Glossary and Vocabulary for Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》, 《季氏第十六》 Commentary on Ji Shi XVI

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 46 yuē to speak / to say 洪氏曰
2 32 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 季氏第十六
3 22 yán to speak / to say / said 故孔子言顓臾乃先王封國
4 21 season / period 季氏第十六
5 19 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 季路見於孔子曰
6 19 wèi to call 謂城郭完固
7 18 sān three 三家強
8 14 to think / consider / to ponder 君子有九思
9 13 child / son 二子仕季氏不同時
10 13 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 益者三樂
11 13 zhuān good / honest 季氏將伐顓臾
12 13 xué to study / to learn 學而知之者
13 13 a moment 季氏將伐顓臾
14 12 yǒu friend / companion 益者三友
15 11 yīn sound / noise 音專
16 11 a man / a male adult 夫顓臾
17 11 wén to hear 丘也聞有國有家者
18 10 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
19 10 夫子 fūzǐ master 故夫子獨責之
20 10 wèi to fear / to dread 君子有三畏
21 9 shī to lose 蓋十世希不失矣
22 9 qiú to request
23 9 to cut down 季氏將伐顓臾
24 9 zài in / at 且在邦域之中矣
25 9 jiàn to see 季路見於孔子曰
26 9 jiè to quit 君子有三戒
27 9 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 無乃爾是過與
28 9 zhī to know 而知其當然也
29 9 Shandong 魯附庸也
30 8 rǎn the edge of a tortoiseshell 冉有
31 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 賢遍反
32 8 desire 夫子欲之
33 8 guǎ few 和無寡
34 8 shí time / a period of time 二子仕季氏不同時
35 8 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 血氣未定
36 7 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安無傾
37 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君弱臣強
38 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 非聖人不能也
39 7 chén minister / statesman / official 是社稷之臣也
40 7 rén person / people / a human being 樂道人之善
41 7 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未見顏色而言謂之瞽
42 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡十四章
43 6 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 則禮樂征伐自天子出
44 6 increase / benefit 季氏又欲取以自益
45 6 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 畏天命
46 6 to support /to help 音扶
47 6 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 不患貧而患不安
48 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 友便辟
49 6 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋均無貧
50 6 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 則禮樂征伐自諸侯出
51 6 chéng honesty / sincerity 則進於誠
52 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今夫顓臾
53 6 zhèng government / administration 則政不在大夫
54 6 bāng nation / country / state 且在邦域之中矣
55 5 dialect / language / speech 疑與前章皆定公時語
56 5 pín poor / impoverished 不患貧而患不安
57 5 chēng to call / to address 民無德而稱焉
58 5 kàng high / proud 陳亢問於伯魚曰
59 5 èr two 二子仕季氏不同時
60 5 天下 tiānxià China 天下有道
61 5 Germany 則修文德以來之
62 5 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 非聖人不能也
63 5 fán ordinary / common 凡十四章
64 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 則政不在大夫
65 5 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
66 5 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
67 5 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 困而學之
68 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 謂民少
69 5 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 而一言盡其曲折如此
70 5 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
71 4 color 戒之在色
72 4 huán big 故夫三桓之子孫
73 4 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 昔者先王以為東蒙主
74 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 學禮乎
75 4 chén Chen
76 4 móu to plan / to scheme 冉有實與謀
77 4 to go 則當去也
78 4 xiá a cage or pen for wild animals 虎兕出於柙
79 4 sǔn to injure 損者三友
80 4 sūn Sun 孟孫叔孫各有其一
81 4 qiáng strong / powerful 君弱臣強
82 4 shǒu head 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
83 4 wèn to ask 疑思問
84 4 jiā house / home / residence 丘也聞有國有家者
85 4 a cabinet / a wardrobe / a closet 龜玉毀於櫝中
86 4 遠人 yuǎnrén an estranged person / somebody who is alienated / people far from home 故遠人不服
87 4 shī poem / verse 學詩乎
88 4 carp 鯉趨而過庭
89 4 yáng sun 而為家臣陽虎所執
90 4 夫人 fūren wife 君稱之曰夫人
91 4 shì matter / thing / item 尤用事
92 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 血氣既衰
93 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 周任有言曰
94 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 則侈肆而不知節
95 4 míng bright / brilliant 明二子居其位而不去
96 4 jié festival / a special day 樂節禮樂
97 4 志氣 zhìqì ambition / resolve / aspiration / morale 異於人者志氣也
98 4 meaning / sense 而素不能輔之以義
99 4 yuǎn far / distant 亦不當勤兵於遠
100 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 此篇或以為齊論
101 3 blind 瞽者之相也
102 3 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 政逮於大夫
103 3 cháng to taste 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
104 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 鯉退而學詩
105 3 jūn equal / even 蓋均無貧
106 3 nèi inside / interior 內治修
107 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 二子仕季氏不同時
108 3 liàng to excuse / to forgive 友諒
109 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固而近於費
110 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 典守者不得辭其過
111 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 音專
112 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 可不謹哉
113 3 tīng to listen 諫而不聽
114 3 zhí straight 友直
115 3 大人 dàren adult / grownup 畏大人
116 3 shàng top / a high position 上無失政
117 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 典守者不得辭其過
118 3 yún cloud 此云爾者
119 3 宴樂 yànlè peace and happiness / feasting / making merry 樂宴樂
120 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 隱居以求其志
121 3 獨立 dúlì independent 嘗獨立
122 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 忿思難
123 3 不服 bùfú not to accept something / to want to have something overruled or changed / to refuse to obey or comply 故遠人不服
124 3 to fly 習熟也
125 3 shì a generation 蓋十世希不失矣
126 3 家臣 jiāchén a counselor 家臣屢叛
127 3 不在 bùzài not here 不在顓臾
128 3 a female rhinoceros 虎兕出於柙
129 3 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 言未及之而言謂之躁
