Glossary and Vocabulary for Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹四書章句集注, 《衛靈公第十五》 Commentary on Wei Ling Gong XV

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 45 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
2 43 yuē to speak / to say 尹氏曰
3 39 rén person / people / a human being 人不能遍觀而盡識
4 29 xíng to walk / to move 明日遂行
5 28 yán to speak / to say / said 言君子固有窮時
6 26 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子亦有窮乎
7 26 zhī to know 夫子欲其知所本也
8 22 rén a kernel / a pit 無求生以害仁
9 21 dào way / road / path 聖人之道大矣
10 19 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 尹氏曰
11 18 jiàn to see 起也子路慍見曰
12 17 xué to study / to learn 未之學也
13 17 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋其積學功至
14 15 Germany 德輶如毛
15 14 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 工欲善其事
16 14 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 愚謂聖人當行而行
17 13 zài in / at 子張意在得行於外
18 13 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
19 13 wèn to ask 衛靈公問陳於孔子
20 13 néng can / able 莫能興
21 13 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 宜其以為多學而識之也
22 13 wèi to call 謂軍師行伍之列
23 12 shì matter / thing / item 俎豆之事
24 12 xīn heart 則於其心有不安矣
25 12 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 衛靈公問陳於孔子
26 12 mín the people / citizen / subjects 聖人德盛而民化
27 11 jìng to respect /to honor 聖人敬德之容
28 11 big / great / huge / large / major 聖人之道大矣
29 11 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子欲其知所本也
30 11 shí time / a point or period of time 言君子固有窮時
31 10 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 雖欲頃刻離之而不可得
32 10 è evil / vice 惡能如此
33 9 meaning / sense 須是實見得生不重於義
34 9 shí real / true 不能知其意味之實也
35 9 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢之學
36 9 honor / reputation 故違道干譽
37 9 fàng to put / to place 不若小人窮則放溢為非
38 9 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 然其為物小
39 8 desire 夫子欲其知所本也
40 8 idea 猶問達之意也
41 8 can / may / permissible 則可卷而懷之
42 8 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人窮斯濫矣
43 8 wén writing / text 蓋亦以為文而得其中也
44 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 賢遍反
45 8 serious / critical 行篤敬
46 8 bāng nation / country / state 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
47 8 qiú to request 由是求之
48 7 cān to take part in / to participate 則見其參於前也
49 7 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 不待其問而直告之以此
50 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 法立而能守
51 7 to reach 吾猶及史之闕文也
52 7 zhèng upright / straight 恭己正南面而已矣
53 7 xián virtuous / worthy 賢遍反
54 7 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
55 7 hǎo good 吾未見好德如好色者也
56 7 yīn sound / noise 音汝
57 7 zhòng many / numerous 如天之於眾形
58 7 one 予一以貫之
59 7 zhì matter / material / substance 質美者明得盡
60 7 a carriage / a chariot 乘殷之輅
61 7 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周以子為天正也
62 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 人不能遍觀而盡識
63 7 a man / a male adult 夫何為哉
64 7 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
65 7 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 則過侈而易敗
66 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 故孔子斟酌先王之禮
67 6 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 而三代迭用之
68 6 to stand
69 6 chēng to call / to address 獨稱舜者
70 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 必有近憂
71 6 zhuāng a village 其次惟莊敬以持養之
72 6 shēn human body / torso 故夫子反於身而言之
73 6 xià summer 行夏之時
74 6 zhí straight 不待其問而直告之以此
75 6 child / son 二子所學之淺深
76 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人不能遍觀而盡識
77 6 水火 shuǐ huǒ water and fire 甚於水火
78 6 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 則人之所見如此而已
79 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
80 6 shī teacher 當仁不讓於師
81 6 yuǎn far / distant 遠佞人
82 6 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 言忠信
83 5 xìn to believe / to trust 方信而忽疑
84 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 無為而治者
85 5 可見 kějiàn can be understood 於此可見
86 5 shī to lose 失人
87 5 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 隨其所在
88 5 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
89 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡四十一章
90 5 wài outside 子張意在得行於外
91 5 鄭聲 zhèngshēng Songs of Zheng 放鄭聲
92 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未之學也
93 5 sūn Sun 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
94 5 shí knowledge / understanding 女以予為多學而識之者與
95 5 祿 good fortune 祿在其中矣
96 5 responsibility / duty 躬自厚而薄責於人
97 5 miǎn crown 服周之冕
98 5 thing / matter 匪物物刻而雕之也
99 5 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者宜深味之
100 5 nìng to flatter / to praise 遠佞人
101 5 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 君子亦有窮乎
102 5 huǐ to destroy 誰毀誰譽
103 5 shāng commerce / trade 商以丑為地正
104 5 to die 既死猶以尸諫
105 5 xùn to yield 出之必以退遜
106 4 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 而可大受也
107 4 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 無道之君也
108 4 cháng to taste 夫子嘗謂子貢悅不若己者
109 4 to take / to get / to fetch 蓋取其時之正與其令之善
110 4 shí food / food and drink 吾嘗終日不食
111 4 hòu thick 厚也
112 4 沒世 mòshì to die 君子疾沒世而名不稱焉
113 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 而子貢終亦不能如曾子之唯也
114 4 shǐ arrow / dart 如矢
115 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 女以予為多學而識之者與
116 4 silent 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
117 4 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂聖人當行而行
118 4 hair 故問以發之
119 4 method / way 治之法也
120 4 chén Chen 衛靈公問陳於孔子
121 4 史魚 shǐyú Shi Yu 直哉史魚
122 4 to think / consider / to ponder 切問而近思
123 4 private 私智也
124 4 dòng to move / to act 動之不以禮
125 4 見得 jiànde to seem / to appear / (in a negative or interrogative sentence) to be sure 實見得是
126 4 móu to plan 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
127 4 reason / logic / truth 實理得之於心自別
128 4 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 子張問行
129 4 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
130 4 yàn false / artificial / fake 不莊以贋之
131 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今此之人也
132 4 yán color 則顏曾以下諸子所學之淺深
133 4 不以 bùyǐ not because of 君子不以言舉人
134 4 to doubt / to disbelieve 方信而忽疑
