Glossary and Vocabulary for Old History of the Five Dynasties 《舊五代史》, 卷三十四 唐書10: 莊宗本紀八 Volume 34 Book of Later Tang 10: Zhuangzong Annals 8

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 36 yuē to speak / to say 閽報正言曰
2 35 supreme ruler / emperor 帝不受朝賀
3 33 jūn army / military 逃背軍健
4 30 zhōu a state / a province 諸州上言
5 29 wáng Wang 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
6 25 使 shǐ to make / to cause 以宣徽南院使
7 24 děng et cetera / and so on 平棘等四縣部民
8 23 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
9 23 shàng top / a high position 諸州上言
10 22 yán to speak / to say / said 諸州上言
11 21 jìn to enter 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
12 21 xíng to walk / to move 已行弑逆
13 20 yàn elegant / handsome 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
14 19 luàn chaotic / disorderly 城將亂矣
15 19 zòu to present / to offer 又奏
16 19 rén person / people / a human being 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
17 18 Ye 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
18 18 Li 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
19 17 chéng a city / a town 城將亂矣
20 17 zài in / at 今英主在上
21 17 to reach 及諸色課利
22 16 qīn to respect / to admire 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
23 16 bīng soldier / troops 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
24 15 zhào an imperial decree 詔以去歲災沴
25 15 shí time / a period of time 昭宗遇難之時
26 15 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 太祖嘗問莊宗時事
27 14 day of the month / a certain day 是日
28 14 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
29 14 to inherit 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
30 13 zhī to know 知內侍省兼內勾
31 13 shì matter / thing / item 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
32 13 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請復常膳
33 12 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 予恃嗣源侍衛
34 11 qióng Hainan 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
35 11 nèi inside / interior 知內侍省兼內勾
36 10 shào to continue / to carry on 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
37 10 wén to hear 尚聞所在卻有征收
38 10 yuán source / origin 予恃嗣源侍衛
39 10 perilous / lofty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
40 10 chén minister / statesman / official 宰臣豆盧革上言
41 10 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守太師
42 10 horse 奚各遣使貢馬
43 10 rate / frequency 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
44 9 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
45 9 西 The West 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
46 9 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
47 9 zéi thief 賊將至矣
48 9 chuān Sichuan 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
49 9 xīng to flourish / to be popular 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
50 9 shǐ history 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
51 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
52 9 to ride an animal or bicycle 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
53 9 wàn ten thousand 萬等三州卻歸當道
54 8 天下 tiānxià China 天下禁囚
55 8 zhào Zhao 裨將趙在禮聞軍亂
56 8 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 康延孝擁眾反
57 8 guān an office 官典犯贓
58 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 自今月三日後避正殿
59 8 qiān humble / modest 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
60 8 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
61 8 martial / military 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
62 8 zhōng middle 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
63 8 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
64 8 qīng minister / high officer 卿當擇其次者
65 8 rén a kernel / a pit 來仁
66 8 to enter 每入言事
67 8 guō Guo 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
68 8 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 裨將趙在禮聞軍亂
69 8 an official institution / a state bureau 都府之中
70 7 cún to exist / to survive 帝異母弟鄜州節度使存乂伏誅
71 7 to go 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
72 7 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下宜居中以製之
73 7 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍左右無不托附
74 7 yún cloud 每日族談巷語云
75 7 wēi power / might / prestige 威福自我
76 7 quán perfect 齊王張全義為檢校太師
77 7 desire 回鶻可汗阿咄欲遣使貢良馬
78 7 nián year 同光四年春正月戊午朔
79 7 zhòng many / numerous 眾遂呼噪
80 7 chóng high / dignified / lofty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
81 7 gěi to give 請給鎧仗
82 7 wèi Eighth earthly branch 人未測其禍始
83 6 京師 jīngshī a capital city 彥瓊單騎奔京師
84 6 zhěng appearance of the sun 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
85 6 xìng fortunate / lucky 進以俳優嬖幸
86 6 mìng life 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
87 6 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
88 6 tǎo to seek 詔征諸道之師進討
89 6 extra / surplus / remainder 皇屬千餘人同時遇害
90 6 zhū vermilion 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
91 6 sān three 自今月三日後避正殿
92 6 兵士 bīngshì an ordinary soldier 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
93 6 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅之
94 6 guī to go back / to return 至是代歸
95 6 ancient barbarian tribes 夷其族
96 6 shǔ Sichuan 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
97 6 kòu bandit / thieve 契丹寇渤海
98 6 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 契丹阿保機遣使貢良馬
99 6 zǎi to slaughter 宰臣豆盧革上言
100 6 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
101 6 tāo a bow case / a scabbard / a military strategy 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
102 6 big / great / huge / large / major 諸軍大掠
103 6 fàn to commit crime / to violate 官典犯贓
104 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
105 6 guāng light 同光四年春正月戊午朔
106 6 yòu right / right-hand 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
107 6 deputy / assistant / vice- 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
108 6 a river / a stream 鐸以勁兵千人伏於王莽河逆擊之
109 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民凍死者七千二百六十人
110 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 同光四年春正月戊午朔
111 5 shī teacher 楊師太
112 5 zhàn war / fighting / battle 何須即戰
113 5 a family clan 夷其族
114 5 xuān to declare / to announce 準宣為去年十月地震
115 5 hair 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
116 5 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 帝召宰臣於便殿
117 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 諸軍左右無不托附
118 5 jǐng sunlight 內人景姹上言
119 5 河中 hézhōng Hezhong 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
120 5 dàn dawn 詰旦
121 5 duó a bell 都巡檢使孫鐸等急趨史彥瓊之第
122 5 dào way / road / path 集僧道起消災道場
123 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
