Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 《元史》, 卷一百十八 列傳第五: 特薛禪 孛禿 阿剌兀思剔吉忽里 Volume 118 Biographies 5: Texuechan, Beitu, Alawusitijihuli

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 64 ér son 姓孛思忽兒
2 47 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 生男世尚公主
3 46 to slash 弘吉剌氏
4 41 inside / interior 及阿裏不哥叛
5 41 wáng Wang 封河西王
6 39 sound of laughter 妻哈真
7 37 nián year 元貞元年二月
8 36 to give / to bestow favors 賜名薛禪
9 35 yuē to speak / to say 故兼稱曰特薛禪
10 31 Ji 弘吉剌氏
11 29 female / feminine 女曰孛兒臺
12 26 chén Chen 子曰按陳
13 26 to think / consider / to ponder 姓孛思忽兒
14 26 child / son 子斡陳
15 24 禿 bald / bare / stripped 追北至孛羅克禿
16 23 àn to press / to push 子曰按陳
17 22 fēng to seal / to close off 封河西王
18 22 děng et cetera / and so on 單等州
19 22 supreme ruler / emperor 從帝親征
20 22 bèi a comet 姓孛思忽兒
21 21 hōng to die 按陳薨
22 21 sūn Sun 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
23 19 to reply / to answer 帝賜名按答兒禿那顏
24 18 zōng school / sect 成宗即位
25 17 to attack by surprise 歲丁巳襲萬戶
26 17 lián to pity / to sympathize 有脫憐者
27 16 Shandong 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
28 16 elder brother 及阿裏不哥叛
29 16 bīng soldier / troops 又率兵平山東濟
30 15 hǎn rare 子買住罕嗣
31 15 tuō to take off 脫歡
32 14 to reach 及阿裏不哥叛
33 14 shī to lose 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
34 14 zhàn war / fighting / battle 凡三十二戰
35 14 a river / a stream 由龜剌兒河與哈丹等遇
36 14 rén person / people / a human being 葬官人山
37 14 soil / ground / land 也裏古納河之地
38 13 èr two 中統二年與諸王北伐
39 13 kuò wide / broad 繼尚闊闊倫公主
40 13 sān three 至大三年
41 13 to cut off the feet 劄剌兀
42 13 shù method / tactics 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
43 12 gōng merit 因從太祖起兵有功
44 12 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 封鄆安大長公主
45 12 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 因從太祖起兵有功
46 12 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 仍授萬戶以領之
47 12 hui to conceal 憲宗貞節皇后諱忽都臺
48 12 zhòng many / numerous 殲其眾
49 12 big / great / huge / large / major 封皇姑魯國大長公主
50 11 qiān one thousand 職千戶
51 11 to turn / to rotate 子斡陳
52 11 皇后 huánghòu an empress 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
53 11 suì age 歲丁亥
54 11 huā Hua 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
55 11 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 及阿裏不哥叛
56 11 luó Luo 斡羅陳等十人自從
57 10 huǒ fire / flame 唆兒火都者
58 10 jiā to add 繼尚囊加真公主
59 10 one 一戰遂大捷
60 10 xuē Xue 特薛禪
61 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 賜號國舅按陳那顏
62 10 eight 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
63 10 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 又從世祖南涉淮甸
64 10 enemy / foe 敵兵大擾
65 10 chāng Chang 遂名其城為應昌府
66 10 can / may / permissible 養於斡可珍公主所
67 10 追封 zhuīfēng to confer a posthumous title 追封濟寧王
68 10 road / path / way 改為應昌路
69 9 zhōu a state / a province 單等州
70 9 wood / lumber 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
71 9 濟寧 Jǐníng Jining 追封濟寧王
72 9 zhōng loyalty / devotion 謚忠武
73 9 to take / to receive / to accept 弟納陳
74 9 zhēn real / true / genuine 妻哈真
75 9 qǐng to ask / to inquire 斡羅陳萬戶及其妃囊加真公主請於朝曰
76 9 jīn gold 以金章封毓德王
77 9 zàng to bury the dead 葬官人山
78 9 chì red / scarlet 按赤臺為界
79 8 shēng to be born / to give birth 弘吉剌氏生女世以為後
80 8 shòu to teach 仍授萬戶以領之
81 8 yán color 賜號國舅按陳那顏
82 8 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十四年薨
83 8 horse 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
84 8 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宗即位
85 8 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 與亦乞列思為鄰
86 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺羊以享之
87 8 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 以從征功
88 8 younger brother 弟納陳
89 8 長公主 zhǎnggōngzhǔ a sister of the emperor or a prince 封皇姑魯國大長公主
90 7 xiàn to offer / to present 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
91 7 apparatus 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
92 7 residence / dwelling 世居朔漠
93 7 an official institution / a state bureau 遂名其城為應昌府
94 7 diāo to engrave / to carve 長曰雕阿不剌
95 7 to pick 阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏
96 7 speed 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
97 7 guān an office 葬官人山
98 7 shí time / a period of time 時武宗在藩邸
99 7 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 弟曰帖木兒
100 7 lái to come 至於莽來
101 7 wēn warm / lukewarm 溫都兒斤
102 7 ancient / old / palaeo- 其諱帖古倫者
103 7 wife 妻哈真
104 7 four 往復數四
105 7 past / former times 昔人有言
106 7 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
107 7 tǎo to seek 與諸王及統兵官玉速帖木兒等率兵討之
108 7 加封 jiāfēng to seal up (a door with a paper seal, or a document) / to confer an additional title on a nobleman 加封魯王
109 7 rate / frequency 又率兵平山東濟
110 7 dìng ingots / bars of metal 以功受賞黃金一鋌
111 7 chè to pervade / to penetrate 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
112 7 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 葬不海韓
113 7 huáng royal / imperial 皇慶間
114 7 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大二年
115 7 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 時武宗在藩邸
116 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 輔武宗守莽來
117 7 xuān to declare / to announce 武宗宣慈惠聖皇后諱真哥
118 7 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
119 7 shàng top / a high position 武宗冊上皇太后
120 7 mìng life 仍命襲父官
121 6 chén minister / statesman / official 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
122 6 yào to want / to wish for 阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏以一軍守其沖要
123 6 hào number 賜號國舅按陳那顏
124 6 hóng liberal / great 弘吉剌氏
125 6 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
126 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 後襲統其本部民四百戶
127 6 liè ardent / intense 弘吉剌氏族居於苦烈兒
128 6 special / unique / distinguished 特薛禪
129 6 xiàn constitution / statute / law 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
130 6 to inherit 繼尚囊加真公主
131 6 yuè month 每歲四時孟月
132 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 孛禿宗族乃遣也不堅歹等詣太祖
133 6 shì a generation 世居朔漠
134 6 tóng like / same / similar 開府儀同三司
135 6 蠻子 mánzi a barbarian / a slave servant 以其弟蠻子臺襲萬戶
136 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方約戰
137 6 liù six 驛馬券六
138 6 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 葬官人山
