Glossary and Vocabulary for Romance of the Three Kingdoms 《三國演義》, 第五十八回 Chapter 58

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 75 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 操問曰
2 51 yuē to speak / to say 群曰
3 43 馬超 mǎchāo Ma Chao 其子馬超
4 41 jūn army / military 莫非老將軍在許昌有事否
5 39 bīng soldier / troops 丞相可命上將提兵
6 37 horse 馬孟起興兵雪恨
7 30 one 則荊州一鼓可平也
8 30 Germany 使玄德同力拒曹
9 29 cáo Cao 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
10 26 曹操 Cáo Cāo Cao Cao 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
11 26 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 使超興兵入關
12 26 suì to comply with / to follow along 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
13 25 rén person / people / a human being 卻說獻策之人
14 25 zéi thief 必切齒操賊
15 24 lái to come 若玄德來相助
16 22 hóng a flood 遂喚曹洪
17 21 西涼 Xī Liáng Western Liang 乃西涼之兵也
18 18 páng huge / enormous / tremendous 姓龐
19 18 yǐn to lead / to guide 一面引軍拒敵
20 15 can / may / permissible 丞相可命上將提兵
21 15 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 今操殺馬騰
22 14 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 一擁下船
23 14 zài in / at 備意在西川
24 14 to go 使者去了
25 13 shū book 乃治書侍御史陳群
26 13 hán Korea / South Korea 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
27 13 to arise / to get up 馬孟起興兵雪恨
28 13 huàng to to sway / to shake 徐晃分付
29 12 hurried / worried 教急書到荊州
30 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使玄德同力拒曹
31 12 jiàn to see 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
32 12 dài Mount Tai 乃馬岱也
33 12 zhài a fence / a stockade 分作三寨
34 12 chǔ Chu 乃許褚也
35 11 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 卻說獻策之人
36 11 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便回書與魯肅
37 11 shí time / a period of time 鍾繇次日登城看時
38 11 Xu 然後徐圖西川
39 11 zhòng many / numerous 會合淝之眾
40 11 zhōng middle 玄德看了書中之意
41 11 dào to arrive 教急書到荊州
42 10 shàng top / a high position 鍾繇上城守護
43 10 鍾繇 zhōngyáo Zhong Yao 長安郡守鍾繇
44 10 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 使玄德同力拒曹
45 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 並不出戰
46 10 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令合淝張遼
47 10 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 星夜走脫
48 10 day of the month / a certain day 一連圍了十日
49 10 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今劉備
50 9 huí to go back / to return 第五十八回
51 9 to allow / to permit 若將馬超擒赴許都
52 9 潼關 Tóngguān Tongguan 鍾繇退守潼關
53 9 jiù to save / to rescue 必無心救權
54 9 to join / to combine 正合吾意
55 9 xiān first 發使者先回
56 9 bào newspaper 早有細作報知孫權
57 8 to stand 立待回音
58 8 běi north 若但有北兵侵犯
59 8 chéng a city / a town 鍾繇上城守護
60 8 kàn to see / to look 玄德看了書中之意
61 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 丞相可命上將提兵
62 8 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 待我渡河北同時擊之
63 8 qián front 乃帳前心腹校尉
64 8 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 皇叔自有退兵之策
65 8 qiāng firearms (in historical context) / flintlock (old powder and shot firearm) 手執長鎗
66 8 dāo knife / a blade 岱提刀趕來
67 8 soil / ground / land 江東之地
68 7 zhèng upright / straight 正合吾意
69 7 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 殺奔長安來
70 7 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教急書到荊州
71 7 shí ten 一連圍了十日
72 7 big / great / huge / large / major 此計大妙
73 7 to enter 一人踉蹌而入
74 7 yán to speak / to say / said 長文之言
75 7 趕來 gǎnlái to rush over 岱提刀趕來
76 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 皆被斬於市
77 7 rén a kernel / a pit 曹仁諫曰
78 6 a river / a stream 河塹險深
79 6 wén to hear 聞曹洪下關廝殺
80 6 jiào to call / to yell / to be called / to order 大叫曹洪回馬
81 6 jìng way / path 逕取江南
82 6 guān to close 斬關斷鎖
83 6 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 舉刀縱馬大喝曰
84 6 hóu marquis / lord 即封汝為西涼侯
85 6 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 則荊州一鼓可平也
86 6 páo long gown / robe / cloak 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
87 6 to cross, ferry over 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
88 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 只恐有計
89 6 shì to look at / to see 眾視其人
90 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡教退軍
91 6 背後 bèihòu behind / at the back / in the rear 忽然背後喊聲大震
92 6 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 叔父與弟皆死矣
93 6 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 則逆操可擒
94 5 wàn ten thousand 即時起大兵三十萬
95 5 孔明 kǒngmíng Kongming / Zhuge Liang 差人往南郡請孔明
96 5 èr two 二弟亦遇害
97 5 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
98 5 nèi inside / interior 內云
99 5 shì matter / thing / item 告說夢中之事
100 5 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 立待回音
101 5 night 夜感一夢
102 5 jìn to enter 龐德進計曰
103 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 馬岱引百餘騎
104 5 關上 guānshàng to close (a door) / to turn off (light, electrical equipment etc) 在關上看時
105 5 sān three 分作三寨
106 5 àn bank / shore / beach / coast 吾當引一軍渡河拒住北岸
107 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 丞相逕發河北擊之
108 5 hòu after / later 馬超親自斷後
109 5 to die 叔父與弟皆死矣
110 5 rán beard / whiskers 長髯者是曹操
111 5 zhī to know 早有細作報知孫權
112 5 to ward off with hand / to defend 使玄德同力拒曹
113 5 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 玄德將魯肅書與孔明看畢
114 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 可差人往魯子敬處
115 5 伏兵 fúbīng hidden troops / ambush 可四散伏兵
116 5 bēn to run fast / to flee 殺奔長安來
117 4 idea 備意在西川
118 4 power / force / strength 權無救則力乏兵衰
119 4 shēn human body / torso 夢見身臥雪地
120 4 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 鍾繇仍復閉城堅守
121 4 即時 jíshí immediate / prompt / instantaneous 即時起大兵三十萬
122 4 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 若非有人縱馬放牛以誘賊
123 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 差人往南郡請孔明
124 4 quán authority / power 必無心救權
125 4 三十 sān shí thirty 即時起大兵三十萬
126 4 廝殺 sīshā to fight at close quarters / hand-to-hand 要提兵下關廝殺
127 4 tuō to take off 星夜走脫
128 4 準備 zhǔnbèi to prepare 準備糧草
