Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 84 yuē to speak / to say 孔子曰
2 57 to sacrifice to / to worship 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
3 54 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
4 51 sàng to lose / to die 并有喪
5 41 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 曾子問曰
6 41 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 曾子問
7 33 child / son 某之子生
8 30 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮也
9 24 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君薨而世子生
10 22 miào temple / shrine 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
11 21 diàn to pay respect 奠幣于殯東几上
12 19 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸侯適天子
13 19 sān three 祝聲三
14 18 shuāi to weaken / to decline 少師奉子以衰
15 18 clothes / dress / garment 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
16 18 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
17 18 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告曰
18 17 zhù to pray for happiness or blessings 大祝裨冕
19 17 female / feminine 女之父母死
20 16 to cry / to weep / to wail 命毋哭
21 16 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反位
22 16 zhǔ owner 士從攝主
23 16 xíng to walk / to move 乃命國家五官而後行
24 16 zàng to bury the dead 如已葬而世子生
25 15 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 女之父母死
26 15 zōng school / sect 宰宗人從
27 14 day of the month / a certain day 三日
28 13 to die 女之父母死
29 13 shì a gentleman / a knight 士從攝主
30 13 shì matter / thing / item 逐修葬事
31 13 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯適天子
32 12 even / equal / uniform 聞齊衰大功之喪
33 12 big / great / huge / large / major 大祝裨冕
34 12 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 奠幣于殯東几上
35 12 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 內喪則廢
36 11 婿 son-in-law 婿使人吊
37 11 mìng life 命毋哭
38 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 婿使人吊
39 10 to enter 而後聽朝而入
40 10 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠者至
41 10 wén to hear 聞齊衰大功之喪
42 10 gōng public/ common / state-owned 孝公大祥
43 9 shāng to die prematurely 祭殤必厭
44 9 shī corpse 尸入
45 9 rén person / people / a human being 宗人
46 9 shēng to ascend / to go up 升自西階盡等
47 9 hōng to die 君薨而世子生
48 9 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 聞齊衰大功之喪
49 9 to take / to get / to fetch 則取於大功以下者
50 8 hòu after / later 何先何後
51 8 ancestor / forefather 必告于祖
52 8 guī to go back / to return 歸設奠
53 8 shǐ history 大宰命祝史
54 8 yàn to dislike / to detest 若厭祭亦可乎
55 8 jiā house / home / residence 則女之家亦使人吊
56 8 nián year 三年之喪
57 8 diào to hang 婿使人吊
58 8 jiē stairs / steps 於西階南
59 8 a memorial tablet in a temple commemorating a deceased father 大宗從大祝而告于禰
60 7 jiàn to see 敢見
61 7 qīng minister / high officer
62 7 five 以名遍告于五祀山川
63 7 past / former times 昔者
64 7 qīn relatives 必親告于祖禰
65 7 bēng to rupture / to split apart 唯天子崩
66 7 zǎi to slaughter 小宰升舉幣
67 7 shě to give 每舍
68 6 can / may / permissible 雖無主婦可也
69 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者師行
70 6 慈母 címǔ a loving mother 喪慈母如母
71 6 公館 gōngguǎn residence / mansion 公館復
72 6 to lift / to hold up / to raise 小宰升舉幣
73 6 非禮 fēilǐ rudeness / insolence / impropriety / harassment / molestation / indecent assault 非禮也
74 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以與於饋奠之事乎
75 6 wèi to call 非此之謂也
76 6 woman 無無主婦
77 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成婦之義也
78 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂朝奠
79 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之二孤
80 6 chēng to call / to address 父喪稱父
81 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 如冠者未至
82 6 currency / coins / legal tender 奠幣于殯東几上
83 5 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 有司弗辯也
84 5 liàn to practice / to drill / to exercise / to train 主人練祭而不旅
85 5 èr two 喪有二孤
86 5 zhòng heavy 先輕而後重
87 5 gǎi to change / to alter 除喪不改冠乎
88 5 西 The West 於西階南
89 5 huǒ fire / flame 大廟火
90 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 奠酬於賓
91 5 日食 rìshí a solar eclipse 日食
92 5 miǎn crown 大祝裨冕
93 5 xiān first 祝先
94 5 qīng light / not heavy 先輕而後重
95 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 庶子為大夫
96 5 yīn flourishing / abundant 服除而後殷祭
97 5 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自斬衰以下皆可
98 5 to reach 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
99 4 jiù a coffin which contains corpse 則子免而從柩
100 4 grave / tomb 望墓而為壇
101 4 主人 zhǔrén master / host 眾主人
102 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 而後辭於殯
103 4 nèi inside / interior 內喪則廢
104 4 mother 母喪稱母
105 4 北面 běimiàn north side 北面
106 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
107 4 zài in / at 女在涂
108 4 residence / dwelling 古者天子練冠以燕居
109 4 過時 guòshí to be old-fashioned / to be out of date 過時不祭
110 4 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以輕服而重相為乎
111 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子禮以飾情
112 4 to die 卒哭成事而後
113 4 to open 自啟及葬
114 4 shēng domestic animal 用牲幣
115 4 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
116 4 wèi position / location / place 反位
117 4 yǒng to leap / to jump 皆哭不踴
118 4 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問之
119 4 trip / journey 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
120 4 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 小功之喪
121 4 chóu to toast 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
122 4 dōng east 奠幣于殯東几上
123 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 自斬衰以下皆可
124 4 wài outside 外喪則冠而不醴
125 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 以名遍告于五祀山川
126 4 lěi to eulogize / to praise the dead 賤不誄貴
127 4 qiān to move / to shift 不遷於祖
