Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 84 yuē to speak / to say 孔子曰
2 57 to sacrifice to / to worship 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
3 54 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
4 51 sàng to lose / to die 并有喪
5 41 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 曾子問曰
6 41 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 曾子問
7 36 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 非禮也
8 33 child / son 某之子生
9 24 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君薨而世子生
10 22 miào temple / shrine 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
11 21 diàn to pay respect 奠幣于殯東几上
12 19 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸侯適天子
13 19 sān three 祝聲三
14 18 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告曰
15 18 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
16 18 clothes / dress / garment 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
17 18 shuāi to weaken / to decline 少師奉子以衰
18 17 zhù to pray for happiness or blessings 大祝裨冕
19 17 female / feminine 女之父母死
20 16 zàng to bury the dead 如已葬而世子生
21 16 zhǔ owner 士從攝主
22 16 xíng to walk / to move 乃命國家五官而後行
23 16 to cry / to weep / to wail 命毋哭
24 16 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反位
25 15 zōng school / sect 宰宗人從
26 15 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 女之父母死
27 14 day of the month / a certain day 三日
28 13 to die 女之父母死
29 13 shì matter / thing / item 逐修葬事
30 13 shì a gentleman / a knight 士從攝主
31 13 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯適天子
32 12 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 內喪則廢
33 12 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 奠幣于殯東几上
34 12 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠者至
35 12 even / equal / uniform 聞齊衰大功之喪
36 12 big / great / huge / large / major 大祝裨冕
37 11 婿 son-in-law 婿使人吊
38 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 婿使人吊
39 11 mìng life 命毋哭
40 10 wén to hear 聞齊衰大功之喪
41 10 to enter 而後聽朝而入
42 10 gōng public/ common / state-owned 孝公大祥
43 10 rén person / people / a human being 宰宗人從
44 9 yàn to dislike / to detest 攝主不厭祭
45 9 shāng to die prematurely 祭殤必厭
46 9 shēng to ascend / to go up 升自西階盡等
47 9 to lift / to hold up / to raise 小宰升舉幣
48 9 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 聞齊衰大功之喪
49 9 to take / to get / to fetch 則取於大功以下者
50 9 hōng to die 君薨而世子生
51 9 shī corpse 尸入
52 8 guī to go back / to return 歸設奠
53 8 hòu after / later 何先何後
54 8 shǐ history 大宰命祝史
55 8 ancestor / forefather 必告于祖
56 8 jiē stairs / steps 於西階南
57 8 a memorial tablet in a temple commemorating a deceased father 大宗從大祝而告于禰
58 8 nián year 三年之喪
59 8 jiā house / home / residence 則女之家亦使人吊
60 8 diào to hang 婿使人吊
61 7 zǎi to slaughter 小宰升舉幣
62 7 qīng minister / high officer
63 7 five 以名遍告于五祀山川
64 7 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 唯天子崩
65 7 qīn relatives 必親告于祖禰
66 7 jiàn to see 敢見
67 7 past / former times 昔者
68 7 shě to give 每舍
69 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以與於饋奠之事乎
70 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 如冠者未至
71 6 chēng to call / to address 父喪稱父
72 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者師行
73 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成婦之義也
74 6 慈母 címǔ a loving mother 喪慈母如母
75 6 wèi to call 非此之謂也
76 6 currency / coins / legal tender 奠幣于殯東几上
77 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之二孤
78 6 can / may / permissible 雖無主婦可也
79 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂朝奠
80 6 woman 無無主婦
81 6 公館 gōngguǎn residence / mansion 公館復
82 5 zhòng heavy 先輕而後重
83 5 yīn flourishing / abundant 服除而後殷祭
84 5 日食 rìshí a solar eclipse 日食
85 5 xiān first 祝先
86 5 西 The West 於西階南
87 5 huǒ fire / flame 大廟火
88 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 庶子為大夫
89 5 to reach 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
90 5 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自斬衰以下皆可
91 5 miǎn crown 大祝裨冕
92 5 liàn to practice / to drill / to exercise / to train 主人練祭而不旅
93 5 gǎi to change / to alter 除喪不改冠乎
94 5 qīng light / not heavy 先輕而後重
95 5 èr two 喪有二孤
96 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 奠酬於賓
97 5 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司弗辯也
98 4 lěi to eulogize / to praise the dead 賤不誄貴
99 4 grave / tomb 望墓而為壇
100 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 自斬衰以下皆可
101 4 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 小功之喪
102 4 to open 自啟及葬
103 4 dōng east 奠幣于殯東几上
104 4 過時 guòshí to be old-fashioned / to be out of date 過時不祭
105 4 wài outside 外喪則冠而不醴
106 4 yǒng to leap / to jump 皆哭不踴
107 4 zài in / at 女在涂
108 4 residence / dwelling 古者天子練冠以燕居
109 4 北面 běimiàn north side 北面
110 4 to die 卒哭成事而後
111 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 而後辭於殯
112 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
113 4 trip / journey 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
114 4 wèi position / location / place 反位
115 4 shēng domestic animal 用牲幣
116 4 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
117 4 nèi inside / interior 內喪則廢
118 4 主人 zhǔrén master / host 眾主人
119 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子禮以飾情
120 4 to be lost 昔者史佚有子而死
121 4 chóu to toast 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
122 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢告
123 4 mother 母喪稱母
124 4 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問之
125 4 喪服 sàngfú mourning garments 則因喪服而冠
126 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 以名遍告于五祀山川
127 4 qiān to move / to shift 不遷於祖
128 4 jiù a coffin which contains corpse 則子免而從柩
129 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 以名遍告于五祀山川
