Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Ming 《明史》, 卷一百五十一 列傳第三十九 茹瑺 嚴震直 張紞 王鈍 鄭賜 郭資 呂震 李至剛 方賓 吳中 劉觀 Volume 151 Biographies 39: Ru Chang, Yan Zhenzhi, Zhang Dan, Wang Dun, Zheng Ci, Guo Zi, Lu Zhen, Li Zhigang, Fang Bin, Wu Zhong, Liu Guan

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 58 supreme ruler / emperor 及惠帝即位
2 55 nián year 二十三年拜右副都御史
3 47 zhèn to shake / to shock 茹常嚴震直張紞
4 32 shì matter / thing / item 出掌河南布政司事
5 27 yuē to speak / to say 成祖曰
6 27 rén person / people / a human being 衡山人
7 25 yán to speak / to say / said 公等言即言耳
8 24 to give / to bestow favors 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
9 23 guān an office 所業於官
10 22 mìng life 即命常出營郡主府第
11 22 shí time / a point or period of time 時方重藩王禮
12 21 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖曰
13 20 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 又試兵部尚書
14 19 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
15 18 dǎn a fringe 茹常嚴震直張紞
16 18 zhōng middle 洪武中
17 17 bīn a guest / a visitor 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
18 17 to die 今救死
19 16 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請以謀殺父母論
20 16 zòu to present / to offer 條奏利病
21 16 御史 yùshǐ a censor 二十三年拜右副都御史
22 15 zhèng government / administration 歷通政使
23 14 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 尋復召為兵部尚書
24 14 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 加太子少保
25 14 to reach 及惠帝即位
26 14 zuǒ left 累遷試左通政
27 13 zuò to sit 坐不送趙王
28 13 使 shǐ to make / to cause 歷通政使
29 13 wáng Wang 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
30 12 sān three 三年秋
31 12 shì a gentleman / a knight 朝士董倫
32 12 洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming 洪武中
33 11 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 及惠帝即位
34 11 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋實授
35 11 to enter 成祖入京師
36 11 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 時永樂七年二月也
37 11 gǎi to change / to alter 改吏部
38 11 yòu right / right-hand 二十三年拜右副都御史
39 10 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 出掌河南布政司事
40 10 zài in / at 紞在滇凡十七年
41 10 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 再遷為工部侍郎
42 10 qiān to move / to shift 累遷試左通政
43 10 to die 病卒
44 10 cháng to taste 嘗督餉山東
45 9 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗立
46 9 strange / unusual / uncanny 紞奏楊士奇第一
47 9 京師 jīngshī a capital city 成祖入京師
48 9 jìn to enter 二十六年六月進尚書
49 9 shì to release / to set free 釋還
50 9 xíng to walk / to move 廣鹽行於江西自此始
51 9 zhí straight 茹常嚴震直張紞
52 9 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
53 9 wealth / capital / money / expenses 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
54 9 èr two 漓二江
55 9 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
56 9 shǎo few 加太子少保
57 8 yān Yan 燕兵至龍潭
58 8 child / son 與黃子澄不相能
59 8 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
60 8 shòu to teach 尋實授
61 8 tōng to go through / to open 歷通政使
62 8 Li 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
63 8 建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen 建文中
64 7 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖賢之
65 7 róng glory / honor 楊榮
66 7 chén minister / statesman / official 盡臣職耳
67 7 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京建
68 7 jiàn to see 如天下見之何
69 7 letter / symbol / character 字子敏
70 7 liù six 建陡閘三十有六
71 7 yáng Yang 紞奏楊士奇第一
72 7 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 出掌河南布政司事
73 7 guī to go back / to return 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
74 7 néng can / able 與黃子澄不相能
75 7 anger / rage / fury 帝聞之怒
76 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 特令吏部勿考
77 7 prison 逮下錦衣獄
78 7 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 改吏部
79 7 a musical note 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
80 7 ministry / department 尋復召為兵部尚書
81 7 chēng to call / to address 役者稱便
82 6 jìn red silk 與解縉後先進講
83 6 lèi to be tired 累遷試左通政
84 6 hòu after / later 後以銓實承父命
85 6 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 再遷為工部侍郎
86 6 zhī to know 常知不免
87 6 北平 Běipíng Beiping 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
88 6 zhuó to pull out 其年四月擢右都御史
89 6 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi 與兄弟家屬二十七人謫戍廣西河池
90 6 four 臨江四府便
91 6 děng et cetera / and so on 常等見成祖
92 6 天下 tiānxià China 集天下工匠於京師
93 6 extra / surplus / remainder 凡二十余萬戶
94 6 cháo to face 還朝
95 6 jǐng sunlight 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
96 6 bīng soldier / troops 燕兵至龍潭
97 6 bǎo to defend / to protect 加太子少保
98 6 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 征授禮部主事
99 6 shí ten 才十之一
100 6 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 召改戶部郎中
101 6 to congratulate 賜請賀
102 6 qián front 震再請如前制
103 6 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 永樂元年
104 6 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 置官吏及出塞北征
105 6 zhí office / post 勤於職
106 6 to arise / to get up 母喪起復
107 6 wèn to ask 賜請逮問孔高
108 6 liú Liu 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
109 6 shǔ to count 數雪冤獄
110 6 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 召改戶部郎中
111 5 shí a rock / a stone 食祿一千石
112 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
113 5 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
114 5 kǎo to examine / to test 且皇考封諸子
115 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 使震直偕尚書任亨泰諭安南
116 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 爾紞實先往
117 5 to eat / to endure 茹常嚴震直張紞
118 5 private 人不能幹以私
119 5 dùn blunt / obtuse 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
120 5 soil / ground / land 乃言奉詔割地講和
121 5 to stand 仁宗立
122 5 shàng top / a high position 具獄上
123 5 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 二十三年特授通政司參議
124 5 clothes / dress / garment 服之死
125 5 gěi to give 月給半俸
126 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 務變其俗
127 5 下獄 xiàyù to imprison 復坐事下獄
128 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 坐事降御史
129 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉明經
130 5 shì to attend on 為東宮侍書
131 5 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
132 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今救死
133 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
134 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能發一言
135 5 zhé to punish / to demote 王景輩謫其地
