Glossary and Vocabulary for Guoyu 《國語》, 晉語三 Discourses of Jin III

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 93 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君改葬共君以為榮也
2 80 yuē to speak / to say 輿人誦之曰
3 36 gōng public/ common / state-owned 惠公入而背外內之賂
4 34 zhèng Zheng 使丕鄭聘于秦
5 31 qín Shaanxi 秦人殺冀芮而施之
6 22 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 惠公既殺里克而悔之
7 17 zhòng many / numerous 夫眾口禍福之門
8 16 xíng punishment / penalty 國斯無刑
9 16 to enter 惠公入而背外內之賂
10 16 jìn shanxi 晉君必出
11 15 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 慶鄭曰
12 13 child / son 必伯諸侯以見天子
13 13 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之屬內作
14 13 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故行不可不慎也
15 12 to die 丕死
16 12 bào newspaper 貞之無報也
17 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
18 12 shī to lose 晉君大失其眾
19 11 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 惠公入而背外內之賂
20 11 zhòng heavy 公子重耳其入乎
21 11 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 得國而狃
22 11 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
23 10 wèi to call 乃謂穆公曰
24 10 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 丕死
25 10 guī to go back / to return 以待所歸兮
26 9 zuì crime / sin / vice 其民何罪
27 9 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 若狄公子
28 9 ěr ear 公子重耳其入乎
29 9 to give 勿予糴
30 9 wén to hear 郭偃聞之
31 9 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 以待所歸兮
32 9 néng can / able 孰能出君
33 9 zhǐ to stop / to halt 冀芮而止之
34 8 hán Korea / South Korea 公隕于韓
35 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今又殺臣之父及七輿大夫
36 8 xíng to walk / to move 謀度而行
37 8 Mu 乃謂穆公曰
38 8 to take / to receive / to accept 昔君之不納公子重耳而納晉君
39 8 móu to plan / to scheme 監戒而謀
40 7 Germany 忘善而背德
41 7 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 眾固不說
42 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 公令河上輸之粟
43 7 tiān day 罹天之禍
44 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而越于民
45 7 huá Chinese 共華
46 7 to bribe 惠公入而背外內之賂
47 7 bèi back [of the body] 惠公入而背外內之賂
48 7 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 志道者勿忘
49 7 rén person / people / a human being 輿人誦之曰
50 7 zhī to know 必或知之
51 6 lái to come 故來
52 6 extravagant / go with fashion 其靡有徵兮
53 6 a musical note 君厚問以召呂甥
54 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 鬭士眾
55 6 zhì to place / to lay out 是君之不置德而置服也
56 6 shēng a nephew 君厚問以召呂甥
57 6 fàn to commit crime / to violate 是犯也
58 6 zhī a branch / a twig 謂公孫枝曰
59 6 sàng to lose / to die 果喪其田
60 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 謂公孫枝曰
61 6 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 而忌處者
62 6 shī teacher 以師奉公子重耳
63 6 inside / interior 既里
64 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言之紀也
65 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰而取笑諸侯
66 5 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 必伯諸侯以見天子
67 5 jiàn to see 佞之見佞
68 5 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster
69 5 liáng a bridge 梁由靡御韓簡
70 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 今君既定而列成
71 5 to starve / to be hungry 晉饑
72 5 a man / a male adult 夫眾口禍福之門
73 5 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 梁由靡御韓簡
74 5 ruì small 芮也
75 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 雖我必擊之
76 5 to reach 將及矣
77 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 子殺二君與一大夫
78 5 wài outside 惠公入而背外內之賂
79 5 to purchase grains / to store grain 乞糴于秦
80 5 è evil / vice 而惡滋章
81 5 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 秦人殺冀芮而施之
82 4 zhì sign / mark / flag 志道者勿忘
83 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 君厚問以召呂甥
84 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 軍敗
85 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大命其傾
86 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 是以君子省眾而動
87 4 hòu thick 君厚問以召呂甥
88 4 zhèng government / administration 秦始知河東之政
89 4 to defend / to resist 雖欲御我
90 4 zuò to do 臣之屬內作
91 4 tīng to listen 貞為不聽
92 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 不謀而諫者
93 4 míng bright / brilliant 明之曜也
94 4 Hebei 冀芮也
95 4 seven 歲之二七
96 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 國家代有
97 4 one 子殺二君與一大夫
98 4 to prevail 惠公既殺里克而悔之
99 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 寡人未之敢忘
100 4 past / former times 昔君之惠也
101 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 善之難也
102 4 yuàn to blame / to complain 無損于怨而厚于寇
103 4 apprentice / disciple 以家仆徒為右
104 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 虢射曰
105 3 孺子 rúzǐ a child 若征繕以輔孺子
106 3 nèi inside / interior 惠公入而背外內之賂
107 3 xiōng elder brother 殺其弟而立其兄
108 3 chóu an enemy / an opponent 臣思報君之讎
109 3 kòu bandit / thieve 無損于怨而厚于寇
110 3 ancient barbarian tribes 將止不面夷
111 3 shí real / true 民實戴之
112 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其有殃也多矣
113 3 miàn side / surface 將止不面夷
114 3 guō Guo 郭偃曰
115 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善之難也
116 3 tián field / farmland 果喪其田
117 3 yòng to use / to apply 戰而用良
118 3 qīn relatives 寡人將親見
119 3 to beg / to request 乞糴于秦
120 3 a slave / a servant 以家仆徒為右
121 3 bào a leopard / a panther 丕豹出奔秦
122 3 shǔ to count 其數告于民矣
123 3 female / feminine 又曰餘納有道以臨女
124 3 martial / military 武也
125 3 èr two 歲之二七
126 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 出不能用
127 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 處者不足
128 3 jìn to enter 公孫枝進諫曰
129 3 to make a mistake / to miss 又重之以誤人
130 3 to cut down 君若伐之
131 3 yǎn to lie / to lay down 郭偃曰
132 3 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 輿人誦之曰
133 3 jiā house / home / residence 以家仆徒為右
134 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 貞之無報也
135 3 nián year 十四年
