20 21 管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong 管仲有病
21 20 final particle 君其詐之而已矣
22 18 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今耕漁不爭
23 18 gōng public/ common / state-owned 今文公問
24 18 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 雍季無一為而先賞
25 18 fēi not / non- / un- 此非若所知也
26 17 yán to speak / to say / said 夫用其言而後其身
27 17 使 shǐ to make / to cause 將使天下無姦也
28 16 Shùn Emperor Shun 舜往耕焉
29 16 ài to love 所以愛其下也
30 15 rén person / people / a human being 晉文公將與楚人戰
31 15 zhǔ owner 庸主之所易也
32 15 xíng to walk / to move 歸而行爵
33 15 mín the people / citizen / subjects 以詐遇民
34 14 Xi 郄獻子聞之
35 14 fàn to commit crime / to violate 召舅犯問之
36 14 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 召舅犯問之
37 14 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所問高大
38 13 to die 身死名息
39 13 this / these 此非若所知也
40 13 qiě moreover / also 且文公不知一時之權
41 13 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可兩得也
42 13 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 則國安而身定
43 12 one 雍季無一為而先賞
44 12 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 晉文公將與楚人戰
45 12 and 晉文公將與楚人戰
46 12 shī to lose 惟赫子不失君臣之禮
47 12 a man / a male adult 夫用其言而後其身
48 12 shēn human body / torso 夫用其言而後其身
49 11 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 襄子圍於晉陽中
50 11 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 此非所以應也
51 11 不知 bùzhī do not know 且文公不知一時之權
52 11 expresses question or doubt 可乎
53 11 wèn to ask 召舅犯問之
54 10 yòu again / also 又知萬世之利
55 10 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 不好仁義
56 10 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 繁禮君子
57 10 兩用 liǎngyòng dual-use 吾欲兩用公仲
58 10 yáo Yao 堯安在
59 10 season / period 因召雍季而問之
60 10 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed
61 10 dào way / road / path 則雍季乃道其
62 10 yōng harmony 因召雍季而問之
63 10 huò or / either / else 或曰
64 10 bàng to slander / to defame / to speak ill of 吾敢不分謗乎
65 10 to go 則去堯之明察
66 10 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 文公辭舅犯
67 9 wǎng to go (in a direction) 舜往耕焉
68 9 shàng top / a high position 而姦不用於上
69 9 certainly / must / will / necessarily 後必無獸
70 9 師曠 Shī Kuàng Shi Kuang 師曠侍坐於前
71 9 gōng merit 以其功耶
72 9 shì matter / thing / item 城濮之事
73 9 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令曰
74 9 hòu after / later 後必無獸
75 8 duì to / toward 雍季對曰
76 8 no 則明主弗受也
77 8 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 豎刁自宮以治內
78 8 gain / advantage / benefit 萬世之利也
79 8 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 韓獻子將斬人
80 8 I 吾將與楚人戰
81 8 jiù to save / to rescue 所以救敗也
82 7 chǔ state of Chu 晉文公將與楚人戰
83 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 以舅犯之謀與楚人戰以敗之
84 7 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 朞年已一過
85 7 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 萬世之利奚患不至
86 7 xià next 所以愛其下也
87 7 nián year 朞年
88 7 jiàn to see 管仲所以見告桓公者
89 7 仲尼 Zhòng Ní Zhong Ni 仲尼聞之
90 7 韓子 Hán Zǐ Han Zi 韓子之所斬也
91 7 what / where / which 為之柰何
92 7 wén to hear 臣聞之
93 7 easy / simple 庸主之所易也
94 7 de potential marker 不可兩得也
95 7 萬世 wàn shì all ages 萬世之利也
96 7 what? / where? / why? 萬世之利奚患不至
97 6 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
98 6 shù straight vertical character stroke 願君去豎刁
99 6 wèi to call 謂詐其敵也
100 6 小臣 xiǎochén a minor official 有處士曰小臣稷
101 6 already / afterwards 朞年已一過
102 6 do not 物莫能陷也
103 6 zhì to / until 萬世之利奚患不至
104 6 zhà to cheat / to swindle 君其詐之而已矣
105 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 晉文公將與楚人戰
106 6 suī although / even though 雖有後復
107 6 desire 適君之欲也
108 6 天下 tiānxià China 將使天下無姦也
109 6 míng bright / brilliant 則臣上塞主明而下成私
110 6 zhī to know 既知一時之權
111 6 máo spear 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
112 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂天下之害
113 6 qīn relatives 非父子之親也
114 6 shù method / tactics 不亦無術乎
