Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Han 《漢書》, 卷五十八 公孫弘卜式兒寬傳 Volume 58: Gongsun Hong, Bu Shi and Er Kuan

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 55 hóng liberal / great 公孫弘
2 50 shàng top / a high position 上怒
3 36 shì style 卜式
4 34 chén minister / statesman / official 明君臣之義
5 32 yuē to speak / to say 弘謝曰
6 29 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而民不犯
7 28 kuān wide / broad 外寬內深
8 22 shí time / a period of time 少時為獄吏
9 19 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 則分職治
10 18 wén to hear 講論洽聞
11 16 rén person / people / a human being 菑川薛人也
12 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使匈奴
13 13 yán to speak / to say / said 去無用之言
14 13 shì matter / thing / item 此事之情
15 12 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為不能
16 12 meaning / sense 明君臣之義
17 12 xíng to walk / to move 行喙息
18 11 tāng soup 湯水旱
19 11 zhī to know 知四者之宜
20 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令倦而不聽
21 11 jiàn to see 使遠近情偽必見於上
22 11 zòu to present / to offer 太常奏弘第居下
23 10 to reach 人跡所及
24 10 extra / surplus / remainder 年四十餘
25 10 Germany 有德者進
26 10 hóu marquis / lord 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
27 10 desire 誠飾詐欲以釣名
28 10 proper / suitable / appropriate 咸得其宜
29 9 néng can / able 是故因能任官
30 9 child / son 父不喪子
31 9 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 其餘盡伏誅雲
32 9 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願更選
33 9 jué ancient bronze wine holder 不貴爵常而民勸善
34 9 fēng to seal / to close off 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
35 9 dào way / road / path 今何道而臻乎此
36 9 nián year 年四十餘
37 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 代薛澤為丞相
38 9 suì age 一歲中至左內史
39 9 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
40 9 younger brother 兄不哭弟
41 9 yáng sheep / goat 獨取畜羊百餘
42 8 zhào an imperial decree 上策詔諸儒
43 8 wèn to ask 敢問子大夫
44 8 to fly 子大夫習焉
45 8 fèng to offer / to present 奉幣而來朝
46 8 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 遷御史大夫
47 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
48 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不貴爵常而民勸善
49 8 天下 tiānxià China 此有天下之急者也
50 8 guān an office 是故因能任官
51 8 yòng to use / to apply 用不能罷
52 8 àn black 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
53 8 a government official / a magistrate 有先聖之民而無先聖之吏
54 8 wèi position / location / place 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
55 8 zhōng middle 一歲中至左內史
56 8 xián virtuous / worthy 賞當賢
57 8 xīng to flourish / to be popular 嘉禾興
58 7 big / great / huge / large / major 不足以奉大對
59 7 zhǔ owner 今人主和德於上
60 7 to criticize 其悉意正議
61 7 day of the month / a certain day 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
62 7 zài in / at 麟鳳在郊藪
63 7 different / other 異章服
64 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
65 7 ér son 以兒寬代之
66 7 hàn Han Chinese 漢常以列侯為丞相
67 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方通西南夷
68 7 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今何道而臻乎此
69 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠方之君莫不說義
70 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 輕財重義
71 6 shēng sound 有聲乎當世
72 6 shǐ history 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
73 6 a man / a male adult 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
74 6 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為博士
75 6 hòu thick 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
76 6 先聖 xiānshèng an ancient sage / an ancient saint 子大夫修先聖之術
77 6 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
78 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫弘
79 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 硃草生
80 6 zhù to help / to assist 願輸家財半助邊
81 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可廢也
82 6 zhòng heavy 不重刑罰而民不犯
83 6 hòu after / later 後竟報其過
84 6 gōng merit 有功者上
85 6 idea 不合意
86 6 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 石慶
87 6 a shepherd 牧豕海上
88 6 clothes / dress / garment 則民服而不離
89 6 hair 北發渠搜
90 6 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 聲和則天地之和應矣
91 6 dìng to decide 五年而定
92 5 bào newspaper 還報
93 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 北築朔方之郡
94 5 tǒng to unify 屬統垂業
95 5 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 補廷尉文學卒史
96 5 děng et cetera / and so on 始為與臣等建此議
97 5 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 弘乃移病免歸
98 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
99 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遠方之君莫不說義
100 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 用不能罷
101 5 chēng to call / to address 弘稱周公之治
102 5 yuàn a general designation of officials 掾史莫知所為
103 5 tián field / farmland 以田畜為事
104 5 to give / to bestow favors 因賜告牛
105 5 to raise animals 以田畜為事
106 5 zhèng upright / straight 其悉意正議
107 5 business / industry 屬統垂業
108 5 Emperor Yu
109 5 gōng body 躬率以正而遇民信也
110 5 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 不貴爵常而民勸善
111 5 sān three 三年而化
112 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 婁舉賢良
113 5 wèi to call 謂之仁
114 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為不能
115 5 shù method / tactics 子大夫修先聖之術
116 5 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 臣弘愚戇
117 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 甘露降
118 5 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 乃上書曰
119 5 rate / frequency 躬率以正而遇民信也
120 5 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬統垂業
121 5 can / may / permissible 至可牽持駕服
122 5 shí ten 發十策
123 5 one 一歲中至左內史
124 5 qīn relatives 朕將親覽焉
125 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終無以報德塞責
126 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
127 5 guī to go back / to return 弘乃移病免歸
128 5 divination / fortune telling 卜式
129 5 míng bright / brilliant 明並日月
130 5 fàn to commit crime / to violate 而民不犯
131 5 tuī to push / to shove 菑川國復推上弘
132 5 shí a rock / a stone 豈比禽獸木石之類哉
133 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠中弘之病
