Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Liang 梁書, 卷五十五 列傳第四十九 豫章王綜 武陵王紀 臨賀王正德 河東王譽 Volume 55: Zong, Prince of Yuzhang; Ji, Prince of Wuling; Zhengde, Prince of Linhe; Yu, Prince of Hedong

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 25 nián year 天監三年
2 24 wáng Wang 豫章王綜
3 21 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 仁威將軍
4 21 to record 武陵王紀
5 19 honor / reputation 河東王譽
6 19 yuē to speak / to say 大略曰
7 17 jūn army / military 兼護軍將軍
8 15 jǐng sunlight 侯景亂
9 15 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 南徐州刺史
10 14 zōng to organize threads for weaving 豫章王綜
11 12 正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde 臨賀王正德
12 12 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
13 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖第二子也
14 11 hóu marquis / lord 封其子直爲永新侯
15 11 child / son 高祖第二子也
16 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂陳疑似之說
17 10 èr two 普通二年
18 9 wèi Wei Dynasty 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
19 9 chéng a city / a town 當知在帝城
20 9 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 悲落葉
21 9 fēng to seal / to close off 封豫章郡王
22 8 zhōu a state / a province 霍三州諸軍事
23 8 西 The West 征西大將軍
24 8 zhòng many / all 高祖乃令綜都督衆軍
25 8 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣其將南梁州刺史譙淹迴軍赴援
26 8 district / county 邑二千戶
27 8 落葉 luòyè deciduous 悲落葉
28 8 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 封爲武陵郡王
29 8 letter / symbol / character 豫章王綜字世謙
30 8 one 幷殺一男
31 7 zài in / at 綜在徐州
32 7 tīng to listen 聽鐘鳴
33 7 rén person / people / a human being 遂使人入北與之相知
34 7 to go / to visit / to attend 將赴之
35 7 quán fountain / spring 又令信州刺史鮑泉討譽
36 7 nán south 都督南徐州諸軍事
37 7 dōng east 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
38 7 shì matter / thing / item 都督南徐州諸軍事
39 6 shǔ Sichuan 紀乃僭號於蜀
40 6 tiān day 改年曰天正
41 6 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 幷殺一男
42 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 絕屬籍
43 6 諸軍 zhū jūn all armies 都督南徐州諸軍事
44 6 shū book 世祖與紀書曰
45 6 xiāo mournful / dejected 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
46 6 hào number 尋進號北中郎將
47 6 to reach 及淑媛寵衰怨望
48 6 even / equal / uniform 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
49 6 to allow / to permit 許舉鎮歸之
50 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 出爲使持節
51 6 zhèn town 鎮右將軍
52 6 day of the month / a certain day 五月日
53 5 huái bosom / breast 故綜懷之
54 5 xuān to declare / to announce 出爲宣惠將軍
55 5 qián front 又遷安前將軍
56 5 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督南徐州諸軍事
57 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改其姓爲悖氏
58 5 太守 tài shǒu Governor 琅邪彭城二郡太守
59 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 七月而生綜
60 5 中郎將 zhōnglángjiāng palace general 尋進號北中郎將
61 5 zhèng upright / straight 改年曰天正
62 5 běi north 尋進號北中郎將
63 5 wèi to call 謂爲叔父
64 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 魏將元法僧以彭城降
65 5 wén to hear 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
66 5 zhōng middle 天監中
67 5 持節 chíjié to travel in support of a festival 出爲使持節
68 5 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 入爲侍中
69 5 zhī to know 綜恒怨不見知
70 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 猶遣正德守朱雀航
71 4 liù six 至年十五六
72 4 to enter 入爲侍中
73 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遂陳疑似之說
74 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 征西大將軍
75 4 sān three 天監三年
76 4 太清 tàiqīng the sky 及太清中
77 4 zhōng clock 聽鐘鳴
78 4 xīn heart 扣心飲膽
79 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 而玄之敗實在仲春
80 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 殞愛子於二方
81 4 yuē approximately 世祖乃拔任約於獄
82 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 追爲齊東昏服斬衰
83 4 to reply / to answer 世祖復於獄拔謝答仁爲步兵校尉
84 4 zhì to place / to lay out 置佐史
85 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏將元法僧以彭城降
86 4 gōng to attack / to assault 攻絕鐵鏁
87 4 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 置佐史
88 4 héng constant / regular / persistent 綜恒怨不見知
89 4 xu 都督南兗兗徐青冀五州諸軍事
90 4 河東 hédōng Hedong 河東王譽
91 4 bīng soldier / troops 高祖以連兵旣久
92 4 guī to go back / to return 許舉鎮歸之
93 4 yuàn to blame / to complain 及淑媛寵衰怨望
94 4 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 都督南徐州諸軍事
95 4 bào abalone 又令信州刺史鮑泉討譽
96 4 shǐ history 置佐史
97 4 二千 èr qiān two thousand 邑二千戶
98 4 sēng a monk 司馬王僧略
99 4 four 四年
100 4 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 聽鐘鳴
101 4 rén a kernel / a pit 仁威將軍
102 4 luàn chaotic / disorderly 歷亂百愁生
103 4 píng flat / level / smooth 平北將軍
104 4 a ceremonial vessel 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
105 4 nèi inside / interior 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
106 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 蕭寶寅在魏據長安反
107 4 武陵王 wǔ língwáng Prince of Wuling 武陵王紀
108 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今反誅之
109 3 five 五年
110 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 將圖荊陝
111 3 淑媛 Shūyuán shuyuan / lday of chaste beauty 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
112 3 zhù to build / to construct 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
113 3 jiā to add 加使持節
114 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 無有期度
115 3 to congratulate 臨賀王正德
116 3 大王 dàwáng king 況大王屬當儲貳
117 3 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
118 3 wàn ten thousand 錢三百萬
119 3 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County 丹陽尹
120 3 ci 同茲清靜
121 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬王僧略
122 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 論和緝之計
123 3 seven 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
124 3 past / former times 昔朋舊愛各東西
125 3 zòu to present / to offer 於是有司奏削爵土
126 3 bone 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
127 3 jiàn to see 當時見者莫不悲之
128 3 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 後世祖又遣領軍將軍王僧辯代鮑泉攻譽
129 3 xiè to thank 世祖復於獄拔謝答仁爲步兵校尉
130 3 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 梁書卷第五十五
131 3 xuè blood 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
132 3 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監三年
