Glossary and Vocabulary for Xunzi 《荀子》, 禮論篇第十九 Chapter 19: Discussion on Ceremony

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 34 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮起於何也
2 27 shēng to be born / to give birth 故人苟生之為見
3 25 wén writing / text 貴本之謂文
4 23 sān three 禮有三本
5 23 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 孰知夫禮義文理之所以養情也
6 22 shì matter / thing / item 上事天
7 20 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子既得其養
8 20 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 以養人之欲
9 19 one 故人一之於禮義
10 19 sàng to lose / to die 則兩喪之矣
11 18 wèi to call 曷謂別
12 17 néng can / able 而天下莫之能損益也
13 16 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 以敬飾之
14 16 a man / a male adult 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
15 15 rén person / people / a human being 以養人之欲
16 15 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 而隆君師
17 14 yuē to speak / to say
18 14 to die 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
19 13 xiàng figure / image / appearance 步中武象
20 13 big / great / huge / large / major 宜大者巨
21 12 mào countenance / appearance 疏房檖貌
22 12 è evil / vice 先王惡其亂也
23 12 zhī to know 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
24 11 nián year 三年之喪
25 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使欲必不窮於物
26 10 jìng to respect /to honor 故君子敬始而慎終
27 10 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
28 10 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為下則順
29 10 shí food / food and drink 持手而食者不得立宗廟
30 10 shǐ beginning / start 所以別貴始
31 10 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 斯聖人矣
32 10 dào way / road / path 道及士大夫
33 9 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
34 9 míng bright / brilliant 日月以明
35 8 to stand 持手而食者不得立宗廟
36 8 yòng to use / to apply 尚玄尊而用酒醴
37 8 day of the month / a certain day 故雖備家必踰日然後能殯
38 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 則不能無求
39 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 哭之不反也
40 8 qīn relatives 貴本而親用也
41 8 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂戚
42 8 zhǐ to stop / to halt 郊止乎天子
43 8 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 一足以為人願
44 8 wèi Eighth earthly branch 大昏之未發齊也
45 8 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君師者
46 8 dòng to move / to act 天子之喪動四海
47 8 zhòng heavy 臣之所以致重其君
48 7 zhōng middle 步中武象
49 7 zūn to honor / to respect 尊先祖
50 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成乎文
51 7 soil / ground / land 下事地
52 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 大夫士有常宗
53 7 to join / to combine 兩者合而成文
54 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 爭則亂
55 7 bèi to prepare / get ready 故至備
56 7 jié festival / a special day 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
57 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治之本也
58 7 吉凶 jíxiōng good and bad luck 謹於吉凶不相厭者也
59 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 情文俱盡
60 7 thing / matter 使欲必不窮於物
61 6 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而況以事其所隆親乎
62 6 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 惡則不哀
63 6 shí time / a period of time 紸纊聽息之時
64 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 所以養安也
65 6 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 人道畢矣
66 6 hair 大昏之未發齊也
67 6 chéng honesty / sincerity 禮之理誠深矣
68 6 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 積厚者流澤廣
69 6 chēng to call / to address 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
70 6 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 然而殯斂之具
71 6 to sacrifice to / to worship
72 6 liǎng two 則兩得之矣
73 6 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯不敢壞
74 6 reason / logic / truth 親用之謂理
75 6 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 終始相應
76 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可欺以曲直
77 6 文理 wén lǐ arts and sciences 孰知夫禮義文理之所以養情也
78 6 meaning / sense 其義止
79 5 shùn to obey 教順
80 5 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之極也
81 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫士有常宗
82 5 wáng to die 三者偏亡
83 5 shī teacher 君師者
84 5 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
85 5 pleasant / delightful 是吉凶憂愉之情發於顏色者也
86 5 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 送死不忠厚
87 5 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 忠臣孝子之極也
88 5 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 故制禮義以分之
89 5 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽者
90 5 哭泣 kūqì to weep aloud 反無哭泣之節
91 5 gāo high / tall 其理誠高矣
92 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終乎悅校
93 5 xiū to cultivate / to repair 屬脩士
94 5 desire 人生而有欲
95 5 \N 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
96 5 qiú to request 則不能無求
97 5 àn case / incident 故先王案以此象之也
98 5 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故君子上致其隆
99 5 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 故天子大路越席
100 5 tiān day 上事天
101 5 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地者
102 5 fán ordinary / common 凡禮
103 5 shè to set up / to establish 規矩誠設矣
104 5 guǐ sly / crafty 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
105 5 bǎi one hundred 百求可以得矣
106 5 to die 始卒之未小斂也
107 5 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 薦器
108 5 yuè month 無親疏月數之等
109 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 所以別貴始
110 5 to store 所以別積厚
111 5 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 先王惡其亂也
112 5 róng to hold / to contain 皆使其須足以容事
113 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 謂之無方之民
114 5 to enter 太廟之未入尸也
115 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 苟情說之為樂
116 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 宜小者小也
