Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 《元史》, 卷一百三十二 列傳第十九: 杭忽思 步魯合答 玉哇失 麥里 探馬赤 拔都兒 昂吉兒 哈剌䚟 沙全 帖木兒不花 Volume 132 Biographies 19: Hanghusi, Buluheda, Yuwashi, Maili, Tanmachi, Badou'er, Angji'er, Haladai, Sha Quan, Tiemu'erbuhua

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 59 jūn army / military 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
2 52 nián year 中統二年
3 52 ér son 賜名拔都兒
4 51 bīng soldier / troops 太宗兵至其境
5 44 sòng Song dynasty 與宋兵戰有功
6 32 to slash 與甕吉剌只兒瓦台軍戰于押里
7 31 rén person / people / a human being 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
8 27 zhēng to prove / to confirm 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
9 26 to give / to bestow favors 賜名拔都兒
10 26 to answer / to agree 與阿藍荅兒
11 25 jīn gold 錫以金符
12 25 gōng to attack / to assault 從攻安慶府
13 25 Ji 時失烈吉叛
14 24 gōng merit 與宋兵戰有功
15 24 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰歿
16 23 inside / interior 從也里可征之
17 23 sound of laughter 又從親王哈必失征李璮
18 23 qiān one thousand 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
19 22 Shandong 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
20 21 shī to lose 追至失木里禿之地
21 21 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 雲南萬戶府達魯花赤
22 21 speed 阿速氏
23 21 shòu to teach 授虎符
24 21 lǐng neck 命領其土民
25 20 child / son 後以次子按法普代之
26 20 to die 伯荅兒卒
27 20 元帥 yuánshuài a general 以功為元帥
28 19 chì red / scarlet 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
29 19 děng et cetera / and so on 寬赤哥思等軍合戰
30 19 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 杭忽思率衆來降
31 19 supreme ruler / emperor 帝親飲以酒
32 18 a pagoda / a stupa 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
33 18 zhòng many / all 杭忽思率衆來降
34 18 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 征杭海
35 18 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 昂吉兒
36 18 mìng life 命領其土民
37 18 to enter 阿塔赤入直宿衛
38 18 wáng Wang 太宗時率蒙古軍千人從諸王察合台征河西
39 18 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後衛親軍都指揮使
40 17 chéng a city / a town 積石為城
41 17 to attack by surprise 且命其子伯荅兒襲千戶
42 17 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi 充阿速拔都達魯花赤
43 16 horse 渡馬湖江
44 16 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 杭忽思率衆來降
45 15 precious 玉哇失
46 15 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 阿塔赤入直宿衛
47 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 主阿速國
48 14 to think / consider / to ponder 杭忽思
49 14 an official institution / a state bureau 從攻安慶府
50 14 zhōu a state / a province 文諸州
51 14 to reach 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
52 14 to join / to combine 與赤憐軍合戰
53 14 sound of child's crying 玉哇失
54 13 quán perfect 沙全
55 13 行省 xíngshěng province 從行省也速帶兒征建都
56 13 a talisman / a charm 錫以金符
57 13 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 蒙古弘吉剌氏
58 13 shí time / a point or period of time 時失烈吉叛
59 13 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 阿里不哥叛
60 13 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 定遠大將軍
61 12 xíng to walk / to move 又改征行元帥
62 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂拔其城
63 12 zhèn town 戍鎮巢
64 12 yán to speak / to say / said 言於帝曰
65 12 dǎi bad / wicked / evil 都元帥蒙古歹征羅必甸
66 12 a step 步魯合荅
67 11 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 從丞相伯顏平宋
68 11 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
69 11 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元五年
70 11 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 授虎符
71 11 píng flat / level / smooth 平之
72 11 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
73 10 èr two 中統二年
74 10 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 整遣裨校出戰
75 10 shì a generation 世居上都宜興
76 10 jìn to enter 進資善大夫
77 10 沿海 yánhǎi coast 行省檄充沿海招討副使
78 10 zhuī to pursue / to chase 追至失木里禿之地
79 10 to strike / to hit / to beat 急擊
80 10 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞以白金
81 10 extra / surplus / remainder 殺三百餘人
82 10 shù to guard a border 戍鎮巢
83 10 soil / ground / land 追至失木里禿之地
84 9 gǎi to change / to alter 尋改右阿速衛達魯花赤
85 9 four 大德四年
86 9 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
87 9 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖聞而嘉之
88 9 dìng to decide 次子福定
89 9 elder brother 阿里不哥叛
90 9 jiā to add 加定遠大將軍
91 9 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充阿速拔都達魯花赤
92 9 shǐ arrow / dart 矢中其腹
93 9 zhōng middle 矢中其腹
94 9 mín the people / citizen / subjects 命領其土民
95 9 zhí office / post 襲職
96 9 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
97 9 yuē to speak / to say 謂諸將曰
98 9 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 與左丞曲立吉思乘勝進擊
99 8 qiān to move / to shift 命領軍一千守遷民鎮
100 8 to die 世祖憫其死
101 8 重慶 chóngqìng Chongqing 攻重慶
102 8 白金 báijīn platinum 賞以白金
103 8 chē a vehicle 父車里
104 8 suì age 歲餘不下
105 8 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 兼管後衛軍
106 8 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 進鎮國上將軍
107 8 sān three 三年
108 8 zhěng whole / complete 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
109 8 yòu right / right-hand 伯荅兒矢中右股
110 8 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔之
111 8 chén minister / statesman / official 臣願從軍
112 8 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 從下沿江諸郡
113 8 nán south 文南界
114 8 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 軍于亦里渾察罕兒之地
115 8 five 至元五年
116 8 huò to reap / to harvest 獲其駝馬器仗以獻
117 8 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 步魯合荅以所部兵攻寶子寨
118 8 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜其家白金五百兩
119 8 dào way / road / path 道遇敵人
120 8 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
121 8 宣慰使 xuānwèishǐ Commissioner for Pacification 淮西宣慰使
122 8 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 次帖木兒
123 8 禿 bald / bare / stripped 追至失木里禿之地
124 8 西 The West 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
125 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 後海都子察八兒等遣人詣闕請和
126 7 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 其地悉平
127 7 zōng school / sect 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
128 7 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 殺三百餘人
129 7 zuǒ left 與左丞曲立吉思乘勝進擊
130 7 huái Huai River 宋淮西制置夏貴遣侯都統將兵四萬來攻
131 7 mài wheat / barley / oats 麥里
132 7 liǎng two 賜其家白金五百兩
133 7 shì matter / thing / item 僉樞密院事
134 7 hòu after / later 後以次子按法普代之
135 7 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 佩金符
136 7 shǔ to count 戰數有功
