Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Han 《漢書》, 卷五十八 公孫弘卜式兒寬傳 Volume 58: Gongsun Hong, Bu Shi and Er Kuan

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 55 hóng liberal / great 公孫弘
2 50 shàng top / a high position 上怒
3 36 shì style 卜式
4 33 chén minister / statesman / official 明君臣之義
5 32 yuē to speak / to say 弘謝曰
6 29 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而民不犯
7 28 kuān wide / broad 外寬內深
8 22 shí time / a point or period of time 少時為獄吏
9 19 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 則分職治
10 18 wén to hear 講論洽聞
11 16 rén person / people / a human being 菑川薛人也
12 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使匈奴
13 13 yán to speak / to say / said 去無用之言
14 12 meaning / sense 明君臣之義
15 12 xíng to walk / to move 行喙息
16 12 shì matter / thing / item 此事之情
17 11 jiàn to see 使遠近情偽必見於上
18 11 tāng soup 湯水旱
19 11 zòu to present / to offer 太常奏弘第居下
20 11 zhī to know 知四者之宜
21 10 desire 誠飾詐欲以釣名
22 10 proper / suitable / appropriate 咸得其宜
23 10 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為不能
24 10 to reach 人跡所及
25 10 Germany 有德者進
26 10 extra / surplus / remainder 年四十餘
27 10 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令倦而不聽
28 10 hóu marquis / lord 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
29 9 suì age 一歲中至左內史
30 9 younger brother 兄不哭弟
31 9 child / son 父不喪子
32 9 fēng to seal / to close off 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
33 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 代薛澤為丞相
34 9 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
35 9 nián year 年四十餘
36 9 yáng sheep / goat 獨取畜羊百餘
37 9 jué ancient bronze wine holder 不貴爵常而民勸善
38 8 wèn to ask 敢問子大夫
39 8 xián virtuous / worthy 賞當賢
40 8 天下 tiānxià China 此有天下之急者也
41 8 xīng to flourish / to be popular 嘉禾興
42 8 néng can / able 是故因能任官
43 8 àn black 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
44 8 to fly 子大夫習焉
45 8 guān an office 是故因能任官
46 8 wèi position / location / place 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
47 8 fèng to offer / to present 奉幣而來朝
48 8 yòng to use / to apply 用不能罷
49 8 zhōng middle 一歲中至左內史
50 8 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 遷御史大夫
51 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不貴爵常而民勸善
52 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
53 8 a government official / a magistrate 有先聖之民而無先聖之吏
54 8 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 其餘盡伏誅雲
55 8 dào way / road / path 今何道而臻乎此
56 7 hàn Han Chinese 漢常以列侯為丞相
57 7 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願更選
58 7 zài in / at 麟鳳在郊藪
59 7 to criticize 其悉意正議
60 7 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今何道而臻乎此
61 7 ér son 以兒寬代之
62 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠方之君莫不說義
63 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
64 7 big / great / huge / large / major 不足以奉大對
65 6 hòu after / later 後竟報其過
66 6 a man / a male adult 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
67 6 idea 不合意
68 6 zhòng heavy 不重刑罰而民不犯
69 6 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 石慶
70 6 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
71 6 clothes / dress / garment 則民服而不離
72 6 zhù to help / to assist 願輸家財半助邊
73 6 gōng merit 有功者上
74 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 輕財重義
75 6 dìng to decide 五年而定
76 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫弘
77 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 硃草生
78 6 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 聲和則天地之和應矣
79 6 zhǔ owner 今人主和德於上
80 6 先聖 xiānshèng an ancient sage / an ancient saint 子大夫修先聖之術
81 6 different / other 異章服
82 6 shēng sound 有聲乎當世
83 6 hòu thick 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
84 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方通西南夷
85 6 day of the month / a certain day 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
86 5 sān three 三年而化
87 5 shǐ history 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
88 5 one 一歲中至左內史
89 5 to give / to bestow favors 因賜告牛
90 5 can / may / permissible 至可牽持駕服
91 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為不能
92 5 business / industry 屬統垂業
93 5 tián field / farmland 以田畜為事
94 5 divination / fortune telling 卜式
95 5 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 弘乃移病免歸
96 5 hair 北發渠搜
97 5 zhào an imperial decree 上策詔諸儒
98 5 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬統垂業
99 5 qīn relatives 朕將親覽焉
100 5 yuàn a general designation of officials 掾史莫知所為
101 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 甘露降
102 5 chēng to call / to address 弘稱周公之治
103 5 Emperor Yu
104 5 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可廢也
105 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
106 5 shí ten 發十策
107 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 北築朔方之郡
108 5 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 補廷尉文學卒史
109 5 děng et cetera / and so on 始為與臣等建此議
110 5 shù method / tactics 子大夫修先聖之術
111 5 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 躬率以正而遇民信也
112 5 zhèng upright / straight 其悉意正議
113 5 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 不貴爵常而民勸善
114 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
115 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 婁舉賢良
116 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終無以報德塞責
117 5 a shepherd 牧豕海上
118 5 tǒng to unify 屬統垂業
119 5 guī to go back / to return 弘乃移病免歸
120 5 tuī to push / to shove 菑川國復推上弘
121 5 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 乃上書曰
122 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遠方之君莫不說義
123 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為博士
124 5 wèi to call 謂之仁
125 5 bào newspaper 還報
126 5 shí a rock / a stone 豈比禽獸木石之類哉
127 4 zhū cinnabar 硃草生
128 4 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 以賢良徵為博士
129 4 to punish / to penalize 罰當罪
130 4 fàn to commit crime / to violate 而民不犯
131 4 method / plan / policy / scheme 上策詔諸儒
132 4 zuǒ left 一歲中至左內史
133 4 shùn to obey 而賞罰順之
134 4 shū to transport 願輸家財半助邊
135 4 xíng appearance 氣和則形和