133 3 to assemble / to meet together 聚蚊成雷
134 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 高祖乃令綜都督衆軍
135 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 紀帥軍東下至巴郡
136 3 tóng like / same / similar 開府儀同三司
137 3 shǐ beginning / start 萬恨始纏
138 3 business / industry 紀遣所署度支尚書樂奉業至于江陵
139 3 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
140 3 jiǔ old 高祖以連兵旣久
141 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 正德乃引軍與景俱進
142 3 tuī to push / to shove 膺此樂推
143 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 鮑泉度軍圍之
144 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 高平公
145 3 wàng to gaze / to look towards 及淑媛寵衰怨望
146 3 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通二年
147 3 jiàn to usurp 紀乃僭號於蜀
148 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 世祖乃拔任約於獄
149 3 shēn to extend 以申其志
150 3 石頭 shítou rock / stone 領石頭戍軍事
151 3 zhēng to prove / to confirm 徵爲侍中
152 3 huì can / be able to 會大舉北伐
153 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 綜旣不得志
154 3 yuán to aid / to assist 紀不赴援
155 3 néng can / able 其能久乎
156 3 軍事 jūnshì military / military affairs 領石頭戍軍事
157 3 shí time / a point or period of time 時年四十九
158 3 Xiá Xia 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
159 3 shore / land / continent 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
160 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋進號北中郎將
161 3 kòu bandit / thieve 三苗寇擾
162 3 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
163 3 shí a rock / a stone 流金爍石
164 3 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年
165 3 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 於是有司奏削爵土
166 3 shù to guard a border 領石頭戍軍事
167 3 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通二年
168 3 yuán won / yuan 圓正爲西陽王
169 3 shǔ to count 朝見不甚數
170 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 不亡何待
171 3 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 潼州刺史楊乾運以城降之
172 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 成字曰
173 3 法和 Fǎhé Fahe 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
174 3 to look after / to attend to 乃眷西顧
175 3 èr two 紀以爲貳於己
176 3 zhí straight 封其子直爲永新侯
177 3 輕車 qīngchē a light carriage 輕車將軍
178 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 拒赤壁之兵
179 3 to take / to receive / to accept 時陸納未平
180 3 yín Third Earthly Branch 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
181 3 lín to face / to overlook 臨賀王正德
182 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 羊五百口
183 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 震太陽門
184 2 yǎn to establish 都督南兗兗徐青冀五州諸軍事
185 2 jiǒng distant / remote 西魏將尉遲迥帥衆逼涪水
186 2 shǔ scorching / hot 隆暑炎赫
187 2 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 尋以其郡爲東揚州
188 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 便希儲貳
189 2 to criticize 內外咸有穢議
190 2 chuán to transmit 誰憐傳漏子
191 2 to think over / to consider 慮有釁生
192 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
193 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷容色
194 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 瀝臂血試之
195 2 圓滿 yuánmǎn satisfactory 圓滿竟陵王
196 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 授散騎常侍
197 2 shí knowledge / understanding 識者謂之
198 2 益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou 益州刺史
199 2 天下 tiānxià China 天下無塵
200 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 遂拒而不許
201 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 綜恒怨不見知
202 2 shuāi to weaken / to decline 及淑媛寵衰怨望
203 2 xíng to walk / to move 龔行天罰
204 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 無復相代之期
205 2 yòu right / right-hand 遷安右將軍
206 2 ancestor / forefather 時世祖軍于武城
207 2 shēn human body / torso 身被屬甲
208 2 record / register / list / census 絕屬籍
209 2 mìng life 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
210 2 shǐ arrow / dart 手貫流矢
211 2 gōng a palace 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
212 2 ruì astute / perspicacious 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
213 2 to go 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
214 2 shòu to teach 尋改授持節
215 2 jié festival / a special day 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
216 2 an official institution / a state bureau 開府儀同三司
217 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 高祖御諸子以禮
218 2 西魏 Xī Wèi Western Wei Dynasty / Western Wei of the Northern Dynasties 聞西魏侵蜀
219 2 shì room / bedroom 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
220 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 光州刺史鄭安忠
221 2 night 常微行夜出
222 2 jiǎ armor 旌甲曜日
223 2 prison 世祖乃拔任約於獄
224 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 於是有司奏削爵土
225 2 to supervise 遷都督郢
226 2 wèi position / location / place 歷位寧遠將軍
227 2 Xūn Hunzhou people / Xunyu people 獯醜馮陵
228 2 shǎo few 少勤學
229 2 hurried / worried 來響急徘徊
230 2 guó a country / a nation 國之基也
231 2 private 綜乃私發齊東昏墓
232 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 豫章王綜
233 2 第二 dì èr second 高祖第二子也
234 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷亂百愁生
235 2 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如落葉不更齊
236 2 非一 fēi yī not unified / not the same 聽聽非一所
237 2 strong 政刑酷暴
238 2 hèn to resent / to hate 萬恨始纏
239 2 yún cloud 雲麾將軍
240 2 chí to grasp / to hold 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
241 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 雖復結壇待將
242 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
243 2 zōng school / sect 紹宗梁位唯武王
244 2 jìn to enter 尋進號北中郎將
245 2 to think / consider / to ponder 雲悲海思徒掩抑
246 2 huá Chinese 屬辭不好輕華
247 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 正德潛運空舫
248 2 piāo to float / to drift 漂漂孤雁何所棲
249 2 to protect / to guard 兼護軍將軍
250 2 móu to plan 無謀於魯肅
251 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善屬文
252 2 bǎi one hundred 歷亂百愁生
253 2 琅邪 lángxié Langye 琅邪彭城二郡太守
254 2 hòu after / later 高祖崩後
255 2 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 物情恇擾
256 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 甚苦大智
257 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 爲津吏所執
258 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 聞西魏侵蜀
