Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Jin 《金史》, 卷六十六 列傳第四: 始祖以下諸子 勗本名烏野,子:宗秀 隈可 宗室 胡十門 合住曾孙:布輝 摑保 衷本名醜漢 齊本名掃合 朮魯 胡石改 宗賢本名阿魯 撻懶 卞本名吾母 膏本名阿里刺 弈本名三寶 阿喜 Volume 66 Biographies 4: Sons and descendants of Shizu - Xu formerly named , son: Zongxiu, Wei Ke, Zong Shi, Hu Shimen, He Zhu and great-grandson: Buhui, Guai Bao, Zhong formerly called Chouhan, Qi formerly named Saohe, Pai Lu, Hu Shigai, Zong Xian formerly called Alu, Ta Lan, Bian formerly called Wumu, Gao formerly called Alici, Yi formerly named Sanbao, A Xi

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 47 jūn army / military 自軍中召還
2 41 zōng school / sect 穆宗第五子
3 39 nián year 年十六
4 29 gǎi to change / to alter 改婆速路統軍使
5 26 shì matter / thing / item 故祖宗事皆不載
6 25 yuē to speak / to say
7 23 èr two 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
8 23 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
9 22 zhōu a state / a province 及攻開州
10 22 rén person / people / a human being 加恩大臣以收人望
11 21 shòu to teach 授定遠大將軍
12 21 wáng Wang 宗室封一字王者給三品俸
13 19 to exhort / to stimulate
14 19 qiān to move / to shift 與宗室俱遷中都
15 19 使 shǐ to make / to cause 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
16 19 beard / mustache 胡十門
17 17 bīng soldier / troops 然兵兇器
18 16 Germany 臣聞德莫大于樂天
19 15 sān three 綜為三卷
20 15 liáo Liaoning 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
21 15 shàng top / a high position 上召勗飲於便殿
22 14 fēng to seal / to close off 封魯國王
23 14 zhōng middle 自軍中召還
24 14 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 受宋帝降
25 14 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 中都司屬司人
26 14 to die 正隆二年卒官
27 13 ancestor / forefather 自始祖以下十帝
28 13 big / great / huge / large / major 聞我將大
29 13 猛安 měngān meng'an mouke 以宗磐世襲猛安授之
30 13 an official institution / a state bureau 以功遷真定府路安撫使兼曹州防禦使
31 12 dìng to decide 宗望定汴州
32 12 zhí straight 女直初無文字
33 12 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 例降封金源郡王
34 12 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 宗室封一字王者給三品俸
35 12 shí a rock / a stone 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
36 11 高麗 Gāolì Korean Goryeo Dynasty 自太祖與高麗議和
37 11 to reach 及破遼
38 11 sòng Song dynasty 受宋帝降
39 11 child / son 穆宗第五子
40 11 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 從太祖攻甯江州
41 11 ministry / department 既曰某部
42 11 road / path / way 改婆速路統軍使
43 11 jìn to enter 勗進酒稱謝
44 11 gōng to attack / to assault 從太祖攻甯江州
45 10 to give / to bestow favors 賜與甚多
46 10 lǎn lazy / languid / listless 從鄭王斡賽敗高麗於曷懶
47 10 十門 shí mén ten gates 胡十門
48 10 tóng like / same / similar 因謂本自同出
49 10 zhāo illustrious 昭義軍節度使
50 10 tiān day 天德初
51 10 mín the people / citizen / subjects 國家民物繁夥
52 10 letter / symbol / character 字勉道
53 9 to take / to get / to fetch 我以強兵勁卒取之無難
54 9 female / feminine 女直初無文字
55 9 to join / to combine 阿合束之緒裔
56 9 海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing 海陵方用事
57 9 guān an office 以本官致仕
58 9 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 獲契丹
59 9 Shandong 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
60 9 to break / to ruin / to destroy 及破遼
61 9 bài to bow / to pay respect to 進拜平章政事
62 9 to enter 凡女直入高麗者皆索之
63 9 to hit / to beat 父撻不野
64 8 děng et cetera / and so on 宗翰等問其所欲
65 8 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 以本官致仕
66 8 inside / interior 本名撕里忽
67 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國且臣屬
68 8 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 改曷速館節度使
69 8 zhòng many / numerous 誠非眾願
70 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 自軍中召還
71 8 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
72 8 本名 běnmíng original name / personal name 本名烏野
73 8 gōng merit 功最
74 8 néng can / able 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
75 8 bài to defeat / to vanquish 胡十門邀擊敗之
76 8 同知 tóngzhī government sub-prefect 除同知曷蘇館節度使事
77 8 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
78 8 zhī to know 恐昭祖知之
79 8 lǐng neck 出領行台尚書省事
80 8 deputy / assistant / vice- 布輝副之
81 8 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治複有能稱
82 8 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 生龍虎衛上將軍隈可
83 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂生邊釁
84 8 even / equal / uniform
85 8 wén to hear 臣聞德莫大于樂天
86 8 zuǒ left 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
87 7 can / may / permissible 人情怨甚可湣者
88 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 同中書門下平章事
89 7 tōng to go through / to open 始通契丹
90 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 因上表請老
91 7 shuǐ water 複曰某水之某
92 7 zhuī to pursue / to chase 蒲盧渾追宋康王於明州
93 7 huī splendor / brightness 布輝
94 7 speed 改婆速路統軍使
95 7 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 收充閤門祗候
96 7 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布輝
97 7 tǒng to unify 皇統元年
98 7 móu to plan / to scheme 與謀政事
99 7 xián virtuous / worthy 宗賢
100 7 píng flat / level / smooth 同中書門下平章事
101 7 wàng to gaze / to look towards 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
102 7 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 勗上書諫曰
103 7 to go through / to experience / to take place 曆平陽尹
104 7 fán ordinary / common 凡部族
105 7 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 皆前世奸宄叛亡
106 7 níng peaceful 從太祖攻甯江州
107 7 to carry 河北提刑司以治狀聞
108 7 wèn to ask 好學問
109 7 horse 賜廄馬二以旌其勤
110 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 生龍虎衛上將軍隈可
111 6 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
112 6 liǎng two 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
113 6 four 四年
114 6 to go 複以本部叛去
115 6 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 謁世宗于遼陽
116 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 同中書門下平章事
117 6 gāo grease / fat 摑保洞腹見膏
118 6 zhí office / post 職貢不闕
119 6 míng bright / brilliant 蒲盧渾追宋康王於明州
120 6 dài to carry / to bring 以玉帶賜之
121 6 bǎo to defend / to protect 保活里之後為神士懣
122 6 zuò to sit 次室僕散氏坐事早死
123 6 special / unique / distinguished 特彼我之蔽
124 6 tiger 親射五虎獲之
125 6 shí ten 自始祖以下十帝
126 6 one 一無所隱
127 6 qián front 前拜言曰
128 6 guī to go back / to return 子余里也與胡十門同時歸朝
129 6 biàn hurried
130 6 to cut down 從太祖伐遼
131 6 zài in / at 自先君在與高麗通
132 6 precious 以玉帶賜之
133 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰危事
134 6 世襲 shìxí to inherit 以宗磐世襲猛安授之
135 6 gěi to give 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
136 6 shǔ to count 載數車而還
137 6 suǒ to search / to inquire 凡女直入高麗者皆索之
