Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 禮記, 《學記》 Record on the Subject of Education

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 33 xué to study / to learn 學記
2 18 shī teacher 五年視博習親師
3 17 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教然後知困
4 13 wèi to call 其此之謂乎
5 11 zhī to know 教然後知困
6 10 néng can / able 然後能自反也
7 9 dào way / road / path 此大學之道也
8 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不知其善也
9 8 yuē to speak / to say
10 7 shí time / a point or period of time 蛾子時術之
11 7 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子如欲化民成俗
12 7 shī to lose 學者有四失
13 7 rén person / people / a human being 人不學
14 6 wèn to ask 幼者聽而弗問
15 6 big / great / huge / large / major 謂之大成
16 5 easy / simple 夫然後足以化民易俗
17 5 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 學記
18 5 大學 dàxué university / college 此大學之道也
19 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 不能安弦
20 5 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 一年視離經辨志
21 5 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 故君子之教喻也
22 5 nián year 一年視離經辨志
23 5 five 五年視博習親師
24 5 shì to look at / to see 一年視離經辨志
25 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 未足以化民
26 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能安弦
27 4 dialect / language / speech 時觀而弗語
28 4 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者有四失
29 4 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 足以謏聞
30 4 sūn Sun 孫其業也
31 4 xiān first 教學為先
32 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 是故古之王者建國君民
33 4 shēng sound 使人繼其聲
34 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 強立而不反
35 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其旨也
36 4 wide / broad 五年視博習親師
37 3 to inherit 使人繼其聲
38 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修焉
39 3 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 此四者
40 3 jìng to respect /to honor 示敬道也
41 3 qīn relatives 五年視博習親師
42 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強立而不反
43 3 a man / a male adult 夫然後足以化民易俗
44 3 sān three 三年視敬業樂群
45 3 duì to cash 兌命
46 3 clothes / dress / garment 不學雜服
47 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足以動眾
48 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 是故古之王者建國君民
49 3 xīn heart 存其心也
50 3 to attain / to reach 開而弗達
51 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 燕辟廢其學
52 3 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 不善學者
53 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 謂之小成
54 3 mìng life 兌命
55 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 然後可以為人師也
56 3 chén minister / statesman / official 是故君之所不臣於其臣者二
57 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 未足以化民
58 3 yǒu friend / companion 七年視論學取友
59 3 shǐ beginning / start 大學始教
60 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人不由其誠
61 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 謂之小成
62 3 hair 發慮憲
63 3 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 其施之也悖
64 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 教然後知困
65 2 有志 yǒuzhì to be ambitious / to be devoted 可以有志於學矣
66 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多其訊
67 2 三王 sān wáng the three kings 三王四代唯其師
68 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未足以化民
69 2 yuǎn far / distant 就賢體遠
70 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 不能安禮
71 2 gōng merit 師逸而功倍
72 2 guān an office 官其始也
73 2 interest 退息必有居
74 2 shù method / tactics 術有序
75 2 child / son 良冶之子
76 2 入學 rùxué to start school 比年入學
77 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 一年視離經辨志
78 2 kòu to knock / to ask 叩之以小者則小鳴
79 2 guǎ few 則孤陋而寡聞
80 2 business / industry 孫其業也
81 2 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 叩之以小者則小鳴
