Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《張耳陳餘列傳》 Biographies of Zhang Er and Chen Yu

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 110 wáng Wang 功德宜為王
2 87 chén Chen 張耳陳餘列傳
3 76 zhào Zhao 數游趙苦陘
4 69 ěr ear 張耳陳餘列傳
5 64 extra / surplus / remainder 張耳陳餘列傳
6 59 yuē to speak / to say 乃謂女曰
7 41 rén person / people / a human being 大梁人也
8 30 qín Shaanxi 秦之滅大梁也
9 28 bīng soldier / troops 兵數萬
10 28 chén minister / statesman / official 臣嘗游趙
11 27 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 因天下之力而攻無道之君
12 24 yān Yan 使驅馳燕
13 24 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使受笞
14 23 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
15 22 desire 陳餘欲起
16 22 to stand 復立楚社稷
17 21 gōng public/ common / state-owned 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
18 21 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃宦魏為外黃令
19 19 to die 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
20 18 martial / military 武臣等從白馬渡河
21 17 shàng top / a high position 陳餘上謁陳涉
22 16 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 李良略常山
23 16 gāo high / tall 趙相貫高
24 16 xìn to believe / to trust 號武臣為武信君
25 16 soil / ground / land 願請奇兵北略趙地
26 15 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 縣殺其令丞
27 15 天下 tiānxià China 且夫監臨天下諸將
28 14 chéng a city / a town 縣無守城
29 14 hàn Han Chinese 漢元年二月
30 14 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang 乃引兵東北擊范陽
31 14 chǔ state of Chu 復立楚社稷
32 13 guàn to go through 趙相貫高
33 13 shǔ to count 數游趙苦陘
34 13 liǎng two 兩人相與為刎頸交
35 12 guest / visitor 及魏公子毋忌為客
36 12 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 陳中豪傑父老乃說陳涉曰
37 11 shí time / a point or period of time 其少時
38 11 wén to hear 已聞此兩人魏之名士也
39 10 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 據咸陽以令諸侯
40 10 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror 項羽兵數絕章邯甬道
41 10 Li 李良略常山
42 10 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 將軍身被堅執銳
43 10 áo to ramble 封張耳子敖為成都君
44 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 遣人立六國後
45 9 to strike / to hit / to beat 周文將卒百萬西擊秦
46 9 hóu marquis / lord 於此時而不成封侯之業者
47 9 lüè plan / strategy 願請奇兵北略趙地
48 9 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖為布衣時
49 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為過矣
50 9 běi north 願請奇兵北略趙地
51 9 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂立為王
52 9 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
53 9 a man / a male adult 亡其夫
54 8 shí ten 下趙十城
55 8 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace
56 8 fēng to seal / to close off 於此時而不成封侯之業者
57 8 zhī to know 父客素知張耳
58 8 nián year 漢二年
59 8 shōu to receive / to accept 未及收河北也
60 8 shì matter / thing / item 父事張耳
61 8 西 The West 急引兵而西
62 8 děng et cetera / and so on 武臣等從白馬渡河
63 8 zhōng middle 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
64 8 xiè to let out 中大夫泄公曰
65 8 jūn army / military 邵騷為護軍
66 8 鉅鹿 Jùlù Julu 張耳與趙王歇走入鉅鹿城
67 8 to die 乃卒為請決
68 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 敵多則力分
69 7 xiān first 先下者也
70 7 yǐn to lead / to guide 張耳乃引陳餘之桑下而數之曰
71 7 yán to speak / to say / said 始吾與公言何如
72 7 to reach 及魏公子毋忌為客
73 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 李良走歸章邯
74 7 Hán Han 李良走歸章邯
75 7 hòu after / later 遣人立六國後
76 7 cháng to taste 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
77 7 hòu after / later 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
78 7 wèn to ask 陳涉問此兩人
79 7 hurried / worried 急引兵而西
80 7 alone / independent / single / sole 今獨王陳
81 7 jiàn to see 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
82 7 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 敵多則力分
83 7 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 務在入關
84 7 Shandong 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
85 7 bào newspaper 各報其怨而攻其讎
86 6 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王與我有舊故
87 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡百姓之財
88 6 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 知其豪桀及地形
89 6 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 陳澤往讓陳餘曰
90 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 乃卒為請決
91 6 child / son 孤人之子
92 6 female / feminine 外黃富人女甚美
93 6 to arise / to get up 陳餘欲起
94 6 power / force / strength 罷百姓之力
95 6 tīng to listen 女聽
96 6 shǎo few 其少時
97 6 guī to go back / to return 乃歸王
98 6 qián front 誅殺如前十城也
99 6 xiē to rest / to stop / to lodge 乃求得趙歇
100 6 to calculate / to compute / to count 出萬死不顧一生之計
101 6 xián virtuous / worthy 必欲求賢夫
102 6 yóu to swim 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
103 6 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願將軍立為楚王也
104 6 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 陳涉起蘄
105 5 xiàn county 縣無守城
106 5 residence / dwelling 獨介居河北
107 5 dìng to decide 傳檄而千里定
108 5 gōng to attack / to assault 各報其怨而攻其讎
109 5 yǎn black spots on the body 使張黶
110 5 shí food / food and drink 為里監門以自食
111 5 yuàn to blame / to complain 各報其怨而攻其讎
112 5 gǎn bold / brave 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
113 5 常山 chángshān Changshan 李良略常山
114 5 wài outside 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
115 5 wèi Wei Dynasty 及魏公子毋忌為客
116 5 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 率士卒以誅暴秦
117 5 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 王離圍之
118 5 Kangxi radical 80 及魏公子毋忌為客
119 5 tōng to go through / to open 范陽人蒯通說范陽令曰
120 5 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 至邯鄲
121 5 元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou 子偃為魯元王
122 5 Jié Emperor Jie 知其豪桀及地形
123 5 anger / rage / fury 家自為怒
124 5 jiā house / home / residence 張耳家外黃
125 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
126 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 縣無守城
127 4 one 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
128 4 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 胡不赴秦軍俱死
129 4 shí real / true 實欲燕殺之
130 4 jiù to save / to rescue 不肯相救
131 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 如此則帝業成矣
132 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 陳餘敗李良
133 4 guǎng wide / large / vast 南收河內以自廣
134 4 a government official / a magistrate 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
135 4 wáng to die 亡其夫
136 4 father 去抵父客
137 4 sān three 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