138 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 文學之士稍拔擢用之
139 6 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞德莫大于樂天
140 6 yòng to use / to apply 文學之士稍拔擢用之
141 6 jiā to add 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
142 6 謀克 měngān meng'an mouke 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
143 6 yán to speak / to say / said 勗遂稱疾篤不言
144 5 lèi to be tired 累遷順天軍節度使
145 5 service 平賦役無擾
146 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 阿海
147 5 上京 shàngjīng Shangjing 詔留守上京
148 5 shōu to receive / to accept 加恩大臣以收人望
149 5 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 正隆元年
150 5 a river / a stream 戰出河店
151 5 Soviet Union 曷蘇館人也
152 5 永昌 Yǒngchāng Yongchang 高永昌據東京
153 5 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙汴京留守
154 5 zhǔ owner 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
155 5 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
156 5 xiù refined / elegant / graceful 子宗秀
157 5 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 太宗初即位
158 5 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 以功遷真定府路安撫使兼曹州防禦使
159 5 gāo high / tall 高永昌據東京
160 5 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉承旨
161 5 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣愚以為宜施惠下之仁
162 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 封宿國公
163 5 chēng to call / to address 高麗稱籓
164 5 zhèng upright / straight 正隆元年
165 5 wèi to call 因謂本自同出
166 5 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 吾祖留高麗
167 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 蠡州刺史
168 5 zhào an imperial decree 制詔左丞勗
169 5 jiàn to see 輒作詩以見意
170 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 猛安皆總戎職
171 5 zhì to place / to lay out 召置麾下
172 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 有大事令宰臣就第商議
173 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 使君廉明清直類此
174 5 father 父撻不野
175 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 于禮未安
176 5 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 與宗室俱遷中都
177 5 supreme ruler / emperor 受宋帝降
178 5 to help / to assist 天輔二年卒
179 4 pǐn product / goods / thing 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
180 4 a family clan 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
181 4 martial / military 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
182 4 day of the month / a certain day 三日之間
183 4 xiōng elder brother 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
184 4 to arise / to get up 至尊為臣下屢起
185 4 huáng royal / imperial 皇統元年
186 4 gain / advantage / benefit 田收甚利
187 4 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 衷孝悌貞謹
188 4 duó a bell 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
189 4 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 以其父所管七部為曷蘇館都勃堇
190 4 江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou 從太祖攻甯江州
191 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 我以強兵勁卒取之無難
192 4 shī teacher 師還
193 4 go 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
194 4 prosperous / splendid 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
195 4 to move / to shift / to remove 移鎮鎮西
196 4 lín to face / to overlook 又敗叛人於臨潢
197 4 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授定遠大將軍
198 4 jīn gold 例降封金源郡王
199 4 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 皇統元年
200 4 zhōng heart / from bottom of one's heart
201 4 西 The West 移鎮鎮西
202 4 shí time / a period of time 時上日與近臣酣飲
203 4 始祖 shǐzǔ primogenitor / founder of a school or trade 始祖以下諸子
204 4 seven 以為曷蘇館七部勃堇
205 4 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 例奪王爵
206 4 rate / frequency 宗秀率步騎三千扼其沖要
207 4 lián upright / honorable / honest 以卿曆職廉能
208 4 guāi to box one's ears / to slap 摑保
209 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
210 4 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 璋執斡論等上變
211 4 increase / benefit 不知得此果何益耶
212 4 可喜 kěxǐ gratifying / heartening 兵部尚書可喜
213 4 xíng to walk / to move 聖人行義
214 4 to turn / to rotate 昭毅大將軍斡論
215 4 precedent / example 例降封金源郡王
216 4 zòu to present / to offer 奏上
217 4 to bestow on / to endow with 東狩射虎賦
218 4 nán south 從婁室擊敗敵兵二萬於歸化之南
219 4 láng a minister / an official 累遷刑部員外郎
220 4 huáng an expanse of water / a lake / a pond 又敗叛人於臨潢
221 4 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 宗弼選為紮也
222 4 zèng to give a present 改贈金紫光祿大夫
223 4 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 入為刑部尚書
224 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁民樵捕
225 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 遂生邊釁
226 4 ancient / old / palaeo- 迪古乃
227 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 因上表請老
228 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 皇兄弟
229 4 hòu after / later 海陵後至
230 4 to attack by surprise 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
231 4 zhèn town 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
232 4 國王 guówáng king / monarch 進封漢國王
233 4 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 故祖宗事皆不載
234 4 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 詔留守上京
235 4 mìng life 命勗與耶律迪越掌之
236 4 huò to reap / to harvest 獲契丹
237 4 xiàn to offer / to present 勗獻
238 4 chí to go quickly or swiftly 營於馳回山之下
239 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 承安二年
240 4 jiù a stable / a barn 賜廄馬二以旌其勤
241 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗嗣位
242 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
243 4 liù six 天會六年
244 3 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 中都同知完顏璋等謀反
245 3 shùn to obey 遷忠順軍節度使
246 3 eight 八年
247 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
248 3 wàn ten thousand 從婁室擊敗敵兵二萬於歸化之南
249 3 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋三十年
250 3 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 而韓昉輩皆在朝廷
251 3 Wu 本名烏野
252 3 jiē stairs / steps 削兩階解職
253 3 paternal aunt / father's sister 還至姑里甸
254 3 juǎn to coil / to roll 綜為三卷
255 3 huì can / be able to 宗望聞宋人會諸路援兵于睢陽
256 3 wén writing / text 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
257 3 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 祖宗實錄
258 3 護衛 hùwèi an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 收充護衛
259 3 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping 封廣平郡王
260 3 zhā to pierce 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
261 3 xíng punishment / penalty 河北提刑司以治狀聞