130 3 他國 tāguó other countries 居于他國
131 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 五廟無虛主
132 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 揖讓而入
133 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾主人
134 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 有陰厭
135 3 zūn to honor / to respect 尊無二上
136 3 不復 bùfù to not go back 除喪則不復昏禮乎
137 3 shì room / bedroom 室中之事而已矣
138 3 solitary 喪有二孤
139 3 a chopping board or block 俎豆既陳
140 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無乃不可乎
141 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜稽顙哭
142 3 shǐ beginning / start 自桓公始也
143 3 to stand 祝立于殯東南隅
144 3 dào way / road / path 道而出
145 3 fèng to offer / to present 少師奉子以衰
146 3 bīng soldier / troops 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
147 3 sūn Sun 尸必以孫
148 3 vinegar 酳不酢而已矣
149 3 入門 rùmén a primer / an introductory course 入門
150 3 夫人 fūren lady / madam / wife / Mrs. 後夫人之喪
151 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小宰升舉幣
152 3 cáng to hide 藏諸祖廟
153 3 yáng sun 有陽厭
154 3 chén minister / statesman / official 而臣有父母之喪
155 3 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 乃命祝史告至于前所告者
156 3 a man / a male adult 夫死亦如之
157 3 fáng a room 房中
158 3 私館 sīguǎn a private school 私館不復
159 3 chén Chen 簠簋既陳
160 3 meaning / sense 成婦之義也
161 3 shī to lose 則失之矣
162 3 kāng Kang 康子立於門右
163 3 to salute / to bow 揖讓而入
164 3 fine linen 緦不祭
165 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 若終行之
166 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 親迎
167 3 shè to set up / to establish 歸設奠
168 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 無無主婦
169 3 guān coffin 何以不棺斂於宮中
170 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 哭者止
171 3 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 天無二日
172 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過是
173 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足
174 3 zhōng middle 房中
175 3 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff
176 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
177 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 則祝取群廟之主而藏諸祖廟
178 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 諸侯薨與去其國
179 3 shī teacher 少師奉子以衰
180 3 to go 諸侯薨與去其國
181 3 xià summer 子夏問曰
182 3 biàn a cap 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
183 3 wèn to ask 曾子問
184 3 fán ordinary / common 凡告
185 3 伯父 bófù father's elder brother / term of respect for older man 而見伯父
186 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 君之喪既引
187 3 ěr ear 豈大功耳
188 3 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 朝夕否
189 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
190 3 yán to speak / to say / said 言必有尊也
191 3 several 廢者幾
192 3 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
193 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 君薨而世子生
194 3 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
195 3 liǎn to collect 斂幣玉
196 3 qián front 殯前北面
197 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 君子不奪人之親
198 2 召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao 召公謂之曰
199 2 致命 zhìmìng fatal / mortal / deadly / to sacrifice one's life 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
200 2 color 各以其方色與其兵
201 2 yòu immature / young 幼不誄長
202 2 gain / advantage / benefit 不告利成
203 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 既殯而致事
204 2 silk / plain silk 執束帛
205 2 cháo to face 遂朝奠
206 2 qiū Confucius
207 2 金革 jīngé sword and armor / weaponry 金革之事無辟也者
208 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 嘗禘郊社
209 2 Shandong 則昔者衛靈公適魯
210 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 不得嗣為兄弟
211 2 fàn food / a meal 三飯不侑
212 2 shǎo few 少師奉子以衰
213 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 室老行事
214 2 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 與祫祭於祖
215 2 介子 jièzǐ meson / mesotron 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
216 2 shēn human body / torso 有君喪服於身
217 2 yòu to urge to eat 三飯不侑
218 2 yòu right / right-hand 康子立於門右
219 2 tiān day 天無二日
220 2 稽顙 jīsǎng to kowtow 子拜稽顙哭
221 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop
222 2 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 召公言於周公
223 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 士從攝主
224 2 吉日 jírì propitious day / lucky day 有吉日
225 2 a sweet wine 外喪則冠而不醴
226 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
227 2 seven 今也取七廟之主以行
228 2 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 不菲
229 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 乃命國家五官而後行
230 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
231 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 各以其方色與其兵
232 2 廟主 miàozhǔ head priest of a temple 必以遷廟主行乎
233 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載于齊車
234 2 常事 chángshì routine matters 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
235 2 to benefit / to aid 大祝裨冕
236 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 升自西階盡等
237 2 four 則祝迎四廟之主
238 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 不暮宿
239 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 則取於兄弟大功以下者
240 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 康子立於門右
241 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患其過於制也
242 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 君薨而世子生
243 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋貴命也
244 2 earth / soil / dirt 土無二王
245 2 shàng top / a high position 奠幣于殯東几上
246 2 to think / consider / to ponder 思相離也
247 2 視朝 shìcháo court audience 冕而出視朝
248 2 rain 雨沾服失容
249 2 cháng to taste 嘗禘郊社
250 2 shè She 嘗禘郊社
251 2 season / period 遭季桓子之喪
252 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 雨沾服失容