115 6 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣之際
116 6 diāo artful / wicked 願君去豎刁
117 6 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang 襄子圍於晉陽中
118 6 píng flat / level / smooth 平公失君道
119 5 xìn to believe / to trust
120 5 zài in / at 在今日之勝
121 5 method / way 上設其法
122 5 ruò to seem / to be like / as 此非若所知也
123 5 shǔn a horizontal railing 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
124 5 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 而對以卑狹
125 5 again / more / repeatedly 後必無復
126 5 bright / radiant / shining 高赫為賞首
127 5 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 若罪人
128 5 tīng to listen 善諫不聽
129 5 sān three 三年已三過
130 5 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 安暇待萬世之利
131 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 舜有盡
132 5 而後 érhòu after that / then 先雍季而後舅犯
133 5 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 物莫能陷也
134 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 則雍季乃道其
135 5 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 將使天下無姦也
136 5 yān where / how 舜往耕焉
137 5 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 善諫不聽
138 5 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
139 5 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 群臣曰
140 5 zāi exclamatory particle 宜哉
141 5 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 安能愛君
142 5 full year / anniversary 朞年
143 5 big / great / huge / large / major 有因問小大緩急而對也
144 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 然則臣有盡死力以為其主者
145 4 gāo high / tall 高赫為賞首
146 4 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 則明主弗受也
147 4 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是逆上下之位
148 4 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 弗中程者誅
149 4 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘事而有功則賞
150 4 enemy / foe 在詐於敵
151 4 yīn because 因召雍季而問之
152 4 人臣 rénchén an official / a non-royal minister 不陳人臣之諫
153 4 also / too 是管仲亦在所去之域矣
154 4 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 賞罰使天下必行之
155 4 tooth / tusk 除易牙
156 4 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 為之柰何
157 4 jiāo haughty 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
158 4 仲父 zhòngfù middle uncle / uncle 仲父病
159 4 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 將奚以告寡人
160 4 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 故為爵祿以勸之
161 4 xiān first 先雍季而後舅犯
162 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 韓宣王問於樛留
163 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 故為爵祿以勸之
164 4 zhòng heavy 是臣重也
165 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜哉
166 4 zàng to bury the dead 蟲出戶不葬
167 4 liǎng two 不可兩得也
168 4 power / force / strength 然則臣有盡死力以為其主者
169 4 zhòng many / numerous 彼眾我寡
170 4 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 戰而勝
171 4 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 不厭忠信
172 4 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 管仲以賤為不可以治貴
173 4 shì a city 且臣盡死力以與君市
174 4 yòng to use / to apply 夫用其言而後其身
175 4 qín Chinese lute 援琴撞之
176 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 桓公解管仲之束縛而相之
177 4 to fish 河濱之漁者爭坻
178 4 gǎn bold / brave 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
179 4 一時 yīshí a period of time / a while 偷取一時
180 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
181 3 guān an office 非舜官也
182 3 qīng minister / high officer 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
183 3 bitterness / bitter flavor 東夷之陶者器苦窳
184 3 gēng to plow / to till 舜往耕焉
185 3 táo Tao 東夷之陶者器苦窳
186 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 非有度者之言也
187 3 chū to go out / to leave 蟲出戶不葬
188 3 詐偽 zhàwěi fake 不厭詐偽
189 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 左右請除之
190 3 qián front 舅犯前有善言
191 3 jiū bending branches / bent limbs 韓宣王問於樛留
192 3 móu to plan / to scheme 以舅犯之謀與楚人戰以敗之
193 3 xùn to be buried with the dead / to die for a cause 以殉
