Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Glossary and Vocabulary for Book of Liang 《梁書》, 卷十二 列傳第六 柳惔 弟忱 席闡文 韋叡 族弟愛 Volume 12: Liu Tan; Liu Chen; Xi Chanwen; Wei Rui; Wei Ai

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 73 ruì astute / perspicacious 韋叡
2 36 jūn army / military 中護軍長史
3 30 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 領前軍將軍
4 29 yuē to speak / to say 高祖因讌爲詩以貽惔曰
5 27 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 及高祖起兵
6 25 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏遣衆來寇
7 25 nián year 惔年十七
8 24 zhōng middle 中護軍長史
9 23 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 出爲新安太守
10 23 qiān to move / to shift 累遷太子中舍人
11 20 chéng a city / a town 領城局
12 19 rén person / people / a human being 河東解人也
13 18 zhòng many / all 臨川王宏都督衆軍
14 16 shí time / a period of time 時以爲知言
15 16 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 梁南秦二州刺史
16 15 meaning / sense 惔舉漢中應義
17 15 yǎn cheerful 柳惔
18 15 child / son 子響爲荊州
19 15 zhōu a state / a province 梁南秦二州刺史
20 14 to reach 及難作
21 14 shì matter / thing / item 爲右軍諮議參軍事
22 13 wáng Wang 臨川王宏都督衆軍
23 12 bīng soldier / troops 俄而巴東兵至硤口
24 12 wén writing / text 席闡文
25 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
26 11 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 居郡
27 10 xíng to walk / to move 起家爲司徒行參軍
28 10 jiàn to see 今復見之聖朝
29 10 èr two 梁南秦二州刺史
30 10 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 命爲參軍
31 10 wén to hear 以毀聞
32 9 rate / frequency 太子右衛率
33 9 shì a generation 父世隆
34 9 to arise / to get up 叡起鬬艦
35 9 chén sincerity / honesty 弟忱
36 9 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 加散騎常侍
37 9 jǐng bright 高祖遣征北將軍曹景宗
38 9 zhào an imperial decree 詔改授給事中
39 9 yòu right / right-hand 爲右軍諮議參軍事
40 9 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 入爲尚書三公郎
41 9 to die 卒于州
42 8 ancestor / forefather 仍遣田祖恭私報高祖
43 8 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋遷尚書右僕射
44 8 合肥 Héféi Hefei 遂進討合肥
45 8 plain / white 高祖爲素服舉哀
46 8 shì to attend on 以爲侍中
47 8 zōng school / sect 叡遣長史王超宗
48 8 shī teacher 後事之師也
49 8 ài to love 族弟愛
50 8 西 The West 鎮西長史
51 8 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 雍州之事
52 8 chǎn to explain / to clarify / to elucidate 席闡文
53 8 yǐng clever 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
54 8 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 中護軍長史
55 8 zhòu descendants 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
56 8 zhēng to march / to journey 徵爲護軍將軍
57 8 shū book 追贈中書令
58 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 出爲使持節
59 7 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 仍遷太子詹事
60 7 extra / surplus / remainder 惟餘實念功
61 7 qīng minister / high officer 尋遷衛尉卿
62 7 guān an office 除都官尚書
63 7 nán south 梁南秦二州刺史
64 7 děng et cetera / and so on 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
65 7 lái to come 倍道來赴
66 7 shuǐ water 長水校尉
67 7 day of the month / a certain day 爲惡日滋
68 7 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 太子右衛率
69 7 even / equal / uniform 齊司空
70 7 district / county 邑千戶
71 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 且雍州士銳糧多
72 7 bài to bow / to pay respect to 未拜
73 7 fēng to seal / to close off 論功封曲江縣侯
74 7 disease / sickness / ailment 稱疾還京
75 6 to protect / to guard 中護軍長史
76 6 younger brother 弟忱
77 6 láng a minister / an official 入爲尚書三公郎
78 6 zhèng upright / straight
79 6 lín to face / to overlook 安定臨涇人也
80 6 xiāo mournful / dejected 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
81 6 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷中書侍郎
82 6 zhí straight 徵通直散騎常侍
83 6 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 獨不見蕭令君乎
84 6 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep ssafe 隨齊司空柳世隆守郢城
85 6 xiān first 惔以先歸得免
86 6 qiáo bridge 輒飛橋以濟
87 6 jìn to enter 進號輔國將軍
88 6 zhēng to march / to journey 伯父祖征
89 6 lèi to be tired 累遷太子中舍人
90 6 liáng a bridge 梁南秦二州刺史
91 6 和帝 hédì Emperor He of Southern Qi 和帝卽位
92 6 Yīng England 魏中山王元英寇北徐州
93 6 píng flat / level / smooth 郢州平
94 6 a helper / an assistant 進號輔國將軍
95 6 letter / symbol / character 字文通
96 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未拜
97 6 Yǐng Ying 郢州平
98 6 guāng light 光祿大夫
99 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 獨不見蕭令君乎
100 6 邵陽 shàoyáng Shaoyang 次邵陽洲
101 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 得假日自安
102 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 進號輔國將軍
103 5 shàng top / a high position 求爲上庸太守
104 5 dào way / road / path 倍道來赴
105 5 alone / independent / single / sole 獨不見蕭令君乎
106 5 shǐ history 功曹史
107 5 àn deep black / dark 叡子黯請下城以避箭
108 5 guī to go back / to return 惔以先歸得免
109 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請表益兵
110 5 jiǔ old 久之
111 5 gōng merit / achievement / result / accomplishment 惟餘實念功
112 5 山陽 Shānyáng Shanyang 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
113 5 miǎn to spare 惔以先歸得免
114 5 shǔ to count 年數歲
115 5 níng Nanjing 以忱爲寧朔將軍
116 5 jiā to add 加散騎常侍
117 5 zhàn war / battle / fight 士皆殊死戰
118 5 móu to plan / to scheme 西土人謀之於叡
119 5 二十 èrshí twenty 給親信二十人
120 5 a seat of government / a government archive repository / an official residence / a mansion / a presidential palace 州府騷擾
121 5 zèng to give a present 贈侍中
122 5 wàn ten thousand 牛馬萬數
123 5 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 豫州刺史
124 5 sān three 世爲三輔著姓
125 5 yòng to use / to apply 用與西朝羣臣迎王總州事
126 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 且雍州士銳糧多
127 5 earth / soil / dirt 梁土富饒
128 5 chéng to fill 其勢甚盛
129 5 wéi soft leather 韋叡
130 4 gǎi to change / to alter 詔改授給事中
131 4 to die 將軍死綏
132 4 鄉里 xiānglǐ hometown 並有鄉里盛名
133 4 巴東 bādōng Badong 巴東王子響友
134 4 liǔ willow 柳惔
135 4 qiú to request 叡求出爲義成郡
136 4 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監四年
137 4 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 未能拔
138 4 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 破崔氏十萬衆
139 4 a banquet 席闡文