136 4 賢良 xiánliáng (of a man) able and virtuous 招賢良文學士
137 4 xìn to believe / to trust 躬率以正而遇民信也
138 4 to raise animals 以田畜為事
139 4 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 明年當封禪
140 4 míng bright / brilliant 明並日月
141 4 gěi to give 奉祿皆以給之
142 4 xiè to thank 弘謝曰
143 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 復征賢良文學
144 4 to draw water 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
145 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 北築朔方之郡
146 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 式輒復分與弟者數矣
147 4 dialect / language / speech 上以語丞相弘
148 4 jiàn to build / to construct 始為與臣等建此議
149 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則分職治
150 4 father 父不喪子
151 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 宣招四方之士
152 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子擢弘對為第一
153 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
154 4 jiā excellent 朕甚嘉之
155 4 chéng to fill 盛毀西南夷無所用
156 4 method / way 故法不遠義
157 4 tíng a courtyard 不肯面折庭爭
158 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓富
159 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 五穀登
160 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 宗祀天地
161 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致利除害
162 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 子大夫修先聖之術
163 4 miǎn to spare
164 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 上奇其言
165 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 躬率以正而遇民信也
166 4 to stop / to cease / to suspend 用不能罷
167 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
168 4 to record 人事之紀
169 4 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 使匈奴
170 4 to go 去無用之言
171 4 jié festival / a special day 人臣病不儉節
172 4 zhuó to pull out 天子擢弘對為第一
173 4 數年 shǔnián several years 為內史數年
174 4 even / equal / uniform 齊人多詐而無情
175 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 然為布被
176 4 cái material / stuff 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
177 4 rén a kernel / a pit
178 4 祿 good fortune 奉祿甚多
179 4 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 臣弘愚戇
180 4 disease / sickness / ailment 故形和則無疾
181 4 kāi to open 開陳其端
182 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 陛下躬發聖德
183 4 an official institution / a state bureau 丞相府客館丘虛而已
184 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴青翟
185 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 一歲中至左內史
186 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷御史大夫
187 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 菑川國復推上弘
188 4 shǔ to count 權輕重之數
189 4 five 元光五年
190 4 to associate with / be near 聲比則應
191 3 qián front 前已嘗西
192 3 to congratulate 公孫賀
193 3 泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai 足以封泰山
194 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠中弘之病
195 3 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 式又不習文章
196 3 residence / dwelling 太常奏弘第居下
197 3 tīng to listen 令倦而不聽
198 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt
199 3 a river / a stream 河洛出圖書
200 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 願更選
201 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 國人固推弘
202 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 民不可得而化
203 3 to rent 以故租多不入
204 3 ancient barbarian tribes 時方通西南夷
205 3 xiào to be filial 養後母孝謹
206 3 a field recently opened for cultivation 菑川薛人也
207 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代薛澤為丞相
208 3 zhào Zhao 趙周
209 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 齊人多詐而無情
210 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣招四方之士
211 3 shǐ beginning / start 何所本始
212 3 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招賢良文學士
213 3 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
214 3 zuò to do 不作無用之器
215 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安所期焉
216 3 其後 qí hòu after that 弘推其後
217 3 cháng to taste 前已嘗西
218 3 得人 dé rén win over the people 務在於得人心
219 3 近乎 jìnhū close to / intimate 好問近乎知
220 3 天文 tiānwén astronomy 天文
221 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 故武功以顯重
222 3 河南 hénán Henan 河南人也
223 3 shì a generation 所以率世厲俗
224 3 luò Luo 河洛出圖書
225 3 下詔 xiàzhào to hand down an imperial edict 上於是下詔曰
226 3 gōng body 躬率以正而遇民信也
227 3 shū book 書奏
228 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 毋令敗群
229 3 a footprint 人跡所及
230 3 mǎi to buy / to purchase 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
231 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴爵常而民勸善
232 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐病死無以塞責
233 3 延年 yánnián to prolong life 協律則李延年
234 3 xīn heart 故心和則氣和
235 3 a period of time / phase / stage 安所期焉
236 3 to arise / to get up 順之和起
237 3 fèn to strive / to exert effort 郡縣諸侯未有奮繇直道者也
238 3 儒術 rúshù Confucian studies 緣飾以儒術
239 3 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 弘稱周公之治
240 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 齊人多詐而無情
241 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 可謂減於制度
242 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜式為中郎
243 3 to die 後母卒
244 3 běi north 北發渠搜
245 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 屬象相因
246 3 popular / common 而率下篤俗者也
247 3 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 弘位在三公
248 3 wáng Wang 以王天下
249 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 澤不涸
250 3 ài to love 愛之則親上
251 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可廢也
252 3 huì can / be able to 會渾邪等降
253 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 蓋古者任賢而序位
254 3 自治 zìzhì to be autonomous 知所以自治
255 3 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 屬統垂業
256 3 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 去虎豹馬牛
257 3 láng a minister / an official 乃召拜式為中郎
258 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙董仲舒膠西
259 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制曰
260 3 shǎo few 少時為獄吏
261 3 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 硃草生
262 3 zhì to place / to lay out 時又東置蒼海
263 3 to join / to combine 合祛於天地神祇
264 3 wén writing / text 各稱事宜而為之節文
265 3 dōng east 時又東置蒼海
