Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 史記, 《劉敬叔孫通列傳》 Biographies of Liu Jing and Shusun Tong

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 44 yuē to speak / to say 見齊人虞將軍曰
2 31 shū father's younger brother 劉敬叔孫通列傳
3 31 sūn Sun 劉敬叔孫通列傳
4 26 shàng top / a high position 臣願見上言便事
5 26 tōng to go through / to open 劉敬叔孫通列傳
6 22 yán to speak / to say / said 臣願見上言便事
7 20 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下都洛陽
8 20 jìng to respect /to honor 劉敬叔孫通列傳
9 18 hàn Han Chinese 漢五年
10 16 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝在焉
11 16 天下 tiānxià China 陛下取天下與周室異
12 14 rén person / people / a human being 齊人也
13 14 chén minister / statesman / official 臣願見上言便事
14 14 can / may / permissible 皆曰紂可伐矣
15 14 liú Liu 劉敬叔孫通列傳
16 13 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使天下之民肝腦涂地
17 12 wáng Wang 太王以狄伐故
18 12 to reach 及文王為西伯
19 12 jiàn to see 見齊人虞將軍曰
20 12 qín Shaanxi 定三秦
21 12 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards 博士諸生三十餘人前曰
22 11 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公劉避桀居豳
23 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今陛下起豐沛
24 11 to arise / to get up 今陛下起豐沛
25 11 desire 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
26 10 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 豈欲與周室比隆哉
27 10 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 聞信與匈奴欲共擊漢
28 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
29 9 bīng soldier / troops 是時漢兵已踰句注
30 9 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臣願見上言便事
31 9 apparatus 叔孫通就其儀號
32 9 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 生子必為太子
33 8 wǎng to go (in a direction) 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
34 8 shēng to be born / to give birth 事先生數歲
35 8 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 欲令周務以德致人
36 8 clothes / clothing 衣其羊裘
37 8 nián year 漢五年
38 8 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王從五諸侯入彭城
39 8 to strike / to hit / to beat 高帝自往擊之
40 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 三王不同禮
41 7 shí time / a point or period of time 及周之盛時
42 7 lóu to wear 婁敬脫輓輅
43 7 to enter 於是虞將軍入言上
44 6 even / equal / uniform 齊人也
45 6 dìng to decide 定三秦
46 6 a man / a male adult 且夫秦地被山帶河
47 6 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 高帝問群臣
48 6 easy / simple 終不敢易衣
49 6 zhī to know 彼知漢適女送厚
50 6 extra / surplus / remainder 二十餘萬兵已業行
51 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 周不能制也
52 6 xiào to be filial 今太子仁孝
53 6 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 韓王信反
54 5 big / great / huge / large / major 豈嘗聞外孫敢與大父抗禮者哉
55 5 shí ten 積德累善十有餘世
56 5 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 國人爭隨之
57 5 one 不屯一卒
58 5 soil / ground / land 使天下之民肝腦涂地
59 5 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 臣願陛下徙齊諸田
60 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 哭泣之聲未絕
61 5 néng can / able 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
62 5 to go 去豳
63 5 xìn to believe / to trust 韓王信反
64 5 wèn to ask 已而問婁敬
65 5 shì matter / thing / item 臣願見上言便事
66 5 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 待詔博士
67 5 dào to rob / to steal 此特群盜鼠竊狗盜耳
68 5 長公主 zhǎnggōngzhǔ a sister of the emperor or a prince 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
69 5 cháo to face 天下莫朝
70 5 dào way / road / path 道裏均矣
71 5 弟子 dìzi disciple / follower / student 從儒生弟子百餘人
72 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 高帝罷平城歸
73 5 chǔ state of Chu 楚昭
74 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 積德累善十有餘世
75 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不戰一士
76 4 西 The West 及文王為西伯
77 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 孝惠即位
78 4 chén Chen 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
79 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為郎中
80 4 jìn to enter 然通無所言進
81 4 gōng a palace 叔孫通已出宮
82 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂滅殷
83 4 wén to hear 聞信與匈奴欲共擊漢
84 4 二世 èrshì the Second (of numbered Kings) / second generation 二世召博士諸儒生問曰
85 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 令後世驕奢以虐民也
86 4 Germany 有德則易以王
87 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 秦時以文學徵
88 4 xiān first 周之先自后稷
89 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 見齊人虞將軍曰
90 4 shǔ to count 數苦北邊
91 4 concerned about / anxious / worried 見齊人虞將軍曰
92 4 to give / to bestow favors 賜食
93 4 單于 Chányú Chanyu 冒頓為單于
94 4 gāo high / tall 陛下亦未得高枕而臥也
95 4 hóu marquis / lord 及留侯明言入關便
96 4 hào number 號為奉春君
97 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 薛已降楚矣
98 4 to stand 冒頓殺父代立
99 4 clothes / dress / garment 未可以武服也
100 4 wáng to die 無德則易以亡
101 4 residence / dwelling 公劉避桀居豳
102 4 method / way 高帝悉去秦苛儀法
103 4 biàn to change / to alter 一日有變
104 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為不侔也
105 4 xuē Xue 薛人也
106 4 wèi to call 乃謂曰
107 4 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 定宗廟儀法
108 4 三十 sān shí thirty 控弦三十萬
109 4 xiàn to offer / to present 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
110 4 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 顧為柰何
111 4 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 即日車駕西都關中
112 3 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東雖亂
113 3 to take / to get / to fetch 陛下取天下與周室異
114 3 increase / benefit 可益實
115 3 wife 妻群母
116 3 supreme ruler / emperor 孝惠帝為東朝長樂宮
117 3 平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng 至平城
118 3 jiǔ nine 大行設九賓
119 3 miào temple / shrine 先帝園陵寢廟
120 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 妻群母
121 3 Shandong 臣願徵魯諸生
122 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 械系敬廣武
123 3 bèi back [of the body] 拊其背
124 3 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 乃拜叔孫通為太常
125 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引以次入殿門
126 3 hán Korea / South Korea 韓王信反
127 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過洛陽
128 3 five 漢五年
129 3 to cut down 太王以狄伐故
130 3 a government official / a magistrate 於是二世令御史案諸生言反者下吏
131 3 martial / military 械系敬廣武
132 3 qiáng strong / powerful 兵彊
133 3 huái bosom / breast 慕義懷德
134 3 tuō to take off 婁敬脫輓輅
135 3 beard / mustache 韓王信亡入胡