128 4 喪服 sàngfú mourning garments 則因喪服而冠
129 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢告
130 4 to be lost 昔者史佚有子而死
131 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 以名遍告于五祀山川
132 3 chén Chen 簠簋既陳
133 3 shì room / bedroom 室中之事而已矣
134 3 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff
135 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
136 3 zūn to honor / to respect 尊無二上
137 3 to salute / to bow 揖讓而入
138 3 to go 諸侯薨與去其國
139 3 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
140 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾主人
141 3 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 天無二日
142 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 無無主婦
143 3 fine linen 緦不祭
144 3 夫人 fūren wife 後夫人之喪
145 3 a man / a male adult 夫死亦如之
146 3 shǐ beginning / start 自桓公始也
147 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 若終行之
148 3 shī teacher 少師奉子以衰
149 3 biàn a cap 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
150 3 kāng Kang 康子立於門右
151 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 五廟無虛主
152 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 親迎
153 3 to toast to the host with wine 酳不酢而已矣
154 3 yán to speak / to say / said 言必有尊也
155 3 fán ordinary / common 凡告
156 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 則祝取群廟之主而藏諸祖廟
157 3 shè to set up / to establish 歸設奠
158 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小宰升舉幣
159 3 a chopping board or block 俎豆既陳
160 3 solitary 喪有二孤
161 3 several 廢者幾
162 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 哭者止
163 3 shī to lose 則失之矣
164 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足
165 3 bīng soldier / troops 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
166 3 wèn to ask 曾子問
167 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 有陰厭
168 3 ěr ear 豈大功耳
169 3 yáng sun 有陽厭
170 3 liǎn to collect 斂幣玉
171 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
172 3 chén minister / statesman / official 而臣有父母之喪
173 3 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
174 3 他國 tāguó other countries 居于他國
175 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 揖讓而入
176 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 諸侯薨與去其國
177 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 君之喪既引
178 3 fèng to offer / to present 少師奉子以衰
179 3 guān coffin 何以不棺斂於宮中
180 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過是
181 3 不復 bùfù to not go back 除喪則不復昏禮乎
182 3 cáng to hide 藏諸祖廟
183 3 伯父 bófù father's elder brother / term of respect for older man 而見伯父
184 3 to stand 祝立于殯東南隅
185 3 xià summer 子夏問曰
186 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜稽顙哭
187 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 君薨而世子生
188 3 fáng a room 房中
189 3 sūn Sun 尸必以孫
190 3 zhōng middle 房中
191 3 不舉 bùjǔ erectile dysfunction / impotence 三日不舉樂
192 3 入門 rùmén a primer / an introductory course 入門
193 3 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 朝夕否
194 3 私館 sīguǎn a private school 私館不復
195 3 meaning / sense 成婦之義也
196 2 介子 jièzǐ meson / mesotron 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
197 2 miǎn to spare 免喪
198 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 嘗禘郊社
199 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 不暮宿
200 2 seven 今也取七廟之主以行
201 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋貴命也
202 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 各以其方色與其兵
203 2 jià to marry 而弗敢嫁
204 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 士從攝主
205 2 冠以 guānyǐ to label / to call 古者天子練冠以燕居
206 2 clothes / clothing 女改服布深衣
207 2 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 大宗
208 2 yòu to urge to eat 三飯不侑
209 2 imperial ancestor worship 嘗禘郊社
210 2 shì to match 諸侯適天子
211 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 則取於兄弟大功以下者
212 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位而哭
213 2 shǎo few 少師奉子以衰
214 2 qiū Confucius
215 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
216 2 致命 zhìmìng fatal / mortal / deadly / to sacrifice one's life 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
217 2 yóu to swim 子游問曰
218 2 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮日而舍奠
219 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 室老行事
220 2 Shandong 則昔者衛靈公適魯
221 2 season / period 遭季桓子之喪
222 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王制禮
223 2 冠子 guānzǐ crest / crown 將冠子
224 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執束帛
225 2 金革 jīngé sword and armor / weaponry 金革之事無辟也者
226 2 fēng to seal / to close off 既封而歸
227 2 gèng \N 葬引至於堩
228 2 tiān day 天無二日
229 2 yún cloud 老聃云
230 2 to give / to bestow favors 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
231 2 a sweet wine 外喪則冠而不醴
232 2 召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao 召公謂之曰
233 2 róng to hold / to contain 雨沾服失容
234 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 君薨而世子生
235 2 dǎng political party 歸葬于女氏之黨
236 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 升自西階盡等
237 2 shè She 嘗禘郊社
238 2 吉日 jírì propitious day / lucky day 有吉日
239 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載于齊車
240 2 yòng to use / to apply 用牲幣
241 2 xiào to be filial 孝公大祥
242 2 dào way / road / path 道而出
243 2 yòu immature / young 幼不誄長
244 2 cháo to face 遂朝奠
245 2 private 士有私喪
246 2 yìn \N 酳不酢而已矣
247 2 yòu right / right-hand 康子立於門右
248 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 君子不奪人之親
249 2 稽顙 jīsǎng to kowtow 子拜稽顙哭
250 2 one 盡一哀
251 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 不得嗣為兄弟
252 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患其過於制也
253 2 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 諸侯相見