135 4 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 無為而治者
136 3 huì intelligent / clever 好行小慧
137 3 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 故夫子反於身而言之
138 3 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 故我今亦不得而枉其是非之實也
139 3 héng to weigh 則見其倚於衡也
140 3 a banquet 則患在几席之下矣
141 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
142 3 soil / ground / land 地闢於丑
143 3 tiān day 如天之於眾形
144 3 tuī to push / to shove 推己及物
145 3 仁者 rénzhe compassionate one / benevolent one / a compassionate person 友其士之仁者
146 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 復有志於戰伐之事
147 3 hóng liberal / great 非道弘人
148 3 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日不謹
149 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 亦其事也
150 3 liǔ willow 知柳下惠之賢
151 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處困而亨
152 3 easy / simple 則過侈而易敗
153 3 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 衛靈公第十五
154 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 蓋始異其制也
155 3 mán Man people 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
156 3 zuò to do 然時以作事
157 3 to give 女以予為多學而識之者與
158 3 to assist /to help 音扶
159 3 在其中 zàiqízhōng therein / wherein 餒在其中矣
160 3 hài to injure / to harm to 無求生以害仁
161 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 無所怨悔
162 3 jìn nearby 學要鞭辟近裏
163 3 qiè to steal 臧文仲其竊位者與
164 3 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
165 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 不明之罪小
166 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 能使人喪其所守
167 3 to attain / to reach 猶問達之意也
168 3 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 孔子之於曾子
169 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 須是實見得生不重於義
170 3 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 知柳下惠之賢
171 3 hòu after / later
172 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 熟思而審處之辭也
173 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 必察焉
174 3 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如是而妄行
175 3 disease / sickness / ailment 君子疾沒世而名不稱焉
176 3 juǎn to coil / to roll 則可卷而懷之
177 3 yào to want / to wish for 學要鞭辟近裏
178 3 gǎi to change / to alter 過而不改
179 3 wèi position / location / place 臧文仲其竊位者與
180 3 shǐ history
181 3 sentence
182 3 yín Third Earthly Branch 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
183 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 學者宜深味之
184 3 wáng to die 亡百反
185 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 而於此又以告顏子也
186 3 shì to test / to try / to experiment 其有所試矣
187 3 huái bosom / breast 則可卷而懷之
188 3 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 是蔽賢也
189 3 大夫 dàifu doctor 衛大夫
190 3 róng to hold / to contain 聖人敬德之容
191 3 gas / vapour / fumes 蓋氣習之偏
192 2 Shandong 魯大夫展獲
193 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆之事
194 2 báo thin / slight / weak 躬自厚而薄責於人
195 2 謀食 móushí to make a living / to strive to earn a living 君子謀道不謀食
196 2 yǒng brave / courageous 匹夫之勇皆是
197 2 有志 yǒuzhì to be ambitious / to be devoted 有志之士
198 2 female / feminine 女以予為多學而識之者與
199 2 殺人 shārén to murder 況水火或有時而殺人
200 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者以木為車而已
201 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 邦有道
202 2 jiē stairs / steps 及階
203 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 則顏曾以下諸子所學之淺深
204 2 固窮 gùqióng to endure poverty stoically 君子固窮
205 2 歲首 suìshǒu start of the year 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
206 2 hún muddy / turbid 查滓便渾化
207 2 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 惟仁者能好惡人
208 2 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 君子矜而不爭
209 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 故孔子以為不仁
210 2 thin / slender 蓋雖細故
211 2 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 是不明也
212 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 則患在几席之下矣
213 2 qián front 則見其參於前也
214 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 雖欲頃刻離之而不可得
215 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 正而固也
216 2 言不及義 yán bù jí yì to talk nonsense / frivolous talk 言不及義
217 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 而其類有善惡之殊者
218 2 quán perfect 則心安而德全矣
219 2 zhí office / post 而又得人以任眾職
220 2 shēn deep 學者宜深味之
221 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 聖人德盛而民化
222 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 至周始備
223 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭己正南面而已矣
224 2 sān three 故斗柄建此三辰之月
225 2 不待 bù dài not need 不待其問而直告之以此
226 2 失言 shīyán slip of the tongue / indiscretion / to blurt out a secret 失言
227 2 shū book 子張書諸紳
228 2 to rely on / to depend on 則見其倚於衡也
229 2 chǒu ugly 地闢於丑
230 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 祭服之冠也
231 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以為小節而忽之也
232 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方信而忽疑
233 2 jiàn to build / to construct 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
234 2 gàn a tree trunk 故以為質榦
235 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 故雖華而不為靡
236 2 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 則於其心有不安矣
237 2 shēn gentry 子張書諸紳
238 2 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言亂德
239 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 無私曲也
240 2 chí to grasp / to hold 其次惟莊敬以持養之
241 2 sàng to lose / to die 能使人喪其所守
242 2 李氏 lǐshì the Korean Yi or Lee Dynasty 李氏曰
243 2 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 子貢問曰
244 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
245 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂則韶舞
246 2 yùn to be indignant / to be feel hurt 起也子路慍見曰
247 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a skilled worker 工欲善其事
248 2 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 吾見蹈而死者矣
249 2 liàng to excuse / to forgive 君子貞而不諒
250 2 善惡 shàn è good and evil 而其類有善惡之殊者
251 2 直道而行 Zhí Dào ér xíng to go straight / to act with integrity 三代之所以直道而行也
252 2 bǎi one hundred 亡百反
253 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 從者病
254 2 淺深 qiǎnshēn depth 二子所學之淺深
255 2 to fly 蓋氣習之偏
256 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 明日遂行
257 2 zhòng middle brother 臧文仲其竊位者與