136 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 寡人之憂也
137 3 niǔ to accustomed to 得國而狃
138 3 to envy / to be jealous 而忌處者
139 3 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 必自殺也
140 3 rén a kernel / a pit 公子重耳之仁莫不知
141 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 其數告于民矣
142 3 yòu right / right-hand 卜右
143 3 二三 èrsān six non-Buddhist philosophers 二三子皆在而不及
144 3 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 鎮撫國家
145 3 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至于韓
146 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可以廢道于天下
147 3 gain / advantage / benefit 孰利
148 3 huái bosom / breast 威兮懷兮
149 3 to think / consider / to ponder 臣思報君之讎
150 3 zài in / at 二三子皆在而不及
151 3 father 今又殺臣之父及七輿大夫
152 3 不遂 bùsuì to fail / to fail to materialize / not to get one's way 置而不遂
153 3 chǔ state of Chu
154 3 sān three 任大惡三
155 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 其小人不念其君之罪
156 2 改葬 gǎizàng to change a burial place 出共世子而改葬之
157 2 guāng light 其光耿于民矣
158 2 jiù to save / to rescue 釋來救君
159 2 to punish / to penalize 受君之罰
160 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果喪其田
161 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以入乎
162 2 yāng misfortune / disaster / calamity 其有殃也多矣
163 2 to separate / to divide 蛾析謂慶鄭曰
164 2 gǎn bold / brave 寡人未之敢忘
165 2 不克 bùkè cannot / to not be able (to) / to be unable to 亦不克救
166 2 suì age 歲之二七
167 2 to avoid / to shun 寡人將無所避
168 2 guó Guo 虢射曰
169 2 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 丕鄭之子曰豹
170 2 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 鄭也有罪
171 2 shì matter / thing / item 吾寧事齊
172 2 dǎng political party 丕之黨也
173 2 kǎo to examine / to test 考省不倦
174 2 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 司馬說進三軍之士而數慶鄭曰
175 2 to record 言之紀也
176 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 謀度而行
177 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 且戰而自退
178 2 an opening 郤稱
179 2 wèn to ask 君厚問以召呂甥
180 2 zéi thief 而報之以賊
181 2 兵甲 bīngjiǎ weapons and armor 兵甲盡矣
182 2 xùn to inquire /to ask 君其訊射也
183 2 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 恥大國之士于中原
184 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 然後誅焉
185 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 猗兮違兮
186 2 dòu to struggle / to fight / to compete / to contend 鬭士眾
187 2 Jiàng Jiang 公至于絳郊
188 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 爾俟我
189 2 不祥 bùxiáng unwholesome 不祥
190 2 不智 bùzhì unwise 謀而困人不智
191 2 divination / fortune telling 卜右
192 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 不若赦之以報讎
193 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬鄭
194 2 chē a vehicle 君揖大夫就車
195 2 to join / to combine 能合之弗能離也
196 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 鄭之車不足以辱君避也
197 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 詐之見詐
198 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 君令司馬說刑之
199 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 入不能治
200 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 知而背之不信
201 2 spirit / soul 其魄兆于民矣
202 2 國人 guórén people of that country 國人誦之曰
203 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 鄭也與客將行事
204 2 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 擊而不勝
205 2 出奔 chūbēn to flee 丕豹出奔秦
206 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 今又薦饑
207 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 惠公即位
208 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 逐之恐搆諸侯
209 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 若征繕以輔孺子
210 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 智也
211 2 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin 以要晉國之成
212 2 to help / to assist 若征繕以輔孺子
213 2 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 及文公入
214 2 猶在 yóuzài still in existence / still around 君猶在外
215 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 恥大國之士于中原
216 2 guest / visitor 鄭也與客將行事
217 2 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦難乎
218 2 yào glorious 明之曜也
219 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 而群臣是憂
220 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 寡人之愿也
221 2 gǎi to change / to alter 二三子其改置以代圉也
222 2 chòu to smell / to stink / to emit a foul odor 臭達于外
223 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 其若為諸侯笑何
224 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂不予
225 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 不降
226 2 nìng to flatter / to praise 佞之見佞
227 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 君改葬共君以為榮也
228 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以廢道于天下
229 2 shǐ beginning / start 秦始知河東之政
230 2 to happen to / sorrow / suffer from 罹天之禍
231 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 不聞命而擅進退
232 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 謀而困人不智
233 2 shēn deep 秦寇深矣
234 2 所知 suǒ zhī known / what one knows 非鄭之所知也
235 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
236 2 dào way / road / path 道也
237 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
238 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 不聞命而擅進退
239 2 shàng top / a high position 公令河上輸之粟
240 2 wēi power / might / prestige 威兮懷兮
241 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 殺無道而立有道
242 2 a river / a stream 是故泛舟于河
243 2 shěng province 是以君子省眾而動
244 2 é moth 蛾析謂慶鄭曰
245 2 desire 欲先導者行乎
246 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載我
247 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 不圖而殺者
248 2 can / may / permissible 可哉
249 2 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 不和
250 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 眾固不說