262 3 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 與謀政事
263 3 shí real / true 字實甫
264 3 八十 bāshí eighty 賜黃金八十兩
265 3 大興府 dàxīng fǔ Daxing Prefecture 改知大興府事
266 3 wēi a cove / a bay / an inlet 隈可
267 3 gǎn bold / brave 肪敢如此
268 3 residence / dwelling 即牧民以居
269 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒作詩以見意
270 3 shǐ beginning / start 始通契丹
271 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 遣撻懶與阿里刮將兵二千往拒之
272 3 disease / sickness / ailment 勗遂稱疾篤不言
273 3 yǐn to govern 為太原尹
274 3 十六 shíliù sixteen 年十六
275 3 to prevail 克甯江州
276 3 hàn Han Chinese 進封漢國王
277 3 shí knowledge / understanding 以別識之
278 3 a human or animal body 其寬明有體
279 3 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
280 3 xiān first 仁莫先于惠下
281 3 kuān wide / broad 治以寬簡
282 3 lüè plan / strategy 事有詳有略
283 3 hǎn rare 訛謨罕
284 3 xià summer 尋為夏國王李仁孝封冊使
285 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 親射五虎獲之
286 3 yǒng brave / courageous 勇而善戰
287 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 事具
288 3 dōng east 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
289 3 extra / surplus / remainder 吾年五十餘
290 3 desire 宗翰等問其所欲
291 3 chéng a city / a town 取亞魯城
292 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖遣撻懶往擊之
293 3 pái not serious 朮魯
294 3 rén a kernel / a pit 仁莫先于惠下
295 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營於馳回山之下
296 3 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 賜以佩刀
297 3 親王 qīnwáng a prince 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
298 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年
299 3 prison 未嘗留獄
300 3 nèi inside / interior 未嘗有內族為六部郎官者
301 3 hōng to die
302 3 thing / matter 當時壯者今皆物故
303 3 diàn shop / store 戰出河店
304 3 完顏 Wányán Wanyan clan 半道與南征萬戶完顏福壽等俱亡歸
305 3 fàn to commit crime / to violate 終更無敢犯者
306 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 太祖遣撻懶往擊之
307 3 zǎi to slaughter 宰臣進曰
308 3 ěr ear 惟好書耳
309 3 jiǔ old 久方連和
310 3 shū book 惟好書耳
311 3 詩文 shī wén poetry and literature 能以契丹字為詩文
312 3 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 從經略山東
313 3 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 保活里之後為神士懣
314 3 department / bureau / office 改尚輦局使
315 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 州委禱雨於五台靈潭
316 3 古城 gǔchéng a historic city / an old town 達魯古城之役
317 3 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
318 3 láo to toil 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
319 3 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 拜御史大夫
320 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 及宗本無罪誅
321 3 wài outside 民亦非外
322 3 chūn spring 從攻春
323 3 fragrant 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
324 3 pán firm / stable 預平宗磐之難
325 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 胡十門善漢語
326 3 qīng green 從昭祖耀武於青嶺
327 3 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 合住
328 3 節度 jiédù a solar term 積勞授彰化軍節度副使
329 3 xuān to declare / to announce 授代州宣銳軍都指揮使
330 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 遷忠順軍節度使
331 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 臣愚以為宜施惠下之仁
332 3 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 河北提刑司以治狀聞
333 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 昭毅大將軍斡論
334 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚有差
335 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 今大聖皇帝之祖入女直
336 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 遼兵一千陣于營外
337 3 to attain / to reach 達魯古城之役
338 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 當時壯者今皆物故
339 3 to be fond of / to like 阿喜
340 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 宗翰
341 3 如故 rúgù like an old friend 監修如故
342 3 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 從阿里
343 3 ài to love 有惠愛
344 3 to stand 上焚香立受之
345 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 選侍左右
346 3 chāng Chang 明昌三年
347 3 shì room / bedroom 次室僕散氏坐事早死
348 3 yún cloud 宴群臣于五雲樓
349 3 to scatter / to disperse 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
350 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 征索不已
351 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監修如故
352 3 kòng to accuse / to charge 撻懶控其馬而止之曰
353 2 漢字 Hànzì Chinese character / Kanji / Hanja 漢字
354 2 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人
355 2 a child 擒宋京東路都總管胡直孺
356 2 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 女直初無文字
357 2 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 睿宗聞其才
358 2 magnet / magnetism 出為磁州刺史
359 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 宴群臣于五雲樓
360 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 因上表請老
361 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 削兩階解職
362 2 王府 wángfǔ prince's mansion 王府家奴為不法
363 2 糧餉 liángxiǎng army provisions 胡十門以糧餉給軍
364 2 里海 lǐhǎi Caspian Sea 曷速館苾里海水人也
365 2 jiā excellent 帥府嘉其功
366 2 四千 sì qiān four thousand 會宗望益兵四千
367 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 宿之間
368 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
369 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 肪敢如此
370 2 flourishing / prosperous 以為曷蘇館七部勃堇
371 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋為夏國王李仁孝封冊使
372 2 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 勗上書諫曰
373 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 于禮未安
374 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 並降境內諸部族
375 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 高麗遣使以士產獻
376 2 Mu 穆宗第五子
377 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而完顏希尹乃依仿契丹字制女直字
378 2 河南 hénán Henan 宗弼複取河南
379 2 樂天 lètiān carefree / happy-go-lucky / optimistic 臣聞德莫大于樂天
380 2 chà to differ 賞賚有差
381 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 事有詳有略
382 2 book / volume 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
383 2 a wood-boring insect 蠡州刺史
384 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賞賚有差
385 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受宋帝降
386 2 chōng to charge at 宗秀率步騎三千扼其沖要
387 2 niǎn a hand-cart 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
388 2 jiǔ nine 九年
389 2 山陵 shānlíng mountain and hills 世宗獻享山陵
390 2 cháo to face 入朝不拜
391 2 不受 bùshòu to not accept 勗皆力辭不受
392 2 剛正 gāngzhèng honest / upright 勗剛正寡言
393 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 進拜太師
394 2 自始 zìshǐ from the outset / ab initio 自始祖以下十帝
395 2 a tutor / a teacher 始議置諸王傅