258 2 其中 qízhōng among 為質而得其中也
259 2 Shùn Emperor Shun 其舜也與
260 2 road / path / way 音路
261 2 nèi inside / interior 敬以直內
262 2 shì an official 則仕
263 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群而不黨
264 2 něi hungry / starving / famished 餒在其中矣
265 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 莫能興
266 2 yuè month 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
267 2 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 故尤不見其有為之跡也
268 2 成仁 chéngrén to work towards a good cause / to die for a good cause 有殺身以成仁
269 2 blind 瞽者
270 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 故尤不見其有為之跡也
271 2 弘道 hóngdào Hongdao 人能弘道
272 2 guàn to go through 予一以貫之
273 2 to go 故答以未學而去之
274 2 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 君子矜而不爭
275 2 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 則過侈而易敗
276 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 孔子去衛適陳
277 2 蘧伯玉 qú bóyù Qu Boyu 君子哉蘧伯玉
278 2 求生 qiú shēng seeking rebirth 無求生以害仁
279 2 sufficient / enough 容足之外
280 2 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 三代之所以直道而行也
281 2 對曰 duì yuē to reply 孔子對曰
282 2 wáng Wang 顏子王佐之才
283 2 to reply / to answer 故答以未學而去之
284 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
285 2 a song 無私曲也
286 2 顏淵 yányuān Yan Yuan 顏淵問為邦
287 2 wood / lumber 木輅也
288 2 měi beautiful 質美者明得盡
289 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難矣哉
290 2 病人 bìngrén a patient / a sick person / the sick 不病人之不己知也
291 2 zāng a slave 臧文仲其竊位者與
292 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 君子貞而不諒
293 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
294 2 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 在輿
295 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 故夫子歷言之
296 2 increase / benefit 故身益修
297 2 dǎo to stamp feet 吾見蹈而死者矣
298 2 a chopping board or block 俎豆之事
299 2 zuò to sit 皆坐
300 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 特垂語以教人爾
301 2 děng et cetera / and so on 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
302 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 夏以寅為人正
303 2 different / other 蓋始異其制也
304 2 end / final stage / latter part 吾末如之何也已矣
305 2 xiān fresh / new / delicious 知德者鮮矣
306 2 jiǔ old 及其久也
307 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨也
308 2 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 道不同
309 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 若不知賢
310 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 讀如毋往參焉之參
311 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 無道之君也
312 2 to overflow 溢也
313 2 gēng to plow / to till 耕也
314 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 說見第四篇
315 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 德輶如毛
316 2 pín poor / impoverished 君子憂道不憂貧
317 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 史魚自以不能進賢退不肖
318 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 有殺身以成仁
319 2 xiè to thank 謝氏曰
320 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 吾猶及史之闕文也
321 2 horse 有馬者借人乘之
322 2 dǎng political party 群而不黨
323 2 斗柄 dòubǐng handle of the Big Dipper 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
324 2 可知 kězhī evidently / clearly / no wonder 則無為善之實可知矣
325 2 dài dangerous / perilous 佞人殆
326 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 人不能遍觀而盡識
327 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 有志之士
328 2 人為 rénwèi man-made 則歲月自當以人為紀
329 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 起也子路慍見曰
330 2 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人易從
331 2 jiè to lend / to borrow 有馬者借人乘之
332 2 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 謂義理之得於己者
333 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 故身益修
334 2 shǐ beginning / start 蓋始異其制也
335 2 làn to flood / to overflow 小人窮斯濫矣
336 1 好色 hàosè to want sex / to be given to lust 吾未見好德如好色者也
337 1 辟邪 bìxié bixie / a mythical animal that brings luck 則放辟邪侈之心滋
338 1 省察 shěngchá to examine oneself / to reflect on one's shortcomings 無不存心省察如此
339 1 xiá narrow / limited 小人雖器量淺狹
340 1 乖戾 guāilì perverse (behavior) / disagreeable (character) 然無乖戾之心
341 1 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日遂行
342 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚曰惠
343 1 to cut down 復有志於戰伐之事
344 1 kāi to open 天開於子
345 1 第四 dì sì fourth / the fourth is 說見第四篇
346 1 盡善盡美 jìn shàn jìn měi perfect / perfection / the best of all possible worlds / as good as it gets 取其盡善盡美
347 1 成德 chéngdé to be mature in morality 則成德之人也
348 1 seven 七南反
349 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 則已緩矣
350 1 yún cloud 猶曰鼓舞而作興之云爾
351 1 實相 shíxiàng dharmatā / true appearance / the nature of things / the ultimate essence of things 而義實相足
352 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
353 1 to think over / to consider 故慮不在千里之外
354 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 而行之必有節文
355 1 可觀 kěguān worth viewing 蓋君子於細事未必可觀
356 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 聖門學者
357 1 xiān first 必先利其器
358 1 出處 chūchù source / origin 伯玉出處
359 1 níng peaceful 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
360 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
361 1 無益 wúyì to be no good / to not be beneficial 無益
362 1 fěi a bandit 匪物物刻而雕之也
363 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 其次惟莊敬以持養之
364 1 shū different / special / unusual 而其類有善惡之殊者
365 1 無所不至 wú suǒ bù zhì to reach everywhere / to stop at nothing / to do one's utmost 無所不至
366 1 qiǎn shallow 小人雖器量淺狹
367 1 suí to follow 隨其所在
368 1 成就 chéngjiù accomplishment / success / achievement 只是成就一箇是而已
369 1 不舉 bùjǔ erectile dysfunction / impotence 知而不舉
370 1 不求人 bùqiúrén backscratcher 不求人知
371 1 道體 dàotǐ road surface 而道體無為
372 1 chén Fifth Earthly Branch 故斗柄建此三辰之月
373 1 to walk on / to tread 人之所履者
374 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而不當復論其類之惡矣
375 1 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule everything under Heaven 故問治天下之道
376 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 不可強解
377 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
378 1 zhù to help / to assist 助也
379 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 則民不敬