82 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁於未發之謂豫
83 2 dòng to move / to act 不足以動眾
84 2 qiān to connected to / to be involved in 道而弗牽
85 2 four 學者有四失
86 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 皮弁祭菜
87 2 yuē approximately 其言也約而達
88 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 教之所由興也
89 2 tīng to listen 幼者聽而弗問
90 2 wén to hear 足以謏聞
91 2 zūn to honor / to respect 師嚴然後道尊
92 2 yān Yan 燕朋逆其師
93 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 君子察於此三者
94 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 敬孫務時敏
95 2 五色 wǔ sè the five primary colors 水無當於五色
96 2 zhòng many / numerous 不足以動眾
97 2 varied / complex / not simple 不學雜服
98 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良冶之子
99 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言及于數
100 2 bàn half [of] 學學半
101 2 èr two 夏楚二物
102 2 to press down 強而弗抑
103 2 qiú to request 求善良
104 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 不能樂學
105 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 苦其難而不知其益也
106 2 thing / matter 夏楚二物
107 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 學無當於五官
108 2 to think / consider / to ponder 開而弗達則思
109 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 不成器
110 2 seven 七年視論學取友
111 2 kāi to open 開而弗達
112 2 jiù to save / to rescue 然後能救其失也
113 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴師為難
114 2 xìn to believe / to trust 樂其友而信其道
115 2 yóu to swim 游其志也
116 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 時觀而弗語
117 2 fán ordinary / common 凡學官先事
118 2 can / may / permissible 當其可之謂時
119 1 jiā excellent 雖有嘉肴
120 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 念終始典于學
121 1 to take / to get / to fetch 七年視論學取友
122 1 孤陋 gūlòu ignorant / ill-informed 則孤陋而寡聞
123 1 自反 zìfǎn to introspect / to self-reflect 然後能自反也
124 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 或委也
125 1 不慎 bùshèn incautious / inattentive 是故擇師不可不慎也
126 1 liù six 此六者
127 1 màn plain thin silk 不學操縵
128 1 disease / sickness / ailment 故隱其學而疾其師
129 1 to reach 言及于數
130 1 to flee / to escape 師逸而功倍
131 1 zhuàng to knock against / to bump into / to collide 如撞鐘
132 1 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 皆先河而後海
133 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 不足以為人師
134 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有學
135 1 zài in / at 車在馬前
136 1 imperial ancestor worship 未卜禘不視學
137 1 even / equal / uniform 大時不齊
138 1 節目 jiémù a program 後其節目
139 1 通達 tōngdá to understand thoroughly / to access 九年知類通達
140 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 皮弁祭菜
141 1 shǔ to count 言及于數
142 1 Buddha / Awakened One 其求之也佛
143 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 不學操縵
144 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 雖詔於天子
145 1 to associate with / be near 比物醜類
146 1 a human or animal body 就賢體遠
147 1 比年 bìnián every year / year after year / in recent years 比年入學
148 1 shēn to moan / to groan 呻其占畢
149 1 shì to show / to reveal 示敬道也
150 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 士先志
151 1 lún human relationships 教之大倫也
152 1 popular / common 夫然後足以化民易俗
153 1 one 一年視離經辨志
154 1 教學相長 jiàoxué xiāng zhǎng when you teach someone, both teacher and student will benefit 教學相長也
155 1 xián virtuous / worthy 就賢體遠
156 1 líng mound / hill / mountain 不陵節而施之謂孫
157 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 五聲弗得不和
158 1 shī corpse 當其為尸則弗臣也
159 1 zhào an imperial decree 雖詔於天子
160 1 不知道 bù zhīdào do not know 不知道
161 1 niàn to read aloud 念終始典于學
162 1 shí food / food and drink 弗食
163 1 jiā house / home / residence 家有塾
164 1 method / way 大學之法
165 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 呻其占畢