254 2 shēn human body / torso 有君喪服於身
255 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 女改服布深衣
256 2 shēng sound 祝聲三
257 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop
258 2 tīng to listen 而後聽朝而入
259 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆既陳
260 2 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 盡一哀
261 2 常事 chángshì routine matters 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
262 2 zhù to help / to assist 又何助於人
263 2 廟主 miàozhǔ head priest of a temple 必以遷廟主行乎
264 2 cháng to taste 嘗禘郊社
265 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無乃不可乎
266 2 視朝 shìcháo court audience 冕而出視朝
267 2 yuǎn far / distant 今墓遠
268 2 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 召公言於周公
269 2 biàn to change / to alter 則有變乎
270 2 rain 雨沾服失容
271 2 earth / soil / dirt 土無二王
272 2 Tu 女在涂
273 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 蓋貴命也
274 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
275 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 乃命國家五官而後行
276 2 zhān to wet / to moisten / to soak 雨沾服失容
277 2 a law / a rule 金革之事無辟也者
278 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 改服而往
279 2 gain / advantage / benefit 不告利成
280 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 乃命國家五官而後行
281 2 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 與祫祭於祖
282 2 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 公弗忍也
283 2 chē a vehicle 載于齊車
284 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 既殯而致事
285 2 silk / plain silk 執束帛
286 2 fàn food / a meal 三飯不侑
287 2 kuì food 可以與於饋奠之事乎
288 2 color 各以其方色與其兵
289 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 女之父母使人請
290 2 qián front 殯前北面
291 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
292 2 shàng top / a high position 奠幣于殯東几上
293 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 康子立於門右
294 2 four 則祝迎四廟之主
295 2 xīng a star / a planet 見星而行者
296 2 to think / consider / to ponder 思相離也
297 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 昏禮既納幣
298 2 father 父沒而冠
299 2 to worship ancestors 不祔於皇姑
300 2 to benefit / to aid 大祝裨冕
301 1 wáng Wang 土無二王
302 1 several 奠幣于殯東几上
303 1 shì a generation 則稱伯父世母
304 1 huán to pace / to linger 遭季桓子之喪
305 1 行禮 xínglǐ to salute / to greet 且君子行禮
306 1 a tutor / a teacher 男子外有傅
307 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 鼎俎既陳
308 1 shì to show / to reveal 示未成婦也
309 1 父喪 fùsàng the death of one's father 父喪稱父
310 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 作偽主以行
311 1 zhī to know 吾弗知也
312 1 jiē to join 接祭而已矣
313 1 younger brother 宗弟
314 1 to leave behind 則有司將書之以遺後世
315 1 to associate with / be near 自薨比至於殯
316 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 不俟子
317 1 成事 chéngshì a completed matter 卒哭成事而後
318 1 相識 xiāngshí to be aquainted 相識
319 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善乎問之也
320 1 table 無肵俎
321 1 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 若宗子有罪
322 1 行旅 xínglǚ a traveler / a wanderer 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
323 1 人從 réncóng retinue / hangers-on 宰宗人從
324 1 qín birds / fowl 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
325 1 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance
326 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
327 1 tán an altar / a platform 望墓而為壇
328 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 升自阼階
329 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 三日不舉樂
330 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 叔父
331 1 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
332 1 nán male 男不入
333 1 dié a hempen band worn on the head or waist by a mourner 弁絰
334 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 君子禮以飾情
335 1 朋友 péngyou friend 士則朋友奠
336 1 shū book 則有司將書之以遺後世
337 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 歸哭而反送君
338 1 無後 wúhòu to lack male offspring 與無後者
339 1 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang 西鄉
340 1 way / route / road 途邇故也
341 1 a corner 祝立于殯東南隅
342 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭季桓子之喪
343 1 大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang 孝公大祥
344 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 途邇故也
345 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 土周葬于園
346 1 Ji 其吉祭
347 1 dusk / sunset 不暮宿
348 1 táng main hall / a large room 不升堂
349 1 執事 zhíshì to serve as / to hold a post 從執事
350 1 tǎn to bare 皆袒
351 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 而後饗冠者
352 1 yuán garden / orchard 土周葬于園
353 1 zuò to do 作偽主以行
354 1 xiàng lane / alley 昔者吾從老聃助葬於巷黨
355 1 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
356 1 special / unique / distinguished 特牲
357 1 hemp / flax 則子麻
358 1 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 攝主不厭祭
359 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望墓而為壇
360 1 chí late / tardy 不知其已之遲數
361 1 fu 簠簋既陳
362 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 見星而行者
363 1 bēi an oval 以椑從
364 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 祝畢獻而已
365 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐修葬事
366 1 liù six
367 1 machine 遂輿機而往
368 1 不假 bùjià not needing help 不假
369 1 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 不旅行
370 1 děng et cetera / and so on 升自西階盡等
371 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
372 1 jiàn mean / low / base 賤不誄貴
373 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 夫柩不可以反者也
374 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 安知其不見星也
375 1 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind
376 1 to clear streets when emperor tours 出廟入廟必蹕
377 1 different / other 士之所以異者