130 3 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 天下有道
131 3 wèi position / location / place 位也
132 3 a law / a rule 友便辟
133 3 dào way / road / path 行義以達其道
134 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山名
135 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜亦多矣
136 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 宜亦多矣
137 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 不能者止
138 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 是社稷之臣也
139 3 four 四世矣
140 3 shì an official 二子仕季氏不同時
141 3 征伐 zhēngfá to go on a punitive expedition 則禮樂征伐自天子出
142 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 獨附庸之國尚為公臣
143 3 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
144 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 則淫溺而狎小人
145 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善柔
146 3 alone / independent / single / sole 故夫子獨責之
147 3 之中 zhīzhōng inside 且在邦域之中矣
148 3 dìng to decide 不易之定體
149 3 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 三者損益
150 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使主其祭
151 3 jiāo haughty 樂驕樂
152 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 形之所待以生者
153 3 to attain / to reach 行義以達其道
154 3 shǎo few 謂民少
155 3 piān chapter / section / essay / article 此篇或以為齊論
156 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 內治修
157 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 獨附庸之國尚為公臣
158 3 responsibility / duty 故夫子獨責之
159 3 different / other 異於人者志氣也
160 3 公室 gōngshì ruling families during Spring and Autumn period 謂四分公室
161 3 even / equal / uniform 此篇或以為齊論
162 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 謂各得其分
163 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 言及之而不言謂之隱
164 2 can / may / permissible 可不謹哉
165 2 wēi small / tiny 微矣
166 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自天子至於庶人
167 2 ěr ear 患寡與貧耳
168 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以不失矣
169 2 róu soft 友善柔
170 2 five 凡五公
171 2 è evil / vice 則季氏之惡
172 2 欲取 yùqǔ clinging to feelings of pleasure / kāma-upādāna 季氏又欲取以自益
173 2 xiá to be familiar with 則淫溺而狎小人
174 2 a team of four horses 齊景公有馬千駟
175 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 則不為血氣所使也
176 2 xíng to walk / to move 行義以達其道
177 2 蕭牆 xiāoqiáng screen wall shielding an entrance in traditional Chinese architecture 而在蕭牆之內也
178 2 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 正相反也
179 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可伐
180 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 陪臣執國命
181 2 biàn to change / to alter 內變將作
182 2 xián virtuous / worthy 賢遍反
183 2 多聞 Duō Wén learned / one who has heard much 友多聞
184 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
185 2 tiger 虎兕出於柙
186 2 district / region / boundary 且在邦域之中矣
187 2 jìn to enter 則進於誠
188 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 及其老也
189 2 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 謂上下相安
190 2 yóu to swim 樂佚遊
191 2 在此 zàicǐ here 當在此章之首
192 2 reason / logic / truth 逆理愈甚
193 2 extensive / full 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
194 2 dōng east 昔者先王以為東蒙主
195 2 tàn to visit 見不善如探湯
196 2 to criticize 則庶人不議
197 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 後世必為子孫憂
198 2 to be lost 樂佚遊
199 2 to die 又不幸而蚤死
200 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 歷成
201 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 鯉趨而過庭
202 2 人稱 rénchēng to be known as 邦人稱之曰君夫人
203 2 péi to accompany 陪臣執國命
204 2 néng can / able 蓋能之矣
205 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 守其所達之道也
206 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 血陰而氣陽也
207 2 之下 zhīxià below / under 先王封顓臾於此山之下
208 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 今詳文勢
209 2 shū father's younger brother 孟孫叔孫各有其一
210 2 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 不患貧而患不安
211 2 tíng a courtyard 鯉趨而過庭
212 2 異邦 yìbāng a foreign country 稱諸異邦曰寡小君
213 2 zhōng middle 龜玉毀於櫝中
214 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 後世必為子孫憂
215 2 分崩離析 fēn bēng lí xī to collapse and fall apart / to break up / falling to pieces 邦分崩離析而不能守也
216 2 不久 bùjiǔ not long / soon 不久而復之衛也
217 2 附庸 fùyōng a vassal 魯附庸也
218 2 不得不 bù dé bù cannot but / have to 己不得不任其責也
219 2 yán color
220 2 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
221 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 五教反
222 2 shě to give 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
223 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷成
224 2 yòng to use / to apply 尤用事
225 2 idea 嚴憚之意也
226 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古之良史
227 2 hóng a flood 洪氏曰
228 2 dòu to struggle / to fight 戒之在鬥
229 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 言二子不欲則當諫
230 2 其一 qíyī first / number one of the above 孟孫叔孫各有其一
231 2 zhuàng robust 及其壯也
232 2 nìng to flatter / to praise 友便佞
233 2 to take / to get / to fetch 季氏取其二
234 2 shí ten 蓋十世希不失矣
235 2 dòng to move / to act 而謀動干戈於邦內
236 2 jìn nearby 固而近於費
237 2 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 血氣未定
238 2 xiè to thank 謝氏曰
239 2 jiǔ nine 君子有九思
240 2 què a watchtower 蓋闕文耳
241 2 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 侮聖人之言
242 2 不均 bùjūn uneven / distributed unevenly 則不均矣
243 2 shì power / authority 此章通論天下之勢
244 2 wén writing / text 今詳文勢
245 2 fèi fee / expenses 固而近於費
246 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 此以前章之說推之
247 2 事理 shìlǐ reason / logic 此事理之至當
248 2 庶人 shùrén common people 則庶人不議
249 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 則禮樂征伐自天子出
250 2 忿 fèn get angry 忿思難
251 2 四分 sìfēn four divisions of cognition 是時四分魯國
252 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周任有言曰
253 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 昔者先王以為東蒙主
254 2 huǐ to destroy 龜玉毀於櫝中
255 2 shì to look at / to see 視思明
256 2 to reach 及也
257 2 mào countenance / appearance 貌思恭
258 2 day of the month / a certain day 死之日