166 1 jiǔ nine 九年知類通達
167 1 shōu to receive / to accept 收其威也
168 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 一年視離經辨志
169 1 yuán source / origin 或源也
170 1 to rub 相觀而善之謂摩
171 1 jìn nearby 近者說服
172 1 squares 則捍格而不勝
173 1 to smelt / to fuse metal 良冶之子
174 1 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德不官
175 1 speed 其去之必速
176 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 又從而怨之
177 1 攻堅 gōngjiān to storm fortifications / to assault fortified positions 如攻堅木
178 1 cài vegetables 皮弁祭菜
179 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退息必有居
180 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 其施之也悖
181 1 Henan 禁於未發之謂豫
182 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 是故擇師不可不慎也
183 1 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 始駕者反之
184 1 大道 dàdào main street 大道不器
185 1 horse 車在馬前
186 1 song / lyrics 善歌者
187 1 increase / benefit 苦其難而不知其益也
188 1 xiǎo scold / censure 足以謏聞
189 1 desire 君子如欲化民成俗
190 1 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 嚴師為難
191 1 hòu after / later 後其節目
192 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 相說以解
193 1 中年 zhōngnián middle age 中年考校
194 1 建國 jiànguó to found a country / nation-building / the foundation of PRC by Mao Zedong in 1949 是故古之王者建國君民
195 1 有序 biǎo regular / orderly 術有序
196 1 自強 zìqiáng to strive to become stronger 然後能自強也
197 1 善良 shànliáng kind-hearted 求善良
198 1 biàn a cap 皮弁祭菜
199 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 則捍格而不勝
200 1 shě to give 雖舍之可也
201 1 wēi prestige / majesty 收其威也
202 1 hàn to ward off 則捍格而不勝
203 1 zhān to divine 呻其占畢
204 1 è evil / vice 而知其美惡
205 1 a drum 鼓無當於五聲
206 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 七年視論學取友
207 1 xùn to inquire /to ask 多其訊
208 1 cái material / stuff 教人不盡其材
209 1 wáng Wang 是故古之王者建國君民
210 1 成俗 chéngsú a custom 君子如欲化民成俗
211 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 時過然後學
212 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之教者
213 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 是故擇師不可不慎也
214 1 wood / lumber 如攻堅木
215 1 gōng Gong 良弓之子
216 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 則壞亂而不修
217 1 尊師 zūnshī revered master 所以尊師也
218 1 zhōng clock 如撞鐘
219 1 xíng punishment / penalty 教之不刑
220 1 cún to exist / to survive 存其心也
221 1 敬業樂群 jìngyè lè qún diligent and sociable / meticulous in work and dealing cheerfully with one's colleagues 三年視敬業樂群
222 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 九年知類通達
223 1 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 念終始典于學
224 1 善待 shàndài to treat well 善待問者
225 1 měi beautiful 而知其美惡
226 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待其從容
227 1 學然後知不足 xué ránhòu zhī bùzú to learn is to know one's ignorance (the Book of Rites 禮記|礼记) 故學然後知不足
228 1 tóng like / same / similar 心之莫同也
229 1 shì matter / thing / item 凡學官先事
230 1 art 不興其藝
231 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 或失則止
232 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 苦其難而不知其益也
233 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 相說以解
234 1 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 不成器
235 1 huái bosom / breast 而遠者懷之
236 1 至道 zhìdào ultimate way 雖有至道
237 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 五色弗得不章
238 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故隱其學而疾其師
239 1 power / force / strength 力不能問
240 1 chuān Sichuan 三王之祭川也
241 1 to go 其去之必速
242 1 正業 zhèng yè Right Action 教必有正業
243 1 shī poem / verse
244 1 zhuó to polish jade / to cut jade 玉不琢
245 1 教學 jiàoxué education 教學為先
246 1 考校 kǎoxiào to take an exam 中年考校
247 1 不臣 bùchén to fail in official duties 是故君之所不臣於其臣者二
248 1 夏楚 xiàchǔ a whip 夏楚二物