378 1 míng bright / brilliant 既明反而後行
379 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其已之遲數
380 1 shēn deep 女改服布深衣
381 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 天子巡守
382 1 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 則昔者衛靈公適魯
383 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
384 1 lái to come 稱來婦也
385 1 nán south 於西階南
386 1 hòu after / later 夏后氏三年之喪
387 1 國法 guófǎ federal law 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
388 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 公館與公所為
389 1 guest / visitor 客升自西階吊
390 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 則取於同姓可也
391 1 guǐ a square basket of bamboo 簠簋既陳
392 1 朝服 cháofú court dress 朝服而出視朝
393 1 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 不祔於皇姑
394 1 zhuàn food 徹饌而掃
395 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 有司弗辯也
396 1 ròu meat / muscle 不歸肉
397 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 則子孫行事
398 1 為主 wèi zhǔ to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to / mainly 公為主
399 1 朝天 cháotiān to have an audience with the Emperor / to be presented at court 諸侯朝天子
400 1 to attack by surprise 襲衰
401 1 jiǔ nine
402 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 思相離也
403 1 不息 bùxī not stopping 三夜不息燭
404 1 què a watchtower / a guard tower 入自闕
405 1 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君出疆以三年之戒
406 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 以上牲祭於宗子之家
407 1 xiōng elder brother 宗兄
408 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 宗子雖七十
409 1 jiè to quit 君出疆以三年之戒
410 1 於是乎 yúshìhū therefore 於是乎有過時而弗除也
411 1 前驅 qiánqū precursor / pioneer 必有前驅
412 1 liǎng two 藏諸兩階之間
413 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛君請吊
414 1 在途 zàitú in transit 女在途
415 1 嫁女 jiànǚ to marry off a daughter 嫁女之家
416 1 sǎo to sweep / to clear away 徹饌而掃
417 1 不在 bùzài not here 父母不在
418 1 biān a bamboo container for food 籩豆既設
419 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 祝立于殯東南隅
420 1 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公辭不得命
421 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
422 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹饌而掃
423 1 father's elder brother / uncle 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
424 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 則有司將書之以遺後世
425 1 擇日 zérì to select an auspicious date 擇日而祭於禰
426 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 士之所以異者
427 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 先王制禮
428 1 shū to remove obstructions 疏衰
429 1 shòu to teach 有司所授舍
430 1 見天 jiàntiān every day 諸侯旅見天子
431 1 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 奉帥天子
432 1 客人 kèrén guest 客人吊
433 1 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 自桓公始也
434 1 guī jade pointed at the top 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
435 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 如將冠子而未及期日
436 1 就道 jiùdào to set off / to take to the road 就道右
437 1 bái white 當室之白
438 1 suí to soothe / to appease / to pacify 不綏祭
439 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 其虞也
440 1 yān Yan 古者天子練冠以燕居
441 1 shǒu head 不首其義
442 1 jiào a religious service / a Daoist or Buddhist ceremony 於斯乎有冠醮
443 1 許諾 xǔnuò promise / pledge 女氏許諾
444 1 night 三夜不息燭
445 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 逐修葬事
446 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 安知其不見星也
447 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 有慈母良
448 1 a period of time / phase / stage 如將冠子而未及期日
449 1 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦虛乎
450 1 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 何以不棺斂於宮中
451 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 故誣於祭也
452 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
453 1 bìn to exclude / expel / reject 以擯相可也
454 1 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 君子禮以飾情
455 1 shí time / a point or period of time 以時祭
456 1 néng can / able 非弗能勿除也
457 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 未殺
458 1 jiù to save / to rescue 則從天子救日
459 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 天子巡守
460 1 gǎo plain white silk 縞總以趨喪
461 1 xiáng good luck / blessing 小祥者
462 1 zhú a candle 三夜不息燭
463 1 Kangxi radical 80 命毋哭
464 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 說衰與奠
465 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢私服
466 1 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 母喪稱母
467 1 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 無玄酒
468 1 pèi to blend 不配
469 1 shān chronic malaria 不以人之親痁患
470 1 shǔ to count 不知其已之遲數
471 1 國君 guójūn a monarch / a sovereign 國君薨
472 1 precious 斂幣玉
473 1 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 遂輿機而往
474 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 無玄酒
475 1 男子 nánzǐ a man 男子外有傅
476 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 所祭於死者無服則祭
477 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 必以幣帛皮圭告于祖禰
478 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 室老行事
479 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 庶子無爵而居者
480 1 教子 jiāozǐ to educate one's children 君命所使教子也
481 1 未成 wèichéng a minor 示未成婦也
482 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 舍於公館以待事
483 1 apprentice / disciple 子游之徒
484 1 shì style 尸必式
485 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular
486 1 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 縞總以趨喪
487 1 to take / to receive / to accept 昏禮既納幣
488 1 不菲 bùfēi considerable (cost etc) / bountiful (crop etc) / high (social status etc) 不菲
489 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受宿矣