136 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 臣願頗采古禮與秦儀雜就之
137 3 silk / plain silk 臣衣帛
138 3 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 文官丞相以下陳東方
139 3 xíng to walk / to move 魯有兩生不肯行
140 3 sufficient / enough 亦足率以東伐
141 3 hurried / worried 卒然有急
142 3 shì to match 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
143 3 非一 fēi yī not unified / not the same 非一狐之腋也
144 3 chūn spring 號為奉春君
145 3 原廟 yuánmiào original shrine 願陛下原廟渭北
146 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 四塞以為固
147 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
148 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 不戰一士
149 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專言諸故群盜壯士進之
150 3 出游 chūyóu to go on a tour / to have an outing 衣冠月出游高廟
151 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 若陛下不能遣長公主
152 3 to fly 習之月餘
153 3 seven 漢七年
154 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不肯貴近
155 3 qiè to steal 臣竊以為不侔也
156 3 shǎo few 少民
157 3 ěr ear 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
158 3 xián liesure 何足置之齒牙閒
159 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 御史執法舉不如儀者輒引去
160 3 冒頓 mòdú Modu 冒頓為單于
161 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 諸侯共尊漢王為皇帝於定陶
162 3 guǒ a result / a consequence 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
163 3 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 陛下入關而都之
164 3 wàn ten thousand 二十餘萬兵已業行
165 3 yuè month 習之月餘
166 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 漢王方蒙矢石爭天下
167 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 景莫能興
168 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 及留侯明言入關便
169 3 qīn relatives 使劉敬往結和親約
170 3 zhí office / post 諸侯四方納貢職
171 3 to be fond of / to like 二世喜曰
172 3 a scholar 叔孫通儒服
173 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 爭成皋之口
174 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠可
175 3 zhōng middle 輕騎一日一夜可以至秦中
176 3 fèng to offer / to present 號為奉春君
177 3 儒生 rúshēng Confucian scholar (old) 二世召博士諸儒生問曰
178 3 qián front 吾皆已斬前使十輩言可擊者矣
179 3 zài in / at 高帝在焉
180 3 to die 不屯一卒
181 3 以次 yǐcì in the proper order / the following 引以次入殿門
182 3 jìn nearby 不肯貴近
183 2 child / son 固為子婿
184 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 可試為之
185 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 上患之
186 2 Bīn Bin county 公劉避桀居豳
187 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 夫與人鬬
188 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 遂滅殷
189 2 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 過洛陽
190 2 jiàn to build / to construct 號為建信侯
191 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 非一士之智也
192 2 zhì to place / to lay out 何足置之齒牙閒
193 2 jūn army / military 今乃妄言沮吾軍
194 2 to visit 謁者治禮
195 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 衣冠月出游高廟
196 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 山東雖亂
197 2 shè to set up / to establish 設兵張旗志
198 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 此宜夸矜見所長
199 2 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 罵劉敬曰
200 2 zhào an imperial decree 待詔博士
201 2 壯士 zhuàngshì hero / fighter / brave strong guy / warrior (in armor) 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
202 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜金五百斤
203 2 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 竟朝置酒
204 2 wǎn to pull / to draw 婁敬脫輓輅
205 2 to admire 慕義懷德
206 2 different / other 陛下取天下與周室異
207 2 female / feminine 彼知漢適女送厚
208 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 欲令周務以德致人
209 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 上召入見
210 2 coarse hemp cloth 衣褐
211 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 周不能制也
212 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 上可試觀
213 2 shí a rock / a stone 漢王方蒙矢石爭天下
214 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦敬
215 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯貴近
216 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 百萬之眾可具也
217 2 shí real / true 可益實
218 2 zhí straight 吾直戲耳
219 2 to slap / to pat / to tap 拊其背
220 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
221 2 定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao 敗於定陶
222 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 吾皆已斬前使十輩言可擊者矣
223 2 qiú fur garments 衣其羊裘
224 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 從儒生弟子百餘人
225 2 gōng to attack / to assault 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
226 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 然恐陛下不能為
227 2 the steps to the throne 殿下郎中俠陛
228 2 to leave behind 厚奉遺之
229 2 kàng high / proud 不搤其亢
230 2 zuò to do 乃作複道
231 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 郡守尉今捕論
232 2 guān an office 以口舌得官
233 2 to associate with / be near 豈欲與周室比隆哉
234 2 chuán to transmit 臚傳
235 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 臣願見上言便事
236 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待詔博士
237 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如都周
238 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能全其勝也
239 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 公不知也
240 2 zōng school / sect 宗彊
241 2 àn case / incident 案秦之故地
242 2 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖欲以趙王如意易太子
243 2 huì can / be able to 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
244 2 二十 èrshí twenty 二十餘萬兵已業行
245 2 zhào Zhao
246 2 長樂 Chánglè Changle 長樂宮成
247 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 遂滅殷
248 2 zhāo illustrious 楚昭
249 2 god of cereals 周之先自后稷
250 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 叔孫通笑曰
251 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 冒頓殺父代立
252 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 成王即位
253 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗於定陶
254 2 Jié Emperor Jie 公劉避桀居豳
255 2 anger / rage / fury 上怒
256 2 數歲 shǔ suì a few years 數歲
257 2 lái to come 使者十輩來
258 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 數苦北邊
259 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 吾不忍為公所為
260 2 liǎng two 分而為兩
261 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 夫儒者難與進取
262 2 shí food / food and drink 賜食
263 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 爭言周王數百年