251 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受君之罰
252 2 mìng life 大命其傾
253 2 soil / ground / land 弗予賂地而予之糴
254 2 shì to release / to set free 釋來救君
255 2 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 晉君之無道莫不聞
256 2 Ji 慶鄭吉
257 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 殺無道而立有道
258 2 sòng to recite / to read aloud / to recite from memory 輿人誦之曰
259 2 to give / to bestow favors 共賜謂共華曰
260 2 無後 wúhòu to lack male offspring 無後
261 2 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 終逢其咎
262 2 clothes / dress / garment 是君之不置德而置服也
263 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 舅所病也
264 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 若征繕以輔孺子
265 2 xiè to thank 且謝之
266 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 君入而列未成
267 2 a frontier 是故歸惠公而質子圉
268 2 idea 意之術也
269 2 even / equal / uniform 吾寧事齊
270 2 天下 tiānxià China 不可以廢道于天下
271 2 zhí to connect / to tie up 公子縶曰
272 1 kuài fast / quick 將待刑以快君志
273 1 莫不聞 mò bùwén there is no-one who doesn't know that 晉君之無道莫不聞
274 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 呂甥致眾而告之曰
275 1 必勝 bìshèng to be certain of victory / to be bound to prevail 吾必勝之
276 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 勝敗若化
277 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 偷居倖生
278 1 夫君 fūjūn my husband 夫君政刑
279 1 往年 wǎngnián former years 往年有難
280 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐之恐搆諸侯
281 1 其父 qí fù his father 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
282 1 悅眾 yuè zhòng Director of Affairs / Karmadana / Vinaya Master / Discipline Master 且賞以悅眾
283 1 qiǎn shallow 能淺其寇乎
284 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 入處不安
285 1 tribes from northern china 若狄公子
286 1 取笑 qǔxiào to tease / to make fun of 戰而取笑諸侯
287 1 戎馬 róngmǎ military horse / by extension, military matters 戎馬濘而止
288 1 王城 Wáng chéng Angkor Thom 至于王城
289 1 子思 Zǐ Sī Zi Si 子思報父之仇
290 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 夫眾口禍福之門
291 1 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 舅所病也
292 1 不恤 bùxù not to worry / not to show concern 吾君慚焉其亡之不恤
293 1 流行 liúxíng popular / fashionable / prevalent 天殃流行
294 1 wēi small / tiny 雖微秦國
295 1 special / unique / distinguished 特宮
296 1 to substitute for / to take the place of / to replace 君之冢嗣其替乎
297 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 臣聞奔刑之臣
298 1 to stand 不憚征繕以立孺子
299 1 輯睦 jímù tranquil / harmonious 群臣輯睦
300 1 三施 sān shī three kinds of giving 三施而無報
301 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
302 1 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 二者不行
303 1 dìng to decide 秦歲定
304 1 jiǔ old 故久
305 1 niàn to read aloud 其小人不念其君之罪
306 1 既定 jìdìng already fixed / set / established 今君既定而列成
307 1 tōu to steal 偷居倖生
308 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 叔堅
309 1 shòu to teach 而授重耳
310 1 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 公至于絳郊
311 1 to fly 日考而習
312 1 zhí straight 上有直刑
313 1 shì to look at / to see 令韓簡視師
314 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 彼塞我施
315 1 將來 jiānglái the future 今君將來
316 1 láo secure 饋七牢焉
317 1 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 帥師侵晉
318 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 以承公
319 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 步揚御戎
320 1 to arise / to get up 廢而不起
321 1 sǔn to injure 無損于怨而厚于寇
322 1 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 十五年
323 1 lín to face / to overlook 又曰餘納有道以臨女
324 1 to salute / to bow 君揖大夫就車
325 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 戰而用良
326 1 整列 zhěng liè to put in order 君其整列
327 1 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
328 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 臣之屬內作
329 1 hàn dry 今旱而聽于君
330 1 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 必使誘我
331 1 extra / surplus / remainder 又曰餘納有道以臨女
332 1 不倦 bùjuàn tireless / untiring / indefatigable 考省不倦
333 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 鄭也賊而亂國
334 1 將至 jiāngzhì to be about to arrive / to be around the corner 將至矣
335 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 其天道也
336 1 gòu to reach 逐之恐搆諸侯
337 1 無害 wúhài harmless 國可以無害
338 1 to ferry 故無不濟
339 1 hào number 公號慶鄭曰
340 1 鎮撫 zhènfǔ to subdue 鎮撫國家
341 1 先導 xiāndǎo a guide / a forerunner / a pioneer 欲先導者行乎
342 1 a carriage / a chariot 輅秦公
343 1 質子 zhìzi a proton 是故歸惠公而質子圉
344 1 increase / benefit 兵甲益多
345 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 乃改館晉君
346 1 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 復之則君臣合作
347 1 夫人 fūren wife 夫人美于中
348 1 高梁 gāoliáng Takahashi 晉人殺懷公于高梁
349 1 以敘 yǐxù Israel-Syria 紀言以敘之
350 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 禍亂其興
351 1 zhāo illustrious 明曜以昭之
352 1 dài idle / remiss / negligent 晉莫不怠
353 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山祁
354 1 yún cloud 是故云
355 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 楚又交輔之
356 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 戒備畢矣
357 1 kuì a flooding river 晉師潰
358 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 則有辭矣
359 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 已賴其地
360 1 未成 wèichéng a minor 君入而列未成
361 1 báo thin / slight / weak 鄭之使薄而報厚
362 1 行將 xíngjiāng ready to start on something / about to act 行將安入
363 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 好我者勸
364 1 王妃 wángfēi a princess 為王妃兮
365 1 zhōng middle 夫人美于中
366 1 wáng to die 吾君慚焉其亡之不恤
367 1 眾說 zhòngshuō various ideas / diverse opinions 眾說
368 1 御戎 yùróng chariot driver 步揚御戎
369 1 shù method / tactics 意之術也
370 1 挑戰 tiǎozhàn to challenge 公令韓簡挑戰
371 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 呂甥教之言
372 1 yào to want / to wish for 以要晉國之成