139 6 xíng to walk / to move 行伍未定
140 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
141 6 高唐 gāotáng Gaotang 乃追封阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏為高唐王
142 6 zhōng middle 單騎突入陣中
143 6 chán Chan / Zen 特薛禪
144 6 to join / to combine 又按陳之孫納合
145 5 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 元統元年
146 5 hòu after / later 弘吉剌氏生女世以為後
147 5 mǎi to buy / to purchase 子買住罕嗣
148 5 三司 sān sī three offices 開府儀同三司
149 5 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 時武宗在藩邸
150 5 book / volume 冊之子曰哈兒哈孫
151 5 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德十一年三月
152 5 nán difficult / arduous / hard 同心實難
153 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 世居朔漠
154 5 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
155 5 shì matter / thing / item 事太宗
156 5 níng Nanjing 封朵兒只班號肅雍賢寧公主
157 5 dān bill / slip of paper / form 單等州
158 5 zhāo illustrious 有昭
159 5 zài in / at 時武宗在藩邸
160 5 zèng to give a present 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
161 5 to die 脫憐卒
162 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 一戰遂大捷
163 5 zhá to write down 既而劄赤剌歹劄木哈
164 5 ài to love 曰愛不花
165 5 zhù a pillar / a post 上柱國
166 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 弘吉剌氏
167 5 dān cinnabar 諸王哈丹禿魯幹叛
168 5 駙馬都尉 fùmǎ dūwèi Commandant Escort 駙馬都尉
169 5 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 從太師國王木華黎略地遼東
170 5 jiā excellent 阿裏嘉室利
171 5 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 繼尚囊加真公主
172 5 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚忠武
173 5 yòu immature / young 皆幼
174 5 serious / critical 篤哇
175 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
176 5 dōng east 又率兵平山東濟
177 5 cháo to face 在太祖朝遙授左丞相
178 5 suǒ lock / padlock 子鎖兒哈襲爵
179 5 gān dry 取回紇尋斯幹城
180 5 suō to make mischief / to incite / to instigate 唆兒火都者
181 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 單騎突入陣中
182 5 jūn army / military 在太祖世授官本藩蒙古軍站千戶
183 5 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 有旨
184 5 píng flat / level / smooth 平西夏
185 5 yín silver 賜銀印
186 5 kāi to open 若雲開見日
187 5 earth / soil / dirt 令以兵守朔土之怯魯連
188 4 chéng a city / a town 取回紇尋斯幹城
189 4 martial / military 謚忠武
190 4 皇太后 huángtàihòu empress dowager 武宗冊上皇太后
191 4 zhào Zhao 追封趙王
192 4 běi north 追北至孛羅克禿
193 4 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 子買住罕嗣
194 4 xiàn county 泗水一十六縣
195 4 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 孛禿直前擒月列
196 4 to beg / to request 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
197 4 a tutor / a teacher 復有王傅府
198 4 wàn ten thousand 賜錢二十萬緡
199 4 huān happy / pleased / glad 脫歡
200 4 five 及金銀字海青圓符五
201 4 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 孛禿待之有加
202 4 nán south 又從世祖南涉淮甸
203 4 tiān day 天歷間
204 4 mèi younger sister 及後妹也速兒
205 4 mán Man people 乃蠻叛
206 4 shí real / true 成宗貞慈靜懿皇后諱實憐答裏
207 4 sound of child's crying 篤哇
208 4 dǎi bad / wicked / evil 孛禿宗族乃遣也不堅歹等詣太祖
209 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 帝召孛禿以兵至
210 4 駙馬 fùmǎ emperor's son-in-law 是為不只兒駙馬
211 4 一千 yī qiān one thousand 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
212 4 wén to hear 臣聞威德所加
213 4 shǔ to count 往復數四
214 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
215 4 lún human relationship / order / coherence 繼尚闊闊倫公主
216 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 仍賜以塗金銀章
217 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 大戰敗之
218 4 to marry / to take a wife 鎖兒哈娶皇子斡赤女安禿公主
219 4 dùn to escape 其眾皆度塔兀河遁去
220 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 此皆以駙馬襲封王爵者也
221 4 nóng agriculture / farming 冊等農土
222 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 以署計者四十餘
223 4 jiè border / boundary 農土猶言經界也
224 4 cháng to taste 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
225 4 tǒng to unify 以統其國族
226 4 xìng gender 是物少則發性
227 4 to instruct / to expound / to explain 申諭按陳曰
228 4 power / force / strength 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
229 4 chāo paper money 金鈔之數
230 4 winding 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
231 4 sāng mulberry tree 次曰桑哥不剌
232 4 extra / surplus / remainder 以署計者四十餘
233 4 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰按陳
234 4 father 仍命襲父官
235 4 shòu old age / long life 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
236 4 yán to speak / to say / said 因致言曰
237 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 由龜剌兒河與哈丹等遇
238 4 gào to tell / to say / said / told 磨裏禿禿來告
239 4 jiàn to see 若雲開見日
240 4 黃金 huángjīn gold 以功受賞黃金一鋌
241 4 desire 欲相親附
242 4 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 又賜所俘獲軍民五千二百
243 4 hēi black 後脫黑帖木兒叛
244 3 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 尚太宗唆兒哈罕公主
245 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 世祖昭睿順聖皇后諱察必
246 3 Tu 仍賜以塗金銀章
247 3 wén writing / text 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
248 3 金印 jīnyìn golden seal 以金印封蠻子臺為濟寧王
249 3 quán perfect 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元全德泰寧福慶皇太后
250 3 jìn to enter 進封昌王
251 3 dōng winter 以應昌路東七百里駐冬之地創建城邑
252 3 Yùn Yun 封鄆安大長公主
253 3 to die 寧死不為也
254 3 to ferry 又率兵平山東濟
255 3 quàn title deeds 驛馬券六
256 3 progeny / descendants / posterity 亦按陳之裔孫也
257 3 bān class / a group / a grade 尚朵兒只班公主
258 3 shǐ arrow / dart 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
259 3 大戰 dàzhàn war 大戰敗之
260 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往殺其眾
261 3 xià summer 實本藩駐夏之地
262 3 迷失 míshī to be lost 尚定宗長女葉裏迷失公主
263 3 guī to go back / to return 太祖留阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏歸鎮本部
264 3 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 封皇姑魯國大長公主
265 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
266 3 wèn to ask 帝問
267 3 dǎng political party 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
268 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
269 3 huái bosom / breast 葬末懷禿
270 3 divination / fortune telling 娶皇子賽因主卜女哈答罕公主
271 3 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 子迸不剌嗣
272 3 尊號 zūnhào an honorific title / a form of address reserved for a queen, ancestor, emperor etc 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
273 3 a talisman / a charm 及金銀字海青圓符五
274 3 西北 xīběi northwest 時西北有國曰乃蠻
275 3 to go 其眾皆度塔兀河遁去