253 2 yún cloud 老聃云
254 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自薨比至於殯
255 2 a law / a rule 金革之事無辟也者
256 2 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮日而舍奠
257 2 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 諸侯相見
258 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位而哭
259 2 Tu 女在涂
260 2 jià to marry 而弗敢嫁
261 2 miǎn to spare 免喪
262 2 to worship ancestors 不祔於皇姑
263 2 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 大宗
264 2 xiào to be filial 孝公大祥
265 2 father 父沒而冠
266 2 one 盡一哀
267 2 private 士有私喪
268 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
269 2 dǎng political party 歸葬于女氏之黨
270 2 xīng a star / a planet 見星而行者
271 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執束帛
272 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆既陳
273 2 yìn \N 酳不酢而已矣
274 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 女之父母使人請
275 2 yóu to swim 子游問曰
276 2 shì to match 諸侯適天子
277 2 tīng to listen 而後聽朝而入
278 2 biàn to change / to alter 則有變乎
279 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 昏禮既納幣
280 2 fēng to seal / to close off 既封而歸
281 2 yuǎn far / distant 今墓遠
282 2 zhān to wet / to moisten / to soak 雨沾服失容
283 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 乃命國家五官而後行
284 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王制禮
285 2 kuì food 可以與於饋奠之事乎
286 2 imperial ancestor worship 嘗禘郊社
287 2 clothes / clothing 女改服布深衣
288 2 chē a vehicle 載于齊車
289 2 gèng \N 葬引至於堩
290 2 zhù to help / to assist 又何助於人
291 2 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 公弗忍也
292 2 to give / to bestow favors 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
293 2 冠子 guānzǐ crest / crown 將冠子
294 2 yòng to use / to apply 用牲幣
295 2 shēng sound 祝聲三
296 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 蓋貴命也
297 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 改服而往
298 2 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 盡一哀
299 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 女改服布深衣
300 1 zhī to know 吾弗知也
301 1 desire 欲喪之
302 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 土周葬于園
303 1 special / unique / distinguished 特牲
304 1 xiàn to offer / to present 祝畢獻而已
305 1 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 遂輿機而往
306 1 xiáng good luck / blessing 小祥者
307 1 liǎng two 藏諸兩階之間
308 1 yān Yan 古者天子練冠以燕居
309 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 作偽主以行
310 1 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 母喪稱母
311 1 hemp / flax 則子麻
312 1 guī jade pointed at the top 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
313 1 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 則昔者衛靈公適魯
314 1 gǎo plain white silk 縞總以趨喪
315 1 男子 nánzǐ a man 男子外有傅
316 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 庶子無爵而居者
317 1 shòu to teach 有司所授舍
318 1 táng main hall / a large room 不升堂
319 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 歸哭而反送君
320 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 說衰與奠
321 1 shān chronic malaria 不以人之親痁患
322 1 to urge on / to drive 必有前驅
323 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 宗子雖七十
324 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 鼎俎既陳
325 1 precious 斂幣玉
326 1 liù six
327 1 shì to show / to reveal 示未成婦也
328 1 後者 hòuzhě the latter 與無後者
329 1 嫁女 jiànǚ to marry off a daughter 嫁女之家
330 1 father's elder brother 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
331 1 shēn deep 女改服布深衣
332 1 未成 wèichéng a minor 示未成婦也
333 1 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 奉帥天子
334 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
335 1 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公辭不得命
336 1 朝服 cháofú court dress 朝服而出視朝
337 1 shù a bunch / a bundle 執束帛
338 1 jiē to join 接祭而已矣
339 1 guest / visitor 客升自西階吊
340 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 無玄酒
341 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 則使人抱之
342 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 公館與公所為
343 1 為主 wèi zhǔ to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to / mainly 公為主
344 1 朋友 péngyou friend 士則朋友奠
345 1 to attack by surprise 襲衰
346 1 pèi to blend 不配
347 1 nán south 於西階南
348 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
349 1 jié festival / a special day 君大夫士一節也
350 1 qíng feeling / emotion 君子禮以飾情
351 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 安知其不見星也
352 1 父喪 fùsàng the death of one's father 父喪稱父
353 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 不俟子
354 1 néng can / able 非弗能勿除也
355 1 to associate with / be near 自薨比至於殯
356 1 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 不祔於皇姑
357 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹饌而掃
358 1 教子 jiāozǐ to educate one's children 君命所使教子也
359 1 zuò to do 作偽主以行
360 1 sǎo to sweep / to clear away 徹饌而掃
361 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
362 1 見天 jiàntiān every day 諸侯旅見天子
363 1 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang 西鄉
364 1 掃地 sǎodì to sweep the floor / to reach rock bottom / to be at an all-time low 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
365 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 未殺
366 1 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君出疆以三年之戒
367 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 途邇故也
368 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其已之遲數
369 1 行禮 xínglǐ to salute / to greet 且君子行禮
370 1 內子 nèizǐ wife 大夫內子
371 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 見星而行者
372 1 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 何以不棺斂於宮中
373 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 祝立于殯東南隅
374 1 在途 zàitú in transit 女在途
375 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 藏諸兩階之間