490 1 shù a bale / a bundle / a bunch 執束帛
491 1 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 則使人抱之
492 1 zǎo early 夫柩不早出
493 1 desire 欲喪之
494 1 內子 nèizǐ wife 大夫內子
495 1 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 未知其為禮也
496 1 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 縞總以趨喪
497 1 jié festival / a special day 君大夫士一節也
498 1 掃地 sǎodì to sweep the floor / to reach rock bottom / to be at an all-time low 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
499 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 藏諸兩階之間
500 1 救火 jiùhuǒ to fight a fire 則從天子救火

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 138 zhī him / her / them / that 如之何
2 84 yuē to speak / to say 孔子曰
3 79 also / too 非禮也
4 68 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 君薨而世子生
5 57 to sacrifice to / to worship 則已冠掃地而祭於禰
6 54 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
7 51 sàng to lose / to die 并有喪
8 45 otherwise / but / however 則如之何
9 41 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 哭者止
10 41 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 曾子問曰
11 41 曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi 曾子問
12 40 not / no 不升堂
13 40 in / at 於西階南
14 39 yǒu is / are / to exist 并有喪
15 37 such as / for example / for instance 如之何
16 33 child / son 某之子生
17 31 what / where / which 如之何
18 30 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮也
19 26 his / hers / its / theirs 其奠也
20 25 so as to / in order to 少師奉子以衰
21 24 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君薨而世子生
22 23 expresses question or doubt 除喪不改冠乎
23 22 miào temple / shrine 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
24 21 diàn to pay respect 奠幣于殯東几上
25 20 naturally / of course / certainly 升自西階盡等
26 19 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 諸侯適天子
27 19 sān three 祝聲三
28 19 in / at 奠幣于殯東几上
29 19 and 可以與於饋奠之事乎
30 18 shuāi to weaken / to decline 少師奉子以衰
31 18 clothes / dress / garment 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
32 18 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
33 18 gào to tell / to say / said / told 告曰
34 17 zhù to pray for happiness or blessings 大祝裨冕
35 17 female / feminine 女之父母死
36 16 to cry / to weep / to wail 命毋哭
37 16 already / since 昏禮既納幣
38 16 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 反位
39 16 zhǔ owner 士從攝主
40 16 xíng to walk / to move 乃命國家五官而後行
41 16 zàng to bury the dead 如已葬而世子生
42 15 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 女之父母死
43 15 zōng school / sect 宰宗人從
44 15 wèi for / to 不以輕服而重相為乎
45 14 no 無無主婦
46 14 day of the month / a certain day 三日
47 14 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必告于祖
48 14 no 賓弗舉
49 13 chū to go out / to leave 奠出
50 13 to die 女之父母死
51 13 shì a gentleman / a knight 士從攝主
52 13 shì matter / thing / item 逐修葬事
53 13 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯適天子
54 12 even / equal / uniform 聞齊衰大功之喪
55 12 big / great / huge / large / major 大祝裨冕
56 12 而後 érhòu after that / then 乃命國家五官而後行
57 12 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 奠幣于殯東几上
58 12 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 內喪則廢
59 11 婿 son-in-law 婿使人吊
60 11 mìng life 命毋哭
61 11 使 shǐ to make / to cause 婿使人吊
62 11 cóng from 士從攝主
63 10 mǒu some / certain 某之子生
64 10 to enter 而後聽朝而入
65 10 guān cap / crown / headgear 冠者至
66 10 also / too 房中亦踴三者三
67 10 wén to hear 聞齊衰大功之喪
68 10 chú except / besides 除喪不改冠乎
69 10 gōng public/ common / state-owned 孝公大祥
70 9 shāng to die prematurely 祭殤必厭
71 9 final particle 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
72 9 shī corpse 尸入
73 9 rén person / people / a human being 宗人
74 9 shēng to ascend / to go up 升自西階盡等
75 9 hōng to die 君薨而世子生
76 9 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 聞齊衰大功之喪
77 9 to take / to get / to fetch 則取於大功以下者
78 9 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 命祝史告于五廟所過山川
79 8 hòu after / later 何先何後
80 8 ancestor / forefather 必告于祖
81 8 guī to go back / to return 歸設奠
82 8 shǐ history 大宰命祝史
83 8 老聃 Lǎo Dān Lao Zi / Lao Tze 吾聞諸老聃曰
84 8 yàn to dislike / to detest 若厭祭亦可乎
85 8 jiā house / home / residence 則女之家亦使人吊
86 8 nián year 三年之喪
87 8 diào to hang 婿使人吊
88 8 jiē stairs / steps 於西階南
89 8 a memorial tablet in a temple commemorating a deceased father 大宗從大祝而告于禰
90 7 jiàn to see 敢見
91 7 zhū all / many / various 藏諸祖廟
92 7 qīng minister / high officer
93 7 five 以名遍告于五祀山川
94 7 past / former times 昔者
95 7 而已 éryǐ that is all 接祭而已矣
96 7 qīn relatives 必親告于祖禰
97 7 bēng to rupture / to split apart 唯天子崩
98 7 zǎi to slaughter 小宰升舉幣
99 7 shě to give 每舍
100 7 already / afterwards 如已葬而世子生
101 7 I 吾聞諸老聃曰
102 6 can / may / permissible 雖無主婦可也
103 6 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者師行
104 6 慈母 címǔ a loving mother 喪慈母如母
105 6 公館 gōngguǎn residence / mansion 公館復
106 6 to lift / to hold up / to raise 小宰升舉幣
107 6 非禮 fēilǐ rudeness / insolence / impropriety / harassment / molestation / indecent assault 非禮也
108 6 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以與於饋奠之事乎
109 6 wèi to call 非此之謂也
110 6 woman 無無主婦
111 6 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成婦之義也
112 6 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂朝奠
113 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之二孤
114 6 chēng to call / to address 父喪稱父
115 6 wèi Eighth earthly branch 如冠者未至
116 6 currency / coins / legal tender 奠幣于殯東几上
117 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆哭不踴
118 5 有司 yǒusī government official / government office 有司弗辯也
119 5 liàn to practice / to drill / to exercise / to train 主人練祭而不旅
120 5 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若終行之
121 5 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將冠子