380 1 precious 伯玉出處
381 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 事其大夫之賢者
382 1 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京
383 1 gōng merit 蓋其積學功至
384 1 志士仁人 zhìshì rén rén gentleman aspiring to benevolence / people with lofty ideals 志士仁人
385 1 鰥寡 guānguǎ a widower 聖人不侮鰥寡
386 1 小不忍則亂大謀 xiǎo bù rěn zé luàn dà móu great plans can be ruined by just a touch of impatience 小不忍則亂大謀
387 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後可免於亂世
388 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
389 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 而私欲間之
390 1 自得 zì dé to be self satisfied 不如遜志而自得也
391 1 to give / to bestow favors 賜也
392 1 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian 史魚自以不能進賢退不肖
393 1 隕命 yǔnmìng to die / to perish 古人有捐軀隕命者
394 1 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔顏雖不得行之於時
395 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
396 1 jié festival / a special day 謂義理之節文
397 1 huá Chinese 故雖華而不為靡
398 1 yáo Yao 紹堯之後
399 1 to read 讀如毋往參焉之參
400 1 tīng to listen 聽之使人喪其所守
401 1 改則 gǎizé Gerze 惟不改則其過遂成
402 1 不遜 bùxùn rude / impertinent 則不可不遜
403 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 其施不窮
404 1 家語 Jiā Yǔ Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples 事見家語
405 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 虞夏君臣更相飭戒
406 1 群居 qúnjū to live together 群居終日
407 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 不出乎此
408 1 wide / broad 然聖人豈務博者哉
409 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 孔子告以求仁之方也
410 1 zhào million / mega 發此以為之兆爾
411 1 並立 bìng lì to exist simultaneously 謂與之並立於朝
412 1 a law / a rule 學要鞭辟近裏
413 1 作意 zuò yì attention / engagement 非作意而為之
414 1 diāo to engrave / to carve 匪物物刻而雕之也
415 1 inside / interior 學要鞭辟近裏
416 1 之上 zhīshàng above 而加於眾體之上
417 1 letter / symbol / character 字禽
418 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 皆因時損益
419 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 乃其氣稟學問之小疵
420 1 人性 rénxìng humanity 人性皆善
421 1 篤志 dǔzhì steadfast / with single-minded devotion 博學而篤志
422 1 to store 蓋其積學功至
423 1 a flaw / a defect 乃其氣稟學問之小疵
424 1 kuò wide / open / empty 廓而大之也
425 1 存心 cúnxīn deliberate / attentive 無不存心省察如此
426 1 a human or animal body 而加於眾體之上
427 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 則法壞矣
428 1 軍旅 jūnlǚ an army 軍旅之事
429 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 處困而亨
430 1 審處 shěn chù to deliberate and decide / to try and punish / trial and execution 熟思而審處之辭也
431 1 qiē to cut / to mince / to slice / to carve 切問而近思
432 1 guān an office 有官守者修其職
433 1 clothes / dress / garment 服周之冕
434 1 一言一行 yī yán yī xíng every word and action 然後一言一行
435 1 jiǎn to check 性不知檢其心
436 1 gōng body 躬自厚而薄責於人
437 1 變亂 biànluàn turmoil / social upheaval 變亂是非
438 1 達意 dáyì to express or convey one's ideas 取達意而止
439 1 business / industry 業可大
440 1 舉人 jǔrén juren / a successful candidate in the imperial provincial examination 君子不以言舉人
441 1 xíng appearance 如天之於眾形
442 1 不易 bùyì not easy to/ difficult / unchanging 此所謂百王不易之大法
443 1 其次 qícì secondary 其次惟莊敬以持養之
444 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 稱人之惡而損其真
445 1 chéng to fill 聖人德盛而民化
446 1 miǎn to encourage 此夫子勉人為仁之語
447 1 禮器 lǐqì ritual object / sacrificial vessel 禮器
448 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 鄭聲淫
449 1 故我 gùwǒ one's old self / one's original self / what one has always been 故我今亦不得而枉其是非之實也
450 1 當仁不讓 dāng rén bù ràng unwilling to shirk on one's duty 當仁不讓於師
451 1 天下 tiānxià China 推之天下
452 1 zhōu a state / a province 二千五百家為州
453 1 二千 èr qiān two thousand 二千五百家為州
454 1 無用 wúyòng useless / worthless 皆為無用之地
455 1 jiā house / home / residence 二千五百家為州
456 1 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 私智也
457 1 gěi to give 卑諂辯給之人
458 1 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books 四書章句集注
459 1 machine 則行險僥倖之機熟
460 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 巧言亂德
461 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 而又得人以任眾職
462 1 shàng top / a high position 冠上有覆
463 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 如盜得而陰據之也
464 1 speed 聖人善善之速
465 1 在陳絕糧 zài chén jué liáng to run out of provisions on a trip in the state of Chen 在陳絕糧
466 1 shào to continue / to carry on 紹堯之後
467 1 a footprint 故尤不見其有為之跡也
468 1 博學 bóxué learned / erudite 博學而篤志
469 1 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 既死猶以尸諫
470 1 志士 zhìshì a person with ideals or aspirations 志士
471 1 biàn to change / to alter 而時變之大者可知矣
472 1 可畏 kěwèi dreadful / formidable 是以民不見其可畏而慢易之
473 1 lún human relationships 毛猶有倫
474 1 先發 xiānfà initial / arising first 若子貢則先發其疑而後告之
475 1 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘殷之輅
476 1 學問 xuéwèn learning / knowledge 乃其氣稟學問之小疵
477 1 xìng gender 性不知檢其心
478 1 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 故違道干譽
479 1 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 卻與天地同體
480 1 反求諸己 fǎn qiú zhū jǐ to seek the cause in oneself rather than somebody else 君子無不反求諸己
481 1 tōng to go through / to open 亦通
482 1 yóu a light carriage 德輶如毛
483 1 北狄 běidí Northern Di 北狄
484 1 禁絕 jìnjué to prohibit / proscribe 謂禁絕之
485 1 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 三者文不相蒙
486 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 必先利其器
487 1 從者 cóngzhě follower / attendant 從者病
488 1 祭服 jìfú ceremonial clothing 祭服之冠也
489 1 富麗 fùlì gorgeous 不以富麗為工
490 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 學貴於知要
491 1 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 而制度儀等
492 1 zhèng government / administration 臧文仲為政於魯
493 1 謙辭 qiāncí humble words / a self-deprecatory expression 謙辭
494 1 zhǎn to spread out / to extend 魯大夫展獲
495 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 上天之載
496 1 不對 bù duì incorrect / wrong / amiss / abnormal / queer 不對而出
497 1 evil / wrong / fraud 不能無弊
498 1 fèi fee / expenses 雖費而不及奢
499 1 jué to awake 然人心有覺
500 1 集成 jíchéng integrated 新編諸子集成

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 206 zhī him / her / them / that 俎豆之事
2 121 also / too 未之學也
3 116 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 故答以未學而去之
4 65 his / hers / its / theirs 固守其窮