194 3 past / former times 昔者紂為炮烙
195 3 to punish / to penalize 有罰者君知其罪
196 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 河濱之漁者爭坻
197 3 zhòng middle brother 吾欲兩用公仲
198 3 zūn to honor / to respect 非卿相卑而臧獲尊也
199 3 wàn ten thousand 無以易萬乘之主
200 3 xùn to give in to / to be swayed by / to comply with / to follow 胡不以徇
201 3 wéi only / solely / alone 君惟人肉未嘗
202 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 文公之霸也
203 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 文公之所以先雍季者
204 3 qīng light / not heavy 則輕爵祿以待之
205 3 shū father's younger brother 公叔
206 3 zāng a slave 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
207 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 故君舉功於臣
208 3 to stand 兵強而威立
209 3 jiān simultaneously 舅犯則以兼之矣
210 3 wēi prestige / majesty 兵強而威立
211 3 wáng to die 則國亡兵弱
212 3 善言 shànyán good words 以其善言耶
213 3 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而臣卑
214 3 zhuàng to knock against / to bump into / to collide 援琴撞之
215 3 shè to set up / to establish 設民所欲以求其功
216 3 méng a bud / a sprout 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
217 3 guǎ few 彼眾我寡
218 3 I / me / my 彼眾我寡
219 3 néng can / able 物莫能陷也
220 3 不加 bùjiā without / not / un- 明主賞不加於無功
221 3 cháo to face 令朝至暮變
222 3 honor / reputation 譽之曰
223 3 shǒu head 易牙烝其子首而進之
224 3 quán authority / power 一時之權也
225 3 今日 jīnrì today 拔拂今日之死不及
226 3 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 襄子曰
227 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 乃躬藉處苦而民從之
228 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 吾聞布衣之士
229 2 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 此未有善言也
230 2 already / since 既知一時之權
231 2 德化 déhuà to influence through wholesome conduct 聖人之德化乎
232 2 increase / benefit 益謗也
233 2 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
234 2 xíng punishment / penalty 宜刑
235 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 歷山之農者侵畔
236 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 則國安而身定
237 2 huò to reap / to harvest 今使臧獲奉君令詔卿相
238 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 執禽而朝名曰臣
239 2 hán Korea / South Korea 韓獻子將斬人
240 2 若非 ruò fēi were it not for / if not for 若非罪人
241 2 that / those 彼眾我寡
242 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 舜之所難也
243 2 lüè plan / strategy 霄略曰
244 2 jué absolutely 非絕姦之道也
245 2 five 賞有功者五人
246 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 百官不敢侵職
247 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是五往乃得見之
248 2 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 是非君人者之言也
249 2 伊尹 yīyǐn Yi Yin 故伊尹以中國為亂道
250 2 bīng soldier / troops 兵強而威立
251 2 安在 ānzài safe and sound 堯安在
252 2 shòu a beast / a quadruped / an animal 偷取多獸
253 2 dusk / sunset 令朝至暮變
254 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 君其詐之而已矣
255 2 chú except / besides 除易牙
256 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 襄子圍於晉陽中
257 2 shì to release / to set free 釋庸主之所易
258 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 矛楯之說也
259 2 wèi position / location / place 是逆上下之位
260 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 朞年而讓長
261 2 wáng Wang 成湯不王也
262 2 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 不厭忠信
263 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 將奚以告寡人
264 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 且民之望於上也甚矣
265 2 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 夫人情莫不愛其子
266 2 yǐn to drink 晉平公與群臣飲
267 2 yīng should / ought 此非所以應也
268 2 tōng to go through / to open 臣情不上通
269 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 擅主也
270 2 chóng an invertebrate / a worm 蟲出戶不葬
271 2 Yān Yan 景而亡鄢
272 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 夫人情莫不愛其子
273 2 bad / useless / weak 東夷之陶者器苦窳
274 2 shéi who / whoever 尚誰與守哉
275 2 中程 zhōngchéng medium-range 中程者賞
276 2 yóu also / as if / still 舜猶不以此說堯令從己