136 5 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮至京
137 5 Ji 夏原吉
138 5 to criticize 仁宗黜震議
139 5 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 茹常嚴震直張紞
140 5 wén to hear 以廉慎聞
141 5 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan 雲南平
142 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔征遺逸士集闕下
143 5 gōng merit 功甚重
144 5 shū book 書其姓名
145 5 ancestor / forefather 常等見成祖
146 5 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
147 5 shì to test / to try / to experiment 又試兵部尚書
148 5 yuán source / origin 夏原吉
149 5 father's elder brother / uncle 封常忠誠伯
150 5 idea 皆接以禮意
151 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 時天下郡邑吏多坐罪謫戍
152 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治行為天下第一
153 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
154 4 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尋命修廣西興安縣靈渠
155 4 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 永樂四年進士
156 4 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 何懼至是
157 4 tài great / exalted / superior 毛泰亨
158 4 ěr ear 公等言即言耳
159 4 big / great / huge / large / major 紀綱大壞
160 4 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
161 4 shū to remove obstructions 三十年二月疏言
162 4 easy / simple 震建議群臣皆易烏紗帽
163 4 tóng like / same / similar 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
164 4 to ferry 才足以濟其為人
165 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留攝部事
166 4 wén writing / text 命賜與檢討吳文為之
167 4 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 征授禮部主事
168 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 字子敏
169 4 day of the month / a certain day 日當食
170 4 to beg / to request 尋以老乞歸
171 4 zhèng [state of] Zheng 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
172 4 shí real / true 尋實授
173 4 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 不許
174 4 special / unique / distinguished 二十三年特授通政司參議
175 4 to stop / to cease / to suspend 與紞俱罷
176 4 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites 代李至剛為禮部尚書
177 4 service 震直請戶役一人
178 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 由監生除承敕郎
179 4 xiào result / effect 此豈可效
180 4 increase / benefit 奉職益勤
181 4 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 二十六年六月進尚書
182 4 liáng provisions 洪武時以富民擇糧長
183 4 xiǎng rations and pay for soldiers 嘗督餉山東
184 4 戶部尚書 hùbù Shàng Shū Minister of Revenue (from the Han dynasty onwards) 乃令紞及戶部尚書王鈍解職務
185 4 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 嘗督餉山東
186 4 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 毛泰亨
187 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年從北征
188 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 王以為言
189 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 稱旨
190 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 賜為人頗和厚
191 4 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
192 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 及惠帝即位
193 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 命官撫守
194 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 詔征遺逸士集闕下
195 4 dào way / road / path 取他道南下
196 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
197 4 chén Chen 佐及陳瑄事太祖忠
198 4 三十 sān shí thirty 建陡閘三十有六
199 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成相篇
200 4 yòng to use / to apply 滇人遵用之
201 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 帝賦詩二章賜之
202 4 mother 築渼潭及龍母祠土堤百五十余丈
203 4 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 洪武十九年以鄉舉入太學
204 4 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 震建議群臣皆易烏紗帽
205 4 謫戍 zhéshù to banish to guard the frontier 與兄弟家屬二十七人謫戍廣西河池
206 4 河南 hénán Henan 出掌河南布政司事
207 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 時方重藩王禮
208 4 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 又試兵部尚書
209 4 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德四年
210 4 dialect / language / speech 語切
211 4 jiā to add 加太子少保
212 3 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 頗恃寵貪恣
213 3 先後 xiānhòu start and finish 震率群臣先後表賀雲
214 3 jiù old / ancient 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
215 3 sàng to lose / to die 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
216 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 又與左右侍郎更進叠奏
217 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
218 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 即命常出營郡主府第
219 3 an official institution / a state bureau 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
220 3 jīng Beijing 逮至京
221 3 tīng to listen 諸蠻聽服
222 3 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 皇太子監國
223 3 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷通政使
224 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 請分三十萬八千余引貯廣東
225 3 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 別募商入粟廣西之糧衛所
226 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 由監生除承敕郎
227 3 fán ordinary / common 凡二十余萬戶
228 3 shì to look at / to see 屬吏無敢視者
229 3 山西 shānxī Shanxi 命以故官巡視山西
230 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 特見委用
231 3 章奏 zhāngzòu memorial 章奏分貯南京六科
232 3 chì an imperial decree 由監生除承敕郎
233 3 to go 鑿去灘石之礙舟者
234 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 殺右給事中李能
235 3 shě to give 俾僦舍止息
236 3 reason / logic / truth 理或有之
237 3 陜西 xiáxī Shaanxi 陜西
238 3 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 分遣群臣祀嶽鎮海瀆及先代帝王陵
239 3 十八 shíbā eighteen 洪武十八年進士
240 3 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 尋命同工部尚書嚴震直等分巡山西
241 3 自經 zìjīng to hang oneself 自經於吏部後堂
242 3 diān Yunnan 命爾仍治滇南
243 3 jiàn to build / to construct 建陡閘三十有六
244 3 jūn army / military 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
245 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 不受恐遠人疑貳
246 3 valley / gorge / ravine 過長沙不謁谷王
247 3 xiàn to offer / to present 撰十二章以獻
248 3 to take / to get / to fetch 取他道南下
249 3 二十 èrshí twenty 凡二十余萬戶
250 3 xiān first 爾紞實先往
251 3 guō Guo 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
252 3 seven 時永樂七年二月也
253 3 a river / a stream 金水河
254 3 yuè Yue 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
255 3 按察司 ànchá sī Surveillance Commission 按察司副使墨麟
256 3 huì can / be able to 會修
257 3 fēng to seal / to close off 且皇考封諸子
258 3 qīng minister / high officer 入為大理寺少卿
259 3 Hu 嘗扈北狩
260 3 gāo high / tall 高皇帝立法創制
261 3 shī teacher 世傳燕師入京
262 3 father 後以銓實承父命
263 3 知府 zhīfǔ prefectural magistrate 遷真定知府
264 3 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 震率群臣先後表賀雲