134 4 賢良 xiánliáng (of a man) able and virtuous 招賢良文學士
135 4 kāi to open 開陳其端
136 4 to associate with / be near 聲比則應
137 4 rén a kernel / a pit
138 4 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 以賢良徵為博士
139 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷御史大夫
140 4 shū book 洛出書
141 4 cái material / stuff 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
142 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 宗祀天地
143 4 zhū vermilion 硃草生
144 4 jiā excellent 朕甚嘉之
145 4 xìn to believe / to trust 躬率以正而遇民信也
146 4 zhuó to pull out 天子擢弘對為第一
147 4 shuǐ water 湯水旱
148 4 dialect / language / speech 上以語丞相弘
149 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
150 4 jié festival / a special day 人臣病不儉節
151 4 father 父不喪子
152 4 chéng to fill 盛毀西南夷無所用
153 4 disease / sickness / ailment 故形和則無疾
154 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子擢弘對為第一
155 4 zuǒ left 一歲中至左內史
156 4 to go 去無用之言
157 4 shǐ beginning / start 何所本始
158 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則分職治
159 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 式輒復分與弟者數矣
160 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 菑川國復推上弘
161 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 陛下躬發聖德
162 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 子大夫修先聖之術
163 4 shǔ to count 權輕重之數
164 4 method / plan / policy / scheme 上策詔諸儒
165 4 shùn to obey 而賞罰順之
166 4 to draw water 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
167 4 miǎn to spare
168 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 一歲中至左內史
169 4 xiān first 黯先發之
170 4 method / way 故法不遠義
171 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 然為布被
172 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 上奇其言
173 4 yuǎn far / distant 故法不遠義
174 4 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 復征賢良文學
175 4 even / equal / uniform 齊人多詐而無情
176 4 xíng appearance 氣和則形和
177 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 宣招四方之士
178 4 to punish / to penalize 罰當罪
179 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
180 4 tíng a courtyard 不肯面折庭爭
181 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致利除害
182 4 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 業之即不爭
183 4 數年 shǔnián several years 為內史數年
184 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制曰
185 4 an official institution / a state bureau 丞相府客館丘虛而已
186 4 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 五穀登
187 4 jiàn to build / to construct 始為與臣等建此議
188 4 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
189 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴青翟
190 4 to record 人事之紀
191 4 residence / dwelling 太常奏弘第居下
192 4 gěi to give 奉祿皆以給之
193 4 jìn nearby 無近遠
194 4 xiè to thank 弘謝曰
195 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 躬率以正而遇民信也
196 4 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 明年當封禪
197 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓富
198 4 shū to transport 願輸家財半助邊
199 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 北築朔方之郡
200 4 five 元光五年
201 4 祿 good fortune 奉祿甚多
202 4 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 使匈奴
203 3 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 屬統垂業
204 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣逡
205 3 shì a generation 所以率世厲俗
206 3 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 硃草生
207 3 wáng Wang 以王天下
208 3 gas / vapour / fumes 氣同則從
209 3 nèi inside / interior 外寬內深
210 3 shǎo few 少時為獄吏
211 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 蓋古者任賢而序位
212 3 qíng feeling / emotion 此事之情
213 3 běi north 北發渠搜
214 3 泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai 足以封泰山
215 3 zuò to do 不作無用之器
216 3 mǎi to buy / to purchase 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
217 3 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 弘稱周公之治
218 3 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 式又不習文章
219 3 luò Luo 河洛出圖書
220 3 西 The West 前已嘗西
221 3 xiào to be filial 養後母孝謹
222 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 願更選
223 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 屬象相因
224 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代薛澤為丞相
225 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 可謂減於制度
226 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 而文德以行褒
227 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可廢也
228 3 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招賢良文學士
229 3 chǔ Chu 梁相褚大通
230 3 wài outside 外寬內深
231 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣招四方之士
232 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 因賜告牛
233 3 fàn food / a meal 脫粟飯
234 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 民不可得而化
235 3 to arise / to get up 順之和起
236 3 cháng to taste 前已嘗西
237 3 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
238 3 to join / to combine 合祛於天地神祇
239 3 liáng a bridge 禪梁父
240 3 popular / common 而率下篤俗者也
241 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則朝廷尊
242 3 自治 zìzhì to be autonomous 知所以自治
243 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 進退有度
244 3 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 數年至宰相封侯
245 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 毋令敗群
246 3 evil / wrong / fraud 政弊而不行
247 3 a field recently opened for cultivation 菑川薛人也
248 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 國人固推弘
249 3 西南 xīnán southwest 時方通西南夷
250 3 zhì to place / to lay out 時又東置蒼海
251 3 láng a minister / an official 乃召拜式為中郎
252 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙董仲舒膠西
253 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 故武功以顯重
254 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴爵常而民勸善
255 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
256 3 無用 wúyòng useless / worthless 去無用之言
257 3 dōng east 時又東置蒼海
258 3 得人 dé rén win over the people 務在於得人心
259 3 其後 qí hòu after that 弘推其後
260 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 齊人多詐而無情
261 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安所期焉
262 3 fán ordinary / common 凡此八者
263 3 zhào Zhao 趙周
