Glossary and Vocabulary for Old History of the Five Dynasties 舊五代史, 卷九十五 晉書21: 列傳10 皇甫遇 王清 梁漢璋 白奉進 盧順密 周環 沈贇 吳巒 翟璋 程福贇 郭璘 Volume 95 Book of Later Jin 21: Biographies 10 - Huang Fuyu, Wang Qing, Liang Hanzhang, Bai Fengjin, Lu Shunmi, Zhou Huan, Shen Yun, Wu Luan, Di Zhang, Cheng Fuyun, Guo Lin

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 44 zhōu a state / a province 遙領嚴州刺史
2 37 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹南寇
3 33 jūn army / military 嘗為遮塞軍使
4 31 使 shǐ to make / to cause 嘗為遮塞軍使
5 28 nián year 二年
6 23 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 皇甫遇
7 22 yuē to speak / to say 遇謂審琦等曰
8 20 qīng clear / pure / clean 清泰中
9 20 fèng to offer / to present 改奉國軍都虞候
10 20 rén person / people / a human being 常山人也
11 20 zhōng middle 清泰中
12 19 shí time / a point or period of time 唐明宗在藩時
13 19 to reach 及壯
14 19 yàn elegant / handsome 慕容彥超等禦之
15 18 chéng a city / a town 遂拔其城
16 18 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 遷龍武都指揮使
17 18 jìn to enter 襄州安從進叛
18 18 lǐng neck 遙領嚴州刺史
19 17 shùn to obey 周廣順三年正月
20 17 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖入洛
21 17 yūn affable, agreeable, pleasant 沈赟
22 16 zhòng heavy 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
23 16 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋遷鄧州節度使
24 16 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 遇累官至檢校太師
25 15 secret / hidden / confidential 密已貳於國矣
26 15 zhòng many / numerous 契丹眾大敗
27 14 horse 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
28 14 wēi prestige / majesty 從杜重威營滹水
29 14 to enter 高祖入洛
30 13 lèi to be tired 累從戰有功
31 13 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 遙領嚴州刺史
32 13 shì matter / thing / item 同中書門下平章事
33 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂自辰及未
34 12 bīng soldier / troops 詔遣以所部兵屯於鄴
35 12 zhào an imperial decree 詔贈中書令
36 12 wèi to call 遇謂審琦等曰
37 11 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 遂率鐵騎北渡赴之
38 11 to ride an animal or bicycle 敵騎壯之
39 11 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
40 11 sān three 三年
41 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
42 11 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 梁漢璋
43 10 good fortune / happiness / luck 程福赟
44 10 gǎi to change / to alter 又改平陽
45 10 guāng light 同光初
46 10 ráo to forgive 時符彥饒為滑州節度使
47 10 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 從楊光遠平範延光於鄴
48 10 to inherit 諸軍繼其後
49 10 jiā to add 加檢校右散騎常侍
50 10 zhèn town 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
51 9 běi north 戰於鄆州北津
52 9 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 清與張從恩守之
53 9 enemy / foe 敵騎壯之
54 9 wáng Wang 王清
55 9 hàn Han Chinese 梁漢璋
56 9 to die 則與之俱死
57 9 luán mountain ranges 吳巒
58 9 gōng merit 累從戰有功
59 9 qiān to move / to shift 遷龍武都指揮使
60 9 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 明宗即位
61 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 因事奏而殺之
62 8 wàn ten thousand 步軍都校馬萬
63 8 tóng like / same / similar 同中書門下平章事
64 8 zhī to know 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
65 8 諸軍 zhū jūn all armies 時諸軍嘆曰
66 8 huá smooth / slippery 以功拜滑州節度使
67 8 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
68 8 zhàn war / fighting / battle 累從戰有功
69 8 gōng to attack / to assault 攻定州王都
70 7 míng bright / brilliant 明宗即位
71 7 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 尋遷鄧州節度使
72 7 zèng to give a present 詔贈中書令
73 7 xiào school 漸升為小校
74 7 mìng life 成敗命也
75 7 wén to hear 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
76 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
77 7 píng flat / level / smooth 同中書門下平章事
78 7 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 號貞範大師
79 7 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 契丹率眾屯邯鄲
80 7 to stop / to prevent 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
81 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 清及眾士盡死
82 7 to give / to bestow favors 仍賜紫衣
83 6 meaning / sense 義也
84 6 guī rose 周瑰
85 6 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗之破夾寨也
86 6 suì age 是歲秋七月
87 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 詔贈中書令
88 6 zōng school / sect 明宗即位
89 6 shòu to teach 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
90 6 xíng to walk / to move 行至趙郡
91 6 Ye 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
92 6 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 必為敵騎所圍
93 6 to go through / to experience / to take place 累歷團練防禦使
94 6 a step 置步直軍
95 6 yòu right / right-hand 加檢校右散騎常侍
96 6 child / son 將何面目以見天子
97 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 遇不能解
98 6 què a watchtower / a guard tower 罷歸闕下
99 6 big / great / huge / large / major 契丹前鋒大至
100 6 zài in / at 唐明宗在藩時
101 6 èr two 二年
102 5 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 累歷團練防禦使
103 5 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰中
104 5 děng et cetera / and so on 遇謂審琦等曰
105 5 zéi thief 安可使陷於賊中
106 5 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 久之稍解
107 5 guó a country / a nation 我身荷國恩
108 5 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 少帝即位
109 5 to go 其幕客多私去
110 5 day of the month / a certain day 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
111 5 shǎo few 遇少好勇
112 5 tǎo to seek 出討東川
113 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 及降
114 5 yún cloud 雲州清塞軍人也
115 5 xiào result / effect 為魏府效節軍使
116 5 zuǒ left 為行營左軍都指揮使
117 5 letter / symbol / character 字去瑕
118 5 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 歷嚴衛
119 5 jiàn to see 契丹見塵起
120 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 改護聖左右廂都指揮使
121 5 luàn chaotic / disorderly 範延光據鄴為亂
122 5 tōng to go through / to open 以通溉灌
123 5 zhōng loyalty / devotion 改賜推忠保運功臣
124 5 xìng fortunate / lucky 車駕幸夷門
125 5 常山 chángshān Changshan 常山人也
126 5 wèi Wei Dynasty 為魏府效節軍使
127 5 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 改檢校太保
128 5 hòu thick 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
129 5 yáo distant / remote 遙領嚴州刺史
130 5 yán to speak / to say / said 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
131 5 huò to reap / to harvest 杜知敏已為所獲
132 5 天成 tiānchéng as if made by heaven 自天成至清泰末