376 1 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 不旅行
377 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭季桓子之喪
378 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 先王制禮
379 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 則子孫行事
380 1 jiàn mean / low / base 賤不誄貴
381 1 客人 kèrén guest 客人吊
382 1 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 縞總以趨喪
383 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 舍於公館以待事
384 1 several 奠幣于殯東几上
385 1 救火 jiùhuǒ to fight a fire 則從天子救火
386 1 interest 三夜不息燭
387 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 有司弗辯也
388 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢私服
389 1 Kangxi radical 80 命毋哭
390 1 a period of time / phase / stage 如將冠子而未及期日
391 1 to leave behind 則有司將書之以遺後世
392 1 jiù to save / to rescue 則從天子救日
393 1 擇日 zháirì to fix a date (for an event) / to select an auspicious date 擇日而祭於禰
394 1 不假 bùjià not needing help 不假
395 1 shì style 尸必式
396 1 shí time / a period of time 以時祭
397 1 zǎo early 夫柩不早出
398 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 如將冠子而未及期日
399 1 行旅 xínglǚ a traveler / a wanderer 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
400 1 大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang 孝公大祥
401 1 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 自桓公始也
402 1 jiǔ nine
403 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 則取於同姓可也
404 1 成事 chéngshì a completed matter 卒哭成事而後
405 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 思相離也
406 1 tǎn to bare 皆袒
407 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 其虞也
408 1 bái white 當室之白
409 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛君請吊
410 1 不在 bùzài not here 父母不在
411 1 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
412 1 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 無玄酒
413 1 to take / to receive / to accept 昏禮既納幣
414 1 shì a generation 則稱伯父世母
415 1 night 三夜不息燭
416 1 different / other 士之所以異者
417 1 suí to soothe / to appease / to pacify 不綏祭
418 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
419 1 huán big 遭季桓子之喪
420 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 天子巡守
421 1 國君 guójūn a monarch / a sovereign 國君薨
422 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善乎問之也
423 1 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
424 1 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 女氏許諾
425 1 míng bright / brilliant 既明反而後行
426 1 tán an altar / a platform 望墓而為壇
427 1 shū to remove obstructions 疏衰
428 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 則有司將書之以遺後世
429 1 table 無肵俎
430 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 安知其不見星也
431 1 zhuàn food 徹饌而掃
432 1 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 縞總以趨喪
433 1 lái to come 稱來婦也
434 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 有慈母良
435 1 zuì crime / sin / vice 若宗子有罪
436 1 執事 zhíshì to serve as / to hold a post 從執事
437 1 qín birds / fowl 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
438 1 děng et cetera / and so on 升自西階盡等
439 1 to clear streets when emperor tours 出廟入廟必蹕
440 1 hòu after / later 夏后氏三年之喪
441 1 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind
442 1 jiào a religious service / a Daoist or Buddhist ceremony 於斯乎有冠醮
443 1 bēi an oval 以椑從
444 1 way / route / road 途邇故也
445 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受宿矣
446 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
447 1 shǒu head 不首其義
448 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐修葬事
449 1 Ji 其吉祭
450 1 guǐ a square basket of bamboo 簠簋既陳
451 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 君子禮以飾情
452 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 室老行事
453 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 升自阼階
454 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 以上牲祭於宗子之家
455 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 故誣於祭也
456 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦虛乎
457 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 天子巡守
458 1 dusk / sunset 不暮宿
459 1 國法 guófǎ federal law 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
460 1 相識 xiāngshí to be aquainted 相識
461 1 fu 簠簋既陳
462 1 nán male 男不入
463 1 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 未知其為禮也
464 1 shū book 則有司將書之以遺後世
465 1 yuán garden / orchard 土周葬于園
466 1 machine 遂輿機而往
467 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望墓而為壇
468 1 xiàng lane / alley 昔者吾從老聃助葬於巷黨
469 1 shǔ to count 不知其已之遲數
470 1 a tutor / a teacher 男子外有傅
471 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 所祭於死者無服則祭
472 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 三日不舉樂
473 1 zhú a candle 三夜不息燭
474 1 ròu meat / muscle 不歸肉
475 1 xiōng elder brother 宗兄
476 1 a corner 祝立于殯東南隅
477 1 apprentice / disciple 子游之徒
478 1 younger brother 宗弟
479 1 biān a bamboo container for food 籩豆既設
480 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular
481 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 祝畢獻而已
482 1 wáng Wang 土無二王
483 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 而後饗冠者
484 1 què a watchtower 入自闕
485 1 dié a hempen band worn on the head or waist by a mourner 弁絰
486 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 叔父
487 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
488 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 逐修葬事
489 1 jiè to quit 君出疆以三年之戒
490 1 chí late / tardy 不知其已之遲數
491 1 朝天 cháotiān to have an audience with the Emperor / to be presented at court 諸侯朝天子
492 1 bìn to exclude / expel / reject 以擯相可也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 139 zhī him / her / them / that 如之何
2 84 yuē to speak / to say 孔子曰
3 79 also / too 非禮也
4 68 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 君薨而世子生