277 2 rán correct / right / certainly 然必曰
278 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 不避卑辱
279 2 can / may / permissible 可乎
280 2 xiàn to offer / to present 韓獻子將斬人
281 2 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則
282 2 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 蟲出戶不葬
283 2 pín poor / impoverished 然而臣貧
284 2 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 齊桓公時
285 2 shí food / food and drink 減食而死
286 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 法敗則國亂
287 2 yōng ordinary / normal 庸主之所易也
288 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 文公辭舅犯
289 2 fán complicated / complex 繁禮君子
290 2 hài to injure / to harm to 憂天下之害
291 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 舜又何德而化
292 2 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 聖人之德化乎
293 2 wài outside 此必將爭事而外市
294 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 衛之間不容數日行
295 2 三歸 sānguī to take refuge in the Triple Gem 使子有三歸之家
296 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 東夷之陶者器苦窳
297 2 成湯 Chéng Tāng Tang of Shang 成湯兩用伊尹
298 2 明察 míngchá to note clearly / to perceive 聖人明察在上位
299 2 gān dry 為宰干湯
300 2 nèi inside / interior 君妬而好內
301 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 大臣不因左右而見
302 2 開方 kāifāng to extract a square root 遠衛公子開方
303 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 有罰者君知其罪
304 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 仲尼之聖堯柰何
305 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 以詐遇民
306 2 shì power / authority 處勢而矯下者
307 2 卑賤 bēijiàn lowly / mean and low 卑賤不待尊貴而進
308 2 è evil / vice 設民所惡以禁其姦
309 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願君去豎刁
310 2 a government official / a magistrate 臣吏分職受事名曰萌
311 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 歸而行爵
312 2 jìn to enter 易牙烝其子首而進之
313 2 尊貴 zūnguì respected / honorable 卑賤不待尊貴而進
314 2 cóng from 乃躬藉處苦而民從之
315 2 偷取 tōuqǔ to steal / to abstract / to appropriate 偷取多獸
316 2 final interogative 以其功耶
317 2 則是 zéshì only 則是堯有失也
318 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 設民所惡以禁其姦
319 2 a crime / a criminal offense 是重不辜也
320 2 chén Chen 則陳其言
321 2 to avoid / to shun 公披衽而避
322 2 tàn to sigh 仲尼歎曰
323 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 遠衛公子開方
324 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 見小臣之忘民也
325 2 亂道 luàndào to lie / to make irresponsible remarks 故伊尹以中國為亂道
326 2 rich / wealthy 臣富矣
327 2 shū to remove obstructions 然而臣疏
328 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 是將以管仲之不能死公子糾度其不死桓公也
329 2 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi 將欲憂齊國
330 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 則臣上塞主明而下成私
331 2 zhòu Emperor Zhou 昔者紂為炮烙
332 2 mother 棄其母
333 2 jiǎn to deduct / to subtract 減食而死
334 2 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 故為刑罰以威之
335 2 智能 zhìnéng intellect / intelligence 使小臣有智能而遁桓公
336 2 to kill / to massacre 宜戮
337 2 chǒng to favor 臣有寵矣
338 2 to die 不幸卒於大命
339 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召舅犯問之
340 2 有失 yǒushī to fail or lose 則是堯有失也
341 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 令不行
342 2 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 所以不欺其民也
343 2 a human or animal body 舉琴而親其體
344 2 a river / a stream 翟而亡西河
345 2 失禮 shīlǐ lacking in manners 賞一人而天下為人臣者莫敢失禮矣
346 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 不可不察也
347 2 非分 fēifēn improper / presumptuous / assuming / overstepping one's bounds 非分謗也
348 2 xīn heart 而下無姦詐之心
349 2 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官脩通
350 2 day of the month / a certain day 十日而海內畢矣
351 2 thing / matter 物莫能陷也
352 2 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 遠衛公子開方
353 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 舜猶不以此說堯令從己
354 2 biàn to change / to alter 令朝至暮變
355 2 西 The West 翟而亡西河
356 2 之上 zhīshàng above 國之上