259 2 to stand 立宣公
260 2 horse 齊景公有馬千駟
261 2 lái to come 既來之
262 2 ruò weak 君弱臣強
263 2 father's elder brother / uncle 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
264 2 五世 wǔshì the fifth (of series of numbered kings) 五世希不失矣
265 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 夫人自稱曰小童
266 2 無異 wúyì nothing other than / to differ in no way from / the same as / to amount to 其無異聞可知
267 2 cōng intelligent / clever / bright 聽思聰
268 2 private 季氏之私邑
269 2 zhǔ owner 昔者先王以為東蒙主
270 2 qiān a fault / a transgression 侍於君子有三愆
271 2 shí real / true 冉有實與謀
272 2 rich / wealthy 誠不以富
273 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 謂貪其利
274 1 ancient barbarian tribes 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
275 1 十四 shí sì fourteen 凡十四章
276 1 氣質 qìzhì temperament / nature 言人之氣質不同
277 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 謂工於媚悅而不諒
278 1 國政 guó zhèng national politics 自季武子始專國政
279 1 jǐng sunlight 齊景公有馬千駟
280 1 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 皆桓公之後
281 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
282 1 shì to attend on 侍於君子有三愆
283 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 則侈肆而不知節
284 1 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 程子以為第十二篇錯簡
285 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 子亦有異聞乎
286 1 to flee / to escape 言在柙而逸
287 1 可見 kějiàn can be understood 然亦可見其實與季氏之謀矣
288 1 不苟 bùgǒu not lax / not casual / careful / conscientious 則得不苟
289 1 miàn side / surface 見於面者
290 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 形之所待以生者
291 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 亦不得為無罪
292 1 以前 yǐqián before / formerly / previous / ago 此以前章之說推之
293 1 yuè pleased 謂工於媚悅而不諒
294 1 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
295 1 tāng soup 見不善如探湯
296 1 通論 tōng lùn a detailed explanation 此章通論天下之勢
297 1 chéng to punish / to discipline 則忿必懲
298 1 不易 bùyì not easy to/ difficult / unchanging 不易之定體
299 1 shào Shao 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
300 1 zhì matter / material / substance 雖其質不同
301 1 和平 hépíng peace 而心氣和平
302 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 亦不當勤兵於遠
303 1 安生 ānshēng peaceful / restful / quiet / still 安生於上下之分定
304 1 聖言 shèng yán holy words 大人聖言
305 1 è to be hungry 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
306 1 qián front 疑與前章皆定公時語
307 1 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京
308 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時若顏子
309 1 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 則疑不蓄
310 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 此篇或以為齊論
311 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 則無以令其下矣
312 1 gāo high / tall 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
313 1 to drown 則淫溺而狎小人
314 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見於經傳
315 1 新編 xīnbiān to compile anew / new (version) / newly set up (part of an organization) 新編諸子集成
316 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 太公之流
317 1 chì red / scarlet 公子遂殺子赤
318 1 古語 gǔyǔ archaic language / old expression 蓋古語也
319 1 apprentice / disciple 冉之徒
320 1 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books 四書章句集注
321 1 mèng first month 孟孫叔孫各有其一
322 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 而一言盡其曲折如此
323 1 qián to act with reverence 於虔反
324 1 disease / sickness / ailment 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
325 1 品節 pǐnjié character / integrity 品節詳明
326 1 可畏 kěwèi dreadful / formidable 知其可畏
327 1 四等 sì děng four immeasurables / four immeasurable minds / four immeasurable states of mind / brahmavihāra-niddesa 大約有此四等
328 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 言不均不和
329 1 martial / military 自季武子始專國政
330 1 互生 hùshēng breed together 互生嫌隙
331 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 後世必為子孫憂
332 1 zhǐ to point 指季孫
333 1 史記 Shǐjì Records of the Historian 按左傳史記
334 1 疑忌 yíjì jealousy / suspicious and jealous 安則不相疑忌
335 1 plain / white 而素不能輔之以義
336 1 to make a mistake / to miss 大抵此書後十篇多闕誤
337 1 德性 déxìng moral integrity 而德性堅定
338 1 其次 qícì secondary 又其次也
339 1 zhòng heavy 而付畀之重
340 1 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude 民無德而稱焉
341 1 忌憚 jìdàn to be afraid of the consequences / restraining fear 而無所忌憚如此
342 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 無時而不自省察也
343 1 良史 liángshǐ an outstanding historian 古之良史
344 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 而在蕭牆之內也
345 1 zuò to do 內變將作
346 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後哀公果欲以越伐魯而去季氏
347 1 halberd
348 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典守者不得辭其過
349 1 to walk on / to tread 徐履反
350 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而無傾覆之患
351 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 視無所蔽
352 1 公有 gōngyǒu to be publicly owned 齊景公有馬千駟
353 1 Xu 徐履反
354 1 cún to exist / to survive 雖有不存焉者寡矣
355 1 自省 zì xǐng to examine oneself / to reflect on one's shortcomings 無時而不自省察也
356 1 不通 bùtōng illogical 謂有所不通
357 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 故不識義理
358 1 察言觀色 cháyánguānsè to consider [somebody's] words and observe their expression 不能察言觀色
359 1 定公 dìnggōng Dinggong / Lord Ding 疑與前章皆定公時語
360 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 非箝其口使不敢言也
361 1 kuì to lack 匱也
362 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity
363 1 róng to hold / to contain 謂辨其制度聲容之節
364 1 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 安無傾
365 1 a human or animal body 不易之定體
366 1 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 在魯地七百里之中
367 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 故君子惟學之為貴
368 1 màn slow 則惰慢而惡聞善
369 1 servant girl 婢亦反
370 1 nián year 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
371 1 專政 zhuānzhèng dictatorship 言不得專政
372 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 公子遂殺子赤
373 1 hòu after / later 大抵此書後十篇多闕誤