124 5 bào newspaper 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
125 5 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
126 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂作亂
127 5 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 安重誨以為不可
128 5 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
129 5 ministry / department 部民凍死者七千二百六十人
130 5 zhǔ owner 今英主在上
131 5 zhèng upright / straight 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
132 5 hàn Han Chinese 繼岌以康延孝據漢州
133 5 yáng Yang 楊師太
134 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 登陴拒守
135 5 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
136 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
137 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 時皆為刺史
138 5 皇后 huánghòu an empress 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
139 5 fán ordinary / common 凡三上表
140 5 jié to question / to interrogate 詰旦
141 5 wǎn evening / night 五日晚
142 5 shǒu head 皆脅肩低首
143 5 gòng tribute / gift 契丹阿保機遣使貢良馬
144 5 líng an actor 以伶官得幸
145 5 wide / broad 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
146 5 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 故亦及於禍
147 5 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 甲不離體
148 5 wèi to call 謂宰臣曰
149 5 to go / to visit / to attend 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
150 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 事多忽忘
151 5 Táng Tang Dynasty 周唐殷
152 5 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 故急征彥瓊
153 5 píng flat / level / smooth 平棘等四縣部民
154 5 biàn to change / to alter 星辰無變
155 5 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
156 5 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 減膳撤樂
157 5 night 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
158 4 車駕 chējià imperial chariot 元行欽請車駕幸汴州
159 4 yǒu friend / companion 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
160 4 軍人 jūnrén serviceman / soldier 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
161 4 都城 dūchéng capital city 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
162 4 tóng like / same / similar 同光四年春正月戊午朔
163 4 child / son 郭崇韜之子婿也
164 4 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 上以汝輩有社稷功
165 4 lái to come 來仁
166 4 chǒu ugly 二月己丑
167 4 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
168 4 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 宜散府藏
169 4 elder brother 並皇子滿哥三人
170 4 miǎn to spare 秋夏稅賦並與放免
171 4 將士 jiāng shì officers and soldiers 將士各欲歸府寧親
172 4 míng bright / brilliant 遲明
173 4 福建 Fújiàn Fujian 福建節度副使王延翰奏
174 4 meaning / sense 齊王張全義為檢校太師
175 4 to give / to bestow favors 向者諸侯貢獻旋供賜與
176 4 to think / consider / to ponder 飛龍使顏思威部署西川宮人至
177 4 qīn relatives 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
178 4 móu to plan / to scheme 汝等何謀之過耶
179 4 jié take by force / to coerce 放火劫舍
180 4 huò to reap / to harvest 獲免
181 4 to measure / to estimate 人未測其禍始
182 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
183 4 sūn Sun 都巡檢使孫鐸等急趨史彥瓊之第
184 4 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 眾推在禮為兵馬留後
185 4 anger / rage / fury 三軍怨怒
186 4 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 兼尚書令
187 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 遞降一等
188 4 xià summer 秋夏稅賦並與放免
189 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 帝待以腹心之任
190 4 to die 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
191 4 to gather / to collect 集僧道起消災道場
192 4 què a watchtower 魏王繼岌傳送郭崇韜父子首函至闕下
193 4 five 五日晚
194 4 教門 jiāomén a school or religion / a sect 至興教門大呼
195 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 事多忽忘
196 4 邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
197 4 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 檢校右散騎常侍
198 4 zōng school / sect 昭宗遇難之時
199 4 Kangxi radical 177 宰臣豆盧革上言
200 4 huī bright / radiant 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
201 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
202 4 李嗣源 lǐ sìyuán Li Siyuan 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
203 4 a stream which leaves the main branch then later returns 次汜水
204 4 to defend / to resist 無煩躬禦士伍
205 4 yǐn to govern 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
206 4 shuǐ water 次汜水
207 4 wài outside 除已行刑憲外
208 4 縣令 xiànlìng county magistrate 忽有縣令
209 4 hǎo good 莊宗好畋獵
210 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能以軍法約束此輩
211 4 qián front 自壬午年已前所欠殘稅
212 4 bēn to run fast / to flee 彥瓊單騎奔京師
213 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 白奉國
214 4 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
215 4 chōu to draw out / to pump 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
216 4 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔謙附之以希寵
217 4 yuè month 自今月三日後避正殿
218 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
219 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
220 4 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 薛敬容
221 4 xiào to be filial 康延孝擁眾反
222 4 to cry out / to shout 常呼為
223 4 zhèn town 鎮州上言
224 3 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi 為三穴瘞於宮城西古龍興寺北
225 3 河南府 Hénán Fǔ Hennan Provincial Capital 仍詔河南府監護其事
226 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 孔謙附之以希寵
227 3 dòu bean / pea 宰臣豆盧革上言
228 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
229 3 sòng Song Dynasty 以樞密使宋唐玉為特進
230 3 thing / matter 無疑於物
231 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 準律常赦不原外
232 3 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 皇后出宮中妝奩銀盆各二
233 3 zào to be noisy / to chirp loudly 眾遂呼噪
234 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓不勝其酷
235 3 liú Liu 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
236 3 huán to circle / to encircle 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
237 3 one 今一州之亂而雲無可將者
238 3 gōng to attack / to assault 賊果攻北門
239 3 chén Chen 共陳利害
240 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 軍人即斬仁晸
241 3 four 同光四年春正月戊午朔
242 3 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
243 3 gōng merit 上以汝輩有社稷功
244 3 quán authority / power 節度使王審知委權知軍府事
245 3 zhì to place / to lay out 以偽置昭武軍節度使林思諤為閬州刺史
246 3 西征 xīzhēng a military expedition west 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
247 3 liè to hunt 帝幸冷泉校獵
248 3 níng Nanjing 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
249 3 bǎi one hundred 艱難百戰
250 3 shì a city 及招兵市馬
251 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 須計萬全
252 3 zhí straight 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
253 3 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見天象
254 3 shěng province 知內侍省兼內勾
255 3 wáng to die 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