140 4 léng corner / square beam / edge / protrusion 第三子稜
141 4 to criticize 爲右軍諮議參軍事
142 4 滿 mǎn full 每屋輒盈滿
143 4 祿 good fortune 光祿大夫
144 4 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家爲司徒行參軍
145 4 jiā house / home / residence 卒於家
146 4 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰穆
147 4 shòu to teach / to instruct 詔改授給事中
148 4 father 父世隆
149 4 tōng to go through / to open 字文通
150 4 jié festival / a special day 出爲使持節
151 4 zhà fence 叡巡行圍柵
152 4 to ferry 且吾求濟師
153 4 shǎo few 軍人少安
154 4 é Russia 俄而巴東兵至硤口
155 4 residence / dwelling 居郡
156 4 jiàn to build / to construct 加建威將軍
157 4 to enter 入爲尚書三公郎
158 4 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉主簿
159 4 chén Chen 俄而太尉陳顯達
160 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 領驍騎將軍
161 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 而生者寢處其上
162 4 xìng gender 性慈愛
163 4 huái bosom / breast 字懷文
164 4 clothes / dress / garment 高祖爲素服舉哀
165 4 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 轉主簿
166 4 qún crowd / flock / group 爾實冠羣后
167 4 xiāo brave / strong 領驍騎將軍
168 4 gěi to give 給親信二十人
169 4 jiàn warship 舟艦繼至
170 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 闡文亦深勸同高祖
171 4 to be pleasing / in a respectful manner 袁顗爲雍州刺史
172 4 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 累遷太子中舍人
173 4 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
174 4 gōng to attack / to assault 梁郡太守馮道根攻魏小峴城
175 4 dike 魏人乘勝至叡堤下
176 4 big / great / huge / large / major 叡自合肥逕道由陰陵大澤行
177 4 lǐng neck / collar 領前軍將軍
178 4 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 臨川王宏都督衆軍
179 4 a family clan 族弟愛
180 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 叡求出爲義成郡
181 4 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 爲尚書吏部郎
182 4 běi north 魏中山王元英寇北徐州
183 4 to take / to get / to fetch 其取赤族也
184 4 yòu immature / young 闡文以和帝幼弱
185 4 chēng to call / to address 稱疾還京
186 4 zuǒ left 後爲晉平王左常侍
187 4 yàn a weir 乃堰肥水
188 4 hair 未發
189 4 hòu after / later 後爲晉平王左常侍
190 4 ěr ear 且藉以相斃耳
191 4 wèi to call 祖征謂叡曰
192 4 to stop / to prevent 京兆杜陵人也
193 4 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破崔氏十萬衆
194 4 night 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
195 4 lěi rampart 閉壘經年
196 4 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 子響爲荊州
197 4 xiǎng to make a sound / to sound / to ring 巴東王子響友
198 4 襄陽 Xiāngyáng Xiangyang 出爲襄陽太守
199 4 qiān one thousand 邑千戶
200 3 báo thin / slight / weak 叡自以信受素薄
201 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 頃聞京師長者
202 3 wèi position / location / place 和帝卽位
203 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓賴之
204 3 qián front 有前無却
205 3 zài in / at 今幸在遠
206 3 shù tree 樹之堤下
207 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 率州兵擊走之
208 3 shí real / true 爾實冠羣后
209 3 zhōu a continent 次邵陽洲
210 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 叡親與爭之
211 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 詔改授給事中
212 3 to bear / to carry 負戶而汲
213 3 to go 東陵去魏甓城二十里
214 3 xiào to be filial 叡事繼母以孝聞
215 3 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 遷信武將軍
216 3 hóu marquis / lord 論功封曲江縣侯
217 3 end / final stage / latter part 建武末
218 3 nèi inside / interior 城內亦作以應之
219 3 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 蜀增白帝耳
220 3 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 罰不及嗣
221 3 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 及高祖起兵
222 3 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 邑七百戶
223 3 冠軍將軍 guānjūn jiāngjūn general commanding the troops 冠軍將軍
224 3 horse 馬二百匹
225 3 to supervise 督湘州諸軍事
226 3 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 惔知將爲禍
227 3 zhī to know 惔知將爲禍
228 3 zhèn town 惔隨之鎮
229 3 cáo Cao 高祖遣征北將軍曹景宗
230 3 qián money / currency 詔賻錢三萬
231 3 鐘離 zhōnglí Zhongli 圍刺史昌義之於鐘離
232 3 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 齊司空
233 3 朝廷 cháo tíng court / imperial household / dynasty 朝廷狂悖
234 3 北伐 Běi Fá Northern Expedition 大舉北伐
235 3 wēi power / might / prestige 諡曰威
236 3 to stand 肥水堰立
237 3 qiáng strong / powerful 英甚憚其強
238 3 one 朝服一具
239 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 爲給事黃門侍郎
240 3 zhí value / worth 值澗穀
241 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 親自表率
242 3 cuī Cui 破崔氏十萬衆
243 3 Xu 徐元瑜違命嶺南
244 3 sòng Song Dynasty 宋末爲光祿勳
245 3 to attack / to inherit 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
246 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今復見之聖朝
247 3 chāng Chang 圍刺史昌義之於鐘離
248 3 shì to look at / to see 視事二年
249 3 jìng still / calm 使軍主王懷靜築城於岸守之
250 3 tóng like / same / similar 闡文亦深勸同高祖
251 3 xiōng elder brother 叡兄纂
252 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 咸爲營理
253 3 bào newspaper 仍遣田祖恭私報高祖
254 3 dōng east 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
255 3 dìng to decide 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
256 3 sēng a monk 正與東海王僧孺友善
257 3 zhù to build / to construct 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
258 3 fàng to put / to place 坐輒放從軍丁免
259 3 deep / true / sincere / genuine 疾篤不拜
260 3 xīn heart 若使彼凶心已逞
261 3 chéng \N 惔第四弟憕
262 3 gēn origin / cause / basis 梁郡太守馮道根攻魏小峴城
263 3 zuò to sit 坐輒放從軍丁免
264 3 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 以板輿自載
265 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 累遷齊興太守
266 3 huò to reap / to harvest 所獲軍實牛馬
267 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 封州陵伯
268 3 huì can / be able to 高祖詔叡率豫州之衆會焉
269 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 有衆二千
270 3 mother 父世隆及母閻氏時寢疾
271 3 a child 正與東海王僧孺友善
272 3 十七 shíqī seventeen 惔年十七
273 3 xián salty / briny 咸爲營理
274 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂進討合肥
275 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 惔舉漢中應義
276 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 父世隆
277 3 shí ten 絹滿十間屋
278 3 guàn to pour in 汾水可以灌平陽
279 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
280 3 dàn peace 時始興王憺留鎮雍部
281 3 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍
282 3 business / industry 成功業
283 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 棄騏驥而不乘
284 3 force / compel / force 護軍將軍崔慧景頻逼京師
285 3 liù six 六年十月
286 3 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 爲西戎校尉
287 3 desire 不欲遠鄉里
288 3 hào number 進號輔國將軍
289 3 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 疾疫死者十七八
290 3 Xiāng Hunan 湘州刺史
291 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 搖動民志
292 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 叡自合肥逕道由陰陵大澤行
293 3 shēn deep 且深慮之
294 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 論者以爲見機
295 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 君此獲復與熊耳山等
296 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可犯也
297 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 由是與其子穎胄善
298 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 汝文章或小減
299 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 魏人乘勝至叡堤下
300 2 jìn nearby 子響昵近小人
301 2 fēn to divide into parts 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
302 2 to leave behind 無所遺惜
303 2 受禪 shòuchán to accept abdication 高祖受禪
304 2 僧都 sēngdōu sōzu 魏興太守顏僧都等據郡反
305 2 fēi to fly 輒飛橋以濟
306 2 to avoid / to shun 避吏隱於長安南山
307 2 shī poem / verse 高祖因讌爲詩以貽惔曰
308 2 yán to speak / to say / said 時以爲知言
309 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 叡起鬬艦
310 2 guī two hemispherical objects used in divination 巴東太守蕭璝
311 2 chì red / scarlet 爲雍州刺史蕭赤斧中兵參軍
312 2 lüè plan / strategy / outline / summary 右軍司馬胡略等至合肥
313 2 huī a signal flag 因令取傘扇麾幢
314 2 zéi thief 賊已至城下
315 2 chuán to transmit 仁政傳
316 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
317 2 jiù old / ancient 陳雖舊將
318 2 to amass / to accumulate / to store 皆積屍於床下
319 2 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 高祖踐阼
320 2 fēng wind 風怒火盛
321 2 qiàn moat around a city 夜掘長塹
322 2 wéi to circle / to surround / to enclose 叡巡行圍柵
323 2 牛馬 niú mǎ oxen and horses / beasts of burden 牛馬萬數
324 2 five 以忱爲五兵尚書
325 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge 遷智武將軍
326 2 department / bureau / office 領城局
327 2 zhuāng to install / to fix / to wrap 并獻銀裝刀
328 2 衛尉 wèiwèi Commandant of Guards 尋遷衛尉卿
329 2 本州 běnzhōu Honshū 本州別駕
330 2 如意 rúyì satisfactory 高祖報以金如意
331 2 qín Shaanxi 梁南秦二州刺史
332 2 to use as servant / to force to do labor 邵陽之役
333 2 yuán to aid / to assist 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
334 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 相與悲哭
335 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 故投募之士爭歸之
336 2 to confer / to bestow / to grant 歷官所得祿賜
337 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執白角如意麾軍
338 2 inside / interior 東陵去魏甓城二十里
339 2 can / may / permissible 進退無可
340 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜哉
341 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 魏城中忽出數百人陳於門外
342 2 yǒng brave / courageous 必其驍勇者也
343 2 東西 dōngxi thing 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
344 2 xià summer 穎胄議遷都夏口
345 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 生者反居業
346 2 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 多勸叡緩行
347 2 shě to give 高祖遣中書郎周捨勞於淮上
348 2 zhòng heavy 莫不重足累息
349 2 a room 每屋輒盈滿
350 2 xiāng village / township 卿之鄉望
351 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 避吏隱於長安南山
352 2 néng can / able 必非山陽所能擬
353 2 前軍 qián jūn advance army 領前軍將軍
354 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 右軍司馬胡略等至合肥
355 2 lài to depend on / to disclaim / to blame someone else 故賴以寧輯
356 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 父世隆及母閻氏時寢疾
357 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 叡不許
358 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 竟爲羣邪所陷
359 2 shě to give 不宜輕舍根本
360 2 zuò to do 及難作
361 2 zhì to toss / to throw 景宗擲得雉
362 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 叡笑曰
363 2 four 天監四年
364 2 qīng light / not heavy 不宜輕舍根本
365 2 bīn visitor / guest 以爲巴硤未賓
366 2 shǔ Sichuan 蜀增白帝耳
367 2 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 爲給事黃門侍郎
368 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 每攜叡之職
369 2 zuǎn to edit / to compile 叡兄纂
370 2 záo to bore / to pierce 魏兵來鑿堤
371 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 捨觀之
372 2 安西 Ānxī Anxi 出爲安西長史
373 2 chí to grasp / to hold 出爲使持節
374 2 shěn to sink / to submerge 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
375 2 shēn human body / torso 身乘小輿殿后
376 2 father's elder brother 封州陵伯
377 2 to know / to learn / to be informed of 悉充軍賞
378 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 叡攻具旣成
379 2 Mu 諡曰穆
380 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 時雖老
381 2 yōng ordinary / normal 求爲上庸太守
382 2 xián virtuous / worthy 自漢丞相賢以後
383 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 以太尉掾徵
384 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 本州別駕
385 2 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 魏城中忽出數百人陳於門外
386 2 遷都 qiāndōu to move the capital 穎胄議遷都夏口
387 2 to calculate / to compute / to count 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
388 2 xìn to believe / to trust 遷信武將軍
389 2 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 馬二百匹
390 2 dài to carry / to bring 忱不解帶經年
391 2 dèng Deng 與鄧琬起兵
392 2 a servant 太子僕
393 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 及難作
394 2 一部 yībù radical one 給鼓吹一部
395 2 始興 shǐxīng Shixing 時始興王憺留鎮雍部
396 2 dòng to move / to act 示無動志
397 2 東陵 dōnglíng Eastern tombs 高祖詔衆軍進次東陵
398 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 而生者寢處其上
399 2 南平 nánpíng Nanping 南平太守
400 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 卿曹勿憂也
401 2 軍人 jūnrén serviceman / soldier 軍人少安
402 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 叡皆好學
403 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 足以自保
404 2 interest 莫不重足累息
405 2 to associate with / be near 比曉而營立
406 2 martial / military 懦而不武
407 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 衆懼不敵
408 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 爾實冠羣后