265 3 wood / lumber 三年坐以官木石遺中官楊慶作宅
266 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 二十三年拜右副都御史
267 3 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 已而致仕
268 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
269 3 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 二十三年遷浙江左布政使
270 3 yún cloud 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
271 3 power / force / strength 願公力持之
272 3 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以茹常薦
273 3 yán salt 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
274 3 zàn to praise 震力贊之
275 3 zhòng heavy 功甚重
276 3 can / may / permissible 可矜也
277 3 to connect / to relate 坐事系獄
278 3 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 出為左參政
279 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 二十三年拜右副都御史
280 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 請以謀殺父母論
281 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 出掌河南布政司事
282 3 chuán to transmit 世傳燕師入京
283 3 zèng to give a present 卻其贈
284 3 shēng sound 字克聲
285 3 xià summer 夏原吉
286 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 鈍乃受之
287 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 章奏宜達行在
288 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代李至剛為禮部尚書
289 3 róng to hold / to contain 謙和有容
290 3 zhǔ owner 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
291 3 二十三 èrshísān 23 / twenty-three 二十三年拜右副都御史
292 3 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
293 3 太學 Tài Xué Taixue / Imperial Academy / Grand Academy 洪武十九年以鄉舉入太學
294 3 zhì to place / to lay out 詔安置海南
295 3 to supervise 嘗督餉山東
296 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
297 3 disease / sickness / ailment 會母疾
298 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 谷王又開金川門有功
299 3 wàn ten thousand 歲部糧萬石至京師
300 3 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
301 3 residence / dwelling 居京師
302 3 yīng a crystal 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
303 3 dike 築渼潭及龍母祠土堤百五十余丈
304 3 quán to select officials 命子銓市毒藥
305 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 皇太子監國
306 3 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 與解縉後先進講
307 3 one 震直請戶役一人
308 3 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚文安
309 3 奉命 fèngmìng to receive orders / to follow orders / to act under orders 賜嘗奉命於龍江編次行伍
310 3 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 其年四月擢右都御史
311 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具獄上
312 2 jīng to go through / to experience 舉明經
313 2 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 十五年
314 2 zhù to store / to stockpile / to hoard 請分三十萬八千余引貯廣東
315 2 yāo waist 太宗易素冠布腰绖
316 2 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 鄉民訴其弟侄不法
317 2 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 王景輩謫其地
318 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
319 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 八年十二月卒
320 2 工匠 gōngjiàng an artisan / a smith 集天下工匠於京師
321 2 chù to sew / to stitch 方賓以言北征餉絀得罪
322 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 成祖崩
323 2 萬歲 wànsuì to live long 呼萬歲
324 2 chuāi to put into 皆揣帝意所惡者
325 2 zhí price/ value 值變官制
326 2 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 時永樂七年二月也
327 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遇建文君悲愴吞金死
328 2 官制 guānzhì organization of government 咎建文時之改官制者
329 2 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 飲酒西番僧舍
330 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而隆平侯張信奏太和山五色雲見
331 2 to attain / to reach 章奏宜達行在
332 2 suì age 歲部糧萬石至京師
333 2 宮殿 gōngdiàn palace / palace hall 時營城郭宮殿
334 2 shǔ to sign 署應天府事
335 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾城走
336 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終其身
337 2 shùn to obey 元順溺佛教
338 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 二年劾李景隆陰養亡命
339 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝稱善
340 2 奏章 zòuzhāng a memorial 奏章當達行在
341 2 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 宥仍故職
342 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 不能辯其非
343 2 huáng yellow 與黃子澄不相能
344 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 詔征遺逸士集闕下
345 2 bēi a stone tablet 帝見碑立沙磧中
346 2 shù to guard a border 坐罪戍廣東
347 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺右給事中李能
348 2 kāng Kang 祁陽教諭康孔高朝京師還
349 2 zuò to do 作筏濟之
350 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 為邏卒所執
351 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
352 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 以舊勞兼太子賓客
353 2 cuī mourning garments of coarse hemp 遺詔二十七日釋缞服
354 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 陰附於成祖
355 2 to pity / to regret 人頗惜之
356 2 十二 shí èr twelve 不待考而朕知其功出天下十二牧上
357 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 為東宮侍書
358 2 qiān humble / modest 時大理少卿弋謙數言事
359 2 fán complicated / complex 工役繁興
360 2 to gather / to collect 集天下工匠於京師
361 2 xìng gender 資性強毅
362 2 to be swift 一旦相見難遽舍
363 2 hair 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
364 2 zhí nephew 鄉民訴其弟侄不法
365 2 method / way 法司劾銓毒其父
366 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
367 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 六年六月憂悸卒
368 2 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 至剛兼左春坊大學士
369 2 大理 Dàlǐ Dali 時大理少卿弋謙數言事
370 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民以寧輯
371 2 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 仁宗時遷鄭王府左長史
372 2 gān dry 人不能幹以私
373 2 míng bright / brilliant 舉明經
374 2 余年 yúnián one's remaining years 亦坐系十余年
375 2 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 謚忠襄
376 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 役者稱便
377 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 條奏利病
378 2 dié a hempen band worn on the head or waist by a mourner 太宗易素冠布腰绖
379 2 jiā excellent 故嘉爾績
380 2 to defend / to resist 修戰艦以禦燕軍
381 2 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 章奏分貯南京六科
382 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 命輔世子居守
383 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
384 2 end / final stage / latter part 洪武末
385 2 legendary auspicious animal 無麒麒何害
386 2 chéng to fill 宋盛時嘗行之
387 2 district / county 時天下郡邑吏多坐罪謫戍
388 2 eight 八年十二月卒
389 2 a branch of study 章奏分貯南京六科
390 2 昌隆 chānglóng flourishing / prosperous 尹昌隆之禍
391 2 jùn talented / capable 賓與侍郎劉俊等迎附
392 2 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太祖實錄