256 3 yín silver 以樂人景進為銀青光祿大夫
257 3 to criticize 議欲歸藩
258 3 gòu to shame / to abuse / to insult 皇甫暉聚眾大詬
259 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
260 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 繼岌之軍尚留巴
261 3 huī a badge / an insignia 以宣徽南院使
262 3 soil / ground / land 置髻於地
263 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 百官上表
264 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營於西南隅
265 3 road / path / way 多號泣於路
266 3 can / may / permissible 餘無可將者
267 3 jiǎ armor 甲不離體
268 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 福建節度副使王延翰奏
269 3 夜半 bànyè midnight / the middle of the night 史彥瓊夜半出城
270 3 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
271 3 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 擁在禮趨臨清
272 3 武德 wǔdé Wude 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
273 3 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 知留守事
274 3 néng can / able 公能為帥否
275 3 jīng Beijing 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
276 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
277 3 to join / to combine 應合抵極刑者
278 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 永王存霸為河中節度使
279 3 wēn warm / lukewarm 從馬直宿衛軍士王溫等五人夜半謀亂
280 3 招撫 zhāofǔ to enlist rebel soldiers by offering amnesty / to bring to negotiated surrender 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
281 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 為衛兵所擒
282 3 piāo swift / nimble 剽劫坊市
283 3 xiàng lane / alley 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
284 3 bīn ornamental / refined 王全斌傳
285 3 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 行欽自鄴退軍
286 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收城之日
287 3 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹寇渤海
288 3 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官上表
289 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 夜分至魏縣
290 3 Lu 宰臣豆盧革上言
291 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 故盡誅郭氏
292 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 請公同行
293 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 悉委進監臨
294 3 bái white 白奉國
295 3 qiáng wall 晚年蕭牆之禍
296 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充樞密使
297 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 但訓士守城
298 3 a word 嗣源以詭詞得出
299 3 liǎng two 解縣兩池榷鹽使
300 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 非嗣源不可
301 3 kāng Kang 康延孝擁眾反
302 3 to take / to get / to fetch 不取敕旨歸寧
303 3 shī to lose 一朝失機
304 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 登陴拒守
305 3 special / unique / distinguished 特進
306 3 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
307 3 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
308 3 chuán to transmit 里人相傳為愁台
309 3 hurried / worried 故急征彥瓊
310 3 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
311 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 以詔書招諭城中
312 3 shēn to extend 申王存渥為鄆州節度使
313 3 responsibility / duty 以責課效
314 3 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 崩於絳霄殿之廡下
315 3 汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng 元行欽請車駕幸汴州
316 3 衛士 wèishì a guardian / a defender 每遇衛士執兵仗者
317 3 lín female of Chinese unicorn 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
318 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 已行弑逆
319 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 趙在禮引諸軍據宮城
320 3 shǐ arrow / dart 俄而帝為流矢所中
321 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 人人恐悚
322 3 yòng to use / to apply 用此奚為
323 3 門外 ménwài outside the door 進營於觀音門外
324 3 gōng a palace 帝還宮
325 3 jiā house / home / residence 去家咫尺
326 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion
327 3 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 從駕精兵不下百萬
328 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 至萬勝鎮即命旋師
329 3 tiān day 客星犯天庫
330 3 season / period 荊南高季興上言
331 2 所在 suǒzài place / location 尚聞所在卻有征收
332 2 yáo distant / remote 登城遙拜行欽曰
333 2 暗箭 ànjiàn attack by stealth / to ambush 乃自置暗箭格
334 2 shì to murder a superior 已行弑逆
335 2 kuí kui / a one legged dragon 請割峽內夔
336 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 晚年蕭牆之禍
337 2 前後 qiánhòu front and back 或步騎前後已定
338 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 以鄭州刺史李紹奇為河陽節度使
339 2 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 晝夜為備
340 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 趙在禮獻羊酒勞軍
341 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 檢校右散騎常侍
342 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 三軍怨怒
343 2 kòng to accuse / to charge 衛士必控馬首曰
344 2 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 未有不蹂踐苗稼
345 2 chán still / placid / tranquil 有密詔令史彥瓊殺朱友謙之子澶州刺史建徽
346 2 fén to burn 既而焚興教門
347 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 既天子好獵
348 2 經年 jīng nián for years / year after year 經年離阻鄉國
349 2 fāng lane / alley 剽劫坊市
350 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖嘗問莊宗時事
351 2 běi north 為三穴瘞於宮城西古龍興寺北
352 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
353 2 衛兵 wèibīng guard / bodyguard 為衛兵所擒
354 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 永王存霸歸藩
355 2 gāo high / tall 荊南高季興上言
356 2 guǐ sly / crafty 嗣源以詭詞得出
357 2 qiū fall / autumn 秋夏稅賦並與放免
358 2 to arise / to get up 集僧道起消災道場
359 2 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 衛士叱容哥曰
360 2 halberd 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
361 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 我輩十有餘年為國家效命
362 2 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 西京上言
363 2 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
364 2 to greatly desire / to anxiously hope 西平巴
365 2 to give 予恃嗣源侍衛
366 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 如俟其凶徒薄於城下
367 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 比無經治之才
368 2 詔書 zhào shū an imperial decree 以詔書招諭城中
369 2 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 西川輦運金銀四十萬至闕
370 2 to moisten 申王存渥為鄆州節度使
371 2 dào to arrive 到京當盡給爾等
372 2 shì to look at / to see 置酒視諸將流涕
373 2 dialect / language / speech 每日族談巷語云
374 2 hòu after / later 自二月上旬後
375 2 zuǒ left 守左武衛上將軍
376 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 亂兵追及
377 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 艱難百戰
378 2 suí to follow 否則頭隨刃落
379 2 京畿 jīngjī capital city and its surrounding area 應京畿內人戶
380 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 至是代歸
381 2 liù six 今月六日
382 2 戊午 wùwǔ fifty-fifth year E7 of the 60 year cycle 同光四年春正月戊午朔
383 2 to vomit / to throw up 吐渾
384 2 wèn to ask 因問塚名
385 2 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 癸亥
386 2 shǔ to count 嗣源一日之中遣使上章申理者數四
387 2 中興 zhōngxīng to have a resurgence 韋說會於中興殿之廊下