137 7 deputy / assistant / vice- 後衛親軍副都指揮使
138 7 guān an office 官懷遠大將軍
139 7 huā Hua 其大將塔思不花樹木為柵
140 7 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 阿速氏
141 7 yán color 諸王乃顏叛
142 7 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
143 7 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 賜名拔都兒
144 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗宋兵于馬老山
145 7 father 父車里
146 6 tǒng to unify 命統蒙古探馬赤軍千人從征金齒蠻
147 6 wood / lumber 追至失木里禿之地
148 6 guì expensive / costly / valuable 宋淮西制置夏貴遣侯都統將兵四萬來攻
149 6 一千 yī qiān one thousand 併鎮巢降民一千五百三十九戶
150 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 追至失列門林
151 6 jié hero 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
152 6 father's elder brother / uncle 且命其子伯荅兒襲千戶
153 6 chāo paper money 鈔三千五百貫
154 6 sūn Sun 只孫
155 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 因留之戍邊
156 6 探馬 tànmǎ mounted scout (arch.) 命統蒙古探馬赤軍千人從征金齒蠻
157 6 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 後衛親軍都指揮使
158 6 Háng to cross a stream 杭忽思
159 6 road / path / way 遂改授帖木兒隨路拔都萬戶
160 6 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒其將失剌察兒
161 6 eight 至元八年
162 6 one 別立阿速一軍
163 6 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪其所掠扎剌亦兒
164 6 lián to pity / to sympathize 與赤憐軍合戰
165 6 wén to hear 世祖聞而嘉之
166 6 hǎn rare 軍于亦里渾察罕兒之地
167 6 lüè plan / strategy 從定宗略定欽察
168 6 tóng like / same / similar 奉旨同不荅台領兵南征
169 6 wén writing / text 文諸州
170 5 tǎo to seek 還軍討之
171 5 jiǔ nine 步魯合荅即率其衆攻九頂山
172 5 嘉定 jiādìng Jiading 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
173 5 guī to go back / to return 王乃得脫歸
174 5 海船 hǎichuán a sea-going ship 阿朮與王世強招討造白鷂海船百艘
175 5 shǔ Sichuan 從憲宗征蜀
176 5 shī teacher 欲據險以襲我師
177 5 liú Liu 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
178 5 zhōu boat / ship 無舟
179 5 河西 Héxī Hexi 太宗時率蒙古軍千人從諸王察合台征河西
180 5 shēng to promote / to rise / to ascend 陞樞密同僉
181 5 xiàn constitution / statute / law 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
182 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以功遷武略將軍
183 5 tiger 嘗出獵遇虎於隘
184 5 後衛 hòuwèi rear guard / backfield / fullback 後衛親軍都指揮使
185 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破之
186 5 huái bosom / breast 其子那懷幼
187 5 懷遠 huáiyuǎn Huaiyuan 官懷遠大將軍
188 5 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 掠河西諸城
189 5 duǒ cluster of flowers 丞相朶兒朶懷擊海都軍
190 5 jiā excellent 世祖聞而嘉之
191 5 jiāng a large river 渡馬湖江
192 5 to turn / to rotate 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
193 5 desire 虎張吻欲噬之
194 5 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統二年
195 5 lái to come 杭忽思率衆來降
196 5 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 以拒大軍
197 5 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 僉樞密院事
198 5 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan 定遠大將軍
199 5 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 道遇敵人
200 5 jiā house / home / residence 賜其家白金五百兩
201 5 disease / sickness / ailment 車里以老疾
202 5 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 阿塔赤入直宿衛
203 5 residence / dwelling 居七日
204 5 xià summer 明年夏
205 5 阿朮 azhú Aju 分木華黎及阿朮所將河西兵俾將之
206 5 日本 rìběn Japan 今方有事日本
207 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 後以次子按法普代之
208 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 猶未足以厭朕志
209 4 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德四年
210 4 wàn ten thousand 賜鈔萬五千緡
211 4 martial / military 武陽
212 4 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 後衛親軍都指揮使
213 4 divination / fortune telling 後以兵從塔海紺卜
214 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 紐璘諸大帥
215 4 二千 èr qiān two thousand 賜巢縣二千五十二戶
216 4 yín silver 遣使者以銀鈔羊馬迎致麥里
217 4 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 帖里哥歹
218 4 kuò wide / broad 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
219 4 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 乃造雲梯先登
220 4 信陽 xìnyáng Xinyang 信陽在蔡州南
221 4 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 進圍其城
222 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍還屯灰山
223 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 即命偕平章哈伯
224 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗兵至其境
225 4 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大德元年卒
226 4 zhí straight 阿塔赤入直宿衛
227 4 a call to arms / a proclaimation of war 行省檄充沿海招討副使
228 4 yuàn a school 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
229 4 港口 gǎngkǒu port / harbor 守定海港口
230 4 河南 hénán Henan 河南
231 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
232 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 麥里以為帝初即位
233 4 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗其軍
234 4 huì can / be able to
235 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 詔伯荅兒領阿速軍一千往征之
236 4 niǔ to tie 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
237 4 lín luster of jade 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
238 4 increase / benefit 復益兵三千人
239 4 安撫 ānfǔ to placate / to pacify / to appease 宋洪安撫既降復叛
240 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 慶元路緫管府達魯花赤
241 4 to instruct / to expound / to explain 遣使諭溫州守臣家之柄以城降
242 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制授管軍千戶
243 4 華亭 huàtíng Huating 至華亭
244 4 諸城 zhūchéng Zhucheng 又從下沿江諸城
245 4 to cross, ferry over 渡馬湖江
246 4 wài outside 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
247 4 to stand 別立阿速一軍
248 4 bank of river / shore 許浦
249 4 luó Luo 長子斡羅思
250 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 御馬必令鞚引
251 4 十一 shíyī eleven 十一年
252 4 clothes / clothing 賞鈔及衣段
253 4 shēn human body / torso 縱以黃金包其身
254 4 zhǔ owner 主阿速國
255 4 bǎi one hundred 尋於阿塔赤內充怯薛百戶
256 4 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 從丞相伯顏平宋
257 4 漢軍 hàn jūn Han army 授蒙古漢軍萬戶
258 3 to take / to receive / to accept 賞納失思段九
259 3 can / may / permissible 從也里可征之
260 3 zài in / at 成宗時在潛邸
261 3 shì power / authority 敵勢甚盛
262 3 來歸 láiguī to return / to come back 從其國主來歸
263 3 néng can / able 舍玉哇失其誰能之
264 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 世祖即位
265 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 新附軍一千五百
266 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 而上下同欲者勝
267 3 chén Chen 宋都統陳懿等兄弟五人以畬兵七千人降
268 3 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 伯荅兒督勇士先登
269 3 建都 jiàndōu to establish a capital 從行省也速帶兒征建都
270 3 二十 èrshí twenty 二十年
271 3 zhèng upright / straight 都鎮撫侯正死焉
272 3 a river / a stream 至斡耳罕河