117 4 hemp / flax 郊之麻絻也
118 4 jiǔ old 故殯久不過七十日
119 4 shàng top / a high position 上事天
120 4 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 則不可欺以曲直
121 4 天下 tiānxià China 故有天下者事七世
122 4 děng et cetera / and so on 貴賤有等
123 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 無衰麻之服
124 4 cáng to hide 輿藏而馬反
125 4 sǔn to injure 速不損五十日
126 4 yuǎn far / distant 然後告遠者出矣
127 4 coarse / rough 麤惡
128 4 a period of time / phase / stage 期止矣
129 4 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 故三月之葬
130 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 厭則忘
131 4 biàn to change / to alter 萬變不亂
132 4 hòu thick 所以別積厚
133 4 wáng Wang 故王者天太祖
134 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故制禮義以分之
135 4 dào a rice paddy 芻豢稻梁
136 4 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人苟生之為見
137 4 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 謹於治生死者也
138 4 píng flat / level / smooth 平之至
139 4 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 不敬文
140 4 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 以隆殺為要
141 4 xìng gender 性者
142 4 thin / emaciated 謂之瘠
143 4 xiān first 先大羹
144 4 even / equal / uniform 齊大羹而飽庶羞
145 4 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 然而殯斂之具
146 4 之中 zhīzhōng inside 禮之中焉能思索
147 4 ěr ear 所以養耳也
148 4 chí to grasp / to hold 寢兕持虎
149 4 a banquet 席薪
150 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 大象其生以送其死也
151 3 to go 然後能去之也
152 3 琴瑟 qínsè qin and se, two string instruments that play in perfect harmony / marital harmony 琴瑟竽笙
153 3 měi beautiful 而滋成行義之美者也
154 3 lèi kind / type / class / category 類之本也
155 3 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 尚玄尊
156 3 yào to want / to wish for 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
157 3 relative 憂戚
158 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
159 3 喪禮 sànglǐ funeral 喪禮之凡
160 3 床笫 chuángzǐ bed and bamboo sleeping mat / (fig.) bed as a place for intimacy 越席床笫几筵
161 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜大者巨
162 3 a chopping board or block 俎生魚
163 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 卑者事卑
164 3 越席 yuèxí to leave one's seat 越席床笫几筵
165 3 shī to lose 今夫大鳥獸則失亡其群匹
166 3 yàn to dislike / to detest 謹於吉凶不相厭者也
167 3 an item 所以養目也
168 3 大路 dàlù avenue 故天子大路越席
169 3 fish 俎生魚
170 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 終始俱善
171 3 cosmos / universe 是君子之壇宇宮廷也
172 3 xīn heart 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
173 3 black ink / inkstick 是儒墨之分也
174 3 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 兩者合而成文
175 3 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 尚玄尊而用酒醴
176 3 萬物 wànwù all living things 萬物以昌
177 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 謂之能固
178 3 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 無窮者
179 3 clothes / dress / garment 無衰麻之服
180 3 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 貴賤有等
181 3 to arise / to get up 禮起於何也
182 3 jiā to add 加好者焉
183 3 sufficient / enough 足禮
184 3 gēng soup / broth 先大羹
185 3 hut / cottage 倚廬
186 3 恬愉 tiányú content and at ease 恬愉
187 3 increase / benefit 益不足
188 3 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 郊止乎天子
189 3 枕塊 zhěnkuài to use clay for a pillow 枕塊
190 3 shēng a small gourd-shaped musical instrument 琴瑟竽笙
191 3 a song 曲得其次序
192 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 然後告遠者出矣
193 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 遠者可以至矣
194 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 積厚者流澤廣
195 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 有一國者事五世
196 3 a human or animal body 所以養體也
197 3 a free reed mouth organ 琴瑟竽笙
198 3 祭祀 jìsì to give an offering 祭祀
199 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
200 3 xiū to be ashamed 齊大羹而飽庶羞
201 3 xīn fuel / firewood 席薪
202 3 several 越席床笫几筵
203 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 志意思慕之情也
204 3 màn slow 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
205 3 fàn food / a meal 先黍稷而飯稻粱
206 3 liàng a quantity / an amount 求而無度量分界
207 3 chéng to fill 盛之美之
208 3 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 忠臣孝子之極也
209 3 先祖 xiānzǔ deceased grandfather / ancestry 先祖者
210 3 zài in / at 其在宇中者莫不更始矣
211 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 謂之無方之民
212 3 詩曰 shīyuē a poem goes 詩曰
213 3 héng to weigh 前有錯衡
214 3 yán a feast 越席床笫几筵
215 3 xíng to walk / to move 星辰以行
216 3 聲樂 shēnglè vocal music 聲樂
217 3 gain / advantage / benefit 苟利之為見
218 3 guī to go back / to return 以歸大一
219 3 cún to exist / to survive 從之者存
220 3 xiǎng to host a banquet 大饗
221 3 zhí straight 直之至
222 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
223 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 積厚者流澤廣
224 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 利爵之不醮也
225 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 不從者亂
226 3 gōng merit 一天下之功於是就也
227 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 若者必危
228 3 báo thin / slight / weak 積薄者流澤狹也
229 3 easy / simple 禮之中焉能勿易
230 3 文飾 wénshì to polish a text / rhetoric / ornate language / to use florid language to conceal errors / to gloss over 故文飾
231 3 shè She 而社止於諸侯
232 3 hǎo good 又好其別
233 3 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 木器不成斲
234 3 棺槨 guānguǒ inner and outer coffins / coffin 故天子棺槨七重
235 3 zuò to do 擅作典制辟陋之說入焉而喪
236 2 hān a sound 飯唅
237 2 a sweet wine 尚玄尊而用酒醴
238 2 tōng to go through / to open 朱絃而通越也
239 2 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
240 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過故鄉
241 2 shì room / bedroom 其貌象室屋也
242 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 至察以有說
243 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 所以遂敬也