388 2 xiào result / effect 以責課效
389 2 róng glory / honor 紹榮討亂未有成功
390 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 李紹真奏
391 2 去年 qùnián last year 應去年遭水災州縣
392 2 é an error / falsehood / a lie 訛言云
393 2 huá smooth / slippery 西平王李繼麟為滑州節度使
394 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 從馬直宿衛軍士王溫等五人夜半謀亂
395 2 慟哭 tòngkū to grieve and cry 全斌慟哭而去
396 2 láo to toil 帝幸耀店以勞之
397 2 extensive / pervading 淮南楊溥遣使賀平蜀
398 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 檢校太傅
399 2 北門 Běi mén North Gate 賊果攻北門
400 2 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 準宣為去年十月地震
401 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 何事如此
402 2 wén writing / text 以洋州留後李紹文為夔州節度使
403 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 並放逐便
404 2 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 三軍怨怒
405 2 huāng waste 登路旁荒塚
406 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於士人
407 2 to bare / to be open / to be exposed 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
408 2 丙子 bǐngzǐ thirteenth year C1 of the 60 year cycle 丙子
409 2 qiān one thousand 皇屬千餘人同時遇害
410 2 shí food / food and drink 軍士之家乏食
411 2 zhǒng mound / burial mound / senior 登路旁荒塚
412 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 上章請罪
413 2 a drama / a play / a show 莊宗嘗因博戲
414 2 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
415 2 中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou 彥溫行至中牟
416 2 步騎 bù qí horse and foot [soldiers] 乃留秦州都指揮使張塘以步騎三千守關
417 2 to defend / to resist 主御前有急兵
418 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 客星犯天庫
419 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日賊至臨清
420 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 久則患生
421 2 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 其餘罪犯悉與減降
422 2 shí ten 我輩十有餘年為國家效命
423 2 shì to attend on 知內侍省兼內勾
424 2 to congratulate 帝不受朝賀
425 2 二百 èr bǎi two hundred 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
426 2 luò Luo 及明宗入洛
427 2 zhé tearing off limbs as punishment 磔於本軍之門
428 2 dōng east 帝東出關
429 2 é Russia 俄有野人進雉
430 2 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 不欲大臣典兵
431 2 良馬 liáng mǎ a good horse 契丹阿保機遣使貢良馬
432 2 部下 bùxià subordinate 元行欽部下兵退保衛州
433 2 進攻 jìngōng to attack 進攻南門
434 2 dǒng Dong 東川董璋奏
435 2 huì can / be able to 韋說會於中興殿之廊下
436 2 甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014 甲午
437 2 xīn new / fresh / modern 某等亦不敢不改過自新
438 2 to avoid / to shun 自今月三日後避正殿
439 2 ér son 兒郎輩寒冷
440 2 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 掠此言傳於貝州
441 2 欲歸 yù guī wanted to go home 將士各欲歸府寧親
442 2 late afternoon (3-5 p.m.) 晡晚
443 2 even / equal / uniform 則眾歌齊作
444 2 丁未 Dīngwèi forty-fourth year D8 of the 60 year cycle 丁未
445 2 之中 zhīzhōng inside 都府之中
446 2 zhèn to shake / to flap / to vibrate / to brace 威振華夷
447 2 領軍 lǐngjūn to lead troups / (fig.) to lead / leading 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
448 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 然後可以剪除
449 2 kuì a flooding river 須至離潰
450 2 wàng to gaze / to look towards 望塵再拜
451 2 zāo to come across / to meet with / to encounter 應去年遭水災州縣
452 2 huán jade ring / bracelet 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
453 2 marsh / swamp 帝至滎澤
454 2 end / final stage / latter part 同光末
455 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 望塵再拜
456 2 xùn to teach / to train 但訓士守城
457 2 xuán to revolve 向者諸侯貢獻旋供賜與
458 2 奸人 jiānrén crafty scoundrel / villain 奸人得以窺圖
459 2 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
460 2 jiàn to see 未見其功
461 2 jié festival / a special day 請降旄節
462 2 silk / plain silk 請出內府金帛優給將士
463 2 shǎo few 但恨河東地狹兵少
464 2 南院 nányuàn Nanyuan 以宣徽南院使
465 2 河南 hénán Henan 河南尹兼河陽節度使
466 2 xiāo sky 崩於絳霄殿之廡下
467 2 to think over / to consider 必慮奸人內應
468 2 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 以詔書招諭城中
469 2 州縣 zhōuxiàn a county in a prefecture 應去年遭水災州縣
470 2 gain / advantage / benefit 及諸色課利
471 2 Biàn Bian River 李嗣源已入於汴
472 2 dān bill / slip of paper / form 彥瓊單騎奔京師
473 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 以鄭州刺史李紹奇為河陽節度使
474 2 valley / gorge / ravine 魏州錢穀諸務
475 2 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture 以鄆州節度使
476 2 bèi to prepare / get ready 為備未晚
477 2 precious 以樞密使宋唐玉為特進
478 2 yíng the rising and dashing of waves 帝至滎澤
479 2 a talisman / a charm 惟全斌與符彥卿等十數人居中拒戰
480 2 zhú to chase / to expel 抽刀逐之
481 2 父子 fù zǐ father and son 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
482 2 wilderness 婦女掇蔬於野
483 2 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 帝異母弟鄜州節度使存乂伏誅
484 2 róu to trample 未有不蹂踐苗稼
485 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 汝等何謀之過耶
486 2 五代史 Wǔ Dài Shǐ History of the Five Dynasties (between Tang and Song) 五代史補
487 2 xīng a star / a planet 時知星者上言
488 2 妝奩 zhuānglián a lady's dressing case 皇后出宮中妝奩銀盆各二
489 2 yōu excellent / superior 請出內府金帛優給將士
490 2 丁亥 DīngHài twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle 丁亥
491 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 人亦不感聖恩
492 2 節度 jiédù a solar term 福建節度副使王延翰奏
493 2 tuī to push / to shove 眾推在禮為兵馬留後
494 2 to associate with / be near 比無經治之才
495 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 帝待以腹心之任
496 2 gǎn bold / brave 並在路敢言病者
497 2 to bestow on / to endow with 秋夏稅賦並與放免
498 2 jiù to save / to rescue 或救而獲免
499 2 臨清 Línqīng Linqing 擁在禮趨臨清
500 2 guest / visitor 客省使李嚴押蜀主王衍至本府

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 79 zhī him / her / them / that 乃允之
2 70 so as to / in order to 詔以去歲災沴
3 48 wèi for / to 準宣為去年十月地震
4 38 in / at 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
5 36 yuē to speak / to say 閽報正言曰
6 35 supreme ruler / emperor 帝不受朝賀
7 33 jūn army / military 逃背軍健
8 30 zhōu a state / a province 諸州上言
9 29 wáng Wang 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
10 28 yǒu is / are / to exist 已有敕命放免者
11 26 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 亦有因之而求仕進者
12 25 shì is / are / am / to be 是日
13 25 zhì to / until 至是代歸
14 25 his / hers / its / theirs 夷其族
15 25 使 shǐ to make / to cause 以宣徽南院使
16 25 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 已有敕命放免者
17 24 děng et cetera / and so on 平棘等四縣部民
18 23 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
19 23 shàng top / a high position 諸州上言
20 23 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
21 23 not / no 如不遵行
22 22 naturally / of course / certainly 自今月三日後避正殿
23 22 yán to speak / to say / said 諸州上言
24 21 jìn to enter 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
25 21 xíng to walk / to move 已行弑逆
26 20 yàn elegant / handsome 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
27 19 luàn chaotic / disorderly 城將亂矣