249 1 residence / dwelling 退息必有居
250 1 qián front 車在馬前
251 1 yòu immature / young 幼者聽而弗問
252 1 不由 bùyóu can't help 使人不由其誠
253 1 難易 nán yì difficulty / degree of difficulty or ease 君子知至學之難易
254 1 to fly 五年視博習親師
255 1 xiáng a school / a country school 黨有庠
256 1 elegant / graceful / refined 宵雅
257 1 precious 玉不琢
258 1 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 雖終其業
259 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 然後可以為人師也
260 1 勤苦 qín kǔ devoted and suffering 則勤苦而難成
261 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 使人不由其誠
262 1 cáng to hide 藏焉
263 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨學而無友
264 1 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 敬孫務時敏
265 1 不興 bùxīng out of fashion / outmoded / impermissible / can't 不興其藝
266 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 燕朋逆其師
267 1 先河 xiānhé priority 皆先河而後海
268 1 shú village school 家有塾
269 1 未卜 wèibǔ not foreseen / unpredictable / not on the cards 未卜禘不視學
270 1 xián a string / a bowstring 不能安弦
271 1 北面 běimiàn north side 無北面
272 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 然後盡其聲
273 1 qiú fur garments 必學為裘
274 1 a winnow basket 必學為箕
275 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 發慮憲
276 1 dǎng political party 黨有庠
277 1 說服 shuōfú to persuade / to convince 近者說服
278 1 wēi small / tiny 微而臧
279 1 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 罕譬而喻
280 1 péng friend 燕朋逆其師
281 1 to help / to assist 是以雖離師輔而不反也
282 1 lái to come 厥修乃來
283 1 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 雖有嘉肴
284 1 鼓篋 gǔqiè beginning-school ceremony (old usage) / classical learning 入學鼓篋
285 1 to learn / to practice / to study 肄三
286 1 jiǔ old 及其久也
287 1 蛾子 ézi moth 蛾子時術之
288 1 jīng to go through / to experience 一年視離經辨志
289 1 jié festival / a special day 不陵節而施之謂孫
290 1 liè to step across 學不躐等也
291 1 a law / a rule 燕辟廢其學
292 1 jué he / she / it 厥修乃來
293 1 學官 xuéguān educational officials 凡學官先事
294 1 chē a vehicle 車在馬前
295 1 醜類 chǒulèi villain / evil person 比物醜類
296 1 shuǐ water 水無當於五色
297 1 進學 jìnxué to advance one's learning / to enter the prefecture school under the imperial examination system 此皆進學之道也
298 1 to stand 強立而不反
299 1 答問 dáwèn answer 不善答問者反此
300 1 yōng ordinary / normal 又從而庸之
301 1 to think over / to consider 發慮憲
302 1 děng et cetera / and so on 學不躐等也
303 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 三王四代唯其師
304 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 則壞亂而不修
305 1 xiāo night / evening / dark 宵雅
306 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 五官弗得不治
307 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 不知其旨也
308 1 zāng a slave 微而臧
309 1 hǎn rare 罕譬而喻
310 1 從容 cōngróng unhurried 待其從容

Frequencies of all Words

Top 365

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 53 zhī him / her / them / that 是故古之王者建國君民
2 50 his / hers / its / theirs 其必由學乎
3 43 also / too 不知其旨也
4 33 xué to study / to learn 學記
5 31 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 強立而不反
6 24 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 是故古之王者建國君民
7 19 not / no 玉不琢
8 18 this / these 其此之謂乎
9 18 shī teacher 五年視博習親師
10 17 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教然後知困
11 16 no 弗食
12 16 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 教然後知困
13 15 otherwise / but / however 則捍格而不勝
14 13 wèi to call 其此之謂乎
15 12 in / at 故君子之於學也
16 11 wèi for / to 教學為先
17 11 zhī to know 教然後知困
18 10 néng can / able 然後能自反也
19 9 expresses question or doubt 其必由學乎
20 9 dào way / road / path 此大學之道也
21 8 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 不知其善也
22 8 certainly / must / will / necessarily 其必由學乎
23 8 yuē to speak / to say
24 7 shí time / a point or period of time 蛾子時術之