374 1 qiān one thousand 齊景公有馬千駟
375 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂此說近是
376 1 duò lazy / careless 則惰慢而惡聞善
377 1 之一 zhīyī one of 然及其知之一也
378 1 集成 jíchéng integrated 新編諸子集成
379 1 guī turtle / tortoise 龜玉毀於櫝中
380 1 qiū Confucius 丘也聞有國有家者
381 1 tiān day 天所賦之正理也
382 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆理愈甚
383 1 tuī to push / to shove 此以前章之說推之
384 1 inside / interior 在魯地七百里之中
385 1 封國 fēngguó vassal state 故孔子言顓臾乃先王封國
386 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 言未及之而言謂之躁
387 1 residence / dwelling 明二子居其位而不去
388 1 tóng boy / child 夫人自稱曰小童
389 1 專論 zhuānlùn a monograph 此章專論魯事
390 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王之制
391 1 luò Luo 音洛
392 1 hòu thick 疑必陰厚其子對曰
393 1 fēng to seal / to close off 先王封顓臾於此山之下
394 1 堅定 jiāndìng firm / steady / staunch / resolute 而德性堅定
395 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布也
396 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 屏也
397 1 shú cooked 習熟也
398 1 shēn deep 夫子所以深罪之
399 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 三世希不失矣
400 1 diān top / apex 顛而不扶
401 1 宣公 xuāngōng Xuangong / Lord Wen 立宣公
402 1 wife 邦君之妻
403 1 陳力就列 chén lì jiù liè to put in effort to secure a position [as an officer] 陳力就列
404 1 nán south 吐南反
405 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 凡語中所載如此類者
406 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 凡語中所載如此類者
407 1 公家 gōngjiā the public / the state / society / the public purse 猶云公家
408 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 謂城郭完固
409 1 真知 zhēnzhī real knowledge 真知善惡而誠好惡之
410 1 a drama / a play / a show 戲玩也
411 1 不須 bùxū not needed 未有不須友以成者
412 1 féi fat / plump / obese 為其瘠魯以肥三家也
413 1 yuè Yue 音岳
414 1 jiǎ armor 戶甲反
415 1 無道 wú dào tyrannical / brutal 天下無道
416 1 自大 zìdà proud / arrogant / conceited 自大夫出
417 1 國名 guómíng name of country 國名
418 1 xíng appearance 形之所待以生者
419 1 第十二 dì shí èr twelfth 程子以為第十二篇錯簡
420 1 kǎn threshold / a door-sill 檻也
421 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 丘也聞有國有家者
422 1 to lack 謂財乏
423 1 善惡 shàn è good and evil 真知善惡而誠好惡之
424 1 past / former times 昔者先王以為東蒙主
425 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 而一言盡其曲折如此
426 1 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴憚之意也
427 1 顏色 yánsè color 未見顏色而言謂之瞽
428 1 自有 zìyǒu to possess / to own / to have 自有不能已者
429 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 言未及之而言謂之躁
430 1 有事 yǒushì to be occupied with something / to have something on one's mind / there is something the matter 季氏將有事於顓臾
431 1 隨時 suíshí at any time 隨時知戒
432 1 下同 xiàtóng similarly hereinafter 下同
433 1 二者 èrzhě the two / both 聞斯二者
434 1 letter / symbol / character 而章首當有孔子曰字
435 1 不畏 bùwèi unafraid / to defy 小人不知天命而不畏也
436 1 干戈 gāngē arms / weapons 而謀動干戈於邦內
437 1 修身 xiūshēn to practice self-cultivation / to cultivate 小人不務修身誠己
438 1 dàn to dread / to shrink from / to fear 嚴憚之意也
439 1 心氣 xīn qì intention / motive / state of mind / ambition / aspiration / heart 而心氣和平
440 1 four 則侈肆而不知節
441 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 家臣屢叛
442 1 經傳 jīngzhuàn classic work 不見於經傳
443 1 曲折 qūzhé complicated / winding 而一言盡其曲折如此
444 1 shǔn a horizontal railing 楯也
445 1 to adhere to / to append / to add / to attach / to enclose 冉求又欲伐顓臾以附益之
446 1 shǐ beginning / start 自季武子始專國政
447 1 正理 zhènglǐ correct principle 天所賦之正理也
448 1 恐懼 kǒngjù fear / dread 則其戒謹恐懼
449 1 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo 是時四分魯國
450 1 a halberd 戟也
451 1 能立 nénglì a proposition / sādhana 故能立
452 1 當之 dāng zhī handle the matter 可以當之
453 1 one 問一得三
454 1 所聞 suǒwén what one hears 所聞不過如此
455 1 見善 jiàn shàn seeing good 見善如不及
456 1 gain / advantage / benefit 謂貪其利
457 1 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 而在於異也
458 1 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist
459 1 to resemble / to similar to to 似當在此句之上
460 1 an item 無目
461 1 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 謂辨其制度聲容之節
462 1 其二 qí èr second / number two of the above 季氏取其二
463 1 門人 mén rén disciple 無異於門人
464 1 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 皆桓公之後
465 1 血氣方剛 xuèqì fāng gāng full of sap / young and vigorous 血氣方剛
466 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 以理勝之
467 1 to be fond of / to like 陳亢退而喜曰
468 1 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 戲玩也
469 1 好樂 hǎo lè fondness and delight 君子之於好樂
470 1 jìng to respect /to honor 事思敬
471 1 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 貌思恭
472 1 guǒ a result / a consequence 其後哀公果欲以越伐魯而去季氏
473 1 世數 shìshǔ seniority in the family or clan / position in the family hierarchy 大約世數
474 1 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 不知何謂
475 1 hōng to die 魯自文公薨
476 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 君子養其志氣
477 1 自稱 zìchēng to call oneself / to claim to be / to profess 夫人自稱曰小童
478 1 中道 zhōng dào the middle way 未至於從容中道
479 1 gān dry
480 1 Yu 音俞
481 1 shù numerous / various 亦庶乎此
482 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 公子遂殺子赤
483 1 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 謂財乏
484 1 líng mound / hill / mountain 今諸侯大夫皆陵其上
485 1 專征 zhuānzhēng to go on a personal punitive expedition 專征伐
486 1 jiù to save / to rescue 則因夫子之言而救止者
487 1 zhōng loyalty / devotion 言思忠
488 1 樂道 lèdào to take delight in talking about something / to find pleasure in following one's convictions 樂道人之善
489 1 to confer on / to give to 而付畀之重
490 1 fish 陳亢問於伯魚曰
491 1 thin / emaciated 為其瘠魯以肥三家也
492 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 吾恐季孫之憂
493 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉身而言
494 1 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 則淫溺而狎小人
495 1 野牛 yěniú wild buffalo 野牛也
496 1 píng flat / level / smooth
497 1 見得 jiànde to seem / to appear / (in a negative or interrogative sentence) to be sure 見得思義