409 2 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 累遷太子中舍人
410 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 徵爲員外散騎常侍
411 2 mìng life 命爲參軍
412 2 yuǎn far / distant 今幸在遠
413 2 yōu distant / far 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
414 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 汾水可以灌平陽
415 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 以板輿自載
416 2 niè to walk on tiptoe / to walk quietly / to tread on / to follow 懼爲所躡
417 2 jùn smart / eminent / handsome / talented 客陰儁光泣止叡
418 2 liú Liu 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
419 2 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 撫循其衆
420 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 東園秘器
421 2 qīng clear / distinct / complete / pure 闡有清操
422 2 kuì to be dispersed / to break down 城遂潰
423 2 líng agile / nimble 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
424 2 築城 zhùchéng fortification 使軍主王懷靜築城於岸守之
425 2 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan 贈寧遠將軍
426 2 to go / to visit / to attend 倍道來赴
427 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 忱復固諫
428 2 huà painting / picture / drawing 因畫之於壁以自玩
429 2 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 尋遷尚書右僕射
430 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方復求軍
431 2 suí to follow 惔隨之鎮
432 2 increase / benefit 請表益兵
433 2 hàn Han Chinese 自漢丞相賢以後
434 2 yǐn to lead / to guide 引爲主簿
435 2 eight 八年
436 2 kāi to open 更開大塹
437 2 different / other 見而異之
438 2 肥水 féishuǐ advantage / benefit 乃堰肥水
439 2 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 督湘州諸軍事
440 2 Xiá Xia 以爲巴硤未賓
441 2 馮道 féng dào Feng Dao 梁郡太守馮道根攻魏小峴城
442 2 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang 梁書卷第十二
443 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 叡積所獲於軍門
444 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望之不敢逼
445 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 率州兵擊走之
446 2 kòu bandit / thieve 魏遣衆來寇
447 2 wài outside 外兄杜幼文爲梁州刺史
448 2 Shandong
449 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 叡謙不敢對
450 2 to hope / to wish 以爲巴硤未賓
451 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞延于世
452 2 天下 tiānxià China 天下真人
453 2 yùn to devise / to plan / to deliberate 姨弟杜惲
454 2 jìn Shanxi 後爲晉平王左常侍
455 2 車騎 chēqí carraige and horses 車騎將軍
456 2 jīng to go through / to experience 尤明經史
457 2 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 皆莫汝逮也
458 2 jiǎ armor 徐還授甲
459 2 鼓吹 gǔchuī to agitate for / to advocate 給鼓吹一部
460 2 xiān a Taoist super-being / transcendent / immortal 會司州刺史馬仙琕北伐還軍
461 2 soil / ground / land 以杖擊地曰
462 2 yǒu friend / companion 巴東王子響友
463 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往者多以賄敗
464 2 bǎn board / plank / plate / slab 以板輿自載
465 2 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat 歷中書侍郎
466 2 jìng to respect /to honor 宜善敬之
467 2 cotton cloth 布五十匹
468 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 豈及馬腹
469 2 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 皆散之親故
470 2 經年 jīng nián for years / year after year 忱不解帶經年
471 2 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 高祖踐阼
472 2 pín a type of pearl 會司州刺史馬仙琕北伐還軍
473 2 fén a grave 遊心墳素
474 2 不及 bù jí not as good as / inferior to 罰不及嗣
475 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 相與悲哭
476 2 xún sincere 恂恂未嘗忤視
477 2 yáng sun 領歷陽太守
478 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能拔
479 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 父世隆及母閻氏時寢疾
480 2 zhān excellent / verbose 仍遷太子詹事
481 2 Yuán Yuan 袁顗爲雍州刺史
482 2 gōng public 若從公言
483 2 shí a rock / a stone 秩中二千石
484 2 十二 shí èr twelve 天監十二年
485 1 位居 wèijū to be located at 位居大臣
486 1 猶如 yóurú to be similar to / to appear to be 猶如吳益巴丘
487 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 闡有清操
488 1 road / path / way 乞食於路矣
489 1 所得 suǒdé what one acquires / one's gains 歷官所得祿賜
490 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 列傳第六
491 1 第六 dì liù sixth 列傳第六
492 1 中興 zhōngxīng to have a resurgence 中興二年
493 1 to draw 負戶而汲
494 1 to grow / to multiply / to increase 爲惡日滋
495 1 牆壁 qiángbì wall 館宇籓籬牆壁
496 1 三司 sān sī three offices 開府儀同三司
497 1 真人 zhēnrén Immortal 天下真人
498 1 dào to arrive 顗到州
499 1 平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou 後爲晉平王左常侍
500 1 pín poor / impoverished 少孤貧

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 79 zhī him / her / them / that 惔隨之鎮
2 73 ruì astute / perspicacious 韋叡
3 72 wèi for / to 齊武帝爲中軍
4 46 so as to / in order to 惔以先歸得免
5 36 jūn army / military 中護軍長史
6 30 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 領前軍將軍
7 29 yuē to speak / to say 高祖因讌爲詩以貽惔曰
8 27 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 及高祖起兵
9 26 in / at 卒於家
10 25 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏遣衆來寇
11 25 nián year 惔年十七
12 24 zhōng middle 中護軍長史
13 23 太守 tài shǒu a governor of a province 出爲新安太守
14 23 qiān to move / to shift 累遷太子中舍人
15 23 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 豈知使君不系踵而及
16 20 chéng a city / a town 領城局
17 19 rén person / people / a human being 河東解人也
18 18 also / too 河東解人也
19 18 zhòng many / all 臨川王宏都督衆軍
20 17 yǒu is / are / to exist 粗有辭義
21 17 his / hers / its / theirs 朕已宥其諸子
22 16 shí time / a period of time 時以爲知言
23 16 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 梁南秦二州刺史
24 15 zhì to / until 俄而巴東兵至硤口
25 15 meaning / sense 惔舉漢中應義
26 15 yǎn cheerful 柳惔
27 15 child / son 子響爲荊州
28 15 zhōu a state / a province 梁南秦二州刺史
29 14 to reach 及難作
30 14 not / no 罪不相及
31 14 and 用與西朝羣臣迎王總州事
32 14 shì matter / thing / item 爲右軍諮議參軍事
33 13 wáng Wang 臨川王宏都督衆軍
34 13 naturally / of course / certainly 得假日自安
35 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
36 12 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 惔知將爲禍
37 12 bīng soldier / troops 俄而巴東兵至硤口
38 12 wén writing / text 席闡文
39 11 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 齊初
40 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