138 4 to go 去抵父客
139 4 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦良罪
140 4 huáng yellow 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
141 4 kuǎi a rush 范陽人蒯通說范陽令曰
142 4 inside / interior 為里監門以自食
143 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 秦未亡而誅武臣等家
144 4 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 君何不齎臣侯印
145 4 a musical note 呂后數言張王以魯元公主故
146 4 increase / benefit 名由此益賢
147 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 秦之滅大梁也
148 4 nán south 南有五嶺之戍
149 4 responsibility / duty 而責殺王之罪
150 4 足下 gé xià you 足下為范陽令十年矣
151 4 dōng east 五星聚東井
152 4 easy / simple 夫以一趙尚易燕
153 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其將
154 4 can / may / permissible 可轉禍為福
155 4 plain / white 父客素知張耳
156 4 shǐ beginning / start 始吾與公言何如
157 4 Germany 以德服之
158 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 君急遣臣見武信君
159 4 dào way / road / path 夫臣與主豈可同日而道哉
160 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不戰而略地
161 4 to congratulate 賀公得通而生
162 4 method / way 重之以苛法峻刑
163 4 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙系武臣等家宮中
164 3 sāo to harass / to bother / to annoy / to disturb / to agitate 邵騷為護軍
165 3 chí to grasp / to hold 以持趙心
166 3 追殺 zhuīshā to chase to kill 請追殺之
167 3 得數 deshǔ numerical answer / solution 得數萬人
168 3 生平 shēngpíng one's entire life 涉及左右生平數聞張耳
169 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 少年亦不敢殺其令
170 3 to visit 陳餘上謁陳涉
171 3 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 夫秦為無道
172 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具道本指所以為者王不知狀
173 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 而責殺王之罪
174 3 to look after / to attend to 顧其勢初定
175 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 乃走燕壁
176 3 pàn boundary path dividing fields 今諸侯畔秦矣
177 3 bǎi cypress / cedar 貫高等乃壁人柏人
178 3 xiè to thank 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
179 3 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 上乃詔趙群臣賓客有敢從王皆族
180 3 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 恐天下解也
181 3 xián liesure 時閒不容息
182 3 少年 shàonián a juvenile / youngster 少年皆爭殺君
183 3 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 得數萬人
184 3 zhòng heavy 重之以苛法峻刑
185 3 zài in / at 務在入關
186 3 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 大梁人也
187 3 tián field / farmland 及齊王田榮畔楚
188 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 罷百姓之力
189 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
190 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 陳澤往讓陳餘曰
191 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 豈欲為卿相終己邪
192 3 to take / to get / to fetch 天與不取
193 3 older sister / elder sister 道逢趙王姊出飲
194 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 筑甬道屬河
195 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠聽臣之計
196 3 gōng merit 可就功
197 3 a slave / a servant 嫁庸奴
198 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
199 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 陳王使使者賀趙
200 3 páng side 伏謁道旁
201 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 使者往
202 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 王離圍之
203 3 wèi to fear / to dread 畏秦法耳
204 3 qiú to request 購求有得張耳千金
205 3 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
206 3 diào to condole / to give condolences 故弔
207 3 róng glory / honor 及齊王田榮畔楚
208 3 qiáng strong / powerful 與眾則兵彊
209 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方二千里
210 3 liù six 遣人立六國後
211 3 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 張耳以故致千里客
212 3 shào Shao 邵騷為護軍
213 3 wall 乃走燕壁
214 3 shū book 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
215 3 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 兩人相與為刎頸交
216 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
217 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷百姓之力
218 2 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 兩人相與為刎頸交
219 2 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 收其麾下
220 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 趙郊
221 2 a family clan 欲盡族武臣等家
222 2 不平 bùpíng unjust / unfair / wrong 此項羽不平
223 2 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 陳王大怒
224 2 néng can / able 若何以能得王
225 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 張耳以故致千里客
226 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 率士卒以誅暴秦
227 2 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 陳王相國房君諫曰
228 2 chēng to call / to address 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
229 2 慈父 cífù a loving father 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
230 2 xīn heart 以持趙心
231 2 xíng punishment / penalty 秦為亂政虐刑以殘賊天下
232 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 從百餘騎
233 2 dǎng political party 自為樹黨
234 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固欲反趙
235 2 高等 gāoděng higher / high level / advanced 貫高等乃壁人柏人
236 2 servant 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
237 2 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 張耳為右丞相
238 2 ruò weak 陳餘為趙王弱
239 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 秦兵塞井陘
240 2 meaning / sense 扶以義
241 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 涉及左右生平數聞張耳
242 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
243 2 clothes / dress / garment 以德服之
244 2 hōng to die 張耳薨
245 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 方圍章邯廢丘
246 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 予卒三千人
247 2 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 南收河內以自廣
248 2 to stick in / to stab 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
249 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 復立楚社稷
250 2 xiào to be filial 及孝惠
251 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 盡百姓之財
252 2 nuò to promise 此固趙國立名義不侵為然諾者也
253 2 xià summer 陳餘乃使夏說說田榮曰
254 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 方二千里
255 2 zuǒ left 邵騷為左丞相
256 2 tiān day 天與不取
257 2 wèi to call 乃謂女曰
258 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 疑不信
259 2 to attack by surprise 乃遂將其兵襲邯鄲
260 2 zhì to place / to lay out 畏君以為秦所置吏
261 2 以南 yǐnán south 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
262 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴良
263 2 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 而發兵擊趙
264 2 tóu head 頭會箕斂