498 1 聚斂 jùliǎn to accumulate / to gather / to amass wealth by heavy taxation or other unscrupulous means 冉求為季氏聚斂
499 1 to bestow on / to endow with 天所賦之正理也
500 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 小人不務修身誠己

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 96 zhī him / her / them / that 不久而復之衛也
2 68 also / too 魯附庸也
3 62 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 不久而復之衛也
4 46 yuē to speak / to say 洪氏曰
5 41 otherwise / but / however 則不可伐
6 36 his / hers / its / theirs 使主其祭
7 35 in / at 季路見於孔子曰
8 32 shì clan / a branch of a lineage 季氏第十六
9 31 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 此云爾者
10 30 not / no 吾二臣者皆不欲也
11 27 final particle 且在邦域之中矣
12 22 yán to speak / to say / said 故孔子言顓臾乃先王封國
13 21 season / period 季氏第十六
14 20 so as to / in order to 季氏又欲取以自益
15 19 yǒu is / are / to exist 冉有
16 19 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 季路見於孔子曰
17 19 wèi to call 謂城郭完固
18 18 no 無乃爾是過與
19 18 sān three 三家強
20 14 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故夫子獨責之
21 14 to think / consider / to ponder 君子有九思
22 13 child / son 二子仕季氏不同時
23 13 this / these 此篇或以為齊論
24 13 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 益者三樂
25 13 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 則非季氏所當伐也
26 13 and 無乃爾是過與
27 13 zhuān good / honest 季氏將伐顓臾
28 13 xué to study / to learn 學而知之者
29 13 a moment 季氏將伐顓臾
30 12 yǒu friend / companion 益者三友
31 12 wèi for / to 冉求為季氏聚斂
32 11 yīn sound / noise 音專
33 11 a man / a male adult 夫顓臾
34 11 wén to hear 丘也聞有國有家者
35 10 also / too 然亦可見其實與季氏之謀矣
36 10 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
37 10 夫子 fūzǐ master 故夫子獨責之
38 10 wèi to fear / to dread 君子有三畏
39 10 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 則非季氏所當伐也
40 9 shī to lose 蓋十世希不失矣
41 9 shì is / are / am / to be 無乃爾是過與
42 9 qiú to request
43 9 to cut down 季氏將伐顓臾
44 9 zài in / at 且在邦域之中矣
45 9 jiàn to see 季路見於孔子曰
46 9 jiè to quit 君子有三戒
47 9 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 無乃爾是過與
48 9 zhī to know 而知其當然也
49 9 Shandong 魯附庸也
50 8 naturally / of course / certainly 季氏又欲取以自益
51 8 rǎn the edge of a tortoiseshell 冉有
52 8 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 賢遍反
53 8 desire 夫子欲之
54 8 guǎ few 和無寡
55 8 shí time / a period of time 二子仕季氏不同時
56 8 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 血氣未定
57 7 de potential marker 謂各得其分
58 7 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安無傾
59 7 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君弱臣強
60 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 非聖人不能也
61 7 chén minister / statesman / official 是社稷之臣也
62 7 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 則將焉用彼相矣
63 7 rén person / people / a human being 樂道人之善
64 7 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未見顏色而言謂之瞽
65 7 zhāng a chapter / a section 凡十四章
66 6 禮樂 lǐlè rites and music 則禮樂征伐自天子出
67 6 increase / benefit 季氏又欲取以自益
68 6 天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven 畏天命
69 6 to support /to help 音扶
70 6 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 不患貧而患不安
71 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 友便辟
72 6 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋均無貧
73 6 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 則禮樂征伐自諸侯出
74 6 chéng honesty / sincerity 則進於誠
75 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今夫顓臾
76 6 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 吾二臣者皆不欲也
77 6 zhèng government / administration 則政不在大夫
78 6 bāng nation / country / state 且在邦域之中矣
79 6 yòu again / also 季氏又欲取以自益
80 5 dialect / language / speech 疑與前章皆定公時語
81 5 pín poor / impoverished 不患貧而患不安
82 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 後世必為子孫憂
83 5 chēng to call / to address 民無德而稱焉
84 5 kàng high / proud 陳亢問於伯魚曰
85 5 èr two 二子仕季氏不同時
86 5 I 吾二臣者皆不欲也
87 5 天下 tiānxià China 天下有道
88 5 Germany 則修文德以來之
89 5 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 非聖人不能也
90 5 fán ordinary / common 凡十四章
91 5 chū to go out / to leave 則禮樂征伐自天子出
92 5 大夫 dàifu doctor 則政不在大夫
93 5 to doubt / to disbelieve 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
94 5 yǐn to govern 尹氏曰
95 5 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 困而學之
96 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 謂民少
97 5 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 而一言盡其曲折如此
98 5 平聲 píng shēng first tone 平聲
99 5 rán correct / right / certainly 然亦可見其實與季氏之謀矣
100 4 color 戒之在色
101 4 huán big 故夫三桓之子孫
102 4 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 昔者先王以為東蒙主
103 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 學禮乎
104 4 chén Chen
105 4 móu to plan / to scheme 冉有實與謀
106 4 to go 則當去也
107 4 xiá a cage or pen for wild animals 虎兕出於柙
108 4 sǔn to injure 損者三友
109 4 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 季氏將伐顓臾
110 4 yān where / how 則將焉用彼相矣
111 4 sūn Sun 孟孫叔孫各有其一
112 4 qiáng strong / powerful 君弱臣強
113 4 fēi not / non- / un- 則非季氏所當伐也
114 4 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 典守者不得辭其過
115 4 shǒu head 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
116 4 wèn to ask 疑思問
117 4 jiā house / home / residence 丘也聞有國有家者
118 4 a cabinet / a wardrobe / a closet 龜玉毀於櫝中
119 4 遠人 yuǎnrén an estranged person / somebody who is alienated / people far from home 故遠人不服
120 4 shī poem / verse 學詩乎
121 4 carp 鯉趨而過庭
122 4 expresses question or doubt 亦庶乎此
123 4 yáng sun 而為家臣陽虎所執
124 4 夫人 fūren wife 君稱之曰夫人
125 4 shì matter / thing / item 尤用事
126 4 shuāi to weaken / to decline 血氣既衰
127 4 rèn to bear / to undertake 周任有言曰
128 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 則侈肆而不知節
129 4 míng bright / brilliant 明二子居其位而不去
130 4 jié festival / a special day 樂節禮樂
131 4 xià next 則下無私議
132 4 志氣 zhìqì ambition / resolve / aspiration / morale 異於人者志氣也
133 4 meaning / sense 而素不能輔之以義
134 4 yuǎn far / distant 亦不當勤兵於遠
135 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 此篇或以為齊論
136 3 blind 瞽者之相也
137 3 dǎi to arrest / to catch / to seize 政逮於大夫