393 2 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 月給半俸
394 2 xuán to revolve 旋召還下獄
395 2 chuān Sichuan 谷王又開金川門有功
396 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 二年劾李景隆陰養亡命
397 2 shāng commerce / trade 召商中買
398 2 yuè pleased 成祖悅
399 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 浚渠五千余丈
400 2 xiào to be filial 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
401 2 jīn gold 金幼孜
402 2 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 母喪起復
403 2 to leave behind 詔征遺逸士集闕下
404 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 由監生除承敕郎
405 2 hòu thick 賜為人頗和厚
406 2 five 於今五年
407 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 請禁言事者挾私
408 2 yuè month 月給半俸
409 2 black ink / inkstick 按察司副使墨麟
410 2 營造 yíngzào to build / to construct / to make 皆中所營造
411 2 ruì auspicious 侍郎胡濙圖上瑞光榔梅靈芝
412 2 xián virtuous / worthy 太祖賢之
413 2 shěng province 枉道省母
414 2 zhāo illustrious 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
415 2 十七 shíqī seventeen 紞在滇凡十七年
416 2 gōng a palace 賓方提調靈濟宮
417 2 píng flat / level / smooth 雲南平
418 2 官吏 guānlì a government official 置官吏及出塞北征
419 2 chūn spring 二十年春入覲
420 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
421 2 洪熙 Hóngxī Emperor Hongxi 洪熙元年贈太子少保
422 2 炳文 bǐngwén luminous style 又與陳瑛同劾耿炳文僭侈
423 2 shǐ beginning / start 廣鹽行於江西自此始
424 2 temple / monastery / vihāra 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
425 2 宣宗 xuānzōng Seonjong of Goryeo 宣宗與所沒田廬
426 2 xiào school 帝令官校十人隨之
427 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 工役繁興
428 2 巡撫 xúnfǔ inspector-general 巡撫浙江
429 2 liáng a bridge 梁武
430 2 十四 shí sì fourteen 十四年
431 2 江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi 鬻之江西南安
432 2 xiǎn dangerous 震為人佞諛傾險
433 2 姓名 xìngmíng name and surname 書其姓名
434 2 tǎo to seek 二十八年討龍州
435 2 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 震率群臣先後表賀雲
436 2 jǐn to have imperial audience 二十年春入覲
437 2 xiào to smile / to laugh 成祖笑曰
438 2 a period of time / phase / stage 無後期
439 2 merit / accomplishment / result 故嘉爾績
440 2 to flatter 震為人佞諛傾險
441 2 qiú a prisoner / a convict 諸囚憊甚
442 2 滿 mǎn full 秩滿當遷
443 2 to cry out / to shout 呼萬歲
444 2 martial / military 梁武
445 2 a spoke 並其子輻諸贓汙不法事
446 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未奏
447 2 biàn to change / to alter 務變其俗
448 2 yǐn to govern 元末猗氏縣尹
449 2 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 賓與侍郎劉俊等迎附
450 2 a government official / a magistrate 時天下郡邑吏多坐罪謫戍
451 2 自盡 zìjìn to kill oneself / to commit suicide 帝疑其自盡
452 2 貢賦 gòngfù tribute 土地貢賦
453 2 七十 qīshí seventy / 70 時年已七十
454 2 apprentice / disciple 徒滋人口
455 2 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 詔至思南大巖山
456 2 kǒng opening / small hole / orifice 祁陽教諭康孔高朝京師還
457 2 nìng to flatter / to praise 震為人佞諛傾險
458 2 不見 bújiàn to not see 陰雲不見
459 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周其飲食
460 2 běi north 嘗扈北狩
461 2 考察 kǎochá to inspect 考察官吏
462 2 fēng wind 士奇請命風憲官考察奏罷有司之貪汙者
463 2 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 至剛與解縉交甚厚
464 2 guǎng wide / large / vast 廣鹽行於江西自此始
465 2 rustic / low / base / mean 時論鄙之
466 2 shàn to be skillful in / to be good at 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
467 2 huǐ to destroy 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
468 2 調 tiáo to harmonize 調湖廣左參議
469 2 wife 私以妻喪柩與香帛同載
470 2 tíng court / royal court 貴州布政使蔣廷瓚言
471 2 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
472 2 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 使陛下恩澤不流者
473 2 監察 jiānchá to supervise / to control / to inspect 授監察御史
474 2 to visit 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
475 2 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces 湖廣布政司參議闕
476 2 sòng Song dynasty 宋盛時嘗行之
477 2 奸臣 jiānchén a treacherous court official / a minister who conspires against the state 其縛奸臣來
478 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 事成祖甚謹
479 2 qiáng strong / powerful 資性強毅
480 2 máo hair / fur / feathers 毛泰亨
481 2 gǎn bold / brave 屬吏無敢視者
482 2 plain / white 太宗易素冠布腰绖
483 2 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 帝書大臣姓名十人
484 2 錦衣衛 Jǐn Yī Wèi Imperial Guards in the Ming Dynasty 下震及蹇義於錦衣衛獄
485 2 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 觀奉命采木浙江
486 2 其弟 qí dì his younger brother 鄉民訴其弟侄不法
487 2 二十七 èrshíqī 27 與兄弟家屬二十七人謫戍廣西河池
488 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 佐及陳瑄事太祖忠
489 2 a prostitute 時未有官妓之禁
490 2 wèi to fear / to dread 苗獠畏懷
491 2 zāng booty / loot / stolen goods 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
492 2 beard / mustache 侍郎胡濙圖上瑞光榔梅靈芝
493 2 to record / to copy 錄中朝奸臣二十九人
494 2 to make a mistake / to miss 幾誤疑賜
495 2 zhèn to flap 令所司出粟振之
496 2 xīn heart 然心賢祖
497 2 líng agile / nimble 此山川效靈
498 2 xiàn constitution / statute / law 士奇請命風憲官考察奏罷有司之貪汙者
499 2 sūn Sun 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
500 2 zhào Zhao 坐不送趙王

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 58 supreme ruler / emperor 及惠帝即位
2 57 zhī him / her / them / that 太祖賢之
3 55 nián year 二十三年拜右副都御史
4 47 zhèn to shake / to shock 茹常嚴震直張紞
5 42 so as to / in order to 請以謀殺父母論
6 35 his / hers / its / theirs 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
7 35 wèi for / to 吾無罪而削為庶人
8 33 zhì to / until 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
9 32 shì matter / thing / item 出掌河南布政司事
10 27 yuē to speak / to say 成祖曰
11 27 rén person / people / a human being 衡山人
12 25 and 與黃子澄不相能
13 25 yán to speak / to say / said 公等言即言耳
14 24 to give / to bestow favors 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
15 23 guān an office 所業於官
16 22 mìng life 即命常出營郡主府第
17 22 yǒu is / are / to exist 已各有分地矣
18 22 shí time / a point or period of time 時方重藩王禮
19 21 成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le 成祖曰
20 20 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 又試兵部尚書
21 19 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
22 19 in / at 勤於職
23 18 dǎn a fringe 茹常嚴震直張紞
24 18 zhōng middle 洪武中
25 18 gāng just / barely / exactly 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
26 17 bīn a guest / a visitor 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
27 17 to die 今救死
28 17 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 既而為家人所訟
29 16 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請以謀殺父母論
30 16 zòu to present / to offer 條奏利病