244 2 xué to study / to learn 固學為聖人也
245 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦器
246 2 popular / common 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
247 2 fán complicated / complex 文理繁
248 2 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 其於禮節者闕然不具
249 2 規矩 guīju established standard / rule / customs / practices 規矩誠設矣
250 2 忠厚 zhōnghòu honest and sincere 故事生不忠厚
251 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 故雖備家必踰日然後能殯
252 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 情文代勝
253 2 residence / dwelling 居廬
254 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 刻死而附生謂之墨
255 2 jiàn to see 故人苟生之為見
256 2 clothes / clothing 設褻衣
257 2 wēi power / might / prestige 所以養威也
258 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 不能辨物也
259 2 其次 qícì secondary 其次
260 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 則不能不爭
261 2 jiē to join 君子以倍叛之心接臧穀
262 2 nose 所以養鼻也
263 2 sháo beautiful 趨中韶護
264 2 所致 suǒzhì to be caused by 所致隆也
265 2 xiàn county 縣一鐘
266 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭之不反也
267 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 是儒墨之分也
268 2 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 不至於流淫
269 2 zàng to bury the dead 然後葬也
270 2 意思 yìsi idea / intention 志意思慕之情也
271 2 大象 dàxiàng elephant 大象其生以送其死也
272 2 liǎn to collect 始卒之未小斂也
273 2 miǎn mourning 郊之麻絻也
274 2 preface / introduction 四時以序
275 2 xìn to believe / to trust 所以養信也
276 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今夫大鳥獸則失亡其群匹
277 2 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
278 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓以成俗
279 2 大一 dàyī first-year university student 以歸大一
280 2 very large / huge 宜大者巨
281 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 方皇周挾
282 2 seven 故有天下者事七世
283 2 liáng a bridge 芻豢稻梁
284 2 芻豢 chúhuàn livestock / farm animals 芻豢稻梁
285 2 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 是致隆思慕之義也
286 2 miào temple / shrine 太廟之未入尸也
287 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
288 2 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
289 2 god of cereals
290 2 shì to match 具生器以適墓
291 2 to reach 道及士大夫
292 2 愛敬 àijìng to love and revere 達愛敬之文
293 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
294 2 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 懷柔百神
295 2 a family clan 庶人之喪合族黨
296 2 lóng dragon 龍旗九斿
297 2 to moisten 不沐則濡櫛三律而止
298 2 qìng chime stones / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓管磬
299 2 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 輿藏而馬反
300 2 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 無親疏月數之等
301 2 死生 sǐshēng life or death / critical (event) 明死生之義
302 2 shū to remove obstructions 疏房檖貌
303 2 martial / military 步中武象
304 2 horse 故大路之馬必信至
305 2 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 菲繐
306 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹於治生死者也
307 2 to protect / to guard 趨中韶護
308 2 其中 qízhōng among 而中處其中
309 2 人生 rénshēng life 人生而有欲
310 2 方圓 fāngyuán circumference 則不可欺以方圓
311 2 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 黼黻文章
312 2 儒者 rúzhě Confucian 故儒者將使人兩得之者也
313 2 fèng to offer / to present 所以持平奉吉也
314 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 趨中韶護
315 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足禮
316 2 cháng to taste 成事之俎不嘗也
317 2 dǎng political party 庶人之喪合族黨
318 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 大昏之未發齊也
319 2 教誨 jiāohuì to instruct / to teach 不能教誨之
320 2 主人 zhǔrén master / host 主人有尊
321 2 本末 běnmò the trunk of and its branches 本末相順
322 2 trip / journey 師旅
323 2 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 苴杖
324 2 cháo to face 然後月朝卜日
325 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 鐘鼓管磬
326 2 a special pattern of embroidery 黼黻文章
327 2 kuò to make a top knot 鬠體
328 2 to thatch a roof 屬茨
329 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 稱情而立文
330 2 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時以序
331 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 鬠而不冠笄矣
332 2 wán a legendary archer 尒則翫
333 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 彼安能相與群居而無亂乎
334 2 故事 gùshi narrative / story / tale 故事生不忠厚
335 2 shì a generation 故有天下者事七世
336 2 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 民之父母
337 2 to think over / to consider 謂之能慮
338 2 to admire 志意思慕之情也
339 2 shà feathers used decorate a coffin 皆有翣菨文章之等
340 2 yǐn to drink 貴食飲之本也
341 2 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所一也
342 2 jiàn mean / low / base 君子賤野而羞瘠
343 2 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
344 2 葬埋 zàngmái to bury 已葬埋
345 2 shǔ to count 然後皆有衣衾多少厚薄之數
346 2 兩者 liǎng zhě both sides 兩者相持而長
347 2 suì wild pear tree 疏房檖貌
348 2 固有 gùyǒu inherent 人生固有端焉
349 2 shěng province 情用省
350 2 fáng a room 疏房檖貌
351 2 Kangxi radical 80 則冠有鍪而毋縰
352 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 若者必滅
353 2 to carve / to engrave 刻死而附生謂之墨
354 2 wài outside 外是
355 2 sack cloth 苴杖
356 2 dài to carry / to bring 量要而帶之
357 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 時舉而代御
358 2 embroidered official or sacrificial robe 黼黻文章
359 2 鐘鼓 zhōnggǔ bell and drum / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓管磬
360 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 象徙道也
361 2 wilderness 謂之野
362 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
363 2 分之 fēnzhī indicates a fraction 故制禮義以分之
364 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
365 2 衣衾 yīqīn burial clothes 然後皆有衣衾多少厚薄之數
366 2 silk 絲末
367 2 shù method / tactics 反生術矣
368 1 養生 yǎngshēng to keep in good health / to keep fit 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
369 1 banner / flag 龍旗九斿