266 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者曰
267 3 西南 xīnán southwest 時方通西南夷
268 3 zōng school / sect 宗祀天地
269 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 因賜告牛
270 3 fàn food / a meal 脫粟飯
271 3 nèi inside / interior 外寬內深
272 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
273 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 不肯面折庭爭
274 3 西 The West 前已嘗西
275 3 wài outside 外寬內深
276 3 無用 wúyòng useless / worthless 去無用之言
277 3 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 此事之情
278 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 是故因能任官
279 3 xiān first 先是
280 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣逡
281 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
282 3 liáng a bridge 禪梁父
283 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 而文德以行褒
284 3 gas / vapour / fumes 氣同則從
285 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則朝廷尊
286 3 shuǐ water 湯水旱
287 3 chǔ Chu 梁相褚大通
288 3 fán ordinary / common 凡此八者
289 3 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 數年至宰相封侯
290 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 進退有度
291 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 今世之吏邪
292 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養後母孝謹
293 2 chuān Sichuan 菑川薛人也
294 2 soil / ground / land 以為罷弊中國以奉無用之地
295 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
296 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山不童
297 2 講論 jiǎnglùn upadeśa/ upadesa 講論洽聞
298 2 zhāo illustrious 昭姓考瑞
299 2 人事 rénshì personnel / human resources 人事之紀
300 2 ruì auspicious 昭姓考瑞
301 2 sàng to lose / to die 父不喪子
302 2 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 漢常以列侯為丞相
303 2 guāng light 元光五年
304 2 yǒng brave / courageous 勇三者
305 2 佈告 bùgào posting on a bulletin board / notice / bulletin 佈告天下
306 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 畫衣冠
307 2 ròu meat / muscle 食不重肉
308 2 shí food / food and drink 食不重肉
309 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 願輸家財半助邊
310 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 凡為丞相御史六歲
311 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 避賢者路
312 2 九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
313 2 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽和
314 2 不願 bùyuàn unwilling / unwillingness 不願也
315 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 其餘不可勝紀
316 2 hóng great / large 臣聞堯遭鴻水
317 2 a talisman / a charm 天命之符
318 2 to dry up / to exhaust 澤不涸
319 2 精神 jīngshén spirit / vigor / vitality / drive 君其存精神
320 2 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 恐病死無以塞責
321 2 地理 dìlǐ geography 地理
322 2 liù six 凡為丞相御史六歲
323 2 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 六畜蕃
324 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 麟鳳在郊藪
325 2 yuǎn far / distant 無近遠
326 2 a scholar 上策詔諸儒
327 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋古者任賢而序位
328 2 董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu 徙董仲舒膠西
329 2 zhèng [state of] Zheng 鄭當時
330 2 章服 zhāngfú ritual dress 異章服
331 2 yuē approximately 嘗與公卿約議
332 2 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 桓公以霸
333 2 shòu old age / long life 寬上壽曰
334 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 自小牧羊
335 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專奉朔方
336 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此而匈奴可滅也
337 2 martial / military 遭遇右武
338 2 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 田宅財物盡與弟
339 2 嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe 嘉禾興
340 2 fèi fee / expenses 縣官費眾
341 2 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 禽獸之不可制者也
342 2 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian 後太史令司馬遷等言
343 2 Gōu Gou 拜式緱氏令
344 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 使人主自擇
345 2 fèng phoenix 麟鳳在郊藪
346 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 開廣門路
347 2 報德 bàodé to repay debts of gratitude / to repay kindness 終無以報德塞責
348 2 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing 衛青奮於奴僕
349 2 Li 其後李蔡
350 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 子大夫修先聖之術
351 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受天之罰
352 2 tōng to go through / to open 通壅塞之塗
353 2 reason / logic / truth 理得則不怨
354 2 to console / to comfort 南撫交
355 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 時對者百餘人
356 2 diào to fish 誠飾詐欲以釣名
357 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 養後母孝謹
358 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆之害生
359 2 gāo the high land along a river 遷成皋令
360 2 在位 zài wèi to rule / to reign 股肱在位
361 2 牧羊 mùyáng a shepherd 自小牧羊
362 2 to stand 立可否
363 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 畫衣冠
364 2 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 為山陽太守十餘歲
365 2 dài to lend 邑人貧者貸之
366 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 及其教馴服習之
367 2 huò to reap / to harvest 德盛者獲爵尊
368 2 jīn gold 金聲而玉振之
369 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 有禮則不暴
370 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 時又東置蒼海
371 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
372 2 to die 臣聞主愧臣死
373 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 更造
374 2 萬世 wàn shì all ages 垂萬世之基
375 2 jìn to enter 有德者進
376 2 horse 去虎豹馬牛
377 2 bàn half [of] 願輸家財半助邊
378 2 subject / class / lesson 左內史以負租課殿
379 2 脫粟 tuōsù grain kernel 脫粟飯
380 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 總百官之職
381 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 弘數諫
382 2 hài to injure / to harm to 致利除害
383 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀登
384 2 jīng essence 其精如此
385 2 hurried / worried 此有天下之急者也
386 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
387 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 弘為人談笑多聞
388 2 xiōng elder brother 兄不哭弟
389 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 夫表德章義
390 2 gain / advantage / benefit 致利除害
391 2 zàn to praise 幽贊聖意
392 2 shì to look at / to see 詔使弘視焉
393 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十餘
394 2 cài Cai 其後李蔡
395 2 yáo a folk-song 乃賜式外繇四百人