273 3 to defend / to resist 御馬必令鞚引
274 3 ān saddle 鞍勒
275 3 enemy / foe 率先赴敵
276 3 迷失 míshī to be lost 別吉里迷失以其功聞
277 3 hún muddy / turbid 渾都海戰
278 3 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
279 3 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
280 3 seven 七年
281 3 zhāo illustrious 進昭勇大將軍
282 3 zhī to know 進知樞密院事
283 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 乃顏兵號十萬
284 3 三千 sān qiān three thousand 鈔三千五百貫
285 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公毋吾攻為也
286 3 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 遂屠之
287 3 power / force / strength 戰愈力
288 3 qiáng strong / powerful 以牙以迷失不畏強禦
289 3 擊敗 jī bài to defeat / to beat 車里擊敗之
290 3 金山 jīnshān a mountain with a gold mine 玉哇失從諸王藥木忽兒追至金山
291 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 帝以海都連年犯邊
292 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 御馬必令鞚引
293 3 zhuó to pull out 擢昭武大將軍
294 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宗時在潛邸
295 3 to capture / to imprison / to seize 殺虜殆盡
296 3 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 天曆元年十月
297 3 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 而上下同欲者勝
298 3 金剛 jīngāng a diamond 攻破金剛臺
299 3 不堪 bùkān cannot bear / cannot stand 民不堪命
300 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 悉正其罪
301 3 xiān first 伯荅兒督勇士先登
302 3 cháo nest 戍鎮巢
303 3 shàng top / a high position 因上言
304 3 水軍 shuǐjūn navy 蒙古四萬戶府辟為水軍鎮撫
305 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月
306 3 to allow / to permit 朝廷許之
307 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
308 3 dǐng top / peak 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
309 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 成宗時在潛邸
310 3 十二 shí èr twelve 至元十二年
311 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年夏
312 3 to cut off the feet 至兀兒禿
313 3 guàn to go through 鈔三千五百貫
314 3 level / step / tier 斬首三百級
315 3 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 平章政事
316 3 鎮撫 zhènfǔ to subdue 都鎮撫侯正死焉
317 3 wealth / capital / money / expenses 進資善大夫
318 3 àn to press / to push 祖按主奴
319 3 溫州 Wēnzhōu Wenzhou 哈剌引兵至溫州青
320 3 chuān Sichuan 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
321 3 xiōng elder brother 兄都丹充右阿速衛都指揮使
322 3 qiū fall / autumn 十二年秋
323 3 定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai 守定海港口
324 3 甲冑 jiǎzhòu armour 外麻思躬擐甲冑
325 3 yóu to swim 步魯合荅率游兵先行
326 3 Li 從征李璮
327 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 遂撤邊備
328 3 渡江 dù jiāng to cross a river 丞相伯顏渡江
329 3 ministry / department 領徹里臺部
330 3 屯田 túntián for stationed troops to cultivate land 昂吉兒請立屯田
331 3 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
332 3 zhài a fence / a stockade 步魯合荅以所部兵攻寶子寨
333 3 斬首 zhǎnshǒu to behead 斬首三百級
334 3 tooth / tusk 駐兵呵剌牙
335 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 都統洪福盡殺戍者以叛
336 3 tuō to take off 王乃得脫歸
337 3 yún cloud 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
338 3 hut / cottage 遂攻廬州
339 3 親征 qīnzhēng to take to the field oneself (of emperor) / to take part in person in an expedition 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
340 3 五十 wǔshí fifty 賞黃金五十兩
341 3 good fortune / happiness / luck 次子福定
342 3 jiàn to see 徵入見
343 3 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 阿里不哥叛
344 3 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 從太祖與王罕戰
345 3 shū to transport 其母乃咬真輸己帑及畜牧等給軍食
346 3 長子 zhǎngzǐ eldest son 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
347 3 tǎn \N 從征李璮
348 3 hemp / flax 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
349 3 dān cinnabar 兄都丹充右阿速衛都指揮使
350 3 戊午 wùwǔ fifty-fifth year E7 of the 60 year cycle 戊午
351 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜住襲
352 3 二十二 èrshíèr 22 / twenty-two 二十二年
353 3 領軍 lǐngjūn to lead troups / (fig.) to lead / leading 命領軍一千守遷民鎮
354 3 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo 進鎮國上將軍
355 3 to cut down 從憲宗伐宋
356 2 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
357 2 cháo to face 昂吉兒入朝
358 2 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命玉哇失援出之
359 2 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 仍詔諭江淮軍民
360 2 yǐn to drink 帝親飲以酒
361 2 wèi to call 謂諸將曰
362 2 帶兒 dàir band / belt / girdle / ribbon 從行省也速帶兒征建都
363 2 to go / to visit / to attend 率先赴敵
364 2 liù six 六年
365 2 芍陂 sháopí Quepi lake (irrigation project in Han to Tang times on Huai river 淮河 in modern Anhui) 即芍陂
366 2 a slave / a servant 祖按主奴
367 2 a lake 渡馬湖江
368 2 héng horizontal / transverse 又於橫江
369 2 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗鎮北邊
370 2 xiàn county 宣化三縣造浮橋
371 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果如昂吉兒所言
372 2 dài to carry / to bring 賜金帶
373 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 至廣羊埧
374 2 xiàn to offer / to present 獲其駝馬器仗以獻
375 2 wáng to die 往年金亡
376 2 black 代張馬哥為淄萊水軍萬戶
377 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東諸翼衛探馬赤爭草地訟者二百餘起
378 2 to scatter / to disperse 海都復以禿苦馬領精兵三萬人直趨撒剌思河
379 2 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 以其軍隸蒙古軍籍
380 2 district / county 行省以邑人新附
381 2 to benefit / to aid 整遣裨校出戰
382 2 dūn honest / candid / sincere 行院忽敦遣步魯合荅追之
383 2 攻下 gōngxià to attack / to take an enemy position 攻下定
384 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時北安王方戰失利
385 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 塞馬當暑
386 2 past / former times 從萬戶昔力荅略地碉門
387 2 jiù old / ancient 行省增撥軍七百并舊所領士卒
388 2 nèi inside / interior 尋於阿塔赤內充怯薛百戶
389 2 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
390 2 hēi black 次黑子
391 2 yǒng brave / courageous 帝壯其勇
392 2 chán Chan / Zen 王禪兵掩至羊頭山
393 2 wāng vast / extensive / deep 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
394 2 tile 與甕吉剌只兒瓦台軍戰于押里
395 2 舟師 zhōushī boat troops 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
396 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 駐兵呵剌牙
397 2 wēi prestige / majesty 授廣威將軍
398 2 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 臣願從軍
399 2 hòu thick 賜予甚厚
400 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 又從征八百媳婦國
401 2 進兵 jìnbīng to advance troops 進兵攻之
402 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 進資善大夫
403 2 to defend / to resist 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
404 2 chāng Chang 鞏昌
405 2 調發 tiáofā to requisition / to dispatch 若復調發民兵
406 2 earth / soil / dirt 命領其土民
407 2 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹兀臺氏