396 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 王將至任郡
397 2 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 移知濟南府
398 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 因致交兵
399 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 始祖以下諸子
400 2 武定 wǔdìng Wuding 改武定軍
401 2 yòu right / right-hand 拜尚書右丞
402 2 yuè pleased 上悅
403 2 shī to lose 移失部既降
404 2 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 王府家奴為不法
405 2 kāng Kang 康宗敬僖皇后生楚王謀良虎
406 2 bǎi one hundred 銀百兩
407 2 què a watchtower 職貢不闕
408 2 qīn relatives 親射五虎獲之
409 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 重彩五十端
410 2 to leave behind 多得祖宗遺事
411 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 收充東宮護衛
412 2 其父 qí fù his father 以其父所管七部為曷蘇館都勃堇
413 2 曾孫 céngsūn great-grandson 世祖曾孫
414 2 sūn Sun 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
415 2 táng Tang Dynasty 對賀客誦唐張在詩
416 2 fǎng to visit 詔書求訪祖宗遺事
417 2 liè to hunt 熙宗獵於海島
418 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多得祖宗遺事
419 2 chǔn blunt / stupid 烏蠢
420 2 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 隸上京司屬司
421 2 金牌 jīnpái gold medal 佩金牌
422 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖曾孫
423 2 shěng province 領三省
424 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 複進士舉
425 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 例奪王爵
426 2 to record 人為刻石紀之
427 2 hair 輒發還本猛安
428 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗其眾
429 2 to aid / to assist / to help 宗弼複取河南
430 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒宋京東路都總管胡直孺
431 2 人為 rénwèi man-made 人為刻石紀之
432 2 idea 輒作詩以見意
433 2 é Russia 俄同監修國史
434 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 敗其前鋒軍三萬於杞縣
435 2 zhài a fence / a stockade 又破三寨
436 2 hǎo good 惟好書耳
437 2 三十 sān shí thirty 蓋三十年
438 2 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決三十
439 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 海陵不許
440 2 gòng tribute / gift 職貢不闕
441 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 蘇州漢民叛走
442 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 胡十門力戰不能敵
443 2 xióng manly 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
444 2 fān a big winnow basket 高麗稱籓
445 2 power / force / strength 勗皆力辭不受
446 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed
447 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 特彼我之蔽
448 2 都水監 Dūshuǐ Jiàn Waterway Inspector 入為都水監丞
449 2 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 進拜左丞相
450 2 國軍 guó jūn National Revolutionary Army 除彰國軍節度副使
451 2 diǎn a dot 為內庫都提點
452 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 監修如故
453 2 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 杖四十
454 2 servant 複州合廝罕關地方七百八里
455 2 liú Liu 郡人以前政有聲如劉徽柔
456 2 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo 贈鎮國上將軍
457 2 clothes / dress / garment 王悅服
458 2 night 或繼以夜
459 2 zuò to do 輒作詩以見意
460 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 營於馳回山之下
461 2 天會 tiānhuì Tianhui 天會六年
462 2 jǐn clay 以為曷蘇館七部勃堇
463 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 扈從北幸
464 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 不知得此果何益耶
465 2 wáng to die 皆前世奸宄叛亡
466 2 點檢 diǎnjiǎn to inspect one by one / to list individually 累遷右副都點檢
467 2 private 私用官中財物
468 2 piào a white horse 授驃騎上將軍
469 2 shǔ to sign 坐擅署置官吏
470 2 河北 héběi Hebei 河北
471 2 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 入為大宗正丞
472 2 qiāng gun / rifle 即挺槍前
473 2 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 至尊為臣下屢起
474 2 to defend / to resist 摑保臥輪下為捍禦
475 2 睢陽 suīyáng Suiyang 宗望聞宋人會諸路援兵于睢陽
476 2 jiāng a large river 再遷靜江中正軍節度使
477 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 婚姻膠固
478 2 bǐng to grasp / to hold 秉德廉訪官吏
479 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 勗皆力辭不受
480 2 shǒu head 可喜不肯以始謀盡首
481 2 彰化 zhānghuà Zhanghua or Changhua city and county in west Taiwan 轉彰化軍節度使
482 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 稍稍款附
483 2 道士 dàoshì a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk / a Confucian scholar 道士忿奪其利
484 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 胡十門不肯從
485 2 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 治以寬簡
486 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載數車而還
487 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend
488 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 累遷刑部員外郎
489 2 濟州 Jì Zhōu Jeju Province 遼軍來援濟州
490 2 yuán source / origin 例降封金源郡王
491 2 zhuàng robust 當時壯者今皆物故
492 2 to criticize 與之謀議
493 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 勗諫而止
494 2 liáo a bureaucrat / an official 吾聞郡僚廉能如一
495 2 cháng to taste 嘗從攻顯州
496 2 力戰 lìzhàn to fight with all one's might 胡十門力戰不能敵
497 2 type of rush 子蒲速越
498 2 xìn to believe / to trust 故進而委信之
499 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 縣令惡其為人
500 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 好學問

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 88 zhī him / her / them / that 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
2 55 so as to / in order to 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
3 47 jūn army / military 自軍中召還
4 41 wèi for / to 國人呼為秀才
5 41 zōng school / sect 穆宗第五子
6 39 nián year 年十六
7 37 his / hers / its / theirs 字冠其銜
8 29 gǎi to change / to alter 改婆速路統軍使
9 28 yǒu is / are / to exist 亦未嘗有記錄
10 26 shì matter / thing / item 故祖宗事皆不載
11 25 yuē to speak / to say
12 23 cóng from 從太祖攻甯江州
13 23 èr two 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
14 23 and 與謀政事
15 23 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
16 22 zhōu a state / a province 及攻開州
17 22 rén person / people / a human being 加恩大臣以收人望
18 22 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 於是諸子皆學之
19 21 shòu to teach 授定遠大將軍
20 21 wáng Wang 宗室封一字王者給三品俸
21 20 again / more / repeatedly 複進士舉
22 19 to exhort / to stimulate
23 19 qiān to move / to shift 與宗室俱遷中都
24 19 in / at 上召勗飲於便殿
25 19 使 shǐ to make / to cause 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
26 19 beard / mustache 胡十門
27 17 bīng soldier / troops 然兵兇器
28 17 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 凡女直入高麗者皆索之
29 16 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 載數車而還
30 16 Germany 臣聞德莫大于樂天
31 15 sān three 綜為三卷
32 15 liáo Liaoning 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
33 15 dōu all 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
34 15 shàng top / a high position 上召勗飲於便殿