5 57 to sacrifice to / to worship 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
6 54 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
7 51 sàng to lose / to die 并有喪
8 50 not / no 不升堂
9 45 otherwise / but / however 則如之何
10 45 yǒu is / are / to exist 并有喪
11 41 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 曾子問曰
12 41 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 曾子問
13 40 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 哭者止
14 40 in / at 於西階南
15 38 such as / for example / for instance 如之何
16 36 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 非禮也
17 33 child / son 某之子生
18 32 so as to / in order to 少師奉子以衰
19 31 what / where / which 如之何
20 26 his / hers / its / theirs 其奠也
21 24 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君薨而世子生
22 24 expresses question or doubt 除喪不改冠乎
23 22 miào temple / shrine 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
24 21 diàn to pay respect 奠幣于殯東几上
25 20 naturally / of course / certainly 升自西階盡等
26 19 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸侯適天子
27 19 sān three 祝聲三
28 19 and 可以與於饋奠之事乎
29 19 in / at 奠幣于殯東几上
30 18 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告曰
31 18 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
32 18 clothes / dress / garment 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
33 18 shuāi to weaken / to decline 少師奉子以衰
34 17 zhù to pray for happiness or blessings 大祝裨冕
35 17 female / feminine 女之父母死
36 16 zàng to bury the dead 如已葬而世子生
37 16 zhǔ owner 士從攝主
38 16 xíng to walk / to move 乃命國家五官而後行
39 16 already / since 昏禮既納幣
40 16 to cry / to weep / to wail 命毋哭
41 16 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反位
42 15 no 無無主婦
43 15 zōng school / sect 宰宗人從
44 15 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 女之父母死
45 15 wèi for / to 不以輕服而重相為乎
46 14 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必告于祖
47 14 no 賓弗舉
48 14 day of the month / a certain day 三日
49 13 to die 女之父母死
50 13 shì matter / thing / item 逐修葬事
51 13 chū to go out 奠出
52 13 shì a gentleman / a knight 士從攝主
53 13 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯適天子
54 12 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 內喪則廢
55 12 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 奠幣于殯東几上
56 12 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠者至
57 12 而後 érhòu after that / then 乃命國家五官而後行
58 12 cóng from 士從攝主
59 12 even / equal / uniform 聞齊衰大功之喪
60 12 big / great / huge / large / major 大祝裨冕
61 11 婿 son-in-law 婿使人吊
62 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 婿使人吊
63 11 mìng life 命毋哭
64 10 wén to hear 聞齊衰大功之喪
65 10 to enter 而後聽朝而入
66 10 also / too 房中亦踴三者三
67 10 gōng public/ common / state-owned 孝公大祥
68 10 chú except / besides 除喪不改冠乎
69 10 mǒu some / certain 某之子生
70 10 rén person / people / a human being 宰宗人從
71 10 fēi not / non- / un- 非禮也
72 9 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
73 9 yàn to dislike / to detest 攝主不厭祭
74 9 shāng to die prematurely 祭殤必厭
75 9 shēng to ascend / to go up 升自西階盡等
76 9 to lift / to hold up / to raise 小宰升舉幣
77 9 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 聞齊衰大功之喪
78 9 final particle 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
79 9 to take / to get / to fetch 則取於大功以下者
80 9 hōng to die 君薨而世子生
81 9 shī corpse 尸入
82 8 guī to go back / to return 歸設奠
83 8 hòu after / later 何先何後
84 8 老聃 Lǎo Dān Lao Zi / Lao Tze 吾聞諸老聃曰
85 8 shǐ history 大宰命祝史
86 8 ancestor / forefather 必告于祖
87 8 jiē stairs / steps 於西階南
88 8 a memorial tablet in a temple commemorating a deceased father 大宗從大祝而告于禰
89 8 nián year 三年之喪
90 8 jiā house / home / residence 則女之家亦使人吊
91 8 diào to hang 婿使人吊
92 7 already / afterwards 如已葬而世子生
93 7 zǎi to slaughter 小宰升舉幣
94 7 zhū all / many / various 藏諸祖廟
95 7 qīng minister / high officer
96 7 而已 éryǐ that is all 接祭而已矣
97 7 five 以名遍告于五祀山川
98 7 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 唯天子崩
99 7 qīn relatives 必親告于祖禰
100 7 jiàn to see 敢見
101 7 I 吾聞諸老聃曰
102 7 past / former times 昔者
103 7 shě to give 每舍
104 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以與於饋奠之事乎
105 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 如冠者未至
106 6 chēng to call / to address 父喪稱父
107 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者師行
108 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成婦之義也
109 6 慈母 címǔ a loving mother 喪慈母如母
110 6 wèi to call 非此之謂也
111 6 currency / coins / legal tender 奠幣于殯東几上
112 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之二孤
113 6 can / may / permissible 雖無主婦可也
114 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂朝奠
115 6 woman 無無主婦
116 6 公館 gōngguǎn residence / mansion 公館復
117 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆哭不踴
118 5 zhòng heavy 先輕而後重
119 5 yīn flourishing / abundant 服除而後殷祭
120 5 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若終行之
121 5 日食 rìshí a solar eclipse 日食
122 5 xiān first 祝先
123 5 西 The West 於西階南
124 5 huǒ fire / flame 大廟火
125 5 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得嗣為兄弟
126 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 庶子為大夫
127 5 to reach 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
128 5 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自斬衰以下皆可
129 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將冠子
130 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃名于禰
131 5 miǎn crown 大祝裨冕
132 5 liàn to practice / to drill / to exercise / to train 主人練祭而不旅
133 5 gǎi to change / to alter 除喪不改冠乎
134 5 shì is / are / am / to be 過是
135 5 qīng light / not heavy 先輕而後重
136 5 èr two 喪有二孤
137 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 奠酬於賓
138 5 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 有司弗辯也