265 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
266 2 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 乃上變告之
267 2 無可 wúkě can't 念諸侯無可歸者
268 2 hán Korea / South Korea 而使韓廣略燕
269 2 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 陳餘為左右校尉
270 2 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 兵數萬
271 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 可轉禍為福
272 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯相救
273 2 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 數十年矣
274 2 to leave behind 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
275 2 甬道 yǒngdào a corridor 筑甬道屬河
276 2 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing 秦兵塞井陘
277 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 可不攻而降城
278 2 傳檄 chuánxí to circulate / to promulgate 傳檄而千里定
279 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不意君之望臣深也
280 2 private 示天下私
281 2 hòu thick 女家厚奉給張耳
282 2 河北 héběi Hebei 未及收河北也
283 2 skin / hide / fur / feather 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
284 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 舍中皆笑曰
285 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 功德宜為王
286 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 武臣等從白馬渡河
287 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 不為王不可
288 2 qiú a prisoner / a convict 燕將囚之
289 2 gòu to buy / to purchase 購求有得張耳千金
290 2 to be fond of / to like 即喜矣
291 2 lái to come 皆來救
292 2 餘怒 yúnù residual anger 陳餘怒曰
293 2 móu to plan / to scheme 貫高怨家知其謀
294 2 èr two 漢二年
295 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮甚卑
296 2 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子偃為魯元王
297 2 district / county 至石邑
298 2 biàn to change / to alter 陳餘乃變名姓
299 2 to enter 至入陳
300 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
301 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 燕輒殺之以求地
302 2 yòu right / right-hand 張耳為右丞相
303 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 陳餘自度兵少
304 2 mother 人情寧不各愛其父母妻子乎
305 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 項羽悉引兵渡河
306 2 jǐng well / mine shaft / pit 五星聚東井
307 2 富人 fùrén a rich man 外黃富人女甚美
308 2 chī to whip 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
309 2 enemy / foe 為秦益敵也
310 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 率士卒以誅暴秦
311 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 又不如立其兄弟
312 2 business / industry 如此則帝業成矣
313 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 少年皆爭殺君
314 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 賀公得通而生
315 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐天下解也
316 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 上過欲宿
317 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊聞公之將死
318 2 jià to marry 嫁庸奴
319 2 shù tree 自為樹黨
320 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人立六國後
321 2 刎頸 wěnjǐng to behead 兩人相與為刎頸交
322 2 qián pincers / pliers / tongs / claw 皆自髡鉗
323 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 於是漢王求人類張耳者斬之
324 2 guān an office 慚其從官
325 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治信都
326 2 能者 néngzhě a person with ability 能者先立
327 2 tuō to take off 恐不脫於禍
328 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此野無交兵
329 2 to give 予卒三千人
330 2 shě to give 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
331 2 已定 yǐdìng already stable 李良已定常山
332 2 shí a rock / a stone 至石邑
333 2 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信已定魏地
334 2 yòng to use / to apply 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
335 2 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 信都更名襄國
336 2 不受 bùshòu to not accept 張耳亦愕不受
337 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 德流子孫
338 2 a river / a stream 筑甬道屬河
339 2 xùn to give in to / to be swayed by / to comply with / to follow 又聞諸將為陳王徇地
340 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 使受笞
341 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
342 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破人國家
343 2 shēn human body / torso 將軍身被堅執銳
344 2 service 北有長城之役
345 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
346 2 樂昌 lèchāng Lechang 壽為樂昌侯
347 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 又不如立其兄弟
348 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 數游趙苦陘
349 2 qīng minister / high officer 豈欲為卿相終己邪
350 2 noon / 11 a.m.-1 p.m. 趙午等年六十餘
351 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 請以南皮為捍蔽
352 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 乃使五千人令張黶
353 2 to implore / to pray 陳涉起蘄
354 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 豈欲為卿相終己邪
355 2 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 名由此益賢
356 2 數月 shǔyuè several months 客數月
357 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 賢人也
358 1 少長 shǎozhǎng young and old 且以少長先立武臣為王
359 1 ài to love 人情寧不各愛其父母妻子乎
360 1 功德 gōngdé guṇa / achievements and virtue / merit 功德宜為王
361 1 大王 dàwáng king 大王舉梁
362 1 supreme ruler / emperor 如此則帝業成矣
363 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 與趙王載歸
364 1 to think over / to consider 安知後慮
365 1 一體 yītǐ one body / an integral whole 張耳一體有功於趙
366 1 hàn to ward off 請以南皮為捍蔽
367 1 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 高祖為布衣時
368 1 女家 nǚjiā bride's family (in marriage) 女家厚奉給張耳
369 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 乃卒為請決
370 1 gas / vapour / fumes 生平為氣
371 1 脫身 tuōshēn to get away / to escape (from obligations) / to free oneself / to disengage 張耳是時脫身游
372 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 率士卒以誅暴秦
373 1 長女 zhǎngnǚ eldest daughter 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
374 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 此士之一時也
375 1 獨身 dúshēn unmarried / single 事敗獨身坐耳
376 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 張耳敗走
377 1 南面 nánmiàn south 此亦各欲南面而王
378 1 elegant / graceful / refined 張耳雅游
379 1 chán weak / unfit / frail / feeble 吾王孱王也
380 1 wèi a military officer 郡殺其守尉
381 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 孝文帝即位
382 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 今王事高祖甚恭
383 1 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 且先人亡國
384 1 相安 xiāngān amiable 使天下父子不相安
385 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 餘年少
386 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 張耳數使人召前陳餘