35 14 fēng to seal / to close off 封魯國王
36 14 zhōng middle 自軍中召還
37 14 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 受宋帝降
38 14 also / too 非一視同仁之大也
39 14 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 中都司屬司人
40 14 to die 正隆二年卒官
41 13 ancestor / forefather 自始祖以下十帝
42 13 big / great / huge / large / major 聞我將大
43 13 猛安 měngān meng'an mouke 以宗磐世襲猛安授之
44 13 not / no 故祖宗事皆不載
45 13 an official institution / a state bureau 以功遷真定府路安撫使兼曹州防禦使
46 12 dìng to decide 宗望定汴州
47 12 zhí straight 女直初無文字
48 12 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 例降封金源郡王
49 12 宗室 zōngshì imperial clan 宗室封一字王者給三品俸
50 12 shí a rock / a stone 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
51 12 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 而完顏希尹乃依仿契丹字制女直字
52 12 in / at 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
53 11 高麗 Gāolì Korean Goryeo Dynasty 自太祖與高麗議和
54 11 to reach 及破遼
55 11 zhì to / until 至十餘年
56 11 chū to go out / to leave 因謂本自同出
57 11 sòng Song dynasty 受宋帝降
58 11 child / son 穆宗第五子
59 11 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 從太祖攻甯江州
60 11 ministry / department 既曰某部
61 11 road / path / way 改婆速路統軍使
62 11 jìn to enter 勗進酒稱謝
63 11 gōng to attack / to assault 從太祖攻甯江州
64 10 to give / to bestow favors 賜與甚多
65 10 lǎn lazy / languid / listless 從鄭王斡賽敗高麗於曷懶
66 10 zhū all / many / various 凡與契丹往來及征伐諸部
67 10 十門 shí mén ten gates 胡十門
68 10 tóng like / same / similar 因謂本自同出
69 10 zhāo illustrious 昭義軍節度使
70 10 tiān day 天德初
71 10 I 吾年五十餘
72 10 mín the people / citizen / subjects 國家民物繁夥
73 10 why / how / when / what / where 改曷速館節度使
74 10 letter / symbol / character 字勉道
75 9 to take / to get / to fetch 我以強兵勁卒取之無難
76 9 female / feminine 女直初無文字
77 9 to join / to combine 阿合束之緒裔
78 9 海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing 海陵方用事
79 9 guān an office 以本官致仕
80 9 chú except / besides 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
81 9 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 獲契丹
82 9 Shandong 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
83 9 to break / to ruin / to destroy 及破遼
84 9 bài to bow / to pay respect to 進拜平章政事
85 9 hái also / in addition / more 自軍中召還
86 9 to enter 凡女直入高麗者皆索之
87 9 to hit / to beat 父撻不野
88 8 děng et cetera / and so on 宗翰等問其所欲
89 8 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 以本官致仕
90 8 inside / interior 本名撕里忽
91 8 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國且臣屬
92 8 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 改曷速館節度使
93 8 zhòng many / numerous 誠非眾願
94 8 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 自軍中召還
95 8 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
96 8 本名 běnmíng original name / personal name 本名烏野
97 8 gōng merit 功最
98 8 néng can / able 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
99 8 bài to defeat / to vanquish 胡十門邀擊敗之
100 8 jiān simultaneously 兼侍中
101 8 同知 tóngzhī government sub-prefect 除同知曷蘇館節度使事
102 8 de potential marker 多得祖宗遺事
103 8 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
104 8 zhī to know 恐昭祖知之
105 8 lǐng neck 出領行台尚書省事
106 8 deputy / assistant / vice- 布輝副之
107 8 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治複有能稱
108 8 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 生龍虎衛上將軍隈可
109 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂生邊釁
110 8 even / equal / uniform
111 8 wén to hear 臣聞德莫大于樂天
112 8 zuǒ left 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
113 7 can / may / permissible 人情怨甚可湣者
114 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 同中書門下平章事
115 7 xià next 仁莫先于惠下
116 7 tōng to go through / to open 始通契丹
117 7 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 聞我將大
118 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 因上表請老
119 7 ā prefix to names of people 阿海
120 7 shuǐ water 複曰某水之某
121 7 zhuī to pursue / to chase 蒲盧渾追宋康王於明州
122 7 huī splendor / brightness 布輝
123 7 naturally / of course / certainly 自軍中召還
124 7 no 女直初無文字
125 7 speed 改婆速路統軍使
126 7 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 收充閤門祗候
127 7 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布輝
128 7 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 女直初無文字
129 7 tǒng to unify 皇統元年
130 7 móu to plan / to scheme 與謀政事
131 7 shén what 人情怨甚可湣者
132 7 xián virtuous / worthy 宗賢
133 7 píng flat / level / smooth 同中書門下平章事
134 7 wàng to gaze / to look towards 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
135 7 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 勗上書諫曰
136 7 to go through / to experience / to take place 曆平陽尹
137 7 fán ordinary / common 凡部族
138 7 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 皆前世奸宄叛亡
139 7 níng peaceful 從太祖攻甯江州
140 7 to carry 河北提刑司以治狀聞
141 7 wèn to ask 好學問
142 7 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 乃以車輪當門為蔽
143 7 yīn because 因謂本自同出
144 7 horse 賜廄馬二以旌其勤
145 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 生龍虎衛上將軍隈可
146 6 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
147 6 liǎng two 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
148 6 four 四年
149 6 to go 複以本部叛去
150 6 世宗 shìzōng King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang 謁世宗于遼陽
151 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 同中書門下平章事
152 6 gāo grease / fat 摑保洞腹見膏
153 6 zhí office / post 職貢不闕
154 6 míng bright / brilliant 蒲盧渾追宋康王於明州
155 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 一無所隱
156 6 dài to carry / to bring 以玉帶賜之
157 6 bǎo to defend / to protect 保活里之後為神士懣
158 6 zuò to sit 次室僕散氏坐事早死
159 6 special / unique / distinguished 特彼我之蔽
160 6 tiger 親射五虎獲之
161 6 shí ten 自始祖以下十帝
162 6 one 一無所隱
163 6 qián front 前拜言曰
164 6 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 再贈驃騎衛上將軍
165 6 guī to go back / to return 子余里也與胡十門同時歸朝
166 6 biàn hurried
167 6 to cut down 從太祖伐遼
168 6 zài in / at 自先君在與高麗通
169 6 precious 以玉帶賜之
170 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰危事
171 6 世襲 shìxí to inherit 以宗磐世襲猛安授之
172 6 gěi to give 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
173 6 shǔ to count 載數車而還
174 6 suǒ to search / to inquire 凡女直入高麗者皆索之
175 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 文學之士稍拔擢用之
176 6 chén minister / statesman / official 臣聞德莫大于樂天
177 6 yòng to use / to apply 文學之士稍拔擢用之
178 6 jiā to add 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
179 6 謀克 měngān meng'an mouke 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