129 4 下關 xiàguān Xiaguan 要提兵下關廝殺
130 4 diǎn a dot 乃點手下八部軍馬
131 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 雪地遇虎
132 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 成宜
133 4 bèi to prepare / get ready 備意在西川
134 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 龐德進計曰
135 4 fěi elegant 時有渭南縣令丁斐
136 4 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 留使者於館舍
137 4 mìng life 丞相可命上將提兵
138 4 younger brother 叔父與弟皆死矣
139 4 營寨 yíngzhài barracks 開創營寨
140 4 shī to lose 操知失了長安
141 4 糧草 liángcǎo army provisions / rations and fodder 準備糧草
142 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守把西門
143 4 liǎng two 山背後兩軍截出
144 4 yuān a gulf / an abyss 右寨夏侯淵
145 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分作三寨
146 4 zhàng a tent 乃帳前心腹校尉
147 4 tiger 群虎來咬
148 4 shuǐ water 隨行將士盡皆下水
149 4 寨柵 zhàizhà a stockade 可先下定寨柵
150 4 huàn to call 遂喚曹洪
151 4 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 城邊轉過一人
152 4 fàng to put / to place 放人出入
153 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 備當舉荊襄之眾
154 4 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏念漢室不幸
155 4 tīng to listen 只聽得西涼軍大叫
156 4 zhé to fold 折軍大半
157 4 xià summer 右寨夏侯淵
158 4 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 今操起三十萬大軍
159 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 城邊轉過一人
160 3 desire 正欲進發
161 3 yín silver 程銀
162 3 wài outside 十日外
163 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 只須如此如此
164 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 聚帳下將佐
165 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 言未畢
166 3 wén writing / text 字長文
167 3 tóng like / same / similar 使玄德同力拒曹
168 3 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 賊急來必陷
169 3 人馬 rén mǎ men and horses 比及人馬到河內時
170 3 gōng to attack / to assault 以攻操之右
171 3 yuè to jump / to leap 船上一將躍身上岸
172 3 zuò to sit 西涼軍都棄馬在於關前草地上坐
173 3 出迎 chūyíng to greet / to go out to meet 曹操背後于禁出迎
174 3 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 孫權結為脣齒
175 3 kǎn to hack / to chop / to cut / to fell 褚掣刀亂砍
176 3 chuān Sichuan 若劉備欲取西川
177 3 渭南 Wèinán Weinan 時有渭南縣令丁斐
178 3 孫權 Sūn Quán Sun Quan 孫權結為脣齒
179 3 關隘 guān ài a mountain pass 如十日內失了關隘
180 3 to carry 丞相可命上將提兵
181 3 接應 jiēyīng to provide support / to come to the rescue 便隨後接應
182 3 zhōng clock 卻說鍾繇弟鍾進
183 3 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 軍民飢荒
184 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 何故背反耶
185 3 shǔ to count 數合之中
186 3 船筏 chuánfá a raft 安排船筏
187 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 一連圍了十日
188 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 操在亂軍中
189 3 劉備 Liú Bèi Liu Bei 今劉備
190 3 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 吾當引一軍渡河拒住北岸
191 3 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing 即遣人諭魯肅
192 3 在此 zàicǐ here 龐德在此
193 3 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 遂命為典軍校尉
194 3 child / son 可差人往魯子敬處
195 3 lǐng neck 二人領了將令
196 3 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 操問曰
197 3 甬道 yǒngdào a corridor 各分頭循河築起甬道
198 3 Féi Fei River 會合淝之眾
199 3 zhōu a state / a province 逕往西涼州投下
200 3 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 曹仁諫曰
201 3 shǒu hand 手執長鎗
202 3 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 操兵皆死於河內矣
203 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 勿傷吾主
204 3 良策 liángcè good plan / good idea 陳長文有何良策
205 3 二十 èrshí twenty 馬岱共起二十萬大兵
206 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 多半困乏
207 3 a drum 則荊州一鼓可平也
208 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 收拾敗軍
209 3 hài to injure / to harm to 今令先君被操所害
210 3 yòu right / right-hand 以攻操之右
211 3 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 玄德大喜
212 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 可差人往魯子敬處
213 3 enemy / foe 一面引軍拒敵
214 3 細作 xìzuò police spy / secret agent 早有細作報知孫權
215 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 又見馬超生得面如傅粉
216 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 內虛立旌旗
217 3 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 卻循河南而擊之
218 3 Li 李堪
219 3 mèng a dream 夜感一夢
220 3 西 The West 若劉備欲取西川
221 3 chóu an enemy / an opponent 不同日月之讎也
222 3 交戰 jiāozhàn to fight / to wage war 與繇交戰
223 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 切不可與戰
224 3 gǎn to catch up / to pursue / to follow 乘勢趕去
225 3 zuò to do 即時作書
226 3 nán south 逕下江南
227 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 哭拜於地曰
228 3 興兵 xīngbīng to send troops 馬孟起興兵雪恨
229 3 zhí straight 龐德直追過潼關
230 3 dìng to decide 天下定矣
231 3 上船 shàngchuán to get on the boat 河邊軍爭上船者
232 3 tiān to append / to add to 馬超又添二萬生力兵來助戰
233 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宜
234 3 dǎo to fall / to collapse / to topple 哭倒於地
235 3 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 逕取江南
236 3 to cut / to divide / to partition 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
237 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 乃治書侍御史陳群
238 2 正是 zhèngshì precisely / exactly / even / if / just like / in the same way as 正是馬超
239 2 kēng a pit 人馬俱落於陷馬坑內
240 2 chè to drag / to pull 掣所佩刀斷其髯
241 2 大驚 dàjīng with great alarm 大驚
242 2 商議 shāngyì to negotiate / to discuss / to propose 權聚眾將商議
243 2 yuē approximately 約近三更
244 2 相助 xiāngzhù to help one another / to come to somebody's help 若玄德來相助
245 2 ministry / department 字旗傳於各部
246 2 大半 dàbàn more than half / greater part / most 折軍大半
247 2 suí to follow 夏侯淵引數十騎隨到
248 2 抵擋 dǐdǎng to resist 曹洪抵擋不住
249 2 néng can / able 若能率西涼之兵
250 2 無心 wúxīn no-mind 必無心救權
251 2 zào tense / excited / irritable 洪性躁
252 2 father 吾與汝父結為兄弟
253 2 rào to wind around / to go around 操遶樹而走
254 2 héng horizontal / transverse 張橫
255 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 龐德直追過潼關
256 2 回頭 huítóu to turn round / to turn one's head 回頭視之
257 2 wēi power / might / prestige 超奮威交戰
258 2 辱罵 rǔmà to insult / to revile / to abuse 百般辱罵
259 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 逕往西涼州投下