396 2 a black stone 日磾出於降虜
397 2 evil / wrong / fraud 政弊而不行
398 2 jué he / she / it 厥咎何由
399 2 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 知四者之宜
400 2 tóng like / same / similar 氣同則從
401 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有所餘
402 2 a tired, old horse 今臣愚駑
403 2 tiān day 受天之罰
404 2 jīng to go through / to experience 帶經而鋤
405 2 ci 若茲行
406 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣
407 2 文學 wénxué literature 復征賢良文學
408 2 hán Korea / South Korea 推賢則韓安國
409 2 huǐ to destroy 盛毀西南夷無所用
410 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 南撫交
411 2 骸骨 háigǔ skeleton / skeletal remains 乞骸骨
412 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 是章朕之不德也
413 2 to beg / to request 乞骸骨
414 2 rich / wealthy 則百姓富
415 2 shòu to teach 量能以授官
416 2 báo thin / slight / weak 故其民薄
417 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 蓋君子善善及後世
418 2 yǐn to govern 尹更始以儒術進
419 2 貧民 pínmín poor people 貧民大徙
420 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 無德者退
421 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 今諸侯有畔逆之計
422 2 cāng dark blue / deep green 時又東置蒼海
423 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 其餘盡伏誅雲
424 2 interest 行喙息
425 2 channel / canal / drain / ditch 北發渠搜
426 2 bèi back [of the body] 皆背其約以順上指
427 2 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 臣聞天下通道五
428 2 power / force / strength 不妨民力
429 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 官亂於下
430 2 shǐ hog / swine 牧豕海上
431 2 平津 píng jīn Beiping and Tianjin 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
432 2 biàn to change / to alter 期年而變
433 2 hàn dry 湯水旱
434 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 兼愛無私
435 2 shēn deep 深刑重罰而奸不止
436 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知臣者以臣為不忠
437 2 láo to toil 勞大者厥祿厚
438 2 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 薦禮百神
439 2 to leave behind 受遺則霍光
440 2 xuē Xue 菑川薛人也
441 2 chí to grasp / to hold 至可牽持駕服
442 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 弘至太常
443 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 宜佐明主填撫國家
444 2 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 使人主自擇
445 2 xiǎng to enjoy 然享薦之義
446 2 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人賓客仰衣食
447 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 拜為齊王太傅
448 2 弟子 dìzi disciple / follower / student 嘗為弟子都養
449 2 塞責 sāizé to carry out one's duties perfunctorily / to fulfill one's responsibility 恐病死無以塞責
450 2 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit 爵關內侯
451 2 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 臣願與子男及臨菑習弩博昌習船者請行死之
452 2 jūn army / military 其駑下者宜出財以佐軍
453 2 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 獲承至尊
454 2 to take / to get / to fetch 禮之所取也
455 2 風雨 fēngyǔ wind and rain / the elements / trials and hardships 風雨時
456 2 tóng boy / child 山不童
457 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 兄不哭弟
458 2 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 君不幸罹霜露之疾
459 2 tián to fill in / to fill up 宜佐明主填撫國家
460 2 zhí office / post 則分職治
461 2 甘露 gānlù sweet dew / ambrosia / the nectar of immortality / amṛta 甘露降
462 2 juàn be tired of, weary 令倦而不聽
463 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 其悉意正議
464 2 guest / visitor 於是起客館
465 2 縣官 xiànguān county supervisor 縣官費眾
466 2 死節 sǐjié martyrs of virtue 愚以為賢者宜死節
467 2 to bend / to flex 劉屈
468 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 兼文武
469 2 zhǐ to point 皆背其約以順上指
470 2 序位 xùwèi to arrange in sequence 蓋古者任賢而序位
471 2 yáo Yao 臣聞上古堯
472 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論得失之道
473 2 六十 liùshí sixty 弘年六十
474 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 拜式緱氏令
475 2 a whetstone 將以厲百姓勸賢材也
476 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦禮百神
477 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量能以授官
478 2 qiū Confucius 丞相府客館丘虛而已
479 2 符瑞 fúruì an auspicious sign 言符瑞
480 2 jié to question / to interrogate 汲黯庭詰弘曰
481 2 shāng a goblet 臣寬奉觴再拜
482 2 lóng dragon 龜龍游於沼
483 2 zhèng government / administration 政弊而不行
484 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 麟鳳在郊藪
485 2 功業 gōngyè achievement 上方興功業
486 2 xíng punishment / penalty 深刑重罰而奸不止
487 2 上方 shàng fāng top 上方興功業
488 2 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 於是起客館
489 2 táng main hall / a large room 還登明堂
490 2 qiān one thousand 羊致千餘頭
491 2 上古 shànggǔ the distant past / ancient times / antiquity / early historical times 蓋聞上古至治
492 2 è evil / vice 惡者輒去
493 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
494 2 to bear / to carry 加有負薪之疾
495 2 guī turtle / tortoise 龜龍游於沼
496 2 fán foreign things 六畜蕃
497 2 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 家豈有冤
498 2 lèi to be tired 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
499 2 serious / critical 故其民篤
500 2 shǒu head 弘自見為舉首

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 136 zhī him / her / them / that 朕甚嘉之
2 65 so as to / in order to 以賢良徵為博士
3 55 hóng liberal / great 公孫弘
4 54 wèi for / to 少時為獄吏
5 50 shàng top / a high position 上怒
6 46 also / too 菑川薛人也
7 45 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 有德者進
8 45 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而民不犯
9 44 not / no 而民不犯
10 43 otherwise / but / however 則分職治
11 36 shì style 卜式
12 33 chén minister / statesman / official 明君臣之義
13 32 his / hers / its / theirs 咸得其宜
14 32 yuē to speak / to say 弘謝曰
15 29 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而民不犯
16 29 yǒu is / are / to exist 有聲乎當世
17 28 kuān wide / broad 外寬內深
18 26 in / at 龜龍游於沼
19 22 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 舟車所至
20 22 and 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
21 22 shí time / a point or period of time 少時為獄吏
22 19 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 則分職治
23 18 wén to hear 講論洽聞
24 18 and 陰陽和
25 18 no 無功者下
26 17 this / these 今何道而臻乎此
27 16 rén person / people / a human being 菑川薛人也
28 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使匈奴
29 14 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故民者