133 5 chén minister / statesman / official 主辱臣死
134 5 nán south 契丹南寇
135 5 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 賜忠烈功臣
136 5 desire 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
137 5 an inferior kind of jade 有軍校邵珂者
138 5 ministry / department 部內創別業
139 5 one 清一擊獲其橋
140 5 shǔ to count 溺死者數千人
141 5 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 暉遂掠城中財帛士女
142 4 xìng gender 順密性篤厚
143 4 to cross, ferry over 遇將渡漳河
144 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
145 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 襄州安從進叛
146 4 shēng to ascend / to go up 漸升為小校
147 4 xīn heart 心不平之
148 4 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 皇甫遇
149 4 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 改賜推忠保運功臣
150 4 chén to sink / to submerge 沈赟
151 4 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 遇謂彥超曰
152 4 liáng a bridge 梁漢璋
153 4 huì can / be able to 會有內應者
154 4 xiān first 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
155 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留騎之精者以禦我
156 4 to cry out / to shout 啖呼於外
157 4 fēi to fly 少帝飛蠟詔勉諭
158 4 yuǎn far / distant 從楊光遠平範延光於鄴
159 4 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 有軍士夜掠居人
160 4 martial / military 父武
161 4 a gem / a precious stone / jade 遇與安審琦
162 4 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周廣順三年正月
163 4 kāi to open 開畎水泉
164 4 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 謂首將張從恩曰
165 4 táng jade 漢璋有弟漢瑭
166 4 zhào Zhao 行至趙郡
167 4 天福 tiānfú good fortune granted by heaven 天福元年
168 4 zhǔ owner 何顏以見舊主
169 4 shàng top / a high position 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
170 4 róng glory / honor 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
171 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 改護聖都指揮使
172 4 can / may / permissible 公可率諸軍繼之
173 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 遙領嚴州刺史
174 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引去
175 4 zhuàng robust 及壯
176 4 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 遇與安審琦
177 4 shū book 同中書門下平章事
178 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 無善政可紀
179 4 guī to go back / to return 罷歸闕下
180 4 eight 八年
181 4 唐明宗 Tángmíngzōng Emperor Mingzong of Later Tang 唐明宗在藩時
182 4 軍校 jūnxiào military school / military academy 累遷為軍校
183 4 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 贈清太傅
184 4 shuǐ water 開畎水泉
185 4 nèi inside / interior 部內創別業
186 4 hòu after / later 後唐明宗領行臺
187 4 inside / interior 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
188 4 xiāng a wing room 轉捧聖右廂都指揮使
189 4 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充侍衛馬軍都指揮使
190 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 嘗為遮塞軍使
191 4 Germany 奉德指揮使
192 3 qiáo bridge 及至中渡橋
193 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 善書計
194 3 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 重威送款於契丹
195 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 從杜重威營滹水
196 3 zòu to present / to offer 因事奏而殺之
197 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 所經墳墓悉毀之
198 3 shǐ beginning / start 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
199 3 chán still / placid / tranquil 從至澶州
200 3 seven 七年
201 3 to look after / to attend to 顧從者曰
202 3 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 漢高祖登極
203 3 to die 至鎮未幾而卒
204 3 hòu to wait 改奉國軍都虞候
205 3 司徒 sītú Situ 加檢校司徒
206 3 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 清請先登
207 3 jiù to save / to rescue 謂救軍並至
208 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 改賜推忠保運功臣
209 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 補同州左崇勇馬軍指揮使
210 3 huī bright / radiant 威和指揮使王暉領部下兵屯於安陸
211 3 wēn warm / lukewarm 王令溫之為帥也
212 3 business / industry 部內創別業
213 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 清一擊獲其橋
214 3 to protect / to guard 改護聖都指揮使
215 3 curtain / screen 其幕客多私去
216 3 滑臺 huátái Huatai 詔遣率騎軍三千北屯滑臺
217 3 quán authority / power 命權判三司事
218 3 father 父武
219 3 kòu bandit / thieve 契丹南寇
220 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 清列陣北岸
221 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 其事方解
222 3 xún a gem 為沙彥珣從事
223 3 níng Nanjing 寧衛指揮使
224 3 shǒu head 謂首將張從恩曰
225 3 jīng to go through / to experience 所經墳墓悉毀之
226 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
227 3 dòng to move / to act 諸軍遂不敢動
228 3 five 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
229 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 漸升為小校
230 3 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 累歷團練防禦使
231 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請度為尼
232 3 yǒng brave / courageous 遇少好勇
233 3 lín luster of jade 郭璘
234 3 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 遂拔其城
235 3 to console / to comfort 撫百姓
236 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
237 3 遇害 yùhài to be murdered 次校盧順密聞奉進遇害
238 3 jiàn mirror / looking glass 通鑒
239 3 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
240 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 且述其過
241 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 坐觀吾輩困急而不救
242 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 流寓太原
243 3 to defend / to resist 慕容彥超等禦之
244 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 所傷甚眾
245 3 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
246 3 yáng sun 與契丹騎五千相遇於浮陽之北界
247 3 wáng to die 因使無賴者亡入契丹
248 3 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 隸於麾下
249 3 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 唐明宗在藩時
250 3 Lu 次校盧順密聞奉進遇害
251 3 a river / a stream 時審琦已至安陽河
252 3 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕幸夷門
253 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其幕客多私去
254 3 shào Shao 有軍校邵珂者
255 3 新州 Xīnzhōu Xinzhou 遷新州威塞軍兩使留後
256 3 不息 bùxī not stopping 酣戰不息
257 3 lóng dragon 遷龍武都指揮使
258 3 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之稍解
259 3 four 四年
260 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒奉進殺之
261 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 遂自辰及未
262 3 yún cloud
263 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
264 3 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 詔遣以所部兵屯於鄴