25 7 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子如欲化民成俗
26 7 yǒu is / are / to exist 雖有嘉肴
27 7 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當其可之謂時
28 7 shī to lose 學者有四失
29 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故學然後知不足
30 7 rén person / people / a human being 人不學
31 6 huò or / either / else 或失則多
32 6 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 其必由學乎
33 6 wèn to ask 幼者聽而弗問
34 6 no 獨學而無友
35 6 suī although / even though 雖有嘉肴
36 6 big / great / huge / large / major 謂之大成
37 5 so as to / in order to 不足以動眾
38 5 easy / simple 夫然後足以化民易俗
39 5 to remember / to memorize / to bear in mind 學記
40 5 大學 dàxué university / college 此大學之道也
41 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 不能安弦
42 5 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 一年視離經辨志
43 5 an analogy / a simile / a metaphor / an allegory 故君子之教喻也
44 5 nián year 一年視離經辨志
45 5 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 教之所由興也
46 5 five 五年視博習親師
47 5 shì to look at / to see 一年視離經辨志
48 5 mín the people / citizen / subjects 未足以化民
49 5 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能安弦
50 4 dialect / language / speech 時觀而弗語
51 4 學者 xuézhě scholar 學者有四失
52 4 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 足以謏聞
53 4 sūn Sun 孫其業也
54 4 xiān first 教學為先
55 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 是故古之王者建國君民
56 4 shēng sound 使人繼其聲
57 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 強立而不反
58 4 final particle 可謂善喻矣
59 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知其旨也
60 4 yān where / how 藏焉
61 4 wide / broad 五年視博習親師
62 4 de potential marker 五聲弗得不和
63 3 to inherit 使人繼其聲
64 3 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修焉
65 3 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 此四者
66 3 jìng to respect /to honor 示敬道也
67 3 qīn relatives 五年視博習親師
68 3 qiáng strong / powerful 強立而不反
69 3 a man / a male adult 夫然後足以化民易俗
70 3 sān three 三年視敬業樂群
71 3 duì to cash 兌命
72 3 clothes / dress / garment 不學雜服
73 3 such as / for example / for instance 君子如欲化民成俗
74 3 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足以動眾
75 3 ancient / old / palaeo- 是故古之王者建國君民
76 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 長善而救其失者也
77 3 yòu again / also 又知教之所由廢
78 3 xīn heart 存其心也
79 3 to attain / to reach 開而弗達
80 3 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故古之王者建國君民
81 3 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 燕辟廢其學
82 3 不善 bù shàn akuśala / akusala / unvirtuous / unwholesome / inauspicious 不善學者
83 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 謂之小成
84 3 mìng life 兌命
85 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 然後可以為人師也
86 3 chén minister / statesman / official 是故君之所不臣於其臣者二
87 3 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 未足以化民
88 3 yǒu friend / companion 七年視論學取友
89 3 shǐ beginning / start 大學始教
90 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人不由其誠
91 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 謂之小成
92 3 hair 發慮憲
93 3 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 其施之也悖
94 2 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 教然後知困
95 2 有志 yǒuzhì to be ambitious / to be devoted 可以有志於學矣
96 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 多其訊
97 2 rán correct / right / certainly 夫然
98 2 三王 sān wáng the three kings 三王四代唯其師
99 2 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未足以化民
100 2 yuǎn far / distant 就賢體遠
101 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 不能安禮
102 2 gōng merit 師逸而功倍
103 2 guān an office 官其始也
104 2 interest 退息必有居
105 2 shù method / tactics 術有序
106 2 child / son 良冶之子
107 2 入學 rùxué to start school 比年入學