387 1 qiū Confucius 方圍章邯廢丘
388 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 以陳餘為大將軍
389 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 而并捕王
390 1 求人 qiúrén to ask for help / to ask a favor / to recruit talented people 於是漢王求人類張耳者斬之
391 1 百萬 bǎiwàn one million 周文將卒百萬西擊秦
392 1 jiāo glue / gum / resin / rubber 乃轞車膠致
393 1 收兵 shōubīng to retreat / to withdraw troops / to recall troops / fig. to finish work / to wind up / to call it a day / used with negatives: the task is far from over 乃行收兵
394 1 將死 jiāngsǐ to checkmate (in chess) / to be about to die 竊聞公之將死
395 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 漢王厚遇之
396 1 shì power / authority 顧其勢初定
397 1 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 陳餘五百金
398 1 jiàn a vehicle for transporting prisoners 乃轞車膠致
399 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 去抵父客
400 1 同心 tóngxīn of one mind / with common wishes 夫天下同心而苦秦久矣
401 1 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 要之置廁
402 1 仰視 yǎngshì to look up 仰視曰
403 1 華轂 huàgǔ decorated carriage 令范陽令乘朱輪華轂
404 1 讒毀 chánhuǐ to disparage 多以讒毀得罪誅
405 1 舊故 jiùgù old friend / former acquaintance 漢王與我有舊故
406 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 而高祖無禮
407 1 女兒 nǚ ér daughter 今女兒乃不為將軍下車
408 1 cuàn to seize / to usurp 且人臣有篡殺之名
409 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
410 1 道中 dào zhōng on the path 遣人追殺王姊道中
411 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 及齊王田榮畔楚
412 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 道逢趙王姊出飲
413 1 to envy / to be jealous 及魏公子毋忌為客
414 1 xìng family name / surname 陳餘乃變名姓
415 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜范陽令
416 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 侈為信都侯
417 1 shì to show / to reveal 示天下私
418 1 人武 rénwǔ armed forces 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
419 1 為重 wèizhòng to attach most importance to 豈以臣為重去將哉
420 1 to assemble / to meet together 五星聚東井
421 1 不以 bùyǐ not because of 怨陳王不其筴不以為將而以為校尉
422 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 燕輒殺之以求地
423 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
424 1 怒罵 nùmà to curse in rage 貫高獨怒罵曰
425 1 niè to gnaw / to erode 張敖齧其指出血
426 1 chuí a horse whip 陳餘杖馬箠下趙數十城
427 1 奇兵 qíbīng troops appearing suddenly (in a raid or ambush) 願請奇兵北略趙地
428 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 大王舉梁
429 1 相者 xiāngzhě somebody who receives or greets guest 所居國無不取卿相者
430 1 xiāng village / township 何鄉者相慕用之誠
431 1 biān bamboo palanquin 上使泄公持節問之箯輿前
432 1 亂政 luànzhèng to administer 秦為亂政虐刑以殘賊天下
433 1 下車 xiàchē to alight from a vehicle 今女兒乃不為將軍下車
434 1 sufficient / enough 斷人之足
435 1 萬餘 wàn yú more than ten thousand 得萬餘人
436 1 未決 wèijué as yet undecided / unsolved / still outstanding 未決
437 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 夷其城郭
438 1 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 於此時而不成封侯之業者
439 1 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 項羽以陳餘不從入關
440 1 prison 對獄
441 1 妻子 qīzi wife 人情寧不各愛其父母妻子乎
442 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑不信
443 1 zhǐ to point 具道本指所以為者王不知狀
444 1 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能前
445 1 更名 gèngmíng to change name 信都更名襄國
446 1 所居 suǒjū residence / dwelling / dwelling place 所居國無不取卿相者
447 1 fèn to strive / to exert effort 陳王奮臂為天下倡始
448 1 長者 zhǎngzhě the elderly 吾王長者
449 1 列傳 lièzhuàn a historical biography 張耳陳餘列傳
450 1 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 先至必霸
451 1 to lack 王離軍乏食
452 1 chuán to transmit 世傳所稱賢者
453 1 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 具道本指所以為者王不知狀
454 1 亡命 wángmìng to flee / to go into exile (from prison) 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
455 1 five 漢五年
456 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 獨介居河北
457 1 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 秦為亂政虐刑以殘賊天下
458 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 上賢貫高為人能立然諾
459 1 未知 wèizhī unknown / do not know 君未知此兩人所欲也
460 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 陳餘患之
461 1 進兵 jìnbīng to advance troops 李良進兵擊陳餘
462 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 破人國家
463 1 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao 此固趙國立名義不侵為然諾者也
464 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 吾王審出乎
465 1 顧問 gùwèn adviser / consultant 豈顧問哉
466 1 zhī Zhi 斬陳餘泜水上
467 1 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 延陵季子異矣
468 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 世傳所稱賢者
469 1 水上 shuǐshàng on water / aquatic 斬陳餘泜水上
470 1 my (polite) / poor / ruined / shabby / worn out / defeated 百姓罷敝
471 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 廷尉以貫高事辭聞
472 1 出乎 chūhū due to / to stem from / to go beyond (also beyond reason, expectations etc) 吾王審出乎
473 1 jùn talented / capable 莫非天下俊桀
474 1 evening / night 趙王朝夕袒韛蔽
475 1 hǎo good 好儒術
476 1 shòu old age / long life 壽為樂昌侯
477 1 shì to test / to try / to experiment 諸君試相與計之
478 1 kūn to scalp / to make the head bald 皆自髡鉗
479 1 qíng to tattoo criminals on the face or forehead 黥人之首
480 1 dài dangerous / perilous 所由殆與大伯
481 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 中大夫泄公曰
482 1 堅守 jiānshǒu to hold fast to / to stick to 而君堅守范陽
483 1 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 王姊醉
484 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 吾度前終不能救趙
485 1 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 漢元年二月
486 1 fèng to offer / to present 女家厚奉給張耳
487 1 下降 xiàjiàng to decline / to drop / to fall / to decrease 故欲先天下降
488 1 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 及魏公子毋忌為客
489 1 得出 dechū to obtain (results) / to arrive at (a conclusion) 張耳乃得出鉅鹿
490 1 廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice 廷尉以貫高事辭聞
491 1 chéng to fill 賓客雖盛
492 1 千金 qiānjīn thousand jin 斤 (pounds) of gold / money and riches / (honorific) invaluable (support) / (honorific) daughter 購求有得張耳千金
493 1 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang 張黡略上黨
494 1 二世 èrshì the Second (of numbered Kings) / second generation 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
495 1 jīn gold 陳餘五百金
496 1 āng dirty / filthy 乃仰絕骯
497 1 zhòng many / numerous 與眾則兵彊
498 1 計謀 jìmóu a plan / a scheme 問張王果有計謀不
499 1 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 遂趨出