260 2 hóng red / vermillion 穿紅袍的是曹操
261 2 蜂擁 fēngyōng to flock (to see) / to mill / to throng 蜂擁而來
262 2 zhí nephew 以姪愚意
263 2 bǎn a slope / a hillside 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
264 2 jié take by force / to coerce 不若乘今夜引輕騎去劫野營
265 2 前部 qiánbù front part / front section 西涼州前部先鋒馬岱
266 2 軍校 jūnxiào military school / military academy 殺散軍校
267 2 zǎo early 早有細作報知孫權
268 2 eight 八將隨著韓遂
269 2 南岸 nánàn Nanan 汝卻於南岸擊之
270 2 帳下 zhàngxià inside the camp / a camp resident 聚帳下將佐
271 2 大兵 dà bīng ordinary soldier 即時起大兵三十萬
272 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 皇叔自有退兵之策
273 2 求救 qiújiù to cry for help 則孫權必求救於劉備
274 2 牛馬 niú mǎ oxen and horses / beasts of burden 皆是牛馬
275 2 earth / soil / dirt 長安城中土硬水畒鹼
276 2 渭河 Wèi Hé Wei River 操自領兵渡渭河
277 2 zhòng heavy 遂喚曹洪重加賞賜
278 2 出馬 chūmǎ to set out (on a campaign) / to stand for election / to throw one's cap in the ring 鍾繇出馬答話
279 2 dòng to move / to act 也不消動江南之兵
280 2 thorn / sting / prick 一鎗刺李通於馬下
281 2 gāo high / tall 馬超聲價蓋天高
282 2 比及 bìjí when / by the time 比及知道
283 2 野營 yěyíng to camp / field lodgings 不若乘今夜引輕騎去劫野營
284 2 yáo a folk-song 與繇交戰
285 2 步行 bùxíng to walk 步行砍出重圍
286 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日必死於馬超之手也
287 2 按劍 àn jiàn grasp a sword 按劍坐於南岸
288 2 xíng to walk / to move 星夜便行
289 2 shào to whistle / to blow a whistle 令人哨探
290 2 jiǎo foot 操伏在許褚腳邊
291 2 shēng sound 聲雄力猛
292 2 喊聲 hǎnshēng a shout / an exclamation 忽然背後喊聲大震
293 2 差人 chāirén a bailiff / a messenger 可差人往魯子敬處
294 2 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 聲雄力猛
295 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方纔放心
296 2 děng et cetera / and so on 洪等棄關而走
297 2 八部 bā bù name of Kangxi radical 12 乃點手下八部軍馬
298 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公明之言
299 2 to go / to visit / to attend 若將馬超擒赴許都
300 2 miǎn to spare 免叔父戈戟之勞
301 2 móu to plan / to scheme 諸公笑我無破馬超之謀
302 2 gāo a pole for punting boats 忙用木篙撐之
303 2 先君 xiānjūn my late father / my ancestors / the late emperor 備昔與令先君同受密詔
304 2 hàn Han Chinese 伏念漢室不幸
305 2 mèng first month 馬孟起興兵雪恨
306 2 gài a lid / top / cover 馬超聲價蓋天高
307 2 to attack by surprise 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
308 2 dīng Ding 時有渭南縣令丁斐
309 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 即遣人諭魯肅
310 2 extra / surplus / remainder 龐德先引鐵騎千餘
311 2 奸計 jiānjì evil plan / evil schemes 不想中賊奸計
312 2 tǒng to unify 現統西涼之眾
313 2 xiū to rest 曹操休走
314 2 wilderness 布陣於野
315 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為供給
316 2 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
317 2 chēng to support / to prop-up 忙用木篙撐之
318 2 chún lip 孫權結為脣齒
319 2 to drink 舉刀縱馬大喝曰
320 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭拜於地曰
321 2 shù tree 操遶樹而走
322 2 bái white 白袍銀鎧
323 2 zhū vermilion 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
324 2 重圍 zhòngwéi to redouble a siege 撞出重圍
325 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 馬岱引百餘騎
326 2 shì room / bedroom 伏念漢室不幸
327 2 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 諸公但堅壁觀之
328 2 咬牙切齒 yǎo yá qiè chǐ gnashing one's teeth / displaying extreme anger 超咬牙切齒
329 2 進發 jìnfā to set out / to start 正欲進發
330 2 之中 zhīzhōng inside 數合之中
331 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 漢室可興矣
332 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 繇大敗奔走
333 2 皇叔 huángshū the emperor's uncle 皇叔自有退兵之策
334 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 超把鎗望後一招
335 2 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 不幸事泄
336 2 chéng journey / trip 程銀
337 2 領命 lǐngmìng to accept an order 肅領命
338 2 過來 guòlái to come over 挺鎗直殺過來
339 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 以遏操之前
340 2 次日 cìrì second day / next day 鍾繇次日登城看時
341 2 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 令人哨探
342 2 to bear / to carry 褚負操一躍上船
343 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 曹操背後于禁出迎
344 2 letter / symbol / character 字令名
345 2 若非 ruò fēi were it not for / if not for 若非有人縱馬放牛以誘賊
346 2 zuǒ left 左是馬超
347 2 xīng a star / a planet 星夜走脫
348 2 kǎi armor 白袍銀鎧
349 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 字令名
350 2 布陣 bùzhèn to deploy troops 布陣於野
351 2 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 西涼軍都棄馬在於關前草地上坐
352 2 fēi to fly 飛報曹操
353 2 會合 huìhé to meet / to rendezvous / to merge / to link up 會合淝之眾
354 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 此將軍不共天地
355 2 先鋒 xiānfēng a pioneer 西涼州前部先鋒馬岱
356 2 欺君罔上 qī jūn wǎng shàng to dupe one's sovereign 欺君罔上
357 2 河西 Héxī Hexi 此去河西
358 2 halberd 免叔父戈戟之勞
359 2 救出 jiùchū to rescue / to pluck from danger 救出韓遂
360 2 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 江東之地
361 2 xiào school 操引三寨大小將校
362 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誓誅此賊
363 2 wéi soft leather 以驍將典韋
364 2 一手 yīshǒu skill 一手使篙撐船
365 2 河北 héběi Hebei 丞相逕發河北擊之
366 2 wèn to ask 超問
367 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 河邊軍爭上船者
368 2 líng agile / nimble 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
369 2 xiǎng to make a sound / to sound 一棒鼓響
370 2 許昌 xǔchāng Xuchang 莫非老將軍在許昌有事否
371 2 追趕 zhuīgǎn to pursue / to chase after / to accelerate / to catch up with / to overtake 洪迤邐追趕
372 2 四千 sì qiān four thousand 便教徐晃引精兵四千
373 2 to lie 夢見身臥雪地
374 2 漫山遍野 màn shān biàn yě covering the mountains and the plains / as far as the eye can see / covering everything 漫山遍野而來
375 2 shuò to daub 馬超從後使鎗搠來
376 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 城邊轉過一人
377 2 中軍 zhōng jūn main army 直入中軍來捉曹操
378 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留使者於館舍
379 2 chén Chen 乃治書侍御史陳群
380 2 xuě snow 夢見身臥雪地
381 2 fèn to strive / to exert effort 超奮威交戰
382 2 shēn deep 河塹險深
383 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 請叔父就縳俺兄弟二人
384 2 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 起立排柵
385 2 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 超驚問