31 16 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 役者稱便
32 16 御史 yùshǐ a censor 二十三年拜右副都御史
33 15 zhèng government / administration 歷通政使
34 14 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 尋復召為兵部尚書
35 14 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 茹常嚴震直張紞
36 14 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 加太子少保
37 14 to reach 及惠帝即位
38 14 zuǒ left 累遷試左通政
39 14 hái also / in addition / more 常等唯唯頓首還
40 13 zuò to sit 坐不送趙王
41 13 使 shǐ to make / to cause 歷通政使
42 13 wáng Wang 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
43 13 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 法令條格皆所裁定
44 12 again / more / repeatedly 尋復召為兵部尚書
45 12 sān three 三年秋
46 12 shì a gentleman / a knight 朝士董倫
47 12 洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming 洪武中
48 12 not / no 與黃子澄不相能
49 11 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 及惠帝即位
50 11 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋實授
51 11 to enter 成祖入京師
52 11 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le 時永樂七年二月也
53 11 chū to go out / to leave 出掌河南布政司事
54 11 gǎi to change / to alter 改吏部
55 11 yòu right / right-hand 二十三年拜右副都御史
56 10 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 出掌河南布政司事
57 10 no 屬吏無敢視者
58 10 yòu again / also 又試兵部尚書
59 10 zài in / at 紞在滇凡十七年
60 10 侍郎 shìláng an assistant minister 再遷為工部侍郎
61 10 qiān to move / to shift 累遷試左通政
62 10 to die 病卒
63 10 dōu all 二十三年拜右副都御史
64 10 cháng to taste 嘗督餉山東
65 9 仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan 仁宗立
66 9 strange / unusual / uncanny 紞奏楊士奇第一
67 9 京師 jīngshī a capital city 成祖入京師
68 9 jìn to enter 二十六年六月進尚書
69 9 shì to release / to set free 釋還
70 9 jiān simultaneously 以舊勞兼太子賓客
71 9 xíng to walk / to move 廣鹽行於江西自此始
72 9 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 茹常嚴震直張紞
73 9 zhí straight 茹常嚴震直張紞
74 9 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
75 9 wealth / capital / money / expenses 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
76 9 èr two 漓二江
77 9 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
78 9 shǎo few 加太子少保
79 8 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 吾無罪而削為庶人
80 8 rán correct / right / certainly 然心賢祖
81 8 shén what 功甚重
82 8 yān Yan 燕兵至龍潭
83 8 child / son 與黃子澄不相能
84 8 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
85 8 shòu to teach 尋實授
86 8 tōng to go through / to open 歷通政使
87 8 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃言奉詔割地講和
88 8 Li 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
89 8 cóng from 帝從之
90 8 建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen 建文中
91 7 also / too 時永樂七年二月也
92 7 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 太祖賢之
93 7 róng glory / honor 楊榮
94 7 chén minister / statesman / official 盡臣職耳
95 7 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京建
96 7 jiàn to see 如天下見之何
97 7 letter / symbol / character 字子敏
98 7 cái just now 帝才之
99 7 liù six 建陡閘三十有六
100 7 yáng Yang 紞奏楊士奇第一
101 7 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 出掌河南布政司事
102 7 guī to go back / to return 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
103 7 néng can / able 與黃子澄不相能
104 7 anger / rage / fury 帝聞之怒
105 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 特令吏部勿考
106 7 prison 逮下錦衣獄
107 7 already / afterwards 已各有分地矣
108 7 吏部 lì bù personnel office / ministry of appointments 改吏部
109 7 a musical note 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
110 7 ministry / department 尋復召為兵部尚書
111 7 chēng to call / to address 役者稱便
112 6 jìn red silk 與解縉後先進講
113 6 lèi to be tired 累遷試左通政
114 6 hòu after / later 後以銓實承父命
115 6 工部 gōng bù name of Kangxi radical 48 再遷為工部侍郎
116 6 zhī to know 常知不免
117 6 北平 Běipíng Beiping 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
118 6 zhuó to pull out 其年四月擢右都御史
119 6 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi 與兄弟家屬二十七人謫戍廣西河池
120 6 four 臨江四府便
121 6 děng et cetera / and so on 常等見成祖
122 6 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 建文初
123 6 天下 tiānxià China 集天下工匠於京師
124 6 extra / surplus / remainder 凡二十余萬戶
125 6 cháo to face 還朝
126 6 jǐng sunlight 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
127 6 zhū all / many / various 諸蠻聽服
128 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 命以故官巡視山西
129 6 bīng soldier / troops 燕兵至龍潭
130 6 bǎo to defend / to protect 加太子少保
131 6 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites 征授禮部主事
132 6 shí ten 才十之一
133 6 郎中 lángzhōng Langzhong 召改戶部郎中
134 6 to congratulate 賜請賀
135 6 qián front 震再請如前制
136 6 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 永樂元年
137 6 北征 běizhēng punitive expedition to the north 置官吏及出塞北征
138 6 zhí office / post 勤於職
139 6 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 皆當其才
140 6 to arise / to get up 母喪起復
141 6 wèn to ask 賜請逮問孔高
142 6 liú Liu 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
143 6 shǔ to count 數雪冤獄
144 6 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue 召改戶部郎中
145 5 shí a rock / a stone 食祿一千石
146 5 zuì crime / sin / vice 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
147 5 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
148 5 kǎo to examine / to test 且皇考封諸子
149 5 to instruct / to expound / to explain 使震直偕尚書任亨泰諭安南
150 5 wǎng to go (in a direction) 爾紞實先往
151 5 also / too 泰亨亦死
152 5 what / where / which 何懼至是
153 5 to eat / to endure 茹常嚴震直張紞
154 5 private 人不能幹以私
155 5 dùn blunt / obtuse 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
156 5 soil / ground / land 乃言奉詔割地講和
157 5 to stand 仁宗立
158 5 shàng top / a high position 具獄上
159 5 réng yet / still / as ever 仍兵部尚書
160 5 參議 cānyì consultant / adviser 二十三年特授通政司參議
161 5 clothes / dress / garment 服之死
162 5 gěi to give 月給半俸
163 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 務變其俗
164 5 下獄 xiàyù to imprison 復坐事下獄
165 5 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 坐事降御史
166 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉明經
167 5 shì to attend on 為東宮侍書
168 5 刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
169 5 qiān all / unanimous 僉事呂震率先降
170 5 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今救死
171 5 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
172 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能發一言
173 5 zhé to punish / to demote 王景輩謫其地
174 5 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 逮至京
175 5 Ji 夏原吉
176 5 xià next 逮下錦衣獄