259 2 qiān one thousand 雜彩千匹
260 2 a period of time / phase / stage 無有期度
261 2 ài to love 昔朋舊愛各東西
262 2 to break / to split / to smash 破之
263 2 zéi thief 申此讒賊
264 2 一部 yībù radical one 給鼓吹一部
265 2 xiāng Hunan 湘州刺史
266 2 gài a lid / top / cover 又見長人蓋屋
267 2 big / great / huge / large / major 降正德爲大司馬
268 2 force / compel / force 西魏將尉遲迥帥衆逼涪水
269 2 忿 fèn to get angry 輒忿恚形於顏色
270 2 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 河東起兵
271 2 younger brother 弟比何如
272 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 世祖乃拔任約於獄
273 2 idea 仍令喻意於紀
274 2 xìn a quarrel 慮有釁生
275 2 jiǎn to cut with scissors 鯨鯢未剪
276 2 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan 歷位寧遠將軍
277 2 evil / wrong / fraud 當有勞弊
278 2 to die 反爲譽所敗死
279 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 出爲宣惠將軍
280 2 nán male 幷殺一男
281 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 險阻備嘗
282 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 手貫流矢
283 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 綜懼南歸則無因復與寶寅相見
284 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 太尉
285 2 pèi to blend 撤禁兵以配之
286 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 直兵參軍徐怦並固諫
287 2 辛苦 xīnkǔ hard / exhausting 辛苦建章臺
288 2 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月日
289 2 第三 dì sān third 將軍樊猛獲紀及其第三子圓滿
290 2 yǒng brave / courageous 勢豈語勇
291 2 to punish / to penalize 龔行天罰
292 2 huā Hua 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
293 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog
294 2 封爵 fēngjué order of feudal nobility 有司奏削封爵
295 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 一止
296 2 liú Liu 幷遣宣猛將軍劉棻共約西赴
297 2 chén Chen 遂陳疑似之說
298 2 to trickle / to drip 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
299 2 chǒu ugly 獯醜馮陵
300 2 遷安 qiānān Qian'an 遷安右將軍
301 2 wealth / capital / money / expenses 專資一力
302 2 děng et cetera / and so on 都督益梁等十三州諸軍事
303 2 lǐng neck 領石頭戍軍事
304 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
305 2 liáng a bridge 都督益梁等十三州諸軍事
306 2 kōng empty / void / hollow 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
307 2 huī to wave / to brandish 梓潼二郡太守永豊侯撝征西大將軍
308 2 jīn gold 金貝殆竭
309 2 昭明太子 Zhāo Míng Tàizǐ Prince Zhao Ming 後立昭明太子
310 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 給鼓吹一部
311 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 參差定難數
312 2 shì a generation 豫章王綜字世謙
313 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 征西大將軍
314 2 zhào an imperial decree 俄有詔復之
315 2 江陵 Jiānglíng Jiangling 紀遣所署度支尚書樂奉業至于江陵
316 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
317 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
318 2 shǒu head 傳首荊鎮
319 2 yǐng Ying 遷都督郢
320 2 tǎo to seek 以討侯景爲名
321 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 今反誅之
322 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 膺此樂推
323 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 世祖憂焉
324 2 cháng to taste 嘗作
325 2 jīng brambles / thorns 將圖荊陝
326 2 yǐn to govern 丹陽尹
327 2 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
328 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒疲弊
329 2 dòng the main beams supporting a house 與蕭棟暗合
330 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 時陸納未平
331 2 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 紹宗梁位唯武王
332 2 zuǎn continue / carry on / succeed 綜乃改名纘
333 2 大智 dàzhì Mahāmati 甚苦大智
334 2 chì an imperial decree 每高祖有敕疏至
335 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 布絹三千匹
336 2 to stand 立子圓照爲皇太子
337 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第五十五
338 1 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
339 1 cǎi color 雜彩千匹
340 1 cháo nest 燒烏巢之米
341 1 章臺 zhāngtái Zhangtai [Street] 辛苦建章臺
342 1 何所 hésuǒ where / what place 漂漂孤雁何所棲
343 1 xuě snow 怨恥旣雪
344 1 零落 líng luò withered and fallen / scattered / sporadic 零落不可持
345 1 進取 jìnqǔ to forge ahead / to go forward / to be enterprising 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
346 1 窈窕 yǎotiǎo sweet, fair, and graceful (of a woman) / seductive / secluded 去聲懸窈窕
347 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 儻遣使乎
348 1 xiāo brave / strong 譽幼而驍勇
349 1 zǎo a jujube / a date 讓棗推梨
350 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 新除雍州刺史張纘密報世祖曰
351 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 迥分軍據守
352 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 及高祖踐極
353 1 今年 jīnnián this year 今年曰天正
354 1 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 友于兄弟
355 1 霜露 shuāng lù frost and dew / fig. difficult conditions 霜露之悲
356 1 xián salty / briny 內外咸有穢議
357 1 朝見 cháojiàn to have an audience (with the Emperor) 朝見不甚數
358 1 不軌 bùguǐ errant 恒懷不軌
359 1 年尊 niánzūn aged and respected / senior 今天子年尊
360 1 to consult / to confer 遣諮議周弘直至譽所
361 1 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang 鎮江以斷之
362 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招聚亡命
363 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 遣諮議周弘直至譽所
364 1 zuò to sit 坐揮八柄
365 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布絹三千匹
366 1 姦臣 jiānchén a treacherous official 姦臣亂國
367 1 次于 cìyú second after / second only to 紀次于西陵
368 1 家人 jiārén family members 報書如家人禮
369 1 qián money / currency 錢三百萬
370 1 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月了
371 1 mín the people / citizen / subjects 巴興民苻昇
372 1 歸心 guīxīn to convert 歸心大王
373 1 fine jade 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
374 1 曲阿 qǔ'ā Qu'a [county] 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
375 1 yǐn to drink 扣心飲膽
376 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 讓棗推梨
377 1 東西 dōngxī east and west 昔朋舊愛各東西
378 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 羯胡叛換
379 1 to look askance at / to glare at 䁹睨宮扆
380 1 微服 wēifú to wear plain clothes in order to go about incognito 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
381 1 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 改年爲正平元年
382 1 xún to inquire into / to ask about 武陵王紀字世詢
383 1 凶暴 xiōngbào brutal 而凶暴日甚
384 1 dàn dawn 嘗膽待旦
385 1 hòu thick 厚相要結
386 1 kuì a flooding river 將潰圍而出
387 1 yào glorious 旌甲曜日
388 1 chén dust / dirt 天下無塵