373 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 呂甥逆君于秦
374 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
375 1 hǎo good 好我者勸
376 1 yuán to aid / to assist 以為君援
377 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 能合之弗能離也
378 1 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 帥師侵晉
379 1 殺人 shārén to murder 失眾安能殺人
380 1 nìng muddy 戎馬濘而止
381 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 而惡滋章
382 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽言誤眾
383 1 亂政 luànzhèng to administer 失刑亂政
384 1 yuán shafts of cart / yamen 焉作轅田
385 1 shì to vow / to pledge / to swear 韓之誓
386 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 能執之
387 1 to lack 補乏薦饑
388 1 公立 gōnglì public (e.g. school, hospital) 懷公立
389 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 補乏薦饑
390 1 to attain / to reach 臭達于外
391 1 泛舟 fàn zhōu to go boating 是故泛舟于河
392 1 róng glory / honor 君改葬共君以為榮也
393 1 能行 néngxíng ability to act 我能行之
394 1 死刑 sǐxíng death penalty 有臣死刑
395 1 do evil in secret 以歸則國家多慝
396 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 心之哀兮
397 1 yǒng brave / courageous 困而不死無勇
398 1 huǐ to regret 惠公既殺里克而悔之
399 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監戒而謀
400 1 死喪 sǐsàng to die 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
401 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 二者不行
402 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 下有直言
403 1 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 君之冢嗣其替乎
404 1 father's elder brother / uncle 必伯諸侯以見天子
405 1 to kill / to massacre 死戮
406 1 sufficient / enough 足者不處
407 1 不遜 bùxùn rude / impertinent 鄭也不遜
408 1 halberd 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
409 1 其內 qínèi included / within that 殺其內主
410 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 公在秦三月
411 1 to broadcast 必播于外
412 1 zhuī piebald horse 騅歂
413 1 abundant / numerous 山祁
414 1 bīng soldier / troops 焉作州兵
415 1 安適 ān shì quiet and comfortable 將安適
416 1 合作 hézuò to cooperate / to collaborate 復之則君臣合作
417 1 丁丑 Dīng Chǒu Ding Zhou year 丁丑
418 1 gěng bright / honest 其光耿于民矣
419 1 yùn to be indignant / to be feel hurt 秦莫不慍
420 1 chéng to punish / to discipline 喪田不懲
421 1 快意 kuàiyì pleased / elated 快意而喪君
422 1 a step 步揚御戎
423 1 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 述意以導之
424 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝無後害
425 1 zuò to sit 有人能坐待刑
426 1 xián virtuous / worthy 其聞賢于刑之
427 1 héng to weigh 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
428 1 四鄰 sì lín one's nearest neighbors 雖四鄰之聞之也
429 1 day of the month / a certain day 日考而習
430 1 不慎 bùshèn incautious / inattentive 故行不可不慎也
431 1 dài to put on / to wear 民實戴之
432 1 hòu after / later 後不可用也
433 1 zhào million / mega 其魄兆于民矣
434 1 jiè to quit 監戒而謀
435 1 léi to record / to copy 縲虎
436 1 xìn to believe / to trust 信為不誠
437 1 jiǎ Jia 賈華
438 1 封國 fēngguó vassal state 不可以封國
439 1 報德 bàodé to repay debts of gratitude / to repay kindness 臣怨君始入而報德
440 1 十四 shí sì fourteen 十四年
441 1 cháo to face 令國人于朝曰
442 1 to grow / to multiply / to increase 而惡滋章
443 1 kuì food 饋七牢焉
444 1 shū father's younger brother 叔堅
445 1 奈何 nàihé to deal with / to cope 奈何
446 1 zhǔ owner 殺其內主
447 1 有益 yǒuyì useful / profitable / beneficial 庶有益乎
448 1 逐出 zhúchū to expel / to evict / to drive out 殺晉君與逐出之
449 1 residence / dwelling 偷居倖生
450 1 shū to transport 公令河上輸之粟
451 1 河東 hédōng Hedong 秦始知河東之政
452 1 to be urgent 茍眾不說其君之不報也
453 1 alone / independent / single / sole 將獨伐秦
454 1 shǎo few 師少于我
455 1 戒備 jièbèi to take precautions / to guard against 戒備畢矣
456 1 zhǒng mound / burial mound / senior 君之冢嗣其替乎
457 1 to die 惠公卒
458 1 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 入也煩己
459 1 shì to match 復其君而質其適子
460 1 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 且賞以悅眾
461 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 任大惡三
462 1 zhì matter / material / substance 復其君而質其適子
463 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 偷居倖生
464 1 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 大命其傾
465 1 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 述意以導之
466 1 公使 gōngshǐ minister / diplomat performing ambassadorial role in Qing times, before regular diplomatic relations 穆公使泠至報問
467 1 chuǎn \N 騅歂
468 1 gōng a palace 特宮
469 1 不予 bùyǔ to withhold / to refuse 遂不予
470 1 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 出共世子而改葬之
471 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 晉君無禮于君
472 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 兵甲盡矣
473 1 dòng to move / to act 是以君子省眾而動
474 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 天下孰弗患
475 1 diāo to engrave / to carve 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
476 1 tiger 縲虎
477 1 jūn army / military 軍敗
478 1 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終逢其咎
479 1 zhōu a state / a province 焉作州兵
480 1 paternal aunt / father's sister 我姑待死
481 1 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 不憚征繕以立孺子
482 1 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 殺其弟而立其兄
483 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 丕鄭如秦謝緩賂
484 1 unhusked millet 公令河上輸之粟
485 1 méng eyesight obscured / ashamed 而使君瞢
486 1 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 終逢其咎
487 1 jué he / she / it 不更厥貞
488 1 禍亂 huòluàn calamity and chaos / devastating disorder / great turmoil 禍亂其興
489 1 hài to injure / to harm to 勝無後害
490 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 惡我者懼
491 1 告之 gàozhī to tell / to inform 呂甥致眾而告之曰
492 1 chóu hatred / animosity / enmity 子思報父之仇
493 1 měi beautiful 夫人美于中
494 1 不肯 bùkěn not willing 然公子重耳實不肯
495 1 安能 ānnéng how can it be possible? 失眾安能殺人