177 5 to criticize 仁宗黜震議
178 5 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 茹常嚴震直張紞
179 5 wén to hear 以廉慎聞
180 5 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan 雲南平
181 5 zhào an imperial decree 詔征遺逸士集闕下
182 5 gōng merit 功甚重
183 5 shū book 書其姓名
184 5 ancestor / forefather 常等見成祖
185 5 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
186 5 shì to test / to try / to experiment 又試兵部尚書
187 5 duì to / toward 對曰
188 5 yuán source / origin 夏原吉
189 5 father's elder brother / uncle 封常忠誠伯
190 5 idea 皆接以禮意
191 5 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 時天下郡邑吏多坐罪謫戍
192 5 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治行為天下第一
193 5 suì to comply with / to follow along 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
194 4 xiū to decorate / to embellish 尋命修廣西興安縣靈渠
195 4 進士 jìnshì jinshi / a palace graduate 永樂四年進士
196 4 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 何懼至是
197 4 slightly / rather / quite 人頗惜之
198 4 tài great / exalted / superior 毛泰亨
199 4 ěr ear 公等言即言耳
200 4 big / great / huge / large / major 紀綱大壞
201 4 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
202 4 shū to remove obstructions 三十年二月疏言
203 4 easy / simple 震建議群臣皆易烏紗帽
204 4 tóng like / same / similar 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
205 4 to ferry 才足以濟其為人
206 4 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 留攝部事
207 4 wén writing / text 命賜與檢討吳文為之
208 4 主事 zhǔshì heads of affairs 征授禮部主事
209 4 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 字子敏
210 4 day of the month / a certain day 日當食
211 4 to beg / to request 尋以老乞歸
212 4 zhèng [state of] Zheng 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
213 4 shí real / true 尋實授
214 4 不許 bùxǔ not allow / must not / can not 不許
215 4 special / unique / distinguished 二十三年特授通政司參議
216 4 to stop / to cease / to suspend 與紞俱罷
217 4 ěr thus / so / like that 爾紞實先往
218 4 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites 代李至剛為禮部尚書
219 4 service 震直請戶役一人
220 4 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 由監生除承敕郎
221 4 xiào result / effect 此豈可效
222 4 increase / benefit 奉職益勤
223 4 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 二十六年六月進尚書
224 4 liáng provisions 洪武時以富民擇糧長
225 4 xiǎng rations and pay for soldiers 嘗督餉山東
226 4 戶部尚書 hùbù Shàng Shū Minister of Revenue (from the Han dynasty onwards) 乃令紞及戶部尚書王鈍解職務
227 4 山東 Shāndōng Shandong 嘗督餉山東
228 4 hēng smoothly progressing / no trouble 毛泰亨
229 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年從北征
230 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 王以為言
231 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 稱旨
232 4 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 賜為人頗和厚
233 4 naturally / of course / certainly 震亦自危
234 4 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
235 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 及惠帝即位
236 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 命官撫守
237 4 zhēng to prove / to confirm 詔征遺逸士集闕下
238 4 dào way / road / path 取他道南下
239 4 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
240 4 chén Chen 佐及陳瑄事太祖忠
241 4 三十 sān shí thirty 建陡閘三十有六
242 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 成相篇
243 4 yòng to use / to apply 滇人遵用之
244 4 zhāng a chapter / a section 帝賦詩二章賜之
245 4 mother 築渼潭及龍母祠土堤百五十余丈
246 4 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 洪武十九年以鄉舉入太學
247 4 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 震建議群臣皆易烏紗帽
248 4 such as / for example / for instance 如天下見之何
249 4 謫戍 zhéshù to banish to guard the frontier 與兄弟家屬二十七人謫戍廣西河池
250 4 河南 hénán Henan 出掌河南布政司事
251 4 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 與黃子澄不相能
252 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 時方重藩王禮
253 4 兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War 又試兵部尚書
254 4 宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande 宣德四年
255 4 dialect / language / speech 語切
256 4 jiā to add 加太子少保
257 4 promptly / right away / immediately 公等言即言耳
258 4 already / since 成祖既即位
259 3 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 頗恃寵貪恣
260 3 先後 xiānhòu start and finish 震率群臣先後表賀雲
261 3 jiù old / ancient 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
262 3 sàng to lose / to die 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
263 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 又與左右侍郎更進叠奏
264 3 líng mound / hill / mountain 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
265 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 即命常出營郡主府第
266 3 an official institution / a state bureau 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
267 3 jīng Beijing 逮至京
268 3 tīng to listen 諸蠻聽服
269 3 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 皇太子監國
270 3 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷通政使
271 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由監生除承敕郎
272 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 請分三十萬八千余引貯廣東
273 3 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 別募商入粟廣西之糧衛所
274 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 由監生除承敕郎
275 3 fán ordinary / common 凡二十余萬戶
276 3 shì to look at / to see 屬吏無敢視者
277 3 山西 shānxī Shanxi 命以故官巡視山西
278 3 wěi to delegate / to commission 特見委用
279 3 章奏 zhāngzòu memorial 章奏分貯南京六科
280 3 chì an imperial decree 由監生除承敕郎
281 3 to go 鑿去灘石之礙舟者
282 3 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position 殺右給事中李能
283 3 shě to give 俾僦舍止息
284 3 reason / logic / truth 理或有之
285 3 陜西 xiáxī Shaanxi 陜西
286 3 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 分遣群臣祀嶽鎮海瀆及先代帝王陵
287 3 十八 shíbā eighteen 洪武十八年進士
288 3 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 尋命同工部尚書嚴震直等分巡山西
289 3 自經 zìjīng to hang oneself 自經於吏部後堂
290 3 diān Yunnan 命爾仍治滇南
291 3 jiàn to build / to construct 建陡閘三十有六
292 3 jūn army / military 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
293 3 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 承制再上疏言事
294 3 to doubt / to disbelieve 不受恐遠人疑貳
295 3 valley / gorge / ravine 過長沙不謁谷王
296 3 xiàn to offer / to present 撰十二章以獻
297 3 to take / to get / to fetch 取他道南下
298 3 二十 èrshí twenty 凡二十余萬戶
299 3 xiān first 爾紞實先往
300 3 guō Guo 王鈍鄭賜郭資呂震李至剛方賓吳中劉觀
301 3 final particle 已各有分地矣
302 3 seven 時永樂七年二月也
303 3 a river / a stream 金水河
304 3 fēi not / non- / un- 非其實也
305 3 yuè Yue 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
306 3 按察司 ànchá sī Surveillance Commission 按察司副使墨麟