389 1 a human or animal body 以茲玉體
390 1 shí real / true 實思自奮
391 1 shǒu hand 手貫流矢
392 1 supreme ruler / emperor 當知在帝城
393 1 jìng to respect /to honor 皇帝敬問假黃鉞太尉武陵王
394 1 手制 shǒuzhì to make by hand / handmade 手制奔馬
395 1 高平 gāopíng Gaoping 高平公
396 1 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 景爲丞相
397 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 譽顧左右皆散
398 1 zhù to inject / to pour into
399 1 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
400 1 grave / tomb 綜乃私發齊東昏墓
401 1 martial / military 景雖不武
402 1 可愛 kěài cute / lovely 靃靡可愛
403 1 to ferry 以濟景焉
404 1 jiǒng embarrassed 譽窘急
405 1 gěi to give 給鼓吹一部
406 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 物情恇擾
407 1 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 錢三百萬
408 1 丁丑 Dīng Chǒu Ding Zhou year 丁丑
409 1 折桂 zhéguì to win the laurels / to pass an imperial examination / to win a championship 攀松折桂誰相許
410 1 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 將軍樊猛獲紀及其第三子圓滿
411 1 京邑 jīng yì capital city 侯景寇京邑
412 1 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 不拘禮節
413 1 qiè to steal 竊所痛心
414 1 dìng to decide 參差定難數
415 1 zào deputy / subordinate / concubine 宋簉
416 1 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 吾年爲一日之長
417 1 縱橫 zònghéng vertical and horizontal 縱橫去不歸
418 1 to defend / to resist 高祖御諸子以禮
419 1 shǔ glutinous millet 黍離王室
420 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
421 1 居民 jūmín resident 驅居民於城內
422 1 luǒ bare / nude 尚躶袒嬉戲於前
423 1 步兵 bùbīng infantry / foot soldier 世祖復於獄拔謝答仁爲步兵校尉
424 1 lǎn to look at / to watch / to view 正德覽書大喜曰
425 1 jīng stem / stalk 其莖四十有六
426 1 thing / matter 物情恇擾
427 1 a membrane lining inside a cylindrical stem / culm 巴興民苻昇
428 1 gōng to give / to present 龔行天罰
429 1 勤王 qín wáng to serve the king 遂不勤王赴難
430 1 岳陽 yuèyáng Yueyang 岳陽聚米
431 1 信州 xìnzhōu Xinzhou 又令信州刺史鮑泉討譽
432 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 申此讒賊
433 1 zhèng government / administration 政刑酷暴
434 1 依依 yīyī leaves stirring in the wind 依依別鶴夜半啼
435 1 jiā to press from either side / to sandwich 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
436 1 xíng appearance 輒忿恚形於顏色
437 1 xiōng elder brother 兄肥弟瘦
438 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 成其釁禍
439 1 遷西 qiānxī Qianxi 遷西中郎將
440 1 extravagant / go with fashion 靃靡可愛
441 1 天長 tiānzhǎng Tianchang 天長喪亂
442 1 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 季月煩暑
443 1 guān an office 得一見七官
444 1 桓玄 huánxuán Huan Xuan 昔桓玄年號大亨
445 1 wǎng to go (in a direction) 指宣往懷
446 1 huò to reap / to harvest 將軍樊猛獲紀及其第三子圓滿
447 1 horse 馬五十匹
448 1 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 爲津吏所執
449 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專資一力
450 1 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 仍令喻意於紀
451 1 shí ten 於是兩岸十餘城遂俱降
452 1 liáng provisions 督其糧衆
453 1 步道 bùdào path / walking path / pathway 因步道間還
454 1 bǐng handle / hilt 坐揮八柄
455 1 xué to study / to learn 少勤學
456 1 南梁 nánliáng Southern Liang 遣其將南梁州刺史譙淹迴軍赴援
457 1 zhù a pillar / a post 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
458 1 蒼生 cāngshēng vegetation grows 願王允副蒼生
459 1 àn dark / obscure 侯景意暗與我同
460 1 七千 qī qiān seven thousand 邑七千戶
461 1 to excel/to surpass/to be scattered 自九黎侵軼
462 1 féng feng 獯醜馮陵
463 1 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 各一年而滅
464 1 to covet / to long for 覬幸災變
465 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 都督揚南徐二州諸軍事
466 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 譽帥衆逆擊之
467 1 yán flame / blaze 隆暑炎赫
468 1 斬首 zhǎnshǒu to behead 斬首三千級
469 1 將士 jiāng shì officers and soldiers 城中將士死傷者太半
470 1 兩手 liǎng shǒu two hands 兩手據地瞰其齋
471 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 改其姓爲悖氏
472 1 chóu to worry about 歷亂百愁生
473 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time 當時見者莫不悲之
474 1 圓照 Yuán Zhào Yuan Zhao 立子圓照爲皇太子
475 1 zuǒ left 又加左衛將軍
476 1 矯詔 jiǎozhào the pretense of acting on imperial order 矯詔殺之
477 1 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 蕭寶寅在魏據長安反
478 1 永新 yǒngxīn Yongxin 封其子直爲永新侯
479 1 wén writing / text 在文爲
480 1 qiáo a drum tower 遣其將南梁州刺史譙淹迴軍赴援
481 1 Hebei 都督南兗兗徐青冀五州諸軍事
482 1 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 直兵參軍徐怦並固諫
483 1 gǒng to cup one's hands in salute 上林靜拱
484 1 míng bright / brilliant 乃與數騎夜奔于延明
485 1 fox 封狐千里
486 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 謂爲叔父
487 1 人生 rénshēng life 人生譬如此
488 1 shǎn Shaanxi 將圖荊陝
489 1 gǎn bold / brave 羣臣莫敢言者
490 1 喪亂 sàngluàn tragic disaster / disturbance and bloodshed 天長喪亂
491 1 fèn to strive / to exert effort 實思自奮
492 1 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 晝夜無別
493 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 列傳第四十九
494 1 chēng to call / to address 詐稱迎荻
495 1 kuāng to fear / to be apprehensive 物情恇擾
496 1 kuī to peep / to watch / to spy on / to pry 窺明鏡
497 1 yuè Yue 方與岳牧
498 1 suǒ a lock / a padlock / shackles / chains 攻絕鐵鏁
499 1 丙戌 bǐngxū twenty-third year C11 of the 60 year cycle 丙戌
500 1 主公 zhǔgōng Your Highness / Your Majesty 徐子初等斬紀硤口城主公孫晃

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 55 zhī him / her / them / that 宮中多疑之者
2 43 wèi for / to 出爲使持節
3 25 nián year 天監三年
4 24 his / hers / its / theirs 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
5 24 so as to / in order to 高祖御諸子以禮
6 24 wáng Wang 豫章王綜
7 21 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 仁威將軍
8 21 to record 武陵王紀
9 19 honor / reputation 河東王譽
10 19 yuē to speak / to say 大略曰
11 18 in / at 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
12 17 jūn army / military 兼護軍將軍
13 15 jǐng sunlight 侯景亂
14 15 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 南徐州刺史
15 15 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 魏將元法僧以彭城降
16 14 zōng to organize threads for weaving 豫章王綜
17 14 also / too 高祖第二子也
18 13 yǒu is / are / to exist 有才學
19 12 正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde 臨賀王正德
20 12 not / no 朝見不甚數
21 12 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 宮中多疑之者
22 12 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
23 12 no 晝夜無別
24 12 and 遂使人入北與之相知
25 12 yòu again / also 又遷安前將軍
26 11 chū to go out / to leave 出爲使持節