264 3 a footprint 人跡所及
265 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 是故因能任官
266 3 ancient barbarian tribes 時方通西南夷
267 3 to rent 以故租多不入
268 3 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 去虎豹馬牛
269 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 齊人多詐而無情
270 3 marsh / swamp 澤不涸
271 3 a period of time / phase / stage 安所期焉
272 3 xīn heart 故心和則氣和
273 3 儒術 rúshù Confucian studies 緣飾以儒術
274 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者曰
275 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt
276 3 tīng to listen 令倦而不聽
277 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐病死無以塞責
278 3 zōng school / sect 宗祀天地
279 3 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 弘位在三公
280 3 to die 後母卒
281 3 wén writing / text 各稱事宜而為之節文
282 3 延年 yánnián to prolong life 協律則李延年
283 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜式為中郎
284 3 fèn to strive / to exert effort 郡縣諸侯未有奮繇直道者也
285 3 河南 hénán Henan 河南人也
286 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 今世之吏邪
287 3 a river / a stream 河洛出圖書
288 3 huì can / be able to 會渾邪等降
289 3 天文 tiānwén astronomy 天文
290 3 ài to love 愛之則親上
291 3 to congratulate 公孫賀
292 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 南撫交
293 2 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 使人主自擇
294 2 easy / simple 未有易此者也
295 2 huǐ to destroy 盛毀西南夷無所用
296 2 在位 zài wèi to rule / to reign 股肱在位
297 2 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 漢常以列侯為丞相
298 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十餘
299 2 報德 bàodé to repay debts of gratitude / to repay kindness 終無以報德塞責
300 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量能以授官
301 2 qiān one thousand 羊致千餘頭
302 2 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 家豈有冤
303 2 power / force / strength 不妨民力
304 2 báo thin / slight / weak 故其民薄
305 2 上前 shàngqián to advance / to step forward 至上前
306 2 jīn gold 金聲而玉振之
307 2 horse 去虎豹馬牛
308 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 夫表德章義
309 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 畫衣冠
310 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 兄不哭弟
311 2 tóng like / same / similar 氣同則從
312 2 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 君不幸罹霜露之疾
313 2 序位 xùwèi to arrange in sequence 蓋古者任賢而序位
314 2 rich / wealthy 則百姓富
315 2 deep / true / sincere / genuine 故其民篤
316 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 拜為齊王太傅
317 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 弘至太常
318 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 子大夫修先聖之術
319 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有所餘
320 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養後母孝謹
321 2 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit 爵關內侯
322 2 牧羊 mùyáng a shepherd 自小牧羊
323 2 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 田宅財物盡與弟
324 2 脫粟 tuōsù grain kernel 脫粟飯
325 2 shǒu head 弘自見為舉首
326 2 guī turtle / tortoise 龜龍游於沼
327 2 channel / canal / drain / ditch 北發渠搜
328 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知臣者以臣為不忠
329 2 interest 行喙息
330 2 ròu meat / muscle 食不重肉
331 2 風雨 fēngyǔ wind and rain / the elements / trials and hardships 風雨時
332 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 有禮則不暴
333 2 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽和
334 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀登
335 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 及其教馴服習之
336 2 a tired, old horse 今臣愚駑
337 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 開廣門路
338 2 to bend / to flex 劉屈
339 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 弘為人談笑多聞
340 2 shēn deep 深刑重罰而奸不止
341 2 tóng boy / child 山不童
342 2 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 臣聞天下通道五
343 2 to dry up / to exhaust 澤不涸
344 2 a whetstone 將以厲百姓勸賢材也
345 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 總百官之職
346 2 yáo Yao 臣聞上古堯
347 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 願輸家財半助邊
348 2 soil / ground / land 以為罷弊中國以奉無用之地
349 2 xíng punishment / penalty 深刑重罰而奸不止
350 2 功業 gōngyè achievement 上方興功業
351 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 今諸侯有畔逆之計
352 2 zhí office / post 則分職治
353 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 麟鳳在郊藪
354 2 後母 hòumǔ stepmother 養後母孝謹
355 2 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 無德者退
356 2 gāo the high land along a river 遷成皋令
357 2 jūn army / military 其駑下者宜出財以佐軍
358 2 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 為山陽太守十餘歲
359 2 a talisman / a charm 天命之符
360 2 上方 shàng fāng top 上方興功業
361 2 to stand 立可否
362 2 甘露 gānlù sweet dew / ambrosia / the nectar of immortality / amṛta 甘露降
363 2 diào to fish 誠飾詐欲以釣名
364 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 其餘不可勝紀
365 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 養後母孝謹
366 2 ruì auspicious 昭姓考瑞
367 2 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 恐病死無以塞責
368 2 嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe 嘉禾興
369 2 qián front 前已嘗西
370 2 shòu old age / long life 寬上壽曰
371 2 jǐng sunlight 晏嬰相景公
372 2 to bear / to carry 加有負薪之疾
373 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨取畜羊百餘
374 2 fèi fee / expenses 縣官費眾
375 2 六十 liùshí sixty 弘年六十
376 2 lóng dragon 龜龍游於沼
377 2 董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu 徙董仲舒膠西
378 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專奉朔方
379 2 yáo a folk-song 乃賜式外繇四百人
380 2 xiǎng to enjoy 然享薦之義
381 2 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian 後太史令司馬遷等言
382 2 to take / to get / to fetch 禮之所取也
383 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 其餘盡伏誅雲
384 2 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 臣願與子男及臨菑習弩博昌習船者請行死之
385 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 兼文武
386 2 上古 shànggǔ the distant past / ancient times / antiquity / early historical times 蓋聞上古至治
387 2 juàn be tired of, weary 令倦而不聽
388 2 骸骨 háigǔ skeleton / skeletal remains 乞骸骨
389 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 故人賓客仰衣食
390 2 Li 其後李蔡
391 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