265 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 同中書門下平章事
266 3 chén Chen 授陳州防禦使
267 3 to think / consider / to ponder 初事梁將戴思遠為步校
268 3 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 旋除永清軍兵馬留後
269 3 chūn spring 九年春
270 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 契丹退
271 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 天福元年
272 3 é Russia 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
273 3 soil / ground / land 契丹尋於所戰之地
274 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂率鐵騎北渡赴之
275 3 to move / to shift / to remove 移領中山
276 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 營孤食盡
277 3 jiǔ nine 九年春
278 3 長興 Chángxīng Changxing 長興中
279 3 xìn to believe / to trust 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
280 3 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
281 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 充侍衛馬軍都指揮使
282 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 加檢校右散騎常侍
283 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 沈赟寧為國家死
284 2 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 為大軍累年之備
285 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾年不下
286 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 馬萬惶惑不知所為
287 2 其後 qí hòu after that 諸軍繼其後
288 2 to record 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
289 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 尋命俱斬之
290 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 涉滹沱之淺處
291 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 用為腹心
292 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 不為遏之
293 2 shū to transport 賜輸忠宣力功臣
294 2 正授 zhèng shòu precept conferment 俄正授節制
295 2 to take / to get / to fetch 遂與彥超躍馬取知敏而還
296 2 jīn gold 李金全承詔繼至
297 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬康延孝叛
298 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 我軍無寸刃以益之
299 2 bái white 白奉進
300 2 Míng Ming River 洺州曲周人也
301 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 加檢校司空
302 2 shōu to receive / to accept 從杜重威收瀛州
303 2 xiào to be filial 屬康延孝叛
304 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 周太祖許之
305 2 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign 高祖建義入洛
306 2 fán ordinary / common 凡獲五盜
307 2 easy / simple 詔遣與皇甫遇援糧入易州
308 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 主辱臣死
309 2 guest / visitor 其幕客多私去
310 2 a government official / a magistrate 即與雲州將吏闔門拒守
311 2 quán perfect 李金全承詔繼至
312 2 guǎ few 彼眾我寡
313 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 彥饒怒其不先告
314 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 加檢校刑部尚書
315 2 female / feminine 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
316 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 將軍獨往何益
317 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 流寓太原
318 2 qīng light / not heavy 臣才輕任重
319 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願陛下哀其疲駑
320 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 贈驍衛上將軍
321 2 領軍 lǐngjūn to lead troups / (fig.) to lead / leading 高祖命諸將相次領軍討之
322 2 huáng royal / imperial 後唐武皇鎮太原
323 2 power / force / strength 賜輸忠宣力功臣
324 2 jiā to press from either side / to sandwich 莊宗之破夾寨也
325 2 未詳 wèixiáng unknown / unclear 未詳何許人也
326 2 to supervise 漢瑭督所部一軍首入其城
327 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷歸闕下
328 2 xián salty / briny 咸以憸人執事
329 2 fán foreign things 獲王都及蕃將托諾名馬數駟
330 2 guān an office 遇累官至檢校太師
331 2 shí food / food and drink 我已信宿不食
332 2 Li 李金全承詔繼至
333 2 家屬 jiāshǔ family member 我等家屬在闕下
334 2 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 位兼將相
335 2 shí real / true 以實其郡
336 2 chǒng to favor 冒寵獲罪
337 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分其弱者
338 2 a song 嚴戒部曲
339 2 to arise / to get up 契丹見塵起
340 2 登極 dēngjí to ascend the throne 漢高祖登極
341 2 miǎn to spare 斷我飛免
342 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 巒眾投薪於夾城中
343 2 何許人 hé xǔ rén what kind of person 未詳何許人也
344 2 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun 應順
345 2 步兵 bùbīng infantry / foot soldier 請以步兵二千為前鋒
346 2 sòng Song dynasty 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
347 2 yuán to aid / to assist 詔遣與皇甫遇援糧入易州
348 2 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a mass 契丹率眾屯邯鄲
349 2 zhí office / post 累職至牙門都校
350 2 dùn to escape 遂遁歸莊宗
351 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執彥饒送於京師
352 2 to capture / to seize 家屬為敵所擄
353 2 yuè month 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
354 2 節度 jiédù a solar term 領昭信軍節度
355 2 shì a generation 世為農
356 2 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 有軍士夜掠居人
357 2 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月
358 2 血戰 xuèzhàn bloody battle 不如血戰
359 2 hài to injure / to harm to 遂害瑰於理所
360 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 遇辭之
361 2 anger / rage / fury 彥饒怒其不先告
362 2 qiān one thousand 溺死者數千人
363 2 look at / to gaze at / to observe 莊宗睹而壯之
364 2 gān sweet 及鎮甘陵
365 2 móu to plan 由順密之始謀也
366 2 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 周廣順三年正月
367 2 residence / dwelling 世居朔野
368 2 unhusked millet 乃飛免芻粟
369 2 是日 shìrì (formal) this day / that day 是日
370 2 yòng to use / to apply 用為腹心
371 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 幸國朝方危
372 2 měi beautiful 契丹使通事耿崇美誘其民眾
373 2 disease / sickness / ailment 疾甚矣
374 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 不為遏之
375 2 帳下 zhàngxià inside the camp / a camp resident 其帳下介士大噪
376 2 復合 fùhé complex / compound / hybrid 俄而生軍復合
377 2 zào to be noisy / to chirp loudly 其帳下介士大噪
378 2 歷數 lìshǔ to enumerate / to count (one by one) 歷數郡刺史
379 2 nuò to promise 獲王都及蕃將托諾名馬數駟
380 2 南門 Nán mén South Gate 守城之南門
381 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 領兵從任圜襲擊延孝於漢州
382 2 xiàn county 泊其縣舍
383 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 及鎮河陽
384 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 俄而生軍復合
385 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 尋命權總河陽三城事
386 2 tǒng to unify 統上軍
387 2 to avoid / to shun 以避其累
388 2 後唐 Hòu Táng Later Tang 後唐武皇鎮太原
389 2 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 加檢校刑部尚書