307 3 huì can / be able to 會修
308 3 fēng to seal / to close off 且皇考封諸子
309 3 qīng minister / high officer 入為大理寺少卿
310 3 Hu 嘗扈北狩
311 3 gāo high / tall 高皇帝立法創制
312 3 shī teacher 世傳燕師入京
313 3 father 後以銓實承父命
314 3 知府 zhīfǔ prefectural magistrate 遷真定知府
315 3 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 震率群臣先後表賀雲
316 3 wěi yes 常等唯唯頓首還
317 3 wood / lumber 三年坐以官木石遺中官楊慶作宅
318 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 二十三年拜右副都御史
319 3 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 已而致仕
320 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
321 3 浙江 Zhèjiāng Zhejiang 二十三年遷浙江左布政使
322 3 yún cloud 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
323 3 power / force / strength 願公力持之
324 3 jiàn to recommend / to elect 以茹常薦
325 3 yán salt 廣東舊運鹽八十五萬余引於廣西
326 3 zàn to praise 震力贊之
327 3 qín diligently / industriously 勤於職
328 3 zhòng heavy 功甚重
329 3 can / may / permissible 可矜也
330 3 to connect / to relate 坐事系獄
331 3 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 出為左參政
332 3 deputy / assistant / vice- 二十三年拜右副都御史
333 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 請以謀殺父母論
334 3 zhǎng palm of the hand 出掌河南布政司事
335 3 chuán to transmit 世傳燕師入京
336 3 zèng to give a present 卻其贈
337 3 shēng sound 字克聲
338 3 xià summer 夏原吉
339 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 鈍乃受之
340 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 章奏宜達行在
341 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 代李至剛為禮部尚書
342 3 róng to hold / to contain 謙和有容
343 3 zhǔ owner 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
344 3 二十三 èrshísān 23 / twenty-three 二十三年拜右副都御史
345 3 tún to station soldiers / to guard / to defend 又同新昌伯唐雲經理北平屯種
346 3 太學 Tài Xué Taixue / Imperial Academy / Grand Academy 洪武十九年以鄉舉入太學
347 3 zhì to place / to lay out 詔安置海南
348 3 to supervise 嘗督餉山東
349 3 guān cap / crown / headgear 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
350 3 disease / sickness / ailment 會母疾
351 3 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 谷王又開金川門有功
352 3 wàn ten thousand 歲部糧萬石至京師
353 3 都督 dōudū to lead / to command 都督同知王佐詣燕軍議和
354 3 I 吾無罪而削為庶人
355 3 residence / dwelling 居京師
356 3 yīng a crystal 陳瑛遂劾常違祖制
357 3 dike 築渼潭及龍母祠土堤百五十余丈
358 3 yīn because 賜因請釋囚
359 3 quán to select officials 命子銓市毒藥
360 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 皇太子監國
361 3 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 與解縉後先進講
362 3 one 震直請戶役一人
363 3 shì a posthumous name or title / funerary name 謚文安
364 3 奉命 fèngmìng to receive orders / to follow orders / to act under orders 賜嘗奉命於龍江編次行伍
365 3 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 其年四月擢右都御史
366 3 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 具獄上
367 2 jīng to go through / to experience 舉明經
368 2 十五 shíwǔ fifteen 十五年
369 2 zhù to store / to stockpile / to hoard 請分三十萬八千余引貯廣東
370 2 yāo waist 太宗易素冠布腰绖
371 2 不法 bùfǎ lawless / illegal / unlawful 鄉民訴其弟侄不法
372 2 bèi contemporaries / generation / lifetime 王景輩謫其地
373 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選其子鑒為秦府長安郡主儀賓
374 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 八年十二月卒
375 2 工匠 gōngjiàng an artisan / a smith 集天下工匠於京師
376 2 chù to sew / to stitch 方賓以言北征餉絀得罪
377 2 bēng to rupture / to split apart 成祖崩
378 2 萬歲 wànsuì to live long 呼萬歲
379 2 chuāi to put into 皆揣帝意所惡者
380 2 zhí price/ value 值變官制
381 2 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 時永樂七年二月也
382 2 final interogative 乃相背耶
383 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 遇建文君悲愴吞金死
384 2 官制 guānzhì organization of government 咎建文時之改官制者
385 2 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 飲酒西番僧舍
386 2 xìn to believe / to trust 而隆平侯張信奏太和山五色雲見
387 2 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 洪武時以富民擇糧長
388 2 to attain / to reach 章奏宜達行在
389 2 shì is / are / am / to be 何懼至是
390 2 suì age 歲部糧萬石至京師
391 2 huò or / either / else 或曰
392 2 宮殿 gōngdiàn palace / palace hall 時營城郭宮殿
393 2 shǔ to sign 署應天府事
394 2 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 逾城走
395 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終其身
396 2 shùn to obey 元順溺佛教
397 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 二年劾李景隆陰養亡命
398 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 帝稱善
399 2 奏章 zòuzhāng a memorial 奏章當達行在
400 2 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 宥仍故職
401 2 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 不能辯其非
402 2 huáng yellow 與黃子澄不相能
403 2 què a watchtower / a guard tower 詔征遺逸士集闕下
404 2 bēi a stone tablet 帝見碑立沙磧中
405 2 shù to guard a border 坐罪戍廣東
406 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺右給事中李能
407 2 kāng Kang 祁陽教諭康孔高朝京師還
408 2 zuò to do 作筏濟之
409 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 為邏卒所執
410 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 民間喪祭冠婚鹹有定制
411 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 以舊勞兼太子賓客
412 2 cuī mourning garments of coarse hemp 遺詔二十七日釋缞服
413 2 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 陰附於成祖
414 2 míng measure word for people 名與張紞埒
415 2 to pity / to regret 人頗惜之
416 2 十二 shí èr twelve 不待考而朕知其功出天下十二牧上
417 2 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 為東宮侍書
418 2 qiān humble / modest 時大理少卿弋謙數言事
419 2 fán complicated / complex 工役繁興
420 2 gèng more / even more 今更之
421 2 to gather / to collect 集天下工匠於京師
422 2 xìng gender 資性強毅
423 2 to be swift 一旦相見難遽舍
424 2 hair 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
425 2 he / him 取他道南下
426 2 zhí nephew 鄉民訴其弟侄不法
427 2 method / way 法司劾銓毒其父
428 2 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 震直請戶役一人
429 2 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
430 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 六年六月憂悸卒
431 2 this / these 此豈可效
432 2 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor 至剛兼左春坊大學士
433 2 大理 Dàlǐ Dali 時大理少卿弋謙數言事
434 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 民以寧輯
435 2 長史 zhǎngshǐ zhangshi / senechal 仁宗時遷鄭王府左長史
436 2 gān dry 人不能幹以私
437 2 míng bright / brilliant 舉明經
438 2 余年 yúnián one's remaining years 亦坐系十余年
439 2 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 謚忠襄
440 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 役者稱便
441 2 zhàng zhang 浚渠五千余丈
442 2 bìng ailment / sickness / illness / disease 條奏利病
443 2 dié a hempen band worn on the head or waist by a mourner 太宗易素冠布腰绖
444 2 jiā excellent 故嘉爾績
445 2 to defend / to resist 修戰艦以禦燕軍