408 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 而名曰全
409 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
410 2 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 陞樞密同僉
411 2 shǒu hand 以手探虎口
412 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻重慶
413 2 Kangxi radical 80 公毋吾攻為也
414 2 míng bright / brilliant 加明威將軍
415 2 賜予 cìyǔ to confer / to bestow / to grant 賜予甚厚
416 2 to help / to assist 加輔國上將軍
417 2 liáo to be healed / to cured / to recover 昂吉兒以所部馬入太行療之
418 2 to lack 大軍乏食
419 2 木華黎 mùhuàlí Muqali 從木華黎出征
420 2 chūn spring 十五年春
421 2 俘獲 fúhuò to capture (enemy property or personnel) / capture 俘獲百餘人
422 2 wing 山東諸翼衛探馬赤爭草地訟者二百餘起
423 2 家奴 jiānú domestic slave / slave servant 金家奴聚兵滅捏該
424 2 chéng to fill 敵勢甚盛
425 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 晝寢于衛舍
426 2 xiào school 整遣裨校出戰
427 2 釣魚 diàoyú to fish 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
428 2 黃金 huángjīn gold 賞黃金五十兩
429 2 shí a rock / a stone 積石為城
430 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年
431 2 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 諸王和林及失剌等叛
432 2 Hu 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
433 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷許之
434 2 松江 Sōngjiāng Songjiang 改松江萬戶府達魯花赤
435 2 yán salt 有未附鹽徒聚衆數萬掠華亭
436 2 to ferry 奪其舟以濟
437 2 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 行省檄充蒙古漢軍招討使
438 2 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong 遷廣東宣慰使
439 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 不懼
440 2 襄陽 Xiāngyáng Xiangyang 從下襄陽
441 2 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大四年
442 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 玉哇失為前鋒
443 2 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 步魯合荅以所部兵攻寶子寨
444 2 to supervise 伯荅兒督勇士先登
445 2 乘勝 chéngshèng to follow up a victory / to pursue retreating enemy 與左丞曲立吉思乘勝進擊
446 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 擊走之
447 2 to beg / to request 子亦乞里歹襲
448 2 zhēng to prove / to confirm 徵入見
449 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 尋以疾辭
450 2 é Russia 俄略地淮南
451 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 平叛亂
452 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 遣使者以銀鈔羊馬迎致麥里
453 2 北安 běiān Bei'an 從皇子北安王討之
454 2 shēn deep 偕劉深征八百媳婦國
455 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
456 2 kòu bandit / thieve 海都復入寇
457 2 to assemble / to meet together 金家奴聚兵滅捏該
458 2 yān Yan 燕南
459 2 討平 tǎopíng to put down (an uprising) / to pacify 從大軍討平之
460 2 sāng mulberry tree 與其弟桑忽荅兒率所部擊之
461 2 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 乃顏遣哈丹領兵萬人來拒
462 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 郡守而下佩金符者多至三四人
463 2 奉旨 fèngzhǐ on imperial orders 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
464 2 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 玉哇失陷陣力戰
465 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 追至簡州斬之
466 2 fèn to strive / to exert effort 別吉連從丞相擁衆奮擊之
467 2 dǒng Dong 擒福及董統制
468 2 ài narrow / confined 嘗出獵遇虎於隘
469 2 大將 dàjiāng a general / an admiral 其大將塔思不花樹木為柵
470 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 帝親飲以酒
471 2 a song 既而哈丹復叛於曲連江
472 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 遣使者以銀鈔羊馬迎致麥里
473 2 織文 zhīwén a kind of brocade 賜金織文衣
474 2 束帶 shùdài a band / a belt / a loincloth / a cummerbund 玉束帶
475 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 陷敵陣中
476 2 an official residence 成宗時在潛邸
477 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
478 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 太宗兵至其境
479 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 權臣阿合馬納賂鬻爵
480 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 有謀內應者悉誅之
481 2 zòu to present / to offer 奏為本道按察使以察之
482 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 以拒大軍
483 2 fàn to commit crime / to violate 帝以海都連年犯邊
484 2 qián front 所向無前
485 2 襄樊 Xiāngfán Xiangfan 初從軍攻襄樊
486 2 攻破 gōng pò to make a breakthrough / to attack and break through 攻破金剛臺
487 2 精兵 jīng bīng crack troops 海都復以禿苦馬領精兵三萬人直趨撒剌思河
488 2 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 境內得安
489 2 hóu marquis / lord 都鎮撫侯正死焉
490 2 to take / to get / to fetch 取重慶
491 2 qīn relatives 帝親飲以酒
492 2 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan 雲南萬戶府達魯花赤
493 2 人從 réncóng retinue / hangers-on 太宗時率蒙古軍千人從諸王察合台征河西
494 2 jiē stairs / steps
495 2 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 十五年春
496 2 xuē Xue 尋於阿塔赤內充怯薛百戶
497 2 海島 hǎidǎo island 顧潤等寇掠海島
498 2 fán foreign things 及西蕃邊境
499 2 chí to go quickly or swiftly 夜馳與速哥會
500 2 Qu 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 99 zhī him / her / them / that 後以次子按法普代之
2 79 his / hers / its / theirs 太宗兵至其境
3 76 so as to / in order to 錫以金符
4 59 jūn army / military 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
5 54 cóng from 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
6 52 nián year 中統二年
7 52 ér son 賜名拔都兒
8 51 bīng soldier / troops 太宗兵至其境
9 44 sòng Song dynasty 與宋兵戰有功
10 41 dōu all 渾都海戰
11 35 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
12 32 to slash 與甕吉剌只兒瓦台軍戰于押里
13 31 rén person / people / a human being 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
14 30 zhū all / many / various 從下沿江諸郡
15 29 wèi for / to 其大將塔思不花樹木為柵
16 29 zhì to / until 太宗兵至其境
17 27 ā prefix to names of people 阿速氏
18 27 zhēng to prove / to confirm 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
19 26 to give / to bestow favors 賜名拔都兒
20 26 and 與宋兵戰有功
21 26 to answer / to agree 與阿藍荅兒
22 25 not / no 阿里不哥叛
23 25 jīn gold 錫以金符
24 25 gōng to attack / to assault 從攻安慶府
25 25 Ji 時失烈吉叛
26 24 gōng merit 與宋兵戰有功
27 24 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰歿
28 23 inside / interior 從也里可征之
29 23 sound of laughter 又從親王哈必失征李璮
30 23 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 世祖聞而嘉之
31 23 qiān one thousand 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
32 22 in / at 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
33 22 Shandong 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
34 21 shī to lose 追至失木里禿之地
35 21 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 雲南萬戶府達魯花赤
36 21 speed 阿速氏
37 21 shòu to teach 授虎符
38 21 lǐng neck 命領其土民
39 20 child / son 後以次子按法普代之
40 20 to die 伯荅兒卒
41 20 元帥 yuánshuài a general 以功為元帥
42 19 chì red / scarlet 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
43 19 děng et cetera / and so on 寬赤哥思等軍合戰