139 4 lěi to eulogize / to praise the dead 賤不誄貴
140 4 grave / tomb 望墓而為壇
141 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 自斬衰以下皆可
142 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 不以輕服而重相為乎
143 4 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 小功之喪
144 4 to open 自啟及葬
145 4 dōng east 奠幣于殯東几上
146 4 過時 guòshí to be old-fashioned / to be out of date 過時不祭
147 4 zhì to / until 冠者至
148 4 wài outside 外喪則冠而不醴
149 4 yǒng to leap / to jump 皆哭不踴
150 4 zài in / at 女在涂
151 4 residence / dwelling 古者天子練冠以燕居
152 4 北面 běimiàn north side 北面
153 4 to die 卒哭成事而後
154 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 而後辭於殯
155 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
156 4 a time 行葬不哀次
157 4 trip / journey 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
158 4 wèi position / location / place 反位
159 4 shēng domestic animal 用牲幣
160 4 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
161 4 nèi inside / interior 內喪則廢
162 4 主人 zhǔrén master / host 眾主人
163 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子禮以飾情
164 4 to be lost 昔者史佚有子而死
165 4 míng measure word for people 以名遍告于五祀山川
166 4 chóu to toast 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
167 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢告
168 4 mother 母喪稱母
169 4 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問之
170 4 喪服 sàngfú mourning garments 則因喪服而冠
171 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 以名遍告于五祀山川
172 4 qiān to move / to shift 不遷於祖
173 4 jiù a coffin which contains corpse 則子免而從柩
174 4 xià next 下殤
175 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 以名遍告于五祀山川
176 3 他國 tāguó other countries 居于他國
177 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 五廟無虛主
178 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 揖讓而入
179 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾主人
180 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 有陰厭
181 3 zūn to honor / to respect 尊無二上
182 3 不復 bùfù to not go back 除喪則不復昏禮乎
183 3 shì room / bedroom 室中之事而已矣
184 3 solitary 喪有二孤
185 3 a chopping board or block 俎豆既陳
186 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無乃不可乎
187 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜稽顙哭
188 3 shǐ beginning / start 自桓公始也
189 3 to stand 祝立于殯東南隅
190 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故君子過時不祭
191 3 dào way / road / path 道而出
192 3 fèng to offer / to present 少師奉子以衰
193 3 bīng soldier / troops 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
194 3 sūn Sun 尸必以孫
195 3 vinegar 酳不酢而已矣
196 3 入門 rùmén a primer / an introductory course 入門
197 3 夫人 fūren lady / madam / wife / Mrs. 後夫人之喪
198 3 wěi yes 唯天子崩
199 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小宰升舉幣
200 3 cáng to hide 藏諸祖廟
201 3 yáng sun 有陽厭
202 3 chén minister / statesman / official 而臣有父母之喪
203 3 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 乃命祝史告至于前所告者
204 3 a man / a male adult 夫死亦如之
205 3 yòu again / also 又何助於人
206 3 fáng a room 房中
207 3 私館 sīguǎn a private school 私館不復
208 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 如初位
209 3 yān where / how 奠焉而後就舍
210 3 biàn turn / one time 以名遍告于五祀山川
211 3 chén Chen 簠簋既陳
212 3 meaning / sense 成婦之義也
213 3 shī to lose 則失之矣
214 3 kāng Kang 康子立於門右
215 3 to salute / to bow 揖讓而入
216 3 this / these 非此之謂也
217 3 fine linen 緦不祭
218 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 若終行之
219 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 親迎
220 3 shè to set up / to establish 歸設奠
221 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 無無主婦
222 3 guān coffin 何以不棺斂於宮中
223 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 哭者止
224 3 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 天無二日
225 3 fǒu to negate / to deny 朝夕否
226 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當七廟
227 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過是
228 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足
229 3 zhōng middle 房中
230 3 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff
231 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
232 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 則祝取群廟之主而藏諸祖廟
233 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 諸侯薨與去其國
234 3 shī teacher 少師奉子以衰
235 3 to go 諸侯薨與去其國
236 3 xià summer 子夏問曰
237 3 biàn a cap 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
238 3 zāi exclamatory particle 祭哉
239 3 wèn to ask 曾子問
240 3 fán ordinary / common 凡告
241 3 伯父 bófù father's elder brother / term of respect for older man 而見伯父
242 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 君之喪既引
243 3 ěr ear 豈大功耳
244 3 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 朝夕否
245 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
246 3 yán to speak / to say / said 言必有尊也
247 3 several 廢者幾
248 3 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
249 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 君薨而世子生
250 3 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
251 3 liǎn to collect 斂幣玉
252 3 qián front 殯前北面
253 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 君子不奪人之親
254 2 召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao 召公謂之曰
255 2 致命 zhìmìng fatal / mortal / deadly / to sacrifice one's life 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
256 2 color 各以其方色與其兵
257 2 yòu immature / young 幼不誄長
258 2 gain / advantage / benefit 不告利成
259 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 既殯而致事
260 2 silk / plain silk 執束帛
261 2 cháo to face 遂朝奠
262 2 jiù right away 奠焉而後就舍
263 2 qiū Confucius
264 2 金革 jīngé sword and armor / weaponry 金革之事無辟也者
265 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 嘗禘郊社
266 2 Shandong 則昔者衛靈公適魯
267 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 不得嗣為兄弟