386 2 láo to toil 免叔父戈戟之勞
387 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
388 2 jìng to respect /to honor 可差人往魯子敬處
389 2 jiàn arrow 馬超箭不虛發
390 2 jié cut off / to stop 山背後兩軍截出
391 2 bàn half 兵半渡可擊
392 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 賊亦全部見屯關上
393 2 tōng to go through / to open 李通出迎
394 2 不消 bùxiāo to not need / needless (to say) 也不消動江南之兵
395 2 第五 dì wǔ fifth 第五十八回
396 2 type of rush 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
397 2 tàn to visit 令人哨探
398 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 即扯旗角包頸而逃
399 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 乃侯選
400 2 小將 xiǎojiāng (in classical literature) young military officer of high rank for his age / (during the Cultural Revolution) young militant in the Red Guard 小將軍已下關了
401 2 luò to fall / to drop 乃是羌人部落
402 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 喝令驍將遶河射之
403 2 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 于禁敗走
404 2 縣令 xiànlìng county magistrate 時有渭南縣令丁斐
405 2 several 過了幾日
406 2 驍將 xiāojiāng valiant general 喝令驍將遶河射之
407 2 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 一擁而來
408 2 yún cloud 內云
409 2 下江 xià jiāng to flow downriver 逕下江南
410 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右將佐皆抵擋不住
411 2 shì power / authority 兩邊各布陣勢
412 2 jiǔ nine 如何九日失了潼關
413 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
414 2 手下 shǒu xià under one's control or administration 乃點手下八部軍馬
415 2 yào to want / to wish for 要提兵下關廝殺
416 2 to substitute for / to take the place of / to replace 替鍾繇緊守潼關
417 2 píng flat / level / smooth 則荊州一鼓可平也
418 2 hair 發使者先回
419 2 號砲 hàopào cannon used for signaling / signaling shot 號砲響時
420 2 qiàn moat around a city 河塹險深
421 2 zhǔ owner 必有主畫
422 2 城門 chéng mén a city gate 大開城門
423 2 to lack 權無救則力乏兵衰
424 2 yuǎn far / distant 果然遠去
425 2 精兵 jīng bīng crack troops 便教徐晃引精兵四千
426 2 逃命 táomìng to escape / to flee / to run for one's life 各自逃命
427 1 xuān clamor / noise 聲喧不止
428 1 三代 Sān Dài three dynasties 把曹操三代毀罵
429 1 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪其馬
430 1 無暇 wúxiá to be too busy / to have no time for 則操又無暇下江南矣
431 1 侵犯 qīnfàn to infringe on / to encroach on / to violate 若但有北兵侵犯
432 1 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 長安城中土硬水畒鹼
433 1 復議 fùyì to reconsider 不敢復議南征
434 1 百般 bǎi bān all kinds / every sort 百般辱罵
435 1 bǎng upper arm / shoulder 腰細膀寬
436 1 血路 xuèlù desperate getaway (from a battlefield) / to cut a bloody path out of a battlefield 殺開一條血路
437 1 聞言 wényán to have heard what was said 超聞言
438 1 to shut / to close 鍾繇仍復閉城堅守
439 1 jiǎn alkali / lye / salt 長安城中土硬水畒鹼
440 1 banner / flag 字旗傳於各部
441 1 jiàn strong / robust 怎當健將共爭先
442 1 官告 guāngào conferral of office certificate 眾官告免
443 1 鐵騎 tiěqí armored horses / crack horsemen 龐德先引鐵騎千餘
444 1 自有 zìyǒu to possess / to own / to have 皇叔自有退兵之策
445 1 努力 nǔlì to strive / to try hard 賊必努力渡河矣
446 1 liáng provisions 河東糧盡
447 1 mán to conceal from 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
448 1 to cry out / to shout 呼曰
449 1 擋住 dǎngzhù to obstruct 徐晃苦苦擋住
450 1 逃難 táonán to run away from trouble / to flee from calamity / to be a refugee 諸將聽得曹操在河中逃難
451 1 to support /to help 韓遂扶起曰
452 1 收拾 shōushi to put in order / to tidy up 收拾敗軍
453 1 分頭 fēntóu separately / severally / parted hair 各分頭循河築起甬道
454 1 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 陷坑中死者二百餘人
455 1 欲取 yùqǔ clinging to feelings of pleasure / kāma-upādāna 若劉備欲取西川
456 1 望風 wàngfēng to be on the lookout / to keep watch 潼關戰敗望風逃
457 1 有失 yǒushī to fail or lose 晃恐有失
458 1 亂動 luàndòng to fiddle with / to tamper with / to meddle with / to move randomly / to flail about 如亂動者斬
459 1 àn dark / obscure 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
460 1 征戰 zhēngzhàn to do battle / to fight a campaign 丞相自來征戰
461 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 我今日幾為小賊所困
462 1 五十 wǔshí fifty 洪與馬超戰到四五十合
463 1 shǐ arrow / dart 矢如雨急
464 1 to congratulate 就於帳中設宴作賀
465 1 大小 dàxiǎo dimension / magnitude / size / measurement 操引三寨大小將校
466 1 名將 míngjiāng famous general 汝乃漢朝名將子孫
467 1 xiǎn dangerous 河塹險深
468 1 zhuàng to knock against / to bump into / to collide 撞出重圍
469 1 知道 zhīdào to know 比及知道
470 1 無人 wú rén unmanned / uninhabited 成宜見無人馬
471 1 huī to direct 即時揮涕回書
472 1 zhuàng robust 吾聞曹操選極壯之人
473 1 zhù to build / to construct 各分頭循河築起甬道
474 1 陷坑 xiànkēng pitfall / pit as animal trap 陷坑中死者二百餘人
475 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 操出馬於門旗下
476 1 措手不及 cuò shǒu bù jí no time to deal with it / caught unprepared 鍾進措手不及
477 1 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 鍾繇次日登城看時
478 1 過人 guòrén to surpass others / outstanding / (basketball, soccer etc) to get past an opponent 此人勇力過人
479 1 不共戴天 bù gòng dài tiān (of enemies) cannot live under the same sky / absolutely irreconcilable 不共戴天之讎
480 1 bèi back [of the body] 何故背反耶
481 1 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 孟德愴惶脫錦袍
482 1 安忍 ānrěn tolerance 安忍害汝
483 1 háo a trench / a ditch / a channel / a moat 更沿河掘下壕塹
484 1 南征 nánzhēng punitive expedition to the south 不敢復議南征
485 1 走時 zǒushí to keep time 徐晃急回走時
486 1 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 於是韓遂與龐德將兵五萬
487 1 自居 zìjū to be self reliant 操自居中寨
488 1 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 汝乃漢朝名將子孫
489 1 to instruct / to expound / to explain 即遣人諭魯肅
490 1 爭取 zhēngqǔ to fight for / to compete 都回身爭取牛馬
491 1 shì a city 皆被斬於市
492 1 左手 zuǒ shǒu left hand 以左手舉馬鞍遮之
493 1 守護 shǒuhù to guard / to defend 鍾繇上城守護
494 1 yòng to use / to apply 忙用木篙撐之
495 1 攻打 gōngdǎ to attack (the enemy) 急切攻打不下
496 1 設宴 shèyàn to hold a banquet 就於帳中設宴作賀
497 1 to take 超遂令人叫拏
498 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 先生有何妙計
499 1 拜謝 bài xiè pay their respects and give thanks 馬超拜謝
500 1 攔住 lánzhù to block / to obstruct 攔住馬超

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 75 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 操問曰