30 13 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆當設施
31 13 yán to speak / to say / said 去無用之言
32 13 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃學
33 12 meaning / sense 明君臣之義
34 12 zhì to / until 弘至太常
35 12 xíng to walk / to move 行喙息
36 12 shì matter / thing / item 此事之情
37 11 jiàn to see 使遠近情偽必見於上
38 11 tāng soup 湯水旱
39 11 zòu to present / to offer 太常奏弘第居下
40 11 zhī to know 知四者之宜
41 10 desire 誠飾詐欲以釣名
42 10 proper / suitable / appropriate 咸得其宜
43 10 xià next 無功者下
44 10 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為不能
45 10 to reach 人跡所及
46 10 Germany 有德者進
47 10 extra / surplus / remainder 年四十餘
48 10 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令倦而不聽
49 10 hóu marquis / lord 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
50 9 suì age 一歲中至左內史
51 9 rán correct / right / certainly 愚心曉然見治道之可以然也
52 9 younger brother 兄不哭弟
53 9 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 且臣聞管仲相齊
54 9 child / son 父不喪子
55 9 fēng to seal / to close off 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
56 9 naturally / of course / certainly 使人主自擇
57 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 代薛澤為丞相
58 9 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
59 9 nián year 年四十餘
60 9 yáng sheep / goat 獨取畜羊百餘
61 9 jué ancient bronze wine holder 不貴爵常而民勸善
62 8 wèn to ask 敢問子大夫
63 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當安設施
64 8 xián virtuous / worthy 賞當賢
65 8 天下 tiānxià China 此有天下之急者也
66 8 xīng to flourish / to be popular 嘉禾興
67 8 shì is / are / am / to be 是時
68 8 néng can / able 是故因能任官
69 8 final particle 必信而已矣
70 8 again / more / repeatedly 復征賢良文學
71 8 àn black 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
72 8 to fly 子大夫習焉
73 8 guān an office 是故因能任官
74 8 wèi position / location / place 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
75 8 fèng to offer / to present 奉幣而來朝
76 8 yòng to use / to apply 用不能罷
77 8 zhōng middle 一歲中至左內史
78 8 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 遷御史大夫
79 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不貴爵常而民勸善
80 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
81 8 duì to / toward 詳具其對
82 8 a government official / a magistrate 有先聖之民而無先聖之吏
83 8 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 其餘盡伏誅雲
84 8 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 朕將親覽焉
85 8 dào way / road / path 今何道而臻乎此
86 7 de potential marker 咸得其宜
87 7 hàn Han Chinese 漢常以列侯為丞相
88 7 also / too 亦上僭於君
89 7 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願更選
90 7 zài in / at 麟鳳在郊藪
91 7 wěi yes 唯陛下之所志
92 7 to criticize 其悉意正議
93 7 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今何道而臻乎此
94 7 ér son 以兒寬代之
95 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠方之君莫不說義
96 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
97 7 big / great / huge / large / major 不足以奉大對
98 6 hòu after / later 後竟報其過
99 6 zhèn I / we 朕甚嘉之
100 6 a man / a male adult 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
101 6 idea 不合意
102 6 zhòng heavy 不重刑罰而民不犯
103 6 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 石慶
104 6 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
105 6 clothes / dress / garment 則民服而不離
106 6 zhù to help / to assist 願輸家財半助邊
107 6 gōng merit 有功者上
108 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 輕財重義
109 6 dìng to decide 五年而定
110 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫弘
111 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 硃草生
112 6 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 聲和則天地之和應矣
113 6 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以行之者三
114 6 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 不貴爵常而民勸善
115 6 zhǔ owner 今人主和德於上
116 6 yān where / how 安所期焉
117 6 先聖 xiānshèng an ancient sage / an ancient saint 子大夫修先聖之術
118 6 different / other 異章服
119 6 shēng sound 有聲乎當世
120 6 cóng from 氣同則從
121 6 hòu thick 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
122 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方通西南夷
123 6 day of the month / a certain day 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
124 5 sān three 三年而化
125 5 shǐ history 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
126 5 one 一歲中至左內史
127 5 to give / to bestow favors 因賜告牛
128 5 can / may / permissible 至可牽持駕服
129 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為不能
130 5 business / industry 屬統垂業
131 5 tián field / farmland 以田畜為事
132 5 divination / fortune telling 卜式
133 5 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 弘乃移病免歸
134 5 hair 北發渠搜
135 5 zhào an imperial decree 上策詔諸儒
136 5 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬統垂業
137 5 qīn relatives 朕將親覽焉
138 5 yuàn a general designation of officials 掾史莫知所為
139 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 甘露降
140 5 chēng to call / to address 弘稱周公之治
141 5 Emperor Yu
142 5 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可廢也
143 5 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是上察其行慎厚
144 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
145 5 shí ten 發十策
146 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 北築朔方之郡
147 5 expresses question or doubt 今何道而臻乎此
148 5 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 補廷尉文學卒史
149 5 děng et cetera / and so on 始為與臣等建此議
150 5 shù method / tactics 子大夫修先聖之術
151 5 běn measure word for books 何所本始
152 5 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 躬率以正而遇民信也
153 5 zhèng upright / straight 其悉意正議
154 5 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 不貴爵常而民勸善
155 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
156 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 婁舉賢良
157 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終無以報德塞責
158 5 chū to go out / to leave 河洛出圖書
159 5 a shepherd 牧豕海上
160 5 tǒng to unify 屬統垂業
161 5 guī to go back / to return 弘乃移病免歸
162 5 tuī to push / to shove 菑川國復推上弘
163 5 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 乃上書曰
164 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遠方之君莫不說義
165 5 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為博士
166 5 wèi to call 謂之仁