138 3 cháng to taste 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
139 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 鯉退而學詩
140 3 jūn equal / even 蓋均無貧
141 3 nèi inside / interior 內治修
142 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 二子仕季氏不同時
143 3 liàng to excuse / to forgive 友諒
144 3 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後遠人服
145 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 固而近於費
146 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 典守者不得辭其過
147 3 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 音專
148 3 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 可不謹哉
149 3 tīng to listen 諫而不聽
150 3 suī although / even though 子路雖不與謀
151 3 zhí straight 友直
152 3 大人 dàren adult / grownup 畏大人
153 3 shàng top / a high position 上無失政
154 3 and 和無寡
155 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 典守者不得辭其過
156 3 yún cloud 此云爾者
157 3 宴樂 yànlè peace and happiness / feasting / making merry 樂宴樂
158 3 zhì sign / mark / flag 隱居以求其志
159 3 獨立 dúlì independent 嘗獨立
160 3 duì to / toward 疑必陰厚其子對曰
161 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 忿思難
162 3 不服 bùfú not to accept something / to want to have something overruled or changed / to refuse to obey or comply 故遠人不服
163 3 to fly 習熟也
164 3 shì a generation 蓋十世希不失矣
165 3 家臣 jiāchén a counselor 家臣屢叛
166 3 不在 bùzài not here 不在顓臾
167 3 a female rhinoceros 虎兕出於柙
168 3 而言 éryán with regard to (preceding phrase) 言未及之而言謂之躁
169 3 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 天下有道
170 3 wèi position / location / place 位也
171 3 a law / a rule 友便辟
172 3 dào way / road / path 行義以達其道
173 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 山名
174 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜亦多矣
175 3 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 宜亦多矣
176 3 zhǐ to stop / to halt 不能者止
177 3 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 是社稷之臣也
178 3 four 四世矣
179 3 shì an official 二子仕季氏不同時
180 3 征伐 zhēngfá to go on a punitive expedition 則禮樂征伐自天子出
181 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 獨附庸之國尚為公臣
182 3 去聲 qùshēng falling tone / fourth tone 去聲
183 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 則淫溺而狎小人
184 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善柔
185 3 alone / independent / single / sole 故夫子獨責之
186 3 之中 zhīzhōng inside 且在邦域之中矣
187 3 rare / infrequent / precious 蓋十世希不失矣
188 3 dìng to decide 不易之定體
189 3 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 三者損益
190 3 huò or / either / else 此篇或以為齊論
191 3 this 民斯為下矣
192 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使主其祭
193 3 jiāo haughty 樂驕樂
194 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 形之所待以生者
195 3 to attain / to reach 行義以達其道
196 3 shǎo few 謂民少
197 3 self 己不得不任其責也
198 3 piān chapter / section / essay / article 此篇或以為齊論
199 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 內治修
200 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 獨附庸之國尚為公臣
201 3 responsibility / duty 故夫子獨責之
202 3 different / other 異於人者志氣也
203 3 公室 gōngshì ruling families during Spring and Autumn period 謂四分公室
204 3 及其 jíqí as well as 及其壯也
205 3 each 孟孫叔孫各有其一
206 3 even / equal / uniform 此篇或以為齊論
207 2 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 謂各得其分
208 2 yǐn to hide / to conceal 言及之而不言謂之隱
209 2 can / may / permissible 可不謹哉
210 2 wēi small / tiny 微矣
211 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 自天子至於庶人
212 2 ěr ear 患寡與貧耳
213 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 可以不失矣
214 2 róu soft 友善柔
215 2 five 凡五公
216 2 大約 dàyuē approximately 大約世數
217 2 è evil / vice 則季氏之惡
218 2 欲取 yùqǔ clinging to feelings of pleasure / kāma-upādāna 季氏又欲取以自益
219 2 xiá to be familiar with 則淫溺而狎小人
220 2 a team of four horses 齊景公有馬千駟
221 2 不為 bùwéi to not do 則不為血氣所使也
222 2 xíng to walk / to move 行義以達其道
223 2 蕭牆 xiāoqiáng screen wall shielding an entrance in traditional Chinese architecture 而在蕭牆之內也
224 2 相反 xiāngfǎn to be in conflict / to contradict 正相反也
225 2 what / where / which 何也
226 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可伐
227 2 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 陪臣執國命
228 2 biàn to change / to alter 內變將作
229 2 such as / for example / for instance 見善如不及
230 2 xián virtuous / worthy 賢遍反
231 2 多聞 Duō Wén learned / one who has heard much 友多聞
232 2 子路 zǐlù Zi Lu 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
233 2 tiger 虎兕出於柙
234 2 district / region / boundary 且在邦域之中矣
235 2 jìn to enter 則進於誠
236 2 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 及其老也
237 2 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 謂上下相安
238 2 yóu to swim 樂佚遊
239 2 在此 zàicǐ here 當在此章之首
240 2 reason / logic / truth 逆理愈甚
241 2 extensive / full 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
242 2 dōng east 昔者先王以為東蒙主
243 2 tàn to visit 見不善如探湯
244 2 to criticize 則庶人不議
245 2 子孫 zǐsūn descendents 後世必為子孫憂
246 2 to be lost 樂佚遊
247 2 to die 又不幸而蚤死
248 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 歷成
249 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 鯉趨而過庭
250 2 人稱 rénchēng to be known as 邦人稱之曰君夫人
251 2 péi to accompany 陪臣執國命
252 2 néng can / able 蓋能之矣
253 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 守其所達之道也
254 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 血陰而氣陽也
255 2 之下 zhīxià below / under 先王封顓臾於此山之下
256 2 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 今詳文勢
257 2 shū father's younger brother 孟孫叔孫各有其一
258 2 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 不患貧而患不安
259 2 tíng a courtyard 鯉趨而過庭
260 2 異邦 yìbāng a foreign country 稱諸異邦曰寡小君
261 2 zhōng middle 龜玉毀於櫝中
262 2 yōu to worry / to be concerned 後世必為子孫憂
263 2 分崩離析 fēn bēng lí xī to collapse and fall apart / to break up / falling to pieces 邦分崩離析而不能守也
264 2 不久 bùjiǔ not long / soon 不久而復之衛也
265 2 附庸 fùyōng a vassal 魯附庸也
266 2 不得不 bù dé bù cannot but / have to 己不得不任其責也
267 2 yán color
268 2 程子 chéngzǐ a period of time 程子曰