370 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
371 1 zhī to weave 文織
372 1 different / other 以多少為異
373 1 lán Lan 椒蘭芬苾
374 1 獨屬 dúshǔ belonging exclusively to / exclusively for / reserved to / special 獨屬妻子
375 1 舉措 jǔcuò to move / to act 將舉措之
376 1 先王之道 xiān wáng zhī dào the way of former kings 是先王之道
377 1 zhù \N 紸纊聽息之時
378 1 shēn gentry 縉紳而無鉤帶矣
379 1 和合 héhé to mix / to blend / to converge / to join / to fuse 故人之歡欣和合之時
380 1 xié to clasp under the arm 方皇周挾
381 1 plain / white 大路之素未集也
382 1 文備 wén bèi Wen Bei 其文備矣
383 1 sincere / honest / simple 本始材朴也
384 1 bǎn a block of printing / an edition 其貌象版蓋斯象拂也
385 1 shǒu hand 持手而食者不得立宗廟
386 1 shě to give 則舍之矣
387 1 顏色 yánsè color 是吉凶憂愉之情發於顏色者也
388 1 to attack by surprise 襲三稱
389 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 殆非直留死者以安生也
390 1 有方 yǒufāng to do things right / to use the correct method 謂之有方之士
391 1 相應 xiāngyìng relevant / corresponding 終始相應
392 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創巨者其日久
393 1 唈僾 yìài to have trouble breathing 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
394 1 tōu to steal 苟怠惰偷懦之為安
395 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
396 1 酒漿 jiǔjiāng wine 酒漿
397 1 kàng to resist / to oppose / to defy / to reject 抗折
398 1 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 是吉凶憂愉之情發於衣服者也
399 1 qīng light / not heavy 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
400 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
401 1 mother 母能食之
402 1 xiāng village / township 脩士之喪動一鄉
403 1 恭敬 gōngjìng to bow / to revere / to hold in deferential respect 孰知夫恭敬辭讓之所以養安也
404 1 tiǎo quiet and secluded / gentle, graceful and elegant 不至於窕冶
405 1 shèn cautious 故君子敬始而慎終
406 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 復生有節也哉
407 1 zhòu daytime 不得晝行
408 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦可乎
409 1 bái white 堅白
410 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 然而幸生之心未已
411 1 隘懾 àishè very disheartened 不至於隘懾傷生
412 1 huǐ to destroy 相高以毀瘠
413 1 child / son 子之所以致重其親
414 1 to rely on / to depend on 倚廬
415 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 卜筮視日
416 1 一天 yītiān one day 一天下之功於是就也
417 1 màn to paste a wall with dirt 其貌以象槾茨番閼也
418 1 a scholar 是儒墨之分也
419 1 江河 jiānghé river 江河以流
420 1 a whetstone 步驟馳騁厲鶩不外是矣
421 1 lòu crude / coarse 擅作典制辟陋之說入焉而喪
422 1 hài to injure / to harm to 若者必害
423 1 貧富 pínfù poor and rich 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
424 1 diàn a fine woven grass mat 有簟席而無床笫
425 1 法式 fǎshì rule / method / model / rules and customs 是禮義之法式也
426 1 huán big 汋桓箾簡象
427 1 lěi to eulogize / to praise the dead 其銘誄繫世
428 1 fragrant 椒蘭芬苾
429 1 jiù a coffin which contains corpse 則名不見而柩獨明矣
430 1 不外 bùwài not beyond the scope of / nothing more than 步驟馳騁厲鶩不外是矣
431 1 qiǎn shallow 博之淺之
432 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
433 1 乳母 rǔmǔ wet nurse 乳母
434 1 無形 wúxíng formless / invisible 狀乎無形
435 1 同異 tóngyì similarities and differences 同異
436 1 jiāo a scaly dragon with four legs 蛟韅
437 1 fine linen 緦麻
438 1 tīng to listen 紸纊聽息之時
439 1 miàn side / surface 設掩面儇目
440 1 踟躕 chíchú to waver / to hesitate 踟躕焉
441 1 xiāng fragrant / savory / appetizing / sweet / scented 五味調香
442 1 idea 則其於志意之情者惆然不嗛
443 1 愷悌 kǎitì happy and easygoing / friendly 愷悌君子
444 1 xíng punishment / penalty 刑餘罪人之喪
445 1 厚薄 hòubáo thickness 然後皆有衣衾多少厚薄之數
446 1 慈母 címǔ a loving mother 慈母
447 1 interest 紸纊聽息之時
448 1 yuán source / origin 文理之原也
449 1 to spy out 側載睪芷
450 1 shāng a goblet 如或觴之
451 1 guān coffin 不得飾棺
452 1 生物 shēngwù living creatures and plants / forms of life 天能生物
453 1 jiāo burned / scorched 猶有啁焦之頃焉
454 1 èr two 貳之則喪也
455 1 生死 shēngsǐ Saṃsāra / Samsara 使生死終始若一
456 1 xiǎn dangerous 所以持險奉凶也
457 1 chóu to cover up 其貌以象菲帷幬尉也
458 1 zhù to pray for happiness or blessings 告祝
459 1 懷柔 huáiróu Huairou 懷柔百神
460 1 笑語 xiào yǔ talking and laughing / cheerful talk 笑語卒獲
461 1 yuè Yue 及河喬嶽
462 1 gài a lid / top / cover 其貌象版蓋斯象拂也
463 1 財物 cái wù money and goods / property 以財物為用
464 1 變化 biànhuà to change 陰陽接而變化起
465 1 bone 唅以槁骨
466 1 調 tiáo to harmonize 五味調香
467 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 將由夫愚陋淫邪之人與
468 1 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 夫是之謂至辱
469 1 終始若一 zhōng shǐ ruò yī unchanging from start to finish 使生死終始若一
470 1 qiān lead 則必反鉛
471 1 nasal mucus 垂涕恐懼
472 1 zuì crime / sin / vice 莫不稱罪
473 1 duǎn short 斷長續短
474 1 qiáo tall / lofty 及河喬嶽
475 1 chuán to transmit 敬傳其名也
476 1 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之所以致重其君
477 1 生人 shēngrén a stranger 宇中萬物生人之屬
478 1 年事 niánshì years of age / age 以三年事之
479 1 xiǎn harness 蛟韅
480 1 朋友 péngyou friend 屬朋友
481 1 què a watchtower 其於禮節者闕然不具
482 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 將以有為者也
483 1 歌謠 gēyáo folksong / ballad / nursery rhyme 歌謠
484 1 zhuó to chop / to hack / to carve 木器不成斲
485 1 jìn to enter 直無由進之耳
486 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 苟情說之為樂
487 1 chí late / tardy 痛甚者其愈遲
488 1 jiān congee / rice gruel 餰鬻
489 1 殺生 shāshēng to kill 殺生而送死謂之賊
490 1 side 側載睪芷
491 1 dài dangerous / perilous 殆非直留死者以安生也
492 1 zhé to fold 抗折
493 1 學者 xuézhě scholar 故學者
494 1 a female rhinoceros 寢兕持虎
495 1 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 擅作典制辟陋之說入焉而喪
496 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 一足以為人願
497 1 安生 ānshēng peaceful / restful / quiet / still 殆非直留死者以安生也
498 1 bīn a guest / a visitor 賓出
499 1 a duck 步驟馳騁厲鶩不外是矣
500 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人不能測也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 233 zhī him / her / them / that 以養人之欲
2 202 also / too 禮起於何也
3 88 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 故禮者養也