41 11 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 居郡
42 11 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 叡皆好學
43 10 xíng to walk / to move 起家爲司徒行參軍
44 10 jiàn to see 今復見之聖朝
45 10 èr two 梁南秦二州刺史
46 10 chū to go out 出爲新安太守
47 10 again / more / repeatedly 今復見之聖朝
48 10 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 穎胄乃誘斬山陽
49 10 參軍 cānjūn to join the army 命爲參軍
50 10 wén to hear 以毀聞
51 9 rate / frequency 太子右衛率
52 9 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 太守如故
53 9 shén what 高祖見叡甚悅
54 9 shì a generation 父世隆
55 9 to arise / to get up 叡起鬬艦
56 9 chén sincerity / honesty 弟忱
57 9 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 加散騎常侍
58 9 jǐng bright 高祖遣征北將軍曹景宗
59 9 zhào an imperial decree 詔改授給事中
60 9 yòu right / right-hand 爲右軍諮議參軍事
61 9 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 入爲尚書三公郎
62 9 to die 卒于州
63 8 ancestor / forefather 仍遣田祖恭私報高祖
64 8 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋遷尚書右僕射
65 8 合肥 Héféi Hefei 遂進討合肥
66 8 plain / white 高祖爲素服舉哀
67 8 shì to attend on 以爲侍中
68 8 zōng school / sect 叡遣長史王超宗
69 8 promptly / right away 和帝卽位
70 8 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 邑千戶
71 8 no 以無政績
72 8 shī teacher 後事之師也
73 8 ài to love 族弟愛
74 8 西 The West 鎮西長史
75 8 雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou 雍州之事
76 8 chǎn to explain / to clarify / to elucidate 席闡文
77 8 yǐng clever 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
78 8 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 中護軍長史
79 8 zhòu descendants 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
80 8 zhēng to march / to journey 徵爲護軍將軍
81 8 shū book 追贈中書令
82 7 shì is / are / am / to be 由是與其子穎胄善
83 7 使 shǐ to make / to cause 出爲使持節
84 7 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 仍遷太子詹事
85 7 such as / for example / for instance 太守如故
86 7 extra / surplus / remainder 惟餘實念功
87 7 qīng minister / high officer 尋遷衛尉卿
88 7 guān an office 除都官尚書
89 7 nán south 梁南秦二州刺史
90 7 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 論者以爲見機
91 7 děng et cetera / and so on 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
92 7 lái to come 倍道來赴
93 7 yān where / how 穎胄同焉
94 7 shuǐ water 長水校尉
95 7 xià next 皆積屍於床下
96 7 day of the month / a certain day 爲惡日滋
97 7 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 太子右衛率
98 7 yuán monetary unit / dollar 徐元瑜違命嶺南
99 7 even / equal / uniform 齊司空
100 7 district / county 邑千戶
101 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 且雍州士銳糧多
102 7 yīn because 高祖因讌爲詩以貽惔曰
103 7 bài to bow / to pay respect to 未拜
104 7 fēng to seal / to close off 論功封曲江縣侯
105 7 disease / sickness / ailment 稱疾還京
106 6 to protect / to guard 中護軍長史
107 6 also / too 亦有美譽
108 6 younger brother 弟忱
109 6 láng a minister / an official 入爲尚書三公郎
110 6 zhèng upright / straight
111 6 lín to face / to overlook 安定臨涇人也
112 6 xiāo mournful / dejected 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
113 6 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷中書侍郎
114 6 zhí straight 徵通直散騎常侍
115 6 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 獨不見蕭令君乎
116 6 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep ssafe 隨齊司空柳世隆守郢城
117 6 xiān first 惔以先歸得免
118 6 měi each / every 每攜叡之職
119 6 qiáo bridge 輒飛橋以濟
120 6 jìn to enter 進號輔國將軍
121 6 ruò to seem / to be like / as 忱字文若
122 6 zhēng to march / to journey 伯父祖征
123 6 qiě moreover / also 且藉以相斃耳
124 6 lèi to be tired 累遷太子中舍人
125 6 liáng a bridge 梁南秦二州刺史
126 6 和帝 hédì Emperor He of Southern Qi 和帝卽位
127 6 Yīng England 魏中山王元英寇北徐州
128 6 píng flat / level / smooth 郢州平
129 6 a helper / an assistant 進號輔國將軍
130 6 letter / symbol / character 字文通
131 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未拜
132 6 de potential marker 惔以先歸得免
133 6 Yǐng Ying 郢州平
134 6 yòu again / also 又嘗侍座
135 6 guāng light 光祿大夫
136 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 獨不見蕭令君乎
137 6 邵陽 shàoyáng Shaoyang 次邵陽洲
138 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 得假日自安
139 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 進號輔國將軍
140 5 hái also / in addition / more 稱疾還京
141 5 shàng top / a high position 求爲上庸太守
142 5 cóng from 若從公言
143 5 dào way / road / path 倍道來赴
144 5 alone / independent / single / sole 獨不見蕭令君乎
145 5 shǐ history 功曹史
146 5 àn deep black / dark 叡子黯請下城以避箭
147 5 final particle 殆興於吾州矣
148 5 I 殆興於吾州矣
149 5 guī to go back / to return 惔以先歸得免
150 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請表益兵
151 5 jiǔ old 久之
152 5 gōng merit / achievement / result / accomplishment 惟餘實念功
153 5 山陽 Shānyáng Shanyang 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
154 5 miǎn to spare 惔以先歸得免
155 5 shǔ to count 年數歲
156 5 níng Nanjing 以忱爲寧朔將軍
157 5 jiā to add 加散騎常侍
158 5 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 罪不相及
159 5 zhàn war / battle / fight 士皆殊死戰
160 5 móu to plan / to scheme 西土人謀之於叡
161 5 二十 èrshí twenty 給親信二十人
162 5 gèng more / even more 崔頗更事
163 5 a seat of government / a government archive repository / an official residence / a mansion / a presidential palace 州府騷擾
164 5 zèng to give a present 贈侍中
165 5 wàn ten thousand 牛馬萬數
166 5 豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou 豫州刺史
167 5 sān three 世爲三輔著姓
168 5 yòng to use / to apply 用與西朝羣臣迎王總州事
169 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 且雍州士銳糧多
170 5 earth / soil / dirt 梁土富饒
171 5 chéng to fill 其勢甚盛
172 5 wéi soft leather 韋叡
173 5 yóu also / as if / still 衆猶遲疑
174 4 gǎi to change / to alter 詔改授給事中
175 4 to die 將軍死綏
176 4 鄉里 xiānglǐ hometown 並有鄉里盛名
177 4 巴東 bādōng Badong 巴東王子響友
178 4 liǔ willow 柳惔
179 4 qiú to request 叡求出爲義成郡
180 4 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign 天監四年
181 4 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 未能拔
182 4 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 破崔氏十萬衆
183 4 a banquet 席闡文
184 4 léng corner / square beam / edge / protrusion 第三子稜
185 4 already / de facto / since / then 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
186 4 to criticize 爲右軍諮議參軍事