180 6 yán to speak / to say / said 勗遂稱疾篤不言
181 5 lèi to be tired 累遷順天軍節度使
182 5 service 平賦役無擾
183 5 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 阿海
184 5 上京 shàngjīng Shangjing 詔留守上京
185 5 shōu to receive / to accept 加恩大臣以收人望
186 5 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 正隆元年
187 5 this / these 不知得此果何益耶
188 5 a river / a stream 戰出河店
189 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故祖宗事皆不載
190 5 Soviet Union 曷蘇館人也
191 5 永昌 Yǒngchāng Yongchang 高永昌據東京
192 5 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙汴京留守
193 5 zhǔ owner 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
194 5 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
195 5 also / too 亦未嘗有記錄
196 5 xiù refined / elegant / graceful 子宗秀
197 5 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 太宗初即位
198 5 bìng and / furthermore / also 遂並誅之
199 5 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 以功遷真定府路安撫使兼曹州防禦使
200 5 gāo high / tall 高永昌據東京
201 5 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉承旨
202 5 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣愚以為宜施惠下之仁
203 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 封宿國公
204 5 chēng to call / to address 高麗稱籓
205 5 zhèng upright / straight 正隆元年
206 5 wèi to call 因謂本自同出
207 5 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 吾祖留高麗
208 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 蠡州刺史
209 5 zhào an imperial decree 制詔左丞勗
210 5 jiàn to see 輒作詩以見意
211 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 猛安皆總戎職
212 5 zhì to place / to lay out 召置麾下
213 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 有大事令宰臣就第商議
214 5 fēi not / non- / un- 誠非眾願
215 5 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 使君廉明清直類此
216 5 promptly / right away / immediately 皇帝受命即大位
217 5 already / since 女直既未有文字
218 5 father 父撻不野
219 5 mǒu some / certain 既曰某部
220 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 于禮未安
221 5 中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing 與宗室俱遷中都
222 5 běn measure word for books 因謂本自同出
223 5 supreme ruler / emperor 受宋帝降
224 5 to help / to assist 天輔二年卒
225 5 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 亦未嘗有記錄
226 5 entirely / without exception 與宗室俱遷中都
227 5 duì to / toward 以他肉對
228 5 shì is / are / am / to be 是歲
229 4 pǐn product / goods / thing 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
230 4 a family clan 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
231 4 martial / military 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
232 4 day of the month / a certain day 三日之間
233 4 xiōng elder brother 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
234 4 to arise / to get up 至尊為臣下屢起
235 4 huáng royal / imperial 皇統元年
236 4 gain / advantage / benefit 田收甚利
237 4 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 衷孝悌貞謹
238 4 duó a bell 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
239 4 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 以其父所管七部為曷蘇館都勃堇
240 4 江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou 從太祖攻甯江州
241 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 我以強兵勁卒取之無難
242 4 shī teacher 師還
243 4 go 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
244 4 prosperous / splendid 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
245 4 to move / to shift / to remove 移鎮鎮西
246 4 a time 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
247 4 lín to face / to overlook 又敗叛人於臨潢
248 4 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授定遠大將軍
249 4 jīn gold 例降封金源郡王
250 4 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 皇統元年
251 4 zhōng heart / from bottom of one's heart
252 4 西 The West 移鎮鎮西
253 4 rán correct / right / certainly 然兵兇器
254 4 shí time / a period of time 時上日與近臣酣飲
255 4 始祖 shǐzǔ primogenitor / founder of a school or trade 始祖以下諸子
256 4 seven 以為曷蘇館七部勃堇
257 4 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 例奪王爵
258 4 rate / frequency 宗秀率步騎三千扼其沖要
259 4 lián upright / honorable / honest 以卿曆職廉能
260 4 guāi to box one's ears / to slap 摑保
261 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 次室溫都氏生昭武大將軍同喬茁
262 4 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 璋執斡論等上變
263 4 increase / benefit 不知得此果何益耶
264 4 yòu again / also 又曰某鄉某村
265 4 可喜 kěxǐ gratifying / heartening 兵部尚書可喜
266 4 xíng to walk / to move 聖人行義
267 4 to turn / to rotate 昭毅大將軍斡論
268 4 precedent / example 例降封金源郡王
269 4 zòu to present / to offer 奏上
270 4 to bestow on / to endow with 東狩射虎賦
271 4 nán south 從婁室擊敗敵兵二萬於歸化之南
272 4 such as / for example / for instance 如自我得之矣
273 4 láng a minister / an official 累遷刑部員外郎
274 4 huáng an expanse of water / a lake / a pond 又敗叛人於臨潢
275 4 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 宗弼選為紮也
276 4 zèng to give a present 改贈金紫光祿大夫
277 4 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 入為刑部尚書
278 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁民樵捕
279 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 遂生邊釁
280 4 ancient / old / palaeo- 迪古乃
281 4 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 因上表請老
282 4 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 皇兄弟
283 4 hòu after / later 海陵後至
284 4 to attack by surprise 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
285 4 zhèn town 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
286 4 國王 guówáng king / monarch 進封漢國王
287 4 祖宗 zǔzōng ancestor / forebear 故祖宗事皆不載
288 4 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 詔留守上京
289 4 mìng life 命勗與耶律迪越掌之
290 4 huò to reap / to harvest 獲契丹
291 4 xiàn to offer / to present 勗獻
292 4 chí to go quickly or swiftly 營於馳回山之下
293 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 承安二年
294 4 qiě moreover / also 國且臣屬
295 4 jiù a stable / a barn 賜廄馬二以旌其勤
296 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗嗣位
297 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
298 4 liù six 天會六年
299 3 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 中都同知完顏璋等謀反
300 3 final particle 如自我得之矣
301 3 shùn to obey 遷忠順軍節度使
302 3 eight 八年
303 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
304 3 wàn ten thousand 從婁室擊敗敵兵二萬於歸化之南
305 3 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋三十年
306 3 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 而韓昉輩皆在朝廷
307 3 Wu 本名烏野
308 3 jiē stairs / steps 削兩階解職
309 3 paternal aunt / father's sister 還至姑里甸
310 3 juǎn to coil / to roll 綜為三卷
311 3 huì can / be able to 宗望聞宋人會諸路援兵于睢陽