2 57 zhī him / her / them / that 卻說獻策之人
3 51 yuē to speak / to say 群曰
4 43 馬超 mǎchāo Ma Chao 其子馬超
5 41 jūn army / military 莫非老將軍在許昌有事否
6 39 bīng soldier / troops 丞相可命上將提兵
7 37 horse 馬孟起興兵雪恨
8 33 in / at 則孫權必求救於劉備
9 33 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 權聚眾將商議
10 30 one 則荊州一鼓可平也
11 30 Germany 使玄德同力拒曹
12 29 cáo Cao 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
13 26 曹操 Cáo Cāo Cao Cao 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
14 26 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 使超興兵入關
15 26 suì to comply with / to follow along 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
16 25 rén person / people / a human being 卻說獻策之人
17 25 zéi thief 必切齒操賊
18 24 lái to come 若玄德來相助
19 22 hóng a flood 遂喚曹洪
20 21 西涼 Xī Liáng Western Liang 乃西涼之兵也
21 20 also / too 則荊州一鼓可平也
22 20 le completion of an action 玄德看了書中之意
23 19 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 一擁而來
24 18 páng huge / enormous / tremendous 姓龐
25 18 yǐn to lead / to guide 一面引軍拒敵
26 16 yǒu is / are / to exist 陳長文有何良策
27 16 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若劉備欲取西川
28 16 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 叔父與弟皆死矣
29 15 I 正合吾意
30 15 and 玄德將魯肅書與孔明看畢
31 15 can / may / permissible 丞相可命上將提兵
32 15 xià next 逕往西涼州投下
33 15 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 今操殺馬騰
34 14 certainly / must / will / necessarily 則孫權必求救於劉備
35 14 final particle 天下定矣
36 14 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 一擁下船
37 14 zài in / at 備意在西川
38 14 to go 使者去了
39 13 de potential marker 若得江東
40 13 shū book 乃治書侍御史陳群
41 13 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 卻說獻策之人
42 13 wèi for / to 孫權結為脣齒
43 13 hán Korea / South Korea 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
44 13 to arise / to get up 馬孟起興兵雪恨
45 13 huàng to to sway / to shake 徐晃分付
46 12 hurried / worried 教急書到荊州
47 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使玄德同力拒曹
48 12 jiàn to see 忽西涼太守韓遂使人請馬超往見
49 12 already / afterwards 小將軍已下關了
50 12 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃治書侍御史陳群
51 12 dài Mount Tai 乃馬岱也
52 12 zhài a fence / a stockade 分作三寨
53 12 chǔ Chu 乃許褚也
54 11 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 卻說獻策之人
55 11 zhì to / until 忽報荊州劉皇叔遣人齎書至
56 11 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便回書與魯肅
57 11 shí time / a period of time 鍾繇次日登城看時
58 11 Xu 然後徐圖西川
59 11 zhòng many / numerous 會合淝之眾
60 11 zhōng middle 玄德看了書中之意
61 11 dào to arrive 教急書到荊州
62 10 shàng top / a high position 鍾繇上城守護
63 10 鍾繇 zhōngyáo Zhong Yao 長安郡守鍾繇
64 10 xuán profound / mysterious / subtle 使玄德同力拒曹
65 10 zhàn war / fighting / battle 並不出戰
66 10 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令合淝張遼
67 10 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 星夜走脫
68 10 bèi by 皆被斬於市
69 10 day of the month / a certain day 一連圍了十日
70 10 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今劉備
71 9 huí to go back / to return 第五十八回
72 9 I / me / my 我統大軍隨後便至
73 9 to allow / to permit 若將馬超擒赴許都
74 9 潼關 Tóngguān Tongguan 鍾繇退守潼關
75 9 chū to go out / to leave 遂將出曹操書示之
76 9 jiù to save / to rescue 必無心救權
77 9 to join / to combine 正合吾意
78 9 xiān first 發使者先回
79 9 bào newspaper 早有細作報知孫權
80 8 you / thou 即封汝為西涼侯
81 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 備當舉荊襄之眾
82 8 to stand 立待回音
83 8 shì is / are / am / to be 此是馬超要激將軍廝殺
84 8 this / these 此夢乃不祥之兆也
85 8 běi north 若但有北兵侵犯
86 8 so as to / in order to 以攻操之右
87 8 yòu again / also 則操又無暇下江南矣
88 8 chéng a city / a town 鍾繇上城守護
89 8 kàn to see / to look 玄德看了書中之意
90 8 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 丞相可命上將提兵
91 8 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 待我渡河北同時擊之
92 8 qián front 乃帳前心腹校尉
93 8 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 皇叔自有退兵之策
94 8 his / hers / its / theirs 其言必從
95 8 qiāng firearms (in historical context) / flintlock (old powder and shot firearm) 手執長鎗
96 8 dāo knife / a blade 岱提刀趕來
97 8 soil / ground / land 江東之地
98 7 zhèng upright / straight 正合吾意
99 7 zhū all / many / various 諸將曰
100 7 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 操平生所慮者
101 7 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 殺奔長安來
102 7 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教急書到荊州
103 7 not / no 此將軍不共天地
104 7 shí ten 一連圍了十日
105 7 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 只須如此如此
106 7 big / great / huge / large / major 此計大妙
107 7 to enter 一人踉蹌而入
108 7 yán to speak / to say / said 長文之言
109 7 what / where / which 陳長文有何良策
110 7 naturally / of course / certainly 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
111 7 趕來 gǎnlái to rush over 岱提刀趕來
112 7 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 操平生所慮者
113 7 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 皆被斬於市
114 7 rén a kernel / a pit 曹仁諫曰
115 6 a river / a stream 河塹險深
116 6 wén to hear 聞曹洪下關廝殺
117 6 jiào to call / to yell / to be called / to order 大叫曹洪回馬
118 6 jìng way / path 逕取江南
119 6 guān to close 斬關斷鎖
120 6 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 舉刀縱馬大喝曰
121 6 hóu marquis / lord 即封汝為西涼侯
122 6 荊州 Jīngzhōu Jingzhou / Ching-chou 則荊州一鼓可平也
123 6 páo long gown / robe / cloak 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
124 6 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 陳長文有何良策
125 6 also / too 亦義不容辭
126 6 to cross, ferry over 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
127 6 otherwise / but / however 則孫權必求救於劉備
128 6 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 只恐有計
129 6 shì to look at / to see 眾視其人
130 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡教退軍
131 6 背後 bèihòu behind / at the back / in the rear 忽然背後喊聲大震
132 6 叔父 shūfù father's younger brother / uncle 叔父與弟皆死矣
133 6 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 則逆操可擒
134 5 wàn ten thousand 即時起大兵三十萬
135 5 孔明 kǒngmíng Kongming / Zhuge Liang 差人往南郡請孔明
136 5 èr two 二弟亦遇害