496 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 夫眾口禍福之門
497 1 shí food / food and drink 饑食其糴
498 1 秦國 Qínguó Qin State 雖微秦國
499 1 yǔn to fall from outer space 公隕于韓
500 1 勝敗 shèngbài victory or defeat / result 勝敗若化

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 127 zhī him / her / them / that 惠公入而背外內之賂
2 93 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君改葬共君以為榮也
3 80 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 惠公入而背外內之賂
4 80 yuē to speak / to say 輿人誦之曰
5 63 also / too 貞之無報也
6 56 his / hers / its / theirs 果喪其田
7 37 not / no 喪田不懲
8 36 gōng public/ common / state-owned 惠公入而背外內之賂
9 34 zhèng Zheng 使丕鄭聘于秦
10 32 so as to / in order to 以待所歸兮
11 31 in / at 公隕于韓
12 31 qín Shaanxi 秦人殺冀芮而施之
13 22 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 惠公既殺里克而悔之
14 18 expresses question or doubt 君之冢嗣其替乎
15 17 I / me / my 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
16 17 yǒu is / are / to exist 而有是臭也
17 17 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若狄公子
18 17 zhòng many / numerous 夫眾口禍福之門
19 16 xíng punishment / penalty 國斯無刑
20 16 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必播于外
21 16 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將及矣
22 16 to enter 惠公入而背外內之賂
23 16 jìn shanxi 晉君必出
24 15 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 慶鄭曰
25 13 child / son 必伯諸侯以見天子
26 13 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之屬內作
27 13 no 貞之無報也
28 13 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故行不可不慎也
29 12 yòu again / also 今又殺臣之父及七輿大夫
30 12 final particle 戒備畢矣
31 12 to die 丕死
32 12 wèi for / to 貞為不聽
33 12 bào newspaper 貞之無報也
34 12 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
35 12 shī to lose 晉君大失其眾
36 12 I 吾是之依兮
37 11 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 惠公入而背外內之賂
38 11 zhòng heavy 公子重耳其入乎
39 11 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 得國而狃
40 11 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
41 10 wèi to call 乃謂穆公曰
42 10 great / grand / glorious / distinguished 丕死
43 10 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 欲先導者行乎
44 10 guī to go back / to return 以待所歸兮
45 9 zuì crime / sin / vice 其民何罪
46 9 公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific) 若狄公子
47 9 expresses affirmation, approval, or consent 威兮懷兮
48 9 ěr ear 公子重耳其入乎
49 9 to give 勿予糴
50 9 wén to hear 郭偃聞之
51 9 shì is / are / am / to be 孰是人斯
52 9 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 以待所歸兮
53 9 gòng together 出共世子而改葬之
54 9 néng can / able 孰能出君
55 9 zhǐ to stop / to halt 冀芮而止之
56 8 what / where / which 不至何待
57 8 hán Korea / South Korea 公隕于韓
58 8 no 弗殺
59 8 qiě moreover / also 且謝之
60 8 chū to go out / to leave 出共世子而改葬之
61 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今又殺臣之父及七輿大夫
62 8 xíng to walk / to move 謀度而行
63 8 Mu 乃謂穆公曰
64 8 to take / to receive / to accept 昔君之不納公子重耳而納晉君
65 8 móu to plan / to scheme 監戒而謀
66 7 Germany 忘善而背德
67 7 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 眾固不說
68 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 公令河上輸之粟
69 7 yān where / how 然後誅焉
70 7 tiān day 罹天之禍
71 7 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃背秦賂
72 7 mín the people / citizen / subjects 而越于民
73 7 huá Chinese 共華
74 7 to bribe 惠公入而背外內之賂
75 7 bèi back [of the body] 惠公入而背外內之賂
76 7 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 志道者勿忘
77 7 rén person / people / a human being 輿人誦之曰
78 7 zhī to know 必或知之
79 7 and 子殺二君與一大夫
80 6 lái to come 故來
81 6 extravagant / go with fashion 其靡有徵兮
82 6 a musical note 君厚問以召呂甥
83 6 不若 bùruò not as good as 不若予之
84 6 shì a gentleman / a knight 鬭士眾
85 6 zhì to place / to lay out 是君之不置德而置服也
86 6 shēng a nephew 君厚問以召呂甥
87 6 otherwise / but / however 則有辭矣
88 6 fàn to commit crime / to violate 是犯也
89 6 zhī a branch / a twig 謂公孫枝曰
90 6 sàng to lose / to die 果喪其田
91 6 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun 謂公孫枝曰
92 6 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 而忌處者
93 6 shī teacher 以師奉公子重耳
94 6 inside / interior 既里
95 6 yán to speak / to say / said 言之紀也
96 6 zhàn war / fighting / battle 戰而取笑諸侯
97 5 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故殺丕鄭及七輿大夫
98 5 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 必伯諸侯以見天子
99 5 jiàn to see 佞之見佞
100 5 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster
101 5 liáng a bridge 梁由靡御韓簡
102 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故無不濟
103 5 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 今君既定而列成
104 5 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆里
105 5 to starve / to be hungry 晉饑
106 5 a man / a male adult 夫眾口禍福之門
107 5 shú which 孰是人斯
108 5 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 梁由靡御韓簡
109 5 ruì small 芮也
110 5 rán correct / right / certainly
111 5 to strike / to hit / to beat 雖我必擊之
112 5 to reach 將及矣
113 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 子殺二君與一大夫
114 5 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 梁由靡御韓簡
115 5 wài outside 惠公入而背外內之賂
116 5 to purchase grains / to store grain 乞糴于秦
117 5 suī although / even though 雖欲御我
118 5 è evil / vice 而惡滋章
119 5 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 秦人殺冀芮而施之
120 4 zhì sign / mark / flag 志道者勿忘
121 4 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 君厚問以召呂甥
122 4 bài to defeat / to vanquish 軍敗
123 4 big / great / huge / large / major 大命其傾
124 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 是以君子省眾而動
125 4 hòu thick 君厚問以召呂甥
126 4 zhèng government / administration 秦始知河東之政
127 4 to defend / to resist 雖欲御我
128 4 zuò to do 臣之屬內作
129 4 tīng to listen 貞為不聽
130 4 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 不謀而諫者
131 4 already / since 既里
132 4 míng bright / brilliant 明之曜也