276 3 ministry / department 汪古部人
277 3 十八 shíbā eighteen 至元十八年襲萬戶
278 3 end / final stage / latter part 葬末懷禿
279 3 bèng to burst forth / to spurt / to crack / to split 子迸不剌嗣
280 3 稻田 dàotián paddy field / rice paddy 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
281 3 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi 公主阿剌海別吉追封皇祖姑齊國大長公主
282 3 to enter 單騎突入陣中
283 3 mǎng thicket, underbrush growth 至於莽來
284 3 ān saddle 白金十鋌及銀鞍勒
285 3 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 成宗貞慈靜懿皇后諱實憐答裏
286 3 rén a kernel / a pit 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
287 3 zhuō awkward / clumsy / dull 哈兒八臺走渡拙赤河
288 3 a pagoda / a stupa 塔兒哈泥等討脫也等
289 3 皇子 huángzǐ prince 鎖兒哈娶皇子斡赤女安禿公主
290 3 yǎn to establish
291 3 奉旨 fèngzhǐ on imperial orders 奉旨伐宋
292 3 gōng to attack / to assault 攻釣魚山
293 3 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo 其妻阿裏黑攜幼子孛要合與侄鎮國逃難
294 3 guàn to go through 帝賜鈔五萬貫
295 3 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 以應昌路東七百里駐冬之地創建城邑
296 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔賜黃金三斤
297 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
298 3 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 謚武毅
299 3 dài to carry / to bring 帝賞以金帶
300 3 a relay station 弘吉剌萬戶所受驛券
301 3 本部 běnbù headquarters / head office 奉旨率本部兵討叛王海都
302 3 fán ordinary / common 凡三十二戰
303 3 tooth / tusk 阿失尚成宗女亦裏哈牙公主
304 3 shí ten 斡羅陳等十人自從
305 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 按陳孫斡留察兒之女
306 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
307 3 lüè plan / strategy 從太師國王木華黎略地遼東
308 3 zhuī to pursue / to chase 追北至孛羅克禿
309 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 仁宗延祐二年
310 3 yún cloud 若雲開見日
311 3 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗朝
312 3 yuán won / yuan 及金銀字海青圓符五
313 3 lín neighbor 當以胡盧忽兒河北為鄰
314 3 to prevail 追北至孛羅克禿
315 3 tuī to push / to shove 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
316 3 dié to repeat / to duplicate 叠烈木兒
317 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃執其使
318 3 guāng light 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
319 3 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 賜號拔都兒
320 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降其民
321 3 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 又賜所俘獲軍民五千二百
322 2 zhèng upright / straight 諱喃必冊繼守正宮者
323 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今鎖兒哈克光前烈
324 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 潢河之間
325 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 哈老哥魯等地
326 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 升古濟州為濟寧府
327 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 與戰未晚
328 2 clothes / dress / garment 詔賜世祖所服貂裘
329 2 huī a badge / an insignia 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
330 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 哈答罕等走度猱河
331 2 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
332 2 péi to accompany 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
333 2 wèi to call 眾謂當俟大軍畢至
334 2 城邑 chéngyì a city / a town 可建城邑以居
335 2 yáng sun 磁陽
336 2 二十四 èrshísì 24 / twenty-four 二十四年
337 2 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾薨
338 2 wing 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
339 2 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 統大軍以鎮朔方
340 2 to scatter / to disperse 以與按陳及哈撒兒為農土
341 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 歲二千二百有奇
342 2 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao 加封趙國
343 2 inside / interior 在上都東北三百里答兒海子
344 2 十一 shíyī eleven 大德十一年三月
345 2 tīng a sandbar / a shoal / a sandbank 又汀州路長汀
346 2 xiān first 先封其侄鎮國為北平王
347 2 太陽 tàiyáng sun 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
348 2 shǔ scorching / hot 時方暑
349 2 yuán a low wall 南出界垣
350 2 chóng high / dignified / lofty 又加徽文崇祐四字
351 2 zhèn town 統大軍以鎮朔方
352 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 全寧等路則自達魯花赤總管以下諸官屬
353 2 有名 yǒumíng famous / well-known 有名醜漢者
354 2 白金 báijīn platinum 白金十鋌及銀鞍勒
355 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
356 2 shùn to obey 世祖昭睿順聖皇后諱察必
357 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 有旨分賜按陳及其弟火忽
358 2 good fortune / happiness / luck 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
359 2 zhǔ owner 娶皇子賽因主卜女哈答罕公主
360 2 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign 元統元年
361 2 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統二年與諸王北伐
362 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 曰君不花
363 2 shǎo few 是物少則發性
364 2 sòng Song dynasty 奉旨伐宋
365 2 平江 píngjiāng Pingjiang 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
366 2 thing / matter 是物少則發性
367 2 zàn to praise 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
368 2 qiū fall / autumn 二年秋
369 2 jìng to pacify 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
370 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
371 2 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
372 2 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 在太祖朝遙授左丞相
373 2 to help / to assist 輔武宗守莽來
374 2 伯牙 bóyá Boya 尚憲宗女伯牙魯罕公主
375 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 成宗即位
376 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 弘吉剌萬戶所受驛券
377 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 全寧等路則自達魯花赤總管以下諸官屬
378 2 保德 bǎodé Baode 贈效忠保德輔運佐理功臣
379 2 míng bright / brilliant 實生明宗
380 2 lǐng neck 仍授萬戶以領之
381 2 zhí nephew 其妻阿裏黑攜幼子孛要合與侄鎮國逃難
382 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡殺其眾
383 2 shì to look at / to see 公主視之
384 2 jīng to go through / to experience 農土猶言經界也
385 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 弘吉剌氏族居於苦烈兒
386 2 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 仍賜以塗金銀章
387 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 薛徹堅止之曰
388 2 可汗 kěhàn khan 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
389 2 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 賜以金錦
390 2 西夏 Xī Xià Western Xia Dynasty 平西夏
391 2 fèng to offer / to present 自幼奉世皇旨
392 2 bǎi one hundred 余百人逃匿山谷
393 2 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
394 2 day of the month / a certain day 若雲開見日
395 2 tuò to expand / to support on palm / to develop / to open up 葬拓剌裏
396 2 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