264 2 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 秦之故地可全而有也
265 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度吾所能行為之
266 2 xiān fresh / new / delicious 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
267 2 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 拜為郎中
268 2 tián field / farmland 非齊諸田
269 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 而令宗室及後宮詐稱公主
270 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏奇兵以爭利
271 2 quán perfect 秦之故地可全而有也
272 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 令後世驕奢以虐民也
273 2 jīn gold 賜金五百斤
274 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 號為奉春君
275 2 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 設兵張旗志
276 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者十輩來
277 2 hòu thick 厚奉遺之
278 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 高帝悉去秦苛儀法
279 2 zhù to build / to construct 方筑武庫南
280 2 to bend / to flex
281 2 呂后 lǚhòu Empress Lu 呂后日夜泣
282 2 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 會十月
283 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 復置法酒
284 2 櫻桃 yīngtáo cherry 方今櫻桃孰
285 2 yòng to use / to apply 示天下不復用
286 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
287 2 father 冒頓殺父代立
288 2 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 又欲起禮樂
289 2 è to seize 不搤其亢
290 2 to die
291 2 shì to show / to reveal 示天下不復用
292 2 a carriage / a chariot 婁敬脫輓輅
293 2 四方 sì fāng all sides 諸侯四方納貢職
294 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 豈欲與周室比隆哉
295 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡問諸生
296 2 shì a generation 積德累善十有餘世
297 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 於是二世令御史案諸生言反者下吏
298 2 外孫 wàisūn daughter's son / grandson / descendant via the female line 則外孫為單于
299 2 老弱 lǎoruò old and weak 但見老弱及羸畜
300 2 shì room / bedroom 豈欲與周室比隆哉
301 2 ruò weak 而形勢弱也
302 2 未可 wèikě cannot / not able to 未可以武服也
303 2 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 使者十輩來
304 2 dōng east 東有六國之族
305 2 a drama / a play / a show 吾直戲耳
306 2 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 急壞之
307 2 léi weak / feeble 但見老弱及羸畜
308 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 引以次入殿門
309 2 積德 jīdé to accumulate merit / to do good / to give to charity 積德累善十有餘世
310 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 婁敬說曰
311 2 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 無汙我
312 2 gǎn bold / brave 豈嘗聞外孫敢與大父抗禮者哉
313 2 jǐng sunlight 景莫能興
314 2 běi north 北近胡寇
315 2 fēng to seal / to close off 堯封之邰
316 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒罷於兵
317 1 four 四塞以為固
318 1 fán ordinary / common 凡居此者
319 1 to hide / to go into hiding 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
320 1 huǐ to destroy 毀郡縣城
321 1 district / county 乃營成周洛邑
322 1 zòu to present / to offer 叔孫生奏事
323 1 四夷 sìyí four barbarians 四夷鄉風
324 1 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 去長安近者七百里
325 1 失禮 shīlǐ lacking in manners 無敢讙譁失禮者
326 1 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 郡守尉今捕論
327 1 道上 dàoshang on the road 柰何令後世子孫乘宗廟道上行哉
328 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 死者未葬
329 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 孝惠帝大懼
330 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 臣願先伏誅
331 1 械系 xièxì to arrest and shackle / to clap in irons 械系敬廣武
332 1 地肥 dì féi earth cake 地肥饒
333 1 to learn / to practice / to study 乃令群臣習肄
334 1 短衣 duǎnyī short garment / short jacket 服短衣
335 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 而取家人子名為長公主
336 1 妄言 wàngyán lies / wild talk / lies / nonsense / fantasy 今乃妄言沮吾軍
337 1 愚以為 yú yǐwéi in my humble view 愚以為匈奴不可擊也
338 1 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 是時漢兵已踰句注
339 1 還報 huánbào to report back 還報曰
340 1 離宮 lígōng detached palace / imperial villa 孝惠帝曾春出游離宮
341 1 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 及文王為西伯
342 1 a bruise / a sore / a wound 傷痍者未起
343 1 尊卑 zūn bēi the noble and the lowly 以尊卑次起上壽
344 1 成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou 成王即位
345 1 wèi Wei River 願陛下原廟渭北
346 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 附離而并事天子
347 1 戍卒 shùzú garrison soldier 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
348 1 chǐ tooth / teeth 何足置之齒牙閒
349 1 wèi a military officer / lieutenant 郡守尉今捕論
350 1 事項 shìxiàng matter / item 叔孫通留事項王
351 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 公所為不合古
352 1 thin / emaciated 徒見羸瘠老弱
353 1 to raise animals 但見老弱及羸畜
354 1 二千 èr qiān two thousand 乃封敬二千戶
355 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷痍者未起
356 1 武庫 wǔkù arsenal / store of arms 方筑武庫南
357 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 秦中新破
358 1 一家 yījiā the whole family 夫天下合為一家
359 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 三王不同禮
360 1 zhěn pillow 陛下亦未得高枕而臥也
361 1 野外 yěwài a natural area 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
362 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官執職傳警
363 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 上疑未能決
364 1 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 醉或妄呼
365 1 gāo the high land along a river 爭成皋之口
366 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 呂后日夜泣
367 1 即日 jírì this or that very day / in the next few days 即日車駕西都關中
368 1 currency / coins / legal tender 貪漢重幣
369 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 示天下不復用
370 1 學者 xuézhě scholar 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
371 1 出奇 chūqí extraordinary / unusual 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
372 1 shāng a goblet 觴九行
373 1 賜姓 cìxìng to bestow a surname 賜姓劉氏
374 1 father's elder brother / uncle 及文王為西伯
375 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister 先生何言之諛也
376 1 gāo grease / fat 資甚美膏腴之地
377 1 不可勝數 bù kě shèng shǔ countless / innumerable 不可勝數
378 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 不欲依阻險
379 1 zhòng heavy 貪漢重幣
380 1 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 群臣飲酒爭功
381 1 xià summer 故夏
382 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 因時世人情為之節文者也
383 1 níng Nanjing 諸生寧能鬬乎
384 1 後宮 hòu gōng the rear palace / the womens' quarters 而令宗室及後宮詐稱公主