108 2 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 一年視離經辨志
109 2 kòu to knock / to ask 叩之以小者則小鳴
110 2 guǎ few 則孤陋而寡聞
111 2 business / industry 孫其業也
112 2 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 叩之以小者則小鳴
113 2 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁於未發之謂豫
114 2 dòng to move / to act 不足以動眾
115 2 qiān to connected to / to be involved in 道而弗牽
116 2 four 學者有四失
117 2 to sacrifice to / to worship 皮弁祭菜
118 2 yuē approximately 其言也約而達
119 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 相觀而善之謂摩
120 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 教之所由興也
121 2 tīng to listen 幼者聽而弗問
122 2 and 道而弗牽則和
123 2 wén to hear 足以謏聞
124 2 zūn to honor / to respect 師嚴然後道尊
125 2 yān Yan 燕朋逆其師
126 2 可謂 kěwèi it could even be said 可謂善喻矣
127 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 君子察於此三者
128 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 敬孫務時敏
129 2 五色 wǔ sè the five primary colors 水無當於五色
130 2 zhòng many / numerous 不足以動眾
131 2 varied / complex / not simple 不學雜服
132 2 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 此皆進學之道也
133 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 良冶之子
134 2 yán to speak / to say / said 言及于數
135 2 bàn half [of] 學學半
136 2 èr two 夏楚二物
137 2 to press down 強而弗抑
138 2 qiú to request 求善良
139 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 不能樂學
140 2 nán difficult / arduous / hard 苦其難而不知其益也
141 2 thing / matter 夏楚二物
142 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 學無當於五官
143 2 to think / consider / to ponder 開而弗達則思
144 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以學為君也
145 2 in / at 念終始典于學
146 2 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 不成器
147 2 從而 cóngér thus / thereby 又從而庸之
148 2 seven 七年視論學取友
149 2 kāi to open 開而弗達
150 2 jiù to save / to rescue 然後能救其失也
151 2 yán stern / serious / strict / severe / austere 嚴師為難
152 2 xìn to believe / to trust 樂其友而信其道
153 2 yóu to swim 游其志也
154 2 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 時觀而弗語
155 2 fán ordinary / common 凡學官先事
156 2 can / may / permissible 當其可之謂時
157 1 jiā excellent 雖有嘉肴
158 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 念終始典于學
159 1 to take / to get / to fetch 七年視論學取友
160 1 zhì to / until 君子知至學之難易
161 1 孤陋 gūlòu ignorant / ill-informed 則孤陋而寡聞
162 1 自反 zìfǎn to introspect / to self-reflect 然後能自反也
163 1 wěi to delegate / to commission 或委也
164 1 不慎 bùshèn incautious / inattentive 是故擇師不可不慎也
165 1 liù six 此六者
166 1 màn plain thin silk 不學操縵
167 1 進而 jìn'ér and then 進而不顧其安
168 1 disease / sickness / ailment 故隱其學而疾其師
169 1 to reach 言及于數
170 1 to flee / to escape 師逸而功倍
171 1 zhuàng to knock against / to bump into / to collide 如撞鐘
172 1 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 皆先河而後海
173 1 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 不足以為人師
174 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有學
175 1 zài in / at 車在馬前
176 1 imperial ancestor worship 未卜禘不視學
177 1 及其 jíqí as well as 及其久也
178 1 even / equal / uniform 大時不齊
179 1 節目 jiémù a program 後其節目
180 1 通達 tōngdá to understand thoroughly / to access 九年知類通達
181 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 皮弁祭菜
182 1 shǔ to count 言及于數
183 1 Buddha / Awakened One 其求之也佛
184 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 不學操縵
185 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 雖詔於天子
186 1 to associate with / be near 比物醜類
187 1 a human or animal body 就賢體遠
188 1 比年 bìnián every year / year after year / in recent years 比年入學
189 1 shēn to moan / to groan 呻其占畢
190 1 shì to show / to reveal 示敬道也
191 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 士先志
192 1 lún human relationships 教之大倫也
193 1 popular / common 夫然後足以化民易俗
194 1 one 一年視離經辨志