312 3 wén writing / text 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
313 3 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 祖宗實錄
314 3 what / where / which 不知得此果何益耶
315 3 護衛 hùwèi an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 收充護衛
316 3 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping 封廣平郡王
317 3 zhā to pierce 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
318 3 frequently / often / again and again 至尊為臣下屢起
319 3 xíng punishment / penalty 河北提刑司以治狀聞
320 3 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 與謀政事
321 3 shí real / true 字實甫
322 3 八十 bāshí eighty 賜黃金八十兩
323 3 大興府 dàxīng fǔ Daxing Prefecture 改知大興府事
324 3 wēi a cove / a bay / an inlet 隈可
325 3 gǎn bold / brave 肪敢如此
326 3 residence / dwelling 即牧民以居
327 3 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 輒作詩以見意
328 3 shǐ beginning / start 始通契丹
329 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 遣撻懶與阿里刮將兵二千往拒之
330 3 disease / sickness / ailment 勗遂稱疾篤不言
331 3 yǐn to govern 為太原尹
332 3 十六 shíliù sixteen 年十六
333 3 to prevail 克甯江州
334 3 hàn Han Chinese 進封漢國王
335 3 shí knowledge / understanding 以別識之
336 3 a human or animal body 其寬明有體
337 3 zhuàn to compose / to write / to compile 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
338 3 xiān first 仁莫先于惠下
339 3 kuān wide / broad 治以寬簡
340 3 lüè plan / strategy 事有詳有略
341 3 hǎn rare 訛謨罕
342 3 xià summer 尋為夏國王李仁孝封冊使
343 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 親射五虎獲之
344 3 yǒng brave / courageous 勇而善戰
345 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 事具
346 3 dōng east 為尚書左丞加鎮東軍節度使
347 3 extra / surplus / remainder 吾年五十餘
348 3 desire 宗翰等問其所欲
349 3 chéng a city / a town 取亞魯城
350 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖遣撻懶往擊之
351 3 pái not serious 朮魯
352 3 rén a kernel / a pit 仁莫先于惠下
353 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營於馳回山之下
354 3 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 賜以佩刀
355 3 親王 qīnwáng a prince 平章政事弈職俸外別給二品親王俸傔
356 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年
357 3 prison 未嘗留獄
358 3 nèi inside / interior 未嘗有內族為六部郎官者
359 3 hōng to die
360 3 thing / matter 當時壯者今皆物故
361 3 diàn shop / store 戰出河店
362 3 完顏 Wányán Wanyan clan 半道與南征萬戶完顏福壽等俱亡歸
363 3 fàn to commit crime / to violate 終更無敢犯者
364 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 太祖遣撻懶往擊之
365 3 zǎi to slaughter 宰臣進曰
366 3 ěr ear 惟好書耳
367 3 jiǔ old 久方連和
368 3 shū book 惟好書耳
369 3 詩文 shī wén poetry and literature 能以契丹字為詩文
370 3 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 從經略山東
371 3 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 保活里之後為神士懣
372 3 department / bureau / office 改尚輦局使
373 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 州委禱雨於五台靈潭
374 3 古城 gǔchéng a historic city / an old town 達魯古城之役
375 3 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 宗雄能以兩月盡通契丹大小字
376 3 shàng still / yet / to value 改尚輦局使
377 3 láo to toil 太宗使勗就軍中往勞之
378 3 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 拜御史大夫
379 3 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 及宗本無罪誅
380 3 wài outside 民亦非外
381 3 chūn spring 從攻春
382 3 fragrant 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
383 3 pán firm / stable 預平宗磐之難
384 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 胡十門善漢語
385 3 bié do not / must not 以別識之
386 3 qīng green 從昭祖耀武於青嶺
387 3 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 合住
388 3 節度 jiédù a solar term 積勞授彰化軍節度副使
389 3 xuān to declare / to announce 授代州宣銳軍都指揮使
390 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion 遷忠順軍節度使
391 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 臣愚以為宜施惠下之仁
392 3 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 河北提刑司以治狀聞
393 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 昭毅大將軍斡論
394 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞賚有差
395 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 今大聖皇帝之祖入女直
396 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 遼兵一千陣于營外
397 3 to attain / to reach 達魯古城之役
398 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 當時壯者今皆物故
399 3 to be fond of / to like 阿喜
400 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 宗翰
401 3 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 卻之
402 3 如故 rúgù like an old friend 監修如故
403 3 zhèn I / we 朕屈己待臣下
404 3 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 從阿里
405 3 ài to love 有惠愛
406 3 to stand 上焚香立受之
407 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 選侍左右
408 3 chāng Chang 明昌三年
409 3 shì room / bedroom 次室僕散氏坐事早死
410 3 yún cloud 宴群臣于五雲樓
411 3 I / me / my 聞我將大
412 3 to scatter / to disperse 除迭魯苾撒糺詳隱
413 3 otherwise / but / however 則彼不謂己有
414 3 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 征索不已
415 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監修如故
416 3 kòng to accuse / to charge 撻懶控其馬而止之曰
417 3 that / those 彼固不敢稽留
418 3 tái unit 出領行台尚書省事
419 2 漢字 Hànzì Chinese character / Kanji / Hanja 漢字
420 2 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人
421 2 a child 擒宋京東路都總管胡直孺
422 2 文字 wénzì character / script / writing / written language / writing style / phraseology 女直初無文字
423 2 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 睿宗聞其才
424 2 magnet / magnetism 出為磁州刺史
425 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 宴群臣于五雲樓
426 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 因上表請老
427 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 削兩階解職
428 2 王府 wángfǔ prince's mansion 王府家奴為不法
429 2 糧餉 liángxiǎng army provisions 胡十門以糧餉給軍
430 2 里海 lǐhǎi Caspian Sea 曷速館苾里海水人也
431 2 jiā excellent 帥府嘉其功
432 2 四千 sì qiān four thousand 會宗望益兵四千
433 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 宿之間
434 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 於是率其族屬部眾詣撒改
435 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 肪敢如此
436 2 flourishing / prosperous 以為曷蘇館七部勃堇
437 2 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋為夏國王李仁孝封冊使
438 2 上書 shàngshū to write a letter (to the authorities) / to present a petition 勗上書諫曰
439 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 于禮未安
440 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 並降境內諸部族
441 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 高麗遣使以士產獻
442 2 Mu 穆宗第五子
443 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而完顏希尹乃依仿契丹字制女直字
444 2 河南 hénán Henan 宗弼複取河南
445 2 樂天 lètiān carefree / happy-go-lucky / optimistic 臣聞德莫大于樂天