397 2 gōng a palace 諱喃必冊繼守正宮者
398 2 可兒 kěér a person after one's heart (charming person) / capable person 太祖在叠蔑可兒時
399 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 大德十一年三月
400 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾年夏
401 2 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 尚完澤公主
402 2 zhī to know 孛禿知其為帝所遣
403 2 miè to belittle 太祖在叠蔑可兒時
404 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於莽來
405 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右請待之
406 2 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 以其弟蠻子臺襲萬戶
407 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 仁宗延祐二年
408 2 dìng to decide 從定宗出討萬奴有功
409 2 letter / symbol / character 及金銀字海青圓符五
410 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 術兒徹丹具以白帝
411 2 alone / independent / single / sole 尚睿宗女獨木幹公主
412 2 silk 其五戶絲
413 2 qián front 孛禿直前擒月列
414 2 家臣 jiāchén a counselor 帝嘗遣其家臣阿昔思特使敵境
415 2 gōng Gong 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
416 2 rice plant 又特薛禪諸孫有名脫羅禾者
417 2 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
418 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 哈兒八臺走渡拙赤河
419 2 貞元 zhēnyuán Zhenyuan 元貞元年二月
420 2 北平王 běipíng wáng Prince of Beiping 先封其侄鎮國為北平王
421 2 xiōng elder brother 痛其兄死節
422 2 seven 延祐七年
423 2 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 其諱帖古倫者
424 2 night 忽憐夜率千人潛入其軍
425 2 tīng to listen 聽讀所賜旨
426 2 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 養於斡可珍公主所
427 2 長子 zhǎngzǐ eldest son 按答兒禿長子雕阿不剌襲萬戶
428 2 father's elder brother / uncle 其後有曰伯奢者
429 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 實本藩駐夏之地
430 2 丙申 bǐngshēn thirty-third year C9 of the 60 year cycle 此丙申歲之所賜也
431 2 效忠 xiàozhōng to vow loyalty and devotion to 從孛禿效忠於我可也
432 2 至順 Zhìshùn Zhishun reign 至順間
433 2 不屈 bùqū unyielding / unbending 惟正言不屈
434 2 hair 是物少則發性
435 2 máng busy / pressed for time / hustling 皆按陳從孫忙哥陳之女
436 2 木華黎 mùhuàlí Muqali 從太師國王木華黎略地遼東
437 2 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌吉等
438 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 乃執其使
439 2 a slave / a servant 從定宗出討萬奴有功
440 2 Germany 以金章封毓德王
441 2 ruì shrewd / astute / clever / keen / wise 世祖昭睿順聖皇后諱察必
442 2 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 且可休兵於境
443 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 尚完澤公主
444 2 bìn to encoffin a corpse / to carry to burial 先王旅殯卜羅
445 2 shì room / bedroom 阿裏嘉室利
446 2 yáng sheep / goat 殺羊以享之
447 2 yuē approximately 方約戰
448 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 後加贈宣忠協力翊衛果毅功臣
449 2 nán nan 繼尚裕宗女喃哥不剌公主
450 2 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 婚姻而論財
451 2 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 皇慶間
452 2 shī teacher 帝遣晉王甘麻剌並武宗帥師討之
453 2 征伐 zhēngfá to go on a punitive expedition 從太祖征伐
454 2 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 此則所謂歲賜者也
455 2 gain / advantage / benefit 阿裏嘉室利
456 2 zhàn a station 在太祖世授官本藩蒙古軍站千戶
457 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 奉酒六尊
458 2 to hide / to go into hiding 余百人逃匿山谷
459 2 to allow / to permit 許妻以皇妹帖木倫
460 2 三萬 sān wàn thirty thousand 則丙申歲所賜濟寧路之三萬戶
461 2 reason / logic / truth 贈效忠保德輔運佐理功臣
462 2 後者 hòuzhě the latter 凡其女之為後者
463 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 眾謂當俟大軍畢至
464 2 hòu thick 賜與甚厚
465 2 clothes / clothing 武宗賜之衣
466 2 jié quick / nimble / prompt 一戰遂大捷
467 2 jìn shanxi 帝遣晉王甘麻剌並武宗帥師討之
468 2 加上 jiāshàng to put in / to add / to increase 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
469 2 王妃 wángfēi a princess 追封濟寧王妃
470 1 乘勝 chéngshèng to follow up a victory / to pursue retreating enemy 闊裏吉思乘勝逐北
471 1 to criticize 諸王將帥共議防邊
472 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年
473 1 zhèng government / administration 軍國大政
474 1 肥城 féichéng Feicheng 肥城
475 1 huáng an expanse of water / a lake / a pond 潢河之間
476 1 to break / to ruin / to destroy 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
477 1 死節 sǐjié martyrs of virtue 痛其兄死節
478 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 弘吉剌氏生女世以為後
479 1 加號 jiā hào a plus sign 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
480 1 táng main hall / a large room 築萬卷堂於私第
481 1 先期 xiānqī in advance / beforehand / front-end 阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏先期而至
482 1 nán male 生男世尚公主
483 1 泗水 Sìshuǐ Si River 泗水一十六縣
484 1 extra / surplus / remainder 余百人逃匿山谷
485 1 Li 圍李亶於濟南
486 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 諸王將帥共議防邊
487 1 風大 fēng dà wind / wind element / wind realm 北風大起
488 1 dǎn sincere 圍李亶於濟南
489 1 休兵 xiūbīng to cease fire / armistice / rested troops 且可休兵於境
490 1 zhú to chase / to expel 闊裏吉思乘勝逐北
491 1 láng a minister / an official 其弟鎖郎哈
492 1 chuán boat / ship / watercraft 獲船百餘艘
493 1 mín cord / fishing-line / string of coins 賜錢二十萬緡
494 1 協力 xiélì to unite in common effort 後加贈宣忠協力翊衛果毅功臣
495 1 獨當一面 dú dāng yīmiàn to assume personal responsibility / to take charge of a section 獨當一面
496 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 敵兵大擾
497 1 敗走 bàizǒu to run away (in defeat) 脫黑帖木兒敗走
498 1 瞑目 míngmù close one's eyes in death and die contentedly 瞑目無憾矣
499 1 商賈 shānggǔ a merchant 殆若商賈矣
500 1 shē extravagant / wasteful 其後有曰伯奢者

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 99 zhī him / her / them / that 仍授萬戶以領之
2 66 so as to / in order to 以統其國族
3 64 ér son 姓孛思忽兒
4 49 his / hers / its / theirs 以統其國族
5 47 公主 gōngzhǔ princess 生男世尚公主
6 46 to slash 弘吉剌氏
7 43 not / no 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
8 41 inside / interior 及阿裏不哥叛
9 41 wáng Wang 封河西王
10 39 sound of laughter 妻哈真
11 38 suddenly / abruptly 姓孛思忽兒
12 37 also / too 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
13 37 ā prefix to names of people 及阿裏不哥叛
14 37 nián year 元貞元年二月
15 36 to give / to bestow favors 賜名薛禪
16 35 yuē to speak / to say 故兼稱曰特薛禪
17 32 wèi for / to 以金印封蠻子臺為濟寧王
18 31 Ji 弘吉剌氏
19 30 shàng still / yet / to value 生男世尚公主
20 29 female / feminine 女曰孛兒臺
21 26 chén Chen 子曰按陳
22 26 to think / consider / to ponder 姓孛思忽兒
23 26 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 桑哥不剌者
24 26 child / son 子斡陳
25 24 禿 bald / bare / stripped 追北至孛羅克禿
26 23 àn to press / to push 子曰按陳
27 23 and 皆與有功
28 23 yǒu is / are / to exist 因從太祖起兵有功
29 22 fēng to seal / to close off 封河西王
30 22 děng et cetera / and so on 單等州