390 2 yún skin of bamboo 遣宋彥筠俱行
391 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 請度為尼
392 2 部下 bùxià subordinate 威和指揮使王暉領部下兵屯於安陸
393 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨諸軍
394 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 令溫因事使人代之
395 2 private 其幕客多私去
396 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪橋開路
397 2 夷門 yímén Yi Gate 車駕幸夷門
398 2 shí ten 又賜夏臘十
399 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐州刺史
400 2 to prevail 克之必矣
401 2 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 安可使陷於賊中
402 2 自陳 zì chén described in his own words 今仆以咎自陳
403 2 a talisman / a charm 時符彥饒為滑州節度使
404 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 開運二年春三月
405 2 嘆惜 tànxī sigh of regret 嘆惜久之
406 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏王署赟為一行馬步都虞候
407 2 牙城 yáchéng citadel / military headquarters 以從騎數人候彥饒於牙城
408 2 shǔ Sichuan 魏王繼岌伐蜀
409 2 luò Luo 高祖入洛
410 2 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture 戰於鄆州北津
411 2 jié festival / a special day 為魏府效節軍使
412 2 cháng to taste 嘗為遮塞軍使
413 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 咸以委瑰
414 2 to make a mistake / to miss 未嘗以微累見誤
415 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 莫是與範延光同反耶
416 2 hurried / worried 坐觀吾輩困急而不救
417 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 徐州下邳人
418 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 爾輩如此
419 2 chōng to charge at 國家以甘陵水陸要沖之地
420 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公可率諸軍繼之
421 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 懼終不濟
422 2 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 清列陣北岸
423 2 dōng winter 其年冬
424 2 Wèn Wen River 汶陽人也
425 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 以誅斂為務
426 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走無生路
427 2 Hutuo River 從杜重威營滹水
428 2 jīng essence 留騎之精者以禦我
429 2 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 部內創別業
430 2 歿 to end / to die 清與其下歿焉
431 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 尋遣明宗率眾趨鄆
432 2 hào number 號貞範大師
433 2 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda 以從騎數人候彥饒於牙城
434 2 a lotus 我身荷國恩
435 2 suí to follow 隨段凝等降
436 2 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 法名惠圓
437 2 clothes / clothing 軍士無衣者悉衣之
438 2 yuān grievance / injustice / a wrong 時人冤之
439 2 àn bank / shore / beach / coast 契丹已屯於北岸
440 2 gǎn bold / brave 莫之敢訴
441 2 chéng to mount / to climb onto 其子海榮進漢璋所乘鞭馬及器仗
442 2 increase / benefit 將軍獨往何益
443 2 chēng to call / to address 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
444 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 契丹前鋒大至
445 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 十一月
446 2 perilous / lofty 魏王繼岌伐蜀
447 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 改奉國軍都虞候
448 2 duān to carry 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
449 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 自故靈都城緣其山足
450 2 hǎo good 遇少好勇
451 2 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 高祖以奉進倉卒遇禍
452 1 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng 解陽城之圍
453 1 dialect / language / speech 始契丹以軟語撫璋
454 1 jīng Beijing 築一京觀
455 1 to bleed from the nose 故有是衄焉
456 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 優以散秩
457 1 plain / white 巒素為書生
458 1 wilderness 世居朔野
459 1 Yùn Yun 尋遣明宗率眾趨鄆
460 1 四面 sìmiàn all sides 三日契丹主躬率步奚及渤海夷等四面進攻
461 1 一境 yījìng one realm 一境安之
462 1 墳墓 fénmù tomb 所經墳墓悉毀之
463 1 我身 wǒshēn I / myself 我身荷國恩
464 1 bāng nation / country / state 殘害父母之邦
465 1 jiàn to build / to construct 高祖建號
466 1 yōng wall / fortified wall / small wall 明日陳攻具於四墉
467 1 tiger 虎癡
468 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 爭荷戈拔刃
469 1 fán complicated / complex 則席寵恃祿者實繁
470 1 wài outside 啖呼於外
471 1 abundant / numerous 為祁州刺史
472 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 又悉財以彌其口
473 1 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 遣璋於管內配率犒宴之資
474 1 大寒 dàhán Dahan 會大寒
475 1 to ward off with hand / to defend 即與雲州將吏闔門拒守
476 1 extensive / full 又悉財以彌其口
477 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 馬萬惶惑不知所為
478 1 to canvass for contributions / to recruit / to collect / to raise 清預其募
479 1 不平 bùpíng unjust / unfair / wrong 心不平之
480 1 紫衣 zǐyī purple clothes 仍賜紫衣
481 1 金紫光祿大夫 jīnzǐ guānglù dàifu gold and purple robed official 加金紫光祿大夫
482 1 to rely on / to depend on 故高祖尤所倚愛
483 1 北屯 běitún Beitun 詔遣率騎軍三千北屯滑臺
484 1 相去 xiàngqù to be distant from one another 蓋相去之遠矣
485 1 kào entertain victorious soldiers 遣璋於管內配率犒宴之資
486 1 gōng body 三日契丹主躬率步奚及渤海夷等四面進攻
487 1 節制 jiézhì to control / to restrict / to moderate / to temper 俄正授節制
488 1 precedent / example 何得將滑州兵士一例處斬
489 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 以為延光勝則附之
490 1 shī to lose 假令失此二將
491 1 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 累遷大同軍節度判官
492 1 屯兵 túnbīng to station / to garrison 後漢瑭屯兵趙郡
493 1 以求 yǐqiú in order to 以求自效
494 1 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 為沙彥珣從事
495 1 躍馬 yuèmǎ to gallop / to spur on a horse / to let one's steed have his head 遂與彥超躍馬取知敏而還
496 1 yòu divine intervention / protection 天祐三年
497 1 重創 zhòngchuāng heavy losses 清以中重創
498 1 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 有詔褒慰
499 1 不效 bùxiào to fail / to be unsuccessful 必不效汝所為也
500 1 zhī a branch / a twig 無以枝梧

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 96 zhī him / her / them / that 所經墳墓悉毀之
2 65 so as to / in order to 以誅斂為務
3 47 wèi for / to 嘗為遮塞軍使
4 46 his / hers / its / theirs 其幕客多私去
5 44 zhōu a state / a province 遙領嚴州刺史
6 40 in / at 隸於麾下
7 37 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 契丹南寇
8 33 jūn army / military 嘗為遮塞軍使
9 31 使 shǐ to make / to cause 嘗為遮塞軍使
10 28 nián year 二年
11 28 also / too 常山人也
12 27 yǒu is / are / to exist 累從戰有功
13 25 zhì to / until 所至苛暴
14 24 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 遇所乘馬中鏑而斃
15 23 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 皇甫遇
16 22 yuē to speak / to say 遇謂審琦等曰
17 21 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所至苛暴
18 20 qīng clear / pure / clean 清泰中
19 20 fèng to offer / to present 改奉國軍都虞候
20 20 rén person / people / a human being 常山人也