27 11 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖第二子也
28 11 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 七月而生綜
29 11 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 綜乃私發齊東昏墓
30 11 hóu marquis / lord 封其子直爲永新侯
31 11 child / son 高祖第二子也
32 10 again / more / repeatedly 復爲北中郎將
33 10 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂陳疑似之說
34 10 èr two 普通二年
35 9 wèi Wei Dynasty 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
36 9 chéng a city / a town 當知在帝城
37 9 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 悲落葉
38 9 fēng to seal / to close off 封豫章郡王
39 8 zhōu a state / a province 霍三州諸軍事
40 8 in / at 鎮于彭城
41 8 西 The West 征西大將軍
42 8 zhòng many / all 高祖乃令綜都督衆軍
43 8 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣其將南梁州刺史譙淹迴軍赴援
44 8 district / county 邑二千戶
45 8 落葉 luòyè deciduous 悲落葉
46 8 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 爲津吏所執
47 8 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 封爲武陵郡王
48 8 letter / symbol / character 豫章王綜字世謙
49 8 one 幷殺一男
50 8 naturally / of course / certainly 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
51 8 shén what 朝見不甚數
52 7 zài in / at 綜在徐州
53 7 this / these 聽此何窮極
54 7 tīng to listen 聽鐘鳴
55 7 rén person / people / a human being 遂使人入北與之相知
56 7 hái also / in addition / more 落葉何時還
57 7 to go / to visit / to attend 將赴之
58 7 quán fountain / spring 又令信州刺史鮑泉討譽
59 7 zhì to / until 至年十五六
60 7 nán south 都督南徐州諸軍事
61 7 dōng east 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
62 7 shì matter / thing / item 都督南徐州諸軍事
63 7 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 邑二千戶
64 6 shǔ Sichuan 紀乃僭號於蜀
65 6 already / de facto / since / then 旣長
66 6 tiān day 改年曰天正
67 6 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 幷殺一男
68 6 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 絕屬籍
69 6 諸軍 zhū jūn all armies 都督南徐州諸軍事
70 6 shū book 世祖與紀書曰
71 6 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
72 6 xiāo mournful / dejected 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
73 6 hào number 尋進號北中郎將
74 6 to reach 及淑媛寵衰怨望
75 6 even / equal / uniform 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
76 6 to allow / to permit 許舉鎮歸之
77 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 出爲使持節
78 6 zhèn town 鎮右將軍
79 6 day of the month / a certain day 五月日
80 5 huái bosom / breast 故綜懷之
81 5 xuān to declare / to announce 出爲宣惠將軍
82 5 qián front 又遷安前將軍
83 5 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督南徐州諸軍事
84 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改其姓爲悖氏
85 5 太守 tài shǒu Governor 琅邪彭城二郡太守
86 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 七月而生綜
87 5 中郎將 zhōnglángjiāng palace general 尋進號北中郎將
88 5 zhèng upright / straight 改年曰天正
89 5 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當知在帝城
90 5 běi north 尋進號北中郎將
91 5 wèi to call 謂爲叔父
92 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 魏將元法僧以彭城降
93 5 wén to hear 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
94 5 de potential marker 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
95 5 zhōng middle 天監中
96 5 持節 chíjié to travel in support of a festival 出爲使持節
97 5 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 入爲侍中
98 5 zhī to know 綜恒怨不見知
99 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 猶遣正德守朱雀航
100 4 liù six 至年十五六
101 4 to enter 入爲侍中
102 4 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 遂陳疑似之說
103 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 征西大將軍
104 4 sān three 天監三年
105 4 yān where / how 於是朝野屬意焉
106 4 chú except / besides 仍除征虜將軍
107 4 太清 tàiqīng the sky 及太清中
108 4 gòng together 夙昔共根本
109 4 zhōng clock 聽鐘鳴
110 4 xīn heart 扣心飲膽
111 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 而玄之敗實在仲春
112 4 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 殞愛子於二方
113 4 yuē approximately 世祖乃拔任約於獄
114 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 追爲齊東昏服斬衰
115 4 to reply / to answer 世祖復於獄拔謝答仁爲步兵校尉
116 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 遂使人入北與之相知
117 4 zhì to place / to lay out 置佐史
118 4 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 旣長
119 4 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 魏將元法僧以彭城降
120 4 gōng to attack / to assault 攻絕鐵鏁
121 4 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 置佐史
122 4 héng constant / regular / persistent 綜恒怨不見知
123 4 xu 都督南兗兗徐青冀五州諸軍事
124 4 河東 hédōng Hedong 河東王譽
125 4 bīng soldier / troops 高祖以連兵旣久
126 4 guī to go back / to return 許舉鎮歸之
127 4 yuàn to blame / to complain 及淑媛寵衰怨望
128 4 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 都督南徐州諸軍事
129 4 yīn because 綜懼南歸則無因復與寶寅相見
130 4 bào abalone 又令信州刺史鮑泉討譽
131 4 shǐ history 置佐史
132 4 二千 èr qiān two thousand 邑二千戶
133 4 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 羊五百口
134 4 sēng a monk 司馬王僧略
135 4 four 四年
136 4 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 聽鐘鳴
137 4 rén a kernel / a pit 仁威將軍
138 4 luàn chaotic / disorderly 歷亂百愁生
139 4 bèi by 身被屬甲
140 4 such as / for example / for instance 報書如家人禮
141 4 píng flat / level / smooth 平北將軍
142 4 a ceremonial vessel 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
143 4 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是有司奏削爵土
144 4 nèi inside / interior 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
145 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 蕭寶寅在魏據長安反
146 4 武陵王 wǔ língwáng Prince of Wuling 武陵王紀
147 3 jué absolutely 絕屬籍
148 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今反誅之
149 3 five 五年
150 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 將圖荊陝
151 3 淑媛 Shūyuán shuyuan / lday of chaste beauty 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
152 3 zhù to build / to construct 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
153 3 jiā to add 加使持節
154 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 無有期度
155 3 to congratulate 臨賀王正德
156 3 大王 dàwáng king 況大王屬當儲貳
157 3 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
158 3 wàn ten thousand 錢三百萬
159 3 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County 丹陽尹
160 3 ci 同茲清靜
161 3 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬王僧略
162 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 論和緝之計