31 22 supreme ruler / emperor 從帝親征
32 22 bèi a comet 姓孛思忽兒
33 21 hōng to die 按陳薨
34 21 sūn Sun 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
35 21 cóng from 因從太祖起兵有功
36 20 in / at 養於斡可珍公主所
37 19 to reply / to answer 帝賜名按答兒禿那顏
38 18 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 聽讀所賜旨
39 18 tái unit 女曰孛兒臺
40 18 dōu all 奉旨率本部兵討叛王海都
41 18 zōng school / sect 成宗即位
42 17 to attack by surprise 歲丁巳襲萬戶
43 17 lián to pity / to sympathize 有脫憐者
44 16 Shandong 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
45 16 elder brother 及阿裏不哥叛
46 16 bīng soldier / troops 又率兵平山東濟
47 15 hǎn rare 子買住罕嗣
48 15 yòu again / also 又賜所俘獲軍民五千二百
49 15 tuō to take off 脫歡
50 14 zhì to / until 追北至孛羅克禿
51 14 to reach 及阿裏不哥叛
52 14 shī to lose 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
53 14 zhàn war / fighting / battle 凡三十二戰
54 14 a river / a stream 由龜剌兒河與哈丹等遇
55 14 rén person / people / a human being 葬官人山
56 14 soil / ground / land 也裏古納河之地
57 13 èr two 中統二年與諸王北伐
58 13 kuò wide / broad 繼尚闊闊倫公主
59 13 again / more / repeatedly 復戰
60 13 sān three 至大三年
61 13 to cut off the feet 劄剌兀
62 13 shù method / tactics 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
63 13 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃顏叛
64 12 gōng merit 因從太祖起兵有功
65 12 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 封鄆安大長公主
66 12 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 因從太祖起兵有功
67 12 otherwise / but / however 則按陳孫渾都帖木兒之女
68 12 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
69 12 萬戶 Wànhù Wanhu 仍授萬戶以領之
70 12 hui to conceal 憲宗貞節皇后諱忽都臺
71 12 zhòng many / numerous 殲其眾
72 12 big / great / huge / large / major 封皇姑魯國大長公主
73 11 qiān one thousand 職千戶
74 11 to turn / to rotate 子斡陳
75 11 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆與有功
76 11 皇后 huánghòu an empress 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
77 11 also / too 亦尚囊加真公主
78 11 suì age 歲丁亥
79 11 huā Hua 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
80 11 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 後襲統其本部民四百戶
81 11 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 及阿裏不哥叛
82 11 luó Luo 斡羅陳等十人自從
83 10 huǒ fire / flame 唆兒火都者
84 10 jiā to add 繼尚囊加真公主
85 10 one 一戰遂大捷
86 10 xuē Xue 特薛禪
87 10 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 賜號國舅按陳那顏
88 10 eight 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
89 10 世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu 又從世祖南涉淮甸
90 10 enemy / foe 敵兵大擾
91 10 chāng Chang 遂名其城為應昌府
92 10 can / may / permissible 養於斡可珍公主所
93 10 追封 zhuīfēng to confer a posthumous title 追封濟寧王
94 10 road / path / way 改為應昌路
95 9 zhōu a state / a province 單等州
96 9 wood / lumber 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
97 9 zhū all / many / various 中統二年與諸王北伐
98 9 濟寧 Jǐníng Jining 追封濟寧王
99 9 zhōng loyalty / devotion 謚忠武
100 9 to take / to receive / to accept 弟納陳
101 9 zhēn real / true / genuine 妻哈真
102 9 qǐng to ask / to inquire 斡羅陳萬戶及其妃囊加真公主請於朝曰
103 9 jīn gold 以金章封毓德王
104 9 zàng to bury the dead 葬官人山
105 9 chì red / scarlet 按赤臺為界
106 8 shēng to be born / to give birth 弘吉剌氏生女世以為後
107 8 this / these 此皆以駙馬襲封王爵者也
108 8 shòu to teach 仍授萬戶以領之
109 8 yán color 賜號國舅按陳那顏
110 8 至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan 至元十四年薨
111 8 horse 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
112 8 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成宗即位
113 8 ruò to seem / to be like / as 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
114 8 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 與亦乞列思為鄰
115 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺羊以享之
116 8 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 以從征功
117 8 younger brother 弟納陳
118 8 長公主 zhǎnggōngzhǔ a sister of the emperor or a prince 封皇姑魯國大長公主
119 7 xiàn to offer / to present 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
120 7 apparatus 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
121 7 residence / dwelling 世居朔漠
122 7 an official institution / a state bureau 遂名其城為應昌府
123 7 diāo to engrave / to carve 長曰雕阿不剌
124 7 to pick 阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏
125 7 speed 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
126 7 guān an office 葬官人山
127 7 shí time / a period of time 時武宗在藩邸
128 7 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 弟曰帖木兒
129 7 lái to come 至於莽來
130 7 wēn warm / lukewarm 溫都兒斤
131 7 ancient / old / palaeo- 其諱帖古倫者
132 7 wife 妻哈真
133 7 four 往復數四
134 7 past / former times 昔人有言
135 7 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
136 7 tǎo to seek 與諸王及統兵官玉速帖木兒等率兵討之
137 7 加封 jiāfēng to seal up (a door with a paper seal, or a document) / to confer an additional title on a nobleman 加封魯王
138 7 rate / frequency 又率兵平山東濟
139 7 dìng ingots / bars of metal 以功受賞黃金一鋌
140 7 chè to pervade / to penetrate 太祖嘗潛遣術兒徹丹出使
141 7 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 葬不海韓
142 7 huáng royal / imperial 皇慶間
143 7 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 至大二年
144 7 武宗 Wǔ Zōng Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong 時武宗在藩邸
145 7 de potential marker 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
146 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 輔武宗守莽來
147 7 xuān to declare / to announce 武宗宣慈惠聖皇后諱真哥
148 7 chū to go out / to leave 從定宗出討萬奴有功
149 7 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
150 7 shàng top / a high position 武宗冊上皇太后
151 7 mìng life 仍命襲父官
152 6 chén minister / statesman / official 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
153 6 yào to want / to wish for 阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏以一軍守其沖要
154 6 hái also / in addition / more 及還
155 6 hào number 賜號國舅按陳那顏
156 6 hóng liberal / great 弘吉剌氏
157 6 virtuous / admirable / esteemed 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
158 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 後襲統其本部民四百戶
159 6 liè ardent / intense 弘吉剌氏族居於苦烈兒
160 6 promptly / right away / immediately 即其孫也
161 6 you / thou 汝則居之
162 6 special / unique / distinguished 特薛禪
163 6 xiàn constitution / statute / law 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
164 6 to inherit 繼尚囊加真公主
165 6 yuè month 每歲四時孟月
166 6 jiān hard / strong / firm 孛禿宗族乃遣也不堅歹等詣太祖
167 6 shì a generation 世居朔漠
168 6 tóng like / same / similar 開府儀同三司