4 84 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 人生而有欲
5 55 his / hers / its / theirs 先王惡其亂也
6 49 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故制禮義以分之
7 43 final particle 則兩得之矣
8 43 otherwise / but / however 則不能無求
9 43 so as to / in order to 故制禮義以分之
10 40 shì is / are / am / to be 是禮之所起也
11 34 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮起於何也
12 27 yǒu is / are / to exist 人生而有欲
13 27 shēng to be born / to give birth 故人苟生之為見
14 26 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以養口也
15 25 wén writing / text 貴本之謂文
16 23 in / at 禮起於何也
17 23 sān three 禮有三本
18 23 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 孰知夫禮義文理之所以養情也
19 22 shì matter / thing / item 上事天
20 22 not / no 利爵之不醮也
21 22 wèi for / to 故人苟生之為見
22 21 no 則不能無求
23 20 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子既得其養
24 20 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 以養人之欲
25 19 yān where / how 焉無安人
26 19 one 故人一之於禮義
27 19 sàng to lose / to die 則兩喪之矣
28 18 wèi to call 曷謂別
29 17 néng can / able 而天下莫之能損益也
30 17 zhì to / until 故大路之馬必信至
31 16 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 以敬飾之
32 16 a man / a male adult 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
33 15 rén person / people / a human being 以養人之欲
34 15 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 而隆君師
35 14 yuē to speak / to say
36 14 to die 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
37 13 xiàng figure / image / appearance 步中武象
38 13 big / great / huge / large / major 宜大者巨
39 12 mào countenance / appearance 疏房檖貌
40 12 è evil / vice 先王惡其亂也
41 12 zhī to know 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
42 11 certainly / must / will / necessarily 使欲必不窮於物
43 11 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後乘之
44 11 nián year 三年之喪
45 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使欲必不窮於物
46 10 jìng to respect /to honor 故君子敬始而慎終
47 10 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
48 10 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為下則順
49 10 shí food / food and drink 持手而食者不得立宗廟
50 10 shǐ beginning / start 所以別貴始
51 10 běn measure word for books 禮有三本
52 10 de potential marker 則兩得之矣
53 10 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 斯聖人矣
54 10 dào way / road / path 道及士大夫
55 9 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
56 9 expresses question or doubt 郊止乎天子
57 9 míng bright / brilliant 日月以明
58 8 to stand 持手而食者不得立宗廟
59 8 such as / for example / for instance 故事死如生
60 8 extremely / very 立隆以為極
61 8 yòng to use / to apply 尚玄尊而用酒醴
62 8 day of the month / a certain day 故雖備家必踰日然後能殯
63 8 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 則不能無求
64 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 哭之不反也
65 8 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而不法禮
66 8 qīn relatives 貴本而親用也
67 8 yōu to worry / to be concerned 憂戚
68 8 zhǐ to stop / to halt 郊止乎天子
69 8 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 一足以為人願
70 8 wèi Eighth earthly branch 大昏之未發齊也
71 8 what / where / which 禮起於何也
72 8 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君師者
73 8 dòng to move / to act 天子之喪動四海
74 8 zhòng heavy 臣之所以致重其君
75 7 zhōng middle 步中武象
76 7 already / afterwards 已葬埋
77 7 xià next 下事地
78 7 zūn to honor / to respect 尊先祖
79 7 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成乎文
80 7 soil / ground / land 下事地
81 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 大夫士有常宗
82 7 to join / to combine 兩者合而成文
83 7 luàn chaotic / disorderly 爭則亂
84 7 bèi to prepare / get ready 故至備
85 7 jié festival / a special day 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
86 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治之本也
87 7 之至 zhīzhì extremely 直之至
88 7 bié do not / must not 又好其別
89 7 吉凶 jíxiōng good and bad luck 謹於吉凶不相厭者也
90 7 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若者必死
91 7 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 情文俱盡
92 7 thing / matter 使欲必不窮於物
93 6 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 而況以事其所隆親乎
94 6 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 惡則不哀
95 6 shí time / a period of time 紸纊聽息之時
96 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 所以養安也
97 6 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 人道畢矣
98 6 hair 大昏之未發齊也
99 6 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 故儒者將使人兩得之者也
100 6 chéng honesty / sincerity 禮之理誠深矣
101 6 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 積厚者流澤廣
102 6 chēng to call / to address 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
103 6 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 然而殯斂之具
104 6 to sacrifice to / to worship
105 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 是禮之所起也
106 6 liǎng two 則兩得之矣
107 6 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯不敢壞
108 6 reason / logic / truth 親用之謂理
109 6 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 終始相應
110 6 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可欺以曲直
111 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
112 6 文理 wén lǐ arts and sciences 孰知夫禮義文理之所以養情也
113 6 meaning / sense 其義止
114 5 gǒu in a sordid way 故人苟生之為見
115 5 shùn to obey 教順
116 5 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之極也
117 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫士有常宗
118 5 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 莫不順比
119 5 wáng to die 三者偏亡
120 5 shī teacher 君師者
121 5 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
122 5 pleasant / delightful 是吉凶憂愉之情發於顏色者也
123 5 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 送死不忠厚
124 5 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 忠臣孝子之極也
125 5 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 故制禮義以分之