137 5 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
138 5 nèi inside / interior 內云
139 5 shì matter / thing / item 告說夢中之事
140 5 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 令合淝張遼
141 5 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 立待回音
142 5 night 夜感一夢
143 5 jìn to enter 龐德進計曰
144 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 馬岱引百餘騎
145 5 隨後 suíhòu soon after 隨後便起西涼軍馬
146 5 關上 guānshàng to close (a door) / to turn off (light, electrical equipment etc) 在關上看時
147 5 sān three 分作三寨
148 5 àn bank / shore / beach / coast 吾當引一軍渡河拒住北岸
149 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 丞相逕發河北擊之
150 5 hòu after / later 馬超親自斷後
151 5 to die 叔父與弟皆死矣
152 5 no 權無救則力乏兵衰
153 5 rán beard / whiskers 長髯者是曹操
154 5 zhī to know 早有細作報知孫權
155 5 to ward off with hand / to defend 使玄德同力拒曹
156 5 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 玄德將魯肅書與孔明看畢
157 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 可差人往魯子敬處
158 5 伏兵 fúbīng hidden troops / ambush 可四散伏兵
159 5 such as / for example / for instance 如十日內失了關隘
160 5 bēn to run fast / to flee 殺奔長安來
161 5 marker for direct-object 守把西門
162 4 idea 備意在西川
163 4 power / force / strength 權無救則力乏兵衰
164 4 shēn human body / torso 夢見身臥雪地
165 4 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 鍾繇仍復閉城堅守
166 4 即時 jíshí immediate / prompt / instantaneous 即時起大兵三十萬
167 4 jiù right away 請叔父就縳俺兄弟二人
168 4 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 若非有人縱馬放牛以誘賊
169 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 差人往南郡請孔明
170 4 each 字旗傳於各部
171 4 quán authority / power 必無心救權
172 4 三十 sān shí thirty 即時起大兵三十萬
173 4 廝殺 sīshā to fight at close quarters / hand-to-hand 要提兵下關廝殺
174 4 tuō to take off 星夜走脫
175 4 準備 zhǔnbèi to prepare 準備糧草
176 4 下關 xiàguān Xiaguan 要提兵下關廝殺
177 4 diǎn a dot 乃點手下八部軍馬
178 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 雪地遇虎
179 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 成宜
180 4 bèi to prepare / get ready 備意在西川
181 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 龐德進計曰
182 4 fěi elegant 時有渭南縣令丁斐
183 4 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 留使者於館舍
184 4 mìng life 丞相可命上將提兵
185 4 younger brother 叔父與弟皆死矣
186 4 營寨 yíngzhài barracks 開創營寨
187 4 shī to lose 操知失了長安
188 4 糧草 liángcǎo army provisions / rations and fodder 準備糧草
189 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守把西門
190 4 cóng from 其言必從
191 4 liǎng two 山背後兩軍截出
192 4 dōu all 若將馬超擒赴許都
193 4 yuān a gulf / an abyss 右寨夏侯淵
194 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分作三寨
195 4 zhàng a tent 乃帳前心腹校尉
196 4 tiger 群虎來咬
197 4 shuǐ water 隨行將士盡皆下水
198 4 寨柵 zhàizhà a stockade 可先下定寨柵
199 4 huàn to call 遂喚曹洪
200 4 necessary / must 只須如此如此
201 4 biān side / boundary / edge / margin 城邊轉過一人
202 4 fàng to put / to place 放人出入
203 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 備當舉荊襄之眾
204 4 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏念漢室不幸
205 4 tīng to listen 只聽得西涼軍大叫
206 4 zhé to fold 折軍大半
207 4 xià summer 右寨夏侯淵
208 4 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 今操起三十萬大軍
209 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 城邊轉過一人
210 3 desire 正欲進發
211 3 yín silver 程銀
212 3 wài outside 十日外
213 3 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 只須如此如此
214 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 聚帳下將佐
215 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 言未畢
216 3 wén writing / text 字長文
217 3 tóng like / same / similar 使玄德同力拒曹
218 3 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 賊急來必陷
219 3 人馬 rén mǎ men and horses 比及人馬到河內時
220 3 gōng to attack / to assault 以攻操之右
221 3 yuè to jump / to leap 船上一將躍身上岸
222 3 zuò to sit 西涼軍都棄馬在於關前草地上坐
223 3 出迎 chūyíng to greet / to go out to meet 曹操背後于禁出迎
224 3 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 孫權結為脣齒
225 3 kǎn to hack / to chop / to cut / to fell 褚掣刀亂砍
226 3 chuān Sichuan 若劉備欲取西川
227 3 again / more / repeatedly 鍾繇仍復閉城堅守
228 3 渭南 Wèinán Weinan 時有渭南縣令丁斐
229 3 孫權 Sūn Quán Sun Quan 孫權結為脣齒
230 3 關隘 guān ài a mountain pass 如十日內失了關隘
231 3 to carry 丞相可命上將提兵
232 3 接應 jiēyīng to provide support / to come to the rescue 便隨後接應
233 3 duàn absolutely / decidedly 馬超親自斷後
234 3 zhōng clock 卻說鍾繇弟鍾進
235 3 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 軍民飢荒
236 3 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 何故背反耶
237 3 shǔ to count 數合之中
238 3 船筏 chuánfá a raft 安排船筏
239 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 一連圍了十日
240 3 luàn chaotic / disorderly 操在亂軍中
241 3 劉備 Liú Bèi Liu Bei 今劉備
242 3 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 吾當引一軍渡河拒住北岸
243 3 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing 即遣人諭魯肅
244 3 在此 zàicǐ here 龐德在此
245 3 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 遂命為典軍校尉
246 3 child / son 可差人往魯子敬處
247 3 lǐng neck 二人領了將令
248 3 問曰 wèn yuē to ask 操問曰
249 3 甬道 yǒngdào a corridor 各分頭循河築起甬道
250 3 Féi Fei River 會合淝之眾
251 3 zhōu a state / a province 逕往西涼州投下
252 3 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 曹仁諫曰
253 3 shǒu hand 手執長鎗
254 3 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 操兵皆死於河內矣
255 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 勿傷吾主
256 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 操兵不得渡
257 3 良策 liángcè good plan / good idea 陳長文有何良策
258 3 二十 èrshí twenty 馬岱共起二十萬大兵
259 3 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 多半困乏
260 3 gòng together 此將軍不共天地
261 3 a drum 則荊州一鼓可平也
262 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 收拾敗軍
263 3 hài to injure / to harm to 今令先君被操所害
264 3 yīng should / ought 劍割髭髯應喪膽
265 3 yòu right / right-hand 以攻操之右
266 3 大喜 dàxǐ exultation 玄德大喜
267 3 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 可差人往魯子敬處
268 3 enemy / foe 一面引軍拒敵
269 3 細作 xìzuò police spy / secret agent 早有細作報知孫權
270 3 promptly / right away / immediately 即遣人諭魯肅
271 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 又見馬超生得面如傅粉
272 3 shén what 甚不堪食