167 5 bào newspaper 還報
168 5 shí a rock / a stone 豈比禽獸木石之類哉
169 4 yòu again / also 時又東置蒼海
170 4 zhū cinnabar 硃草生
171 4 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 以賢良徵為博士
172 4 to punish / to penalize 罰當罪
173 4 fàn to commit crime / to violate 而民不犯
174 4 method / plan / policy / scheme 上策詔諸儒
175 4 zuǒ left 一歲中至左內史
176 4 shùn to obey 而賞罰順之
177 4 shū to transport 願輸家財半助邊
178 4 xíng appearance 氣和則形和
179 4 賢良 xiánliáng (of a man) able and virtuous 招賢良文學士
180 4 xìn to believe / to trust 躬率以正而遇民信也
181 4 to raise animals 以田畜為事
182 4 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 明年當封禪
183 4 míng bright / brilliant 明並日月
184 4 gěi to give 奉祿皆以給之
185 4 xiè to thank 弘謝曰
186 4 shén what 朕甚嘉之
187 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 復征賢良文學
188 4 to draw water 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
189 4 what / where / which 今何道而臻乎此
190 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 北築朔方之郡
191 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 式輒復分與弟者數矣
192 4 dialect / language / speech 上以語丞相弘
193 4 jiàn to build / to construct 始為與臣等建此議
194 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則分職治
195 4 father 父不喪子
196 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 宣招四方之士
197 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子擢弘對為第一
198 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
199 4 jiā excellent 朕甚嘉之
200 4 chéng to fill 盛毀西南夷無所用
201 4 already / since 式既為郎
202 4 method / way 故法不遠義
203 4 tíng a courtyard 不肯面折庭爭
204 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓富
205 4 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 五穀登
206 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 宗祀天地
207 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致利除害
208 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 子大夫修先聖之術
209 4 miǎn to spare
210 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 上奇其言
211 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 躬率以正而遇民信也
212 4 to stop / to cease / to suspend 用不能罷
213 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
214 4 to record 人事之紀
215 4 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 使匈奴
216 4 to go 去無用之言
217 4 jié festival / a special day 人臣病不儉節
218 4 zhuó to pull out 天子擢弘對為第一
219 4 數年 shǔnián several years 為內史數年
220 4 even / equal / uniform 齊人多詐而無情
221 4 bèi by 然為布被
222 4 yīng should / ought 聲比則應
223 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 然為布被
224 4 yīn because 是故因能任官
225 4 cái material / stuff 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
226 4 rén a kernel / a pit
227 4 祿 good fortune 奉祿甚多
228 4 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有不能自治而能治人者也
229 4 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 臣弘愚戇
230 4 disease / sickness / ailment 故形和則無疾
231 4 kāi to open 開陳其端
232 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 陛下躬發聖德
233 4 an official institution / a state bureau 丞相府客館丘虛而已
234 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴青翟
235 4 hái also / in addition / more 還報
236 4 fēi not / non- / un- 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
237 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 一歲中至左內史
238 4 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元光五年
239 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷御史大夫
240 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 菑川國復推上弘
241 4 shǔ to count 權輕重之數
242 4 five 元光五年
243 4 to associate with / be near 聲比則應
244 3 qián front 前已嘗西
245 3 to congratulate 公孫賀
246 3 泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai 足以封泰山
247 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠中弘之病
248 3 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 式又不習文章
249 3 residence / dwelling 太常奏弘第居下
250 3 tīng to listen 令倦而不聽
251 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt
252 3 a river / a stream 河洛出圖書
253 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 願更選
254 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 國人固推弘
255 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 民不可得而化
256 3 to rent 以故租多不入
257 3 ancient barbarian tribes 時方通西南夷
258 3 gèng more / even more 願更選
259 3 xiào to be filial 養後母孝謹
260 3 a field recently opened for cultivation 菑川薛人也
261 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 時張湯為廷尉
262 3 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 靡有所隱
263 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代薛澤為丞相
264 3 zhào Zhao 趙周
265 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 齊人多詐而無情
266 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣招四方之士
267 3 shǐ beginning / start 何所本始
268 3 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招賢良文學士
269 3 do not 掾史莫知所為
270 3 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
271 3 zuò to do 不作無用之器
272 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安所期焉
273 3 其後 qí hòu after that 弘推其後
274 3 cháng to taste 前已嘗西
275 3 得人 dé rén win over the people 務在於得人心
276 3 近乎 jìnhū close to / intimate 好問近乎知
277 3 天文 tiānwén astronomy 天文
278 3 already / afterwards 前已嘗西
279 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 故武功以顯重
280 3 河南 hénán Henan 河南人也
281 3 shì a generation 所以率世厲俗
282 3 luò Luo 河洛出圖書
283 3 下詔 xiàzhào to hand down an imperial edict 上於是下詔曰
284 3 gōng body 躬率以正而遇民信也
285 3 shū book 書奏
286 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 毋令敗群
287 3 a footprint 人跡所及
288 3 mǎi to buy / to purchase 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
289 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴爵常而民勸善
290 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐病死無以塞責
291 3 延年 yánnián to prolong life 協律則李延年
292 3 xīn heart 故心和則氣和
293 3 a period of time / phase / stage 安所期焉
294 3 to arise / to get up 順之和起
295 3 fèn to strive / to exert effort 郡縣諸侯未有奮繇直道者也
296 3 儒術 rúshù Confucian studies 緣飾以儒術
297 3 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 弘稱周公之治
298 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 武帝初即位
299 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 齊人多詐而無情
300 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必信而已矣