385 1 to flatter 先生何言之諛也
386 1 shì to attend on 諸侍坐殿上皆伏抑首
387 1 定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai 定海內
388 1 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 且明主在其上
389 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天下初定
390 1 shēng sound 哭泣之聲未絕
391 1 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 貪漢重幣
392 1 to cry out / to shout 醉或妄呼
393 1 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
394 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 陛下必欲廢適而立少
395 1 wēi prestige / majesty 以力為威
396 1 蜀漢 Shǔ Hàn Shu Han Kingdom 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
397 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 與項羽戰滎陽
398 1 對曰 duì yuē to reply 劉敬對曰
399 1 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 八夷大國之民莫不賓服
400 1 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
401 1 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋謂是乎
402 1 jìng a narrow path 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
403 1 gǒu dog 此特群盜鼠竊狗盜耳
404 1 國人 guórén people of that country 國人爭隨之
405 1 to assist /to help 秦以不蚤定扶蘇
406 1 chuí a horse whip 杖馬箠居岐
407 1 děng et cetera / and so on 今不能進臣等
408 1 shǒu head 諸侍坐殿上皆伏抑首
409 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
410 1 綿 mián silk down 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
411 1 móu to be similar / to be comparable / to be equal 臣竊以為不侔也
412 1 suí to follow 諸弟子儒生隨臣久矣
413 1 láng a minister / an official 高帝悉以為郎
414 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 周之禮所因損益可知者
415 1 kòu bandit / thieve 北近胡寇
416 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 何足憂
417 1 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 上大怒
418 1 to sob 呂后日夜泣
419 1 zhù to inject / to pour into 是時漢兵已踰句注
420 1 fēng wind 四夷鄉風
421 1 qiè consort / concubine 妾唯太子
422 1 lèi to be tired 積德累善十有餘世
423 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 見留侯所招客從太子入見
424 1 sòng to accuse 斷虞芮之訟
425 1 明言 míngyán to say clearly / to argue clearly / to pronounce / pronounced 及留侯明言入關便
426 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 終不敢易衣
427 1 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日有變
428 1 文官 wénguān civil service / a civil servant 文官丞相以下陳東方
429 1 varied / complex / not simple 臣願頗采古禮與秦儀雜就之
430 1 得以 déyǐ to be able to 令趙高得以詐立胡亥
431 1 yáng sheep / goat 衣其羊裘
432 1 河南 hénán Henan 匈奴河南白羊
433 1 rén a kernel / a pit 今太子仁孝
434 1 féi fat / plump / obese 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
435 1 不忍 bù rěn cannot bear to / disturbed 吾不忍為公所為
436 1 lóu a storied building 樓煩王
437 1 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 不屯一卒
438 1 ruì small 斷虞芮之訟
439 1 三千 sān qiān three thousand 收卒三千人
440 1 牛馬 niú mǎ oxen and horses / beasts of burden 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
441 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 且夫秦地被山帶河
442 1 大行 dàxíng emperor or empress 大行設九賓
443 1 通知 tōngzhī to notify / to inform 叔孫通知上益厭之也
444 1 zuì crime / sin / vice 罪死無赦
445 1 nán south 方筑武庫南
446 1 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏後
447 1 past / former times 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
448 1 說上 shuōshàng to say / to speak / to talk 說上曰
449 1 世人 shìrén mankind 因時世人情為之節文者也
450 1 如意 rúyì satisfactory 高祖欲以趙王如意易太子
451 1 a fork in the road 杖馬箠居岐
452 1 yuē approximately 使劉敬往結和親約
453 1 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 乃營成周洛邑
454 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 智豈可專邪
455 1 a tutor / a teacher 周公之屬傅相焉
456 1 xiè xie / a pavilion on terrace 臺榭之榱
457 1 輕騎 qīng qí light cavalry 輕騎一日一夜可以至秦中
458 1 zhī a branch / a twig 非一木之枝也
459 1 bone 父子暴骨中野
460 1 shuāi to weaken / to decline 及周之衰也
461 1 chéng to mount / to climb onto 柰何令後世子孫乘宗廟道上行哉
462 1 eight 八夷大國之民莫不賓服
463 1 人為 rénwèi man-made 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
464 1 zàng to bury the dead 死者未葬
465 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
466 1 bēng to rupture / to split apart 高帝崩
467 1 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror 與項羽戰滎陽
468 1 to capture / to imprison / to seize 齊虜
469 1 兩國 liǎng guó both countries / two countries 兩國相擊
470 1 仁義 rén yì benevolence and righteousness 未可以仁義說也
471 1 家人 jiārén family members 而取家人子名為長公主
472 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 幸得從降漢
473 1 無益 wúyì to be no good / to not be beneficial 無益也
474 1 成周 Chéngzhōu Chengzhou 乃營成周洛邑
475 1 banner / flag 設兵張旗志
476 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 百官執職傳警
477 1 jǐng neck / throat 以頸血汙地
478 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 柰何棄之匈奴
479 1 婿 son-in-law 固為子婿
480 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 附離而并事天子
481 1 kuā to exaggerate 此宜夸矜見所長
482 1 來歸 láiguī to return / to come back 伯夷自海濱來歸之
483 1 to look after / to attend to 顧為柰何
484 1 èr two 漢二年
485 1 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔劍擊柱
486 1 a consort / a concubine 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
487 1 搴旗 qiānqí to pull and capture the enemy's flag 故先言斬將搴旗之士
488 1 zhēn real / true / genuine 若真鄙儒也
489 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 未能全其勝也
490 1 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 謁者治禮
491 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小戰四十
492 1 chēng to call / to address 而令宗室及後宮詐稱公主
493 1 zūn to honor / to respect 諸侯共尊漢王為皇帝於定陶
494 1 微細 wēixì very small 夫高祖起微細
495 1 爭功 zhēnggōng to strive for achievement 群臣飲酒爭功
496 1 liáng a bridge 及項梁之薛
497 1 dialect / language / speech 語曰
498 1 to arrest / to catch / to seize 郡守尉今捕論
499 1 肅敬 sùjìng respectful / deferential 自諸侯王以下莫不振恐肅敬
500 1 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 叔孫通諫上曰

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 65 zhī him / her / them / that 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
2 44 yuē to speak / to say 見齊人虞將軍曰
3 38 also / too 齊人也
4 33 wèi for / to 及文王為西伯
5 31 shū father's younger brother 劉敬叔孫通列傳
6 31 sūn Sun 劉敬叔孫通列傳
7 26 so as to / in order to 太王以狄伐故
8 26 shàng top / a high position 臣願見上言便事
9 26 tōng to go through / to open 劉敬叔孫通列傳
10 24 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 劉敬者