273 3 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 內虛立旌旗
274 3 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 卻循河南而擊之
275 3 Li 李堪
276 3 mèng a dream 夜感一夢
277 3 西 The West 若劉備欲取西川
278 3 chóu an enemy / an opponent 不同日月之讎也
279 3 交戰 jiāozhàn to fight / to wage war 與繇交戰
280 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 切不可與戰
281 3 gǎn to catch up / to pursue / to follow 乘勢趕去
282 3 zuò to do 即時作書
283 3 nán south 逕下江南
284 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 哭拜於地曰
285 3 興兵 xīngbīng to send troops 馬孟起興兵雪恨
286 3 zhí straight 龐德直追過潼關
287 3 dìng to decide 天下定矣
288 3 上船 shàngchuán to get on the boat 河邊軍爭上船者
289 3 you 你與我押糧草
290 3 tiān to append / to add to 馬超又添二萬生力兵來助戰
291 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宜
292 3 dǎo to fall / to collapse / to topple 哭倒於地
293 3 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 逕取江南
294 3 to cut / to divide / to partition 曹阿瞞割鬚棄袍
295 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 乃治書侍御史陳群
296 2 正是 zhèngshì precisely / exactly / even / if / just like / in the same way as 正是馬超
297 2 kēng a pit 人馬俱落於陷馬坑內
298 2 chè to drag / to pull 掣所佩刀斷其髯
299 2 大驚 dàjīng with great alarm 大驚
300 2 商議 shāngyì to negotiate / to discuss / to propose 權聚眾將商議
301 2 yuē approximately 約近三更
302 2 相助 xiāngzhù to help one another / to come to somebody's help 若玄德來相助
303 2 ministry / department 字旗傳於各部
304 2 dàn but / yet / however 若但有北兵侵犯
305 2 大半 dàbàn more than half / greater part / most 折軍大半
306 2 suí to follow 夏侯淵引數十騎隨到
307 2 suī although / even though 賊雖有長鎗
308 2 抵擋 dǐdǎng to resist 曹洪抵擋不住
309 2 néng can / able 若能率西涼之兵
310 2 無心 wúxīn no-mind 必無心救權
311 2 zào tense / excited / irritable 洪性躁
312 2 father 吾與汝父結為兄弟
313 2 rào to wind around / to go around 操遶樹而走
314 2 héng horizontal / transverse 張橫
315 2 suddenly / abruptly 忽報荊州劉皇叔遣人齎書至
316 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 龐德直追過潼關
317 2 回頭 huítóu to turn round / to turn one's head 回頭視之
318 2 wēi power / might / prestige 超奮威交戰
319 2 辱罵 rǔmà to insult / to revile / to abuse 百般辱罵
320 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 逕往西涼州投下
321 2 hóng red / vermillion 穿紅袍的是曹操
322 2 暗暗 àn'àn secretly / inwardly 操暗暗稱奇
323 2 蜂擁 fēngyōng to flock (to see) / to mill / to throng 蜂擁而來
324 2 zhí nephew 以姪愚意
325 2 bǎn a slope / a hillside 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
326 2 jié take by force / to coerce 不若乘今夜引輕騎去劫野營
327 2 前部 qiánbù front part / front section 西涼州前部先鋒馬岱
328 2 zàn temporarily 賊雖暫去
329 2 軍校 jūnxiào military school / military academy 殺散軍校
330 2 zǎo early 早有細作報知孫權
331 2 eight 八將隨著韓遂
332 2 南岸 nánàn Nanan 汝卻於南岸擊之
333 2 in / at 曹操背後于禁出迎
334 2 帳下 zhàngxià inside the camp / a camp resident 聚帳下將佐
335 2 大兵 dà bīng ordinary soldier 即時起大兵三十萬
336 2 method / plan / policy / scheme 皇叔自有退兵之策
337 2 求救 qiújiù to cry for help 則孫權必求救於劉備
338 2 牛馬 niú mǎ oxen and horses / beasts of burden 皆是牛馬
339 2 earth / soil / dirt 長安城中土硬水畒鹼
340 2 渭河 Wèi Hé Wei River 操自領兵渡渭河
341 2 zhòng heavy 遂喚曹洪重加賞賜
342 2 出馬 chūmǎ to set out (on a campaign) / to stand for election / to throw one's cap in the ring 鍾繇出馬答話
343 2 dòng to move / to act 也不消動江南之兵
344 2 不住 bùzhù repeatedly / continuously / constantly 曹洪抵擋不住
345 2 thorn / sting / prick 一鎗刺李通於馬下
346 2 that / those 因見彼軍懈怠
347 2 gāo high / tall 馬超聲價蓋天高
348 2 比及 bìjí when / by the time 比及知道
349 2 野營 yěyíng to camp / field lodgings 不若乘今夜引輕騎去劫野營
350 2 yáo a folk-song 與繇交戰
351 2 步行 bùxíng to walk 步行砍出重圍
352 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日必死於馬超之手也
353 2 按劍 àn jiàn grasp a sword 按劍坐於南岸
354 2 xíng to walk / to move 星夜便行
355 2 shào to whistle / to blow a whistle 令人哨探
356 2 jiǎo foot 操伏在許褚腳邊
357 2 shēng sound 聲雄力猛
358 2 喊聲 hǎnshēng a shout / an exclamation 忽然背後喊聲大震
359 2 差人 chāirén a bailiff / a messenger 可差人往魯子敬處
360 2 měng ferocious / fierce / violent 聲雄力猛
361 2 忽然 hūrán suddenly 忽然背後喊聲大震
362 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方纔放心
363 2 děng et cetera / and so on 洪等棄關而走
364 2 八部 bā bù name of Kangxi radical 12 乃點手下八部軍馬
365 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公明之言
366 2 to go / to visit / to attend 若將馬超擒赴許都
367 2 miǎn to spare 免叔父戈戟之勞
368 2 móu to plan / to scheme 諸公笑我無破馬超之謀
369 2 gāo a pole for punting boats 忙用木篙撐之
370 2 先君 xiānjūn my late father / my ancestors / the late emperor 備昔與令先君同受密詔
371 2 hàn Han Chinese 伏念漢室不幸
372 2 mèng first month 馬孟起興兵雪恨
373 2 gài a lid / top / cover 馬超聲價蓋天高
374 2 to attack by surprise 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
375 2 dīng Ding 時有渭南縣令丁斐
376 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 即遣人諭魯肅
377 2 extra / surplus / remainder 龐德先引鐵騎千餘
378 2 奸計 jiānjì evil plan / evil schemes 不想中賊奸計
379 2 tǒng to unify 現統西涼之眾
380 2 xiū to rest 曹操休走
381 2 wilderness 布陣於野
382 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 以為供給
383 2 jīn a ford / river crossing / a ferry crossing 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
384 2 chēng to support / to prop-up 忙用木篙撐之
385 2 chún lip 孫權結為脣齒
386 2 to drink 舉刀縱馬大喝曰
387 2 qiě moreover / also 且玄德既為東吳之婿
388 2 to cry / to weep / to wail 哭拜於地曰
389 2 shù tree 操遶樹而走
390 2 bái white 白袍銀鎧
391 2 zhū vermilion 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
392 2 重圍 zhòngwéi to redouble a siege 撞出重圍
393 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 馬岱引百餘騎
394 2 shì room / bedroom 伏念漢室不幸
395 2 諸公 zhūgōng gentlemen (form of address) 諸公但堅壁觀之
396 2 咬牙切齒 yǎo yá qiè chǐ gnashing one's teeth / displaying extreme anger 超咬牙切齒
397 2 進發 jìnfā to set out / to start 正欲進發
398 2 因此 yīncǐ for that reason / therefore / for this reason 因此不曾多折軍馬
399 2 之中 zhīzhōng inside 數合之中
400 2 漸漸 jiànjiàn gradually 各部軍馬漸漸退去
401 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 漢室可興矣
402 2 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 繇大敗奔走
403 2 皇叔 huángshū the emperor's uncle 皇叔自有退兵之策
404 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 超把鎗望後一招