133 4 Hebei 冀芮也
134 4 seven 歲之二七
135 4 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 國家代有
136 4 one 子殺二君與一大夫
137 4 to prevail 惠公既殺里克而悔之
138 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 寡人未之敢忘
139 4 past / former times 昔君之惠也
140 4 nán difficult / arduous / hard 善之難也
141 4 yuàn to blame / to complain 無損于怨而厚于寇
142 4 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 眾莫不知
143 4 apprentice / disciple 以家仆徒為右
144 4 duì to / toward 對曰
145 3 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 虢射曰
146 3 孺子 rúzǐ a child 若征繕以輔孺子
147 3 nèi inside / interior 惠公入而背外內之賂
148 3 xiōng elder brother 殺其弟而立其兄
149 3 chóu an enemy / an opponent 臣思報君之讎
150 3 kòu bandit / thieve 無損于怨而厚于寇
151 3 ancient barbarian tribes 將止不面夷
152 3 shí real / true 民實戴之
153 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其有殃也多矣
154 3 miàn side / surface 將止不面夷
155 3 guō Guo 郭偃曰
156 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善之難也
157 3 tián field / farmland 果喪其田
158 3 yòng to use / to apply 戰而用良
159 3 de potential marker 得國而狃
160 3 qīn relatives 寡人將親見
161 3 to beg / to request 乞糴于秦
162 3 a slave / a servant 以家仆徒為右
163 3 bào a leopard / a panther 丕豹出奔秦
164 3 shǔ to count 其數告于民矣
165 3 zāi exclamatory particle 甚哉
166 3 female / feminine 又曰餘納有道以臨女
167 3 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以君子省眾而動
168 3 martial / military 武也
169 3 èr two 歲之二七
170 3 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 出不能用
171 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 處者不足
172 3 何故 hégù what reason 何故
173 3 do not 志道者勿忘
174 3 hái also / in addition / more 君若還
175 3 jìn to enter 公孫枝進諫曰
176 3 to make a mistake / to miss 又重之以誤人
177 3 again / more / repeatedly 與復之
178 3 to cut down 君若伐之
179 3 yǎn to lie / to lay down 郭偃曰
180 3 輿 a cart / sedan chair / a carriage 輿人誦之曰
181 3 jiā house / home / residence 以家仆徒為右
182 3 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 貞之無報也
183 3 nián year 十四年
184 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 寡人之憂也
185 3 niǔ to accustomed to 得國而狃
186 3 to envy / to be jealous 而忌處者
187 3 自殺 zìshā to commit suicide 必自殺也
188 3 rén a kernel / a pit 公子重耳之仁莫不知
189 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 其數告于民矣
190 3 yòu right / right-hand 卜右
191 3 二三 èrsān six non-Buddhist philosophers 二三子皆在而不及
192 3 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 鎮撫國家
193 3 至于 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至于韓
194 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 不可以廢道于天下
195 3 gain / advantage / benefit 孰利
196 3 huái bosom / breast 威兮懷兮
197 3 to think / consider / to ponder 臣思報君之讎
198 3 zhì to / until 不至何待
199 3 zài in / at 二三子皆在而不及
200 3 father 今又殺臣之父及七輿大夫
201 3 不遂 bùsuì to fail / to fail to materialize / not to get one's way 置而不遂
202 3 chǔ state of Chu
203 3 sān three 任大惡三
204 3 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 以待所歸兮
205 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 其小人不念其君之罪
206 2 改葬 gǎizàng to change a burial place 出共世子而改葬之
207 2 guāng light 其光耿于民矣
208 2 jiù to save / to rescue 釋來救君
209 2 a time 失次犯令
210 2 to punish / to penalize 受君之罰
211 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果喪其田
212 2 naturally / of course / certainly 丕鄭之自秦反也
213 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以入乎
214 2 yāng misfortune / disaster / calamity 其有殃也多矣
215 2 to separate / to divide 蛾析謂慶鄭曰
216 2 gǎn bold / brave 寡人未之敢忘
217 2 such as / for example / for instance 惡亦如之
218 2 不克 bùkè cannot / to not be able (to) / to be unable to 亦不克救
219 2 suì age 歲之二七
220 2 to avoid / to shun 寡人將無所避
221 2 also / too 惡亦如之
222 2 guó Guo 虢射曰
223 2 子曰 zǐyuē Confucius says 丕鄭之子曰豹
224 2 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 鄭也有罪
225 2 shì matter / thing / item 吾寧事齊
226 2 dǎng political party 丕之黨也
227 2 kǎo to examine / to test 考省不倦
228 2 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 司馬說進三軍之士而數慶鄭曰
229 2 to record 言之紀也
230 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 謀度而行
231 2 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 且戰而自退
232 2 an opening 郤稱
233 2 wèn to ask 君厚問以召呂甥
234 2 zéi thief 而報之以賊
235 2 兵甲 bīngjiǎ weapons and armor 兵甲盡矣
236 2 xùn to inquire /to ask 君其訊射也
237 2 大國 dàguó a power / a great power 恥大國之士于中原
238 2 jiù right away 君揖大夫就車
239 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 然後誅焉
240 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 猗兮違兮
241 2 dòu to struggle / to fight / to compete / to contend 鬭士眾
242 2 Jiàng Jiang 公至于絳郊
243 2 already / afterwards 已失人
244 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 爾俟我
245 2 不祥 bùxiáng unwholesome 不祥
246 2 不智 bùzhì unwise 謀而困人不智
247 2 divination / fortune telling 卜右
248 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 不若赦之以報讎
249 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬鄭
250 2 kuàng moreover / how much the more 而況國乎
251 2 chē a vehicle 君揖大夫就車
252 2 to join / to combine 能合之弗能離也
253 2 and 晉國和乎
254 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 鄭之車不足以辱君避也
255 2 zhà to cheat / to swindle 詐之見詐
256 2 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 君令司馬說刑之
257 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 入不能治
258 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 知而背之不信
259 2 spirit / soul 其魄兆于民矣
260 2 國人 guórén people of that country 國人誦之曰
261 2 行事 xíngshì to execute / to handle 鄭也與客將行事
262 2 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 擊而不勝
263 2 出奔 chūbēn to flee 丕豹出奔秦
264 2 jiàn to recommend / to elect 今又薦饑
265 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 惠公即位
266 2 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 逐之恐搆諸侯
267 2 shàn to rewrite / to transcribe 若征繕以輔孺子