44 19 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 杭忽思率衆來降
45 19 supreme ruler / emperor 帝親飲以酒
46 18 a pagoda / a stupa 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
47 18 zhòng many / all 杭忽思率衆來降
48 18 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 征杭海
49 18 áng to rise / to raise / to hold high 昂吉兒
50 18 mìng life 命領其土民
51 18 to enter 阿塔赤入直宿衛
52 18 wáng Wang 太宗時率蒙古軍千人從諸王察合台征河西
53 18 使 shǐ to make / to cause 後衛親軍都指揮使
54 17 chéng a city / a town 積石為城
55 17 to attack by surprise 且命其子伯荅兒襲千戶
56 17 suddenly / abruptly 杭忽思
57 17 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 併鎮巢降民一千五百三十九戶
58 17 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi 充阿速拔都達魯花赤
59 16 horse 渡馬湖江
60 16 yǒu is / are / to exist 與宋兵戰有功
61 16 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 杭忽思率衆來降
62 15 precious 玉哇失
63 15 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 阿塔赤入直宿衛
64 15 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 車厘者
65 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 主阿速國
66 14 to think / consider / to ponder 杭忽思
67 14 an official institution / a state bureau 從攻安慶府
68 14 again / more / repeatedly 以功復賞白金
69 14 zhōu a state / a province 文諸州
70 14 to reach 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
71 14 to join / to combine 與赤憐軍合戰
72 14 sound of child's crying 玉哇失
73 13 quán perfect 沙全
74 13 行省 xíngshěng province 從行省也速帶兒征建都
75 13 a talisman / a charm 錫以金符
76 13 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 其母乃咬真輸己帑及畜牧等給軍食
77 13 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 蒙古弘吉剌氏
78 13 shí time / a point or period of time 時失烈吉叛
79 13 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 阿里不哥叛
80 13 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 定遠大將軍
81 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 拔所佩刀刺而殺之
82 12 xíng to walk / to move 又改征行元帥
83 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂拔其城
84 12 zhèn town 戍鎮巢
85 12 xià next 從下五河口
86 12 yán to speak / to say / said 言於帝曰
87 12 jiān simultaneously 兼領阿速軍
88 12 dǎi bad / wicked / evil 都元帥蒙古歹征羅必甸
89 12 hái also / in addition / more 既還
90 12 a step 步魯合荅
91 11 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 從丞相伯顏平宋
92 11 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
93 11 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元五年
94 11 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 授虎符
95 11 in / at 嘗出獵遇虎於隘
96 11 yòu again / also 又改征行元帥
97 11 píng flat / level / smooth 平之
98 11 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
99 11 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 虎張吻欲噬之
100 11 shén what 敵勢甚盛
101 10 also / too 從也里可征之
102 10 sōu measure word for boats and ships 阿朮與王世強招討造白鷂海船百艘
103 10 èr two 中統二年
104 10 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 整遣裨校出戰
105 10 shì a generation 世居上都宜興
106 10 jìn to enter 進資善大夫
107 10 沿海 yánhǎi coast 行省檄充沿海招討副使
108 10 de potential marker 王乃得脫歸
109 10 zhuī to pursue / to chase 追至失木里禿之地
110 10 to strike / to hit / to beat 急擊
111 10 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞以白金
112 10 extra / surplus / remainder 殺三百餘人
113 10 shù to guard a border 戍鎮巢
114 10 soil / ground / land 追至失木里禿之地
115 9 gǎi to change / to alter 尋改右阿速衛達魯花赤
116 9 four 大德四年
117 9 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
118 9 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 世祖聞而嘉之
119 9 dìng to decide 次子福定
120 9 elder brother 阿里不哥叛
121 9 jiā to add 加定遠大將軍
122 9 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充阿速拔都達魯花赤
123 9 shǐ arrow / dart 矢中其腹
124 9 zhōng middle 矢中其腹
125 9 mín the people / citizen / subjects 命領其土民
126 9 zhí office / post 襲職
127 9 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
128 9 yuē to speak / to say 謂諸將曰
129 9 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 與左丞曲立吉思乘勝進擊
130 8 qiān to move / to shift 命領軍一千守遷民鎮
131 8 to die 世祖憫其死
132 8 重慶 chóngqìng Chongqing 攻重慶
133 8 also / too 軍于亦里渾察罕兒之地
134 8 白金 báijīn platinum 賞以白金
135 8 chū to go out / to leave 整遣裨校出戰
136 8 chē a vehicle 父車里
137 8 suì age 歲餘不下
138 8 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 兼管後衛軍
139 8 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 進鎮國上將軍
140 8 sān three 三年
141 8 zhěng whole / complete 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
142 8 yòu right / right-hand 伯荅兒矢中右股
143 8 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔之
144 8 chén minister / statesman / official 臣願從軍
145 8 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 從下沿江諸郡
146 8 nán south 文南界
147 8 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 軍于亦里渾察罕兒之地
148 8 five 至元五年
149 8 huò to reap / to harvest 獲其駝馬器仗以獻
150 8 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
151 8 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 步魯合荅以所部兵攻寶子寨
152 8 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜其家白金五百兩
153 8 dào way / road / path 道遇敵人
154 8 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋奉旨選阿速軍千人
155 8 宣慰使 xuānwèishǐ Commissioner for Pacification 淮西宣慰使
156 8 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 次帖木兒
157 8 禿 bald / bare / stripped 追至失木里禿之地
158 8 西 The West 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
159 7 qǐng to ask / to inquire 後海都子察八兒等遣人詣闕請和
160 7 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 其地悉平
161 7 zōng school / sect 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
162 7 三百 sān bǎi three hundred 殺三百餘人
163 7 zuǒ left 與左丞曲立吉思乘勝進擊
164 7 huái Huai River 宋淮西制置夏貴遣侯都統將兵四萬來攻
165 7 mài wheat / barley / oats 麥里
166 7 bié do not / must not 別吉里迷失以其功聞
167 7 liǎng two 賜其家白金五百兩
168 7 shì matter / thing / item 僉樞密院事
169 7 hòu after / later 後以次子按法普代之
170 7 pèi a belt ornament / a pendant 佩金符
171 7 shǔ to count 戰數有功
172 7 deputy / assistant / vice- 後衛親軍副都指揮使
173 7 guān an office 官懷遠大將軍
174 7 huā Hua 其大將塔思不花樹木為柵
175 7 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 阿速氏
176 7 yán color 諸王乃顏叛
177 7 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
178 7 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 賜名拔都兒
179 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗宋兵于馬老山
180 7 father 父車里
181 6 tǒng to unify 命統蒙古探馬赤軍千人從征金齒蠻
182 6 and 諸王和林及失剌等叛
183 6 wood / lumber 追至失木里禿之地
184 6 guì expensive / costly / valuable 宋淮西制置夏貴遣侯都統將兵四萬來攻
185 6 一千 yī qiān one thousand 併鎮巢降民一千五百三十九戶
186 6 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 追至失列門林
187 6 jié hero 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