446 2 chà to differ 賞賚有差
447 2 you / thou 王汝嘉奏卞前在都水監導河有勞
448 2 及其 jíqí as well as 並燕之屬縣及其山谷諸屯
449 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 事有詳有略
450 2 book / volume 撰定熙宗尊號冊文
451 2 a wood-boring insect 蠡州刺史
452 2 lài to bestow / to confer 賞賚有差
453 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受宋帝降
454 2 chōng to charge at 宗秀率步騎三千扼其沖要
455 2 he / him 及他文甚眾
456 2 niǎn a hand-cart 從宗望襲遼主于石輦鐸
457 2 jiǔ nine 九年
458 2 山陵 shānlíng mountain and hills 世宗獻享山陵
459 2 cháo to face 入朝不拜
460 2 不受 bùshòu to not accept 勗皆力辭不受
461 2 剛正 gāngzhèng honest / upright 勗剛正寡言
462 2 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 進拜太師
463 2 自始 zìshǐ from the outset / ab initio 自始祖以下十帝
464 2 a tutor / a teacher 始議置諸王傅
465 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 王將至任郡
466 2 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan 移知濟南府
467 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 因致交兵
468 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 始祖以下諸子
469 2 武定 wǔdìng Wuding 改武定軍
470 2 yòu right / right-hand 拜尚書右丞
471 2 yuè pleased 上悅
472 2 shī to lose 移失部既降
473 2 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 王府家奴為不法
474 2 kāng Kang 康宗敬僖皇后生楚王謀良虎
475 2 bǎi one hundred 銀百兩
476 2 què a watchtower 職貢不闕
477 2 qīn relatives 親射五虎獲之
478 2 五十 wǔshí fifty 重彩五十端
479 2 to leave behind 多得祖宗遺事
480 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 收充東宮護衛
481 2 self 則彼不謂己有
482 2 其父 qí fù his father 以其父所管七部為曷蘇館都勃堇
483 2 曾孫 céngsūn great-grandson 世祖曾孫
484 2 sūn Sun 以兄謀良虎孫喚端合紮謀克餘戶
485 2 táng Tang Dynasty 對賀客誦唐張在詩
486 2 fǎng to visit 詔書求訪祖宗遺事
487 2 liè to hunt 熙宗獵於海島
488 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多得祖宗遺事
489 2 chǔn blunt / stupid 烏蠢
490 2 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 隸上京司屬司
491 2 金牌 jīnpái gold medal 佩金牌
492 2 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖曾孫
493 2 shěng province 領三省
494 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 複進士舉
495 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 例奪王爵
496 2 to record 人為刻石紀之
497 2 hair 輒發還本猛安
498 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗其眾
499 2 to aid / to assist / to help 宗弼複取河南
500 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒宋京東路都總管胡直孺

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿里 Ālǐ Ali
阿鲁 阿魯 alǔ Aru
安抚使 安撫使 ānfǔshǐ Commissioner for Pacification
安化 ānhuà Anhua
bǎi
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
白山 báishān Baishan
八里 bālǐ Bali or Pali
宝应 寶應 Bǎoyīng
  1. Baoying
  2. Baoying
  3. Baoying
北京 Běijīng Beijing
北京路 Běijīng lù Beijing Circuit
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
汴京 Biànjīng Kaifeng / Bianjing
汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
Bo
渤海 Bó Hǎ Bohai Sea
亳州 bózhōu Bozhou
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
崇义 崇義 chóngyì Chongyi
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
大安 dà'ān
  1. great peace
  2. Ta'an
  3. Da'an
  4. Da'an / Ta'an
  5. Da'an / Ta'an
大房山 dàfáng shān Dafang Shan
代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture
大名府 dàmíng fǔ Da Ming Prefecture
大兴府 大興府 dàxīng fǔ Daxing Prefecture
德昌 déchāng Dechang
德州 dézhōu
  1. Dezhou
  2. Texas
典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect
定远 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东京 東京 Dōngjīng
  1. Tokyo
  2. Luoyang
  3. Dongjing Circuit
都水监 都水監 Dūshuǐ Jiàn Waterway Inspector
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
高丽 高麗 Gāolì Korean Goryeo Dynasty
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
宫人 宮人 gōng rén
  1. imperial concubine / palace maid
  2. imperial secretary
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广平 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping
国军 國軍 guó jūn National Revolutionary Army
海陵 Hǎilíng Hailing
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉人 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people
华州 華州 huá zhōu Washington state
huái Huai River
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
黄龙 黃龍 huánglóng
  1. Huanglong School
  2. yellow dragon
  3. Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
户口 戶口 hùkǒu Hukou / registered residence
济州 濟州 Jì Zhōu
  1. Jeju Province
  2. Jizhou
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou
监修国史 監修國史 jiànxiū guóshǐ Director of National History
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
京东 京東 jīngdōng Jingdong
居庸关 居庸關 jūyōngguān Juyongguan
康王 Kāng Wáng King Kang of Zhou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
里海 裡海 lǐhǎi Caspian Sea
临海 臨海 línhǎi Linhai
六盘山 六盤山 liùpán shān Liupan Mountains
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
宁海 寧海 nínghǎi Ninghai
宁陵 寧陵 Nínglíng Ningling
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
杞县 杞縣 qǐxiàn Qi county
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
睿宗 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上京 shàngjīng Shangjing
上京路 shàngjīng lù Shangjing Circuit
尚书省 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
世宗 shìzōng
  1. King Sejong the Great / Sejong Daewang
  2. Sejong
  3. Shizong
顺义 順義 shùnyì Shunyi
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
Suí Sui Dynasty
睢阳 睢陽 suīyáng Suiyang
宿迁 宿遷 sùqiān Suqian
苏州 蘇州 sūzhōu Suzhou
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
泰州 Tàizhōu Taizhou
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
Téng
  1. Teng
  2. Teng
天会 天會 tiānhuì
  1. Tianhui
  2. Tianhui
天长 天長 tiānzhǎng Tianchang
完颜 完顏 Wányán Wanyan clan
完颜希尹 完顏希尹 wányán xīyǐn Wanyan Xiyin
武安 wǔān Wu'an
武定 wǔdìng
  1. Wuding
  2. Wuding
五台 五臺 wǔtái Wutai city and
西京路 XīJīnglù Xijing Circuit
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
兴平 興平 xīngpíng Xingping
新罗 新羅 Xīnluó Silla
宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande
宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner
耶律 yélǜ Yelu
永昌 Yǒngchāng
  1. Yongchang
  2. Yongchang
永定 yǒngdìng Yongding
岳飞 岳飛 Yuè Fēi Yue Fei
Yùn Yun
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
泽州 澤州 zézhōu Zezhou
真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding
鄭王 郑王 Zhèng Wáng King Taksin
镇国 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo
中财 中財 zhōngcái Central University of Finance and Economics
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
中京 zhōngjīng Zhongjing

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English