500 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 如以肉委餓虎

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 110 wáng Wang 功德宜為王
2 87 chén Chen 張耳陳餘列傳
3 86 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張耳陳餘列傳
4 79 zhī him / her / them / that 嫁之張耳
5 76 zhào Zhao 數游趙苦陘
6 71 wèi for / to 及魏公子毋忌為客
7 69 ěr ear 張耳陳餘列傳
8 64 extra / surplus / remainder 張耳陳餘列傳
9 59 yuē to speak / to say 乃謂女曰
10 49 so as to / in order to 張耳以故致千里客
11 43 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃謂女曰
12 42 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 張耳乃引陳餘之桑下而數之曰
13 41 rén person / people / a human being 大梁人也
14 38 his / hers / its / theirs 其少時
15 35 also / too 大梁人也
16 31 not / no 陳涉不聽
17 30 qín Shaanxi 秦之滅大梁也
18 28 bīng soldier / troops 兵數萬
19 28 chén minister / statesman / official 臣嘗游趙
20 27 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 因天下之力而攻無道之君
21 24 yān Yan 使驅馳燕
22 24 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使受笞
23 23 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
24 22 and 兩人相與為刎頸交
25 22 desire 陳餘欲起
26 22 to stand 復立楚社稷
27 21 gōng public/ common / state-owned 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
28 21 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 張耳者
29 21 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 乃宦魏為外黃令
30 19 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 餘皆城守
31 19 to die 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
32 18 yǒu is / are / to exist 購求有得張耳千金
33 18 martial / military 武臣等從白馬渡河
34 17 shàng top / a high position 陳餘上謁陳涉
35 16 this / these 已聞此兩人魏之名士也
36 16 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 李良略常山
37 16 gāo high / tall 趙相貫高
38 16 xìn to believe / to trust 號武臣為武信君
39 16 soil / ground / land 願請奇兵北略趙地
40 16 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 且夫監臨天下諸將
41 15 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 縣殺其令丞
42 15 天下 tiānxià China 且夫監臨天下諸將
43 15 cóng from 從張耳
44 14 chéng a city / a town 縣無守城
45 14 zhì to / until 至入陳
46 14 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 張耳以故致千里客
47 14 hàn Han Chinese 漢元年二月
48 14 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang 乃引兵東北擊范陽
49 14 chǔ state of Chu 復立楚社稷
50 14 de potential marker 購求有得張耳千金
51 13 guàn to go through 趙相貫高
52 13 shǔ to count 數游趙苦陘
53 13 liǎng two 兩人相與為刎頸交
54 12 qiě moreover / also 且夫監臨天下諸將
55 12 also / too 亦大梁人也
56 12 I 始吾與公言何如
57 12 guest / visitor 及魏公子毋忌為客
58 12 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 陳中豪傑父老乃說陳涉曰
59 11 xià next 張耳乃引陳餘之桑下而數之曰
60 11 shí time / a point or period of time 其少時
61 11 wén to hear 已聞此兩人魏之名士也
62 10 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 據咸陽以令諸侯
63 10 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror 項羽兵數絕章邯甬道
64 10 already / afterwards 已聞此兩人魏之名士也
65 10 rán correct / right / certainly 陳餘然之
66 10 naturally / of course / certainly 為里監門以自食
67 10 Li 李良略常山
68 10 final particle 如此則帝業成矣
69 10 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 將軍身被堅執銳
70 10 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必欲求賢夫
71 10 áo to ramble 封張耳子敖為成都君
72 10 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 豈欲為卿相終己邪
73 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 遣人立六國後
74 9 to strike / to hit / to beat 周文將卒百萬西擊秦
75 9 hóu marquis / lord 於此時而不成封侯之業者
76 9 lüè plan / strategy 願請奇兵北略趙地
77 9 again / more / repeatedly 復立楚社稷
78 9 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖為布衣時
79 9 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為過矣
80 9 běi north 願請奇兵北略趙地
81 9 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂立為王
82 9 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
83 9 a man / a male adult 亡其夫
84 8 shí ten 下趙十城
85 8 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace
86 8 fēng to seal / to close off 於此時而不成封侯之業者
87 8 zhī to know 父客素知張耳
88 8 nián year 漢二年
89 8 chū to go out / to leave 出萬死不顧一生之計
90 8 shōu to receive / to accept 未及收河北也
91 8 shì matter / thing / item 父事張耳
92 8 西 The West 急引兵而西
93 8 děng et cetera / and so on 武臣等從白馬渡河
94 8 zhōng middle 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
95 8 xiè to let out 中大夫泄公曰
96 8 jūn army / military 邵騷為護軍
97 8 鉅鹿 Jùlù Julu 張耳與趙王歇走入鉅鹿城
98 8 to die 乃卒為請決
99 8 in / at 於此時而不成封侯之業者
100 7 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 敵多則力分
101 7 what / where / which 知臣何欲
102 7 xiān first 先下者也
103 7 yǐn to lead / to guide 張耳乃引陳餘之桑下而數之曰
104 7 yán to speak / to say / said 始吾與公言何如
105 7 to reach 及魏公子毋忌為客
106 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 李良走歸章邯
107 7 Hán Han 李良走歸章邯
108 7 hòu after / later 遣人立六國後
109 7 cháng to taste 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
110 7 hòu after / later 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
111 7 wèn to ask 陳涉問此兩人
112 7 hurried / worried 急引兵而西
113 7 alone / independent / single / sole 今獨王陳
114 7 jiàn to see 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
115 7 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 敵多則力分
116 7 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 務在入關
117 7 Shandong 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
118 7 bào newspaper 各報其怨而攻其讎
119 6 I / me / my 良嘗事我得顯幸
120 6 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王與我有舊故
121 6 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡百姓之財
122 6 hái also / in addition / more 還報
123 6 háo brave / heroic / chivalrous / bold / audacious 知其豪桀及地形
124 6 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 陳澤往讓陳餘曰
125 6 yīn because 因天下之力而攻無道之君
126 6 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
127 6 entirely / without exception 俱之陳
128 6 qǐng to ask / to inquire 乃卒為請決
129 6 child / son 孤人之子
130 6 female / feminine 外黃富人女甚美
131 6 to arise / to get up 陳餘欲起
132 6 power / force / strength 罷百姓之力
133 6 zhū all / many / various 且夫監臨天下諸將
134 6 tīng to listen 女聽
135 6 shǎo few 其少時
136 6 guī to go back / to return 乃歸王
137 6 qián front 誅殺如前十城也
138 6 zāi exclamatory particle 夫臣與主豈可同日而道哉
139 6 xiē to rest / to stop / to lodge 乃求得趙歇
140 6 to calculate / to compute / to count 出萬死不顧一生之計
141 6 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
142 6 expresses question or doubt 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
143 6 xián virtuous / worthy 必欲求賢夫
144 6 yóu to swim 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