188 6 father's elder brother / uncle 且命其子伯荅兒襲千戶
189 6 chāo paper money 鈔三千五百貫
190 6 sūn Sun 只孫
191 6 tái unit 攻破金剛臺
192 6 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 因留之戍邊
193 6 探馬 tànmǎ mounted scout (arch.) 命統蒙古探馬赤軍千人從征金齒蠻
194 6 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 後衛親軍都指揮使
195 6 Háng to cross a stream 杭忽思
196 6 road / path / way 遂改授帖木兒隨路拔都萬戶
197 6 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒其將失剌察兒
198 6 eight 至元八年
199 6 no 無舟
200 6 one 別立阿速一軍
201 6 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪其所掠扎剌亦兒
202 6 lián to pity / to sympathize 與赤憐軍合戰
203 6 certainly / must / will / necessarily 都元帥蒙古歹征羅必甸
204 6 wén to hear 世祖聞而嘉之
205 6 hǎn rare 軍于亦里渾察罕兒之地
206 6 lüè plan / strategy 從定宗略定欽察
207 6 tóng like / same / similar 奉旨同不荅台領兵南征
208 6 wén writing / text 文諸州
209 5 tǎo to seek 還軍討之
210 5 jiǔ nine 步魯合荅即率其衆攻九頂山
211 5 嘉定 jiādìng Jiading 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
212 5 guī to go back / to return 王乃得脫歸
213 5 海船 hǎichuán a sea-going ship 阿朮與王世強招討造白鷂海船百艘
214 5 shǔ Sichuan 從憲宗征蜀
215 5 shī teacher 欲據險以襲我師
216 5 lián even 宋兵連艦絕江不得進
217 5 liú Liu 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
218 5 zhōu boat / ship 無舟
219 5 河西 Héxī Hexi 太宗時率蒙古軍千人從諸王察合台征河西
220 5 shēng to promote / to rise / to ascend 陞樞密同僉
221 5 xiàn constitution / statute / law 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
222 5 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 以功遷武略將軍
223 5 tiger 嘗出獵遇虎於隘
224 5 後衛 hòuwèi rear guard / backfield / fullback 後衛親軍都指揮使
225 5 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破之
226 5 huái bosom / breast 其子那懷幼
227 5 懷遠 huáiyuǎn Huaiyuan 官懷遠大將軍
228 5 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 掠河西諸城
229 5 duàn paragraph / section / segment 金織段三十匹
230 5 běn measure word for books 授本軍千戶
231 5 duǒ cluster of flowers 丞相朶兒朶懷擊海都軍
232 5 jiā excellent 世祖聞而嘉之
233 5 jiāng a large river 渡馬湖江
234 5 to turn / to rotate 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
235 5 desire 虎張吻欲噬之
236 5 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統二年
237 5 lái to come 杭忽思率衆來降
238 5 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 以拒大軍
239 5 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 僉樞密院事
240 5 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan 定遠大將軍
241 5 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 道遇敵人
242 5 jiā house / home / residence 賜其家白金五百兩
243 5 disease / sickness / ailment 車里以老疾
244 5 tái unit 奉旨同不荅台領兵南征
245 5 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 阿塔赤入直宿衛
246 5 bìng and / furthermore / also 王世強并統之
247 5 residence / dwelling 居七日
248 5 xià summer 明年夏
249 5 阿朮 azhú Aju 分木華黎及阿朮所將河西兵俾將之
250 5 日本 rìběn Japan 今方有事日本
251 4 de possessive particle 子也連的襲
252 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 後以次子按法普代之
253 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 猶未足以厭朕志
254 4 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德四年
255 4 wàn ten thousand 賜鈔萬五千緡
256 4 martial / military 武陽
257 4 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 後衛親軍都指揮使
258 4 divination / fortune telling 後以兵從塔海紺卜
259 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 紐璘諸大帥
260 4 二千 èr qiān two thousand 賜巢縣二千五十二戶
261 4 yín silver 遣使者以銀鈔羊馬迎致麥里
262 4 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 帖里哥歹
263 4 kuò wide / broad 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
264 4 yīn because 因留之戍邊
265 4 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 乃造雲梯先登
266 4 信陽 xìnyáng Xinyang 信陽在蔡州南
267 4 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 進圍其城
268 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍還屯灰山
269 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 即命偕平章哈伯
270 4 I 公毋吾攻為也
271 4 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 太宗兵至其境
272 4 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 大德元年卒
273 4 zhí straight 阿塔赤入直宿衛
274 4 a call to arms / a proclaimation of war 行省檄充沿海招討副使
275 4 yuàn a school 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
276 4 港口 gǎngkǒu port / harbor 守定海港口
277 4 河南 hénán Henan 河南
278 4 zhāo to beckon / to hail 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
279 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 麥里以為帝初即位
280 4 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 大敗其軍
281 4 huì can / be able to
282 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 詔伯荅兒領阿速軍一千往征之
283 4 yān where / how 都鎮撫侯正死焉
284 4 niǔ to tie 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
285 4 lín luster of jade 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
286 4 increase / benefit 復益兵三千人
287 4 promptly / right away / immediately 步魯合荅即率其衆攻九頂山
288 4 安撫 ānfǔ to placate / to pacify / to appease 宋洪安撫既降復叛
289 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 慶元路緫管府達魯花赤
290 4 réng yet / still / as ever 仍賜秫米七十石
291 4 to instruct / to expound / to explain 遣使諭溫州守臣家之柄以城降
292 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 制授管軍千戶
293 4 華亭 huàtíng Huating 至華亭
294 4 諸城 zhūchéng Zhucheng 又從下沿江諸城
295 4 to cross, ferry over 渡馬湖江
296 4 wài outside 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
297 4 to stand 別立阿速一軍
298 4 bank of river / shore 許浦
299 4 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 與甕吉剌只兒瓦台軍戰于押里
300 4 luó Luo 長子斡羅思
301 4 míng measure word for people 賜名拔都兒
302 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 御馬必令鞚引
303 4 so that / in order that 分木華黎及阿朮所將河西兵俾將之
304 4 十一 shíyī eleven 十一年
305 4 qiān all / unanimous 陞樞密同僉
306 4 clothes / clothing 賞鈔及衣段
307 4 shēn human body / torso 縱以黃金包其身
308 4 zhǔ owner 主阿速國
309 4 bǎi one hundred 尋於阿塔赤內充怯薛百戶
310 4 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 從丞相伯顏平宋
311 4 漢軍 hàn jūn Han army 授蒙古漢軍萬戶
312 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長車里
313 3 to take / to receive / to accept 賞納失思段九
314 3 can / may / permissible 從也里可征之
315 3 zài in / at 成宗時在潛邸
316 3 shì power / authority 敵勢甚盛
317 3 來歸 láiguī to return / to come back 從其國主來歸
318 3 néng can / able 舍玉哇失其誰能之
319 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 唐州東南皆大山
320 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 世祖即位
321 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 新附軍一千五百
322 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 而上下同欲者勝
323 3 chén Chen 宋都統陳懿等兄弟五人以畬兵七千人降
324 3 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 伯荅兒督勇士先登