126 5 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽者
127 5 哭泣 kūqì to weep aloud 反無哭泣之節
128 5 chū to go out / to leave 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
129 5 gāo high / tall 其理誠高矣
130 5 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終乎悅校
131 5 shú which 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
132 5 xiū to cultivate / to repair 屬脩士
133 5 desire 人生而有欲
134 5 \N 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
135 5 qiú to request 則不能無求
136 5 àn case / incident 故先王案以此象之也
137 5 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 故君子上致其隆
138 5 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 故天子大路越席
139 5 tiān day 上事天
140 5 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地者
141 5 fán ordinary / common 凡禮
142 5 shè to set up / to establish 規矩誠設矣
143 5 guǐ sly / crafty 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
144 5 bǎi one hundred 百求可以得矣
145 5 to die 始卒之未小斂也
146 5 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 薦器
147 5 yuè month 無親疏月數之等
148 5 guì expensive / costly / valuable 所以別貴始
149 5 to store 所以別積厚
150 5 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 先王惡其亂也
151 5 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 欲而不得
152 5 róng to hold / to contain 皆使其須足以容事
153 5 shàng still / yet / to value 尚玄尊
154 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 謂之無方之民
155 5 to enter 太廟之未入尸也
156 5 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 苟情說之為樂
157 4 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 宜小者小也
158 4 duàn absolutely / decidedly 斷長續短
159 4 hemp / flax 郊之麻絻也
160 4 jiǔ old 故殯久不過七十日
161 4 shàng top / a high position 上事天
162 4 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 則不可欺以曲直
163 4 天下 tiānxià China 故有天下者事七世
164 4 děng et cetera / and so on 貴賤有等
165 4 不用 búyòng need not 告不用也
166 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 無衰麻之服
167 4 cáng to hide 輿藏而馬反
168 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 本末相順
169 4 sǔn to injure 速不損五十日
170 4 zāi exclamatory particle 禮豈不至矣哉
171 4 yuǎn far / distant 然後告遠者出矣
172 4 that / those 則彼朝死而夕忘之
173 4 coarse / rough 麤惡
174 4 míng measure word for people 然後成聖人之名
175 4 a period of time / phase / stage 期止矣
176 4 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 故三月之葬
177 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 厭則忘
178 4 biàn to change / to alter 萬變不亂
179 4 huò or / either / else 如或饗之
180 4 hòu thick 所以別積厚
181 4 wáng Wang 故王者天太祖
182 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故制禮義以分之
183 4 do not 而天下莫之能損益也
184 4 fēi not / non- / un- 殆非直留死者以安生也
185 4 dào a rice paddy 芻豢稻梁
186 4 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人苟生之為見
187 4 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 謹於治生死者也
188 4 píng flat / level / smooth 平之至
189 4 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 不敬文
190 4 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 以隆殺為要
191 4 xìng gender 性者
192 4 thin / emaciated 謂之瘠
193 4 xiān first 先大羹
194 4 even / equal / uniform 齊大羹而飽庶羞
195 4 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 然而殯斂之具
196 4 之中 zhīzhōng inside 禮之中焉能思索
197 4 ěr ear 所以養耳也
198 4 chí to grasp / to hold 寢兕持虎
199 4 a banquet 席薪
200 4 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 大象其生以送其死也
201 4 不至於 bù zhì yú cannot go so far / be unlikely 不至於窕冶
202 3 to go 然後能去之也
203 3 琴瑟 qínsè qin and se, two string instruments that play in perfect harmony / marital harmony 琴瑟竽笙
204 3 měi beautiful 而滋成行義之美者也
205 3 lèi kind / type / class / category 類之本也
206 3 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 尚玄尊
207 3 yào to want / to wish for 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
208 3 relative 憂戚
209 3 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
210 3 喪禮 sànglǐ funeral 喪禮之凡
211 3 床笫 chuángzǐ bed and bamboo sleeping mat / (fig.) bed as a place for intimacy 越席床笫几筵
212 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜大者巨
213 3 a chopping board or block 俎生魚
214 3 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 卑者事卑
215 3 越席 yuèxí to leave one's seat 越席床笫几筵
216 3 shī to lose 今夫大鳥獸則失亡其群匹
217 3 yàn to dislike / to detest 謹於吉凶不相厭者也
218 3 則是 zéshì only 則是禮也
219 3 an item 所以養目也
220 3 大路 dàlù avenue 故天子大路越席
221 3 entirely / without exception 情文俱盡
222 3 fish 俎生魚
223 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 終始俱善
224 3 cosmos / universe 是君子之壇宇宮廷也
225 3 xīn heart 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
226 3 black ink / inkstick 是儒墨之分也
227 3 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 兩者合而成文
228 3 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 尚玄尊而用酒醴
229 3 萬物 wànwù all living things 萬物以昌
230 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 謂之能固
231 3 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 無窮者
232 3 clothes / dress / garment 無衰麻之服
233 3 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 貴賤有等
234 3 to arise / to get up 禮起於何也
235 3 jiā to add 加好者焉
236 3 sufficient / enough 足禮
237 3 gēng soup / broth 先大羹
238 3 hut / cottage 倚廬
239 3 恬愉 tiányú content and at ease 恬愉
240 3 increase / benefit 益不足
241 3 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 郊止乎天子
242 3 枕塊 zhěnkuài to use clay for a pillow 枕塊
243 3 shēng a small gourd-shaped musical instrument 琴瑟竽笙
244 3 yòu again / also 又好其別
245 3 a song 曲得其次序
246 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 然後告遠者出矣
247 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 遠者可以至矣
248 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 積厚者流澤廣
249 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 有一國者事五世
250 3 a human or animal body 所以養體也
251 3 a free reed mouth organ 琴瑟竽笙
252 3 祭祀 jìsì to give an offering 祭祀