21 20 cóng from 累從戰有功
22 20 zhōng middle 清泰中
23 19 shí time / a point or period of time 唐明宗在藩時
24 19 to reach 及壯
25 19 yàn elegant / handsome 慕容彥超等禦之
26 19 dōu all 為行營左軍都指揮使
27 18 chéng a city / a town 遂拔其城
28 18 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 遷龍武都指揮使
29 18 jìn to enter 襄州安從進叛
30 18 lǐng neck 遙領嚴州刺史
31 17 shùn to obey 周廣順三年正月
32 17 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖入洛
33 17 yūn affable, agreeable, pleasant 沈赟
34 16 zhòng heavy 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
35 16 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 溺死者數千人
36 16 naturally / of course / certainly 遂自辰及未
37 16 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋遷鄧州節度使
38 16 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 遇累官至檢校太師
39 15 secret / hidden / confidential 密已貳於國矣
40 15 zhòng many / numerous 契丹眾大敗
41 15 not / no 若不急救
42 14 horse 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
43 14 wēi prestige / majesty 從杜重威營滹水
44 14 to enter 高祖入洛
45 13 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 遇將渡漳河
46 13 lèi to be tired 累從戰有功
47 13 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 遙領嚴州刺史
48 13 shì matter / thing / item 同中書門下平章事
49 12 and 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
50 12 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂自辰及未
51 12 bīng soldier / troops 詔遣以所部兵屯於鄴
52 12 zhào an imperial decree 詔贈中書令
53 12 wèi to call 遇謂審琦等曰
54 11 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 遂率鐵騎北渡赴之
55 11 to ride an animal or bicycle 敵騎壯之
56 11 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
57 11 sān three 三年
58 11 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
59 11 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 梁漢璋
60 10 good fortune / happiness / luck 程福赟
61 10 shén what 所傷甚眾
62 10 gǎi to change / to alter 又改平陽
63 10 guāng light 同光初
64 10 ráo to forgive 時符彥饒為滑州節度使
65 10 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 從楊光遠平範延光於鄴
66 10 to inherit 諸軍繼其後
67 10 shì is / are / am / to be 是歲秋七月
68 10 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃移鎮上黨
69 10 jiā to add 加檢校右散騎常侍
70 10 xià next 罷歸闕下
71 10 zhèn town 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
72 10 I / me / my 彼眾我寡
73 9 final particle 則成擒矣
74 9 běi north 戰於鄆州北津
75 9 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 清與張從恩守之
76 9 enemy / foe 敵騎壯之
77 9 wáng Wang 王清
78 9 hàn Han Chinese 梁漢璋
79 9 to die 則與之俱死
80 9 no 無以枝梧
81 9 luán mountain ranges 吳巒
82 9 gōng merit 累從戰有功
83 9 qiān to move / to shift 遷龍武都指揮使
84 9 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 明宗即位
85 8 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 因事奏而殺之
86 8 wàn ten thousand 步軍都校馬萬
87 8 tóng like / same / similar 同中書門下平章事
88 8 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 同光初
89 8 again / more / repeatedly 遇得馬復戰
90 8 zhī to know 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
91 8 諸軍 zhū jūn all armies 時諸軍嘆曰
92 8 huá smooth / slippery 以功拜滑州節度使
93 8 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
94 8 zhàn war / fighting / battle 累從戰有功
95 8 gōng to attack / to assault 攻定州王都
96 8 yīn because 因私謂人曰
97 7 míng bright / brilliant 明宗即位
98 7 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 尋遷鄧州節度使
99 7 zèng to give a present 詔贈中書令
100 7 xiào school 漸升為小校
101 7 mìng life 成敗命也
102 7 wén to hear 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
103 7 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
104 7 píng flat / level / smooth 同中書門下平章事
105 7 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 號貞範大師
106 7 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 契丹率眾屯邯鄲
107 7 to stop / to prevent 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
108 7 shì a gentleman / a knight 清及眾士盡死
109 7 to give / to bestow favors 仍賜紫衣
110 6 meaning / sense 義也
111 6 guī rose 周瑰
112 6 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗之破夾寨也
113 6 suì age 是歲秋七月
114 6 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 詔贈中書令
115 6 otherwise / but / however 則成擒矣
116 6 promptly / right away / immediately 即是歲十一月也
117 6 zōng school / sect 明宗即位
118 6 shòu to teach 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
119 6 xíng to walk / to move 行至趙郡
120 6 Ye 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
121 6 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 必為敵騎所圍
122 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 此三人皆猛將也
123 6 to go through / to experience / to take place 累歷團練防禦使
124 6 already / afterwards 杜知敏已為所獲
125 6 a step 置步直軍
126 6 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必為敵騎所圍
127 6 yòu right / right-hand 加檢校右散騎常侍
128 6 child / son 將何面目以見天子
129 6 what / where / which 將軍獨往何益
130 6 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 遇不能解
131 6 què a watchtower / a guard tower 罷歸闕下
132 6 big / great / huge / large / major 契丹前鋒大至
133 6 zài in / at 唐明宗在藩時
134 6 èr two 二年
135 5 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 累歷團練防禦使
136 5 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰中
137 5 děng et cetera / and so on 遇謂審琦等曰
138 5 zéi thief 安可使陷於賊中
139 5 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 久之稍解
140 5 guó a country / a nation 我身荷國恩
141 5 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 少帝即位
142 5 to go 其幕客多私去
143 5 day of the month / a certain day 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
144 5 shǎo few 遇少好勇
145 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 自故靈都城緣其山足
146 5 tǎo to seek 出討東川
147 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 及降
148 5 yún cloud 雲州清塞軍人也
149 5 xiào result / effect 為魏府效節軍使
150 5 zuǒ left 為行營左軍都指揮使
151 5 letter / symbol / character 字去瑕
152 5 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 歷嚴衛
153 5 hái also / in addition / more 遂與彥超躍馬取知敏而還
154 5 jiàn to see 契丹見塵起
155 5 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 改護聖左右廂都指揮使
156 5 luàn chaotic / disorderly 範延光據鄴為亂
157 5 tōng to go through / to open 以通溉灌
158 5 zhōng loyalty / devotion 改賜推忠保運功臣
159 5 xìng fortunate / lucky 車駕幸夷門
160 5 常山 chángshān Changshan 常山人也
161 5 wèi Wei Dynasty 為魏府效節軍使
162 5 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 改檢校太保