268 2 zhì wisdom / knowledge / understanding 智也
269 2 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin 以要晉國之成
270 2 to help / to assist 若征繕以輔孺子
271 2 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 及文公入
272 2 猶在 yóuzài still in existence / still around 君猶在外
273 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 恥大國之士于中原
274 2 guest / visitor 鄭也與客將行事
275 2 不亦 bùyì is that not also? 不亦難乎
276 2 yào glorious 明之曜也
277 2 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 而群臣是憂
278 2 this / these 此其黨半國矣
279 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 寡人之愿也
280 2 gǎi to change / to alter 二三子其改置以代圉也
281 2 chòu to smell / to stink / to emit a foul odor 臭達于外
282 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 其若為諸侯笑何
283 2 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂不予
284 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 不降
285 2 nìng to flatter / to praise 佞之見佞
286 2 why not? 君盍待之乎
287 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 君改葬共君以為榮也
288 2 this 孰是人斯
289 2 fēi not / non- / un- 非鄭之所知也
290 2 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以廢道于天下
291 2 ěr thus / so / like that 各聚爾有
292 2 shǐ beginning / start 秦始知河東之政
293 2 self 以君之出也處己
294 2 to happen to / sorrow / suffer from 罹天之禍
295 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 不聞命而擅進退
296 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 謀而困人不智
297 2 shēn deep 秦寇深矣
298 2 所知 suǒ zhī known / what one knows 非鄭之所知也
299 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 不忠
300 2 dào way / road / path 道也
301 2 fǒu to negate / to deny 君子則否
302 2 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
303 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 不聞命而擅進退
304 2 shàng top / a high position 公令河上輸之粟
305 2 wēi power / might / prestige 威兮懷兮
306 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 殺無道而立有道
307 2 a river / a stream 是故泛舟于河
308 2 shěng province 是以君子省眾而動
309 2 é moth 蛾析謂慶鄭曰
310 2 desire 欲先導者行乎
311 2 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 載我
312 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 不圖而殺者
313 2 can / may / permissible 可哉
314 2 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 不和
315 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 眾固不說
316 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受君之罰
317 2 mìng life 大命其傾
318 2 soil / ground / land 弗予賂地而予之糴
319 2 shì to release / to set free 釋來救君
320 2 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 晉君之無道莫不聞
321 2 Ji 慶鄭吉
322 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 殺無道而立有道
323 2 sòng to recite / to read aloud / to recite from memory 輿人誦之曰
324 2 to give / to bestow favors 共賜謂共華曰
325 2 無後 wúhòu to lack male offspring 無後
326 2 jiù to punish / to chastise / to blame 終逢其咎
327 2 clothes / dress / garment 是君之不置德而置服也
328 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 舅所病也
329 2 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 若征繕以輔孺子
330 2 xiè to thank 且謝之
331 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 君入而列未成
332 2 a frontier 是故歸惠公而質子圉
333 2 idea 意之術也
334 2 even / equal / uniform 吾寧事齊
335 2 天下 tiānxià China 不可以廢道于天下
336 2 zhí to connect / to tie up 公子縶曰
337 1 kuài fast / quick 將待刑以快君志
338 1 according to 吾是之依兮
339 1 莫不聞 mò bùwén there is no-one who doesn't know that 晉君之無道莫不聞
340 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 呂甥致眾而告之曰
341 1 必勝 bìshèng to be certain of victory / to be bound to prevail 吾必勝之
342 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 勝敗若化
343 1 xìng lucky / fortunate 偷居倖生
344 1 夫君 fūjūn my husband 夫君政刑
345 1 往年 wǎngnián former years 往年有難
346 1 zhú to chase / to expel 逐之恐搆諸侯
347 1 其父 qí fù his father 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
348 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 二三子皆在而不及
349 1 悅眾 yuè zhòng Director of Affairs / Karmadana / Vinaya Master / Discipline Master 且賞以悅眾
350 1 each 各聚爾有
351 1 qiǎn shallow 能淺其寇乎
352 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 入處不安
353 1 tribes from northern china 若狄公子
354 1 取笑 qǔxiào to tease / to make fun of 戰而取笑諸侯
355 1 戎馬 róngmǎ military horse / by extension, military matters 戎馬濘而止
356 1 王城 Wáng chéng Angkor Thom 至于王城
357 1 子思 Zǐ Sī Zi Si 子思報父之仇
358 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 夫眾口禍福之門
359 1 jiù mother's brother / maternal uncle 舅所病也
360 1 不恤 bùxù not to worry / not to show concern 吾君慚焉其亡之不恤
361 1 流行 liúxíng popular / fashionable / prevalent 天殃流行
362 1 wēi small / tiny 雖微秦國
363 1 special / unique / distinguished 特宮
364 1 to substitute for / to take the place of / to replace 君之冢嗣其替乎
365 1 bēn to run fast / to flee 臣聞奔刑之臣
366 1 to stand 不憚征繕以立孺子
367 1 輯睦 jímù tranquil / harmonious 群臣輯睦
368 1 that / those 彼塞我施
369 1 三施 sān shī three kinds of giving 三施而無報
370 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 使寡人過殺我社稷之鎮
371 1 不然 bùrán or else / otherwise / if not 君其不然
372 1 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 二者不行
373 1 dìng to decide 秦歲定
374 1 jiǔ old 故久
375 1 niàn to read aloud 其小人不念其君之罪
376 1 既定 jìdìng already fixed / set / established 今君既定而列成
377 1 tōu to steal 偷居倖生
378 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 叔堅
379 1 shòu to teach 而授重耳
380 1 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 公至于絳郊
381 1 shéi who / whoever 誰與
382 1 to fly 日考而習
383 1 zhí straight 上有直刑
384 1 shì to look at / to see 令韓簡視師
385 1 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 彼塞我施
386 1 將來 jiānglái the future 今君將來
387 1 láo secure 饋七牢焉
388 1 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 帥師侵晉
389 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 以承公
390 1 其外 qíwài besides 背其外賂