145 6 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願將軍立為楚王也
146 6 shè to ford a stream / to wade across 陳涉起蘄
147 5 xiàn county 縣無守城
148 5 residence / dwelling 獨介居河北
149 5 dìng to decide 傳檄而千里定
150 5 gōng to attack / to assault 各報其怨而攻其讎
151 5 yǎn black spots on the body 使張黶
152 5 shí food / food and drink 為里監門以自食
153 5 yuàn to blame / to complain 各報其怨而攻其讎
154 5 gǎn bold / brave 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
155 5 常山 chángshān Changshan 李良略常山
156 5 wài outside 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
157 5 wèi Wei Dynasty 及魏公子毋忌為客
158 5 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 率士卒以誅暴秦
159 5 how can it be that? 豈欲為卿相終己邪
160 5 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 王離圍之
161 5 Kangxi radical 80 及魏公子毋忌為客
162 5 dōu all 居信都
163 5 tōng to go through / to open 范陽人蒯通說范陽令曰
164 5 promptly / right away / immediately 見即大喜
165 5 邯鄲 Hándān Handan 至邯鄲
166 5 元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou 子偃為魯元王
167 5 Jié Emperor Jie 知其豪桀及地形
168 5 no 如此野無交兵
169 5 anger / rage / fury 家自為怒
170 5 jiā house / home / residence 張耳家外黃
171 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
172 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 縣無守城
173 4 one 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
174 4 秦軍 Qínjūn the Qin army 胡不赴秦軍俱死
175 4 shí real / true 實欲燕殺之
176 4 jiù to save / to rescue 不肯相救
177 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 如此則帝業成矣
178 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 陳餘敗李良
179 4 guǎng wide / large / vast 南收河內以自廣
180 4 a government official / a magistrate 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
181 4 wáng to die 亡其夫
182 4 father 去抵父客
183 4 fēi not / non- / un- 亦知陳餘非庸人也
184 4 yòu again / also 又聞諸將為陳王徇地
185 4 sān three 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
186 4 otherwise / but / however 敵多則力分
187 4 to go 去抵父客
188 4 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦良罪
189 4 huáng yellow 張耳嘗亡命游外黃
190 4 kuǎi a rush 范陽人蒯通說范陽令曰
191 4 inside / interior 為里監門以自食
192 4 míng measure word for people 名由此益賢
193 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 秦未亡而誅武臣等家
194 4 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 君何不齎臣侯印
195 4 a musical note 呂后數言張王以魯元公主故
196 4 increase / benefit 名由此益賢
197 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 秦之滅大梁也
198 4 such as / for example / for instance 誅殺如前十城也
199 4 nán south 南有五嶺之戍
200 4 responsibility / duty 而責殺王之罪
201 4 足下 gé xià you 足下為范陽令十年矣
202 4 duì to / toward 兩人相對
203 4 dōng east 五星聚東井
204 4 easy / simple 夫以一趙尚易燕
205 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其將
206 4 can / may / permissible 可轉禍為福
207 4 plain / white 父客素知張耳
208 4 shǐ beginning / start 始吾與公言何如
209 4 suī although / even though 楚雖勝秦
210 4 jué absolutely 存亡繼絕
211 4 according to 據咸陽以令諸侯
212 4 Germany 以德服之
213 4 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 君急遣臣見武信君
214 4 dào way / road / path 夫臣與主豈可同日而道哉
215 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不戰而略地
216 4 to congratulate 賀公得通而生
217 4 shén what 外黃富人女甚美
218 4 method / way 重之以苛法峻刑
219 4 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 徙系武臣等家宮中
220 3 sāo to harass / to bother / to annoy / to disturb / to agitate 邵騷為護軍
221 3 chí to grasp / to hold 以持趙心
222 3 追殺 zhuīshā to chase to kill 請追殺之
223 3 得數 deshǔ numerical answer / solution 得數萬人
224 3 生平 shēngpíng one's entire life 涉及左右生平數聞張耳
225 3 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 少年亦不敢殺其令
226 3 to visit 陳餘上謁陳涉
227 3 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 夫秦為無道
228 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具道本指所以為者王不知狀
229 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 而責殺王之罪
230 3 to look after / to attend to 顧其勢初定
231 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 乃走燕壁
232 3 pàn boundary path dividing fields 今諸侯畔秦矣
233 3 bǎi cypress / cedar 貫高等乃壁人柏人
234 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 夫天下豪桀并起
235 3 xiè to thank 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
236 3 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 上乃詔趙群臣賓客有敢從王皆族
237 3 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 恐天下解也
238 3 xián liesure 時閒不容息
239 3 少年 shàonián a juvenile / youngster 少年皆爭殺君
240 3 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 得數萬人
241 3 zhòng heavy 重之以苛法峻刑
242 3 zài in / at 務在入關
243 3 each 各報其怨而攻其讎
244 3 大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang 大梁人也
245 3 tián field / farmland 及齊王田榮畔楚
246 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 罷百姓之力
247 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 今見小辱而欲死一吏乎
248 3 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 且餘所以不俱死
249 3 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 陳澤往讓陳餘曰
250 3 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 豈欲為卿相終己邪
251 3 to take / to get / to fetch 天與不取
252 3 older sister / elder sister 道逢趙王姊出飲
253 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 筑甬道屬河
254 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠聽臣之計
255 3 gōng merit 可就功
256 3 a slave / a servant 嫁庸奴
257 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
258 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 陳王使使者賀趙
259 3 páng side 伏謁道旁
260 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 使者往
261 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 王離圍之
262 3 wèi to fear / to dread 畏秦法耳
263 3 qiú to request 購求有得張耳千金
264 3 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
265 3 diào to condole / to give condolences 故弔
266 3 róng glory / honor 及齊王田榮畔楚
267 3 qiáng strong / powerful 與眾則兵彊
268 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方二千里
269 3 吾等 wúděng we / us 乃吾等非也
270 3 liù six 遣人立六國後
271 3 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 張耳以故致千里客
272 3 shào Shao 邵騷為護軍
273 3 wall 乃走燕壁
274 3 shū book 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
275 3 yuán monetary unit / dollar 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
276 3 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 兩人相與為刎頸交
277 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
278 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷百姓之力
279 2 人相 rén xiāng the notion of a person 兩人相與為刎頸交