446 2 南京 Nánjīng Nanjing 章奏分貯南京六科
447 2 世子 shìzǐ crown prince / heir of a noble house 命輔世子居守
448 2 久之 jiǔ zhī for a long time 久之
449 2 end / final stage / latter part 洪武末
450 2 legendary auspicious animal 無麒麒何害
451 2 chéng to fill 宋盛時嘗行之
452 2 district / county 時天下郡邑吏多坐罪謫戍
453 2 eight 八年十二月卒
454 2 a branch of study 章奏分貯南京六科
455 2 昌隆 chānglóng flourishing / prosperous 尹昌隆之禍
456 2 jùn talented / capable 賓與侍郎劉俊等迎附
457 2 實錄 shílù Veritable Records / Chronicle of a Monarch / Shilu 太祖實錄
458 2 fèng wages / salary / official emolument 月給半俸
459 2 xuán to revolve 旋召還下獄
460 2 chuān Sichuan 谷王又開金川門有功
461 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 二年劾李景隆陰養亡命
462 2 tiáo measure word for long thin things 條奏利病
463 2 shāng commerce / trade 召商中買
464 2 yuè pleased 成祖悅
465 2 jùn to deepen / to extract / to manage / ladle 浚渠五千余丈
466 2 xiào to be filial 吾即解甲謁孝陵歸藩
467 2 jīn gold 金幼孜
468 2 you / thou 吾於汝何如
469 2 母喪 mǔ sàng the death of one's mother 母喪起復
470 2 to leave behind 詔征遺逸士集闕下
471 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 由監生除承敕郎
472 2 hòu thick 賜為人頗和厚
473 2 zhèn I / we 不待考而朕知其功出天下十二牧上
474 2 five 於今五年
475 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 請禁言事者挾私
476 2 yuè month 月給半俸
477 2 black ink / inkstick 按察司副使墨麟
478 2 營造 yíngzào to build / to construct / to make 皆中所營造
479 2 de potential marker 久之得釋
480 2 ruì auspicious 侍郎胡濙圖上瑞光榔梅靈芝
481 2 xián virtuous / worthy 太祖賢之
482 2 shěng province 枉道省母
483 2 zhāo illustrious 刑部尚書暴昭發其贓罪
484 2 十七 shíqī seventeen 紞在滇凡十七年
485 2 gōng a palace 賓方提調靈濟宮
486 2 píng flat / level / smooth 雲南平
487 2 官吏 guānlì a government official 置官吏及出塞北征
488 2 chūn spring 二十年春入覲
489 2 gōng public/ common / state-owned 帝遣常及曹國公李景隆
490 2 洪熙 Hóngxī Emperor Hongxi 洪熙元年贈太子少保
491 2 炳文 bǐngwén luminous style 又與陳瑛同劾耿炳文僭侈
492 2 shǐ beginning / start 廣鹽行於江西自此始
493 2 temple / monastery / vihāra 劾都督孫嶽擅毀太祖所建寺
494 2 bìng and / furthermore / also 侍郎金純並與機密
495 2 宣宗 xuānzōng Seonjong of Goryeo 宣宗與所沒田廬
496 2 xiào school 帝令官校十人隨之
497 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 工役繁興
498 2 巡撫 xúnfǔ inspector-general 巡撫浙江
499 2 liáng a bridge 梁武
500 2 十四 shí sì fourteen 十四年

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
按察司 ànchá sī
  1. Surveillance Commission
  2. Provincial Judge
安南 Ānnán
  1. Annam
  2. Annan
北京 Běijīng Beijing
北平 Běipíng Beiping
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
曹国 曹國 Cáoguó State of Cao
曹县 曹縣 cáoxiàn Cao county
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
长沙 長沙 Chángshā Changsha
成祖 Chéngzǔ Chengzu / Emperor Yong Le
茌平 chípíng Chiping
楚王 chǔ wáng Prince of Chu
大理 Dàlǐ Dali
大理寺 Dàlǐsì Court of Judicial Review
大宁 大寧 dàníng Daning
大学士 大學士 Dàxué Shì an ancient title for college professor
diān Yunnan
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
封禅 封禪 fēng shàn Feng Shan
凤阳 鳳陽 fèngyáng Fengyang
福建 Fújiàn Fujian
富平 fùpíng Fuping
赣州 贛州 gànzhōu Ganzhou
给事 給事 gěishì official (imperial) position
广东 廣東 Guǎngdōng Guangdong
广西 廣西 Guǎngxī Guangxi
关中 關中 Guānzhōng Guangzhong
贵州 貴州 Guìzhōu Guizhou
国大 國大 guódà National Assembly of the Republic of China
海南 Hǎinán Hainan
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
河池 héchí Hechi
衡山 héngshān Hengshan / Mount Heng
洪武 Hóng Wǔ Hong Wu / Emperor Taizu of Ming
洪熙 Hóngxī Emperor Hongxi
后堂 後堂 hòu táng Associate Instructor
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
黄信 黃信 huángxìn Huang Xin
华亭 華亭 huàtíng Huating
户部 戶部 hùbù Ministry of Revenue
户部尚书 戶部尚書 hùbù Shàng Shū Minister of Revenue (from the Han dynasty onwards)
湖广 湖廣 húguǎng Hubei and Hunan provinces
吉安 jíān
  1. Ji'an
  2. Ji'an / Chi'an
建文 Jiàn Wén Emperor Jian Wen
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
江西 Jiāngxī Jiangxi
建宁 建寧 Jiànníng Jianning
交阯 jiāozhǐ Jiaozhi
嘉兴 嘉興 jiāxīng Jiaxing
锦衣卫 錦衣衛 Jǐn Yī Wèi
  1. Imperial Guards in the Ming Dynasty
  2. Fourteen Blades
金水 jīnshuǐ Jinshui
开平 Kāipíng
  1. Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
  2. Kaiping
乐安 樂安 Lè'ān Le'an
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
两浙 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe
涼州 Liángzhōu
  1. Liangzhou
  2. Liangzhou
辽东 遼東 Liáodōng Liaodong Peninsula
礼部 禮部 lǐbù Ministry of (Confucian) Rites
礼部尚书 禮部尚書 lǐbùshàngshū Director of Board of Rites
黎利 lílì Le Loi
灵渠 靈渠 língqú Lingqu canal
临江 臨江 línjiāng Linjiang
临潼 臨潼 Líntóng Lintong
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
龙江 龍江 lóngjiāng Longjiang
龙州 龍州 lóngzhōu Longzhou
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
南安 nánān Nan'an
南京 Nánjīng Nanjing
qiāng
  1. Qiang [people]
  2. Qiang
钱塘 錢塘 Qiántáng Qiantang
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
祁阳 祁陽 qíyáng Qinyang
仁宗 Rén Zōng Emperor Renzong of Yuan
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
思南 sīnán Sinan
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
松江 Sōngjiāng Songjiang
太学 太學 Tài Xué Taixue / Imperial Academy / Grand Academy
太谷县 太谷縣 tàigǔxiàn Taigu
太和 tàihé
  1. Taihe reign
  2. Taihe reign
太康 Tàikāng
  1. Taikang
  2. Taikang reign
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太液池 tàiyèchí Taiyechi
太宗 Tàizōng
  1. Emperor Taizong of Song
  2. Tai Zong
汤阴 湯陰 tāngyīn Tangyin
文安 Wén'ān Wen'an
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
武安 wǔān Wu'an
武城 wǔchéng Wucheng
乌程 烏程 wūchéng Wucheng
乌纱帽 烏紗帽 wūshāmào black hat
吴中 吳中 Wúzhōng Wuzhong
西域 xī yù Western Regions
xiāng
  1. Hunan
  2. Xiang dialect
新昌 Xīnchāng Xinchang
兴安县 興安縣 xīngānxiàn Xing'an
刑部 xíngbù Ministry of Justice
兴化 興化 xīnghuà Xinghua
雄县 雄縣 xióngxiàn Xiong
宣德 Xuāndé Emperor Xuande
宣宗 xuānzōng Seonjong of Goryeo
荀卿 Xún Qīng Xun Qing
亚齐 亞齊 yàqí Aceh province
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
永乐 永樂 Yǒng Lè Emperor Yong Le
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
泽州 澤州 zézhōu Zezhou
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
诏安 詔安 zhàoān Zhao'an
zhè
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River
浙江 Zhèjiāng
  1. Zhejiang
  2. Zhe River / Qiantang River
真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding
鄭王 郑王 Zhèng Wáng King Taksin
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
镇海 鎮海 zhènhǎi Zhenhai
真腊 真臘 Zhēnlà Khmer Empire
中国 中國 zhōngguó
  1. China
  2. Middle Kingdom
中江 zhōngjiāng Zhongjiang
周文 Zhōuwén Zhou Script / Great Seal Script
驺虞 騶虞 zōuyú zouyu

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English