5 55 in / at 衛靈公問陳於孔子
6 55 so as to / in order to 故答以未學而去之
7 49 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 固窮者
8 47 not / no 而他人不與焉
9 45 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰
10 43 yuē to speak / to say 尹氏曰
11 43 otherwise / but / however 則嘗聞之矣
12 43 final particle 則嘗聞之矣
13 39 rén person / people / a human being 人不能遍觀而盡識
14 35 yǒu is / are / to exist 君子亦有窮乎
15 30 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故答以未學而去之
16 30 wèi for / to 不若小人窮則放溢為非
17 29 this / these 於此可見
18 29 xíng to walk / to move 明日遂行
19 28 yán to speak / to say / said 言君子固有窮時
20 26 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子亦有窮乎
21 26 zhī to know 夫子欲其知所本也
22 25 no 無所顧慮
23 23 and 女以予為多學而識之者與
24 22 rén a kernel / a pit 無求生以害仁
25 21 dào way / road / path 聖人之道大矣
26 20 rán correct / right / certainly
27 19 such as / for example / for instance 如天之於眾形
28 19 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 尹氏曰
29 18 jiàn to see 起也子路慍見曰
30 18 self 謂義理之得於己者
31 17 also / too 君子亦有窮乎
32 17 xué to study / to learn 未之學也
33 17 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋其積學功至
34 16 de potential marker 而亦將有得也
35 16 suī although / even though 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
36 15 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 無所顧慮
37 15 Germany 德輶如毛
38 14 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 工欲善其事
39 14 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 愚謂聖人當行而行
40 14 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必先利其器
41 13 shì is / are / am / to be 只此是學
42 13 zài in / at 子張意在得行於外
43 13 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
44 13 wèn to ask 衛靈公問陳於孔子
45 13 néng can / able 莫能興
46 13 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 宜其以為多學而識之也
47 13 wèi to call 謂軍師行伍之列
48 12 shì matter / thing / item 俎豆之事
49 12 xīn heart 則於其心有不安矣
50 12 fēi not / non- / un- 不若小人窮則放溢為非
51 12 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 衛靈公問陳於孔子
52 12 mín the people / citizen / subjects 聖人德盛而民化
53 12 zāi exclamatory particle 然聖人豈務博者哉
54 11 jìng to respect /to honor 聖人敬德之容
55 11 big / great / huge / large / major 聖人之道大矣
56 11 夫子 fūzǐ master 夫子欲其知所本也
57 11 而已 éryǐ that is all 恭己正南面而已矣
58 11 shí time / a point or period of time 言君子固有窮時
59 10 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 雖欲頃刻離之而不可得
60 10 è evil / vice 惡能如此
61 9 expresses question or doubt 君子亦有窮乎
62 9 meaning / sense 須是實見得生不重於義
63 9 shí real / true 不能知其意味之實也
64 9 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong 子貢之學
65 9 I 吾得夏時焉
66 9 míng measure word for people 呼子路之名而告之也
67 9 honor / reputation 故違道干譽
68 9 fàng to put / to place 不若小人窮則放溢為非
69 9 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 然其為物小
70 8 desire 夫子欲其知所本也
71 8 idea 猶問達之意也
72 8 can / may / permissible 則可卷而懷之
73 8 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人窮斯濫矣
74 8 this 小人窮斯濫矣
75 8 wén writing / text 蓋亦以為文而得其中也
76 8 yān where / how 而他人不與焉
77 8 yóu also / as if / still 毛猶有倫
78 8 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若子貢則先發其疑而後告之
79 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 賢遍反
80 8 serious / critical 行篤敬
81 8 bāng nation / country / state 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
82 8 qiú to request 由是求之
83 7 cān to take part in / to participate 則見其參於前也
84 7 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 不待其問而直告之以此
85 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 法立而能守
86 7 to reach 吾猶及史之闕文也
87 7 zhèng upright / straight 恭己正南面而已矣
88 7 xián virtuous / worthy 賢遍反
89 7 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
90 7 hǎo good 吾未見好德如好色者也
91 7 yīn sound / noise 音汝
92 7 zhòng many / numerous 如天之於眾形
93 7 one 予一以貫之
94 7 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以人不得而怨之
95 7 zhì matter / material / substance 質美者明得盡
96 7 a carriage / a chariot 乘殷之輅
97 7 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周以子為天正也
98 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 人不能遍觀而盡識
99 7 a man / a male adult 夫何為哉
100 7 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
101 7 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 則過侈而易敗
102 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 故孔子斟酌先王之禮
103 6 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 而三代迭用之
104 6 what / where / which 何氏曰
105 6 yòu again / also 又可見矣
106 6 to stand
107 6 chēng to call / to address 獨稱舜者
108 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 疑皆一時之言
109 6 yōu to worry / to be concerned 必有近憂
110 6 chū to go out / to leave 不對而出
111 6 naturally / of course / certainly 自第一章至此
112 6 zhuāng a village 其次惟莊敬以持養之
113 6 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 虞夏君臣更相飭戒
114 6 shēn human body / torso 故夫子反於身而言之
115 6 xià summer 行夏之時
116 6 zhí straight 不待其問而直告之以此
117 6 child / son 二子所學之淺深
118 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人不能遍觀而盡識
119 6 水火 shuǐ huǒ water and fire 甚於水火
120 6 zhū all / many / various 子張書諸紳
121 6 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 則人之所見如此而已
122 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
123 6 shī teacher 當仁不讓於師
124 6 already / afterwards 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
125 6 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 孔顏雖不得行之於時
126 6 yuǎn far / distant 遠佞人
127 6 忠信 zhōngxìn faith and honesty / loyalty and sincerity 言忠信
128 5 xìn to believe / to trust 方信而忽疑
129 5 xià next 知柳下惠之賢
130 5 běn measure word for books 夫子欲其知所本也
131 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 無為而治者
132 5 可見 kějiàn can be understood 於此可見
133 5 shī to lose 失人
134 5 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 隨其所在
135 5 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
136 5 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡四十一章
137 5 wài outside 子張意在得行於外
138 5 zhì to / until 蓋其積學功至
139 5 鄭聲 zhèngshēng Songs of Zheng 放鄭聲
140 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未之學也
141 5 sūn Sun 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
142 5 shí knowledge / understanding 女以予為多學而識之者與
143 5 祿 good fortune 祿在其中矣
144 5 responsibility / duty 躬自厚而薄責於人
145 5 miǎn crown 服周之冕
146 5 thing / matter 匪物物刻而雕之也