195 1 教學相長 jiàoxué xiāng zhǎng when you teach someone, both teacher and student will benefit 教學相長也
196 1 xián virtuous / worthy 就賢體遠
197 1 líng mound / hill / mountain 不陵節而施之謂孫
198 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 五聲弗得不和
199 1 shī corpse 當其為尸則弗臣也
200 1 zhào an imperial decree 雖詔於天子
201 1 不知道 bù zhīdào do not know 不知道
202 1 niàn to read aloud 念終始典于學
203 1 shí food / food and drink 弗食
204 1 jiā house / home / residence 家有塾
205 1 method / way 大學之法
206 1 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 呻其占畢
207 1 jiǔ nine 九年知類通達
208 1 shōu to receive / to accept 收其威也
209 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 一年視離經辨志
210 1 yuán source / origin 或源也
211 1 to rub 相觀而善之謂摩
212 1 jìn nearby 近者說服
213 1 squares 則捍格而不勝
214 1 to smelt / to fuse metal 良冶之子
215 1 大德 dàdé most virtuous 大德不官
216 1 speed 其去之必速
217 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 又從而怨之
218 1 攻堅 gōngjiān to storm fortifications / to assault fortified positions 如攻堅木
219 1 cài vegetables 皮弁祭菜
220 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退息必有居
221 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 其施之也悖
222 1 Henan 禁於未發之謂豫
223 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 是故擇師不可不慎也
224 1 jià to drive / to sail / to fly 始駕者反之
225 1 大道 dàdào main street 大道不器
226 1 horse 車在馬前
227 1 song / lyrics 善歌者
228 1 increase / benefit 苦其難而不知其益也
229 1 xiǎo scold / censure 足以謏聞
230 1 反之 fǎnzhī otherwise / conversely 始駕者反之
231 1 qín diligently / industriously 師勤而功半
232 1 desire 君子如欲化民成俗
233 1 為難 wéinán to make things difficult for 嚴師為難
234 1 hòu after / later 後其節目
235 1 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 相說以解
236 1 中年 zhōngnián middle age 中年考校
237 1 建國 jiànguó to found a country / nation-building / the foundation of PRC by Mao Zedong in 1949 是故古之王者建國君民
238 1 有序 biǎo regular / orderly 術有序
239 1 自強 zìqiáng to strive to become stronger 然後能自強也
240 1 善良 shànliáng kind-hearted 求善良
241 1 biàn a cap 皮弁祭菜
242 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 則捍格而不勝
243 1 shě to give 雖舍之可也
244 1 jiù right away 就賢體遠
245 1 wēi prestige / majesty 收其威也
246 1 hàn to ward off 則捍格而不勝
247 1 zhān to divine 呻其占畢
248 1 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 師逸而功倍
249 1 è evil / vice 而知其美惡
250 1 a drum 鼓無當於五聲
251 1 lùn to comment / to discuss 七年視論學取友
252 1 xùn to inquire /to ask 多其訊
253 1 cái material / stuff 教人不盡其材
254 1 wáng Wang 是故古之王者建國君民
255 1 成俗 chéngsú a custom 君子如欲化民成俗
256 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 時過然後學
257 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今之教者
258 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 是故擇師不可不慎也
259 1 wood / lumber 如攻堅木
260 1 gōng Gong 良弓之子
261 1 huài bad / spoiled / broken / defective 則壞亂而不修
262 1 尊師 zūnshī revered master 所以尊師也
263 1 zhōng clock 如撞鐘
264 1 xíng punishment / penalty 教之不刑
265 1 cún to exist / to survive 存其心也
266 1 敬業樂群 jìngyè lè qún diligent and sociable / meticulous in work and dealing cheerfully with one's colleagues 三年視敬業樂群
267 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 九年知類通達
268 1 終始 zhōngshǐ start and finish 念終始典于學
269 1 善待 shàndài to treat well 善待問者
270 1 měi beautiful 而知其美惡
271 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 待其從容
272 1 學然後知不足 xué ránhòu zhī bùzú to learn is to know one's ignorance (the Book of Rites 禮記|礼记) 故學然後知不足
273 1 tóng like / same / similar 心之莫同也
274 1 shì matter / thing / item 凡學官先事
275 1 art 不興其藝
276 1 already / since 君子既知教之所由興
277 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 或失則止
278 1 不盡 bùjìn not completely / endlessly 教人不盡其材
279 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 苦其難而不知其益也