392 2 lèi to be tired 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
393 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 自小牧羊
394 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯面折庭爭
395 2 塞責 sāizé to carry out one's duties perfunctorily / to fulfill one's responsibility 恐病死無以塞責
396 2 yǐn to govern 尹更始以儒術進
397 2 shāng a goblet 臣寬奉觴再拜
398 2 Hán Korea / South Korea 推賢則韓安國
399 2 cài Cai 其後李蔡
400 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 畫衣冠
401 2 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人賓客仰衣食
402 2 fán foreign things 六畜蕃
403 2 to die 臣聞主愧臣死
404 2 jué he / she / it 厥咎何由
405 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 蓋君子善善及後世
406 2 hóng great / large 臣聞堯遭鴻水
407 2 貧民 pínmín poor people 貧民大徙
408 2 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 於是起客館
409 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 有罪
410 2 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing 衛青奮於奴僕
411 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
412 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 麟鳳在郊藪
413 2 文學 wénxué literature 復征賢良文學
414 2 piān chapter / section / essay / article 著之於篇
415 2 縣官 xiànguān county supervisor 縣官費眾
416 2 zhèng Zheng 鄭當時
417 2 to beg / to request 乞骸骨
418 2 佈告 bùgào posting on a bulletin board / notice / bulletin 佈告天下
419 2 平津 píng jīn Beijing and Tianjin 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
420 2 zhāo illustrious 昭姓考瑞
421 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣
422 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋古者任賢而序位
423 2 yuē approximately 嘗與公卿約議
424 2 四方 sì fāng all sides 宣招四方之士
425 2 tiān day 受天之罰
426 2 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 使人主自擇
427 2 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 獲承至尊
428 2 chí to grasp / to hold 至可牽持駕服
429 2 martial / military 遭遇右武
430 2 萬世 wàn shì all ages 垂萬世之基
431 2 hài to injure / to harm to 致利除害
432 2 jìn to enter 有德者進
433 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
434 2 yǒng brave / courageous 勇三者
435 2 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 薦禮百神
436 2 tián to fill in / to fill up 宜佐明主填撫國家
437 2 章服 zhāngfú ritual dress 異章服
438 2 to leave behind 受遺則霍光
439 2 jié to question / to interrogate 汲黯庭詰弘曰
440 2 人事 rénshì personnel / human resources 人事之紀
441 2 a scholar 上策詔諸儒
442 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 凡為丞相御史六歲
443 2 qiū Confucius 丞相府客館丘虛而已
444 2 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 知四者之宜
445 2 sàng to lose / to die 父不喪子
446 2 jīng to go through / to experience 帶經而鋤
447 2 zhǐ to point 皆背其約以順上指
448 2 Jié Emperor Jie 則桀之餘烈也
449 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 宜佐明主填撫國家
450 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山不童
451 2 cāng dark blue / deep green 時又東置蒼海
452 2 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 時壞以為馬廄車庫奴婢室矣
453 2 dài to lend 邑人貧者貸之
454 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 拜式緱氏令
455 2 Gōu Gou 拜式緱氏令
456 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受天之罰
457 2 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 更造
458 2 qiú to request 不求名聲
459 2 zhèng government 政弊而不行
460 2 精神 jīngshén spirit / vigor / vitality / drive 君其存精神
461 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦禮百神
462 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 時又東置蒼海
463 2 fèng phoenix 麟鳳在郊藪
464 2 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆之害生
465 2 地理 dìlǐ geography 地理
466 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 論得失之道
467 2 tōng to go through / to open 通壅塞之塗
468 2 shì to look at / to see 詔使弘視焉
469 2 è evil / vice 惡者輒去
470 2 hàn dry 湯水旱
471 2 gain / advantage / benefit 致利除害
472 2 guāng light 元光五年
473 2 shòu to teach 量能以授官
474 2 hurried / worried 此有天下之急者也
475 2 chuān Sichuan 菑川薛人也
476 2 shǐ hog / swine 牧豕海上
477 2 講論 jiǎnglùn upadeśa/ upadesa 講論洽聞
478 2 符瑞 fúruì an auspicious sign 言符瑞
479 2 死節 sǐjié martyrs of virtue 愚以為賢者宜死節
480 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 時對者百餘人
481 2 xiōng elder brother 兄不哭弟
482 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 弘數諫
483 2 reason / logic / truth 理得則不怨
484 2 láo to toil 勞大者厥祿厚
485 2 huò to reap / to harvest 德盛者獲爵尊
486 2 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 避賢者路
487 2 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 六畜蕃
488 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 是章朕之不德也
489 2 jīng essence 其精如此
490 2 liù six 凡為丞相御史六歲
491 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
492 2 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 桓公以霸
493 2 guest / visitor 於是起客館
494 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 兼愛無私
495 2 to allow / to permit 上乃許之
496 2 to pat / to console / to comfort 南撫交
497 2 biàn to change / to alter 期年而變
498 2 bèi back [of the body] 皆背其約以順上指
499 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
500 2 a black stone 日磾出於降虜

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 138 zhī him / her / them / that 朕甚嘉之
2 65 so as to / in order to 以賢良徵為博士
3 55 hóng liberal / great 公孫弘
4 53 not / no 而民不犯
5 53 wèi for / to 少時為獄吏
6 50 shàng top / a high position 上怒
7 46 also / too 菑川薛人也
8 45 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而民不犯
9 45 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 有德者進
10 43 otherwise / but / however 則分職治
11 36 shì style 卜式
12 34 chén minister / statesman / official 明君臣之義
13 33 yǒu is / are / to exist 有罪
14 32 his / hers / its / theirs 咸得其宜
15 32 yuē to speak / to say 弘謝曰
16 29 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而民不犯
17 28 kuān wide / broad 外寬內深
18 26 in / at 龜龍游於沼
19 25 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 舟車所至
20 22 shí time / a period of time 少時為獄吏
21 22 and 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
22 19 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 則分職治
23 19 this / these 今何道而臻乎此
24 18 wén to hear 講論洽聞
25 18 and 陰陽和
26 18 no 無功者下
27 16 rén person / people / a human being 菑川薛人也