269 2 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 五教反
270 2 míng measure word for people 山名
271 2 shě to give 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
272 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 歷成
273 2 yòng to use / to apply 尤用事
274 2 以來 yǐlái since 則修文德以來之
275 2 idea 嚴憚之意也
276 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古之良史
277 2 hóng a flood 洪氏曰
278 2 dòu to struggle / to fight 戒之在鬥
279 2 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 言二子不欲則當諫
280 2 其一 qíyī first / number one of the above 孟孫叔孫各有其一
281 2 zhuàng robust 及其壯也
282 2 qiě moreover / also 且在邦域之中矣
283 2 already / since 既來之
284 2 wéi only / solely / alone 故君子惟學之為貴
285 2 nìng to flatter / to praise 友便佞
286 2 to take / to get / to fetch 季氏取其二
287 2 shí ten 蓋十世希不失矣
288 2 dòng to move / to act 而謀動干戈於邦內
289 2 gāng just / barely / exactly 壯而剛
290 2 jìn nearby 固而近於費
291 2 未定 wèidìng undecided / indeterminate / still in doubt 血氣未定
292 2 zāi exclamatory particle 可不謹哉
293 2 more and more / even more 逆理愈甚
294 2 當然 dāngrán naturally / as it should be / certainly / of course 而知其當然也
295 2 xiè to thank 謝氏曰
296 2 jiǔ nine 君子有九思
297 2 què a watchtower 蓋闕文耳
298 2 to insult / to ridicule / to disgrace 侮聖人之言
299 2 不均 bùjūn uneven / distributed unevenly 則不均矣
300 2 shì power / authority 此章通論天下之勢
301 2 wén writing / text 今詳文勢
302 2 fèi fee / expenses 固而近於費
303 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 此以前章之說推之
304 2 事理 shìlǐ reason / logic 此事理之至當
305 2 庶人 shùrén common people 則庶人不議
306 2 時而 shí ér sometimes 志氣則無時而衰也
307 2 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 則禮樂征伐自天子出
308 2 忿 fèn get angry 忿思難
309 2 四分 sìfēn four divisions of cognition 是時四分魯國
310 2 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 周任有言曰
311 2 mēng to deceive / to cheat / to hoodwink / to knock unconscious 昔者先王以為東蒙主
312 2 huǐ to destroy 龜玉毀於櫝中
313 2 不過 bùguò but / however 不過如此
314 2 shì to look at / to see 視思明
315 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 則明無不見
316 2 to reach 及也
317 2 mào countenance / appearance 貌思恭
318 2 day of the month / a certain day 死之日
319 2 to stand 立宣公
320 2 horse 齊景公有馬千駟
321 2 lái to come 既來之
322 2 ruò weak 君弱臣強
323 2 father's elder brother / uncle 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
324 2 五世 wǔshì the fifth (of series of numbered kings) 五世希不失矣
325 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 夫人自稱曰小童
326 2 無異 wúyì nothing other than / to differ in no way from / the same as / to amount to 其無異聞可知
327 2 cōng intelligent / clever / bright 聽思聰
328 2 private 季氏之私邑
329 2 zhǔ owner 昔者先王以為東蒙主
330 2 qiān a fault / a transgression 侍於君子有三愆
331 2 shí real / true 冉有實與謀
332 2 rich / wealthy 誠不以富
333 2 ěr thus / so / like that 此云爾者
334 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 謂貪其利
335 1 ancient barbarian tribes 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
336 1 十四 shí sì fourteen 凡十四章
337 1 氣質 qìzhì temperament / nature 言人之氣質不同
338 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 謂工於媚悅而不諒
339 1 國政 guó zhèng national politics 自季武子始專國政
340 1 jǐng sunlight 齊景公有馬千駟
341 1 frequently / often / again and again 家臣屢叛
342 1 桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan 皆桓公之後
343 1 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 范氏曰
344 1 shì to attend on 侍於君子有三愆
345 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 則侈肆而不知節
346 1 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 程子以為第十二篇錯簡
347 1 異聞 yìwén anecdotes 子亦有異聞乎
348 1 to flee / to escape 言在柙而逸
349 1 可見 kějiàn can be understood 然亦可見其實與季氏之謀矣
350 1 again / more / repeatedly 不久而復之衛也
351 1 不苟 bùgǒu not lax / not casual / careful / conscientious 則得不苟
352 1 miàn side / surface 見於面者
353 1 如是 rúshì thus / so 夫如是
354 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 形之所待以生者
355 1 無罪 wúzuì innocent / not guilty 亦不得為無罪
356 1 yóu especially / particularly 尤用事
357 1 yuè more 其後哀公果欲以越伐魯而去季氏
358 1 以前 yǐqián before / formerly / previous / ago 此以前章之說推之
359 1 yuè pleased 謂工於媚悅而不諒
360 1 yáng Yang 楊氏曰
361 1 tāng soup 見不善如探湯
362 1 通論 tōng lùn a detailed explanation 此章通論天下之勢
363 1 chéng to punish / to discipline 則忿必懲
364 1 不易 bùyì not easy to/ difficult / unchanging 不易之定體
365 1 shào Shao 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
366 1 zhì matter / material / substance 雖其質不同
367 1 和平 hépíng peace 而心氣和平
368 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 亦不當勤兵於遠
369 1 安生 ānshēng peaceful / restful / quiet / still 安生於上下之分定
370 1 聖言 shèng yán holy words 大人聖言
371 1 è to be hungry 伯夷叔齊餓於首陽之下
372 1 cóng from 疑子路嘗從孔子自衛反魯
373 1 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 再仕季氏
374 1 qián front 疑與前章皆定公時語
375 1 北京 Běijīng Beijing 北京
376 1 當時 dāngshí then / at that time / while 當時若顏子
377 1 to store / to save / to hoard / to gather 則疑不蓄
378 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 此篇或以為齊論
379 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 則無以令其下矣
380 1 gāo high / tall 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
381 1 to drown 則淫溺而狎小人
382 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶云公家
383 1 不見 bújiàn to not see 不見於經傳
384 1 新編 xīnbiān to compile anew / new (version) / newly set up (part of an organization) 新編諸子集成
385 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 太公之流
386 1 何以 héyǐ why 何以伐為
387 1 chì red / scarlet 公子遂殺子赤
388 1 古語 gǔyǔ archaic language / old expression 蓋古語也
389 1 apprentice / disciple 冉之徒
390 1 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books 四書章句集注
391 1 mèng first month 孟孫叔孫各有其一
392 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 而一言盡其曲折如此
393 1 qián to act with reverence 於虔反
394 1 disease / sickness / ailment 君子疾夫舍曰欲之
395 1 品節 pǐnjié character / integrity 品節詳明
396 1 有時 yǒushí sometimes 血氣有時而衰
397 1 可畏 kěwèi dreadful / formidable 知其可畏
398 1 四等 sì děng four immeasurables / four immeasurable minds / four immeasurable states of mind / brahmavihāra-niddesa 大約有此四等