163 5 hòu thick 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
164 5 yáo distant / remote 遙領嚴州刺史
165 5 yán to speak / to say / said 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
166 5 huò to reap / to harvest 杜知敏已為所獲
167 5 天成 tiānchéng as if made by heaven 自天成至清泰末
168 5 chén minister / statesman / official 主辱臣死
169 5 nán south 契丹南寇
170 5 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 賜忠烈功臣
171 5 desire 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
172 5 an inferior kind of jade 有軍校邵珂者
173 5 already / since 既不能死於軍陣
174 5 ministry / department 部內創別業
175 5 one 清一擊獲其橋
176 5 shǔ to count 溺死者數千人
177 5 城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong 暉遂掠城中財帛士女
178 4 xìng gender 順密性篤厚
179 4 to cross, ferry over 遇將渡漳河
180 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
181 4 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 襄州安從進叛
182 4 shēng to ascend / to go up 漸升為小校
183 4 xīn heart 心不平之
184 4 皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu 皇甫遇
185 4 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 改賜推忠保運功臣
186 4 chén to sink / to submerge 沈赟
187 4 chāo to exceed / overtake / to surpass / to pass / to cross 遇謂彥超曰
188 4 liáng a bridge 梁漢璋
189 4 huì can / be able to 會有內應者
190 4 this / these 假令失此二將
191 4 xiān first 時契丹欲遣遇先入汴
192 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留騎之精者以禦我
193 4 to cry out / to shout 啖呼於外
194 4 fēi to fly 少帝飛蠟詔勉諭
195 4 yuǎn far / distant 從楊光遠平範延光於鄴
196 4 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 有軍士夜掠居人
197 4 martial / military 父武
198 4 a gem / a precious stone / jade 遇與安審琦
199 4 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周廣順三年正月
200 4 kāi to open 開畎水泉
201 4 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 謂首將張從恩曰
202 4 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 謂首將張從恩曰
203 4 táng jade 漢璋有弟漢瑭
204 4 zhào Zhao 行至趙郡
205 4 天福 tiānfú good fortune granted by heaven 天福元年
206 4 zhǔ owner 何顏以見舊主
207 4 shàng top / a high position 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
208 4 róng glory / honor 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
209 4 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 改護聖都指揮使
210 4 can / may / permissible 公可率諸軍繼之
211 4 běn measure word for books 清子守鈞於本邑義化別業
212 4 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 遙領嚴州刺史
213 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 乃引去
214 4 zhuàng robust 及壯
215 4 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 遇與安審琦
216 4 shū book 同中書門下平章事
217 4 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 無善政可紀
218 4 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若不急救
219 4 guī to go back / to return 罷歸闕下
220 4 do not 莫之敢訴
221 4 eight 八年
222 4 唐明宗 Tángmíngzōng Emperor Mingzong of Later Tang 唐明宗在藩時
223 4 軍校 jūnxiào military school / military academy 累遷為軍校
224 4 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 贈清太傅
225 4 shuǐ water 開畎水泉
226 4 nèi inside / interior 部內創別業
227 4 yòu again / also 又改平陽
228 4 hòu after / later 後唐明宗領行臺
229 4 inside / interior 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
230 4 xiāng a wing room 轉捧聖右廂都指揮使
231 4 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充侍衛馬軍都指揮使
232 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 嘗為遮塞軍使
233 4 chū to go out / to leave 出討東川
234 4 Germany 奉德指揮使
235 4 also / too 亦以善用槊有名於時
236 3 qiáo bridge 及至中渡橋
237 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 善書計
238 3 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 重威送款於契丹
239 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 從杜重威營滹水
240 3 zòu to present / to offer 因事奏而殺之
241 3 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 所經墳墓悉毀之
242 3 shǐ beginning / start 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
243 3 chán still / placid / tranquil 從至澶州
244 3 seven 七年
245 3 to look after / to attend to 顧從者曰
246 3 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 漢高祖登極
247 3 to die 至鎮未幾而卒
248 3 hòu to wait 改奉國軍都虞候
249 3 司徒 sītú Situ 加檢校司徒
250 3 dēng to rise / to ascend / to climb 清請先登
251 3 jiù to save / to rescue 謂救軍並至
252 3 yān where / how 清與其下歿焉
253 3 bǎo to defend / to protect 改賜推忠保運功臣
254 3 chóng high / dignified / lofty 補同州左崇勇馬軍指揮使
255 3 huī bright / radiant 威和指揮使王暉領部下兵屯於安陸
256 3 wēn warm / lukewarm 王令溫之為帥也
257 3 business / industry 部內創別業
258 3 de potential marker 遇得馬復戰
259 3 to strike / to hit / to beat 清一擊獲其橋
260 3 expresses question or doubt 殊無主客之義乎
261 3 to protect / to guard 改護聖都指揮使
262 3 curtain / screen 其幕客多私去
263 3 滑臺 huátái Huatai 詔遣率騎軍三千北屯滑臺
264 3 quán authority / power 命權判三司事
265 3 father 父武
266 3 kòu bandit / thieve 契丹南寇
267 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 清列陣北岸
268 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 其事方解
269 3 xún a gem 為沙彥珣從事
270 3 níng Nanjing 寧衛指揮使
271 3 shǒu head 謂首將張從恩曰
272 3 in advance / beforehand 遇不預其議
273 3 qiě moreover / also 且扼歸路
274 3 jīng to go through / to experience 所經墳墓悉毀之
275 3 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
276 3 dòng to move / to act 諸軍遂不敢動
277 3 five 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
278 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 漸升為小校
279 3 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 累歷團練防禦使
280 3 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請度為尼
281 3 yǒng brave / courageous 遇少好勇
282 3 lín luster of jade 郭璘
283 3 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 遂拔其城
284 3 to console / to comfort 撫百姓
285 3 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
286 3 遇害 yùhài to be murdered 次校盧順密聞奉進遇害
287 3 jiàn mirror / looking glass 通鑒
288 3 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
289 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 且述其過
290 3 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 坐觀吾輩困急而不救
291 3 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 流寓太原
292 3 to defend / to resist 慕容彥超等禦之
293 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 所傷甚眾
294 3 勇力 yǒng lì courage and strength 清少以勇力端厚稱於鄉里
295 3 yáng sun 與契丹騎五千相遇於浮陽之北界
296 3 wáng to die 因使無賴者亡入契丹
297 3 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 隸於麾下