187 4 滿 mǎn full 每屋輒盈滿
188 4 祿 good fortune 光祿大夫
189 4 起家 qǐjiā to start out by / to grow an enterprise beginning with / to begin one's career by 起家爲司徒行參軍
190 4 jiā house / home / residence 卒於家
191 4 shì funerary name / posthumous name or title 諡曰穆
192 4 this / these 朝廷授此
193 4 shòu to teach / to instruct 詔改授給事中
194 4 father 父世隆
195 4 tōng to go through / to open 字文通
196 4 jié festival / a special day 出爲使持節
197 4 zhà fence 叡巡行圍柵
198 4 to ferry 且吾求濟師
199 4 shǎo few 軍人少安
200 4 é Russia 俄而巴東兵至硤口
201 4 residence / dwelling 居郡
202 4 jiàn to build / to construct 加建威將軍
203 4 to enter 入爲尚書三公郎
204 4 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉主簿
205 4 chén Chen 俄而太尉陳顯達
206 4 to ride an animal or bicycle 領驍騎將軍
207 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 而生者寢處其上
208 4 xìng gender 性慈愛
209 4 huái bosom / breast 字懷文
210 4 clothes / dress / garment 高祖爲素服舉哀
211 4 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 轉主簿
212 4 qún crowd / flock / group 爾實冠羣后
213 4 xiāo brave / strong 領驍騎將軍
214 4 gěi to give 給親信二十人
215 4 jiàn warship 舟艦繼至
216 4 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 闡文亦深勸同高祖
217 4 you / thou 汝自謂何如憕
218 4 to be pleasing / in a respectful manner 袁顗爲雍州刺史
219 4 舍人 shèrén a palace attendant 累遷太子中舍人
220 4 qīn related by blood or marriage / dear / intimate / closely related 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
221 4 gōng to attack / to assault 梁郡太守馮道根攻魏小峴城
222 4 dike 魏人乘勝至叡堤下
223 4 big / great / huge / large / major 叡自合肥逕道由陰陵大澤行
224 4 lǐng neck / collar 領前軍將軍
225 4 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 臨川王宏都督衆軍
226 4 a family clan 族弟愛
227 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 叡求出爲義成郡
228 4 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 爲尚書吏部郎
229 4 běi north 魏中山王元英寇北徐州
230 4 to take / to get / to fetch 其取赤族也
231 4 already / afterwards 朕已宥其諸子
232 4 yòu immature / young 闡文以和帝幼弱
233 4 chēng to call / to address 稱疾還京
234 4 zuǒ left 後爲晉平王左常侍
235 4 yàn a weir 乃堰肥水
236 4 hair 未發
237 4 hòu after / later 後爲晉平王左常侍
238 4 zhū all / many / various 及諸詩賦
239 4 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長水校尉
240 4 ěr ear 且藉以相斃耳
241 4 wèi to call 祖征謂叡曰
242 4 to stop / to prevent 京兆杜陵人也
243 4 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破崔氏十萬衆
244 4 night 召忱及其所親席闡文等夜入議之
245 4 lěi rampart 閉壘經年
246 4 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 子響爲荊州
247 4 xiǎng to make a sound / to sound / to ring 巴東王子響友
248 4 襄陽 Xiāngyáng Xiangyang 出爲襄陽太守
249 4 qiān one thousand 邑千戶
250 3 báo thin / slight / weak 叡自以信受素薄
251 3 yīng should / ought 惔舉漢中應義
252 3 京師 jīngshī a capital city 頃聞京師長者
253 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必非山陽所能擬
254 3 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 莫不重足累息
255 3 wèi position / location / place 和帝卽位
256 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓賴之
257 3 qián front 有前無却
258 3 zài in / at 今幸在遠
259 3 shù tree 樹之堤下
260 3 bié do not / must not 本州別駕
261 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 率州兵擊走之
262 3 shí real / true 爾實冠羣后
263 3 measure word for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc 布五十匹
264 3 zhōu a continent 次邵陽洲
265 3 suī although / even though 叡時雖幼
266 3 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 叡親與爭之
267 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 詔改授給事中
268 3 to bear / to carry 負戶而汲
269 3 to go 東陵去魏甓城二十里
270 3 xiào to be filial 叡事繼母以孝聞
271 3 武將 wǔjiàng a general / a military leader / a fierce man 遷信武將軍
272 3 hóu marquis / lord 論功封曲江縣侯
273 3 end / final stage / latter part 建武末
274 3 nèi inside / interior 城內亦作以應之
275 3 zēng to increase / to add to / to augment 蜀增白帝耳
276 3 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 罰不及嗣
277 3 起兵 qǐbīng to send troops 及高祖起兵
278 3 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 邑七百戶
279 3 冠軍將軍 guānjūn jiāngjūn general commanding the troops 冠軍將軍
280 3 horse 馬二百匹
281 3 to supervise 督湘州諸軍事
282 3 no 稜猶弗之逮也
283 3 shāo a little / slightly 稍遷中書侍郎
284 3 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 惔知將爲禍
285 3 zhī to know 惔知將爲禍
286 3 zhèn town 惔隨之鎮
287 3 cáo Cao 高祖遣征北將軍曹景宗
288 3 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 穎胄議遷都夏口
289 3 qián money / currency 詔賻錢三萬
290 3 réng yet / still / as ever 仍遷太子詹事
291 3 zāi exclamatory particle 宜哉
292 3 鐘離 zhōnglí Zhongli 圍刺史昌義之於鐘離
293 3 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 齊司空
294 3 in / at 賞延于世
295 3 朝廷 cháo tíng court / imperial household / dynasty 朝廷狂悖
296 3 北伐 Běi Fá Northern Expedition 大舉北伐
297 3 wēi power / might / prestige 諡曰威
298 3 to stand 肥水堰立
299 3 qiáng strong / powerful 英甚憚其強
300 3 one 朝服一具
301 3 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 惔著
302 3 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 爲給事黃門侍郎
303 3 zhí value / worth 值澗穀
304 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 學識當過之
305 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 親自表率
306 3 cuī Cui 破崔氏十萬衆
307 3 Xu 徐元瑜違命嶺南
308 3 sòng Song Dynasty 宋末爲光祿勳
309 3 to attack / to inherit 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
310 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
311 3 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今復見之聖朝
312 3 chāng Chang 圍刺史昌義之於鐘離
313 3 shì to look at / to see 視事二年
314 3 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
315 3 jìng still / calm 使軍主王懷靜築城於岸守之
316 3 tóng like / same / similar 闡文亦深勸同高祖
317 3 xiōng elder brother 叡兄纂
318 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 咸爲營理
319 3 bào newspaper 仍遣田祖恭私報高祖
320 3 dōng east 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
321 3 dìng to decide 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
322 3 sēng a monk 正與東海王僧孺友善
323 3 zhù to build / to construct 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
324 3 fàng to put / to place 坐輒放從軍丁免
325 3 deep / true / sincere / genuine 疾篤不拜
326 3 xīn heart 若使彼凶心已逞
327 3 chéng \N 惔第四弟憕
328 3 gēn origin / cause / basis 梁郡太守馮道根攻魏小峴城