28 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使匈奴
29 14 zhì to / until 弘至太常
30 14 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故民者
31 13 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃學
32 13 yán to speak / to say / said 去無用之言
33 13 shì matter / thing / item 此事之情
34 13 xià next 無功者下
35 13 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆當設施
36 12 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為不能
37 12 meaning / sense 明君臣之義
38 12 xíng to walk / to move 行喙息
39 11 naturally / of course / certainly 使人主自擇
40 11 tāng soup 湯水旱
41 11 zhī to know 知四者之宜
42 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令倦而不聽
43 11 jiàn to see 使遠近情偽必見於上
44 11 zòu to present / to offer 太常奏弘第居下
45 10 shì is / are / am / to be 是時
46 10 to reach 人跡所及
47 10 extra / surplus / remainder 年四十餘
48 10 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 且臣聞管仲相齊
49 10 Germany 有德者進
50 10 hóu marquis / lord 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
51 10 desire 誠飾詐欲以釣名
52 10 proper / suitable / appropriate 咸得其宜
53 10 rán correct / right / certainly 愚心曉然見治道之可以然也
54 9 néng can / able 是故因能任官
55 9 child / son 父不喪子
56 9 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 其餘盡伏誅雲
57 9 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願更選
58 9 jué ancient bronze wine holder 不貴爵常而民勸善
59 9 fēng to seal / to close off 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
60 9 dào way / road / path 今何道而臻乎此
61 9 nián year 年四十餘
62 9 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 朕將親覽焉
63 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 代薛澤為丞相
64 9 suì age 一歲中至左內史
65 9 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
66 9 younger brother 兄不哭弟
67 9 yáng sheep / goat 獨取畜羊百餘
68 8 zhào an imperial decree 上策詔諸儒
69 8 wèn to ask 敢問子大夫
70 8 to fly 子大夫習焉
71 8 fèng to offer / to present 奉幣而來朝
72 8 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 遷御史大夫
73 8 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
74 8 again / more / repeatedly 復征賢良文學
75 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不貴爵常而民勸善
76 8 天下 tiānxià China 此有天下之急者也
77 8 guān an office 是故因能任官
78 8 duì to / toward 詳具其對
79 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當安設施
80 8 yòng to use / to apply 用不能罷
81 8 àn black 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
82 8 expresses question or doubt 今何道而臻乎此
83 8 final particle 必信而已矣
84 8 a government official / a magistrate 有先聖之民而無先聖之吏
85 8 wèi position / location / place 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
86 8 zhōng middle 一歲中至左內史
87 8 xián virtuous / worthy 賞當賢
88 8 xīng to flourish / to be popular 嘉禾興
89 7 big / great / huge / large / major 不足以奉大對
90 7 zhǔ owner 今人主和德於上
91 7 to criticize 其悉意正議
92 7 day of the month / a certain day 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
93 7 wěi yes 唯陛下之所志
94 7 zhèn I / we 朕甚嘉之
95 7 zài in / at 麟鳳在郊藪
96 7 different / other 異章服
97 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
98 7 ér son 以兒寬代之
99 7 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 此治之所以異也
100 7 hàn Han Chinese 漢常以列侯為丞相
101 7 also / too 亦上僭於君
102 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時方通西南夷
103 7 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今何道而臻乎此
104 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遠方之君莫不說義
105 7 de potential marker 咸得其宜
106 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 輕財重義
107 6 shēng sound 有聲乎當世
108 6 shǐ history 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
109 6 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 厥咎何由
110 6 a man / a male adult 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
111 6 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為博士
112 6 hòu thick 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
113 6 先聖 xiānshèng an ancient sage / an ancient saint 子大夫修先聖之術
114 6 jiā house / home / residence 家貧
115 6 yān where / how 安所期焉
116 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 公孫弘
117 6 shēng to be born / to give birth 硃草生
118 6 zhù to help / to assist 願輸家財半助邊
119 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可廢也
120 6 zhòng heavy 不重刑罰而民不犯
121 6 chū to go out 河洛出圖書
122 6 hòu after / later 後竟報其過
123 6 gōng merit 有功者上
124 6 idea 不合意
125 6 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 石慶
126 6 cóng from 氣同則從
127 6 a shepherd 牧豕海上
128 6 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 不貴爵常而民勸善
129 6 clothes / dress / garment 則民服而不離
130 6 hair 北發渠搜
131 6 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 聲和則天地之和應矣
132 6 dìng to decide 五年而定
133 5 bào newspaper 還報
134 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 北築朔方之郡
135 5 tǒng to unify 屬統垂業
136 5 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 補廷尉文學卒史
137 5 děng et cetera / and so on 始為與臣等建此議
138 5 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 弘乃移病免歸
139 5 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 末世貴爵厚賞而民不勸
140 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遠方之君莫不說義
141 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 用不能罷
142 5 chēng to call / to address 弘稱周公之治
143 5 yuàn a general designation of officials 掾史莫知所為
144 5 tián field / farmland 以田畜為事
145 5 to give / to bestow favors 因賜告牛
146 5 to raise animals 以田畜為事
147 5 zhèng upright / straight 其悉意正議
148 5 business / industry 屬統垂業
149 5 fēi not / non- / un- 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
150 5 Emperor Yu
151 5 gōng body 躬率以正而遇民信也
152 5 what / where / which 今何道而臻乎此
153 5 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 不貴爵常而民勸善
154 5 sān three 三年而化
155 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 婁舉賢良
156 5 wèi to call 謂之仁
157 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 以為不能
158 5 shù method / tactics 子大夫修先聖之術
159 5 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 臣弘愚戇
160 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 甘露降
161 5 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是上察其行慎厚
162 5 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 乃上書曰