268 2 fàn food / a meal 三飯不侑
269 2 shǎo few 少師奉子以衰
270 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 室老行事
271 2 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 與祫祭於祖
272 2 介子 jièzǐ meson / mesotron 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
273 2 shēn human body / torso 有君喪服於身
274 2 yòu to urge to eat 三飯不侑
275 2 yòu right / right-hand 康子立於門右
276 2 tiān day 天無二日
277 2 稽顙 jīsǎng to kowtow 子拜稽顙哭
278 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop
279 2 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 召公言於周公
280 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 士從攝主
281 2 吉日 jírì propitious day / lucky day 有吉日
282 2 a sweet wine 外喪則冠而不醴
283 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
284 2 seven 今也取七廟之主以行
285 2 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance 不菲
286 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 乃命國家五官而後行
287 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
288 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 各以其方色與其兵
289 2 廟主 miàozhǔ head priest of a temple 必以遷廟主行乎
290 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載于齊車
291 2 常事 chángshì routine matters 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
292 2 to benefit / to aid 大祝裨冕
293 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 升自西階盡等
294 2 four 則祝迎四廟之主
295 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 不暮宿
296 2 again / more / repeatedly 公館復
297 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 則取於兄弟大功以下者
298 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 康子立於門右
299 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患其過於制也
300 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 君薨而世子生
301 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋貴命也
302 2 earth / soil / dirt 土無二王
303 2 shàng top / a high position 奠幣于殯東几上
304 2 to think / consider / to ponder 思相離也
305 2 視朝 shìcháo court audience 冕而出視朝
306 2 rain 雨沾服失容
307 2 cháng to taste 嘗禘郊社
308 2 shè She 嘗禘郊社
309 2 season / period 遭季桓子之喪
310 2 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 雨沾服失容
311 2 yún cloud 老聃云
312 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自薨比至於殯
313 2 a law / a rule 金革之事無辟也者
314 2 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮日而舍奠
315 2 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 諸侯相見
316 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位而哭
317 2 Tu 女在涂
318 2 jià to marry 而弗敢嫁
319 2 miǎn to spare 免喪
320 2 to worship ancestors 不祔於皇姑
321 2 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 大宗
322 2 how can it be that? 豈大功耳
323 2 xiào to be filial 孝公大祥
324 2 father 父沒而冠
325 2 méi not have 父沒而冠
326 2 one 盡一哀
327 2 private 士有私喪
328 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
329 2 dǎng political party 歸葬于女氏之黨
330 2 suī although / even though 宗子雖七十
331 2 xīng a star / a planet 見星而行者
332 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執束帛
333 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆既陳
334 2 yìn \N 酳不酢而已矣
335 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 女之父母使人請
336 2 yóu to swim 子游問曰
337 2 shì to match 諸侯適天子
338 2 tīng to listen 而後聽朝而入
339 2 biàn to change / to alter 則有變乎
340 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 昏禮既納幣
341 2 fēng to seal / to close off 既封而歸
342 2 yuǎn far / distant 今墓遠
343 2 zhān to wet / to moisten / to soak 雨沾服失容
344 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 乃命國家五官而後行
345 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王制禮
346 2 kuì food 可以與於饋奠之事乎
347 2 imperial ancestor worship 嘗禘郊社
348 2 clothes / clothing 女改服布深衣
349 2 chē a vehicle 載于齊車
350 2 gèng \N 葬引至於堩
351 2 each 主各反其廟
352 2 zhù to help / to assist 又何助於人
353 2 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 公弗忍也
354 2 to give / to bestow favors 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
355 2 冠子 guānzǐ crest / crown 將冠子
356 2 yòng to use / to apply 用牲幣
357 2 shēng sound 祝聲三
358 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 蓋貴命也
359 2 qiě moreover / also 且不乎
360 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 改服而往
361 2 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 盡一哀
362 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 女改服布深衣
363 1 zhī to know 吾弗知也
364 1 desire 欲喪之
365 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 土周葬于園
366 1 special / unique / distinguished 特牲
367 1 xiàn to offer / to present 祝畢獻而已
368 1 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 遂輿機而往
369 1 xiáng good luck / blessing 小祥者
370 1 liǎng two 藏諸兩階之間
371 1 yān Yan 古者天子練冠以燕居
372 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 作偽主以行
373 1 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 母喪稱母
374 1 hemp / flax 則子麻
375 1 guī jade pointed at the top 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
376 1 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 則昔者衛靈公適魯
377 1 gǎo plain white silk 縞總以趨喪
378 1 男子 nánzǐ a man 男子外有傅
379 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 庶子無爵而居者
380 1 shòu to teach 有司所授舍
381 1 táng main hall / a large room 不升堂
382 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 歸哭而反送君
383 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 說衰與奠
384 1 shān chronic malaria 不以人之親痁患
385 1 to urge on / to drive 必有前驅
386 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 幼不誄長
387 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 宗子雖七十
388 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 鼎俎既陳
389 1 precious 斂幣玉
390 1 liù six
391 1 shì to show / to reveal 示未成婦也
392 1 何必 hébì why 何必小功耳
393 1 後者 hòuzhě the latter 與無後者
394 1 嫁女 jiànǚ to marry off a daughter 嫁女之家
395 1 father's elder brother 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