28 19 zòu to present / to offer 又奏
29 19 rén person / people / a human being 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
30 18 Ye 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
31 18 Li 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
32 18 already / afterwards 自壬午年已前所欠殘稅
33 17 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 時皆為刺史
34 17 chéng a city / a town 城將亂矣
35 17 zài in / at 今英主在上
36 17 to reach 及諸色課利
37 16 qīn to respect / to admire 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
38 16 bīng soldier / troops 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
39 16 cóng from 從之
40 15 dōu all 都府之中
41 15 zhào an imperial decree 詔以去歲災沴
42 15 shí time / a period of time 昭宗遇難之時
43 15 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 太祖嘗問莊宗時事
44 14 day of the month / a certain day 是日
45 14 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
46 14 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 自壬午年已前所欠殘稅
47 14 to inherit 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
48 13 zhī to know 知內侍省兼內勾
49 13 and 秋夏稅賦並與放免
50 13 shì matter / thing / item 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
51 13 xià next 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
52 13 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請復常膳
53 12 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 予恃嗣源侍衛
54 12 yuán monetary unit / dollar 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
55 11 also / too 郭崇韜之子婿也
56 11 qióng Hainan 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
57 11 nèi inside / interior 知內侍省兼內勾
58 11 no 比無經治之才
59 10 shào to continue / to carry on 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
60 10 wén to hear 尚聞所在卻有征收
61 10 yuán source / origin 予恃嗣源侍衛
62 10 bìng and / furthermore / also 秋夏稅賦並與放免
63 10 perilous / lofty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
64 10 what / where / which 不知何往
65 10 chén minister / statesman / official 宰臣豆盧革上言
66 10 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守太師
67 10 horse 奚各遣使貢馬
68 10 rate / frequency 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
69 9 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃允之
70 9 yòu again / also 又奏
71 9 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
72 9 西 The West 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
73 9 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
74 9 also / too 故亦及於禍
75 9 zéi thief 賊將至矣
76 9 chuān Sichuan 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
77 9 chū to go out 並令減價出糶
78 9 xīng to flourish / to be popular 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
79 9 shǐ history 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
80 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
81 9 to ride an animal or bicycle 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
82 9 zhū all / many / various 及諸色課利
83 9 wàn ten thousand 萬等三州卻歸當道
84 8 天下 tiānxià China 天下禁囚
85 8 zhào Zhao 裨將趙在禮聞軍亂
86 8 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 康延孝擁眾反
87 8 guān an office 官典犯贓
88 8 yīn because 亦有因之而求仕進者
89 8 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 自今月三日後避正殿
90 8 qiān humble / modest 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
91 8 this / these 掠此言傳於貝州
92 8 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當令檢括
93 8 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
94 8 martial / military 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
95 8 zhōng middle 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
96 8 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
97 8 qīng minister / high officer 卿當擇其次者
98 8 rén a kernel / a pit 來仁
99 8 to enter 每入言事
100 8 guō Guo 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
101 8 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 裨將趙在禮聞軍亂
102 8 an official institution / a state bureau 都府之中
103 7 cún to exist / to survive 帝異母弟鄜州節度使存乂伏誅
104 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故亦及於禍
105 7 promptly / right away / immediately 軍人即斬仁晸
106 7 to go 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
107 7 陛下 bì xià your majesty 陛下宜居中以製之
108 7 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍左右無不托附
109 7 yún cloud 每日族談巷語云
110 7 wēi power / might / prestige 威福自我
111 7 quán perfect 齊王張全義為檢校太師
112 7 desire 回鶻可汗阿咄欲遣使貢良馬
113 7 nián year 同光四年春正月戊午朔
114 7 zhòng many / numerous 眾遂呼噪
115 7 chóng high / dignified / lofty 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
116 7 gěi to give 請給鎧仗
117 7 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 齊王張全義為檢校太師
118 7 wèi Eighth earthly branch 人未測其禍始
119 6 京師 jīngshī a capital city 彥瓊單騎奔京師
120 6 zhěng appearance of the sun 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
121 6 according to 趙在禮引諸軍據宮城
122 6 a time 次汜水
123 6 xìng fortunate / lucky 進以俳優嬖幸
124 6 mìng life 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
125 6 zhǔn a rule / a guideline / a standard 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
126 6 tǎo to seek 詔征諸道之師進討
127 6 extra / surplus / remainder 皇屬千餘人同時遇害
128 6 zhū vermilion 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
129 6 each 奚各遣使貢馬
130 6 sān three 自今月三日後避正殿
131 6 兵士 bīngshì an ordinary soldier 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
132 6 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅之
133 6 guī to go back / to return 至是代歸
134 6 ancient barbarian tribes 夷其族
135 6 shǔ Sichuan 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
136 6 kòu bandit / thieve 契丹寇渤海
137 6 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 契丹阿保機遣使貢良馬
138 6 zǎi to slaughter 宰臣豆盧革上言
139 6 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
140 6 tāo a bow case / a scabbard / a military strategy 魏王繼岌殺樞密使郭崇韜於西川
141 6 běn measure word for books 殺本軍使
142 6 big / great / huge / large / major 諸軍大掠
143 6 fàn to commit crime / to violate 官典犯贓
144 6 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
145 6 guāng light 同光四年春正月戊午朔
146 6 yòu right / right-hand 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
147 6 deputy / assistant / vice- 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
148 6 a river / a stream 鐸以勁兵千人伏於王莽河逆擊之
149 6 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民凍死者七千二百六十人
150 5 shuò first day of the lunar month 同光四年春正月戊午朔
151 5 shī teacher 楊師太
152 5 zhàn war / fighting / battle 何須即戰
153 5 jiān simultaneously 兼尚書令
154 5 a family clan 夷其族
155 5 again / more / repeatedly 請復常膳
156 5 otherwise / but / however 則事未可測也
157 5 xuān to declare / to announce 準宣為去年十月地震
158 5 hair 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
159 5 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 帝召宰臣於便殿