163 5 rate / frequency 躬率以正而遇民信也
164 5 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬統垂業
165 5 can / may / permissible 至可牽持駕服
166 5 shí ten 發十策
167 5 one 一歲中至左內史
168 5 qīn relatives 朕將親覽焉
169 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終無以報德塞責
170 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
171 5 guī to go back / to return 弘乃移病免歸
172 5 divination / fortune telling 卜式
173 5 míng bright / brilliant 明並日月
174 5 fàn to commit crime / to violate 而民不犯
175 5 tuī to push / to shove 菑川國復推上弘
176 5 běn measure word for books 何所本始
177 5 shí a rock / a stone 豈比禽獸木石之類哉
178 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠中弘之病
179 4 賢良 xiánliáng (of a man) able and virtuous 招賢良文學士
180 4 kāi to open 開陳其端
181 4 to associate with / be near 聲比則應
182 4 already / since 式既為郎
183 4 rén a kernel / a pit
184 4 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 以賢良徵為博士
185 4 qiān to move / to shift 遷御史大夫
186 4 shū book 洛出書
187 4 cái material / stuff 弘之材能自視孰與周公賢
188 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 宗祀天地
189 4 zhū vermilion 硃草生
190 4 jiā excellent 朕甚嘉之
191 4 xìn to believe / to trust 躬率以正而遇民信也
192 4 zhuó to pull out 天子擢弘對為第一
193 4 shuǐ water 湯水旱
194 4 dialect / language / speech 上以語丞相弘
195 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 夫九卿與臣善者無過黯
196 4 jié festival / a special day 人臣病不儉節
197 4 hái also / in addition / more 還報
198 4 father 父不喪子
199 4 chéng to fill 盛毀西南夷無所用
200 4 disease / sickness / ailment 故形和則無疾
201 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子擢弘對為第一
202 4 zuǒ left 一歲中至左內史
203 4 to go 去無用之言
204 4 shǐ beginning / start 何所本始
205 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 則分職治
206 4 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 式輒復分與弟者數矣
207 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 菑川國復推上弘
208 4 shén what 朕甚嘉之
209 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 陛下躬發聖德
210 4 bèi by 然為布被
211 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 子大夫修先聖之術
212 4 gèng more / even more 願更選
213 4 shǔ to count 權輕重之數
214 4 method / plan / policy / scheme 上策詔諸儒
215 4 shùn to obey 而賞罰順之
216 4 to draw water 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
217 4 miǎn to spare
218 4 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator 一歲中至左內史
219 4 xiān first 黯先發之
220 4 method / way 故法不遠義
221 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 然為布被
222 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 上奇其言
223 4 yuǎn far / distant 故法不遠義
224 4 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 復征賢良文學
225 4 even / equal / uniform 齊人多詐而無情
226 4 xíng appearance 氣和則形和
227 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 宣招四方之士
228 4 to punish / to penalize 罰當罪
229 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
230 4 tíng a courtyard 不肯面折庭爭
231 4 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致利除害
232 4 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 業之即不爭
233 4 數年 shǔnián several years 為內史數年
234 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制曰
235 4 an official institution / a state bureau 丞相府客館丘虛而已
236 4 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 五穀登
237 4 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有不能自治而能治人者也
238 4 jiàn to build / to construct 始為與臣等建此議
239 4 already / afterwards 前已嘗西
240 4 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
241 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴青翟
242 4 to record 人事之紀
243 4 yòu again / also 時又東置蒼海
244 4 residence / dwelling 太常奏弘第居下
245 4 gěi to give 奉祿皆以給之
246 4 jìn nearby 無近遠
247 4 xiè to thank 弘謝曰
248 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 躬率以正而遇民信也
249 4 yīng should / ought 聲比則應
250 4 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan 明年當封禪
251 4 yīn because 是故因能任官
252 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓富
253 4 shū to transport 願輸家財半助邊
254 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 北築朔方之郡
255 4 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元光五年
256 4 five 元光五年
257 4 祿 good fortune 奉祿甚多
258 4 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 使匈奴
259 3 chuí to hang / to suspend / to droop 屬統垂業
260 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 則群臣逡
261 3 shì a generation 所以率世厲俗
262 3 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 硃草生
263 3 wáng Wang 以王天下
264 3 gas / vapour / fumes 氣同則從
265 3 nèi inside / interior 外寬內深
266 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 明並日月
267 3 shǎo few 少時為獄吏
268 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 蓋古者任賢而序位
269 3 míng measure word for people 陛下有先聖之位而無先聖之名
270 3 qíng feeling / emotion 此事之情
271 3 běi north 北發渠搜
272 3 泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai 足以封泰山
273 3 zuò to do 不作無用之器
274 3 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 時張湯為廷尉
275 3 mǎi to buy / to purchase 於是上乃使硃買臣等難弘置朔方之便
276 3 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 弘稱周公之治
277 3 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 式又不習文章
278 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若湯之旱
279 3 luò Luo 河洛出圖書
280 3 西 The West 前已嘗西
281 3 xiào to be filial 養後母孝謹
282 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 願更選
283 3 xiàng figure / image / appearance 屬象相因
284 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代薛澤為丞相
285 3 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 可謂減於制度
286 3 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 而文德以行褒
287 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可廢也
288 3 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招賢良文學士
289 3 chǔ Chu 梁相褚大通
290 3 wài outside 外寬內深
291 3 such as / for example / for instance 誠如黯言
292 3 xuān to declare / to announce 宣招四方之士
293 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 因賜告牛
294 3 fàn food / a meal 脫粟飯
295 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 民不可得而化
296 3 to arise / to get up 順之和起
297 3 cháng to taste 前已嘗西
298 3 pín poor / impoverished 家貧