301 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 可謂減於制度
302 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜式為中郎
303 3 to die 後母卒
304 3 běi north 北發渠搜
305 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 屬象相因
306 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 明並日月
307 3 popular / common 而率下篤俗者也
308 3 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 弘位在三公
309 3 wáng Wang 以王天下
310 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 澤不涸
311 3 ài to love 愛之則親上
312 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可廢也
313 3 huì can / be able to 會渾邪等降
314 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 蓋古者任賢而序位
315 3 自治 zìzhì to be autonomous 知所以自治
316 3 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 屬統垂業
317 3 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 去虎豹馬牛
318 3 láng a minister / an official 乃召拜式為中郎
319 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙董仲舒膠西
320 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制曰
321 3 shǎo few 少時為獄吏
322 3 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 硃草生
323 3 zhì to place / to lay out 時又東置蒼海
324 3 to join / to combine 合祛於天地神祇
325 3 wén writing / text 各稱事宜而為之節文
326 3 dōng east 時又東置蒼海
327 3 zhū all / many / various 上策詔諸儒
328 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者曰
329 3 西南 xīnán southwest 時方通西南夷
330 3 zōng school / sect 宗祀天地
331 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 厥咎何由
332 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 因賜告牛
333 3 fàn food / a meal 脫粟飯
334 3 nèi inside / interior 外寬內深
335 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
336 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 不肯面折庭爭
337 3 西 The West 前已嘗西
338 3 wài outside 外寬內深
339 3 無用 wúyòng useless / worthless 去無用之言
340 3 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 此事之情
341 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 是故因能任官
342 3 xiān first 先是
343 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣逡
344 3 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
345 3 liáng a bridge 禪梁父
346 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 而文德以行褒
347 3 gas / vapour / fumes 氣同則從
348 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則朝廷尊
349 3 shuǐ water 湯水旱
350 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若湯之旱
351 3 chǔ Chu 梁相褚大通
352 3 fán ordinary / common 凡此八者
353 3 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 數年至宰相封侯
354 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 進退有度
355 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 今世之吏邪
356 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養後母孝謹
357 2 zuì most / extremely / exceedingly 將漕最
358 2 chuān Sichuan 菑川薛人也
359 2 soil / ground / land 以為罷弊中國以奉無用之地
360 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
361 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山不童
362 2 講論 jiǎnglùn upadeśa/ upadesa 講論洽聞
363 2 zhāo illustrious 昭姓考瑞
364 2 人事 rénshì personnel / human resources 人事之紀
365 2 ruì auspicious 昭姓考瑞
366 2 sàng to lose / to die 父不喪子
367 2 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 漢常以列侯為丞相
368 2 guāng light 元光五年
369 2 yǒng brave / courageous 勇三者
370 2 佈告 bùgào posting on a bulletin board / notice / bulletin 佈告天下
371 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 畫衣冠
372 2 ròu meat / muscle 食不重肉
373 2 shí food / food and drink 食不重肉
374 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 願輸家財半助邊
375 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 凡為丞相御史六歲
376 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 避賢者路
377 2 九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
378 2 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽和
379 2 不願 bùyuàn unwilling / unwillingness 不願也
380 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 其餘不可勝紀
381 2 hóng great / large 臣聞堯遭鴻水
382 2 a talisman / a charm 天命之符
383 2 to dry up / to exhaust 澤不涸
384 2 精神 jīngshén spirit / vigor / vitality / drive 君其存精神
385 2 qiě moreover / also 且臣聞管仲相齊
386 2 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 恐病死無以塞責
387 2 地理 dìlǐ geography 地理
388 2 liù six 凡為丞相御史六歲
389 2 gòng together 惟所與共為治者
390 2 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 六畜蕃
391 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 麟鳳在郊藪
392 2 míng measure word for people 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
393 2 yuǎn far / distant 無近遠
394 2 a scholar 上策詔諸儒
395 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋古者任賢而序位
396 2 董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu 徙董仲舒膠西
397 2 zhèng [state of] Zheng 鄭當時
398 2 章服 zhāngfú ritual dress 異章服
399 2 yuē approximately 嘗與公卿約議
400 2 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 桓公以霸
401 2 shòu old age / long life 寬上壽曰
402 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 自小牧羊
403 2 由是 yóushì because of 上由是不說式
404 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專奉朔方
405 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此而匈奴可滅也
406 2 martial / military 遭遇右武
407 2 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 田宅財物盡與弟
408 2 嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe 嘉禾興
409 2 fèi fee / expenses 縣官費眾
410 2 禽獸 qín shòu birds and animals / a creature / a beast 禽獸之不可制者也
411 2 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian 後太史令司馬遷等言
412 2 Gōu Gou 拜式緱氏令
413 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 使人主自擇
414 2 fèng phoenix 麟鳳在郊藪
415 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 開廣門路
416 2 報德 bàodé to repay debts of gratitude / to repay kindness 終無以報德塞責
417 2 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing 衛青奮於奴僕
418 2 Li 其後李蔡
419 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 子大夫修先聖之術
420 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受天之罰
421 2 tōng to go through / to open 通壅塞之塗
422 2 reason / logic / truth 理得則不怨
423 2 to console / to comfort 南撫交
424 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 時對者百餘人
425 2 diào to fish 誠飾詐欲以釣名
426 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 養後母孝謹