280 2 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 收其麾下
281 2 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 趙郊
282 2 a family clan 欲盡族武臣等家
283 2 不平 bùpíng unjust / unfair / wrong 此項羽不平
284 2 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 陳王大怒
285 2 néng can / able 若何以能得王
286 2 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 至戲卻
287 2 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 張耳以故致千里客
288 2 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 率士卒以誅暴秦
289 2 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State 陳王相國房君諫曰
290 2 chēng to call / to address 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
291 2 慈父 cífù a loving father 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
292 2 xīn heart 以持趙心
293 2 xíng punishment / penalty 秦為亂政虐刑以殘賊天下
294 2 to ride an animal or bicycle 從百餘騎
295 2 dǎng political party 自為樹黨
296 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固欲反趙
297 2 高等 gāoděng higher / high level / advanced 貫高等乃壁人柏人
298 2 servant 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
299 2 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 張耳為右丞相
300 2 ruò weak 陳餘為趙王弱
301 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 秦兵塞井陘
302 2 meaning / sense 扶以義
303 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 涉及左右生平數聞張耳
304 2 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
305 2 clothes / dress / garment 以德服之
306 2 hōng to die 張耳薨
307 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 方圍章邯廢丘
308 2 三千 sān qiān three thousand 予卒三千人
309 2 河內 Hénèi Hanoi 南收河內以自廣
310 2 to stick in / to stab 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
311 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若何以能得王
312 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 復立楚社稷
313 2 xiào to be filial 及孝惠
314 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 盡百姓之財
315 2 nuò to promise 此固趙國立名義不侵為然諾者也
316 2 xià summer 陳餘乃使夏說說田榮曰
317 2 二千 èr qiān two thousand 方二千里
318 2 zuǒ left 邵騷為左丞相
319 2 tiān day 天與不取
320 2 wèi to call 乃謂女曰
321 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 疑不信
322 2 to attack by surprise 乃遂將其兵襲邯鄲
323 2 zhì to place / to lay out 畏君以為秦所置吏
324 2 以南 yǐnán south 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
325 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴良
326 2 發兵 fābīng to dispatch an army / to send troops 而發兵擊趙
327 2 tóu head 頭會箕斂
328 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
329 2 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 乃上變告之
330 2 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 不倍德
331 2 無可 wúkě can't 念諸侯無可歸者
332 2 hán Korea / South Korea 而使韓廣略燕
333 2 校尉 xiàowèi a military officer 陳餘為左右校尉
334 2 數萬 shǔwàn several tens of thousands / many thousand 兵數萬
335 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 可轉禍為福
336 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯相救
337 2 do not 莫肯下
338 2 十年 shí nián ten years / decade 數十年矣
339 2 to leave behind 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
340 2 甬道 yǒngdào a corridor 筑甬道屬河
341 2 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing 秦兵塞井陘
342 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 可不攻而降城
343 2 傳檄 chuánxí to circulate / to promulgate 傳檄而千里定
344 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 不意君之望臣深也
345 2 private 示天下私
346 2 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當是時
347 2 hòu thick 女家厚奉給張耳
348 2 河北 héběi Hebei 未及收河北也
349 2 skin / hide / fur / feather 即以南皮旁三縣以封之
350 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 舍中皆笑曰
351 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 無不為諸侯相
352 2 shì is / are / am / to be 張耳是時脫身游
353 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 功德宜為王
354 2 渡河 dùhé to cross a river 武臣等從白馬渡河
355 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 不為王不可
356 2 qiú a prisoner / a convict 燕將囚之
357 2 gòu to buy / to purchase 購求有得張耳千金
358 2 to be fond of / to like 即喜矣
359 2 lái to come 皆來救
360 2 餘怒 yúnù residual anger 陳餘怒曰
361 2 móu to plan / to scheme 貫高怨家知其謀
362 2 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 足下必將戰勝然後略地
363 2 èr two 漢二年
364 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 禮甚卑
365 2 yǎn to lie / to lay down 子偃為魯元王
366 2 district / county 至石邑
367 2 biàn to change / to alter 陳餘乃變名姓
368 2 to enter 至入陳
369 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
370 2 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 燕輒殺之以求地
371 2 yòu right / right-hand 張耳為右丞相
372 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 陳餘自度兵少
373 2 mother 人情寧不各愛其父母妻子乎
374 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 項羽悉引兵渡河
375 2 jǐng well / mine shaft / pit 五星聚東井
376 2 富人 fùrén a rich man 外黃富人女甚美
377 2 chī to whip 里吏嘗有過笞陳餘
378 2 enemy / foe 為秦益敵也
379 2 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 率士卒以誅暴秦
380 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 又不如立其兄弟
381 2 business / industry 如此則帝業成矣
382 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 少年皆爭殺君
383 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 賀公得通而生
384 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 恐天下解也
385 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 上過欲宿
386 2 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 竊聞公之將死
387 2 shàng still / yet / to value 夫以一趙尚易燕
388 2 jià to marry 嫁庸奴
389 2 何如 hérú what / how 始吾與公言何如
390 2 shù tree 自為樹黨
391 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人立六國後
392 2 刎頸 wěnjǐng to behead 兩人相與為刎頸交
393 2 qián pincers / pliers / tongs / claw 皆自髡鉗
394 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 顧其勢初定
395 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 於是漢王求人類張耳者斬之
396 2 guān an office 慚其從官
397 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治信都
398 2 能者 néngzhě a person with ability 能者先立
399 2 tuō to take off 恐不脫於禍
400 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此野無交兵
401 2 to give 予卒三千人
402 2 shě to give 有廝養卒謝其舍中曰
403 2 已定 yǐdìng already stable 李良已定常山
404 2 shí a rock / a stone 至石邑
405 2 méi not have 至皆沒
406 2 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin 韓信已定魏地
407 2 yòng to use / to apply 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
408 2 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 信都更名襄國
409 2 不受 bùshòu to not accept 張耳亦愕不受