163 3 suī although / even though 雖復結壇待將
164 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 直兵參軍徐怦並固諫
165 3 what / where / which 聽此何窮極
166 3 seven 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
167 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 幷殺一男
168 3 past / former times 昔朋舊愛各東西
169 3 zòu to present / to offer 於是有司奏削爵土
170 3 bone 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
171 3 jiàn to see 當時見者莫不悲之
172 3 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 後世祖又遣領軍將軍王僧辯代鮑泉攻譽
173 3 xiè to thank 世祖復於獄拔謝答仁爲步兵校尉
174 3 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 梁書卷第五十五
175 3 xuè blood 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
176 3 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監三年
177 3 to assemble / to meet together 聚蚊成雷
178 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 高祖乃令綜都督衆軍
179 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 紀帥軍東下至巴郡
180 3 tóng like / same / similar 開府儀同三司
181 3 shǐ beginning / start 萬恨始纏
182 3 business / industry 紀遣所署度支尚書樂奉業至于江陵
183 3 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
184 3 jiǔ old 高祖以連兵旣久
185 3 final particle 王不免矣
186 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 正德乃引軍與景俱進
187 3 tuī to push / to shove 膺此樂推
188 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 鮑泉度軍圍之
189 3 I / me / my 我勞如何
190 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 高平公
191 3 wàng to gaze / to look towards 及淑媛寵衰怨望
192 3 entirely / without exception 於是兩岸十餘城遂俱降
193 3 promptly / right away 卽爲父子
194 3 大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign 大通二年
195 3 jiàn to usurp 紀乃僭號於蜀
196 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 世祖乃拔任約於獄
197 3 réng yet / still / as ever 仍爲刺史
198 3 shēn to extend 以申其志
199 3 石頭 shítou rock / stone 領石頭戍軍事
200 3 zhēng to prove / to confirm 徵爲侍中
201 3 expresses question or doubt 其能久乎
202 3 huì can / be able to 會大舉北伐
203 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 綜旣不得志
204 3 yuán to aid / to assist 紀不赴援
205 3 according to 蕭寶寅在魏據長安反
206 3 néng can / able 其能久乎
207 3 軍事 jūnshì military / military affairs 領石頭戍軍事
208 3 shí time / a point or period of time 時年四十九
209 3 Xiá Xia 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
210 3 shore / land / continent 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
211 3 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋進號北中郎將
212 3 kòu bandit / thieve 三苗寇擾
213 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆有驗
214 3 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
215 3 shí a rock / a stone 流金爍石
216 3 十三 shísān thirteen 十三年
217 3 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 於是有司奏削爵土
218 3 shù to guard a border 領石頭戍軍事
219 3 普通 pǔtōng common / ordinary 普通二年
220 3 yuán won / yuan 圓正爲西陽王
221 3 shǔ to count 朝見不甚數
222 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 不亡何待
223 3 bié do not / must not 晝夜無別
224 3 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 潼州刺史楊乾運以城降之
225 3 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 布絹三千匹
226 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 成字曰
227 3 法和 Fǎhé Fahe 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
228 3 to look after / to attend to 乃眷西顧
229 3 èr two 紀以爲貳於己
230 3 zhí straight 封其子直爲永新侯
231 3 yóu also / as if / still 然猶無以自信
232 3 輕車 qīngchē a light carriage 輕車將軍
233 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 拒赤壁之兵
234 3 to take / to receive / to accept 時陸納未平
235 3 yín Third Earthly Branch 聞齊建安王蕭寶寅在魏
236 3 lín to face / to overlook 臨賀王正德
237 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 羊五百口
238 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 震太陽門
239 2 yǎn to establish 都督南兗兗徐青冀五州諸軍事
240 2 jiǒng distant / remote 西魏將尉遲迥帥衆逼涪水
241 2 shǔ scorching / hot 隆暑炎赫
242 2 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou 尋以其郡爲東揚州
243 2 chǔ to save / to deposit / to store 便希儲貳
244 2 to criticize 內外咸有穢議
245 2 chuán to transmit 誰憐傳漏子
246 2 to think over / to consider 慮有釁生
247 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
248 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷容色
249 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 瀝臂血試之
250 2 圓滿 yuánmǎn satisfactory 圓滿竟陵王
251 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 授散騎常侍
252 2 shí knowledge / understanding 識者謂之
253 2 益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou 益州刺史
254 2 天下 tiānxià China 天下無塵
255 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 遂拒而不許
256 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 綜恒怨不見知
257 2 shuāi to weaken / to decline 及淑媛寵衰怨望
258 2 xíng to walk / to move 龔行天罰
259 2 自此 zìcǐ since then / henceforth 自此常懷異志
260 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 無復相代之期
261 2 yòu right / right-hand 遷安右將軍
262 2 ancestor / forefather 時世祖軍于武城
263 2 how can it be that? 大王豈得顧此私情
264 2 shēn human body / torso 身被屬甲
265 2 record / register / list / census 絕屬籍
266 2 mìng life 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
267 2 shǐ arrow / dart 手貫流矢
268 2 gōng a palace 其母吳淑媛自齊東昏宮得幸於高祖
269 2 tái unit 臺城沒
270 2 ruì astute / perspicacious 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
271 2 to go 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
272 2 shòu to teach 尋改授持節
273 2 jié festival / a special day 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
274 2 an official institution / a state bureau 開府儀同三司
275 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 高祖御諸子以禮
276 2 西魏 Xī Wèi Western Wei Dynasty / Western Wei of the Northern Dynasties 聞西魏侵蜀
277 2 shì room / bedroom 恒於別室祠齊氏七廟
278 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 光州刺史鄭安忠
279 2 night 常微行夜出
280 2 jiǎ armor 旌甲曜日
281 2 prison 世祖乃拔任約於獄
282 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 於是有司奏削爵土
283 2 to supervise 遷都督郢
284 2 wèi position / location / place 歷位寧遠將軍
285 2 Xūn Hunzhou people / Xunyu people 獯醜馮陵
286 2 shǎo few 少勤學
287 2 hurried / worried 來響急徘徊
288 2 guó a country / a nation 國之基也
289 2 private 綜乃私發齊東昏墓
290 2 měi each / every 每出籓
291 2 豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang 豫章王綜
292 2 第二 dì èr second 高祖第二子也