147 5 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者宜深味之
148 5 nìng to flatter / to praise 遠佞人
149 5 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 不待其有所作為也
150 5 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 君子亦有窮乎
151 5 huǐ to destroy 誰毀誰譽
152 5 shāng commerce / trade 商以丑為地正
153 5 to die 既死猶以尸諫
154 5 xùn to yield 出之必以退遜
155 5 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 愚謂聖人當行而行
156 4 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 而可大受也
157 4 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 無道之君也
158 4 cháng to taste 夫子嘗謂子貢悅不若己者
159 4 wéi only / solely / alone 其次惟莊敬以持養之
160 4 to take / to get / to fetch 蓋取其時之正與其令之善
161 4 shí food / food and drink 吾嘗終日不食
162 4 hòu thick 厚也
163 4 沒世 mòshì to die 君子疾沒世而名不稱焉
164 4 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 而子貢終亦不能如曾子之唯也
165 4 shǐ arrow / dart 如矢
166 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 女以予為多學而識之者與
167 4 silent 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
168 4 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂聖人當行而行
169 4 hair 故問以發之
170 4 method / way 治之法也
171 4 chén Chen 衛靈公問陳於孔子
172 4 史魚 shǐyú Shi Yu 直哉史魚
173 4 to think / consider / to ponder 切問而近思
174 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 而亦將有得也
175 4 again / more / repeatedly 曾子復深諭之曰
176 4 private 私智也
177 4 dòng to move / to act 動之不以禮
178 4 見得 jiànde to seem / to appear / (in a negative or interrogative sentence) to be sure 實見得是
179 4 móu to plan 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
180 4 reason / logic / truth 實理得之於心自別
181 4 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang 子張問行
182 4 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
183 4 yàn false / artificial / fake 不莊以贋之
184 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今此之人也
185 4 huò or / either / else 然或有所譽者
186 4 yán color 則顏曾以下諸子所學之淺深
187 4 不以 bùyǐ not because of 君子不以言舉人
188 4 to doubt / to disbelieve 方信而忽疑
189 4 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 無為而治者
190 4 how can it be that? 然聖人豈務博者哉
191 3 huì intelligent / clever 好行小慧
192 3 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 故夫子反於身而言之
193 3 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 故我今亦不得而枉其是非之實也
194 3 héng to weigh 則見其倚於衡也
195 3 a banquet 則患在几席之下矣
196 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
197 3 soil / ground / land 地闢於丑
198 3 tiān day 如天之於眾形
199 3 tuī to push / to shove 推己及物
200 3 以此 yǐcǐ hence 不待其問而直告之以此
201 3 仁者 rénzhe compassionate one / benevolent one / a compassionate person 友其士之仁者
202 3 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 復有志於戰伐之事
203 3 hóng liberal / great 非道弘人
204 3 未必 wèibì not necessarily / may not 而未必得食
205 3 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日不謹
206 3 biàn turn / one time 賢遍反
207 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 亦其事也
208 3 liǔ willow 知柳下惠之賢
209 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 處困而亨
210 3 easy / simple 則過侈而易敗
211 3 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 衛靈公第十五
212 3 無不 wúbù not lacking 君子無不反求諸己
213 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 蓋始異其制也
214 3 mán Man people 雖蠻貊之邦行矣
215 3 zuò to do 然時以作事
216 3 to give 女以予為多學而識之者與
217 3 to assist /to help 音扶
218 3 在其中 zàiqízhōng therein / wherein 餒在其中矣
219 3 hài to injure / to harm to 無求生以害仁
220 3 yuàn to blame / to complain 無所怨悔
221 3 mǒu some / certain 某在斯
222 3 jìn nearby 學要鞭辟近裏
223 3 qiè to steal 臧文仲其竊位者與
224 3 終身 zhōngshēn lifelong 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
225 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 不明之罪小
226 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 能使人喪其所守
227 3 to attain / to reach 猶問達之意也
228 3 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 孔子之於曾子
229 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 須是實見得生不重於義
230 3 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 知柳下惠之賢
231 3 hòu after / later
232 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 熟思而審處之辭也
233 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 必察焉
234 3 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如是而妄行
235 3 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以雖有以前知其惡
236 3 disease / sickness / ailment 君子疾沒世而名不稱焉
237 3 juǎn to coil / to roll 則可卷而懷之
238 3 yào to want / to wish for 學要鞭辟近裏
239 3 ěr thus / so / like that 發此以為之兆爾
240 3 gǎi to change / to alter 過而不改
241 3 wèi position / location / place 臧文仲其竊位者與
242 3 shǐ history
243 3 sentence
244 3 不若 bùruò not as good as 不若小人窮則放溢為非
245 3 皆可 jiēkě all acceptable 皆可以為歲首
246 3 yín Third Earthly Branch 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
247 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 學者宜深味之
248 3 wáng to die 亡百反
249 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 而於此又以告顏子也
250 3 shì to test / to try / to experiment 其有所試矣
251 3 huái bosom / breast 則可卷而懷之
252 3 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 夫然後行
253 3 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 是蔽賢也
254 3 大夫 dàifu doctor 衛大夫
255 3 róng to hold / to contain 聖人敬德之容
256 3 gas / vapour / fumes 蓋氣習之偏
257 2 Shandong 魯大夫展獲
258 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆之事
259 2 báo thin / slight / weak 躬自厚而薄責於人
260 2 謀食 móushí to make a living / to strive to earn a living 君子謀道不謀食
261 2 yǒng brave / courageous 匹夫之勇皆是
262 2 有志 yǒuzhì to be ambitious / to be devoted 有志之士
263 2 female / feminine 女以予為多學而識之者與
264 2 殺人 shārén to murder 況水火或有時而殺人
265 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者以木為車而已
266 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 邦有道
267 2 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張子曰
268 2 jiē stairs / steps 及階
269 2 諸子 zhūzǐ various sages / the classical schools of thought 則顏曾以下諸子所學之淺深
270 2 固窮 gùqióng to endure poverty stoically 君子固窮
271 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to
272 2 歲首 suìshǒu start of the year 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
273 2 hún muddy / turbid 查滓便渾化
274 2 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 惟仁者能好惡人
275 2 cóng from
276 2 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 君子矜而不爭