160 5 I 吾非不知此
161 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 諸軍左右無不托附
162 5 jǐng sunlight 內人景姹上言
163 5 河中 hézhōng Hezhong 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
164 5 dàn dawn 詰旦
165 5 duó a bell 都巡檢使孫鐸等急趨史彥瓊之第
166 5 dào way / road / path 集僧道起消災道場
167 5 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
168 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必倍道兼行
169 5 bào newspaper 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
170 5 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
171 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂作亂
172 5 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 安重誨以為不可
173 5 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 西川行營都監李廷安進西川樂官二百九十八人
174 5 ministry / department 部民凍死者七千二百六十人
175 5 de potential marker 以伶官得幸
176 5 zhǔ owner 今英主在上
177 5 zhèng upright / straight 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
178 5 hàn Han Chinese 繼岌以康延孝據漢州
179 5 yáng Yang 楊師太
180 5 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 登陴拒守
181 5 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
182 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
183 5 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 時皆為刺史
184 5 皇后 huánghòu an empress 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
185 5 fán ordinary / common 凡三上表
186 5 jié to question / to interrogate 詰旦
187 5 wǎn evening / night 五日晚
188 5 shǒu head 皆脅肩低首
189 5 gòng tribute / gift 契丹阿保機遣使貢良馬
190 5 chū at first / at the beginning / initially
191 5 líng an actor 以伶官得幸
192 5 wide / broad 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
193 5 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 故亦及於禍
194 5 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 甲不離體
195 5 wèi to call 謂宰臣曰
196 5 to go / to visit / to attend 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
197 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 事多忽忘
198 5 Táng Tang Dynasty 周唐殷
199 5 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 故急征彥瓊
200 5 píng flat / level / smooth 平棘等四縣部民
201 5 yīng should / ought 應去年遭水災州縣
202 5 biàn to change / to alter 星辰無變
203 5 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
204 5 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 減膳撤樂
205 5 night 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
206 4 tài very / extremely 楊師太
207 4 車駕 chējià imperial chariot 元行欽請車駕幸汴州
208 4 yǒu friend / companion 詔朱友謙同惡人史武等七人
209 4 軍人 jūnrén serviceman / soldier 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
210 4 都城 dūchéng capital city 貝州屯駐兵士突入都城
211 4 tóng like / same / similar 同光四年春正月戊午朔
212 4 child / son 郭崇韜之子婿也
213 4 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 上以汝輩有社稷功
214 4 duì to / toward 對曰
215 4 already / since 賊既挫勢
216 4 lái to come 來仁
217 4 chǒu ugly 二月己丑
218 4 final particle 城將亂矣
219 4 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
220 4 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 宜散府藏
221 4 elder brother 並皇子滿哥三人
222 4 miǎn to spare 秋夏稅賦並與放免
223 4 將士 jiāng shì officers and soldiers 將士各欲歸府寧親
224 4 dàn but / yet / however 但丈夫舉事
225 4 míng bright / brilliant 遲明
226 4 福建 Fújiàn Fujian 福建節度副使王延翰奏
227 4 meaning / sense 齊王張全義為檢校太師
228 4 to give / to bestow favors 向者諸侯貢獻旋供賜與
229 4 to think / consider / to ponder 飛龍使顏思威部署西川宮人至
230 4 qīn relatives 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
231 4 móu to plan / to scheme 汝等何謀之過耶
232 4 jié take by force / to coerce 放火劫舍
233 4 huò to reap / to harvest 獲免
234 4 to measure / to estimate 人未測其禍始
235 4 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
236 4 sūn Sun 都巡檢使孫鐸等急趨史彥瓊之第
237 4 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 眾推在禮為兵馬留後
238 4 huò or / either / else 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
239 4 anger / rage / fury 三軍怨怒
240 4 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 兼尚書令
241 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 遞降一等
242 4 xià summer 秋夏稅賦並與放免
243 4 měi each / every 每入言事
244 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 帝待以腹心之任
245 4 to die 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
246 4 to gather / to collect 集僧道起消災道場
247 4 què a watchtower 魏王繼岌傳送郭崇韜父子首函至闕下
248 4 five 五日晚
249 4 教門 jiāomén a school or religion / a sect 至興教門大呼
250 4 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 事多忽忘
251 4 邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
252 4 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 檢校右散騎常侍
253 4 zōng school / sect 昭宗遇難之時
254 4 Kangxi radical 177 宰臣豆盧革上言
255 4 huī bright / radiant 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
256 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 帝令魏博指揮使楊仁晸率兵戍瓦橋
257 4 李嗣源 lǐ sìyuán Li Siyuan 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
258 4 a stream which leaves the main branch then later returns 次汜水
259 4 to defend / to resist 無煩躬禦士伍
260 4 yǐn to govern 以戶部尚書王正言為興唐尹
261 4 shuǐ water 次汜水
262 4 wài outside 除已行刑憲外
263 4 縣令 xiànlìng county magistrate 忽有縣令
264 4 such as / for example / for instance 如不遵行
265 4 hǎo good 莊宗好畋獵
266 4 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能以軍法約束此輩
267 4 qián front 自壬午年已前所欠殘稅
268 4 bēn to run fast / to flee 彥瓊單騎奔京師
269 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
270 4 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 白奉國
271 4 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
272 4 chōu to draw out / to pump 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
273 4 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 孔謙附之以希寵
274 4 yuè month 自今月三日後避正殿
275 4 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 宜令租庸司切準前敕處分
276 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
277 4 róng to hold / to contain / to allow / to permit 薛敬容
278 4 xiào to be filial 康延孝擁眾反
279 4 to cry out / to shout 常呼為
280 4 zhèn town 鎮州上言
281 3 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi 為三穴瘞於宮城西古龍興寺北
282 3 河南府 Hénán Fǔ Hennan Provincial Capital 仍詔河南府監護其事
283 3 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 孔謙附之以希寵
284 3 dòu bean / pea 宰臣豆盧革上言
285 3 yīn flourishing / abundant 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
286 3 sòng Song Dynasty 以樞密使宋唐玉為特進
287 3 thing / matter 無疑於物
288 3 shè to forgive / to pardon 準律常赦不原外
289 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 準律常赦不原外
290 3 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 皇后出宮中妝奩銀盆各二
291 3 zào to be noisy / to chirp loudly 眾遂呼噪
292 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓不勝其酷
293 3 liú Liu 劉皇后以繼岌死於蜀
294 3 huán to circle / to encircle 遣副招討使任圜率兵追討之
295 3 one 今一州之亂而雲無可將者
296 3 gōng to attack / to assault 賊果攻北門