329 3 zuò to sit 坐輒放從軍丁免
330 3 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 以板輿自載
331 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 累遷齊興太守
332 3 huò to reap / to harvest 所獲軍實牛馬
333 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 封州陵伯
334 3 huì can / be able to 高祖詔叡率豫州之衆會焉
335 3 fēi not / non- / un- 必非山陽所能擬
336 3 二千 èr qiān two thousand 有衆二千
337 3 zhé often / regularly 坐輒放從軍丁免
338 3 mother 父世隆及母閻氏時寢疾
339 3 a child 正與東海王僧孺友善
340 3 yóu especially / particularly 尤明經史
341 3 十七 shíqī seventeen 惔年十七
342 3 xián salty / briny 咸爲營理
343 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂進討合肥
344 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 惔舉漢中應義
345 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 父世隆
346 3 shí ten 絹滿十間屋
347 3 guàn to pour in 汾水可以灌平陽
348 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
349 3 dàn peace 時始興王憺留鎮雍部
350 3 to pat / to console / to comfort 撫軍將軍
351 3 business / industry 成功業
352 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 棄騏驥而不乘
353 3 force / compel / force 護軍將軍崔慧景頻逼京師
354 3 liù six 六年十月
355 3 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 爲西戎校尉
356 3 desire 不欲遠鄉里
357 3 hào number 進號輔國將軍
358 3 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 疾疫死者十七八
359 3 Xiāng Hunan 湘州刺史
360 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 搖動民志
361 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 叡自合肥逕道由陰陵大澤行
362 3 shēn deep 且深慮之
363 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 論者以爲見機
364 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 君此獲復與熊耳山等
365 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可犯也
366 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 由是與其子穎胄善
367 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 汝文章或小減
368 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 魏人乘勝至叡堤下
369 3 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 頃聞京師長者
370 2 jìn nearby 子響昵近小人
371 2 fēn to divide into parts 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
372 2 to leave behind 無所遺惜
373 2 受禪 shòuchán to accept abdication 高祖受禪
374 2 僧都 sēngdōu sōzu 魏興太守顏僧都等據郡反
375 2 fēi to fly 輒飛橋以濟
376 2 chú except / besides 除都官尚書
377 2 to avoid / to shun 避吏隱於長安南山
378 2 xiàng towards / to 向本輕來
379 2 shī poem / verse 高祖因讌爲詩以貽惔曰
380 2 yán to speak / to say / said 時以爲知言
381 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 叡起鬬艦
382 2 guī two hemispherical objects used in divination 巴東太守蕭璝
383 2 chì red / scarlet 爲雍州刺史蕭赤斧中兵參軍
384 2 lüè plan / strategy / outline / summary 右軍司馬胡略等至合肥
385 2 huī a signal flag 因令取傘扇麾幢
386 2 zéi thief 賊已至城下
387 2 chuán to transmit 仁政傳
388 2 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
389 2 jiù old / ancient 陳雖舊將
390 2 to amass / to accumulate / to store 皆積屍於床下
391 2 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 高祖踐阼
392 2 fēng wind 風怒火盛
393 2 qiàn moat around a city 夜掘長塹
394 2 wéi to circle / to surround / to enclose 叡巡行圍柵
395 2 牛馬 niú mǎ oxen and horses / beasts of burden 牛馬萬數
396 2 five 以忱爲五兵尚書
397 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge 遷智武將軍
398 2 department / bureau / office 領城局
399 2 zhuāng to install / to fix / to wrap 并獻銀裝刀
400 2 rather / quite / considerably / oblique / inclined / slanting 崔頗更事
401 2 衛尉 wèiwèi Commandant of Guards 尋遷衛尉卿
402 2 本州 běnzhōu Honshū 本州別駕
403 2 如意 rúyì satisfactory 高祖報以金如意
404 2 qín Shaanxi 梁南秦二州刺史
405 2 to use as servant / to force to do labor 邵陽之役
406 2 yuán to aid / to assist 旣而魏援將揚靈胤帥軍五萬奄至
407 2 bēi sadness / sorrow / grief 相與悲哭
408 2 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 故投募之士爭歸之
409 2 to confer / to bestow / to grant 歷官所得祿賜
410 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執白角如意麾軍
411 2 inside / interior 東陵去魏甓城二十里
412 2 can / may / permissible 進退無可
413 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜哉
414 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 魏城中忽出數百人陳於門外
415 2 yǒng brave / courageous 必其驍勇者也
416 2 東西 dōngxi thing 魏初分築東西小城夾合肥
417 2 xià summer 穎胄議遷都夏口
418 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 生者反居業
419 2 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 多勸叡緩行
420 2 shě to give 高祖遣中書郎周捨勞於淮上
421 2 zhòng heavy 莫不重足累息
422 2 a room 每屋輒盈滿
423 2 xiāng village / township 卿之鄉望
424 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 避吏隱於長安南山
425 2 néng can / able 必非山陽所能擬
426 2 前軍 qián jūn advance army 領前軍將軍
427 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 右軍司馬胡略等至合肥
428 2 lài to depend on / to disclaim / to blame someone else 故賴以寧輯
429 2 qǐn to rest / to sleep 父世隆及母閻氏時寢疾
430 2 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 叡不許
431 2 cháng already / formerly / already / ever / once 又嘗侍座
432 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 竟爲羣邪所陷
433 2 shě to give 不宜輕舍根本
434 2 zuò to do 及難作
435 2 zhì to toss / to throw 景宗擲得雉
436 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 叡笑曰
437 2 four 天監四年
438 2 qīng light / not heavy 不宜輕舍根本
439 2 bīn visitor / guest 以爲巴硤未賓
440 2 shǔ Sichuan 蜀增白帝耳
441 2 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen 爲給事黃門侍郎
442 2 xié to carry / to take along / to bring along / to hold 每攜叡之職
443 2 zuǎn to edit / to compile 叡兄纂
444 2 záo to bore / to pierce 魏兵來鑿堤
445 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 捨觀之
446 2 安西 Ānxī Anxi 出爲安西長史
447 2 chí to grasp / to hold 出爲使持節
448 2 shěn to sink / to submerge 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
449 2 shēn human body / torso 身乘小輿殿后
450 2 father's elder brother 封州陵伯
451 2 to know / to learn / to be informed of 悉充軍賞
452 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 叡攻具旣成
453 2 Mu 諡曰穆
454 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 時雖老
455 2 yōng ordinary / normal 求爲上庸太守
456 2 xián virtuous / worthy 自漢丞相賢以後
457 2 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 以太尉掾徵
458 2 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 本州別駕
459 2 tài very / extremely 稍遷太僕卿