122 5 shì is / are / am / to be 過是
123 5 èr two 喪有二孤
124 5 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃名于禰
125 5 zhòng heavy 先輕而後重
126 5 gǎi to change / to alter 除喪不改冠乎
127 5 西 The West 於西階南
128 5 huǒ fire / flame 大廟火
129 5 bīn a guest / a visitor 奠酬於賓
130 5 日食 rìshí a solar eclipse 日食
131 5 miǎn crown 大祝裨冕
132 5 xiān first 祝先
133 5 qīng light / not heavy 先輕而後重
134 5 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得嗣為兄弟
135 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 庶子為大夫
136 5 yīn flourishing / abundant 服除而後殷祭
137 5 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 自斬衰以下皆可
138 5 to reach 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
139 4 jiù a coffin which contains corpse 則子免而從柩
140 4 a time 行葬不哀次
141 4 zhì to / until 冠者至
142 4 grave / tomb 望墓而為壇
143 4 主人 zhǔrén master / host 眾主人
144 4 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 而後辭於殯
145 4 nèi inside / interior 內喪則廢
146 4 mother 母喪稱母
147 4 北面 běimiàn north side 北面
148 4 xià next 下殤
149 4 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
150 4 zài in / at 女在涂
151 4 residence / dwelling 古者天子練冠以燕居
152 4 過時 guòshí to be old-fashioned / to be out of date 過時不祭
153 4 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以輕服而重相為乎
154 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子禮以飾情
155 4 to die 卒哭成事而後
156 4 to open 自啟及葬
157 4 shēng domestic animal 用牲幣
158 4 shí food / food and drink 日有食之
159 4 míng measure word for people 以名遍告于五祀山川
160 4 wèi position / location / place 反位
161 4 yǒng to leap / to jump 皆哭不踴
162 4 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問之
163 4 trip / journey 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
164 4 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 小功之喪
165 4 chóu to toast 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
166 4 dōng east 奠幣于殯東几上
167 4 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 自斬衰以下皆可
168 4 wài outside 外喪則冠而不醴
169 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 以名遍告于五祀山川
170 4 lěi to eulogize / to praise the dead 賤不誄貴
171 4 qiān to move / to shift 不遷於祖
172 4 喪服 sàngfú mourning garments 則因喪服而冠
173 4 gǎn bold / brave 敢告
174 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 不以輕服而重相為乎
175 4 to be lost 昔者史佚有子而死
176 4 fēi not / non- / un- 非宗子
177 4 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 以名遍告于五祀山川
178 3 chén Chen 簠簋既陳
179 3 wěi yes 唯天子崩
180 3 shì room / bedroom 室中之事而已矣
181 3 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff
182 3 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 祭如之何則不行旅酬之事矣
183 3 zūn to honor / to respect 尊無二上
184 3 fǒu to negate / to deny 朝夕否
185 3 to salute / to bow 揖讓而入
186 3 to go 諸侯薨與去其國
187 3 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂也
188 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾主人
189 3 無二 wú èr advaya / nonduality / not two 天無二日
190 3 無主 wú zhǔ impermanence 無無主婦
191 3 biàn turn / one time 以名遍告于五祀山川
192 3 fine linen 緦不祭
193 3 夫人 fūren wife 後夫人之喪
194 3 a man / a male adult 夫死亦如之
195 3 shǐ beginning / start 自桓公始也
196 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 若終行之
197 3 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 乃命祝史告至于前所告者
198 3 shī teacher 少師奉子以衰
199 3 biàn a cap 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
200 3 kāng Kang 康子立於門右
201 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 五廟無虛主
202 3 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 親迎
203 3 to toast to the host with wine 酳不酢而已矣
204 3 yán to speak / to say / said 言必有尊也
205 3 fán ordinary / common 凡告
206 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 則祝取群廟之主而藏諸祖廟
207 3 shè to set up / to establish 歸設奠
208 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小宰升舉幣
209 3 a chopping board or block 俎豆既陳
210 3 solitary 喪有二孤
211 3 several 廢者幾
212 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 哭者止
213 3 shī to lose 則失之矣
214 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足
215 3 this / these 非此之謂也
216 3 bīng soldier / troops 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
217 3 zāi exclamatory particle 祭哉
218 3 wèn to ask 曾子問
219 3 yīn cloudy / overcast 有陰厭
220 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故君子過時不祭
221 3 yān where / how 奠焉而後就舍
222 3 ěr ear 豈大功耳
223 3 yáng sun 有陽厭
224 3 liǎn to collect 斂幣玉
225 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
226 3 chén minister / statesman / official 而臣有父母之喪
227 3 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
228 3 他國 tāguó other countries 居于他國
229 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 揖讓而入
230 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 諸侯薨與去其國
231 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 君之喪既引
232 3 yòu again / also 又何助於人
233 3 fèng to offer / to present 少師奉子以衰
234 3 guān coffin 何以不棺斂於宮中
235 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過是
236 3 不復 bùfù to not go back 除喪則不復昏禮乎
237 3 cáng to hide 藏諸祖廟
238 3 伯父 bófù father's elder brother / term of respect for older man 而見伯父
239 3 to stand 祝立于殯東南隅
240 3 xià summer 子夏問曰
241 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 子拜稽顙哭
242 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 君薨而世子生
243 3 fáng a room 房中
244 3 sūn Sun 尸必以孫
245 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當七廟
246 3 zhōng middle 房中
247 3 不舉 bùjǔ erectile dysfunction / impotence 三日不舉樂
248 3 入門 rùmén a primer / an introductory course 入門
249 3 朝夕 zhāoxī morning and evening 朝夕否
250 3 私館 sīguǎn a private school 私館不復
251 3 meaning / sense 成婦之義也
252 2 suī although / even though 宗子雖七十
253 2 介子 jièzǐ meson / mesotron 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