405 2 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 不幸事泄
406 2 chéng journey / trip 程銀
407 2 gèng more / even more 更兼無柴
408 2 領命 lǐngmìng to accept an order 肅領命
409 2 過來 guòlái to come over 挺鎗直殺過來
410 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 以遏操之前
411 2 次日 cìrì second day / next day 鍾繇次日登城看時
412 2 令人 lìngrén to cause one to / to lead one to 令人哨探
413 2 to bear / to carry 褚負操一躍上船
414 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 曹操背後于禁出迎
415 2 letter / symbol / character 字令名
416 2 若非 ruò fēi were it not for / if not for 若非有人縱馬放牛以誘賊
417 2 zuǒ left 左是馬超
418 2 xīng a star / a planet 星夜走脫
419 2 kǎi armor 白袍銀鎧
420 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 字令名
421 2 布陣 bùzhèn to deploy troops 布陣於野
422 2 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 西涼軍都棄馬在於關前草地上坐
423 2 fēi to fly 飛報曹操
424 2 會合 huìhé to meet / to rendezvous / to merge / to link up 會合淝之眾
425 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 此將軍不共天地
426 2 先鋒 xiānfēng a pioneer 西涼州前部先鋒馬岱
427 2 欺君罔上 qī jūn wǎng shàng to dupe one's sovereign 欺君罔上
428 2 河西 Héxī Hexi 此去河西
429 2 halberd 免叔父戈戟之勞
430 2 救出 jiùchū to rescue / to pluck from danger 救出韓遂
431 2 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong 江東之地
432 2 xiào school 操引三寨大小將校
433 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誓誅此賊
434 2 wéi soft leather 以驍將典韋
435 2 一手 yīshǒu skill 一手使篙撐船
436 2 河北 héběi Hebei 丞相逕發河北擊之
437 2 wèn to ask 超問
438 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 河邊軍爭上船者
439 2 líng agile / nimble 和朱靈同去逕襲河西
440 2 xiǎng to make a sound / to sound 一棒鼓響
441 2 許昌 xǔchāng Xuchang 莫非老將軍在許昌有事否
442 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是韓遂與龐德將兵五萬
443 2 追趕 zhuīgǎn to pursue / to chase after / to accelerate / to catch up with / to overtake 洪迤邐追趕
444 2 四千 sì qiān four thousand 便教徐晃引精兵四千
445 2 to lie 夢見身臥雪地
446 2 漫山遍野 màn shān biàn yě covering the mountains and the plains / as far as the eye can see / covering everything 漫山遍野而來
447 2 shuò to daub 馬超從後使鎗搠來
448 2 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 城邊轉過一人
449 2 中軍 zhōng jūn main army 直入中軍來捉曹操
450 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留使者於館舍
451 2 chén Chen 乃治書侍御史陳群
452 2 xuě snow 夢見身臥雪地
453 2 fèn to strive / to exert effort 超奮威交戰
454 2 shēn deep 河塹險深
455 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 請叔父就縳俺兄弟二人
456 2 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 起立排柵
457 2 jīng to be surprised / to be frightened / to be scared 超驚問
458 2 láo to toil 免叔父戈戟之勞
459 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
460 2 jìng to respect /to honor 可差人往魯子敬處
461 2 jiàn arrow 馬超箭不虛發
462 2 jié cut off / to stop 山背後兩軍截出
463 2 bàn half 兵半渡可擊
464 2 already / since 荊州既平
465 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後徐圖西川
466 2 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 賊亦全部見屯關上
467 2 tōng to go through / to open 李通出迎
468 2 不消 bùxiāo to not need / needless (to say) 也不消動江南之兵
469 2 第五 dì wǔ fifth 第五十八回
470 2 type of rush 若得一軍暗渡蒲阪津
471 2 tàn to visit 令人哨探
472 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 諸將皆私相議曰
473 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 即扯旗角包頸而逃
474 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 乃侯選
475 2 小將 xiǎojiāng (in classical literature) young military officer of high rank for his age / (during the Cultural Revolution) young militant in the Red Guard 小將軍已下關了
476 2 míng measure word for people 名德
477 2 luò to fall / to drop 乃是羌人部落
478 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 喝令驍將遶河射之
479 2 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 于禁敗走
480 2 縣令 xiànlìng county magistrate 時有渭南縣令丁斐
481 2 several 過了幾日
482 2 驍將 xiāojiāng valiant general 喝令驍將遶河射之
483 2 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 一擁而來
484 2 yún cloud 內云
485 2 下江 xià jiāng to flow downriver 逕下江南
486 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右將佐皆抵擋不住
487 2 shì power / authority 兩邊各布陣勢
488 2 jiǔ nine 如何九日失了潼關
489 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 自使曹操不敢正覷東南
490 2 手下 shǒu xià under one's control or administration 乃點手下八部軍馬
491 2 yào to want / to wish for 要提兵下關廝殺
492 2 to substitute for / to take the place of / to replace 替鍾繇緊守潼關
493 2 píng flat / level / smooth 則荊州一鼓可平也
494 2 hair 發使者先回
495 2 號砲 hàopào cannon used for signaling / signaling shot 號砲響時
496 2 qiàn moat around a city 河塹險深
497 2 zhǔ owner 必有主畫
498 2 城門 chéng mén a city gate 大開城門
499 2 to lack 權無救則力乏兵衰
500 2 不必 bùbì need not 也不必動荊州之兵

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
曹操 Cáo Cāo Cao Cao
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
陳兵 Chén Bīng Chen Bing
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
dài Mount Tai
东门 東門 Dōng mén East Gate
东吴 東吳 Dōng Wú Eastern Wu
方回 fāng huí Fang Hui
Féi Fei River
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉朝 漢朝 Hàn Cháo Han Dynasty
He
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河西 Héxī Hexi
河中 hézhōng Hezhong
江东 江東 jiāngdōng Jiangdong
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
荆州 荊州 Jīngzhōu
  1. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
  2. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
孔明 kǒngmíng Kongming / Zhuge Liang
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
刘备 劉備 Liú Bèi Liu Bei
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁肃 魯肅 lǔsù Lu Su / Lu Zijing
马超 馬超 mǎchāo Ma Chao
马大 馬大 mǎdà Martha
南岸 nánàn Nanan
南山 nánshān Nanshan / Daoxuan
qiāng
  1. Qiang [people]
  2. Qiang
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
孙权 孫權 Sūn Quán Sun Quan
潼关 潼關 Tóngguān Tongguan
wèi Wei River
渭河 Wèi Hé Wei River
渭南 Wèinán Weinan
西汉 西漢 Xī Hàn Western Han
西凉 西涼 Xī Liáng Western Liang
西门 西門 Xī mén West Gate
下关 下關 xiàguān Xiaguan
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
许昌 許昌 xǔchāng Xuchang
钟繇 鍾繇 zhōngyáo Zhong Yao

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English