357 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 繁禮君子
358 2 Yǐng Ying
359 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 不當文公之問
360 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 臣貴矣
361 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 於物無不陷也
362 2 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 吾聞布衣之士
363 2 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 蓋虛不久
364 2 yuǎn far / distant 遠衛公子開方
365 2 zhí office / post 百官不敢侵職
366 2 xiāo sky 霄略曰
367 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 趨一國之患
368 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 寡人國家危
369 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 臼竈生龜
370 2 guī to go back / to return 歸而行爵
371 1 jiǎo to correct / to rectify / to redress 處勢而矯下者
372 1 善敗 shàn bài success and failure 使善敗不聞
373 1 bào abalone 鮑叔
374 1 必將 bìjiāng inevitably 此必將爭事而外市
375 1 束縛 shùfù to bind / to restrict / to tie 桓公解管仲之束縛而相之
376 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 琴壞於壁
377 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 不可同世而立
378 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 出於詐偽
379 1 zǎi to slaughter 為宰干湯
380 1 jiù right away 不就卑賤
381 1 不用 búyòng need not 而姦不用於上
382 1 nóng agriculture / farming 歷山之農者侵畔
383 1 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 仲父病
384 1 gōng body 乃躬藉處苦而民從之
385 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 則所以勝楚破軍者
386 1 father's elder brother / uncle 雖巷伯信乎卿相
387 1 非法 fēifǎ illegal 行之而非法者
388 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 則明主弗受也
389 1 姦臣 jiānchén a treacherous official 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
390 1 shì to murder a superior 一則專制而劫弒
391 1 fén to burn 焚林而田
392 1 度數 dùshǔ number of degrees / reading (on a meter) / strength (alcohol, lenses etc) 管仲非明此度數於桓公也
393 1 dùn to escape 使小臣有智能而遁桓公
394 1 身為 shēnwèi in the capacity of / as 且夫以身為苦而後化民者
395 1 緩急 huǎnjí a priority 有因問小大緩急而對也
396 1 之際 zhījì at that moment / during that time 君臣之際
397 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 則臣盡力而姦不生
398 1 hǎo good 君妬而好內
399 1 hān to enjoy alcohol 飲酣
400 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 操令行禁止之法
401 1 zhōng middle 襄子圍於晉陽中
402 1 tāng soup 為宰干湯
403 1 four 是故四封之內
404 1 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不因左右而見
405 1 fēng to seal / to close off 是故四封之內
406 1 不辭 bùcí to not avoid / to not retire 不辭卑辱
407 1 民怨 mínyuàn popular grievance / complaints of the people 民怨則國危
408 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 是故四封之內
409 1 zào a furnace 臼竈生龜
410 1 過於 guòyú excessively 使人主過於聽而不悟其失
411 1 何如 hérú what / how 何如
412 1 to arise / to get up 民所以起怨者也
413 1 從而 cóngér thus / thereby 桓公又從而禮之
414 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 設民所欲以求其功
415 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 則臣上塞主明而下成私
416 1 xiū to cultivate / to repair 百官脩通
417 1 to wear 公披衽而避
418 1 歷山 Lìshān Mount Li 歷山之農者侵畔
419 1 jǐng sunlight 景而亡鄢
420 1 晉平公 Jìn Píng Gōng Duke Ping of Jin 晉平公與群臣飲
421 1 shǔ to count 衛之間不容數日行
422 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 見知不悖於前
423 1 安有 ān yǒu how can thre be? 安有不葬之患
424 1 流出 liúchū to flow out 且桓公所以身死蟲流出戶不葬者
425 1 不然 bùrán or else / otherwise / if not 明主之道不然
426 1 extremely / very 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
427 1 善於 shànyú to be good at / to be adept in 言孰善於此
428 1 國危 guó wēi the state will be in danger 民怨則國危
429 1 高大 gāodà tall and lofty 所問高大
430 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 朞年而讓長
431 1 Germany 舜又何德而化
432 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 不好仁義
433 1 宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou 韓宣王問於樛留
434 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 是誣也
435 1 jiǔ old 久宦不歸
436 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 不緣桓公