254 2 miǎn to spare 免喪
255 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 嘗禘郊社
256 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 不暮宿
257 2 seven 今也取七廟之主以行
258 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋貴命也
259 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 各以其方色與其兵
260 2 jià to marry 而弗敢嫁
261 2 shè to absorb / to assimilate 士從攝主
262 2 冠以 guānyǐ to label / to call 古者天子練冠以燕居
263 2 clothes / clothing 女改服布深衣
264 2 大宗 dàzōng an influential family of long standing 大宗
265 2 yòu to urge to eat 三飯不侑
266 2 imperial ancestor worship 嘗禘郊社
267 2 shì to match 諸侯適天子
268 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 則取於兄弟大功以下者
269 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 即位而哭
270 2 shǎo few 少師奉子以衰
271 2 qiū Confucius
272 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
273 2 致命 zhìmìng fatal / mortal / deadly / to sacrifice one's life 婿之伯父致命女氏曰
274 2 yóu to swim 子游問曰
275 2 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮日而舍奠
276 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 室老行事
277 2 Shandong 則昔者衛靈公適魯
278 2 season / period 遭季桓子之喪
279 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自薨比至於殯
280 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王制禮
281 2 冠子 guānzǐ crest / crown 將冠子
282 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執束帛
283 2 金革 jīngé sword and armor / weaponry 金革之事無辟也者
284 2 fēng to seal / to close off 既封而歸
285 2 gèng \N 葬引至於堩
286 2 tiān day 天無二日
287 2 qiě moreover / also 且不乎
288 2 yún cloud 老聃云
289 2 to give / to bestow favors 天子賜諸侯大夫冕弁服於大廟
290 2 a sweet wine 外喪則冠而不醴
291 2 召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao 召公謂之曰
292 2 róng to hold / to contain 雨沾服失容
293 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 君薨而世子生
294 2 each 主各反其廟
295 2 dǎng political party 歸葬于女氏之黨
296 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 升自西階盡等
297 2 shè She 嘗禘郊社
298 2 吉日 jírì propitious day / lucky day 有吉日
299 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載于齊車
300 2 yòng to use / to apply 用牲幣
301 2 xiào to be filial 孝公大祥
302 2 dào way / road / path 道而出
303 2 again / more / repeatedly 公館復
304 2 yòu immature / young 幼不誄長
305 2 cháo to face 遂朝奠
306 2 private 士有私喪
307 2 yìn \N 酳不酢而已矣
308 2 yòu right / right-hand 康子立於門右
309 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 君子不奪人之親
310 2 稽顙 jīsǎng to kowtow 子拜稽顙哭
311 2 one 盡一哀
312 2 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 不得嗣為兄弟
313 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 患其過於制也
314 2 相見 xiāngjiàn to meet each other 諸侯相見
315 2 shēn human body / torso 有君喪服於身
316 2 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 女改服布深衣
317 2 shēng sound 祝聲三
318 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop
319 2 tīng to listen 而後聽朝而入
320 2 dòu bean / pea 俎豆既陳
321 2 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 盡一哀
322 2 常事 chángshì routine matters 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
323 2 zhù to help / to assist 又何助於人
324 2 廟主 miàozhǔ head priest of a temple 必以遷廟主行乎
325 2 cháng to taste 嘗禘郊社
326 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 無乃不可乎
327 2 視朝 shìcháo court audience 冕而出視朝
328 2 yuǎn far / distant 今墓遠
329 2 周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou 召公言於周公
330 2 biàn to change / to alter 則有變乎
331 2 rain 雨沾服失容
332 2 earth / soil / dirt 土無二王
333 2 Tu 女在涂
334 2 méi not have 父沒而冠
335 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 蓋貴命也
336 2 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 以名遍告及社稷宗廟山川
337 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 乃命國家五官而後行
338 2 zhān to wet / to moisten / to soak 雨沾服失容
339 2 a law / a rule 金革之事無辟也者
340 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 改服而往
341 2 gain / advantage / benefit 不告利成
342 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 乃命國家五官而後行
343 2 how can it be that? 豈大功耳
344 2 xiá triennial sacrifice to one's ancestors 與祫祭於祖
345 2 rěn to bear / to endure / to tolerate 公弗忍也
346 2 chē a vehicle 載于齊車
347 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 既殯而致事
348 2 silk / plain silk 執束帛
349 2 fàn food / a meal 三飯不侑
350 2 kuì food 可以與於饋奠之事乎
351 2 color 各以其方色與其兵
352 2 qǐng to ask / to inquire 女之父母使人請
353 2 qián front 殯前北面
354 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
355 2 shàng top / a high position 奠幣于殯東几上
356 2 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 康子立於門右
357 2 four 則祝迎四廟之主
358 2 xīng a star / a planet 見星而行者
359 2 to think / consider / to ponder 思相離也
360 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 又何反於初
361 2 hūn dusk / nightfall / twilight 昏禮既納幣
362 2 father 父沒而冠
363 2 to worship ancestors 不祔於皇姑
364 2 to benefit / to aid 大祝裨冕
365 1 wáng Wang 土無二王
366 1 several 奠幣于殯東几上
367 1 shì a generation 則稱伯父世母
368 1 huán to pace / to linger 遭季桓子之喪
369 1 行禮 xínglǐ to salute / to greet 且君子行禮
370 1 a tutor / a teacher 男子外有傅
371 1 tài very / extremely 太廟火
372 1 dǐng a ding / a large, three-leg bronze cauldron 鼎俎既陳
373 1 měi each / every 每舍
374 1 shì to show / to reveal 示未成婦也
375 1 父喪 fùsàng the death of one's father 父喪稱父
376 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 作偽主以行
377 1 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後即位而哭
378 1 zhī to know 吾弗知也
379 1 jiē to join 接祭而已矣
380 1 younger brother 宗弟
381 1 to leave behind 則有司將書之以遺後世
382 1 to associate with / be near 自薨比至於殯
383 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 不俟子
384 1 成事 chéngshì a completed matter 卒哭成事而後
385 1 相識 xiāngshí to be aquainted 相識
386 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善乎問之也
387 1 table 無肵俎