410 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 德流子孫
411 2 a river / a stream 筑甬道屬河
412 2 xùn to give in to / to be swayed by / to comply with / to follow 又聞諸將為陳王徇地
413 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 使受笞
414 2 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 富人公乘氏以其女妻之
415 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 破人國家
416 2 shēn human body / torso 將軍身被堅執銳
417 2 service 北有長城之役
418 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 然而慈父孝子莫敢倳刃公之腹中者
419 2 樂昌 lèchāng Lechang 壽為樂昌侯
420 2 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 又不如立其兄弟
421 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 數游趙苦陘
422 2 何以 héyǐ why 何以弔之
423 2 qīng minister / high officer 豈欲為卿相終己邪
424 2 noon / 11 a.m.-1 p.m. 趙午等年六十餘
425 2 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 請以南皮為捍蔽
426 2 shéi who / whoever 誰令公為之
427 2 五千 wǔ qiān five thousand 乃使五千人令張黶
428 2 to implore / to pray 陳涉起蘄
429 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 豈欲為卿相終己邪
430 2 由此 yóucǐ hereby / from this 名由此益賢
431 2 數月 shǔyuè several months 客數月
432 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 賢人也
433 1 少長 shǎozhǎng young and old 且以少長先立武臣為王
434 1 ài to love 人情寧不各愛其父母妻子乎
435 1 功德 gōngdé guṇa / achievements and virtue / merit 功德宜為王
436 1 大王 dàwáng king 大王舉梁
437 1 supreme ruler / emperor 如此則帝業成矣
438 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 與趙王載歸
439 1 to think over / to consider 安知後慮
440 1 一體 yītǐ one body / an integral whole 張耳一體有功於趙
441 1 hàn to ward off 請以南皮為捍蔽
442 1 布衣 bùyī plain cotton clothing 高祖為布衣時
443 1 女家 nǚjiā bride's family (in marriage) 女家厚奉給張耳
444 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 乃卒為請決
445 1 gas / vapour / fumes 生平為氣
446 1 脫身 tuōshēn to get away / to escape (from obligations) / to free oneself / to disengage 張耳是時脫身游
447 1 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 率士卒以誅暴秦
448 1 長女 zhǎngnǚ eldest daughter 高祖長女魯元公主為趙王敖后
449 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 此士之一時也
450 1 獨身 dúshēn unmarried / single 事敗獨身坐耳
451 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 張耳敗走
452 1 南面 nánmiàn south 此亦各欲南面而王
453 1 elegant / graceful / refined 張耳雅游
454 1 chán weak / unfit / frail / feeble 吾王孱王也
455 1 wèi a military officer 郡殺其守尉
456 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 孝文帝即位
457 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 今王事高祖甚恭
458 1 先人 xiānrén ancestors / deceased parents 且先人亡國
459 1 相安 xiāngān amiable 使天下父子不相安
460 1 餘年 yúnián one's remaining years 餘年少
461 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 張耳數使人召前陳餘
462 1 qiū Confucius 方圍章邯廢丘
463 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 以陳餘為大將軍
464 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 而并捕王
465 1 求人 qiúrén to ask for help / to ask a favor / to recruit talented people 於是漢王求人類張耳者斬之
466 1 百萬 bǎiwàn one million 周文將卒百萬西擊秦
467 1 jiāo glue / gum / resin / rubber 乃轞車膠致
468 1 收兵 shōubīng to retreat / to withdraw troops / to recall troops / fig. to finish work / to wind up / to call it a day / used with negatives: the task is far from over 乃行收兵
469 1 將死 jiāngsǐ to checkmate (in chess) / to be about to die 竊聞公之將死
470 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 漢王厚遇之
471 1 shì power / authority 顧其勢初定
472 1 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 陳餘五百金
473 1 jiàn a vehicle for transporting prisoners 乃轞車膠致
474 1 to resist / to oppose / to push away 去抵父客
475 1 同心 tóngxīn of one mind / with common wishes 夫天下同心而苦秦久矣
476 1 rest-room / toilet / lavatory 要之置廁
477 1 仰視 yǎngshì to look up 仰視曰
478 1 華轂 huàgǔ decorated carriage 令范陽令乘朱輪華轂
479 1 讒毀 chánhuǐ to disparage 多以讒毀得罪誅
480 1 舊故 jiùgù old friend / former acquaintance 漢王與我有舊故
481 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 而高祖無禮
482 1 女兒 nǚ ér daughter 今女兒乃不為將軍下車
483 1 cuàn to seize / to usurp 且人臣有篡殺之名
484 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 秦將詐稱二世使人遺李良書
485 1 道中 dào zhōng on the path 遣人追殺王姊道中
486 1 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang 及齊王田榮畔楚
487 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 道逢趙王姊出飲
488 1 to envy / to be jealous 及魏公子毋忌為客
489 1 xìng family name / surname 陳餘乃變名姓
490 1 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜范陽令
491 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 侈為信都侯
492 1 shì to show / to reveal 示天下私
493 1 人武 rénwǔ armed forces 於是陳王以故所善陳人武臣為將軍
494 1 為重 wèizhòng to attach most importance to 豈以臣為重去將哉
495 1 to assemble / to meet together 五星聚東井
496 1 不以 bùyǐ not because of 怨陳王不其筴不以為將而以為校尉
497 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 燕輒殺之以求地
498 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 兩人亦反用門者以令里中
499 1 怒罵 nùmà to curse in rage 貫高獨怒罵曰
500 1 niè to gnaw / to erode 張敖齧其指出血

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
bǎi
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
白王 Bái Wáng Shuddhodana / Suddhodana
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长城 長城 chángchéng Great Wall
常山 chángshān Changshan
成都 Chéngdū Chengdu
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
范阳 范陽 Fànyáng Fanyang
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
Hán Han
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
邯郸 邯鄲 Hándān Handan
韩信 韓信 Hánxìn Han Xin
豪杰 豪傑 háojié hero / towering figure
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
Jié Emperor Jie
景王 Jǐng Wáng King Jing of Zhou
井陉 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing
巨鹿 鉅鹿 Jùlù Julu
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
乐昌 樂昌 lèchāng Lechang
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
南宫 南宮 nángōng Nangong
南皮 nánpí Nanpi
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
廷尉 Tíngwèi Tingwei / Commandant of Justice
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文帝 文帝 Wén Dì
  1. Emperor Wen of Han
  2. Emperor Wen of Liu Song
吴广 吳廣 Wú Guǎng Wu Guang
项羽 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror
相国 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State
咸阳 咸陽 xiányáng
  1. Xianyang
  2. Xianyang
孝文帝 Xiàowén Dì Emperor Xiaowen of Wei
元王 Yuán Wáng King Yuan of Zhou
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵国 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao
zhī Zhi
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English