325 3 建都 jiàndōu to establish a capital 從行省也速帶兒征建都
326 3 二十 èrshí twenty 二十年
327 3 zhèng upright / straight 都鎮撫侯正死焉
328 3 a river / a stream 至斡耳罕河
329 3 to defend / to resist 御馬必令鞚引
330 3 ān saddle 鞍勒
331 3 enemy / foe 率先赴敵
332 3 迷失 míshī to be lost 別吉里迷失以其功聞
333 3 hún muddy / turbid 渾都海戰
334 3 成都 Chéngdū Chengdu 從都元帥紐璘攻成都
335 3 yào a pharmaceutical / medication / medicine / a drug / a remedy 復與藥木忽兒軍戰于禿剌及斡魯歡之地
336 3 seven 七年
337 3 zhāo illustrious 進昭勇大將軍
338 3 zhī to know 進知樞密院事
339 3 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 乃顏兵號十萬
340 3 三千 sān qiān three thousand 鈔三千五百貫
341 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公毋吾攻為也
342 3 to butcher / to slaughter / to massacre 遂屠之
343 3 power / force / strength 戰愈力
344 3 qiáng strong / powerful 以牙以迷失不畏強禦
345 3 擊敗 jī bài to defeat / to beat 車里擊敗之
346 3 金山 jīnshān a mountain with a gold mine 玉哇失從諸王藥木忽兒追至金山
347 3 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 帝以海都連年犯邊
348 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 御馬必令鞚引
349 3 zhuó to pull out 擢昭武大將軍
350 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宗時在潛邸
351 3 to capture / to imprison / to seize 殺虜殆盡
352 3 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 天曆元年十月
353 3 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 而上下同欲者勝
354 3 金剛 jīngāng a diamond 攻破金剛臺
355 3 不堪 bùkān cannot bear / cannot stand 民不堪命
356 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 悉正其罪
357 3 xiān first 伯荅兒督勇士先登
358 3 cháo nest 戍鎮巢
359 3 shàng top / a high position 因上言
360 3 水軍 shuǐjūn navy 蒙古四萬戶府辟為水軍鎮撫
361 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 八月
362 3 to allow / to permit 朝廷許之
363 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
364 3 dǐng top / peak 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
365 3 qián hidden / secret / latent 成宗時在潛邸
366 3 十二 shí èr twelve 至元十二年
367 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年夏
368 3 to cut off the feet 至兀兒禿
369 3 that 其子那懷幼
370 3 guàn to go through 鈔三千五百貫
371 3 level / step / tier 斬首三百級
372 3 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 平章政事
373 3 鎮撫 zhènfǔ to subdue 都鎮撫侯正死焉
374 3 wealth / capital / money / expenses 進資善大夫
375 3 àn to press / to push 祖按主奴
376 3 溫州 Wēnzhōu Wenzhou 哈剌引兵至溫州青
377 3 chuān Sichuan 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
378 3 xiōng elder brother 兄都丹充右阿速衛都指揮使
379 3 qiū fall / autumn 十二年秋
380 3 定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai 守定海港口
381 3 甲冑 jiǎzhòu armour 外麻思躬擐甲冑
382 3 yóu to swim 步魯合荅率游兵先行
383 3 Li 從征李璮
384 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 遂撤邊備
385 3 渡江 dù jiāng to cross a river 丞相伯顏渡江
386 3 yīng should / ought 有謀內應者悉誅之
387 3 frequently / often / again and again 戰屢捷
388 3 ministry / department 領徹里臺部
389 3 屯田 túntián for stationed troops to cultivate land 昂吉兒請立屯田
390 3 十六 shíliù sixteen 十六年
391 3 zhài a fence / a stockade 步魯合荅以所部兵攻寶子寨
392 3 斬首 zhǎnshǒu to behead 斬首三百級
393 3 tooth / tusk 駐兵呵剌牙
394 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 都統洪福盡殺戍者以叛
395 3 tuō to take off 王乃得脫歸
396 3 yún cloud 宋將劉整以重兵守雲頂山
397 3 hut / cottage 遂攻廬州
398 3 親征 qīnzhēng to take to the field oneself (of emperor) / to take part in person in an expedition 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
399 3 五十 wǔshí fifty 賞黃金五十兩
400 3 good fortune / happiness / luck 次子福定
401 3 jiàn to see 徵入見
402 3 阿里 Ālǐ Ali 阿里不哥叛
403 3 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 從太祖與王罕戰
404 3 shū to transport 其母乃咬真輸己帑及畜牧等給軍食
405 3 長子 zhǎngzǐ eldest son 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
406 3 tǎn \N 從征李璮
407 3 既而 jìér soon after 既而哈丹復叛於曲連江
408 3 hemp / flax 敕其妻外麻思領兵守其國
409 3 dān cinnabar 兄都丹充右阿速衛都指揮使
410 3 戊午 wùwǔ fifty-fifth year E7 of the 60 year cycle 戊午
411 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜住襲
412 3 二十二 èrshíèr 22 / twenty-two 二十二年
413 3 領軍 lǐngjūn to lead troups / (fig.) to lead / leading 命領軍一千守遷民鎮
414 3 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo 進鎮國上將軍
415 3 to cut down 從憲宗伐宋
416 2 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 宋降將洪福以計乘醉而殺之
417 2 cháo to face 昂吉兒入朝
418 2 帝命 dì mìng an imperial decree 帝命玉哇失援出之
419 2 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 仍詔諭江淮軍民
420 2 yǐn to drink 帝親飲以酒
421 2 wèi to call 謂諸將曰
422 2 帶兒 dàir band / belt / girdle / ribbon 從行省也速帶兒征建都
423 2 to go / to visit / to attend 率先赴敵
424 2 liù six 六年
425 2 芍陂 sháopí Quepi lake (irrigation project in Han to Tang times on Huai river 淮河 in modern Anhui) 即芍陂
426 2 a slave / a servant 祖按主奴
427 2 a lake 渡馬湖江
428 2 héng horizontal / transverse 又於橫江
429 2 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 武宗鎮北邊
430 2 xiàn county 宣化三縣造浮橋
431 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果如昂吉兒所言
432 2 dài to carry / to bring 賜金帶
433 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 至廣羊埧
434 2 xiàn to offer / to present 獲其駝馬器仗以獻
435 2 wáng to die 往年金亡
436 2 black 代張馬哥為淄萊水軍萬戶
437 2 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東諸翼衛探馬赤爭草地訟者二百餘起
438 2 to scatter / to disperse 海都復以禿苦馬領精兵三萬人直趨撒剌思河
439 2 to be attached to / be subordinate to / to be affilitated with 以其軍隸蒙古軍籍
440 2 district / county 行省以邑人新附
441 2 to benefit / to aid 整遣裨校出戰
442 2 dūn honest / candid / sincere 行院忽敦遣步魯合荅追之
443 2 攻下 gōngxià to attack / to take an enemy position 攻下定
444 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 時北安王方戰失利
445 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 塞馬當暑
446 2 past / former times 從萬戶昔力荅略地碉門
447 2 jiù old / ancient 行省增撥軍七百并舊所領士卒
448 2 this / these 此不可長
449 2 nèi inside / interior 尋於阿塔赤內充怯薛百戶
450 2 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
451 2 hēi black 次黑子
452 2 yǒng brave / courageous 帝壯其勇
453 2 chán Chan / Zen 王禪兵掩至羊頭山
454 2 wāng vast / extensive / deep 行院汪田哥以兵圍嘉定
455 2 tile 與甕吉剌只兒瓦台軍戰于押里
456 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由宿衛仕至隆鎮衛都指揮使
457 2 舟師 zhōushī boat troops 宋將張世傑舟師至慶元朐山東門海界
458 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 駐兵呵剌牙
459 2 wēi prestige / majesty 授廣威將軍
460 2 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 臣願從軍
461 2 hòu thick 賜予甚厚
462 2 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 又從征八百媳婦國
463 2 進兵 jìnbīng to advance troops 進兵攻之
464 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 進資善大夫
465 2 to defend / to resist 僉省嚴忠範遣步魯合荅將兵七百人禦之于沙坎
466 2 chāng Chang 鞏昌
467 2 調發 tiáofā to requisition / to dispatch 若復調發民兵