277 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 故孔子以為不仁
278 2 thin / slender 蓋雖細故
279 2 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 是不明也
280 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 則患在几席之下矣
281 2 qián front 則見其參於前也
282 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 雖欲頃刻離之而不可得
283 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 正而固也
284 2 shén what 甚於水火
285 2 言不及義 yán bù jí yì to talk nonsense / frivolous talk 言不及義
286 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 而其類有善惡之殊者
287 2 quán perfect 則心安而德全矣
288 2 zhí office / post 而又得人以任眾職
289 2 shēn deep 學者宜深味之
290 2 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 聖人德盛而民化
291 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 至周始備
292 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭己正南面而已矣
293 2 sān three 故斗柄建此三辰之月
294 2 不待 bù dài not need 不待其問而直告之以此
295 2 失言 shīyán slip of the tongue / indiscretion / to blurt out a secret 失言
296 2 shū book 子張書諸紳
297 2 to rely on / to depend on 則見其倚於衡也
298 2 chǒu ugly 地闢於丑
299 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 祭服之冠也
300 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以為小節而忽之也
301 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方信而忽疑
302 2 jiàn to build / to construct 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
303 2 gàn a tree trunk 故以為質榦
304 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 故雖華而不為靡
305 2 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 則於其心有不安矣
306 2 shēn gentry 子張書諸紳
307 2 巧言 qiǎoyán pleasant but unrealistic speech 巧言亂德
308 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 無私曲也
309 2 chí to grasp / to hold 其次惟莊敬以持養之
310 2 sàng to lose / to die 能使人喪其所守
311 2 dàn but / yet / however 但水火外物
312 2 that / those 然彼以行言
313 2 李氏 lǐshì the Korean Yi or Lee Dynasty 李氏曰
314 2 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 子貢問曰
315 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
316 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 樂則韶舞
317 2 yùn to be indignant / to be feel hurt 起也子路慍見曰
318 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a skilled worker 工欲善其事
319 2 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 吾見蹈而死者矣
320 2 liàng to excuse / to forgive 君子貞而不諒
321 2 善惡 shàn è good and evil 而其類有善惡之殊者
322 2 I / me / my 則所知者在我而不失矣
323 2 直道而行 Zhí Dào ér xíng to go straight / to act with integrity 三代之所以直道而行也
324 2 bǎi one hundred 亡百反
325 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 從者病
326 2 淺深 qiǎnshēn depth 二子所學之淺深
327 2 to fly 蓋氣習之偏
328 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 明日遂行
329 2 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 雖費而不及奢
330 2 zhòng middle brother 臧文仲其竊位者與
331 2 其中 qízhōng among 為質而得其中也
332 2 Shùn Emperor Shun 其舜也與
333 2 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 而私欲間之
334 2 road / path / way 音路
335 2 nèi inside / interior 敬以直內
336 2 shì an official 則仕
337 2 shéi who / whoever 誰毀誰譽
338 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群而不黨
339 2 něi hungry / starving / famished 餒在其中矣
340 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 莫能興
341 2 yuè month 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
342 2 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 故尤不見其有為之跡也
343 2 成仁 chéngrén to work towards a good cause / to die for a good cause 有殺身以成仁
344 2 blind 瞽者
345 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 故尤不見其有為之跡也
346 2 弘道 hóngdào Hongdao 人能弘道
347 2 guàn to go through 予一以貫之
348 2 to go 故答以未學而去之
349 2 jīn to pity / feel sorry for 君子矜而不爭
350 2 而後 érhòu after that / then 若子貢則先發其疑而後告之
351 2 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 則過侈而易敗
352 2 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 孔子去衛適陳
353 2 蘧伯玉 qú bóyù Qu Boyu 君子哉蘧伯玉
354 2 求生 qiú shēng seeking rebirth 無求生以害仁
355 2 及其 jíqí as well as 及其至則一也
356 2 sufficient / enough 容足之外
357 2 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃君子之道也
358 2 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 三代之所以直道而行也
359 2 對曰 duì yuē to reply 孔子對曰
360 2 wáng Wang 顏子王佐之才
361 2 to reply / to answer 故答以未學而去之
362 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
363 2 a song 無私曲也
364 2 顏淵 yányuān Yan Yuan 顏淵問為邦
365 2 wood / lumber 木輅也
366 2 yóu especially / particularly 故尤不見其有為之跡也
367 2 měi beautiful 質美者明得盡
368 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 難矣哉
369 2 病人 bìngrén a patient / a sick person / the sick 不病人之不己知也
370 2 zāng a slave 臧文仲其竊位者與
371 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 君子貞而不諒
372 2 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 欲其有所嚴憚切磋以成其德也
373 2 already / since 既無所為
374 2 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 在輿
375 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 故夫子歷言之
376 2 increase / benefit 故身益修
377 2 只是 zhǐshì merely / simply / only 只是成就一箇是而已
378 2 dǎo to stamp feet 吾見蹈而死者矣
379 2 a chopping board or block 俎豆之事
380 2 zuò to sit 皆坐
381 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 特垂語以教人爾
382 2 děng et cetera / and so on 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
383 2 wěi yes
384 2 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 夏以寅為人正
385 2 different / other 蓋始異其制也
386 2 end / final stage / latter part 吾末如之何也已矣
387 2 xiān fresh / new / delicious 知德者鮮矣
388 2 jiǔ old 及其久也
389 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨也
390 2 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 道不同
391 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 若不知賢
392 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 讀如毋往參焉之參
393 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 無道之君也
394 2 to overflow 溢也
395 2 gēng to plow / to till 耕也
396 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 說見第四篇
397 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 德輶如毛
398 2 pín poor / impoverished 君子憂道不憂貧
399 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 史魚自以不能進賢退不肖
400 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 有殺身以成仁
401 2 xiè to thank 謝氏曰
402 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 吾猶及史之闕文也
403 2 horse 有馬者借人乘之
404 2 dǎng political party 群而不黨