11 22 yán to speak / to say / said 臣願見上言便事
12 20 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下都洛陽
13 20 jìng to respect /to honor 劉敬叔孫通列傳
14 18 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃營成周洛邑
15 18 hàn Han Chinese 漢五年
16 16 高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi 高帝在焉
17 16 天下 tiānxià China 陛下取天下與周室異
18 15 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆曰紂可伐矣
19 15 and 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
20 15 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 已而問婁敬
21 14 rén person / people / a human being 齊人也
22 14 chén minister / statesman / official 臣願見上言便事
23 14 can / may / permissible 皆曰紂可伐矣
24 14 liú Liu 劉敬叔孫通列傳
25 13 his / hers / its / theirs 衣其羊裘
26 13 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使天下之民肝腦涂地
27 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 陛下以歲時漢所餘彼所鮮數問遺
28 12 wáng Wang 太王以狄伐故
29 12 to reach 及文王為西伯
30 12 jiàn to see 見齊人虞將軍曰
31 12 qín Shaanxi 定三秦
32 12 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards 博士諸生三十餘人前曰
33 11 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公劉避桀居豳
34 11 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今陛下起豐沛
35 11 to arise / to get up 今陛下起豐沛
36 11 desire 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
37 10 zhū all / many / various 非齊諸田
38 10 yǒu is / are / to exist 有德則易以王
39 10 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 豈欲與周室比隆哉
40 10 I 今乃妄言沮吾軍
41 10 匈奴 Xiōngnú Huns / Xiongnu 聞信與匈奴欲共擊漢
42 9 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
43 9 this / these 凡居此者
44 9 not / no 不欲依阻險
45 9 bīng soldier / troops 是時漢兵已踰句注
46 9 no 兵可無戰以漸臣也
47 9 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 臣願見上言便事
48 9 apparatus 叔孫通就其儀號
49 9 final particle 皆曰紂可伐矣
50 9 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 生子必為太子
51 8 wǎng to go (in a direction) 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
52 8 shēng to be born / to give birth 事先生數歲
53 8 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 欲令周務以德致人
54 8 already / afterwards 已而問婁敬
55 8 what / where / which 顧為柰何
56 8 clothes / clothing 衣其羊裘
57 8 nián year 漢五年
58 8 cóng from 劉敬從匈奴來
59 8 yīn because 因秦之故
60 8 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang 漢王從五諸侯入彭城
61 8 to strike / to hit / to beat 高帝自往擊之
62 7 dōu all 陛下都洛陽
63 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 太王以狄伐故
64 7 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 三王不同禮
65 7 in / at 而欲比隆於成康之時
66 7 shí time / a point or period of time 及周之盛時
67 7 lóu to wear 婁敬脫輓輅
68 7 to enter 於是虞將軍入言上
69 6 naturally / of course / certainly 周之先自后稷
70 6 even / equal / uniform 齊人也
71 6 dìng to decide 定三秦
72 6 a man / a male adult 且夫秦地被山帶河
73 6 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是虞將軍入言上
74 6 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 高帝問群臣
75 6 easy / simple 終不敢易衣
76 6 zhī to know 彼知漢適女送厚
77 6 extra / surplus / remainder 二十餘萬兵已業行
78 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 周不能制也
79 6 xiào to be filial 今太子仁孝
80 6 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 韓王信反
81 6 zhì to / until 至晉陽
82 5 big / great / huge / large / major 豈嘗聞外孫敢與大父抗禮者哉
83 5 shí ten 積德累善十有餘世
84 5 běn measure word for books 本言都秦地者婁敬
85 5 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 國人爭隨之
86 5 one 不屯一卒
87 5 soil / ground / land 使天下之民肝腦涂地
88 5 to move one's abode / to shift / to migrate 臣願陛下徙齊諸田
89 5 de potential marker 以口舌得官
90 5 wèi Eighth earthly branch 哭泣之聲未絕
91 5 néng can / able 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
92 5 to go 去豳
93 5 xìn to believe / to trust 韓王信反
94 5 wèn to ask 已而問婁敬
95 5 shì matter / thing / item 臣願見上言便事
96 5 zāi exclamatory particle 豈欲與周室比隆哉
97 5 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 待詔博士
98 5 dào to rob / to steal 此特群盜鼠竊狗盜耳
99 5 長公主 zhǎnggōngzhǔ a sister of the emperor or a prince 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
100 5 cháo to face 天下莫朝
101 5 dào way / road / path 道裏均矣
102 5 弟子 dìzi disciple / follower / student 從儒生弟子百餘人
103 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 高帝罷平城歸
104 5 chǔ state of Chu 楚昭
105 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 積德累善十有餘世
106 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 不戰一士
107 4 西 The West 及文王為西伯
108 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 孝惠即位
109 4 chén Chen 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
110 4 otherwise / but / however 有德則易以王
111 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜為郎中
112 4 jìn to enter 然通無所言進
113 4 also / too 此亦搤天下之亢而拊其背也
114 4 qiě moreover / also 且夫秦地被山帶河
115 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 此必欲見短
116 4 gòng together 聞信與匈奴欲共擊漢
117 4 gōng a palace 叔孫通已出宮
118 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂滅殷
119 4 wén to hear 聞信與匈奴欲共擊漢
120 4 二世 èrshì the Second (of numbered Kings) / second generation 二世召博士諸儒生問曰
121 4 mín the people / citizen / subjects 令後世驕奢以虐民也
122 4 Germany 有德則易以王
123 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 秦時以文學徵
124 4 xiān first 周之先自后稷
125 4 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 見齊人虞將軍曰
126 4 shǔ to count 數苦北邊
127 4 concerned about / anxious / worried 見齊人虞將軍曰
128 4 to give / to bestow favors 賜食
129 4 單于 Chányú Chanyu 冒頓為單于
130 4 fēi not / non- / un- 非其德薄也
131 4 gāo high / tall 陛下亦未得高枕而臥也
132 4 hóu marquis / lord 及留侯明言入關便
133 4 hào number 號為奉春君
134 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 薛已降楚矣
135 4 to stand 冒頓殺父代立
136 4 clothes / dress / garment 未可以武服也
137 4 wáng to die 無德則易以亡
138 4 residence / dwelling 公劉避桀居豳
139 4 method / way 高帝悉去秦苛儀法
140 4 biàn to change / to alter 一日有變
141 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 臣竊以為不侔也
142 4 xuē Xue 薛人也
143 4 wèi to call 乃謂曰
144 4 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 定宗廟儀法
145 4 三十 sān shí thirty 控弦三十萬
146 4 I / me / my 我幾不脫於虎口
147 4 chū to go out / to leave 叔孫通已出宮
148 4 xiàn to offer / to present 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
149 4 nài a fruit tree / a crab-apple 顧為柰何
150 4 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong 即日車駕西都關中
151 3 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 山東雖亂