460 2 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 魏城中忽出數百人陳於門外
461 2 遷都 qiāndōu to move the capital 穎胄議遷都夏口
462 2 to calculate / to compute / to count 西中郎長史蕭穎胄計未有定
463 2 xìn to believe / to trust 遷信武將軍
464 2 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 馬二百匹
465 2 dài to carry / to bring 忱不解帶經年
466 2 dōu all 除都官尚書
467 2 dèng Deng 與鄧琬起兵
468 2 a servant 太子僕
469 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 及難作
470 2 一部 yībù radical one 給鼓吹一部
471 2 始興 shǐxīng Shixing 時始興王憺留鎮雍部
472 2 dòng to move / to act 示無動志
473 2 東陵 dōnglíng Eastern tombs 高祖詔衆軍進次東陵
474 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 而生者寢處其上
475 2 南平 nánpíng Nanping 南平太守
476 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 卿曹勿憂也
477 2 軍人 jūnrén serviceman / soldier 軍人少安
478 2 好學 hǎoxué easily to study 叡皆好學
479 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 足以自保
480 2 interest 莫不重足累息
481 2 to associate with / be near 比曉而營立
482 2 martial / military 懦而不武
483 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 衆懼不敵
484 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 爾實冠羣后
485 2 太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian 累遷太子中舍人
486 2 員外 yuánwài landlord 徵爲員外散騎常侍
487 2 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once 每戰未嘗騎馬
488 2 mìng life 命爲參軍
489 2 yuǎn far / distant 今幸在遠
490 2 yōu distant / far 拒荊州刺史沈攸之
491 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 汾水可以灌平陽
492 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 以板輿自載
493 2 niè to walk on tiptoe / to walk quietly / to tread on / to follow 懼爲所躡
494 2 jùn smart / eminent / handsome / talented 客陰儁光泣止叡
495 2 liú Liu 齊東昏遣巴西太守劉山陽由荊襲高祖
496 2 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 撫循其衆
497 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 東園秘器
498 2 qīng clear / distinct / complete / pure 闡有清操
499 2 expresses question or doubt 獨不見蕭令君乎
500 2 kuì to be dispersed / to break down 城遂潰

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安陆 安陸 ānlù Anlu
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
安西 Ānxī Anxi
安⻏ 安邑 ānyì Anyi
  1. to hope / to wish
  2. Pakistan
  3. Palestine
  4. bar
  5. Ba
巴东 巴東 bādōng Badong
白帝 Bái dì White Heavenly Emperor
巴西 Bāxī Brazil
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
北平 Běipíng Beiping
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
巢湖 Cháohú Chaohu
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
大理 Dàlǐ Dali
丹阳 丹陽 Dānyáng Danyang County
dèng Deng
东海 東海 Dōng Hǎi
  1. East China Sea
  2. Donghae
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东陵 東陵 dōnglíng
  1. Eastern tombs
  2. Dongling
东阳 東陽 dōngyáng Dongyang
fén Fen
冯道 馮道 féng dào Feng Dao
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
公事 gōngshì public affairs / official (matters, duties etc)
广德 廣德 guǎngdé Guangde
桂阳 桂陽 Guìyáng Guiyang
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉书 漢書 Hàn Shū Book of Han / History of the Former Han Dynasty / Han Shu
汉中 漢中 hànzhōng Hongzhong
和帝 和帝 hédì Emperor He of Southern Qi
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
合肥 Héféi Hefei
huái Huai River
淮上 Huáishàng Huaishang
淮水 Huáishuǐ Huai River
黄门 黃門 Huángmén Huangmen
慧景 Huì Jǐng Hui Jing
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江夏 jiāngxià Jiangxia
江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou
建武 Jiànwǔ Jianwu reign
建义 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign
jìn
  1. Shanxi
  2. Jin Dynasty
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
jīng
  1. thorns / brambles
  2. the state of Chu / Jing
  3. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
京兆 Jīngzhào Jingzhao / Xi'an
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
梁书 梁書 Liáng Shū Book of Liang
梁州 Liángzhōu Liangzhou
临川 臨川 Línchuān Linchuan
岭南 嶺南 Lǐngnán Lingnan
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
陆贾 陸賈 lù jiǎ Lu Jia
庐江 廬江 lújiāng Lujiang
秘书监 秘書監 mìshū jiàn Director of the Palace Library
南康 nánkāng Nankang
南平 nánpíng Nanping
南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan
南郑 南鄭 nánzhèng Nanzheng
宁远 寧遠 níngyuǎn Ningyuan
pān
  1. water in which rice has been rinsed
  2. Pan River
  3. Pan
平王 Píng Wáng King Ping of Zhou
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
齐武帝 齊武帝 qí wǔdì Emperor Wu of Southern Qi
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
曲江 qǔjiāng Qujiang
人大 Rén Dà
  1. National Peoples Congress (in China) / Great Hall of the People
  2. Renmin University of China
人乘 Rén Shèng The Human Vehicle
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
山阳 山陽 Shānyáng Shanyang
邵阳 邵陽 shàoyáng Shaoyang
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
释氏 釋氏 shì shì Śākya clan
始兴 始興 shǐxīng Shixing
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋武帝 sòngwǔdì Emperor Wu of Song
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太元 Tàiyuán Taiyuan reign
太子中 Tàizǐ Zhōng Crown Prince Zhong / Li Xian
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文才 Wén Cái Wen Cai
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
Xiàn Xian
Xiāng
  1. Hunan
  2. Xiang dialect
湘西 xiāngxī
  1. Xiangx
  2. western Hunan
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
新安 xīnān Xin'an
西戎 Xīróng the Xirong
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
姚察 yáo chá Yao Cha
Yīng
  1. England
  2. Ying
  3. brave
Yǐng Ying
益州 Yìzhōu Yizhou
永昌 Yǒngchāng
  1. Yongchang
  2. Yongchang
雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou
Yuán Yuan
豫州 Yùzhōu Yuzhou
真人 zhēnrén
  1. Immortal
  2. a real person
  3. Arhat
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
钟离 鐘離 zhōnglí Zhongli
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
中书侍郎 中書侍郎 zhōngshū shìláng Attendant Gentleman of the Secretariat
zhòu
  1. daytime
  2. Zhou
  3. Zhou
周书 周書 Zhōu Shū History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties
周易 Zhōuyì The Book of Changes / Yijing / I Ching
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China