280 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 相說以解
281 1 不成 bùchéng unsuccessful 不成器
282 1 huái bosom / breast 而遠者懷之
283 1 至道 zhìdào ultimate way 雖有至道
284 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 五色弗得不章
285 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故隱其學而疾其師
286 1 power / force / strength 力不能問
287 1 chuān Sichuan 三王之祭川也
288 1 to go 其去之必速
289 1 正業 zhèng yè Right Action 教必有正業
290 1 shī poem / verse
291 1 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 厥修乃來
292 1 zhuó to polish jade / to cut jade 玉不琢
293 1 教學 jiàoxué education 教學為先
294 1 考校 kǎoxiào to take an exam 中年考校
295 1 不臣 bùchén to fail in official duties 是故君之所不臣於其臣者二
296 1 夏楚 xiàchǔ a whip 夏楚二物
297 1 不顧 bùgù in spite of / regardless of 進而不顧其安
298 1 residence / dwelling 退息必有居
299 1 qián front 車在馬前
300 1 yòu immature / young 幼者聽而弗問
301 1 不由 bùyóu can't help 使人不由其誠
302 1 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以雖離師輔而不反也
303 1 難易 nán yì difficulty / degree of difficulty or ease 君子知至學之難易
304 1 to fly 五年視博習親師
305 1 xiáng a school / a country school 黨有庠
306 1 elegant / graceful / refined 宵雅
307 1 precious 玉不琢
308 1 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 雖終其業
309 1 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 然後可以為人師也
310 1 勤苦 qín kǔ devoted and suffering 則勤苦而難成
311 1 chéng honesty / sincerity 使人不由其誠
312 1 cáng to hide 藏焉
313 1 alone / independent / single / sole 獨學而無友
314 1 mǐn fast / quick / clever / smart 敬孫務時敏
315 1 不興 bùxīng out of fashion / outmoded / impermissible / can't 不興其藝
316 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 燕朋逆其師
317 1 according to 不學博依
318 1 先河 xiānhé priority 皆先河而後海
319 1 shú village school 家有塾
320 1 未卜 wèibǔ not foreseen / unpredictable / not on the cards 未卜禘不視學
321 1 xián a string / a bowstring 不能安弦
322 1 北面 běimiàn north side 無北面
323 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 然後盡其聲
324 1 qiú fur garments 必學為裘
325 1 a winnow basket 必學為箕
326 1 běn measure word for books 此之謂務本
327 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 發慮憲
328 1 dǎng political party 黨有庠
329 1 說服 shuōfú to persuade / to convince 近者說服
330 1 wēi small / tiny 微而臧
331 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 皆先河而後海
332 1 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 罕譬而喻
333 1 péng friend 燕朋逆其師
334 1 to help / to assist 是以雖離師輔而不反也
335 1 lái to come 厥修乃來
336 1 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 雖有嘉肴
337 1 鼓篋 gǔqiè beginning-school ceremony (old usage) / classical learning 入學鼓篋
338 1 to learn / to practice / to study 肄三
339 1 jiǔ old 及其久也
340 1 蛾子 ézi moth 蛾子時術之
341 1 jīng to go through / to experience 一年視離經辨志
342 1 jié festival / a special day 不陵節而施之謂孫
343 1 do not 心之莫同也
344 1 liè to step across 學不躐等也
345 1 a law / a rule 燕辟廢其學
346 1 jué he / she / it 厥修乃來
347 1 學官 xuéguān educational officials 凡學官先事
348 1 chē a vehicle 車在馬前
349 1 醜類 chǒulèi villain / evil person 比物醜類
350 1 shuǐ water 水無當於五色
351 1 進學 jìnxué to advance one's learning / to enter the prefecture school under the imperial examination system 此皆進學之道也
352 1 to stand 強立而不反
353 1 答問 dáwèn answer 不善答問者反此
354 1 yōng ordinary / normal 又從而庸之
355 1 to think over / to consider 發慮憲
356 1 děng et cetera / and so on 學不躐等也
357 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 三王四代唯其師
358 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 則壞亂而不修
359 1 xiāo night / evening / dark 宵雅
360 1 不治 bùzhì hopeless / not able to be saved 五官弗得不治
361 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 不知其旨也
362 1 zāng a slave 微而臧
363 1 hǎn rare 罕譬而喻
364 1 wěi yes 三王四代唯其師
365 1 從容 cōngróng unhurried 待其從容

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English