468 2 earth / soil / dirt 命領其土民
469 2 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹兀臺氏
470 2 名曰 míng yuē to be named / to be called 而名曰全
471 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 諸王闊闊命步魯合荅將游騎三百往招之降
472 2 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 陞樞密同僉
473 2 shǒu hand 以手探虎口
474 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻重慶
475 2 Kangxi radical 80 公毋吾攻為也
476 2 míng bright / brilliant 加明威將軍
477 2 賜予 cìyǔ to confer / to bestow / to grant 賜予甚厚
478 2 to help / to assist 加輔國上將軍
479 2 liáo to be healed / to cured / to recover 昂吉兒以所部馬入太行療之
480 2 to lack 大軍乏食
481 2 木華黎 mùhuàlí Muqali 從木華黎出征
482 2 chūn spring 十五年春
483 2 俘獲 fúhuò to capture (enemy property or personnel) / capture 俘獲百餘人
484 2 wing 山東諸翼衛探馬赤爭草地訟者二百餘起
485 2 家奴 jiānú domestic slave / slave servant 金家奴聚兵滅捏該
486 2 chéng to fill 敵勢甚盛
487 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 晝寢于衛舍
488 2 xiào school 整遣裨校出戰
489 2 釣魚 diàoyú to fish 阿塔赤從憲宗征西川軍于釣魚山
490 2 黃金 huángjīn gold 賞黃金五十兩
491 2 shí a rock / a stone 積石為城
492 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年
493 2 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 諸王和林及失剌等叛
494 2 Hu 及其長子阿塔赤扈駕親征
495 2 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷許之
496 2 松江 Sōngjiāng Songjiang 改松江萬戶府達魯花赤
497 2 yán salt 有未附鹽徒聚衆數萬掠華亭
498 2 to ferry 奪其舟以濟
499 2 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 行省檄充蒙古漢軍招討使
500 2 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong 遷廣東宣慰使

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿蓝 阿藍 alán Āḷāra Kālāma / Alara Kalama
阿里 Ālǐ Ali
安庆 安慶 ānqìng Anqing
阿朮 azhú Aju
拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan
八里 bālǐ Bali or Pali
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
北门 北門 Běi mén North Gate
北安 běiān Bei'an
伯牙 bóyá Boya
伯颜 伯顏 bóyán Bayan
参知政事 參知政事 cānzhī zhèngshì Assistant Administrator
察合台 察合臺 cháhétái Chagatai
常州 chángzhōu Changzhou
巢县 巢縣 cháoxiàn Chao county
潮阳 潮陽 cháoyáng Chaoyang
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
崇明 Chóngmíng Chongming Island
崇庆 崇慶 chóngqìng Chongqing
达鲁花赤 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi
大安 dà'ān
  1. great peace
  2. Ta'an
  3. Da'an
  4. Da'an / Ta'an
  5. Da'an / Ta'an
德安 dé ān De'an
德兴 德興 déxīng Dexing
定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai
定西 Dìngxī Dingxi
定远 定遠 dìngyuǎn Dingyuan
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
樊城 fánchéng Fangcheng
Fu River
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou
甘州 gānzhōu Ganzhou
广东 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong
广南 廣南 Guǎngnán Guangnan
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
哈伯 hābó Edwin Hubble (1889-1953), US astronomer / Fritz Haber
海北 hǎiběi Haibei
海南 Hǎinán Hainan
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
汉阳 漢陽 hànyáng Hanyang
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河西 Héxī Hexi
洪泽 洪澤 hóngzé Hongze
后海 後海 Hòuhǎi Houhai
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
淮南东 淮南東 Huáinándōng Huainandong
怀远 懷遠 huáiyuǎn Huaiyuan
华亭 華亭 huàtíng Huating
虎符 Hǔfú Hufu
嘉定 jiādìng
  1. Jiading
  2. Jiading
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
江西省 Jiāngxī Shěng Jiangxi Province
江左 jiāngzuǒ Jiangzuo
建康 Jiànkāng Jiankang
焦山 jiāoshān Jiaoshan
吉里 Jílǐ Giri
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
经略使 經略使 jīnglüèshǐ Commissioner for Pacification
九里 jiǔlǐ Liuli
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
居庸关 居庸關 jūyōngguān Juyongguan
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
连江 連江 liánjiāng Lianjiang county in Fuzhou 福州, Fujian / Lienchiang
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
Lu River
泸州 瀘州 lúzhōu Luzhou
蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia
木华黎 木華黎 mùhuàlí Muqali
宁夏 寧夏 Níngxià Ningxia
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
庆元 慶元 qìngyuán Qingyuan
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
Qu
日本 rìběn Japan
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
汝州 rǔzhōu Ruzhou
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
上海 Shànghǎi Shanghai
尚书省 尚書省 Shàngshū shěng Imperial Secretariat
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
芍陂 sháopí Quepi lake (irrigation project in Han to Tang times on Huai river 淮河 in modern Anhui)
绍兴 紹興 shàoxīng Shaoxing
Shē
  1. She people
  2. a cultivated field
  3. She people
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
四川 Sìchuān Sichuan
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋江 sòngjiāng Song Jiang
松江 Sōngjiāng Songjiang
太府监 太府監 tàifǔ jiàn Imperial Treasury
台南 臺南 Táinán Tainan
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
台州 táizhōu Taizhou
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
吐蕃 Tǔbō Tibetan Empire / Tubo
脱脱 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo
万寿 萬壽 wànshòu Manju
文天祥 Wén Tiānxiáng Wen Tianxiang
温州 溫州 Wēnzhōu Wenzhou
文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang
武宗 Wǔ Zōng
  1. Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong
  2. Emperor Wuzong of Tang
五河 Wǔhé
  1. Wuhe
  2. Punjab
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西夏 Xī Xià Western Xia Dynasty
香山 Xiāng Shān Fragrant Hills Park
襄樊 Xiāngfán Xiangfan
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
西和 xīhé Xihe
行中书省 行中書省 xíng zhōngshūshěng Branch Secretariat
兴元 興元 xīngyuán Xingyuan
新军 新軍 xīnjūn New Armies
信阳 信陽 xìnyáng Xinyang
秀山 xiùshān Xiushan
宣化 xuānhuà
  1. Xuanhua
  2. Xuanhua
宣慰使 xuānwèishǐ Commissioner for Pacification
宣武 xuānwǔ Xuanwu / Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
延安 yánān Yan'an
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
燕铁木儿 燕鐵木兒 Yāntiěmùér El Temür
Yǐng Ying
宜兴 宜興 Yíxīng Yixing
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
云南行省 雲南行省 yúnnán xíngshěng Yunnan province
张掖 張掖 zhāngyè Zhangye
招讨使 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner
zhè
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River
浙东 浙東 Zhè Dōng Eastern Zhejiang
镇国 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo
贞元 貞元 zhēnyuán Zhenyuan
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至顺 至順 Zhìshùn Zhishun reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
中书省 中書省 Zhōngshūs hěng Central Secretariat
中统 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
诸城 諸城 zhūchéng Zhucheng

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English