152 3 to take / to get / to fetch 陛下取天下與周室異
153 3 do not 天下莫朝
154 3 increase / benefit 可益實
155 3 wife 妻群母
156 3 supreme ruler / emperor 孝惠帝為東朝長樂宮
157 3 平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng 至平城
158 3 huò or / either / else 諸生或言反
159 3 jiǔ nine 大行設九賓
160 3 miào temple / shrine 先帝園陵寢廟
161 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 妻群母
162 3 Shandong 臣願徵魯諸生
163 3 guǎng wide / large / vast 械系敬廣武
164 3 bèi back [of the body] 拊其背
165 3 太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy 乃拜叔孫通為太常
166 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引以次入殿門
167 3 hán Korea / South Korea 韓王信反
168 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過洛陽
169 3 five 漢五年
170 3 to cut down 太王以狄伐故
171 3 a government official / a magistrate 於是二世令御史案諸生言反者下吏
172 3 martial / military 械系敬廣武
173 3 qiáng strong / powerful 兵彊
174 3 huái bosom / breast 慕義懷德
175 3 tuō to take off 婁敬脫輓輅
176 3 beard / mustache 韓王信亡入胡
177 3 xià next 法令具於下
178 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 臣願頗采古禮與秦儀雜就之
179 3 silk / plain silk 臣衣帛
180 3 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 文官丞相以下陳東方
181 3 xíng to walk / to move 魯有兩生不肯行
182 3 sufficient / enough 亦足率以東伐
183 3 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 人臣無將
184 3 hurried / worried 卒然有急
185 3 shì to match 陛下誠能以適長公主妻之
186 3 jìng actually / in the end 上竟不能遣長公主
187 3 非一 fēi yī not unified / not the same 非一狐之腋也
188 3 chūn spring 號為奉春君
189 3 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 周公之屬傅相焉
190 3 rán correct / right / certainly
191 3 原廟 yuánmiào original shrine 願陛下原廟渭北
192 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 四塞以為固
193 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
194 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 不戰一士
195 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專言諸故群盜壯士進之
196 3 出游 chūyóu to go on a tour / to have an outing 衣冠月出游高廟
197 3 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 若陛下不能遣長公主
198 3 to fly 習之月餘
199 3 seven 漢七年
200 3 guì expensive / costly / valuable 不肯貴近
201 3 qiè to steal 臣竊以為不侔也
202 3 shǎo few 少民
203 3 ěr ear 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
204 3 xián liesure 何足置之齒牙閒
205 3 to lift / to hold up / to raise 御史執法舉不如儀者輒引去
206 3 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 天下初定
207 3 冒頓 mòdú Modu 冒頓為單于
208 3 that / those 彼知漢適女送厚
209 3 皇帝 huángdì Emperor 諸侯共尊漢王為皇帝於定陶
210 3 again / more / repeatedly 上使劉敬復往使匈奴
211 3 guǒ a result / a consequence 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
212 3 入關 rùguān to enter a pass / to go through customs 陛下入關而都之
213 3 expresses question or doubt 諸生寧能鬬乎
214 3 wàn ten thousand 二十餘萬兵已業行
215 3 yuè month 習之月餘
216 3 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 漢王方蒙矢石爭天下
217 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 景莫能興
218 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 及留侯明言入關便
219 3 qīn relatives 使劉敬往結和親約
220 3 zhí office / post 諸侯四方納貢職
221 3 to be fond of / to like 二世喜曰
222 3 a scholar 叔孫通儒服
223 3 again / more / repeatedly 乃作複道
224 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 爭成皋之口
225 3 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠可
226 3 zhōng middle 輕騎一日一夜可以至秦中
227 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若陛下不能遣長公主
228 3 fèng to offer / to present 號為奉春君
229 3 儒生 rúshēng Confucian scholar (old) 二世召博士諸儒生問曰
230 3 qián front 吾皆已斬前使十輩言可擊者矣
231 3 zài in / at 高帝在焉
232 3 to die 不屯一卒
233 3 以次 yǐcì in the proper order / the following 引以次入殿門
234 3 jìn nearby 不肯貴近
235 2 child / son 固為子婿
236 2 shì to test / to try / to experiment 可試為之
237 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 上患之
238 2 shì is / are / am / to be 是時漢兵已踰句注
239 2 Bīn Bin county 公劉避桀居豳
240 2 dòu to fight / to struggle / to condemn 夫與人鬬
241 2 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 遂滅殷
242 2 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang 過洛陽
243 2 jiàn to build / to construct 號為建信侯
244 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 非一士之智也
245 2 zhì to place / to lay out 何足置之齒牙閒
246 2 jūn army / military 今乃妄言沮吾軍
247 2 to visit 謁者治禮
248 2 衣冠 yīguān clothes / attire / clothes and hats 衣冠月出游高廟
249 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 山東雖亂
250 2 shè to set up / to establish 設兵張旗志
251 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 此宜夸矜見所長
252 2 to insult / to accuse / to blame / to curse / to scold 罵劉敬曰
253 2 zhào an imperial decree 待詔博士
254 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 爭成皋之口
255 2 壯士 zhuàngshì hero / fighter / brave strong guy / warrior (in armor) 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
256 2 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜金五百斤
257 2 置酒 zhìjiǔ to hold a banquet 竟朝置酒
258 2 wǎn to pull / to draw 婁敬脫輓輅
259 2 to admire 慕義懷德
260 2 different / other 陛下取天下與周室異
261 2 莫不 mò bù all / none doesn't / there is none who isn't 八夷大國之民莫不賓服
262 2 female / feminine 彼知漢適女送厚
263 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 欲令周務以德致人
264 2 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 上召入見
265 2 yān where / how 高帝在焉
266 2 coarse hemp cloth 衣褐
267 2 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 周不能制也
268 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 上可試觀
269 2 shí a rock / a stone 漢王方蒙矢石爭天下
270 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 赦敬
271 2 不肯 bùkěn not willing 不肯貴近
272 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 百萬之眾可具也
273 2 shí real / true 可益實
274 2 zhí straight 吾直戲耳
275 2 to slap / to pat / to tap 拊其背
276 2 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 昔者晉獻公以驪姬之故廢太子
277 2 定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao 敗於定陶
278 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 吾皆已斬前使十輩言可擊者矣
279 2 qiú fur garments 衣其羊裘
280 2 百餘 bǎiyú a hundred or more 從儒生弟子百餘人
281 2 gōng to attack / to assault 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
282 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 然恐陛下不能為
283 2 the steps to the throne 殿下郎中俠陛
284 2 to leave behind 厚奉遺之
285 2 kàng high / proud 不搤其亢
286 2 zuò to do 乃作複道
287 2 lùn to comment / to discuss 郡守尉今捕論
288 2 guān an office 以口舌得官