297 3 chén Chen 共陳利害
298 3 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 軍人即斬仁晸
299 3 four 同光四年春正月戊午朔
300 3 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 右領軍衛上將軍李紹宏為驃騎大將軍
301 3 gōng merit 上以汝輩有社稷功
302 3 quán authority / power 節度使王審知委權知軍府事
303 3 zhì to place / to lay out 以偽置昭武軍節度使林思諤為閬州刺史
304 3 西征 xīzhēng a military expedition west 連發中使促繼岌西征之師
305 3 liè to hunt 帝幸冷泉校獵
306 3 final interogative 汝等何謀之過耶
307 3 níng Nanjing 貝州軍士有私寧親於都下者
308 3 bǎi one hundred 艱難百戰
309 3 shì a city 及招兵市馬
310 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 須計萬全
311 3 zhí straight 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
312 3 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見天象
313 3 shěng province 知內侍省兼內勾
314 3 wáng to die 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
315 3 yín silver 以樂人景進為銀青光祿大夫
316 3 to criticize 議欲歸藩
317 3 gòu to shame / to abuse / to insult 皇甫暉聚眾大詬
318 3 wéi only / solely / alone 惟以陷害熒惑為意焉
319 3 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 尋令朱守殷以兵圍其第
320 3 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 繼岌之軍尚留巴
321 3 huī a badge / an insignia 以宣徽南院使
322 3 soil / ground / land 置髻於地
323 3 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 百官上表
324 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 營於西南隅
325 3 road / path / way 多號泣於路
326 3 can / may / permissible 餘無可將者
327 3 jiǎ armor 甲不離體
328 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 福建節度副使王延翰奏
329 3 夜半 bànyè midnight / the middle of the night 史彥瓊夜半出城
330 3 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 西川王衍父子及偽署將相官吏
331 3 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 擁在禮趨臨清
332 3 武德 wǔdé Wude 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
333 3 留守 liúshǒu to stay behind to take care of things 知留守事
334 3 néng can / able 公能為帥否
335 3 jīng Beijing 準宣進花果樹栽及抽樂人梅審譯赴京
336 3 necessary / must 須至無禮
337 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 武德使史彥瓊自鄴馳報稱
338 3 to join / to combine 應合抵極刑者
339 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 永王存霸為河中節度使
340 3 wēn warm / lukewarm 從馬直宿衛軍士王溫等五人夜半謀亂
341 3 suī although / even though 雖四方有變
342 3 招撫 zhāofǔ to enlist rebel soldiers by offering amnesty / to bring to negotiated surrender 命宋州節度使元行欽率騎三千赴鄴都招撫
343 3 無不 wúbù not lacking 諸軍左右無不托附
344 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 為衛兵所擒
345 3 piāo swift / nimble 剽劫坊市
346 3 chú except / besides 除已行刑憲外
347 3 xiàng lane / alley 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
348 3 bīn ornamental / refined 王全斌傳
349 3 退 tuì to retreat / to decline / to move back / to withdraw 行欽自鄴退軍
350 3 shōu to receive / to accept 收城之日
351 3 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹寇渤海
352 3 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官上表
353 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 夜分至魏縣
354 3 Lu 宰臣豆盧革上言
355 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 故盡誅郭氏
356 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 請公同行
357 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 悉委進監臨
358 3 bái white 白奉國
359 3 qiáng wall 晚年蕭牆之禍
360 3 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充樞密使
361 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 但訓士守城
362 3 a word 嗣源以詭詞得出
363 3 liǎng two 解縣兩池榷鹽使
364 3 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 非嗣源不可
365 3 kāng Kang 康延孝擁眾反
366 3 to take / to get / to fetch 不取敕旨歸寧
367 3 shī to lose 一朝失機
368 3 to ward off with hand / to defend 登陴拒守
369 3 special / unique / distinguished 特進
370 3 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 善采訪閭巷鄙細事以啟奏
371 3 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
372 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 不得達
373 3 chuán to transmit 里人相傳為愁台
374 3 hurried / worried 故急征彥瓊
375 3 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 軍士皇甫暉等因夜聚蒱博不勝
376 3 而已 éryǐ that is all 嬰孺而已
377 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 以詔書招諭城中
378 3 shēn to extend 申王存渥為鄆州節度使
379 3 responsibility / duty 以責課效
380 3 bēng to rupture / to split apart / to collapse 崩於絳霄殿之廡下
381 3 汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng 元行欽請車駕幸汴州
382 3 衛士 wèishì a guardian / a defender 每遇衛士執兵仗者
383 3 lín female of Chinese unicorn 河中節度使李繼麟來朝
384 3 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 已行弑逆
385 3 rán correct / right / certainly 左右紛然屏退
386 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 趙在禮引諸軍據宮城
387 3 shǐ arrow / dart 俄而帝為流矢所中
388 3 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 人人恐悚
389 3 yòng to use / to apply 用此奚為
390 3 門外 ménwài outside the door 進營於觀音門外
391 3 gōng a palace 帝還宮
392 3 jiā house / home / residence 去家咫尺
393 3 zhōng loyalty / devotion
394 3 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 從駕精兵不下百萬
395 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 至萬勝鎮即命旋師
396 3 you / thou 上以汝輩有社稷功
397 3 yǒng perpetually / eternally / forever 永王存霸為河中節度使
398 3 tiān day 客星犯天庫
399 3 míng measure word for people 威略之名
400 3 season / period 荊南高季興上言
401 2 所在 suǒzài place / location 尚聞所在卻有征收
402 2 yáo distant / remote 登城遙拜行欽曰
403 2 暗箭 ànjiàn attack by stealth / to ambush 乃自置暗箭格
404 2 shì to murder a superior 已行弑逆
405 2 kuí kui / a one legged dragon 請割峽內夔
406 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 晚年蕭牆之禍
407 2 前後 qiánhòu front and back 或步騎前後已定
408 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 以鄭州刺史李紹奇為河陽節度使
409 2 晝夜 zhòuyè day and night 晝夜為備
410 2 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是餘人皆援刀截發
411 2 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 趙在禮獻羊酒勞軍
412 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 檢校右散騎常侍
413 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 三軍怨怒
414 2 kòng to accuse / to charge 衛士必控馬首曰
415 2 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 未有不蹂踐苗稼
416 2 chán still / placid / tranquil 有密詔令史彥瓊殺朱友謙之子澶州刺史建徽
417 2 fén to burn 既而焚興教門
418 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 既天子好獵
419 2 經年 jīng nián for years / year after year 經年離阻鄉國
420 2 fāng lane / alley 剽劫坊市
421 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖嘗問莊宗時事
422 2 běi north 為三穴瘞於宮城西古龍興寺北
423 2 he / him 自是居人或有亡去他郡者
424 2 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 邢州左右步直軍四百人據城叛
425 2 衛兵 wèibīng guard / bodyguard 為衛兵所擒
426 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 永王存霸歸藩
427 2 gāo high / tall 荊南高季興上言
428 2 guǐ sly / crafty 嗣源以詭詞得出
429 2 qiū fall / autumn 秋夏稅賦並與放免
430 2 to arise / to get up 集僧道起消災道場
431 2 chì to scold / shout at / to hoot at 衛士叱容哥曰
432 2 halberd 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
433 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 我輩十有餘年為國家效命