388 1 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 若宗子有罪
389 1 行旅 xínglǚ a traveler / a wanderer 魯昭公練而舉酬行旅
390 1 人從 réncóng retinue / hangers-on 宰宗人從
391 1 何以 héyǐ why 何以不棺斂於宮中
392 1 qín birds / fowl 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
393 1 fēi luxuriant (plant growth) / rich with fragrance
394 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
395 1 tán an altar / a platform 望墓而為壇
396 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 升自阼階
397 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 三日不舉樂
398 1 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 叔父
399 1 罪人 zuìrén a sinner 唯罪人與奔父母之喪者乎
400 1 nán male 男不入
401 1 dié a hempen band worn on the head or waist by a mourner 弁絰
402 1 jiù right away 奠焉而後就舍
403 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 君子禮以飾情
404 1 朋友 péngyou friend 士則朋友奠
405 1 shū book 則有司將書之以遺後世
406 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 歸哭而反送君
407 1 無後 wúhòu to lack male offspring 與無後者
408 1 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang 西鄉
409 1 way / route / road 途邇故也
410 1 a corner 祝立于殯東南隅
411 1 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 遭季桓子之喪
412 1 大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang 孝公大祥
413 1 ěr to be near / to be close / to be recent 途邇故也
414 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 土周葬于園
415 1 Ji 其吉祭
416 1 以此 yǐcǐ hence 有庶子祭者以此
417 1 dusk / sunset 不暮宿
418 1 táng main hall / a large room 不升堂
419 1 執事 zhíshì to serve as / to hold a post 從執事
420 1 tǎn to bare 皆袒
421 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 并有喪
422 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 而後饗冠者
423 1 yuán garden / orchard 土周葬于園
424 1 zuò to do 作偽主以行
425 1 xiàng lane / alley 昔者吾從老聃助葬於巷黨
426 1 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
427 1 special / unique / distinguished 特牲
428 1 hemp / flax 則子麻
429 1 不厭 bùyàn not to tire of / not to object to 攝主不厭祭
430 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望墓而為壇
431 1 chí late / tardy 不知其已之遲數
432 1 fu 簠簋既陳
433 1 行者 xíngzhě practitioner 見星而行者
434 1 bēi an oval 以椑從
435 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 祝畢獻而已
436 1 urgently / immediately / extremely 昔者齊桓公亟舉兵
437 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐修葬事
438 1 liù six
439 1 machine 遂輿機而往
440 1 不假 bùjià not needing help 不假
441 1 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 不旅行
442 1 děng et cetera / and so on 升自西階盡等
443 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 孝子某為介子某薦其常事
444 1 jiàn mean / low / base 賤不誄貴
445 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 夫柩不可以反者也
446 1 安知 ānzhī how do you know? 安知其不見星也
447 1 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind
448 1 反而 fǎnér instead / rather 既明反而後行
449 1 to clear streets when emperor tours 出廟入廟必蹕
450 1 different / other 士之所以異者
451 1 míng bright / brilliant 既明反而後行
452 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其已之遲數
453 1 shēn deep 女改服布深衣
454 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 天子巡守
455 1 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei 則昔者衛靈公適魯
456 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
457 1 lái to come 稱來婦也
458 1 nán south 於西階南
459 1 hòu after / later 夏后氏三年之喪
460 1 國法 guófǎ federal law 是逆古之禮而亂國法也
461 1 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 公館與公所為
462 1 guest / visitor 客升自西階吊
463 1 同姓 tóngxìng same surname 則取於同姓可也
464 1 guǐ a square basket of bamboo 簠簋既陳
465 1 朝服 cháofú court dress 朝服而出視朝
466 1 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 不祔於皇姑
467 1 zhuàn food 徹饌而掃
468 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 有司弗辯也
469 1 ròu meat / muscle 不歸肉
470 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 則子孫行事
471 1 為主 wèi zhǔ to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to / mainly 公為主
472 1 朝天 cháotiān to have an audience with the Emperor / to be presented at court 諸侯朝天子
473 1 to attack by surprise 襲衰
474 1 jiǔ nine
475 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 思相離也
476 1 不息 bùxī not stopping 三夜不息燭
477 1 què a watchtower / a guard tower 入自闕
478 1 jiāng boundary / border / frontier 君出疆以三年之戒
479 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 以上牲祭於宗子之家
480 1 xiōng elder brother 宗兄
481 1 gòng together 共殯服
482 1 this 於斯乎有冠醮
483 1 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 宗子雖七十
484 1 jiè to quit 君出疆以三年之戒
485 1 於是乎 yúshìhū therefore 於是乎有過時而弗除也
486 1 前驅 qiánqū precursor / pioneer 必有前驅
487 1 liǎng two 藏諸兩階之間
488 1 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 衛君請吊
489 1 在途 zàitú in transit 女在途
490 1 嫁女 jiànǚ to marry off a daughter 嫁女之家
491 1 sǎo to sweep / to clear away 徹饌而掃
492 1 不在 bùzài not here 父母不在
493 1 biān a bamboo container for food 籩豆既設
494 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 祝立于殯東南隅
495 1 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai 哀公辭不得命
496 1 有為 yǒuwèi saṃskṛta / conditioned 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
497 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 徹饌而掃
498 1 father's elder brother / uncle 昔者魯公伯禽有為為之也
499 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 則有司將書之以遺後世
500 1 擇日 zérì to select an auspicious date 擇日而祭於禰

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀公 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai
曾子 céngzǐ Ceng Zi
大祥 dàxiáng Daxiang
皇姑 huánggū Huanggu
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁昭公 魯昭公 lǔ zhāogōng Lu Zhaogong / Lord Zhao of Lu
齐桓公 齊桓公 Qí Huán Gōng Duke Huan of Qi
召公 Shào Gōng Duke Shao
卫灵公 衛靈公 wèi línggōng Duke Ling of Wei
西乡 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English