169 6 蠻子 mánzi a barbarian / a slave servant 以其弟蠻子臺襲萬戶
170 6 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 方約戰
171 6 liù six 驛馬券六
172 6 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 葬官人山
173 6 xíng to walk / to move 行伍未定
174 6 五百 wǔ bǎi five hundred 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
175 6 高唐 gāotáng Gaotang 乃追封阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏為高唐王
176 6 zhōng middle 單騎突入陣中
177 6 chán Chan / Zen 特薛禪
178 6 to join / to combine 又按陳之孫納合
179 6 shì is / are / am / to be 是為不只兒駙馬
180 5 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 元統元年
181 5 hòu after / later 弘吉剌氏生女世以為後
182 5 mǎi to buy / to purchase 子買住罕嗣
183 5 三司 sān sī three offices 開府儀同三司
184 5 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 時武宗在藩邸
185 5 réng yet / still / as ever 仍授萬戶以領之
186 5 book / volume 冊之子曰哈兒哈孫
187 5 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 溫都兒斤
188 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 按陳次子必哥之裔孫
189 5 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德十一年三月
190 5 nán difficult / arduous / hard 同心實難
191 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 世居朔漠
192 5 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
193 5 shì matter / thing / item 事太宗
194 5 níng Nanjing 封朵兒只班號肅雍賢寧公主
195 5 dān bill / slip of paper / form 單等州
196 5 zhāo illustrious 有昭
197 5 zài in / at 時武宗在藩邸
198 5 zèng to give a present 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
199 5 to die 脫憐卒
200 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 一戰遂大捷
201 5 zhá to write down 既而劄赤剌歹劄木哈
202 5 ài to love 曰愛不花
203 5 zhù a pillar / a post 上柱國
204 5 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 弘吉剌氏
205 5 dān cinnabar 諸王哈丹禿魯幹叛
206 5 駙馬都尉 fùmǎ dūwèi Commandant Escort 駙馬都尉
207 5 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 從太師國王木華黎略地遼東
208 5 jiā excellent 阿裏嘉室利
209 5 náng a bag /a purse / a sack 繼尚囊加真公主
210 5 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚忠武
211 5 yòu immature / young 皆幼
212 5 serious / critical 篤哇
213 5 yīn because 因從太祖起兵有功
214 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
215 5 dōng east 又率兵平山東濟
216 5 cháo to face 在太祖朝遙授左丞相
217 5 suǒ lock / padlock 子鎖兒哈襲爵
218 5 gān dry 取回紇尋斯幹城
219 5 suō to make mischief / to incite / to instigate 唆兒火都者
220 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 單騎突入陣中
221 5 jūn army / military 在太祖世授官本藩蒙古軍站千戶
222 5 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 有旨
223 5 píng flat / level / smooth 平西夏
224 5 yín silver 賜銀印
225 5 kāi to open 若雲開見日
226 5 earth / soil / dirt 令以兵守朔土之怯魯連
227 4 yuán monetary unit / dollar 元貞元年二月
228 4 chéng a city / a town 取回紇尋斯幹城
229 4 martial / military 謚忠武
230 4 bié do not / must not 復妻以皇女火臣別吉
231 4 皇太后 huángtàihòu empress dowager 武宗冊上皇太后
232 4 zhào Zhao 追封趙王
233 4 běi north 追北至孛羅克禿
234 4 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 子買住罕嗣
235 4 xiàn county 泗水一十六縣
236 4 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 孛禿直前擒月列
237 4 to beg / to request 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
238 4 de possessive particle 復尚憲宗曾孫女買的公主
239 4 a tutor / a teacher 復有王傅府
240 4 wàn ten thousand 賜錢二十萬緡
241 4 huān happy / pleased / glad 脫歡
242 4 five 及金銀字海青圓符五
243 4 naturally / of course / certainly 自旦及夕
244 4 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 孛禿待之有加
245 4 nán south 又從世祖南涉淮甸
246 4 tiān day 天歷間
247 4 mèi younger sister 及後妹也速兒
248 4 mán Man people 乃蠻叛
249 4 shí real / true 成宗貞慈靜懿皇后諱實憐答裏
250 4 sound of child's crying 篤哇
251 4 dǎi bad / wicked / evil 孛禿宗族乃遣也不堅歹等詣太祖
252 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 帝召孛禿以兵至
253 4 yīng should / ought 遂名其城為應昌府
254 4 駙馬 fùmǎ emperor's son-in-law 是為不只兒駙馬
255 4 一千 yī qiān one thousand 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
256 4 wén to hear 臣聞威德所加
257 4 shǔ to count 往復數四
258 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
259 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將戰
260 4 lún human relationship / order / coherence 繼尚闊闊倫公主
261 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 仍賜以塗金銀章
262 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 大戰敗之
263 4 to marry / to take a wife 鎖兒哈娶皇子斡赤女安禿公主
264 4 dùn to escape 其眾皆度塔兀河遁去
265 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 此皆以駙馬襲封王爵者也
266 4 nóng agriculture / farming 冊等農土
267 4 to calculate / to compute / to count 以署計者四十餘
268 4 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
269 4 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 皇慶間
270 4 jiè border / boundary 農土猶言經界也
271 4 cháng to taste 當憲宗朝嘗率兵破徐州
272 4 tǒng to unify 以統其國族
273 4 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 尚朵兒只班公主
274 4 xìng gender 是物少則發性
275 4 to instruct / to expound / to explain 申諭按陳曰
276 4 power / force / strength 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
277 4 chāo paper money 金鈔之數
278 4 winding 阿剌忽馬乞迤東
279 4 běn measure word for books 在太祖世授官本藩蒙古軍站千戶
280 4 sāng mulberry tree 次曰桑哥不剌
281 4 extra / surplus / remainder 以署計者四十餘
282 4 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 子曰按陳
283 4 father 仍命襲父官
284 4 shòu old age / long life 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
285 4 yán to speak / to say / said 因致言曰
286 4 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 由龜剌兒河與哈丹等遇
287 4 gào to tell / to say / said / told 磨裏禿禿來告
288 4 jiàn to see 若雲開見日
289 4 黃金 huángjīn gold 以功受賞黃金一鋌
290 4 desire 欲相親附
291 4 míng measure word for people 賜名薛禪
292 4 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 又賜所俘獲軍民五千二百
293 4 hēi black 後脫黑帖木兒叛
294 3 太宗 Tàizōng Emperor Taizong of Song 尚太宗唆兒哈罕公主
295 3 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 世祖昭睿順聖皇后諱察必
296 3 Tu 仍賜以塗金銀章
297 3 wén writing / text 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
298 3 金印 jīnyìn golden seal 以金印封蠻子臺為濟寧王
299 3 quán perfect 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元全德泰寧福慶皇太后
300 3 jìn to enter 進封昌王
301 3 dōng winter 以應昌路東七百里駐冬之地創建城邑
302 3 Yùn Yun 封鄆安大長公主
303 3 to die 寧死不為也
304 3 to ferry 又率兵平山東濟
305 3 quàn title deeds 驛馬券六
306 3 progeny / descendants / posterity 亦按陳之裔孫也
307 3 xià next 下大清口
308 3 bìng and / furthermore / also 帝遣晉王甘麻剌並武宗帥師討之
309 3 bān class / a group / a grade 尚朵兒只班公主
310 3 shǐ arrow / dart 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