405 2 斗柄 dòubǐng handle of the Big Dipper 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
406 2 可知 kězhī evidently / clearly / no wonder 則無為善之實可知矣
407 2 dài dangerous / perilous 佞人殆
408 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 人不能遍觀而盡識
409 2 終日 zhōngrì all day 群居終日
410 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 有志之士
411 2 suddenly / abruptly 方信而忽疑
412 2 人為 rénwèi man-made 則歲月自當以人為紀
413 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 起也子路慍見曰
414 2 何如 hérú what / how 如之何如之何
415 2 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人易從
416 2 jiè to lend / to borrow 有馬者借人乘之
417 2 more and more / even more 使知德愈全則責愈備
418 2 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 謂義理之得於己者
419 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 故身益修
420 2 shǐ beginning / start 蓋始異其制也
421 2 làn to flood / to overflow 小人窮斯濫矣
422 1 好色 hàosè to want sex / to be given to lust 吾未見好德如好色者也
423 1 辟邪 bìxié bixie / a mythical animal that brings luck 則放辟邪侈之心滋
424 1 省察 shěngchá to examine oneself / to reflect on one's shortcomings 無不存心省察如此
425 1 xiá narrow / limited 小人雖器量淺狹
426 1 乖戾 guāilì perverse (behavior) / disagreeable (character) 然無乖戾之心
427 1 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日遂行
428 1 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚曰惠
429 1 a piece / general classifier 只是成就一箇是而已
430 1 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 再言某在斯
431 1 to cut down 復有志於戰伐之事
432 1 kāi to open 天開於子
433 1 第四 dì sì fourth / the fourth is 說見第四篇
434 1 盡善盡美 jìn shàn jìn měi perfect / perfection / the best of all possible worlds / as good as it gets 取其盡善盡美
435 1 成德 chéngdé to be mature in morality 則成德之人也
436 1 seven 七南反
437 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 則已緩矣
438 1 yún cloud 猶曰鼓舞而作興之云爾
439 1 實相 shíxiàng dharmatā / true appearance / the nature of things / the ultimate essence of things 而義實相足
440 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
441 1 to think over / to consider 故慮不在千里之外
442 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 而行之必有節文
443 1 可觀 kěguān worth viewing 蓋君子於細事未必可觀
444 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 聖門學者
445 1 xiān first 必先利其器
446 1 出處 chūchù source / origin 伯玉出處
447 1 níng peaceful 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
448 1 you / thou 音汝
449 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦宜乎
450 1 無益 wúyì to be no good / to not be beneficial 無益
451 1 須是 xūshì certainly 須是實見得生不重於義
452 1 何為 héwéi what are you doing? 夫何為哉
453 1 fěi a bandit 匪物物刻而雕之也
454 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 其次惟莊敬以持養之
455 1 shū different / special / unusual 而其類有善惡之殊者
456 1 無所不至 wú suǒ bù zhì to reach everywhere / to stop at nothing / to do one's utmost 無所不至
457 1 qiǎn shallow 小人雖器量淺狹
458 1 suí to follow 隨其所在
459 1 成就 chéngjiù accomplishment / success / achievement 只是成就一箇是而已
460 1 不舉 bùjǔ erectile dysfunction / impotence 知而不舉
461 1 不求人 bùqiúrén backscratcher 不求人知
462 1 道體 dàotǐ road surface 而道體無為
463 1 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂知要矣
464 1 chén Fifth Earthly Branch 故斗柄建此三辰之月
465 1 to walk on / to tread 人之所履者
466 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 而不當復論其類之惡矣
467 1 治天下 zhì tiānxià to rule everything under Heaven 故問治天下之道
468 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 不可強解
469 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 如於孫林父甯殖放弒之謀
470 1 zhù to help / to assist 助也
471 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 則民不敬
472 1 他人 tārén someone else / other people 而他人不與焉
473 1 precious 伯玉出處
474 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 事其大夫之賢者
475 1 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京
476 1 gōng merit 蓋其積學功至
477 1 志士仁人 zhìshì rén rén gentleman aspiring to benevolence / people with lofty ideals 志士仁人
478 1 鰥寡 guānguǎ a widower 聖人不侮鰥寡
479 1 小不忍則亂大謀 xiǎo bù rěn zé luàn dà móu great plans can be ruined by just a touch of impatience 小不忍則亂大謀
480 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後可免於亂世
481 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 不若商輅之樸素渾堅而等威已辨
482 1 私欲 sīyù selfish desire 而私欲間之
483 1 自得 zì dé to be self satisfied 不如遜志而自得也
484 1 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 謂以斗柄初昏建寅之月為歲首也
485 1 to give / to bestow favors 賜也
486 1 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian 史魚自以不能進賢退不肖
487 1 隕命 yǔnmìng to die / to perish 古人有捐軀隕命者
488 1 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔顏雖不得行之於時
489 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 有一言而可以終身行之者乎
490 1 jié festival / a special day 謂義理之節文
491 1 huá Chinese 故雖華而不為靡
492 1 yáo Yao 紹堯之後
493 1 to read 讀如毋往參焉之參
494 1 tīng to listen 聽之使人喪其所守
495 1 改則 gǎizé Gerze 惟不改則其過遂成
496 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 而未必無一長可取
497 1 不遜 bùxùn rude / impertinent 則不可不遜
498 1 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 其施不窮
499 1 復有 fùyǒu moreover / once again 復有志於戰伐之事
500 1 家語 Jiā Yǔ Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples 事見家語

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
北狄 běidí Northern Di
北京 Běijīng Beijing
曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi
春秋 chūnqiū
  1. Spring and Autumn Period
  2. a person's age
  3. Chunqiu / Annals of Spring and Autumn
  4. spring and autumn
道外 dàowài Daowai
斗柄 dòubǐng handle of the Big Dipper
法立 Fǎ Lì Fa Li
改则 改則 gǎizé Gerze
弘道 hóngdào Hongdao
黄帝 黃帝 Huáng Dì The Yellow Emperor
家语 家語 Jiā Yǔ Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples
进贤 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
南蛮 南蠻 nánmán Nanman / Southern Man
蘧伯玉 qú bóyù Qu Boyu
人乘 Rén Shèng The Human Vehicle
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
史鱼 史魚 shǐyú Shi Yu
Shùn Emperor Shun
四书章句集注 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books
卫灵公 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei
颜渊 顏淵 yányuān Yan Yuan
yáo Yao
郑国 鄭國 Zhèngguó Zhengguo
郑声 鄭聲 zhèngshēng Songs of Zheng
直道 Zhí Dào Straight Road / Jiuyuan to Yunyang Road
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
子贡 子貢 Zǐ Gòng Zi Gong
子张 子張 zǐ zhāng Zi Zhang
子路 zǐlù Zi Lu

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English