253 3 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
254 3 xiū to be ashamed 齊大羹而飽庶羞
255 3 xīn fuel / firewood 席薪
256 3 several 越席床笫几筵
257 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 志意思慕之情也
258 3 màn slow 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
259 3 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
260 3 again / more / repeatedly 其下復情以歸大一也
261 3 fàn food / a meal 先黍稷而飯稻粱
262 3 liàng a quantity / an amount 求而無度量分界
263 3 rán correct / right / certainly 案屈然已
264 3 chéng to fill 盛之美之
265 3 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 一而不可得再復也
266 3 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 忠臣孝子之極也
267 3 先祖 xiānzǔ deceased grandfather / ancestry 先祖者
268 3 zài in / at 其在宇中者莫不更始矣
269 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 謂之無方之民
270 3 詩曰 shīyuē a poem goes 詩曰
271 3 héng to weigh 前有錯衡
272 3 yán a feast 越席床笫几筵
273 3 xíng to walk / to move 星辰以行
274 3 聲樂 shēnglè vocal music 聲樂
275 3 gain / advantage / benefit 苟利之為見
276 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 將由夫愚陋淫邪之人與
277 3 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是其中焉
278 3 guī to go back / to return 以歸大一
279 3 cún to exist / to survive 從之者存
280 3 xiǎng to host a banquet 大饗
281 3 cóng from 天下從之者治
282 3 zhí straight 直之至
283 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
284 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 積厚者流澤廣
285 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 利爵之不醮也
286 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 不從者亂
287 3 gōng merit 一天下之功於是就也
288 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 若者必危
289 3 báo thin / slight / weak 積薄者流澤狹也
290 3 yóu also / as if / still 猶且羞之
291 3 easy / simple 禮之中焉能勿易
292 3 文飾 wénshì to polish a text / rhetoric / ornate language / to use florid language to conceal errors / to gloss over 故文飾
293 3 shè She 而社止於諸侯
294 3 hǎo good 又好其別
295 3 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 木器不成斲
296 3 棺槨 guānguǒ inner and outer coffins / coffin 故天子棺槨七重
297 3 zuò to do 擅作典制辟陋之說入焉而喪
298 2 hān a sound 飯唅
299 2 a sweet wine 尚玄尊而用酒醴
300 2 tōng to go through / to open 朱絃而通越也
301 2 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 貧富輕重皆有稱者也
302 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過故鄉
303 2 shì room / bedroom 其貌象室屋也
304 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 至察以有說
305 2 and 將由夫愚陋淫邪之人與
306 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 所以遂敬也
307 2 xué to study / to learn 固學為聖人也
308 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦器
309 2 popular / common 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
310 2 fán complicated / complex 文理繁
311 2 禮節 lǐjié etiquette 其於禮節者闕然不具
312 2 規矩 guīju established standard / rule / customs / practices 規矩誠設矣
313 2 忠厚 zhōnghòu honest and sincere 故事生不忠厚
314 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 故雖備家必踰日然後能殯
315 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 情文代勝
316 2 residence / dwelling 居廬
317 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 刻死而附生謂之墨
318 2 jiàn to see 故人苟生之為見
319 2 clothes / clothing 設褻衣
320 2 wēi power / might / prestige 所以養威也
321 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 不能辨物也
322 2 其次 qícì secondary 其次
323 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 則不能不爭
324 2 jiē to join 君子以倍叛之心接臧穀
325 2 nose 所以養鼻也
326 2 sháo beautiful 趨中韶護
327 2 所致 suǒzhì to be caused by 所致隆也
328 2 xiàn county 縣一鐘
329 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭之不反也
330 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 是儒墨之分也
331 2 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 不至於流淫
332 2 zàng to bury the dead 然後葬也
333 2 意思 yìsi idea / intention 志意思慕之情也
334 2 大象 dàxiàng elephant 大象其生以送其死也
335 2 liǎn to collect 始卒之未小斂也
336 2 miǎn mourning 郊之麻絻也
337 2 preface / introduction 四時以序
338 2 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有求也
339 2 xìn to believe / to trust 所以養信也
340 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今夫大鳥獸則失亡其群匹
341 2 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
342 2 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓以成俗
343 2 大一 dàyī first-year university student 以歸大一
344 2 very large / huge 宜大者巨
345 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 方皇周挾
346 2 seven 故有天下者事七世
347 2 liáng a bridge 芻豢稻梁
348 2 芻豢 chúhuàn livestock / farm animals 芻豢稻梁
349 2 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 是致隆思慕之義也
350 2 miào temple / shrine 太廟之未入尸也
351 2 and 和鸞之聲
352 2 多少 duōshǎo number / amount / how much / how many 以多少為異
353 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
354 2 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
355 2 god of cereals
356 2 shì to match 具生器以適墓
357 2 to reach 道及士大夫
358 2 愛敬 àijìng to love and revere 達愛敬之文
359 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 是姦人之道而倍叛之心也
360 2 shén divine / mysterious / magical / supernatural 懷柔百神
361 2 a family clan 庶人之喪合族黨
362 2 lóng dragon 龍旗九斿
363 2 suī although / even though 故雖備家必踰日然後能殯
364 2 to moisten 不沐則濡櫛三律而止
365 2 shén what 痛甚者其愈遲
366 2 qìng chime stones / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓管磬
367 2 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 輿藏而馬反
368 2 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 無親疏月數之等
369 2 死生 sǐshēng life or death / critical (event) 明死生之義
370 2 shū to remove obstructions 疏房檖貌
371 2 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則何以分之
372 2 martial / military 步中武象
373 2 horse 故大路之馬必信至
374 2 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 菲繐
375 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹於治生死者也
376 2 to protect / to guard 趨中韶護
377 2 其中 qízhōng among 而中處其中