289 2 to associate with / be near 豈欲與周室比隆哉
290 2 chuán to transmit 臚傳
291 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 臣願見上言便事
292 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待詔博士
293 2 不如 bùrú not equal to / not as good as 不如都周
294 2 未能 wèinéng to fail to 未能全其勝也
295 2 不知 bùzhī do not know 公不知也
296 2 zōng school / sect 宗彊
297 2 àn case / incident 案秦之故地
298 2 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖欲以趙王如意易太子
299 2 huì can / be able to 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
300 2 二十 èrshí twenty 二十餘萬兵已業行
301 2 zhào Zhao
302 2 長樂 Chánglè Changle 長樂宮成
303 2 yīn flourishing / abundant 遂滅殷
304 2 zhāo illustrious 楚昭
305 2 god of cereals 周之先自后稷
306 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 叔孫通笑曰
307 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 冒頓殺父代立
308 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 成王即位
309 2 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗於定陶
310 2 Jié Emperor Jie 公劉避桀居豳
311 2 anger / rage / fury 上怒
312 2 數歲 shǔ suì a few years 數歲
313 2 lái to come 使者十輩來
314 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 數苦北邊
315 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 吾不忍為公所為
316 2 liǎng two 分而為兩
317 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 夫儒者難與進取
318 2 shí food / food and drink 賜食
319 2 suī although / even though 山東雖亂
320 2 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 賜金五百斤
321 2 數百 shù bǎi several hundred 爭言周王數百年
322 2 故地 gùdì former territory / once familiar places 秦之故地可全而有也
323 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度吾所能行為之
324 2 xiān fresh / new / delicious 虞將軍欲與之鮮衣
325 2 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 拜為郎中
326 2 tián field / farmland 非齊諸田
327 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 而令宗室及後宮詐稱公主
328 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏奇兵以爭利
329 2 quán perfect 秦之故地可全而有也
330 2 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 令後世驕奢以虐民也
331 2 jīn gold 賜金五百斤
332 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 號為奉春君
333 2 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 設兵張旗志
334 2 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 使者十輩來
335 2 hòu thick 厚奉遺之
336 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 高帝悉去秦苛儀法
337 2 zhù to build / to construct 方筑武庫南
338 2 to bend / to flex
339 2 呂后 lǚhòu Empress Lu 呂后日夜泣
340 2 how can it be that? 豈欲與周室比隆哉
341 2 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 會十月
342 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 復置法酒
343 2 jiù right away 叔孫通就其儀號
344 2 櫻桃 yīngtáo cherry 方今櫻桃孰
345 2 yòng to use / to apply 示天下不復用
346 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 獨可以計久遠子孫為臣耳
347 2 father 冒頓殺父代立
348 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 附離而并事天子
349 2 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 又欲起禮樂
350 2 è to seize 不搤其亢
351 2 to die
352 2 shì to show / to reveal 示天下不復用
353 2 a carriage / a chariot 婁敬脫輓輅
354 2 四方 sì fāng all sides 諸侯四方納貢職
355 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 豈欲與周室比隆哉
356 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡問諸生
357 2 shì a generation 積德累善十有餘世
358 2 御史 yùshǐ a censor 於是二世令御史案諸生言反者下吏
359 2 外孫 wàisūn daughter's son / grandson / descendant via the female line 則外孫為單于
360 2 老弱 lǎoruò old and weak 但見老弱及羸畜
361 2 shì room / bedroom 豈欲與周室比隆哉
362 2 ruò weak 而形勢弱也
363 2 未可 wèikě cannot / not able to 未可以武服也
364 2 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 使者十輩來
365 2 dōng east 東有六國之族
366 2 a drama / a play / a show 吾直戲耳
367 2 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 急壞之
368 2 léi weak / feeble 但見老弱及羸畜
369 2 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 引以次入殿門
370 2 積德 jīdé to accumulate merit / to do good / to give to charity 積德累善十有餘世
371 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 婁敬說曰
372 2 to smear / to defile / to make dirty 無汙我
373 2 gǎn bold / brave 豈嘗聞外孫敢與大父抗禮者哉
374 2 jǐng sunlight 景莫能興
375 2 promptly / right away / immediately 秦二世即亡
376 2 běi north 北近胡寇
377 2 fēng to seal / to close off 堯封之邰
378 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 士卒罷於兵
379 1 four 四塞以為固
380 1 fán ordinary / common 凡居此者
381 1 to hide / to go into hiding 匈奴匿其壯士肥牛馬
382 1 dàn but / yet / however 但見老弱及羸畜
383 1 huǐ to destroy 毀郡縣城
384 1 district / county 乃營成周洛邑
385 1 zòu to present / to offer 叔孫生奏事
386 1 何者 hézhě why 何者
387 1 四夷 sìyí four barbarians 四夷鄉風
388 1 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 去長安近者七百里
389 1 失禮 shīlǐ lacking in manners 無敢讙譁失禮者
390 1 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 郡守尉今捕論
391 1 道上 dàoshang on the road 柰何令後世子孫乘宗廟道上行哉
392 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 死者未葬
393 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 孝惠帝大懼
394 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 臣願先伏誅
395 1 械系 xièxì to arrest and shackle / to clap in irons 械系敬廣武
396 1 地肥 dì féi earth cake 地肥饒
397 1 to learn / to practice / to study 乃令群臣習肄
398 1 短衣 duǎnyī short garment / short jacket 服短衣
399 1 名為 míngwèi to be called 而取家人子名為長公主
400 1 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂盡之矣
401 1 妄言 wàngyán lies / wild talk / lies / nonsense / fantasy 今乃妄言沮吾軍
402 1 愚以為 yú yǐwéi in my humble view 愚以為匈奴不可擊也
403 1 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 是時漢兵已踰句注
404 1 還報 huánbào to report back 還報曰
405 1 離宮 lígōng detached palace / imperial villa 孝惠帝曾春出游離宮
406 1 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 及文王為西伯
407 1 a bruise / a sore / a wound 傷痍者未起
408 1 尊卑 zūn bēi the noble and the lowly 以尊卑次起上壽
409 1 成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou 成王即位
410 1 wèi Wei River 願陛下原廟渭北
411 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 附離而并事天子
412 1 戍卒 shùzú garrison soldier 楚戍卒攻蘄入陳
413 1 chǐ tooth / teeth 何足置之齒牙閒
414 1 wèi a military officer / lieutenant 郡守尉今捕論
415 1 事項 shìxiàng matter / item 叔孫通留事項王
416 1 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 公所為不合古
417 1 thin / emaciated 徒見羸瘠老弱
418 1 jué absolutely 哭泣之聲未絕
419 1 to raise animals 但見老弱及羸畜
420 1 二千 èr qiān two thousand 乃封敬二千戶
421 1 如何 rúhé how / what way / what 於公如何
422 1 人人 rénrén everyone / everybody 使人人奉職