311 3 不只 bùzhǐ not only / not merely 是為不只兒駙馬
312 3 大戰 dàzhàn war 大戰敗之
313 3 no 無子
314 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 往殺其眾
315 3 xià summer 實本藩駐夏之地
316 3 迷失 míshī to be lost 尚定宗長女葉裏迷失公主
317 3 guī to go back / to return 太祖留阿剌兀思剔吉忽裏歸鎮本部
318 3 皇姑 huánggū Huanggu 封皇姑魯國大長公主
319 3 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
320 3 a time 次曰桑哥不剌
321 3 wèn to ask 帝問
322 3 dǎng political party 由失木魯與阿裏不哥之黨八兒哈八兒思等戰
323 3 xīng to flourish / to be popular 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
324 3 I / me / my 從孛禿效忠於我可也
325 3 huái bosom / breast 葬末懷禿
326 3 divination / fortune telling 娶皇子賽因主卜女哈答罕公主
327 3 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 子迸不剌嗣
328 3 尊號 zūnhào an honorific title / a form of address reserved for a queen, ancestor, emperor etc 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
329 3 a talisman / a charm 及金銀字海青圓符五
330 3 西北 xīběi northwest 時西北有國曰乃蠻
331 3 to go 其眾皆度塔兀河遁去
332 3 ministry / department 汪古部人
333 3 yān where / how 單三州隸焉
334 3 十八 shíbā eighteen 至元十八年襲萬戶
335 3 end / final stage / latter part 葬末懷禿
336 3 bèng to burst forth / to spurt / to crack / to split 子迸不剌嗣
337 3 稻田 dàotián paddy field / rice paddy 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
338 3 I 吾兒豈能為人臣仆
339 3 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi 公主阿剌海別吉追封皇祖姑齊國大長公主
340 3 to enter 單騎突入陣中
341 3 mǎng thicket, underbrush growth 至於莽來
342 3 ān saddle 白金十鋌及銀鞍勒
343 3 to be kind / to be charitable / to be benevolent 成宗貞慈靜懿皇后諱實憐答裏
344 3 shén what 哈答罕眾甚盛
345 3 lián even 轉戰至惱木連河
346 3 rén a kernel / a pit 加上尊號曰儀天興聖慈仁昭懿壽元皇太后
347 3 zhuō awkward / clumsy / dull 哈兒八臺走渡拙赤河
348 3 a pagoda / a stupa 塔兒哈泥等討脫也等
349 3 皇子 huángzǐ prince 鎖兒哈娶皇子斡赤女安禿公主
350 3 yǎn to establish
351 3 奉旨 fèngzhǐ on imperial orders 奉旨伐宋
352 3 gōng to attack / to assault 攻釣魚山
353 3 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo 其妻阿裏黑攜幼子孛要合與侄鎮國逃難
354 3 guàn to go through 帝賜鈔五萬貫
355 3 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 以應昌路東七百里駐冬之地創建城邑
356 3 zhào an imperial decree 詔賜黃金三斤
357 3 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
358 3 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 謚武毅
359 3 dài to carry / to bring 帝賞以金帶
360 3 a relay station 弘吉剌萬戶所受驛券
361 3 本部 běnbù headquarters / head office 奉旨率本部兵討叛王海都
362 3 fán ordinary / common 凡三十二戰
363 3 tooth / tusk 阿失尚成宗女亦裏哈牙公主
364 3 such as / for example / for instance 皆如己出
365 3 shí ten 斡羅陳等十人自從
366 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 按陳孫斡留察兒之女
367 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
368 3 lüè plan / strategy 從太師國王木華黎略地遼東
369 3 zhuī to pursue / to chase 追北至孛羅克禿
370 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 仁宗延祐二年
371 3 yún cloud 若雲開見日
372 3 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗朝
373 3 yuán won / yuan 及金銀字海青圓符五
374 3 lín neighbor 當以胡盧忽兒河北為鄰
375 3 to prevail 追北至孛羅克禿
376 3 tuī to push / to shove 贈推忠宣力佐命功臣
377 3 dié to repeat / to duplicate 叠烈木兒
378 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 乃執其使
379 3 guāng light 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
380 3 拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan 賜號拔都兒
381 3 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降其民
382 3 軍民 jūnmín army-civilian / military-masses / military-civilian 又賜所俘獲軍民五千二百
383 2 zhèng upright / straight 諱喃必冊繼守正宮者
384 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長曰雕阿不剌
385 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今鎖兒哈克光前烈
386 2 之間 zhījiān between / among 潢河之間
387 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 哈老哥魯等地
388 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 升古濟州為濟寧府
389 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 與戰未晚
390 2 及其 jíqí as well as 有旨分賜按陳及其弟火忽
391 2 clothes / dress / garment 詔賜世祖所服貂裘
392 2 huī a badge / an insignia 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
393 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 哈答罕等走度猱河
394 2 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao 尚睿宗女也速不花公主
395 2 péi to accompany 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
396 2 wèi to call 眾謂當俟大軍畢至
397 2 城邑 chéngyì a city / a town 可建城邑以居
398 2 yáng sun 磁陽
399 2 二十四 èrshísì 24 / twenty-four 二十四年
400 2 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾薨
401 2 wing 太祖光獻翼聖皇后
402 2 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 統大軍以鎮朔方
403 2 to scatter / to disperse 以與按陳及哈撒兒為農土
404 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 歲二千二百有奇
405 2 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao 加封趙國
406 2 inside / interior 在上都東北三百里答兒海子
407 2 十一 shíyī eleven 大德十一年三月
408 2 tīng a sandbar / a shoal / a sandbank 又汀州路長汀
409 2 xiān first 先封其侄鎮國為北平王
410 2 太陽 tàiyáng sun 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
411 2 shǔ scorching / hot 時方暑
412 2 yuán a low wall 南出界垣
413 2 chóng high / dignified / lofty 又加徽文崇祐四字
414 2 duǒ measure word for flowers and clouds 尚朵兒只班公主
415 2 zhèn town 統大軍以鎮朔方
416 2 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 全寧等路則自達魯花赤總管以下諸官屬
417 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
418 2 有名 yǒumíng famous / well-known 有名醜漢者
419 2 白金 báijīn platinum 白金十鋌及銀鞍勒
420 2 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
421 2 shùn to obey 世祖昭睿順聖皇后諱察必
422 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 有旨分賜按陳及其弟火忽
423 2 good fortune / happiness / luck 加號皇姑徽文懿福貞壽大長公主
424 2 zhǔ owner 娶皇子賽因主卜女哈答罕公主
425 2 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign 元統元年
426 2 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong 中統二年與諸王北伐
427 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 曰君不花
428 2 shǎo few 是物少則發性
429 2 sòng Song dynasty 奉旨伐宋
430 2 平江 píngjiāng Pingjiang 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
431 2 thing / matter 是物少則發性
432 2 zàn to praise 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
433 2 qiū fall / autumn 二年秋
434 2 jìng to pacify 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
435 2 self 皆如己出
436 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 贈推誠靖宣佐運贊治功臣
437 2 蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia 有旨令蠻子臺總領蒙古軍民官
438 2 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 在太祖朝遙授左丞相
439 2 to help / to assist 輔武宗守莽來