378 2 人生 rénshēng life 人生而有欲
379 2 方圓 fāngyuán circumference 則不可欺以方圓
380 2 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 黼黻文章
381 2 儒者 rúzhě Confucian 故儒者將使人兩得之者也
382 2 yuè more 朱絃而通越也
383 2 fèng to offer / to present 所以持平奉吉也
384 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 趨中韶護
385 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足禮
386 2 cháng to taste 成事之俎不嘗也
387 2 dǎng political party 庶人之喪合族黨
388 2 each 各反其平
389 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 大昏之未發齊也
390 2 教誨 jiāohuì to instruct / to teach 不能教誨之
391 2 主人 zhǔrén master / host 主人有尊
392 2 shéi who / whoever 誰得行之
393 2 本末 běnmò the trunk of and its branches 本末相順
394 2 this / these 此之謂也
395 2 trip / journey 師旅
396 2 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 苴杖
397 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 兩者相持而長
398 2 cháo to face 然後月朝卜日
399 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 鐘鼓管磬
400 2 a special pattern of embroidery 黼黻文章
401 2 kuò to make a top knot 鬠體
402 2 to thatch a roof 屬茨
403 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 稱情而立文
404 2 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時以序
405 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 鬠而不冠笄矣
406 2 wán a legendary archer 尒則翫
407 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 彼安能相與群居而無亂乎
408 2 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 禮豈不至矣哉
409 2 故事 gùshi narrative / story / tale 故事生不忠厚
410 2 shì a generation 故有天下者事七世
411 2 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 民之父母
412 2 to think over / to consider 謂之能慮
413 2 to admire 志意思慕之情也
414 2 shà feathers used decorate a coffin 皆有翣菨文章之等
415 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 喜怒以當
416 2 yǐn to drink 貴食飲之本也
417 2 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所一也
418 2 jiàn mean / low / base 君子賤野而羞瘠
419 2 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
420 2 葬埋 zàngmái to bury 已葬埋
421 2 shǔ to count 然後皆有衣衾多少厚薄之數
422 2 兩者 liǎng zhě both sides 兩者相持而長
423 2 also / too 則夫忠臣孝子亦知其閔矣
424 2 suì wild pear tree 疏房檖貌
425 2 this 斯聖人矣
426 2 固有 gùyǒu inherent 人生固有端焉
427 2 shěng province 情用省
428 2 fáng a room 疏房檖貌
429 2 Kangxi radical 80 則冠有鍪而毋縰
430 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 若者必滅
431 2 to carve / to engrave 刻死而附生謂之墨
432 2 wài outside 外是
433 2 sack cloth 苴杖
434 2 dài to carry / to bring 量要而帶之
435 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 時舉而代御
436 2 embroidered official or sacrificial robe 黼黻文章
437 2 鐘鼓 zhōnggǔ bell and drum / an ancient percussion instrument 鐘鼓管磬
438 2 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 象徙道也
439 2 wilderness 謂之野
440 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
441 2 分之 fēnzhī indicates a fraction 故制禮義以分之
442 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
443 2 衣衾 yīqīn burial clothes 然後皆有衣衾多少厚薄之數
444 2 silk 絲末
445 2 shù method / tactics 反生術矣
446 1 養生 yǎngshēng to keep in good health / to keep fit 孰知夫出死要節之所以養生也
447 1 banner / flag 龍旗九斿
448 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
449 1 zhī to weave 文織
450 1 different / other 以多少為異
451 1 naturally / of course / certainly 無偽則性不能自美
452 1 lán Lan 椒蘭芬苾
453 1 獨屬 dúshǔ belonging exclusively to / exclusively for / reserved to / special 獨屬妻子
454 1 舉措 jǔcuò to move / to act 將舉措之
455 1 先王之道 xiān wáng zhī dào the way of former kings 是先王之道
456 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 案使不及也
457 1 zhù \N 紸纊聽息之時
458 1 shēn gentry 縉紳而無鉤帶矣
459 1 和合 héhé to mix / to blend / to converge / to join / to fuse 故人之歡欣和合之時
460 1 xié to clasp under the arm 方皇周挾
461 1 plain / white 大路之素未集也
462 1 文備 wén bèi Wen Bei 其文備矣
463 1 sincere / honest / simple 本始材朴也
464 1 bǎn a block of printing / an edition 其貌象版蓋斯象拂也
465 1 何以 héyǐ why 然則何以分之
466 1 shǒu hand 持手而食者不得立宗廟
467 1 shě to give 則舍之矣
468 1 顏色 yánsè color 是吉凶憂愉之情發於顏色者也
469 1 to attack by surprise 襲三稱
470 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 殆非直留死者以安生也
471 1 有方 yǒufāng to do things right / to use the correct method 謂之有方之士
472 1 相應 xiāngyìng relevant / corresponding 終始相應
473 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創巨者其日久
474 1 唈僾 yìài to have trouble breathing 愅詭唈僾而不能無時至焉
475 1 tōu to steal 苟怠惰偷懦之為安
476 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
477 1 酒漿 jiǔjiāng wine 酒漿
478 1 kàng to resist / to oppose / to defy / to reject 抗折
479 1 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 是吉凶憂愉之情發於衣服者也
480 1 qīng light / not heavy 暴慢恣孳輕俗以為高之屬入焉而隊
481 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
482 1 mother 母能食之
483 1 xiāng village / township 脩士之喪動一鄉
484 1 恭敬 gōngjìng to bow / to revere / to hold in deferential respect 孰知夫恭敬辭讓之所以養安也
485 1 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 然而禮以是斷之者
486 1 tiǎo quiet and secluded / gentle, graceful and elegant 不至於窕冶
487 1 shèn cautious 故君子敬始而慎終
488 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 復生有節也哉
489 1 zhòu daytime 不得晝行
490 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦可乎
491 1 bái white 堅白
492 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 然而幸生之心未已
493 1 隘懾 àishè very disheartened 不至於隘懾傷生
494 1 huǐ to destroy 相高以毀瘠
495 1 yīn because 因以飾群
496 1 child / son 子之所以致重其親
497 1 to rely on / to depend on 倚廬
498 1 卜筮 bǔshì divination 卜筮視日
499 1 一天 yītiān one day 一天下之功於是就也
500 1 bèi by 衣被之者也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
怀柔 懷柔 huáiróu Huairou
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
墨者 mòzhě Mohist / follower of Mohist school
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
无性 無性 wúxìng
  1. niḥsvabhāva / no self-nature
  2. Asvabhāva
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English