437 1 炮烙 pàolào the hot pillar (ancient Chinese torture instrument) 昔者紂為炮烙
438 1 不下 bùxià to be not less than (a certain quantity, amount etc) 則君令不下究
439 1 to be fond of / to like 平公喜而聽之
440 1 beard / mustache 胡不以徇
441 1 非有 fēiyǒu does not exist / is not real 非有度者之言也
442 1 xián liesure 戰陣之閒
443 1 當世 dāngshì the present age / the contemporary era 當世之行事
444 1 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 太師誰撞
445 1 rén a kernel / a pit 舜其信仁乎
446 1 zhèn drain between fields 甽畝正
447 1 匹夫 pǐfū a common person 下匹夫之士
448 1 自宮 zìgōng to castrate oneself 豎刁自宮以治內
449 1 to envy / to be jealous 君妬而好內
450 1 hóu marquis / lord 崇侯
451 1 extravagant / go with fashion 靡笄之役
452 1 míng measure word for people 身死名息
453 1 to brush away 拔拂今日之死不及
454 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 拔拂今日之死不及
455 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 而民無反心
456 1 lǐng neck 桓公不能領臣主之理
457 1 yuán to aid / to assist 援琴撞之
458 1 qiáng strong / powerful 兵強而威立
459 1 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以先之
460 1 a footprint 故平公之迹不可明也
461 1 to associate with / be near 比至
462 1 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 惡來又曰斬涉者之脛也
463 1 zhāo illustrious 楚兩用昭
464 1 zhēng to steam 易牙烝其子首而進之
465 1 有病 yǒubìng to be sick 管仲有病
466 1 wēi small / tiny 微君言
467 1 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 今耕漁不爭
468 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 民所以起怨者也
469 1 dìng to decide 則國安而身定
470 1 shì to match 適君之欲也
471 1 jiū to investigate / to inspect / to entangle 是將以管仲之不能死公子糾度其不死桓公也
472 1 shí real / true 臣重之實
473 1 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方此時也
474 1 君主 jūnzhǔ a monarch / a sovereign 易牙為君主味
475 1 rèn lapel / the overlapping part of Chinese gown 公披衽而避
476 1 戰陣 zhàn zhèn battle array 戰陣之閒
477 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 亦無以下布衣之士
478 1 躬親 gōngqīn to attend to personally / in person 乃躬親
479 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執禽而朝名曰臣
480 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 有處士曰小臣稷
481 1 無有 wú yǒu there is not 吾群臣無有不驕侮之意者
482 1 guàn to pour in 知氏灌之
483 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 寡人國家危
484 1 service 靡笄之役
485 1 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 吾敢不分謗乎
486 1 jìng lower leg 惡來又曰斬涉者之脛也
487 1 中國 zhōngguó China 故伊尹以中國為亂道
488 1 行人 xíngrén pedestrian 而行人主之誅
489 1 jiù mortar 臼竈生龜
490 1 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 知氏灌之
491 1 to sell 楚人有鬻楯與矛者
492 1 今文 jīn wén New Text Confucianism 今文公問
493 1 dumb / mute
494 1 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule all under Heaven 將治天下
495 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 堯為天子
496 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 使姦臣襲極諫而飾弒君之道
497 1 計數 jìshǔ to total 計數之所出也
498 1 zhōng loyalty / devotion
499 1 jǐn only / merely 今赫僅不驕侮
500 1 shàng still / yet / to value 尚誰與守哉

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
成汤 成湯 Chéng Tāng Tang of Shang
东夷 東夷 dōngyí Eastern Barbarians
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
韩子 韓子 Hán Zǐ Han Zi
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
晋平公 晉平公 Jìn Píng Gōng Duke Ping of Jin
今文 今文 jīn wén New Text Confucianism
晋文公 晉文公 Jìn Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Jin
晋阳 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang
历山 歷山 Lìshān Mount Li
  1. Pu River
  2. Pu
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
齐桓公 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
师旷 師曠 Shī Kuàng Shi Kuang
Shùn Emperor Shun
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu
Xi
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
宣王 Xuān Wáng King Xuan of Zhou
Yān Yan
yáo Yao
Yǐng Ying
伊尹 yīyǐn Yi Yin
中国 中國 zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
zhòu Emperor Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English