434 2 西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing 西京上言
435 2 辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year 辛亥
436 2 to greatly desire / to anxiously hope 西平巴
437 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是政無統攝
438 2 to give 予恃嗣源侍衛
439 2 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 如俟其凶徒薄於城下
440 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 比無經治之才
441 2 詔書 zhào shū an imperial decree 以詔書招諭城中
442 2 suddenly / abruptly 事多忽忘
443 2 què but / yet / however / while / nevertheless 尚聞所在卻有征收
444 2 金銀 jīn yín gold and silver 西川輦運金銀四十萬至闕
445 2 to moisten 申王存渥為鄆州節度使
446 2 dào to arrive 到京當盡給爾等
447 2 shì to look at / to see 置酒視諸將流涕
448 2 dialect / language / speech 每日族談巷語云
449 2 hòu after / later 自二月上旬後
450 2 zuǒ left 守左武衛上將軍
451 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 亂兵追及
452 2 艱難 jiānnán difficult 艱難百戰
453 2 suí to follow 否則頭隨刃落
454 2 京畿 jīngjī capital city and its surrounding area 應京畿內人戶
455 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 至是代歸
456 2 liù six 今月六日
457 2 gòng together 無不共之
458 2 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 望塵再拜
459 2 duàn absolutely / decidedly 斷在自行
460 2 戊午 wùwǔ fifty-fifth year E7 of the 60 year cycle 同光四年春正月戊午朔
461 2 to vomit / to throw up 吐渾
462 2 wèn to ask 因問塚名
463 2 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 癸亥
464 2 shǔ to count 嗣源一日之中遣使上章申理者數四
465 2 中興 zhōngxīng to have a resurgence 韋說會於中興殿之廊下
466 2 xiào result / effect 以責課效
467 2 róng glory / honor 紹榮討亂未有成功
468 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 李紹真奏
469 2 去年 qùnián last year 應去年遭水災州縣
470 2 é an error / falsehood / a lie 訛言云
471 2 huá smooth / slippery 西平王李繼麟為滑州節度使
472 2 宿 to lodge / to stay overnight 從馬直宿衛軍士王溫等五人夜半謀亂
473 2 慟哭 tòngkū to grieve and cry 全斌慟哭而去
474 2 láo to toil 帝幸耀店以勞之
475 2 extensive / pervading 淮南楊溥遣使賀平蜀
476 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 檢校太傅
477 2 北門 Běi mén North Gate 賊果攻北門
478 2 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 準宣為去年十月地震
479 2 so that / in order that 俾從渙汗
480 2 fēi not / non- / un- 吾非不知此
481 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 何事如此
482 2 wén writing / text 以洋州留後李紹文為夔州節度使
483 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 並放逐便
484 2 三軍 sān jūn the Army, Navy, and Air Force 三軍怨怒
485 2 huāng waste 登路旁荒塚
486 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 至於士人
487 2 to bare / to be open / to be exposed 軍人乃抽戈露刃環仁晸曰
488 2 丙子 bǐngzǐ thirteenth year C1 of the 60 year cycle 丙子
489 2 qiān one thousand 皇屬千餘人同時遇害
490 2 shí food / food and drink 軍士之家乏食
491 2 zhǒng mound / burial mound / senior 登路旁荒塚
492 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 上章請罪
493 2 a drama / a play / a show 莊宗嘗因博戲
494 2 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 命蕃漢總管李嗣源統親軍赴鄴都
495 2 中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou 彥溫行至中牟
496 2 步騎 bù qí horse and foot [soldiers] 乃留秦州都指揮使張塘以步騎三千守關
497 2 hái also / in addition / more 帝還宮
498 2 to defend / to resist 主御前有急兵
499 2 warehouse / storehouse / library / store 客星犯天庫
500 2 今日 jīnrì today 今日賊至臨清

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
阿保机 阿保機 Ābǎojī Abaoji / Emperor Taizu of Liao
安⻏ 安邑 ānyì Anyi
安义 安義 ānyì Anyi
北门 北門 Běi mén North Gate
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng
渤海 Bó Hǎ Bohai Sea
沧州 滄州 Cāngzhōu Cangzhou
chén
  1. Chen
  2. Chen of the Southern dynasties
  3. narrate / tell / old / stale / to state / to display / to explain / to arrange / to exhibit
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东都 東都 Dōng Dū Luoyang
东门 東門 Dōng mén East Gate
东川 東川 dōngchuān Dongchuan
都监 都監 dūjiàn Executive
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
fén Fen
Fu
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
庚申 gēngshēn Gengshen year / fifty seventh year G9 of the 60 year cycle
宫人 宮人 gōng rén
  1. imperial concubine / palace maid
  2. imperial secretary
宫城 宮城 gōngchéng Miyagi
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
馆陶 館陶 guǎntáo Guantao
观音 觀音 Guānyīn Guanyin Bodhisattva / Avalokiteśvara / Avalokitesvara / Guanyin
guǐ tenth heavenly stem / tenth in order
Hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
河东 河東 hédōng
  1. Hedong
  2. Hedong
河南府 Hénán Fǔ Hennan Provincial Capital
河中 hézhōng Hezhong
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
回鹘 回鶻 Huíhú Huihu
湖南 Húnán Hunan
江州 jiāngzhōu Jiuzhou
甲午 jiǎwǔ thirty-first year A7 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1954 or 2014
甲戌 Jiǎxū eleventh year A11 of the 60 year cycle
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
己亥 Jǐhài Jihai year / thirty sixth year
金宝 金寶 jīnbǎo
  1. Campbell
  2. Kampar
jīng
  1. thorns / brambles
  2. the state of Chu / Jing
  3. Jingzhou / Ching-chou
夔州 kuízhōu Kuizhou
李嗣源 lǐ sìyuán Li Siyuan
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
临清 臨清 Línqīng Linqing
留后 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor
龙兴寺 龍興寺 Lóng Xīng Sì Long Xing Temple
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
潞州 Lùzhōu Luzhou
miáo
  1. sprout / seedling
  2. Miao
  3. Miao
南门 南門 Nán mén South Gate
南院 nányuàn Nanyuan
纳西 納西 Nàxī Nakhi People
女真 Nǚzhēn Nüzhen / Jurchen
欧阳 歐陽 Ōuyáng Ouyang
pān
  1. water in which rice has been rinsed
  2. Pan River
  3. Pan
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
齐王 齊王 Qí Wáng Qi Wang / Cao Fang
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
秦州 qínzhōu Qinzhou
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
ruǎn
  1. Ruan
  2. Nguyen
  3. an ancient musical instrument
少康 shǎoKāng Shao Kang
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
枢密使 樞密使 shūmìshǐ Commissioner of Military Affairs
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song Dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
唐庄宗 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
王莽 Wáng Mǎng Wang Mang
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
魏县 魏縣 wèixiàn Wei county
五代史 Wǔ Dài Shǐ History of the Five Dynasties (between Tang and Song)
武德 wǔdé Wude
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西京 Xī Jīng Xi Jing
解县 解縣 xiè xiàn Xie County
辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year
邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou
西平 Xīpíng Xiping
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
永济 永濟 Yǒngjì Yongji
于都 於都 yúdōu Yudu
云安 雲安 yúnān Yun'an
郓州 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
招讨使 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
郑州 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou
中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou
庄宗 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English