298 3 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 唐明宗在藩時
299 3 Lu 次校盧順密聞奉進遇害
300 3 according to 範延光據鄴為亂
301 3 a river / a stream 時審琦已至安陽河
302 3 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕幸夷門
303 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 其幕客多私去
304 3 shào Shao 有軍校邵珂者
305 3 新州 Xīnzhōu Xinzhou 遷新州威塞軍兩使留後
306 3 不息 bùxī not stopping 酣戰不息
307 3 未幾 wèijǐ before long / soon 至鎮未幾而卒
308 3 lóng dragon 遷龍武都指揮使
309 3 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之稍解
310 3 four 四年
311 3 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒奉進殺之
312 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 遂自辰及未
313 3 yún cloud
314 3 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民以朝廷方姑息郡帥
315 3 所部 suǒbù troops under one's command 詔遣以所部兵屯於鄴
316 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 同中書門下平章事
317 3 chén Chen 授陳州防禦使
318 3 to think / consider / to ponder 初事梁將戴思遠為步校
319 3 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 旋除永清軍兵馬留後
320 3 chūn spring 九年春
321 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 契丹退
322 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 天福元年
323 3 é Russia 俄聞與鎮州安重榮為婚家
324 3 soil / ground / land 契丹尋於所戰之地
325 3 to go / to visit / to attend 遂率鐵騎北渡赴之
326 3 to move / to shift / to remove 移領中山
327 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 營孤食盡
328 3 entirely / without exception 則與之俱死
329 3 jiǔ nine 九年春
330 3 長興 Chángxīng Changxing 長興中
331 3 xìn to believe / to trust 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
332 3 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉鬥二十里至鄴南榆林店
333 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 充侍衛馬軍都指揮使
334 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 加檢校右散騎常侍
335 2 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 沈赟寧為國家死
336 2 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 為大軍累年之備
337 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾年不下
338 2 所為 suǒwèi what one does / doings 馬萬惶惑不知所為
339 2 其後 qí hòu after that 諸軍繼其後
340 2 to record 遇有紀綱杜知敏以馬授遇
341 2 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 尋命俱斬之
342 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 涉滹沱之淺處
343 2 abdomen / stomach / belly 用為腹心
344 2 以至 yǐzhì down to / up to 以至壞帳幕以赒之
345 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 不為遏之
346 2 shū to transport 賜輸忠宣力功臣
347 2 正授 zhèng shòu precept conferment 俄正授節制
348 2 to take / to get / to fetch 遂與彥超躍馬取知敏而還
349 2 jīn gold 李金全承詔繼至
350 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 屬康延孝叛
351 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 我軍無寸刃以益之
352 2 bái white 白奉進
353 2 Míng Ming River 洺州曲周人也
354 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 加檢校司空
355 2 shōu to receive / to accept 從杜重威收瀛州
356 2 xiào to be filial 屬康延孝叛
357 2 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 周太祖許之
358 2 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign 高祖建義入洛
359 2 fán ordinary / common 凡獲五盜
360 2 easy / simple 詔遣與皇甫遇援糧入易州
361 2 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 主辱臣死
362 2 guest / visitor 其幕客多私去
363 2 a government official / a magistrate 即與雲州將吏闔門拒守
364 2 quán perfect 李金全承詔繼至
365 2 guǎ few 彼眾我寡
366 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 彥饒怒其不先告
367 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 加檢校刑部尚書
368 2 female / feminine 始奉進有女嫁於皇子重信
369 2 bié do not / must not 部內創別業
370 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 將軍獨往何益
371 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 流寓太原
372 2 yóu especially / particularly 故高祖尤所倚愛
373 2 qīng light / not heavy 臣才輕任重
374 2 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 願陛下哀其疲駑
375 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 贈驍衛上將軍
376 2 領軍 lǐngjūn to lead troups / (fig.) to lead / leading 高祖命諸將相次領軍討之
377 2 huáng royal / imperial 後唐武皇鎮太原
378 2 power / force / strength 賜輸忠宣力功臣
379 2 jiā to press from either side / to sandwich 莊宗之破夾寨也
380 2 未詳 wèixiáng unknown / unclear 未詳何許人也
381 2 to supervise 漢瑭督所部一軍首入其城
382 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷歸闕下
383 2 xián salty / briny 咸以憸人執事
384 2 fán foreign things 獲王都及蕃將托諾名馬數駟
385 2 guān an office 遇累官至檢校太師
386 2 shí food / food and drink 我已信宿不食
387 2 Li 李金全承詔繼至
388 2 家屬 jiāshǔ family member 我等家屬在闕下
389 2 將相 jiāng xiāng generals and ministers 位兼將相
390 2 a time 次校盧順密聞奉進遇害
391 2 shí real / true 以實其郡
392 2 chǒng to favor 冒寵獲罪
393 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分其弱者
394 2 a song 嚴戒部曲
395 2 to arise / to get up 契丹見塵起
396 2 登極 dēngjí to ascend the throne 漢高祖登極
397 2 miǎn to spare 斷我飛免
398 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 巒眾投薪於夾城中
399 2 何許人 hé xǔ rén what kind of person 未詳何許人也
400 2 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun 應順
401 2 步兵 bùbīng infantry / foot soldier 請以步兵二千為前鋒
402 2 sòng Song dynasty 遇妻宋國夫人霍氏上言
403 2 吾輩 wúbèi us 坐觀吾輩困急而不救
404 2 yuán to aid / to assist 詔遣與皇甫遇援糧入易州
405 2 不濟 bùjì not good / of no use 設若不濟
406 2 率眾 lǜ zhòng to lead a mass 契丹率眾屯邯鄲
407 2 zhí office / post 累職至牙門都校
408 2 dùn to escape 遂遁歸莊宗
409 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 執彥饒送於京師
410 2 to capture / to seize 家屬為敵所擄
411 2 yuè month 自其月二十七日至十二月五日
412 2 used to indicate order 錫之第宅
413 2 節度 jiédù a solar term 領昭信軍節度
414 2 shì a generation 世為農
415 2 lüè to rob / to ransack / to plunder 有軍士夜掠居人
416 2 五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month 五月
417 2 血戰 xuèzhàn bloody battle 不如血戰
418 2 hài to injure / to harm to 遂害瑰於理所
419 2 réng yet / still / as ever 仍賜紫衣
420 2 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 遇辭之
421 2 anger / rage / fury 彥饒怒其不先告
422 2 qiān one thousand 溺死者數千人
423 2 look at / to gaze at / to observe 莊宗睹而壯之
424 2 gān sweet 及鎮甘陵
425 2 móu to plan 由順密之始謀也
426 2 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 周廣順三年正月
427 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 遣收淤口關
428 2 residence / dwelling 世居朔野
429 2 unhusked millet 乃飛免芻粟
430 2 是日 shìrì (formal) this day / that day 是日
431 2 yòng to use / to apply 用為腹心
432 2 wéi dangerous / precarious 幸國朝方危
433 2 měi beautiful 契丹使通事耿崇美誘其民眾
434 2 disease / sickness / ailment 疾甚矣