293 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷亂百愁生
294 2 譬如 pìrú for examlpe 譬如落葉不更齊
295 2 非一 fēi yī not unified / not the same 聽聽非一所
296 2 strong 政刑酷暴
297 2 hèn to resent / to hate 萬恨始纏
298 2 yún cloud 雲麾將軍
299 2 chí to grasp / to hold 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
300 2 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 雖復結壇待將
301 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
302 2 zōng school / sect 紹宗梁位唯武王
303 2 jìn to enter 尋進號北中郎將
304 2 to think / consider / to ponder 雲悲海思徒掩抑
305 2 huá Chinese 屬辭不好輕華
306 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 正德潛運空舫
307 2 piāo to float / to drift 漂漂孤雁何所棲
308 2 to protect / to guard 兼護軍將軍
309 2 móu to plan 無謀於魯肅
310 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善屬文
311 2 bǎi one hundred 歷亂百愁生
312 2 琅邪 lángxié Langye 琅邪彭城二郡太守
313 2 hòu after / later 高祖崩後
314 2 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 物情恇擾
315 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 甚苦大智
316 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 爲津吏所執
317 2 lián even 高祖以連兵旣久
318 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 聞西魏侵蜀
319 2 qiān one thousand 雜彩千匹
320 2 a period of time / phase / stage 無有期度
321 2 ài to love 昔朋舊愛各東西
322 2 to break / to split / to smash 破之
323 2 zéi thief 申此讒賊
324 2 一部 yībù radical one 給鼓吹一部
325 2 xiāng Hunan 湘州刺史
326 2 méi not have 臺城沒
327 2 gài a lid / top / cover 又見長人蓋屋
328 2 big / great / huge / large / major 降正德爲大司馬
329 2 force / compel / force 西魏將尉遲迥帥衆逼涪水
330 2 忿 fèn to get angry 輒忿恚形於顏色
331 2 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 河東起兵
332 2 younger brother 弟比何如
333 2 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 世祖乃拔任約於獄
334 2 idea 仍令喻意於紀
335 2 xìn a quarrel 慮有釁生
336 2 jiǎn to cut with scissors 鯨鯢未剪
337 2 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan 歷位寧遠將軍
338 2 俄而 éér very soon / before long 俄而風樹之酷
339 2 evil / wrong / fraud 當有勞弊
340 2 to die 反爲譽所敗死
341 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 出爲宣惠將軍
342 2 nán male 幷殺一男
343 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 險阻備嘗
344 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 手貫流矢
345 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 綜懼南歸則無因復與寶寅相見
346 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 太尉
347 2 pèi to blend 撤禁兵以配之
348 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 直兵參軍徐怦並固諫
349 2 辛苦 xīnkǔ hard / exhausting 辛苦建章臺
350 2 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月日
351 2 第三 dì sān third 將軍樊猛獲紀及其第三子圓滿
352 2 yǒng brave / courageous 勢豈語勇
353 2 to punish / to penalize 龔行天罰
354 2 huā Hua 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
355 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog
356 2 封爵 fēngjué order of feudal nobility 有司奏削封爵
357 2 xià next 連翩下重疊
358 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 一止
359 2 cóng from 譽並不從
360 2 liú Liu 幷遣宣猛將軍劉棻共約西赴
361 2 chén Chen 遂陳疑似之說
362 2 shéi who / whoever 誰憐傳漏子
363 2 to trickle / to drip 聞俗說以生者血瀝死者骨
364 2 chǒu ugly 獯醜馮陵
365 2 遷安 qiānān Qian'an 遷安右將軍
366 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 魏將元法僧以彭城降
367 2 wealth / capital / money / expenses 專資一力
368 2 děng et cetera / and so on 都督益梁等十三州諸軍事
369 2 lǐng neck 領石頭戍軍事
370 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 與魏將安豊王元延明相持
371 2 liáng a bridge 都督益梁等十三州諸軍事
372 2 kōng empty / void / hollow 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
373 2 huī to wave / to brandish 梓潼二郡太守永豊侯撝征西大將軍
374 2 jīn gold 金貝殆竭
375 2 昭明太子 Zhāo Míng Tàizǐ Prince Zhao Ming 後立昭明太子
376 2 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 梓潼二郡太守永豊侯撝征西大將軍
377 2 meter 燒烏巢之米
378 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 給鼓吹一部
379 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 參差定難數
380 2 shì a generation 豫章王綜字世謙
381 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 征西大將軍
382 2 zhào an imperial decree 俄有詔復之
383 2 江陵 Jiānglíng Jiangling 紀遣所署度支尚書樂奉業至于江陵
384 2 lěi a rampart / a military wall 世祖命護軍將軍陸法和於硤口夾岸築二壘
385 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
386 2 shǒu head 傳首荊鎮
387 2 yǐng Ying 遷都督郢
388 2 tǎo to seek 以討侯景爲名
389 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 今反誅之
390 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 膺此樂推
391 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 世祖憂焉
392 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常微行夜出
393 2 cháng to taste 嘗作
394 2 jīng brambles / thorns 將圖荊陝
395 2 yǐn to govern 丹陽尹
396 2 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
397 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒疲弊
398 2 dòng the main beams supporting a house 與蕭棟暗合
399 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 世祖知紀必破
400 2 and 論和緝之計
401 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 時陸納未平
402 2 武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou 紹宗梁位唯武王
403 2 zuǎn continue / carry on / succeed 綜乃改名纘
404 2 大智 dàzhì Mahāmati 甚苦大智
405 2 chì an imperial decree 每高祖有敕疏至
406 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 布絹三千匹
407 2 to stand 立子圓照爲皇太子
408 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第五十五
409 2 each 昔朋舊愛各東西
410 1 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花
411 1 cǎi color 雜彩千匹
412 1 cháo nest 燒烏巢之米
413 1 章臺 zhāngtái Zhangtai [Street] 辛苦建章臺
414 1 何所 hésuǒ where / what place 漂漂孤雁何所棲
415 1 this 鑒斯誠款
416 1 xuě snow 怨恥旣雪
417 1 零落 líng luò withered and fallen / scattered / sporadic 零落不可持
418 1 進取 jìnqǔ to forge ahead / to go forward / to be enterprising 紀將侯叡率衆緣山將規進取
419 1 窈窕 yǎotiǎo sweet, fair, and graceful (of a woman) / seductive / secluded 去聲懸窈窕
420 1 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 儻遣使乎
421 1 xiāo brave / strong 譽幼而驍勇
422 1 zǎo a jujube / a date 讓棗推梨
423 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 新除雍州刺史張纘密報世祖曰
424 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 迥分軍據守
425 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 及高祖踐極
426 1 今年 jīnnián this year 今年曰天正
427 1 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 友于兄弟
428 1 霜露 shuāng lù frost and dew / fig. difficult conditions 霜露之悲
429 1 self 紀以爲貳於己
430 1 xián salty / briny 內外咸有穢議