427 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆之害生
428 2 gāo the high land along a river 遷成皋令
429 2 在位 zài wèi to rule / to reign 股肱在位
430 2 牧羊 mùyáng a shepherd 自小牧羊
431 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以勢同而治異
432 2 promptly / right away / immediately 即賦斂省
433 2 不遠 bùyuǎn not far / not long ago 故法不遠義
434 2 to stand 立可否
435 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 畫衣冠
436 2 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 為山陽太守十餘歲
437 2 dài to lend 邑人貧者貸之
438 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 及其教馴服習之
439 2 huò to reap / to harvest 德盛者獲爵尊
440 2 jīn gold 金聲而玉振之
441 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 有禮則不暴
442 2 a time 其賜弘後子孫之次見為適者
443 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 時又東置蒼海
444 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
445 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 必信而已矣
446 2 to die 臣聞主愧臣死
447 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 更造
448 2 萬世 wàn shì all ages 垂萬世之基
449 2 jìn to enter 有德者進
450 2 horse 去虎豹馬牛
451 2 bàn half [of] 願輸家財半助邊
452 2 subject / class / lesson 左內史以負租課殿
453 2 脫粟 tuōsù grain kernel 脫粟飯
454 2 dōu all 嘗為弟子都養
455 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 總百官之職
456 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 弘數諫
457 2 hài to injure / to harm to 致利除害
458 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀登
459 2 jīng essence 其精如此
460 2 hurried / worried 此有天下之急者也
461 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
462 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 弘為人談笑多聞
463 2 xiōng elder brother 兄不哭弟
464 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 夫表德章義
465 2 gain / advantage / benefit 致利除害
466 2 zàn to praise 幽贊聖意
467 2 shì to look at / to see 詔使弘視焉
468 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十餘
469 2 cài Cai 其後李蔡
470 2 yáo a folk-song 乃賜式外繇四百人
471 2 a black stone 日磾出於降虜
472 2 evil / wrong / fraud 政弊而不行
473 2 jué he / she / it 厥咎何由
474 2 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 知四者之宜
475 2 tóng like / same / similar 氣同則從
476 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有所餘
477 2 a tired, old horse 今臣愚駑
478 2 jiān simultaneously 兼文武
479 2 tiān day 受天之罰
480 2 jīng to go through / to experience 帶經而鋤
481 2 ci 若茲行
482 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣
483 2 文學 wénxué literature 復征賢良文學
484 2 hán Korea / South Korea 推賢則韓安國
485 2 huǐ to destroy 盛毀西南夷無所用
486 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 南撫交
487 2 骸骨 háigǔ skeleton / skeletal remains 乞骸骨
488 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 是章朕之不德也
489 2 to beg / to request 乞骸骨
490 2 rich / wealthy 則百姓富
491 2 méi for coins, rings, badges, pearls, sporting medals, rockets, satellites etc 始以蒲輪迎枚生
492 2 shòu to teach 量能以授官
493 2 báo thin / slight / weak 故其民薄
494 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 蓋君子善善及後世
495 2 yǐn to govern 尹更始以儒術進
496 2 貧民 pínmín poor people 貧民大徙
497 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 無德者退
498 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 今諸侯有畔逆之計
499 2 cāng dark blue / deep green 時又東置蒼海
500 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 其餘盡伏誅雲

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
安乐 安樂 ānlè
  1. peaceful and happy / content
  2. Anle
  3. Anle district
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
大元 Dà Yuán Great Yuan
岱宗 Dàizōng Mount Tai
广汉 廣漢 déyáng Linzhang
董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu
东方朔 東方朔 dōngfāng shuò Dongfang Shuo
封禅 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
Gōu Gou
管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong
关内 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
衡山 héngshān Hengshan / Mount Heng
弘始 Hóng Shǐ Hong Shi
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
霍去病 Huò Qùbìng Huo Qubing
嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe
建中 jiànzhōng Jianzhong
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
Jié Emperor Jie
金马门 金馬門 jīnmǎmén Jinma Men
九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers
巨野 jùyě Juye
孔安国 孔安國 kǒng Ānguó Kong Anguo
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
刘向 劉向 Liú Xiàng Liu Xiang
六艺 六藝 Liù yì the Six Arts
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
律历 律曆 lǜlì Treatise on Measures and Calendars
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
欧阳 歐陽 Ōuyáng Ouyang
彭祖 Péngzǔ Peng Zu
辟雍 pìyōng Piying
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上林 shànglín Shanglin
上元 shàngyuán
  1. Shangyuan
  2. Shangyuan
  3. Shangyuan festival / Lantern festival
山阳 山陽 Shānyáng Shanyang
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
Shùn Emperor Shun
司马迁 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian
司马相如 司馬相如 Sīmǎ Xiàngrú Sima Xiangru
苏武 蘇武 Sū Wǔ Su Wu
太初历 太初曆 tài chū lì Grand Inception Calendar System
泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
卫青 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing
文德 wéndé Wende
文学士 文學士 wénxuéshì Bachelor of Arts / B.A. / BA / A.B. / Artium Baccalaureus
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
武帝 Wǔ Dì
  1. Emperor Wu of Han
  2. Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Wu of Song
五经 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
晏婴 晏嬰 Yàn Yīng Yan Ying
yáo Yao
yōng Yong / Nanning
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
  3. a legendary worm
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
张敞 張敞 zhāng chǎng Zhang Chang
张骞 張騫 zhāng Qiān Zhang Qian
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵充国 趙充國 zhào chōngguó Zhao Chongguo
昭明 zhāomíng
  1. bright
  2. Zhaoming [star]
  3. Zhaoming
直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中国 中國 zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
zhòu Emperor Zhou
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou
周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou
主父偃 Zhǔ Fùyǎn Zhu Fuyan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English