396 1 shēn deep 女改服布深衣
397 1 未成 wèichéng a minor 示未成婦也
398 1 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 奉帥天子
399 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
400 1 何以 héyǐ why 何以不棺斂於宮中
401 1 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公辭不得命
402 1 朝服 cháofú court dress 朝服而出視朝
403 1 shù a bunch / a bundle 執束帛
404 1 jiē to join 接祭而已矣
405 1 guest / visitor 客升自西階吊
406 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 無玄酒
407 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 則使人抱之
408 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 公館與公所為
409 1 過於 guòyú excessively 患其過於制也
410 1 為主 wèi zhǔ to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to / mainly 公為主
411 1 朋友 péngyou friend 士則朋友奠
412 1 to attack by surprise 襲衰
413 1 pèi to blend 不配
414 1 nán south 於西階南
415 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
416 1 jié festival / a special day 君大夫士一節也
417 1 qíng feeling / emotion 君子禮以飾情
418 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 安知其不見星也
419 1 父喪 fùsàng the death of one's father 父喪稱父
420 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 不俟子
421 1 néng can / able 非弗能勿除也
422 1 to associate with / be near 自薨比至於殯
423 1 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 不祔於皇姑
424 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹饌而掃
425 1 教子 jiāozǐ to educate one's children 君命所使教子也
426 1 zuò to do 作偽主以行
427 1 sǎo to sweep / to clear away 徹饌而掃
428 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
429 1 見天 jiàntiān every day 諸侯旅見天子
430 1 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang 西鄉
431 1 掃地 sǎodì to sweep the floor / to reach rock bottom / to be at an all-time low 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
432 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 未殺
433 1 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君出疆以三年之戒
434 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 途邇故也
435 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其已之遲數
436 1 行禮 xínglǐ to salute / to greet 且君子行禮
437 1 內子 nèizǐ wife 大夫內子
438 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 見星而行者
439 1 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 何以不棺斂於宮中
440 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 祝立于殯東南隅
441 1 在途 zàitú in transit 女在途
442 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 藏諸兩階之間
443 1 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 不旅行
444 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不可
445 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭季桓子之喪
446 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 先王制禮
447 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 則子孫行事
448 1 jiàn mean / low / base 賤不誄貴
449 1 客人 kèrén guest 客人吊
450 1 this / such 於斯乎有冠醮
451 1 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 縞總以趨喪
452 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 舍於公館以待事
453 1 several 奠幣于殯東几上
454 1 救火 jiùhuǒ to fight a fire 則從天子救火
455 1 interest 三夜不息燭
456 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 有司弗辯也
457 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢私服
458 1 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是乎有過時而弗除也
459 1 Kangxi radical 80 命毋哭
460 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 并有喪
461 1 以此 yǐcǐ hence 有庶子祭者以此
462 1 a period of time / phase / stage 如將冠子而未及期日
463 1 to leave behind 則有司將書之以遺後世
464 1 jiù to save / to rescue 則從天子救日
465 1 擇日 zháirì to fix a date (for an event) / to select an auspicious date 擇日而祭於禰
466 1 不假 bùjià not needing help 不假
467 1 shì style 尸必式
468 1 shí time / a period of time 以時祭
469 1 zǎo early 夫柩不早出
470 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 如將冠子而未及期日
471 1 行旅 xínglǚ a traveler / a wanderer 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
472 1 měi each / every 每舍
473 1 大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang 孝公大祥
474 1 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 自桓公始也
475 1 jiǔ nine
476 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 則取於同姓可也
477 1 成事 chéngshì a completed matter 卒哭成事而後
478 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 思相離也
479 1 tǎn to bare 皆袒
480 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 其虞也
481 1 bái white 當室之白
482 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛君請吊
483 1 不在 bùzài not here 父母不在
484 1 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
485 1 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 無玄酒
486 1 to take / to receive / to accept 昏禮既納幣
487 1 shì a generation 則稱伯父世母
488 1 night 三夜不息燭
489 1 different / other 士之所以異者
490 1 suí to soothe / to appease / to pacify 不綏祭
491 1 tài very / extremely 太廟火
492 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
493 1 huán big 遭季桓子之喪
494 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 天子巡守
495 1 國君 guójūn a monarch / a sovereign 國君薨
496 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善乎問之也
497 1 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
498 1 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 女氏許諾
499 1 míng bright / brilliant 既明反而後行
500 1 反之 fǎnzhī otherwise / conversely 則反之

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀公 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai
曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang
皇姑 huánggū Huanggu
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁昭公 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu
齐桓公 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi
召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao
卫灵公 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei
西乡 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English