299 3 to join / to combine 合祛於天地神祇
300 3 liáng a bridge 禪梁父
301 3 popular / common 而率下篤俗者也
302 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則朝廷尊
303 3 自治 zìzhì to be autonomous 知所以自治
304 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 進退有度
305 3 宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister 數年至宰相封侯
306 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 毋令敗群
307 3 evil / wrong / fraud 政弊而不行
308 3 a field recently opened for cultivation 菑川薛人也
309 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 國人固推弘
310 3 西南 xīnán southwest 時方通西南夷
311 3 zhì to place / to lay out 時又東置蒼海
312 3 láng a minister / an official 乃召拜式為中郎
313 3 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙董仲舒膠西
314 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 故武功以顯重
315 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不貴爵常而民勸善
316 3 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 夫厚賞重刑未足以勸善而禁非
317 3 無用 wúyòng useless / worthless 去無用之言
318 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 武帝初即位
319 3 dōng east 時又東置蒼海
320 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必信而已矣
321 3 得人 dé rén win over the people 務在於得人心
322 3 其後 qí hòu after that 弘推其後
323 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 齊人多詐而無情
324 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安所期焉
325 3 fán ordinary / common 凡此八者
326 3 zhào Zhao 趙周
327 3 a footprint 人跡所及
328 3 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 靡有所隱
329 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 是故因能任官
330 3 ancient barbarian tribes 時方通西南夷
331 3 to rent 以故租多不入
332 3 niú an ox / a cow / a bull 去虎豹馬牛
333 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 齊人多詐而無情
334 3 marsh / swamp 澤不涸
335 3 a period of time / phase / stage 安所期焉
336 3 do not 掾史莫知所為
337 3 xīn heart 故心和則氣和
338 3 儒術 rúshù Confucian studies 緣飾以儒術
339 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者曰
340 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt
341 3 tīng to listen 令倦而不聽
342 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐病死無以塞責
343 3 zōng school / sect 宗祀天地
344 3 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 弘位在三公
345 3 to die 後母卒
346 3 wén writing / text 各稱事宜而為之節文
347 3 延年 yánnián to prolong life 協律則李延年
348 3 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 乃召拜式為中郎
349 3 fèn to strive / to exert effort 郡縣諸侯未有奮繇直道者也
350 3 河南 hénán Henan 河南人也
351 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 今世之吏邪
352 3 a river / a stream 河洛出圖書
353 3 huì can / be able to 會渾邪等降
354 3 天文 tiānwén astronomy 天文
355 3 ài to love 愛之則親上
356 3 zhū all / many / various 上策詔諸儒
357 3 to congratulate 公孫賀
358 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 南撫交
359 2 promptly / right away / immediately 即賦斂省
360 2 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 使人主自擇
361 2 easy / simple 未有易此者也
362 2 huǐ to destroy 盛毀西南夷無所用
363 2 在位 zài wèi to rule / to reign 股肱在位
364 2 列侯 lièHóu duke (old) / nobleman / gentry 漢常以列侯為丞相
365 2 四十 sì shí forty 年四十餘
366 2 報德 bàodé to repay debts of gratitude / to repay kindness 終無以報德塞責
367 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量能以授官
368 2 qiān one thousand 羊致千餘頭
369 2 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 家豈有冤
370 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以勢同而治異
371 2 power / force / strength 不妨民力
372 2 báo thin / slight / weak 故其民薄
373 2 上前 shàngqián to advance / to step forward 至上前
374 2 jīn gold 金聲而玉振之
375 2 horse 去虎豹馬牛
376 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 夫表德章義
377 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 畫衣冠
378 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 兄不哭弟
379 2 tóng like / same / similar 氣同則從
380 2 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 君不幸罹霜露之疾
381 2 序位 xùwèi to arrange in sequence 蓋古者任賢而序位
382 2 rich / wealthy 則百姓富
383 2 deep / true / sincere / genuine 故其民篤
384 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 拜為齊王太傅
385 2 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 弘至太常
386 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 子大夫修先聖之術
387 2 無有 wú yǒu there is not 無有所餘
388 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養後母孝謹
389 2 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit 爵關內侯
390 2 牧羊 mùyáng a shepherd 自小牧羊
391 2 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 田宅財物盡與弟
392 2 脫粟 tuōsù grain kernel 脫粟飯
393 2 shǒu head 弘自見為舉首
394 2 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 著之於篇
395 2 guī turtle / tortoise 龜龍游於沼
396 2 channel / canal / drain / ditch 北發渠搜
397 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知臣者以臣為不忠
398 2 interest 行喙息
399 2 ròu meat / muscle 食不重肉
400 2 風雨 fēngyǔ wind and rain / the elements / trials and hardships 風雨時
401 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 有禮則不暴
402 2 陰陽 yīn yáng Yin and Yang 陰陽和
403 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀登
404 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 及其教馴服習之
405 2 a tired, old horse 今臣愚駑
406 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 開廣門路
407 2 to bend / to flex 劉屈
408 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 弘為人談笑多聞
409 2 shēn deep 深刑重罰而奸不止
410 2 tóng boy / child 山不童
411 2 通道 tōngdào channel / thoroughfare / passage 臣聞天下通道五
412 2 to dry up / to exhaust 澤不涸
413 2 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 常與主爵都尉汲黯請間
414 2 a whetstone 將以厲百姓勸賢材也
415 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 總百官之職
416 2 yáo Yao 臣聞上古堯
417 2 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 願輸家財半助邊
418 2 soil / ground / land 以為罷弊中國以奉無用之地
419 2 xíng punishment / penalty 深刑重罰而奸不止
420 2 功業 gōngyè achievement 上方興功業
421 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 今諸侯有畔逆之計
422 2 zhí office / post 則分職治
423 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 麟鳳在郊藪
424 2 後母 hòumǔ stepmother 養後母孝謹
425 2 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 無德者退
426 2 gāo the high land along a river 遷成皋令
427 2 jūn army / military 其駑下者宜出財以佐軍