440 2 伯牙 bóyá Boya 尚憲宗女伯牙魯罕公主
441 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 成宗即位
442 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 弘吉剌萬戶所受驛券
443 2 官屬 guānshǔ an official 全寧等路則自達魯花赤總管以下諸官屬
444 2 保德 bǎodé Baode 贈效忠保德輔運佐理功臣
445 2 míng bright / brilliant 實生明宗
446 2 final particle 殆若商賈矣
447 2 lǐng neck 仍授萬戶以領之
448 2 zhí nephew 其妻阿裏黑攜幼子孛要合與侄鎮國逃難
449 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡殺其眾
450 2 shì to look at / to see 公主視之
451 2 jīng to go through / to experience 農土猶言經界也
452 2 bitterness / bitter flavor 弘吉剌氏族居於苦烈兒
453 2 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 仍賜以塗金銀章
454 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 薛徹堅止之曰
455 2 可汗 kěhàn khan 其主太陽可汗遣使來約
456 2 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 賜以金錦
457 2 西夏 Xī Xià Western Xia Dynasty 平西夏
458 2 fèng to offer / to present 自幼奉世皇旨
459 2 bǎi one hundred 余百人逃匿山谷
460 2 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
461 2 day of the month / a certain day 若雲開見日
462 2 tuò to expand / to support on palm / to develop / to open up 葬拓剌裏
463 2 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 而唆兒火都之諸孫若孛羅沙
464 2 gōng a palace 諱喃必冊繼守正宮者
465 2 可兒 kěér a person after one's heart (charming person) / capable person 太祖在叠蔑可兒時
466 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 大德十一年三月
467 2 already / since 既與之遇
468 2 zhèn I / we 朕方欲取天下
469 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾年夏
470 2 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 尚完澤公主
471 2 zhī to know 孛禿知其為帝所遣
472 2 miè to belittle 太祖在叠蔑可兒時
473 2 qiě moreover / also 且誓曰
474 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於莽來
475 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右請待之
476 2 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 以其弟蠻子臺襲萬戶
477 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 仁宗延祐二年
478 2 dìng to decide 從定宗出討萬奴有功
479 2 letter / symbol / character 及金銀字海青圓符五
480 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 術兒徹丹具以白帝
481 2 alone / independent / single / sole 尚睿宗女獨木幹公主
482 2 silk 其五戶絲
483 2 qián front 孛禿直前擒月列
484 2 家臣 jiāchén a counselor 帝嘗遣其家臣阿昔思特使敵境
485 2 gōng Gong 而命哈兒八臺之子也可忽林圖帶弓矢為之侍
486 2 jìng actually / in the end 竟以皇妹妻之
487 2 rice plant 又特薛禪諸孫有名脫羅禾者
488 2 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi 得任其陪臣為達魯花赤者
489 2 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 賜平江稻田一千五百頃
490 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 哈兒八臺走渡拙赤河
491 2 貞元 zhēnyuán Zhenyuan 元貞元年二月
492 2 北平王 běipíng wáng Prince of Beiping 先封其侄鎮國為北平王
493 2 xiōng elder brother 痛其兄死節
494 2 seven 延祐七年
495 2 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 其諱帖古倫者
496 2 night 忽憐夜率千人潛入其軍
497 2 tīng to listen 聽讀所賜旨
498 2 zhēn precious thing / treasure / a rarity 養於斡可珍公主所
499 2 長子 zhǎngzǐ eldest son 按答兒禿長子雕阿不剌襲萬戶
500 2 father's elder brother / uncle 其後有曰伯奢者

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿鲁 阿魯 alǔ Aru
安王 Ān Wáng King An of Zhou
安远 安遠 ānyuǎn Anyuan
拔都 Bá Dū Batu Khan
白帝 Bái dì White Heavenly Emperor
保德 bǎodé Baode
北方 běi fāng The North
北平王 běipíng wáng Prince of Beiping
伯牙 bóyá Boya
伯颜 伯顏 bóyán Bayan
昌黎 chānglí Changli
陈那 陳那 Chénnà Dignāga
慈惠 Cí Huì Fǎshī Venerable Tzu Hui
达鲁花赤 達魯花赤 Dá Lǔ Huā Chì Da Lu Hua Chi
大清 Dà Qīng Qing Dynasty
砀山 碭山 dàngshān Dangshan
定西 Dìngxī Dingxi
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
肥城 féichéng Feicheng
丰县 豐縣 fēng xiàn Feng county
驸马都尉 駙馬都尉 fùmǎ dūwèi Commandant Escort
抚宁 撫寧 fǔníng Funing
高唐 gāotáng Gaotang
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
广州 廣州 Guǎngzhōu Guangzhou
海子 hǎizi wetlands / lake
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
河西 Héxī Hexi
huái Huai River
皇姑 huánggū Huanggu
济州 濟州 Jì Zhōu
  1. Jeju Province
  2. Jizhou
江淮 Jiāng Huái Lower Yangtze area / Jiang-Huai area
嘉祥 jiāxiáng Jiaxiang County
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
济南 濟南 Jǐnán Jinan
济宁 濟寧 Jǐníng Jining
金乡 金鄉 jīnxiāng Jinxiang
巨野 jùyě Juye
可真 kězhēn Kezhen
乐亭 樂亭 lètíng Laoting
连城 連城 liánchéng Liancheng
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
luán Luan
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
卢龙 盧龍 lúlóng Lulong
蒙古 měnggǔ Mongolia
木华黎 木華黎 mùhuàlí Muqali
宁化 寧化 nínghuà Ninghua
宁阳 寧陽 Níngyáng Ningyang
沛县 沛縣 Pèi Xiàn Pei County
平江 píngjiāng
  1. Pingjiang
  2. Pingjiang
平山 píngshān Pingshan
  1. common / general / popular / everywhere / universal / extensive
  2. Prussia
  3. Pu
Qi River
七宝 七寶 qī bǎo the Seven Treasures / the Seven Precious Jewels
齐国 齊國 Qí guó state of Qi
迁安 遷安 qiānān Qian'an
清流 qīngliú Qingliu
庆州 慶州 qìngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Gyeongju
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
曲阜 qǔfù Qufu
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
任城 rènchéng Rencheng
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
睿宗 睿宗 ruìzōng Ruizong Zongyao
上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
上杭 shàngHáng Shanghang
沙陀 shātuó Shatuo
世祖 Shì Zǔ Shi Zu
石城 shíchéng Shicheng
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
受者 shòu zhě The Recipient
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
泗水 Sìshuǐ Si River
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
泰宁 泰寧 tàiníng Taining
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
潼关 潼關 Tóngguān Tongguan
文宗 wénzōng Emperor Wenzong of Tang
武平 Wǔ Píng Wu Ping / Gao Wei of Norther Qi
武王 Wǔ Wáng Wu Wang / King Wu of Zhou
武宗 Wǔ Zōng
  1. Emperor Zhengde / Wu Zong
  2. Emperor Wuzong of Tang
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西夏 Xī Xià Western Xia Dynasty
西域 xī yù Western Regions
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
雁门 雁門 yànmén Yanmen
也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi
永平 Yǒngpíng
  1. Yong Ping reign
  2. Yong Ping reign
元统 元統 Yuántǒng Yuantong reign
虞城 yúchéng Yucheng
Yùn Yun
郓城 鄆城 Yùnchéng Yuncheng
长汀 長汀 zhǎngtīng Changting
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵国 趙國 Zhào Guó State of Zhao
镇国 鎮國 zhènguó Zhenguo
贞元 貞元 zhēnyuán Zhenyuan
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至顺 至順 Zhìshùn Zhishun reign
至元 Zhìyuán Zhiyuan
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing
中统 中統 zhōngtǒng Zhongtong

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English