391 1 yáng to raise / to hoist / the action of tossing / to flutter / to propagate 步揚御戎
392 1 to arise / to get up 廢而不起
393 1 sǔn to injure 無損于怨而厚于寇
394 1 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 十五年
395 1 lín to face / to overlook 又曰餘納有道以臨女
396 1 to salute / to bow 君揖大夫就車
397 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 戰而用良
398 1 整列 zhěng liè to put in order 君其整列
399 1 gèng more / even more 不更厥貞
400 1 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
401 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 臣之屬內作
402 1 hàn dry 今旱而聽于君
403 1 yòu to persuade / to entice / to induce 必使誘我
404 1 何為 héwéi what are you doing? 何為而可
405 1 extra / surplus / remainder 又曰餘納有道以臨女
406 1 不倦 bùjuàn tireless / untiring / indefatigable 考省不倦
407 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 鄭也賊而亂國
408 1 將至 jiāngzhì to be about to arrive / to be around the corner 將至矣
409 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 其天道也
410 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶失其國
411 1 gòu to reach 逐之恐搆諸侯
412 1 無害 wúhài harmless 國可以無害
413 1 to ferry 故無不濟
414 1 hào number 公號慶鄭曰
415 1 鎮撫 zhènfǔ to subdue 鎮撫國家
416 1 先導 xiāndǎo a guide / a forerunner / a pioneer 欲先導者行乎
417 1 莫大 mòdà greatest / most important 惠莫大焉
418 1 a carriage / a chariot 輅秦公
419 1 質子 zhìzi a proton 是故歸惠公而質子圉
420 1 increase / benefit 兵甲益多
421 1 guǎn house / establishment / hall / public building 乃改館晉君
422 1 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 復之則君臣合作
423 1 夫人 fūren wife 夫人美于中
424 1 高梁 gāoliáng Takahashi 晉人殺懷公于高梁
425 1 有人 yǒurén a person / anyone / someone 有人能坐待刑
426 1 以敘 yǐxù Israel-Syria 紀言以敘之
427 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 禍亂其興
428 1 zhāo illustrious 明曜以昭之
429 1 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 此所以待也
430 1 dài idle / remiss / negligent 晉莫不怠
431 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山祁
432 1 yún cloud 是故云
433 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 楚又交輔之
434 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 戒備畢矣
435 1 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 是再施不遂也
436 1 kuì a flooding river 晉師潰
437 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 則有辭矣
438 1 lài to depend on / to rely on 已賴其地
439 1 未成 wèichéng a minor 君入而列未成
440 1 báo thin / slight / weak 鄭之使薄而報厚
441 1 huò or / either / else 必或知之
442 1 行將 xíngjiāng ready to start on something / about to act 行將安入
443 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 好我者勸
444 1 王妃 wángfēi a princess 為王妃兮
445 1 zhōng middle 夫人美于中
446 1 wáng to die 吾君慚焉其亡之不恤
447 1 眾說 zhòngshuō various ideas / diverse opinions 眾說
448 1 御戎 yùróng chariot driver 步揚御戎
449 1 shù method / tactics 意之術也
450 1 其實 qíshí actually / in fact / really 而又愛其實
451 1 挑戰 tiǎozhàn to challenge 公令韓簡挑戰
452 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 呂甥教之言
453 1 yào to want / to wish for 以要晉國之成
454 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 呂甥逆君于秦
455 1 子弟 zǐdì later generations 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
456 1 hǎo good 好我者勸
457 1 yuán to aid / to assist 以為君援
458 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 能合之弗能離也
459 1 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 帥師侵晉
460 1 殺人 shārén to murder 失眾安能殺人
461 1 an exclamation of admiration 猗兮違兮
462 1 nìng muddy 戎馬濘而止
463 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 而惡滋章
464 1 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽言誤眾
465 1 亂政 luànzhèng to administer 失刑亂政
466 1 yuán shafts of cart / yamen 焉作轅田
467 1 shì to vow / to pledge / to swear 韓之誓
468 1 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 能執之
469 1 to lack 補乏薦饑
470 1 公立 gōnglì public (e.g. school, hospital) 懷公立
471 1 to repair / to patch / to mend 補乏薦饑
472 1 to attain / to reach 臭達于外
473 1 泛舟 fàn zhōu to go boating 是故泛舟于河
474 1 róng glory / honor 君改葬共君以為榮也
475 1 能行 néngxíng ability to act 我能行之
476 1 死刑 sǐxíng death penalty 有臣死刑
477 1 do evil in secret 以歸則國家多慝
478 1 āi to be sad / to be mournful / to be pitiful 心之哀兮
479 1 yǒng brave / courageous 困而不死無勇
480 1 huǐ to regret 惠公既殺里克而悔之
481 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監戒而謀
482 1 死喪 sǐsàng to die 而悼其父兄子弟之死喪者
483 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 二者不行
484 1 直言 zhíyán to talk bluntly 下有直言
485 1 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 君之冢嗣其替乎
486 1 father's elder brother / uncle 必伯諸侯以見天子
487 1 to kill / to massacre 死戮
488 1 sufficient / enough 足者不處
489 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 秦豈不能
490 1 不遜 bùxùn rude / impertinent 鄭也不遜
491 1 halberd 穆公衡雕戈出見使者
492 1 其內 qínèi included / within that 殺其內主
493 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 公在秦三月
494 1 what? / where? / why? 吾又奚言哉
495 1 to broadcast 必播于外
496 1 zhuī piebald horse 騅歂
497 1 abundant / numerous 山祁
498 1 bīng soldier / troops 焉作州兵
499 1 cóng from 愿從其君而與報秦
500 1 安適 ān shì quiet and comfortable 將安適

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
高梁 gāoliáng
  1. Takahashi
  2. Takahashi city
公使 gōngshǐ minister / diplomat performing ambassadorial role in Qing times, before regular diplomatic relations
公孙 公孫 Gōngsūn Gongsun
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
guó
  1. Guo
  2. Guo
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋国 晉國 Jìn Guó state of Jin
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
以叙 以敘 yǐxù Israel-Syria
悦众 悅眾 yuè zhòng Director of Affairs / Karmadana / Vinaya Master / Discipline Master
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
中原 zhōng yuán the Central Plains of China
子思 Zǐ Sī Zi Si

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English