435 2 è to stop / to suppress / to curb / to check 不為遏之
436 2 帳下 zhàngxià inside the camp / a camp resident 其帳下介士大噪
437 2 俄而 éér very soon / before long 俄而生軍復合
438 2 復合 fùhé complex / compound / hybrid 俄而生軍復合
439 2 zào to be noisy / to chirp loudly 其帳下介士大噪
440 2 歷數 lìshǔ to enumerate / to count (one by one) 歷數郡刺史
441 2 nuò to promise 獲王都及蕃將托諾名馬數駟
442 2 南門 Nán mén South Gate 守城之南門
443 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 領兵從任圜襲擊延孝於漢州
444 2 xiàn county 泊其縣舍
445 2 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 及鎮河陽
446 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 俄而生軍復合
447 2 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 尋命權總河陽三城事
448 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由順密之始謀也
449 2 tǒng to unify 統上軍
450 2 to avoid / to shun 以避其累
451 2 後唐 Hòu Táng Later Tang 後唐武皇鎮太原
452 2 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 加檢校刑部尚書
453 2 yún skin of bamboo 遣宋彥筠俱行
454 2 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 請度為尼
455 2 部下 bùxià subordinate 威和指揮使王暉領部下兵屯於安陸
456 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨諸軍
457 2 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 令溫因事使人代之
458 2 private 其幕客多私去
459 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 奪橋開路
460 2 夷門 yímén Yi Gate 車駕幸夷門
461 2 shí ten 又賜夏臘十
462 2 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 漸升為小校
463 2 what? / where? / why? 三日契丹主躬率步奚及渤海夷等四面進攻
464 2 táng Tang Dynasty 唐州刺史
465 2 to prevail 克之必矣
466 2 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 安可使陷於賊中
467 2 自陳 zì chén described in his own words 今仆以咎自陳
468 2 a talisman / a charm 時符彥饒為滑州節度使
469 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 開運二年春三月
470 2 嘆惜 tànxī sigh of regret 嘆惜久之
471 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 魏王署赟為一行馬步都虞候
472 2 牙城 yáchéng citadel / military headquarters 以從騎數人候彥饒於牙城
473 2 huò or / either / else 其或臨難捐軀
474 2 yīng should / ought 會有內應者
475 2 shǔ Sichuan 魏王繼岌伐蜀
476 2 luò Luo 高祖入洛
477 2 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture 戰於鄆州北津
478 2 jié festival / a special day 為魏府效節軍使
479 2 cháng to taste 嘗為遮塞軍使
480 2 wěi to delegate / to commission 咸以委瑰
481 2 to make a mistake / to miss 未嘗以微累見誤
482 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 莫是與範延光同反耶
483 2 hurried / worried 坐觀吾輩困急而不救
484 2 徐州 Xúzhōu Xuzhou 徐州下邳人
485 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 爾輩如此
486 2 chōng to charge at 國家以甘陵水陸要沖之地
487 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公可率諸軍繼之
488 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 懼終不濟
489 2 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 清列陣北岸
490 2 dōng winter 其年冬
491 2 Wèn Wen River 汶陽人也
492 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 以誅斂為務
493 2 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走無生路
494 2 Hutuo River 從杜重威營滹水
495 2 jīng essence 留騎之精者以禦我
496 2 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 部內創別業
497 2 歿 to end / to die 清與其下歿焉
498 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 尋遣明宗率眾趨鄆
499 2 hào number 號貞範大師
500 2 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda 以從騎數人候彥饒於牙城

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安陆 安陸 ānlù Anlu
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
北屯 běitún Beitun
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
渤海 Bó Hǎ Bohai Sea
财帛 財帛 cáibó Head of Stores
常山 chángshān Changshan
长兴 長興 Chángxīng Changxing
城中 chéngzhōng Chengzhong
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
邓州 鄧州 dèngzhōu Dengzhou
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
东门 東門 Dōng mén East Gate
东川 東川 dōngchuān Dongchuan
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
封丘 fēngqiū Fengqiu
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
光胜 光勝 guāngshèng Kōshō / Kūya
guó
  1. Guo
  2. Guo
国军 國軍 guó jūn National Revolutionary Army
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉高祖 漢高祖 Hàn Gāo Zǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
邯郸 邯鄲 Hándān Handan
后汉 後漢 Hòu Hàn
  1. Later Han
  2. Later Han
后唐 後唐 Hòu Táng Later Tang
Hutuo River
皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu
滑台 滑臺 huátái Huatai
滹沱 Hūtuó Hutuo River
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
建义 建義 jiànyì Jianyi reign
谏议大夫 諫議大夫 jiànyì dàifu Remonstrance Official
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋阳 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang
冀州 Jìzhōu Jizhou
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
陵水 língshuǐ Lingshui
留后 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
Míng Ming River
慕容 Mùróng Murong
南门 南門 Nán mén South Gate
平阳 平陽 Píngyáng Pingyang / Linfen
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
钦州 欽州 qīnzhōu Qinzhou
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
曲周 qǔZhōu Quzhou
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
商州 shāngzhōu Shangzhou
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao
Shè She County
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
世运 世運 shìyùn World Games
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
数人 數人 shǔrén Sarvāstivāda
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
唐明宗 Tángmíngzōng Emperor Mingzong of Later Tang
同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
Wèn Wen River
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武都 wǔdōu Wudu
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
襄阳 襄陽 Xiāngyáng
  1. Xiangyang
  2. Xangyang
下邳 Xiàpī Xiapi
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou
新州 Xīnzhōu Xinzhou
溪州 xīzhōu Hsichou
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
夷门 夷門 yímén Yi Gate
应顺 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun
永清 yǒngqīng Yongqing
有部 yǒubù Sarvāstivāda
榆林 yúlín Yulin
Yùn Yun
郓城 鄆城 Yùnchéng Yuncheng
郓州 鄆州 Yùnzhōu Yunzhou / Yun prefecture
漳河 zhānghé Zhang River
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵延寿 趙延壽 Zhào Yánhòu Zhao Yanshou
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
郑州 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
庄宗 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English