423 1 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 傷痍者未起
424 1 武庫 wǔkù arsenal / store of arms 方筑武庫南
425 1 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 兵可無戰以漸臣也
426 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 秦中新破
427 1 一家 yījiā the whole family 夫天下合為一家
428 1 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 三王不同禮
429 1 zhěn pillow 陛下亦未得高枕而臥也
430 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
431 1 野外 yěwài a natural area 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
432 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官執職傳警
433 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 上疑未能決
434 1 zuì to be intoxicated / drunk 醉或妄呼
435 1 gāo the high land along a river 爭成皋之口
436 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 呂后日夜泣
437 1 不用 búyòng need not 吾不用公言
438 1 即日 jírì this or that very day / in the next few days 即日車駕西都關中
439 1 currency / coins / legal tender 貪漢重幣
440 1 不復 bùfù to not go back 示天下不復用
441 1 學者 xuézhě scholar 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
442 1 出奇 chūqí extraordinary / unusual 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
443 1 shāng a goblet 觴九行
444 1 賜姓 cìxìng to bestow a surname 賜姓劉氏
445 1 father's elder brother / uncle 及文王為西伯
446 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister 先生何言之諛也
447 1 gāo grease / fat 資甚美膏腴之地
448 1 不可勝數 bù kě shèng shǔ countless / innumerable 不可勝數
449 1 to impede / to hinder / to obstruct 不欲依阻險
450 1 zhòng heavy 貪漢重幣
451 1 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 群臣飲酒爭功
452 1 xià summer 故夏
453 1 因時 yīnshí the circumstances of time 因時世人情為之節文者也
454 1 níng Nanjing 諸生寧能鬬乎
455 1 後宮 hòu gōng the rear palace / the womens' quarters 而令宗室及後宮詐稱公主
456 1 to flatter 先生何言之諛也
457 1 shì to attend on 諸侍坐殿上皆伏抑首
458 1 定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai 定海內
459 1 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 且明主在其上
460 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天下初定
461 1 shēng sound 哭泣之聲未絕
462 1 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 貪漢重幣
463 1 to cry out / to shout 醉或妄呼
464 1 八百 bā bǎi eight hundred 不期而會孟津之上八百諸侯
465 1 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 陛下必欲廢適而立少
466 1 wēi prestige / majesty 以力為威
467 1 蜀漢 Shǔ Hàn Shu Han Kingdom 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
468 1 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang 與項羽戰滎陽
469 1 對曰 duì yuē to reply 劉敬對曰
470 1 何為 héwéi what are you doing? 何為不能
471 1 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 八夷大國之民莫不賓服
472 1 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 匈奴果出奇兵圍高帝白登
473 1 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋謂是乎
474 1 jìng a narrow path 以之徑往而卷蜀漢
475 1 gǒu dog 此特群盜鼠竊狗盜耳
476 1 國人 guórén people of that country 國人爭隨之
477 1 to assist /to help 秦以不蚤定扶蘇
478 1 chuí a horse whip 杖馬箠居岐
479 1 děng et cetera / and so on 今不能進臣等
480 1 shǒu head 諸侍坐殿上皆伏抑首
481 1 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
482 1 綿 mián silk down 及上左右為學者與其弟子百餘人為綿蕞野外
483 1 móu to be similar / to be comparable / to be equal 臣竊以為不侔也
484 1 suí to follow 諸弟子儒生隨臣久矣
485 1 láng a minister / an official 高帝悉以為郎
486 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 周之禮所因損益可知者
487 1 kòu bandit / thieve 北近胡寇
488 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 何足憂
489 1 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而劉敬脫輓輅一說
490 1 大怒 dànù angry / indignant 上大怒
491 1 to sob 呂后日夜泣
492 1 zhù to inject / to pour into 是時漢兵已踰句注
493 1 fēng wind 四夷鄉風
494 1 qiè consort / concubine 妾唯太子
495 1 lèi to be tired 積德累善十有餘世
496 1 zhāo to beckon / to hail 見留侯所招客從太子入見
497 1 sòng to accuse 斷虞芮之訟
498 1 明言 míngyán to say clearly / to argue clearly / to pronounce / pronounced 及留侯明言入關便
499 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 終不敢易衣
500 1 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日有變

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
白羊 báiyáng Aries
Bīn Bin county
伯夷 bó yí Bo Yi
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长乐 長樂 Chánglè Changle
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
单于 單于 Chányú Chanyu
陈胜 陳勝 Chén Shèng Chen Sheng
成王 Chéng Wáng King Cheng of Zhou
成周 Chéngzhōu Chengzhou
定海 dìnghǎi Dinghai
定陶 dìngTáo Dingtao
东方 東方 dōngfāng The East / The Orient
东乡 東鄉 Dōngxiāng Dongxiang people / Sarta
阏氏 閼氏 èshì Eshi
高帝 gāodì Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
关内 關內 guānnèi Guannei Circuit
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
  3. fence / low wall
  4. Han
汉王 漢王 Hàn Wáng Han Wang
胡亥 Hú Hài Hu Hai
Jié Emperor Jie
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋国 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin
晋阳 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
陇西 隴西 LǒngXī Longxi
lóu
  1. to wear
  2. Lou
  3. Lou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
洛阳 洛陽 Luòyáng Luoyang
吕后 呂后 lǚhòu Empress Lu
吕望 呂望 lǚwàng Jiang Ziya
孟津 Mèngjīn Mengjin
名家 Míng Jiā Logicians School of Thought / School of Names
冒顿 冒頓 mòdú Modu
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
平城 Píng Chéng Ping Cheng
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
秦二世 Qín Èrshì Emperor Qin Er Shi
儒者 rúzhě Confucian
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
蜀汉 蜀漢 Shǔ Hàn Shu Han Kingdom
tái
  1. Tai
  2. Tai
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
太常 Tàicháng Minister of Ceremonies / Rector of the Imperial Academy
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
wèi Wei River
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
五帝 Wǔ Dì Five Emperors
武王伐纣 武王伐紂 Wǔ Wáng fá zhòu King Wu of Zhou overthrows tyrant Zhou of Shang
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
项羽 項羽 Xiàng Yǔ Xiang Yu / Xiangyu the Conqueror
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
西乡 西鄉 Xīxiāng Xixiang
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
yáo Yao
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵高 趙高 Zhào Gāo Zhao Gao
zhòu Emperor Zhou
周公 Zhōu Gōng Duke Zhou
诸生 諸生 zhūshēng Imperial scholar from the Ming Dynasty onwards

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English