399 1 céng once / already / former / previously
400 1 a time 次也
401 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 言不均不和
402 1 martial / military 自季武子始專國政
403 1 互生 hùshēng breed together 互生嫌隙
404 1 後世 hòushì later generations / posterity 後世必為子孫憂
405 1 zhǐ to point 指季孫
406 1 史記 Shǐjì Records of the Historian 按左傳史記
407 1 乃爾 nǎi ěr thus / like this 無乃爾是過與
408 1 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 夫子所以深罪之
409 1 疑忌 yíjì jealousy / suspicious and jealous 安則不相疑忌
410 1 plain / white 而素不能輔之以義
411 1 to make a mistake / to miss 大抵此書後十篇多闕誤
412 1 德性 déxìng moral integrity 而德性堅定
413 1 其次 qícì secondary 又其次也
414 1 zhòng heavy 而付畀之重
415 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 故并責之
416 1 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude 民無德而稱焉
417 1 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
418 1 忌憚 jìdàn to be afraid of the consequences / restraining fear 而無所忌憚如此
419 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 無時而不自省察也
420 1 良史 liángshǐ an outstanding historian 古之良史
421 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 而在蕭牆之內也
422 1 zuò to do 內變將作
423 1 其後 qí hòu after that 其後哀公果欲以越伐魯而去季氏
424 1 halberd
425 1 zhū all / many / various 稱諸異邦曰寡小君
426 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典守者不得辭其過
427 1 to walk on / to tread 徐履反
428 1 傾覆 qīngfù to capsize / to collapse / to overturn / to overthrow 而無傾覆之患
429 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 見善如不及
430 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 視無所蔽
431 1 公有 gōngyǒu to be publicly owned 齊景公有馬千駟
432 1 Xu 徐履反
433 1 cún to exist / to survive 雖有不存焉者寡矣
434 1 that / those 則將焉用彼相矣
435 1 自省 zì xǐng to examine oneself / to reflect on one's shortcomings 無時而不自省察也
436 1 不通 bùtōng illogical 謂有所不通
437 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 故不識義理
438 1 察言觀色 cháyánguānsè to consider [somebody's] words and observe their expression 不能察言觀色
439 1 定公 dìnggōng Dinggong / Lord Ding 疑與前章皆定公時語
440 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 非箝其口使不敢言也
441 1 kuì to lack 匱也
442 1 mǐn to feel compassion for / to pity
443 1 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 故孔子言顓臾乃先王封國
444 1 róng to hold / to contain 謂辨其制度聲容之節
445 1 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 安無傾
446 1 大抵 dàdǐ in all / generally speaking / by and large / for the most part 大抵此書後十篇多闕誤
447 1 a human or animal body 不易之定體
448 1 七百 qī bǎi seven hundred 在魯地七百里之中
449 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 故君子惟學之為貴
450 1 already / afterwards 自有不能已者
451 1 màn slow 則惰慢而惡聞善
452 1 servant girl 婢亦反
453 1 nián year 是以年彌高而德彌邵也
454 1 專政 zhuānzhèng dictatorship 言不得專政
455 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 公子遂殺子赤
456 1 hòu after / later 大抵此書後十篇多闕誤
457 1 qiān one thousand 齊景公有馬千駟
458 1 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚謂此說近是
459 1 a measure word for companies, households, door, families, etc 戶甲反
460 1 duò lazy / careless 則惰慢而惡聞善
461 1 之一 zhīyī one of 然及其知之一也
462 1 集成 jíchéng integrated 新編諸子集成
463 1 guī turtle / tortoise 龜玉毀於櫝中
464 1 qiū Confucius 丘也聞有國有家者
465 1 tiān day 天所賦之正理也
466 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 逆理愈甚
467 1 tuī to push / to shove 此以前章之說推之
468 1 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有不須友以成者
469 1 inside / interior 在魯地七百里之中
470 1 封國 fēngguó vassal state 故孔子言顓臾乃先王封國
471 1 biàn turn / one time 賢遍反
472 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 言未及之而言謂之躁
473 1 residence / dwelling 明二子居其位而不去
474 1 tóng boy / child 夫人自稱曰小童
475 1 專論 zhuānlùn a monograph 此章專論魯事
476 1 shàng still / yet / to value 獨附庸之國尚為公臣
477 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 先王之制
478 1 luò Luo 音洛
479 1 hòu thick 疑必陰厚其子對曰
480 1 fēng to seal / to close off 先王封顓臾於此山之下
481 1 堅定 jiāndìng firm / steady / staunch / resolute 而德性堅定
482 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布也
483 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 屏也
484 1 shú cooked 習熟也
485 1 shēn deep 夫子所以深罪之
486 1 三世 sān shì past, present, and future 三世希不失矣
487 1 diān top / apex 顛而不扶
488 1 宣公 xuāngōng Xuangong / Lord Wen 立宣公
489 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 今由與求也
490 1 wife 邦君之妻
491 1 陳力就列 chén lì jiù liè to put in effort to secure a position [as an officer] 陳力就列
492 1 其實 qíshí actually / in fact / really 然亦可見其實與季氏之謀矣
493 1 nán south 吐南反
494 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 凡語中所載如此類者
495 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 凡語中所載如此類者
496 1 ruò to seem / to be like / as 當時若顏子
497 1 公家 gōngjiā the public / the state / society / the public purse 猶云公家
498 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 謂城郭完固
499 1 真知 zhēnzhī real knowledge 真知善惡而誠好惡之
500 1 a drama / a play / a show 戲玩也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
哀公 哀公 āigōng Aigong / Lord Ai
北京 Běijīng Beijing
定公 dìnggōng Dinggong / Lord Ding
公子 gōngzǐ son of an official / son of nobility / your son (honorific)
桓公 huángōng Huangong / Lord Huan
季路 jìlù Ji Lu
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
鲁国 魯國 Lǔguó Luguo
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
强生 強生 qiángshēng Johnson
shào
  1. Shao
  2. Shao
史记 史記 Shǐjì Records of the Historian
四分 sìfēn four divisions of cognition
思明 sīmíng Siming
四书章句集注 四書章句集注 Sìshū Zhāng Jù Jízhù Sishu Jizhu / Collected Annotations on the Four Books
天命 tiānmìng tianming / Mandate of Heaven
文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu
  1. Wu
  2. Jiangsu
  3. Wu
  4. Wu dialect
  5. Eastern Wu
  6. to speak loudly
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣公 xuāngōng Xuangong / Lord Wen
伊尹 yīyǐn Yi Yin
yuè
  1. Yue
  2. Yue
  3. a mountain peak / a high mountain / a summit
中华书局 中華書局 Zhōnghuá shūjú Zhonghua Book Company
子路 zǐlù Zi Lu
左传 左傳 Zuǒ Zhuàn Zuo Zhuan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English