428 2 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 為山陽太守十餘歲
429 2 a talisman / a charm 天命之符
430 2 上方 shàng fāng top 上方興功業
431 2 each 各稱事宜而為之節文
432 2 to stand 立可否
433 2 甘露 gānlù sweet dew / ambrosia / the nectar of immortality / amṛta 甘露降
434 2 diào to fish 誠飾詐欲以釣名
435 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 其餘不可勝紀
436 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 養後母孝謹
437 2 ruì auspicious 昭姓考瑞
438 2 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 恐病死無以塞責
439 2 嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe 嘉禾興
440 2 qián front 前已嘗西
441 2 shòu old age / long life 寬上壽曰
442 2 jǐng sunlight 晏嬰相景公
443 2 to bear / to carry 加有負薪之疾
444 2 alone / independent / single / sole 獨取畜羊百餘
445 2 fèi fee / expenses 縣官費眾
446 2 六十 liùshí sixty 弘年六十
447 2 lóng dragon 龜龍游於沼
448 2 董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu 徙董仲舒膠西
449 2 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專奉朔方
450 2 yáo a folk-song 乃賜式外繇四百人
451 2 xiǎng to enjoy 然享薦之義
452 2 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian 後太史令司馬遷等言
453 2 méi for coins, rings, badges, pearls, sporting medals, rockets, satellites etc 始以蒲輪迎枚生
454 2 to take / to get / to fetch 禮之所取也
455 2 其餘 qíyú rest / remainder 其餘盡伏誅雲
456 2 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 臣願與子男及臨菑習弩博昌習船者請行死之
457 2 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 兼文武
458 2 上古 shànggǔ the distant past / ancient times / antiquity / early historical times 蓋聞上古至治
459 2 juàn be tired of, weary 令倦而不聽
460 2 骸骨 háigǔ skeleton / skeletal remains 乞骸骨
461 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 故人賓客仰衣食
462 2 Li 其後李蔡
463 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 尚書
464 2 lèi to be tired 臣聞揉曲術者不累日
465 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 自小牧羊
466 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯面折庭爭
467 2 塞責 sāizé to carry out one's duties perfunctorily / to fulfill one's responsibility 恐病死無以塞責
468 2 yǐn to govern 尹更始以儒術進
469 2 shāng a goblet 臣寬奉觴再拜
470 2 Hán Korea / South Korea 推賢則韓安國
471 2 cài Cai 其後李蔡
472 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 畫衣冠
473 2 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人賓客仰衣食
474 2 fán foreign things 六畜蕃
475 2 to die 臣聞主愧臣死
476 2 jué he / she / it 厥咎何由
477 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 蓋君子善善及後世
478 2 I 吾有羊在上林中
479 2 hóng great / large 臣聞堯遭鴻水
480 2 貧民 pínmín poor people 貧民大徙
481 2 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 於是起客館
482 2 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂減於制度
483 2 dōu all 嘗為弟子都養
484 2 zuì crime / sin / vice 有罪
485 2 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing 衛青奮於奴僕
486 2 suī although / even though 雖陽與善
487 2 měi each / every 每朝會議
488 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詔征巨野令史成詣公車
489 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 麟鳳在郊藪
490 2 文學 wénxué literature 復征賢良文學
491 2 piān chapter / section / essay / article 著之於篇
492 2 縣官 xiànguān county supervisor 縣官費眾
493 2 zhèng Zheng 鄭當時
494 2 to beg / to request 乞骸骨
495 2 佈告 bùgào posting on a bulletin board / notice / bulletin 佈告天下
496 2 平津 píng jīn Beijing and Tianjin 其以高成之平津鄉戶六百五十封丞相弘為平津侯
497 2 zhāo illustrious 昭姓考瑞
498 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 君臣
499 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋古者任賢而序位
500 2 yuē approximately 嘗與公卿約議

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
安乐 安樂 ānlè
  1. peaceful and happy / content
  2. Anle
  3. Anle district
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / subject
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
大元 Dà Yuán Great Yuan
岱宗 Dàizōng Mount Tai
广汉 廣漢 déyáng Linzhang
董仲舒 Dǒng Zhòngshū Dong Zhongshu
东方朔 東方朔 dōngfāng shuò Dongfang Shuo
封禅 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
Gōu Gou
管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong
关内 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
衡山 héngshān Hengshan / Mount Heng
弘始 Hóng Shǐ Hong Shi
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
霍去病 Huò Qùbìng Huo Qubing
嘉禾 jiāhé Jiahe
建中 jiànzhōng Jianzhong
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
Jié Emperor Jie
金马门 金馬門 jīnmǎmén Jinma Men
九卿 Jiǔ Qīng Nine Ministers
巨野 jùyě Juye
孔安国 孔安國 kǒng Ānguó Kong Anguo
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
刘向 劉向 Liú Xiàng Liu Xiang
六艺 六藝 Liù yì the Six Arts
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
律历志 律曆志 lǜlìzhì Treatise on Measures and Calendars
内史 內史 nèishǐ Censor / Administrator
欧阳 歐陽 Ōuyáng Ouyang
彭祖 Péngzǔ Peng Zu
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上林 shànglín Shanglin
上元 shàngyuán
  1. Shangyuan
  2. Shangyuan
山阳 山陽 Shānyáng Shanyang
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
Shùn Emperor Shun
司马迁 司馬遷 Sīmǎ Qiān Sima Qian
司马相如 司馬相如 Sīmǎ Xiàngrú Sima Xiangru
苏武 蘇武 Sū Wǔ Su Wu
太初历 太初曆 tài chū lì Grand Inception Calendar System
泰山 Tài Shān Mount Tai
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
卫青 衛青 Wèi Qīng Wei Qing
文德 wéndé Wende
文学士 文學士 wénxuéshì Bachelor of Arts / B.A. / BA / A.B. / Artium Baccalaureus
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
武帝 Wǔ Dì
  1. Emperor Wu of Han
  2. Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
  3. Emperor Wu of Song
五经 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
延寿 延壽 Yán Shòu Yan Shou
晏婴 晏嬰 Yàn Yīng Yan Ying
yáo Yao
yōng Yong / Nanning
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
张敞 張敞 zhāng chǎng Zhang Chang
张骞 張騫 zhāng Qiān Zhang Qian
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
赵充国 趙充國 zhào chōngguó Zhao Chongguo
昭明 zhāomíng
  1. bright
  2. Zhaoming [star]
  3. Zhaoming
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中国 中國 Zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
zhòu Emperor Zhou
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou
周公旦 Zhōu Gōng Dàn Duke of Zhou
主父偃 Zhǔ Fùyǎn Zhu Fuyan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English