431 1 朝見 cháojiàn to have an audience (with the Emperor) 朝見不甚數
432 1 不軌 bùguǐ errant 恒懷不軌
433 1 年尊 niánzūn aged and respected / senior 今天子年尊
434 1 to consult / to confer 遣諮議周弘直至譽所
435 1 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang 鎮江以斷之
436 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 招聚亡命
437 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 遣諮議周弘直至譽所
438 1 zuò to sit 坐揮八柄
439 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布絹三千匹
440 1 姦臣 jiānchén a treacherous official 姦臣亂國
441 1 次于 cìyú second after / second only to 紀次于西陵
442 1 家人 jiārén family members 報書如家人禮
443 1 qián money / currency 錢三百萬
444 1 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 二月了
445 1 jiān simultaneously 兼護軍將軍
446 1 mín the people / citizen / subjects 巴興民苻昇
447 1 歸心 guīxīn to convert 歸心大王
448 1 fine jade 懷瑾握瑜空擲去
449 1 曲阿 qǔ'ā Qu'a [county] 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
450 1 yǐn to drink 扣心飲膽
451 1 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 讓棗推梨
452 1 東西 dōngxī east and west 昔朋舊愛各東西
453 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 羯胡叛換
454 1 to look askance at / to glare at 䁹睨宮扆
455 1 微服 wēifú to wear plain clothes in order to go about incognito 又微服至曲阿拜齊明帝陵
456 1 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 改年爲正平元年
457 1 xún to inquire into / to ask about 武陵王紀字世詢
458 1 凶暴 xiōngbào brutal 而凶暴日甚
459 1 dàn dawn 嘗膽待旦
460 1 hòu thick 厚相要結
461 1 kuì a flooding river 將潰圍而出
462 1 qiān all / unanimous 僉曰
463 1 yào glorious 旌甲曜日
464 1 chén dust / dirt 天下無塵
465 1 suddenly / abruptly 何忽隸人
466 1 a human or animal body 以茲玉體
467 1 shí real / true 實思自奮
468 1 shǒu hand 手貫流矢
469 1 supreme ruler / emperor 當知在帝城
470 1 jìng to respect /to honor 皇帝敬問假黃鉞太尉武陵王
471 1 手制 shǒuzhì to make by hand / handmade 手制奔馬
472 1 高平 gāopíng Gaoping 高平公
473 1 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 景爲丞相
474 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 譽顧左右皆散
475 1 zhù to inject / to pour into
476 1 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
477 1 grave / tomb 綜乃私發齊東昏墓
478 1 martial / military 景雖不武
479 1 可愛 kěài cute / lovely 靃靡可愛
480 1 to ferry 以濟景焉
481 1 jiǒng embarrassed 譽窘急
482 1 gěi to give 給鼓吹一部
483 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 物情恇擾
484 1 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 錢三百萬
485 1 丁丑 Dīng Chǒu Ding Zhou year 丁丑
486 1 折桂 zhéguì to win the laurels / to pass an imperial examination / to win a championship 攀松折桂誰相許
487 1 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 將軍樊猛獲紀及其第三子圓滿
488 1 京邑 jīng yì capital city 侯景寇京邑
489 1 wěi yes 紹宗梁位唯武王
490 1 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 不拘禮節
491 1 qiè to steal 竊所痛心
492 1 dìng to decide 參差定難數
493 1 zào deputy / subordinate / concubine 宋簉
494 1 rán correct / right / certainly 然猶無以自信
495 1 如何 rúhé how / what way / what 我勞如何
496 1 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 吾年爲一日之長
497 1 縱橫 zònghéng vertical and horizontal 縱橫去不歸
498 1 to defend / to resist 高祖御諸子以禮
499 1 shǔ glutinous millet 黍離王室
500 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 內寢柏殿柱繞節生花

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安西 Ānxī Anxi
巴郡 bājùn Ba commandery
巴西 bāxī Brazil
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
蚩尤 Chī Yóu Chi You
赤壁 chìbì
  1. Chibi
  2. Chibi / Red Cliff
大通 Dà Tōng Da Tong reign
丹阳 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
德文 déwén German (language)
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
法和 Fǎhé Fahe
涪江 Fú Jiāng Fu River / Fujiang
抚军 撫軍 fǔjūn Captain / Commander
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
光州 Guāng Zhōu Gwangju
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
桓玄 huánxuán Huan Xuan
惠王 Huì Wáng
  1. King Hui of Zhou
  2. King Hui of Zhou
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
建安 jiàn'ān Jianan
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江陵 Jiānglíng
  1. Jiangling
  2. Gangneung
江州 jiāngzhōu
  1. Jiangzhou
  2. Jiuzhou
羯胡 jiéhú Jie people
晋安 晉安 jìnān Jin'an
竟陵 jìnglíng Jingling
会稽 會稽 Kuàijī Kuaiji Mountain
琅邪 lángxié Langye
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
连城 連城 liánchéng Liancheng
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁书 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang
临城 臨城 línchéng Lincheng
临川 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
鲁肃 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing
Mín Min
慕容 Mùróng Murong
南梁 nánliáng Southern Liang
南谯 南譙 nánqiáo Nanqiao
宁远 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
齐明帝 齊明帝 qí míngdì Emperor Ming of Southern Qi
迁安 遷安 qiānān Qian'an
迁西 遷西 qiānxī Qianxi
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
曲阿县 曲阿縣 qǔāxiàn Qu'a county
上林 shànglín Shanglin
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
所多 suǒduō Soto
太守 tài shǒu Governor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
天长 天長 tiānzhǎng Tianchang
王敦 wángdūn Wang Dun
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文才 Wén Cái Wen Cai
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武陵王 wǔ língwáng Prince of Wuling
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
吴郡 吳郡 Wújùn Wujun
武陵 wǔlíng Wuling
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
东魏 東魏 Xī Wèi Eastern Wei Dynasty / Eastern Wei of the Northern Dynasties
xiāng
  1. Hunan
  2. Xiang dialect
西陵 Xīlíng Xiling
信州 xìnzhōu Xinzhou
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
xún
  1. Xun
  2. Xun [state]
  3. a kind of plant
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
兖州 兗州 Yǎnzhōu
  1. Yanzhou
  2. Yanzhou
宜都 Yídū Yidu
yǐng Ying
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
永新 yǒngxīn Yongxin
雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou
圆照 圓照 Yuán Zhào Yuan Zhao
尉迟 尉遲 yùchí Yuchi
岳阳 岳陽 yuèyáng Yueyang
豫章 yùzhāng Yuzhang
豫章郡 yùzhāng jùn Yuzhang Commandery
昭明太子 Zhāo Míng Tàizǐ Prince Zhao Ming
正德 Zhèngdé Emperor Zhengde
正平 zhèngpíng Zhengping reign
镇江 鎮江 zhènjiāng Zhenjiang
枝江 Zhījiāng Zhijiang
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
梓潼 zǐtóng Zitong

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English